Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 28, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 28, 1839 Page 2
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adjournment anil incctltirr of Unj Senate from ono day to llm other, that Mr. Cloy was to speak in reference in llm abuliliuti of slavery, ami tlio merit of Hie r-lnve ques ton. The Senate met nl 12 o'clock n nil 'oon after 10 nu imnicnfo crowd Imil col lectad within i h u wall of tho Chnmber, Every niche, crevice, nnd fontliolil wns oc cupied, and os ninny ns wiro within Ihe walla were drivrn hack unable to force nn entrance. It wna during what is called the morning hour, Hint Mr. Clny nrnso to pre netit n memorial from brtwuen one and two hundred of the citizens of the District of Columbia, (praying Congress to do what could constitutionally be done to dtscnun tennncolhs movement 0f the Abolitionist. Mr. Clay wn "ciilui as n summer' morning" in the midst of the excitement, nnd the brilliant display around linn. The Senators, who, however much lovo they mny have for p-nktng themselves, have little for the hearing of speeches from oth er, except upon occasions mil ordinary, were very generally in their seat, watch, ing with lynx eyed vigileuce the new movo. mcnt of thoir friend, oppiinent or rival. The Stenographer nnd Rpnric'H were busy in noting down the opinion of the Speaker. The Gentleman' Gallery a Fort of Morketl prison house--often liken cd to the Calcutta black bnle--wa cram rood from door to door. The iiiiilliinde there had their eve fixed iiilcnilv upon the man whom the President of tlie'Scnntn formerly announced us "the Senator from Kentucky." Oppn-ito was Hi 0 Iiflllil'S1 Gallery, equally full, but filled with the beauty and fashion of Washington City, and with the gay and intf Ihgent muliiiiwk. who congregate nl thp Metropolis durinr; n se ion of Congress, from evory nook and cor ner of the Union, and from almp.si nil part of (he world. A breathless silence reigned throughout the Chnmber anil not r. word was Inst which fell from the bp f the speaker. Mr. Clay's naturally homely fate was now tho piciiiro of earncbtnets and intelligence. His voice "Muticul in Apullu's lute." was tuned to melody, nrd everv word was fpnkcn easily, naturally nnd uuh grenl rffecl. Some of Ins noblest passages were uttered upon this occasion in n manner of peculiar power, and Ins eloquence ' flowed liken stream fed from nn abundant spring." In that speech, and in all other I saw another of Mr. ClnvV peculiar power?, and one which distinguished all lit diplomatic correspondence when Secretary- of State, and when serving his country" abroad. I allude to the clear, lucid, logical nrrange. mentor his argument, and the chaste aud appropriate language in which it was cloth cd, a model for such composition, and re. markahlu fur the man whose early advan tages were so few n. ihn early advantages of Mr. Clay. Hot word more of I he Abo lition speech. Mr. Clsy spoke for two hours and more, and during nn lime I be lieve, w as there a word spoken not heard by all present. Tlieinieresi.il any thing, f earned to increase as Mr. Clay drew To the conclusion of hi speechone para graph of which the concluding one--1 must send you, so characteristic is it of I ) good feelings of the man. Read it and imagine Mr. Clay the author and speaker. 'ir, said he, "one dark spot (slavery) exists in our political linuzon, is it not ob scured by tho bright and effulgent and cheer ing liglit that beann all aiound us? Was ever a pcoplo before so blessed as wo art. if true to ourselves? Did over anv other nation contain within its bosom so inni'iv elements of prospority, of greatness and of elorv? Our only real danger lies ahead, conspicuous, sisvaioa, nnu visible. 11 was clearly discern. co oi me commencement, and distinctly seen through our whole career. Shall wo wanton ly run upon it, and destroy all tho glorious anticipations of the high destiny that avails us: i ucfcecn tlio abolitionists themselves, solemnly to pause in their mad and fatal course. Amidst the infinite variotv of obicct of humanity and bonevolcnco which invite the employment of lho:r enemies, let them select ono more harmless, thai does not threaten to delugo our country in blood. 