Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 10, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 10, 1840 Page 2
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F II 1 1) A V JIOHNIN (I, JAKUAUV 10. foii pukkjdent, WM. HENRY HARRISON vcn rnr.aiii:.NT. JOHN TYLER. CHITTENDEN CO. MEETING. Pursuant to (ho invitation of ilic commit' tec appointed by the citizens of Burlington Bnd tho county cmnmitlro, tho WIiirh of Chittenden county, nnd ut hort opposed to the measures of the ndininiHtrotion of the general government, convened nt Burling ton, on Wednesday the (ir!t dny of Janua. ry, IH40, at (en o'clock in the forenoon. The convent inn was called to order by Hon. Neman Allen, who nominated Hon. VVm. A. Griswold as President pro tem pore. Mr. Griswold took tho chair and on motion of Mr. Cooper, of Richmond, Edward A. Stonsbury was chosen Sec rotary pro tern. On motion, the following named gentle men were appointed n committee to notnU nalc officers of this convention, viz. John Peck, of Burlington. Amos B. Cooper of Richmond, Ezbon Sanfurd of Williston, Asahel Nash of Shelbum, David Cools, of Charlotte. On motion, the following named gen tlemen, were appointed a committee to report business to the convention, viz. Mr. Adams, of Burlington, Mr. Harmon, of Slielhurn, Mr. Miller, of Williston, Mr. G. P. Marsh of Burlington, Mr. Hunting, of Milton. The convention took a recess until one o'clock in the afternoon. Afthunoon. The convention having assembled, On motion of Mr. Adams, the Secretary read the proceedings of a meeting hold nt Montpelier, on the 2 lot ultimo, called to respond to the nomination of the Harris' burgh convention. Doct. Peck, from the committee appoint cd to nominate officers of the convention, reported the following : For President, EZRA MEECII. For Vice Presidents, Wm. A. Guiswoi.n, Amos B. Coiipkr, Nathan Leavenworth, U. H. Penmman, Ai.tniv Lamhin. David Cook, Levi Sajimion, Samuel Fletcher. For Secretarirs, Wm. Weton, Luthkk M. Hagar, Edward A- Ktanpijuiiy. Which report was accepted, andthe nomi. notions were confirmed by the convention. On motion of Mr. Adams, the delegates from Vermont, to the Ilnrrisburgh conven tion, who were pro-cut , were requested to take seats with the officers, and state the proceedings ol ihe Harnsburgh convention. Mr. Briggs, delegate from tho fourth Congressiunol district, and Col. Paine, delegate from the filth district, severally responded to the call, and addrsscd I lie convention in able and interesting speech es, in which the proceedings at Harnsburgh were particularly stated, and the reasons why Gen. Harrison was selected as the candidate of the Whin party, in preference to the other distinguished individuals who were named before that convention, as candidates for the office. Mr. Adams from the committee appoint ed to prepare business for the convention, reported the following resolution : Resolved, As tho 6on?e of this meeting that the nomination presented by the liar rieburg convention lor President and Vice r resident of these United btatcs, be accep ted and adopted as our nutniualion. From the high character ofthe gentle men nominated, iliair known lalonls, djsm terestedness, and long public services, the names of Harrison and Tvler cannot fail to call out the united force of all who wish to free the country trout the misrule of the present administration. Gov. Tyler has filled the highest offices in the gift of the Mute which gavu birth to Washington, nui onlv with u-i!lulneis, but with honor and reputation. He emmnauds the confidence of i lie Wings of Virginia, onci most cordially will we iive linn ours Gen. Harrison has been called to various high and responsible trm-ts, from early life to ihe present time, hoih in a civil and military capacity, and has executed them with an ability rarely surpassed, and with integrity above reproach. He may be called the pioneer of civilization lit the north west, and whole states which ho has aided in bringing into being, delight lo know turn oB the poor man's mend, With such men for our candidates we may trust in God, and tho purity of our cause for success. Mr. H. Allen seconded tho resolution, and it was adopted unanimously, Mr. Adams, from tho Name committee, reported the following resolution i Resolved, That this assembly have un diminished confidence in Henry Clay. He has given his whole soul to tho servico of Ilia country, and most nobly lias ho served il. We shall make no useless detail of theie services : they aro part of our histo ry. We shall make no enumeration ofthe I excellencies that constitute his character.1 His name stands for all that is noble nnd patriotic, nnd will I occupv the pngo tlluiin tinted by the names of American patriots nnd slaie!nnin that havu gonu before him to their rest. Which