Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 23, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 23, 1839 Page 1
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0 mi iurr.w-TivCTi;i'Pl'lMOAjr.ju'i.u.ij),wM'.i'.u' ai i ; iff-' 1 "M.uttxs.t3i,ajv.m'..n'.nmi tra N O T T II V. ! I. O 1! V O F C A". S A K I' T T If U W H 1, F A II K o F II () M K BY Ekr. Ei. STACY- I'dr die llin Imgum I'leo ST. 1,UVUHNOE AdADIJMY. Whoever f r 1 1 1 : lua opinion of thu nor I horn section of I he state of New York J from I lii! prevalent impression in regard to it, will on lie) fi'st visit to the "sequestered region" be must agreeably disappointed. Possessed of agricultural advantages set (l in surpnsod, ot:d of mineral weullh vh I'y unequnlled, there neeilj but the instruction of the proposed mil rond from () jdensburg lo Lake Chnmplntn In render '.hat interesting district one ol the nitxl flourishing in our country. Especially do ilir e r-nn.l'o r.pply to ihe enmity of St. Lawrence n country larger than the s ale of Rhode Islnud, and one which contains no affluence and variety of resources without n parallel. Peopled almost entirely by Venn. inters, its inhabitants have brought with thru) from their former mountain homes, not) Mill cherish unchanged and tiunba'ed that attachment lo good morals and odncatinn wlich so illustriously dis tinguish I he "mountain state." 'i'heir love of odnent inn ha manifested itself m the establishment and endowment o( an Acade my winch in nil solid and substantial ad vantages ha few equals in the slate. This i !: it til inti i situated in the beautiful vilV.'o o( I'dtt.-dntn. and is styled the "St. Liwrencu Academy " It lately happened Id it. i' writer ti b" present nt Us aunlinl : :i in i' 1 n il diid i xhibit ion, ami on no similar ore i i'lii bo ho ever been more highly gr.it'fhd. The ti'TO-sary 1'inits of t h iiniire will not permit, nny description in detail, lint it will be sufficient to remark that at i hut M'tiimnry a thorough and snbstan- tial .-ystem of iiislructinn is pursued, to the ul ter exclusion of I he system of deceptive show. 1 ho institution lias two spacious niid beautiful edifices of stone; posscs-cs n respectable philosophical apparatus, gnod libraries, anil a valuable and beautiful inmeraiogicai caninei. Among its advan tages i one which I bough not peculiar, yet pressed by ft w similar instil in ions of the kind. It is one of die eight academics in the -tale rclictrd by the Regents of the Ji ive.-i-ity in which to establish a disiiuct course of instruction for teachers of com mo n schools. A regular course of studie 13 prescribeil, at the cnnclusiou of winch diplomas nre conferred in accordance with the provi.-tons of nn act of the Legislature No locution could be more happily clio-rn than tl at of t lie "St. Lawrence Academy" lor the establishment of a pubite. school. The bf duly, quiet and good order ol the village of Potsdam, and the uncommon ex cellence of its society, strongly recommend it to the notice of the student. To this it may be added thai tho necessary expense for board &,c. arc less than nt mod sitnila ins'i'iiiiens. Lads. no received into the famihis of the Principal and of the ot lie tenehers, hoarded, furnished with all ne cessary books, and guarded with a care and J;indries truly paien'al for ihe nun of $125 per annum, Besides the principal, under whose efficient superintendancu the Institution has mainly grown to its present importance, there are three mule lonchcr. in the lemale department of the school. The si rung interest manifested by influen tial gentlemen from all parts of that ex tensive county, afl'irdcd an excellent lesti in tu i u 1 to the excellence of iho iii-uiuuoii. On-Eiivut. From llit- New Yin I; Cum if r mi'l Knipiiier. MR. VAN MJIIBN AiN'l) PUBLIC EX PENDITURES. The Globe is out at great length in do. fence of the administration lor expending $40 000,000 per annum. It will insist that Mr. Van Buuun'h