1 call upon that small portion ol tlio clergy, which has lent '.iUelfto thoso wild and ruinous schemes, not 'to forget the holy natuinof tho divine mission of the Founder of our Religion, and to profit by his poaccful example. I entreat that portion of my country women who bavu given 'thoir cnuntenaneo to abolition, to remember that they nro ever most loved when moving in their own appropriate and delighlfulspliero; ana lo reiiect thai llio ink which they shed in subscribing with their fair hands abolition petitions, may prove but tho prelude to tho shedding the blood oflboir brethren. 1 odiure ;all tho inhabitant of tho free states lo rebuko .and discountenance, by iheir opinion and their example, measures which must inevitably lead to tho most calamitous consequences. And let us all, as countrymen, as friends, and a3 brothers, cherish in unfading memory, ihe motto which bore our ancestors triumphantly through all the trial of the It evolution, and if adhered to, it will conduct their posterity through all thai may, in the dispensations of Proviaenco, be reserved for thorn " Mr. Clay closed this speech two hours earlier than the usual Hum of adjournment. An attempt was made to go on with the business of the body, but it was nipossible, so strong were Ihe impressions left upon the mind of Hie hearers. Senators, Mem. bars of the House, Foreign .Ministers, and the crowd of listener above etntrs, were all excited. The presiding officer could no longer preserve order, and the Senate adjourned in confusion. No man but Mr. Clay could have made such nn itnpi ession upon an audience, many of them .cam paigner, who in a time of pence nnd it, a timo of war, for a quarter of a century h, d heard either tho thunders of war or ihe yrcn toned noloa of peace sounding in their ears. THE C0.MPn0.MI6E IMM,. I shall refer lo but onn other prominent act in Mr Clay's public life, and then cease to weary your patience. It I the ino-l memorable in Mr. Clay's life- which hn been full of events. I mean his history connected with Hiu passogu of tho Com promise Hill in I ho section of IL'32 33, Tliia was ono of lliosc great fvenls that make a deep a never to be forgotten im preeimn upon a man's mind, I well re member the history of tin Hill, and I wnlch. cd its progress keenly from it inception to ila end. The Tariff ol IU2H when Ihe diicuuiotiB that led to its parage had rxssperaled our southern countrymen to such an extent that even their hot language but feebly uprated the fervency of their idens. Tho Hill had been made bad by its I enemies, who wished to make it mi bad that even it Irtctid would disown it and whe over, even in opposition In ils friend, they could engraft upon it a most obnoxious pro tecting item, they seized the opportunity so as to fasten to it lead, that would drag it down of l heir own weight. Tho friends nlthu Tariff, it is wull known, took tin Hill, not became they liked it, but bueatisc it had some good thing about it, and llio' 'n monster" some of them owned it to be, as a whole, yet they thought it well nro portioned in some of ils parts. The Hill. however, wan passed amid an agitation that could not subside unon it pas-nge. It was soon evident Hint Congress bad but adjourned lo fan the ember at home, so us to create n greater fire when Congress re assembled. The Tariff soon became the subject that displaced all others in the pub lie mind. South Carolina particularly led the van in opposition, nnd hur people en rngrd by the inspiring; eloquence of n llaynu. a Hamilton, nnd McDullio at last began tu bbow signs of breaking out into open war. Indc.il, Untied Slates vessels of war wcru stationed in the port of Clintlcslon 'and Fort Moultrie was strong Iv garrisoned by United State soldiers. The l'nli'iulto hut I on and the nullilying cockade were visible emblem of the sover eignty into which every individual in the State wn nullifying himself and Charles ion bustled with war, nnd Columbia rang with eloquence. The (anion proclama tion of General Jackson n.lded but lurv to the element nnd every attempt to appear; tho storm was a vain as every ntlempt to quell it, (Jen. Havne. who, in his great speech, so well known by the great answer of Mr. Webster, had just introduced Ha llow duel rinu of nullificai ion into Congress hud retired from the Senate lo bo Cover, nor of the lit 1 1 nnuon, nullification was creating and