Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 16, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 16, 1839 Page 2
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WHIG NOMINATIONS. FOR GOVKRXOlt, SILAS H. .TEKESON. For Licul. Governor, DAVID M. CAMP. Fur Treasurer, HENRY V. JANES. SENATORS rnR CHI TI'HNDEN COUNTY JOSKIMI ChAUK, JOSHIMI MAItSH. TO TUB FREEMEN OF VERMONT. It may be recollected by tlmo who nt tended tlm Woodstock Convention thnt n committee was charged with the duty of addressing their fellow citizens on the sub ject nf the enming election. Every election is important ns it is the highest exercise of n freeman's power, but the enming election is peculiarly so from the fact that parlies am Inking more active means for tho selection nflhoircnndidatos for the presidency, and tlio election of that officer is mode to turn upon principles of vital importance to the well-being of the Union, if indeed tliev do not involve thu continued existence o f t lie government. The onlv wav in which the freemen ol this Ftatc can carry out their principles through the ballot box, and the character of those principles is to bo learned by the political character of the persons selected There ore two questions that every man should answer for himself, what arc the principles that form his political creed it a matter of duly that he should act upon Jiis ptinciplep. It will not be expected that the committee should give a detailed view of the princi ples of the whigs, and they will content themselves by staling some few of them We hold that all men arc created equal, that nil political power proceeds from the people and is to be exercised solely to pro mote their prosperity and happiness, '.hat government is nn ordination of him who formed the nnlurc of man. required for the existence of that society of which man is a member, and in connexion with which man has anvrighta, that every people have the rght of choosing their own form of govern nicnt, but bound In choose that which they believe will produce ihu greatest happiness of thu whole body. We believe,, that our own form of gov. crnnient is beyond comparison the best that human wisdom can devise for thu American people, but wc shall not so under- Tato the intelligence of our countrymen as to think it necessary to set out the grounds of this preference. To preserve this form of government in its purity, nnd render it productive nf all tho good of which it capable, there arc some points which should bo more distinctly stated, the defence of which is thrown upon the whigs. 1. It is tho decided opinion of the whigs that them shnuld bean indepen. dent judiciary. This is a point of great imnortance. but one that i in dnnger of boing overlooked. The judiciary does not ordinarily attract attention. It is only when passion are inflamed, when the advocates for lawlcfs power would break through the constitution, that the conser vative power of the judiciary is perceived. But the judiciary can hardly bo too much appreciated. In a government nf opinion founded on written constitutions nnd laws, the judiciary is the ark of our safely and how nobly has il discharged its high office, nmidst tho angry collisions of stales. As n co-ordinnte branch nf the government, the wings cherish tho judiciary with lively interest and cannot sou but with pain the attacks open and covert, thnt are continual, ly made upon it nnd the constant efforts to dettroy ita influence and bring it into diirepute. 2. Wc believe (hat n separation of the powers of tho government is necessary, and that the Independent action of Congress is indispensible to the full and free expres sion of the people's will. Gen. Jackson lias the distinction of first attempting to control the action of Congress, and was peculiarly filled by naturo lor this daring flxercifc. Probably no other niBti living would have dared to pul on act of Congrecs in his pocket and thus defy their power. Dut the example once set and weaker men may follow in his footsteps, and multiplied instances of this control arc found in ihe appointment of members of Congress to office, in the conlrol of public opinion, in the oxercisc of presidential patronugc, in the interference at elections, in the shame less vetoing of bills in advance, and