Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 13, 1839, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 13, 1839 Page 2
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K K I D A Y M O It N I . 0, DECEMBER 13. HAURISUUflC.il COVtiNTION. Wc ore happy to nnnonnco thai iho do liberations of ihia important assemblage have resulted in n nutninut ion which ap pears to give universal satisfaction to Iho friends of reform throughout the country. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, ol Ohio, anil JOHN TYLIJR, of Virginia, received tho. unanimous nomination. The first ballot, stood. 140 for Harrison, 90 for Clay, and IG for Scott. Tho result being announced, the question wns again put, when Harrison rene:vi.d every vote. The vote for Vice President was unanimous for Tyler on the first ballot, A patriotic let. ter was received from Mr Clay, urging tho convcnlioo to disregard all personal considerations, and net lor the cause j at the samo time expressing his own convic. tion that another than himself was flic stronger candidate. A similar cnmmuiii. cation was received from Gen. Scott, which wo shall publish in doe time. It is unnccccssnry to say that General Harrison would not havo been our first choice. Of all men living wo should pre. fur loseoMrday President both as a reward for hi many eminent services, and for the reason that he is identified with, and the able, firm arid consistent supporlor of, all those measures of national policy with which the prosperity of tho country must rise or fall. Wo arc,however,saiisficd with the nomination. Tho Convention had the means of examining the whole subject, nnd we have no reason to doubt that they have acted discreetly. Gen. Harrison, though not a man of Mr Clays ability, is yet, equally sound in his political principles an unostentatious, plain, practical com mon sense mnn, who, withal has "done the slate somo service." And, compared po, Jiticdlly, morally or intellectually, with tho "mousing gramalkin" who ndmonishes the people "not to expect too much from the government, 31 and who seems to perceive the chief end of government in providing for ilsel)Q is as far above him as tho tallest pine is loftier than lowtly thorn The nomination of Mr Tyler, is a very good one. He is a mnn of sterling talents well qualified by lung experience for the duties of the office, and wi'hal very ppu' lar in his own Mate, and the south gene rally. Let us then, one and all, as with one heart and one mind, give tho nomination that prompt, hearty, and ffficeul support, to which it intrinsic merits eminently entitle it, and the prostrate business of a misgov erned nation loudly demands. For one, we throw our canvass to the brcize with the fullest assurance of a glorious triumph tho triumph of patriotism, of reason, of practical common sense, over passion, prejudice, and locofucnism. As we shall in a few days have the official pro ceedings of the convention at IIarrisbur;;h, wo havo omitted details for the present. The convention was composed of 258 members, representinj 23 slates. James Barbour, of Virginia, picsided, assisted by thirteen Vice Presidents, and five Secretaries. Its deliberations were characterised throughout by tho utmost good feeling; and the division that existed, was only that of honorable rivalry, and honest difl'er ence of opinion all of which were readily merged in the ono gicat catiac. "congress. It will be seen that I lie rleik h.is lent himself lo the fraudulent attempt lo exclude I lie legally re turned members from New Jersey Horn Hiking 1 lie; r teals. J'he result is ill u five d.iyi Ii.ivr al ready been spent in fiuiilcsj ailempls at organiza tion. The House, however Iuj taken iiselfoul of the Cleik's hand?, assumed i lie ihnracler of town meeting, and appointed u moderator. Air. Adams is, of Ml oilier just ihe man for the place nnd the occasion, and it will he observed that he liai not omilled to givu lliem the benefit of his opinion in advance. The loeofos have manifestly inkena falsejiosition, anJ must lou.-e "round by it. One thing is certain, the adiiiinisiiaiiun daie not iruil itself up n a vote of iho It-gill) leniincd mem bers. Wc have surely an icil at an alarming pass, if a subordinate officer of the Home, ono vhoe functions arc purely clerical, can succcrsfully nul lify the broad seal of a sovereign slalc, and depiive her of a voice in the decision of the most important uestion that pertaim lo iho session ; ami for what 1 why, under pretence that the unsuccessful candidates, nro not nltogclhcr saiiefied with the resulis of ill canvass ! Wlnl a burletque. "Wo understand lhal a number of persons in this vicinity havo recently been imposed upon by the Wild cat bills of Michigan, so altered as lo convey to ihu careless observer tho idea of New Yoik "safety fund" bills. On Iho bills of both stales, Iho words "New York (or Michigan) safely fund" encircles tho vi?