Mr. Calhoun had taken his place. General Unuii'ion was Commander. in Chief ol Hie JlrmyJtnvy there, was! none of tlio sovereignly of Soul li Carolina and (ieorge McDullio acted as minister plenipotentiary in the House of Represcn-latives- Seldom had any Slate over nut forth so many able men and if aptitude, eloquence, tact, or courage could have carried n S'ate triumphantly through a orisi. no doubt South Carolina wodld pass through her unscathed, The Senate of the United States in lfI32 -33 was nearly equally divided as to its political character, and in it was some first rale and many able men. Clay, Web sler and Calhoun were the strong men of whose intellectual superiority there was hut Intle doubt The adroit Forsyth, the noble hearted Frelingliuysen. the cool nnd cunning hut nbleWriglit,thc witty Holmes, the polished Sprague, the rough but glori ous Clayton, and silver-tongued Grundy, the iron-boned and strong headed JCwmg. were ihe Senators of that day. There were indeed, but two or three little men, who nowhere could have been big, lor almost all had a churacler. and a character, for no matter what, is seldom got without pome cause. The session of U'31 32 had been remarkable for violent discu-sions upon Ihe Tariff, without any prospect of n se'tlement of the vexed question. Indeed the administration ot the Federal Govern ment, made up of the elements it wa, could not, or would not settle it. The nd ministration Senator from Pennsylvania, and Mr. Dickerson of New Jersey, were high Tariff men, nnd would not yield to ihe demands of the South and it was very doubtful whether New York wished for a ettlcinent, for the Tariff inicrest in New York was not only strong, but thero was thought to be n great dwil of political capi tal to be made out tins question a long a it wn open, inn-much lis Hie opposition ol the South and North could not then coa lesce for action. In this condition of things when Con gross assembled m December, III32, Mr. (J I ay found the country. During tin mnntln of D cember and January, it wn' remaiUable that ho scarcely ever took an active part in Tariff di-cu-sinns. The : House, it was clearly seen, could agree upon no Hill, though a Mill known by Hie name of Verplaok's Hill, wn the con'aut theme of discussio,i. Ii was almost demon strated at last, ns Fi brnary w drawing to an cud, that on the 4Hi of March, Con. gress wou'd adjourn without pas-iog any hill of inodifit.ai inn though the ordinmuncc of South Carolina, nullifying llio law ol I3?fl, wa well known, and the thrent wn boisterous tha' any niiempi to enforce it in Smith Carolina would lead to bloodshed nnd civil war. Though tho.ro probably was a diposiMoo lo modify tin-act ofl!i2!l yet the uullifii-aHon of S mill Carolina had added lo the original 1 1 til unity of u settle ment, for many reasoned with Mr. Adams, that if Congre- l hurt legislated, it legisla ted under n threat, v. Inch would ben most pernicious precedent. Mr. Clay however, and not wilhsianding, resolved in February to tut reduce In famous Compromise Hill. It wa not at fir-l lecetved with much fa vor, niid there ilul nut seem to be hardly a hope of its pas-age. The leading Admin istration Senators, Heutoii, Forsyth, and Wright, set Iheir face decidedly against it. The Tariff Senator from Nt-w Hug. laud were not its Iricud. Judging of u probability of lis success by Hie Usual vote of parlies, a spectator would have predicted its defeat by two votes lo one. Mr. Web ster at once denounced it a a surrender of tho whole principles of Protection that Mr Clay had so often pronounced essential to tho prosperity of the country, and anoth er enibarrnssincni wa added to it progres, what now, and then, seemed an insur iii'iunl able one, in the strong argument that such a bill of revenue must originate in the House of Representatives. These argu ments' Mr Clay hot rly met, but he parried' nnd evaded them the best he could, and yet he pressed the passage of hid Hill as n'pnnac.'a lor Ins country' ills, I very wll recollect the nfiorneon and the evening wt;en the discussion comment: mi the Cill, I ili.' not mean the set .speech, with which it was .introduced but the ox- tetnporu discussion, which when it spring) up among powerful inei.1, upon a great nnd oxcilnig topic, is ono of lifts most glorious and huiden of more