Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 26, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 26, 1839 Page 1
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99! NOT THE GLORY OF CiESAR HUT THE WELFARE OF R O M E . BY II. B. STACY- TO SPRUNG. BY STKIMIEN SIMPSON Ilail ! hail lo ihcc Spring scel bloom nf ihe year, When flowers nml roses iiml blossoms uppear J When Nn Hit c exults in her hud loving birth, A ii J rnplure nnd music spread over ilie earth. Hail ! hail lo lliee spring ! ouns, lively nnd fnir, As sweet ns I lie brciilh of llic viruin, lliy uir When nil things are lovely nnd birds on llio wing, In testacy kips us in rapture they sing. Ilail ! hail to lliee Spring! (lie Gods' gracious sigh Breathes oer us iis fmgrunrc ivhcno'er llinti art niu Ii Tltou first-born of heaven thai ppring'sl ft out above, In gushes of tenderness, blushes, mid love. 'Oil, sweet are thy gales, nnd still sweeter thy bow- WlienThogold Leams of Sol ore bedim'd with thy showers ; Yet sweeter than nil are the bright hopes of bliss Whirl, metti'ry recalls from tho )oinli entomb d kiss. Hail! Imillo thee Spring! thou charm oflhpsoitl, 'I'hat heshrns the past, as Time's pages muoM 5 Which opens the Inline, with Hope's fairy wing, And points to the kkits as an unfading Spring Where bliss re'mns fnicver, where hopes ever bloom .And the buds iiftlie soul me not wilher'd by glonni, Where the blossoms of Virtue eternal shall glow, And the mind lives in triumph o'er all things below. Oh, fair is thv fare, jet inoic fair is the liahl Which iliy bloom kindles ihereofoui future delighi; For the God who has made lliee can lear fir ubuvc A futuie more icdulent of rapiuie mid loe. Then wclrome sweet spring, thou tjpe orihe skies, Which pior.lalm 10 llic woild that man never dies: Hut embraced in die Power that bro't thee to birth, Shall forever endure when his soul flees fioin eat ill. For the Free Pi ess. i.inrs nddicssed in tho auihorcss of the "Yew Tree," and " The old Tilhc-gniherer's Grave." BY WALDO PSEUDONYME. ' Like a lone star, she dwells apart." 1 know thee not : ypt if thv charms Like tuneful erse cnihiall, All e'er inusi bow before the shrine, Where beauty and intellect rombiuo To witch uway the hearts of all ! 1 know tbee not : but still melbinks 1 see a brow of queenly grace, Where clustering nng'.eis, with their sheen, Decorate thy angel face. I know thee not : but fancy paints Thy floating, lustrous eje : And " laughing minors of ilie soul" A mind and wit descry. 1 know thee not ; but never censa To sound thv fairy shell ; The poei's meed chll then be one. Fair vision, Fare thee well. JBurlingloii, March, 1830. THE GAMBLER'S DEATH. From unpubliflrd passages in the life of Vidocq, in the Gentleman's Magazine. "I am almost frozen to death, nnd my limbs will 6oon refuse their office. Oh, 6ir! for the love of heaven, besiovv your charity, if it he tho smallest pittance, in pity's toko, nr, I beseech yon." There was something in tho voice of the speaker so different frntn the husky half-crockcii tone of the midnight meiidi cant that I turned lo look at tho object so imploring for charity. It was a poor half clad female shivering in the blast of a cold February night, and who clearly showed lhatmucli as poverty and wretchedness hod striven to do their worst, they had not completely wrecked llic symmetry of a once beautiful lorm, or driven away every trace of beauty from the care worn countenance of the suppliant. It was evident that the direst nccessiiy could have alone forced Iter to her present employment, for she had scarce uttered her request, when she tthrank back as if in dread of the sound of her own words i poor creature, thought I, you have known much misery j would to heaven I could alleviate it beyond the passing moment. I dropped something into her hand and passed on. I had gone but a few steps when I heard her voice again "Slay sir, but for one instant " "Well, my good girl, what would you now ?" You have made a mistake, these- are five franc pieces.' 'Indeed ! 