resolution was read and passed unanimously. Mr. Adams, from tho same committee, also reported the following resolutions : Resolved, That the present administra tion linn forfeited its cloim to mir confidence by its extravagance and profligacy. We cannot have forgotten tho clamor that was raised against the administration of J. Q. Adams for its largo expendi tures. The cry of extravagance was raisfd and repeated until the people believed it, and Gen. Jackson came into power by virtue of his pledges for reformation. And how bavo they been redeemed ! The fact that tho expenses of thu present ad ministration have more than doubled thoso of J. Q,. Adams in any one year, shall stand in tho place of a thousand arguments to prove tho falsehood of their accusalioiH and to convict them of extravagance and profligacy. llcsolvcd, That this administration is anti-renublicau in its character, measures, and objects. It is of noscrvicc to bonst of our republi can principles and free government, if those principles arc not carried out in practice. In theory, all power is considered as einana ting from the people, and that government i- their instrument for the exercise of it But who so blind as not to see tlint this order of things is reversed. Tho voice of the people is not heard; tlieir will is not obeyed ; but n voice, issuing from a repub Ilea ii palace, demands obedience ; and by the aid of party drill, presidential patron age and tho seduction of the spoils, tbit obcdionce is secured. Resolved, That this administration is ami. American. Before the accession of General Jack son, the leading object of the govern tnent was to protect tho industry of Ihe nation, to develope its resources nnd cherish Us interests. Internal improvement was pursued upon a practical plan, for the purpose of sustaining alio promoting the agricultuie, manufactures and commerce of the country; and it resulted in what Ihk been cmphalicully called the American system, laying the foundation of national greatness on tho same basis ot uaiioiial industry nnd national integrity. But this system is now overthrown. Works of in ternal improvement are considered as un authorized: to cherish the industry of the country is not regarded as one ofthe cares ot the general government, and the ualu ral consequences follow. The tanner has lest inducement to labor, commerce is par ahzed, credit is annihilated, inanufaciurcs are languishing in the lad gacp of a teble existence, and thousands stand amnzed lo seo the prosperity of tho country stricken down as if by a power that was beyond human control. Resolved, That the national doinnin is the property of the Union, nod should be regarded ns a sacred trust I eld by the government for the bem tit ot the whole people. The history of tl e public lands is full of interest, evincing, us u does, the in ten;c anxiety with which the union of the stnles was regarded, and the great and patriotic sacrifices that vera made to nbtnin il. This domain was a priceless offering in the compromise ofthe constitution. Its value is nlmpst beyond coniednrc, nnd it exceeds belmf I hat ony should dare to i hrow it awoy. We are pained to know that any in this state could be found so lost to our own true interest as to advocate u. We have great reason to be alarmed lest after t lie efforts made to give the proceeds to the trim owners, they should be squander cd. The public domain should be one of the first cares ot the government, and vet wo fear the proceeds may ho sacaitered broad cast to purchase venal votes. Resolved, That the sub. treasury scheme should be regarded as a measure of hustiliy to the credit, the currency ,and tho insiiiuu tions ofthe country. It requires no reasoning to show that a reasonable credit is a wholesome means of promoting active industry, and that the currency ut the country must, of necessity, to a great extent, consist of hank hills-. From these facts results the obligition to regulate that currency and maintain the credit and protect the institutions ut Hie state. These aro the great instruments of commerce, the moving cause of t lie for mation of the constitution, nud nre we to be told that they arc to he repudiated by the government and left to their fate ! The sob. treasury, as a means merely of col lectins the revenue.might uoi be so intnlc rablo. There are no benefits resulting from it, that can justify the derangement thai it would produce. As u iiiooih ot maintaining an equal currency or fnciliia ling exchanges, it would bo of no forcu But the principle upon which it is based is inconsistent with ihu safety ol our instiiu. tions. It would necessarily produce III union of the purse and the sword ; nod when this takes place, liberty ceases to be any thing nut a name. Resolved, That the industry ofthe conn, try requires