Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 12 Temmuz 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 12 Temmuz 1839 Page 1
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pma mm n'mw " i '.' mnu" 'm iwmi'h i uit iiniiiiiianii '""" """' uii;j-'.'ll ' w. 11 J' w.it"".Brt"' -". iiryi ij '" inimim m . r- v iwiMiirwmKiii'i n p m. uin i lmTr- L . m.n, - -J-ll U..J-U-JJt U N O T T II 13 (3 L O U Y O F C K S A 11 II I! T T II 13 W 13 T. I' A It 13 F It O M 13 . a- . i i:r--- -.:. '"i1 i ""j" i. i 1 -rT i m, i y rnvi i. i -tTZT1" r - . i 1 u "tt iuviiti: iiju ni,.. j-i ,j jh u .. -jfpiiuj i ihuhjk .1, jj. jwinijimmi,. w rmrrLL mi .jwl . BY II. I?. STACY- MY UNMAItnil'.l) AUNT. n v 0. w. iioi.Mi:s, My mint ! my ilc.it unmarried mini ! Lorn: ) e.iiH h.iie o'er licr llown ; Yel flu- snnim die iirliiiiB clasp 'rii.il liiniN her ii;in 711110 ; 1 know ii Inn I her ihmigh the. looks As rlieci I'ul n she cnn : Hit waUl ii broader ili.in her lilc, I 'or life is hut a span. Hlv mini my poor deluded aunt ! I Irr linir is ahnnl Rtey, V!iy will she Ir.iin ihat winter em l In such 11 mrinji'liKe way? How c.m flic I.15 her classes down, Ami say t-liR read 11 well, When llitotigh ailotililc convex lens, Klin jnsl makes out lo spell 1 Her f.ulipr Graml papa! forgive Thin eriimz lip ils smites Vowed flic would make llie fiucst girl Wilhin a handled miles. He 'em licr I" astvhsh fchonl ; M'vvao in her lliii lecnlli Juno; Ami willi hrr, as ihc inks requited, "Two towels and a spoon." They liraccd my aunt against n board, To make her s 1r.1ie.ht and tail ; They l.icei! her up, ihey sinned her down, 'I'd maln her liclil and nn.ill. Thcv pinched her feci, thev pinged her hair, They scieived il tip willl pins O never niorial tnlVeicd mole Jn penanrc for her fins. So ulien mv precious aunt was done, My arniiilfire liinushl her back, lv i!av-tiln, lest some, rapid jotuli ',lilii follow on t In ii.nk. Ah ! said my ar.iniNiic aa hu shook Moine ponder in ! ih pan, Wli.il could this lot rly ricniurcdo Against a dopciato man ! Ali ! nor ch.tiiot, nor harnnchc, lor li.inilil eavaleade Tuiefioin tin; tiemliling f.ilhci 's arms liis all nrcoinplii-hod maid. For her how happy had il liccn ! And Heaven had sp.ueil lo 111c To see one sad, iinathciud rose On my a:irclral 11 ec. THE DEATH OF KI3I3Ll)AIt. IIY Mil WvW.TEU SCOTT, II ART. Percy or Percival Itctlc. of Troclicml. in Redesdulo, Noriluimberlontl, is clebrn led in tradition as 11 huntsman nnd u soldier. Ho was, upon two occasions, singularly unfortunate: once when nn arrow, winch he bad discharged nt a deer, killed hi cele brated dog Keelilar ; and again when, be ing on 0 hunting party, be was betrayed into the bands of a clan called Crosear, by whom be was murdered. Mr. Cooper's Painting of the first of these incidents tug. gested the following stanzas: Up rose dm sun o'er moor nnd mead ; Up vviih the. sun lose. 1'eiey Hede ; lirnvc Keelilar, from his couples fieed, Careei'd along I lie lea ; The palfiey sprung vrilh sprightly Imiind, As if to match tho gamesome hound ; Ills horn the gallant (iiinisman wound : They weic a jovial ihreu ! Man, hound, or lioiec, of higher fame, To wake the wild deer never came, Since Alnwick's Earl pursued the game On Cheviot' rueful day : Keelilar vvn? matchless in his sprcd, Than Tarras ne'er was. Haimrher elced, A pH'Hess aicher I'cifiv Itcde : And l ight dear friends were they. The chase pugru'sM llieir joys nnd woes, Together at ihed.iuu thcv ine, Tosjoiher sli.ued I tic iiiioii'h iepoe, 15 v fountain or by slicain J Ami o(i, when evening skies were red, The healher was llieir ('(1111111011 lied, When; cadi, as wildeiiug fancy led, Hull li.iiiuicil in his 1I1 cam. Now is the thrilling moment near Of sylvan Impound sylvan fear. Yon ihicket holds the hailioui'd deer, The signs llie. huuieis know; Willi ejes of ll.imi!, ami quivering ears, The Inake Migariou. Kuclil.it neats: The icsilets palfiey pawn and teats ; The aicher strings his bow. Tiio ganui'd afoot ! Halloo ! Halloo ! Hunter, and horse, and hound pursue ; Dm woe