Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 31, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 31, 1839 Page 1
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NOT T II E G L O 11 Y OF Ci! S A U 1? II T T ir K XV K 1, F A UK O F U 0 M K . BY II. B. STACY- FB3TDAY, MAY 31, 1839. VOL,. XIINo. 623 From the Chrl9linn Advocate nml Joiirniil. Tlio following line were f (iijgcsteil by some rcmatks on 'Mlruco nml l lie Spider." l'my ngnin, circle eiiiner, I'rny again, pray ngnin, Lest you lose your soul for ever, Piny ngnin ; There's a rnrfo fur broken law, Which pcrhips on neter caw ; Take the Uililo in your hand, Head again, I)n von know, catcless ("inner, Do you know, do ynu know, It's do ill ri iii or rliimnra, Do von know 1 (toil's word docs il contain Yon must lie born again, Salvation in obtain ; You must pray ! Read again, rnrelcss pinner ; In the Bible you will see, You are lout if you rest Wlicie you be ; Place the value of your eoul Against mountains of rich gold, Tis most preciou', nnd it will Outweigh the whole. You are fir from your privileged State, fir away, From holiness of heart Fur away. There's a Saviour on the throne, Who in mercy will look down, With success jour efforts cruwn ; Pray, O Pi ay! M.T. ANECDOTE OF JUDGU CRANE. Shortly after (ho first Republicnn con ptilution of the Stnto tif New York was frntnutl and the Judicinry system was es tablished for the civil department, the su preme court, or thai branch of il called the 'circuit court.' wns appointed for one of the circuits, in dm county of Dutches, and the eccentric Judge Crane was to preside. Judge Crane was very wealthy and highly respected for his public auti private virtues, especially for Ins charitableness to the poor; but always drei-scd in a plain garb, nnd would hardly ever wear any over coat, whatever the weather might be, anil it was seldom that he rode when he went abroad, nltbongh he owned many valuable horses. On the morning of the day in which the court was to begin, the judge set out be. fore day and walked gently on, through hail, rain and enow to the appointed place. On arriving at Poughkecpsic, cold and wet, lie walked to a tavern, where he found the landlady and her servants were making large preparations for the entertainment of the judges, lawyers, and other gentlemen, whom they expected would attend the cir cuit court. The Judge wns determined to have some sport, and in n plcnsntil tone addressed Clio landlady ! have no money, and 1 was obliged to come to court, and I have' walk ed through this dreadlul storm more than twenty miles. I am wet and cold, dry and hungry. I want something to cat before the court begins;' when the landlady put herself in a mysterious posture, and put ting on a countenance of contempt, said to the judge, 'you soy you are wet and cold, dry and hot; how can all that be?' 'No tny dear madam,' says the Judge, 'I said that I was wet and cold; and if you had been out as long as I have been in this etorm I thing you would likewise be wet and cold. I said that I wanted something to drink and ent.1 'But yon have no mon cv vou say,' retorted the landlady. 'I told you the truth,' says the judge. Mho whole truth, and nothing but the truth,' but were I as rich as Crajsus, I would be willing to work lor something 'o cat and drink.' 'Croesus, who is Crujsus?' says the lady I never knew him,' said the Judge, 'but I have understood he was very rich. I want something to cat and something to drink, nnd were I as poor n Job in his utmost calamity, and had my health and strength ns well as I now have, I would willingly go to work a little while, if I could gel something to drink and a bite of good victu ols.1 'Well, daddy,' says she, 'how much do you want t drink ?' 'Half a gill of good brandy,' says he. 'Very well,' says 6he, 'I will give yuu a half a gill nnd some cold victuals, if you will go into the back yard, and cut and spin three armfulls of wood, and bring it into tne kitchen, where the ecrvatUH want to make a good fire to dry the gentlemen's coats when they come nnd after you get your victuals, 1 shall wont you to go away.' He drank his brandy, went into the wood-yard, and soon cut and laid by the kitchen fire, the requir ed quantity ol wood. The landlady placed a cold luncheon before linn, remarking that there it was. 