protection, and thut without further aid than will be uflbrded by exist ing laws, ofter the lowest reduction of ihe tariff, the great interests ofthe North will be perilled, if not destroyed. We cannot bo insensible lo this state nl things : wn must not disregard it. The duly of self preservation requires that we look steadily to Hie danger that awaits us, and that we lose no tune in snuggling for the remedy. Our interests must bu pro tected; and if we have any voice in this government, let that voice be heard, und let tho remedy be provided. A protecting tariff has been tried and found signally beneficial. We demand that il bo reinsta ted, and shall any deny us the privilege of protection? Vermont aks no boon of nth. era. one uemanus as a right that her sons shall not be compelled to labor in vain, Resolved, That, in tho opinion of thin meeting the republic is in jeopardy. All experience has shown that I lie dan gore to which free governments arc expos cd, arise not from tho open assaults of dc. i dared enemies, but from tho nrts of those I Wlin.uiHicr lira iair guiso oi nirioiiBu "u : the niiuio of liberty to Its destruction. We fear no open enemies ; we can meet them and put them down : but against the arts of the insidious who can guard! Wo have seen this administration pursuing n system atic appropriation nt the powers of the government for tlieir private advancement; a ikI the bold and daring deed of an intrc pid man gives courage to ono more timid and cautious to walk in his footsteps. Hence the deposits were removed, the head of a department dismissed for contumacy, the nets of Congress treated with contumely, the tree action of tho government re strained, the records of ono branch ex punged, nnd the decisions of another defied, until at last the constitution is violated in the person of a sovereign state. The issue of sucii measures cannot bo doubtful, if not effectually checked. They must end in thnccrinin destruction of our free institutions. But, although we have reason to fear and tremble ai tho result, we do not despair. The remedy is whore it ever should bo with the people, and we shall not confide in vain. The remedy is within our power-to obtain this should be our ceaseless aim it should command our highest effort. It can bo done let. one and all unite in saying it shall be done. And the resolutions were severally read, advocated by Mr. Adams, and Mr. Stevens ofSt. Albans, and passed. Mr. G. P. Marsh, from tho same com mittee, reported the following address to the people, which was read and adopted as the address of the convention. Fellow Citizens : It is now about six years since a general whig meeting assembled in tli is place, to take into considera tion the dangers with which our rights and interests were threatened, by the daring extension, and reck less exercise, of executive power then meditated, and since carried into elTect, by the cabinet of Gen. Jackson, and which are persevered in by tho administration of his suc cessor. The overwhelming; evils under which wc are now labouring and the general consequences ofthe mischievous measures then in pro gress, were distinctly foreseen and clearly pointed out, on that occasion. Wc have lived to realize what we then feared, wc have seen our com mon country reduced from a condi tion of high prosperity and the most cheering promise, to one of the deepest embarrassment and depres sion, our most important brandies of industry, the chiet sources of our welfare, prostrated, and our political rights, and the sacred barriers of the constitution trodden under loot, by an imbecile and intriguing admin istration. It belongs to the people to seek out and apply the remedies for these ovils, and to avert the still greater dangers which still impend over us, and the whig part' is now beginning to act with unex ampled energy and harmony, for the attainment of these objects. The fust, most obvious, and most certain means of recovery and res toration is the removal of those unfaithful servants, whose mal-ad-ministration has reduced us to our present condition. That we possess the power to do this, there is not a particle of doubt, and indeed the assertion may safclv be hazarded, that at no time since the accession of Mr. Van Buren, has his administra tion possessed the confidence or support of a laivful majority of American freemen. But, as we have said, the whig patty is now not only united, but inspirited with the firmest purpose of resolute and energetic action, and the sure confi dence of triumphant success. It has been said, that when bad men comihne, good men must unite, and we have now learned from our opponents the only good lesson they had to give, the absolute necessity of united effort. Lol us imitate their 'ohc virtue,1 without adopting the vicious practices by which they have sullied it. The struggle in which we are en gaging is a contest of iiii.vcii'LE,and the sacrifice of all individual prefer