expenditure ol 10 000 000 is more economical and dem ocratic llinn Mr. Aimms' expenditure of 12,000,000, Now, this mny bo so, if there is any process of reducing by multi plication, or diminishing by addition. Otherwise it must bo admitted by nil reas onable iii"ii, that n govumnieiit which ex pends -10,000 000 per annum, it not so cheap a government as one which disbtir ees unly 12,000 000. Hero is the matter in n nut-shcll. Any one can test it, who is cnpublo of ascertaining which of the two is tho largest sum. Now thnro nro some men who have n direct personal ntid pecuniary interest in attempting to convince tho People that 40 000 000 is a Mnaller sum than 12,000,, 000. Tho Globe is paid 200,000 n year for proving block lo ho white. The Alba ny Argue iB paid 30,000 a year for the fduio service. There nto nn hundred thousand office-holders scaitorcd through tho country, who aro actuated by thu same inducements. They pocket their salaries, in specie when they can get it, and throw up their caps for Democracy und a "fiugal ii'ivornuieiil." There nro nutiiorniis un til hers of Congress, who have been stibsi- dispel by the administration, and have rc ceived their rewards lor pursuing the snun) profligate policy ; among tliem, within tin- last two veurs, Paiiks, filunr.rMiunrj. 'knnvuackku, Gkundy, Mooni:,KEMin.K. iiioi.son, Hoonk. ami many others. These men have nil n distinct interest from that of the great body of the people ; an interest to connive nt extravagance, and to be tic- uuiplices in Ihe plunder of the People. During the administration of Mr Adam' there was no one point on which ho was mote fiercely and ruthlessly nsfnilcd than tins point of expend it lire. Committees were lot loose upon all the Departments, in both branches of Congress, and the people were favored with the must brilliant exhi bition of "candle end and cheese paring'1 conomy that was ever before attempted Mr. Adams was denounced us prodigal, pond-thrift, anti-republican, und efforts wore successfully made lo persuade the people that nnmriM and nr.TnuNciiMF.NT the public service were indispensable to tho well-being of our institutions, Goncr al Jackson and his friend-' went into power. pledged to their constituents by the mod solemn promises', to reduce the expenditures ol'lhi' Govermenl lo n Ditsncralic stan dard. And how have they fulfilled their p'omist". ? Flow have I hoy redeemed their p'edges? Iy augmenting Hie clnrcs ol administration in evt ry Department? I'hey multiplied the expenses of the Navy l'liey multiplied the expenses of the Army They multiplied tho expenses of I'oreign Missions. They multiplied the expense of the Executive Offices. They multiplied in all directions 'swarm" of public agents that were battening on the prosperity of the People. They multiplied the ofiicctH of the revenue. J hey uiuh iplied the land officers. They multiplied the expenses ol the Indian Department. In no one single branch of the public service ; in no one siiu'le item ol expenditure ; was there the Mnallest reform or tho tmal'es-t retrench ment. Thero was no end to their Invi-h and profligate waste of the Public Money Like beggars in Ihe unexpected and unac customed trust of money that did not be long to them, they threw it to the right and left j erecting buildings lo be torn down ; digging holes to be filled up; piling forlifi. cations to remain unmanned and unfinished; and for the want of any better mode of "getting rid of the surplus," burying tinny million-? of it in Ihe morasses and tands ol Florida ! The people saw all I his. They saw that they were not only cheated by false prom ises, and that a system of moderate outlay had been t-upplnriied by a Bjstem of the mn-t monstrous, and wicked extravagance, but they saw also, that bc? de the regular appropriation-! of a Touv Congre-s, the Executive placed men in office, throughout the country who pluiiil -reil the Treasury, and made the irregular appropriations by Executive