Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 2, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 2, 1839 Page 1
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m wi;,iiMiii'nwteTMMiiiyiji.ili.i- NOT THE G 1, O U V OF 0 S A R It V T T II H W K I, I' A UK o K H O iI U PMMIC(!inl BY II. B. STACY- M'HISK I WAS A WUK LITTLK SLIl OP A GIRL. When 1 was a wee little flip of a irl, Too unless nml jmmg for :i pnnle ; dear !' The men, ns I p.ui'd, would pxcl.iim, "1'ielly Which, I imtM s.iy, I llioiinlit liither mile It.ulicr Mido.'fo 1 did ; Which, I niiipi !iy, I i lton4 li t raiher rude. Huuevei , said (, uIipii I'm iinre in mv lecm, 'I hfi'll, fine, ceapc lo vvuriy tnc then : But ns I reiv thp oMer.so ihoy gtuw die boldcr- kSiicIi impudent lliins sue ihc men ; Aic (lie men, :nu ihu turn, Such impudent things tire (lie men. Hut of all die hold ihingri I could rinr suppofe, (Vet linvv cunld I l.iku it ami.' 1) Was that ofiny iinudcul rotigin l.i.it night, When hf: actually cave me a kUs ; Av, a ki??, ro he did ; When he nrtii.illv K.iio me a kiss ! I tpiickly irpinvid him, hut ah ! in surh lone?, .. I'h.it, etc we ueie li.tlflhrougli the ilen, Rlv wi!rr lo sinolhrr, he t n o mu iinnlhrr Such strange, fo.ixin iliiiigs, are the men ; Are the men : aie i tic men ; Such 6I1HI14C, coaxing things, are the men. Tim following btnui idil stanzas nrc from the Knickerbocker for April: TO MY MOTHER, nv nitv. Gkorok W. Ukthune, D. D. My Moilier ! manhood's nnxinns hniw And sterner cues, have long been mine, Yet turn I fondly lo ihep now, As when upon thy l)tjnm'i fliriiif. My inl.im qiiefji upie pnlly hu-lipd to lest, And lliy low whisperM pr.ivcra iiceluuibeiij blest. 1 liner call 1h.1t EPnlle name, My Moilier ! bin I am again K'en an a rhild ; 1 lie veiy s.ime Thai pi ait led al ibv knee, and f.iin Would I foigei, in inniiipnlary jo). Thai I no tnoie can be thy boy. Thine an less boy, to whom thy smile Was fiinjliine, ami thy frown sad night, (Though rare that fiown anil brief the while, It eiled finm me thy loving belli,) For well ronn'd iak, ainliiiion's bigltpst bliss, 'J'o win from thy approving lips n kiss. I've! lived ihrough foreign lands to 10am, And gazed on many a cliM-ic scene, lint lib 1 lie thought of tb.ii dear borne, Which once was ours, would intervene, And hid me cloise again my languid eje, To think of thee, and those sweet d.ijs gone by. Thai pIc.iFaui hnmn of fruit? and (loners, When hy iip Hudson's verdant side, My sineis wove their jasmine howers. And hk up lopil, al eventide, W011M Impelling come, from dislaut toil, to bless, Thine and his childien's radiant happiness ! Those scenes arc (led ; ilip tatlling car O'er flint.piive.l ireei pioHines the spot, WIipic o'er the sod we sowed "The Slar Of Bethlehem" and "Korgel.mp-uol." 0, wo 10 iMainmniiV desol.iiing ipign, Wo ne'er thall find on eanh a home again ! I've pored nVr 111:111V a yellow page Of ancient wisdom, anil have won I'ei chance, a scholar's name ; jet sage Or poei ne'er I1.11I1 inughi ihyson Lessons so pure, so fiaughi wiih holy litiib, As ihote his inolher's (aiib shed o'er" bis juulb. If e'er, ihrough grace, my God ha own The ofTei iiiyr of my life nod love, Meihinks, when bending close before bis throne, Amid the nuisoni'd Inula above, Thy name 011 my ipjoiciug bps rh.ill bo, And I will bless that grace for heaven and ihec ! For thee and heavpn for 1I1011 didst irpad The way I lint lends to tli.it hlest land ; Ply ofipn wniwaid footsteps led, By lliy kind woids and palipni band, And when I wamleied fir, lliy faithful call Restored my soul frcin sin's deceitful thrall ! I have been blesi with oilier lies, Kond lies and irue.yei never deem That I iho Ie ihy fondness prize: No, MOTHER ! in iho waime.st dream Of answered passion ihrough ibis heart 01' mine, One chord will vibrate 10 no namn but thine ! Mother ! lliy name is widow well 1 know no love of mine can fill The w.me place ol thy bean, nor dwell Wilhin one sacred tecess, still 1. enn on the faithful bosom of thy son, fil patent ! thou art more mv ONLY one ! Temperance in Africa. Moroka, n 'South African cheif, has issued n decree ngaimt I lie vending of nrdont spirits. Wo hope ihc rulers of refined America and En ropo may learn u lebson from otic of the dark eons of the "Niobc of nations." The decree reads as folltiwB: "Whereas the introduction of ardent spirits into tins