Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 10, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 10, 1839 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CiESAK BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1839. VOL. XII No. 620 TRUST IN PROVIDENCE. "lwillnever leave thee, nor forsake thee," Thanks be lo God, who 10 our race haili given The promises of peace llie hopes ofheavcii : What llio'otir path on eiirlh be lonu mid dreary; God is the Loid his love is never weury. Yes, limit brroav'd and s miilen, he will kpep llier, Tlno' nil ihv dangi'is nnd distress will shield thee; Have I lion but f.ilili, l him yield up ihy will, His loving-kindness dull support thee still. Sojourners hero, this world is not our rc.t ; Look unto Jc.mis, mourner, nnd be blest 5 Follow the nauow way thy .Saviour trod, '! will safely, suiely, guide thee up lo God, Patient n little Inngrr here below, SuiUiiln thy grief mill bear thy bitter woe, A few fhnrt years, or tl.ijs pcihaps, nnd thou Wilt go to Iter for whom thun wcepest now. Kindle within thy soul devotion's flame, Live worihv nf the Christian's tacied name; Prayer shall nllay thy nnguith, dry thy tears, Huh thy regtets nnd still thy rising fears. Trust then to him who rulelh nil things well ; Submit, nor let a transient lliousht rebel ; God is all wise, nil merciful, all just lie knows our frame, remembers we arc dust. A REMARKABLE DREAM The following is the most remarkable nccoutil of the velocity of thought when 0 person ia dreaming, Unit we have ever read. It is copied from "A Diogrnphicnl Sketch of Count Lavalette." whose high character ncd sufferings are known lo all who are familiar with the history of Napoleon. At the titne at which the dream occurred; the Count was imprisoned, under sentence of death, which had been passed upon him in consequence his conduct during the "Hun drcd Days." His wonderful escape from prison which forms one of the brightest chapters in the romance of history is well known to every reader, and makes one ol the million recorded instances which prove the purity and singleness of woman's offec tion, that feeling which iti "stronger than death" : "One night, while I was asleep, the clock of the Palais do Justine 6truck twelve, ond awoke me. I heard the gate open la relieve the sentry, but 1 fell asleep again immediately. In this sleep. I dreamed that I was standing in the Rue St. Honore, at 1 he corner of tlio Rue de I'Echelle. A melancholy darkness spread around me; till was still, nevertheless a low and uncer tain 60iind soon arose. Allot' a sudden, I perceived, at the bottom of the street, and advancing towards me, a troop of cavalry, the men and horses, however, all flayed. The men held torches in their hands, the red flames of which illuminated fnces with out skin, nnd bloody muscles. Their hoi low eyes rolled fearfully in their large sockets, their mouths opened from ear to car, and helmets of hanging flesh covered their hideous heads. The horses dragged long5,their own skins in the kennels, winch overflowed with blood on both sides. Pale dishevelled women appeared alternate ty at the windows, in dismal silence; low, inarticulate groans filled the air; nnd I re mained in the street alone, petrified with horror, and deprived ol strength sullicient to seek my safety bv flight. This horrible troop continued pat-sing in a rapid gallop, nnd casting frightful looks on inc. Their inarch, I thought, continued for five hours, and they were followed by an immense number of artillery-waggons, full of bleed ing corpses, whose limbs still quivered ; a disgusting smell of blond and bitumen al most choked me. At length the iron gate of the prison shutting with great force awoke me again. I mode my repealer strike; it was no more than midnight, so that the horrible phantasmagoria hnd last ed no uiotc lhan lieo or three minutes that is to say. the lime necessary for relieving the sentry and shutting the gate. The cold was severe, and the watchword short. The next day the turnkey confirmed my calculations. 1 nevertheless do noi re. member one single event in my life, the duration of which I have been able more exactly lo calculate, of which the details ore deeper engraven in my memory, and of which 1 preserve a more perfect conscious ness." "Poverty in Wedlocke" according to an old English writer, "is a great decayer of loue and contention, and riches can find many wafes to diuert on inconvenience.' He also was of opinion, that "where mar rioge prove vnforuate, a woman with a bad husband is much worse off than a man with a bad vife." That depends altogether we think, upon the manner in which the wife's vicious propensities manifest them selves. Speaking ol the difference between single and married life, the samo writer