v i i n a v mmdvivi! KNlllllV ni h UI I) A Y MUltMMI, J A MM II i 81. vor ntusiur.NT, WM. HENRY HARRISON VICE rncsimiNT. JOHN TYLER. fjtWo have copied into another col umn an interesting discussion in tho .Sen ate between Messrs. Ci.av and Camiou.v, on the subject of tlio currency, tho pub lic lands, and the tarilV. Mr. Calhoun ' having recently become tho mouth-piece of the administration in tlio Senate, more than usual importance attaches to what fulls from his lips at the present moment, nnd as the discussion piotty fairly indicates the present position of tlio two parties in reference to the great interests of tho country, we would ask for it the careful attention of every reader. On such a division, how many rclioeting men at the north can be found loside with Mr. Cal houn nnd an administration pledged to such principles? No man need be de ceived on this point. Mr. Calhoun has not joined tho administration without a pledge in consideration ; and if Mr. Van Buren should unfortunately ho again elect ed to tho Presidency, the government will most assuredly be administered on the principles hero shadowed forth by Mr. Calhoun. We repeat, it is in the bond. Let the people ponder well these things ; for there is more at issue in the coining contest than mrjets the eye. THE PUBLIC LANDS. We have frequently brought the sub ject of tho public lands before our readers for the purpose of showing them, that in addition to the plan of frittering them away to squatters, under pre-emption laws, and to speculators under laws to reduce and graduate tho price, there is a fixed determination among the political specu lators in the new states, as soon as their numbers will enable them to carry their plans into effect, to lay hands upon all the landstlmt lie within their respective limits, and appropriate them to their own use. More clearly to illustrate this point, we will refer to tho open declarations in Congress two years since. During the session of Congress in 1S"7, the Honora ble Mr. Sovier, a senator from Arktmau?., in the course of a speech in the Senate, among other things, said, " The people of " the West wanted the control of the " lands within their own limits, and with " nothing short of this, coMd they ever " rest content." The 1 Ionorable Mr Bon ton, a senator from Missouri, and the most active and inilueiitial member of the administration party, in reply to Mr. Se vier, said, that " We were now within " less than three years of tlio period for " taking a new census, and after that time " tho state of Arkansas would en joy three " or four times her present weight in the " councils of tho nation. By that time we " should probably have three new stales, " two on tho Mississippi, and one on the ' Gulf of Mexico, while the roprosenta 14 tion of the new states already in tho " Union would bo sreathi enlarged. If "tho senator from Arkansas would but " restrain his impatience until that period " shall arrive, the West would settle this " question of the public lands just as it "llcascd: They will settle this matter " as thoy would settle the Presidency ; "and the older slates must look to them "for both. He was not going to surren " dor advantages like these for thirty " years to come, for tho sake of the pro position now advanced. Ho who had "introduced this measure, ho who had "originated it, ho who had fought it up, " was not going to bo forestalled by any "thirty years bargain. In three years " more they would write their own terms " and lay them on the table of the Senate. " They would be mi for, and m'.v.vi. " bid for, by every candidate for the " l'rcsidcncii." To these remarks ho added, " In this great measure ol oxtiu " guishing the federal title to tho laud in " tho now states, he had never doubted of I "eventual success. Ho could no nioro " doubt of this, than any future event "which depended on natural causes or " causes as fixed as nature herself, viz. " on tho increase of population in tho " West. Thuse states must, in