incut, anil thus mako our country a rofugo for the violent offenders; and if, ns is con. tended by somo, nil Inws emanating from Stnto legislatures on tho subject ore un cnnstilutiminl add inoperative, it becomes our immediate duly, ns n monsuro of self protection, promptly to moke such rcpro pi'iitntions to tho ffcnornl government, for whom oil power n tit authority on this eub jcct nrc claimed, on will cause proper measures to bo taken, either by legislation of Congress, or by treaty (stipulation with neighboring nnd friendly powers, to enable the proper authorities mutually to demand nnd surrender persons chnrgod with the cotntui.sion of f roat. crimes in ono govern tnent nnd escaping into tho territories of the other, The policy of despotic governments is to keep their subjects in igtwrfiico of their rights ns mofi, Und of their physical and mom I power. In thiVlicB tho foundation of their security. In n republic, nil power is inherent in tho people, no individual is entitled to pre-eminence over hii follow, except for superior innrnl or inlollectual attainments. Tho happiness and security nf the people nrc I be legitimate ends of all free government. ; nnd, ns legislators, wo ought to enquire howUicsu cnn bo most effectually secured. The patriots, who established our gov ernment and framed the constitution ol the Stole, cvidenily relied upon tho diescminn tion of useful Knowledge ns tho moat efli- cient means In prevent tho commission of crime and lend to tho prnctica of virtue. Among the cnrlirst nets of the Stnlc were those establishing, providing for, end pntro nizinpcommon schools. This pol cy,hns brcn Hcadily pursued to i ha present tune. Lib eral reservations were made for their utd end encourngemont in nil grants of land under the Stale government. In oddition to the income of tho public lands, scquco torcd from timo to timo for this object, towns wero required to rnisa and expend largo sums of money, A further addition to these means was mad by applying the incomo of the surplus revenue ot tho U. Stales, deposited with tho towns it 1030. Our whole legislation, from tho Ibunda. tion of tho government to this timo, bIiowg the importance which lias nlways been nltnchod to tho interests of education as o means nf ndding to tho virtue nnd happi ness of the people end securing the perma nency of our institutions. Thoi intention appears clearly to hovo been, to placo within roach of tho children of tho hum blest citizen tho advantages of such in struction as is necessary to form their minds lo virtue and morality, nnd fit ihcm for usefulness. This is right, for it is plainly tho duty of iho Stnte lo guard tho private ns well as Iho public morals of its citizens. A judicious nnd enlightened courso of instruction ia Iho only effectual way lo accomplish this object. If nny apology be necessnry for tirgHfeupnn the consideration ot iho LogistatuWn careful t-xnmination of tho existing Inwp apper taining to our schtinls, it is to bo found in ' my convictions of tho inadequacy of their present provisions lo accomplish, tho great est good. Taking it for granted that tho public is tinder obhgntion to cducata every child in tho Stale, it would seem nccesFnry Hint Iho burden of supporting our schools or nt least so much of it as is required to defray the cxpeuee of teachers' salaries, he placed upon ihoso who have iho ability to pay, or in other woids, that tho drficiency, after tho nonlicntion of tho public money, be raiecdjjw a tax on the list ofWl taxable properly in the district. This course .heSi in many places, been found highly beneficial, and whero a contrary practico prevails,"1)! is to be feared, many children ore deprived ofthe advantages which I lie Slute designed. The preecpt mode of distribuiipg tho public money, in proportion to tho number of scholars between tho ages of four and eighteen, docs not, I apprehend, practically carry out the wibo and benevolent intention of I Iio frnmers of the law. It is respect fully suggested, Hint, if n certain part of the public lunds in each town wero divided equally among Iho districts, and the rcsiduo in proportion to the number of scholars, it would enable wenher districts to employ more competent teachers, nnd for a longer period, and nt tho same timo tend to fru gality nnd economy in districts of groator ability. The