observes, thai the former 'hath fewer cares and more longings; but marriage hath fewer longings, and more cares." There is rich quaintness about this last quotation which we admire exceedingly. Whil other City can tay it? It appears by the official reports that all tho boys of the city of Boston aro members of tho pub lie or private schools, 6avc 33 only. The wholo number is 16,000. There is parallel lo tbii in any quarter of the world A magnijiiccnt territory. George Sel wyn, the celebrated English satirical wit, was once made resident minister at one of those little onc-by-two principalities, so common in Germany, but where the exer cise of his peculiar talents soon rendered him very unpopular, and he was according, ly ordered to leave the country. "I have it in command from his royal highness," said the pompous official who bore the or der to the offending embassador, "to an- uoucc lo you that you must leave his dominions intwenty.fourhours." "Return to your master," replied George, in a tone of huge disdain, "and tell him that I shall look back upon his dominions in five min. utcs from his time. A saving or Powi:n. A steam ferry boat which plies on the Alton, (III.) ferry, having more power in her engine than re quired, the proprietors havo attached a pair of burr mill stones to her, with which, the Telegraph says, while crossing the ferry and running off stcatn, she is enabled to grind about one hundred bushels of fine meal piloy. JUST IN TIME! The chances of sudden good luck by which men arc sometimes elevated to un expected wealth, are capitally illustrated in the following litlln anecdote. "A young physician having tried in vain lo gel into practice of medicine, at lasl fi ll open I lie following expedient to sel the ball to rolling. lie sprang upon his horse once a day, and drove ni lull speed through the village. Alter on absccncc of an hour he would return, and carry with him some of his instruments: thinking if he could im press his neighbors with the opinion that ho hod practice, they would begin to place confidence in Ins ability. A wag, who more than suspected the deceit which he was practising, determined to know the truth. lie accordingly kupt his horse in readiness, and the next lime that, the doc tor galloped by his door, sprang upon Ins steed and placed himself on the young gen tleman's trail. The doctor saw the man following at his heels, but did not at first evince any uneasiness At length, howev er, bethought it udvisable to turn down a narrow lane. The pursuer followed on lik'! an evil genius; but the doctor was not discouraged, as another road lay a short distance ahead of him, down which he turned. The other kept close at Ins heels, nnd the doctor grew impatient to return home. There wns no house by the way, at which ho could Afford any pretext for stop page. In the mean time, his saddle bags were with him, ond he wos otherwise e quipped for business, so thai he could not return, in the face of his neighbor, without exposing the secroU of the trade in the most palpable manner. Every bound of his steed carried him further from his home; nnd the shades of night began to fall on hill and tower. Still tiie sounds of horse's hoofs were thundering in Ins rear, and he was driven to Ins wil's end ; but just as he turned the angle of a wood, he heard a low nirjan. A man lay prostrated near the fence of a meadow, and blood gushing from a fearful wound in his arm. lie had cut an artery with his scythe nnd was in dan ger of immediate dissolution. The young doctor sprang from Ins horse, and staunch ed the wound. Bandages were applied, and his life was saved. The pursuer had also thrown himself from his horse, and as the physician lied the last bandage, he looked up in his face, and said, '"How lucky, neighbor, that I was able to arrive just in lime." The wondering pursuer was silent with awe, and after assisting the wounded man, ho told such a miraculous talc to the won- lering villagers, as secured to the young physician a reputation not only for skill but supernatural prescience. Thus did the merest accident contribute more to Ins ad vancemcut than years of studious (oil could have done; and the impertinent curiosity ol a waggish neighbor opened lor linn path to business which the most influential patronage might never have been able to provide for linn." RUSSIAN EMPIRE. The Russian empire in Europe has been nearly doubled in little more than half t century. In sixty four years she has ad vnnccd her frontier eight hundred andlfifty miles towards Vienna, Berlin, Dresden, Munich and Paris; she has approached four hundred and liny miles nearer to Con stanlinnple ; she has possessed herself of the capital of Poland, and lias auvanced to wiihin a few miles of the capital of awe den, from