Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 12, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 12, 1839 Page 2
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FRIDAY M O It N fN 0, JULY 12 . WHIG NOMINATIONS. FOR GOVERNOR, SILAS II. JEJVISOIV. For Lieut. Governor, DAVID 31. CAMP. For Treasurer, HENRY F. JANES. SENATORS FOR CHITI'KNDEN COUNTY JOSEPH CLARK, JOSEPH MARSH. 4TII OF JULY. Agreeable tn previous arrangements this evcr-mcmorablo anniversary was celebra ted by tho inhabitants of this and the neighboring towns with suitable demon, straiten? of joy and festivity; and if wo may credit the concurrent testimony of all who participated, tho satisfaction was uni vorsal. A fine shower the evening pre vious hod prepared our streets for the occasion, nnd amid the roar of cannon and tho chimo of bolls a happy community nwokc to the glorious realization that the 63d anniversary of tho nation's birth. doy etill found them free, independent and hap py. At an early hour our town was filled with men women and children in coaches, in carts, and on horsebacksingly, and in pairs all bent on the enjoyment of a day of real independence, We know not when we have witnessed so much of the parapher. nalia of an old fashioned "high day " Tin pedlars, street musicians, dancing dogs, nnd other "kickshows" were to bo met t every corner. Each had his merry au dience, received his share of applause, and doubtless pocketed a sprinkling of the "small change." At nino o'clock the Sunday School chil dren, to the number of several hundred, assembled at tho mothodist Chapel, where they were addressed by the Rev. Mr. Con terse, in a very happy strain, Adapting himself to the capacity of his audience, he gave a brief history of the discovery of this continent, its first settlement, the causes of the revolution, its results, and an expla nation ol the reasons for tho days obser vance; while he endeavored to impress upon them the impoitanco of being honest intelligent and upright, for they too would Eoon bo called to take active part in the great drama, in which they now formed but a minor, though not uninteresting fea ture. The subject was at once interesting and instructive, and the interest with which .it was listened to by the little juveniles, but clearly proved it was not altogether in vain. At the conclusion of the exercises, tho children, accompanied by their teachers and parents formed in procession, and es corted by the band, marched to the Court House, whore they were regaled with cakes, lemonade, and other suitable re freshments. At eleven o'clock the grand procession formed on tho Fquare, under the direction of Col. ThomaB, assisted by some thirty young men on horsebsck, as deputy mar shals, who, dressed in dark coats and white pantaloons, made a fine appearance, nnd Tendered very acceptable service. The 'old soldiers," in a barouche, were placed in front, next the committee of arrange ments, strangers of distinction, and citizens penerally. In this order the procession marched up Main-street, thro' to the Academy, where it received the officers and students of tho College and a platoon of lads from Mr. Eastman's ecIiooI thence down Peorl and St. Paul streets, into Church. st. whore it was joined by an Interesting group of ladies from Miss Greon's Seminary, and proceeded to the Brick Church, cheered by a merry peal of bells, and the discharge of artillery from (ho battery. The effect was fine. Indeed we havo seldom witnessed a more spirit stirring scene. Tli06ervices at the church wore as follows:voluntary on tho organ national air, by the band reading of tho Declaration of Independence, by C. Adams, Esq.--music, by tho choirprayer, by President Wheeler -anthem from tho choir Oration, by Rev. G. G. Ingoreoll. Of tho oration it is not our purpose hero to epcok particularly, nor shall we attempt an nnalysif, bb we understand it is 60on to be published. It was wholesome in its doc trinee, stern in morality, and elevated ii entimcnt. Tho bare nnmo of its author in connection with an occasion ol this kind w,aa auflicient to excite the highest antici pations; and in the present instance we hive (ho satisfaction of knowing tliot no one was disappointed. For seventy. two minutes he held a wrapt and admiring udienee literally hanging upon his lips a living example of the magic power ol truth eloquent. Tho exercises ot tho church concluded, the company repaired to the sevorol Hotels, where bountiful tables had been spread for the occasion. This part of tho celebration wos designedly informal. Each individual wont where proference or accident led him' and each table mado