legislative cunlost foai of intellect, an observing mind can thnn any other man in thu country. No ever banquet upon, It wn nearly dark in man has carried through so many unpnr the Semite Chnmber when the discussion Inttl schemes or achieved so inuny triumph, wa under full way, tho specimnr,who u-u-! Ho came to Congres n soon as tho Con ally throng thu galleries having gone home, Mitutioii of In country alluwed him a place expecting to hear nothing more, and the there, and from that hour to lhi, hu has reporters in tvcarinct3 of a long day's work, received the willing confidence of one of having either dropt their pens, or retreated to their closets tu write out the doing o that day fr tins newspapers of the next The discussion was never reported, arid II i probable, I hat nut one hundred persons, except thu Senator or Members of the Iluutio of Representative ovor heard it. It had the great advantage, too, over al most all thu discussion in Washington, Hint the question mint Im settled within a very short time, as on thu 41 fi of March, Congres mint adjourn, and that n It broke up nil thu previous organization f parlies, '.bo speakers wore really contending far a victory over men' mind j the Sennte and the House being as undecided in their opin. ions as any town meeting ever was upun any municipal subject. Mr. Clay opened the argument with an attempt to show that the principle of pro lection wn not surrendered, and at most only adjourned, and that he would show South Carolina. Congress did not act under n throat, for lis he held out the olive branch in one hnnd, he would put the sword (Mr Wilkin.-.' Force Hill, so called) in the other, and in reply to llm constitutional obi lion of introducing n Revenue Hill in Hie Si nate, he got over the objection ns easily a he could, nut wit limit paying much nt leiilion to it nt nil. Mr. Web-tor mot him. with hi severe and irroisttblu logic, nt the surrender of a law of Congres to the ordonnnnce of a rebellion statu. Mr Clny replied nnd Mr. Webster answered in short speeches, each being sometimes not more than four, aod never over twenty minutest long. Hut h were aroused and both were arguing lor victory over other Senators' minus, lor Ohio, and New Jer soy, and Maine, and I'ounylvania, nnd K.noile. Islnml, nnd Connecticut, knew not what to do. 1 he terrible logic of Web sier's sentence, so compact, and of weight o tnasivc that every word seemed one of iron, wa making n decided impression upon Clny' battereil shield. The agile Ken. tuckian. swift a ho is lo parry and to thrust, was but poorly defending In cause from harm. South Catolma, whose can he had been pleading, had committed loo many sins for linn lo bear on hi own shoulders in uc!i a fight, and Webster tore them off. Calhoun was inuving Ins hawk' eye with the wildest glare, and he longed to pounce upon the Ynnkeo and try to leur him to the death ; but the field was kept clear, and no other champion was permiil lo enter the list. Clay became angry. hi cause becamo weak, and Webster grinned one of those smiles of his, when he thinks he ha a victim under In paw It was clear lo everv body that Clay wa loipg ground, nnd Webster was carrying all belorc lino, it was lelt in that electric atmo-phore true eloquence or conviction ever creates, as it excites the smile upon the countenance of the auditor, or draws out hi involuntary apulnnsc. The fact was, Mr. Clay was no match for Mr. Web ster in tho severe and logical analysis in which he had been making his lilt. Hi nn ml had not been disciplined in Ihe rigid New Lngland school of question and reply- He had never been taught In weigh every word, and never lo use a word, without some weight. Ho did not know what was to speak extempore a a Coke oi Mar-hall would write. No man was last more awnro of thu error he had been committing in Ibis three hour's debate than Mr. Clay himself. The battle axe and the bludgeon, he immediately saw, were then thu weapons for him. Ihe sledge hammer logic of Hie Senator from M.-issa cbu-elts, he threw down at once, nod n treating a little to catch his breath h rushed again lo the contest, a a spear-man upon somo noble steed, who meets n man of iron well etn renched, but whom he i afraid too closely lo approach but into Hi joints of whose shield he essays in dal tiav men came toriii n anotiier man plumed and caparisoned a a gallant cava her, who had only rend bonk of chivalry and never looked into work of logic or law. Hi.