a very " short time, obtain a preponderance in " the national councils." After those declarations of two mem bers of tho Scnato of the United States, roado in open public debate, can thopco- )lo of tlio old States remain quiet itntl at ' . .. jase with regard to tlieir interest in tins t , ease . . I gm,t national property Will tliev sit quietly by alltl SI this j J i 1 I'icll llllioritanro tlltlS COrrtiptlV squander- ..1 i it .,,,.,1,1,, dm nnu .f.if(.to "settle tlio od, to oiiablo thu new states to si tut, mo presidency." Already have tliey " writ ton tlieir own terms and laid them upon the table of the Senate," and already have they been "deeply bid for," by at least ono "candidate for tho Presidency." Mr. Van Huron has acceded to the demand and accordingly Mr. Calhoun has inlro- introduced a bill into the Senate to cede these lands to the now stales, agreeably to the "bid." The question is now fairly and tangibly before tho people. The object is openly avowed tlio machinery is already in motion ami is there any reason to believe that a party whose lead ers thus uiiblushinglyjW7crt(M thcr sys tem of plunder and robbery for it is nothing else will hesitate to carry it into full execution? The public domain, now the common property of tho Slates, amounts to about one thousand millions of acres, and if distributed per capita among the people, would give to every man, teaman, and child, including the slaves, near one hun dred acres each ; or, if you please, the poor man in Vermont with a family of ten children is at this moment honestly entitled to, and in fact the real proprietor of, one thousand acres of this land which strange to say, ho is asked to surrender, as the price of Mr. Van 5tircn's " DID" for tho presidency. Is thtjro an intelli gent man, in Vermont, who will for one moment listen to this corrupt proposition 1 Is there a parent who dare aflix his seal to such a bond? If there he, lot him fend oil", for we pronounce him " worse than an infidel." Mr. Calhoun's bill proposes to surren der that portion of the lands lying within the States and Territories, amounting to something over COO,()UO,()00 of acres, or about ono third of tho whole domain, and and that by far the most valuable part. What say you aye, or no 1 The time lias come for every man to have an opin ion on this subject, and to express it, in way to make himself heard and fell, Tho Sub-treasury bill passed the Sen ate on tho 2M, by a vote of 2-i to VS. A pynojdi.i of Mi. Clan's lumarks on the sub-treasury bill will be found in an other column. When wo get the speech entire, we shall endeavor to make room for it. It is spoken of as worthy the best days of that eloquent man. L0C0F0C01SM. Ve were not mistaken in saying that the Express and Sentinel would continue to reiterate the " infamous falsehood," in regard to Mr. Webster's opinion of Gen. Harrison. Tho Express continues the malignant slander at the head of its columns without even alluding to Mr Webster's disavowal at Boston, while the Sentinel, as usual in such an emergency, keeps mum. To say nothing of what is honorable, we would ask, is such a course honest ? to assert and re-assert a llagrant falsehood, and then refuse even to notice tho correction. How much reliance can a man who seeks for truth, place upon information derived from such a source? We again copy Mr. Webster's avowal at Boston, on the 10th inst., as reported by every press in that city, and not gainsaid by any one. llo puke in warm Icrun of .ipptnhnlinn ofllip H.in idmiu noiiim, illon, (ii'ii llaiimin li.nl hecii knuuii lu linn fur :i iiiiiiilier of u',u(, lu Iml Mild uiih linn ! 1 1 1 in I Ik; 1 1 1 1 1 - snirl iim Senile, mifl rmild le.