Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 24, 1840, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 24, 1840 Page 1
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BY II. B. STACY. 24, 1840. VOI j. XIII No. 65 THE PILGRIM CHILD. HV SAMUEL I.OVKH. A mran$Pi' rlnl l, cinn wintrr five, Kitockfil in ii ciiiinj inaide n' door i "A piliiiiiu fluid l S'l'ii' health receive Il.ii U ! how llio mountain liirrenls !" Uiil erti ilir limb wm ini'Pil, "r'nibcur !'' filed lilt! pale parent fi mil above , "The l'il'rim Cluli! that's weeping there, h l.ovo !" The Sprinii.tiil name, iinil onro ntjnin, Willi gailaml erimu'd, H IniifiliitiR child Knock M t llits inaiibnV casement pane, And wlinpoiM, "lei me In," and mulled. Till" easement enun win opened wide 'I'lic stai slin in biialu die turner above And Id ! tliu mimleii'K eoneh licsulo Stood Loe ! . ii 1 1 rmilo, and idjlH, mill Umics Biveel, Beuulled !ji ii'f Siiiniiici ' c.n t-(t-ti Iioum j And Autumn, l..iboi'. mils Hi yrenl, Came Cm ill, Willi cum, mid ft ml, and flowers. Hilt wlijf ruiv pair lie- cheek wnli Brief! Why w.ilrlitil she llip bright sluis above 1 Some une hail stole her lie.n l ilie lliief Was l.uve ! And Winter came, and hope iind feari Alternate filled lier uigiii in east ; lint none weic iheie to dry lier tears, Or Iiii."1i lier aiisiom cues lu reit, Atld iil'ifii iti she iiied llie door, Roared the wild loucnt fioin above ; Tim uir to lu-r cottage mine ; Came Line ! FAUMEIl'.sj HYMN, (ml of die lulls mid verdant plains. 1 hies 1 1 1 V llllill,' 1 1 . 1 1 1 J ' For dulling snows ami gentle ruins Aie sent liy ill) command. Tlie npeiiinjr Spini! 'n derked by ilieo, With each didinlnfiil flower, '(Villi eieiy leaf and bud I see, Bear imp, ess of illy puiver. XI'1' ripen my nininiM's hiirnJiiy sun Ti:e N niter's pieieiiig eiilil 'I'lic i li uii: inn se.i.-ons an llicy lun, Thy nudum, l.oiil, unfold. The jy dial ceiitica in my cot, NiHcj t Ii v wisdom owns ; Willi mial li.ippine.-s my lot, 1 Cannot envy thrones. ' Lnvi! dwells within my peaeefiil breast, At eeiy iiioi ilium's dawn And vWieu die sun sinks in i lie West, My carw aie all witlidrawn, Alihoiinli h'"oluipil from llie mart Wheiu cioud I lie thoiiJille jjsiy When! in the scenes ihut lex llie heart, ft I I'M waste their liiea nviay. llcside the hill, I lie pin litis brook (ilad nalliie's load W nil yraiiiudf! In thee I look, And sunns ot joy lepeat. Kur lot m blet, my voice I raise, ' A I in is In v God lo tliu; ; Tliuii luediM not an angel' pini?e, Much le.-s such piuise. fiuui me. Iinl I will bless tliv boiintonns hand Km- all Ii v Kill hemmed ; Befoii! my heail cutthl iindeistand, '1'en thu'usand tlniaks 1 owed. THE CHARM OF WOMAN. "There aroiuany defects in her character, but beauty mid gentle maimers lit the ureal estimate of woman, go far touaids supplying their want cneigy. and even their wain of heart. " It ii in a wife that these defects appear to grow upon the disappointed, like the fi iglu fill figures exhibited by a magic lantei n, increasing in hideousnc-s as they increase in magnitude ami distinctness. It is when the doating lover begins losu-prct that the silent calm he had hitherto mis taken for maiden shjness, is in leality the silence of the soul the calm of imperturbable btagualiou; when he dii'overs that his first mid best affections have been devoied a boauliful -but marble blame; when he returns to his home, which ought lo be 'an ever sonny place,' and finds nothing but the yawning vacancy ol a cold cheerless void J when lie pours his fie.-h warm feelings, that buist in tin muddied language fiom his burning lips, upon the stony sin tarn of an insensible heart mid that heart a woman's ! it is then that he shrinks back re. iiepetled and blasted, as if the blooming charms lie once adotcd, were exchanged fur defunnity and honor. ' 01, it is by secret fountain of never changing love the well of iaexhaiistable refieshoient in llio desert I lie tote that blooms forever beneath the sunshine of one beloved cje the voice that rises in one continued strain of melody above all the discoid uf the worhl the bird ol beauty, whose f.iilhlul wing is never folded save in its own shel tered nest the pure unsullied, offering its sweetness mid balai to every bostnn it