Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 28, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 28, 1839 Page 1
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NOT T II U CLORY 0 P CHSAR n IJ T T II K W E L P A It II O P K O M K . BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY JUtfE 28, 1839. VOL. XIII No. 627 ri i .. . THE THREE SONS. BY REV. J. MOULTRIE. I hne n con, n tittle ton, A liov jui five smm old, Willi ePt of ilioiiqliiful pHrncslncm, Anil mind of gem le mould. They le II me, lli.H tiuusunl grace In nil his w.i i,s nppeats, Thin my rhilil is ginve, hiiiI wise of heart, Bejoud hi; chilJisli years, r.nnnnl say how this may Lo ; I know hi; face m fair, And yet hi chiefenl compline le his sweet mid serious iilr. I know his heart is kind and fund, I know he loveth me, Dm lie Imeih ct his mother more, With greatful fervency. Btil linn which others most admire, Is the thought lli.il lilts his mind, The food for grave, inquiring tpcccli, He every where dolli lind. Strnngeiiuciuions duth he ask of mo, When we lordlier walk ; He fc;iiTpy thinks as cliildren think, Or talks ns childron talk. Nor cares lie much for childish snorts, Dotes not on hat or hall, Hut looks on manhood's ways and woiks, And aptly mimics all. His lilt lo heart is linsy mill, And ofiPiitimcs pprplfx'd With (houghis abntii i li ! world of ours, And thousjhtd ahotit die next. Hp knfcls at hi dear mother's knee, She leacheih him to pray, And sttangp, and sweei, and solemn, then, Are the words which he will say. Oh, should my gentle child be spared To manhood's years, like me, A holier and a wiser man I trust that he will be. And when I look into his eyes, And en his tlioujlitful brow, I dare not ihink what I should feel, Were I to lose him now. I hare a son, a second son, A simple child of three ; I'll not declare how bright and fair His little features be. I do not think his light blue eye Is like his brother's kpen, Nor his brow so full ofrhilditli thought; As his hath ever been. Rut bis little heart's a fountain pure, Of kind and lender feeling, And his every look's a gleam of light, Kich depths of loe revealing. When he Walks with me, the country folks, Who pas us in the strrel, Will shout for juv, and bless my boy, He looks so mild and sweet. A playfellow is lie to all, Aiitl jet, with cheerful tone, Will sing his liillesongof loVe, When left to sport alone. His presence is like sunshine, sent To gladden home, ihe eailh, To comfort us in all our gripft, And sweeten all our mirth. Should be grow tip to riper jears, God grant his heart may prove As sweet a home for heavenly giace, As now for earthly love. And if, beside his grave, the tears Our aching eves must dim, God comfort us for all the lova Which we shall loose in him. I have a son, a third sweet son, His n j c I (Mnnoi tell, For they reckon nut by jears and monlhs, Where lie haih gone 10 dwell. To tis, fur fourteen anxious months, His infant stnilps were given, And then he bade faiewell lo earth, And went lo live in heaven. I cannot tell what form is his, What looks he ueareth now, Nor guess how bright a glory crowns His shilling eeiaph brow. The thoughts that fill his sinless soul, The htin whirh he doth feel, Are numbeied with the senet things Which God will not reveal. But I know, for God hath told me this, Thai he is now al rest, Where nlhrr blessed infants are, On their Saviour's loving breast. Whnle'er befalls his brethren twain, His bliss can never ccac ; Their lot may here be grief and fear, I! it I his is certain peace. It may be iliat the tempter's wilps Their souls from bliss may sever, But. il our own .oor faith fail not, lie must be ours for ever. When we think on what our darling is, And what we still must be ; When we muse on m world's perfect bliss, And (Ait world's misery ; When we groan beneath this load of sin, And feel this grief and pain, Oh, we'd rather lose our other two, Than have him here again. A Hopeless Daughter. A young wo man named Hannah Sullivan, was prose cuted in Ilia Sessions of New York, for clnnlmrr Imr fnilinr's shirts, hn villfr become perfectly abandoned from drink, and three times imprisoned in tho penitentiary. Her father hod token her home, hoping bho Would reform, but it was of no avail1 "I'm laying down the law," as the client emu wnv u ug noorcu uis cuuntuuor, I1UKIAL OF A livim: GIUI, The billowing thrilling description of the Hindoo burinl of a living girl, in tdo inind of n donil lovor, from the Oricntnl Annual fur 1039. She was, consequently, now fully per suaded Hint he wns dend lor at I ho first she lind some doubts even though she bnd been so many hours in the presence of Ins corpse nntl t h o idea of being buried in the same grave with It tin. wns lo der n mntter ff