-illf m hU WUttTll, hi IV rnniiii'v. uu caiwci rv, i.n.iio hi cw STITUTIONAL 10UTICA!4 VIKIVS. lit: was riiiiflie l dial iiuihiiin Inn guilty negligence mi lliu p. ii I ol' hirt Ciieiiils cuul.l piuvenl liiiu Iiuiii liein llie next picoiilenl, Will the Express, Sentinel, St. Albans Republican, and Keesvillo Herald, allow their readers to see this paragraph ? ROE'S SENTENCE. We perceive that wo were not singu lar in our estimate of the sentence passed upon Roe. There is hardly a paper, in city or country, but what has made it the subject of severe comment. Tho follow ing, from the Boston Times will servo as a specimen of what we might copy from fifty diflerent papers now upon our tablo. Inkquauuks nr Justice, A cue of moie inuilcqiiiiiu pniii.hiiiein fir crimo never met our nolice, ih. ui Udeliiiled in lliu l.ifl ISiirlingioii (Vl.) 1'ieo I'h.'m, A follow mimed Juiepli Itoe. vns convirlrd on lliu clc;nen vildnicii oj' telling die in lilt vllll;it:.iliiJll.ll t,lltlli:il III III. II luwil, IWIIUI uim ronuineil. nnd Uih security iifllio e.oiili"Uua liiuMingi Rienily viifl.ingerfd. And jel for this wo riii ul nil crime liext lo murder nr nine, lie wu sentenced lu only five jcin inimifoiiment in lint il. ie pi ifon, (it lliu f.ime lime, u pour tiinpleion who hud been ciiiglit wiih n vuniiieiTuii bill lliu pulikei, wm cenlcnced inuur eur. Il it well isuiuiLed tijr Un er ulluUcd to that tlm it l"fe(;, l" the idea of mcmting punlih- itietil by 1 1 10 unni mily olrrimo. Iloreiiniuu in- dividual cnnvieicd crime oftim illicit imie;ni. nnie - lo wliH'li ilia i.nv inn mine uci io fccitsl )Pll,nv ,i f death-convicted m l,v le.ii- '"""V " euiicliuUu lh.it the jury hiiidlj left llioir teal ; nnd jclllie court has seen til to visit mcli a conviction with the meieul ntuiislimrii mvaided l,e"V crimes, four ) phi a for paisbg a couii. lcrfcjl b!1i iim, fwc (m. bjniR h i;jwn , FROM WASHINGTON Wo copy the following romajks upon men and things at AVashingUn, from Bennett's letter of tho 2Utli. In In. lh Houses of Congress, ivirlica inro inking their piuiiiuus. 'I'lii! Huiisq of ItepretmniliM's i not et orgutii.cd fnllv. lliuimli ii delimit il.iilv. ninl iIuch iinlliiii. Neillier u primer nor ilinpl.iin ia jet iippiiinicd ; nor 'n dm incttuga ol leferred la I lie iippioprinlu coniliiiileo. I'liis nrifiki fi mi) llio tlnlu of p.ii lit-y. Thu loeofocos lt.it u nlmijorilv of inilv one un tliev now sliuid, u'tilioiit llil ?icw Jcr- M'y iiu'iiilii'19, nnd heneu thii lieinlilini oj tho Glolic lor lliu pi tni i mut lliu inillihoiH 1i;i o ti.irtlly the flien'lli lli.it ihov oxpre.lt'd lo li.nc, lliu rrciiiileiit "lies no soirees, no entertain- incnlK, Inn ii li.idly cou'ird dinner ticcnlioii.illy lo iiicmticiH of Coimrei's, wliii nrv it nn or dovMi no. conliii;' to llieir politics. I In lived in llo most cx r.liiaivu way ; lurnll llio world lilio u prnid l.ngliili lonl in Iim c.inlle. I'oiaylh, runliltng ,inl I'uinacll, nil old withered ilnmlic, with iriuio liuticur llian f enu, I'm in cxnlimivi! e.(jiiip;iiiioiu. 'Micv nimiac IIicniMilvei with pl.iin,' uhiil and looking at I'tcneli prinlH of beautiful jonng women. in itilti iCfipiu iiiiiindi'j. Kuiiher of litem will etc of vir tue or initriolmii, U'lui a ronir.ifl between the life of time men tit ciinl, and General llniiifun at lliu plonli tail ! The "old b.ilteied d.indv" of Kindd book, as nice a il ho had jn.l ennii: out of a bunt box and thu "old t;ranii"ol Ohio, tending Ilia tittle and refiling his ponltiy ! Tho movements of Calhoun, and Ills ircs cut position, am mil the topiis of nonvcrsa. tion. As Mr. Calhoun has "fefincd hU o hilion,"' a doznii limes, willioulstieccsf, I sli all do that friendly ant for him. I hnvo ciitloay. orod lo uiidorbtand his movcticiits ; bul it is tliinctill to account for his tnulivcf, unless tlmy rcscniblc tho boy's, who gulteo his now watch to sec how it clicked t merrily. A few days ngo. 1 miw Gn. Dutl'Grcun in lialtinioro. 