Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 17, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 17, 1839 Page 1
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.iaiiiUBW i-1 111. iiji i iii hi 1 1 1 i ii ir ii mrriiwuiiMii iiMiwmwiiiin mm mi n 1 hmh i iiam n i w ' ' " "" ' """""" "' ,''J'-Lt'l',.lu--J- LIILJ lLLJ J m mui NOT THE CLOltY O V C 2R S A It It IJ T T II E W E LEAKE OF K 0 HI E . BY Iff. I?. STACY" FBSIDAY, MAY IT, 1839. VOL. XII No. 621 SPEECH OF Mil, PltliNTISS, O.N TtllJ GOVEIISMKNT DKFAI.CATIO.Ng. FniDAY, Doc. 2H, tt!33. The House being in committee of the Whole upon the President's Mcsrago, Mr. Piientiss of Mississippi, spoke as follows: Mn, Chairman, I had intended, upon n former occasion, to have expressed my views upon some of the topic embraced in the President's Message, morn especially the subject of the recent defalcation'. I nm, however, so unfortunate as tobc viewed by the official eye of tin House through an inverted telescope, and it is nnl often that 1 can obtain the floor. With pleasure, therefore, I avail myself ol the opportunity at present afforded inn. That portion of the Message to which I shall principally turn my nttetition, to wit, the di fnlcnlinn of the public officers, has been already ably considered by my friend from Virginia. (Mr. Wise.) as well as by ihc diiinguisliod member from Tennessee, (Mr. Bell.) But it is a subject which can not bo too often or too t liornnghly discussed. Its examination will, I am confident, evis cerate more of the principles upon which this Government has for some years been administered, and furnish us more valuable lessons for future guidance, than any other matter that can occupy our deliberations. am sorry to observe n rapidly increasing hostility upon tin floor to the discoboli ot great political principles. One would sup pose, in listening to some gentlemen, that Congrp. was constituted, like a county court, fur the trial of petty individual claims, instead of being the great political tribunal of the nation, whose province and duty it is, not only to notice all important events in ihn action of the Government, but to investigate the causes from which they have resulted. Defalcations of the most alarming char acter, and for an immense amount, earned on and concealed, for a series of years, by the collector of the principal commercial city of the Union, have been recently de veloped. The President has seen fit to call our particular attention to this case, nnd to make, in connexion therewith, divers suggestions as to the best modo of pre venting similar occurrences hereafter. "It seems proper (says the President) that, by an early enactment, similar to that of oilier countries, the application of pub lic money, by an officer of the Government, to private uses, should be made a tinny. and visited with severe and ignominious punishment." He further recommends that a committee of Congress be appointed to waich the officers who have the custody of the public mnnnvsj. nnd I tint thev should "report to the Jixeetii'ive, such defalcations us -vere found to exist, with a view to n prompt removal from office, unless the default was satisfactorily accounted for." The Secretary of the Treasury has also rriven us a report upon tins same subject, in which he exprcs:-cs his astonishment t tint such an occurrence should have hap pened without his knowledge; exhibits, like tbc President, a most holy horror at the enormity of the offences; anil recom mends the appointment of an additional tribe of officers to waich over those already in power, as the best modo of avoiding similar inishops in future. To lictcn to the well assumed astonish ment of the President and Secretary nt the discovery of Swart wont's peculation, one would readily suppoo that defalcation, under the present Administration, like par ricidc among the ancient, had hore'tiforo been a crime unknown, and consequently unprovided for by justice. Hearken lo the philosophical musings of the President on this point : "The Government, it mnt be admitted, hps been from it commencement cmnparn lively fortunate in thi respect. Put the appointing power cannot always he well advised in its selection.', and the experience of every country ha shown that public officers nro not at all times proof against temptation." Wonderful