Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 19, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 19, 1839 Page 2
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and Tiictn aijvancemknt in hap- I imness. Tin's is evident from the I fact that legislatures are in tlio con stant habit of instructing their sena tors ami prclcring their requests to members of congress with an air of authority. The policy that would degrade the state to the condition of a pro vince, is a fatal one, and should bo resisted. This is one of the great points ot danger, the more fatal from the fact that men willingly lend themselves to ,the increase of the power of the oiiuat iti:ruiiLic. But who docs not see that this is antirepublican, that the practical working of the system is to add force to the personal power of the Presi dent and leading on by degress to consolidation. The attention of men should be called back to the states, as the nur series of genuine republicanism, we need all their power and influence to operate as checks to the accumu lation of power in the general gov ernment, and while we would not. deiiv to that government the full exercise of powers granted, would not extend them by construe tion. There is a clnuso in tlio fourth nrticli' which mny require n passing tiulico. "A "person charged in any stole wn.h treason, 41 felony, or other crime, who. shall flee ' from justice anil bo foniji! in another 11 stole, shiill on demand i,r the executive " authority of the stole from which ha fivd, ' hi; delivered up or removed lo the suite ' having jniisdicimn of the crime." Tin tf eciion confers no power on Congress, hnl is in the nature, of n treaty between I lie plates. It confers no new power on I lie Stales, nnd s only nn agreement between 'them as to the manner of exercising on txisling power. It is a public ngrccini'iii io do I hai which (hey wero bound before to do wii hout any agreement. It clearly jsIiows that the general power was consul ercd as residing in the stale, and that the duly was an executive duty. Unless this acction centers some new power, it demon Urates that before tlio union the slates had the power of surrendering fugitives upon executive demand, and that sinco the tinion the same power exists as between the states and a foreign state. The surrender of a fugitive- being an aci of sovereignly, it is competent for tlio peo ple of the state to regulate the exorcise ol it by legislative enactment. The legisla ture have in one inotuuee directed the (node, and by on ex'iraoidmaiy law have aulhori zed any two justices of Iho peace to tend an individual to the most remote stale in the Union. It h a higher exercise ol sovereignly to transport a citizen of the U. Stales from one slato to nuollicr than to surrender an alien, nnd if tho one i? nintter of auihoriiy with any two justices, i he claim is most modest which is interposed in behalf of the bigho-t dflir-er in the state. The Legislature of the State of New York have provided for the surrender of fugitives, and vested the power in the Governor of the State with certain limitations as to political offences, to be exercised in his discretion. This act introduced no new principle, conferred no new authority, and is merely declaratory of the provisions of the law of na tions. That statute is now in full force, and its authority has never been denied by any judicial deter mination, I am aware that some consider it was shaken by the ano malous proceeding in the Bamber cases ; but those cases wero decided on wholly different grounds. The whole proceeding in those cases, is most unfortunate ; but without go ing into any explanation, it may he said, that they are of no authority whatever with those acquainted with all the circumstances. We must not suppose the Bambcrs were released on account of any claim of jurisdiction on the part of the rres ident, for we have the best authori tv for savins thai in this case of Holmes, the President " regrets his inability." and it mny be fairly in terred, that, in the opinion oi tne President, "there is authority vested in the Governor of the State to jus tify the surrender of the criminal to the authorities of Canada, whose laws he has so deeply outraged and :sct at defiance.1' The around on which the Presi dent places the allcdgod want of power seems to he thn ansence of any conventional arrangement and tho want of legislative enact ment. It is not my purpose, neither would it be respoctltil to discuss the view entertained by the President, and will only remark that it is not perceived in what way a treaty can create any power. It may regulate the exercise of a power already possessed, but can it create a power not possessed ! Can any such in stance be pointed out ! A treaty, by its terms, is an agreement