net of 1030, providing for depositing tho surplus revenue with the Iowiib, hns received a construction, in' (joino plnccs. different from t hot intended, nnd cnuscd delay and difficulty in tho distribution. I would further suggest whether somo system of direct nccountnbiln v would not havo ;i very happy influenco on tho prosperity of our common schools. Should tho selectmen in ench town, or Eomo ot her oliicer designated by law, ho required, under n penalty, lo malto on nnnunl report lo somo person authorized to receive iho rnme, of Iho condition of the f-cveral schools in the town, Iho number of scholars helwcon four nnd eighteen years of age, tho number who hnvo attended school within the year, tho time n teacher liao been employed, the amount of money expended for services of teachers, tho nmotint of public monny received, nnd the trimmer in which tho balance expendod over and abovo tho public money has been ruisod, it would furnish much valuable information upon which to bono future legislation. Tho want of a sufficient num oar of competent nnd well instructed tencharj, is a great obstaclo lo the prosper ity and usefulness of our common schools nd it may well bo nsliod, if the Legisla turjj, os guardians of tho public welfare, tro not bound to adppt immediate- measures to fupply this deficiency. j TJio influeneo which our colleges and acad emies havo had upon tho btandard of cduca. lion and manner of insirpplion in our schools .by furnishing teachers, has been favorable.1 Hut tho courso of instruction and study ok tablUhod in ihoso institutions, js not ex pressly dosignod lo prepare teachers, nor is it luited lo call into action nil Ihoso capa bilities and peculiar qualifications so indis pensably necessary to that enjoymont. Normal, or pattern schools, have, in some places, been established, whero those intend ingto engago in leaching nro subjected lo a thorough courso of instruction and training, expressly donigncd to fitlhcm for that occu pation, Wero tliu business of teaching suf. ficiontly lucrative to permit young men to proparafor,and ongago in it permanently ,lhig fliodo would undoublfidly bo entitled lo tho preference. Uut ia iho present condition of, society, I apprehend that tho establishment of teacher's rcniinarios, or the adoption of a suitdblonnd separata courso of Instruction in some of our neademics, is tho most feast bio way in which thin can bo accomplished. livsomu stales Una moue lias been successful ly ndoptcd, nnd ns tho benefits of a system of this character must bo generally diffused lluoughout tho state, it certainly has strong claims upon our favor nnd support. Tlio question nl appropriating and distri buting, for n limited torm, tho inr.omo of the btalo school (und among llio incorporated academics and higher institutions oT learning was proposed during tho last( session of tho legislature, nnd a resolution pissed tho sonnto requiring information of flic condition oftlioso seminaries, 1 am nwaro that (ho design of thoso who established filial fund was tone eumulato until its annual iueoino, togolhcr with (lie other public funds dovolcd (o this purpose, should defray n largo ftharo of tho exponso of our, common schools, and loavo upon 'tho recipients of their benefits lilllo o; no burden but their management. This ob ject has, lo a great and perhaps sufficient extent, neon already accomplished by llio io- cont application of tho incomo of tho surplus rovenue. gutter Uicso circumstances',!! would thercfoio eocm tho duly of tho Leirislaturo so far lo vary llio application of tho incomofllf this fund, lor tho lime being, as most efibofif nlly to carry out tho bciiificicnt viows ofits founders. And sinco tho specific'' object for which tho fund was established has boon an. Iticipatcd probably by many years, it could Hardly uo considered n breacli of tlio trust icpuscd in us lo mako tho proposed applica tion ; always providing, however, tho princi ple shall in no way bo diminished. I urn Jed to theco remarks by tho consider ation of tho fact that at various times a dis position has boon manifested to divert 6omo of Iho sourcos from which this fund has boon accumulated, and perhaps the fund itself, to objects foreign lo tho intoroslB of education ; nnd nbo ft cm tho full belief that in no other way can our common schools bo advanced and llio