Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 21, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 21, 1839 Page 1
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4 i-irrarrwrotwjgKaawaigTmrw . , ... MS m. I a. us. h flr bs !j O A X'. , .0 5U IN Jtt t 8 , S HS9. From iliu New Ymk Albion. TIIH ANGEL'S WING. From a volume of Songs and Jlallads, by J. S, J.oicr,jut jmblifhcd. A flue Gci man siipcistilion is embodied in llic olio vv Jug : "There ia n fid man puprrstilinn, ilint when a sudden silence ctikri pl.icc in n company, tin iincl lit llnil inoincnl makes n circuit among litem, and the first person who breaks llio silence, is supposed to have been touched hy llio wing of lite pa?sing rscninh. I'or (lie pur noses ofnrietry, I llioimhi two pcigons prefernble to many, in ilhisiratiaj,' this very beautiful superstition. When by llie ricning'a quiet light There fit two s-ltcfit Inter, They say, uhilc in pucli ti-iiiKpill plight, An aujel round them hovers; Ami funlicr Mill old legend tell, The fiist iiho lueuks the s-ilenl epcll, To pay a soft and pleisiug thing, Until felt the p.issing angel's wing."1 Thus amusing minsticl stray'd 15y the summer, Gating on a loirly maiil, With a bald's devotion : Yet his love he nciei- spoke, Till now the silent spell he broke : The hidden file to llaine did t-pting, Fann'd by the passing angel's wing ! I have loi'd thee well and long, Willi love of Heaven's own making : This is not a poet's ponj ISul a Hue he.ii t's spe.ikini : I will love thee, Mill untiled '.' lie felt he spoke .is one iiupiicd The ivonlf did fioin 1'iuth's fmintain fliring, Upwaken'd by the angel's wing. Silenre o'er the maiden fell, Hci' beaulv lovelier making ; And by her blii-h, lie kueiv full well The d.iun of love vva bieaking. It came like sunshine o'er his heart ! lie felt that they t-lioulil never p.u t, She spoke and oh ! the lovely thing Had felt the passing angel's wing." Of the pl.ijful, the following i3 a good example : "Father Lund and Mother Tongue. Our Father land ! and vvonld'st thou know Whv uc should call it Fattier land! It is, that Adam, here below, Was made of earth bv Nature's hand ; And he, our lather, made of earth, Hath peopled earth on every hand, And we in memory of his biith, Do call our country, 'Father land.' At fiiet, in Eden's bowers they say, No sound of speech had Adam caught, I'm uhistled like n bird all day And, may be, 'twas for want of thought: But Nature with resistless laws, Made Adam soon sin pass the birds, She gave hint 'ovelv 1'ie because- It he'd a wife they must have words. And so, the native land I hold, By male descent is proudly mine ; The language, as the tale hath told, Win given in the female line. And thus ue sec, on either hand, We name our blessings whence they've sprung; We call our country Father lund, We call our language Mother tongue." imOTTGITAM'S POItTRAlT OF 1)15. KENJA.1IIX FRANKLIN . Tilt) following admirable: sketch of the American Philosopher, is from a new work by Lord Hrougham, recently pub lished in London, entitled 'Statesmen in the tunc of George III.' It litis nut yet been published in tins country. One of the most renmkablo men certainly of our times ns a politician, or of any ages ns a philosopher was Franklin; who also Maude alone in combining tngothcr these two characters, I he greater that man can sustain, nut) in this, that having borne the firs' pnrt in enlarging science by one of the greatest discoveries ever made, he bore the second part in founding one of the greatest empires in the world. In thin truly great man every thing seems to concur that goe-s towards the con Miiulionol cxnlled merit. Fii6l ho was the architect of his own fortune. Horn in the liu tub lest station, ho raised himself by his talents and his industry, first to the place in society which may bo attained with the help only of ordinary abilities, great application, and good luck; but next to the loftier heights which n daring and happy genius alone can scale; and the poor Printer's boy who at one period of his life had no covering to shelter his head from the dews of night, rent in twain the proud dominion of England, and lived to bo the Ambassador of a Commonwealth which he had formed, at the Court of the haughty