Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 26, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 26, 1839 Page 2
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AIR. SLA UK'S ADDRtiSS. Concluded. Ilnw long will it bo, before Mm nntisl itu lion will, muter such n con rto if nchimtisi in- lion, bo practically ond irrevocably clmiN ged changed in Hie worst possible man ner by encroachment and ocquiosepiico, without foir nnil open discussion, iiiiiI with out I lit; direct uml m t e 1 1 .n t nctiuii of the pi' mile. Who thai looks with the eye of true political philosophy ut (Ins subject, dues not eon in me power which in ciipiible ot thus lending the people to uc(iiicsco in n practical perversion ol their constitution, ground for Ihu most serious nlnrm. 'I'hu people rose in their might forly ycors ogo, ii nd ptii down nn niloiitnut rni utti thot I mil only microdot) Iho threshold of the present abuses of power. The lirst manifestation of lliein wns the ficr tm I for nn onset which resulted in n Iniimph ; nnil ct t hey hnvu now been fastened on the country fur ten ycori ! Do yon osk us, fellow cuizcim, for a so lution of the mysloty ol thii- change? It is nl IirihI. In the first place, I lie nclive Republicans of '91! are gathered lo their (til hern. Thuy curried mitt ihu contest of ilml period iho stern virtue of the curlier rind belter days of ihe Itepuhlic. The inrn who framed l lit; ' nisi 1 1 u I ion then lived, mid lived to some puipnsc. They snw, at n glance, lite li'iidency of the nil. vinicing power of Hid Kxeculive to n sub version of tho Constitution they hud aided to establish; nnd 1 1 m v rallied to the rescue. The conflict was short, nnd ihe triumph complete. We need not my, fellow citi zen, whnt would tin v; been I ho fnienf ihe present Dynnsly, il it hnd opened its enreer of usurpation ami cm ruptiuu in face of the whole body of Ihe patriots of '7(5, nnd the Constitutional fniltcrH of '(17. It would have been prostrated uud swept away by on overwhelming tide of populnr tndigna". lion. We cannot hero forbear referring to n single example of ihe spirit of ihu Fathers touching the subject ol nn abuse of Hxccu. tive patronnge. Mr. Madison has been justly denomina ted the fni her of Ihe Constitution. In u debate in the first Congress, on tho subject of the President's power of removal Irom office, in reply lo arguments againd Ihe existence of I lie power, drawn Irom its groot liability lo uIiii-m;, he sunt "The danger, ih.'n, consists merely in this: Ihe President can displace Irom office, it man whose mollis requite that he should bo continued in il. What will bo the motives which the President can feel for such an abuse of his power, anil the restraint that operate lo prevent it ? lo! Ihe first plncc, he will be impeachable by mis uouso beloro the .Senate for such an net of maladministration; for I contend ' tint the wanton removal ol rnei ilnrtous officers would subject him to impeachment nnd removal from his own high trust. Hut what can be his motive fur displacing a worthy man .'" Alluding afterwards lo the President's dependence upon the "popular voice," his liability to iinpencliineiil, and other re hlroinls connected with his siatton, Mr. Madison said "Will ht. hid defiance to all these considerations-, n ml wantonly dismiss n meritorious ami virtuous officer ? Such nn obuse of power exceeds my comprehen sion." Hero is n soniple of the spirit which pervaded Ihe country in 11)00, and gave to the Republicans- of flint dnv so triumphant n victory. Could James Madi-ou now rise from his tomb nnd walk into die Presideu lial Mansion, how instinctively would Us tenant fly from die presence of the mnn who, in the simplicily of revolutionary pa triotism and purily, could ask "Whai can be his motive for displacing a worthy man?" and could add "Such an abuse ol power exceeds my conception." In further reply lo the enquiry whence he difficulty of re enacting n,e triumph of 1800, over similar abuses of power, wo re. mark, that new and extraordinary means means unknown to the administration of the former period, huve been, and ore still resorted to, to sustain Kxecutive usurps, lions. The union of the Fox and die Lion is a rare combination. While one has cun ningly ond cautiously pulled the wires, and moved the machinery, the oilier has stood forth with reckless daring and "token the responsibility." While one tins