meets, but leserving the full tide of its gladness for one : it is by such symbols as these, that we would describe the natural, the distinctive, the holy charm of woman; not by her perfect fonn, her ruby lips, lier spaikliug eyes, or her silken licsses, whether they fall in raven masses over a maible brow, or filitter in the sun. beam like threads of waving gold." RESISTING MEDIUM. Tho otillior of Ui o lata Bridgcwater Treatise on "Astronomy and General Phy sics, considered with reference to Natural Theology, devotes his eilhlh chapter to "the existence- of a resisting medium in the solar system" or in tho spaco in which the solar system moves. Tho uullior thinks reasons might bu offered, founded on the universal diffusion of light and other grounds, for believing that the planetary epecefl cannot be entirely freo from mat ter of BOtite kind but astronomers ore now Euppposed to bo convinced that such a resisting medium really exiats from ob eervations on Encko's comet, whoso peri odical revolution (though but apparently a miss of fog, the 6tars being sein through it) has been riMnrdjtl by llio resistiincu til the ulliO'iiil mul in in (losing a portion of iln velocity) und in pttrforminy its revolutions itinru rapidly, bein drawn townrds the centre It will tipper perhaps rcin.vlirililn Hint n hotly ho li"lit and lonsu ns wu Itovu tie- scribed this comet In bo, should revolve about the Mill by laws na fixed ntitl cerlain nslliose winch rcijulato the iiintinns (t l liosi trrcnl and solid tnnsses, tliu Eirth nitd Jtiiittr. It is Imwi'vor eurintn I'riiin iib-LTvatluil. Ihut I be tloiiiut is ncied iip.iii by exactly the same lorcu nl solur nitrite lion us the other bodies t.l lite sviteui; mid not titilv so, but iluit tl also cxperifiie''" llio siiiue kind ol di-ttirbioi; foruu from the act ton of I liu other pliinolri, whicit i hoy exercise upon each oilier. ' IK :i Thus Encko's comet, nccorilinir to the results of tho obsetvattiitis utrendv Hindu. .vtll in ten revolutliniN, or thirty three years, less than out) l 1i.mi-u ii J i ii of hk vo ecttysundil this law were to cotitttiua, t lie velocity would not be reduced to one half its ptost'lit vnltte m less th in seven thiiii'iind revo'iiiimis or i wetity three ihoti snnd yea ist. It Jupiter were to lose one millionth of lit- velocity in n million of yenrs, winch, as bus been seen, is lur more, than can bn cotisnlered in unv way probable, lie would ri quire si'Veniy inilliotis of years to nit! one. 1 1) on r- ti ii I Ii ol tin; velocity ; and a period t-eveu Ituiidred tunes ns lon;r to re duce the velocity to one half. These ure periods of time which quite overwhelm the iinnrrinniioii ; und tl in not pretended that the calculations arc made with tiny preten -tons lo ticcti'acy. 15ut at the .-utile lime it is beyond doubt that though the intervals of tune thus tisstjir.ed to these chnni;es are highly vajruu nnd uncertain, the clitni es themselves must sooner or latur take place in cuii-eqiiencij of the existence of the rcs.i-tinr tnediuin. Since there is "iich a retnttlini' force perpetually net itix, hnw ever liirhl it be. il must to tho end destroy all the celestial millions. It mny he mill ions of millions of years before the earth's retardation mny perceptibly affect the ap parent motion of the sun; but still the day will come, ifthesaoic (Jrentor which fottn ed tins system should permit it. to cou'iniie so lonjr, when this cause will entirely change the length of ottr year and the course of our seasons and finally t-top the earth's motion round the sun altogether. The sinallness of the resistance, however stun 1 1 we choose to suppose it, dues not allow us to escape I Ins certainty There is a resisting medium; and therefore the movement of the solar system cannot L'o on forever. The moment such a fluid is ascertained to exi-t, the eternity of the movements of the planets becomes ns impossible as a pcrpe'ual motion un the i tie eiittii. Too contemplative person mny well be be a-tont-lieu by this universal law of cre- a km. I he foreM tree endures for ceriumcs, and then decay-) ; the mountains crumble and change, und perhaps stib.