Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 30, 1839, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 30, 1839 Page 1
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NOT T II E O LORY rut ttiJT HT-yif ti i OF CHSAU HUT T II 13 WEI. P AUG OF HOME. BY II. B. STACY- VOL. XIII No. 63$ Prom t he New Ymk Courier nnd Eiiuuhcr. EXECU I'lVH OPPOSITION TO CON GRHsSIONaL inquiry. Nothing can be more obvious tho llit right of lhu People, through Ihcir reprvsen totives, id iuvestigoie t ho conduct of pub lic iccts, nnd the condition of public de partments. This right is so clear, that it is difficult to conceive of its being qiies tioncd, and yet thoro is none, wliicli has been more systematically and porfoveringly opposed by the ascendant dynasty. When Mr. Wise's committee entered upon its in vestigations in 1037, notwithstanding the pocked Tonv innjorily of which it was in part compo6cd, it was met nt the threshold by llie inftilting nnd tncnncirg letter of Gen. Jackson, which prciended to t rr-nt it p inquiries as "an illegnlnnd nnconstitulionol call for iuforniation." If that committee lind been suffered to continue its research cs, if It had been allowed free access to the departments, and uncmbnrnisscd Inquiry, there is no doubt, that it might have un veiled to the People, the manifold iniquities of their public servnnls. It is more tlinn probable that Price and Swartwout 'would linvc been seasonably exposed j that the numerous and alarming defalcations in the Land Office would have been arrested ; and that tho "profligate manner in which the Treasury has been plundered," would have been confessed by the Globe in 1 U37 rather than 1 039. But tiie cry was then full-mouthed against t ho committee. Mr. Wise was branded ns a calumniator, set upon by all the blood hounds of the Admin, istration ; nnd we regret to sny, that some even of his friends, who should have stood by him in that exigency, were disposed to abandon him to tho fangs of that sanguina ry pack. The Administration obtained a part in) triumph. It succeeded in covering up for a while the delinquencies ond the abuses of its ngents. It succeeded in diverting the public mind from the unsntisfnciory devel opemerns of tho committee, nnd in creating an impression among the People, that iho' black was not altogether white, it was cer tainly not quite so black ns it was represen led. The majority of the committee re. echoed and endorsed the assertions of Gen. Jackson in reference to the condition of the departments, declared that there was no just cause of complaint in any quarter n to the mode in which they had been ad ministered, nnd sent tho General out of office with flying colors and n Congres sional certificate of good behavior ! Months passed on, nnd still the burthen of the Torv press was abuse ol the Com miltec of Investigation, and particularly o Mr. Wise. He had libelled the venerable Hero of New Orleans the scarred chief tain of our revolutionary battles, who bore upon his person "enduring memorials" ol our first war fur Independence. Tho gol lant nnd generous Virginian, who had thrown h msclf, in iho impetuous ardor of youth and devoted patriotism, into the front ranks of opposition, uud defied the embat tled legions of power toiling month after tnunth, and year niter year, with a patient self sacrifice, that nothing but nn elevated Bcnse of public duty could have sustained was hold op duly tn public indiguaiinn and duri-inn, us i In? foiled and baffled sassin of a great man's fame. The chnrac ter of Mr. Wise was in the dimness of on eclipse. His enemies pursued him with deadly animosity. Wo have no doubt thnt good Torv mammas used his name to frighten children with ns another synon yme for the devil. Meanwhile, timid Whiggery had its doubts. It considered Mr. Wise as injudicious and indiscreet and began to suggest tho propriety of leaving him to his fate. And now comes another change. It is ascertained that all tho dcpartincnts are not immaculate; nnd in spitn of the Gener al's certificates and the Cnminiitec's, it is more than suspected that Levi WooDnunv is no Saint. Some sixty land offices are more than suspected of defalcation and there is a sound of continuous explosions from Iowa to Mississippi, along tho whole line of tho majestic father of waters Wait a moment, ond stiil another crash on the Atlantic coast and before Tammany can tecover from the confusion, nnd cleanso its garments of dust and ashes lo ! mightier explosion than its "illustrious predecessor," ond far up in tho air, "eky high, sir, ky