which, when Peter tho First mounted tho throne, her frontier was dis tant three hundred miles. Since that time she has strcched herself forward about one thousand miles towards India, and the same distance towards the capital of Persia. The regiment that is now stationed at her furtherest frontier post, 011 the western shore of the Caspian, has as great a dis lance 10 marcn uncK 10 Moscow as nnwari lo Attack on the Indus, ami is actually fur llier from St. Petersburg!!, than from La horc the capi'al of t lie Sinks. Tho ball a I ions of the Russian Imperial Guard thai invaded Persia, found at the termination of the war, that they were us near lo Herat as lo the banks of the Don ; that they had already accomplished half the distance Irom their capital to Dclli; and that, there fore, Irom the camp in Persia they had as great distance to march back to St. Peters, burgh as onward to the capital of Hindus. llnu. Progress of Russia in tht East, From llie Genesee Former. EXPERIMENT WITH POTATOES. I planted last spring, three acres nf pota toes. One half of the ground was ploughed in the fall of 1037, and tho other in the spring of 1U38 the whole a clover pasture in t37. The part ploughed in the spring had GO large waggon loads nf straw from the barn yard put on and turned well under 1 ho sod that part ploughed in the fall was well harrowed and cultivated nnd then fur rowed shallow, and the seed dropped in drills, and fifteen loads of straw and sheep manure, taken from the sheep sheds, put 111 the hills over the potatoes. This picco was decidedly better than tho first men tioned. The ground was naturally moist, and the excessive rains of I he springs wash cd and drowned the seed very bad, so as to destroy more than half on ucre, on part of which I planted on I lie 41 h of July early while beans, from which 1 harvested three bushels of sound beans. Vet notwithstaiid. nig the bad season nnd rains, I harvested 755 bushels of potatoes, mostly pink eyes, the remainder a flesh colored (noi the bar dinia.J which I call longkccps, from their being n belter potaton for summer's use than the pink eyes. Hut the object of tins communication is to give you the result of my experiment in 1338 on the quantity of seed required. row. in each hill, yield, nuant. jVo. 1 planted 1 whole huge pink eye 413 lbs 2 middling size 42 3 1 do 41. 2 halves 324 1 du. 393 G 2 (mailers 23 i 1 do 374 1 vcrv small 40t 8 2 do 41 10 Luge potatoes out in J & drilled 3'J The above viclil whs obtained Irom rows I J rods lung and 3 feel between llie hills uch way measured, not guessed ol.) I lie quality numbered according lo size, No. 7 decidedly the best, ana INu. 'Z nau uut lew large enough to cook. I hove for seven years assorted my pota toes al llie lime of digging, nnd fed the mall ones to my hogs, and then 111 the nruig I again select a few bushels of the largest, and best shaped ones, and plant by themselves and save my seed for the next year from the product of those selected, and in no event planting n potaloc that Ihe women had left as loo small to cook. The abuve, I think, will sufficiently account for the good yield and quality ol No. 0. I do nut believe, with Solon Robinson, thai whole potatoes are better than cut ones. If any person would give mo the seed if I would plant whole pink eye potatoes, I would not take it, preferring to use a half one of my own raising. I have just ree d an order for 40 bushels of pink eye potatoes for seed from a gentleman in this county, lo whom I sold the same quantity last spring, in which he says "the potatoes I had ol you lasl spring, were pianicu nccoru ing to your direction on 4 acres of ground, and I hnrvestcd over 1200 bushels the finest I ever fwv, and I prefer purchasing seed of vou to planting those raised on my own ground." By persevering in the above practice of saving seed we have increased the size of our pink eye potatoes one-third, and the yield has nearly doubled. I planted one and a half acres to ruin baga last spring, but. the fly destroyed the whole; nevertheless I am not discouraged. You say in the Parmer of last summer, that you are overrun with all kinds of in sects except the striped bug; we cannot make that exception. I never before saw them one half as thick as this season. I am rejoiced to see your correspondent L. A M. has again commenced a series of remarks on sheep, as he is well qualified to give instruction on that subject, and there more on wlncli some inlormaiion is needed. I wish some of your correspondents or yourself would stir up the farmers (by con. stout appeals to lliem, to demand ol t lie legislature some assistance lo ngriculturo, as they will never have any thing done for 1 heir assistance or encouragement until (he legislature is made to feel that it is danger