1 ntn not rich enough to be in tho habit of giving such sums; but you arc deserving of them, and may keep them ob a reward for your honesty.' She looked at mc for a moment, while ehe essayed to utter the language of groti tude, but her heart was too full for utter once ; and ceizing my hand, she would have pressed it lo her lips, but dropped it Bgain in hesitation, as if in remembrance that sho had overstepped the limits pre scribed by her calling ; I could hear a deep drawn sigh as sho turned from me, that npokc so forcibly to my feelings (hat I felt I ought follow her and sea if any thing could be done lo remove her from Hits low. C6t depth of poverty j she turned up a nar row court, and entering a menu looking house, ascended tho stairs, and went into back garret leaving the door open. Tim room was misery itself; two broken chairs, and a ragged coverlid serving for 0 bea, was tho whole of the furniture; nn the coverlid a child about two years of age was 6leoping, while, rocking himself to and fro on one of the broken chairs, was a man of about twenty.six, whoso clenched teeth and fixed vacant look bespoke a mind ill at case with itself, his foco was one (hat still bore the remains of mnnli ninnlu beauty, and which, in brighter days and better circumstances, must have made a ueep impression in many a woman's heart Ho 6cemed lo take no noli nf th um man's entrance, but still rocked himself to no iro aa 11 ignorant orher presence. Adolph, you are ill.' tm WBB answer. 'Come, look rlinnifni the Cheerful ! cheerful, yes, when I look round mo and ere every thing responding to sneli 0 sensation cheerful, indeed I 'Dot I hnve brought you money.' ' I'lien buy brendfor yourself ond the child I am not hungry.' 'But hero is enough, with prudence, to last us some time ; look, ten francs.' 'Ten francs ! shuw them to me how enmo you possessed of so much? it mailers not - ctvn them to me, Adcla, and I will buy something for our present wants. 1 will go with you, Adolph, or you will ' 'Will what?' 'Lose them at the earning table! Oh- Adolph, consider the many hours I have wnited and wntched in the cold blost with scarce covering for a summer's evening, nnd the sneers and reproaches oft hose who made refusal doubly bitter by their taunts; I cannot go again; consider, the poor child has not tasted food lor many an hour ; you used to love tne oncn, nnd think the cover, ing for a winter's day too slight to protect me from tho breath of n summer wind. How often hnvo you said I could not bear the fatigue of a few hours journey in my own carriage, with oil the aid that luxury could invent, and now you let me stand as an outcast, hour after hour, to beg a boon from those , oh ! Adolph, Adolph ! 'Why throw this in my face? Your friends'havc offered you again and agnin lo live wnh them you con then have all these luxuries which you so covet.' '1 cannot leave you Adolph. I value your affections more than all tho luxuries the world can bestow I do not repine I only n.-k you to give up this one passion, and your talents' may yet support us; we have had a bitter lesson of how little depend ence con he placed on the chances of the gaming table; we have lost all even your Irtonds have cast you off, and left you to starvation; and yet you sre still tho same, wanting but the means.1 'Well, my dearest Adcla, I promise you this shall not share the fate of the rest.' 'You promise me.' 'I do.' lie then loft the room and hastened down the stairs without perceiving mc, on ac count of the obscurity of the passage. I entered the room ; she started on my en. toring, hut when she perceived mo, she ex. claimed 'O sir, I am afraid you have heard how likely your kindness is to be thrown away, hut do nut blame me if you have heard all I om sure you will not.' I assured her I did not for an instant im pute 1 he least degree of blame to her, ond had followed her colely for the purpose of rendering farther assistance, in case it had been in my power, as one of the heads of the police!, ami was glad 1 had done so since I had heard the snd recital of her sufferings. I loft her Miniethiug further to purchase a supply for her immediate no cnssitics, making her promise to coll at my office oil the following day, in order that I might arrange something to enable her, at least, lo belter her present condition, if die still persisted 111 refusing the offers of her friends. Adolph, on leaving the house, hastened with the intention of purchasing some food for his fntnishinf wife ond child ; os it was late, and ihe shops were lor !he most part closed he had lo go a short distance to find those in tho great thoroughfares that were not so early in closing. In his way was a house that in his latter days he had often froqentcd. and where the stnallness of Ihe slake had been consistent will) his liltl means. The door was open, and the lights nhone from within, announcing that the deadly work was still going on. He pans ed for an instant at the threshold; might he not be in luck ? fortune, which had so long been his enemy, might for once stand his friend ; should he but gain a small sum 10 relieve htm from Ins present dreadful elnlc. nnd enable him once more to sirug gle with the world, he would forswear the gaining table Inrcver; but then, the Hurls ol his poor wife, the misery sho hnd audtir ed for his sake, the remembrance of their fund