'Sir,' said he, .Mr Calhoun, by his coalition with Mr. Van IJuren, lias lost his moral iniluenco, and, in my opii ion. Gen. Harrison will bo elcolcd." I was very much uriri.spd lo ihid such opinions in suJi a quar ter. Mi Ctilhoun stands fast to his ideal frl'ite ri'ht opinions, while tho south il chauiu around him. lie does not pcrcciio that the ground is stealing from under his feet. Mr. Calhoun will rise from his pillnwcomo mor ning and find, lo his astouii-hnuul, that he has been left alone, the last of tbucoched hats in tlio touth. Fiom every fact, inference, and opinion 1 can hear or fjather, there can bu no question but the Opposition can elect Harrison if they will eomi! to tho polls us they did in 1337 and 3U. They have the votes, and no mistake, sis lliu returns will t-liow. Tlio adminilr.ilion horo aro beginning to got alarmed at llio pros pect of thinifs. MAINE BOUNDARY. This question was brought before the Senate on the 17th inst., on a resolution introduced by Mr. Williams, calling Un certain correspondence between our own Government and that of Great Britain. The resolution, with an amendment res pecting the British troops now in posses sion of the disputed territory, was passed after debate. Wo have only room for tho remarks of Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Davis. Mi. liUCHANAN. who ia cliniiman nf the Com mittee on I'uitiipii Relations, t.iul lie a.ul no ol). jeeiion lo the paf.'iigo of the nincinliiieiit if it uas pie.-eil. Iiiil lit! Illinium il implied unite, ren.-nii: I'.ni h on llie I'le.-iileiil ; sun I llieiefini- would -nrler that would jnrle llie mover would witlulmw it. The I'luiilent li.nl ahe.idy Hnicil in bid siunu.il Jlfffiijii th.it lie had done iiotllin:' ; t li.it no c.i-e had aiUeu ul ich nude il pioper for him to u.'u ill" means which h.id been enliii. liil lo linn, lCeiv .Sen.it or, he lidded, liiu-t know uli.it answer tho I'le-dilent would f'wv. It eould be nothing more lli.ui vh.il lie h.ii ulicadv .-aid With ii'jnid lo the yeiieial iiie-ninu, Mr- I nc-li.i-iian Miid he was iipprchrn-icc of having tcrium dUTuultHH tcitli (hiul lliilain before litis con. Ii Ouray is emhtl. lie h.id, buui-ier, eiuiie run lidi ueu in ilie energy mill piudeiiec uf the I'li ndeni. The ipiejiiou, he mlihil, was ul n i:ri-i in ihn opening ol tl.u iie.-enl I oniei-s. Jiic J'lesidcnt hiitl nut thought it jiruduU to communicate am. the ci cumntuncci of the cn.se, and, for his p. in, he iHiuld have bcei' Letter plea. t il, if llie I'loidenl had been tin. led with llie euiii e eoudiiel ol the iieiicialiou, vmiIioiii tjcini; railed upon lo pioduce pnpciii ut ilii" n.iye til" 1 1 1 n liiisine.-s. All. Davis euulcniled that the object ul the call un a most piuper one. lu the .Senate llieie u;is an eiiiiiti iiii.iuiuiil ol'upiniuii in f.inr of n iiiut.iin. i the lilild uf Maine, llo uieed with thu 1'ieni. dent that the ipie-tinii bad lieeu luo lontj Jel.aeil, and uuglil In be cetlled. lie ii lened lo tie ngre iiieut which bid Iitcu i nieieil into, ihrouli the ini'di.itioii of (ieneial h'eotl, llial nelllici' liie.ii li it. tin nor tin- Unhid .Staler thuulil laliii po.-tes-siiin nf lliu ili.'iiuleil icnilorv. Thu I'lirii'fpoiidPnei! between the Ooseinor of M ime iiihI the (i.nemoi ofloa cnti.i, nnw "ivoii lo the public, (-liou.1 tli.it the leriiturv if oc cupied l) Kuii-li n im) : anil llie (!nirin)i' uf im.i rSroi 1 1 admits lion lie; uccup.iui'y is in direct linl.iiiou ul ilie ii!iccuiciii, mid esplaius th.ii it is nut iiudei I. is iiiithoi Uy, bill under suine hijjhei autlioiitv. Mr, D.ivis h lid that under ibefe e.irriiiiiftiuiefs he nail. I inn I'll still ; liu cunld mil fail in talrc his Miieu of iiiquiiy nl least, us lo what had been done for the liunor ol the cuiuiiiy. It oulii to lm made m.inifesl in ill" win Id lli.il this .Senators au.iKe mid vigilant on this riilileci, and U deluniuued lu main tain lliu lights nf Maine On Wednesday (22) the President communicated the correspondence be tween Mr. Forsyth, Secretary of State, and Mr. I'o.v, the British minister, in re lation to the disputed territory thepoints in which aro thus stated by the Washing ton correspondent of the i. Y. Herald : Mr. I'oisuh calls on Mr. 