ences in the late national convention, and tho general acceptance which the Ilarrisburg nominations have re ceived, the generous devotion with which other candidates have yielded tlieir hopes and their claims to the cause of their country, and the ab solute and undissevcred union, which animates and inspires the ollorts of tho whigs, are an omen and an earnest of the victory which is destined to crown our endeavours. It will not bo expected, that we should here enter into a detailed examination of the causes and his tory of our present depression, but if may not be amiss to notice some of the leading measures of the late ami present administrations, in con nection with tho ruinous consequen- ees, which they have cntiiled upon us. The most conspicuous feature of Gen. Jackson's policy was his uncompromising hostility to the cur rency system of (ho day, and it will be remembered, that his open war-1 faro upon that system commenced ...."ll. .. -ii i ........ .1. IT I mi .in attempt to convert me u. states Uank, tho then fiscal agent ol the government, into an engine of party intrigue and corruption. In ono of the earliest movements wards tho accomplishment of this end, he was met, foiled, and exposed by ono ofthe wisest and best of the statesmen of New England, who then, fortunately for his country, was at tho head of an Eastern Branch Bank. From that moment, the rage of the President and his because they arc temporary in their advisers knew no bounds, and tho nature, and of less intrinsic impor alternative was, obliquely, but intcl-, tance than the invasions of our polit ligibly enough, presented to the ical rights, and the inroads upon our Bank, of becoming tho'organ of the free institutions, which now threaten President and his party, or surrcn- to fall before the usurpations of the deling its privileges, on the cxpira-: executive. tion of its charter. Tho result is To most of these wc can but al known to all. Tho Bank, with a hide, because tlieir investigation virtuous firmness, which will confer and exposure would require more the most lasting honour on its con-time than can now be devoted to ductors, refused the advances ofthe; them, but wc ought to lose no oppor govcrnment, and was prostrated. A j tunity of reminding our fellow cili substitute, commonly called the zens, that this and the late adminis- Pet Bank system, was next attempt ed, with what success, we need not inquire, and then followed the fa vorite scheme ofthe present admin istration of placing the whole pecun iary resources of the nation in the immediate control of irresponsible officers, appointed by the executive, holding tlieir ollices during its pleasure, selected upon no other principle than their unhesitating devotion to the will of an unscrupu lous administration thus recogniz ing and adopting the infamous prin ciple openly avowed by them thro' a conspicuous organ, that to the victors relono the spoils of office. This scheme indeed, in its original r.oncoetion, proved too gross even for the party, and the administration has been compelled to yield to certain modifications and to encompass it with certain safe guards, which render it, however rotten and mischievous at the bot tom, if not really less objectionable, at least more specious. That all the pecuniary distress of the coun try for the last three years is to be attributed to the refusal of Congress to re-charter the United States Bank is contended by none, but that for decisions of judicial tribunals, to this, and other measures of the 'and other constituted authorities; dominant party, forming a part of I Have interfered with tho freedom the same system of policy, they are of elections, and made conformity in a great degree, directly or indi-jto their political creed a test and rcctly, to be ascribed, is beyond all condition of ollice ; question. The administration and; Have lately, with open and un its supporters tell us that our einbar- blushing impudence, set at defiance rassinents arc entirely occasioned by overtrading. According to the theory of these political quacks, 'overtrading' is the 'impurity of the blood, the one disease,' which has lnlected the community, and alone occasioned the commercial revul sions, and fluctuation of prices, which have given so severe a shock to our national prosperity. But what ex cited, and who fostered, this spirit of overtrading ? To this question our opponents stand mute, conscious that it is the measures ofthe present dynasty, which have furnished both the inducement and the means of carrying on the speculating system, which is charged with so much mis chief a system, by the way, to which most of the leading partisans of the