in tho open attempts of tho President to encnur age partizan efforts in the promulgation of partisan doctrines, 3 We believe thai the action of Uio government should bo directed solely to i prnmotn the happiness nntl prosperity ul the people. Thoru aro four principal ub jects that may ho embraced m this view, the national domain, the tar ill', llm curren cy and inlurnnl improvement. These have all been objects of solicitude with the whigs nnd as often hnvo their best exertions been frusl rated by the administration. Mr. Clay's land bill nlnue, had it imt been pocketed by (Jen. Jackson would have been productive of good that cannot nt mice bu perceived, Tho shnro coining to Vermont would hnvo endowed nil the Unl. lege and schools in the state, laid the foundation of important rail roads am helped on enterprises that may languish lor tho next lifiy years 4. Wo believe Ihat tho perpetuity of our free tiifidutions nnd tho continuance ul American liberty rests mainly on the pres. orvatinn of power :n Ihe hands of the poo pic. There is no grenter subject than this tliatcnn bo presented to a tree people It is idle to suppose that assuming the ru publican name cm preserve republican privileges. This preservation must rest on republican nets. It is equally silly to suppose that they aro the best republican "ho nro loudest in their professions. There never yet wns a demngoguc great nor small, whoso mouth wn no' lilted with professions of love for tho dear people, llm bring the professions of all to the test. Do their measures tend to preserve power in ihe hands of the people, or to accumulate il in the hands of one man? Tins preser vation of power in tho hands of the people is Ihe very essence of republicanism, while every depnriurc Ironi il is despotic in its character, leading on by insensible degrees to n cniHolmlntton of all power in the hands of some chieftain. The wings desire Ihat i he administration should bu judged hv its nets not by its profession. To set out at length the voriou ads nf the admin ittration which limit nnd control Ihe pow er ofthn people would he too tedious nnd its necessity may bo avoided by ascertain, ing what measures the administration pro pose as tho groat means for tho improve ment and happiness of sixteen millions of people. Let the freeman whose eye rests on this nrticle hero lay down his paper and ask bu own warm heart wlint should bo Ihe char aclcr of measures ihat. a republican chief magistrate should propose! Doubtless I hey would be conceived in u spirit of en larged benevolence, their object would be to elevate t ho people, to oolarge their views, lo bind them more closely together and the means would be by scattering information, tho improvement of tho mind in knowledge and science, the purification ol the heart by religion, by cultivating n love of union to render us a more homogeneous people, to bring out the resources of Iho country by internal improvement nnd lo ensure se curity by works of national improvement, to elevate us in tho scale of mil ions by national works of enduring usefulness and permanent grandeur ! Out how is the heart sickened to find that instead ol such, the great mcusuro n( Ihe administration is conceived in a spirit of littleness, advocated by jesuiticnl argu ments, and Ihat the whole object is by n crooked policy to wring from the people the control nf their own money. The prominent, nnd wo may say, tho only lead, ing men-urn h ihe sub tren.-ury scheme, n t-cheme d'fficnlt lo be undcrntood, complex in its nniore, foil of danger nnd injustice, and n eta nil ing bribe to fraud mill unfaith fulness. Dut let us learn what is litis schem?, so magnificent that a President is travelling round Ihu country making it the subject of popular harangues. Tho scheme is to inlorlcre with the private hiisine.