'And it is almost as cold as mvsell,' says ho, 'but not half so wet, for I ecc neikhcr tea, nor coffee, nor chocolate to wet it.' 'Beggars must not be choos crs,' said she. 'I am not begging of you madam.' 'I told you,' said she, 'I would give you cold victuals, and there is cold boiled ham. com porn anu ueoi, com poia toes, &c. and if you want any thing hot, there is mustard and pepper, and hero is good cheese, and all good enough for such an old rogmufl'ni us you ore.' 'It is all very good,' said ho pleasantly, 'but madam, be so good as to let mo have some new milk right from the cow, to wet tuts guoc vicu nls.1 The cows are not milked,' says she. Then let me have a howl of eold milk Fays he. 'I will not send tlio servants in tins storm to the spring-house to skim it for you,' said she. 'Dear madam,' ha id he with a pleasant smile, 'I have n good wife nt home, older than you arc, who would go out in a worso storm than tins, to milk the cows, and bring the milk to the poor est man on earth, at his request : or to bring the milk from the spring house, cream and all without skimming, to fcetl one of tho most object of the human roce.' 'You buvo a very goad wifo ai homo.' sbvs she Indeed i have.' said he. 'and keens mv clothes cican anu wuoio; and not with standing you cnllcd me 'on old rofftnuffin. utn not h&lmraed to appear abroad in the clothes 1 wuur, in nny good company,' 'Well, I must confess,' says she, 'that when yon have your broad brimmed hat ufl'. you look middling well, hut 1 want you to bo ofT. for wo wnnt the fire to dry the gentlemen's great coats and umbrellas by; and among the rest we expect Judge Crane.' 'Judge Crane,' says he, 'who is Judge Crane?' 'The circuit Judge, 1 soys she. One of the supremo judges, you old fool.' 'Well' says ho , 'I will bot o goose that Jungc Crauo has not had, nnd will not have n groat coat on his back, nr an umbrella over his head to day.1 'You old goose,' said she. 'I care nothing for your bets. Gat and be off, 1 toll you that Judge Crane is to bo here, and we've no room for you.' 'I don't care otic rye straw more for Judge Crane than I do for myelf, and it has got to be so late, that if he hns to come nt t ti is time ol the day, he would more likely go directly to the court house, nnd stay until dinner time. 'I know something about the old codger, and some people say ho is a rusty, fu-ty. crusty old fudge.' 'Pretty talk indeed,' says Hie landlady, 'about the supreme judge. Now eat and be olT.' 'I tell ynu.' said ho, 'Judge Crane is not. the supreme judge, and if hu were, he i' nn more fit to be judge than I am.' 'Well, now be oil' with yourself,' said she. 'Don't be in so great a hurry,' said ho mildly. 'I wi-h tn know who is tho landlord here? and to know where he is ?' 'He is the high sheriff of the county and wont be at home till night; but if he were here you would not stry long. 'Well, madam, said he. 'give us a cup of cider to wet my vitunls, if you wont give me milk,' 'Not a drop,1 says her ladyship. The Judge, who had got pretty well warmed and dried, and wished for his breakfast, put on a stern countenance, and positively declared he would not leave the room and fire until he pleased. 'But,' added ho, 'if you will grant my request, I will eat and bo ofF.' Tho cider was immediately brought, and the Judge partook heartily of the collation be fore him, took his broad brimmed hat, nnd gently wnlked to the court-house, where he found good fires nnd clean floors, and during the court hours he presided with dignity and propriety. When he withdrew, the landlady anx iously looked after him for some timo as he walked steadily on to the court honse, supposing him to be some poor man sum moned up to court ns a witness, or some culprit, or some vagabond, who might give her further trouble in court, nnd expressed to her servants a desire that they would sec that he did not disturb the gentlemen and the judges who might put up there. While some of the girls declared if he did come, titey wouiu use some ol ins own ex pressions which he used respecting Judge Crane. L,ct mo see, says, one, 'rusty crusty,' yes, and 'fusty old judge,' Eoys another. When tho dinner was announced, the court, not being thronged, was immediate ly adjourned, and the day being stormy and cold, the judges