agents no inconsiderable item in the annual budget of the Treasury. If we add to the 10,000.000 appropriated by ihe Tonv majorities in Congress, on tho reenm. mendiHiiin (if a Tonv Secretary, und n To uv committee of Ways and Moans, the im mense sums of which the people were rob bed by Touv oflice-holders your ISnvos, II Aiir.i-ns, Linns. Ai.i.i:ns, Swautwouts, Pnicr.s, Lvti.us, and tho whole family of sub.Trcafurers we tbitll find that the nn. r.ual charge uf n Tonv administration has amounted to nt least -15,000 000 ! Hut ot this point steps in the officinl apologist of the Government, and gravely asserts that "the fuel Hint the public rxpen (lituris have increased it in argument ' i"aisl the Administration!" And, where. fore? The number of Slates, the popnla lion, trade, wealth of the country have in creased, and thcrtfnrc the public expendi tures naturally and neccfsaiily keep paco wiili them ! But Hi not true (lint the expenditures of the country should increase of necessity with its population, Tho sola ries of our Presidenta and heads of Depart ments, of our foreign ministers, and tinnier ouu other similar items of expenditure remain the same, whether our population is large or limited. Hut lot us give the administration the full benefit of its own rule, and how does it apply? Since the year lf.28, our expenditures Imvo nenily quadrupled. To make good tho present argument of the Tour administration, our population should have at least quadrupled, our commerce should havu quadrupled, our States should have quadrupled, our two houses of Connressehuuld Imvo quadrupled, our trade should have quadrupled, our wealth should have quadrupled ! None ul se results have b"on renliv.ed. It i not neces.-nry to go into details, to prove bow far have been nil the interests we have enumerated from realising a multiplication by four. I'ul why did not the politicians of the Globe, the UnvroNs. Hi, wits and Kkn. DALr.s, apply tho same lugic which they now use to t no administration of Mn. Ad ams? Thu expenditures of Ins Pret-idi n. ttal term wore about equal lo those of the a.-t four years of ft it. Monuoi:. There was no complaint of extravagance or pro digality during the ndministrnliun of that g.'tii lemnn. The increuse of Mr. Adams's expenditures was a litile more than half a million a year. Hero was a natural and legitimate increase, based nn the growing wealth and population of the connlry. lint did these sage otnl honest politicians of the Globe make anv such allowance then? And do they believe that the people will make more than tlint allowance now ? Give l hem tho full benefit of their argu ment, as far as it based upon the growth and progress! of tho country, and il would justify the augmentation of our expendi tures, to 15,000 000 at the outside, ftlr. WooDiiunv himself calculated two yoar.i ago that the sum ofglC 000 000 per annum, under ordinary circuinsioiices, ought, nt Hie present lime to be ihe extent of our annual outlay. He estimated (hat thv amount would he abundantly adequate m all the exigencies of the country. And so it would be under any other odminist ration than one which was began, and is pclua. ted. in counui'TioN. SAFE PUDLIC GUIDES. It is n singular fact that there ia tint n leading administration journal north of Washington, that is not directly paid for its fidelity ; and one would think that they ought lo be pretty well paid lor sustaining the men in power, and the abominable doc Irinrs which they profess. fii.Aiu and Rivr.s publish the official journal nt Wushinpton. Office holders and tliib Treasure r established it. Knnir of Sivaktwout's earliest pickings weiej swaMowcd up in Ihe capacious maw of the Globe. Flow much these gentlemen have received from t lie Stale l)i partition', War Department, Navy Department, Trer.sury Di partinent, Pest Olllc", and the privy purse, we will not undertake to Fay. It woi. Id bo difficult lo estimate, in the ISIne Hook, however, lor ItiS", we