affection before adversity had laid its hand so 6lrongly on him, and what she had undergone to gain this small sum, on the other hand warned him from entering. But I cannot lose I must win sho will be so pleased lo sec a lit 1 1 0 hoard to set us once more afloat,' and musintr '.bus, he found himself at 1 he door of Ihe rooms, be fore he wos aware that he had been me chanically ascending the stairs. As he entered tho room the last throw was just decided, and some one exclaimed with a loud voice, 'rouge has gained three limes, such a run cannot last, I'll go on notr this time, 1 hove previously lost almost every thing by rouge.' Adolph followed his example, and put down five francs on noir. There was a dead silence for a few minutes, every one watching the result of the throw. Rouge has gained again ! a thousand maledictions,' cried one, 'this is the fourth time; U cannot happen forever. I will try noir once more rouge cnanot be thrown again.' This timo nearly all backed noir to ihe highest amount allowed by the laws nf ihe oblo ; the chances being so strong against rouge coming up onco more, Adolph put down his last five franc piece, and rouge, to ihe mortification of oil but tho bankers came up for ihe fifth lime. ' 1 ry it once more,' said one of his anan dam associates, 'dont bo disheartened at a little bail luck in the beginning; come play on noir again, there has been such an un usual run upon rouge-' '1 have nothing left to play with.' he said. nor have I enough to purchaso n morsel of bread lor a starving wile and child not a sous in the wide world, and none will give or lend oh, this cursed infatuation ! what might I not have been, and what am I now ?' His former 'friend,' fancying this to be a prelude to the request of a loin, and as FRIDAY, APRIL, 26, 1839. granting it was quite out of tho question, preiended lo sec an acquaintance at the other end of tho room, and shuffled away with the greatest expedition. In a few minutes Adolph found himself again in Ihe street, but where to turn or go he know not ; could ho return home to say he had again Inst all ? no, no ho could not go buck empty handed ; a lew steps forward was a baker shutting up his shop, and a cabriolet coming bv nt tho moment, slipped its wheel ; the baker ran to givo his assislnnco, and his son busily cmployod with Ihe cabriolet driver in searching f:r the hnch pin; no body was passing by, and those about tho cabriolet were busily en gaged. A loaf ol bread would bo to him at that moment almost as Ihe treasures of the cast ; he crept toward the shop nnd seized one of the loaves that was lying on the counter; in the next moment the cry of stop thcif! resounded in his cars the ba ker's wife from within had scon him; he grasped the loaf and ran, pursued by many who were drawn together by the cry of slop thief,' expecting some amusement from the chase of a pilferer; his fears gave him speed and he was fast distancing his pursuers, when he gained the pont du No tre Dame; the patrol was going over at that moment, nnd he saw that he should not he allowed to pass; ho stopped; Ins pursuers were fast approaching ; what wns lo be done , should ho be taken ns a ;nid night robber, and condemned to pass the rest of Ins days ns a galley slave ? There was no timo for hesitation, I ho Seine was before htm, and in he plunged. Ills pur suers reached the bridge only in time to see him throw himself off. There wos n low, hollow gurgle on tho water, showing where ho fell, which soon subsided, nnd tho stream resumed its quiet, glassy look above, while below death was fast work lis wnv. It wns enmptimn hpfnrn the by-standers could procure the means of rescuing the body from the waler, nnd when it was brought forth, thev perceived their efforts for resuscitation would prove unavailing, and with a shrug of ihe shoul dors, and an ejaculation of 'poor an,' they leu it in charge 01 the patrol, to be con signed to ihe Morgue. I afterward learned that Adolph was the only son of a rich moichant, who at his death had left, him in the sole possession of nil ins wealth; he nad married rather above his rank in life, a wife who loved him to excess ; the world ottered him all the plea, surest hat wealth and reciprocal affection could bestow; but it wos not in his power to lasle them. Play was the rci"nit)f nas sion of his heart, and the result was his total ruin. His own nnd his wife's friends had often assisted him, and started him again ond ngnin 111 the world, with evcrv prospect of miccoss : but stiil the demon of gambling forced him from Ihe path of rec tiiude, and he sunk deeper than ever i his Iriends rcfuseil ngotn to assist htm and only offered an asylum to his wife, on condition that