tejoicnijT raiher I linn of grief. For her denili lind tin fears, since tde object ol Iter attachment wn no more; and she therclore cheerfully resigned liorsclf to tdo fate that nwnitcd Iter. That very afternoon the beautiful Pnrind was placed in n hnckney, wild the corpse of the once young Youglinl wrapped in n cerement. The doom pronnuced against her was, that she should be buried in the same grnvu with the body of her lover, in the neighborhood of Ihe mountain village where her fat Iter dwolt, and in which she was born, The persons who nccompauied her lind Mifficicut compassion to allow her to pass a few hours with her discnnsnlntu parent, previously to being consigned to that tomb prepared for the reception of one lor whom she had entertained an earnest at tachment. She passed the night under the parental roof, and in the morning early, accompanied by those that had been ap pointed to conduct the interment of the living with t he dead, proceeded to thu place of sepulchre. It was at the foot of a lofty cono, which, rising among a cluster of small hills, lifted its proud dead lo I lie clouds, and seemed lo 6tand there n monument of the stupen dnous exorcise of Omnipotent power. Tho body of Ynuglml had been sent for ward to this place of burial, and the unhap py victim of usurped and pampered tyranny was allowed to follow rather than accom pany nn object, which, though concealed from sight, was still loathsome to a more delicate sense, in spite of the cerement by which it was enveloped. The party slowly ascended the bill, lo front was an official on horseback, who had tho charge of con dueling the melancholy business, altcnrJe.'I, on either side, by a man armed. The in. noccnt maiden followed between two per. sons, likewise armed, who had ncithci re spect for her sorrows, nor compassion for her condition. Having fixed upon as the scene of cruel punishment, the parly reach ed a rude wooden bridge, thrown over a gully presenting a frightful aspect of tur bulence and danger. It had a steep, irregular channel, through which the mountain current poured wild frightful impetuosity, occasionally impeded in its precipitous descent by projecting mas ses of rocksond other impediments collect ed there in the more temperate seasons of the year, when during the prevalence of temporary storms, portions of the lull are loosened from their parent masses, and thrown inio the water courses, tden nearly dry, or only changed to bhallow or more gentle streams. The bridge consisted of a single wide plank of teak about half a foot in thickness, and nearly two feel wide, sustained under one end by beams inserted in the inequali ties of the bnnl;. and affording effectual support In a rude fabric secured on the oth er stdo by tvo thin but strong upright poles, thnt kept it sufficiently steady to af ford a sale, yet fearful looting. Tiic tor rent roared otnnniity as tho procession passed over tho bridge, which vibrated every step. Marintalla's father accompa nied her to Ihe gully, nnd then turned homeward from a scene ol distress which he lind tho fortitude In encounter. Alter a silent march of about two hours, the vic tim and her guards reached tho place of interment. In a small hollow between the two rocks, a large deep hole lind boon dug. about three feet square. Upon the brink was pinceu inc corpse 01 1 ungual, in a stale of sickening decomposition, covered j Willi o ragged ptiliiuipore. I he wretched girl advanced to the ride of the pit without shedding a tear, and strewing some flowers over the corpse expressed her snliffnctioo at the privilege of bi'ing laid beside him in death, whom she had so fondly loved in life. Having completed tho preliminary ceremonials, ihe desited that the ceremo ny migdi proceed. Her manner was sol emu, tliougli gentle, exhibiting n calm yet lolly determination to meet death with the spirit of resignation, which best become beings who are born to die. At length, declaring slio was ready to suffer the dreadful penalty to which she had been doomed by an unjust and solfnsh tyrant, tho body of her lale lover was low. ered into ihe sepulchre, and Mariatalla having again scattered somu flowers into it, descended into the dreary chamber of dentil. JJcr dress consisted of a light vest of colored silk, under a loose flowing drape ry of thin while calico; her black hair was rolled up in a large knot on the top of her dead, seemed by a large brass pin, taper ed nntl polished with gold. Upon her wrist she wore thin bangles and armlets of buffalo's bom. Tdo tips of her nails were Hltghily tinctured with henna. Having been lowered into tho vault, she seated her self upon o projecting ledge, purposely left in tho head wall of the grave, and placed the corpse upon her knees. At tho pit a