Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 3, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 3, 1839 Page 2
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DINNER TO MR. RIVES. The Madisonian contains a ekotch of the proceedings at tho dinner given to Mr. Hives at CharlottesvlHo by his neighbors and friends. Mr Rives addressed the com. pany in his usual felicitous manner, and, in (he course of his remarks, ho read tho fol lowing striking extract from the letter of Hugh S. Legaro to Pierce Butler, Gov. of South Carolina : "I give it to you as my deliberate con viction, that tho balanco of the constitution is subverted ; that through the external influences so constantly brought to bear upon it, the federal Legislature is shorn of almost all dignity and authority; that the freedom of thought and action essential to the very idea ol a representative assembly, charged with the conduct of a limited gov crnment, is assailed on all sides, and has been seriously impaired ; and that our re public is beginning to take the shapo of on elective monarchy, tempered in some degree by two Houses of Parliament, whoso oc casional opposition to tho will of tliQ Exc. cutivc. is trcatod as revolt against tho peo. pic, in tho person of their ony true repre sentative," On tho subject of party discipline he read the following from the same letter: "I speak of what is tho incvitablo con sequence of tho 'disciplino of party,' U3 it is eo expressively called hero, by which all freedom of private judgment is sacrificed to the imaginary will of the majority, and public opinion is shaped, with a view to fu ture elections, as by a few leaders dictating no ono knows how, to multitudes of dis eenting, dissatisfied, and yet complying followers tho wholo body doing what almost every member of it disapproves " Mr. R. compared tho conduct of Mr. Ritchie and tho JudAs Convention, (in making the support onUr. Van Burcn the solo burthen of their song in their appeals to the people) to that of Demetrius, the silversmith, and his craftsmen, mentioned in tho 19th chapter of the Acts, constantly crying out "great is Diana of the Ephe sians," when their craft wos in danger ol being set at nought by tho apostlo Paul's denouncing idolatry. Ho said, let tho modern Dcmctriuscs and their political craftsmen, if they please to do so, repeat their cry of "GREAT IS DIANA of the jpaesians," dui wny snouiu llio pooplo wno nave no crajt to be benehtted by doing gf o, who havo no interest but tho general Tjood and prosperity of tho country, why should they be called on to imitate the senseless folly of the Ephcsians, in echoing this clamor. Let t'fie President abjure the errors of his ways, conform his conduct to the opinions of the people, and then and not till then can ho expect tho support of tne people, ureal applause. The great issun now is, is tho President the seivant tor the master of people? Is the President the sovereign, or are the people the sovereign of the country? Is tho President to conform his conduct to the opinions of the people, or arc tho people to be made by party disciplino to conform their conduct to tho opinions of the President? He said, the Judges Convention wero much puzzled to give a new name to their party they had at last christened it the "Demo cralical Republican Slate Rights Parly." These Changes.and especially lengthenings of party names, wero evidences of degen eracy and false combinations. Whenever a member was taken into tho firm, Ihcetyle of tho firm was lengthened, while its real strength and solid capital of truth nnd prin cipal were diminished. The original true and orthodox namo of the parly, in its pur est' days, were simply Republican; when tho renegado Federalists wero taken in, as they had been recently, the party managers tacked on Democratic, as it was notorious that the most ultra anil over-zealous Demo crats, in profc-sion, at least, were always the proselyted Federalists; and to tako in th'e Nullifiers.they had superadded the name of Stale Rights. During all this time, their old and true friends, the real Republicans, wero falling off, in consequence of their heferogencous combinations; or, in other words, as the tail ot the party lengthened its body shortened applauseor, to use an illustration still more familiar to his brother formers, his parly was all running to vine, cheers the worst ol all tendencies as they well knew in a root crop. Mr Rives said he would assist tho gentlemen in christening thpir parly, by reminding them of Mr. Jefferson's classification of parties which was particularly applicable to the great issue now bcloro the country Mr. Jefferson, when parlies first arose in the country, habitunlly classified them into Republicans and Munocrats ; llio former going for tho will of the people, the latter for that of the President. Tins was the ground on which parlies were unhappily forming under the awful and alarming pro. gross which the system of parly discipline, openly proclaimed nnu practised, is now making in tho country. Ho then conclu ded by onoring t ho following toast: "Repnblicani and monncrnlp," llio distinctive designation or American p.irlirs by Mr. Jefieieon. The former recognizing the supremacy of lliepnpn. .ir, tho latler that of llio Excciilivp, will. Tlio lime has corns when every of America must declare, by his conduct, lo which of these parties lie belongs. THE N. YORK DEFALCATIONS. It is unlucky that tho Report of tho Com. miltec appointed to inveMigoto tho causes of the great defalcation at New York, in which Messrs Swarlvvout and Prico wcte the principal actors, is a document of such great length, that its bulk will effectually prevent it from being rcau, except uy n verv small number of persons. In this re aped tho minority Report from the same Committee has a decided advantage, as its emaller bulk will enable that apology for the administration to coma into the hands of many who novcr will see llio charges and iho evidence which it attempts to Tebut. Tho investigation of tho committee, and tho evidence embodied into their renort. clearly establish that the primary causo of wip losses winch Iho United btates have suffered through tho defalcations ol Swart wout ond Prico, is to bo found in the totally irresponsible cnaracler of (hose two persons, and their total destitution of trustworthiness in pecuniary matters, facts which wero pnrlectly notorious at the time of their op point inont to office. Swnrtwoul obtained his appointment through tho personal friendship of Gen. Jackson, and, contrary as it is said, to tho remonstrances of eomo of Ins supporters, who know his character and who did not CBtceni him fit to bo trusted. Gen. Jack- eon, however, who always placed his own private humor lor above any other consid erations, chose to tako tho responsibility, and to bestow tho appointment upon this ancient friend and confederate, with whom ho had formorly been a joint actor in the conspiracy of Aaron Burr. When Mr. Von Buren came in power, having pledged himself Mo walk generally in tho lootsteps,' he saw fit still to continuo in office a man of whose utter want of trustworthiness ho wos fully awaro, and against whose original appointment ho had himself protested. with regard to Mr I'ricc, his character for fidelity in the performance of his pecun iary obligations, was inferior, if possible, uven to that of Mr Swartwout. It appear ed from the testimony before the Investiga ting Committee, that for the last twenty years the general opinion has been, that he was utterly unworthy of any pecuniary credit. But Mr Price was n busy partisan politician of considerable influence with tho lowest order of the adherents of the admin istration ; and I his was esteemed a sufficient reason for giving him the oflico of District Attorney. Tho two offices of tho Collector of the port of New York nnd Attorney for the Southern District of New York, in a pe cuniary point of view, aro tho two most responsible offices in tho gift of tho Presi dent ; yet these- two officers, responsible as they were, under tho existing tory ad. ministration came into tho hands of two men as notorious for total lack of regard for their pecuniary obligations, as any two men whom it was possible lo find. That under those circumstances the treasury of the United Stales should suffer from tho such agents is not remarkable. Such, however, was the system of checks existing under tho old system, by which the custom house bonds were deposited in bank, and paid at bank, that no opportuni ty could have occurred for very extensive frauds upon the government, upon the part of these officers. It was only in conse quence of the subtreasury system, practi cally introduced nt the time of the suspen sion of specie payments, that Mr. Swart wout wos enabled to peculate to such a vast amount, upon the public funds. The secretary of tho treasury, it is true, assisted by his subordinate officers, has at. tempted to show that Mr. Swartwout's de falcations commenced shortly ofter his ap pointment, and went on increasing during the whole term. But tho report of the committee proves very clearly, that down to the suspension of specio payments, the quarterly accounts rendered by Mr. Swort wout to the treasury department were per fectly correct ; that is, that nil the moneys which were recieved by him were regular ly stated and accounted for in his quarter ly returns ; and that so much ol tho money thus accounted for, as was not paid by him into tho treasury, was