nus (to their offices) to any longer. Farmers cannot nlioru to looby, ond consc. quenlly there is no lime to attend 10 their case. Even the indefatigable chairman of the committee on agriculture last year could hardly succeed in bringing 1 lie cause of the fanner 10 the notice of the legisla ture, and it is high lime we took the mailer into our own hands. Skanealcles, Feb. 1 8, 1 039- THE TURNIP. All British writers agree that the intrn duel ion of the turnip culture into Great Britain which is of comparative recent date, has contributed more than any other im proveincut in rural economy to the advance mcnt of agriculture. This culture is of very recent introduction here, and indeed may be said hardly yet to have obtained n footing among us. Yet from tho limited experiments which have been made, nnd from the rapid extension of Uie culture within tho two last years, we have reason to believe our clunato ond soil aro well adapted lo the growth of this root, nnd that although it requires some extra labor to secure the crop for winter and spring use, it may nevertheless be cultivated here to grrnl advantngo. The benefits that result to the farmer from the culture of turnips, as n field crop, ore three fold, viz; 1st, they serve to me liorate the soil, and are excellent osa green crop to nlirrnato with grain and grass. 2d, they ullnrd the most animal food, at given expenso, on a specific measure of land. 3d, 1 boy return the greatest quanti ty of manure to (he soil. The turnip, liko the clover uud rout crops generally, not only exhaust the soil least, but make up for this exhaustion, in a measure, by divi ding and pulverizing tho soil and freeing from weeds. Although twenty tons an acre may be deemed an average crop, the product has in many cases been carried beyond 60 tons. They come in use at a season when succulent food is most in de mand; they arc eaten by all kinds of farm stock, and constitute in Great Britain the principal material for winter fattening beef and mutton. Ii will be seen in our March number, that turnip feed is estimated to add one quarter to the manure of the cat' lie yard. These considcralions induce us to add lo (lie (nets we have already publish nd, in regarcd to the lurnip culture, such others as may tend to increase their growth among us. Suit. The soil best adapted to turnips is n dry bottomed free nature, of some depth and fertility ; but although distinctively termed turnip land, it yet comprises every species of earth which can be profitably used for any arable purpose, provided it be light, dry and friable, consequent, ly exclusive of heavy clays. It must how ever be understood, that although the com mon root can be grown on the poorest sands and gravels, yet there arc some spe cies which require stronger soils even rich free loams; and (hey all demand very careful culloro, with an obundanl supply of manure. The plnnt delights in a cool, temperate and moist climate, and therefore will thrive best 111 the northern section of the union, and in elevated districts. Species Although thu varieties are nu merous 1 lie British writers cla-s them un der (he heads of white and yellow species, and Swedish. The latter has gained a de cided preference on account of its superior richness and lung keeping property. Yet as ofTording earlier fend, and as enabling them to preserve the Swedes till lato win ter nnd spring the extensive turnip growers in Euiope generally cultivate also the white and yellow The white turnips, the white globe is prefeircd, arc fed first; Uie yellow, which are richer, and keep lunger than thu white, particularly the Aberdeen yellow, arc fed next, and the ruta buga last. The roots of ihc Swecd tsh arc at least one third heavier than the other species, anil their tops arc so much more palatable that cattle, inter being led upon them, will not eat the common kinds, unless impelled by hunger. They are be sides more hardy a large quantily having 6tood the severe winter of 1035-0, in the open ground without material injury, tho' it should be mentioned that they were sown very late, and had not attained their natural growth. They differ in another respect from most other roots tho larger (hey grow, the greater is their specific weight ond nutritive properties. We will add another remark there arc varieties of ruta baga differing greatly in excellence. The true sort has a yellowish flesh, a glob- ular sliipe, and is without n s.ein ; but it is npi 10 degenerate by the flesh becoming while, or by the crown running up into a stem of more or less length. None but the true kind should be employed for seed, licsidcs, this species requires a richer soil than will grow the other kinds. Seed sowing, Tho time of should vary' nccording lo tho kind and climate. It has been suggested