Monarcli3 of Franco who had been" Ins allies. Then, ho had been tried by prosperity as well as adverse fortune, and passed unhurt through the perils of both. No ordinary apprentice, no commonplace journeyman, ever laid the foundations of Ins indepen. denco in habits of industry and temperance more deep than he did, whoso genius was afterwards to rank him with the Goicos nnd iho Ncwtons of the old world. No patrician born to shine in Courts, or assist nt the Councils of Monarchs, ever bore his honors in n lofty slaiion more cosily, or was Jess spoilt, by the enjoyment of them than this common workman did when uegncin ting with Royal representatives, or caressed by all the beauty and fnshion o the most brilliant Court in Kuropo. Again he was self-taught in all ho know. His hours of study were stolen from those of sleep and of meale, or gained hy some ingenious contrivanco for reading while the work of his daily calling went on. Assi ted by none of the helps which nfilucnci) tenders to the studies of the rich, lie had to supply the place of tutors by n redoubled diligence, and of commentaries, by repeated perusal. Nay, the possession of Looks was to bo obtained by copying what the art which ho himself exercised, furnished cosily to others. Next, tho circumstances under which others succumb he mado to yield, and bent to his own purposes n successful loader of a revolt Hint ended in complete triumph after appearing desperate for years, a great discoverer in philosophy without the ordi nary helps to knowledge ; tt writer famed for his chaste stylo without a classical rdti cation ; n skilfui negotiator, though never bred to politic: ending as n favorite, nay, a pattern of fashion, when the guest o frivolous Courts, the life which ho had begun in garrets nnd in work shops. Lastly, combination of faculties, in others deemed impossible, appeared easy and natural in him. The philosopher, delight ing in speculation, was also eminently a man of action. Ingenious reasoning, re fined ami subtle consultation, wore in him, combined with prompt resolution, and in flexible firmness of purpose. To a lively lancy, he joined a. learned and deep reflec tion; his original and inventive genus stooped to the convenient alliance of the most oidtnnry prudence in every day affairs; the mind that soatcd above the clouds, and was conversant with the loftiest of human contemplations, disdained not to make pro., verbs and feign parables for the guidance of apprenticed youths and servile maidens ; nnd the hands that sketched a free const i tui ton for a whole continent, or drew down l he lighting from heaven, easily and cheer, fully lent themselves to simplify the appa ratus by which truths were to be illustrated, or discoveries pursued. His discoveries were made with hardly any apparatus at all ; and if, at any time he had been led to employ instruments of a somewhat less ordinary description, ho never rested satisfied until he had, as it were, afterwards translated the proce-s, by resolving thu problem with such simple machinery, that you might say ho had done it wholly unaided hy apparatus. The ex ponmenis by which demonstrated, were made with a sheet of brown paper, a bit ol twine, a silk thread and an iron key. Upon thu integrity of this man, 'whether in public or in private life, there rests no stain, Strictly honest, and even scrupu lously punctual in nil his dealings, ho pre served in the highest fortune that regularity which he had practised as well as inculca ted in the lowest. In domestic life he was faultless, and in the intercourse of society, delightful. There was a constant good humour and a playful wit, easy and of high relish, without nny ambition to shine, the natural fruit of his lively fancy, his solid, natural cood sense, and his cheerful temper, that gave ins conversation an utifpenkab c charm. and alike tuited every circle, from the humblest to the most elevated. With all his strong opinions, so often solcinolv de clared, so impcrishably recorded in hts deeds, he returned n tolerance lur those who differed with him which could not be surpassed in men whoso principles hang so loosely about them as to he taken up for a convenient cloak, and laid down when found to impede their progress. In his family he