'u to know if auv Hiiti.il lioops nie cm thu disputed leiriiuij, and if to, uuy tuey lire uiuiu. Mr Kox icplies, that lioop belonging to her mtijesty's Bovciniuenl, mo mi the leriiturv in que, lion, but, not with tbn design of imtuiniujr n Luloi geieut nlliimle, and thai they me stationed lliciu lo piolect cisels p.is.ing between iN'evv lJiunswick ami Lower C.inad.i, Mr. Port) ill icplies, that the rcspouie of Mr Pox is nut satisfactory to lliu I'lesident, ami lie is in fliuctcd lo say, llial tho Keciikn considers the the placing of liiiiitli truops on the leu itoiy in (piesiiou, ii bold Infi iiigeuieni of thu compiiut made between (leu. .Srutl nnd fjir John llnrvcy, I i o ihiiiisaud cxtia copied uf the curieipuii. deiieu weni oideied lo tin primed, and the roues, ponilciicc to bo i e feu eil tu lliu comiidiieu on I'uieigu utfain. Henry A. Wim, n member uf Congress from Virginia, is dangerously tick. HIGHLY INTERESTING. m. ,. ,, ..... I . l Willi JilUill MUil.MIIU lllill VVU 1 Ullliuai IJUII1U UHU IlilS ViVll SilHI, lllill ll(J WCailll ll.o following itomol news has not, as;(ll0 ilUoi)timfof (,'10 WII() y0UN(l Miwlofa nation consists not in its irold nnd i yet, wo believe, found its way into any udniinistrntion paper in the countrv! We therefore have tho satisfaction of eon.mu-' , . ,, . nicaung ii coiiiKientiany as an item oi news to our neighbor of tho Sentinel. FIRST GUN l-itoM PENNSYLVANIA.
Thu nniiual Election fur Charier Officers in the Guy uf PiTTsnuiion took plnco on Monday the 13th inst . mid tlio result is a clear sweep for Harrison! Tho vote for Mnvor in For VV. VV. Irwin. Harrison, 152G do ISuriiuiffliam, V. Buren tiOO Whig majority 72G Tho friunds of Ilurrieoti hnvo alto carried every Ward entire, nlccting nil the seven Select mill twuniy fivo Cuminnii Council men. Such n result was never known in I'iileburgli before. Tlmt Oily has uriially pivcn nmnll Whip; mnjoritieH ut thu State Elect inns, but electee! Von Buren Chnrlur Officers. Last yeur, Irwin wns run by our Ineinls one) signally beaten, oh he had buv ornl times before been. Al the two or three preceding elections, Jnniw M'Clin tuck, Van Buren, wns chosen Mayor. Our friends have several times achieved partial victories, but never such an nvurwhc'iuing triumph as now. Such is the response of Western Pennsylvania to thu Hamsburgli Nominations. Such will bo tho rcxponec of Pennsylvania of the Weit of the Union ! "Is that thunder," exclaimed Mr. Van Buren, when the report reached Washing ton. SIGNS OF THE TIMES. The Louisville City Gazette of the 11th inst, states tho fact, that "six democrats of that place, good and true, who have hither to supported the administration" have come over to the support of Gen. Harrison. At a meeting at Indianapolis, II. O'Neil and C. C. Nave, Eq. prominent suppor ters of Mr. Van Buien, come out and a vowed their intention to support Old Tip pecanoe for the Presidency. A resolution wns offered n few days ago in the Kentucky Legislature, that the Government should ordur a national salute to be fired on the Clh of January, in coin metnoration.of the buttle of New Orleans. The resolution was passed, but passed with this interesting amendment : . i irom tne is'iiisu, on inc oui uciooer. lesij, m the bat tie of the Thames), by General William Henry Harrison, and Ins brave companions in urins, bu alone used by ln Excellency, in firing the foregoing ealnle." The Ohio Freeman edited by Capt. Duffy, a Jackson man, thus speaks of Har rison : "O, it is cruel, too cruel, and too injust for the patience of a generous people lo bear, to hear one of the truest nnd bmveel and most worthy of tlieir countrymen traduced in character bis services defamed and nil the proud and noble darings of his yntnli and prime of life, set at naught by the foul tongue of political slander! 1 am no partisan oinl there ore many others who like myself have become politically heartHek ! JJnl tec can stand another cam pnign, and ice wilt stand another campaign, if il in ii.