find one cool item of 105,01-1 I3 paid by the IIoiho of Representatives to Hlair nnd Hives. This accounts for their fervent nt. lachmciU to hard money. All who have the fingering of public salaries are exceed ingly anxious that Ihe Government should discredit hank bills, and malic all tlieir pnytnents in gold and silver com, LANfiTr.Kr. &. O'Sui.i.iVAN, publishers of the Democratic Review, have also been quartered upun the Treasury, to the tune of a liberal annua! per cenlngi'. One of them hns been appointed to (he legation nt Paris, as a reward for his disinterceieil advocacy of the Sub Treasury. The Evening Post, of tins cilv, i now Printer to the Tory Corporal ion. In prist years it has hud its p eking- from the W.ir j Department. Navy Department, and Post j Office ; not very largo to be sure, but the smaller the more need that they should be augmented by the difl'erencu that would result from ihe expulsion of n paper cur. rency, and the siib.-tiiutinii of a currency "exclusively metallic." The Albany ArgiH has drawn 30,000 per annum for many years, for its suppott of the administration ; to say nothing of the sales of three walled houses, and the advertising patronage of nil tho Depart ments at Vvnshingion. It hns been paid lor the wenr nud tear of conscience, nnd is now paid for "keeping dark on the Sub Treasury," and abusing the Whig man agement of the Canals, something like 35,000 per annum, exclusive of the adver tising patronage of the gentlemen who hold over, These are specimens of the cxclusivo patriotism nnd Democracy. These aro the men who call I'nicr., tho lending orator of Tatnninny, nnd tho very idol and oracle ol Loco Focoism, a Wmo! These arc Ihe men who thought it very wrong in Mr. Adams to expend 12,000.000 a yenr, and very right in Air. Van IJuuun to expend 10,000.000. Those arc the men who think that defalcations must happen under nil Governments, and that thoy nro merely "storms which purify tho political atmos phere." These aro the men who uphold Ki.ndai.i. in insulting tho Senate, nnd de. fyiiijj the Judiutury of the United Slates. These are the men who undertake to write down tmnll lulls, nnd internal improve ments. Theie mo tho turn who sustain S naiors in misrepresenting their contitu eneios. and who Hunk that the Sub-Trna-sury must soon become Ihe law of the land, in spite, of the lamentations of the People. What fuith c.in the People renoso in paid Patriotism nnd pensioned Democracy? X. Y. Cour. & i.V. Finm dm Siir.ur.gn Whig. Mr. Ci.av's j'Min.ey iIiih lar ihroiigh the j'lite has b en like ti triumphal march. Ti e eiieo-uiiii with which ho has been '-iviIbi PiiillVo, 1'oehenler, Auburn. !"7'ncu-;. U'lAego, linrlinglon, nurnioga Worm?-! and oilier places, was iminun.-o. and esinb!ishos conclusively the fact that he is the Invoriic of the people. It was Ins earnest deire to travel I'ke any other pri vate citizen, and without exciting any pub In: de'iionstrniioiis. IJnt Ins f 'lends would not permit it; he has been obliged to make -p"cch after speech, until it became if i) n mmus that, ub he expressed it, "lie was miide a slave in his own country, nnd nnd to seek n -horl rc-pi!e in i he dominions i.f the fair Qjircn ofthe Isles." Ilisfnends gladly "lake the responsibility" of making Ins cour.-c bear n political aspect because we do not cle.ir'.v pnreciye how ho can very conveniently help it. He moy con-id-er li.insoll lucky if he escape n reception at every place of nny importance li j itirney from here to ISow ioru. O'Ir. Van Huron paid n visit to IJall- ston Spa on Fndav last. It was intended, we behove, to g. t up something of n rccep Hon for him there, but it turned nut to be rn'her a meagre nfi'.iir. On SaHirdav he wa received at Trov ; liow, we have not uudertouil. The tact i- the peoplo arc not glad to -eo Van !5'iren. There i ln:le eii'liu-i a-m manifested wherever he goes; and it cannot bo wondered at, after the nbu.