its own arrangements. Those who wanted wine called for it, and thoso who prcferrod cold water, were not required to pay for wino which others drank. Thero wero of course no sot toasts, but quitu a number of volunteers at each table, of which wo havo collected tho fol lowing. At IIowAnD'sCharles Adorns, Esq. presiding-- Tkc day we celebrate--It proclaimed n new principle, the right and the power of selj-government, and calls on all who love the name of republicanism to carry the principle out in practice. The Heroes of the Revolution. TIipv acted upon tlie principles they professed Let us do (lie same. The United Stales, Its government is founded on tho perfcctability of man, and wo best show our fealty to the government in tho pcrlection of ourselves, By J. I. Cutler. The State of Vermont. It sought to join the Union as a matter of principle. Let us show our principles by defending the Union. Bv J. N. Pomf.rot. Lovo of country evinced by love of truth, of law, and of order. Bv T. F. Strono. The Stale Govern ments, and the U. S, Government. Let us not fall into the error of making the State subsidiary to the general Government Tho proposition should bo scouted, and the stato have the first place in our interest and affections. By Wyi.lis Lyman. True Patriotism An enlargement ot private virtue an emanation from that Godlike principle, the spirit ot universal benevolence. By H. B. Stacy. Tho Plough, the Spindle, and the Pen honured rivals, in furnishing plentiful harvests, fino fubrics, and salutary sentiments. By C. Russell. Political prejudice fast wearing off. May tho anniversary ol the 4th of July 1840 find us entirely with out it. By C. Adams. The Naturalization Laic The benevolence that invites tho oppressed of other nations to our shores, will be best shown by greater caution in admitting them to participate in the elective franchise. By President Wheeler. The Insti tutions of our Country. They are rendered most perfect by tho practical influence of religion and science in the affairs of the government. By Bishop HorrciNs. Great Britain and the United Stales. They have both one aim, tho prosperity of the people; and let tho rivalry between them be, to seo which will most effectually secure the object Br H. B. Stacv. Mechanics party spirit and ardent spirit hav&was'cd enough of their earnings; a better spirit is now teaching us that knowledge, temperance, and virtue, are true power. AMERICAN HOTEL. Hon. Heman Lowry presided, assisted by Geo. A. Allen Esq, By Heman Lowry. Our Republican Institutions tounded bv the wisdom and patriotism of our forefathers, they can only be perpetuated by the virtue, intelligence, and vigilance ot the people. By Col. Hyde. Tho farmers, mechan ics and manufacturers of every country tho only legitimate regulators of the cur rency. By Guy Catlin. May tho electric spark which kindled the fire on the alla'r u Freedom, on the 4th of July '70, be exten ded to ull the nations of the earth, and never bo extinguished while the earth bears a plant or the sea rolls a wavo. By G. A. Allen. The Hon. C. P. Van Ness The able Jurist a nil Statesman, tho honorable gentleman, tho kind and generous neighbor, tho warm hearted friend, we meet him at this national festival with feel ings of tho highest respect and heart felt satisfaction. To which Mr. Van Ness replied Gentlemen: I feel pxtremely oblieed for the honorable notico just taken of me, and particularly lor the manner in which it has been done. One of the last occasions upon which I had the pleasure of meeting with many of my menus previous 10 my departure Irom this country, was at a celpbration of the 4th of July. One of tho first upon which it has been my fortune to meet monv of them since my return, is nt a like celebra tion. 1 ho former was attended oxclusive ly by persons who professed the same politi cal sentiments which I cntertoined. At this tune our assemblage is composed of gentlemen ot ditterent political opinions; and I rejoice that it is so, I can sinceroly assure you that it is altogether more grati fying to my feelings tn ronow my inter course with my old friends and ncnunint- ances independently of all party cnnsidern Hons. And whatever may heretofore hovo token placo between any individual and my. self, there is none whom I can not now meet with kind feelings; none whom I can not meet as a friend, provided ho bo eo disposed, I do not intend, gontlemen, to make any remarks in relation to tho anniversary we are celebrating, since after the elegant and appropriate oration which we havo all heard, this can neither bo expected nor de sired. I will conclude, thereforo, by pro