llie shaft ihat ening (lew That e'er it lefi the suing ! And ill bolide tho faithlcs jew ! The slag bounds scatheless o'er the dew, And gallant KceldarV life blood true Has diennliM I lie (jleyyooso wing. The noble hound he dies, ho dies, Death, death has ghret! his fixed I'jcs, b'lifl"nn the bloody hcalh be lies, Without a 1110,1'n or quiver. Now may day bieak and bugle sound, And whoop and hollow ring mound, And o'er his com h the slag may bound, 13 it 1 Kceld.ir bleeps fur ever. Dilated noslrils, slaring eyes, Maik llie poor palfiey's inula surprise, He known not lint his comrade dies, Nor what is death but still His aspect balb expression dear Ol grief, and wonder, mix'd with (car, Like siaitlcd rhililrcn when they hear Home mvstic tale of ill. Hut he that bent the fatal bow, ('an well the sum of evil know, And o'er his fivorile bending low, In specchle-p grief recline ; ;.in think hu hears the senseless clay In imieproarhful accents i.iy, "The liandlh.it look my lifuaway, Dear Alaeter, was it thine 1 "And if il be, llie fhaft bn bless'd, Which sure somti ening nlm tiddreis'il, Since in )our service, pri7.d, c.trees'd, I in jour service dio ; And jou may have a Heeler bound, To match tho dun deer's merry bound, Hut by your roticb will no'er be found So true n guard ui I." And to bis lat pioiii 1'ercy ttied 'I'Iih I'.ilal tli.HK'.o, for when he stood, '(!ainl fomfiil midi in deadly feud, And fell amid llm bay, K'cn u bh hi dying voice lie cried, "Had Keeld, ir bin hem ill mv side, Your lieu hi'ioiiJ ainhnsh hail been rpicd I had not died to day !" IJcmcmbinncc of the erring bow l.oug -inco had jniueil llm ndes which flow, Conveying human bliss and woe, Down il. 11k Oblivion's river : Hui Ail can Time's stei 11 ilonni ni test, And snatch ln- spniU fiom l.eihe's bic.nl, And, in her Cnnpci's colors (best, The scene fli ill live lor ever. The folliiwtng eltKiiienl nnd sinking pns.-ng"H are Inken from "An Addrcs tic Uvvral ul lUontlyltrtwk, in SautU Deer field, (Jls.v.) Scplunbcr 30. IHSu, in Com vicmnralinn (if the Full of the "Flower of ta,'' at that smt, in King Philip's war, Sciilnnbur ((). IS.) 1C75 by F.dward I'.ccrctt.'' Who will rend it nnd not hvui paibise with the wronged Indian! f "Cnn we not. fancy Ihc feelings with winch gome strong-minded savage, who tihiitild have ascended the Ftiinniit of the siigar-loal'innuniain, in company with some friendly setilcr, conlcmplnting the progress already made by tho white man, and marl; ing the gigantic strides, with which he was nilvnncing into the wilderness, should fold hi arms and say "While man, llicre is eternal war between mo and thee! I quit not the land of tny fathers hut with my life. In those woods where I bent tny youthful bow. 1 will still hunt the deer; over yonder waters I will still glide unre-r-t m tiled in my bark canoe. I?y those dashing water falls 1 will still lay up my winters store of fond ; on the fertile mea dows I will still plant tny corn. Stranger, the laud is mine! I understand not these paper rights. I gave not tny consent, when, as thou sayect, these broad regions were purchased for a few baubles of my fathers. Tlmy could sell what waa theirs; llicy could sell no more. How could my father sell that which the Great Spirit sent me into the world to live upon ? They knew not what they did. The stranger came a timid suppliant few and feeble. and asked lo lie down on the rctl man's bear's skin, and warm himself at 1 be rctl man's fire, and have liltlo piece of Innd, to raise corn for his women nnd children ; and now. he is become strong, and mighty, and hold, nnd spreads out his parchment over the whole, and says, it is mine. Stranger! there is not room for na both. The Great Spirit lias not made us to live together. There is poison in the red man's cup; tho white man's dog barks nt the red man's heels. If I should leave 1 he Innd of my fathers, whither should I fly? Shall I go to the south and dwell nruong the gravns of the Peqnots? Shall I wan der to tho west ;tho fierce Mohawk--the tnan-cnlcr is my foe. Shall I fly