Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 5, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 5, 1839 Page 2
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CSS FO It KIRN NEWS. Arrivals during the post week, ot New York, have brought Foreign News down to the firal of March. The English Par liomcutory proceedings strengthen and fully corroborate tho views wo took lost week, thai llio war speeches in Parliament were merely mode with a local political view. After the address in answer to the Queen's speech was carried, not a word more was said, to far as wo novo seen parliamentary repnrts, about the necessity ol war with t lie United Slates. Tho res Ignalion of Lord Glcnelg appears by IlicfC arrivals to have been occasioned by his inefficiency, and tho measures taken in the cabinet in consequence. Lord Nornianby, late Lord Lieutenant of Ireland Mtccceds Lord Glcnelg in the Colonial office. Lord Durham is stoutly battling with the questioners of his official conduct in Canada, among whom Lord Brougham does not appear. Indeed wc shall nut bo imrpriscd lo sec Brougham defending the Ex Governor General with such excep tions ns will ninlio tlio eomorrol loco ru marbablc and obscrvablo. When the np. pointment of Turton, late legal adviser of Lord Durham, was under discussion in tho House of Lord?, Lord Brougham came in for the defence of Turton; said he was not so bad a man as ho was represented that he had been guilty of but ono offence, and that under mitigating circumstances, &c. Some people do not scruple to assort their belief that as Lord Durham did nut wish to go lo Canada, there was an implied concert between him and Lord Brougham that the latter should raise a brccz? at the earliest opportunity, which should bring him back. And if the reader will tolic pains to recollect that his Lordship dis claimed any fcclling against members of the peers for what thpy had said in their nloccs. He 'expected it of them.' Tho burthen of his complaint was against the ministry. Since Ins return, as the render is already aware, a formal reconciliation has taken placo between Lords Durham end Brougham, and some of the newspaper writers go so far as to include the premier, Melbourne, in the new friendship. It is certain, at any rate, that tho ministry do not seem disposed to keep up any quarrel. Lord Durham's exposition of his views in relation to Canada would fill the Free Press for six months. It advances the idea of a union of (he Provinces with local governments, &e. ond tho document JilTcra in nono of ite rrrnmmpndnlionR from what wo were led to expect from previous g'vings out. In its tono toward this coun try it is exceedingly friendly; ond in its review of the English colonial policy very severe and unreserved. Its publication before it was laid before parliament an noyed the ministry somewhat. DURHAM'S REPORT. This (locuineni fill fifty column. of ( lie London daily papers. Wo run give metelv nn out line of 118 cnnlcnl.". Ill loid.'lnp sols mil Willi I lie posi tion I lint I lie differences in Lower Canada me mil didrrenre ofpoliiical principle, lint of nnlion;it rncps liiiiHIi ngnmst Ficnch und Ficuch against Brilieh. Nearly one half of the icpoii is taken up in establishing this position. "1 expected," lie lavs, "to find si contest between n government ninl B people. I found two nations wan big in the bo sotti of it single stale. I found a Ft) nsa le, nil of principle) but of race. Tlie two panics combine for no put lit: object ; they cannot li.iinioni?e even in nffocialinna of cli.irity. The only public, oe. c.ifioni on tthirh tliey mew, h in llio jiuy box: nnil tore lliey meet only In tlie tiller iibniiuciinn of justice. "Jie loyally of I lie Ficnch Canadians i next denied. pveer again will tlie present genem tion nf Fienr.h Cuiiaiiuu vield a loyal mbuiUsinn 10 I tic British gorermniH nccr again will i lie English papulation totem tlie nulhnriiy nfn house of assembly in which i lie lieneli (ball posses, or even approximate lo n ntajrilv.' In Upper Canada, I. (nil L thinks thing nre not irremediable, although lie adiils t lie coniinnanro of many liraciical eiievnncr, V d''i"iiniiicd ie. siilanci! on me part oi ine inn not ii ics to nn n a ystcm of ifspnnsible government, n unuld uiie tlie people a teal coiittiil (iter im destinies, hive, induced a huge portion of the popiilalioii lo look will) rnvv ' the mateiial prosperity ol ilieic nciu li tors in the United Suites under u peifectly bee nnd pinimnily teinnihlu gnteinuipni, and in dcy. pair of iibmiiiiiiB such hem fits under their ptciiciit institutions lo defitc the atlopiion of a icpnlilieaii constitution, or ren tin incorporation w i ill the Ameriran Union." 