retained in his hands, with the knowledge and tho acqui escence of the Secretary of tho treasury. It was only after the suspension of specie payments that he began to render falso and fraudulent accounts, returning a large amount of bonds as unpaid, which had in fact been paid, and the proceeds appropri ated to his own use. Out of tho jjl.200 000 in which Swartwout is now indebted to the public, moro than 900,000 is of this description. If the secretary of the trasu ry had pursued at New York the system of special deposits, which ho did in some Jess important instance, he would have preserved the great advantages of a check upon the proceedings of the collector ; nor would it have been possible for any bonds to have been paid, without that fact being known to the treasury. It appears further, that while we have had men of tho character of Swartwout and Price, oppninted to offices of great pecuniary responsibility, and while by dis continuing the use of banks in the collec tion of public revenue, great and new op- portunitics for defrauding tho public have been attorded, at the very somo time, many of the checks nnd guards established by the original arrangements of the treasury department, havo been suffered to fall into disuse, and have been discontinued ! Tho naval officers of the several ports were originally appointed, principally to act as checks upon collectors, whose books and accounts they were bound to examine, and to report the result of their examination to the treasury department. At New York, and probably elsewhere, this duty of lato years has been wholly disregarded. Several of the accounts kept ot tho Treasury department, as a means of fur nishing materials lor an investigation, at any time, into the accounts of collectors, havo latterly been discontinued ; and so little had this important matter been at tended lo, that Hie secretary oftho treasu ry seems in some cases not to havo been aware of their former existence, and still less or their tunny. Tins is the consc quence of converting tho mere heads of de partments into mere parlizan politicians With all their lime devoted to the affairs "of tho parly," hoy can it bo expected that they can ever become acquainted with, or can ever properly attend to the duties of their stations 'Bost, Atlas, Woor..-Wo arc glad to pcrccivo symp toms of a ready market for this article, l lie aDnroachin? wool season, nnd iliu inn. at good prices as high, ot least as SO or us cents lor goou merino, i lie stagnation which rested upon tho wool-growing inter est Iho few post years is passing off lilro a morning cloud. When tho business of tho country was deranged by the intermeddling oftho iateand present Administration with tho monetary affairs of tho peoplo, and by holding over tho heads of the manufacturers that engine of despotism the Sub-Trcasii. ry schcnio and threatening lo incorporate it upon our institutions "in spitu of tho lamentations of the peoplo," no prudent man dared lo risk his capital in cxtensivu trade, ond henco wool remained in tho hands of producers, or was deposed of at a low rate. But now tho caso is somewhat nhnnrrnil. Tim nnonlo thrnilrrli llinir Ron. rescniotives in Congress hare once, twice, yea, thrice, defeated this scheme, and the prospect of a strong majority in tho next Congress odvorse to it, gives courage to tho manufacturer to enlarge his operations in tho wool trade, and thus creating an active market for it. Calhoun, a man of sagacity, understood what would bo tho effect oftho Sub Treasury Bill, should it becomo a law, when ho declared as a rea son why the South ought to support it, "that it would break down tho manufac tures of tho North." Tho office holders still press this scheme. But as the peo plo have so often conquered them, their cnurogo and continued vigilance, will en able them to meet it again, and voto it down, while they voto business up -vote n good prico upon wool by voting iho Sub Treasury and tho enemies of North en manufactures down. Caledonian, THE MORMON BIBLE. Tho Boston Recorder of last week con tains tho following singular dcvclopemcnt of the origin and history of the Mormon Bible. It accounts most satisfactorily for the existence of the book, a fact which herctoforo it has bccti difficult to explain. It was difficult to imagine how a work con taining so many indications of being the production of a cultivated mind, should be connected with a knavery so impudent, and a superstition so gross as that which must have characterized the founders of this pretended religious sect. The present narrative, which independently of tho at testations annexed, appears to be by no means improbable, was procured from tho writer by the Roy. Mr. Stow of Holliston, who remarks that he has "had occasion to come in contact with Mormonism in its grossest forms." It was communicated by him for publication in the Recorder. Origin of lhc"Book of Mormon," or "Gohl en Bible." As this book has excited much attention and has been put by a certain new sect, in the place of the sacred scriptures, I deem it a duty which I owe to the public, to state what 1 know touching Us orimn. That its claims to a divine origin are whol ly unfounded, needs no proof to o mind un perverted by the grossest delusions. That any sano person should rank it higher than any other merely human composition, is a matter of the greatest astonishment; yet it is rcceivca ns uivine oy some who dwell in enlightened New England, and even by thoso who have sustained the character of devoted Christians. Learning recently that Mormonism lias found Us way into a church in Massachusetts, and has impreg. natcd some of its members with its gross delusions, so that excommunication has be come necessary, I am determined to delay no longer doing what I can to strip the mask Irom this monster ot sin and to lay open this pit of abominations. Rev. Solomon Spaulding, to whom I was united in marriago in early life, was a grad uate of Dartmouth College, and was dis tinguiehed for a lively imagination and a great fondness for history. At the lime of our marriage, no resided in Uherry Valley, N. Y. From this place wo removed to New Salem. Ashtabula County, Ohio; sometimes called Conneaut, as it is situated upon Conneaut Creek. Shortly after our removal to this place, his health sunk, and he was laid aside from activa labors. In the town of New Salem, there arc numer ous mounds, and forts, supposed by many to be the dilapidated dwellings and fortih cations of a raco now extinct. These an cicnt relics arrest the attention of the new settlers and becomo objects of research for tho curious. Numerous implements were found and other articles evincing great skill in the arts, Mr. Spaulding being an educated man and passionately fond of his tory, took a lively interest in theso devel opements of antiquity ; and in order to beguile the hours of retirement and furnish employments for his lively imagination, ho conceived the idea of giving an historical sketch of this long lost race. Their ex treme antiquity of course would lead ;him to write in the most ancient style, and ns tho Old Testament is the most ancient book in the world, he imitated its style as nearly as possible. His solo object in wri ting this historical romance was to amuse himself and his neighbors. This was about tho year 1012. Hull's surrender at De troit, occurred near llie same time, and 1 recollect tho date well from that cireum stance. As he progressed in his narrative, the neighbors would come in from time to limo lo hear portions read, and a great in terest in tho work was excited among them It claimed to have been written by one of the lost nation, and to have been recovered from the earth, and, assumed iho title of "Manuscript round." iho neighbors would often inquire how Mr. S. progressed in deciphering "the manuscript," and when ho had a sufficient portion prepared he would inform them, anil they would ossem bio to hear it read. He was enabled from his acquaintance with the classics and an cicnt history, to introduce many singular names, winch were particularly noticed by tho people and could bo cosily recognized by them. Mr. Solomon Spaulding had a brother, Mr. John Spaulding residing in the placo at the lime, who was perfectly familiar with this work and repeatedly limiru int.- wuuiu ui ii icuii, From New Salem wo removed to Pitts burgh, Pa. Hero Mr. S. found an acquaint, once ond friend, in tho person of Mr. Pat terson, an editor of a newspaper. Ho exhibited his manuscript to Mr. P. who was very much pleased with it, and borrow ed it for perusal. Ho retained it a long time and inlormcd Mr. S, that if he would make out a title page and preface, ho wouid publish it nnd it might be a source of profit. This Mr. S. refused to do for reasons which I cannot now 6tato. Sidney Rigdon, who has figured so largely in tho history of the Mormons, wob at this time connected with the printing office of Mr. Patterson, as is won known in that region, and as Rigdon himtulf has frequently stated. Hero he had ample opportunity to becomo ocnuaint cd with Mr. Spauldjpg's manuscript and to copy it if ho choso. It waB a matter of notoriety nnd interest to all who wero con. nected with tho printing establismcnt. At length tho manuscript was returned to its author, and soon after wo removed to I Amity, Washington county, Pa. whero Mr. S. deceased in 1 0 1 G. The manuscript then fell into my hands and was carefully preserved. It has frequently been exam ined by my daughter, Mrs