to the east, the great water is before tin?. No, Stranger, hero have I lived, nnd hero will I die! Riiil, if hero thou abidest, there is eternal war between mo and Ihcc ! thou bast taught me thy arts of destruction : Tor that alone do I thank thee; nnd, now, 'ake hood to thy htcps the red man is thy foe. When thou goesl forth by day, my bullet hall whistle bv then : when thou best down, at night, my knife is at thy thtoat. The noun-day sun shall not discover thy enemy, and the darkness of midnight shall not protect thy rn-t. Thou slialt plant in terror anil I will reap in blond; thou shall sow the earth with corn nnd I will strew it with ni-hi's ; thou shall go forth with the sickle nnd I will follow after with the scalpmg'knile ; ihnii slinll build ami I will burn, till the white man or the Indian shall cense from the land. Go thy way for this time in safely, but, remember, si ranger, there is eternal tear between vie nnd thee!' " FIRST STEAM VESSHL. The first passage ever mudu by any steam vessel between this country nnd Europe, was made in Uilfl or KtlO.bytbe steam ship Savannah. She was built in New York, and went to Eli.abetbtown Point, New Jersey, to receive the fnnchiiie ry, which was made by Mr. Dod, of Eliza bethtown. She left Savannah, (where she was owned,) for Liverpool, nnd madu the passago in twenty-two days, fourteen of which the engine was kept in operation. From Liverpool bIio went to St. Peters burg, and returned from thence lo Savan nah direct. The enterprise having proved an nnprofi table one, she was sold, nnd tho engine soon afterward taken out. Tho wheels were inndo entirely of wrnuglit iron, having two arms in each permanently attached to tho shaft j the others were hingod to these in such u manner or to bo closed or cxpan ded at pleaeurc. When the engine, was not in operation, tho nrtns were so dood upas lo lie inn horizontal position, ofiering no resistance fiom the water, am! little from llie wind, Klein ihc. Albany Daily Ailveitiscr. SUKVI3Y OF THE STATE. Tin' wisdom ol the policy which dtctnicd. a Geological Survey of Ibis Slate, is be coming daily morn manifest. Tho re searches tnndc Hun far linvn disclosed sources of mineral wealth heretofore tin known even to tbu inliabilnnl-i of the immediate districts in which they were found; nnd while much has been nccoin pitched by the direct examinations of the members of (hp Geological Corp, an im pulse has bum given to a large class ofour citizens, competent to the task, from whose cursory investigations great additional good will undoubtedly be derived. We have beard, among other instances of im mediate advantages flovving from the geo logical survey, of the vast increase in the export of water-lime Irom UUlcr County. In one locality, where but three or four yenrs since the exHleuce ol the mineral wasscarcely known,! here are now numerous kilns in operation, a Inrgo number of labor ers employed, anil from two to three thou sand barrels, worth from 14 to Ifi sbilhii"- a piece, made daily nnd shipped to ibe N. York market. The gentlemen lo whom this responsible trust Ins been assigned, are prosecuting their labors with great diligence and success. The following rx tracts from n recent cotnmuiiieal inn of Dr. Ii. C. Peck's, lo the Executive of the Stale, have been furnished 11? for ptiblica lion, and will be found of general interest. New Pnu.NswicK, N. J June CG, '39. To His Excellency Gov. Si:wahi: My Dear Sir I beg leave to present to you a siiinniiiry of tny opera! ions since the date of my Inst communication. Dr. Ilorton and myse'f met ni New burgh early in .lime and proceeded lo Catskill. where we spent two or three days in studying the mineralogy of the vicinity The prevailing rock being slate, similar 10 that found every where on the banks of the Hudson, we bad no great renron to expeel much that was interesting in our depart ment. At Diamond Hill, a short distance fmin tie! r.oiii"iie;i port of Ibe villor, we found sonic rather rare varieties of cnlca renns spur and tolerable specimens of rock crysial or false