'I'lie lower provinces nip "eminently loyal," lint Lord D. wains minirlcrs ng.iiut depending too much on that feeling. The tctcutiun uf tint i. A. colonics by an aimed fotce is nut of tin; question. The expcndiitnea of t lie last two years fmbid that, nnd one million ol pounds sterling annually for tho fiituie in the colonies "will liately enable us lo at tain that end." Without it change in the em inent, the dircnntent will spread and ndtuncn ; for in pioponion as iliecusi of rcttiiiihig t lie in increas es, their value will diniinlth. On l.nid Dm ham's fust artival in Cannda, he wan strongly inclined to the project of n fedeial union. Rut ns any power which tho Canadians might possess, he doubts not, wou'd bo tn-ed against iiih policy nun veiy rxinciuB ot every iniiii oi government," "tranquility" he think' cm only he irstoird by subjecting that ptnvince to the rigoiotit lute of an English in y'inilv, and the only rdieacioiis gnieiutncni would be that funned by a Ipigslaiive union of the inn Canada, suljVcl to bu flxtended li' ie.ifier nier nil the Hi itish pruvinecs in iVoriti Ameriea, which pi. in il seems was approved nfihiily four e,ns njo, by the Queen ol England's father, then duke of Kent. Lord Dinhsin theief'iie, "iihoiil hesitation, ie cninmends the intioduciion of a lii'l into p.ithn meat fiir lepe.ihng ihi! 3lsl of Geo, III, lesimiog lite Can. ul. is under one leuisl.iluie, and in rniHtlui ling thi ol as our piovince with piinishuH to iiduiil, with the roiircut of the iwn C.iniidas,or their legis. I.ilurr, tiny or -ill of thn other N. A. colonies j on application nfihe legi-l.ttute ihrirof, n pat liainciiu tury roiiiuiirsion thnnld lin appointed fir tho put P')te of I'm tiling i lectoral divisions, a id detei mining tint number of iiieinticis to bo iciuined, ns near an tn.iv be in piopottion to population, wuh lemp'iraiy power to i lie governor of Mispendin by pioRl.uua. lion the iiroe of u tits for tlie elecluinl diiliicm re cently the teats of nbelion. Lnid I), consideie the ptcfcnl conslllttlinn of iIip legislative councils of those provinces inconsistent Willi lOUIIll nrincililf.. Il uill Iih lliprefiim nrri-sa. ry thai pnrliantfni tliould revio the eonstiiuiion of tneir uouies. llio report rerotntnenus, wtthotii enuring into dciuili, o plan of local govcrninoni by eleclite bodies tuhnrdinntc lo llio gruernl leglsla mm. nnd pxpip.islni? n conmteln control over melt local nffatrs ns do not ciuip. within the province of general legislation. I hese mtmicipaltlles, tic sug gests, should be fottned by ncl of the Uritifh pntlhi- . . . . i A general executive, on nn ttnprnved principle, not explained, together u lilt a piipteme rnuii of np. peal, fur nil tho N. A. colonies, and the enliin ml' niinisliaiioii of the public, lard', by tin inipctial nuihniiivi nic next icronnncnded. All the icvennrs nf the croivn, cvrepl lliop de rived fi'im land lo be at once given up lo the Uni ted l.cgisliiliiH!, on concession of nn tuhqiiaip civil list. I his is en co icessioii, us the us-euiblii-s tihcady havnnll the tcvenues. The icponlhih"lv of ill" colonial functional ics except the (inventor and his Fecieiaty, to thn United legislature, nre sltongly ihvell upon; ntul the Governor, It is milled, should carry on his government by heads nfilcparl litems in whom the. legi'lauuc place confidence, a toil of colonial ministry. 1 The Judge', he siijh, fhotilil hold ofiien during good behavior, with pet ni.inent salatiesas in Kug laud. No money votes lo origin. tin in thn legist.! Hue without the pievioin coii'cnl nf the Ciowu, I'.tsl piovifioiis willt tcspeel lo ihu cleigy icsetvcs, nnd the application of liiud nrislng frooi them, to be icnealeil. The rcrotl coneliiiles hi itnpioring nn ministers n ptniupt nnd decisive settlement of this important question. Gov. FAtnKtEt.u's Me'paoe The con fidential ninfsngo of Gov. Faitfc'ld. on thr Mibject nf I he timber deprrihii iims, hod reached London that ip, tho diet llmt stteh a tncsfnsfi had been noni with thu conjee turcs of the New York and Huston papers as to its tuiior und object. Tin court circulnr of Fohruary 23d. slates that on tho preceding day the Bishop of Vermont, U- S. had an interview with Lord Melbourne. England is increasing her national debt. Tho Cnnadn troubles nnd the aspect of affairs ou the Continent, demnnd ten mil. lions for tito augmentation nf.Army anil Navy. Tho Bunk has ndvtsirnd it, to prevent the Chancellor of thu Exchequer asldtiE the