operated with cautious mystery, the oilier has as tonished by the suddenness and boldness of his movements. By nn udroit and skilful movement, Gen eral Jackson, ni tho opening of his admin istration, was placed in the ntiitude of a professed reformer. Tho nhiucs of the administration of the Kldcr Adams were, without a shadow of truth, imputed to dial of his son; ami tho Republicans: of '91! wero invoked lo sustain (Jon. Jackson, as they hnd sustained Mr. Jefferson, to pin them down. Never were high nod hollow professions more thoroughly tested, or moro successful, than they have been during die losi ten yonrs. Hvery movement locxtond Lveculive influence nnd enlarge Kxecutive pywor. has unilormly been preceded by fouio cxtrnordinury pretension of regard tor popular rights. Tho Prosident has been lauded ns ihu patron smut ol Democ racy, even nt the moment of assuming powers which set lows, constitutions, logts lalures and conns of justice at defiance, nnd shook tho very frame work of tho gov. eminent to its louiidatinu, To blind the people to dm flagrant as niiinpiions of Executive power, care bus been taken m exercise it upon objects of popular jealousy. In true character, and tendency have, to thousands, been effectu ally concealed by die flourish and pnrado of using it to gratify nn artfully excited preju dice against the objcclH of its oiinck. Thus Ccn. Jackson availed himself of Ihe natu ral jealousy o the people against llnnkn, .nnd especially against Mammoth Hanks, lo cover tho enormity of die assumption of power in laking millions fioin die custody in which the law had plnccd it, and putting U where it could be mudo to subserve die purpose of augmenting his power, livery enlargement ol Lxecutivo power has been accompanied by die pretension dint H was iincossary to maintain Ihe people's riuhts. 'I'll- Prnairlnnl !... r. 1 I ,hn . . m .wwo.vMb nun iiiuii mi i'nciiiL-ii nemr them as, pre-eniiuenlly, their fneinl and guardian as wielding his great power to put down aristocracy, monopoly, n monster bank, nnd ovety thing opposed lit equal rights! By the manges! pervusiori u m iuu.ii jjiinijjimiiiiiimMiiimiiwMi w jMajrexrWfomiW - I language, the bi t and present odministrn linns have been denominated the Democratic administrations, nut) Presidents Jackson and Vim ISureti, the disciples of Jefferson; while the opposition, struggling to maintain (be true hnhinco of Ihe Constitution againsl die overgrown and overbearing power ol the H.vcctitiyc, ban been brnndiid ns the revived federalism of '9!i. Never, wu venture lo say, has a higher stamp of po litical deception hecti played oil' on nny people. In Ihe genuine spirit of juggling, executive encroachment has assumed names precisely oppnsitu to its nolurc. Thus, wlnlu carrying out, with o high hand, the very principles which rendered the ndiiiin 1'tratmii of the I'ildcr Adams odious to the Republicans of i hut day, it coolly lakes its seat on the "Democratic platform," pro fesses to be the true expounder of Demur, racy, and, in tlio name of dm people, hurls anathenins nt the Whiguaa fedciulists of the school of '91! We have, fellow citizens, dwelt mainly nn th; subject of Incentive power, because the abiiso of that power lies ol the foiinda. Hon of nil Ihu evils which have ulllicted the country, in the experiments of the hut leu years. If tho President had kepi wilhin His Constitutional spheru, wo should have hnd no ruinous experiments on I ho currency no specie circulars no bank suspensions no derangement of I lie exchanges no defnlcntions of public officers no wnstini' of tho public monev on Lxcculivo favorites Tho grand fuiulnini'iital mischief has been, dial Ihe President has undertaken to govern (lie cvunlry ; and lias perverted thu whole pnlronngoof his office lo Ihe purpose of influencing Ihe people lo submit to his government as Ihu Constitutional govern ment, and to rely upon him ns dm great Conservator of popular rigliis. From such nn assumption of power, and such a per vorsion of Presidential influence, nothing but mischief could result, or can ever re. suit Wo regard it as the highest of our polit ical duties to stand by tho Constitution, and. lo die extent ofonr power, lo guurd it against every violation, especially to guard it at its weokct.1 puiut--tho point where it will forever he pressed and enilnn gored by the nnibilinn, from which nothing but die purest and most cxnltcd virtue