-s of individuals and compel all payments to be made in Hlver nnd in gold, nnd so far ns the United States arc concerned. In drive all bank bills out of existence. The mode of effecting it, is by tho appointment of sub treasurers in various parts of the coun try who aro to collect thu money, keep it in their tales, vaults and iron chests, nnd pay it out when called for. Tho object, the real not tho pretended object is in place the money power of tho country under presidential control. This is a most extraordinary measure nnd never would have been attempted had not the administration been driven lo most desperate, means to save their parly cxis lence. That it must riled a revolution in ihu business of the country is certain, nny this is I ho object. It would ha a heart rending duty lo point out ilio evils result ing from it, nnrJ possibly some may expect tha'l Hie committee thojd d it. but this would occupy more space lliau we feel warranted in occupying, and wo inii-t leave each lo Inllow 'h.' subject not in his own way until tho cutiistrnpiru of broken banks, a prostrate business, a general bankruptcy, a ruined commerce nnd or uncultivated fields can allow him logo furl lie un less it bo, that nmiil tiiirf r-ii-ul wreck, onu man is micinpliug u uuu tho whirl, wind nnd direct thobloiiu for the vile pur pose of fastening himself in power. The subject of the currency is one of great magnitude, bearing upon nil interests, nflVctiug tho industry of the whole country A full exposition of Us hearing nnd effects might bo interesting, but this is impossible in this nriie.le mid can only ho gJauecd ul here. One of the objects of good gnvcrn ment is to increase the products of industry mi) whatever Iibb this effect is beneicinl. Kvnry one knows that agriculture, com merce nnd manufactures nro nnd ever must be iiitimntelv connected. The farmer is spurred on by finding n market for his products, nlaiiiilnntures create the best ol nil markets, a hnina market. Comiuercf like n vast wheel circulates tho products nf indiisiiy from Iho farm, the manufactory and Iho simp to the consumers. A circu- laliog medium is tho great instrument of commerce nnd none ol tlicse operations ran bo curried on prosperously without it, The farmer may indeed supply his ihousiiud warns during tho year by paying wool, but this mode of barter would sensibly retard his prosperity. What Iho farmer wants is a brisk sale for all his articles, ami this can only exibt whom ihoro is a snfe and hound currency and a rapid circulation, runt this circulation, this currency, is capable of control is admitted, nnd the only quus lion is to whom should it properly ho on trusted. Tho whigs contend that it tdiuuld bo under 1110 snlo control of tho people through their representatives, while lho admintblralion io struggling lo withdraw il f:wairiim'j wMw,JMnrwiuiHjwuw tvtm tiimiuRiUEB from tho people mid eti bject it wholly to executive tiillucncc Out why should anv one whh to trans fer this power from t lie people to the Presi dent. It would bo a libel on Iho peopla to say thai the power is not snfe in their hands and t tint their representatives liavu not sufficient wisdom to devise a safe plan. Tho people nro intelligent, and right well do they know their own business. Who. ever control their business controls them, and by surrendering tin? crontrol the pen pie voluntnnly surrender their 1 1 bo r I y lo a great extent. In this point of view it mat ters little how wise nnd virtuous and patriot ic tho President may he, for why should any sensible man g'.vo up to another Ihe control ol his own busmen. He who wil. Iingly constitutes another Ins gunrdian will soon find himself a stave. Hut what security have wo that our presidents will always he pure patriots, that wc should desire to inula; them our masters. Ambi tion has as yet found its way inlu oil gov ernments and wo foolishly deceive oursclvns if wo suppose that, the republiciu nniue has any charm to ward off it approach. Whore ever iho soil is prepared,! Im weeds shunt up and bear their fruits A prudent man forc- seoth the evil nnd gunrdrth against it, while the fool tru3tclh and is Inst. Two circumstances combined, nnd Iho freedom which we love shall bo wrested from usnsn reed from tho hands of a child, unite Ihe sword and tho purse in tho hands of one man, nnd create, n feeling of fovo toward tho man nnd it matters not by what name the govornment is called, the people nro slaves. A watchful jealousy may preserve the semblance of freedom for n tunc even ngaiiisllhc possessors of absolute power, but let this jealousy bo allayed am) the vote of ambition will snon be heard in its cry of all is mine. J)ty government and my people will Ihen have n meaning and n power that nil can feel and understand. Having endeavored to stoic in a emcUo manner some of the principles of tho whigs 1 1, only rcninus to enquire how far it should he their nun to carry them out into pracliee. The ren-ons aro twofold because they are right and because I hey nro full of benefit for tho country. There i-- no principle ol combination existing among Ihe wings ex cept the licallhful infiumco of the princi ples they profess. A mnro con.