administration, not excepting! est and most p.dpable frauds upon our exalted and aristocratic Presi-lthe protective system, to tho utter dent himself, owe the private wealth prostration of the most important with which they arc gorged. The ! branch of national industry ; and in immense increase of local banks, 'line, trust companies, and other institu-1 Have pursued, throughout, a tions loaning money, was the natu-' ral consequence of the downfall of the united states Bank and the withdrawal of its Branches, and the unlimited extension of credit, which those new institutions created, fur- nished the means, while the policy ol the government in relation to the1 national domain, and their conni-! viinnniif rim nvnsioii of thn rnvmnm! laws by foreign importers, supplied1 . J, .i ... .... y .i the inducement and occasion for the speculations alluded to. But it is now too late to dwell upon tho currency question. The past cannot be retraced. Experi ence has shown us, that the weakest may overthrow in an hour what the wisest can hardly restore in an age: Mischief, for the time, irreparable has been done, and it will require years ofthe peaceful exertion ofthe restorative powers ot our insinuiiuua and the growing energies oi ayuum- ful noonlc. under bettor auspices, to replace us on the grotinu wo u pied four years since. 'IM,..,. ..f innsf nun nririunciu on this point, which tho supporters ot this dynasty cannot answui. j found us rich and prosperous. I hey will leave us impoverished and embarrassed. No external causes have operated againft us ; spite of a 'factious senate'" am? 'the lamenta tions of the people,' the favourite schemes ofthe government have all been formally or virtually carried . n' . 1 . I "I .1 I into cncot, ami yet, wniio inoy navu held tho reins and controlled the destinies of the nation, we have lallen from a state of unexampled to-(prosperity, to one of unparalleled depression. If then they have not caused our reverses, let U3 at least hold them responsible lor not pre venting them. But great as arc our present pe cuniary distresses, they arenot the most intolerable of our evils, both tration and their party, have strenu ously resisted every attempt at investigation by Congress of the manifold abuses of the Departments, that they have refused to correct these abuses, when disclosed and proved, and have retained in place ofiicers convicted upon the clearest evidence ofthe most outrageous and corrupt violations of official duty ; Have, with the cry of economy continually in their mouths, increas ed in a threefold ratio the expenses of government; Have given partial and unjust preference to particular sections of country in appointments to olhce, and in the expenditure ofthe public funds, lavishing the treasure of the nation where it would most avail in purchasing or retaining party influ ence ; Have acted upon, if not avowed, the principle, that public ollice is but an invention, whereby the hold er may be enabled to live by the earnings of the people, and that the end of government is to create and distribute ollice ; Have openly encouraged the ex ercise of mob-law, and a contempt principles, and trampled under foot forms, consecrated by the usage of 1 half a century, in determining the qualifications of members of con ress, mocked and denied the rights of an integral member of the confed eracy, and at last rewarded a mere scribe, for assuming, without colour of law, the power of excluding a sovereign state from the legislative council of the nation ; Have steadfastly opposed every scheme for the equitable distribution ofthe proceeds ofthe public land., and are now seeking to abandon them altogether; Have for a long series of years, in the face of the clearest evidence, and in spite of tho most earnest remonstrances. winked at the gross- series of measures neither calculated nor designed for the promotion of the general good, but aimed chiefly at the maintenance and advance- inent ofthe power of a party, Upon those several causes complaint we blind not dilate, but we cannot pass over in Mionco mo subject of the protection ol'domestic industry, a subject ill which 0 very citizen who lives upon the fruits of ... i..i. nr tin nmt net ii IMS UWll liiuuu.) I his own property, Has tlie deepest and most absorbing interest. By the joint operation of the frauds on the "revenue, whereby incalculable quantities of foreign goods are thrown in upon us, without paying the lawful impost, anuine iiinunisn ed rate of duties under tho comprnm isc bill as it is called, the foreign manufacturer is able to undersell us in our own market, and consequently the vast interests involved in (un productive system, are not only jeopardized, but prostrated. The effects of this state of things arc but just beginning to bo felt by the labouring