-id in sunn! convulsions ot naiure; uie sea retires and the shore cetisos to resound the "everlasting" voice ol'the ocean ; such reflections have already crowded the mini! of the geologist ; and it now appears that llie courses or lite Heavens tneinsnive- are not exempt from tins universal law of tie decay; thut not only the tucks and tin. mouiiinins. but the mid nnd the moon hni'i 1 he sentence "to the end" stumped upon them rhey enjoy no privilege beyond man except n longer respite. I he rphem emn perishes in uu hour ; man endures To his lure? score years and ten ; an empire. :i nation, numbers its centuries, it may be t's t linu.-and-. of; the continents noil islands have perhapi their date, as those which preceded them have had ; and I li very revolutions of our sphere by which tent urtes are numbered, will ut lust Ian guish and stand st ill. In dwell on the moral and religion reflections suggested by this train of tlm't is not to our present purpose; hut we mny observe that tl introduces u hmaogcneity so to speak, into the government ol Hit universe. I'erpelual cltunge, perpetual progres-inu, increase and diminution, op ppur to be the rules of tho material world and to prevail without exception." It may appeur to some that this acknow lodgement ol the tendency of the system to derangement through the action of a rest. i ine medium h inonn-isioiit wtih the arguments winch we have drawn tti o pre vioosi chnpier from the provisions of it stability, lu realitv, however, the twi views are in perfect agreement, so lur u our pie-enl purpose is concerned. Hut it may ho objected, the effect of tin medium must be ultimately to utlect Hi duration ot the earth sj revolution room the sun, and thus to derange those ud.iptn t ions which depend on the lengih of the year. And wiirout question, il we permit ourselves to look lorwiird to thill moon cetvenbly distant period, ut which i ho effect of the medium will become sensible, this must be allowed to be true, as bus been already staled Millions, and prubahly millions ol millions of years, express made quately the distance of lime at which this cause wuuid produce a serious cfiecl. That the machine of thu universe is so constructed that it may answer its purpo ses for such a period, is sufficient proof of tho skill of its workmanship, and of the reality of its purpose : and those persons, probably who uro bel convinced that it is the work of a wise and good Creator, will bo least disposed to consider the system us imperfect, because in its prcsont condition, It is not fitted for eternity. The doctrine of a resisting medium leads us toward a point which thu Nebular Hy pothesis assumes; a beginning of the pres ent order of thingi. There must have been a commencement of the motions now going on in the solar system. Since those mo. lions. when onco begun, would be deranged and destroyed in a period which, however large is yet finite, it is obvious we cannot arry their origin indetiuitely bitckwurd in range of past duration. There is a pe riod in winch these revolutions, whenever thev hud begun, would have hrotteht the revolving bodies into eoninol with thu cen irnl mass. ami this period has in our system not vet elntwrd. The wn'oh is still going ml therefore, it must have been wound up within n limited t inin. Thu solar system, ot this its beginning, must have been arranged and pnl in tnoljou by some cause. If wu suppose ibis cause o operhto by mentis ol thu configurations nnd llie properties! of previously ext-ting mailer, these eotiitgurntions must have resulted from some still previous cuu-e. these properitcs must have produced some prei'inti-i eft els. We uro thus letl to a contlilion null earlier than the assumed eirinning lo an origin of the original slate of I he universe ; mid tn this manner wu are carried perpetually lurther nnd further back, through a labaryuih of me clinjjjtcjjj(!nusal ton, without tiny po-i-nbility of liutliug any thing ut which the mind can acquiesce or rest, till wendinil.'a First dausu which is not mechanical. From Bui ton's Cjeiitlem.uiVMagazino. THE CAPTURE OP tub GURRIERE. "Fire ! in llio main top, File ! in tin: now, Fire ! on the gun. deck, File ! down below," Once more in motion on lier favorite ele nifiii i. e. su't water nnd under eoin- inund nf her former commander the milium Hull, Old Ironsides, on the '2d ol August, 1 !!'