between nations relative to tho exercise of their respective rights, and the sub ject must be within the legitimate power of the contracting parties, or the treaty is inoperative. In tho treaty of ninety-four, each party contracted to surrender fugi tive felons, for the obvious reason that each considered that they had com potent powers ; but if a treaty can create a power not before pos- sp?scil, it will be nn easy mode of obtaining it. t he same rcmarus may oc ap plied to tho subject of legislation. Congress may maice laws regulating the exercise of the powers granted; but no legislation can of itself cre ate the power. Congress have lc trislatcd relative to the surrender of fugitives between tne states oi tne Union, and from the fact that they have omitted all legislation in other cases, the inference may fairly be drawn, either that they considered they had not the power, or that the provision of the law of nations was sufficient. By the constitution, treaties arc declared to be the stmrcinc law of the land. The powyr of surrender ing felons being a sovereign power, and necessarily residing in the peo ple, it was competent for the peo ple of all tho states to provide for it. A treaty being a supreme law, is necessarily a declaratory law by the authority of the people ; and hencu, during the existence of the treaty of ninety-four, it might well he said, the people had legislated on the subject. That treaty provided that fugitives should be surrender ed, but was silent as to the mode. It declared the dutv, and thus far was merely declaratory of the law of nations. It was a record admis sion of the duty, but left the dis charge of it as it was before, to those who had the competent pow or. If it be thought from the tenor of the 27th article, that this is an undertaking that the United States will deliver, it only proves that the duty is cumulative, but takes away no previous power in the states. The duty requited is an execu tive dutv, and irom its nature can only be performed by the Governor of the State. 1 here being no le gislative enactment prescribing the manner, it becomes the duty of the executive to act in the name of the State. It is and must be so in all cases where there is a duty resting on the state, and no other mode of nerformance is pointed out. Let no one imagine there is the least difli cultv in the matter. The case can be stated in few words, and render ed intelligible. The provisions of the laws of nations are binding as any other laws, and it is the duty of the Governor to execute them in the same manner and form as he would a statute law. The duty, then is the same as if it stood enact od on the statute book, "It shall be the duty of the State to surrender iu gitive felons, on executive demand, on satisfactory prool ol guilt." in such a case there could be no room for doubt : the duty being declared, must necessarily be performed; and no mode being specified, it would be the duty ol the executive to see this law laithftilly executed, bo- far as it regarded tho United States this was the precise case under the treaty, and in that case it was held to be an executive duty. It must be so, for clearly it is not a judicial duty, and there can be no pretence that it is a legislative duty, for the legislature can only act through the intervention of others. In the const'tution of the United States it is made the duty of the President to take care that the laws be faithfully executed, without des ignation as to the character of the laws; and hence we must infer that all laws were intended which have any binding force upon us. We cannot doubt that the laws of na tions arc among them, as Congress are authorized to define and punish offences against the laws of nations; and the paragraph follows the de claration that the President shall receive ambassadors and other pub lic ministers a matter wholly reg ulated by the law of nations. Our constitution has a like provision, and in almost the same words, leav ing the subject open for the execu tion of all laws binding on us, whe ther statute law, common law, or na tional law. The whole question then, turns on this point are the laws ot nations uiiuung on us as a state; in other words, is the public national law as binding as a private .statute law t If yea, the result is obvious, and the Governor, in the execution of tiVis public national law, must order the felon to be stir rendered. In the case of tho common law, there was a necessity for a statute recognition, in order to give it force hero, inasmuch as tho comn?on law had its origin with one nation and was not necessarily recognized by other nations, but the public national la iv i est3 on a higher foundation, bo itiir the law of the civilized world, and the assent of all civilized nations necessarily