can exempt its Kxecniive Chief. As wings, wu om n return to Ihe gnv- crnineut ofthc constitution n government of the people, acting through their con stitutional organs, uninfluenced by patron age nun unawuil by power. We are wil ling to trust tho people, without the aid of executive influence or dictation. We do not. believe that I ho constitution created the presidential office that its incumbents might operate through il on the iionular opinion, uirecl the popular will, ami con trol the destinies of the country. We be lievclhat it is the appropriate business of tho President lo execute the lows made by Ibo people through their representatives. Wo want to keep linn in his place We j want the pcuple should be left free to act without Ins influence. This, fellow cili zone, wc believe is gennino democracy. It wns emphatically ihu democracy of '9!!. It. is true democracy in 11)39. We intend! to to a ml a m it against dm democracy of popular Riibm'usioii lo executive usurpation, ond popular acquiescence in a government of executive influence. Wo desire, too, a Congress free from i ha I influence a Con gress which shall ho n fair expression of i He populnr will o congress whoso mem hers should think more ot Ihu people who cousiuiiieii t hern, and less ol thu President who did not constitulo them. Wc believo il will ho in vain lo struggle for pophlar rights il the country is to bo perpetually pressed down by the incubus of ex culive power, and vain to keep the fountain of popular action pure, if there is to he per petually poured into it the polluting stream of executive influence. From dint influence, too, do wc desire especially to hove the stale governments exempted. If there is nny such thing ns federalism, in a truly odious sense, it isho influence of ihu federal executive on the action of the Stntes. If any thing can ever prostrate i-tote rights, ond annihilate state independence, it will bo that influence. The federal executive possesses a power which he can bring to bear on almost every thing. His ogeiits nre every where. Through their instrumcntoliiy, he can reach every ballot box, and act on cverv slate government in the Union, lias con gress any such power as this ? Has the judiciary any such power? Can all the other branches of the government combin ed, exert a thousandth part ol the influcnco over elections, etuto and national, which die President may exert, and which has been exerted by General JucksDn and his successor ? Will ynu censure us, fellow citizens, for being jealous of such a power as ibis ? Shall wc be called federalists, and aristo crats, and monopolists, nnd loidlings, be cause we raise our voices against it? Shall wu he denounced as the enemies of popular rights, because wc endeavor to uiaintoin dm true democratic republicanism of '9!l, find nre struggling in the cause in which Mndison and Jefferson triumphed Will not Vermont ho tho last Mate to yield in dup contest with power ? Where is thern a slHtc in tho onnfeilorncr. whoso freemen can draw from the examples of iiio miimiers ot its independence, a deeper inspiration for such a content, than the freemen of the (Ireeii Mountain state? Where is (hero a state whoso chief magis trnle is vested with less pnwur. nnd whoso government is more truly republican? Wo repeat il Vermont will be thu last in I Ins contest. She Inn indeed given a plegdo of this, in die lirnincsi with which her people hnvu long resisted ihu pressure of anti-republican influnnces on ovety side nflhein. While other states have been proslralcd bnforo the power of ihe federal exeeulivc, Vermont has stood firm as her everlasting mountains. And siioll shu now yield? Why should tdie ? nai is inure to induce her to do it now What ('round of boon rnn ilm executive party have that shu will do it, unless it be in tho upathy and waul or on orgy and concert of the dcnmcrnliu whigs nt din approaching election And is Ibis Ihe t lino for (hem to rolax their efforts -Shall thoy now fold their liHiids, when every abuse of which Ihey have over com plained remains in full lotco when die executive is putting forth Inn utmost eflorls lo fasten hit power upon t tic country-and - ' W111"' when the final experiment to sustain that power by grasping the money influence of the sub treasury scheme is pressed upon tho reluclnnt assent of tho people ? Is it a tune for the whigs lo relax their efforts when ihu mluiitiistration is staggering tin dor tho blows Ihey have (jivou it when it is feeling, ul.