standard ofinstruclion rniscd so cer tainly orso speedily nn by affording somo public nid to our neudemicij. Tho standard of oducation has hooii greatly advanced with in a few y oats. It ia at this timo ns high in thi Statu as in nny other. Science, which a fow years sinco was confined to tho learned professions, may now bo met in many of our most huniblo dwellings, oxtonding its benign influenco to almost ovory clars,nud oporatiug with gian t power upon almost ovory pursuit and interest in community. Jt is a source ofunfeigned regret that llio bill which passed both Houses of Contrrcss. providing for tho distribution among tho sev eral Slates nnd Torritoiies, of tho proceeds oi uio saics oi mo public lands for Iho purpo ses ofcducalion and internal improvement, failed to receive tho approbation of tho 1'resi dent. And also, that tho pioposition moro recently mado, in tho IJouso of Representa tives, lo mako an increased appropriation nf theso lands, lor llio purposes offrco schools, academies, and tho promotion and tho diffu sion of education in'all tho States and Terri tories, did not obtain tho favorable action of Congress. Tho adoption of cither of thoso mensurcs would have placed at tho disposal ol' llio Legislature funds wherewith lo h.ivo made efficient provision for tho purposes of education.' The coiiboqucnccs would havo been favorable, not nnly from tho posilivo nd vantages! o be dorivod froth tho expenditure of funds ii tho manner provided in llio orig inal project, but also from thoso, incidental benefits which would allovialc, in somo do. groo.tho r'istress that our manufacturing in loreft must oatpcrioiiso when lliu duties on i in portalions shall bo reduced ton sum barely necessary for tho economical administration of llio government. Had tlio measure first al. ludpd'to been adopted, tlio, necessity of Iho dopbsito act would not have existed : nnd tho distribution would doubtless havo been con tinued and becomo llio sottlud policy of tlio government, 60 long ns tho country remained at pcaco. . Tho ajnount which tho Stato of Ver mont would havo received, on tho princi pica of tlio bill, in tho fivjBjycnre lo which it h operation was limited, would havo been not for from g 1, 200,000. or about g-240,-000 annually j usum sufficient to havo en abled tho State to provido libcrully for pur poses of education, nnd perhaps have war ranted tho commencement of somo system of internal improvement. By the originnl ncts of session, the Uni. ted States were mndo trustees of such por. lions ofthe public domains ns wero ceded by iho old states claiming them, to dispose of for tho common benefit. A distinction between this portion of public land? and the territories of Louaiana ond the Flori dnB, acquired by purchnso and paid for nut of tho common trensuro, Im3 no foun dation in equity. The repented and pertinacious efforts of somo ol tlio now stoles to acquiro such portions of the public domain n lie within their limits; iho rondinncss which hus been manifested to favor these unjust pre tentions nnd unrcasonublu claims, by indi viduals who have been high in tho confi dence of the public, either by tliu interpo sition of their official nets mid influenco lo prevent or delny nn equitnhlc arrangement of this inimenso interest, or by direct proposition lo cede tho lands in qucstiun, or q consideration merely nominal, ad monish tho old etntea Hint procrastination of tho final suttlcuieni of ihii tnntlor will only lend to increaso its difficulties. Tho attention of some of tho States lino been directed to this subject, nnd may it not be our duty to join in endeavoring to ef fect nn impartial adjustment ? Notwithstanding tho excitement which at present prevails in regard to banks, o'uil Iho cry of monopoly with which they havo been ntsnilod, it may bo questioned whether any intelligent individ ual can ne louuu who is not ot thn oniniou that, nndor tliu existing etnlo of (InngB, when rightly managed, they arc indUpnn sible. They were created expressly for public convenience. It is easily demun strnicd that somo medium, other limn gold ami suvor is neco6snry lo prescrvo n sound hoalthy action between tho various ng 'ricullurnl, mechanical and commercial do- fnrlmonts ; -that nny measures which Bhoulil,sudd y, very much lessen tho nro portion which papor money hears to tho