implied, unless modified or' changed by pome particular statuto or trca. ly siiptilutmn. A stntuc recognition of tho public national law would bo nn oxtroor dinar y enactment, it would be ilio severest libel imaginable, unit no nation has yet been found so wnntiug in self-respect as to submit to such degradation of theinsolvcs. The punishment of crimes is one of the clearest nnd first of dutieB, founded in the highest necessity, t but of self-protection, ninl resting on the. nulhoritativo command Whoso hhcildoth man's blood, by iniiii shall his blood be shed." In the exorcise of this duly, all p.rc bound to lend their aid according to circiimsnnccB. It o felony is committed in view of a private imlividuul, ho is iiuonu to arrest tho tel'iti, ninl il he should neglect, would bo liable to indict. mciit. nnd punishment, not by virtue ninny statute, but by I ho force of Iho common Inw. Private individuals are required to arrest nflentlcrs Wicii present, xohen the fchmy is committed vn pain nf Jinc and im prisonmcnt. I hey aro nlso required to urn: st on reasonable suspicion tluilu felony has been committed, and hold them for the purpose of trial. This is tho doctrine of Hawkins, Blnckstnue, Chilly, anJ others. The tamo duty is incumbent on the state, nnd they ore to arrest and try, or give up lor trial nccordiug lo t ho exigency of the case, and in both for the samo reason und the 6aino object self protection. In the case of Hates, lately hung at llennington. the trial and execution were demanded, not eo much that Dales deserved the pun ishment as that it was necessary as a means of protection. Mates was no mure dangerous because the deed was commit ted south of latitude forty live, but this fact gave us jurisdiction of tho offence, nnd au ihorily not only to arrest, but to try, con ile. nn, and execute. Ilolmca is a far more dangerous man than Dates ; he has given moro damning evidence of hostility to the race, nnd because the foul deed furnishing the evidence of depravity was committed north of the line, does that divest us of all power ? It does not. though the mode ol exercising may bo different. In this ense. ml having jurisdiction of the nflencc, we cannot trv turn for it ; but. having jnnsdic lion of his person, wo are bound to lo arrest and surrender him for trial by those who have jurisdiction of the offence. It is the voice, not only of Canada, but of Vermont, thntdemands protection ngniiisl a man who bus outraged all law nnd waged war against his fellow men, and shall we say vvu have no power, that we cannot strike down ihcarm red with human blood, because he has not yet put the knife lo our own throats! there is horror in the thought ! If this idea can for one moment uo entertained, government is a mere mockery and its auihoriiy an idlu dream I would not add one pang unnecessarily, even lo the guilty, but we cannot drivi from tho mind tho image of the poor chil dren he has written fatherless, and then is a power in tho simple eloquence of their cry gtrfi us bade our Juthtr, that cannot be rest-ted. Hot let us not deceive ourselves we. have a deep interest in this mailer 1 The poisoned chalice may be returned to our own hps. Our friends inav be murder ed, the pistol presented to the breast of a townsman may yet do the deed, and the felon seek refuge in Canada. Heretofore they have answered every call, ion manner not only to gain respect, but confidence! Hnl can we expect them to continue to uct thus nobly if we decline ! Il most not be belter counsels will lead lo a moro cor rect result, anu it mere ever was a case demanding decision and energy, this is the one. Inteiesl, honor, and the hope of doing good all join in urging the perform anceoftho duly now demanded; and i refusal is full of danger, leading to conse quences which cannot now bu foreseen Il is demanded by what is due lo American character ! It i due as an act of justice in return lor like lavors so cordially grimed it is required as a mean of allaying feelings already loo much excited. It is called for us au instrument of the good winch our example may nave upon uie worm, il our national measures continue to be guided bv an adherence to justice nnd an observance of national law, we confer a benefit on the world, but if forgetful of thcio wo refuse obedience to iho sound and vvhnlesotin rules established mid admitted by all civil izud tuition.! wo shall become a scourge and a curse. It is not loo much tu sav, that the question now to bo decided has au impor t a nl hearing on niiliuiuil character and on the general welfare. If the record now to ho made up shall disclose- u denial of nation n' obligation, we bring n slain upon our Ins lory which the tears of coming millions eun never wash nut. .Six Days I.atkk ritor England 1 he Mononjnhcl.i an i im ill Philadelphia, fium Liver pnul, uliniKR flic! tinted on llio Sill of Mauli In in" in'' I.Ucrnwil p.iiiPiri In lli.u dam. The I'lii luWihi,i p.i'iii, however, nalo ili.i i ilicy cm find llllllllli;' III 1 1 1 1 1 ( I lillll'l! Ill llll! J'MIIM IN ll'I't'lW'l I liu l.iwrn'Hii niaiulaiu. nn I lie fctmiiilli nl iipuh IiiiiiiIii In llit; Inconstant Innate from Halifax, lh.it I ha United Mini's ll.ul i-eued oideisln lake nnfpea mini of llit-disputed Icniiniy, id ppifrrily liiiinm Willi llio hmi' spun, inn: Ihu'. Urns tlio uhule icpnli. Hi: wiih t'xici inin.uioii. Iu Qiiixiiiic uilimr ie iTitniu, liejiniil i lie pntidhility of iuiiiikr, ttt.it I lie Unilcd ftliilt.'