-nns.tlo the inienseiiesH of agony the scorching ol their rebukes for its political iniquities Is il a turio to ro lux when evidences of corruption are thick cuing, when the public moneys by tht.u puiiiIh and hundreds of thousands nro run ning away in die hands of execnlivu par- ii.ans and favorites when the Itee of "Jackson reform" is loaded nnd bent down with tho fruit of detected frauds and ncr untied delineations : Anil is it n time lo relax, on the approach of u period when die people of Ihe United States nre lo sav directly, whether the corruption, nbiiso of power, prostitution ol influence, cxtravn. gaiice and peculation of twelve years shall tie delilieralcly sanctioned, ami indefinitely continued!' What kind of preparation for speaking out wttn Decerning directness and Higtiilicnncy nt the next presidential elec tion, tho sentimenti of republicon Vermont would it be, to fold our hands, and permit Ibo exeeulivc party, by our Mipinoness, lo boast of an nugmentnt ion of their strongtb at Ihe coming ejection ? Wc trust that the wings of Vermont will permit no such tri umph no triumph which would bear on Us face, ns that must, evidence t hut (hey vnliie their ease innri; tiiau tho principles lor wlucli tliey nave so long contended ; and thai Ihey feel ihe force ol their principles less ns the necessity fur their vigorous niointuinance becomes more urgent and imperative. Wo have, fellow citizens, selected men as candidates for your suffrages, who unite witli rare personal qualifications, nn iioncst und tried devotion to tho principles of our constitution, and an inflexible opposition to Ihu policy whose corrupting nnd dangerous tendencies we hnvo briefly described V'ou need no assurance from us that they will eland firm in maintaining thu true principles of republican democracy. They have nil boon tried nnd found faithful to Ihe principles of the democracy of 'Oft n de mocracy which consists in Ibo power of nn intcligout ami virtuous people, noting thro' llieir constitutional organs a demucracy which is jenlous of power; which has sense and intelligence enough to Ionic beyond names to things; which can penetrate the specious covering in which executive usur pation wraps itself, and which would ns soon yield lo die power of the sword and he bayonet as to the seductions of an in fluence originating in no higher purpose. and directed In no higher end. than the gratification of a scllUh and corrupt am. union. Such are the principles wc nsk yon to suppurt. Wc ask il, as your fellow citi zens, your brethren, having no interests but yours, no anus but such ns wc frankly avow, and no purpose but to inainltiiii the rights, protect the honor, cherish die vir tue, guard Ihu purily, und elevate thu ilea tiny of our beloved country. I5y order of the convention. l.r.nMAiii), 1 Db Witt C. Ci.aric, Secretaries. A. CJ. CiiAinvicif, ) RUCKPTION OF MR. CLAY J5UFFALO. AT Tins distinguished Orator and Slolesmnn wns r,'c,-IVL'11 1,1 mlr city during this fore noon, with demonstrations of respcel which all Americans mut feel for one who hm spout almost two score years in public i;or vices such ns Henry Ilay's and which nl our citizens, wo will not doubt, are happy to have the opportunity to evince. Wliile all nstenlutious display wns avoid- cd, the proceedings were sullicient t show the esteem in which our citizens hoi t tic services, ond admiration which inoy feel for die character and intellect of HENRY CLAY. A procession of sixty-eight carriages, containing die gentlemen of tho city gov. eminent with the coimnit'co of arrnugq merit, and citizens generally, preceded by a cavalcade, of about sixty, repaired ui 9 o'clock to Hlack Rock lo escort Mr. Clay to the City. He was tncl by the committee at dial place, at Ihu mansion of L. F. Allen, i'jjrj. and thu procession re turned with linn to die city, accompanied by Ins friend, die veteran of tho Ningarn frontier, Gen. Porter, who sal beside him in the barouche. The procession nnd cnvnlcadc colored the city by Niagnra street ond on arriving at the Park, Mr. Clay was addressed in behalf of the ctiy and citizens by die Hon. Recor der, Slow, iuo rhasie, eloquent and appro, priatc speech. Mr. Clay replied in a speech of twenty or thirty minutes, ulliniiiig in the commencement, most eloquently to the events of Ihe last war ns connected