diamond, tis they are some times cnllod, to which indrcd this locality owes its name After fini-hing our work at Catskill, we continued our journey nlong t'ne track of the Catskill and the Canajo bane Rail-road, ns far as the village of Cairo. Tho rock excavations along 1 In road gave us a fine opportunity of 1 xanii. ning the geology of the region, and we wore fortunate enough to add to our col lections some large and beautiful crystals of carbonate of lime, not surpassed by nuy hither 0 obtained from t hi State, with the exception of those from Jefferson nnd St. Lawrence Counties. From Cairo to SchobaMC Court House, the rock is generally snnd-stonu and slate, and few objects of iiilcre.-i were observed by us. In the vicinity of the latter village, however, we had abundant occupation lor a work, and if our time bad allowed, could have advantageously added another to 11. The limestone at Schohario is remarkable for its singularly cavernous character. Pall's cave is one of the tnobt extensive and interesting in tbu Stale, and several de scriptions of it have been published, lie sides this then; are Young's cave. Netha- wav's. nnd several others of smaller my,!. The stalactites and stalagmites from some of these, and especially Hull's, tire often times of great size and beauty. Indeed mi general and so pervading is this cavernous character in the limestone rocks of thit- reoion, thai they are filled with goods studded with crystals of great, beauty, and sometimes presenting rare nnd interesi mg form. In the immediate vicinity of ihn villacool Schoharie, there :s n lock looi'ini' to tho water-lnnu seties, which exhibits the peculiarity of containing nodules nnd ma-es of tome rather ran miticrnls. as carbonate of struutian, sul phates of strontian and barytes, together with two compounds ni inese earins wnicii have been described as new minerals. The carbonate of strontian was long mistaken for whitn tnaible, and from Us quantity was nronn-ed to be used us such, but Us great specific gravity at once serves to distinguish it. I think this reginn especially deserving of at leiiiinn because the minernls found here are by no ineutis common elsewhere. while here they are so nbundanl ae to lead one to conclude that 111 some way or other they owe their origin to the rock in which they are found. Tho determination ol rocks Irom the minerals which are imbed tied in them, or the connexion between rocks and the tumorals winch they coninin, is a subject of high scientific tind practical nnportapco, and one to which during tins seasnn I have devoted much attention. In this respect I havej seen no locality so in teresting ns the nne in question. We put up and forwarded to Albany from Schoharie three or four boxes of nun erals containing upwards of llnrty suites, and for our success wo owo much lo the polite nttonlmns of John Gehbard, sen., and Jabn Gfbhard, junr., who occnmpnnied us to many of ihu localities, and furnished us with spocimens of several minerals luhirli it ivnnld bnvo been dillicult for its in 'have obtained, (In leaving Scoharie we passed through Schetiectudv into Saratoga; nor nbjo'ef being lo obtain rpecitiiens of some rare minerals found in ih0 vicinity of the Springs. As our stny hero was limited to two or three day" we devoted ourselvrs chiefly to on.- or two localities. l!y means of a powerful blast we succeeded 10 nbtnin. ing a supply of Hie chrysoberyl it ml other iieeoninanyiui! ininetals, lor which lliii place ha been cch'hrtilf d among mineralo gists. The ehrvMiberyl you know is one of the genii, of u beautiful g'eeti color, and exceeded in hardness only by the dia iiiond and snnnbire. Saratoga Springs and llaihhiin 111 Ciinnectient are, I believo. its only localities m tin; United Slum. A?n emled Willi dim mineral we found tourma line, garnet, fiehlspar. mien, oV-c. In a ledge ol limestone nenr the ear house at the Springs wu found handsome specimens of ribbon agate and calcednny, and from a locality about four miles distant we added in our collect inn specimens ol llobte. similar m character In the celcbrn. ted English Path or Portland Stone, of which. I'believe, St. Paul's is built. Yon are aware that my department of the Fiirvey includes nn examination of hc mineral wniors of Hie State, and what I have heretofore done in regard lo Ibis brunch will be found in my second annual Report. The specific object to which toy atientmu is directed during the nreseul efisnti lines nnt allow me lime to follow up these investigations. A Dr. Steele wa fur minv years engaged in the exaniina'inn of the wafers ol Saratoga. 