was every tiling that worth, warm affections, and sound prudence could contribute, to make a man both useful and amiable, rcspcctetl and beloved. In religion he would be reckoned by many a lutiludina. nan, yet it is certain that his mind was imbued with a deep sense of the divine perfections, a consiant impression of our accountable nature and a lively hone of future enjoyment. Accordingly his death bed, the test of both faith nod works, was ea-y ami placid, resigned and devout, and indicated at once an unflinching retrospect of the past and a comfortable assurance of the future. If we turn from tho truly groat mm whom we have been contemplating, to Ins celebrated contemporary in the Old World, (Frederick ihu Greats who only is Heeled the philosophy that Franklin possessed, and employed his talents for civil and mihiary affairs, in extinguishing that independence winch l' rauklin's hie was consecrated to establish, the contrast is marvellous indeed, between the Monarch and the Printer. A MARVELLOUS STORY. A correspondent of the London Times gives the following account of a recent miracle, wrought by n parish priest, which ho says is extremely circulating in Ireland. "A report has generally gono abroad among tho people, that a man called Hen ry Farland, has in consequence of his dis honesty, been struck into a sound sleep, in the middle of a field near Lurgan. in No. vember last ; and still remains resting on tho spade with which ho was digging when tho occurrence took place. The following is the occount of this nf fair: some time last harvest, Farland was on his way to pay his rent (ho occupied n small farm jointly with n woman named Harriet Guthrie,) and cnlled to know if she was ready. Sho had the money, hut said that she could not go, ho might take it for her, so he took the widow's rent. Ho pro ceeded on his way, and no more was heard d the matter for several days, when Mrs. Outhrio saw the agent approach her door, and ask her for her rent; she said it was already panl.that she had given it to Henry Farland, and mentioned tho day on which bo paid Ins own. The ognnt nM ho hud received no money but Finland's own. 'Well,' said shethere is Henry in the field, you can Fatisfy yourself regttrd'ino it.' 'No,' said the gentleman, 'I cannot" leave my horse, but go to him and toll him to "ivo you the receipt ;' she went and asked Inm what ho had done with the money: ho did not deny he had got the money, hut said coolly, wheru was her witness? Shot-aid there was no one present but God and her. self. 'Your God, then madam, 1 bait! ho. 'was asleep at the time, and Ihurefnro could not boo.' 'Then.' said the poor widow, 'I suppose you havo not paid the money; you cheated mo but vou cannot cheat Cml tio tihe Icli liim. Ho wub aceti by u man N C) T 'J' II H (5 I, o It "V O 1' O A' S A It 15 17 T T ir H W U It, I' A H K O V It () M U . hll-M't l-iiir-rfWriVV-i 1J' ti FLwfitJt, ). . i-,.- v ,rft. ,T.T -,-H-t- - I1 'WWW Ul'.l HPM'IWLWIl.1. ji II inm "" I 1 1 1 1 I Mill lJ J J M . JJJ. F WJW lHH,J.pig J T IP.MI U, i..rmiirTfc .j. )L iiMuy j... J I llll m stontling on his epado, who observing Inm to coti'inuu in thai position without moving was surprised. On aproiielnng, inquiry was mado but no answer. He ntieiupiei) to waken Inm, but could inn. The mnn then gnve the alarm; so the ik i.'hbors Hocked round Fnrlnnd, but no means could bo found to awaken htm Ai last they scut for the clergy, the Church minister, the Presliylerian minister, nnd the priest successively, to make him speak. The first two had no influence- on Inm. When he spoke ho raid, 'I am to stand hero to tin; day of judgement.' The people thentho'i to move film by force.but could not tr htm. They got a saw in cut the spado on which he was leaning, that he might fall, but ni llio first cut the saw broke inio pieces. Then they got blankets in cover him from the cold, lint they were blown away: so lie, it seems, bv fate, mint bear all weather. Wv.v. J. i)oi,r..ND, II. Khaiins, G. McrsAiir, Parish Priest. Ijolfast, (Ireland) 1039. Dkstiu'otion or tub Town and Forts or MuciiiK. The Washington Globe pub lishes the substance of Com. Read's report lo the Navy Department, of Ins operations on Hie coast of Sumatra, for the punish ment of tho plunderers