. guu'iiiincnt li.nl not il.ucil lo ml; pifir scion of ihu tiiiitoil li'iiilnry, williout hein; iiifl illicit llii-icto oy certain ppisnii.igrg "at lioine, unit iittiin'il lliat il coiilil be iluuu with iiiipiinily. Fiom t lie N. O. Courier, of Apr. U. LATEST 1'ROM MEXICO. We havo conversed with ihu captain of tho Bchonnor Ann Maria. He left Tain pico on the 21st nil. Gen. Mcxin had nr rived at Tampion the day before but unal lunded. (Jen, Uren was expected on tho day tho vessel sailed. It was reported at Tainpico thai Urea had been doleulcd two buttles with llio Centralists, whose troops. 7000 strong were about 15 leagues from the lown. Home fears were entertained for Iho safe lyol'Tumpico. The federal ironi" in Iho place were reckoned ot 1 000. The U. S Cutter wus still in pnrt. Tnmpino. March 17. By nn express which arrived this morn ing. wo havo an iiccouut of n signal victory obtained by Ihu federal army over thu hosts of our tyrants Head Qrs. Iiboraling army, ) Tuspuu, March 15. S I have the satisfaction to announce you. that just now, at I o'clock, P. M tho federal army has obtained n mosl coin plete triumph over thu division of the van guard of the centiol iroojm commanded by Goncral Cos. I havo only timo to state

that uftor three hours and a half of tho hot test linns, tho acimn terminated by a en pitululion, in which II has been agreed I lint tho wliolu army of nssnilanls shull 'fill back on Mexico by regular tnnrehes. Du ring tho action I mndu about 200 prisoners and was oflcrwnrds joined bv about 150 of the centralists ; all their artillery, mulcn, and baggage 350 muskets and many other rticlcs havo fallen into our hands. I lost 1 officers and 12 soldiers killed. Thu ene my's loss amounted lo fl officers nnd 70 privates. JOSE ANTONIO MEXICA. I'loin llic t-iniifiiiiiuii Apr. 4. Wo have received by u schonuur arrived from Tumpico a confirmation of tho news f the triumph ol Gen. Moxica. Tlio but tle was fought on thu 15th March, near Euspnn, and the wholo loss of tho govern ment troops was COO prisoners and 400 kil led. Gen Cos escaped in a wnndeiful manner, by means of a disguise, in which he clothed himself. The victory gave riso to great rejoicing at l ampico. Artsto was about to denart to San Luis 1'oUis-i, lor I nmpico with 1000 men, but it was supposed that thu defeat of Cos would maHo him retrace his steps. They wero well prepared to reccivo him nt Tampico. I he schooner bara arrived at I nmpico on the lOlh. I'rtvalo letters from tho most respectable houses in Mexico, announce in positive terms that the treaty of pence concluded by admiral Linndin nnd the Mexican pleni potentiaries, has been ratified by the Mcxi can government. One of ihcso letters in forms us that the army of General Cos was routed near Tuspan by Gen. Mcxia, with Ihu loss of 300 prisoners. It further ap pears that ISiiHtamcntc was marching upon l ampico. e guarantee the accuracy ol Ibis intelligence. From the New Orleans Hiillnlin. The defeat uf General Cos will no doubt frustrate the plans of General Uusla ment and Arista who were marching upon l ampico with a force, and be thus compel led In relrogrodo movement. The unex pected and brtliant success to Mexia had infused fresh hope into despairing federal- sin. If tho victory is followed up and pushed willi vigor it may result in the sub version of tho present government ; il even now totters lo its fall. A series of disgrace ful failures and blunders, has rendered it obnoxious to Ihu people, lo whom any change would bo acceptable, if it was one thoi promised deliverance from the tyranny of their present rulers. We learn from Maiarnora3 that a Ini tio had been fought in that neighborhood, between Iho federalists mid the govern ment troops, in which the laller were d Icated. Fiom l lift Ch.ii lesion Courier. FLORIDA INDIANS. Extract from n letter, received io Ibis city, dated, near iUonticollo. Mo.. March Ulst. "Wo arc still in constant dread of tho Indians. About ten days ngo they attack ed a family so near lo Monticcila as six mile-. ; iho old man, Mr. Gray, waa sitting it his fireside reading an almanac, winch he had that evening purchased nt a store in .ilonticollo. lliev entered llio house so quietly and with such a slight and stealthy step, that they were not heard until they were in tho room, they instantly fired upon the poor old man and killed lutn. Mts Gray was silling with her brother in her arms; lliey wounded her in Hie stomach. ilio ball passing through tho little boy' leg. Despairing of life, she forced her way right through the mid.