- con-innate skill a a public man wa never more ttiuinplianlly di-plnycd It wa then, in exhorimg the benat r.ave the country to save us from civil wa and brother from drenching hi haiul in a brother' blood that the majesiic and deep-toned miles of his abounding voice shook i he benaie into obedience, and ac lunlly drenched tlio Intle audience in tear lie wa irresistible. Mr. Web-ter coldly replied, he had argued wi'li bun as s'aiesmaii, hut he had no renlv lo make, I what however good was nothing but decla ination. Hot declamation had won the palm; the Senate was taken by storm; the House instantly yielded. In u singl evening the bill in that body went through

ail the forms of law and re appeared i the Senate, now without the revenue oh jeet ion a the hill ol the House! I'eihan a man never won so great a victory over public body, and such wa hi temporary power, that in spile ol all the ellorls ol Hi niliiiinisi ration, wnicli wa almo-l supreme in thu Lower House, he carried In well known Laud Hill also, und could have curried it, if the President had returned it with In veto, by the coiistituiiuiial majority ol two minis, it was on tin occasion that Mr. Clay i reported lo have said lo n friend, "I wish now to go home forever, to my farm at Ashland, lor I have done all the good I can do in public lifir" Hut when his Land Hill wa pocketed, ho is reported to have added to Hie sumo friend. "Ah! my enemies little know me. I will pursue that measure a long a God ble.-se me with life. They keep mu in the field, when I would abandon nil to Ihem." I niini clo-o my lengthened sketch where I am, but I do so wnh reluctance, inn, much a yet I have said nothing of Mr. Clay, tho Ajaxofnur country during ihe perilous period of thu last war with Great Hrilatn. lie wn ono of the negocialor of thu peace which succeeded thai war He wa the chauipiun ol South American Independence thu lather of Hie American Sy-teui, the Pacifiiculor during that nl most dreadful struggle, which shook the pillnrs of the Union when the merits of the Mhsuiin question were discused iu the worst temper in und out of Congre-. Upon hi shoulder he has borne the heal tho oldest and nnblast atatea of the Con federacv 1'osTEniTV i just, and our countrymen in lime lo come, will hold the rinmc of Hen y Clay in hallowed remembrance. It may bo in Ihe day of Ins own existence, but tho lime will emtio as certainly as the sun will rise, and one day succeed another. In the grave, Ihe evil ho has done, if nny, will be remembered no inoro, and tho good he has donu will live after him. It I llio politi cian' fulo, while upon I he public tgo lo tin wronged nnd to ho cursed. Knvy nnd detraction shower Ihuir arrow upon him. Malice and passion hurl Iheir thunderbolts, and regardless of the wrong done, and of the consequence of wrong, one man will boldly toll you nndlhe country that nn "Ad- uiiinstrniion must be put down though pure as the angel at the right hand of God." Pnjudico nor painn, nnger nor excre ment e-capo a while in public life, but in lit retirement from Ihe nrcuea of ihe politi cal fight evory angry passion is hiwhed, atid the storm which bill yesterday raged like a tempest i calmed. A slep beyond hat retirement. at least in the grave, he finds rest beneath Ihe clod of the vallov. nnd there he, who alive wn proclaimed an enemy lo In rnce, find the tongues of the very men once so bitter in expression of wrong nnd in nets of outrage, now inns! eloquent in prune of the good deed dune bv him Tor hi country and Hie world. Mr. Clay's, fate in tin respect has been that of all good aod grenl men in all ages. In the approval ol his own ron-cience. the applause of thuiisntiilH and thousands of firm and devoted friend, he has reward enough, gifts morn thnn the choice-t Cliriieiidom could bestow. Seeing Mr. Clav ns I have seen Inm, and knowing bun as I do, my prayer shall be, that he may "I.iio I.ongfr than I have lime to tell Ids jp.in. Ktn beloved and IihIiij, may Iih iuIc be! Ami n Iii'h old lime sli.illle.nl bun told end, Gnudiiess and In- fill up one ininiiimonl." FRIDAY MO li NI.fi, JU N E 28 , We to. day publt-h the proceedings of the county convention. J he assemblage, we are told, was very large every town in the county being represented. Grent unanimity nnd good feeling prevailed throughout, while all seemed suitably im pressed with the importance of united and vigorout action. So far as we are enabled to gather public sentiment, the nomination gives general satisfaction and will be very cordially supported. Messrs. Clark and Marsh are men of good talents of and from the people engaged in the active buiness of the day and too well known aod appreciated by the people of Chitten den county to need an eulogy from us. 