with tho Niagnra frontier, passing through a brief review of die history oftlns region since thai period, and touching in the course of his remarks, iiputi Internal hp. provement, ihe larifl'and "Comproinnu " Thu speech of Mr (lav was in ull res peels worthy the great Oiotor and States man of Ibo west. The number assembled at the Park lo welcome Mr Clay, could not have been less than live thousand. Itiitf'ula Journal. Mr. Clay in company with his niniiieni friend Gun. Purler, crossed over Ihu river yesterday, at the tails, lo witness tho -13d regiment, Colonel and his staff. Thu Col onol very politely invited his distinguished visitors to review tho regiment, lint though Mr. Secretary Fursyih. a year or two ago, complied wild a similar invitation by reviewing a body of troops at Montreal, Mr. Clay seenied to dunk, notwithstanding tho precedent, that such occupation ofarms belonged lo I ho soldier rather than the statesman ; and Ihcrcfnro declined his share of the intended honor in favor of his war worn friend, whoso litlc lo tho nomo and honor of n soldier, more than 'one Knglish regiment has before now had occasion to appreciate and acknowledge; and General Porter look possession nnd reviewed the troops. As thu columns pasted htm in re view, his thoughts must Imvo reverted lo tho iiniCH when on this same frontier, and in Ibo very vicinity of the spnl wburo he stood, lint tsb columns wero ill played be foro htm for far different purposes. Amid tho battles and bloudshed of the Niagara frontier, he little tlicamcil that in dm very neighborhood of Lundy'u Lsne,j and almost on the trampled swnrd of the battle field, n Rrilish rcnlmont would honor him and the statestnaii whoso elo quence and labors in tho ciibniet. co.oncra led with his own bravery and services in inu nciu, i no peaceful pageant of b gala day roviuw. 4 Henry Clay and Peter 1$. Porter nro en. utloii lo Ihu rospect of Englishmen, scarce ly lesstbnn in dm gralitndo of Americans; anu ns long as thu splendid diplomacy nt Ghont. of tho one, and bravery on the Niagara frontlor, of the oilier, nro remem bered, they will enjoy it. In honoring such men, the gallant "Forly Third" honored ihomsolves and I ho glorious country which they servo, and which is the common niuthor of us aW. ltufJ'alo Advertiser. From the N. V. Uotnnicicinl Adveitiscr, July 22. ARRIVAL OF TI1C GIIKAT WHSTHUN. Hy thjs arrival wc have received files of papers, London and Liverpool to the Gib, and Urtstol to dm Gi h July. Our previous advices wuro London to the irtili n,l Liverpool lo tho Mth June. The news is consequently twenty. two days later. London, July 4, IfKig. Rki.easb or thu Canadian Piusonkhs. Il alTords mo great pleasure to iiifiirin ynu that the government hnvo ilfitnrninil to release Mr. John (J. Parker and the ioveti other Canadian prisoners who plea ded guilty to the churge preferred against iiiem in Upper Cniinda. in tho hopu of rixeiving nor Majesty's pardon. My opiu ion is, that the order for their release will bo issuod this day. herd John Russell sent, to them on Monday, demanding whether ihey would enter into security not to enter the pro vineo of Upper Canada, or lo approach near its borders, piovided the povcrunmiit should release them. Yesterday the oriso. ncrs returned an answer. Thev 6ov. that having no desire lo enter Umier Canada. they aro willing to enter into the required bonds; but nsk lo bo permitted tO I'lltlT the province ut nny future period, provided either of them can obtain tho permission of me colonial government lo do so. Up to :; o'clock on tho afternoon of I lie fith nisi, no order for their dischai'gu had been received. Let inn call your attention lo dm debate on the affairs of Canada, which took place ui t lie Commons on the lib. Mr. Ilullur, you will perceive, wa- quite severo upon Sir George Arthur. Nothing will be done of any consequence for Canada this session. WAMKI, WKIislKKVoil Will sno III' Ibo London papers that this gentleman is noi nisi sight of in this great city. Ho bus been tho favored guest of mnnv distin. guHied persons among whom was her majesty the Queen. 