- nutlo in a way lu btriko Iho eyo uadily. In the one before us, a $2 on tho I.aiuuoo Co. Dank, at Palmy- ra, the word " Michigan" U torn out, leaving " safety fund" and 'Palmyra' tho prominent features of tho bill; and it was received by u ralher careful observer in ih'n jdaeo without dctecliun. As a number of these bills aro in circulation, pcoplo bhould bo on their guard against this and similar impositions. Wo aro obliged to devote a large space to tho revised Laws, and shall bo under tho same necessity for a week or two to come. As these laws aro now in force, it in important that the pcoplo should know what thny arc. COMMUNICATIONS. Mr. Ilditor 1 observe in your last paper that a Director of tho Mutual, under date of tho 3.1 Inst, has replied to my communication of the COlh tilt, in which he attempts to divert public attention from iho Com pany and fi it upon mo, charging mo as a defaulter. A Director being in tovvn who received tho money from mo in October to pay my assessments has sinco informed mo of ils faithful application. In iho face of this, I am accused in the public prints of neglecting to pay my assessments, and that by ono who signs him self a Director. Tho writer says, " the directors aro not aware of any paper under protest, except, as lliey suppose, in I'urlinginn." I suppose then tho public notaries havo not notified tho directors of the protest of their paper, and not, as tho writer from tho tenor of thi? extract would serin lo wish mo lo suppose, that their paper elscwhero is all paid. If tho gentleman had said that the directors were not awaro of any debts eccpt ten or twelve thousand dollars in tho county of Chittenden, ho would havo been more explicit. As it is, tho public aro told that the leputablo board at tho Mutual Office hail given a decided preference to tho sufferers by firo in other counties over those of tho county of Chittenden. Tho losses in other counties, we aro told from tho Mutual office, have been paid, and Ihoso in this coauty aro left unpaid. Why is this partiality ? Tho writer further states that every exer tion has been mado nnd is making by tho Directors to collect tho balance of assessments, and adds, that "it is no cay matter to collect 3 IG.CCO from over twen ty thousand different persons." But is it not to tic expected that persons who have property lo insure would have the means of raising so small a sum a the assessment in the course of thirty days from Iho time the notice was given for tho assessment to bo paid? and that nearly Iho whole would avail themselves of tho opportunity offered by their town representatives to forward the money? If eight or ten thousand out of Iho twenty thousand aro defaulters, and the direc tors have no power to enforce the collections in two or three months, then in my opinion tho institution is not that useful and valuable ono that I havo supposed it to bo. The company has been several years in ope ration, and tho directors havo had somo experience, and as they do not always pay in three months accor ding to tho charter, they should have mado their paper payable so far ahead that they could meet it. It is no small mattei to ono who stands upon his credit, to havo his nolo protested, in consequence of the ncgli genco of the Mutual, and bo obliged to raise tho mon ey on short notice. one of tiio i.suitF.D. Mr. Editor Sir: In your last you havo a second communication respecting the Mutual Insurance Co. Permit me to ask tho writer, who seems quite self satisfied with his situation as "another of the insured,' a question or two. Are you aware, sir, that in years past the officers of the mutual Insurance Company havo borrowed money on the credit of tho company, at highly usurious interest? Docs this course speak in favor of the soundness of the institution? If you should lose your buildings by fire, and the company refuse to pay tho loss, how would you enforce tho payment ? they having no property to attach. Aro not all niUVrur's nr-.tinlly dependant upon tho msi'O sition of the officers to pay their losses? Did vou witness tho dissatisfaction existing in tho members of tho company present at the annual meeting, at the maancr in which they wero treated? Why, if tho company gives