-t needs be. in defence of the honed soldier wh'o blond by us and our country, before many of those traduccrs were born, or found a peaceful asylum on her shores!,. At a meeting held in Maysvtlle, Ken tucky, Mr. Samuel P. Armstrong respon ded to u call and delighted the buuso in a sententious, sprightly and spirited nddrees interspersed with many gems nf wit and humor, which elicited Irequont bursts of lauglUur and applause. He declared thai he had been a Locofocoa had advocated Lnufucoistn, and rejoiced in the success of Loufocohm. "But Mr. President," be observed, with great emphasis, "il was in ir.MiHA.NCK 1 was thus chained to tiie parly. When light bursl upon my mind the shackles, rir, were torn off. 1 Etnud forth, redeemed and regenerated, and uui prepared lo unite, with my whole heart, in the bailie cry of the Whigs." FIRE ON THE PRAIRIES ! We find in the Madisoiiian the follow ing extract Irom ii Western letter. The conflagration which was kindled at llar risburg, and is sprouxlinjr, with such ra pidity North, South, East and West, will, we trust, effectually clear our political atmosphere from the malaria of Van Rurenisiu : iNMANArOLlS. flnd.Unn. 15. "I wrilo yon ii few lines amidst thu sound of lluce b.iuild uf music, uud the deafening plaud of inn eniyeiii ui mis pi.iue, aim juuu delegates as setubled fur the Cum cut ion Ioiiioii ou'. Them never was, in the annals of the Suite, bo great a coiicouiMt ofdelegales in attendance on any con vention, and in addition, llie eiilhiijiastn and dc lei mined spirit of the people. neru'iia exceeded on uuy other occnaion, 'i he Vanocrais lud 4 or 500 ; but wu flu II at lean treble diem. Among other incidents of the oceaeiou, n lurgt canoe, fi uui Don bni u county, drawn by six horses, and coniainiiig 20 ur 20 delegates, at lived n few mill. ii ten ago whiUi, at lliu kaine lime, a large caval- cadejrom the wttt, led uu by llie (plendid Teue 1 i n ti tu In am baud, wan seen approaching fiom that ectinii. whiUi thousands of people from the porches and balconies of the hotels, homes and windows, rent the air with their acclaniutionsl It wuiild have dni.o vour liearl cood lo have seen this deuioiisirmiun uf l'orULllt eutliusiaini mid pan lutein. MteiiKiA.v. Wo learn that tho whig members of tho legislature of Michigan have agreed to support Mr. Porter, ot Detroit, as their candidate for U. S. Sen ator. CC?" Pn.NNsvi.vANiA. Dr. Sturgeon, late Treasurer of tho Stato, has been elected IT. S. Senator, in place of Mr M'Kean. - NVTIONAL CONVENTION. 1. : !.i ..i .1.... I ,to the following article from the National ' Intelligencer. The importance of tho l"Pol convention must be obvious at a ginnco ; aim aitnou a glance ; and although victory will most, assuredly crown the i ellorts ol the great Whig party at the approaching Presiden tial election, it is due to ourselves, our cause, and our country that no exertions should be spared to swell tho triumph of the People. To the Young Whigs of the U. Slates : It is thought proper to invito your at tention, mure distinctly than has yet been (limp, to the fact, that among the doings of thu Harrisburg Convention was n resolu tion recommending to the Whig young Jlcn of the scverul States to nssnmblc in General Convenlio)i,'u the city of Baltimore on tho first Monday in May next, for the puiposcof odvoncing the cause ofsound principles, and securing the election of the tho nominees of the Ilarrisburgli Convcn Hon. It is time that the Young Whigs in cv , cry Slato in the Union were bestirring themselves to carry into cfiect this rcc omniondalion, which, independently of its di' reel object, cannot fnil to be attended with the happiest effects, in bringing togeth er so large a gathering, as tuny be expec ted on such an occasion, of the Young Men on whom rest the confidence of the Whig for success, in tho present contest, and the hopes of the Nation for its future prosper iiy and glory. Coming from the most re. mote as well adjacent States, the mere gratification uf an interchange of friendly salutations between the sons of the North and the South, of