horizonral opening had been dug to admit Ihe dead body, so that its legs wore forced into a hole, and its head reeled on the lap of its living companion. A few bamboos were now crossed above the toiler's head, and fixed firmly in the side of tho pit, upon whoso slender beams tho brunches were thrown, and a canopy being thus formed, which prevented the earth from fnlling in, tho innocent girl was thus consigned ton living sepulchre, without ono expression of sympathy at her horrid doom. Tho soil, from which the sun dad caused to exhale every particle of moisture, was lightly strcwd with (he bamboos, al once covering Ihe living ami the dead. After the la-k of itihiiuiiilion had been performed, thu del gales of Verinnlitcii left its victim to her fate, and returned to the capital, where they announced the completion of their mission. Upon hearing it the counterfeit sovereign expre.-Hd Ills pnlisfnciinn wild an oalb little becoming lite ltp of n snint, but a timely bribe rendered hishonroru ileal' to so unjustifiable n prnlnnntwn." La Somnamiiui.a "Between Saint Sever and Hugryiiinu, in the Landcs," says the Cotirrier do liordeoiix. "is an immense Druidicnl stone, in a field near the road side. Late ot night, on the 30lh nil., at some peasants were coining to tho market of Mont do Mnrsan by moonlight, they were much n'armed at seeing a figure dollied in white walking around the stone singing a solemn air; and they concluded it wns tdo ghost of some long departed Gaul. They summoned up courage to call out lo it, when they found the supposed phantom to bo n young girl from n neigh boring village, cnchcmiscel enjupe, making this sort of pilgrimage round the stone in her sleep, She was awakened wild caution and conducted home, crying with shnmo nt having been discovered in such a condition.' LonsTKiis cannot learn to chew tobacco, any how they can fix il. A ship was, not long since driven nshorc on the Isle of An glensca, and went to pieces. The tobacco, with which she was principally laden, was washed among Ihe crevices of thu rocks, ond the lobsters, that dwelt there, took to chewing the weed. The next morning Ihe bench wns strewed with the unhappy vic tims of indiscretion, so sick that they were unable to crawl. Those who have been sickened by essaying to become tobacco chewcrs, will know how 'ofeel for the nn loriiinaie lobsters of the Isle of Angloaeea. Transcript. From the Western Literary Examiner and Monthly Revipw. SKETCHES of AMERICAN STATESMEN. BY E11AST0S nttOOKS. NUMBER ONE HENRY Cr. AY. The proper study of mankind wo are told is man, and what belter model can there be for the young men of our day to study, than the justly honored of our own country, the Statesmen and Orotors who ore of us and among us, living in our own time, born with us, communing with us, making, as it wore, their ways our ways, and their thoughts our thoughts. We are creatures of imitntion, every ono to some extern influenced by bis fellow man. and an men, agreeably to the design of a Uood Provideoce. created for conferring; social and mutually social benefits. "It is not good for man to bo alone." is n wise maxim intended not less for every-doy improve monis and business of life than for making men happier and better in their domestic relations. As it is true that "History is Philosophy teaching by Example," so is it true that man, tho prominent character in that history, is destined through the power of philosophy and example, and in just pro. portion In his genius ond Inlents, to work out revolutions ond give cdaractcr and im portance In the age and country in which he lives. By common consent he is made the organ of n party numbering thousands and thousands of men. The multitude look lo him as an ornrlu of wi-dnm. lit opinions arc heard, believed, acknowledged, enforced, and all, not becniisu men or pnrtizan are by nature or study, man wor shippers, but for the better reason that ihey hnve confidence in the honor nnd integrity of the men whom they thus wil lingly and cheerfully elevate to the places of rank and importance. The study of man, then, is one of the noblest of studies, and none can be higher save the study of the Great Creator, "who fa-binned man after In own im.