high," Ml begrimmed with soot and cinders behold the smiling cher ub face of Tammany's favorite son ! Then indeed, Tammany girds herself with sock cloth, and situ in sadness and desolation; crying "unclean ! unclean!" And now Iho People saw the truth ol what they had bcn lolilbv Mr. Wise, nod if ho were ' io '," began to hope- that he would bilo soinu of his co'ieogues. Never did man enjoy a more commanding triumph over his enemies never did a man nppcnr more completely vindicated before hi friends. Now came another Committee of Investigation an independent Committee a Committee that would inquire nnd ex pose, not prevaricate and conceal. What was the course of the administration party on this subject? Still, osevor, they show cd themselves the enemies or investiga rtoN. They were unwilling to let in light on tho secrets of tho prison-house. They were afraid to trust the people with n full knowledge of Iho administration of thoir public servants. Front tho commencement of tho 6Pssion they tried to talk tho propo. it ion out of tho House, or compel the House to entrust tho inquiry to another Committee, packed by Mr. Speaker Poi.k They battled doy by .day the election of the Committee by ballot but the pnwe. of the majority without the House finally triumphed, and the ballot was conceded to the irresistible demands of Public Opinion. It was not, however, till the 17th of Jan nary, 1 039, that this boon was reluctantly granted. Then came another struggle for the defeat of the Committee. When it was ascertained that a Wino majority was elected, it became the cue of the party to decry the Committee nn inquisitorial and oppressive, unfairly appointed, packed by the House. Of the nine members orig inally elected, three Tories declined to 6crvc--tii.MoiiE ol houlli Carolina. oust!- man of New Hampshire, nnd Hurley of Pennsylvania. Next Mr. IIaynesoI' Gcor gin gave notice that he should not serve, if elected. Taylor of New York, nnd Pot ter of Pennsylvania, followed the same example. Martin of Alabama trod in l heir illustrious footsteps. Here was n combination, doubtless, to defeat the crea lion of tho Committee, to destroy its influ ence, or, at least, delay and embarrass its operations. The House excused tiie friends of the administration as they requested, uniil the plot became loo obvious, and th" members finally elected were compelled to serve. We thus seo that from tho very moment investigation was first ntlrinitcd by Mr. Wipe, down to the appointment ol the Committee of the Inst session, it has been systematically and uniformly opposed by the ndminstralion. Still further, the mi nority of that Committee, in their cxtroor dinary report, have put doctrines on record. which indicate that government opposition to tho inquiry of the People is not yet ar rested. "Freedom consists," says that Tory minority, "in being governed by " known laws, and not by the discretion or " caprice of either branch ol Congress " The officer of tho Government, ogniust " whom no charge is ir.ade, however inno " cent, must bs blind indeed if he does not " sec, his sensibility must be blunted if ho " does not feel, that the inquiry alone " casts a shode of suspicion on his chorac " Icr ; that, in public opinion, he is more " than half condemned by the net of the " House. Surk proceedings, if tolerated, " are calculuted to degrade the public offi " cer in his own cstei in, and in that of the "pubhc; and the inevitable consequence " is to drive from tho service of the Stale " every honorable man. To allow cither " House of Congress, by its action alone, " to direct its scrutiny into the conduct of " this or thai particular efficer, without " charge, allegation, or suggestion of mis- " conduct, would bo la usurp an authority " not recognised by the Constitution, nnd lia " b!e in high parly times to great abuse. " It would be an arbitrary exercise of pow " cr of no ordinary character similar to " the sic volo of the Roman lady. ! !) Jt would be the concentrated essence of des- " potism." Now, if wo cstimato this Eupcrlativo twattlo at its intrinsic value, it would not only bo unworthy of comment, but infinite. ly benealh enntcmpt. But it will be borne in mind, that it embodies a novoland start ling doctrine of patent Democracy, intend ed to bo brought to bear upon the next Congress. Tho ground now token by the administration, nnd distinctly defined in the report of tho Tory minority, which we quoto nbove, is simply this ; that the Peo- plo can only instiluto inquiries by special laws nnd that neither branch of