satisfaction, was a new company got up in Rutland County, and another asked for in Cale donia County? It appears to me, Mr. Editor that a consideration of all, or a part only, of the above ques tions, would make it in no wise uncertain whether ho that confides in tho Vermont Mutual Fire Insurance Company, or ho that distrusts it affords the strongest manifestations of a ''thick skull." still ANornr.i; or the ixstntr.n. FEMALE SEMINARY. Wo aro requested by tho trustees of tho Female Seminary to state, thai MissGnnKX, tho Principal, having obtained leave of absence fur a s,hort time for Iho benefit ofher health, the school will bo continued during her absence, as usual, and they feel tho most perfect confidence in assuring tho public that implicit trust may bo placed in tho competence, skill, and fidel ity of ihose in whoso hands tho chargo of instruction has been intrusted, Tho flaro up at Washington has' killed all calcula tion, and we might almost say interest, aboutjho mes sage. There is danger of its spoiling before tho Pres ident has an opportunity lo deliver it to both Housed. The Philadelphia United States Gazette states that M ichaol L Israel, cashier of the Western Bank, had shot himself in the head, and was not expected to survive, He perpetrate J the act on the Jersey shore, aod thou returned to Philadelphia, and was met walking unconsciously about the streets. U is not expected that ho will survive. The directors of the Western Dank an nounce os tho result of a full examina tion, that all was right with the Rank, ex' cepl 12,000 missing from tho cashier's fund. For this amount hid sureties are ample. Pnt rtiKciKs rui.Kii.i.K.n Locofocoism Tin i'.m I'll ant, Suffer mo, Mr. Ldilor, m the columns of your paper, to say to all, whether men or women. Locofocos or Whigs, whether at tho White IIousu at Washington or at tho Hermitage, that if they will como to our town, they can wit ness, yea leel tho eilocts of Locofocoism, for we nro right in the midst of tho glori ous perish-credit, perish commerce, perish munufiiduring, slop working, stop-caling, uellcr currency system, auu we havo not Ming under heaven lo do hut eland still and look at its beauties. If ever prophecy was lit erally fulfilled to tho letter, it is in our cnu, for we arc completely prostrated by experiments upon the currency. A few days since ono of our most enterprising men, with ample meain, but unavailable on account of the currency, had lo suspend, another soon followed in his footsteps. Three of our Woolen Mills, and ono Cotton Nill, have already shut down their gates, and moro very probably will soon follow. Tim lliinrr vunrtli In n linnm Mnmnnnn. (Hartford Couront OPENING OP THE TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRHSS. Washington, Dec. '2. This anxiously expected day, tho opening of tho twenty sixth emigres, looked forward to with so much interest by tho politician ami the lover ol peace nnd order, has passed over I with n pacific dulness, as disappoiiilming lo tho former ns it must prove gratifying to tho latter class of our fellow citizens. All tho dark forebodings and hints of tho tur bulenco expected to mark the very first proceedings of Congress, have happily thus far proved groundless, and ended in smoke or what is about as material, in breath, in tho shape of a long debate. Whether subsequent silting? will belio Iho pacific promise of today's work is uncertain, but I can hardly believe that such will ho Iho case' It is seldom that fucIi a dense throng is seen crowding to tho Capitol, ns was ex. dibit cd this morning. In spite of tho low ering appearance of the sky overcast, like I ho political horizon n hrillaiit turn out of tho softer sex was intermingled with, the snmbro groups of creation's lords that lined Pennsylvania Avanuo, while addition al animation was given to tho scene by tho successive troops of tho yeomanry from tho ndjaccnt counties, tccoulrod with blnnket-coala and bespattered with mud, who dashed along with the fashionable equipages toward tho scene of tho "lour nn mi'tit." Tho scene in the House of Representatives, its naileries and lobbies, defies description. By ten o'clock, every particle of room in the latter was crowded to excess. Ntnetenths of tho assembled multitude, 1 am sure, expected a regular row in the llnrrishurgh style for the ques tion in every one's mouth wa3 mostly to that effect. The Representatives, contrary In cus. loin, wore nearly all assembled by eleven o'clock, which gave the iloor nn appear anco of extraordinary interest.