-urn. It is noble became hw example is for the weal or won of dim wdo studios, and studied it will body the mass of men; lo ihe one c'oss n blessing, but to tho oilier n curse, to bold alike exerting a powerful influence upon present hopes, and our future destinies. Henry Ci.ay is ihe first man I shall introduce to your renders. I lid name is registered ns "the Folder of tho American System, ""the greot Western Orator." and by the more endearing name of "tde Amer ican Poctficntor;" all of them terms of hnnesl praise, and conferred upon dun by the great body of American People, from a sincere respect to Ins principles, and nn undoubted attachment to the innn. Tho most enviable notoriety ever bestowed upon a public man by n grateful people, wns tdat bestowed by Athens upon some of her distioguished men. Anslides 'the Just," and Socrates ''the Wise," wero no bler and belter titles than ever n nation f r n people conferred upon Kings or Princes. Sued a title das been freely granted to Henry Clay. Ho is tho American PncijU catnr, and is known lo have been o success ful peace maker nt n memorablo period when the rauiH fell and Ihe winds blow and the storms came threatening, in our politi- cnl divisions, lo shaku thu firmest pillars of the republic to their foundation. Henry Liny, therefore, I must think, lake him nil in all, tho most prominent man in the country. In peacu ho has ixorclsed all "mild behnviour and humility," uml when the "blast of war das blown," ho has stood forth tho Man, Ihe Patriot, and tho States man. Tho last, words that fell from his lips in Ihe Si'iintu Chamber wero in reference to tho Maino Uordor War. His words wore tho words of wisdom and truth. He was for peoco and quiet, and Imped that during tho short remnant of his life ho should nnl ngatn sou Great lintain, the Mother, and tho United Slates, the Dntigh ler, waging together agnin a fiurco nnd bloody war. Still, if God in hi Providence ordained otherwise, ond tho decreo should go forth from Great Uritain that elm uhocc to bo in tho wrong, mid Mill the wrong pursued determined lo invBile our wni then he was for tho Inst, worst, dreadful. nliernniivi;, War. Maine should bo to him as his own Kentucky, ond in such n contest would know no difference between tho East nnd the West. Every American heart responded to Mr. Clay in this scnti meni, and it was with delight thnt. I saw

nnd hoard an esteemed Senator from the North, of great discretion, judgment, nnd learning, lake htm by the hand nnd tell him in all sincerity, nshe before and afterward told others, that ho was the man for such nn emergency, and thnt he had spoken the words ot trutli and soberness. In tins, Mr Cloy was, as he is nlwavs. the man best calculated lo steer Ihe rudder of the Na- Mortal bliip in a storm- firm nnd devoted, yet cautious nnd honorable. The Cmisti tulion of the United States ond the Union of tho Confederacy, ho considered the Ark ol our poluirnl safety. With nn nitach ment In the Union and an enforcement of the principles ol Ihe Constitution, time nnd agnin ho has said that, the Republic was HKe the strong man armed, a terror to foes without, and capable of subduing foes within. j Upon nil occasions and upon nil questions, .Mr. Clay has spoken, I may say. with the greatest forcensl and wisdom. One of his strong and often advocated opinions is, that Government is a trust, the officers of thu Government, trusted, nnd that, the trust and the trustees were created for the benefd of the people. lie was among tho first. ton. to raise lm voice in behalf of "free trade and seamen's rights. " and he it was who i-nid 'lint "if Great Uritain desired n m a it k by which she could know her own subjects, let her give them an ear mark. The colors tdat flouted from ihe mast hend of our ships should be credentials of our seamen!" This in defence of naturalized citizens, whom Mr. Clay declared, during Ihe last war, wore entitled to the fullest protection from our Government. I have only time lo allude to Mr. Clny't, many political opinion, and so well known are they thnt even an allusion is hardly necessary. I wish to give the reader, as well as I can, some distinct idea of the man his prominent traits of character, elo quence, monner, &c.. as shown in public life. Mr. Clay, the man, is respected nnd admired by all his political friends, and by at least nine-tenths ol his political oppo nents. This is, perhaps, 'the warmest eulogium which can bo bestowed upon him, for in our country nnd in our doy it is a miracle almost to hear a man speak well of his political adversary. But the hearts of many of Mr. Clny'i opposed, I know worm towards htm. Many there are. who, upon questions of great importance lo themselves and menus, would sooner take his advice than that of nlmoet any older man. His advice is asked in matters the most inter esting to his ossociates, ond when asked always given with the freedom and candor of a devoted and rcsponsiblo friend. And from whence nrtses this? yon ask me. I answer in the language of Junius, because Mr. Clay has "that clear umblemished character which comprehend not only the integrity that will not offer, but the spirit that will noi receive an injury." and because, too, I might add, he is one of those men who would at, readily consult the in terests