she lived apart from her husband. This, in all his distresses, she had refused lo do, nor wos it until death had sepnraled them forever, that she sought a refuge with her family. She nov lives in a small house near Si. Cloud, and all her hopes are centred in her only child a hoy, whose outward form and lace strongly resemble those thai made so deep an imprcsdon on her heart ; and her daily prayer is, thai heaven may warn him of those dangers which wrecked Ins father in life's uncertain voyage. From ihe St. Jolmsbury Caledonian, HORRID CONFESSION OP CRIME. Rumor had brought to our cars the strange and shocking confession of an in dividual residing a few miles north of us, made previous to his decease, but wo sup posed it safe, ns it usually is in such cases, to mako a liberal discount for exaggeration and therefore refrained from publicly no 1 icing them. For once, however, it would appear that rumor was about correct, and is fully confirmed by the following nnrro- lion from I ho pen of the Rev. Mr. Young, a worthy preacher of the Free-Will Baptist connection. And be sure your sin will find you out. Num. 32: 23. Perhaps a more striking illustration of the sentiment contained in this text of scripture, is noi lo bo found in the annal nf this Stale, than one which has recently occured in our vcrv midst, in tho closino scenes of tho life of an unfortunate man ; some account of which, it now becomes my painful duty to givo lo tho world. Mr. Samuel Diiuwn. who is Ihe subject of this notice, died in Wheelock, Vt., 011 the 21st ult, at tho ago of 71 years, under circumstances truly awlul. The writer is unacquainted with the early history of this man, save that ho was born in Rochester, N. 1J. and about ihe age ol 30 he made profesion of tho Chris linn religion. About 30 vcars ao ho moved into this place, where ho has lived ever since, wnh a few exceptions of occa sional absence, ol a few months at a time, n part of which lime ho spent in Canada, at the lumbering business. During his residence in this country ho hns appeared lo be much engaged in ro ligion ihomostof tho time until 3 or 4 weeks bofore his deoth. About Ihe Inst of Febmnry lie bogon lo inquire of different individuals "if they had heard any bad re ports about him;" it seems that his tin ho gon to find him out, and ho thought it must be. that the people had inado the samo dis covery. It was not long boforo his onxicly was ipcroased In tho most dreadful mental dis tress, and frequently ho said, ho "must con fess," but still appeared unwilling to do so. After continuing a while in this situation hocxcloimcd "I must confess!" ond began 10 say no nnti been "deceiving the people more lhan 20 years," he had mado great pretensions to religion and nil the while lived in the practice of gross sins! He confessed that he hnd nrncti.rd theft to some extent nnd named different articles winch ho had stolen at different limes, and also that he had ! ! but no, for tho sake of tho living 1 leavo it blank, --let oblivion draw her dark veil over this part nf his confession. But yet ho could pot die, nor could he rest ; he stole owny from the family where he lived, fins grand son's) with n butcher knife and attempted to cut his throat, but whilo his left hand was employed in ma. kinrr his throat bare-for the knife, one of Ins fingers vns so situated that it received almost the vho!c force he applied to tho knife, and nis throat was cut but little, ool ins nngi-r was cut nearly ball oft. Ho continued in crcat mental distress. and said thetc was another net of his life which hoshouukhavo to confess, which was worse than al( ihe reill and when ho con fessed Dial, it would "set the world all in an uproar." At different times ho would appear more nnd more uncisv. nnd snv. ' muU confeu, I must confess " He re quesled. at different limes, that one would go aside wnh turn, for Ihe purpose of henr-1 ing Inm confess, and when thero his cotir age seemed lo fail, ond he would not lell what it was, nnd finnlly snid he never would confess it. until the dnv of his execu tion! He often snoke of a dreadful burn he had within him and when asked what he meant by it? "0" said ho "my conscience'." A short timo before Iip died it seemed as though tho ALMIGHTY extorted from Inm a confession of ihe horrid deed ; hesoid Hint a cerfifii time when he was in Cana da (about 23 years ngo) nenr the Throe llivers, he KILLED A MAN. Some one asked Inm if ho renMy killed him? he said yes, "I took up a stake, nnd struck inm an nwluriilnw. and killed Inm DEAD. He said ho stuck the slake unbv tho River and took all his money. While ho wss making this confession, and acting over tho dreadful motions, hi eyes, and his whole visaco