sagacity! Unparalleled dis covery! Who will now deny the title of "magician" to the man who ha developed the astounding fact "that public officers are not at all times proof aguinst tempta tion ?" The embezzlements of Swartwout have caused this truth to flash upon the saga cious, mind of the Chief Magistrate, and with philanthropic eagerness lie recom mends that we put n stop to this new sort of wickcdncHB by making it a penitentiary offence. Mr. Chairman, if I should tell you that all this is sheer hypocrisy gross and mis arable pretence a tub thrown nut to aimi'c the popular whale, and divert his attention from the miserable and leaky canno which hears the fortunes of this Ailminisirntion : if I should tell j'on that, during (ho Inst five or b'ix venrs, n hundred cases of defal cation have occurred, more outrageous principle, moro profligate in character ilmn the one we nro recommended to in vesligatn: that the President has continued defaulters in olticc, Knowing hi uieir viuiu lions of duty, knowing or thoir nppropria ,;nn nf iho oublic moneys to private uses that the' Secretary of the Treasury has .i,.;n Mint wholo period, habitually conni ved'at these defalcations, and extended nnr iliem the mantlo of hi protect ion : if 1 should tell you that these defalcations constitnto n ponton oi mu .. it.nt RVRtem Which has been to this Ad ministration what bis flowing locks worn to Samson tho secret of its strength: tl i .liA.Viil mil von all this. I should tell you mmoro than I conscientiously bolicvc; no mire than 1 shall attempt to provo ui thiillouso and the country. 1 heso dotal cottons I shall trace to I heir origin, and not much into thoir 'amounts, ni( Into tho causes which liavo led to tlicui. Ti il.n niiPBlmn. Where is tho niOtieV ? t IOIIUHIIV " - but Where is thu guilt? that I wish to investigate. The recent devclnpements to which onr attention is invited are but some of the bubbles that are every day breaking upon the surface of the still and mantling pool. I shall not stop to measure their relative size or color, but will, unpleasant as the task may he, dredge for the corrupt cause which lies at tho bottom. These cases arc but the windfalls from that tree of Sodom Executive patronage. Here tofore, the ltupreentatives ol the People have in vain urged an examination into the characlor of iis I'ruit; but it. has been guarded with more vigilance than were thi L'oldi'ii nnnles of the Ilcsperiile.. Now, our attention is solicited to it by the President, is he in earnest ? Let him but givo us a chance to shako this tree, and he will find his rotten pippins falling from every limb and branch. Hut our attention is calljd, particularly. to the cace of Swartwout. The Adininis I ration has delivered him over to our ten dcr mercies, they have dropped him, as tho bear, when hotly pursued, drops one of her cubs, for the purpopc of distracting the attention of the hunter, and to escaping with the rest of her young. I, for one, shall not ho thus diverted from my purpose, but will follow tho dam lo her den, and there, if possible, crush nt once the whole brood. Swartwout has been found out. This is the unpardonable sin of the party in power. Their morality is t lie Sparlan morality, not the theft, hut the discovery, const it ulcs the crime. Sir. if every officeholder's mantle were thrown aside, how many, think you. would be found without a stolen fox fastened to tho girdle? Mr. Chairman, I have no confidence that the President has recommended this inves ligation in good fa it h, or that his partisans here intend lo permit it. They dnre not doit They are not yet sufficiently mad dened, scorpion-like, to dart the stiog into their own desperate brain. No, sir, it is a mere ruse. Regardless of the maxims, that ''there is honor among thieves," the rest of I he office-holders are very willing to turn State's evidence against Swartwout,1 to gain immunity for themselves, and fivor with the commonwealth. Let Ihc Admin istration give us a fair cnminilttce, favora ble In investigation, not packed by the Speaker; throw open to us the doors of your Departments ihnso whiled sepul chre, within whose secret vaults corrup tion has so long rioted and revelled; lei your insolent subalterns be taught that they owe some allegiance lo the laws; compel them to