posing a toast, though I havo boon in part anticipated by a gentleman near mo, As there is, however, somo difference, if not in tho principle itself, at least in tho object and extent of its application, I will not withhold the sentiment I designed to ex press. Tho fire that was kindled on tho 4th of July 1776; may it continuo unextinguished and unexlinguishablo, until, in due tune, it shall havo consumed tho last cord by which this continent is subjected to foreign domi' nation. The Unilul Stales government. A gov ernment of laws Emanating from the pcu pie, tho supremacy of which must bo strict. ly respected, nnd maintained, or anarchy with all its horrors will necessarily take place. FIIANLIIN HUrUL. Col. Thomas in tho chair, asssisted by Win. Noble, Jnn. Bradley, Garrad Burnett, Carlos Baxter, Hytrin n Lane and Morton Cole, as Vice Presidents. Hij Col. Thomas Tho. day wo colebrato. By John Bradley The Patriots of the Revolution. By Garrad Burretl Tho memory of George Washington. By Wm. Noblc-Tho Hon. C. P. Van Ness. By Carlos Baxter Agriculture, Com.. merco and Manufactures, tho only "holy alhnnci'" we acknowledge. By Himan Lane The Orator of tho day. By Mr. Tabor Tho Marshal of tho day. By Dana JPinslowTha spirit in which we celebrate the day free from the tram mels of party. By John Bradley Tho Governor of Vormont. By Col. GlcasonThc BurJington Band. By Morion Cole The. Female Seminary. By A. B. Lowry Out worthy host of all Bishops givn us Benjamin Bishop. By Carlos Baxter The 4th of July, free and independent may it always find us o. By E. J. Slimson The ladies of Bur lington ; moy we never want "their hair for bow-strings" to animate us to preserve and hand down to posterity the liberties bequeathed In us by our forefathers. By Col. Thomas The President of the United States. Several other sentimonts wero proposed, of which we could get no copy. EXCHANGE HOTEL. A numerous parly assembled at Hart's Exchange Hotel, and with tho committee and marshals assigned to tho house, filled two large Tables. The Hon. Heman Jllten, presided, assisted by Nathan B. Haswell, Win. A. Griswold and J, Arthur, Esq's. as Vice President, at this placo the follow ing toa'ts were drank. -By II. Allen The day moy the spirit which snnlified it, animate ovcry American, to the end of time. By the Committee Tho surviving Patri ots of the Rpvulutinn. By T. Fotlelt The President, and Vice President of the United States. By Gen. Arthur. The Governor and State of Vermont. By the Committee Our Government Based on the wisdom of tho people, delega ted by their free and unbiased suffrages to our Legislators their power for limited and short periods to be cherished solely for the security of the citizen, in his person, in his liberty, and in his property. By Alex. L,ee American Independence, may the present and rising generation ever keep in mind its cost, nnd worth. By the Committee Washington hut us reverence In memory by imitating his vir- lUbn. (drank ol n mling.) ByN. B. Haswell Our Country Amid the Nations of the East, her political insti tutions stand unrivalled' in the seturily, freedom and equal rights they give to its citizens. By the Committee Agriculture Com merce and Manufacturers, mutual supports to each other, the ground work of our wealth ond independence. The late Chief Justice Marshall no less admired for his moral integrity in private life, than for his eminent learning and abili ties in public stations as an expounder of tho constitution nnd laws of the land, he has given stability nnd strength to the gov ernment of the Union. By Dr. Ileineberg Universal Liberty may that Almighty Being who has loosen, ed the chains of despotism in this country, soon remember all the other nations of the globe. By the Committee--Patriotism, not can fined to the East, West, North or South, but embracing oir whole country. By Wm. A. Griswold Gou. Winfield Scott The pacificator soldier and states man. By Col. Xee--The Gracn Mountain Boys of Vermont the foremost in the cause of Liberty, they will be the last to aban don it. By the Committee Tho great essentials or a Free Ilepuulicnn b-ovcrnment mild Lih's, but thoso rigidly executed. By Hon. C. P. Van Ness Executing public trust with fidelity, and in private life the civilian and gentleman. The Elective franchise. Exorcised with integrity, a certain security fur the stabili ty ot our free institutions. By James Morse The working men of America. I By John Van Sicklen, Jr. The Birth! day of thu nation, which wo unitedly cele brute. -May wo ovor bo found worihy the privileges we enjoy, hy a readiness to unite in defence of our Republic, from whatever