.!, bade good night to the highlands ot .Mas-achosetls bay, nnd proceeded on a cruise. Hugging the land of her birth, she stood northward until the hay of I'ondy spread out Us ample bosom to re tve her ; but. lin lini.' nothing there ti cope with, she stood boldly tun lo eastward and wuved her striped bunting along th shores of the Isle of Sables, utid before th mouth of the St. Lawrence. Having burnt two insignificant prizes Ihere.sho continued on her course, and on the morning of tin 15th, made five suil, one of which was a sloop of war. Crack on sail,' said captain Hull to the first lieutenant, as he stood on the wind ward horse-block, tcuiining the stranger with tits glass Aye, aye, sir !' replied the "allntit Mor ris, and soon the old slnp s-proud on her fair-weather stills to the luvurublu wind, and bowled along in cha-e. She has set one of lu r prizes on fire !' said Captaid Hull, stamping his foot, on the tiorro.tilocK. i nen sue win nave me less prize money and bo d d to her !' said the old sig nal quarter-muster, in a gruff tone to the siomil inttl-s-lnpmun as he took another squint nl Ins britiauic majesty's crinzer . BUy, Jlll,.- l-.IIU 1 .1.11 Xl-.l,,.!,...!. lie loaned over tlie head rail, ' Ihal fellow would tuaki! a good whaleman, if vu could only gel Ins lubberly top-mast fuldin, and lip Ins old iron overboard. A lick of cold tar, would'nt hurt the bends, and a brtjitil streak mio'it mid a little to her tippenrauco on n Sunday mornine.' "Silence, hirwurd !' thundered the first I ioiit iMi n n I . "Master's mate of ihe foroca lie. this is a ship of war, sir.' 'Down with you. forward,' eoid the inn tor's mate, iiimptnir down as ilnuoli he bail pot ins loot in a bucket of hot water 'Lie clo-e you landlubbers, this is no whaleman !' Old Swithwell is at il again !' whisper--imI one of the quarler-uvtsters to his neigh bor. 'I wonder why he don't swallow a breaker of molasses and t hen hoist in wit'or tit his leisure ; thai infernal stewnrd ol his ha kept his teaspoon a going since seven bells, and burn me if il hus'tit put me in mind of splicing the inaiubruce with u reul nor wester !' 'I say, John Wtl-nn, let mo kiss your monkey, you close fi-ted eon of a cat gut scraper I' sutti the Captain of the head to an old tar who generally kept a wee drop in Ins locker for tore eyes und the rheti' mnx. as he often termed it. You be blnied !' replied the indignniit Mr Wil-on. Kt.-s the purser's bull, if ymi like, or lake u pull at the halliards with old Swttchell inoltihsos und water is good enough for u gentleman's sou V A smoth ered laugh, und u fresh plug ol pig'inil en ded the colloquy. The next moment u round rhoi cut the captain of llie bead in two, nnd produced front the nforeatd Mr WiImiii the pitious exclainnlion ol Hallo ! No I has stoppetl his mess ! My eyes ! Ilini wa- a close shave !' The body was immediately hove into the sea, und u bucket or two of Winer washed ull truce- ol the iini'orlnualt! captain ol llie head Irom tho upper wurld. The sloop of war being to windward, the Cou-Ui nl ion chunked her course, anil over hauled uu English merchant man, already u prize lo an American privateer A brig was next chased to leeward, which proved to be uu American witli u prize crew on hoard. She wa- re-captured and sent in. The remainder oft he ves-els escaped, Hnv nig run up us far as his instructions permit led him, Cupiatu Hull came about, and proceeded to the southwartl On the lot Ii, ut two P. M. the cry of 'Sail 0 !' roused tho officers from the mess table, uurl assem bled all hands on the spar dock. The sail was soon dimly seen to leeward bearing E S. E, but her character could not hu discovered. The Constilulion immediate' ly madu tail chase, and ut six bells the stranger was ascertained lo bn a ship. In a short half hour bur rows of teelh were discovered, and no douhi was entertained ol her being an enemy's frigate. The Constitution still kept on hor course until sho was within u leaguo ol tho frtgnto to leewatd, and she began lo shorten sail. The enemy had now laid his muintopsuti aback und appeared lobe waiting for tho frigate to come down, Willi every thing ready to engage. Perceiving that thoru was a chance lor a tight at lust, upon some thing like even terms, Captain Hull pro ceeded lo make his preparation with the greatest ctitilnesH nnd deliberation. Tlie Const ilttl mil therefore, furled hor light sails, donhlo'reufeil her topsails, hauled up the courses, sent down her royal yards. nnd prepared her decks for action. At the first I tip ol'the drum, the crew ciiine pouring up for muster, noil ore the drummers had boa- ton the call, they stood in silence ai their gniw. At 5, l AI., the chase hoisted throe Lu glish ensigns, and opened her firo at long shot wearing several tunes to rake und lo avoid a rtikuig in return. Tho Constitu tion .