-cieni ions class of men cannot be found than the great body of the whigs. Every measure is judged by its natural tendency, and every man thinks, judges and nets for himself. Is it always thus with the other parly, and without being uiichnritnblo is it too much to say ihat tho force of party drill has led to tho adoption of measures that wcro not recommended by any apparent good to the country. Hut wc intend no charge against them. A belief in iheir integrity is our encouragement in labor on for their pros perity and thnt nf their children, to save tho government I'rnm 'he. eff ct" that thoi: erroneous views would bruiir upon it. Wo do not think it necessary lo condemn our opponents, nor impeach their motives, but chooo rather in love and in kindness, to endeavor lo persuade them of their errors in the confidence thai when convinced they will reform. We are laboring in the cause nf truth and shall we be dircournged bo cause, wo cnnnol nt once persuade our countrymen, shall wo relax because wo are scoffed nl, shall wn turn back because the tn.-k h arduous ! Let n hope fur bet ler things. Wlint philnoi hropi-l ever found hi" path nn ensy one, and what great mea sure was ever proposed thnt did not meel with obstacles. We r, ro laboring for ,nr country, nnd can wo have n nobler object. We nro struggling in the cause of human ity nnd can wis desirn greater encourage ment. We nro laboring in n glorious cause, for ihe cause of America is the cau-e of the world, nnd one of thu greatest bene fits we can confer on others is to show thai we can carry forward nn r government from one improvement to another. There can ho nn doubt of tho fact that n vat majority of the freemen of I In; (.late aro wings, hut unfortunately men who labor in n good cnuep hove not always the sseal of those who labor ilia doubtful one. Men whose opinions are grounded on truth, hnvo not half the zeal of those who some times propose the wildest schemes. What we now want is ihffirm purpose and unti ring resolution. Tho whig vo lo in the whole state can lie increased by many thou sands and let this Zealand resolution bu displavcd, nnd the character of Ihe moun tain sinio will become brighter and bright er. IS ii t if ibis cannot be done, let each reflect thai he has n duty to perforin u rid that none onu be more sacred than the olec live privilege. The exorcise of ibis privi lege is a duty to the country, n trust which each holds for his children, nnd nil should reflect lhal every vote withheld, is in fact n vote cast for llm lickl of an opponent, nnd Hint they do that indi'Ttly, which they would huld H sinful to do directly. An irimnto of the county poor-house by ihe mime of Mahtow has become suddenly rich by tlm decision nf the Court of Chan eery, givmg him a title lo some of Ihu best property on Main strcel, Ivmg between the Mnnsmi Il.in.n nnd 1 1..'. F.min ii.ifT,, In Creek. Another instanco of Fortune's vagaries is the fact that an indigent young man, journeyman cabinet-maker, who died three years ngn, was buried at the expense of n distant relativn in thiscily. A letter has been received within n day or two. inquiring whether he left a will, as a recent Icgiicv bus fefi him. or his heirs, n fortune of 100,000 Buffalo Rrp. Hr.i'uni.ioAN Simplicity-. On Ihe laic vin of l he President to Hudson, n largo number of parsons purchased dinner tickets .it being understood that thoy wore lo dinn with him nt tho sumo table. Whon ihe dinner hour arrived, thu President dined in an upper rnum with a fnw select nnd choice old federalists, while tho democracy dined below slnirs, in full enjoyment of thuir own pleasant society. Troy Mail, Outhahkous. The Rroudon (Miss) Sentinel, says that two Postmnslors 111 thu county nf Simpson wrotctoiho Postmaster Gniieinl ihat there was received at their respective vftceJiiur opposition uewspii pers In one administration, and 'that it wss working serious injury la the democratic nartu ;' whereupon tho 1'nstinailcr Gene. j rol ordered holh ofiieeB lo ho discontinued - The number ol visitors ai Saratoga is 3000. 