quarter it may be ussailed. By Mr. Spear May tho spirit of liberty which animated our fore fathers bo handed down from generation to generation. By Mr. T. Wait The Orator of the day distinguished for his learning Patri otism and thn Christian virtues. By Wm. F. Griswold Lafayette Al though he early left thu country of his adoption, and his spirit has gone up from the Innd of his fathers, his memory will brighten with each anniversary of our na tional independnnce. By the Committee The mothora of tho Revolution and their desenndents. By Harrison Warner The United Slates May foreign squalls never be able to blow them nssundcr. America Tho Universal life boat may her sails never bo caught a.back, but ever stand full with a strong and leading breeze. By Dr. Heintberg Tho University of Vuriuonl May it ever enjoy its high stand, ing. Virluonnd Scicnco May thoy ever bo tho fountain of Republicanism. Our Host His fish, flesh, fowl and good cheer, cannot be surpassed, even at the court end of the town. The tables at all the hotels were well filled, and the guests boro ample testimony of entire satisfaction with tho fare. Among other rarities of the season, wo noticed that each table was supplied with a fine dish of fresh salmon, only forty eight hours from Quebec forwarded by our old friend Don littlo of tho Exchange Coffee House, Mon

treal, tu Col. Thomas, specially for the occasion. These landlords know how to do n civil thing. Among tho minor displays of tho after noon, wo wore particularly plcesod with tho appearance of the Volunteer Engine Company. This is a fine body of vigorous enterprizing young men, well disciplined and handsomely uniformed ; and the dex terity with which they illustrated their cold-water propensities, attracted much attention. At six o'clock n largo number of citizens repaired to the wharf to receive and wol come a party of military from Pittsburgh, consisting of regular officers of the garrison and the field nnd staff officers of the 42d regiment of N. Y. militia, accompanied by a band of music. They wore escorted to tho American, whero they were introduced nnd exchanged salutations with nur citizens, and partook of refreshments. After spend ing an hour or two among tn, they were again escorted to tho boat, nnd embarked amid the cheers of the multitude. Seldom have we seen finer appearing or more gentlemanly set of military men together, and we speak but tho general voice in saying that their friendly visit has left the most favorable impression upon tho minds of our citizens generally. The display of steam boats and other craft in the harbor was very fine, and nd (led an interesting featuro to the day's amusements. Our steamboat Captains are entitled to much credit. In the evening there was a handsomo display of fire-works in tho the Park, and, to wind off, about ten o'clock, Mr. Scarl sent up a very handsomo Balloon. It was handsomely illuminated, and decorated with serpents, rockets, &c. which, some 'wo miles up. shot off in their eccentric courses with fine effect. As tho aerial bark wing ed its airy flight up, up, up, how slight an exorcise of imagination did it require to anticipate the errand it might bear to tho upper heavens! and if it be permited the spirit of a Hancock or nn Adams to stoop from their high places and tnke cog nizance of the affairs of men, O what a thrill of joy to know that the day by them ordained is still observed, in its original spirit. On, my little Ariel, on! Tell Ihom thnt "the day thoy consecrated is elill "a glorious, an immortal day we their "children honor it--celebrate with thanks " giving, with festivity, with bonfires and " illuminations. And on its annual return, 'often as we name their names, do we "shed our tears, copious, gushing tears, " not of subjection nnd slavery, not of "agony nnd distress, but of exaltation, of " gratitude, and ol joy." FIRES & FACTS. One year ago last May, the Human Calliolic Chapel, near this village, was dcstiojcd by fire. Neither the person nor the motive j of die incen diary have ever been discovered. In the absence of all known causes, it was natural for tho sufferers under the education they had received, to suspect that some opponent of their religion was concerned in the transaction. But in the facts of the case, there was no giound for any such suspicions. There were no sectarian excitement or jealousies ; no local or temporary reasons then existing on which to ground nny suspicion that the protestant communiiy. or that protestant individuals, ns such, had any thing to do ivilh the destruction of that building. But it is known and admitted even hy the Catholics