country has in a .'real measure been subversive of the good effect both of religion nnd civil government, in every part where it has been allowed, am) immediately canted disorder, immorality tint! vice, and, morn remotely, poverty and (JiMrece, demoralization and destruction of life by incesnnt tlepredotinn upon the pro perly and rights of the weaker tribes of those parte be it hereby known that the traffic in ardent spirits, in every part of the country under my government, shall, from the date hereof, be illegal; and any person or persons found transgressing this, my law, shall bo subject to tho confiscation of all the spirits thus illegally offered for fbIo, with all other properly of every kind belonging to tho person or persona thus found transgressing who may be on tho spot al the lime of seizure and in any way connected with the some." The Declaration. Nero is one of the neatest turned epigrams in Iho language. Imagine, if you please, a lady most gra ciously reclining on a sofa, with the last faBlnonalilo novel in her hand, and u heart as unfeeling as her pin cushion, llufore her, proslrato on his marrowbones, a per fumed youth of twenty, with clospeduanih nnd eyes up-turned in agony Miblime, sob bing out in anything bul diapason "My charmer ! I would din for ibro If thou woiildil only live for mc !" "All I do' replied the dark-eyed elf, "1 never like lo die mjtelf !' MR. ADAMS ON ABOLITION. John Ojiincy Adams has been publishing in tho National Intelligencer n series cf letters on the subject of slavery. His second letter U devoted to the question ol immediate nbolition, from which wc make the following extract. It will, wo are per. minded, be read with interest. The whole undertaking of the Coloni zation Society to establish colonies of free negroes on the coast of Africa, to difbur. don this continent from the bind of its colored population, bos, from its first incep. ttoii, appeared to mo a visionary and utterly impracticable though benevolent project. And. in a-signiug to you, friends nnd fellow-citizens, thu reaxiiirt upon which I have declared mysell not pri pared to vote lor ibi! iinniedititu abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, I miiH frankly acknowledge that one of my decisive rea sons against it is thu same winch has de leted mu from ever giving any nid or ciuinieiiniicn to the Colonization Society its impracticability. The immediate abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia is utterly imprac. ticable. First, because the public opinion ihrough. out the Union is against it. Tins public opinion throughout all the slave Stales is unanimous, or so nearly so that no one dares lo avow an opinion favorable to the measure. No membor nf fiiirr r,. any one nf the States where "sin very is t-i.mu-ii-.-u wuinu onre 10 vino lor it, nor could he return with snl'fiu in M- .,,..0..,. among his constituents if he should. ivr is ino puiiiic opinion, m any one of the non-filavebolding States, with the pos sible exception of Vermont, liivorable to it. The parly of the present Administration are universally ayauiM it. if nut m m,;,.,..,, at least in action. All the strcniMh of Mr.' Van Buren in the South rests exclusively upon the pledges that he has rrivpn ntrninul this narlicular measure. All Im friends in the North must and do sustain him in it. 1 lie Abolitionists arc yet a small, and, I lament to say, a most unjustly persecuted narty in all tho free States. It is their martyr age, and as thev are in n frm..i measure actuated by religious principle, they suffer with the spirit of mariyrdTim an invincible but necosmlv fill principle inasmuch as success leaves it no scope tor action " be immediate! nholiiinn rr therelnrc, in the District of Columbia, is no more 111 I lie power of any member ol Conuress 10 cfieet than ihn m,,..,i,.,... abolition of polygamy at Cnnsinniinopli., ur 'lit- minietnaie munition (J widow burn-1 ing 111 Hindustan; and if it were possible even to introduce into the House of Rep- luruiuunves a 0111 to mat etiect, I should vote against it so long as I should know it to be nut only unwelcome, bin odious, to at least four-fifths of the People throughout the Union. In a special manner should I bo nnnncii to the cnuclment of a law tn nnnnm in clusively upon the people of the District of uMiuiiiuiu, ogaiusi ine win ot that people, and in comnhunci! wnb nontinna r,nm -.' sons init io be affected themselves by the miw. j nis m contrary to the lirst princi oles of our institutions Tim n..