of Iho ship Kclipse. Com. Rend 111) Visit itirr Ollnllnli Itnllnn ascertained, that tho Rajah and people of 1 "in. piace were not, imp,tcato(l in the out rage on iho Eclipse, but that om of the titrates wan then residing there. The en terprise against the F,clipo was planned at a plnee at little distance, called Muekie, with tho consent of Hie Rajahs, and most of the money was snbsutiently carried there. Com. Read demanded of'iho Ra jahs of both places thu delivery of the pirates reoiding within the limits ol their authority. Thu Rajahs dec'arcd llieir wil lingness to comply with their demand, but pleaded their inability. A specific demand having been made of the Rajah of Qtiallah IJuttou, ihat tho pirate resident there should be delivered, by n certain time, and the demand not having been complied with, Com. Rend ordered his two ships to be brought near to the shore, a fire was opened upon the place, which was continued until two of the forts hung out while flag'. Com. Read not conceiving that tiie cir cumstnnce justified the land intf of n nnrtu to destroy Quallah Ratloo, he proceeded io mucKie, wncrc the demand for the de livery of the persons concerned in tho piracy not being complied with, the ships were towed and warned In n nnuitinn fnr opening a firn upon tho town. The inhabi tants were seen carrying off their effects. but tbrs.was soon nut n stun m l, nnn. tmuedfiVe ofa lew guns from the ships. In the mean time a party of 320 i-eamoi) and marines, under Gnminnmi.,,- 'n w Wyman, were landed, and formnd on ihr. beacll. They SOOII moved fnru-nnl unnn the town, which to their surprise, they bund abandoned, no rcststnnei. Iminnmnln The lown was soon set on fire the" dwel lings nt the Rajahs, and then five forts, wore destroyed. Tho guns of tho forts, 12 in number, were spiked and thrown into the dilch. A magazine of rice a store house filled with pepper several large boats on the stocks, and every thing to ! found of nnv value worn nil d.Ctm,..,,! The party then returned on hoard without accident. Tho Rajahs of Lnosno. nnd O on 1 1 n li nn. tori'd into engagemenis with Com. Rtiad hi Keep pence Willi citusens of the United S'ates, nnd in enso piracies against Amur, ican vessels should be committed, and the pirates stioultl take refuge among tcr people, they should he either niinulmd wui, death, or delivered up to the government oi uiu unitcu ouues lor trial. WARSAW AND VIENNA R. ROAD. A rail road is projected, under the spe cial patronage of the governments of Rus sia and Austria, from Warsaw to Vienna. The liberal terms on which this entorpriso 15 promoted by tho Emperor of Russia, show the enlightened interest which ho takes in the introduction of this improve, rnent, the efiect of which is to ally hw empire more closely with southern and western Europe. Tins rail road consists of two parts, one under the authority ol the government of Austria, extending from Vienna to Uochnia, on tho frontier of Po land, and the other under n charter from the Empi'rnr nf Russia, beginning in the centro of Warsaw, and extending to Niw kn. and to be extended thence to join the road nbovj montioned. To encourage the enterprise, tho Empe ror Nicholas has granted n charter author izing the forming of a company, with a capital of 21,000.000 Polish florins equal to two and a halt millions ot dollars divi ded in'o 5000 shares. O'.i this capital, from the time it h paid into the Hank of Poland, or to Ilarman & Co. London, the Emperor guarantees an interest of ! per cent, per annum, payable from tho treasury of the government, nt the Hank of Poland. The railway, Imwiver, is to be the exclu sive propurty of the share holders, until it shall he redeemed by the produce of the sinking In ml , m the manner provided in the charter. The Emperor besides grants to the com pany, wherever the rail roatl shall pass over the domains of the slate, or of its feu datories, 'ho free use of tho lrwid, for the road, and also for depots, buildings and courts, and also timber from the crown lands, free of cost, for sleepers, bridges, it c. If proprietors of lauds shall refuse to grant their lands on reasonable terms, they may bo proceeded against according to the laws which rcgulutu tho appropriation of lands for Iho public