Commons for a loan. It is nsserted that Russia Itns demanded explanations relative to the admission of a Polish General into the Belgian service, considennn; it an act 'compromising the peace of huropo. Lady E- L. Btilwcr has n novel in the press, "Chcvelic, or tho Matt of Honor.' It is said to be a satire on her husband, Irom whom she is parted. Lonns DunttAM and HnouoiiAM A rcconciliai ton is said to have inlirit pltce between Lnrtls Brougham and Durlntn, and the fuds of nn interview at Lnrtl Wt;l lesley's, through whoso instrumentality llio arrangement is said to havo been effected, arc before the public. Though our information docs not eo so far as that of some of our cotcmporarics, wc do know ond enn answer fur this. Sntno short time since Lord Durham wrote Lord Brottcrliom n deprecatory letter, lo the effect that he uoro no grutlro ogainst htm lor tho lead ing pnrt token ngainst him in t ho Houso of Lords by Lord Brougham, in his abscence, nut Mm! oil Ins hostility was directed against the Ministry. Lord Brougham wroto a brief complimentary reply, and there, as wc arc told, the correspondence ended. Dublin, Feb. 20. Death the "Wan tiering Piper." This singular individual diet) on fctondny flight nl Mnrour'-i llnepilnl in this city, where ho had been for three weeks previously. It is slated in nn nd. vcrtUcmcnt in the papers, that "Graham Stuart, commonly called tho wandering piper, died in tho hospital having previously made his will, and thereby bequeathed all his property for tho uses and purposes of tho said hospital." A postscript to a lonjr letter from Paris gives us the following brief description of n splendid boll given by Aim. Welles, the la fly of Mr. W. tho American banker in that capital: Pahh. lOlh, Feb. I must not forgot to mention the beauti ful ball given, on a scale of unuMial splen. tlnr, by tho charming Matlamo Welles. who presided on tho occasion with her usual grnco and dignity. Tho company conisicd of the elite of t he French nobility, and lite most dtsiitigutPhcd Americans now in Paris. The beauty of the female portion of the company, the tusto and richness of I hn toilette, I hnvn never scenn surpassed. All the apnrtmcut nn tho ground floor wcro thrown open, nnd brilliantly illimim- ated and decorated. WhtUt the graceful dancers wen; "i ripping it" below, the less agtlo part of tho company wore strolling among I he beauiiltil and curious rooms nbove. The conservatoire attracted esne- cinl attention and excited general atlmira unit, you i:iki 'in tnwu rcsuleuco of Mrs. Wolli.'N. It ia n innustoii. ilesiiriTril nut! bnili by the lady herself, who has as remnrknblu a taste for architectural do gance, as flic has fur iniellcciitnl nccom pliphmrnlR. Il arrangements pnrinlie mure nf tho oh Englit-li styltMhnn the an tique l'arieinn. h in light and ntry, mid ivum the gloomy prison like nppcnrtince of ihn French hotel. If I hnv.j imio I will givo you in my next, a description of some of the fioo women, and nihnr, who wore prc-enl. I saw severnl thorn that you Imvo some recollect ion of. THE BOUNDARY QUESTION. Tho following is a copy of the papers relative to the suspension of the controver sy about tho boundary question, which Imvo lately been sanctioned by the Ameri can ond English authorities: Head Qrs. Eastern division, U S. Army, ) Augusta Mo. Ala t eh ttl f,3f). Tho undersigned, a Major Gwietal, in the army of the United Slates, being Pp(. ctally charged wuh intiiiiiaining the peace nnd safely nf their entire northern and eastern frontiers, having rnuso to appro bend u collision of units huiween ilie piox itnato forces of New Brunswick ami the Smto of Alamo, on l he deputed territory, which is claimed by both, lia thu honor, to the silicon! ilesir'o of thn United Stnies lo preserve tho relations ofpenco a nil ninily with Great Brilnin rijIiilioiiH which mi'Mit ho endangered by such untoward collision lo invito front lii-i Excellency, Major Genera1 Sir John Harvey, Lieut. Govern or. &o. a general declaration to this effect! Tnat il is not the iiiti'iiijoii ol'iho Lieut. Governor of her Britannic majesty prov. inco of New Bruticwick, under the expect ed renewal of negocintioos between llio cabinets of London and Washington, on tho subject of tho said disputed territory, without renewed instructions to tljat effect from his government, to seek to lake mili lary pnsc?ion of thot torr'ttory, or lo seek by military force, to expel Ihcrofrnm the armed civil poso, of 1 ho troops of Maine. Should the undersigned have the honor to be favored willi such declaration or as surance lu bo by him communicated