-.i of Independence derives all the just powers of government from the consent of the governed. When the Pnnnl.. nr sented in the Legislative Assembly, the uuns-uiii in mu vvioio must be interred from iho voice of the representative majority; but when tho People are to be bound by 1.1 wo uiuuiiiiiiiig irom a legislative assembly wherein they have no renrcsentntiunu 1 will must be ascertained by manifestations irom inemseivcs. low it is certain that a orcat majority of thu inhi.liiin.nc r,r ,i. District are utterly averse to the abolition of slavery among them by law, nnd would consider it as an unconstitutional violation of their rights of property. I hold tho opinion mat one Human being cannot be made tho property of unotlmr. Ti.m Ol sons and things aro, by tho laws of Naturs atiu 01 lMitures unu. so distinct that no human laws can transform eithor into tim other. But this is not the onininn nf il,n people of the District of Columbia : and in the enactment of Ihwb to boar nvni,,.-i,.ni upon them, and not upon myself or my miiiiuui.n i-uiis'.ituuins, 1 must oe governed uy iiioir win mm not uy my own. These two reasons the imnmni innt.iiii.. ol accomplishing by law a measure of tran scendent importance against the public opininn of four-fifths ol tho nation, and the injustice of enacting a law against the will of those upon whom it is to linr. n.1.1 the will of others upon whom it is not lo operate al all havo been, and will con tinue 10 be, decisive with mo against any proposal in Congress, for the immediate abolition of slavery in tho District of Co himbia. liiiher of them would, if alone, bring me to tho same conclusion. Aim indeed, these havo been among the reabons, of my anxious desiro that your petitions, particularly for this measure should not only bo received by tho Houbc. im iiLiiuuruioiy considered; rnterred to the Committee for (he District of Colnm bin. or lo a snlert nnimi,,. 1 upon, and freely discussed by iho House. 1 im vii uuiiuvuu, nnu nun uclieve, that, after such full and free discussion, any bill for the immediate abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, should a committee even report such a bill, would bo rejected in the hou6o by a majority of at least four luoou; nnu 1 navo nopeu Uiat, if not all, great multitudes of you would, in iho ro Hull of such a discussion, become convinced that tho time has not yet come when Jus. tica herself would ha Kntisfiml uitl. ii. immediate abolition of slavery in the Dis trict 01 iniumuia. rour righto at least would thus bo maintained inviolate. I trust that a full consideration by yourselves of the injustice, under all possible ctrcuui- FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1839. IllllRi'S. of li'irisbiliiiii nvi.r n nonnln noninsl their will, nl the demand of another people not subject to the law themselves, would oeier you irom perseverance in a pnrsiiii, your only motives for which arc Iho dis pensation of justice to nil. But should it nrnve ol her wise, should von nnrsist in nn titiouing from session t' session for the same boon, as in many nf your petition is iuuiimwii mi iiu jour iiiieimnii, 1111; en mo respect, the same consideration, and the jnme answer should, in my judgment, be given to your petitions, so long ns the tame reasons should be nonlienbln in llu'in. I bad long indulged the hope tbnt the noomion 01 slavery tn tins ijonfederncy would bo effected bv I bn tionnln nf I In- several Slates in which it rtisls; us bus nniunlly been done in the Slates of New York nnd Pennsylvania. Proposals for this most desirable consummation bnvc, al different times, been actually ninde and discussed in lb Legislatures of Maryland, Virginia, nnd Kentucky, and ibn tnnn lm been when in nil tho-e Slates n majority, or very neorly 11 majority, of the iieonlc would have sanciioncd the measure. Wiibin n very lew years n petition from ninny hiiiidri-ds of ihc inhabitants ol the District of Columbia itself VVH4 Nf I'SPIll I'll to Congress nrovinc liir the nlinliiinn nl slavery there. Tin same spirit was then pnweifnl. both 111 Virginia and Maryland In both tlnwe Slates it is now silent, il not extinct. The spirit of slavery has nenoirpd not only an overruling ascendancy, bin lias become at once intolerant, pro.