-i which he bestowed upon the voters of tin Stall', in his I'resideiit nl me.-snge; nnd hU political speech nt Caatlc Garden u few week-; nice. 'I lie d.ir.'rence between the reception of Mr Vr u Huron rind that of ftlr. Clay, at this plr.c", show- distinctly in which scale :lie :i(l' ct'.ons nf Ihe people preponderate Wor s w oro'occupiod in preparing for i reoen'ion of the former ; all the influence uh'cli could be he-lowed by couvon' ion and official patronage 'o give eclat to the afiar. was exerted; ana the rci-inl ol it al iva - r-specKible le.tn-out o! his partisan wiin few exceptions, h wu-hardly l;oown tv. u dav-. before Mr. Clay's arrival, when he. would be here nud tho tunc was too short lor tho intelligence to be generally circulated; nud yet, ihe number of people present on the advent of the plain Ashland lariner, when continued Willi Hie loruier, cou'd have been no lo-s than three to one. We desire to indulge in no unworthy re flections, or invidious comparisons. Rut so much r xngguaimn and bombast has been published in regard to Van Uuren'r reception here, thnl we feel culled on lor the Mike of i ruth lo mn'.ro the comparison vu have. Saratoga Whig. From lliti iNewYmk 5-prctntor. RECEPTION OF MR CLAY AT THE SPRINGS. We had room, last evening, only lo mention, and that very brieflv, Ihe arrival of Mr. Ci.av at Saratoga Spring-', on Fri day lairl, and as briefly to rol'.jr to tho en- liu-iasm with w Inch the diatingiihod son ol Kentucky w.n received. After the chil l.ug nci'piion awarded to Ihe President at thai place, it ww- dcteruitn "d by the Whigs, upon 1 1"' spur of tlie inonienl, lo test Ihe pepniar feeling between the man in power and ihe man out of power. A inofe'nger was accordingly dispatched lo Montreal, j oil M lay, to meet "nn; Gkcat Wi;s iTi:t'.N,"on his return f'oni Qu-hoc, tied j .i.eor'ani the day of his intended arrival al 'he Springs; nod al.o to apprise linn of 1 1 no de-ire of Irs felovv-eilo.en-.-of Saralo ga. and tin' vi-iters al that p'ace, to lesti tv t heir regard by dennMisi rat ions similar in tho-e which the political triends of the President had attempted to award lo htm. An engugemeut to attend the literary anniversary of nurlingtoti College, requt. red the presence of ftlr. Clay in that boon, uful town on Wednesday, so that he could not reach Saratoga until Friday, at which lime, though with great reluctance, m uc corJauce with tho pressing solicitations of the people, hit consented to receive the public greeting.! of his frieuih, Less linn two days remained alter the return of the messenger, for ihe couimiiton to concert i hoi r arrangements ; but where the hearts of men nre tu thu work, much can be ne eoinpli-hed m n very liuhi lime, and such val and presence were bulled with nigh and profound demonstrations of respect. At the close of the anniversary, among the honorary degree conferred, was thul of Doctor or Laws upon tho illustrious visitor. ftlr. Clay arrived nt Ticondemgn tho enine night, nnd spent thu morning of Thursday in surveying the ruins of those formidable military defences, which once guarded tins celebrated pa-i of the French possessions of Canada to the colonies of (3re.it Firitnm. How difi'erent. their ap pearance nnw, from the apec' they bore m the day of ftlontealui and Dicsknu of Sir William Johnum, Abercrombte. niid Lord Amherut when the now crumbling nnd ivv.clad battlements bristled with can ion: when the Union and the Gaul exii tended fiercely for empire tn this wild wilderness and when the young nnd gal. hint Lord Howe lell in the unsuccessful a-sault ! Here, loo, was the tiomt of IJur. goyno's first siicccm, as the plums of Sjra. toga wtru the scene of liw overthrow. Little did Mr. (lav anticipate, that in this wild and secluded region, Ins progress was to be unpolled by the attentions of a caltercd people. Hut his name having been sounded among the glens, the hardy mountaineers rushed forth from the fa-l- cs, in such numbers that he was com pelled lo stay to