'Our holy and our henuiHiil hmise, where our f.ulicis piiiised ibfe, is bin nrd up wild fiie;iincl ll our pledf.iiil ihinija lire In id wuaie." We are again called upon to chronicle ooe of I hose disastrous conflagration that have crowded upun us in such rapid and alarming succe-sion Ihe pisl year ; and what i most painful ol all i, the irre-isti-ble conviction that in (hi instance nt least, ihe torch of Ihe incendiary ha been ap-p'i-'d. We allude lo the burning of the Congregational Church on Sunday morning last. The alarm wa given about three o'clock, ut'd the citizen and eugiiiu com panies were promptly on the ground It wn however ol no avail. Within one hour the entire edifice, with most of ii valuable content, wa a heap of smoking ruin. The fne appears to have been kin dled near the roof, in the stairway leading lo the boll deck, and when discovered wa just bursting through ihe bellfry. Almost in-tantaueoiisly the dome was inveloped in lldine. and thu uppor portion of the steeplo literally wreathed with a garland ol fire, lit up ihe overhanging clouds and sur. rounding gloom with an awful grandeur seldom witnessed. Very shortly the sup porting timbers gave way, and the steeple, almost entire, fell with a Ircmenduon crash upon '.ho roof, carrying with it the rafter", chimney, &c. into ihe body of the church, Ah hough several were in the building nt the lime, no one, we believe, was injured. fills wa a wood building, and erected about 1012. It hnd however recently been thoroughly repaired nnd modernized in its interna,' arrangement, and in its furniture and fixtures was probably second lo no church in the Slate. The organ, which was presented to the society two years sinco by Deac. Iltckok, cost about 1000, nnd wn esteemed a very superior instru ment no part of which was saved. The enltra loss cannot be les than glOOOO, and wo regret lo add, there wag no insu rancu. A mooting wos organized upon the spot, and a commitlcu appointed to investigate the circumstances of the fire, with authori ty to offer a roward of glOOO, which was promptly subscribed. Thu committee have nrtt yet reported, but nro perscveringly en gaged in iheir' labors, and with some pros pect of good success, as we have good reason to believe. It must be so. No individual, solidity ami alone, ever pcrpc trated the act ; audit i not in die power of two or morn heart ol ilceh to keep such a secret. The most singular circumstance connec ted with the late fire is, that the bell of that church wn the first lo givo tho alarm There i little doubt that thu wretch who set the fire, nftcr waiting to ece Ii'ib work fairly done, hitnsulf rang tho bell, and then perhap3 was among the first to cry fire! COUNTY CONVENTION. Agreeable to previous notice, delegates from tho several towns in Chittenden County assembled at the Eagle Hall in Williston on ihe COth I list. The conven lion was called lo order by Unci. J. Peck, ol Hiirlington, and organized by the election of Win. P. Hriggs of Richmond, chairman, and S. II, llarnesof Charlotte, and Geo, IC. Plait of Milton. Sccrolnrici. On motion, resolved that a committee of fivo be nominated by the chair to draft resolution expressive of the sense of this convention. And Hie following gentlemen were appointed : Hon. William A. Gri wold, Albert Wlntieniore, C. Hauler, Ja. I. Cutler nnd F. G. Hill. On inniinn of Mr. Whiltemnre, llctolved. That the delegate from each town elect from their own number n com mittee of two who shall compuse noiinna Hug committee, which were duly appointed. Convention Adjourned, to 3 o'clock P. M. 3 o'clock P. M. convention called lo or der by Chairman, whereupon the noinina ting committee reported the following notn ination for Senators JOSKPII CLARK of Mi linn. JOSEPH MARSH of riincsburgh. Resolved, that Hit convention accept of the report of nominating committee and unanimously recommend Jo. Clark ol Milton and Jo. Marsh of H'ncsburgli to the freemen of tin Senatorial district. Mr. Griswold from the committee on resolutions, made the following report, winch was accepted, and unanimously adopted I. Resolved That it becomes every citizen whn i atixtous for the safety of our coii-titution nnd law, and the welfare of our common country, lo exert to Ihe utmost In i ii flie tine and talents to maintain the power of the people over the hireling minions of a corrupt and parttzan adminis tration. 