submit their official conduct to a rigid examination by this House ; then, and not till then, will I believe them in earnest; then, and not till then, shall I expect any good in coipo of investigation. Hut, sir, though little is lo ho expected from the action of this House, I anticipate much good from the discussion. Thi Hall is the ear of the nation ; what is said here touches the auditory nerve of the whole country. Hcforo this mighty audience do I impeach both the President and the Secretary not before the Senate on, sir; but before tho People before fifteen millions of freemen 1 charge them Willi knowingly appoint ing and continuing in office public default ers men who had appropriated the public moneys lo privo'u use : who had commit ted in office nets of as great moral turpitude and deserving of as much odium, as attach cs to the case of Swartwout; acts which the Prcidant now profeses to think are i oservui" of the neoitontiarv. 1 cliarge the Secretary, directly, with havjng caused by noL'liL'cncc. and knowing wilful conniv ancc. some of the most important defalca. Hons which have occurred. I charge him snecifieiiHv Willi haviiif. in one cabi), liter ally watched a defalcation (hroiih a period of innri! ilmn two voars. and seen it radu nlk- su.-i.ll. iliirirnr i hnt time, to onwards of 100.000! 1 chari'c him with having mulled, in numberless instances, mo re pealed and continued neglect and violation of what he lilmsell assrns lo ou ino para tniini ihitu. wiiliout romovui" from office or even rcniimauuinir the delinquents. I charco him with hnving, in his official ca nacilv. received, and Invorauiy coiifiiioren correspondence degrading to his high office iiiMiliio" to him as an Honest man, and oi n corruot a ltd nrnffValo characlor Sir. l ie Secretary can only cscapo uv the nlea of " non aminos mentis." Out o his own mouth I will convict nun; i win but let loose upon him thu documents he him-elf has fornihed. and, like the haplos-, Aclenn. he will be torn lo pieces by hi own hounds! Mr Chairman, the ensns which I am about lo examine, in support of my posi tions, have been selected at random from thu report of I lie Secretary himself, and I present them merely ns specimens; scores of Iho same sort tho phosphorescent glim merings orcorruptinn break through the darkness and illuminate the path of tho Secretary, from the very moment ho came into office, Shnuld I treat of them all, the lib of March would find me here, anil the chronicles of tho defaulters fctill unfinished. Tho first cuse to wheih 1 shall call atten tion is that of Colonel John Spencer, re ceiver of public moneys at Fort Wayno, Indiana, and which commenced in 1 03G. The report of the whole case is found in document 'i of the second session of the twenty. fourth Congress. I shall extract such portions as are in point. Under dutu of the 25th of April, I83G, Iho Secretary writes to Col. Spencer, among other things, as follows: "As these stqtements for January and February Inst liavo not been received at tho Department, I must claim your nttcn linn to tho omission, and insist on their transmission, in future, immediately after tho close of each month. At the same time, I would also claim your strict atten tion to tho regulations of tho Department in respect to the periodical ilcposiles of the public money, ond to the duty of t r a iifetn il- ting thn tistinl evidences of such deposile. to the Secretary of the Treasury, na the instruction require." Immediately afterwards, the Secretary writes again lo the following cfl'ect: TncAsuiiY, May 23, 1B3G. Sin :--Siucu tho date of my letter to you of Iho 25th ultimo, your returns for the month of April have been received, from which I porcievo that the public moil eys in your hands on the 30th ultimo, amounted lo Iho sum of $2.17 2;'il O-l, which amount is Hie nccuuiola'ed receipt-; of your office since the first nf January last. Von cannot but bo aware that iho retention of the public moneys in your hands, beyond the period of one mnulh, unless the receipts of such moot h he less than $10,000, is u violation of your instruction-. The object of this letter is. 1st. To rrquiru that the whole balance on hand at the time of the receipt of this letter shall he immediately deported, and certificate of such deposite transmitted lo the Department without delay. 