1 he Rank ok Enri.ano. It is morn than probable that, before this reaches vou, you will have heard thai the Hank of L'ng. land has increased her rnle of intnrnsi in five and a half per cent. We have been lor somu e.iys in n stuto of great cxcito mcnt, with tho belief thai it would go even another step farther mid mnkn it sir. Yesterday (llli) passed oil" without nnv nonce from the bank, and it mnv now stand it tho present rate for somo time. A serious riot occurred at IJirniiii-'honi on the .lib. The mcetui" assembled nt ii oclt, and in a few minutes niter the police made their nppeoroncc, and made an ell'irt lo arrest the leaders. Thev wore overpowered and driven from the field, after recuiving some severo wounds. The fourth regiment of dragoons were called out, lo which was added somu infantry, and the rioters wuro in turn driven from the ground. Lady Flora Hastings died on the olh inst. The Queen had ordered Bucking ham palace to bo closed. The great Chartist petition was presen ted in the House of Commons on Ihu 1 4th ult. by Mr. Atwood. It was literally rolled into the House being a cylinder of parch ment, about the diameter of a coach wheel. Mr. Grote's motion for the ballot was brought forward on die I fith. It was lo.-t bv a majority of 117, the volo being, fur the uioiton '10, against it 333. On thu 19th die Jamaica bill was passed in the House of Commons by a majority of 10 vole, 207 for, 257 ogainst. The government cilocntion bill was passed on tho 20th, by a majority of only 5 or rather Lord Stanley's amendment was rejected by that majority. On the 21th Lord John Russell's motion for a grant of 30 000, to carry out the modified plan of education was carried by a majority of only 2 the vote being, for the grant 275, ugaiiist il 273. In the House of Lords, on tho 23d. the Marquis of Westminster declared himself in favor of die ballot, triennial Parliaments and extension of the soflrage. Ministers were dofcnied in tho house of Lords on the Jamaica bill, July 2nd. bv n majority of C9. Lord Lyodhiirst moved lo strike oul the first clause, and the motion prevailed, M9 to i)0. On Ibo -till, the bill now containing only one clniiso was carried without u division. In tho llutisu of Commons, on the lib, I he Canada bill had its second reading, mid wiit ordered lo bu committed on the I lib. Important intelligence bad been received from Ihe East.ol thu actual declaration of war by tho Sullnn against the Pacha of hgypl. I Ins was on die 9th of Juno; and at tho same time the Sultan despatched n fleet and considerable reinforcements to the rebels in Syria, whore die insurrection againsl tho Pacha was rapidly extending. Sir Lionel Smith has been transferred from the government of Jamaica to that of Mauritius. Sir Charles Mctcalf succeeds him at Jamuica. TllUNIIKIl and Lkihtnino Nkws Al Middldiown, in Ibis county on Saturday evening last, thero was a thunder shower and such a fall of rain as has not been ex. ceeded since the grenl flood in I III I. Tho streams were swolcu lo thai degree that nothing could resist them. The mills and dam al the old Miner plncu, owned by Abncr Pratt, were all swept nway. Tho stniii; dam and saw mill about three miles south of the village uoHr Mr. Wnil, wore also curried oil', together with several nut buildings of Mr. Wait, including provisions and other properly to nn inconeidoinbln amount, A'ufftim Herald, V It I I) A Y HOItNIN G, JULY 19 . WHIG NOMINATIONS.?- ? ran GorEiijYon, SJJLAS II. .IKjXLSOJV. For Lieut. Governor, DAVID M. CAMP. I'or Treasurer, HENRY F. JANES. or.N A TUItSj FOR CHITTENDEN COUNTY lOSUl'II CLARK, JOSEPH MAUSII. z: -r .-r Our miniiol stale election lokes place in atiotit cix weeks. Thu I linn should be im proved by ibo Whigs, in getting up nnd maintaining nn organization which will ensure the election of ibo Wlii" Ticket by as largo a majority, as that which it recei ved hist year. There is no reason why that majority should be diminished a stnglu vote; thero is no reason why n single man who voted for it ihco, shall not veto for it now. The national administration since that lime has done nothing to gain the con fidence of the people, and has dono every thing to weaken what little hold it might over have had upon their nflections. The same disregard of tho will of thu people, the same opposition to their interests, the same sacrifice of every thing lo party, still prove the chief feature in the management of the government. The same monstrous defalcations of unfaithful officers, and die same re-appoiniiucnt of men known lo be incapable and dishonest, tlill continue. In fact, tho administration is now reduced to its last desperate measures ; il has every thing at blnko in thu fall