-till cuiue down in ileal h. like silence, yaw ing occasionally to balk the English commander mi his rahhh intentions, and heuving abend like her inimitable sell iilono. At six, the enemy, who seemed lo bi5 ti very gentlemanly fellow, bore up, and rnn up under his three topsails und lib. with n wind on his quarter, which in plain Eng lii-h tiunnt, a-, one of t he captains of the' guns whispered to the first spongcr-"Come along ,.ji! ns quick ns you please, nnd take it yard-arm und yaid'tirtu, and bed d lo you!' At a little ufter six, the bows of Oltl Ironsides began lo double on the quarlcr of the bngltsli ship, and as she came lull upon her, ut pistol shot distance, Captain Hull, who had stood, trumpet in hand, upon the horseblock, wntttii!; for the fnvoroble mo' incut, sprang upon deck nnd gave the long expectetl order, "l''ire !" At (he, word, the eniiro broadside went ofi'ut) one "tin, and careened tho Constilu- tinu to her bearing It was u broadside of destruction tls-hot pierced the eiietnv through and through, und carried nivoy his mizzeiimast, wlitlu tyuptam Hull roared through his trumpet Well dune, my Und?, you have madu t brig of her !' 'You have carried away a streak of cop per, sir," sum an old tar. pointing to an enormous rent in tie Captain's nankeen itghis with one hand, and touching Ins hat with iht! oilier. Ha I'said Hull, examining his damaged unmentionables, ''lis true the stuff has en awav,but never tintid, burnt uuwdcr will soon color ev. ry thing. Give them anolh- rovnl boys.1 Eor tinny minutes, one incessant roar of artillery filled thecars of the combatant Avast field of white smoke spread upon llie lace ot tho waters lo leeward, and Ihe hollow waves echoed mournfully to the lliuituer spealiing gun. The frigate now passed slowly ahead. Keeping up an unmitigated lire, and lull shuit around tho Engliahtnon's bows, lo prevent being raked. In performing tin tnaiioeuvrc. the ship shot into wind, got stemwoy upon her, anil backed on tn her antagonist. The cabin of the Constitut'.on now caught fire from the close explosion of thu lorwurd guns' of i be enemy. The ex erlions of lieutenant V. B. Hoffman, who - - 1 ' '-ion l.nw... .. stored order, and thu gun of the enemy that hud cnu.-cd the injury and threatened to th still greater dauinge. was d wubled and si Icncctl. As the vessels touched, the sound of bugles and the cry of, 'first division o boarders away !' issued from the sinok lhatcoveredear.h vessel, anil llio heavy caiincu had an opportunity to cool awhile The English mustered ut the bow.-. while the Americans us-embled at the lull'iail Tlie tnu-ketry was now dreadlul. Lieu tenant Morris was shot through the body ii ii I maintained Ins post ; the bullet having fortunately missed Ins vitals. Sailing mas ter Aliny was wounded in the shoulder and I it: ti t n n nt Bosh, the marine office having received a bullet in Ihe head, fe upon Ins lace and died with the cry of en eouragt'tnein upon hi hps. The Lngli sufl'.'nd the tno-t by the tire. It being louiiil impossible for either pir ty to board m the presence of such a fin and during ihe continuance of the heavy seu, Ihe sails were tilled. As the Ingulf shoi ahead, ihe loretnaat of the enemy tell bv the board. Huzzi !' said Captain Hull, 'wu have mailt: a sloop of her, my hoy- !' At tins moment, tlown came the main tnnt ot I ho Gurrieru with a treineitdou crash, and slit; lay ti helpless wreck wa lowing in the trough of the eucriinsoue sea. A cock thni had been knocked out of his coop by u shot, now Hew into th unzeii rigging, and crowed like a bantam on Ins dunghill. It was the cry of victory und was lollowed by three loud huzza from the ConMilutinn's crew. The conqueror now ran oil' a short dis tanee. secured her mast, wove new rigging nod wiped her bloody decks. At seven she wore round anil toot; n lavoraoie post lion fur raking. The enemy having had siitlicieiit amusement lor one ulieriioou lowered u jack that hud been konl flym on the stump of the mizzuetnasl; und Iron side's victory was complete, An oll2cer was now sent on board tin priz.'