specie in circulation, would opcrotu greats ly in lavor oi me creditor, (ho capitalist ami tuu money icuuor, onu in tno same amount lo the disadvantage of tho debtor, Iho laborer, and the holder of tho property of tho country. Tho abundant npply of a sound circulating medium of uniform value, has heretofore nflordcd faqilitici for the sale and exchange ol our various com muditicH, and has done much towards es tablishing an uniformity in tLTbir value, and cousequcntly ia tho valuo 'of labor, tho basis of nil values. Although banking facilities may at times hnvo boenjporverted nnd mndo to eubscrvo tho purpose of tho epeculntor nnd monopolist ,'sliwcro they materially lessoned, would llioyTtot bo lia. bio lo be controlled by fewer hands, nnd consequently the danger to community bo grnntly enhanced ? It will probably be ndmiltcd, that, through tho nssistnnco or hanking operations, all branches of industry and improvement in our country hnvo been cescnlinlly promoted, and if eo.tho inconsis tency nfagonraldonuncintion of all banking institutions must ho cloarly perceptible. Wisdum would seem to dictate that wo ndopt nnd incorprnta to our system such additional securities nnd guards ns will ef fectually ensure tho enfety of community, and at the samo timo not dofent thn object of Hit establishment. Many visionary pro posit iota on this subject hnvo been, nnd doubtless will continue tojbo submitted from various motives which, though specious in Ihcory, will bo found, on examination, imprnclicnhlc nnd unsnfo in thoir operation. While deliberating upon a subject so inti mutely connected with tho prosperity und well being of the wholo business trnnsnc tions of iho country, it behoves ua carefully to examine tho wholo subject, nnd to pro' lit by tho misfortunes nnd failures which havo resulted in Eomo neighboring States from tho adoption of kindred propositions ; .and to embrace nny new nnd untried mea sures with n caution corresponding to the mngiiitudo of their intcrcatd to bu nf fectcd. Sudden expansions nnd contractions in tho currcrncy nro cvild ever to bo depre cated. Thoy are usually induced by tho biilnnco nf foreign trade being in favor of, or ngainst un. Theio evils wo must con linue subject to so long ns wo remain depjn. dont upon Luropcnn work-shops lor so Inrge a eharoot Iho merchandise consumed in this country. Wo nro admonished by this fo'ct as well ns by tho deprivation and embarrassment wo should experience in caso of n wnr, of tho necessity of stendily pursuing the wiso policy .of our ancestors, which was, nlways to sustain nnd protect tho manufacturing enterprise ond nicchnni cnl skill of our own citizens. Though this is n duty moro directly nppcrtaining to the general government, still, tin examination ol our legislative- history blinws that it fins been tho constant aim of this stnto to en. cnurnge, by every nvnilablo means, thoso branches of domestic industry. Ilcnco tho discriminations botwecn licenses for the sale of foreign nnd domestic manufactures; licnco the bounties and exemptions which, from timo to time, have boon offered arid provided, and hence tho many acts of in corporations for manufacturing purposes, enabling a number of persons to associate in the establishment und prosecution of brunches nf business requiring nn amount of capitul beyond the means of a single individual, nnd involving n degreo of hnztrd which no one person would be willing (o encounter. To this policy wo are mninly indebted for llio astonishing progress al ready mndo towards supplying tho country with most of tho necessaries and many of tho luxuries of life. If this policy bo wrong, then wero our predecessors wrong : if this bo a mistaken course, then were our pntriot Ihthurs mis taken when resisting tho cfforls of tho mother country to kuop independent on her manufactories. TlfiCTy of monopoly, when applied to enterprises of this char, nctcr, had no tarrors to those puro patriots' It has been roserved for a lator ngo, in fluenced perhaps by dilforrnt motives, to discover that thoy ato subversive of indi vidual rights and porilous lo public freo dom. In 1037 our militia laws underwent an cntiro revision. Somo of (heir provisions aro doomed unnecessarily burdensome and without nny corresponding ndvantnge. A careful examination of the whole subject is urged upon the Legislature