-criptive. inu siipm-ncai. It lias crept into the phi losophical chairs of the schools, lis eln. ven-lbot has a-cended the unions of the churches. Professors of nolleoes teneh it lesson of morals. Ministers nf I ho Gospel seek and profess (0 find sanctions for it in the Word of Cod ! I can. therefore, no lomror flutter mvnir wiih 1 in; exieciaiion I lint in t in K win remnant ofmv life slavery will hnnhiiliuiu.fi in Hie Stales of Virginia and Maryland by their Legislatures, and with the consent of the People of thoc Slates themselves ; and I hifve never cnnlemnlnied nnv nt her mnfln of abolition, as desirable or as susceptible Ol receiV IIP' any rnnntonnnnn fr.nx n.. American citizen, faithful m h 14 rnnitlrtr nnd friendly lo tho continuance of the union. 00 innrr ns t tic 'eon n o into wo Slates shall be so di'nideillu tinrn t,. the general nbolin'nn of slavery, there is very Inle fjround lo bono Hint ilm Pnnnl., of 1 he District of Columbia will bo favor able to it among themselves. Tlint n chani'i! of sentiment on this sub ject will. 11, iln- cmrsuof lime, Inke place bulb 111 ihe S'a e- end in the Di-sttict, I i-till hope, though I have little reason to anticipate ttiai 11 will happen tn my time. i Now, earnestly as I desire tlmi nlmlitinn as soon as it can possibly bn effected with justice lo the inhabitants of the District, and with safely io the peace and preserva tion of iho Union. I am not prepared to sinhe my responsibility nsa Keprcsentnlive of the People unon a mensiirn wImpIi t... the immediate emancipation of fivo or six iiiniisnnu staves out 01 three millions, would, as I believe it would, imminently hazard both. The whole South and SoiithweM. not only in Congress, but in the nation, are united against 11. Nothing less than the union of the whole North and IV both in and out of Congress, could possibly accomplish it even in Congress. The President has fivnn nledfrosin n,l,.nnn both before and since his election, that he would interpose his veto against such a bill should it ever be carried by majorities in both Houses nf Congress. To expect that majorities of two-thirds of both Houses now, or for many years to couif, would vote for this measure against the Presnlen tial negative, would be nothinn- short nf insanity. What, then, is the meaning of thai immediate abolition winch iln Ameri can Autu slavery Society has made the test 01 ortuonoxy to ineir political church ? A moral nnd physical impossibility! I am not aware that any ono of the peli tinns which were committed bv vno tn ,nu charge required the immediate a'bolition of slavery in the District or the Territories; but in the recent report of tho Executivo uotEmittee oi the American Ami slavery Society, I observe that the friends of free institutions are congratulated that tho doc trine of immediate emancipation is now established on a bnsis from which it cannot bo dislodged, either by the malico ol its enemies, or the unfaithfulness of'iis frinnnV They consider the keystone of this divine argument ns placed in its eternal homo by tho parliamentary liberation of the slaves 111 in? urninii colonics. But if I be cxamnle of British nn rlinmnti. tary emancipation is to bo consitlered as naving soivou tins question upon n divine foundation, you will plense to obsorvo that an essential nnrt of it is the nm-meni ol .,,, hundred millions of dollars to the owners of those emancipated slaves by way of in demnity for the Iosb of their properly, as it had been held to bo under tho preceding laws, and as is held lo bo by Ihu laws (71 our slavehnldini' Slntnu. This nnrhnmni, tary emancipation was evidently 11 enmpro. iiiisu; 111 my esiituBiinu, nn Honest mu bonnrnbln cnmiiriiinicii' lint ulmimn,. ..r divino tho Executive Committee of the American Anti-blavnry Society percnivo in ino imiucoiniu emancipation ol tho llritish Colonial slaves. I do not lllidcrslnnd ilm. as considering Ihu poymont of the twenty 1111111011N in pouiius Pierung in indemnity the owners of (he slaves as nartnkimr nnu uu,., of that divine authority II I understand correctly the sentiments nf tho Executive Committee of iho Aniori can Anti-slavery Society, they approve and applaud the parliamentary process so far as 11 uAit;iiuB hi uiimiioipiuiuu ; out rr cct, not Without illdlPlliilion. that unit nf I hi, Uniicl, lirnci'dnilt whirll nrnnla nl Ilm .. 1 0 r- ' ..(,.-,..,.. ' i'viihu in tnu imiioii, an cimvatciu to tliedispoisebscd 'l V'l.U For myself, fellow citizens, I freely eon .natural nnd inalmnnlde rbjhl if'SnH that, . by ,he laws of Nature.! of Nm , Cod. Lauim.nortn! soul ennnn. I, ,rf,. chattel, lam yet disinclined .0 make of