2d. To inform you that tho De partment cannot overlook the omission lo do so, or your future neglect to deposile monthly, and to transmit your monthly re turns, accompanied by tho evidence of your deposite, in time to be received at this office within the month next preceding that for winch iho return is rendered. 3d. That any neglect or inattention to these require munis, unless satisfaclorily accounted for. will require of me. from a sense of official duty, that you bo reported to tho President, with a recornmedation that you bo remov ed from office. 1 am, very respectfully, &c &c. LEVI WOODBURY, Secretary of Treasury. Col. Spenceii. On the Dili of July, the Secretary direct ed that Mr. West (who, it seems, was a sort of rotary portion of the Department, called an examiner) should proceed in per sou "lo make special inquiry into the mat ter, and report to the Department the result." Accordingly, Mr. West proceeded lo Fort Wayne lo examine into the delinquen cy of tho receiver; nod having accomplish, ed his tak, made a report lo the Depart ment. From this report it appears that he met Col. Spencer, who was on his way to Richmond lo raise money to make up his deficit to the Government' The fol owing is an extract from the report, in relation to a charge of "shaving" upon tbc public moneys : "Upon the sub eel of using the money ol the United States, 1 beg leave to state, that I find it universally slamd and believ ed, and it is conceded to as aact by the clerks in the receiver's office, that both he and his relative, Dawson, have been much in iho ihe?Uc. of shaving money. exchanging tho money which could not be received for public lands: the rale of exchanL'C or discount varying from three to five ner cent. I find in the case ol small Wells, of Marion county, Ohio, that ntlv na the Clh mst.. ho paid into the hands of the receiver, in ins oince, eight dollars for exchanging two hundred null forty dollars of Ohio bank notes of five ilollnrs each. To what extent this "shav nig" business has been carried on in the office, of course I do not Know, uui i nm satisfied it hits been lo a very considerable extent; and that tne uoveromoiu uinmy onid in by one person has been lianueit oui In- tho receiver in exchange for uncurent (or not land office) money he receiving for his own private Use tho discount as agreed iimin : and that the samu Government mon ey again is passed into the land office, to be again used for the like purpose, in pay for the public lands. I'hat the receiver has taken in haul; notes of five dollars, contrary to orders, the sehediilo nrenared at his ofiice, herewith enclosed, will prove; that he received boons for taking the same is, I think, almos beyond a doubt." In a postscript to his report, ho says: "Mr. Spencer has just come in, having bceen as lar as Richmond, where, by ob taming a discount upon some drafts due in September, originally taken here for land lio wa enabled lo nwull his depositu there to $52,831 3-1; which, together with Iho money taken with Inm from hero, the silver in the bank here, una some other money, enabled him to deposite, &c. In a supplemental report of Mr. West, dated Miami county, Jnd. Aug. 23, lt!36, he corrects no error in his statement of M r Spencer's account in the postscript ol his lo'ter trom Fort Wayne. It consists, ho says, in pm-sing either the whole amount of Ins deposite h Indinmipolis, in which is included a certificate of deposile of $-.ri 000 ofhilvernl Fort Wnvrio; or. as I ho gold was left in the hank at Fort Wayne as cl lateral, to make up a deficiency of $2,000, silver, I should not have passed all the gold to his credit. I J is account, ns cor rected, leaves n balance duo tho United Slates of 5 20C IM Mr West says f'urilier. "It is nbo proper for me to slate that I am quite satisfied Mr Suenccr, by hi visit lo Richmond was enabled to increase his nvailablu fund there $9.1.0(M02 (he having drawn in favor of the lodianapnlis branch for that much more, by obtaining a discount there ; nod upon drafts received by him nt Fort Wayne for piibhc'lands, before the 1 ct of Juno last, which drafts were nnt duo till September: and, of course, in ordor to re duco Iho sum now to cash, he mado u de. diiclion. Whether Iho deduction for the yet remaining limn was equal to what was allowed