as ono intima tely connected with the peace and security cf tho country. The situation of the several companies of cnvalrv, as they existed under the old organization, was alluded to in my com municntinn to the .Legislature at the com mencement of the last scision, to which I would respectfully reler you for my viows. Tho cornmittne, appointed in pursuance of nn net ofthe Gcnoral Assembly, to revise the Inws of Iho State, hove informed me Hint they nro prepared to make u report nt the present session.' Tho attention which this commlttpo must necessarily hnvo be. stowed, examining and rovising the vnrious provisions of our stntute, will doubtless enable I hem to make such explanations und suggestions ns will materially nid you in deliberating upon a mailer of such vital importniicu. Tho report of tho Hon. Asn Aikonn, who was appointed under u joint resolution of tho Gunurnl Assembly of 1037, to ascertain whether ibis Stnto hns any claim upon tho United Stntcs for expenses incurred during tho revolutionary war, when received, will be submitted lo your consideration. In Juno last, Gcurgo II. Shaw, Eq resigned Iho offico of reporter of tho decis ions of tho Supremo Court; tlio vacancy was cupplicd by tho nppoinlmont, for tho time being, nf William Weston, Ksq. of Uurliugton. In former communications to the General Assembly, I have spoken of tho importance of a geological survey of tho Stnto: my views remain unchanged, nnd I would beg leave to refer you In documents hero, loloro laid before tho Legislature for much
valuable information on this subject. A number of communications from the Executives of sovernl states, rccuivod since tho last session, together with tho reportB of thesu of our slate officers whoso duty il is to report to mo, will, nt nn early day, bo. submitted to the legislature, I bhull be happy, gentlemen, to co operate with your in any measures, that may serve to promote iho interest nnd honnu of the Stnto, confidently hoping that uljur lion ost endeavors for Iho public good may be crowned with success. , S. II. 3ENISON. Montpolicr.Oct. 12, 1030. Monday, Oct. 14 SENATE. Prayer by tho chaplain. , Resolutions, By Mr Kittiidgo, referring tliu scvernl subjects embraced in Hie uov ornor'a McsBugo to eepnrate and opfropri ato committees; r&d and passed, Bills Vy Mr Eaton, incorporatirvj the Enostiurgh Acndomy; read twice, and on motion of Mr Foster, laid upon tlio table, Message from tho Uovornor, transmitting tho annual report of tlio Hank Commission crs; and referred, on motion of Mr Pier- point, to tho committco on Hanks. The Scnalo met thn houso in joint as Ecmblv. returned, nnd Adj. HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES. Prayer by Rev, E Smith. The chair nnnounend llio following STANDING COMMITTEES. On Rules Messrs Dillingham, i'ullam, Chandler. On Elections Messrs Fullam, Smith of Berkshire. Urighnm, Warner ol Ncwhavon, Clark, Mattocks, Poster of Swntiton. Ways and Means Messrs Hodges, Wentworth, Cleveland, Raymond, Reds field. t Of Claims Messrs Brown. Baxter. Huntington, Hilzrn, Kollngg. On Banks Messrs rntridgo, liutlcr, Kinsman, Smith of Putney, Elsworth. Judiciary Messrs Dillingham, Fullam, Miner, Ulosson, uhnndlcr. Military JlJ'airsMotBrB Snwycr, Bai ley. Partridge, Cushman, Cheney.. On Roads and Canals Messrs Fair banks. Hnywnrd of Addison, Bascnmb, Porter, Rich. Of Insolvency Messrs Tennoy, Corse, Smiih of Putney, Clark, Sanborn. Of Agriculture Mftssrn Harvey of Darner, Hazard, Jowatt, Hubbard, Wheel or nf Monlpolier. On JUamifadurcs Messrs Norton, Ela worth, Higby, Chamberlain, Works. Land Tax Committee Messrs Ilibbard, Buffum, Samson, Adams of Cavendish, Unwley. Gcnral Com. Messrs Green, Ncwoll, Onnficld, Leonard of Fnirhavcn, Loth of Bridport, Winslow, Boynton, Puller, Rich ardson of Wnitsficld, lilakc, Fisk ol Wat. crville, Strong, Freeman, Barbin, On Education Messrs Goudy,Needham, Bard, Onion, Stork. On Grand List Messrs Sanderson, Gillott, PInrris, Roberts, Hnys. Clark, Keycs, Alliens. Messer, Smith of Mnnkton, Gilmore, Parker of Urndford, Merrill, Beach, Tyler, Pierre, Works, Ilnll of Gro- Inn, Soulo, Wnrrenof Georgia, Kingsbury, Cole, Griswold, Fisk ot .Men, iirooks, Morrison, Woodsworth, Lndd. Distributing Committee. Messrs Wiley, Smith of Wilmington, Cook of Mt. Ilolloy, Weeks, Dodgo of