dinner, and in the end lo make a speech, which those who heard il ironounced one of t he most feltcttom ex temporaneous efforts of Ins life. The pas sage of the lake, glorious m Ihe beauty and grandeur of its solitude, was made m the alleriioou. The deputation from the Sira'oga com tuition arrived nt the head uf the lake a' half past lour in the alter mien but lii boat with .Mr. Clnv on board, having beei detained bv the occurrences at Ttconderoga already mentioned, did not make her appear ance until 'even o'clock. Until the arriva of the committee it was not known at Cnnldwell Ihat Mr. Clav was expected The only piece of ordina'ice in the village was ha-lily brought forth, and a sulute wa fired on tin opprouch of t'c bi.H, nnd 'be discharge ofcaiinon continued until the or n'or hii u landed and entered the Lake House. Most of the penp'o cf the village hud by this time assembled, nnd were presented lo Mr. Clay. Living in this secluded spot, where the deep shadows of the mountain-' nre but seldom iilum ua'cd by the light of political truth, the people of C.uildwell nre nearly all of the Taiuaiany -ehool. Still, they appeared gratified ni ile' opportunity of inking tho hand, and feeling, a it wee. the sunny smiles of the man ot whom ihey had scarcely read or tu ,ird any ilm.g bu cnmiuuv. It was at first intended to pass I lie night at Like George, and take a morning ram ble over the site of Fort William Henry a spot which is invested with deep and melancholy interest, irom the hurnb'e mas -acre committed there by the French and Indian during the war of 155-'G3 upon a regiment of Hritish and provincial troop, af'er capitulation and al-o to survey the rums of Fort George a work of later days, which was intended as the store house and citadel of l'urgoyne. But in con-idoraiion ot the labors to be encoun tered nn Friday. M r. Clay judged il best to push forward to Glen's Falls, at which place he arrived nt II o'clock. H iriy on Friday morning In presence in the village a village, by l he way, which hss grown rapidly and sub-lam tally since our last yi-ot to that place, seven years ago be came noised abroad, even to the adjacent town and village of Sandy Hill. The ciiiKeipienee was a gathering of Ihe people, and leiention for their pro-e ntntion until half pail 10 o'clock, at which tune, having clambered for half an hour aiming the rook-,-, and rushing torrents ami swelling eddies of the cataract, Ihe journey was rc-uined. At half-past 12 o'clock, ftlr. Clay alighted nt Emerson's tavern, eight miles from Saratoga, where it had been arranged thai a p.iny of Ir'p'iid-s should meet turn, and partake of an early dinner, lor which the preparations had been made by Mr. West colt the diiv before. These Iriends, lo the number ot fifty or sixty, mounted and in carriagos, had anticipated the nrrival of their distinguished guest, and were already awaiting him. Among them were di-im-fTni-hed"inen from almost every part of the Union. Colonel White, late of Florida, but now of Louisiana, and Cnlcb Cu-lnng. from ftl,'!Sachii-oits--R"erdy Johnson from Mar land, and ftlr. Shaw, ol Lanes borough. (Muss ) Mr. Buardnuiu, speaker of t he" House of Renresenlatives of Con necticut, and ftlr. Foote. occupying the same station in Vermont anil many ot hers, in say nothing ol a strong delegation (ruin Now York. The dinner! was bniintifiil. nnd tho 1 i i i i... i... Wine, liaVUIg neon umii i iuiul-u uji in eoinpii-lieit m a very nine nine, ami micii ....- . .. e ,i. r,. , wen il.enlaer.iyofil,oco..,n..t.ee.am , I gent lemon at the Springs, o lie first Hiiritof.hepeo.le. that ll.o hasty prepa. quality The ...el was dispa-ched ul e rations resulted in such a reception ns'uo l...nly. but .here was yet ...no fo r ev e al mheronhlicman ... .1.,, United Slates ever capital toasts, and some vivaciu.H speaking other public man in tho United Slates ever received in n count rv town belnro- On Thursday forenoon. Joseph Westcott, E-q. from the Saratoga cutnuiittoe. accom panied by Colonel Uiso, of Louisiana, nud a gentlemen ftotn New York, proceeded a gomie.o.', . ..... n w lu. , . , pniieiplo, ltlul of .Sil, ,, nun wnh n coach lo Catildwoll, at the head o Nl,Mu.M, ,,, jm..j,i,.