him in May ast, ofcoureo I do not know; but tho difference of timo would seem to place it beyond a doubt thai it wa much less. The latter view, in pari, up plies lo the dicount mado upon uncurrunl or not laud ollice) paper, which ho deposit ed at Indianapolis; u certificate ol thu loss upon winch I enclose at Ins request." lly this diicuncnt it appears that tho re ceivor turned his offico into a 'shaving shop' fur himself and his friends, It further op pears that he had not merely failed lo de-po-ite I he public moneys according to law, but had uved litem (or. which ho came to uiako a settlement with Mr West, after having scraped together all the means Willi in his reach ; after selling drafts, obtaining a private discount at Richmond, bringing forward all the public money in his hands, and, in ihc language of Mr West "some other money, still he falls short $5,20G IM which ho does not profess lo account lor in nny way. In other words, by this report Col. Spencer stood before Iho Secretary and President an acknowledged, confessed, and convie'od peculator and embezzlei nf public iniineys to the nmoiint of $5 20G ti l without a shadow of exenso or delcnce. And what do you think was done with Ibis defaulter by the moral upright, sin hat. tig Secretary ' And what has been done by the Pn-mdnt, who thinks tin ofietico ought to be made felony, and pun - shed wuii the I'enilcntiary ? Uoloru 1 answer this question, I will read yon n let ter trom a tlicn Senator of the United States, which will perhaps throw some light on tho subject. It will be perceived this letter was written during the examina tion of the office by Mr West, and was loubtlcss intended lo obviate the effect of the report. "M.Voiso.N, Aug. 31 , IC3C. "Sin : I am informed that some things are slated recently to the prejudice of Col. oho bpencer. receiver nt Fort Wavne, and 1 am requested lo write you. In doing so, 1 can only say that 1 have been grati fied in learning that his depnsi'cs have been inadn to your satifaclioti ; if so, I hopclhat minor matter, if mere irregularities, will bo overlooked, He is reputed to be on honest and an honorable man, and I do not believe that ho has inten'.ionnlly either one wrong or violated hi in-trocnoos. It would lo some extent produce excitement if lie were removed, or lie lias many warm mid injlucntial friends both at Fort ITayne and in Dearborn county, rom which place he removed to his present residence, 15 m Xn LET IT HE. With much respect. Wm. HENDRICKS. Hon. Levi Woodbuiiy, Sec. of tho Treasury. "With much respect," ha! I doubt it. I'he honorable Senator could not have had much respect for tho honorable Secretary, or he would never hove dared to writo him och a letter. Those two last sentences. like a lady's postscript, contain the whole substance : "It woold produce an excite ment, forsooth, to remove the defaulter : he has influential friend " "Belter let it be." Sir, in these lew words you may behold iho morality, tho policy, and the strength of tho party in power. JjiKc the flash language, of the London swells, they ooen to ( .to-C'i-'m understand the t riicmcnn jiiflhc whoVocCCrct ol pomicat rouguery. lining interpreted, the Hon. Mr Hendricks' letter would read: "Dear Levi : I am lold that Col. Spencer is a defaulter, and you are oiu" to turn him out. IjOVI, you re a fool; you must do no such thing ; it would injore the party to turn him out, lie's n strong politician, and has got u great deal of influence; he is'nt cheating us, it's only the People. If you know which side your bread is buttered, keep him in offico." And what says honest Levi to all this: Listen, hero is his answer : "Treasury Department, Sept. 7, 103G. "Sir: Your loiter of the 31st ult. is received, nnd I am happy to inform you that Mr. Spencer's explanations have boon such that he will probably continue in office. I am, very respcetfnllv, LEVI WOODBURY, Sec. of the Treasury. Hon. Wm. Hendricks, Madison, lnd. Which, being interpreted, reads; "Dear Hilly: Who's a fool? I never intended to turn him nut, 1 only talked about it to gull t he people, ami malic inem mini; i was honest. Ho shall be retained." Ay, and he wa retained, and soon rendered such good service to his master as well approved the sagacity which refused to part with him. He has been continued in office by