2. Resolved That we regard the stren uous exertion of the self styled democrats, in view of I lie coming election in tins slate, a Hie last struggles of a defeated and dis griced party too corrupt lo hope for longer support from the people, and too na. ked lo hide t he cloven foot from their sight. 3. Resolved -Thai the Whig of Ver moot tiavo evr-ry possible motive to stir them up lo constancy and energy in their resistance lo the speed ot those destructive and dt-urgnnizing principles which are openly avowed by ihe adherents of Ihe present national administration and that tho decided and overwhelmiog majorities with which the people have vetoed lliose principles in oiher parts of the Union, while they can offer nn additional induce ment. lo oxertion are yet full of encour ngemetii and promise to the Whigs ol the Green Mountain State. 4. Resolved That we hail in the recent election in Virginia, the dawning of a lighter day in the destinies of the Old Dominion, and wn look confidently lor ward to the dav, when she will repudiate. lemr not to be misunderstood the irnck- I ng and lime serving policy of the "North ern man with Southern prtncip'es." Retolved That while our confidence in the fi'inness and fidelity ol our brethren in tin- stale, remain unshaken, we are not unmindful of Ihe fact that our only hope In- in unity, energy and perseverance, nnd that the leson in parly organization which our opponents have read to us in dav gone bv. shall not be lo-i upon us. G Rewlved Thai we call upon the wing-nl'tho county of Chittenden lo a wake 'nun Iheir fnle security, lo meet the one my at the gate, and teach tlicin that Ihe people are not yet ready lo surrender iheir fortune into the hand of (hoe whom t hey have so often and so signally rebuked. 7. Resolved That we have the most perfect confidence in the pal rtotiui, talents and integrity ot Joseph G'lark, of Milton, and Joseph Marsh of Ilniesbnrgh, who have been presented iinaiiimnu-ly hy Hits convention lo the freemen of tin county n candidate lor faeontors, anu nereoy pieoge ourselves, lo give them our cordial and undivided support. ft. Resolved That it is nio.st earnestly recommended that the sevnrnl towns in this county take early mensnres in secure a suitable number of delegate to the State Convention to be holden at Woodstock on the 27ih instant. 9. Resolved-That the prncoeilings of tin convention, signed by the Chairman ami Secretaries, bo oiiblished in the Free Press, printed nt Hurlington. Wm. P. HRIGGS. Chairman. t. II. ISAUNRS. Geo. K. Pi.att Secretaries, TOWN COM MI PTE ICS. The following committees for the several towns, were appointed by the Convention at Williston. Burlington, Harry Hradloy, John Bars. tow, Carlos Hnxter. Colchester W B Munson, A B Duncan S 11 Plait. Ciaroffe-Aaron S Beach, Wm E Slier ninn. Win R Pease. Ilineslmrgh Austin Beecher, Horace Lovely, W I Douglass Huntington Reuben Nims, Stephen Sayles, Hiram Carpenter. LW-J S W Nichols, M A Willard, Pearl L Cusile. Jericho F G Hill, John Lyman jr., J II Hosl wick. lniliston John Brown, David French, Alouzi) F Siixlon. St. CleorecS Beach, S. Isham, R. Rock wood. Richmond Roba Gleason, Josoph A Hall, Thaddetia Crane. , Sir6unt--Lymati Hall, Hiram Picrson; Ralph K Reed. Weslfttrd Isaac Chase, Marshal Rogers S U Mcriam. Milton Samuel Hoardman, D H Onion, Edmund Wellington, Rotton Harrison Wcbstor, Isaac An drew, Win. Tarbox. Underhill3npph Wells, Curtis Par ker. Oliver Goodhue. The Whios or Hostoiv. The Allaa of Wednesday morning, thus announces the opening ol tho campaign :"The Whigs meet to-night to make preparations for tho approaching campaign by a vigorous or ganization of their forces. It is a lit t to earlier