service. If the com pany shall not find it advantageous to use for thu road such articles as can bo manu factured in the country, proof thereof muv I be given, to tho Haul; ul' Poland, und in that case a license shall be granted, allowing the importation Irotn England of such rails, engines and wagnim tlmyiuav require, free of duly. Tim government guarantee" In the shareholders, whatever political event may ntin, n,i well in tune of war n in tuno of peac", that the interest guaran tied ai.d I lie dividends shall ho piinctuallv pud. as well in the inhabitants of the coun try as to foreigners. No ailachniuut of these funds i, bo permitted, either by government or, by individuals. The net iiicnin'o of the rail road is to be approprialed.'first In dm payment of the 4 per cent, guarantied hy the government. One tenth of the excess is appproprialed to form a reserve fund. The whole not in cotee. to the amount of 10 per cent, per annum, belongs In the shareholders. If the net income shall exceed 10 per cent, the o:ces, as far as 3 per cent, will go to form a sinking fund. All over 13 per cent, is to ue divider! between the shareholders a, id the sinking fund. The sums forming the sinking fund are to be appropriated from time to time in re deeming shares, either by purchase in the tiiRrket, or by lot, as thu directors of the company shall determine. Ifrcdecmcd by lot, the shares are to ho paid oil' with ten per cent, premium, together with the part of the" reserved fund appertaining to the shares. '' ' A dvcreo of the Emperor Nicholas; dated Jan. .IS. 11539, declares his approval of the stature" of the company, and insures to the shared-elders- Iho dividend of 4 per cent, uniil ijo shares with the premium of 10 per cent, shall have become paid oil', when the -ailii-ay shall become the property of the government. The government of the kingdom of Poland is charged with thu execution of the decree. 4 PHRENOLOGICAL. PhUoprveniii:cncss0T little daugh ters, playing wuh their doll babies. Ad!u:smncsi- (Jetting mea-nred for a pair of boots and billing on a piece of cob bler's wn.v. Caul i uv f net .Mammy telling Jack not to go nejr thu water until he learns to swim. dpprcbativeness- A lady's last look at her mirror, as she leaves her home for a ball. Scf'JlitccmA rooster flapping his wings and crowing on a barn.yard fence. Firmness A brat equalling half the nighl, and not staying 'put to sleep,1 Conscientiousness Reading your neigh bor'.' paper and not subscribing yourself? Causaltih has been said that the law. jew without causes are sure lo die without Jfeils. WEFAI.GATIOA'S. It should not be forgotten by those who de-ire to test the consistuncy and sincerity ofthe Administration with regard to its dis tinguishing policy, connected with the cur rency, that the most prominent men of that party have been committed against it. When tho proposed system now in such favor was first introduced in Congress by a Whig, it was decidedly repudiated. Gen. Jackson, Mr. Van Utiren, Mr. Calhoun, Mr. Woodbury, nnd even the editor of the Washington Globe, have in turn at varN mis uuics pronounced its condemnation, Mr. Calhoun repelled the proposed system of individual depositories, as less conve mcnt, les economical, and less safe than a Slate iiank agency. Mr. Woodbury, from the records of his department advanced the indisputable testimony of figures, to prove thai during lorly years tho Treasury lud lost less money by all its bank agencies together, than by the defalcation of a sin gle individual. General Jackson pro nounced it contrary to the genius of our government, to lock its money up in vaults, and highly dangerous to entrust it lo Execu tive control. The Washington Globe de nounced the new scheme ns rendering the Treasury liable lo be plundered hy n "hun dred hands, where otherwise only one could get at it. From tho same or similar quarters, the public have such testimony in favor ofthe convenience, safety, and usefti'ness ofthe State institutions. Mr. Silas Wright took occasion tn ptonnunco n warm elogiuin upon tho banks of this State, and tho safe fund system. Mr Senator Preston in a letter recently published has addod the weight of Ins evidence in favor of these much abused 'monopolies' as they have been called. Ho