elections, and having no reputation for honesty to lose, it is taking its course with even more open undisguised profligacy than has cvor before distinguished it. Tho defalcations, and corruptions, and robberies of its officers, are no longer defended or denied; tho determination to fasten (ho sub-treasury upon the country, with the consent of the people or ogaiuat il, with law or without law, is openly avowed, and the whole of the public revenue is to be placed in the hands of men who arc branded defaulters, and who arc only wuiling n favorabio op portunity to follow in the footsteps of Sworlwout nnd Price The 6tolc of Vermont has, nl the pres.. mil moment many and weighty reasons for a bold mid firm opposition to the wild schemes ofthc administration. If the ad ministration ii measurably successful, in the fall elections, the next session of Con gross will witness bolder measures for reducing the country to the condition of a republic in name, but a monarchy in truth. An attempt will ho made to place tho in dustry of the American citizen on a level with tlint of the foreign serf who works for his ten cents per day. Our 'northern man with souiborii principles," stands ready to adopt any project that my win for him the support of John C. Calhoun and his followers. Tiiat Biipport is lo bo pur chased at tho sacrifice ol thu manufacturing and agricultural interest nl tho north; and tho result of tho fa II elections will hove an im portant, we may soy preponderating, iiillu dice on tho result of this reckless scheme. MR. CLAY. At a meeting convened for the purpose, on the evening of the 23d inst. a committee consisting of Messrs. Heuinn Allen, James I. Cutler, Hurry Ilradley and Ezrn Mcucli, were appointed to confer with Mr. Clay nt Montreal, or some other convenient point, and invito him to test the hospitality of his friends at llurlington The committee, wc believo, left last evening. Should Mr. C. accept the invitation, nnd fix n day cur tain, for his arrival, we shall lose no time in communicating the information to the adjoining towns. Wc sec it staled thai he 's expected at Saratoga on tho lOtli. so, he will probably be here Ihu last of next week, or the first of the week after, and possibly nt commencement, which is on the 7th Aug. A day or two, however, will scttlo tho question. Our friends in Pennsylvania nre so anx iously engaged in quntrellitig with each other, thnl thoy seem lo have neither limu nor disposition lo attend to tho common enemy. It is most melancholy to sou the Whigs of that noble State in such dissen sions, but it is the natural ami inevitable consequence of the course which they hnvo adopted; they have inscribed men, not piiticiples, upon their banner, and this done, there is an end to ull harmony of fueling ur of action. They nro fighting for moil, not for the cause, and they will have the inor liticaliun uf making then own uitscnciuns 11,0 8lcPP'"'ff stone upon which llieir oppo n"ts will mount to power. Wo hopo lit 10 "om Pennsylvania, at bet ebo wna worse tmn doubtful; will, tho present stale or fooling, there can bo no doubt nt nil of her. But let not her rate bo without Hb uses; let it bo a lossnn to tho Whigs in other States, never to think of their private differences, until the enemy is at their feet. The opponents of the national nilministra tinn constitute an unquestioned mnjority of ihe people of tho United Stntes, but of what vnluc is that mnjority, if it is to be cut up into private broils and disputes about men' Or what value arc men in comparison with the enduring principles upon which tho whig party is founded mid how false to himself and lo his catiso is he who stand quarrelling about, men when those principles are to ho or won ' What's -run mattkii? Tho Seniinol cautions its friends against helling on thu town election, on Ihe ground that they thereby tnx themselves to pay thu expense of llieir opponents. True. To bet, under prcscnl circumstances, would be nothing moro nor less than what the Sentinel iiiIn males. Rut this consideration is now for the first lime in many years, urged upon Iho parly. Whilo tho nulimuil tremmry was full, betting was tho fuvontu argument, nnd fruo "oilers" were administered an ihe sovereign remedy for desperate cases. Wo aro rejoiced, however, that even ndver'v has brought our neighbor to tho anxious scat, and believing his convict tons to bu sincere, ho certainly has