1 though), it W'ltitd be inon; proper for inn to lake up others le.- known. It is tny intention, however, before the completion of the stir, vey. lo analyze with care the waters of one ir two of the most important of these Springs. On- next journey, on which wo start in niorrew, will be through llie counties nf Lewi. Ji fiorson, nnd St. Lawrence. In my next ! Impo to be able to give you tin account of ii. With great respect, Your obedient servant. LEWIS C. PECK. Deferred articles fiom English papeis, teceived by llie laveipool fleam ship. Sill R0I5E11T PFEL. At the present moment tho following kemh of ibis distinguished stalesmnti will be nccep'niile in our renders. It is from Random Ilerolla lions nf the Howe of Com- mom. published in 1020. The author is a wlngT.'iilieal. far from favorably disposed to Sir R. Peel's principles. abolnielv tin- jut lo some of In- personal qualities but constrain! ii to admit his cninuiaiiiling pow ers in ontiair , Heis(l!!30) m the prime of life, being forty. seven years ofage. II is whole ap oearancc indicates health. His constitu tion is excellent, and hi-temperate hibiis have seconded 1 be kindly purposes of na ture. He is cipable of undergoing great physical fatigue. I have known him re main in the liouso for three or four succes. sive nights till 1 and 2 o'clock, not only watching with the most intense anxiety the progress nf important debate--, hot inking an active part in the proceedings, and yet he 111 ofiico, transacting business of the greatest moment, by ten o'clock on the following morning. Sir Robert is po. ses-eil of business habits of tin: first order. He can ile'cend when there is 11 necessity for it, to the minutest circum'tniices in a grent question, nnd ina-ler them ns fully as if he had never had a Ih iiiglit beyond the pale of such matters. lie was never yet known to bungle any measure from ignorance of business detnils. Sir Robert is perhaps the best and most effective speaker in Ibe house. He is nlvvnys very fluent, even in his most extern pornneous addresses. His language is inii firmly correct, 11 ml guuerallv eloquent. He is never a) a lo for words. These he h.i" almost invariably nt hli command in abundance, even when he h deficient 111 every thing having the semblance of argu ment. Ho is remarkably dexterous in de bate. 1 have often admired Ibe wonderful experlness with which, he ha extricated himself from the awkward positions into winch his opponents have thrust him. His self pn-session, which scarcely ever for sakes him, is of vast importance to him; and, in conjunction with hissingnlarly good taci, enables him to make the mo&t of a bad c.imj. In Ins manner Sir Robert Peel is highly dignified, and Ins delivery is generally graceful, lie usually commences his most important speeches with Ins left hand res ting on his side. His utterance on such occasions is slow and solemn nt the outset; hut when he advances to llie hea it ol hw subject he becomes animated and speaks with some lapnlily, but nlwnvs with much diftinciness. His enunciation is clear; and few speakers possess a greater power ver llieir voice, lie can modulate Us soft and musical times nt pleasure. Ho is sometimes hiimnrous 011 which occasions his manner has an irresistibly comic effect. Ill takes, when he docs indulge in them, are most invnnnbly good, ihougli often Ion refined lo tell with efloct on any other than nn intellectual nuifience. It is, however, but coinpaiutively seldom Hint he makes any ellort nt wit. His ybWc maiiifesily