-t of them; 6ho 6uc ceeded in getting into the yard, when tho child was in ken from her; she received two other wounds, a stab on Iho shouldor and n blow on the head which cut her se verely. After all ibis she escaped, and is recovering. The poor lilt In boy suffered a great deal, he says, that alter tho lndmn took him from Iih sister they ihrew him down and stamped upon his head, after which ho remembers no moro. I J o was laken up the next morning for dead, but hie was not exiinct ; belay insensible for four days with his head swollen to the most unnatural size, but the doctor thinks ho will recover. Ouo of the old man's daughters escaped wild two children wit li mit the slightest injury, but thu youngest one was found the next morning deud be fore the house, having been slabbed through the heart. After plundering tho liuuo. they set it nn lire, and poor Mr. Gray, who two hours helore, was as well as any of us, was consumed iu hi homo and hts ashe mingled with thoso of his home. Hts elnl dren are now destitute, nnd added to thai list of numberless orphans which thishorri blc war has made. I'ARTNEltSUIP AND DISSOLUTION. The Philadelphia World tells n queer storv, without mentioning names, ol cir coinstanccs which havo happened in that city, in the following cfi'eci. That a young man hnving a prctly wifo, enlisted nni went to Florida ; that she and a nameless priest niter some time, presuming Iho first husband lo havo been duly despatched by Ui) Indians, ioincd partnership ; I hat not long after, thu original husband appeared suddenly before the happy pair, insisting that he wtisuot dead, und claiming his dear wife: i hat llic parson ttoully nrguud ogaiusl any such infringement on the dis poted territory, thai after u long sqoub. bio. tho claimant offered lo give up for ihirlv dollars, but llio possessor of I ho properly refused togivo moro than twenty hut ihu wifo finally, acling us umpire, do cided that slm was worth twenty fivo dol lars! Thov udiourned forthwith to n law yer who drow iho writings, nnd then the ureciuus disnutonlH had another wronglo as tu which should pay tho fees, but the wifo cut thrso short by paying them nor self. Thu World concludes thus: Hero isn proity transaction for nn Amer ican cuinmunily ! f ur a nuahcr cuy For n city boasting of so many moralists f who blow their own trumpets.) Serious ly. the wife is guilty of bigamy, llio second hosbnnd of ndultury, and tho first of being occt'isarv tn botli crimes, mid llio lawy but dog will not eat dog. Let tho bar lake care of that. Wo hovo read of such things among the very refun of Lnglnnd. 13 it t us this is the lirst caso which has slum ed the nnnaU of our city, let llio Grand Jury and Attorney Gcucral bee that it is the last. Ruffianism. Tho Uoston nnd Provi-i denco steamboat company, for tho purpose of protecting tho biggago of the passen gers from being stolen, nuil tn prevent dis- luroanco and disorder on oosrn stnnmhoals nt the lime of their nrrivnl at tlio whnrf, hnve employed Mr. Dricsbnch, constable of the first ward, to attend thoro daily, nnd prevent tho entrance on board of carmen, pnriors, or othert), for trunks, until tho owners nro ready lo ha vu them delivered. Yesterday, while discharging this duty, as ho stood upon tho wharf at the foot ol the way plunk, he requested a person in the dress of n carninn to stand back, when the latter seized Mr. Driosbach, and endeavor ed to throw him into tho river, while others around urged him to do so. Mr. D. having successfully resisted this attempt, was next soiled by tho throat, choked severely, and being thrust with violence against Iho piles of wood on tho wharf, was very much bruised. He wos, however, rescued by the captain and mate of tho boot, who ap. proved his conduct, and llio assailant, meanwhile. escped. Mt:r.ANcnoi.v. Tho Hon. Charles C. De Witt, formerly a member of Congross from Ulster county, who lino recently re turned as our Charge at Guatemala, at tempted to commit sntcnlo yesterday on board tho steam boat Utica. lie was a long lime in his berth, after he cui his throat, nnd when discovered was much exhausted from tho loss of blood, lie seemed perfectly collected and rational, and expressed nn unwillingness to live, on nccount of nccuiiinry embarrassments which had occurred during Ins abscence Irom the country. The wound was not supposed