Andnver, Blanchnrd, Beech, Tanner, Willie, Kinsley, Giltnan, Fisk of Eden, Aldrich, Ladd. Select committco on petition of Newell Hall and others, Messrs Necdham, Baa comb, Warner of Nowhaven. Mr Pntridge asked leava to bo excused from tho committee on batiks, on the ground that ho wns opposed to the present banking system, nnd did not wish to cmbtirrms the banking interest by being placed upon tho committee; request grnnted. Mr Brown asked loavo to bo excused from tho committco of Claims; request granted. tt Petitions. OfJLHowland and other, referred to committee, on petition of Ncwol Hall and others; of 'Bonk of Montpelier, for extension of its charter ono year, to coin, on Banks; ofNathun Fisher nnd oth. crs, laid on tho labia ; ufRufusL. Harvey to com. on claims; of members of Orange Counly Grammar School, of citizens of Sudbury, lo com. on slavery petitions; several petitions, relative to hawkers and pedlars, roforrcd to general committee ; of proprietors and select men for a tax on lunds in Hydepark, to Laud Tax Com.; of Strntton Turnpike Co. to comraitleo on Roads and Canals. Resolutions By Mr Wentworth, raising n com. of three to inquire into tho expe diency of nltcring llio designation of tho com. rooms ; Messrs Wentworth, Fair banks and Necdham wero appointed the com. By Mr Patridge, a 6crics, for a dis tribution by Congress of a portion of the proceeds of public lunds nmong tho stoics for purposes of education, on cortain condi tions and instructing our delegation in con gress on tho subject; laid on tho table. Rills By Mr Griswold, for the benefit of Combridgo Artillery Co. roforred to com on Military Afi'uirs. By Mr Pntridge, giving towns author ity lo mako by. laws relativo to dogs, rolerreu to gccneral com By Mr Bard, in addition to acts relating to retailers at torcign and domestic distilled spirits, providing for cases in which the civil authority havo not nominated retailors referred to gcncrnl committco. By Mr Kingsbury, for a Seminnry (under the pnt. ronng'j of the Danville Baptfsf Association,) at Darby, referred to com. on Education. By Mrfiincr, in favor of John S. Petti bono, referred lo com, of Claims. Tho Governor transmitted tho report of tho Bank Inspector nnd Commissioner, 500 copies of which'wero wero ordered to be printed, ' ThuSonnto enmo in, and both Houses in joint ballot proceeded to make County appointments ; tho following nominations ,vyoro mado for liUNMNOTON COUNTV. Samuel Wright, ) ... Alexander Bliss, Asa l' Ju6ticos Richmond Fisk, Sheriff, Samuel Arr.es, High Bailiff. Daniel Roberts, jr. Slates Attornov. Arlcmas Mattcson, Judgo of Probate, fnr thu district ot Jiutiniugton. Lorcn Deaii, Judgu of Probate, for tho district of Mnnchoslor, U. U. Morrill, Stephen Rob inson, Joel C, Rouse, jail Commissioners for Iho jail at Bennington. Mosos Mollcn, Inspector ofllopa. Mr Chutidlcr moved to refer back tlio nomination to tho county convention, on tho ground thai tho scat of ono member (Mr Howes,) is to bo contested. Aflcr considerable discussion by Messrs Robin son, Pierpoint and Trncy, ol tho Senate, nnd Messrs Chandler, Dillingham and Ncudham, iho nycs nnd noes wero taken ns follows; ayes l3C, noos 107 so tho nom ination was ref'4ed back. Tho following nominations wero mado and concurred in for Windsor. Co. S&'&h i Sundry nominations for Addison County after romnrks by Messrs Nccdhnm, Hnz ard and Warner of Nowhaven, wero re committed, Sundry nominations for Chittenden County, after remarks by Messrs Marsh, of tho Senate, nnd Baxter of tho House Lwcro recommitted. Co. Ass't, Justices. Ira Parsons, Sheriff. John C. Thrail, High BnilifT. Solomon Foot, States Attorney. Wm. Ilnll, Judgo of Probata (or tho district of Fnirhnven. Robert Piorpoint, Luther Daniols, Wil liam Fay, Jail commissioners Lamoille Co. Isnne Pcnnock, 1 Gardner Gates, C Aea't Justices Rivoritifl Camp, Sheriff. L. II, Brown High BailitT Salmon Wires, Stntcs Attornry. Samuel A. Williard, Judgo of Probate. Anal Huutoon, John Walker, Alanaon C. Bur uo, jail commiPMoncrs. Robert Campbell, Inspector of Hops. Windham Co.' Henry Whcclock, ) ,. .Wm.R.Shaftcr, iAa t 3BtlC08' Gntes Perry Sheriff. Asa Dntton.High BnilifT. Samuel Elliott. States Attorney. Ilcniy Smith, Judgo of Probato for tho district ofMnrlboro' Ellery Albce, -ludgo of Probnto for tho uisirici.oi v esimmstcr. Marshall Miller, Walter Eager, Aaron