1 i nuia h, j F It 1 1) A Y M O It N ING, AUGUST 16. SMIL-IB AND HANK REFORM. I Tho Vermont Patriot, tho Durlington Son, tinel, and lha Slato Paper havo been for the last four or fivo weeks, shouting at Iho lop of their voices, Smilib and Hank Rci orm! This is Iho charmed phraso with which theso pensioned and profligato presses think Ihcy will bo enabled to hurncss tho invineiblo slate of Vermont lo the car of Van Huron Democ racy. For tho three or four last slato elec tions Iho cry of theso unprincipled wretches has boon "Down with thi: Hanks!" "Give us a iunu money currency" ! ! "Away willi the Rags and shin.plastors and hurra for Silver and tlioyollow.boys'' ! ! ! Yes forsix or eight years past, the Administration party in this slato has been waging a relentless war against tho Hanks and Iho credit system. but being now in utter despair of inducing tho frocmon of Vermont to danco after this tunc, they havo changed llioir song. They now sound tho buglo of the party on a lower key. Thoy now say to iho freemen place Nathan Smilic in Iho executive chair and wo will improve tho Ranking system. "Rniso us to power and wo will givo you Batik Rtform!" Hut wo warn tho people of this stalo against placing any, tho least, confidence in the delu sive nnd treacherous promises of this nbandon cd and desperate faction. This is not the first limo the Tory party has promised "Reform." Andrew Jackson camo into power under Ihe most solemn pledges of ''Retrenchment and Reform," and happily for iho Wmns, tho I'cori.c have not yet forgollen how bore- dncnicd thorn. His promises wcro mado lo bo broken, nnd his pledges were givco to bo vio lalod. No promised economy, and economised by tripling expenditures. Yes, lie practised his boasted Retrenchment by augmenting the National expenditures from thirteen to tor. tv millions or dollars 1'cr annum! He promised purity of oleetions and purified clec. lions by the habitual interference of his office holders. Ho promised Reform and filled your public offices icith public robbirs. lie plunder ed your Ircasory and scattered its contents among his followers, to feod insolent lapacity and stimulate venal ambition. Ho destroyed your currency your mnnufacluics wero ptr. aliscd by the blow tho mechanic arts wore prostrated commerce languished, and .your ships rotted at your wharves. Reckless spec ulalion supplanted honest industry brokers, capitalists nod usurers rioted in the downfall of mercantile credit ; und in lapsed mortgages and unredeemed sccurllics,thc rich augmented their opulence by tho plunder of the it.oI'le. Hy u disgraceful violation ofnational faith ho involved you in a disastrous war with the Florida Indians. Ho corrupted your llousn ol Representatives subverted iho dignity and authority ofyour Senate and assailed, insulted and defied your Judiciary. Treaties and laws and constitutions were but parchment scrolls, which bo crushed in his relentless grasp, and trampled under his heel. Such was Iho reform of Andrew Jackson. Next comes Martin Van Hurcii, with the collar on his ser vile neck, pledged to tread in Iho footsteps of his illustrious predecessor. I la throws him self at onco into tho arms of tho desperate cabal under whoso tyrant rule Iho pcoplo had so long groaned. lie follows tho dictation of Hcnton and Kendall, divorces himself from tho legitimate control of Congress and repudiates tho constitutional sovereignly of Iho People. Mo urges a measure which Congress and thu Pcoplo havo icpcatcdly condemned, and in that condemnation sees no reason for chang ing his opinion. Through his servile instru. ment, Mr. Camhrolcng, ho braves Congress to its lace and threatens lhal his favorito nicas.1 uro, tho Sub.Trcasury scheme, shall continue Iho law of tho land, in spito of iho lamenta tions of tho Pcoplo. He continues in office a Secretary of tho Treasury, who stands con victed of accompliceship and connivanco in thu grossest frauds upon Ilia community ; and a Post Master General who ha outraged, by gratuitous insult, the Senate of tho