were frightful in the extreme, bo much did he appear like a demon. Soon after this he beirnn to die. and was dying 50 hours ! The "oldest person pres ent, sny they never saw such a dying scene before. Ho would exclaim "O. cannot diel I cannot !! I CANNOT DIE!!! He stands right before me storing 1110 in ihe face; how black Ins face looks!" Ho was attended by pious friends and neighbors, hut if thev oroonsed to nrnv with him, he forbid it, and when any one prayed, it kitidrod him up into a rogo that is past uescrtptinn ! After writhing in this situation 50 hours his spirit took its flight! Hit last words were "Ihuve lied lo the llolu Ghost." His funeral wns attended at Sheffield Hollow. oniiie2Jd, by a large concourse, and a discourse delivered by tho writer, founded on Mathew 12: 42, 44, 45, omitting the lost clause. It was a season of much 60 lemnity and deep interest, and it is believed that the living did lav it to heart. lie has had two wives, and five children, all of whom died before him. nnd all died hoppy in the Lord. He has left one brother and a large number of distant rnlatives, all of whom are respectable, and tho most of them pious; their affliction is very severe. but we trust the divine grace istheir sup port. And now I anticipate a question which win oensHcd by the readers ol this obituary (viz.) what was this man's disorder? I answer, sin! His sin found him out, and it killed him. He died of horror of con science, Ins physical constitution. Ihniiah n very strong one, sank under this mental presure. He has enjoyed 9ound health tho winter past, and had no physical disorder upon him when ho died. Ho said himself his "appetite was good, but his soul was starving to death." A short timo before his death, he stood up like a statue, 4 hours by tho clock, oil tho lima wringing his hands lor menial aL'ony ! And even then was forcibly set down by one who attended him. All 1 have conversed with unite 11 8ayingthnt there was no appearance of in sanity in this caso. his sin found him out, and he was driven away in his wickedness. Reader, trifle not with the lauR nf the Great God. ZEBINA YOUNG. Sheffield, Vt. April 4, 1039. AGRICULTURE. Agriculture is moro neglected in the United States, than in any civilized conn try in the world. Some ascribe this to the prevalent desiro among our population, to grow rich suddenly, which renders them impatient with the small profits ond slow progress of agriculture, and urges into speculation in stocks, city lots, usurers notes and commerce. But this is not di ving deep enough into causes. Whenco this gencial desiro to grow very rich? A philosophical mind would suppose that competence and independence were belter than excessive wealth, accompanied, as it always must be, with its multitude of cares. A very rich man can neither eat, nor drink, nor wear more, nor sec, hear, nor rcod, nor think more, than one of moderate means, Upon tho theory of our institutions, ho can hold no more power than a poor man ; and were public opinion right upon the subject, he would havo no more influence, their moral and mental powers being equal. But wealth commands respect, influence, and consequently givea power, and there- lore a man is respected precisely in propor tion to his wealth. This then is the source of this inordinato spirit of gain which infests tho whulo population of the United Slates. Wealth is the chirf stand ard of respectability, Henco wo find farm ers always cogcr to place sons in counting houses and professional offices, and hence too we often find farmers selling their acres nnd investing tho proceeds in fancy ttocks or shaved note?, seldom worth tho paper on which they are printed or written. But though wealth bo the principal, it is not the only standard of respectability; for in spito of all efforts among tho wealthy to render its claims ptrmanent, knoweldgo will assert its rights, and tho world will acknowledge them. Henco formers are1 desirous of placing their sons in tho learned professions, as well as in trade ; hut oven in this, ono of their motives is tho belief that these professions, as well as every other profession or occupation, arc moro profitable than agriculture. Yet as the learned professions can receive only a small portion of the whole, and as even moderate or even respectable proficiency, or any thing less than eminence in them, is less respected than great wealth, even in the hands of ignorance, the great majority of larmers prefer trade to law, physic, or divinity, for (he destination of their sons. In all this, farmers commit two great errors; one in supposing agriculture less profitable, another in supposing it less respectable, than other employments. Ag