and lawyers poured into the shcrifl's tavern; where they were sure of good fires and good fare, nil except Judge Crane, who walked to a storo nnd purcashed a valuable shawl, put it into his pocket on the inside of bis coat; then walked quietly to tho tavern. While be was thus detained, the landlady cntereed the dining room and earnestly inquired if Judge Crane had come in. The answer was, 'not yet madam, and perhaps he may not come.' The landlady, who was anx ious to pay the highest respect to tho su preme judge, retired to the billion, not a little chagrined, or disappointed. In the meantime tho Judge arrived, and being at proper times very sociable, and at all tunes fond of cheering tho minds of those present, ho began to make somu porltneul remarks, and to tell some lively anecdotes, intended to convey good morals; which set the whole company into a roar of laughter At this instant, uno of the waiting maids niorcd the room to inform the gentlemen that they might sit down to dinner. She did her errand tint! hastened back to her mistress with the tidings that the old fusty follow with his broad brim hut on, was right in among tho bare headed gentlemen, in I km" as loud as ho could, and all the judges nnd lawyers wero laughing at him Then go,' says sne, 'anu wnispcr to t lie old man that I wish him to come into the kitchen.' The errand was done accord ingly, nnd the Judge in a low tune of voice said to Hie girl, 'tell your tnistrcs9 1 have a little business to do with some of theso lawyers, and when done, I'll bo ofTin the courso of two or three days.1 The girl relumed nnd faithfully rehearsed the message, and added that she believed the old fellow was drunk, or he would not have said, 'as soon as my business ib done, I'll be olFin two or thrco days.' Well Hetty,' 6nys the mi6tresfvgo bock and when the gentleman begin to sit down do you blond by tho head ol the table, nnd whisper to some gentleman that I wish a vacant place left al the head oftho labia for Judge Crane, and then do you hasten back and seo that John has the cider and other liquors in good order, And Mary you till I wo more turencs with gravy, and put miu nt each end of tho table. And Martha do you sou that all the clean plates lor a change is ready, and that tho lart and pies, &c. arc in good order.' Betty again repaired to her post at tho head of the tolne, and softly informed a gentleman ol tho request ol her mistress. 'Certainly soys the gentleman ; und Betly hnstenud back to ussiot John. The gentlemen now sat down to an excellent repast, a shnit cjnculatury address lo tho thronn ofgraco delivered by Judge Urone, in which he adored the t'other of all mercies for lending all his creatures throughout the immensity of spoco invoked n blessing on that por tion of earthly bounty then before them, nnd supplicated div'nio mercy through tho Imoiita of our Redeemer; the gonilemen carved and served round in usual form. But as tho Judge was of n singular turn in almost every thing, and had taken n fun cy thnt if n person cats light food nt the sfltuo ineol, and thnt which is more solid and harder of digestion, that the light food should be entcn first ; ho thorcforo filled Ins plate with some pudding, made of milk, rico and eggs, and placing himelf in rath er an awkward situation, with his left elbow on the table and his head near Iho plate, to ent according to his custom, which was very fast, although ho was not n very great enter. And some of the gentlemen near the Judge, following Ins example, as to partnktng oftho pudding before the meat, of course o large deep vessel, which contained that nrlicle, was nearly emptied when Mary approached with her additional turene.i of gravy, nccording to tho com mandmcrit of her mislres-', and as she sat down the last near the Judge, ho says lo her in an nustorn manner, 'Girl, bring mo a clean plato to cat some snllod on.' The abrupt manner in which he addressed her, nnd her disgust at seeing htm thero in that position, so disconcerted the poor girl that sbo did not observe that nny one excepting the Judge had partaken of the pudding, nor did she know what he meant by sallad ; but she observed that tho largo pudding-pan was nearly empty nnd then hastened back with the utmost speed to her mistrces, nnd nddressed her 'with Lord madam, that old fellow's there yet, nnd lie is certainly crazy or drunk, for ho is down at tho table, nnd has eaten more than n skipple of the rico pudding nlrradv, and has his nose right down in n plate full now shovelling it in lie n hog ; nnd told me as il ho wns lord oftho manor, to bring him a clean plate !o eat sallad on. Bless tnc, where csn we get sallad this time of tho year? And the gentlemen have not done carving, and not one bos began to cat meat, much less to eat n tub lull of pudding.' 