McKcntry, of Monson, Mass. with whom I now reside, and by other friends. After tho "Book of Mor mon" came out a copy of it was tnkon to New Salem, the placo of Mr. Spaulding'e former residenco nnd tho very placo whero tho "Manuscript Found" was written. A woman preacher appointed a meeting there, and in the meeting read and repealed co pious extracts from tho "Book of Mormon." The historical part was immediately recog nized by all tho older inhabitants, as the identical work of Mr. S. in which they had been so deeply interested years before. Mr. John Spaulding was present, who is an eminently pious man, nnd recognized perfectly the work of his brother. He was amazeu anu aiuictcu, inai ii snoum novo been perverted to so wicked a purposo.--His grief found vent in a flood of tears, and he aroso on tho spot and expressed in tho meeting his deep sorrow ond regret, that the writings of his sainted brother should be used for a purpose so vilo and shocking. The excitement in New Salem became so great, that tho inhabitants had a meeting and deputed Dr. Philaslus Hurlbut, one of their number to repair to tins place ond to obtain from mo the original manuscript of Mr. Spaulding, for the purpose of conipar. ing it with Iho Mormon Bible, to satisfy their own minds and to prevent their friends Irom embracing on error so delusive. This was in the year 1834. Dr. Hurlbut brought with him nn introduction nnd re quest for the manuscript, signed by Messrs Henry Lake, Aaron Wright and others, with all whom I was acquainted, as they were my neighbors when I resided in New Salem. I am sure that nothing could grieve my husband more, were he living, than the use which has been mado of his work, Tho air of antiquity which was thrown about the composition, doubtless suggested the idea of converting it to purposes ol dclusmn Thus an historical romance, with tho addi lion of a few pious expressions ond extracts from the sacred faenptures, has been con strued into a new Bible ond palmed off upon a company of poor deluded fanatics, as divine. I have given tho previous brief narration, that this work of deep deception nnd wickedness may be searched to the foundation, ond its author exposed to the contempt and execration he so justly de serves. Matilda Davison. Rev. Solomon Spaulding wos tho first husband of the narrator of the nbove Insto ry. Since his decease, she has been mar' ried to a second husband by the name of Davison. Sbo is now residing in (Ins place; is a woman of irreproachable char actcrandan humble Christian, and her testimony is worthy of implicit confidence. A. Ely, D. D. Pastor Cong. Church in Monson. D. R. Austin, Principal of Monson A cademy. Monson, Mass. April 1st, 1839. One of the leaders nnd founders of iliesect. From tho Baltimore Chronicle, April 23. General Samuel Smith a Revolution ary officer a veteran statesman an ac complished merchant a public spirited citizen a man wnose name is interwoven with the history of our city, our State, ond the United Slates died at his residence in Baltimore yesterday afternoon, in iho 87lh year of his age. He was, we believe, a native of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, but had resided 79 years in Baltimore. Leaving to thoso who havo a moro inti mate acquaintance with his personal histo ry than we havo enjoyed, the execution of the task ot writing his memoirs, it is sutii- cicnt for us to say, that he was, in his day and generation, a patriot, in the widest meaning of that word. In the war of the Revolution ho fought for the liberty of his country, and, in tho celebrated defence of Mud Fort, immortalized his name as a brave and skilful soldier. In peace he was ever the object of the confidence and regard of Ins Icllow countrymen. Wo havo heard that Gen. Smith leaves behind him a mass of papers which are calculated to shed much light upon the political incidents in which. he boroso dis tinguished a part. We trust that Ihey will bo arranged by a competent hand, nnd that along with them will bo published a memoir of his eventful and useful life. He was, we believe, the last of the field-officers of the Revolutionary Army. Although Gen. Smith had reached very great ogc, his death was sudden and unexpected. Ho had been riding in his carriage alter dinner, ond, upon returning to his house, laid himself down upon a sola to repose. The servant in attendance left him for o few minutes, and on returning found hi in dead. Of no distemper, of nobl.vt ho died, Hut fell like uuiumn fiuit that mellows long DEATH OF ZERAH COLBURN I am surprised to learn that no notice has been forwarded to our papers, and through them to the public, of llie death of Mr. Colburn, so extensively known in childhood and youth as tho "Wonderful Mathematician," aod