riculture, especially in temperate climates, affords more certain profits than any oilier business. To be convinced of this, let any one compare its vicissitudes with those of trade. Of any hundred farmers in the Northern, Middle, and Western States, every one, with ordinary prudence, without the least scientific knowledge, and perhaps without the ability to read or write, grows old and maintains a family upon his estate, and dies in unincumbered possession of it; while of tho some number of merchants, not more than ten becomes very rich, one half fail at the outset, one quarter fail in old age, after years of successful toil, tho re. rna'ndcr dio with no moro than competence, and of the fifty who failed in the commence mcnt, Ihe majority toil on in alternate sue cess and disappointment and finally die insolvent, or with little more than enough lo pay their debts. BUTTER MAKING. A nice process of butter making, as prnc Used by John M. Weeks, of Salisbury, Vt is given in tho Yankee Farmer. Mr. W makes three qualities of butter; one, he 6ays, worth 33 cents, being the pure but terycious matter, of exquisite flavor; the second, worth 19 cents; and the last 9 or 10 cents, n gluey substance, and insipid in taste. Mr. W. heats his milk, after the animal heat has passed from it, but to what temperature he does not say, and then sets Ins pons in cool running water: and when colli, (hey arc raised, and the milk skimmed in G (.) I!? hours. We guess, for Ihe gen tleman has not mid us, thai the first skim ming is made beloro the milk is put into the running water, or perhaps before it is hented, and the last, at the end of the 18 hours. Tho butler is salted and worked when it conies from the churn, worked 02am tho next day, without cold-water in any of tho processes, and then packed tight in tubs, lined with bags, previously satura ted with bees wax, ond covered on the top with a clean pickle. Tho great requisites in making and preserving good butler, are 1. That every thing should bo cleunly 111 the whole process. 2. That the milk should be kept at proptr temperature, say from 45 to 55 while the cream is reparaiing. 3. That the cream should be taken off and churned, before Us quality is impaired 4. That its temperature should bo from 55 to 65" when put into Ihe churn, and the churning should bo moderate and uni form. 5. That salt, of the best quality, ia sufli. cicnt quantity to suit tho palate, should be blended with it at tho first working, and llic buttermilk completely got out by the butler ladle. C. That tho working of tho butter 6hould bo repeated at tho end of 24 hours, when the soil has become completely dissolved, and all the liquid extracted and, 7. That it should bo packed, without more salt, In make it weigh, in stone jars, in wooden mums or tubs, such as will not impart lo it any taint or bad flavor nnd in such manner as will totally exclude the atmosphere. Butter mnde in this way, will be of fine flavor; and if put down and kept in this way, the flivor will bo preserved lor an olniot-t indefiiuilo period, if kept in n tem perature below 70 j. Water, mixed either with the milk, tho cream, or (ho butler, and especially soft waler, otlds nothing lo, hut materially abstracts from richness of flavor. We havo no doubt of (ho position assumed by Mr. Weeks being correct, thai milk skimmed at thrco several limes, will givo three qunlilirs of butler that being taken off first being the richest and most valuable. The common remark nf our good bultrr- (women, is that 'my butter is good enough' VOI,. XII No. 618 and many think so. whose butler is very inferior. But os the principal object of ihu dairy woman is gain, and as butter will sell according to its intrinsic value, every ono should seek to improve, if not to pleuso themselves, to please their customer., ntnl not for the sake of 'filthy lucre.' Cult'r. From ihe (,'uhiviiior. REPORT OF TUB GRAIN-WORM. Tho committee designated at the 1.191 State Agricul tural Convention, in continue the intcnigatioit in regard 10 llic grain worm, report That sinco tho Inn mectinrr it has been discovered, that there oro two species of insects which depredate upon tho wheat crop, riz. the Cccydomia tritici of Kirby, a yellow and apparently inert insect, not to exceed one eighth of on inch in Icjigth, and an unnamed creeping thing, Hliree eighths of nn inch Ions. Tho first, which was noticed in last years report, preys only upon Ihe grain in its milky slate, or upon tho pollen of the grain ; tho latter is eatd to prey upon tho ripened grain, and to bo found among it in great quantities when passed through the fanning mill. The first appeared ten to twelve years ago, near the borders of Canada, and has