--There were old friends exchanging congratula tions on meeting oncu more, new members gazing round with mine wonder at the novelty ofevery thing, first at their fellow members, then at the dusky semi circle ot the men's gallery, and then at the brilliant parterre of beauty in that reserved for the ladies. There were the noisy salute and hearty laugh of the "good fellow," and there the significant nod and subdued whis per of iho politician. A knot of tho New Jersey claimants were engaged in earnest converse here, and there, affording a sin. gular contrast to the bustling nervous nir of tho Whig claimants, sat the itnpcrturba bio Mr.Ingersoll, as quiet and easy in his seat as if it wero his own. All this animating confusion wns silen ced at twelve o'clock by tho clerk of the last session (Mr, Garland,) calling tho members, in accordance with previous custom. When he came to New Jersey, tho silence of that Hall, so noisy a few minutes before, was that of the grave. lie called out the name of Joseph F. Ran dolph, and then pausing, stated lint the scats of the remaining members from that slate were contested, and as that nado a question unfit for him to decide, he would if the House so pleased, pass over that state and go on with the roll. At this point the progress of Iho immc diato organization of the House wns stop ped, by the prolongrd debates that then en sued upon the question of tho validity of tho claims of the Whig members lo their tents. Mr. Maxwell of New Jersey, one of the Whig claimants, called for the read ng of tho evidence touching the matter in the possession of the clerk. Tho certificate of Mr Ayrcrigg, another Whig claimant, signed bv the Governor of New Jersey, and impressed with the seal of that S'ate; was then rend. The certificates of the other Whig members were slated by the clork to bo the snnio in form. Mr. Mercer, of Va., wished to follow up the po-itivc argument of this certificate, with the law of New Jersey touching elec tion--. wh'ch he moved to havo read, but Mr. Vandcrponl, of N. Y., thinking that its unequivocal language would sound with nn unpleasant force, rose and moved, in order to let tho House havo the fuels of the case before the law was read, that the evidence of the other claimants should he first read. Mr. Vandcrponl gave unmis. takeablc signs to-day of his being n file leader of Iih party, conjointly with Mr. Thomas of Indinua. Mr Jenifer followed Mr- Vandcrponl by putting tho significant question, whether the evidence on the other side wns of the same form as that al ready given to the House. ' A third prt. posit ion was now thrown ho fore the House, io the slinpo of a motion by Mr. Rives of Vn. to lay iho subject on the table, until tho call of the roll was completed. Tho knotty points of the question now became enlarged at each word spoken, and the discussion irregulnr. when Mr Holl'mmi of New Voik, got Iho floor, und briefly and eloquently contended that the certifi cale alone gnvc a member a perfect right to b! called. Mr llalstcd, of New Jersey, another ol the whig claimants, mndo an eloquent ex position of the claims of himself nod whig colleagues to the seat 'Peking the ground assumed by Mr Huffman, ho expressed hi porfecljwillwgness to be passed over in Iho call, did tho evidence of tho opposing claim ants bear the authentic seal of New Jersey, Otherwise he would nut consent so havo her degraded from tho list of other states lo have one of tho old thirteen stars bint ted out ; but would insist upon having acknowledged, as prima facie evidence to his rights, the broad solemn seal uf New Jersey. Mr llalstcd went into n masterly exam ination of Iho constitutional arguments, to familiar to flic country, through tho discus sion uf tho press. It woro endless to notico in detail tho progress of the debate, which wns shared by several eminent speakers. Tho views and arguments, already noticed, wero much repealed, and indeed the discussion wns exceedingly tedious, excepting when Messrs. Riddle nnd Sergeant of Pennsyl vania had tho floor. Roth these gentle man placed in strung I'ght before tho clerk that the only honorable course for him to havo pursued, if conscious that tho Whig certificates were conformabla to law, (and wero they not strictly so ?) wob to call Ihoir names, and if in doubt an to the validity of their claims, why then nsk udvico of Iho Ileus?. Mr Biddlo look occasion to comment severely on tho privilege lodged in the hands of tho clerk at. the opening nfn Congress, He had Iho power in pass over n member, disfranchise a slate simply be cnusQ his seat was disputed. What tin nnnrinous precedent was this for tho set tlcment of similar contests in fulf.ro. The discussion was prolonged until the hour of adjournment, nt four o'clock, which took plnco without any nciion h.'ing taken on the several dropostlioiis belorc the House. Thero is every rensnn lo bolicvo that several days will be consumed in carrying on Inlk upon tho subject. Its paramount interest hm I brown iho question of the spnnkoiship for tho time, into tho shade, Tho Sennto exhibited a remarkable con trast to iho House to-day, every thing in it being carried on in quietness and order. 