'Ave, he II get n elenn plate, says JMnr- thn, 'before gentlemen wnnt clean plates.' I ll elenr him out, says the mistress, and starts for tho dining-room, burning with indignation. Tho Judge was remarkable for not giving unnecessary trouble to nny body where he put up, and generally ato whatever was set before him without making any remarks; and seldom made use of more than one plate at n menl ; but nt this time he observ ed near him, n dish of benutiful rnw while cabbage, cut up nnd put into vinegar, (which the low dutch nt Poughkcepsie call cold slaw, and which he called sallad,) and he wished for a separate plate to prepare some of it for his own fancy. Tho carving and serving wero not yet finished, when he expected a clean plate, when tho landlady arrived at I'i3 door oftho dining room de termined to drive him out. She advanced with a firm step to the door nnd fixed her keen eyo 6tcrnly on the Judge, whon he turned his eve that way and observing her mildly said, 'Landlady, can I have a clean plate to cat some sallad on ?' 'A clean plate and sallad !' retorted the landlady indignant ly. 'I wish you would come into the kitchen until the gentlemen have dined ; I had resorved that sent for Judgo Crane.' The company wero struck with astonishment, and fixed their eyes alternately on (ho landlady and on the Judge; and sat or tood in mute suspense when tho Judge gracefully raised himself up in his chair, carelessly folding his arms across his breast, then putting his head awkwardly on one idc. 'You reserved this seat for Judge Crane did you landlady ?' 'Indeed I did, ays she. 'It was very kind, says he, in nn ironical tone, 'but if vou will step to tho door and sec if he is coming or send otio of the servants to cull for him, with your per mission and tho aporobatton of these gen tlemeti, with whom I have some business to do I will occupy this seat until yuu shall find the Judge. 'Find tho Judge, said she with emphasis, 'go look for htm yourself, not send me or my servants. I gave you your brcoktast lor chopping a little wood because you said you had no money and I expected you would go away qtnoilv and keep away, and now you must come here to disturb gentlemen at dinner.' Here the whnio toko burst upon tho minds of th gentlemen present, who fell into a loud fit of laughter. Alter the tumult Mail a little subsided, the Judge mildly asked 'did chop wood to pay for my brenkfn-t?' 'In deed you did,' said she, 'and said you ha no money.' I told you tno wtioie truth replied the Judge, 'but 1 have a benutiful ahnwl worth more than ton dollars, which I Hist now bought, nnd will leave it now wiii you in pawn, if vou will only let me cat dinner with theso gentlemen. Hero the gentleman woro biting their lips to keep from luughtur. 'How did you buy the shawl worth more than ten dollars without money r 'I bought it on credit says he. 'And where did you find credit to that amount?' snysBhe,'! brought it from home,' t-a ul he. 'That's a likely story, and something like your abuse nl Judgo Crnno this morning, said she. 'flow could 1 a bttsc tho Judge if ho was not present ni-ked he. 'Why,' replied she, 'you called htm rusty, fusty ludge, nnd old codger, and you didn't caro a ryo straw more for hi in than you did for yourself.' And hero the company burst into on uproar of laughter ngnin. But as soon ns it n little suhsided out! of tho gentlemen asked tho luudlody hnw she knew that the gentleman she wns nddre'sing was not Judge Crane? Judge Crane? He looks inure like n snipe than a crane,' Hero the loud laughter burst forth for a third time. And after u little pause the Judgo said, 'I must confess (lint I am not a bird of very lino foul hers, but I osstifo you that I am a Crane, nnd a ernnc is often a very useful instrument ; I saw a very good one in your kitchen this