iyrv iipiiiinus nrnciesoi a religions creed ilh the nreiensitin lo imtmsn it noon niii 1 1 ' 1 . . . . r "I" llf. I might answer that it would be so in bin I am not. commiinnnil m 1I0. iiounce the jtidgemeut of God upon those I won oiucr irom inn in re irrmiiu r bellier linfiii tho ! " iei. other. hnvo heard from mv Mnter the iriiinctinn "Judge not, that vc be not judged." and from more than one of Ins Apostles tic qucstnn, Who arMhon that iudi'est another man's servant ur nn.iilwrP Ti,.. .Inu ri n Sen I :",,',"n.C"!- ,rHl past, mittrd l.v At.,,,,,.,,., r:.. ,' . ,:. '., r-- inn. i-i.ivi-iy hum ut-eii per narlicst periods of In tory. snnreil nr nin .... ,,..!,,., IIUII, lllu lane, down in the present day, though I look forward with earnest hopn and inTense desire to the tiny when it will bo banished from my country and from the wotld, I have no vocation for the exercise of force or const rami or injustice, even for the lib. oration of iho slove. If the abolition of slavery is ever to be effected in this country, it must be either by force, thnt is. by n civil and servile war, or by the consent of the owners of the slaves. All the abolitionists and all the auti-flavery societies totally disc'om all in. lentioo or purpose tn employ or tn sanction the employment of force, "nnd complain, wiih reason, that the imputation of any such design to them is n slander. Iiiiin diaie emancipation, therelnrc, is in their purpose tube effected with the consent of the majors, and without indemnity to them. In what page of the volume of Im man nature they found the recipu for this baUmn lo the Mire of slavery, or in what cell in tho imagination H was devised, I know not. Franklin, it jp said, made the discovery tbnt an effusion of oil will smooth the stormy sea; but no philosopher has vet appeared to make the experiment of pour ing ii into the summit of a smoking crater to eximgui-h the volcano w'nhtn. With I he most sincere belief in the in legnty nf your intentions, and with rove retice for ibe benevolence and purity of your purposes, let me ask those of you", my friends, who believe Ino immediate enintici palion of I he slaves of (hU country, with the consent of their masters, without indemni ty, and without the use offeree, a practica bio ilung, whether the success or your moral mi, 'is inn np.m i, minds ol the slave holders hi'herto has been encouraging to your bop?s or expectations of untimely prevailing upon them to give up nt once their opinions and their nronoriv ? Tlnvn you convv-fted many to the true faith ol iinineiiiniecmancipation without indemnity? Is the temper wiih which your arguments are rereived ; nay, is the temper witli which i hey are urged, of that character winch conciliate! acquiescence and ripens hoji tnncy into conviction ? With what feelings toward-yu is the heart of tho slaveholder impressed? With what feelings aro your hearts impressed towards the Hlnvohnlilnr ? "Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of iiiieiies.'" inu appeal, Willi exultation, to what ycu consider, perhaps nretnaltirelv. the successful result of the iimnndinm emancipation of slaves in the British Colo, nies : and yet you "cavil the conditions:" you rfject all idea of indemnity to ilm mnn stealer, us you style bun, at tho very time wnen you are petitioning Ins reprcsento live to liberate his bIbvos. If onn hundred millions of dollars havo been cheerfully magnanimously, paid by the People o Britain for tho liberation of UOO.OOO slaves lour times that sum at least would be re quired of tho People of this Union lo liber ffer slave's V.,5 in mlS --"aV'the mum rntP.irimlpmr.it.,. it,.. n. .i . " ent mnrL-et nriep ..P .!.,, ,1.:, . , , .... - c", "' ? Z ,1, IT ,,,A:d.,,,nr, f l".ifi",mty fr the valuo lost. And how was the em.