of a friend, in acting tho friendly part, as he would his own. He would never counsel dishonor to a friend, nnd upon more occasions than one bos given thai coonsel which in tho eyes of the law of humanity hn prevented the commission of n dishonorable net. In tho settlement of personal quarrels, and in preventing per sonat leuos. ne nas ueen as mucn ami per haps more of a pacificator, than in the introduciion of measures of public policy winch have claimed the " Iroub'oti" storm that tnscd The priviilc slute, and tendered life unjiveel." Wnh more than ordinary shrewdness Mr. Clay litis great frankness. If offended his friends will soon know it. Every thing connected with tho man is clear and above board, nnd most devoutly do I behuvr. him incopible of deception or hypoc risy, or of knowingly doing ought that would injure friend or foe. In speaking of tins trait in Mr. Clay's character the older day, a friend wdo knows the man much better than I do, remarked to me tiiat was upon a cerinin occasion, many years since, when in Lexington, Kentucky, that he firnl learned 'o love nnd admire Henry 3 1 o v . In conversation with some one, Mr. Clay who is of a warm and ardent tempera ment, became healed and excited so much that Ins passion got the belter of his judge ! ment. Languago was used towards Ins opponent winch his own lieart in a moment of calmness condemned. Mr. Clay felt that, he had done wrong, and pruinplly made a manly and sal if'nctory apology, nnd in a manner, Inn, ns public ns tho insult had boon given. No ono who knows Mr. Clnv will believe that do was influenced by any kind of fear, except the lear of doing wrong. Sinco commencing this article 1 hove met with another and well outhenica led nnecdole, characteristic of the man. Mr. Preston, llm Senator from South Cor. olina is the author, and the anecdote was told by him in the good city of Philadelphia since i he adjournment of Congress. "On ono occasion," said Mr. Preston, while addressing a meeting of political friends, "Air. Uuy ilul me tdo donor to send for, and consult with inu. Il was in reference to a slop he was nbnnl to take (probably tho I'ru-emptiou bill I suggested lo dim, said Mr. Preston, "whether such n course ns ho proposed would not rum Ins own prospects, ond injure those of tho whig The conversation in question; was not n Mr. Ilinnk nippine, conrctiiinjj tho I'lo-eiiiplion bill, but li.ul inference to a uppcrh ili-livciiM near ihe uloiof last emigre by Mr. Cl.iy.nn lh mbjVr.l nl Hlacry in the Uistt ict of Columbia, Kdt, Lit, L'x, parly." The answer given to Mr. Preston wns characteristic of ihoman. It was on answer worthy of George Washington himself, and one which could have been uppermost only in the mind of a noble hearted patriot and statesman, devoted to the welfare ol the republic. "I did not send for you," he snid. in reply to Mr. Preston's iiggrRijnn, "to as): what might be the effects of the purposed movements on my prospects, but whether it was right. I HA tl RATHER BE RIGHT THAN DE PrESI. ; DENT.1 4 j Bath Ihoso anecdotes illustrate strong points in Mr. Clny's character. It shows o noble mind, one which only a truly good ond great man could exhibit, thus In conquer one's pride, and to control one's passion, nnu one's interest and ambition too, so aa to make n wrong, n right, by atoning lor injuries inflicted from prejudice or any other cause. How many heart burnings would be soothed, how many animosities would die within men's breasts, how muny nobln live? saved, passions hushed, wrongs repented of, nnd injuries lorgiven woniu there be, il thus ono to another man would vindicate themselves by the confession of on undoubted wrong. nut thcro is one other nnd pcrhnns nobler trait of character belonging to Mr. Cloy.: I mean his lovo of universal liberty, now in behalf of South America, nnd anon in defence of the wronged Greek, to dnv for Poland, nnd to morrow nnd nlwavs. so to speak, for tho freest freedom at home. JYcc sihi. scd tola gcnilum se credere mundo est. The amelioration of the condition of man has alwoy been one of the prominent objects of Ins life. His speeches from ihe moment he entered upon tho stnge of public life to the last made, hnvo been distinguished for their enlarged and liberal sentiments lie has n heart capable of feeluif for the distresses of all mankind, and a voice ever ready to vindicate the rights of man. What Johnson said of uarrick, I may siv of Mr. Clay with perhaps ono exception in winch fllr. Uiiv excelled ihe distinguished trogodion. "He lind seen cverv natt acted by Garrick performed equally well by older persons, but he had never seen any one who could perform so many ports so well." Mr. Clay performs every part equally well with oilier", and in one point of