United Status. And when tho soveroign Pcoplo, in the extremity oflhcir nifi'rrings, rise in their majesty, lo condemn his high handod career, he deliberately accusis them of having been ' bribed by Ihe Ranks. And thero the insult j stands recorded in his message to Congress, and llioro let it stand as n monunio'nt of tho ... . ,,, , i ron,ca' insolence of Martin an Huron and to iho evcrlafiing shame of the pcoplo ho has slandered, if thoy bhould ever fuigive or forget It. Such, freemen of Vermont, has been tho Retrenchment and Reform'' of Andrew Jack son and Martin Van Huicn. And now with unpaialelled effrontry, Iho collared presses in Ibis statu aro endeavouring, under Iho dolu- civo promiso of still further Reform, lo induco you to place in Iho executive chair of tho Grren Mountain statu, tho redoulablo jXathan Siiiilic! Thoy hnvo succcdcd by their ful soino flattery in making this probably honest, but Billy and addlo brained old man boliuvo ho is a second Solomon. Hut you Ihey can novor induco lo boliovo it. You undotsland their policy loo well. For len je.irs jou havo manifested jour lovo of l.iw nnd order and picjerved your Whig principles in llioir purily iiiiut the overwhelming popularity of die Jackson Dynasty, unseductd by the blandish iiipiiu of iho mighly, unturned by the icriors ol Executive Power, Nor have vou vet abandoned llUirillU.I.. 'IV. it, A nnlla I ,l,l,. I'lrPMIPI, nf v,..,.. .1 r ..I- 1 t ... c-...n.i... s ad that ono of the barns nttac cd 0 he Vet min 1 , on 10 nut I tiesd.iy of ncxl he ptemuer, ' ,. , ,, . , , , ., . , . , ' , . 1 Durlington Hotel formerly owned by Col. and give mica more, in clear mid manly loan, your Tionins was discovered to bo on fire about sicrn denunciation, to these wicked violator 01 110 pame time, but the flames were extin j7ie inoif solemn pledges, thkbk damno gmehed before uny damage was done. Plunderers of voun National Treaiury and PROFLIGATE SQUANDERERS OP THE MONEY OP THE PEOPLE. ANECDOTE OP HENRY CLAY. We don't recollect to have boon more amused at ony little anecdote, than at the following, which was related by Mn. Ci.at on Wednesday morning of last week, while rccoiving and returning tho salutations of the citizens of Ourlington, and of visitors from various ports of Ihu state at Mr. Loom. is' drawing-room. Doing questioned in re. gard to liis health, Mr. Clay replied that 6ince the close of Mn. Adams' Adminislra- tration it had been remarkably good; but that during tho presidency of Mr. A. and for one or two years previous his health was very delicate -so much bo that before Ihe expiration of his term of service he had tendered to Mr. Adams his resignation. Dut at Mr. A's earnest solicitation ho had consented to continue in office o short time longer and to take a journey to Kentucky, with a view to benefit his health and visit his friends, after on absenco of several years. And continued he although I made my journey as private as possible, and took the most direct rout to Kentucky, decli ning every public dinner that was offered me and utterly refusing to becorso Iho ob. ject of any publicparado, yet the opponents of Mr. Adams' Administration, in ennse. quence of this yisit to my friends, gave us the appellation of the "tiiavem.i.nc cari net." An epithet, resumed Mr. C. after the laughter had somewhat subsided, with a smile on his countenance and with lhal inimitable fascination nf manner for which ho is so remarkable an epithet winch it would be tho height of inius. ce for anv of the wicked Whigs to apply to the present Cabinet. MR.' CLAY'S RECEPTION. ijou-cxer nnxiuiis a few i:.l l..,l,.ro ..,.. I, to cram Clay down die ilnoais of liie people of tills sliitr. die event i,f Tn..,i. .,1 H'.i,.J.i ... fhovved dial no em lui-i.