to his Excellency the Governor of the stale of Minim, llio undersigned docs not In llio least doubt Hint ho would bo immrdintely nnil fully authorised by tho Governor of iWainn lo communicate to nis iixceiiency. the Lieutenant Governor of New Bruns wick, a corresponding pacific declaration lo I hit effect : That in tho hope of a speedy and satis factory settlement, by negocialion between tho governments ol the United Slates and Great Britain, of thn principal or boundary question between the State of Maine and the province of New Brunswick, it is tint ihn intention of tho Governor of Maine, without renewed instructions frntn the Le gislature nf the S'nto, to attempt to disturb by arms tho sattl province, in th posses sion ol tho Mndnwn.-hn settlements, or to attempt lo interrupt the nual cumtniinica lions between t lint province nnd Iter tnnjs ty's uppci provinces : nnd that he is wil ling in the mean tune, to leave the question of possession anil jurisdici ion ns they nl present stand, thai is, G'cai Britain hold ing in (ncl. possession of a pnrt nf caul tor niory, anil the government of Maine deny ing her right lo such possession : and the stnlo of Alaino holding in fact pop. session of another portion of the sanio tor ntory, to which her right is denied by Gr. Britain. With this understanding tho Governor of Maine will, without necessary delay, with draw I he military force el the stale from llio snitl disputed territory leaving only. titiiler a Linu agent, a small civil posc armed or unarmed, to protect tho timber recently cut, and lo prevent future deprc dntions. Reciprocal assurances of the foregoing friendly character having been, through the utidtMsigned, interchanged, all danger of collision between the immediate parties lo the controversy will hn nl once removed, and time allowed tho United Slates and Great Britain to settle amicably the great qncclinn of limits. Tho undersigned has much pleasure in renewing to hi' excellency, Major General Sir John Uarvev, the assurances of his ancient high considerntinn and respect. WINFIELD SCOTT To a copy of I ho foregoing, Sir John Harvey annexed tho following : The undersigned, Minor General Sir John Harvey, Lieutenant Governor of Iter Britannic majesty's province of New Brr.ns wick, having rccieved a proposition from Major General Winfield Scott of the Uni ted Slates army, of which the foregoing is a copy, hereby signifies his acquiescence, and cnoctirrence therein. Sir John Ilorvey renews with great plcn suro to Major General Scott, the assuran ces of his warmest personal consideration and respect. J. HARVEY. Government Tlotisc, Fredencton, New Brunswick, March 23 1C39. To a paper contninin i;i .into of Geo. Scott, and tho acceptance of sit John liar vey. Gov. Fairfield annexed his acceptance in these words : Executive Departmctt. ) Augusta. AInrch 25, f)39. S The undersigned, Governor nf Maine, in consequence of thn foregoing. I it? exigency for calling out the troop of Altino having cea.'ed. hns no hesitation in sijnifying Ins entire nequiescenco in tho proposition of AJnjor General Scott. Tho undersigned has the honor to tender to Alnjor General Scott the (entrance ol his high respect and esteem. JOHN FAIRFIELD. ej q q The subject to which the Mowing orli etc relates id one of vast impoitaitce to the people of the northern part of hi? slate. Cannot some of tho wealthy citizens of Burlington toko some mcosurte lo induce the next Legislature to co ocratc with Maine and New Hampshire oi this sub ject ? Wc hope they will. Lnnoille Stale paper. PORTLAND AND BURLINGTON RAIL ROAD. In tho Co. Co. Democrat oflasl week, anil in our eastern exchanges) I'fis vast en tetV!7Jjs again revived after a peaceful ehiMiliiT of one'or 'rU'o venrs. MLtU. i I prosecuted to completion ? TlJ question, ttinv, nt this liintj mora proper! than at n coining stngn of lint important enterprise, bo propounded. Our iiuitvidiibl opinion is ihnt it CAN ho accninplij-hed. but thnt n will require tho united, ncliw ami bc.