Fays "Hanking institu tions, by universal consent, arc the cheap, est, safest, and most convenient agencies for the custody and transfer of tho public money. Every man who has money deal ings practically establishes this by liis own enodtict in regard to Ins own uflairs. To efiect this object is one of the purposes of their creation ; and they are, therefore, organized to accomplish them by the most skilful adaptation of menus. Largo re souraes give them n more exiended credit I ti it it in general belongs to individuals, nnd nt once makes them more efficient agents in the iraiiMiotion of exchanges, nnd inoru responsible I'or tho fulfilment of their cu gageiueiils-" On the othoj side nf the question, we hnvu the evidence of iho decided failure in a large number of instances, of iho system of entrusting the public money to the cus tody of individuals. January last, Mr. Secretary Woodbury communicated to Congress n transcript front Ihu books of the Treasury Department, contain., mg a list of iho names of individuals wiio had betrayed their trusts, and demand ed the government, together with tho amounts for which they were dcfaulicrs. Siuou Iho publication of that document, (hero has oecured another coii'picuous de falcation in tho case o Robert T. Lytle, ol Ohio. Tins gentleman represented thu city of Cincinnati nnd county of Hamilton in Cungrus.3 uomo years, timce, Ho hud a , r ...... a uuuiliui , III UACIjl- o -- -- , ,111.11111 tinetiou, bv ronolhn 'f in n vnrv (1a. i, I o,l i. animated speech, mado nn thnomir Jii.J.r ,,.,, - - . ui mil : . U.e Tnol-,,,, iV . , 1 , 1 'r' mnn,nrf . , ".i . roni U,al ,,6ur- h,s f,,r' lottos as it politician were secure, so far a- patronage could secure them hev om fr'nrcf"' - "T, 1,13 wo,1,l,l-"!' J nD r l 1 Z 'T f13 of ??roi nn, lurr, i. ve JnS '"f1,1"8 C!U Congress, a lucrative under the general Gov. ernmen inintstorcd n speedy consolation, announced, that ihVuZ nnotiticcd, that this ardent, generous. t,nd protus'iL vouiil' man. hml fniim, i,m,,. iem. latlon and tl..,r U BJ " . 1 u, - " ..". ii.. ... wcS r dtr" teZ"!!'l'C- If t v. , ii. " , u,uu""1" miners sonuiii oe Kept sacred tor tho 60 , I " ,scllen, I." carried lace ofthe eyesight of the wealthy; or ... H..MIUI: U'l.ltlilL'll III com nod ennttdml tn sl,.i .. , , ,,, , , -"'" ' " i- fed n n , Y l"'" b,nlnC- ntrl ''''.'-Jle, tofilhhe UH .eTrens VnhnT !lPr?.bBbl, P-rnfil st taken from Mr. Woodh oru's roniipi iv enable the reader lo conjecture. It is to be remembered that this black catalogue, appaliugasit is, does not by any means comprise all those who have had money ,,,, , .. . - ntruBted to them, which they have not paid over. DKKAUrmtS TO THE U, 6. TKUASUnV. Am't due. Peter Willsnn, Steubenvillo g9,3'iri ti" Samuel Findley, Clnllicothe, 14.770 :!! Nathaniel Ewmg, Vincennes, 5.11G9 32 Charles M. Taylor, Jeflersonvillo, 1.C27 07 A- P. Hay, do 5,010 7.' Israel T. Canby, Crawford3villc,39,0i:3 .11 Abner M'Carty, do 1,333 02 Iienjamin Stephenson, Edwards- ville. o 400 41 I'onjamin F. Edwards, do 7.421 47 W. L. D. Ewing, Vandalia, 10,754 '29 George F. Strothcr, St. L-juis, 27,051 04 Samuel Hammond, do 21,574 41 Tustan Quarlcs, Jackson, i.OGO 05 John Hays, do 1,3,'iG 10 Wm. D. McRay, Lexington, 9.H77 23 Willis M. Green, Palmyra, 2,312 12 Benjamin S. Chambers, Littlo Rock, 2,140 27 William Gcrrard, Opelouscs, 27.23!! 57 Luke Lecaesicr, do 0,093 95 David L. Todd, do 1,121 9li Benjamin Rogcrp, do C G2 1 03 Nathaniel Cox, New Orleans, 4.1G3 5G Maurice Cannon, do 1,37G 24 A. W. MeDaiuel, Washington, Miss. 8 12.1 47 Hanson Alsberry, Augusta, 9,440 92 Samuel Smith, St, Stephens, Ala., 3 359 t)2 Georgo Conway, do 5,0 1 3 John II. Owen's, do 30.GII 97 James C. Dickonson, Choctaw, 540 Gl Geo. B. Crutchen, do G.0G1 40 Geo. B. Datncron, 2d time, do 33,714 01 G. 1). Dameron,3d time, S. Fund, 344 33 Samuel W. Dickson, do 11,700 73 do do 2d time do 090 73 JFillcij P. Harris, Columbus, 109.17.'! Of! John Brahan, Huntsville, 30 712 49 L. Pope, Trustee of J. Brahan, 20.712 47 John Taylor, Cuhaba, 11,115 20 Wm. Taylor, do 23. 