morning nnd sometimes nn instrument culled o crane, is of itivalunblu use, madam.' Before she had time to reply, omo of the gentleman her that she was talking with the presiding Judge. Astonished and confounded, she attempted some excuse, nnd hastily naked his portion fur her rudeness. Tne Judge had by this time, unobserved, token from his pockot the beautiful shawl nnd folded i' at length ono wny, nnd in n narrow form the other, nnd it being of a very fine texture, nppearcd more like nn elegant snsh than like a valuable shawl. Whon he arose with graceful dignity nnd with n half smile advanced n few steps to wnrdstho landlady, saying, 'it is not my province to pinion, but it is mv business lo judge, and 1 judge that ynu nnd I shnll be friends and I jndgo that you will, without hesitation, receive this ehnwl as n present, if not ns a pawn.' So saying, he gently laid it over her shoulders nnd ncross her nrm?, ssying, 'lake it mndam, nnd not at tempt to return it, for it wns purchased on purpose for n present for you.' She hasti ly retired in confusion, hardly knowing what sho did, and took with her the shawl worth twelve instead often dollars). And hero were three parties who had each two good things. The landlady had u good shawl and a good lesson lo mcdi late upon the gentlemen had a gond din nor nnd n good joke to talk over and the judge had good intentions in the joke, nnd good will and ability to follow up the lesson given. JV. Y. llepub. Adv. A TAVERN-KEEPER CIRCUMVENTED. A short time since, tho door of tho coun try mn was darkened by a well dressed man of n modest and unassuming mem. who requested food for his horse, and the extra services of tho hostler, inasmuch as the beast had been hardly driven. Tho stranger had much the appearance of an intelligent farmer of moderate means, who, though liberal perhaps, wns never profuse. After attending to the welfare of his horse, ho entered tho You may give me,' said he to tho land lord, ' something to eat, but merely a cold bite. My business is very urgent, so any thing will serve my turn lor the present.' Scarcely a moment had elapsed after Ins order was issued, ere the gingling of a small bell summoned him to tire 'dining room,' which in ordinary places, would have been termed no more than a 'bed-room.' Tho fare placed before him, although a cold :tc, as he hot! ordered, in tho strict sense of the term, was yet meagre in the ex tremc. The remains of a cold uisn ot boiled pork and potatoes, and a glass of water, were all that had been appropriated to his use. Swallowing a few hasty morsels, he again presented himself nt tho bar, nnd dc. jTinnitcd his, bill. Haifa hollar lor your dinner,' said Lou ifnee. 'Half a dollar ! I seldom dispute a tav ern bill, sir, but for such as I have had, the charge is nn imposition.' A mral 13 a meal,' said tho landlord, and thnt is our regular price-' It is a small sum to quarrel about, ob sereved tho traveller, 'but I prefer to be pilfered in a manly manner.' A meal is a meal,' ngnin returned Iho landlord, in a surly manner; 'wo always charge that, whether a man eat more or less, good or bad.' Perceiving altercation to bo useless, the stranger paid the bill, called for his horse and rode away with the muttered exclama lion that he would sometime have an ade quate revenge. His destination was nbout fifteen miles distant. After transacting his business, he was about storting the next day on his re turn, lie had mentioned the circumstance to a friend, and I fiat person answered that the tavern was notorious for its extrova gant charges, but that he could find him a man who could put tho landlord's maxim, a meal is a meal,' to a thorough test. Ac corditigly. hefo'o setting out, our traveller was introduced to Ins companion, who had nb-tnined in order to do justice lo the en tertainment of Ins employer. He was to bo poid the expense of Ins dinner and jour ney. J he adventurer was n burly, good humored fellow, something of n wng, ant) extremely shrewd. He was withal n most incorrigible glutton, biting nnd telling larga stories wero his enjoyments. He was fortunately an cntiro stranger to the inn -keeper. 'La rid lord said the traveller, 'I owo this man, Mr. John Jones, a dinner, which I lost bv a very foolish hot. Furnish him ono and I wil nav for it.' 