since as a talented and interesting preacher. As a personal friend of the deceased, I feel it my duty to furnish this brief ond imporlect sketch lor publication, hoping somo one better quali fied will soon give a moro extended notice Zerah Colburn was a native of Cabot, in this state, born April 1st, 1804. His sin gular gift began to attract public attention when ho was in his sixth year, at which time he was taken to Danville, Montpelier and Burlington, whero large numbers had an opportunity to witness the readiness and correctness with which a perfectly unedu. caled child could givo answers to questions that required the long ond careful attention of a well instructed mathematician. At tended by his father, ho afterwards travel Ind extensively through this country and Europe. Mr C. has published a very in teresting memoir, in which he relates, in his own peculiarly interesting 6tylo, inci dents of Ins eventful life. He rerurned from London to America, aftor an absenco of twelve years. In 1835 he made a profession of religion, and soon after becamo an itinerant minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church. A few years since ho wan elected lo a professorship in 1 M.,..,nl, TTniunt.; I.!. I. . ..! ' l. uiu nullum uui-u.aitjr, niliuil BIIWUII IIU filled, I believe, with credit to himself, to 1,'m flnnlli. which Innlt tilnnn ... M. ,.,!!, March 2d, 1839. From his Bister, resident !.. in r I.. ... in our vimiyu, i mum ma iasi moments wero marxcu wuu grcai peace- and resig nation, and Ins hopes of eternal lift! worn unclouded. E. SMITH. Montpelier, April 10, 1839. Sudmmc Effects of LiaiiTNiNa. Wodncs. day last was a real summer day, and just at cvo tboro was a licavv and refreshing thowor, accompaniod'wilh one or two, among othor, tremendous claps or thundnr, ono ol winch spomcd to convulso tho wholo face of naturo's earth around us ; and llio buildings trembled and shook as though there was a volcanic eruption noar by, On examination tho next day where ono of ilia explosions was supposed to havo taken place, about 100 rods south of Mill Village, it was found that one of llio larg est and loftiest pines, in a forest, among a largo number, had been struck. Tho fluid struck tho lop oftho tree and descended in a winding courso lo within nbout 20 foot of Iho ground, whuro it was completely sovercd and tho upper part foil to tho ground in as perfect and perpendicular position as it stood in Iho first placo, and penetrated so far into the ground as to givo it tho appcaraco of firmness enough lo withstand a heavy gale. Tho part standing is probably near ono hundred feet high. Tho &lurnp was rent into many pieces and strewed in every direction, somo to tho distance of near 40 rods, others perhaps 20 feet long with parts of tho roots, and of im. menso weight, several rods. Tho diameter of Iho trco whoro it was sovercd was near 3 foot, and near tho ground probably full four fect. Most oftho roots were lorn up with Iho stump, and wero it not for a fow splinters standing, ono would hardly havo behoved that n trco grow thero, Tho spectacle is a subllmo ono, well worth a short excursion Iosco. Rutland Herald. A Seiuous Affray. Wo regret to learn that a serious aliray took placo in Castleton, on Friday night, which it is tcarcd will result in the death of one indi viduol and consequently, probably, if not in on ignominious end of another, his utter ruin by tlio conviction ol a crime which will doom him to the walls of a prison. We shall not now attempt to give only a brief and perhaps nnperlcct account of tho affair, as wo had it mostly verbally from a person present at the court of inquiry. The individuals concerned in the nffray are l rancis Hoy, an Irishman, and I'lnlo Tom linson, both of Castleton near neighbors, living about two miles from the village. There had been a lawsuit between Hoy and one Gardner, for an assault upon his the Eaid Hoy's dwelling house, formerly kept as a tavern, and now a place of private entertainment nnd rendezvous, as wc arc told for those who, unhappily, aro fond of revelry and rows. In tho trial at the late term of our County Court, alluded to, Tom linson was called on as a witness by tho plaintiffs counsel, supposing he knew all about the riot and assault, but Tomlinson cither knew 1 it t la about the case, or refused to reveal. Hoy, however, obtained a ver diet ol rising g300 damages. In the course of the trial it was discovered that there were strong feelings of prejudice against Hoy, ond there hod been a good deal of excitement about the a Hair in the neigh borhood, where the parties lived, and which s'.ill continues. On Friday last in the afternoon Tomlin son was at Hoy's, and Hoy charged him with perjury, and 6aid ho had perjured himself at the obovo trial said ho should sue him. and should spend nil his property to obtain satisfaction, or revenge. At the same lime, said wc won't quarrel ; we will be good mends, and if you will go out doors, or go out back in the yard, we will settle the matter now in a friendly way! However after some further altercation, and after an assent to this mode of settling, on the partof Tomlinson ho left the house ot Hoy. In tho evening he came again and the altercation was renewed. There were several Irishmen in tho house. Hoy again challenged Tomlinson to go out back of Iho barn and settle the matter. 