.who returned immediately & reported her lo be Ills Isnlioinc Majesty's ship Our narc. of tltirlveighl guns, Until. lJucre The Constitution, having put a pnze'iuas ter und crew on board, hovered around dor nig the night. The next morning, the przo officer having declured llio Gurriere to be in u sinking condition, thu prisoners were removed und the priz.' crew recalled At three, P. M. Captain Hull ordered the wreck of I bn beautiful frtgulo lo be set on tire, and in a quarter of an liuur, a bright Ih-li In up Hie 'heavens un awful roar mug tiloug the billow a mighty cloud ol impenciruhlo smoke slowly moved along thu ocean, und when thu evening sun look tlown upon the clear waters, nothing was to be seen of the noble cruiser but black und bubbling fragments dancing upon their wuves. The Constitution, having her decks lum burcd with wounded prisoners, shaped her course for the southwartl ; unit on thu 30th of Augiui stood up llo-lon harbor, wnh Ihe cross of Euglund trailing beneath thu stars and stripes, and anchored oil' Long Wlinrl, uintd Miu ring of bolls, tlie linn of cannon.und tho wild huzzas of assembled thousands. Such was the battle that told to the us. inniKhed world ihal the I on was no longer tniiiter of the ocean. The nation was elec trified at thu result thu old doubters doubted no longer tones hung their head in slintne, & n glorious people utoae like one man to do honor to t he brave ol their native laud, Cniiittin Hull anil Ins brave officers were feled und toasted services of plain nil freedoms of cities in gold boxes, were showered upon the captors from all quarters Die name ol Old Ironsides became the watchword of the nation, nnd a passport to every society; ontl while the bmve tors, from thu lofty yards rauetl the loud huzza in honor of (he victorious Hull, Ihey for got not to add another to the memory of the absent and wounded Morris. SLEIGHING TIME. American Courtship This must be an everlasting fine country, beyond all doubt, for I he folks havu iiothiu lo tin but to ride ubnut nnd lull; politics. In the winter, when Ihe ground is covered with snow, what grand tunes ihey have a slnytn over these here mashes with the gals, or il ay in ball on the ice, or go in lo qutliin Iro icsol nice long winter rvenlus, anil then Idrtvetn home like m ml by moonlight. Nutur made that season on purpose of eourttn. A lutle Inly scromploos looktn ay. u real clipper of a horse, a string of ells ns long as a string nl' minus round his neck, and a sprig on Ins back, lookin for nil the world like a bunch of apples broke oil' tit n galhenn time, end u sweetheart alongside all muffled up but her eyes and lip- the one looktn right into you, nnd the oilier talktu right ui you is e'en amost enough to drive one ravin taring, distracted mud with pleasure, ami it? And then Ihe dear enters say the bolls make such a din there's no hearin one's self speak : so they put their pretty little mugs up close lo your face, and talk, talk, (all: till one can't help lookin right at them instead of the horses, and then whap yon both go enps't- d into a snow drill together, skins cush ions, and all. And then lo see (he lutle critter shake he'self when she gets up. ;o u duck laudtu from a pond, chattcriu away ull the time like a canary bird, and you haw-liawtn with pleasure, is fun alive, you may depend. In this way a feller gets led on to otter Inunelt ns a lovter before he knows where he bees. Sum Slick. The following is from the Police report of the New-York Tattler: A lonfer, named Torn Swayno, was pnl to the bar on a charge of vograncv. pre ferred by himself. Tom was dressed In o light roundabout no vest und u pair ol Rut-sol duck "blush when you mention 'ems;" but nevertheless he looked us com fortable as if Ihe mercury was up in the clouds, instead of half a dav's journey bo- low zero. 'Torn Swa'yne, your honor." 