-t ell'irtH ol every individual m ihjj f-cclioii. Tho work is already begun petiinuis lo the legislature aro current ; Mr. Wells the Reprei-oiilnlivo elect lo tin Lenient tire from this town promises Ins ablesil ellorlr in nut of the project. So fnrso good Tho infortunium received y Air Wells in relation lo llio resolution if tin.' Legisln tore of Alaitin, as published n the Co. C. Democrat h ptuhuhly corrcc with one ex ception. Tho information re:eived by S V. Cooper, etq.. of Ihisvtlnge, from n tlisiingni-lied individual from laine.conob orntes Mr. Welln in pari. J'hero is this d ffniepce, however. It npieors by Air. Cooper's infiir mat im Uiqi iu) resolution referred to wa conditional, anil resting upon a conliogency, and wis nut to lake ctTeoi except there should br mi ndiliiiounl 1.000 raised in the, city if pn hind bj private subscription ; and dr. Cooper in credibly informed that smj c 000 is raised in llm fitly of Portland ; mil ilmt instead of gl.OOO, thero arc now 5000 in rcadi nest. In Im appropriated in pomoto tho oh j"Cls alluded to by Mr. WcIh. Air. Wells' infiirmitiiiin was correct, so fir as it extend etl, Inn it is so full and puss as thai ul Air. Cooper, who has all the particulars. Air. Cooper also informs ts that, as soon ns Ins he nil h will permit, In shall bo pre pared willi patulous, which iimoll intends to circulate in the several towns in (he country for mgnalures; aid although his men in nre limited, ho pronises to do as much lo promote this desinblo object as Air. Wolls, or any other liwycr in tho nnnntv White Mountain I Lancaster V, If.) Aegii. John S. Wells, Eq of this village, has I just shown us n copy of a Resolve by the Legislature of Maine, appropriating four thousand dollars for n recnnolsance of a routo for a Rail Routl from thn city nf Port land lo Lnko Champlain, nnd to survey said route from Portland lu llio line of this S'atc. This appropriation was made upon a memorial of n largo number nf gentlemen in Alalne, in which they say, "tho under signed havo been induced to request that an npropriation bo made for n survey of the best route, and no estimate of the cost of a rail road from Portland to some point between Haverhill and Colehrook mil ho Connecticut river, distance being nbnnt n hundred miles, in the full belief that it will not be difficult to executo such n work, whilo lite odvnntngos not only to tho region of tho count r through which it may pass, but to the whole Stain will bo invaluable especially, when t lie project i3 considered in connection with its prospective exten sion, through Vermont to Lake Clinmplnin and from thence to Ogilensburg nn the right bank of tho Si. Liwrencn." Air, Wells also informs us that within n few dnys ho shall have in readiness petitions, and forward them lo the several towns in t his county for signatures, in procurs ao act of incorporation for said Rail RodiI across this county at tho next session of tho Legi-lnturo. This is a movement deeply interesting to thn people of Coo, and il eff cled. (anil from tho tone of a let ter from n distinguished gentleman in Maine to Air. Wells, wo believe it will be) il will place this region in ns favorable a condition ns though wc wore within thirty miles of tho seaboard increase the valuo of real estate much, antl reduce transport atinn from twenty dollars per Ion, to one or two dollars. General Dearborn in his interesting letters recently published, says: "Within tho last four years, while ma king tours lo the grand and sublime scene ry of the White Mountain region, I have examined in nearly thoir whole length. I wo linps and deviations therefrom, from Pori land lo the Connecticut river. Tlie Northern route passes from Sehngo Lake up the Valley ol Crooked river lo Bethel, on the Androscoggin river, which has since been purveyed, anil ascertained as practi cable for a canal anil of course less difficult for a rail road. From Bethel, Ihn line passes nn the right bank of the Androscog gin, to the mouth of Moose river, which nearly interlocks in the meadow in front of Bowman's log house tavern, with Nraels river, and down the latter to llio Connecti cut, in the town ol Lancaster The other passes the Whilo Mountain range from Conway, through the valleys ol Swift nnd the Nor'.hrastcrn branch of the Petnigewosset into tho valley of tho main channel of that prolongation of the Alcrri- mac; nnd from thence, there are two routes lo the Connecticut. All these routes must bo exactly explored and surveyed, but there i nut n doubt Ihst both arc practicable." The object i' certainly worthy our Z"alous support, and will we trust bo prosecuted to a successful terminal ion. Coos Co. Lancaster A. .) Democrat. A Resolve has been before tho Ilotiso of n-Cprn-RIMUIIVUK C-t II I. u ppropr ia I'm,, for n reconnoisnncn and survey of a routo for a Rail Road from Portland to Montreal. Tho contemplated route is from Portland to the Androscoggin river, thence through Shi'lbttrn N. II. to Randolph, and thence to Lancaster on the Connecticut river, and from thence In Lake Champlain about 170 miles, and that part of tho road which would be in Alainc would be from 70 to fiO tulips. The advantages