tho East and of the West would be one to be remembered for years, whilst acquaintance and friendships niny be mode between many which will last throughout their lives. We trust that our young Whig friend will put themselves immediately and ear nestly in motion lu accomplish this desira ble object. FOREIGN INFLUENCE. We have been aware for some lime that numerous nctilions had been nreseulcd lo the President nruvinc for the release of - , Mc'Kcnziu from imprisonment. These have prritv uniformly been treated with con ti'inptuous neglect, while tho sentence of the law has been cxeculed wilh unusua severity upon the unfortunate subject of these petitions. It seems, however, that Mr. Vim Buren has at last intimated to the petitioners that they should direct their efforts to another ouorter. He savs ihot If Urillsh buuject would petition lie i-lioulil be ''most penetrable lu their kind entrea ties." The following is an extract from a Benii.ofl'iciol letter on the subject : 'My own private views are, that if the friends of Mr McKnnzie would appeal to the magnanimity of the resident represcn. lativo of the IJritisli provinces of North America, by his request, he would be re. leased, nnd relieve the question from llie einbnrrnssment in which it seems involved.' It is certainly very "embarrassing" fur an American President to be afraid of offending the British authrilics ; cud also very humbling to the pride of every Aincr. ican citizen. But wo cannot do better justice than to copy the following manly comments of the Franklin Gazette1, a t-pirit. ed administration paper published al Fort Covington, N Y. "We some tunc since, in nn article upon the alarming- prevalence of British influence in our lend, expressed the belief tbiit this influence bud "reached the Exec utive mansion." nnd that Us effects were discoveiable in Hit courso pureuntl by the President in leg rd tu various important questions involving the national honor Wo have nlready adduced sufficient evi dence in support of our assert inn lo satisfy every candid man o its truth, hut wo nro now prepared to plaeu tlm mailer beyond all cavil or controversy. Yes. tliern can be nn longer uuy dnubt about it. " We nre at the fool of the British throne, and wo ho lo thoso who have brougbt us thote Thousands and (hoiisaudn ul American cit. izens, commisseruii.'i!' the condition of the unfortunate patriot Mnckei.ziii, who i., by a most unrighteous and iniquitous sentence immured in uu American prison, und bu lievtng him guiltless if all crime, have pe titioned the President for bis release. But il has not suited his notions of ileiuuerucy to bestow the sligbtoht notico upon those petitions. No, the successor of Wishing ton. of Jefferson, und of Jackson, will inn coude-.e-euil to notice the petitions of the American people, but wo are plainly told by one uf his friends in Congress where an intlueiicu may be found that will cniibe him to act We nre told in tho following letter from Mr, Koiui to the Democratic Association of Philadelphia, ihtit a request from "the resident represeniutivo of the British provinces in North America, would in his opinion effect Mackenzie's rolease. So, wo havuo power in this country, which in llio viuw of Van Buren, is superior to tho people, Let him beware, or he may icurii lo his cost thai the will nf the people is n power to which even ho must buw.und that they nre not slow in meting out the reward to political nposlacy. Fort Cov ington Gagettc. Love ANU Mukueii. Two joun; l.iwycm, mimed I'. U. Tupper and Duval 0. (JooU, wetc living in Canton, mUs, about two weeks ao. Now only oiiu livei bin not in Ciutoii, Tupper fell in loto witli a oiiii'' ladv, und was lo have been mar, tied. Cnuku teporied lb.it bu was u lo.ifei, ami 1 upper lull llie youii ladv in cniifeipience. lie iheiel'uie ulluckud Cuuke, killed him, und lied. Couku win a native of Kentucky. Tupper came from Veiinoiit. liotliweio fuoluli. Communication. v i ii .. '.i .i.... .i... i.i tits silver, but