Congress is competent of its own authority, to eslab. Itsh an efficient investigation into tho affairs of the People's ogents. Tho effect of this doctrine is lo requite thecuscnt of (he Sen ate, nud the signature of the President, lo any proposed "scrutiny" into the conduct of tho Executive Departments ! The in. trillion is, no doubt, In stove off, if possible, on such idle pretences, the investigations of the next House of Representatives, nnd to furnish the heads of departments nnd public ngenis throughout the country, with tho FPtnblnnco of nn excuse for resisting, as President Jackson resisted in 1037. "illegal nnd unconstitutional calls for infer, mnlion." And tho men who arc (bus engaged in thwarting nnd bafiling tho inquiries of the People, claim to bo tho only exclusive patriots and Disinterested Democrats! I'rnin I lie New Yoik Courier nnd Knqnhcr. RECEPTION OF MR. CLAY. The reception, yesterday, of tho di-Min. gushed Western S'ntesmnn, was more enlhiisinnic than his warmest friends could tin vn anticipated. If we tiieomi re it by hie distinguished dc'crt. or by Iho grntiiuile nnd nfieclmn of iho People, it wns nil thnt even t hoe deserts could have demnnded, nnd nil Ilial the henrtiesl nfiVclion nnd Ihe "iiieeresl gratitude could have desired. Never have wo witnessed such a spontane ous nnd irrepres-ihle outburst, of popular feeling. Never before hnvo we seen n whole community rising up and pressing forward to pay an unbought tribute to n citizen who lins no claim upon tiicm but that, of eminent service noofficinl position lo summon official parade nnd pageantry no plaeo ond patronage for the reward of n voluntary Inmngc. The memory of this eventful occasion inugl. ever be cherished by Mr. Clay, ns among the proudest rccol lections of his life. Come what m.iy, he can never forget the generous nnd enthu siastic welcome which he received yestoi day from the citizens of this vast metropo lis. Wo do net believe that the annals of tho world record o purely civic triumph, combining so much thnt wns grntifving nud honorable to its object, with so much iliat was di-inlcresti d, sincere nnd heartfelt in tho moliiiude assembled to swell ami share its display. Mr. Clay landed nt between three ond four in the nfl.'rinw.n nt 'lit: fu.it of Hum inond street. Gr i iiwieli. from the s'eiim boat James Madison, ii'lended by n hug number o einzciii, collected from vtri. us points along the river, nnd n party vi"ch had left Now York the day previous to v . n bun nt Newburg. An immense innlti Hide wrs csjenib'ed lo greel h is 'nrrivnl, nnd ns ho stent on the wharf tho air wns rent with Hrclnioni.i'H Irmn n iiiyind i.l voices. The day wn-, most propitious. A lit'iivy fall of rniu tor two or three days pre vious had In id the dust nud cooled the at Unisphere, nnd every thine in nature win inosl favorable to the great occasion. Al Greenwich tho procession win formed. headed by Robert C Wetmore ns Mar -hal in Chief, nuled by ten oilier gentlemen n Assistnnl Mnrshals. Following the Mnri-hals camo a numerous cnlvacnde ol citizens; many hundreds ol Ihcm, clnetly young men, collected by n spontaneous impulse to render honor to Iho guest of the People. A band of music preceded the open barouche of Mr. Clay, who was ac coinpnnicd by Mr. Selden. Committees from the river Counties, tho two Whig General Commit lees of the city and county. and n vast concourse of citizens, followed in carriages. Of these the number cannot ho estimated. Every thing in the ciiy, in the shnpe of n four wheeled vehicle, wns in nl tendance, nnd so grent wns the crowd nnd pressure thnt tho enrringes were fre quently driven three nud four nbreasl. In Greenwich, nt the starting place, there were more than nn hundred carls drawn up together to full into tho procession with tuns of thousands of citizens nn foot; and when the head of I he procession reach ed the Aslor House, tho rear had not yet formed in line. Through tho whole ex lent from llift point of landing, through Hudson street, up Fourteenth si reel to Union Place, nnd down Broadway lo I lie Park, a diManco of nearly threo miles, it wns at one and ihcsamu time a dense mo ving moss of horsemen, carriages, carlincn nnd citizens. Evory window on cither side ol tho way was occupied, nnd ncclntna turns from every house, ond llie waving of handkerchiefs, and cordial salutation, grec ted the illustrious Siuicsmnn ns ho passed, At Constitution Hall, at Masonic Hall, nud nt everv plnco of public resort uud amusement, flags were displayed, nnd band of music were stationed, to hail his ap