themselves, that there were, at thai lime, strong feelings of animosity existing between two different sons ofpeople among themselves, nnd that llicfc excited feelings hail some referenco to the chapel that was destroyed. lint whoever was the agent of tint destruction, the fact of its being deslrojrd by a villainous incendiary, was an alarming omen and was lamen ted alike by iho whole community. For hero the broad principle is held hy all, that till denominations shall be entitled to equal privileges nnd protection from the law. Accuidiugly u general meeting of our citizens was immediately called at the Court Houso ; measures were adopted nnd n committee was appointed to ferret out, if possible, the incen. diary. Tho funds were subscribed by protestants, nnd a reward of $300 was offered for his tippre. hension. Ono or two or moro suspected persons wero taken up and examined. All this was done by protestants. It is n fact which wns noticed nnd talked of nt tho lime, thnt, the Roman Catholics gava themselves but little trouble about the matter. Time passed on. In the month of October, the Green Mountain lloure wns burnt. That this was set on fire there has never been much doubt ; but by whom, has not been ascertained. This cstab lishment wns Intuit on Saturday night a little past the middle of the night. Agn in. In October (ho outbuildings of the American Hotel wetn destroyed by fire. This occurred between eleven and twelve o'clock on cuubiith night. How tins tire wns Kindled is not yet known. The burning of the Champlnin I Intel nnd tho fil.ies Factory buildings aro nccoumud for by ncci dent. Theso were burnt in the day lime, when four fifths of oil the accidental fires in tho country occur. In December, the Bloek Factory nnd Satinett Factory ut tho Foils wero destroyed, in a manner wholly unaccountable en the grouod ef accident. No one of the hands or proprietors, nor olher per. 1 sons who know thn circumstances, over havo be 1 lieved that tho Block Factory took firo by necident. It has been said that fire had sometimes been pro duced about tho gudgeons of the power wheel. But admitting all this, ono fact is certain, viz, i f, rt t tho fire in tho Block Factory kindled and was burnln" when first discovered, in entirely another part of the building, where it could not havo taken from I ho gudgeon nor directly from tho stoves or furnace, Tho stiperinlcntlant of the establishment and others nr(uainted with tho circumstances nnd position of things averred at tho lime nnd do si "ill aver, that it was hardly within tho ranga of possibilities, that tho firo could havo taken accidentally, when and where it did. After a short spneo, wo wero again aroused from our slumbers, on Saturday night by tho cry of fire. The brewery wag in flames nnd wns com plclely destroyed. That this fire wns kindled by nn incendiary has never, wo believe, been gravely questioned. Thero is only tho possibility ol its being otherwise. Again, recently , our villago and town havo bean aroused by another awful conflagration, kindled on Saturday night by a villainous incondiary. Of this fact thero is not tho pos sibility of a doubt. Thero had boon no firo in tho Whito Church, latoly burnt, for moro than thrco weeks thero woro no matches and no igniting materials kept in the building. Tho windows wero fastened down, tho doors wero looked nnd bolted, and ono found broken open after tho firo commenced. But what gives demonstration to tho fact, is, that the firo was kindlod insido tho bolfrcy, high up whoro firo is never carried, just in thnt place and among unpaintod and unplasicrcd materials. whore a fire could most easily ho kindled, and whero its extinction would bu most difficult. Hero tlion wo havo in tho spaco of a few months, tho destruction of a large number of public buildings, and of a vast amount of property under the following circumstances 1. In most of those buildings, there was no firo kept, at or noar thu time, when thoy woro burnt. 2. In thoso in which firo was kept, the flamos in ovcry instance woro first discovered in a part whoro there was tho least probability of dangor and whoro it could scarcely ho suppn sed possildo thoy should tako from fires law fully kept in thorn. 