lo be dangerous. Iliuticli Mr. il. W. inicuueu that it should have been fatnl. Alb. Jour, Five .men bone oveii the falls. The report circulated yesterday, of fivo men hnving been nrocimtnted over the Niagara 1' alls, turns out to bo but too true. 1 no only narticulars which wo havo been able to lenrn, arc, that just before sunrise on Thursday morning lasl, a boat with two men in it, was discovered in the middle ot of the river abovo the falls, vninlv endrov oring lo make '.heir way through ice, with winch they wore enclosed, lo the Canada shore, their utmost exertions proved una vailing, and in a short time they wore seen to enter the cascades, when they disap peared. In half an hour after, another boat noocared with three men ill it, in the same condiiion, irvmg lo gnin mo vyiiuntju sidi but iu a few moments shared tho same lale with the oilier. Yesterday the body of a man was picked up iu the whirlpool, supposed lo bo ono of these unfortunate men, having in his pockets s-00 and n vai liable gold watch. Si. Catharine's U. C. Journal. Wmai.eks. On the 7ih mst. the whale ship Roman Joy. arrived from tho I'ucitic Orrnn. with SOOO hn rri'la of soertn Oil : and the Condor. Unrdiue. from the South At lantic. with 2000 barrels. Thoeo vessels brought highly gratifying reports from the whalo ships ot Hudson, i'ougliKccpsie Newark. New London, and other northern nnris. Abner Uolnn, lirst oincer or me ship John Wells, had been killed by a whale. Nohth Caiiolina Wealth. Throe tons of Stvcr Ore arrived nl Favetteville N. C. on the 27th ult.. from the mine of A. King &. Co.. Davidson county. FRIDAY M O R N I N (I, APRIL 19. We havo given up a large portion of our paper lo day to tho argument of Mr. Adams in the case of Holmes, and we arc quite confident wo could not havo made a belter appropriation. Tho question is one that has exciicd nn unusual share of interest, in this community in fact, throughout the country and its decision is of no little im porionco lo the character and well-being of the nation. Ills important, therefore, that the fundamental principles on which thai decision must rest, should bo gonerally peneinlly understood and appreciated. Mr. Adams has very clearly and forcibly pre sented them, according to his view of the subject. So far as a hasty perusal enables ns to judge, his argument is well reasoned and fuir, and we nro ready to acknowledge, that we do not perceive any fair ground to escape it. Wo bespeak for it the caro fol attention of every reader. If wo can procure a copy for publication, wc will next week give the urgutnent on llio opposile side, which wo arc well assured presents Iho question very ably. Il is certainly a singular circumstance, that a pnnciplu of this magnitude, should have remained so long unsettled, and now in the sixty-third year of our national exis tence bo left lo the decision of a Vermont Farmer. We, have, however, no doubt as lo the soundness of the decision, whatever il may be. Guv. Jcnnison has bestowed a good deal of attention tu tho subject, consulted the most eminent jurists and con slitulional lawyers in tho country, nnd had the benefit of ablo written arguments on both sides; and with such appliances, we want no oilier assurance of a just decision than llio application of that sound practical common sense for which His Excellency is so peculiarly distinguished, Tho decision was not received as expect ed, on Wedncsdoy, nor do wc learn from tho sheriff" that ho has any intimation what it will bo. It will, however, doubtless be promulgated beforo wo issue another num. bcr, and wo now venture- tho prediction that Holmes will be surrendered. 11UNTOON. This loafer sotnetimo since signified to us his opinion that wo lind mndo quite too free uec ol his name, and maden particular request that wo would never again take similar liberties. Dot wo could not promise him. Wc now, however, toko onr Icavo of him, ns ho is probably on his way Texas Alter his late excursion up tho chimney, ho was committed (o the dungeon, whore ho remained just ono week. On Thursday thu 1 1th, with a bit of old iron ho unlocked thu org- iron door, pushed the bolt of tho second, turned tho button to a third, and then sloped off since which wo havo no account of him, unless indeed ho was Been; in Wilhstnii. A man in that town remark ed to his neighbor on Friday morning, that ha lind soon the devil or a woman eight feet and and a hnlf high ! A reward of fifty dollars is ofTored by llic Sheriff for his apprehension. With so much easo was the operation performed, that Holmes, who was confined in tho same apartment, slept on, unaware of what was going on, until notified by the jailor. On examination, tho lock proven to ba very much iu chaructcr with tho rest part of the jail. A person locked in for export ment sake, was just two minutea and a' half in getting out, and any person, with ton penny nail, may lock and unlock it twenty times a minute. Wo beliovo it ia now customary for magistrates when thoy order a roguo committed, to caution him not to let the brick and stone fall on him !