-mei patiou of sluves in the British Colonies ac compbshed? Hy act of Parliament-an assembly in which the colon sis had mi representation. In direct contradte. mn , tho nr.ncnlo uoon wb.eb our Rvl i, n Was founded. If tho imestinn linil hem, w" submitted lo the decision of the Legislative Assemblies of the Colonies Ibemse.lves. do you imagine that any such emancipation would have been effected, i-von fur twmi nr tbrinolhnt amount of iho indemnity allow ed hy Parliament ? One of thu nctitiona transmitted in mn ni the lalo srasion of Congress to be presented to i tic Mouse ol Kepresentatives. signed by Joiin jay and citizens of New York prayed that CotiErress would nrnnosn nn amendment to the Constiiuiion nf tho Uni ted biales. for the refusal to admit any new slave State into the Union. Tb n lip. tit ion did not specify thu mode of amend ment desired, nut have long hcon ol npiu 1011 that if tho obiecl is ever to he nllnined peaceably and with Ihn consent of the slaveholders, of which I havo but a very taint htipo, it must he by Mini process, and never will he accomplii-hed bv auv other: and 1 look tho occasion, when nskinn leuve of tho limine lo nresent Ibn nelilion. to include in the rennet.) ilu. nennissinn also lo present three resolutions nf amend incut to i no (institution : I. Providing that lifter n L'iven d(iv nil ehililren lnmi within the United Stales should be born Iroe. 2. I hat, with iho exception of Elnr Ida, no Slate, the Const jimpm of which Would sanction the ilutllininn nl' Klnvnri' should over bo ndinitieil into the Union ; and, ild. Thai uftor u given day there Bliunld bo neither ulavurv nor mvolnnlnrv servitude, unless in punishment for crime, at tho beal ol iiovorutnent of Iho Union. The House refused mn Ihn nnrnilSKlnn lii present either tho petition ot ihn rcenlu nun. i no pm ii ion tvjiH niicrwatus nil. nutted, with many hundred mmu to th "ZSllnlJ u I I " . " v," ".cc,v,7 5 .nn"'.. " h L , ' ? V,TP nec" Jn.,u 'i"Vlc cember 01 no- ,,,i....i u imuu: mat, tnV ri'SO Ml Ifltl- ' ' nro ,n 110 'ise ond not in assist my wife. -Your charily, your bos be remotest degree responsible for them, pitnbty." said the Czar,".m.i br'.ng dnwn , ' ' my resoiuiions ufitilfl I,., -0......r 1... .1.- it . . vyonid i,,. r,mt,f( bv the House. I know hem rather to the ctilinnrr, n efi,..,.ri ,,, , . . , - ii i! he only mode in weh I believe the ed will ' ' . I'ur-simy oe i iieci I innioni . . .1 , '"""-" " temper iniiinaliv ratikliti; between t be slaveholders and the abol,ti,..i . . V . i. . v n'""t: ... " r" V"r" in?l: '""S -MH,i e.it. in" aunitimn of slavery in 1 1,,. union, or even in the District of Columbia, is as far bojond the reumns of possibility as any project of Ihu philosophers oI'Lupa ta. The multiplication of Anti-slavery Sncielios wilhin the la-t three years baV appeared lo mo rnther to weaken than to promote their cause, or at lensi their proa pectsorimmed'ale orcarlv succes-s. Willi the irmre.'i-e of t hoir numbers, new nnd collateral question, always controvertible and perplexing, like parasite suckers from the main stem of the tree, havo sprung up to divide their counsels and inirndnce'dis sensmn nmotig themselves. The captious disputation of moral and political casui-try. about lion resistance, defensive war. the rights ol women, political action, no Cov-crn.-ncnt. the social condition ol'the colored race, ihc encouragement given to the slnves io escape from their musters, and exaggerated representations nfiho miseries of their condition, have eminently concur red not only to counteract their influence upon the main object of t heir association, but to make them unpopular and even odi nns, nnt onlv in the South, but in all parts of the Union. Their nnnovance of candidates for popular election, hy putting searching questions to them as tests, im" porting at mice n promise and a threat, has no', ornmtialed tn them n,n rmn.l of any party, and has made them ohnnx mos to nn. i ne purity of the principle of in meet; lormai interrogatories, for answers to be folloired bv suffrnues. 14 uerv noes. tionable, with refereocc to the freedom of elections. The expedient itself has seldom if ever been siicce--sful to accomplish its object. It has in ulmuot every instance (liduir:.! die weakness of tho Abolitionist? u.s a party, distinct from lliefrmni nnlnienl competitors fur the favor and the power of inn reopie. My objections to tho immediate abolition of slavery in the Territory of Florida lire mc miihu vviiti tnosc winch I have here eel forth onainst the same monenro in tim ni tric! of Columbia, with the addition that the conditions upon which the Territory was ceded to the United States by Spain formally stipulate for im nrlniiQ:ifin tntn tho Union on the same terms