1 htrty.six benalors woro utcscpt. i he only proceedmgs of interest wore swearing in of Messrs Belts of Connecticut, White

of Tennessee, and Tnppan of Ohio. The other business was simply in the wny of organization, and the Senate adiourned at an early hour. Most of Tuesday, Wednesday andThurs day were spent in debating this question, without any other result than leaving tho matter in worse confusion than they found it Monday We cannot of course attempt to follow the discussion in all ils tortuous windings. Tho debate took a wide range, and wns prosecuted with considerable spirit, though in a rnthcr commendable tone. It was late on Thursdoy, when Mr. Adams rose and said : Fellow citizens, and members elect of the 2Gth Congress I address myself to you, and not to Iho Clork in the chair under n painful sense of my own duty. The clork in t he performance of an official doty assigned to him by the laws and the con stitution of the United States, commenced reading the roll of the members hero as sembled for the purpose of constituting tho House of Representatives of the'JGth Con gress. After calling tho roll, commencing with tho State of Maine, until he came to the State of New Jersey, and the mem bers whoso names had been called, having answered, ascertaining their presence here, he pnusfeil, nfter calling one of the names from New Jersey, nnd slated to the house that of the five oilier members from that state, the seats were contested ; that he, deeming himself not authorized lo decide which of the two parties of five members were entitled to seats, must refer the mat ter lo tho decision of tho Hotiso, ho again in the discharge of a solemn duty, declared he could put no question until the house was organized. Now, follow citizens, I am reduced to the necessity of appealing to you. The Clerk lias snid that he will not proceed in tho call, according to established usage and custom. He has refcred the question to a tmjonty of the house, and then he re fuses to put to this body that or any other question, with tho exception that, upon further consideration, and having in tho interim consulted tho constitution of the United Stales, he discovered yesterday that he might put the qoesticn of adjourn tnent. Ho, therefore, put it; but he gave notice that he should put no other ques ion. Fellow citizens, in what a predicament are we thus plnced ? Wo are fixed as firmly and4as immoteibly as thcfecolumns around the house. We can neither go for ward nor backward, and the clerk tells us that will pcri-Ut in both tho decisions he has made. What then is our position ? I havo waited here four days, for wo are now drawing to the conclusion of the fourth day, with a fixed determination not to en ter into this controversy. It was my in tention not to have said ono word on tho subject. At the last srssioo of the last Congress, foreseeing thai the vorv case which has now occurred would nrisc, I offered a resolution with the design of preventing such an occoircncc. It was not the pleasure of tho House to consider it ; and, therefore, as well ns for other reasons, I determined to say nothing ; and I should have persisted in that dotertninn Hon if I had not seen that, under thrso two decisions of the Clerk, it would bo im po-ijihle nay, that the House might meet and stay hero till doomsday, and nntbenblc to organize. This is our position. Now it seems to mo a very extraordinary state of things. Hero is a body of men assem bled lo repre.-cnt the people, and n more full and complete representation of tho people of the United Slates never did as semble, and, probably, never will again within these walls. Hero we are, and ns n final inducement for in a lo nddrcss this House, hero we are also under tho injunc tion of solemn dulios. The Clerk told us ho acted under the conviction uf duty, I concede tho point. Ha has acted and ho has pronounced his two deciions under the conviciton of solemn duty. I do not question even whe ther that sense of duly was correctly applied in his two decisions, but I say that wc are placed in n position, and that wc havu soluuinduties too. What is tho first? 