C. RobinBon, jail commissioners',4 Abel Hubbard, Inspector of Hops. Oiileans Co. 2SS!y' i tartj-i- Sabiti Kellum, Sheriff. Wm. R. Andros, High Bailiff. .Torso Cooper, Slates Attorney. Geo. Nye. Judgo of Probate. Joseph Chapman, Geo. Worthlngton, jr.. lion J . Jones, jail commissioners fhilip Flanders, tJhester Carpenter, James Salisbury, Samuel H. Hoycy, Alexander Kiddle, Hop Inspectors, On motion of Mr. Wotcrmnn, the joint assembly adjourned to 10. o'clock, Thnrs day morning next. Adj. Monday, 2 o'clock, P. M. Senate. Tho committco appointed nt n former Legislature, to rcviso tho stntuto laws of this stnte, made report of their do ings, which report wns laid upon tho table Resolutions By Mr. Pierpoint, provid mg for n joint committee of three from each House, to report rules for the govern ment of the Legislature in acting upon the report ot the committeo upon the revised Inws; rend nnd passed. By Mr Cobb, raising an inquiry into the expediency of abolish ing capital punishment in this state, and substituting imprisonment in the State's Prison ; laid upon tho table. The Senate adjourned. HOUSE. 1 o'clock, P. M. Petitions' A lorgo number wero pro sented nnd referred, which will bo noticed ns Ihey ogain eomo up for the action of tho House. Tho Speaker announced tho following committees ; on temperance memorials Messrs. Brown, Warner of Ne'whaven Hastings, Cheney Closson, Kellogg, Dif linghnm. Tenney, Mattocks, Barnes of Charlotte, Starke, Frocman llazon, Red field. On potitiori of I. W. Hubbard, rolntive to stnte prison; Messrs Hodges Fairbanks Butler. Dills introduced. By Mr Brown repeal ing tho net recharting tho Bank of Mont peiier, which wns roforred to tho commit tee on Banks. By Mr. Piorc&, for tho re lief nf Ira McLoud, referred lo committeo of Claims. By Mr. Chandler, repenlihg act for rendering turnpiko roads freo ronds referred to committco on Roads nnd Canals Mr Brown introduced a resolution, 6tructing tho committee on Banks to quire into tho expediency of chartering banks, without requiring tho private pro pcrty of tho stock holders to bo holdon for the redemption of bills ; adopted unani moualy. Mr Pnrtridgo called up his resolutions relotivo to banks when Mr Chandler moved to refer tHcm to tho com. on Banks. The motion wns sustained by Messrs Chandler Ful'om nnd Fnirbnnlo, opposed by Messrs Pntridge and Necdham, and carried-, ayes 114, nnrs 107. Mr Wentworih from tho select commit Ice on designation of committee roomr made report, which was accepted ond con currcd in. The chair presented n communication trom tno committee appointed to revise tho laws of the F'ntc, which was read. A resolution from tho senate, for n joint committco on llio subject ot tho report of uiu ruvibuu mws was concurred in. i no cnair nutiuunccd tho following op pnintments, nominated by tho Sergeant at armss Alvnn Larter Door kecpor. Lu man Rnblee, Isaac W. Rikcr. Wm. T, Burnham, officers of tho House. Otis Statutist) Messenger, Mr Hodges called up the resolutions of Mr P,nrtridgc, relative to llio militia, nnd moved their reference to the committco on militnry nffuirs ; motion supported by Mr Fnirbonks, opposod by Messrs Patridge nnd Dillingham, nnd negatived, 114 to 108 Tho resolutions wore then laid upon the table, on motion of Mr Partridge, nnd 250 copies wore ordered to bo printed, adj SENATE. Tuesday, Oct. 15, 1030 Prayer bv tho chaplain. Mr Chandler introduced a petition of the inhabitants of Athena and Westminster, for establishing boundary lino between thoso towns ; referred to tho committco on the judiciary. Mr Eaton called up tho bill establishing nn academy at Enosburgh j roforred to com. on Educntion. A message was received from the Houso, concurring with tho Senato in making provision for considering Iho report of tho committeo to rcvieo tlio statutes: commit tco on tho pntt of iho Senate, Messrs, Pierpoint, Ilarvoy and Adams. Adj. HOUSE. Bills By Mr Bench, to alter tho namo of St. Gcorjje to Williamsburgh, rcforrnd to committco of Claims. By Mr Wins-low, altering tho namo of Hannah Wood You ren, referred to general committee By Mr Fullam, in addition to militia nets; this bill provides for a pretty thorough over, hauling of iho present militia system, ond was refcrrod to com, on Military Affiiin. By Mr Gowdy, to pay Oziao Seymour gG, rcforrcd to com, of Claims. By