-i Kive ou iliu Nuiilie.u Luke George, to receive Mr. Clay, nud conduct him to the point in tho m ighbur hood of the village, nt which ho was lo bo met by the people, and attended to his lodgings. Meaniiino, n wo were informed by a deputation from llurliugmii, who tie coinpauied htm lo Lake George, his recep linn at Burlington wus ofthu most gratify ing character. Tho concourse of people al lending I ho cninmeiiceiueut wusnuginenl ed by many thousands, by tho report spread rapidly among tho people that the Stai; or tiii; Wi:st was lo shed Hh light upon their collegiate festival. It wns the first visit of the Western Millennial) to tho patriotic state of the Gicen Mountain, mid his am Mr. Plnliii Hone nresided. The distm- iMiiiliod "uesl was him-elf the I home of snvoral ol the toastH, among which wus the following: Wn h.no heard nt Mm iMiilliprn inui win. mitt ot .Nuiilii'.n una wiin iiicii with ii.ilioii.il piiiioiplfd." Grent enthusiasm wns manifested nt everv compliment to Mr. Clay, and a few peitineiit remarks Irom bun m return were r..n.iv.l in ilio siiine snirtt The company having been joined by the lion, llcury Walton, c.nairmaii oi me A. :ni ill.nirsiiin.i ofllio riini.lilV of li iivellins ul llm pu'so.ul d.iy, il in iy here ho iin'ii'ioni'd lli.U ihe wriier of dm P" 11 iH''l M N-'w v"lli, ''J lllt' s:..,.li.uBii!.iiiiri li. fuo n'clud; P. M.,n.i t.li.OK. d.iwio.d v.m nl C.u.Mrtoll, ..n.ii.ii.S t lit iniivil of .Mr. CUV. al h.df-piiBl four o'clock on Tliuud.iy l u only-lie o hui.id unit a I. -HI ' (iNiit a h.ul.m.e, . h.m been crrunrnusly riatcd by tome of the letter-wiituui VOEi. Xffl lVo.635 couiiiilttue, oud the Hon, Anson Browtij member of C uigre-s elect, from SHratogn, with a splend'd barouche and lour. Mr. Cmy nntl the cotnmiltee resumed tho jour ney in that more npproprin'e vehicle. I ha cavalcade from Ibis place was quite impo" hut on arriving nt tho point prcvN oii-ly ilf'signn'ed os ihe place of meeting Willi the people, one mile and n half from the village, the scene was yet more anima ted and imposing. Not only had every carriage in tin' village, including the splen did Iran-lent equipages of ihe visiters, been put. in requisition, but the farmers in greni numbers, in their wagons, had come eagerly forth, to join in the grntclul pageant. I hen; wore also clouds of people on foot. who irmdo the air rewound wn h their shouts as the man whom they delighted to honor approached. A procession was now formed, consist ing, first, of one hundred and twenty -eight horsemen, ul the head of whom, smperbly mourned, rode Col. White of Florida, with Dr. Freeman, the sheriff of tho couti ly. and inar-hiil of the day. Then came a baud of music, under the direction of I' rank Johnson Nex1 followed carrtogen with the committee. Next came the ba rouche, wnh "the observed of all observ ers." uncovered, and how ing to the thou sand who lined the streets, and made tho wilkin ring with their huzzas, as the pro. cession entered nnd passed through the principle avenue of the town. Then fol lowed carriages, coache, chariotees, nnd wagons of nil sorts, to the number, in tho whole, of one hundred and eighty. Never have we gazed upon u more ani mated spectacle than that presented by the passage of tins long procession through tho m ini avenue nnd principal streets of tho village, nnd back to the front of the United States Hotel, where the statesman was to alight. The pinzzi3 of the hotels, great and sma'l, were crowded. The windows of every Iioihc weie filed with ladie, wa ving their white handkerchiefs, while tho loud shouts of more than five thousand peo pie in tho street, broken only by the dis. charge of cannon, made the earth shaken and thu skies resound. The