character ho most certainly excels all other men in our country. He has great, a superior genius, the genius of a far-reaching mind that looks beyond the days and the months nnd the,yeors that arc, nnd forms correct conclusions of what the present will bring lorlh years ond years to come. With genius he has greot tact and talent Inn, nnd added to this deep fooling and long experience. Ihe prominent fault of the man is a firmness of character, which, if it is not the parent, is at least the brother of obstinacy. I would ns soon attempt to remove n mountain by an exercise of ordi. nary faith, os I would attempt to change the mind of Mr. Clay when fairly made up. In tin respect he even goes beyond the late President of the United Stnles, who would sooner pluck out on eye or cut ofFnn arm than sacrifice an opinion, whether right or wrong. As n debater, Mr. Clny's object seems to be a desire to carry Ins point. With less power to fix his mind on the one great subject before him than some other moo, he nevertheless brings forward an argu ment ond nn analysis and nn eloquence which produces a miigic effect upon nil classes of hearers. I have said Mr. Clay lias genius nnd talent, by which I mean no more, llinn that tho God of Nature has endowed him with great ability, nnd that lie has improved to the best ndvontuge the ten talents bestowed upun Inm. The prominent feature of true genius, it seems to me. is on ability to carve out new am) important plans, through the execution of which the notion is to receive public good, and if Mr. Clay is to be applauded for any one thing more than another, it is for the great national measures by htm conceived and advocated in the Halls of Congress, all of them designed to benefit the people of the United Slates, nnd none of them over foiling lo confer that benefit when put into operation. Tins power I call gemus because it is Ido result of superior mental gift. a power of mind for "died Mr. Clay is largely indebted to Nature and to his nivn industry tit cultivating Ihe works of until ro. The man who can judge correctly of the future from the present who with nn eye of prophpcy boholds, as it were, in viinn, the consequences, good or evil, resulting from this decision in law, and from I hut construction ofn measure of public policy, who has tho power to meet the strong by argument, tdo timid by firmness, the susceptible by eloquence, the patriotic and well-meant multitude by fervent appeal, warning lho one and threatening mo ntner, sncli a mind is gifted with true geniu and capable of con ferruig an immensity of good upon a slate or cntintty, especially when serving that country in her national councils. Such man bos "(In lho lip of his tiibduinj tongue All kind.' of nigtiineiit and qiirrliuns deep All tpplic.ition prompt, uml iimkoii piron. For hi iuli'untuitu still did wiiUe anil slrrii: To m ike the weeper liush, ihu Lusher weep, lie nail Hie dialect uml ilillereul cMII, (,'iiifliin nil nations iu bin craft ol will; 'I'll, it he did in tho General bufinn leijn, Of young, of old ; and eexua bolh enchanted." With nil this power, Mr. Clay is wholly free from vanity nnd ostentation. Like most men he may hnvo been proud of the npnlnuso bestowed upon him iu early life, but ho is beyond it now, and while around Inm you soo'o throng of inferior men whose prulo mid self-esteem cover them like n garment, you find Mr. Clay apparently uu altered ami immtluencod by the effect of Ins own eff.irts, no matter what their influ ence on others. Iu his pnuitic measures, Mr. Cloy reminds mo of n great merit in the character of Pericles. Tho safely ol his measures was the great principle which guided the action of tin Athenian. Tol mides, we nrc told, at the hetid of some of the bravest and most spirited of tho Alh man young men. was preparing to inva-li! Um'ia nt on inopportune- moment. Ho labored zealously to divert Inm from hit pnrpne, making usc of llico memorable words: "If yoti regard nst tho opinion of Pericles yet wait at the least for the oil vire of time who is the best of nil counsel, lors!" Great caution and great wisdom were the great merits of Pericles in war. They are among Mr. Clay's merits wlieti bringing lorward nod proposing measures) of public policy in time ol'poaco, THE LAND Bltit., MR. CLAY S Ef.OQUENCr Of Mr. Clny's voice, manner of debote. and other peculiarities I will here say something. First, of his voice, because it is Mr. Clny's voice, nnd I know of none liko it among the li-t of orators I hnvo heard ot Washington, or elsewhere. It is onu of the first peculiarities noticed by tho stranger who hears him speak. Il falls upon the cars of the hearer with all tho sweetness of soft, music. demanding tho attention nnd enlisting lho feelings anil sympathies of the diilkst hearer cnpablo of being influenced by sound. I he loncs of his own voice. 