Mr. Van Huron, and is now receiver nt Fori Wayno. There is one more circumstance developed by this document to which I in vite attention. The Secretary, in his let ter of the 22d of May to Col. Spencer, tells mi "that any neglect or inattention lo llio-o requirements, (that is lo deposile monthly the money on hand, and make monthly returns lliorenl,; unless satislaeto rtly accounted lor, will require ol nie, Irom a sense of official duty, that yno bo reported io the l'resident, with a recommendation llmt you be removed from office." ?iow, in collection with tin extract reail the follewing letter from Col. Spencer written just upnn thu eve of the. Presiden tial election, and about six weeks after the cnnepondencii between Hendricks and the Socrclarv ! 1 Iteceiver's Ultice, ( ,1' ort Wayne, uci. zi, rjau. "Sir; This is to inform thai I have for warded to the deposite bank ono hundred nnd fou i thousand dollars, in silver, there lo r email) until I arrive with Ihcold and injunction of the Secreinry had beenVyhal at Iho end of each month ho should depos ile tho public money in hand; nnd if he failed lo do so, without, good excuse, ho should bo removed from office. Well, sir, he fails lo make his deposile in October, not by accident or necessity, but volunta rily: and sends, in advance, Ins excuse to the Secretory. What is tint excusu? It is, that his democratic friend, thought he ought not lo leave till after Ihc clcctionor J risidcnl ; in other words, that In duly lo the parly wa paramount to his official du ty; that his obligations to Van Huron (the candidate for the Presidency) were greater than Ins oblii'ations to the country, in whoso service he was at least nominally employed. Accordingly, he neglected his most im portant dul ics for many days, that he might use. in iho election that political influence of which thu honorable Mr. Hendricks speaks with so much unction. Tho Secretary receives ibis excuse; re cognizes its sufficiency, by not recommend ing ins removal Irom office as he had prom iscu to do, in casu Iho reason should not be satisfactory; and has thus convicted himself nf entertaining and practising the prolligalo doctrine that interference in elec tions by an offico holder is not only justifia blc but involved n higher dcrco of obli"o lion than the mere performance of official duty. It was not merely to exercise Ins elective franchise as a citizen that Spencer violated the injunction of the Department; Ibis right ho could have exercised where In. duty called him, as well as at Fort Wayne. Hut that, would not do; ho had influence at the latter place, which it was important to the party that he should exer. cisc. Having thus violated his official obligations, for the purpose of assisting Mr Van Huron into the Presidential chair, i was of course no more than fair that the Pre.-ident should return tho favor. lie did return it. Ho continued Col. Spencer in office; and thus, al the same time, ex hibited his gratitude, violated his duly, and prostituted Ins high station. This, Mr Chairman, is but a specimen of that cor rnpt reciprocity of service which coosti toies the ligature that binds together, like the Siamese twins, the executive and the officeholders. Sir, the document from which I have made the foregoing extracts is a public record, and was furnished to the Senate at the lime when Mr. Van Huron was Presi dent of that body. Of course, ho cannot plead ignorance of ils contents. Yet, in (he face of the report of West; of the profligate letter of Hendricks ; of the shameless nvowal of the receiver himself that he neglected the paramount duties of hi offico for, the purpose ofoxercising his influence at fhc election , in face of all this, the I'resldenr neglects and refuses t? apply the power ol removal; and thu unblushing partisan still remains in office, ready, doubt less, at the next election, to play again the game which proved so profitable Qt the last. I will no longer detain tho committee with this disgraceful case, but, leaving it and the parties concerned to tho judge ment of the country, proceed to the con uleration of another. I will take the case f Harris, receiver of the land offico al Co lumbus, in my own State. In this instance 1 mean to convict the Secretary of the Treasury, nol of n singlo isolated neglect jf duty, but