'What will you havo?' asked tho landlord of Mr. Joiich. A roast lurkoy, sir.' The landlord started, but issued his orders to tho occupants of tho kitehon. They re quired somu little timo to comply with tho or. dcrs. Tho landlord and Jones soon mado thcmsolvos old acquaintances. 'Rather rod faco that of yours, landlord,' said Jones, 'I havn't seen any thing that look ed liko spring before ; fino blossoms, sir.' 'You arc rather a crooked character, Mr. Jouos.' 'Ilnthcr, sir ; but not quitn so crooked as a troo I oncQ knew. It wan tho tallest butternut I ever saw. Standing close to it one day in a thunder storm, I saw a squirrel on ono of the topmost branches, Tho lightning struck tho samn branch about thrco feet abovo him the squirrel started tho lightning had lo follow Iho grain, and tho squirrel went strnight down. So confounded crooked was that tree, sir, thul tho squirrel uy my watch, got to tho bottom precisely threo minutes befuru thu lightning.' ' I liars a lie,' uxulaimud tho landlord. 'A lie! Into, sir, trim as any story over was. I afterwards saw that tree cut down and mado into rails for a hog imrturu. Thu hogs would eiawl through twunty timos in a day, anil so thtiudnriu' crooked wore them rails that every timo tlio hogs got nut thoy found themeolvea in Ilio pustuie again 1" Jluforo Jones had timo to rehttn another 'I will thank you, said Mr. Jones to the damsol in waiting, 'to cook mo a few slices of bcof, 1 am afraid I shall not bo ablo to make out a dinner on this.' The girl withdrew In amozcmor.t, while Jones made a most vigorous attack upon tlio fowl, which rapidly disappeared boforo his advances. Wings, leg., and body woro soon transformed into a skeleton, and heaped into a largo pile besido his plate. Tho vegetables too, bad sensibly diminished, and ha had just laid his hands on an applo pto of uncommon dimensions, whon tho girl mado her appear, anco with tho beef. 'Thank yo' said Jones, 'have tho goodness now to cook mo somo pork steaks, rather rare, and bring mo a plato of pickles. I have a very strong appetite' Tho girl disappeared, and Jones fell loo again, but with less alacrity than boforo. lie managed, however, to devour the beef just as tho girl came in with tho pork, tho pickles having in the mean timo been eaten. 'Now Miss, I'll I rouble you for somo fresh fish. Ilavo you any ." Whlto iho girl had gone to inquire for this, tho landlord, who had been apprised oftho sad havoc which had hcon undo among his viands, entered the room, At thisjuncturoof attdirs, tlio girl catno back with the intelli gence that they had nothing but pickled salmon. 'Givo mc a half a dozen pounds of that then.' Jones had already stuffed himself to renin, tion.and to havo saved his life, could scarcoly have swallowed another morsel. Tho land. lord having heard the last ordor, thought best to hit up as cheap as possible. 'Won't you havo somo cider, Mr. Jones.' 'No sir, no, I think you. I always mako it a rule in eating never to drink any thing till I get list about half through.' Uood uod. sir, vou'll eat us out of house and home. Quit now, and your aro welcome to wnnt you liavo eaten. Well, a meal is a meal! J'ut I prnsumo 1 can obtain tnoro at tho next tavern. Toll 'cm thoy need not cook tiio salmon. I'll take you at vour otter.' It is almost needless lo mention that tho landlord soon came to a knowledgo of all the circumstances connected with tho case, and that afterwards ho was particularly careful in soiectiiig obiocts upon whom to exercise his shaving propensities. JV. York Sunday Alias. and I will givo you a piaitru.' No reply. 'Two piastres.' A pause. Three piastres.' Smoke. 'Four piastres.' Ten piastres,' said the guard quietly. The oar nnd the purse of tho mon held a parley which wos visible in tho counte nance. At length tho pnin conquered, and the piastres tolled to Iho feet ul the guard, who counted them with great deliberation, put them in his purse, rested his pipe against the wall, and picking up n pebble about ns largo ns tho egg of a torn tit, plnccd it undor tho man's liecN. 'Brother,' soid the culprit, 'I fcol nothing under my feet.' 