proach. On rencliing the Astor House, the Cnvnl cade, under llie direction of the marshals, wheeled round through Chathnni street to the upper enlrtinco of the Park. At Ihi point tho progress of Mr. Clay was lor samo minutes arrested by Iho dense pres sure of the assembled multitudes and long, loud and hearty cheers from tho tens of thousands who thronged tho Park, the windows and roofs of tho surrounding edi ficcs, tho ndjnccnt streets, nnd tho largo open space at tho junction of Chatham street nnd Broad woy, thundered out the mighty welcome ol u grateful People to the gnllnnt, generous, vvnrm henrtcd nnd noble minded citizen whoso life lias been devoted to their service ! Following iho lend of Iho Chief Marshal, lu. Olay proceeded lo tho Paris, where ho wns formally welcomed lo Now York oy Mr. Dudley qeldxn, in bohnlf of the citizcnsasscmblcd. The concourse wns so vast, that compnrativoly few wore eimblod to hear the address of Mr. Selden, or the reply of Mr. Clay, Tho loiter gonilo man spnko from the open barouche, briefly, ond Interrupted perpetually by Iho cheers Jof tho People, Aa he finished, tho caval cade in part again formed, and escorted Mr. Clay to his lodgings at tho Astor Mouse, where ho wns ngnln received with new enlhu-insin bv tho still renewing ond increasing mo ode. There iirt . v points in Ibis reception of Mr Clay n --i di-tiiigni-h it from any ot her -uin'nr tecepl n-n t lint ever t II under our ob-ervn'inu. Ii tinn purely civic. Them win no military pa'tide lo draw the crowd. T ) ' ns no splendid display, lo excite i el I .no in nnd nitrncl the public gusto. Eveiy t iuig was iitiosleiilntious, republican, consistent with llie character of llie inn ii whom I ho People hod nssctnbled to honor! becoming .the chornctcr ol the insntiiti ins under which we live, nnd not uiiwortny the ili'sceuifanls of those great men h; whose vulor nnd wisdom those in si nut ions were established. And ngnin, it wns n purely popuhr reception. It wn not n got-up, nll'icii) pngennt, whom the Peopln exhibit their grntiludu by tin invito lion ofiho Common Council, and displny n ccrlnin amount of enthusiasm duly provi ded for by the resolves nnd ordinances of the Corporation. It wns no acknowledge incut of favors had nnd roeeiveda debt of gratitude, lo be ndjuslcd by a per contra of gun-powder nnd acclamations. It wns

no homago of office lo office of turtle pndded aldermen, mado gtent men by election, nnd making merry nt the expense of the People extending n hcnrtles-j nnd unmenning congratulation loan abstraction and not a man to n sirtinn nnd not to nn individual but ii was the voluntary, nn. bought, unhidden movement of ilia People, lo greet the nrrivnl noiong them of one who has ever been eminently the Man or the People! It would he easy lo accumulate supcrln lives in the description ol this grent popu lar ovntion; but wo foilif-nr. For ihose who witnes-cd it, no description U neces. sary. To those at n di-lniicc, no language can convey an adequate idea of the bound less enthusiasm, lhu eager participation of our citizens in the welcome of rhoir illu triuus guest And how richly ho meriis at their hands nil the honors ihni I hoy can iiesiow: iJupx lung public -orvico eniuU n man to p ipultr g'ntiiuilu ? h is now nearly hall a century since Henry Clay has shared in il.e councils ot In eouiii ty. Dons thriiifng, subduing, ond persuading eloquence win upon popular iiuioiralinn ? Let ri-' living man bo named in this conn i'V or in nnv country, who may lake Iho i n 'in ol eloquence from Henry Clay. Doe- tin. ch ar Willed sagnciiy of the Niiiie-uiun proniitneSH in decision nnd linum s.- ol fici ion gain for linn the popular confidence? Point us to the statesman whoso career is mode illustrious by such n ferie-4 nf civic triumphs, as will perpetuate in al'or ages, the urum of Henry Clay Dues uiiilorin, sincere, and ardent love of country establish the patriot in t ho popular oflVcliuns? No! a man trends our soil whoso whole heart is more singly Asieri can, whose whole hopes, feelings attach ments, have been more singly his country's i nan are llioe ol Uenry Clay. As public servant as on orator us o states man as n pa'riot he possesses eminently all the qualilirs which command Iho nfiVc lions, tho confidence, nud the grateful ad miration nf the people ; nnd more (ban nil Ihi-!, he has n free, fearless, generous nud noble nature a heart nlivo to oil tho hu mouiiies. n soul sympathizing with tho uni versal gnul of man ! Well deserved, ihen, is this tribute of llie people to the man or People ! MR. WEBSTER'S SPEECH AT OX FORD. The first triennial celebration of the English Agricultural Society wns held nt Oxford on tho 10th nnd lOtli of July. On the last mentioned day, about 3000 persons sot down to in "elegant and substantial dinner," under on nwning erected over the quadrangle of Queen's College. Earl Spencer presided. Among tho distin guished guests', wa? our countryman, the Hon. Duiiiel Webster, who was present by special invitation. Tickets, Iho, price of which was originally I0i., would have readily brought, on tho morning of the 10th. 1. I5m!s wer" let, during tlio week, nt a guinea u nigln. Among ihe tpeeche was one by Mr. Weh-ier, elicited by u toast from the iiohle Cliniiiu;ui. Earl Spencer reiuaiked that they IimiI already diank the health of n Foreign Minister, who wns present, hut they had the honor nud ndvnningo of having nmong ihem other foreigners not employed in nuy public capacity, who had como among them for the purpose of seeing a meeting of English farmers, such ns ho believed never hod been witnessed before, but which ho hoped might often be scon ngnin. Among these foreigners was ono gentle man ol a most distinguished character from iho United States ol America, (cheers) that great country whoso peoplo wo were obliged legally to call foreigners, but who were still our brethren in blood. (Loud cheers ) It was must gratifying lo him tiial such a man had been present ot thai meeting, that hu might know what the far mers of England really were, and bo oblo to report to his fellow citizens tho manner in which they wore united, from every class, in promoting their peaceful and most important objects. Ho gnvu "Tho health of Mr. Webster ond other distinguished strangers." (Tho toast was received with much applause.) Mr. VVeiister said tho notice which llie nnble Earl at tho head of tho table had heei kind enough to take of him, and tho friendly sentiments which he had seen lit to express towards lhu country lo which ho belonged, demanded his most cordial acknowledgements. He should therefore begin by suying how gratified ho had been in having it iu hia power to ma ono day nmong the proprietors, the cultivators, the Inriners of Old England (cheers) thnl England of which he lind been rending nnd conversing nil his life, nnd now for once had ihe plensnrcof visiting. (Loud cheers.) Ho would say, in tho next place if ho could say how much he had been pleased nnil gmiifii'd with the exhibition of one product, or brnnch of product, of agricul ture for which England wns so justly dii liiiguished. When persons connected with some pursuit, ol whatever description. assembled in such numbers, ho could not but look on them with respect nnd rcgnrd; but ho confessed nt once that he wns more llimi ordinarily moved on nil ocensions when he tnw before him a great assemblage of those whoso interests, whose hone. whoso objects ond pursuits were connected on either continent with iho cultivation ol tho soil. (Loud cheers. ) Whatever else might tend in enrich nnd beautify society, thnt which foeih nnd clothes comfortnhly the great mnss ol mankind should nlwnvs, ho contended, be regnrded n-i tho great object of nnttonnl regard. Ho need not my Hint Iho agriculture of England was instructive to all tho world: ns a science it was here better undcrsiood; os on art il was here belter practised ; as o great in Icresl, it wns here ns highly esteemed ns in nny oilier part of tho globe. (Cheers ) The importance of agriculture to n mil ion was obvious to every man ; but it perhaps ilnl not htriho every mind so suddenly, although certainly it wns equally true, that tho minimi product of English "ngricnlture was a great concern to the whole civilized world. iChecrd.) The civilized and com mercial stntes were so connected, their interests were so bleudid, Hint il was a matter of notoriety, ihefenr or the prospect of n short crop iu England deranged nnd agitnied the busines.i transactions nud com mercinl regulations nud speculations: nf the whole world It uns nnturul that this should he the case iu those nations winch looked to the occurrence of n Ehnrt crop in England ns nn occasion which may enab'c i hem lo dispose profitably of their own Mirplii--- pn doce; but the lad went much further, lor when there was such an occur renco in ih.