a continued, daily, tniscroble winking nnd connivance at malivcrsatinn ml defalcation, during n period of two years, implicating alike his honesty, his veracity, and his capacity. First, howev er, I will show what importance tho Trcas ury Department attached to the duty in cumbent upon collectors and receivers, of depositing in hank, at stated periods, the public moneys in their hands, becanso il was from Iho continued violation of lliis duly that the defalcation in the case of Harris, as well as most others, occurred; nnd bccauc it will leave the Secretary no excuse. From the supposed insignifiennco of the duty, for the gross nnd culpable negligcnco on his own part, winch maucs huii. injustice and truth, a prtrlicens crimi nis in the whole nfl'air. I hold in my hand a bonk of some four hundred pages, entitled "Letter from the Secretary ol the Treasury transmitting co pies of letters lo collectors and receivers who have failed to comply wild the laws and res-ulatious for their government; nnd also, copiod of reports of examinations of land office. since the lirst January, iuj i,' &.c. It is Doc. 297, nnd was furnished the House by tho Secretary on the JOth ol March 1!I:J0. It is the most extraordinary publication that ever fell under my obser vnlion. It is u moral, political, and litera ry curiosity. If you arc a laughing philosopher, you I will find in it nirplo food for mirth , if you j belong to the other school, you cannot but weep at the folly ond imbecility which il exhibits. Tho Secretary must havo been frightened when he compiled it, for it is without form, and darkness rests upon us lace. It contains two hundred and sixty letters to defaulting collectors and receiv ers; in sumo instances, from ten to twenty to tho samu defaulter: yet, so curiously is tho book constructed, that you must read Iho whole of it lo trace n single case. Ils contents are as strango us iho 'hell broth' Ihat boiled and bubbled in the witches' cal dron. From this fragment of chaos I shall proceed to extract and arrange such matter ns is material to my purpose. And first, to show, as I proposed, what importance the Secretary otincbed to the duty of deposit iurr tho public moneys in bank, at slated liolinds, so that I hey might not accumulate in the hands of Iho collector,and thus aflbrd temptation to defalcation. The first letter I shall quolo was from Mr Tanov, then Secretary of the Treasury. It is No. 1 of tho .'oilers to receivers, is nincr money, l i ... e l. il..'..?. if...i I ..,..! Jiy democratic jricnus mime iwt i uuiu nut lo leave until after we hold our election fur President, on the llh jYov, which J have concluded (oawail, ana leave on inui evening. or the ncct mormni:, to denmite, with all the funds on hand up to (hat lime. I shall write vou sgain beforu I leavo. Tho sales are nm id; mostly paid in gold and silver. My ouarlorJv report will be forwarded by next mail, for last quarter, which ought to have been done sooner, only lor want nt neip in the office. Hereafter. 1 think I can get my ropnrls off without much delay after the cloao ol tho month nnd quarter, i am, Yours, respectfully. JOHN SPENCER, Rcc. Hon. Levi Wnomiuuv, Sec. &c. Wlmtthiiil; you of tins? Thu repeated I dated January 1G, 1031, directed to R. U. Sterling, receiver of public moneys np concludes as follows ; "I will only further add. that tho obliga tions to deposite the public money promptly, and to render your returns and accounts punctually, are imperative, and il must in future be regarded as paramount to alt other duties, Again, under date of 13th of May, 1034 Mr Taney writes to J. W. Dickeon.recaitr er at Mount Snius, Mississippi; 'tjurltlicatcs nf deposile nro to be Bd dressed lo this offico ; these, and tha prompt and punctual deposile of the public moncii, nro lo bu regarded at paramount duties, tho strict performance of which will be insisted on." On the lCth of July 1331, Levi Wood bury wntes tho following circular to Bomo seven or eight receivers ; I regret to bu uudcr tha nccOBsity of noticing your omissions to make returns for the months of April, May, and Juno last. My a circular, dated thu 15th ot January last, you were advised of tho necessity of promptitude in this respect. It remains that I should again remind ynu, once or all, that this is a duty which must be