'A etonn is there, however, answered the guard resuming his scat nnd his pipe; tint it is true. 1 selected it in reference to your price. Give mc a tatari. (five francs) and I will place a stone under you so np- prtiprtato to your necessities, that vou shall sigh for it when you reach paradise." i he result may he anticipated, the guard ad his mutiny, nnd Ihe merchant his stone. How the off.ilr terminated thereafter, I di not know. Mv drawing was completed in half an hour, and wo proceeded on our walk. THE RUSSIAN SERF SYSTEM. Thu New York American is publishing a series of 'Letters from the Old World, by alody from New Y'ork, which arc of a most interesting character. From one of them we copy the subjoined highly interesting description of slavery as it exists in Russia. The letter from which we make the extract, describes tho writer's journey (in sleighs) from Moscow to Odessa, over tho wide extended Russian steppes or prairies, wo would call them in this country. She says : We passed through numerous villages of peasants who belong to the various nutates. These villages are composed of rough logs, thatched with straw, and arc oil situated on somo long street sometimes a mile in length. Some estates havo a population of a hundred thousand serfs, whitc laborers) who belong to the soil, and work thu ground either for their masters or them elves. In the .'alter case, they have com muted their services for a specific sum per annum in money seldom over 5 per head. The income of many of the feudal lords is immense, though sometimes, when a suc cession of short crops produces a dearth, the lord of the soil is bound to purchase and transport from a distance tho means of subsistence for those serfs and their fami lies who have not commuted their time. Iu order to give you an idea of the wealth of some of the nobility, I will mention one of them. Princo Cherenieteif owns 1G0. 000 male slaves (the females of the family ore never counted.) All his male slaves pay him a capitation of ten rubles, (two dollars) and all (hey can earn beyond is their own. Some of his slaves, as well as somo of those belonging to other nob'es, havo acquired immense wealth by turning their alU'ttiion to traffic in the Bazars; but as slaves they can never belong to the caste of Merchants; nor osptre to any employ ment under Government, neither can their children. They also ore slaves, and either they or their parents could bo sent back to work upon the estate at tho will of their master, unless ihey havo commuted for life. Many proprietors receive largo sums from successful slaves who buy their free dom. Prince Cheremcteif, it is said, hat refused from several wealthy slaves, 20,000 rubles each for their liberty, which ho refused upon the plea that ho was proud to have it said his slaves were so well off. Much larger sums than this havo been ottered and refused in other cases. A very cxtcn-ive building was shown me, in Mos. cow, as an hospital, built by Cheremeteif, for sick slaves from his estate. Iu general, tho surf system is preferred by the peasan try, ns it rids (hem from many burthens which the government imposes on the free citizens. They can almost always com mute their time for a very small annual sum, and in case of sickness or accident, can come back upon tho estate for support. Those who havo not the ambition or desire to commute, (and tho mass is composed of such) must be supported by Iho ettalc to which they belong, when the crops fail. With 6uch, any attempt to abolish the tort" system would create a revolt. Beforo emancipation could take effect and the seeds of civil liberty bo sown, the serfs would have to receive the schoolmaster in tho place of the ignorant and debased priesthood, who enthral their minds and perpetuate their ignorance. THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUS TICE IN TURKEY, Is thus pleasantly exemplified in Dewce'e Travels: As M. Msarn finished his ex planation, wo saw the Cadi on duty. He goes out in tho morning without making known Iii3 intended route; takes his walk with suitable nttendants, and stops at the first bazaar. He seats himself at random in one of the shops, and examines the weights, measures, and merchandize. He lends an ear to all cot.ijin.ii;e, interrogates any merchant accused of infractior of law, and then, without court or jury, and cspeci ally without delay, pronounces judgment, opplies Iho penalty, and goes on in quest of other delinquents. In these cases, however, the punishment