been cx lending annually since, cast, west, north and south. Tho latter has boen seen oc casionally for several years, and during tho last years has been found in creal numbers in the wheat crop f West Now York ond Northern Pennsylvania. Tho former ts believed to be for the most injurious. Tho two insects have been so confounded, in the accounts of their depredations, (hat it is difficult to discriminate, or to determine (he extent to winch each has spread among us. In their former report upon the grain, worm the committee quoted from Kirby, Ihe entomologist, that tho insect first makes its appearance 'under the form of nn orange coloured gnat, which introducing Us long retractile ovipositor into ihe centre of the corolla, thero deposites its eggs. These being hatched, I ho Inrvuj, perhaps by eating the pollen, prevent the impregna. lion of the grain, &c." and the committee added, on (ho authority of Prof. Low, (hat the progeny feed upon tho young groin; that (hey aro very small, from two to four teen being sometimes found 111 one grain: and are distinguished by being of n bright orange colour, ihai they do nut extend be yond the grain in which they are born ; that the larvco, oiler a period, fall down to tho earth, in which they burrow, and remain there until ihe following summer when they ascend from tho earth in the form of the beautiful fly. or gnat, which has been mentioned. Tho committee will make a further quotation in regard to tho habitfl and depredations of the Cccydomia. tritir.i from the recent edition of Loedon's Ency clopedia of Agriculture. 'The wheat-fly generally makes its ap pearance about the end of Juno; and ac cording lo the cvidenco of Mr Sheriff thov exist about thirty-nine days. The hue of the fly is orange, the wings transparent, and changing color according to the light in which they are viewed. It lays its eggs within the glumes of tho florets, in clusters varying from two to ten, or even 10 fifteen, and the lavre feed upon the grain. They oro produced from in the course of eight or ten days ; they are first perfectly transpa rent, ond usjume a yellow colour a few days afterwards; they travel not from one floret to another, ond forty-seven havo been numbered in one. Oc'casionolly there are found in the same floret, lavre and a grain which Is shrivelled, as if deprived of nour ishment; and although tho pollen may fur. nish the lavrco with food in the first instance, they soon crowd around I ho lower part ot thegcrmen, and subsist, on the matter des tined to form the grain. Mr. Gorrio esti mates the loss sustained by tho farming interests, in the carse of Gnwry district alone, by the wheat-fly, nt 20 000 in 1027; nt 30,000 in 102U; and at 30,000 in 1829." Such as above described is precisely tho appearance of the fly, of its Inrvm, and of Us habits and depredations, that have fal len under our observation ; and and nlllio' your committee think it hns extended as far west as tho Genesee valley. Ihey oro in doubt whether it has been thero identi fied as tho wheat destroyer. So far as our observation has extended, the insect is but seldom found in the wheat car at harvest. Tho chairman sowed n sample of early May wheat, received from Gen. Cook, of Virginia, late last fall, and another early this spring He watched it daily nnd nar rowly on its coming into head. Tho small fly or gnat was seen in great numbers upon it befuro and aftersunset, The heads wero filled with larvco, hardly n kernel in fifty escaped; and yet, on gathering a bundle of the straw at maturity, thero was hardly found an insect remaining in tho wheat heads. The committee are happy to bo oblo to confirm, in a measure, tho truth of tho inti mation given in their last report, viz. that lato sown spring wheat will cscapo the ravages ol tho worm. By lolo sowing they mean from ond after the "20th May at Al banyearlier nt tho south, and lotor at tho north according to latitude and altitude, or Ihe forwardness of spring vegetation. They give tho following in proof of the correctness of this conclusion. All wheat sown befuro tho tenth of May that camo under their observation last sum mer, w as moro or less injured by tho worm. All that was sown after the 20lh May es caped its ravages. Of that which wna sown between the 10th and the 20ih,Roino escaped injury, and some was considerably injured. One of tho committee sowed Italian and ton wheat on Iho ICtli. Tho fly was soon upon it for a few days after it came into head; nltliouoh no material in jury lo Ihe crop was perceptible. An cxcellpnl ond observing farmer in Wallingford Vt. nearly 100 miles north of Albany, towed parcels tcvcrally on tha

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