punc tually observed." In a letter to Iho receiver nt Au2usta. Mississippi, dated August !, U!34, he says: "Upon Ihc sublet ot the request made io your letter of the Gib instant, I havo to ob 'ervo thai the Department cannot relax in the regulations prescribed or the period ical dcposiles of the public money." I o Jjinn, receiver at Vaiidalia, he soya, Feb. 12, 11135 : "Once for all, then, I will inform you that a si rict observanco nf the regulations nf the Department for the periodical depot He o the public money, and I he transmission of your accounts and returns, are para mount duties, the neglect of which will bo reported lor the action of the Executive." To the receiver of Demopohs he writes, Feb. 20. 1C35; "I embrace the occasion to say to you, once for al!, that punctuality in making your returns, and deposit es of the public money, nro to be regarded as paramount duties, the neglect of which will bo repor ted for the nction of the Executive." Again, Feb. 20, 1835, in a circular to somo fifteen receivers: "I cannot omit the occasion to impress upon you the necessity of n elrict attention to, and punctual compliance with, the duties required of you in regard to thn prompt deposite rf the public money, and tran.-missiou of your returns ; and to say to you that the performance of those duties must bo regarded as a paramount io all others in your official station." I give these extracts from tho letters nod circulars of the Secretary to show that the periodical deposite of tho public money was a purumounl duly of the collectors and receivers. If, then, I show that the Secretary nejr ( lected to enforce tho performance or punish, the neglect of this paramount duty, it mny be fairly inferred thai he is either unwil ling or incompetent to enforce, in his sub ordinate, the performance of any duly whatever. I come now to tho case of Harris, which I will present in tho shape of fourteen let ters from the Secretary, and a rarer speci men of official correspondence cannot bu easily found. Mr. Prentiss then road the letters allu ded to from the Secretary of the Treasury to Mr. Harris. Tho correspondence em. braces a period of nearly two years, during which time the Secretary threatens nnd begs by turns, nil to no purpose. Finally, Mr. Harris, with $100,000 of the people' money in his pockets, resigns and Mr. Woodbury, in his Inst letter expresses his rcrct lhat legal steps hod been takon to "attempt to recover" what was due the Government Now, will any ono dare deny that Gee. Jackson nnd Secretary Woodbury were literally guilty ot this defalcation? Did i not result from their wilful neglect of duiv from absolute and unqualified conni vance! For two years nnd a half thi. receiver was never for a singlo instant oui of default; ho was during the whole period in continued violation of tho acknowledged 'paramount duties of his office," The Secretary was aware of tho wholo of i'. The case at length becomes so ripo that n foils of itself a good round gulden npplo of the value of glOO.OOO ond upwardr. And yet the Secretary swears that no such fruit grows in his garden. Hut let us again take n birdsoye view of this correspondence. Let us groub it: without giving the exact language we will lake tho meaning the idea. Letter 1st. Mr. Harris, I am sorry to tell you again, you hav'nt made your re. turns. 2d. Mr. Harris, you hav'nt mado yon returns. 3d. Mr. Harris, if you don't makcyniu returns. I'll tell the President. 4th. Mr. Harris, you had better 6ottl. up, if you don't, nut you go. 5th. 'Mr. Harris, p'leaso to tell mo why you hav'nt settled ; do, that's a good mm,. Gib. Mr. Harris, now don't behave ho. 7tb. Mr. Harris, how would vou feel i, you were disinised from office? Uctter pay up, or you'll know. Oih. Mr. narris.irs uicKy loryou you'oi got strong friends; that's tho rcieon don't turn you out. Hut you'd better min 1 your oyo. Olh.' Mr. Harris, fie ! lOih. Mr. Harris, ain't you ashamed . 5 lllh. Mr. Harris, perhaps you don't know it, but you nro very much behind hand. Do you intend to pay up or urn I wish you would. 'Tis very strange vei will hurl my feelings 60, nnd the Prcsul n 's too. 12th. Mr. Harris, how comes it thai v.- nm ii defaulter fur $t2bVUM 70? 1 d, i 'wish to hurt your feelings, but I

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