lies 111 tho scrums mode of address. He excels all men I ever knew in deep tragedy; in that ho is quite at home. No ichii hi the hiuiso can appeal with 11 title of the effect with which hu can, to the fears of his audience; and he is too good 11 Indicia 11 not lo know, that n good deal more may bo accompli-hed by addressing in ibis strain nn aiidicucu who have rank and property to lose, than by cold argumentative ora Huns. Henco tho staple nf Ins principal speeches consists of a lorciblu and skilful exhibition of tho nllcged frightful conso- (luencos which will inevitably How from the adoption of a course of policy different from ihat which he recoinmotiils. On such occasions Ins appearance and manner are ns solemn, ns if he were roiiunissioned lo stand op nnd proclaun ihat. the world has come to nn end. And he usually produces a corresponding riled. The deepest still ness pervade" Ibe hou-o while he is speak ing. hven in the gallery, where there is n great deal of noise from the exitR nnd the entrance of strangers, the falling of n pin might be heard. All eyes are fixed on Sir Robert. Honorable members), of all par ties, nro. for Ibe timi;, ppell-lioiind. Their reason taken pri-oner. The feelings nbtnin a temporary triumph over tho nnib r. standing. The solemnity ol the speaker ts cominuuicnied to the hearers. Nosinile is seen lo piny upon the countenances of even the most lively and strenuous of hid oppo nents. All nro as grave ns if some (mention of the deepest importance to ibetu individual ly were about to be decided. Sir Robert is a speaker whom one would never tire of hearing. I havn often heard him speak for two or three hours at a time, tint never knew nn instance of an honorable member quilting the house became he felt Sir Ilo. bcrt s oration to bo ledums. On the cnn irarv, the regret olwavs is that he docs not continue longer. Sir John Hobhousn was. 1 am sure, only expressing the feeling en ertnined by every member in the bouse when he said, immedintelv before ibe resig nnlioo ol'Sir Robert in April list, that if anything could reconcile him in the cunt 111 nance in office of hie right honorable baro net, it would be the pleasure of hearing him speak Sir Hubert's manners, both in and out of Parliament, are most conciliatory He treats every person wit Ii whom he comes into contact, with the titinor-t respect. He has a wonderful command of lemner. I never yet knew him, even in the heat ol debate, use a single irritnting word to any opponent. And the same courtesy and respect with which ho treats others, are. as 11 is right they should be. recip'ocalcd by them. Sir Robert has not oolv no per sonnl enemies, but he is held in the highest c-teem by llie most virulent of his oppo nents. It is the uhstracnnn the peculiar class of opinions of which he is the most distinguished champion, and nnt himself, ns an individual, nguinst which the liberal pnrty direct their uncompromising hostility. There is not a man in the house more sensitive on the subject of honor than Sir Robert. You may nnply to him epithets which nro synonymous with fool, block head, &c, if yon ploare. and he utters not n word of complaint ; you may brand him with the name of bigot 111 politics or reli gion, or both, if ynu ore en inclined, und he iiiurmur.s not if word of resentment ; hot charge him with ony thing, either in his private or public capacity, inconsirtent with ihc character of a man of honor, nnd tl at moment he demands an explanation, which if no) satisfactory, and accompanied by n full retraction, will be followed op, belore he quits the house, by n challenge to a hostile meeting the ensuing morning. Sir Hubert Peel never speaks 011 any great qiies'inn until immediately before the close of the debate, however olien that debate may bo adjourned. His object is 1 wo. fold first, that he may hear all that mav be urged 011 tho opposite side; and secondly, thai he mnv have the benefit of the "last word." No man can be more conscious than he is of the advantage to the cause he espouses of a skilful reply, immediately