intention wn, that, ftlr Clay should be received upon the steps of the hotel,, by the Hon. John W. T.iylor, formerly Speak. er of ihe Hou-o of Representatives, who was to make ihe address of welcome, and where Mr. Clay was to speak to the as sembled multitude in reply. But the press and the throng were so great, that it wad found quite impossible to execute this pint of the arrraiigeinont. The horses were, therefore detached from the carriage, wli ch, niter groat difficulty, was wheeled up the side walk, and nsctiirled by ftlr. Taylor, who wo'eonie.l hun to old Sarato ga in a brief and very appropriate speech trained wnh Hie specific and direct inten tion of calling forth a political speech in rep'y. Indeed Mr. Clay had been previ ously udvi-ed by the committee, that n polihcal speech was anticipated and de sired. After a brief pause, Mr. Clay commen ced speaking in reply. He was somewhat, hoarse, from previous exertions, fatigued by his journey, and evidently oppressed, if not einhnrra-sed, by tho spectacle around bun. Ile began slowly, and stated tho original object of Ins journey, which wan honestly intended to be private. His ob ject was healih and rebreatiun to gnzo lor the first time upon the stupendous ca taract of N ngara, thu greuiest natural curiosity mi the world to visit the rich Western garden of New York, of which he had hoard so much -to view the mighty St. La.vreucu, second only to the faiher of rivers in his own country, nud the great outl.u or connecting link of our izighty in land seas with the ocean and lo visit for the first time the celebrated luuntains of Saratoga. Nothing was mora rcniolo from hi inlon ions tlin.ii a public journey and parade l.ko Ibal of llli dav. Hut from Iho nioiiiunt of hn treading thu soil ol ,uw lork at buflulo, ilirou"h the rungo of buauiiful towns in tho Western pail of tins slate, until his arrival in 0"denrL'jrgli, ho had been so overwhelmed with thu kindnesses of thu people, that at lunglh ho was obliged lo osoapo for n time for refuge, to tho dominions of iho young and beautiful Queen of England, In tho Canada. loo, ho had ovory wliuro hoon received ami treated will) tho gieaiel kindness and atten tion. And now, on reaching ilia state of Now York again, he was overwhelmed by atten tions liku tho-io winch ho bud most unuxpect edly welcomed on this occasion. Having eoueludod a buautil'ul exordium, ho proceeded to speak upon the topics which it had been intimated lo hun Iho people wouW expect him lo discuss. Ho avowed himsolf in prmciplo a democrat. I lo was, however not u domn2r.1l of the modern school, hut of thu schoul of l"!)D--a democratic republican, deriving hi principles fmin Jefferson, and Madison, and I'ranUlm, and iho fathers of the. republic. II" thin proceeded to point out thu radical diflorenco uxistiug between Iho democr.ilie lopiihlicanisin of 'OJ, and of tho present d.ty. The democracy thou was joal uus of thu accumulation ofoxecutivo power. It was held in Iho-otLys, that tho execu tive must bend lolho will of thu people, whon soberly and calmly expressed. But very dilViirent is lliu dnmncracy of which so much is quoted al tin) prosunt day, which inculcates thu doctritio that llm peoplo mul bow to tho opinions ofthe Executive. No illustrated bis position by a hislury ofllio sub-Treasury sys Iciu, which thrice repudiated by tho people, isvclpor-istcdinby tho Executives as an nounced in Ins recent speech at Castle- Gat don, I lo commented upon tins suujcct, at lo mlh, nntl only regretted that ho could not discern his lilliu friend iho President among tho crowd, Ihat bo ni'jjht pay Ins respects to him in person.1 . , .... His next point was the financial condition of iho country, in tho di.cussion ol which hu bad occamou lo review iho history ot f n,n INeniileni lud left th Umird Statfi Hole! ihat mununs. to meet a county convention at li.ill.loii, and prorttd llifnce lo I toy.

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