than usual, but the movements of the enemy render it necessary. We aro to have no children's play this fall, and we have every thing to lose by tardy opera tions. Let us take the field early and act with united energy in Mihd columns." Rhode Island. Tho Whiga of the' several town of Rhode Island bod b nteto' convention ol Delegates at Newport on Friday Inat. The Hon, R. B. Ciianston, and Hon. J, L. Tili.i.notust, the present members of Congress from that state wero nominated for re election ; and the follow, tng gentlemen were unanimously elected delegates to the Whig nationa' convention. to meet at Harrtsburgh in December next, wiz. Nathaniel Ruggle, Newport ; James F Simmons, Jidinstown; William Anthony Coventry, nnd Hymn Dimon, Rristol. Too Pennsylvania Wing Convention, compriaing 75 delegate, met at Chambers burg on the 13th Geo. Chambers, Presi dent. A motion of Mr. Pen rose for ma king a call on the anli-Van Buren parly of the state, to meet in convention at Harris bnrgin August next, for Ihe purpose of effecting an union, was lost 25 ayes to 50 nays. The ground taken was, that no uni on could be effected with that class of politicians, who had already placed their Presidential candidate. (Gen. Harrison,) in the field, and nailed their flag lo the mast. Conviction and Sentence of M'Kenzie William L. M'Kenzie, whoso trial at Can andatgua we noticed on Friday, wa found guilty of a violation of the laws of ncutrali. ly, and sentenced to eighteen months itn. pnsonmenl in Hie Monroe county jail. Ib. HonniD MuKDEn.-The Columbus (Geo.) Enquirer of the 12th, detail a horrid mur der in that county a few dav before. A dispute arose between two brothers, Eli and Charles Ilayne, who, with their fami lies, had been living together for somo timo. Eich accused the other of being de pendant on htm. They met at Upatoie, when a quarrel ensuing, Charles deliber ately hol Eli through Hie body with a rifle. The latter died a day or two after. This i the second instance of Hie kind in that county within a month, and in both cases the murderer ha been permitted to escape ! Mr. Heman Clark ha sent us a basket of Green Pea and a fine basket of Cucum bers. We had beiore heard that our young friend had one of Hie best cultivated vege. table gulden in town, and, by Ihe powers, we begin to believe it. 0"The newspapers say t hat Cambreleng has "squalled" upon Long 1-latid for tho purpo-e of being elected to Congress tin fall, in the place of Mr. Jackson, who re. sign to let in Ihe "Premonilor." Wo don't believe st, Van Huron can't intro. duco the "rotten borough system" here even after it ha been repudiated in Eng land. If "Cirn" is to be elected from Suf folk, "Prince John" should immediately 'offer for" Herkimer. Albany Journal. CO.MMUMCAT10N. Mr, Editor : Notwithstanding the unlooked for omission of the Legislature at their last session to direct a geological survey of the stale, I do not think that all thoughts of such an important enlerprizo should be laid aside. The immense advan tages which tho other stales of the Union are experiencing every year from such sur veys, and tho increased ardor with winch they are conducted will not justify a belief that our Legislature will persevere in neg lecting In authorize a measure of so much consequence to tho wealth and credit of Vermont. There ha been very little said, I beltovo, on tho subject in our public prints, though so far a I have seen, what ever has been said ha been decidedly in favor of tho measure. It is to bo wished' that the editor of our newspaper would draw the attention of their readers to tho matter. I am much mistaken if it will nut be found that the number is small of thoso among the alliens of this state, who wilt not bo found to be decidedly in favor of having such a survey made. I wish to offer to you for publication, a few exlraclB Irom a very interesting and itialructivo work, which is now in a coureo of publication at Hahmore, under the edi torial chargo of Professor F. Hall, M. I. Tho work is a translation by Rev. J- G Morris, of some popular lecture on Geolo. gy, by the celebrated Prof. Leoniiard, of Hctdolberg iu norumny. with notes by tho editor. It i published in numbers. Tho first number contains especially a very entertaining lecturo on miniriff.accompanied with neat anu gxpreesiTu wuuu mu, mu.-