- English capital, the centre of commercial speculations for the whole world, where tho price of commodities was settled and nrrnnged, where tho exchanges beiwern nations were conducted nnd con eluded, ns none knew better than Ihe noble Earl who occupied Ihe chair, sjiould there boa frost in England 15 days later than usual, should thero bo an unseasonable drought, or ten cold and wet days instead of ten warm and dry ones, when the liar vest should be reaped, every exchange in Europe nnd America lelt the consequence of it. Ho would not pursue these remarks. L"Utl cries of "Go on, goon." Ho must, however, say. thai he entertained nnl the slightest doubt of iho great advantage lo the interests of ngricnlture which must result from the formation and ooerotion of this sociciy. Wns it not obvious to the most common observer thnl those who cultivnted the soil had not iho same conveniences, opportuni ties uud facilities of daily intercourse ond comparison of opinions on tho commercial and manufacturing interests? (Cheers.) Those who :uo associated io tho pursuits of commcrcu and manufactures naturally congregated together in cities; they had immediate means of frequent communica tion. Their sympathies, lootings and opin ions weto intnulaucousl) circulated like electricity, through the wliolo body. Lot how was it with the cultivators of the soil? Separated, spread over n thousand fields, each attentive lo his own acres, they had only occasional opportunities of communi cating willi each other. If, among com inercial men, chambers of commerce nnd other i nsi n ut inns of thnt character, if, among the traders, guilds were found expo dienl how much more necessary and advi sable lo hnvo somo such institutions, which at least annually should bring together the representatives ol tlm great agricultural interest? (Cheers.) In many parts of the country to which hu belonged, thero were societies upon o sinnlur principle, which had been found very ndvontngnous. They hnd rewards for specimens of fine animals; ihey hnd rowards for implements of hus bandry, supposed to excel thoso which had been known before. They turned thoir nUeu'ion to every thing supposed to facih- nie the operations oi the dinner and im prove his slock nnd interest in the country. Among other means of improving ngricnl ture, Ihev had imported largely from the he-i breeds of animals known in En"land, (Cheers.) Ilo knew that n gentleman who hnd lo day deservedly obtained mnny prizes for stock would not bo displeased to learn that he had seen along iho rich pas tures of the Ohio nnd its tributary strenins nnimnls rnised from thoso which had been furnished by his farim in York-diiro nnd Northumberland. (Cheers.) lint, apart from this subject he must bo allowed to make a short response lo the very kind sentiment, which went near lo his heart. as uttered by t hu noble eorl nt tho head of tho table. Their nohlo chnirmnn was pleased lo spenk of lhu people of lhu United States as kindred in hh.nd with tho people of England. (Cheers.) "I," continued tho lion, gentleman, "am nn American. (Cheers.) I was born on tho great conti iient, and am wedded to Iho fortunes of my country for weal or for wo. (Loud cheers.) Thero is no other region of the earth which I can call my country. (Cheers.) Hut I know, and am proud to know, wlim blood Hows in llicso veins. (Cheers ) I am happy to stand hero to day and to re member, although my ancestors for several geueruliouij I to buried beneath the soil ol Iho western continent. Vet thoro has been n lime when my ancestors nnd your nncuslors toiled in the snmu cities nud vil. lages (cheers,) cultivated niljaccul fields (cheers,) and worked together to build up that great structure" of civil polity which has mado England what England is. Cheers When I wan about to embark some friends asked mo what I wob going to England fur ? To be euro, gentlemen, I came for no object of business, public or privnlc; but I told Ihcm I was coining to sec the elder branch of tho lamily. Loud cheers. I told Ihcm I wos coining to sea my distant relations cheers my killr and kin of tho old Snxon nice. Loud cheers. With regard lo whatsoever is important lo the peace of iho world, ilo' prosperity, the progress of knowledge and of just opioions, the diffusion of the bacreil light of Christianity loud cheers! know nothing more, important lo lhu pro motion of these best interests of humanity' nnd tho cause of tho general pence, amity' and concord, than the good feeling subsist ing between Englishmen on this 6ido of lhu Atlantic and tho descendants of Eng lishmen on the oilier. Cheers. Some' little clouds linve overhung our horizon, 1 trout Ihey will soon pass away. I om sure that Ihengcwelivo in does not expect thai England and America are to have controversies carried io I ho extreme upon, noy