1 GO 10 II. G. Perry, do fi 074 01 U. G. Mitchell, do 54,G2G 55 John Herbert, Spuria, 2,144 24 Andrew T. Perry, do 20,l.)5 57 Richard K. Call, Tullahae, 43,490 54 J. S. Smith, U. S. Atl'y., Ken tucky, 70G 74 A. Jones, U. S, M.. Missouri, 4 745 24 J. W. Stephenson, Galena, 7,,!i39 70 ". Hawkins, Helena Ark., 1I5.4G2 94 Joseph Friend, Washita, Lou., 2,551 91 Wm, H. Allen, St. Augustine, Florida. i Q97 50 Gordon I). Boyd, Columbus, Miss., tin ion m R. II. Sterling. Coiclmmn. 1 1 7p,- ,-,-t The three hi.rliest. nn thia lit ,,r ,,, are doiaiiiters lo very near llio amount o 'mm 1.11..,-,,.. - . 1 iiutMJittjU THOUSAND DOLLARS capital enoilrTh fnr Ihren innil. ernto State Banks. Is not such a dorm- mcnt as this, nlmndnnt niMilmmn safety of the proposed scheme of Mr Van tiuiuor i uat ueiter nroo can t in 0011. nf llin nnrrnnlim. i .,,,.1,,.,,.,. I ,,,,' . ., , - ".........j. ... the 1 residents policy, than such an array as the forerroiiwr ? l,m ilmm ,,,,,i,i, ,..ii upon it, Uuloro they sanction it hy their votes. . r a . ........ .i ui vii From ihoQiiailerly Journal of Asiirtilitirc. F Alt 31 UK'S LU.YUItlKS. It has frequently been matter of surprise ) us that small farmers, from i.eoer, ik... to generation, pass through life t .1... 2hlimauhesam,. dun pace, going over the same rugged , .. . " - ground, noon tig tucsamo nnat hetic routine unambitious tola , A i ?"''?. .? unambitious to varv and innmnsi. 1 ).. r noceiit rocreaiions, when every facilny is within their newer to vm ivuh ii.,.ir Ihier brethren in tho possession of so styled iu.iiiii.-n. v u noiirovo 1 inr nwn mil n..iw, orisui, "'To enjoy is to obey." Our ben , ' v,.juj n ui miu, wur oene hcent Creator has placed intMiiiiL rnlilo sources of L'rtitifieation within the rnm.l, ,.r all his creatures. His intention evidently is Mint id.. nrniliiPiuwu f i ' h I 11 ' ' -S d"'U'r should be consumed by nations "l,,r nsiin- der as the polus;" thm Scotland should luaU'thu vintage of ihe sunny honth, thai shoals of her herrings should find their way in savoury heaps lo Iho inland dwellers of wide contmenls r Ho wo I never i, , , , ,ii ".ni. ii inn r lia0llltlt into Iho hearts ol men coll. slruci great ships, nnd lo steer their course uver llie trackless oeetiii bv the niiidaneo ol His heavenly sun nnd moon ami' niars. If I1J I fir, I lnr. .n.. .,11 .1 I as Lord Lacon says. "Aduurailoi. is the i eapurlatlvo of pruiti'," It lullovvs that the "VOL. XII!--jYo. 626 i mo ii in liur nun var tjiy n prnols ol III1 prea- ' i " - ' u .iiuiji;i uiijuiiu i the more must our ndmirntinn Im nvn'i. eil. and the higher ought to be our feeling ui omnium.-, veneration, nuu pra so. "Use, but do not abuse the good gifts of God." i grninunc, veneration, nnd proiso. "Use, nupoa rs to us to do a lext worthy ot tho Cron-or and His creatures, one that is also, in this restrictive age. crtiellv neglected. But ... our subject of "Farmers'" Who ever hoard of small farmers indulg. inf ' ' """ cultural datnties and del- icaces that require the aid of frames and hotbeds to perfect their growth Yet who would point out a le-nuWe oh.cction to rnmc9 01 courso w mC ll) t'-k IH 1. nnnnlma mnlnnc niwl .. ,1 'T"u' ,,c rcsnrruu ,or Wlc ero" -i n piou appies, nc reserved lor the grot- iiiuuiion oi patrician palates, any more- "!"" 'of delicate tinted excm-iveiy tiie ollac'orv nerve o t ic oris- !ncraRy ? K'npl..vtnenU8 the bliss of life : there ,s not a more unhappy being than " WMmn wh" obl,cd " 'ort ihnso menial and bodily functions! wmcii nave ueou boiielicienily bestowed upon us, 10 he used for the nresnrvntion of oor lion It li ; nor can there exist a moro icu ty , silly, pretty sounding, pernicious, little southern nbra-e than ''0nr fnr si. u. ...Mil pnrn-e man "uoice jar wWe." 'VJm-rro far mcntc' would bo nearer the I ruth. Limine ilmt mnu tin attained, without iiiijn-t iflnbly employing limn and capital, an. not only perfectly admissible at the tables of those who can afford them, but the man is to be applauded who seeks in socure them. The extra dol. icacies winch we obtain by our manual dexterity and industry we arc fully entitled to enjoy, A mnn, however his time may appear to be cult rely occupied by his business (wo speak not. it is obvious, of our unhappy brethren in squalid lanes and dismal manu factories,) say that of a farmer, i'or exam ple, has always many boors m a week en tirely unemployed, which tiro lolled, or dozed, or smoked, or drunk away, unless ho have a