and producing classes, and unless the remedy be speedily ap plied, we shall present the singular spectacle of a people possessing a soil and climate capable, within its range, of supplying almost every production ol nature and art, and yet dependant, beyond any other Christian nation, upon foreigners, for almost every tiling except tho barest necessaries of animal life, for every article of elegance and com fort, in short, the use and enjoyment of which distinguishes the civilized man from the savage. We are ten ding to a state of vassalage, and de pendancc upon Europe not less oppressive, but more disgraceful, because in some measure voluntary, than our old colonial subjection, and though the British no longer make our laws, yet they control us nearly as effectually, by means of our com mercial dependance. They not only supply us with an immense proportion ofthe manufactured arti cles we consume, but the debt thus created throws the regulation of foreign exchange, and even the con trol of our public works and monicd institutions, and of course, to some extent, ol our currency, into the hands of foreign eapitalits. First, they sell us the manufactured arti cle, and then lend us the money to pay for it, taking into their hands our rail-roads, our canals, our banks, and our state obligations, by way of security. Tho tendency of all this is too plain lo require any exposition beyond the simple statement ofthe facts, in the mind of any rational man, and all men can at least feel, if they cannot understand. Among those whom wc address, it is considered to be a settled point, that the legitimate, appropriate and only oll'ectual remedy for these evils is the adoption and enforce ment of a protective system, which shall in effect exclude the pauper labourer of the workshops ol Europe from competing with the American artizan in our own markets, and it admits of as little doubt, that a change in the government is an in dispensable pro-requisite to the adoption of such a system. The present administration, if not for mally and irrecoverably lodged against the principle of protection, is yet notoriously so far committed to the South, and so imbued with southern prejudices and principles, that it is idle to hope, that those who have hitherto connived at the violations ofthe present insufficient tariff will lend any support to one of a more efficient and exclusive char acter. But let it not be understood, that we would array the north against the south, or that we believe, that there exists any irreconcilable di versity of interest between these great divisions of our common coun- j try. On the contrary, we hold that a well regulated tariil" would relievo not only us, but the south also from the still deeper depression in which they have been plunged by promo ting a system, not of direct barter, but of virtual exchange between the productions of the north and south, which could not fail to prove in the highest degree advantageous to both sections of the Union, and. though wc arc not authorized to ex pect the speedy assent of the south to such a system as we desire, yet it is gratifying to know, that more lib eral views of the subject arc there entertained, to some extent, and there is reason to hope, that at some not remote day, our whole country will agree in holding that self-protection and defence is the first law of nature, as well for nations, as for the. individuals who compose them. That the elasticity of our institutions and people will soon, in spite of the administration, produce a partial relief, we have no doubt ; but wo repeat, that it is idle to hope for any settled and permanent amelior ation of our condition, until the gov ernment shall be conducted upon a f system of large and liberal policy. wholly hoyoiid the calibre, and out of the grasp, of the functionaries, who now despotize over us, in the name ofthe American people. As we have suggested, the true remedy, lies in a change of the ad ministration, and first, of its chief ofiicers, whose election, fortunately, is in me nanus ot tlie people. It is unnecessary to canvass the claims of the eminent citizen whom wc seek to place at the head of the govern ment. His history is identified with that ofthe country, more especially indeed with that of the west, almost during the whole period of our na tional existence, and the duties of the high ollices which he has held have Tiecn discharged with disti:.- uished 'ability, and tho. most bene ficial results. Ho has been nomina ted with great harmony by a most respectable convention, and that nomination has been received with i degree of unanimity and public favour almost unprecedented. isut it is not the elevation of any man, or set of men, at which wo aim. n e seek to achieve the triumph of principle, to restore government to i