that if the white and yellow were sown in April or May, as in Britain, they would afford fattening materials for entile and sheep in September and October. We do not know that llie experiment has been tried, but wo doubt its success on account of the heats of our summer being unfavorable to their growth. Prom seve ral years experience with all kinds, we recommend for this latitude, from the 20th June to the first of July, for the ruta baga, from the 5lh to the 15th July for the yellow and glob:, and from the 20th to the 25th July for the flat red and green top; the first of these periods for cold soils and clc vuied districts, and the latter for warmer situations. For table uso where large size is an objection, the Swedes may be sown in the early part of July, and the flat kinds early in August. Half u pound of good seed will give plants enough for an acre, put in with a barrow ; yel as many seeds will not vegetate, and as tho plants arc liable to be destroyed by the fly, we gene rally allow a pound of seed to the acre, and some give double this quantity. The seed should bo full bodied, and black; thu green and yellow often proving abortive. Culture, 1 lie drill culture is decidedly best for the Swedes, and for other large varieties on account of the greater facility of cleaning and stirring the ground with llie cultivator among them. The British writers recommend ploughing directly al ter the harvest of tho preceeding year. This would De a waste of labor and of ground here. Larly southern clover may be cut in lime to put in even the Swedes here, and our small grain is off the field here generally in time lo sow (he while and yellow as a second crop upon the stub ble. At all events, 11 (lie crop is put on tilled land, the more recent the nlotifihin and harrowing before sowing the better. If sown broadcast, the ground should be nfit-rward rolled, and the crop hand hoed, and thinned as sunn as the plants havo well put forth llieir lirsl rough leoves. The manure which should always be applied lo this crop is diflerently applied. If long manure is employed, we would prefer lo have it spread and covered with the plough; (hough il it is applied moist, or is nniuedi ntoly after covering saturated with an nbundant rain, it may bo advantageously applied in llie drills. There is greater nro priety in applying short manure, or bono dust in thu drill lo tins crop, than In nlmnsi any other, as the roots gather their lo within n nmiieu space, wo novo seen 'short muck applied as a top dressing to the common lurnip, wiicn sown broadcast, with tho best effect. When cultivated in thu drill system, with tho manure dopositod in tho drills, tho usual distance between the rows is 27 lo 30 inches. In sowing, tho drill barrow, of which iti several kinds are now fur sale, is tho best implement to use. A man walks briskly forward, with one ol ihese before him, pro polled liko a wheel barrow. Tho drill is made, the seed sown, covered, and by some the ground rolled as he advances. Whole this implement cannot be had, a small im. plemeiit furmocl like a pepper box, with holes atunound, and fnstoned to tho end of a walking suck, and followed by n man wilh a rako to cover the seed, may be sub. stit til cd Sow upon the fresh stirred 6oil. After sowing is completed, the plants generally make Ihcir oppcarancu in from five lo eight days ; and if the weather is showery, they will soon grow into what is termed (he rough leaf, when they aro a couple of inches high. Tho process of horse hoeing then commences, by running the cultivator, or light plough up and down between the rows, as near to the plnnts ns can be done without injury, or within three inche of them, fo as lo cut up any weeds that may have sprung up. In two or three days this should bo followed by tho hand hoc. Tho weeds should all be eradicated and the plants thinned, by drawing iho hoc crosswise of the row, so as to leave them standing single at (he distance of eight or ten inches. The cultivator may bo subse. quently once or twice passed between the rows, and the few weeds that will spring up will be destroyed. The turnip crop may bo advontageosuly followed with spring wheat or barley. Quality Tho relative portion of nutri ment afforded by each of the following species has been estimated by the late Geo. Sinclair, as amouniing in 64 drachms, to White tankard, 76 grains. Common white loaf,, HO " Norfolk white, 83 ' Stone garden, 85 " and Swedish turnips, 110 grains. The Turnip fly is the greolcst enemy (0 the crop; and although many preventives havo been recommended, no particular one seems to have given fuil confidence. Soot and quick lime have been strewed along the drills and on the young leaves at the rale of six bushels ihe acre, with good success. This mixture is