3. It is unaccounlablo that wo should havo had moro fires in ono ycar,followingooch other at regular intervals than wo havo had during tho preceding ton or twenty years, and that each succcssivo firo, should happen just at tho time, when tho alarm and excitement created by the preceding one, had died away. 4. All those fires, with two exceptions, oc currod on Saturday night, and almost upon tho samo hour of the night. Thoy did not happen, sorno at 8 9 and 10 o'clock, and somo at 5 or 6 o'clock in tho morning but almost all occur red in that portion of tho night when it is supposed that our our citizens woro most universally and soundly asleep. Hero is a succession of fires on Saturday night. This is tho timo when loafers, drunkards and other vilo charactors, who live from hand to mouth receivo thoir wages ond visit tho grog-shops and havo their sprees and frolics. This is tho time, and those tho circumstances, in which malice, previously existing, is stimula ted and rendered hold and daring by intoxica tion, and by tho influence of vilo companions, 5. Moreover, recent dcvelopomonts havo shown to tho satisfaction of all, that throats nnd wishes, and hopes, fcc. for tho events which havo happened woro thrown nut by gargs and by individuals, in anticipation, And such throats aro still made. But Iho communiiy is at length awake. Let every citizen and ovory friend of law and order, follow up tho measures that have been begun, to ferret "out the incendiaries and bring down tho whole majesty and vongcanco of tho law upon thorn. Lot certain charactors bo watched to seo that they do not runaway. Lot our magistrates awake, and lot thoso who will not act, or who seek to hido and shelter crimo, bo turned out, and let tones and truo men bo put in their placet. Lot our farmers, me chanics and manufacturers, tako tho ground which thoy must s.ion tako that thoy will not trust, nor patronize, nor omploy ,tho known vilo or even suspicious charactors. Then may wo bo purified and dwell in safety. QTWc learn that the Rev. Joseph Tra cv, of Boston will deliver the annual ad dress before tho Society for RoligiotiB Inquiry, nt the approaching commence ment, and that Professor Lewis, of New York, will address the Literary Societies. iLTTho Locu Focos met at Williston on Tuesday, and renominated their old ticket for Senators. Some wag has put a story in circulation that Judge Chittenden has declined! Truman Chittenden decline an office ! That's a good one. PENSIONS. We learn that the old agencies for pay ing pensions in this stato huvc been discon tinued, and Augustine Clark, of Montpo tier, appointed general agent. This is cer tainly a very singular procedure, and un der any other administration would have excited somo surprise. From the New Yoik Times. GOVERNMENT SPECULATORS. During the administration of General Jackson, and while Mr. B. F. Butler was Attorney General, a most magnificent company was formed nt Washington, for the purpose of speculating in government lands, Tho capital was millions, and we have no dnubt, exceoded tho original cani tal invested by tho Holland company in tho western part of nur Stato, called the Holland purchace. Upon so large a scale was this company formed, that it is said its expenses annually, in salaries, for ogents and ollicors, exceed the expanses of many ot our fctatc governments, Articles of ns suciution were prepared by, or under tho supervision of, tho Attorney General. Tho company wnt called "THE NORTH AMERICAN LAND COMPANY." Mr Charles Butler, tho brother of tho Attorney General, was mnd" President, with an ainpto salary, Mr. Silas Wrur.iiT, Uni ted States Senator, mis a heavy shareholder; Benjamin F. Butler, the cabinet minister of General Jackson, was a heavy share holder; Edwin Croswell, tstale printer, was a heavy shareholder; most, if not all of tho Albany Recency, were Heavy share holders. Several oovernment officers at tho cast were heavy shareholders. Lon. spicuous locnlbcos throughout the Union, nnd bank officers and directors olmost innu merable were shareholders. The business of tho company was not confined to any htoto or section of country. The whole Union wos tho field of its operations. We ore not of the number of thoso who unite in general condemnation of all specu lations or speculators. Speculations aro commendable when they require great en terprize, exhibit great skill and industry; and while they enrich thn speculator, ad. vance tho interests ot the public, nnd do no injustice to individuals. Very different, however, are t he objects of the monopolizing company of land speculators. They ad vance nn interests but iei'r oum. They buy, not to cultivate and improve the land but merely to extort from the actual settler a profit. They do indeed live by the sweat of the poor man's brow. We can well imagine thnt a man of n nice sense of propriety, holding tho offico of Attorney General of lbs United Stntes. ond ono of thu guardians uf the public do main, the legnl adviser in all questions of law that may arise in the sale of land, might