occasion not of the last impnrtoncu to nniionnl interests nnd honor. fChcorB.1 We live iu an age when nations as well an individuals nro subject to a moral responsi bility. Cheers. Neither governments' nor people thank Cud for it can now iriflu wild Ihe general sense of Iho civilized world cheers. ond I om sure that lhu civilized world would hold your country and my country to a very strict account if, without plain and apparent reason, deeply affecting lhu independence ond greot inte rests ofthe notion, any controversy between them should have other than an amicable issue. Cheers. I will venture lo say ihnt each country has intelligence enough to understand all that belong lo its jost rights, nnd is not deficient in means to' maintain them cheers. and if any contro versy beiween England ond America were to bo pushed to the extreme of force, nei ther parly would, or could hnve any single' advantage over the other, except what it could find in tho justness of its caue and the approbation of Ihe world. Loud cheers. With respect lo the occasion which has called us together, I beg lo repeat tho grottficaiioo which I have felt iu passing a day amongst such n company, and conclude wit n the most fervent ex pression of my wish for the prosperity and usefulness ol the Agricultural Society of England. Loud cheers. Sir T. Ackland, in prefacing o subsequent toast, alluded again to Mr. Webster in the' followiog terms : He Sir T. was not ono to undervolue local attachments; be did not think thev narrowed ilio heart, but rnther sowed the seeds, of a wider and more enlarged view of tho interests of uthors. And if proof of ihis were wonting, ho would appeal to ihe generous sentiments uttered by Iheir distinguished guest, Mr. Webster, tho echo of whose voice had been welcomed across the Atlantic before his arrival hera immense cheers who, professing a decided attachment to his own native country, had told them plainly, that witli the prosperity of this country" the welfare of both continents, of the whole world, were intimately bound up. That gentle man hod spoken as cn ocutn observer, osr ono of largo experience. He had ultercd many sentiment which did him honor, ond he Sir Thomas assured him os an Eng lishman, and a country gentleman, hod found a response in the heart of every one present. Mr. Clay at the Oowery Theatre.- A brilliant nnd crowded house wus col lecied lost night nl the Bowery, in conse. qiicnco of lhu announcement that il would be visited by the guosl of tho People, Henry Clay, of Kentucky. Tho eve ning's entertainment consisted of tin now and splendid oriental spr-c-ncle ol Giafer al fiurmcki, which has been gol up in a stylo that rivals any Hung ever before pro duced oo our stage. Between eight and nine o clock, Mr. Clay entered iho box. that had been reserved for nun ond thti Commitleo of Arrangemenls, introduced hv the manager of the establishment Mr. Hamulin. As he entered, tho perform ances were suspended, the audience rose in every part ofthe house, and welcomed him with n heorly throe limes three, thai ehook tho edifice to its foundation. Hero ogain we witnessed that efT.jrves. cence of popular feeling that unrestrained and irrepressible outbreak of welcome and congratulation which forms a striking contract with iho mere homage that is paid io piaco nnil dignities, that is born of no direct sympathy with the public mind. Thoro is no other man in the nation who excites this feeling to tho same degree with Mr. Clay. Go where ho may, you find h i in surruunded by "troops ol friends" ntt earnest, eager, sympathizing multitude, who feel with him nud for him, who aro attracted wit Ji Iho charms of his personal nnd private association, no less than by tho lustre of his distinguished services. Tho urrniigoiiionu for his reception were conducted iu the most quiet and agreeable manner. The pressure nnd con. fusion nl Iho doors, so usual on public oc. casinos, wore obviated by a judicious dispo. mi ion of tho officers of the establishment, who succeeded iu pre-irviiig poclcct order among Iho crowd. As ho rose to leave lhu box iho cheers which had greeted Mr, Clay nt several intervals during tho eve ning were ngnin ronewed, nnd continued Willi iu dnois nod without until ho had en tered his carriage, and led tho scene. Much credit is duo lo Mr. Hamulin for Iho maimer in which the whole affair went iff so much to iho s.iinfactioii of his dis tinguished visitor, nnd to an audiencn probably iho most numerous ever collected Wit llll thO Walls Ot Oil Aoierirmi llirnnlm ,V, Y, Courier (f Enquirer.