our prnyors for u snfu deliverance. Wc nro in principle wholly and totally opposed to tho betting system; and wo cannot but indulge a coiiM dent hope that our friends, with the cor lainty of success before them, will pursue on honorable high-minilod policy, nnd en tirely refrain from any tnritaliz.itinn hi; , that of which tho Sentinel complains. "linoTiiKR Jonathan" h d,0 name of tho largest Ox in the world, mid which n now being exhibited in London for the edification of his illustrious grandsiro John Hull. Our old friend Griswold ha select ed Iho samo cognomen for a new hebdoma dal, published in Now York, which beam about the same relation to other pnpero that the bullock aforesaid does to our twin slcors--whtch, by Ihe way, aro Ihe best in Chittenden counl.y mid, like him, loo Ibis younger "Brother" is full of ui things. If wu count right, it contains thirty six wide columns, each longer than a sirni" mid the amount and variety of mailer must. satisfy thu appetite of Iho most invetcriitn newsmonger ufliat. Discarding nil po. litical discusions, it is devoted lo literature news, and "thuiL's." Tcrnu. !. On Monday last a vixen namod Roso Lynch, was brought before Justico Rich- ard?on, charged, omong other things with theft, ii?saull mul battery, and threats to burn Iho house of her employer all which were proved against her, and she wnb hold lo bail in IO0O for nnnearanno ot ilm August term. Tho persons who under- took to arrest her, we ore told, got a pretty assenlial touch of her quality, in the shapo of biles, kicks, scratches, and rotten eggs a dozen of which she had deposited in her bosom for the occasion. This wo under stand to be her uniform character wherever bhe is known; and os we Icurn that she is still prowling about the neighborhood, full of vengeance, we have thought Hour duly to caution tho public against her. A correspondent ofthc Rochester Dem ocrat, gives the following account of Mr. Clay's remarks at liuff'alo; from which it will be seen that lie is still thu samo frank, open hearted, fearless, sclf-bacrilictng friend to his country uud its institutions, thai hu has ever been. liven Ins political oppo nents cannot but admire linn for those hon orable characteristics. In reply to ihe brief address from tho. Ilecordcr of tho city. Mr. Clay said Follow ciliciu die join ML-y which Ii.ih pl.iced ino hiiioii yon, was raiiiineiiced ut nfluril ine hu opportunity I have nevri rnjojrH, bin wliidi I i,i0 lonj wiilii'd for. lo iiii llli hm-ie-inti noilion nl one cuininnii cnunuy. Il ' begun mill n., desiroon my patt lo crilii pnhlio feeing, in ;i(. Iiar.l piiblicj.iueiilion, or In lie iho imiish of any public drnioiislr.ilion, I aiilicinuird, it i 1 1 lie, mill I lake plcauue heie in ncKnowlt'ilgo it, in inert with iniliciiioiii of liiciuMiip and ll.ilicruig run idnalinn ; )Ct, nlllionli il uns my with in Imvh passed un iiiii'lly, iviilinot p.-ii.nli) or nny omenta. Iiou.-i ilifil.iy, my Iiimii cinnnl lint appreciate iho ni.iiim'giaiinn ui regard wiitrii ii.ik iici-ii rtinceil tutvaul me in this bcHiilifnl City of ilm hakes. I ill, ink yuu, fellow ciiiiein, 1 iluinkyoii lieainly foi lliein all. Air. C. then pinceedcd lo detail (he cvcnls which have siicrrrded iht last war alluded lo ilir ptua norilv of llio roiuiliv its eicent iranoniliiv. f.r mul closed ilii; division of his irni.uku, hy Mying dial his saii.-f.iclton would In- complete, if tve iveio ' not compelled lo lememliei ili.ii ifere ei renmno' oni! violation of our territory, thu desln'iciion of ilio uamline, jet mulounl lor. Al ihis lemaik, i ha thousands present lnokt; dim in ono uiiivcis.ll mium rlraily ikiiiiiiisiiaiiiic, ih.ii linweici- ihe coverninem will neglect il defence u ihe honoi of Ihe i-nmin y ilm people will not. In closing Ihu uny few lemaiks which lis n adr upon politics, he said ; Tim. who aio op ok I to llir. alaiiiiinganil cxIiavaRnnl i-n pennon ol die public moneys- , alarmed al ilw fcnliil rapidity with which ihin-s in this country aieneig in" iou.iiiU niialocr.icy and innnairhv rnribliliiir a laiRr majoiiiy of ihe prnplo of iho United Slates If, in Ihe inminK conlt'81, ihey aio defeaivd, llicy Will 1101 ho defeated hv the. num. nl ihu iSrmeii.U, ol those who oppoic iheni. If disancr ami defeat itbi upon inn cause, it will ho liccnuiR nS oin iIiti oioiij tJurdnuioin cunituute our wtdknen. and

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