before tho decision, lo the principal iiigutnents oft hi! leading speakers on the adverse side; and certainly no mm that ever sat within the walls of parlia ment could display more consummate tact than be dues in turning that advantage to account. Never was n debater more acute in tie tccting the weak points of nu adversary nor more happy in exposing and placing them in the most prominent point of view. And all ibis he seems to do with the great, est case; without any appearance of effort. What he does 00 the spur uf the moment is as well und effectively done as if it had been the result of months nf premeditation. In his replies to speeches which were dehv ered but a few hours before, there is n propriety of arrangement--a lucidness of manner -a vigour and closeness of reason ing a purity and eloquence of style a felicity in the delivery and 11 fullness nnd completeness in the argument, which could not have been surpassed had tho ptech cot li 1 111 weelu of the most curcful preparation. INOCULATION OR PUDDING. A hud may bu considered an embryo plant, of the same species ns llie parent tree, possessing distinctly developed pails, and individual vitality, and of course when removed to n congenial place, capable of continued growth und a reproduction of its species. In this t rausferrancc of Ihu bud from one place of growth to another, it is necesstiry that tho plant into which the transfer is made, should bo of the samo genus of pluiits, and even tho same species will usually bo found most, congenial. All the varieties of the apple and pear iiirv bo budded together ; and the apricot, necta nne, and pencil may be treated 111 the same manner. The plum and thu peach are sometimes budded nn each other; but the cherries are usually confined lo stocks of the same l'tnd of tree. The time of bodd.ng is partly depending on Ihu tree itself nnd partly on the vigor of its circulation. July and August are the usual months for budding, but the cherry frequently succeeds in Juno, and the necta riuo, &o. as lato as September. Tho greulcr part of the failures that occur in budding nnse from its being attempted nt mi Improper time, when the bark does nut separate freely, or when the new .wood for tho year is so for formed that new unions aro not readily made. A sure indication of the tree being tu a suitable elato for bud.. VOL. Xin-Nn. 029 ding is the bark peeling treclv; iln. show ing Hint tho cambium or new wood is nt that stage of formal mu winch best -ecurcH the tininn nnd consefiiietii hie of iho hud. To rtiPtirn success it is requisite- Hint Ihc nun siiottiii iiemnturn; that Hip bar e of the stock neparalc freely; and that the opera tion be performed in such a manner, that the introduced bud conic in perfect contact with the stock. The common practice in budding is tc separate the bud in such n way thai the nnger portion is below Iho bud; conse quently 111 making the incision in the bark, the bud is crowded downwards from tho cross -lit of the stock. As it is well known, however, that the elnbora'ed juices that form Hie camb111.11 or new wood, proceed from Iho leaves downwards, it wassnggea-. ted Hint the cross cut mode in the baik at ihu upper end of the perpendicular incision must have n tendency to cut oil' the down ward (low of sap, and thus retard il not entirely prevent in many cases the desired union of the bud and stock. To remedy this it has boon proposed bv snmo French and English fruit growers lo mnkethe cross) cut nt the lower end of the incisinn. nnd then hnving the bnrk to which the bud ia attached, longest above the bud. crowd it in llie incision upwards, instead of downwards as 111 ibe u.