-irn could be roi up niiimr' lliein 111 In? liplialf. Aficr all ilteir i-ffo decided failme never was kmmii 011 ;i .imilar occa sion. On Inmhn; 11 pinresMnn was formed r.nnsis. ling orpome three liuiidied who e-rorled die llnu, genilenian lo Mr. Hoivnid'a Hotel." Sentinel. The editor of Uu Sentinel must surely suppose his readers in this town nearly as destitute of brains as he is himself, if he thinks they will swallow iho slang we have quoted above. Moul three hundred, no enthusiasm, a decided failure ! Cic. &c. &c. Now if the Sentinel means to convey to its readers the impression which the language we have copied imports, we have no hesi. tation in pronouncing it deliberately, fool ishly, ond meanly false. Deliberately, be cause he was an eye witness to the whole nfi'dir. and consequently Icneio it wos false; foolishly, because ho ought to know thut not one of ihe readers of the Sentinel in this town who witnessed the spectacle will bolicve a word of it ; and meanly, because it is undoubtedly the dictate of that petty malice and bigotry which nre tho infallible concomitants of tho ultrn parlizau, who when speaking of his political opponents, always prefers, from habit as well as melt nation, to equivocate and misrepresent, even when the truth would belter serve his purpose. We rejoice, however, on Ihe whole, that the editor of the Sentinel has thought proper to give such an account of the reception as he has, because it will have a tendency to destroy for tho future, what little confidence the renders of that paper in this ii.wn, have hitherto placed in its statements. Hut we repeat, what we stated, in substance, last week, that a moro numerous, resoeetable, and onthusiastic gathering of the People lias never been witnessed in this town on any similar occa. sion, And wc confidently appeal to the candid and impartial of Ihe Administration party hero to bear us out in the assertion. So much for I ha truth of the statement. We seek no quarrel wil h the Sentinel. Wo strike for higher game. Dut we worn unwilling lo hove an erroneous impression conveyed abroad in relation lo Mn, Clay's VISIT TO DuULINflTON. Who believes it? The Sentinel copies 1 lie following extravagant promise from the last Vermont Patriot. Do they suppose their readers wi'l bulii-vo them ? "When we have had one or ivvn innm hank sii eusions und cxplosioos toe shall come to our senses." If this were only probable it would bo encouraging. Dut wo don't believe thai cither suspension or explosion will restore the dough heads to their senses. They ore past recovery. Medicine- wont cure them, pTiie". Wo regret lo state that our village has been again visited by one ol thoso calami ties, which have so often befallen us with in tho last year. A bam belonging to Mr. Russell of the Vermont Hotel and two dwelling houses near it occupied by Messrs. William and Henry ltodden, were entirely consumed by fire on Saturday evening of last week. The firo was discovered about ten o'clock and was unquestionably tho work of an incendiary. Wo also under' OThc r!t7e of the Lamoille State Pa per is spitting his venom upon Alexander Hamilton and FisiiEn Ames. The ig noramus probably thinks thoy ire Whig candidates for office some where in thc northern part of the state. The following arc the muffled remark of the Montreal Herald in regard lo Mr. Clays visit. From tho Herald. Although wo do not believe that ony sympathetic invasions of our soil by Ameri cans need be expected at present, we ars very far from believing that the "sympathy" has actually subsided much If il is not it present sn strong ns it onco was, it is much nioro wnry and secret, and where it does show itself, it will be under bettor organi zation anu wuermi. as well as more disas trous in Us consequences, ihan heretofore. We mentioned, n day or two ogo, that Henry Clay, tho distinguished American Statesman, nnd General Porter a distin guished American Soldier had visited the falls of Niagara, where tho latter had tho honor of reviewing the 43d regiment sta tioned there. These two gentlemen wore, doubtless, mot hospitably uod courteously entertained by the officers nf that regiment and by the British inhabitants who rcsido in ihat neighborhood, and it is but right that such should havo been (he case. Dut, in return for Iho attention and hospitality shown to Mr Clay, and in consideration of the high character ns a statesman which he possosscs. we certainly did not expect that ho would prove a "sympathiser," and pander to the very worst prejudices and passions of the very lowest class of Dufia Innians, by addressing such language lo them as can only tend to revive feelings of border hostility where they were extinct, and lo fan into fliuio the dying embers nf fierce national und political excitement. It nppcarsthat lie