ns are secured to Hie primitive citizens of the United States. To impose a new condition now upon the inhabitants, as a sine qua non, of admission i mic union ns a fttate, would be, in mv .liidgemeiii, n breach of faith. I voted nirtiinst the admission of ih.. Sim,, ri.. kan-as, because her Constitution expressly ueiniMi io nor iiogisiatnre the power of emancipating slnves. Should the Consti. tutinn of Florida contain the same provis ion, I should VOtC in the same manner l.nl the faith of the nation is already pledged in the admission of Florida on the satne't.mns upon Which Other Southern Kioino i,., i been admitted, and we have no right now io require mnro ol her than has been re aXT SeaS'" H ' "c J , 0 11h.or.CBft-''. . Constitution of quired oi inem savory. WC winch shnll lolernte slavery, were not sns u't,l,u" ""'n auiriiiaiive answer A nca ,ivo ."'olnt'on to that elfect would have m. binding force, even if adopted by h-ith rumieribi the po verVo , cesso it.,, ,.,i. ' ' . , V,. . . . hSor uuiiM-aw congress; for they cannot eir " :,:,"" . T,0M.0' mwo- 1 . o. '!U,H 10 lne 0IJ"ion ot any new BIUVU OIUIU, REWARD OF HOSPITALITY'. AN ANKCUOTK OF IVAN, OK HUSSIA. Tho Czir, Ivan, who roignod oyer Rus sia about tho middle of iho sixieeoth cen- lorv. Irennenllu i.,ni ... .. i , r.-....j ..in i ,iUl i.ifi;uiM'u, in order to discover the opinion which tho nnnnlit pnlprtnlt.eil .,f I,,.. people entertained of Ins ndmiinsi ration une day, in a soliiary walk near Moscow no eiiioreu a small village, and prelendm lo be overcome bv fhiimio. ,mii,.r,i i." from several of tho inhabitants His dress was rnegeu; ins appearance mean; and whnt nilolil l,i I, n., .,..;. ... J what ought lo hove excited rnnn.nasw.n .. tho villngors, and ensured bis reception was prouuciive ot relusal. Full of mdig nation at such inhuman treatment, be wn ju-t gning lo leave the place, when hi perceived another habitation to which h had not applied for assistance. It was the poorest cottage in iho village. The Empt n.-i uiii.Hgo in me village. The Emm; ,.i inn, ii ti ii niioeKuo ni Iho door; n peasant opened it, nnd asked him What 1)0 Wllllll'd. "I lllll nlml ,1 ...:. Im.:!. ... ,l.;t I I I. i . .'. fatigue nud hunger," nnswered the Cz-ir "COII you mvo nil! Il Indi'lllrr for hup niifl.i ? fntl.'lle mill li.l.i.rer " n ii.m.. .1... r- """ ,,u i""i,inlj ibkiii" nun ny the hnml. "you will ia 'nit poor faro hero; you nro at nn unlucky lime. My "Alas!" said tho peasant taking him hy who is very ill, Her crses will nnt let you sleep: but room ,111, gome in ; vnu will nt lean bu shullered t'ronVajio cnld; ami such as wo havo you shull-bo welcome to." The peasant then made tho Czar enter a little room, full of children ; in a cradle were two infants sleeping soundly, u litllo girl, three yeath old, was sleeping on a rug near liio cindlo, while her I wn sisiurs, the one five ycaru old, the oilier tcven, wero on VOIL. XII J Vo.632 ln7nT'Z!. T? '." " otljoininp. n.na.w"?,u .P,,c9 P'a'nls mid groans were ,l,el,nc,y ,,n'. "'Y horc." said the- pedant o.he Emperor ; "I will go anO ire.H . frrrra nn I, ,., 11 v.... -II I oiessings upon your ioue 1, . J I nm mre Gni) will reward your r reward your goodness." "Pray to replied the peasant ; - j " ' " , i ing in v i nin Km; inn v ii n ve n safe delivery from all'her sufferings, that in pray to Cod Almighty that she may have n uh i wtsn ror - "And is Hint nil you wish l" """" Jnu uappvf "itnppy; judge for M'""ai', i nave live cinidren ; a dear wife who loves mc: a father and mother, hail. in henlth; and mv labor is sufficient lr support i hum nil.' "Dovniir fniher and mother live with you?" "Certainly, they are m the next room with my wife." "Hut your collage hero is ro very small." The peasant then went In hi wifn. whn an hour alter happily presented him with a nm tier nusband. in n trim-port of joy, brtioht the child io ih,. Czir. "Look," i-iitd he. see what a fine, hearlv child bn is! May Cod preserve hnn as be hds done, mv others!" The Czar, sensibly nffecieil h this scene, took the infant in "his arms: "I know," said he, "from the, physiognomy of tins child, that ho will arrive. I am certain, nt a ureal nrefornicni." Tho ner.cn .,i smiled at this prediction, and at that instant me iwn eldest girls came, with their grandmother, to take bun back. The liltlo ones followed her; nnd the peasant laying down upon Ins straw, invited