of such a roatl would hn tho trade from t ho North part of New Hampshire and Vcrmnnt, and the trade nf Montreal which is said to hn of vastly more importonce than that of Que bec. It is said to be lite most feasible and advantageous route that has ever bcuii projected. Oxford JIe ) Democrat, SURRENDER. OF FUfill'lVES. The New Yotk American has ihn follnwins comments on a naracraiih Ii5erliii2 that the I'resi. dent declined to act on the application for the sur render oflloL.MKS, the mttideierofT.scilE. "In the pinpoition that the fJeneral Govern ment haii no power to tan render n fngiiim fiom a foipign eonuiiv, vie cnliiely njiee Indeed, in leleieiire lo ilii lery e.i-e, uhen it tirofe, wn n expiPimpd oinelve, and added the hope that Gov. Jcnison would ii'fer ihe iiipsiinii, as he did it up. peat, to the General Government, to the end, that ffein; the lieiefil of a Flipnlalion fur the miiiiial mriemler of I lie eriininal' oilier tlM';,i''i,7, ofieiieeii adv.iniii!!i juijjht I"b takpii of prenent oeein ii',w,''s1n faopoje ninth an ariaugement in toe Ifi iii.Ii tiiiveinineiil. lint ivlfii we denied to ih" General Goieinment any lialu to Miitendei- luijitiieii to a fori ign nit ton a fortiori si deny it, to tho goveiii.oeni ot n Stan'. Itiliifally eomideied, a .Slain neither know, noi' i Kiiouii In, i ii v fnpii!n power or ie. pin- and noihins lint eouliHiiin nod lili-eliii f ran .nine fiiini l.wiuj ,ii.i nf ill., fiei.lhal it m iIimjiiIi I In- (ieoeial Goiei nioiiiil only thai U'i! cm havo any iel.iiiin.J, oi b bnii;lit inlo nnv eontael, oi enter tain niiv ofliei il inieiciMii te vvhaleier wiili ii,iinu. Il in in lie legteted, iheiefoie, that the Federal Exeeiinie, in iniiiiiiiniiMliii!; Id.' own vtiiui of an linn iiv in I lie piemiiiert n Goiei our Jeninin, luuild i 1 1 1 i in iled i lie piKsihiluy ilt il theie pan exi-t in i lu- di'i'ieiion or the eoiniiy ! nf a govern e, oiiienl, a rijiht lo li'i'h no law ofihe United ri I .MCd il'jfii, and no .Stale law eoul.l, an thoiie. The li.uinnnv nfour Fysieiti il is limp, we are Kine, hIiiiiiIiI bn tinilei lUniid ileiendn (jnite as nun h upon keeping all its p.iriii uricilj wiihin ihpir splieio-iind epeeiallv upon the due siibordiitalion in rpeeiiieil imm'S, ot .Stale, In Fedeial iiiiihorny as in oilier it lines, upon the complete ptipreinary ofilin Stales in all matters within their proper nnd arhnon tedded jm icn:t tun. One wind lor ihn sahn ol bping perfectly under clood, its lo tho main point in iirtio, the mutual eur lender of eiiininiU We holil il lo be ii mailer of roinmon rnfetv, honor, nnd moral ohbgalion, that riiminals rhoiild ihiiaighniit Chi iipiidoiii, lliionghniii thn Uni veie, imlepil, if thai eie iiaeiirahlp he iiiiiht ilieie is no pi. ire of icfoge, nn ptivilcged "loitnil, for felnm ninl rni;ue ; mi l we, theiefure, deidin piiiiiesily, f far tiii the United h'mie.s ate roiieeined, lliey leatld s.ty lo eveiy Gotem menl we will, on due ooof ei ime, Minendei'io von any fugitive ft mil otir hands, von ugieeiug to da tin! nunc ividi leg. ml lo lu S nnd il would be for tlie inieiem of nil eountriej Texas, peihaps, fur the. pieseni, exicpled lo ctilcr into inch utipulalion, llm, until ritrli be thn law nf tho land, let not Stain nor Federal aiulioritv nlleinpt or wink n the itirrendur of fugiiivet fintii fuieign couniriei," Books arc the most discreet of all friends they visit us without Intrusion, and tho' often rudely laid aside, aro as prompt to servo ns ever. Thoro i iron enough in tho blood of 42 men to make a plow.sharo weighing about 24 pounds. A man in Franklin county, Ohio, line invented n pair of walking utensils, which ho calls 'strippers,' by which a man can run over the ground at ton knots nn hour, for ten hours, l liey aro tnnuo somewhat on tho plan of Ihe steel spring of a carriage. Cincinnati Uas. This must bo good news for tho leg treasurers. The Cincinnli Republican mentions the melancholy occurence of tho death of a small boy in that city who was killed by a leopard belonging to n menagerie. Il seems lliat. thn latl ventured too nnar the cage in which the nniinnl was confined, nnd he leopard, finding him within his reach, with n single stroke of tho paw, severed the jugular vein, causing his death in the spacn of ten minutes. FRIDAY M OltNINO.AI'RIL 5. FROM THE FRONTIER. Things aro in a sad stale ot tho north. Hardly a night passes without n burning on one side or tho other. On Friday of last wcck.n barn and shed owned by Chae. Alillcr, of St. Armand, were burned down. together with their contents, consisting of eight horses, ton cows, two