Mr. Brown, repealing tho act regulating tha rato of interest, referred to the JudicldVy ItUTr.AHD Zimri Howo ) Obadinh Noble, S Committee. By Mr Bailey, to incorporate East Poullncy Irou Co. to for rod to com. on Manufactures. Resolutions By Mr Fisk of Eden, to fcrring part of the Governor's measago, relativo to distribution ol school money among the districts, to a com. of one from each county; adopted. By Mr. Chamber lain, relativo to providing libraries for schools, referred to com. on Education. By Mr Partridgo, tho following, which were laid on tho table: Whereas, tho great ond profossod object of establishing government i to promote tho welfare and happiqoss of tho great body ofthe people, and whereas tho mean by which o government is enabled to carry ont the.accompliehraent of these important objects to a practical result, is by tha establishment of wise nnd salutary Inws; and whereas, whenever cxporicnco should prove that nny law, or laws, instead of promoting ihe .general welfare, opcrato injuriously tb a majority of tho peoplo; tho only way of removing tho evil, is by re pealing such law or laws; therefore Resolved, That tbo ijogislaturo not only possesses tho power, but that it ia in duty bound to repeal all lows, whether made "by itself. or nny preceding legislatures tho oporatiorfof which ia found to be advorse to the interests and general weiiaro or; a majority of the people, Resolved, That nil charters for binks, or other acts of incorporation, being lawa emanating from tho Legislature, aro linblo to bo altered, amended or repealed by tha legislature, whenever tho public good may require it ; it being understood, that in all cases whero private property it taken, ai a conscqucnco of tho rcpcal.of any law or laws, the Legislature ia bound to remuner. nto tho owner or owners' of such privets properly forthe loss thus sustained. And whereas the doctrine oi vested rights is tho somo in principle as that by which the crowned heads ofvothcr conn tries attempt to establish their right to govern nnd tyrannize ovVr their subjects; therefore, Resolved, That such a doctrine in theso United States, is nnii constitutional, anti republican, subversive of tho liberties of the people, nnd ought to be frowned upoo by every patriotic American. FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 19. We devote otir columns almost exclusively today to tho doings of the Legislature. Thus far, it will be seen, that little business of im portance has been transacted be yond the routine of organization and the usual county and other ap pointments. From present indica tions there will be few subjects of general interest to occupy the atten tion of the legislature tho present session, and aside from the rcvisal of the statutc,the session will doubt less be a short one. It has been intimated that an adjourned session will be called during the winter, for the purpose of taking up tho revised statutes. CHITTENDEN COUNTY. It will be seen that the nomina tions for this county have been re ferred back to the convention. This we understand was done at the in stance of Mr. Baxter, for tho pur pose of giving tho locofocos the benefit of the contested election in this town. This is certainly very magnanimous, and we hope a cor responding spirit will be manifested on the other side, by jirompt action on the subject. The nominations in convention, we learn, were sub stantially the 6ame as last year. At our last advices from Mont pelier, no movement had been mado towards c contesting the election.' The two Houses met in joint committee on Tuesday, antfre-clcc-led the present Judges of the Sup. Court ; Milton Brown superintend ant of the statc'prison, and Charles Hopkins, Leonard Sargent and A. G. Whittemore, commissioners of deaf dumb and blind. ELECTIONS. The elections in Pcnnsj'lvania and Ohio have been permitted on the part of tho whigs to go pretty much by default. Of course the Tories havo succeeded. In Now Jorsey, where the administration had concocted a scherao to defraud five members of congress out of their certificates, the peoplo rallied, and havo returned decided whig major ities to both branches of tho legisla ture. But tho tories aro trying to cypher out a victory. They aro great at figures. They cyphered up a majority in this state ; but somo how the Bum don't "provo."