npplied when the leaves are dry. Some sow radish seed with their lurnips, which first nitraci the fly. The London Society of arts awarded n gold medal for this mode of prevention, winch consists in drilling thick, a row of common turnips between the rows of ruta baga. The fly destroyed the former and spme 1 thi Swedes. Gathering the crop. The roots may be drawn by hand or with a potato hook. They should be topped and tailed, and be permitted to lay upon Ihe ground till the loose dirt separates from the roots. They should not be cut too close, nor the roots wounded, lest it causes them to rot. Storing. I hey may be stored in cellars or pus, us before described. Let the pits not exceed three feet in breadth, raise tho roots a foot above the surface of the ground, sloping from the sides to the centre. coveRi 1 r 1 . . ,r. wiui u jciuu uiiukiiuss ni enrin, nnu uy all means lake care to ventilloic at the crown of the pile, to prevent the roots heating and becoming ralten. Use. Tho ruta baga, in particular, is eaten by nil farm stock, sheen nnd are fattened upon them. They are almost invariably led raw, but require to be cut or sliced. The extended culture of the lurniD." says professor Lowe, "has enabled us lo carry the practice of breeding and feeding our domestic animals 10 a stale of perfec" tion, in which no other country has yet been able lo rival Great Britain. The cultivation of the plant in rows instead of the former method of broadcast, may well bo regarded as an improvement of the highest importance. It, has enabled the fnrmcr to secure abundant returns, which Ihe former method of cultivation did not admit of, and 60 to increnso Ihe number of useful animals, that may be maintained on the farm, and to subject the lighter soils to a species of culture moro beneficial than any other winch had been before devised fur t lie tn . Cultivator, THE CHICKEN, J. BuEr, Dear Sir, Permit me to make an inquiry on another topic, Is the ronl manner in which the chick escapes from the shell, in the process of hatching, known to you nnd.the readers of the cultivator? or is it the generolly received opinion, that it is liberated by the efforts of iho mother? If the alh'rtnaiivo of (ho latter question is Iruo, there is a prevalent mistake upon the subject, and although il may seem but a small matter, the real process is exceed. ingly interesting, nnd a knowledge of it may be of some practical utility. Every one accustomed to the manage ment of poultry, has probably noticed that fowls will sil six or eight weeks upon ad dled eggs, without attempting lo break them that successive nnbts lull of eggs may bo given to the same fowl, and (hat if the young ore taken away she will continue 10 sit ; that a laying fowl may leave her eggs in tho nest of a sitting one, and if the young are taken away as fast as hatched, she will sit on until she has finished; and that a hen, sitting on eggs of a turkey or goose, will not attempt 10 break them al tho cud of thrco weeks. But theso facts aro not consistent with Ihe idea, that at (he termination of llie period of incubation, the nmilicr sets to work and liberates her own offspring. The truth is, that the es cape of thu chick is by a natural, uniform, and singular method, anil by us own ell, iris, nnd that nny interference, by Iho mother, or any thing else, will slop the process and destroy its lilo. Tho chick lies in tho shell wilh its feet and tail toward the small end, its neck lo wards tho large end with ils head bent down under the neck, and lodged on one side uuder thu wing of that side, and with iho bill projecting up, between thu wing nnd side, parallel with the top of tho back. When it has attained a sufficient growth to feel tho confinement of the shell, it struggles and forces itself through it. But tho singularity of tho arrangement 11, mat from the peculiar situation of tho head on tho side, the chick is turned, bv each suc cessive struggle ond tho resistnnco of tlio shell, about one eighth of on inch round, nnd every effort brchks a new portion, or rather continues the breakage until, when about three fourths or more of the shell is broken, in a direct lino round, the remain ing portion gives way. during the next struggle, nnd it kicks itself out into tho nest, leaving the shell, thus divided, nd. boring by the small portion of thu lining membrane, which the bill of the chick I109 not broken. Any person who will take tho trouble lo examine a nest of shells, after tho hen has left it with her young, will find 1 hem thus divided and ihus adhering, appearing as if severed nearly in two nnd then broken. There is another singular circumstance connected with this evolu tion. A portion of the blood of Iho chicle circulates through an opening in its belly, into the lining