1 sometimes believe, master his own judgement. Thrice hnvo I heard him during the few yeors past, when al luding to one of hi favorite subjects (the Distribution of the Public Land-) his own feelings hove carried him beyond the bound of legislative discretion. I hnvo seeo almost every man nnd woman in lho crowded galleries mingling tdeir feeling in common with his, their hearts touched nnd their bc-t sympathies called forth, to gether, and hurried on like the mountain stream mingling with the impetuous to-reht when borno along to the ocean and sweep ing all before. But it is only when Mr. Clay has fed himself designedly o wronged man, his motives impeached, and hi no tions misjudged thai you see thcGc outbreak of passion. In the long sefsinn of '35 and '36 when the Land Bill. familiarly known nil over the country as Mr. Clay's Lund Bill,hf the lost time passed the Senate, I shall never forget the speech then made by him, and the effect it produced upon the great body of the hearers, Mr. Clay was reci ting his own connection with that meas ure from the moment of its inception. tr the time when Gen. Jackson thought it incumbent upon dim to rcfiio his signa ture to the Bill which lind passed bold t f i a Senate ond the House by large majorities. His allusion to, and vindication of, tho mo-t-vc6yJnch prompted theiotrndoction ofihat; Tn?HPr?the slcrn opposition he lind met wfrtpa-lhc uncompromising hostility of the Executive, ond some of his friend, to tho measure itself, not so much, ns ho belie ved, because the measure was dad. as be cause it was hi meaure, the position in which he had been placed, designed in hu miliate him, and intended to thwort the ex ecution of a favorite and truly patriotic measure ;--all this, coupled with keen anil naturally sensitive feelings, quite unnerved him, and in spite of every disposition and effort to control his feelings, I saw Mr. Clay quite in tears, and heard his voice falter, choked fur utterance. He wos grieved pained wiih tho recollection of unjustifiable injuries. I know that it is sometimes nn easy thing for n man to weep nt the effect of Ins own self told relation of wrongs, yet ns there is but "one step from the sublime to the ridiculous," so there is but onu from n man heard and seen reciting his laic of woe, spoken in nn im passioned manner, and a story equally sad, i o III whero Ihe henri is wanting nnd insin cerity apparently manifest. Mr. Clay' strong feelings may give the cue to his si rung exprersinns of passion, but t he voice ol the man strikes a chord in his own heart, which is responded to in the licnrls ol his hearers, making the heard and the hearer beat, in uninu. Music charm5) the ear. lakes captive the heart, and exerts, at times, an all. controlling influence upon tdo listener. I lie liuinan voice is like tin; tones of o sweet instrument. the melody of the boon giving utterance to its iIio'ih colling fortd corresponding strains and sympathies. Rightly attuned, it has a power almost super-human. Mr. Clay's) voice is fervent and detp toned reaching tho recesses of lho affect ions, nnd exerting o bewitching power ovsr the hearer. The Poet tells us that "There is in Fonts a svmpatliv With sounds, Audaslha mind i.' pitched ihe rar is plcat'd. With inching nir,or iii.niial, husk orgrac, Some chord iu unison with what ue hear Is touched ivilhin us, nnd ihe heart replies." Eloquence, the Rhetoricians tell us, iff lho art or talent by which a discourse is adapted to its end, and it is Cicero, I believe, who says that the greot art ol an orator is the solection of his topics. In clo qiicncc, passion, imagination, wisdom, and will, nro nil concerned. True eloquence is born of Nature, nnd ns Nature's ofl'.pring, it derives beauty, strength and power from use. Voice nnd manner are part of its magic machinery, and in iheso gift.', Mr. Clay, although born nn orator, i doubly so by improving tho first gifts of Heaven. It is my design ot tins moment to give thoso of your reodors who have not seen and heard Mr. Clay, a dutincl idea of lho matt. To introduce you to him ns he is, for I have no wish to paint his character in fulsc or extravagant colors. One of tho brightest ornaments of the Republic, tho' I believe him to be, I must ask you to go with mo into the Senuio Chamber nt Washing Ion. The scene blinll bo a frequent ono, and tho occasion familiar to nlmnst every American render. It was on occurrence of but a few weeks sincu when a ihousinil hearers listened lo one of the orator's most masterly ond eloquent displays of j jiwer. Ono evening rarly in February, it waa whispered tlirnngh the tUrcots of Wash liigtoiii only between lho hours of tho