oxen, five Chives, ond a large quantity of hay. Tho Missiskoui Standard says that the perpc trators of this oct were traced several miles in tho direction ofSwanton, but that suspicion docs not fix upon any pereon in particular. As a matter of course tin's led to retaliation, and on tho following nights two barns were burned on this 6idc one of which, wo bclievo was owned by John Barr, E-q. of Ilighgatc. Two companies ofihc Highgatc militia were under arms on Alondny, and a gentleman who came through on Tuesday informs us that ex ctlemcnl was at its highest pitch. Wo further learn that tho incendiaries on this tide were in ono instanco recognized as belonging lo the volunteers. Thoy wore fired upon, ond returned tho shot, but without any effect nn cither Bide. A me- sengcr has gone lo Shoroham, lo represent tho mailer to Gov. Jenieon. We hope his Excellency will adopt prompt and efficient measures to bring to justice every individ ual concorned in theso atrocious doods whether citizen or refugee. Wo disclaim all sympathy that is lighted by llio torch or the brand. Thoso ore exclusively rova prerogatives; ond. for heaven sake, let no patriot seek to divide with Sir John Col born tho honor they confer. MR. BIDDLE. Wc learn from thoU. S. Gazette that Air. Bmnr.F. hat resigned the officeof Pres ident of tho U. S. Bank, and that Thomas Dunlap, ono of tho Cashiers, has been ap pointed in his stead. Tho motive for this step does not distinctly appear ; though madamo rumour has intimated that it was for tho purpose of taking charge of thn Treasury Department at Washington. In reference to tlmsuhj-'ct, however, the Ga. ziitlc observes We do not know what is tho intention of Air. Biddlc but with an ample fortune, with a cultivated literary taste, means and appliances for social en joyments, powers to impart and to receive pleasures in intercourse with elevated minds, tho quiet of Andalusia might be supposed to open lo him enjoyments, to be the more relished as ho withdraws from the unremitted labora of four lustre', with the concurrent admiration of every class of his fellow citizens, and with the consciousness that he has surmounted difficulties that "would havo opparCtl oi'ficru, "ulilj wjurjl the respect of tho?e whose approval is the reward for n life of difficulties." DURHAM'S REPORT. We are indebted to the politeness ofour friend Peraui.t, for copies of tho London Tunes and Herald containing nt length Lord Durham's report on the Canada qucs. linn a synopsis of which will be found in another column. This document is drawn up with singular ability, and our peculiar relation to thu subject under discussion renders it of no little little interest to the American people ; though its great length will doubtless prevent its publication in any American newspaper. Wc will how. ever givo copious extracts hereafter. In the meantima il may bo examined at the reading raom. Quebec, and our Jail, are strong places. The one was made lo keep I ho pcop lo out, the othor to keep loafers in ; but neither has thus far answered its design. Wolfe took the former from tho French, and how often has a Frenchman battered down the wall of the latter ! Imtnurlalily, like a mantle, rests on him, who, with bomb and battering mm, and serried column, stormed Quebec, and why forget tho humblo loafer, who, single and alone, " hast shook these prison walls." On Friday night last, Margaret Dupan, charged with funtlry misdcmcinora, re solved that her limo was loo precious to bo wasted in idluness, and, suiting Ihe action to the word, litorally walked through one side of Chittenden County juil, and made off, mapping her fingers in the face of the court, which was then in session. Not to be outdone by a woman, Huntoon tho opium cator, on Wednesday night, armed with a billet of wood, mailo n jjcntla attack on Ihe brick and mortar that sur- rounded htm, and after o conflict of thirty minutes succeeded in demolishing tho chim nry, and, making his way into '.ho garrot, was on Ihe point of coming down tho scut tie inlo Ihe dwelling part, when the Jailor recollecting that ho had not paid his bill, reminded him nf the fact, and fur want of bail recommitted him. The mason was yesterday at work ro ptiring tho breach; but what'i the use? The next pcrBnn that wills to escape can tear it down in fivo minutes, ond ho must bo o miscroblc dolt indeed, wltostoys there any longer than snits his own convenience. N E W HE III) O m7 DA LS. "The Expositor," is the title ofa new weekly periodical established at New York; "a weekly journal of Foreign and Domestic) lolclligence. Literature, Science