love of literature strung upon him. A very few of these wasted hours might be turned to great advantage by devoting them to the cultivation of luxuries ; and not only luxuries for self.gratificai ion but for the sale of them, whereby many littlo enjoyments of other kinds might be easily attainable. Farmers who cultivate their own land possess advantages for the accomplishment ofthe plan we advocate beyond thnso who rent t 1m ir farms, who are bound by tho terms of their iescd!Yom using the ninnuro lor any other purpose than the benefit of the land under ullage. In some parts of the southern portion of our island, we havo been informed that tho occupant is restric ted from the privilege of manoring his gar den with any portion of it. Tlns"s as or bitrary as it is absurd, since it is an ndmit. ted fact that manure is 111 n better condi lion for fanning crops after it hat under L'Olie that first sin" p. of fprmenlnlS.m ,.,,,v. is precisely thv stale in wltirh it would rffecl ...:... 1 1 ... . 1, ..... . r .-v .nt uwii in tviu 111 uuiiiining 'farmers lux tiries." An . unlay of a very few pounds in the first instance, would ensure a valua ble return, without any increase or renewal of expense for many years. Melon. pits, peach-pits. &.c , have "a fearful sound; a poor man would as soon think of a semen of plate lor Ins table as ol such costly nnd exclusively patrician erections in hid "ardetl: bill we lionulo rirnve tn nor fnrm. uig friends, especially such of 1 hem us are ..illustrious inemsuives, nnd have one or more sons at home to assist in the labour ofthe farm, thai the erection of a melon- Irame, peach-pit iVc. with their cost and II) a II a 'r-e 111 0 II t . is tn bens e.noli' -in,! Mi.,-,,,1,, obtained ns any oilier poriion of his stock. It a man have a niechamcal turn, ns it is styled, (anil how desirable, how valuable, is a talent for carnenierinrr and bneklni-intr in all situations where the income require strict nitentioH to meet 'he demands of a family!) manv. man v nounds mav Im nnnn. if ally saved hy exerting that talent. Wo nave seen tins exempiitmd 111 nn industrious family, in which the results have been most satisfactory. Practical plans are Ihoso which we advocate ami ndi'i.i,- ivuh nmr. schemes we would nut puzzle ourselves or I ...;.. I ...... I I t . "Y . . our reauers. 1 ne sta-inanl stale of our uwhi.uiiii.ui i.iiMiirun is ueginning to inter- est the lords of the soil, and associations ,.. i .. ., ,. u.i.- in. .mi." in uuuor ii e r co m t on. it teaching them manv elementary principles Lr.i.i..n. i.:'.. ., J ' , ... .mi Hiiiun uiey nre proiuundly igimraiii. juny tticso institutions prosper ! In the mean tune, let us, 10 our hutnblo Wn IlllOn Ol-erv fnrminn- mnn tl,nci 31!" " ,7' ? c"vc"'f'loy.ncnt is a smiplo truth'. that active employment is a " . r ' " ""'Wfu upon w o wur. . T X"?"0" " !,cm"es "f a rn,VPenat ,on rr ",0 v''nnt I 1 1 1 l at IV e a 1 1 1 1 ivlllell llin ,,nnr i. com ..,, , " , 1 " f" ,V ' , j. , "I"? ""''""-V brings conitn.n.ent, that blissful fnolmir ii'hir,). ,r,.nl,l, no,. er bestow; ihat tho fiat which has been called 'the curso of the ground,' namely, Our f.iniipn want neither mclon-fraincs nor pc.ii'li pitii. 'riiocfniii.. ci'iit'ially lipcn ucll in mh-.h-h pni, i iircnini.. ci'iit'ialiy npen ucll in I ?',,u uPl'ii sjinuinl of om imii,iI soil and rliin.iie. 'The I'.niii' is Iiimiiiik iilncli a bountiful TroiiaVncu '''"' u"1'",1 "',,rl'' "ndfor fin ihu o iiii.s mid t-iiliii.n y iti'i.itiliv, iihii'h our 'l''"t''ll'i'''li".mliihil:liad,a. .ull to tho 1.,1,1, a- m ihu ,,n; .jon.ont-..f life-tlm apple, the pear, ihu plum, the rapo &c. f tho best Vi,,"'iii' the hi-ei, in., oiiiuii, the mi'lon, tho l,"u,"l,ie ilmlt.ul, iliHiispamgun, &c, uhich aro ,1,':"u"' ,l"""-'1'' du-crone.- uluno can TlV?.'TraA "U'W ""'r' sii, ui) l.'ii' nl our (.Hiiii'i!! do duly appri'ciaiti 0r eujuy. And ihu o,n inioni.d .lepailinenl. iihirli '"' "'nil murl. i iiiipime mir tnind.s, and to en- ''"I" 'l1'"'"' ""r ianiireni t-njoi .Dt-uio. is w'",ll ';. h ih,.uSh iho liivcr of nil ( llllld ll III 111 II llillll'll I llO IIM', 111 IIU liHl'l Of I 10 hlll.fuh e ,.U-r.l - , .h.dr rearh, nJ iiunhidly lor ihcir bcnelh. ConJ. Cult.

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