find his situation somewhat delicate from being nt the snme time n member nf a land company, directly and indirectly engaged in the purchine of Government lands. Whether Mr. Butler felt that In situation as Attorney General Bntl land speculator, wo nmt'whni like being seller nnd buyer at the same time, and for that reason determined, for tho present, to leave to his brother and his political asso ciates the spoih bv speculation, while ho held on to the .!)0i7 of qJirc or whether tho claim of Col. Bcaubien, to certain laud in Chicago, in some wny conflicting with the interest of the North American Land Company, rendered it iiecess-ary for him tn get riti of hit slock, thnt his opinions as Attorney General might appear to be dis interested, we will not undertnko tu decide. For some cnuso, Mr AHorney General Butler thought it be-it to dissolve thu tics between himself ond this land speculating company. He therefore wished to "sell out and realize." So pressing was the necessity, that his brother, as president of the company, was obliged to buy the Attor. ney Generals' stoek for the company; ea that the company became n shareholder itself with the individuals composing it! The price paid by the President Chariot Butler, to the Attorney General, B. F. Butler, was said to be an advance ol twenty- five per cent upon the original subscription. It was nlso said thai the enstern stockhol ders founil much fault with this transaction. Perhaps the readur may discover somo explanation of this matter, in the following articles: From the MndiLinimi. Van Buuen Speculators. It appears from intimations in several quarters, thnt sundry of the Government olliuers, inclu ding the highest in rank nnd members of the Cabinet, have been, or ore somewhat extensively concerned in land speculations. Tho precise extent we do not undertake to define; but they seem to be of a charac. ter worthy to be regarded ns of a demora lizing anil vicious tendency. Such specu lations have been complained nf against tho people. But if the prnctice is reprehensi ble in private cit izoiii:, how much more so is it in high officer of the General Govern, ment ? We have seen the distresses of 1 830 7, attributed by the Pres'dent in his messages, and by his partizans in all their writings and addresses, tu the mania of speculation, and arguments attempted to be deduced from the circumstance to ad vance favorite measures. But did tha honest people of the country suspget whilo the public magistrates were warning citi zens of the evils ol speculation, that thoso very exemplary magistrates and officers were themselves deeply and extensively embrocing tho "evil"' they so gravely de nounced? That they wero dissuading others from speculation in order that they might havo wider scope and greater profitn for themselves? We cannot put nur fingers positively upon the speculations thnt havo been allu ded to. But we know so much of circum stances going to prove them, that nothing but the most direct nnd positive testimony could shake our belief upon Iho subject. We are nnt nlnno in our knowledge, nor in our belief. The Springfield, Illinois Journal, for example, intimates that tho great opposition of Attorney General Butler to the confirmation of the Beaubien claim at Chicago, teas because of his own interest in another large tract adjiining the toton, the value of which would be greatly enhanced if this claim was kept out of market. From the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser. Develoi'ements. Our rendurs will re member that the Uer.ubien claim case was lately decided in favor of the United Stalea by tho Supreme Court. The inntter in dispute was a piece of land in Chicago, winch has now become extremely valuable. Almost ns soon ns the opinion nf tho court was rendered, tho Secretary of war direc ted the laud to be sold, and on such condi tion ns rendered fair competition next to impossible. Tho order for a peremptory sale created no little excitement at Chicago, and the Common Council of that city ad. dressed a letter to the Secretary, reques. ting him to postpone the sale, and also if our memory serves us, to make some alte ration in the conditions. In reply, tho Secretary says important and imperative causes compel him to persist in the sale, but dues not deign to stato what thoso reasons are. The reader, however, can form a guess as to their character by tho following which we cut from tho Chicago American. "It can bo proved that, within a few daya past in this city, a gentleman in tho em ployment and confidence of the Govern ment, and whose situation enables him to know, informed another gentlemen, in