and tho Fine Arts." Ii is published and edited by Louis FiTzoEnAi.n TsiSTno, (mon diotj, what a name!) a foreign gentleman of cultivated taste and groat literary talents. Tho work is chiefly ofa literary character. To rei'teto new books is one of the main intentions which the editor had formed for it, and constitutes its principal character. The editor is not influenced by prejudice but speaks his mind freely and candidly on different subjects. Ii is publWhcd in very good style and occupies 12 pages, in the quarto form. Terms, four dollars a year, or five dollars, payable half-yearly in ad vance. "The ConAm" has at last made its appearance. It cannot as long as good taste survives, fail to succeed. Its editorB nre N. P. Willis and Dn. Pouter. Mr Willis is well known in the Literary world as author of 'Inklings of Adventure,' Pcncilliugs by tho way,' 'Jlelanie, and other Poems' &c. Dr. Porter is the gen tleman to whom tho 'Letters from under a Bridge' by Air. Willis were addressed. Three numbers have been issued. Tho editors say in the Prospectus; 'As tho piratical Inwa of copy. right secures lo them, free of expense, tho labors of Bul wer, 'Buz,' and others, with tho whole army of foreign writers, they cannot at present offer onything for American pro ductions. "They see thoir way very clearly without crowding upon tho track of any weekly periodical, and abstaining from moro pnrticulnr professions they tako leave to assure their friends, that if tho harvest of event, wit, genius, and poetry, fail not over the world, they can hardly fuil to furnish them with an agreeable pa per.' The terms are five dollars a year, payoblo in advance. 'The Corsair' is pub lished every Saturday (as is 'the Exposit or,') in Ihe quarto form, 10 pages. It is "a Gazette of Literature, Art, Dramatic Criticism, Fashion nnd novelty." The "New York Literary Gazettb" ia nnother lately established periodical. Thotiiih not so rich in lit cry matter as tho 'Expositor' and 'Corsair.' yet it possesses cunaidcrabln merit. Its editor James Ai.dricii shows n great deal of lasle in his selections. Terms, four dollars per annum. We think these thrco periodicals aro deserving ofpatronage, and sincerely hope they will all meet with success. The Amer ican public arc ton liberal and generous to suffer these valuable periodicals to die. DEATH OF GEORGE ROBINSON. "X'llin ii'ifjiV.Viied meeting of the iiihahilanli of Burlington, convened In lrtih.i"fii,l',lUIYJ,.r.n'.,.rilr'nn'.':. htisine'9 on .Monday lam, Mr. II.Hnell prrvioui lo llio cloii! of said nieptin;, in a brief manner (hill nnii'iuneed the death of Geo. Robinson, Es. Mr. Cli.iiiinan Ii is with deep regret I com municate to the I'lppiuei! now iipteinbled, intelli gence of the death ofour late iownin.iii nnd fellow citizen, George Robinson, lie departed tbii life a few weeks atnrc oi the ipfUlfiici: ofilin ton in Mich, isan. Ilia said, Mr Chairman, that " thn good which men do, tdmuM live afer them :" nnd that "the bid fhouli! be interred with their hones." Allliiiush Mr. Robinson was not exempt finin frail, lies which fleh is heir lo, jpi he pmecil ninny viilnes which ultould lie diet idled and reni'Midiered by those houi'vive him. At an cu ly day he be came an inliahilaiil of this lonii, nnd I nerd not remind many whom I now seeprefcnt, nf hi former usefulness. Forniiny j ears he was our first iu pervior or rclect man. For a great number of mccPiiMte vears. he filled the office and faithfully discharged the duties oftown cletk. For a number oTjcirs he repieienlcil tins town in the legitl.ittire ofVeitnnnt. He there nblv mstained in interetta. gained ctrdil fr hinuelf and honor for lite tats. In nil Im pntitic nnil private rnnrcruslie w.n open, frank, confiding, nnd courteous to tlioie who differ. ed hum him. No occasion, ir, can be more proper than oor present iir-'emhlagp, in speak of Mr. Robtnion m we have known and feen him in his palmy ilayi. Ai he ha gmic the way of till the earth, n pauinjj tribute of ipppect may be eomideied ni jurtly due from its to hit memory. I ilieiel'nie prercnt for jour coimdernliun the following Resolution. lletolved. By the inli.ibiianti of llurlinglon, in Town Meet ni" iitmnhled, that enieituiiting n high respect for the memory und valuable ervires, rendered this lown by their late fePow riliceo Gtonar Robinson, whose recent deceam ii now announced, lliey signify llieir sympathy lo liii sur viving family nnd biend', by directing n copy nf lllift llPlollllinn In !i In ntiln.t in I... ftrtn A rmm

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