'Po organize ;to organizo in some form or other, If there is difficulty in relation lo any portion of us wc must do what Mr. Jtfl'ersoii said was dona when Lord Dunmorc dissolved tho Legislature of Virginia on a sudden. What did thoy do ? They adjourned to a tavern, they constituted themselves a Con vention, and they acted as the Legislature of t.'ie Stato or Colony. They actually, instead of being assembled in tho place from which (tho act of tho Gov ernor had excluded them, adjnuoncd to another place, formed themselves into a convention, and there acted in the namo of ihu State. This was irregular. Well, I think that on tho fourth day of tho ses sion of tho 26th Congress that is to bo, if we ever get organized, it is rather lato to malto objections on tho score of irregular ity. I address myself to you, thereforo. I call upon you, in tho namo of tho Pcoplo to organizo ; for you havo not only duties to perform, but you aro under a high res ponsibility to ihu pcoplo to perform that duly, Organize. When you havo done that, you can undoubtedly take n question as heretofore. 1 now call upon tho whole House to discharge that duty, and, in the discharge of my duly, most reluctantly performed, I call upon the majority, that majority which has the power, to organize the House. Follow-citizen. wo havo boon recently told, in the olficinl organ of tho present Administration, that there is n majority of t lie Hotifo, without the members of Now Jcreoy, or counling them ns adverse, to Ihc Administration. And not. only has Iho official orgno slated this fact, but. it has given tho precise number of that ma jority ns one hundred nnd twenty one! Now, I call upon thofo 121 members to organize the House. I call upon tlmm, in the name of their country I will not 6av in the name of tho Administration, for I have no right lo speak in their name but I call upon t tint majority, in Ihu name of that interns', and policy which thny think is the interest and policy of iheir country to organize; nnd I oiler In the assembly tho following resolution a resolution which lies on the tnblo of your Clerk, but which, like many others, is there in the, limbo of vanity nnd paradise of fools hc causo the clerk has repeatedly said that he will not put Iho question. A member, n friend of mine from Kentucky, (Mr Under wood) this morning offered another resolu tion, and there are a number on tho table which may go to the end of lime nnd lie oo the table, for tho clerk says he will not put tho question to nny ono of them. We cannot control the clerk ; he is here a des pot. m bo lino noted, nnd oo bo Will act. unless you by that native power which you possess from tho people of the United Slates set aside all Ins decisions and act for yourselves. I commenced this address to you, fellow citizens, with a declaration Hint I should bo tinder the painful necessity ofnppenling from the decision of the clerk lo the house, and I call upon the house and the majority of tho house lo set aside entirely his decis ions, nnd to act for themselves. I have no doubt of their power to do it. There, fore in submitting this opposition, I havo no reference to the clerk, nor to any opin ion of his. I propose that the houso itself should act. It may, if it pleases, choose a tern porary clerk. It may take what course it think proper. I put this matter to the house, and to tho majority of Ihc house, and I tell them that it is their duty to or. gainzo tlieniselvcs, am' that no decision of the clerk can force upon them the organi zation of the house in any manner he may think proper. It is in the power of the house to set the clerk aside; hut it is not in the power of the house to obey his dic tates, despotic ns he is determined they shall be. The house is not under iho ne cessity of submitting to them, and I call upon you to set him aside. I speak not personally towtrd him; I speak of his acts and of the situation in which he has placed the house a situation in which it is im possible for them to act. s" long as his decisions stand. If he had taken a ques tion on the resolution which was drawn up by a gentleman from Kentucky. Mr Graves, and laid on Ihc tnhle, nnd which I have now brought before the house, I should not have spoken. Rut one by one. these resolutions have been laid on tho table. They ought as well be put in the fire. Tho clork tells us ho cannot put the question upon them that it is the die tate of his duiy. I hope lo have no more of the