membrane of the shell, tr bo exposed to the vivifying influence of tho air If this membrane is torn before cir culation in it is slopped by the vessels be ing twisted by the evolution in ihc turning of the chick, it will blend freely and Urn chick will die. And if the shell, when partially round, is mashed, so as lo inter lore with the turning process, tho chick will die unhatclied. Not unfrcquently it happens, that the chick breaks the shell entirely round, but owing to the toughness of iho lining membrane, it is but partially broken, and in that case u the chick is not taken out by hand, it will never get out. I havo found three eggs out of twelve after iho hen hod left ihc pest in this prcdica mcnt. Cull. MULTIPLYING SWARMS or BEES. All who have read the Goorgics of Vir. gil, will recollect the story which the old poet relates, of manufacturing swarms of bees by beating a heifer lo death, and leav ing her carcase to breed bees. This modo will do much better in poetic theory than in sober practice. By studying nature, nnd following or applying the Inws which are unfolded to us by careful resench, many things can be accomplished which were be fore considered among the impossibilities. This is proved by the researches of Mr. Weeks, of Salisbury, Vermont, into tho' natural history of bees. Ho has becomo so familiar wilh their manners and customs, that he thinks nothing of taking a few spare ones from any hive, shutting them up by themselves, and nftcr compelling them to raise In themselves a queen, sets (hem to raising up a swarm of their own. At first wo were o littlu inclined to doubt this: but after reading his treatise, which is full of practical instruction in the business, and having some correspondence with him, wo have come to ihc conclusion that it must ue P0 ni. riio following extract from a letter ro- ceived from him. dated March 25th, will bu interesting to our readers. "I am indebt ed lo a gentleman who had travelled in Italy, for my first thoughts of compelling bees to make queens. 1 dcaised meads in stantly 10 try the experiment, and succeed ed. I tried again and again, and in vari ous ways and under various circumstances, and never failed 111 a single instance I have had them robbed, but never tin til after the young queen had mado her escape from the cell where she was raised. That the birth of the queen is hastened so that she hatches several days sooner than her sisters, (Larva;) there con be no doubt. The fact is obvious to every cloo obierv er. Now whether it is the difference in food, or change of position, from a horizon, tal to a perpendicular one, which changes her nature to a queen, is more lhan 1 can tell. Bui nnu ihing is certain: Ihcir na ture must be changed, if changed at all, before t hey have obtained their cntirn growth, for all chrysales, with which I have any knowledge, become perfect en tire before they reach this period of their existence, if I am not mistaken, all nat uralists agree to the following tact, which is this: 'The pecuhor jog which constitutes n male or female 111 the insect tribe, is pro. duced while in the larva; state ;' not by design, however, in many, as in the honey bee tribe." In regard to the multiplication of swarms. he observes: "Thut bees may be increas ed to any excnt without swarming, thcro is not a doubt. Compelling the bees to make extra queens, is the foundation of the whole business. And this may be dono in any country favorablo to tho raising of bees. The most northern latitudes are not aa favorable lo increase colonies of bees wilh. out swarming, as in a more mild climate, and where Ihc seasons nro longer I havo tried ihis experiment several times, and have not yet failed, I have divided them, and received a swarm from one of the di. visions the saint! season. I have transfer red and divided in the snmo with perfect success, and thus far I have not failed in a single trial, when tho experiment was made in accordance with the rules sel forth in my manual. Bees may be increas ed m nny extent without swarming, where the seasons nre favorable to that object. In this latitude tho seasons arc too ehurt to inako vjry rapid advances. Artificial heal is not as favorable to inn breeding of bees, nor to their health and lives, ns natural heat. I havo set them to breeding in January, but I found that thu heat produced by ihc firo, though moder ate, in the courso of two weeks caused death in many of the old bees, and a chill destroyed the larvni, ond 1 was conipolled to relinquish thu winter enterprise, as un profitable business. I am inclined to think that n room may be so constructed and u warmed by heated nir, that swarma may bo forwarded in tho spring to great advau ilngg," Maine Farmer. ) '

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