was publicly welcomed at Huffalo, and received a congratulatory ad dress from its inhabitants. In his reply ho stated Ihat it was "most gratifying to be hold the ininwuso augmenting on tho fron tier of the military strength and security since tho larl war ; and that Ihe satisfac tion which now prevails, would be complete if wc wore not forced lo recollect that the violation nfnur territorial jurisdiction, ill ca--ij or ttie Oarolino. remains to be n- loncd far." The multitude pre-ent broke 0111 into one universal and spontarienin linzzi, clearly demonstrating, as the Ro chester Democrat says, "ihat however the goverunmnt may neglect iie defence of tho country, the people xcill not." Now wo would ask our readers, wc would ask any intelligent and impartial American, if sucii language, uttered in the very city from which the Navy Mond expedition storied, and Irom which ihe Caroline was carrying men, a'ms and ammunition to seize and fortify a I!rill.-h island, ngntnst nnd in defi ance of lite law, nnd with the declared in tention of subverting the law and Ihe gov ernment, contrary to the known wishes of the people, would not tend to excite the minds of men. most of whom were oiiher directly or indirectly engaged in the border trouble.-? Mr. Clay must hove known well the characters and objects of ihe scoundrels who were 00 board Ihe Caro line, nnd he has the insufferable impudence to proclaim to them and their othsr con federates that the burning of that boat wob a violation of territorial jurisdiction, nnd must bo atoned for, forsooth! He must also have known for what purpose ihe aug mentation of the military strength had been mud 011 the frontier, 1 hough why lie should have designated it "immense," we are at a loss in conceive. The United States troop3 have been placed on Iho frontier, not to protect it from invasion, but to keep down the organization of such scoundrals as Duf falo is full of, who desire to involve Great Hritnio and America in 0 national war The assertion in the Rochester paper that "however much the government may neg lect its dufence of the honor of iho conn iry," or, in other words, however much it may nttempt to maintain peaceful relations with Great Hntain, nnd prevent brigand invasions, -"the people will not," might have been altered to, they will sympathise in spite of the Government. FLORIDA WAR. Hy the following letter from the assistant adjutant General of the Southern Army, ilated Fori Drook. July 2D, it will be 6een that the Seminoles nre again in the field, meeting out to the whites terrible revengo fur Jessup's treachery to Oseola. When or how this war is to terminate, no man can tell; nnd while the heart sickens and shudders at the contemplation of barbarities like the following, what an awful reflection, that for this and tho worst treacheries, tho red man may find ample justification in Iho example of Ins white neighbor in the recollected violation of n solemn trenty in tho recollection that Iih chief was treacherously led into captivity bcncotli the white flag of his christian adversary. With these recollections burning in Ins bosom, is it wonderlul that the Seminole is treacherous and revengeful? Sin It becomes my painful duty to in form you of ihe ns-nssmation of iho greater pirt of Lt. Col. Harney's detachment by the Indians, on the morning nf tho 23d insi., on the Coleostthaichie river, where they had gone in accordance with tho trenty at Fori King, to establish a trading house, The party consisted of about 28, nrmed with Colt's rifle ; they wore encam ped on tho river, hut unprotected by defences of any kind, nnd H is said without sentinels. The Indians in largo force mndu tho attack before I lie dawn ol day, nnd before reveille, and it is supposed ihat 13 of the men wero killed, among whom wos Major Dallam, and Mr. Morgan, sutlers. The remainder, with Col. Harney, escaped, several of them severely wounded, It was a complete surprWo. The Commanding General therefore directs, that you inslaii'ly take measures to plnce Ihe defences nt Fort Mellon in thu most complete state of repair, and he ready ol nil times to repel an attack, should one be made. No portion of your command will, in future, bo suffered to leave tho

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