benefit of his agency, nt least until he has gone through tho process of re election. I repeat, I offer ihia resolution in its present form ; it is not u ine origin ally, but. it answers my purpose, and it will i tltuct the organization of tho house. That j is all I ask ; and appealing to this body now, as an independent body, n bndy possessing pnwers entirely independent of tho clerk, I call upon thrin to tct upon Ihe resolution in such a manner as they may choose. Any member may propose an amendment ; and those who think that the call of the New Jersey members ought not i to be made, can propose an amendment to I set a-iilelhnsc members. Let us see what the will of the majority is. The clerk has rendered it impossible for us lo do so in the usual wny. In the first place I call upon yon, in the name of the people of the United States to save them from In-in tho evil, nnd I may add, the discredit of our being hero a whole week, and perhaps a whole month, without organ z iMon : I call upon you in the naiuoof tin- iiei.pleof the United Slates, that people, lown'ds whom we havo had so many wnntkrl-i' manifrsinl inns of regard and afl'eclion. W hat will ihev sny ? Whnt will your consiitio ills say ? What will my constituents say lo me, far suffering this house to wasln four days in idle, u-eless debate, when the first of Us duties was to orgntuze, ami at n time when it wns i-n. possible to organize, without n resort to some exlriordioary measure ? Fellow cit. izens, I am willing Hint the clerk under his sonso of duty shouUI be held respousi. hie lo Iho pcop'o for four days wasietl in idle debate. I do not say idle because there has been no good scno, or wisdom, or reasoning in the arguments, but because none of them cainu to iho one great point, that is, to Ihc actual, practical organ. zilinu of the house. That was our duly tint to be debating here, for four days, idle ques tions, which the dictator in that chair said ho would never put. I say ho is respousi. hie for I hat. I wish ho may answer the People of the United Stntes how ho lias wasted Ihcse four days. But I now say, from this time forward, tho House the majority oflho Hoiiteand I go further, and say, tho 121 members who havo been set down in the organ of the administration ns the majority of that Administration, are responsible to tho People nnd to the conn, try, and lo mankind, for any further delay. If any one, as I have said, thinks proper to mnvo an nmeiidment requiring tho Clork to omit the members from New Jersey Mr Vandcrponl hero interposed, and said ho had such an amendment to pro pose. Lnutl cries of "order." Mr Adams resumed. The gentleman, if ho thinks proper, can proposo it after I havo made tho few remarks 1 havo yet to offer. If thero is a majority of tho House determined lo set astdo tho tivo members from New Jersey who have produced their credeutiols nt Iho tabic credentials pre cisely similar to those of other members who huve been called in this House, and to say thoy shall nol bo permitted to vote, say o, say so, Lcttlic majority say sn, and they nre responsible lo iho Pcoplo and to the world of mankind for that, decision. In tny private opinion I belicvi that it is tho rights of the people of N. Jersey that oro at stake here. I pay nothing of Slate sov. ereignty or the Governor, but of the peo ple. These five men como hero with tho authority required by the Constitution and law. declaring tlioui'olves Representatives of tlio people of New Jersey: ami tho Constitution and tho laws oflho U. States, and tho laws of tho State of New Jersey, hnvo said that no oilier evidence shall bo received of the will of the People. That ii tho fvidenco, and Iho only evidence, that has been presented. Now, that being so. these gentlemen come here nnd present it. You havo nlrrady received ono member presenting it. If you refuse the five other having the same evidence, it is not tho members whom you turn out of this houso and refuse (o nilow to vote it. is not Ihcm whom you outrage it. is the sovereign People of the Slnte of Now Jersey whom they represent. Whatever may bo the ultimate determination of the House, hero nre men coming here under tho form pro scribed by the Constitutino nnd tho Lnwo for tnio Representatives of tho Stalo of New Jersey, in whom tho rights of tho People ol that siato aro vested; and you cannot deprive lliem of that right without outraging the rights of the People of New Jersey. In their persons is vested Ihrs right nf tho People of Now Jersey to bo represented; and il you sny that it is not so, that they shall not be