-- and a loafer is looked upon as not very smart, who stands committcd"over twenty lour uuurs. NEW YORK ELECTION. Last year we carried tho city of New York ; but it will bo remembered, that our majority for Mayor was only 153, and that a change of nine votes at tho polls would havo given majority of the common coun cil to tho Loco Focos. With theso facts in view, we arc not surprised that iho ad ministration has this year succeeded in carrying the Mayor and a majority of the Common Council, by about 1000 majority Hut, politically, this is of uo significance whatever. Tlio spring election in Now York is no test, except of tho corruption, resorted to. Il is only necessary for a man1 to bleep in the cuy over night to cntitlo him In vole : hence it is no uncommon thing to import from the adjoining counties a thousand votes, mora or less, as tho party can afford, to carry au election. In the fall it is different. Tho election being thou held on the same day throughout the slat, il is necessary for ihe loafers to boat home.. Wo observe that the vote is 1500 larger this spring than it was in November, when it is to be presumed every one who belonged to the city voted in it, nnd when the whig carried their entire ticket, by from one to three thousand majority. No one will pre loud that tho uclual increase of population has given the city 1500 voters since No vember! There is another fuct too, which proves this not to be Ihe result of a clianga in public sentiment. Tho Whig vote for Mayor is now a trifle larger than it was a year ago, when Mr. Clark was elected. List year wo hardly succeeded in tha spring, but carried our licket triumphantly in the full ; wc nro now overborne by tho corrupt appliance of government funds, hut we shall again gloriously triumph in November. Nkw-Yoiik CiiAnTF.n Election. Well, we tire lit'.iien in New Yoik, liuihere ia uuiliing in tli.it Iu disciir;ie men ulin sire iiccuitoined the "vtiiingiiii; cli.ince.i ot pj liiic.il life. We liaya not been nt any lime rnnnine uf hktpm there. TIik le.'iili vvn no I lo depend upon tiny fixed prin eiples uf nction. It was tint n conflict of opinion. Tlin-ci lioC votes ('ontioled ilio qiiPtitiun weie moved liy oilier consider. uioiH, The General (lineinnii nl h,n in it set vice, in Cnioni lloiue Oflicrrs, men uhu me include rompiinioiuliip wiih liu; laiv material out of uliicli illegal vote nro fain iraicd. The Tip.ihii y of I lie People i noi Inr litis con npi nnd con iipiin oliject. Tlio New Yolk Kxpies a3 that "nil the world voled," To roiii'cnliaic this hum of pollution, it-in ul'ilion sand of ilnllai s weiu itquiied. Tlio money hub. olilained fiom the Tit-.i-urv, in will he rli'arly sli'iun liy l lie next I !! of DeCanlling Office. holders.. I'lie 1'i'oplo mo loblied of llicir money lo enable dciiMgn lues lorob iliein of ilieir lights. Hut though lie.iteii now, we do nut (tirrender New Yoik lo the cneni)'. We have n ilioug, de voted, indomitable parlv in that i;reat Metropolis. That puny ronslitulea a vast majoiity of the iairi oiiiin ol iliecilv. It will recover iln lout ground. I'linny Wi iglu's iriuiiipli in New York will be (hull. Iter follow er-i, while in pnvver, uill "enact such fantastic trick" a a will iliust even ilioie who iiMiaii'd to sive llmm the temporary ascendan cy ; und ilio City, in November, will vindicate in Whig principles und redeem ila Whig character. Evt. Journal. Massachusetts. The Legislature of Massachusetts adjourned on Wednesday, till the first Tuesday in January. It ap pears that the sccrol session held a few days since, related to tho defence of tho Huston harbor. Tho House on a previous day unanimously placed at tho disposal of Governor Ereretl $'.150,000 for the purposo indicated, in case thero should bo danger of invasion. FIFTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Tho U i cat Western has again uriived at New Yoik after a aomewh.il tedioui pnuage of 21 days fiom HiIjioI, whence she tailed on the 23d March. The ndvicct by the Oie.it Western ure lo the 2 2d nil, from Liverpool und London, and lo the 20th fiom Paris, extracts from which, oi fully ai our lima ban peimilled, will bo found annexed. The Great Western arrived out at Uritiolon her return pauugc on the 12ih nil,, nnd the packet tliip Eng land arrived nl Liverpool on llio lOih, bringing dales ft out the United Staled lo iho 2d nil., eon. milling lha Message of the President on tlie Uoun dnry disturbances. The steam ship Lirerpoot hid uot arrived out on the 22d ultimo.