1 omlin- son said he would go. They went out to gether, and no one with them. After be ing absent some minutes, it was proposed to go out and see that they did not hurt each other, as was remarked; two or three went out, and when (he combatants were first discovered, they were some rod or two apart coming in a direction to meet as they approached towards tho house, and when they came in contact Hoy gave Tomlinson a blow and knocked him down, and on r is ing he knocked him down again, and after rising a second or third lime. Tomlinson, it was testified to by ono witness, was seen to thrust his arm towards Hoy, but could not tell whether he reached him.or wheth er he had any weapon in his hands, nor did it appear at any time that Tomlinson had a knife. Alter the foregoing circumstances hod occurred Tomlinson went homo with out entering tlio house, and Hoy came in without being aware that ho was iniurcd But soon complained of sickness at the stomach, ond discovered that he wb wounded in the abdomen. On taking off Ins pantaloons it was discovered that there was a gash running up and down in the lower extremity oftho abdomen, ono side, two or three inches long, and two or three inches deep, nnd that his bowels protruded out. Ho then laid himself upon a bed, a physician was sent for ond the entrails put back and the wound dressed. The slit in tho clothes wnsfivoorsix inches in length and appeared lo have been mado with a sharp instrument. Hoy's recovery, it is said is exceedingly doubtful. Tomlinson was arrested on Saturday nnd put under 42000 bonds and was brought to the tail in this town Saturday evening, not being able to procure bail. Rutland Herald, TEnniFic Accident on the Inclined Plane. Tho Philadelphia Spirit of the Times gives tho following particulars of a Rail Road accident at tho Plane ; Yeeter day morning, after thrco train of cars had been let down tho Plane, immediately after starting tho fourth, when it had do- scended buta few yards, tho ropo broke sniiri mi, uiiu mo train uesccnilcd lo the foot with tho velocity of lighting. Coming in contact with a train upon tho siding, the wholo train, eight cars, loaded with flour, wero dashed to atoms, and their contents strewed in hoapi all over the road. Forlunatoly, no lives wero lost no person injured. Tho burthen train which stood upon the siding and received the shock, had but that moment been placed mere, in orucr 10 lei thu West Chester passenger train on, winch then remained in waitinrs with its ueun! mimU. r . scngers, until tho switch should bo turned dock, upon now sman a point docs human existence hang. Probably in one minuto more, tho switch would have closed, and tho thunderbolt of destruction, which was thus providentially turned aside, would havo spent its fury against the car freighted with a buoyant and laughing crowd of passengers ! Tho thought is indeed tnost terrific. Fine and Incendiarism. Not less than five attempts wero mado to fire tho city, yestorday afternoon, ono on Duane street, in tho rear of this office and four on or near Slate street continued ono of which was successful, though less bo than might have been anticipated from the scarcity of water there. This last firo originated in a stable, in the rear of High street, belonging1 to sheriff Archer, and soon communicated to tho adjoining Btablcs and three framo buildings on Highstreet all of which wero burned or pulled down. Tho loss though' inconsiderable, falls heavily on the owners and occupants oftho latter, who. wo under stand, lose nearly their all. These frew and bold attempt in open day, call for prompt vigilanco on the part of our civil authorities. Albany Argus. Substitute for the sun. The newly invented light of M. Gaudin, on which experiments wero recently made nt Paris, is an improved modification of the woll invention of Lieut. Drummond. While Drummond pours a stream of oxygen gaa through spirits of wino upon unslacked lime, Gaudin makes use of a moro ethorial kind of oxygen, which he conducts through essences of turpentine. The Drummond light is fifteen times stronger than that of burning gas; the Gaudin light is, wo aro