received; it ia the Pcoplo of New Jersey whom vou thus do privc of five sixths of lb eir repiesflnt nl inn. Now, I have heard much of this respect for tho right of tho People of this Con. tempt for the signature of n Governor of a State, and of her Council nnd I hnva heard il said that hero is a conflict between the rights of tho People nnd the nets of tho Governor nnd Council. Why, the Gov ernor and Council are themselves the rep. resenlalives of the People of New Jersey: and what constitutes n remarkable answer to this appeal lo the rights of the Peoplr is, that long after this election had takr place long after Iho exercise ot iho a thority by which this commission was givr the Pcoplo of New Jersey hnve ber called lo pronounce upon ihi vpry act, nn have reelected Hint very Governor an that very Council by whom the certificat was given. 'Phis remark produced mucl sensation in the House, and Mr Adams, proceeded : Wny. then, nro the rights of the People outraged ? How arc they to be respected? I respect tho rights of the People in those who come here with that official document, which is Iho ooly ono in which their will i manifested. If you say they shn 1 1 nut. vote, it is the People whom you outrage. You take away from the People, thus rep resented by persons presenting documents to show that tbey arc tho People's Repre. sentatives you lako nwny the right of five sixths of them to vote. And it struck ma ns strange that my honorable friend Mr Vanderpool who proposes to offer an amendment, in his appeal lo the House about the rights of Ihe People, sacrifices their rights and takes away their rcpreen. Intion because, if the members of New Jersey aro not called, ihc i'tinplc uf New Jersey will not be represented. They will hove no voice whatever on the nil-important question on which vve are to vote, fur so I judge it to bo from tho full attendance wiiicli wc find. At all events, that voice will bo suppressed in the tate of five sixths. This bnnst of friendship appears to tne like something I havo rtad ot in tho good book as occurring hoi wren two per sons, where one approaching Ihe oilier with a smiling face said "Art thou in health my brother ?'' nnd immediately gnvu linn a slab under the fifth rib. Tin- is preci. ely the frieue-hip of the gentleman from New York. He p'opo-es, ns an evidence nfhisrspect fur the People, lo deprive them of five-sixth of their representation. Now, the inauife-iaiiniis of love and ntTec tion nre various, and different in different individuals. I do protess to have as much respect for the righ's of tho Peop'e ns the gent lemon from New York, who I under stand, is to be one of the lenders of this House, and of whom, therefore, I speak with great respect and deference. H's mode of protecting the rights of the Peoplu is to lake away five-sixths of Iheir repre sentation in ono of the most important transactions that this House could perform. My mode consists in letting them havo their own; ami as lliey cannot have n double representation, because tho Consit tutinn will not alio it, 1 give them a re presentation in those pers, ns won havo the evidence which iho People themselves have declared should bo the only evidence to show whnt their will is. These are the reasons why I hnve offered tho resolution which lays on the Cleik's table. Mr. A. was hero interrupted by much confusion, nnd tho intermingling of ninny voices, deinnnding"llowshalI the question bo tint who will pot the question .'" Mr. Adams whose voice reached the enr of the Reporter above the tumuli, "I intend to put the question myself." Follow cihzcns, I now wall to see what amendment shall be proposed to the reso lotion. Afler that , as I have said, I pro pose, from the necessiiy of the case, lo put the question myself; because I protest against the Clerk being addressed nt nil. I appeal to the House I nppenl to a body possessing the power to act -I appeal to a majority of tho House. The debalo wns continued by several members, when Mr. Rhctt moved that Lewis Williams, the oldest member of the House, lake tho chair. Williams declined. Whereupon Mr. R. moved that John Q,uincy Adams lake the chair, ns modera tor, and, himself putting the question to the House, it was decided in the nfiirmn tive, and Mr, Adams was conducted to tho chair. 'J'he House soon afler adjourned Tho next day, Friday, was again consumed in debate, without coining to any practical rerun. In the courao of the difcus-ion, however, a preliminary vote was called for, which wns about to he taken, when iho M T ... . I. ... Ilia chair deemed mat tno nicmuc