is of a different character. Notwithstanding the identity of thu crime, ho cannot treat the offending merchant as o common thief; that would have a prejudicial effect on commerce. The penalty is graduated thus : the mildest, confiscation; tho moderate, closing the shop; the severest, exposure This last is inflicted in a singular manner. Tho cul prit is placed with Ins back against his shop, and is compelled to raiso himself on Ins toes until tho weight of his whole body rests on them ; his ear is then nailed to the door or shutter of his shop. This punish menl lasts two, four or six hours. It i true, the criminal may abridge its duration, whenever he chooses lo let himself down; but the Turkish merchant is jealous of Ins reputation, nnd nothing but the last uecr sity would induce him lo resemble a thief by the mutilation of his cars. I stopped in front of one of these wretches, who had just been nailed up wns disposed to compassionate Ins case, but Mohannncd told mo he was an 'habitue,' and that if I would observe his ear closely, I should find it was liko a cullender. This changed tho current of my sympathies, and as he was to remain sometime longer, I ceased lo regret hi? sufferings, and rejoiced in the opportunity of making a sketch. I drew forth crayons and paper, and begged the rest to continue their route with M. Msara, leaving Mohammed lo assist me in any embarrassment. But Mayer would not quit me: so we three remained and the others proceeded on their way. My picture was composed ; the criminal nailed by his ear, was standing stiff and motionless on the extremo points of Ins great Iocs; nnd seated near him, on the sill oftho door, was the guard charged with seeing the punishment duly executed, smo. king a pipe. 1'ho quantity of tobacco in .!, e,nn,l In l,n r, r n ,1 ,, I n.l In Dm . I, ll .1,., nl,nil,ninr,r l.-na In -1n A SpRINO MoRNINO. To Wttlk abmail i.i .... '.,.....'..., .I ..... among rural scenery on a fine sunny morning, Around these two personages was a Join , , mboin ,lloi;omp0 0f tho Deity, and circle of idlers. Wo took our p aces at , wil(10S3 t10 crcativo process. Every day, one side, ond I commenced my task. I almost every hour, witnesses somo change; After a lltlio. tho culprit, finding he had' lllld.. blossoms, leaves and flowers aru woven nothing In expect Irom the crowd among story Iho Dell rang for dinner. Tho lurkoy wns thero, flanked on ono sido by a hugn dish of nnlnlnpfi. nnd nn tho other bv condiments with whom sho wus ncquaintod, assured 'of various kinds. whom, perhaps, ho recognised somo of his customers hazarded a word to the guard. 'Brother,' sold he, 'ono law of our holy Prophet is, that men should help onn another.' Thu guard seemed to toko no exception to this precept in the abstract, and contin ued quifily to smoke. Brother,' resumed tho patient, 'did yon not hear me." The guard made no other reply than 11 large pull" of smoke, that ascended to his neighbor'ri nose. 'Brothor,' still persisted the man, 'one o! us can ntd ihu other, and do a thing ac ceptable to Mahomet.1 Tho pull's of smoke succeeded each other wttli n regularity that cxtingiiibhcd tho nonr fellow's hopes. 'Brolhor,' cried thu despondent, with n as n scrpuni uoes auuui an i tigte. 10 m dolorous vu:ce, 'put a btono under my heels' its Hight upwaid and sting it to death. by unseen hands, painted by invisible artists, and perfumed from 'vials lull of odors sweet' wo look upon them in tho morning with surprise and pleasuro, while thu fitst dew and sunbeam ate visiting them. What an admi. rablo and perfect tasto must ho have, who performs all this ! Thoro is no noUo, no useless display. Tho Creator therein teaches modesty to, ins cicaturc. His goodness i also visible the blossoms soon perish, but their hue and fragranco aro thu breathings of a benevolent mind. Look at ihu multitude of little heaps of sand that ho iu Iho paths, and sulfur your eyo lo rest for a moment upon tho busy and apparently happy insect that bring out his grain of sand. Nothing seems too minute and insignificant for tho Almighty to put his hand upon nnd invest with ftcultiea of intolhguucuund happiness, Host. Courier. Tho world untwines itsulf nbout tho soul ns n scrpuni docs obntil uu rugle, to hinder

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