tho eirnnge'r to do Iho same. In a lew mnmenis the peasant was in a sound nnd peaceful sleep: but the Czar, sitting no, looked around and contemplated every thing with on eye of tenderness and emoi inn iho sleeping chil dren ond the sleeping father. An undis turbed silence reigned in the cottage: "What a calm! What delightful Iranquili. ty!" said the Emperor. "Avarice and ambition, suspicion ami remorse, never enter here. How sweet is the sleep of innocence!" In such refl ctions, and on such a bed. did the mighty emperor of iho Russias spend the night! Tho peasant awoke at the break of dav, and his guest, taking leave of him, said. "I must return to Moscow, my friend I Hin acquainted there with a very benevolent man, to whom I shall take care l mention your humane treatment to me. I can prevail upon him to 81 and godfather in your child. Promise me, therefore, that yiiu will wait for me. that I may be prer-enl at Iho christening; I will be back in three hoiirri at farthest!" The peasant did not think much of this mighty promise, but. in gootl nature of heart, he consented, however, to the stran ger's request. The Czar immediately tool: biq leave, the three hours wee soon gone, nnd no body appeared. The pea-ant therefore, followed by Ins family, was preparing to carry his child to thu church; bu as ho was leaving his cottage, he heard on u sudden the trampling of horsc.i, and a rat tlihg of many coache?. He looked not, and presently saw a multitude of horses, and a train of splendid carriages. He knew the Imperial guards, and iiiitanily called his family to see the Emperor go by. They all ran out hi a hurry and stood beforo the door. The horsemen and carringe-t soonlormed n circular hue; ami at last, Tint stato coach halted directly opposite tho good pear-ant's door. Cuards kept back tho crowd, winch the hopes of spring their sovereign had collec'ed together, Tn, conch door wus opened ; the Czar alighied', and advaucirg towards his host, thus ad ' 7 f f 1! ,r",m your child, and follow mo io dressed Inin;"! promised yon a god lather; f your child, and follow mo io the church." the peasant stood like n statue ; noiv looked at the emperor with tho mingled emotions of nsionishmeiit and joy, now nbservmg his mnguifieeut robes, and ihc costly jowls with winch i hoy were adorn cd. and now turned to t tin crowd of nnbl.js that surrounded him. In litis profusion nf pomp be could not discover the poor stran ger who bad laid nil inght with him upon the straw. The Emperor for some urn. moots silently enj.,yed his nirplexity. nnd then addressed him thus: "Yesterday vmi performed the duties of humanity; to-d.iy 1 have come to discharge tho most delight ful duty of a sovereign, of recompeiisin.r virtue, I shnll not remove yon frmn a situation to which you do so much honor. j " u r" iiiiiuo minor, nn(l 1,10 mnocenco and tranquility winch I now. ll.it I unit 1,....... ........ .. envy. Hut I will bestow npnn vnu such Ihuin-s as may ho u-efnl to von. Vnu ii.mi havo numerous, Hooks, rich p. turns, ami n house to enable von tn even-is., ii.e nJ lipiality with pleasure Your now born M 11 b"nn 1,0 '" wnr" 5 ,ur i'ou M,Qv reniem lli.r nnnliiiiiml ll.n l.'.,... ...... I..'.. . f her continued tho Emperor, smiling, "that ( I promised be would be fortunate?" Tho "ood peasant could mil sneiik: hot with innr ? nf grateful sensibility in Ins cyns, he ran iiihiiiouv io icicii ins einiii, nrougiit Inni in the Emperor, and laid him renpectfullv nt his feet. This excellent snvoreimi win l""u ,,Mlh mio cinid in Ins quite nflected; iiirna 11.1, o-rr.n, I, I I. . . I. . i , ' -..iiii;ii ; nnu liner llu' ceremony was over, iinwillng to do- liriVO him of lllS IllOllier's nonri.lmielll Im took llllll III lllll COllllirn n,,,l ,,.,!, ,., I il, tniikliiintolhiicotla.ro nnd ordered thai. he should bo sent lo bun n soon ns h,. Khuuld be weaned. Tho Czar failhfnllu . . i nn luiiiiiony nui"rv,-,,, '", engngemrui,c.idred tho boy to bo educated in Ins palace, provided amply lor his future settlement in life, nml ,.,.., tied ever alter to heap favor upou Ihu vir tuous peasant and bis family. Two gentlemen were discussing the fare at tho different hotels. Ono observed that at his hotel he had tea so strong it was necessary to confino it to ati iron vessel "Al mini'," sain the other, "it iH madn fo weak it bus not sticnHh enimgh lo run out nl the lea pot, "