'And what do you waul, Tom?" Well, I reckon I wants to charge my self with bavin no home, unless you call tin empty sugar hogshead a home, and that same with ua muny holes in it as u cullen der." "Can you gel no work?" "O yes. work enough; but taint no kind of use I Only think of it sixpence (or clenrin off u hull sidewalk, an' ubligated lo give credit on the job." "Rul times will mend." "Tniut likely, for they only grows wor ser nnd worsur. Times, your honor, is limes now o days antl to ruinate us eutirelv (I means we ns shovels anil sweeps off sidewa'k-) there has been nothing like a first rate fall of snow in six years. Ah, yon honor, things is sadly hnltered since the Hint's when the snow u-ed to go the big figure : und sloops fetch'd Irom eigh teen lo two (.hillings n head, on the nail. Sweepers was gentlemen in thrm days; hut when we has lo take hull fronts for sixpence, and work on trust, the purlesston isn't worth lolloying-, no how," Well il you insist on it, I'll send you to the stand." And where, your honor, but to sweep i-ideiiaths for sixpence u front, and give lick." And accordingly Tom Swayno was booli'd for the jug. CUTTING TIMI3ER. The question is still undecided as to the best time for culling limber. Many facts have been slated anil much argument em ployed in favor of different seasons of the year; but wo must still make tiiuro tr'ials before we can couiu to tiny very certain conclusions. Some are positive ihal much depends on the place of the moon. S une insist Hint Umber should be cut in winter while Ihofup is (iWu lur then there will bo less in the tree to ferment and rot the wood. Others contend that Juno is Ihe best mum Ii, for then the sap is thin and readily evnporntes; and opposing facts ure ndduceil in support of the several theo ries. Instances ure named where limber cut in June, has soon decayed: and we have others where it proved mo-t durable, On'jono point ull arc agreed all contend it is the sap in the wood that causes ler mentation and decay; and that thu less snp the moru durable ihe timber will prove; one sol of philosophers the winter ones Inking it always as a conceded point, that there h less sup in a tree in wttner than in summer Ihut it gnes down. For ourselves we are not disposed lo yield litis assumption. I I'l he snp goes down in wittier we ask Iheie philosophers to tell ti- where it goes? uro not Ihe sap vessel under ihu surface, lull in summer ? Il tint does the snp move down at thai season and abide there? IIui il circulates in summer, it sinks and rises again. It cannot go down in cold weather. It is too thick to tnovi!" and if it moves at all in Autttm its tendency must he upward- for thu sap in the upper vessels first feels Ihu cold and shrinks rut her than expands, as it must du lu fill ihu lower vessels Wo never saw ono linle of evidence to show ihut trees have ool as much sup in them in winter as in somtuer, nnd we sirongly suspect tl is ' whimsical notion to suppose it. Timber cut tn winter mid neglected, is not sir likely to rol soon a that which is cut in June und neglected; for the sap of lb last in I hen tnoro active anil operates mora) powerfully on Ihe wood. Bui such timbri will last longest of any if il be taken carif ol nt season. Its sap being more volattht if Ihu bark bu nl once removed and tint body .exposed lo ihu sun and u free circu lation of air, the sap is sooner rendered innocuous nnd the wood is more free from it I h n ii winter cut wood. Thus wo ilml thu sap wood of such trees ns hnve been peeled while Mantling very durable it hu nol been exposed lu the contact of other bodies n ml has favored the evaporation or t he sap from its very position. Tho coir elusion to which we come is that summer cut timber will prove the most durable pre vttlcd it is propeily exposed to dry as soon ns it is col and that if tt is nol it wi I decny "oo.tor than limber cot in the winter . Rot we tiro not sure we are right, and wu expect more experiments willetill bo madu to lead us lo u correct conclusion. Shi builders prefer to throw (heir titnbora under water, for a lime, before they make use i t' 1 hem this tiroves nothing against our sup position. For it is well known tn carpei -lers that green, fresh. sawed, boards will h i seasoned much sooner for having been kept, lor o time under water, than when exposed immediately to the sun, Cultivator- TEE OPIUM TRADE. Among the important eveols that hr. conspired during the past year to derim;;-' thecotir.