-ual mode. This by some is considered a decided improvement, but though iiN philosophy may be plausible, its superiority in effect to tho former mode, can only bo to-led by experience. We may mention for tho convenience of those who 10 moving or 1 ravelling from ono part of the country lo another, would bo glad to secure a supply of buds of soma favorite fitni for propagation ; that if tho 1 wigs on which good buds are found ore cut, (and the longer the better) and imme diately deprived of llieir leaves by cutting Hie leaf stem with a pair of scissors or a -harp knife, and then wrapped in wet moss or even wet cloths, they may be preserved for many days in a fresli anil healthy state, so as scarcely to fail of growing where skilfully inserted. Genesee Farmer. AlAnnrAOK No vulgar maxim litis proved mure detrimental lo female happi. ness than thai a reformed rake makes the best husband ; in almost every instance the direct contrary has happened. For, in the first place, if the maxim were (rue, it is far from certain that matrimony will reduce a reform. The vanity of an ena mored female may flatter herself her amia ble qualities will effect n reformation ; but experience tells us that the reformation must go deeper than ihat which is only the momentary effect of an impetuous paB sion ; it must extend to ihe moral principle; to the whole mode of thinking. A viirc U but number term for a sensualist, which in lUelf implies the qua It y seljUh ; he has been nccuetomed lo sacrifice Hie best inte. rests of others to his personal gratification; end there are more ways than nne of'tntlini' with the happiness of a fellow creouire. Further, the libertine has acquired a despi cable opinion of the sex; and wo know that matrimonial tyranny usually oricjnatca from a contemptible opinion of tho female e"X. Lnstly, m marrying a roke there are many chances to one thai a woman marries a drunkard or a gamester; and these are perhaps the only vices which are never to be reformed. We might add, that without -nine notion nf religion, morality has but an uncurtain basis and what rake would be ilinught to entertain any respect for religion. Gazette. EATRACTS FROM LA CON. The inexhnustablo resources of Great Britain wcro always an iuexphcablo mys. tery to Napoleon, nnd ho was taught their reality only by their effects ; there was a norind. when to the defence of the nnl,lnsr cause, England brought thu highest valour, while all that were oppressed, drew nt sight, on her treasure and on her blood. It would have been glorious if she had evinced a magnanimity that calculated not on return; if she had continued tu sow benefits, although she might reap ingrati. tudc. Alas! she found it moro easy to conquer others, than herself. Her safety requires nnt the compromise of her honor; for although her prosperity will draw envv, her power may despise it ; she is beset with difficulties, but it is her own fault if they become dangers; and although sho may suffer somewhat if compared with her for mer self, she is still gigantic if compared with others. She may command pence, since she has not relinquished tho sinews of war; n paradox to nil other nations, tsho will sny lo America, territory is not power; 10 India, population is not force; and tu Spam, money is not wealth. Princes rule tho people, and their own passions rule Princes; but Providence can over rule the whole, and draw tho instru ments nf his inscrutable purposes from the vicep, no less than Hie virtues of Kings. Thus, the Reformation, winch was planted by tho lust of Henry the Eighth of Eng land, was preserved by thu ambition of Philip the Second of Spain Queen Mary would bnvu sacrificed Elizabeth to the full establishing of the Catholic faith; if sJio had not been prevented by Philip tho Second, her husband, who foresaw, in tho death of Elizabeth, the succession of Mary Stewart, then married lo I'mncu tbn Second, nnd in that succession, he nntici. pit oil the certain union uf Great lirilaiij and Franco; an event thai would hava dispersed to tho winds his own uinbitioua dream of universal monarchy. The conso nuetice was. thu life of Elizabeth. served and the protestant causo prevailed. I 10 "rent estate of a dull bnnk mnL-nr ia biogrophy ; but wo should read tho lives of great men, if written by themselves, for two reasons; to find out what others really were, nod what thoy lliciusclvca would appear to be,

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