assured, by the inventor, as strong as tho sun. or thirty thousand limes stronger than gas, and of courso ten limes more than Drummons. Tho method by which M. Gaudin proposes to turn the new invention to use is singularly striking. Ho proposes to erect in the island of Point Neuf, tn Iho middle of the Seine and centre of Paris, a light house five hundred feet high, in which is to be placed a light from a hundred thousand to a million of gas pipes 6trong, the power to be varied as the nights aro light or dork. Paris will thus enjoy a tort ot perpetual day, and as soon as tho sun of Heaven is set, the sun of Point Neuf will rise. Mechanic's Magazine. Painful Occurrence. We under stand that on Tuesday last a son of Mr. Gideon M. Jennings of Cornwall, aged 7 years, died in consequence of eating a portion of llie root of tho Water Hemlock, vulgarly called Musquash. The child, in company wilh somo other lads, was cross ing a swamp, ond supposing tho hemlock to bo what is called Sweet Sicily, dug a couple of roots, and tho unfortunate Jutlo follow is said by his comrades to have eaten ono and a part of the other, when they repaired to the house. In a 6hort time he wos taken with violent distress at the 6tomach, and his parents administered a potion of tartarized antimony in solution, which soon produced copious vomiting, but without much essential relief. Delirium, spasms, and the most frightful convulsions quickly ensued, ond Iho little sufferer ex pired in all the excruciating tortures pecu. bar to the operation of the deadly qualities of the plant, in about three hours from tho limo of eating the tool.MiddleburyArg. The Wool Business. --We congratu late agriculturists on the present prospect before them, in relation to this great staplo of Vermont. The depression in the arti cle for two years past, owing, doubtless, to the general derangement of all businesa and the currency, it is to bo hoped has passed by and tho prospect now is that business of every kind will revive and tho present season will be a good one for enter prise. As evidence of th.s prospect, wo refer to the sale of a large lot of Fleece Wool directly from the grower in this town to the manufacturer last week. It is said lo be a first rate lot of washed fleece wool, consisting of about 12,000 pounds. It went lor fifty. eight cents. This is cer tainly a good bcL'itinincr. nml If ti,U inrinx.i crop can be sold really at that rate, it is to up nopeu our farmers will not hold on for a higher price that is. wo mnnn fmm ar m 50 cents. This will make money plenty uuu encourage entcrprisc.-ifurVaw Herald MURDER. QjfWo aro sorry to havo to record tho par. ticularsof a melancholy affair which occurred in this town, on llio a'fternoon of Saturday last, and which ended in tho death ofNathaniol Mason of Potion. Frnm Ihn nariiV,,l.-o they reached us, it appears that ono Reynolds, who, uh wuu as mo aeccaseu was a Trooper ill llie Queen's Mnnnlnrl Rnnrrora 1,1 drinking in I'urdoy's Beer Shop, and that duiiiu iini uisiuruanco nau arisen tnero, from members ufthn Imnn nml ml, oro ni,mi: to amuso thom.scivcs, at tho expense of Roy- ii.iiuh, uy piuying pracucai joKes upon him. AftOr SOniU tilllO. llRVIinlile nrl ll, I .. out into tho lano in front of tho shop whero mo BiiuiH Ksiiio was Kopt up. a considerable number of persons collected on the spot, and Reynolds drew his sword and waved it oyoc his head in a throatning manner. At last a boV in tllO trOOHS MlnnnnilnH in nullin.. . into the boot of Reynolds, and on being asked uy nun, who uiu n, poinieu lo tho deceased who had been looking on, nnd .wis at that moment walking away with his hands in his POcltOtS. Ho Was nllOIlt fivn nr cii- ,,n.a ahead, when Reynold's fnllowoit n,,w ,a,in . thrust at his back. Mason immediately fell; uuu iiuyuuiu's ai ino same limo drew his Bword from tho wound, deliberately wiped it upon his slcevo, saying, "Damnye, take that!" Mason was carried lo his lmh.ina.. nml m.j;..i aid procured, ho lingered in great distress till tho next night when ho oxpircd. Tho deceas. od was a young man, and boro a good cliarac tcr for quiet, and and uniformly ordorlv bo- lmu!nr U ..IJ l l... j ,1..l ...w.t( , u ' ,w uttvu IIICUUIBU will, lUvhnM. In l,n InffBl .1... I.. ...... -.WJ.tWL.w w UAUUfl, a IJU mado an attempt, a lilllo boforo his death, (o trip him up, but did not 10 much as touch him. In tviiR hnriod in this tnwn nn il,n r.,n. Monday, with military honors. Tho Cora, ner's Jury rolurnod a verdict of ffilful Murder. ltnnlita u-as iininnilinlnlv InHrrnri In .- await his dial, Ho is an old Watorloo man, and known too fond of liquor; ho was not Imurnvor. d l link af Dm limn hn rninmitton' Ilia deed. Sherbooke Gazette.

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