-e of inoremi tie affairs, the dec ded posiuon nrciiuied by the Chinese Go eriinient in regard in the opium, is liken' to have the most enduring influence on in future course ufbu-ioess' The difficult!, a likely to grow out of the destruction of s i large no amount of property by the Cln nesu Government are of doubtful issu They may result in u more liberal cotnnu'r ciul system, or i he rostncions may inereu-- , but, ns tn times pnst. the prohibition of th ' trndo in opium in one port has led lo lh establishment of a larger depot in anotln , we may expect that some means will In' found by which the trade will resume r accustomed course Since the prohibition of the import of the drug by ihe Chine- Government in 1000. and the repeated in lerdictiuns of it since under the highe-t penalties, the expulsion of the opium slnts Irom Whampoa, in lli'JI, and ihu sub-' queiit formation of the depot at Lintiu, :' trade ha- uouiinued to increase in impor tance, nnd the consumption of the drm' vastly to extend in the empire, yearly m tercsiiug in its behalf, the influence of n larger circle of persons, by Ihe lucrative, tics- of the truffle of whtcn il forms ihe key stone. 1 1 1 Jti L'r u'u wu icini mi l & ii r .I'Ipj. ually increased in importance until it uo'-' rivals ihut of the East India company The following is a table of tho import Irom and exports to China Irom the United S'ates. from 120 to tho last report from the Trea-mrv return: American trade with China, including the import and espoit" lo and from that country, iVoni 1S20 lo the piesent time. Imp. I'm. Ksp. in. Exreif.) imp. Exc. ep. 1520 'J,lS(i,7;;o 1, 179.701 707,039 1521 3,1 11. 151 -I,290,.rjri0 l,17S.iil'! 592,ai 1522 .i, lt'J..)30 6,y:)3.:!fiS (i,5Il,12' 4 fi.-J5.0ni 1,S7."i,3(i4 1821 5,(ilS.oO:5 3 :501.171 :il7.33t 1523 7,ri33,ll.-) 5,570.515 1.0B2,.0O lS2(i 7,422,lS(i 2,5li5,f.l4 4,953,342 l8'i7 0,0 l?.ltj:i J.8G 1..10. lS'28 r.339 1011 l.db'CSCa 3.II5G.30G 2-17.2J: lt!29 '1 .1550.? 17 1.-J54 602 3,'j:i5,9K5 1330 :5.!;7!i,MI 74'J.10il :;,i:55,o if! 1031 3.0:1:5.20.-. I,'.'90.ti3j 1.7fi'J,170 l.'JGO 5':'. 4,0!12,:iS5 UUiJ 7.541.570 1.433,759 G. 107.011 1834 7,892.327 1.010.432 G.801.814 11135 5,0117.1117 1,0G3,5!10 4.1 111.607 l!53G 7.3.'l,filG 1,104.204 6.170.552 11137 0.005,337 (530,501 0.334.74G 1030 4,704,350 1,5IG,G02 3,147,754 in Hits table the imports gradually io crease in amount, while llie exports for I' " last ten yeurs have fallen nfT annually, oi ' by deducting the amount of the excess exports over the imports from tho excess tmpurts, we liod a cash balance again this country, and in favor of China, for It! years, of 50 714 351. This return i however, tuny for the goods imported un this country, Many cargoes ure bony on American account nnd sent lo Europ the Sandwich l-!aiids. and elsewhere, all 1 which would increaso the balance in In r fuvnr. The trade between England and Chin is equally improvident, tho balance in favor of China averaging noarlv 31,000.0(1.1 annually. The Undo of China won it iherelore yield her upwards of 7.000 01M of u specie balance yearly, and create u ruinous dram of the precious metals from thu commetee of Europe, without him counter current bv vhich it could return were it not ihut British India furnishes i opium and cotton the menus not only settling i In-difference, but of crenltng s small balunee in favor of Europe. To hrtn the operation of this trade more clear U' before us, wHiave constructed tho follow ing lablo from parliamentary returns and f'om our treasury reports for tho year 1031, winch is an average year: exp. from china 11131. imp. into china To U. States, 3 003 205 1.290,000 To England, 11.590 000 G.000,000 To 15. iudia, 4.052.1154 G40.055 gl 0,325,059 7,930,055 These imports and exports are the value nf merchandise, exclusive nf opium and cotton, inn! leave a balance of 0,395,004 in favor of China. The amount of imports nf opium und eolton from 15. India into China lor the Santo year, were as follows: Cousin, 3 014 000 OpiUfn, I2,222526 gl5,23G,525 Deduct bal. trade due china tl. 395,004 iG 041.521

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