in the abundance of the i products of its industry ; and never was a ! truer maxim uttered. The products of industry are emphatically the wealth of uic nation, anu its prosperity is in t inustienlv is in nrotior- tion to the rapidity with which they are circuiaioei. Tj)f. statesman and the far mer should have tho same object, the multiplication of these products, and there must be a union of their efforts to accom plish the object. There can be no pros perity without industry, and there will bo no industry when our" statesmen leave it to shirk for itself. If the laws afford no encouragement, industry dies. It dies as surely us the body dies without nourish ment. Tho interests of our agriculture cannot bo sustained without protection. 1 do not mean by this that we aro in any danger of starving, but I moan what "l say, that tho leading interest of tho State will languish unless speedy protection is granted. The prosperity of a nation con sists in the prosperity of all its members, and the prosperity of individuals consists in the increase of the products of their industry. No matter how groat the' amount of these products, if there is not an annual increase, there is no prosper--ity ; hut if the iiinoiiiit is yearly dimin ished, there will soon be misery. 1 shall attempt no argument to prove' the foregoing, for the man that wants argument on such propositions, either wants honesty or wants brains. Utit I will attempt to play the prophet a little, and foretel what a year or two will brinr forth, unless we can dispute less about party strifes, and act more in concert to obtain reliuf. We have now in the State some three millions of sheep, and within two years the number will not exceed one. Tho interest invested in dairies will bo diminished one half. Take the whole amount of our products together, and tliev will bo diminished one third. Now let every man preserve this paper, and once in a while look at it, and watch the fulfil nieiit of the prediction. Jlttt what is of more importance, let him examine the subject carefully and learn the cause of it. These things never happen by chance. The laws of cause and effect operate here as every where else, and people can un derstand them if they will, or they can deceive themselves if they choose to do it for party effect. Occasional advances iu price do not always indicate a healthy cause, but if we expect permanent pros perity, the foundation must be laid in something more honest than squandering the nation's lands, and more promising than old J funks' box to lock our gold and silver in. Rut let us turn aside" to pro phecy one word as to this subtreasury scheme. As to any direct oifoct upon the State, it will have none at all. It is a negative measure altogether. It may pi-ove-m Swartwout from stealing the mo ney, and it may not. There were two Swartwouts in the country, and tho other was named Price and both have a thou sand cousins, spell it as you will. Rut like Hunk's box, it will dij no good. It cannot promote the industry of the State. It cannot prevent speculation and excess in the issuing of bills, but it will favor tho parti.ans of tlio administration, and in rb end will destroy the projectors of it. It is without wisdom for any effects expected of it ; and it will die" without friends. 1 wish not to array the north against the south, but if wo do not protect our own interests who do we expect will ? In the cold north Ave cannot raise cotton, and we shall not raise wool if it finds no market ; and what manufacturer can stand alone against the cheap labor of the starving class of Europe, with tho wealth of England to back up their man ufactures. We cannot send potatoes to London, and they will not admit our Hour except when the price rises to the point of starvation. With all this we aro mock ed with the nonsense about free trade. just as if England over for a moment relaxed lier energies to maintain her as cendency. She has too much at stake. She lets her fools talk about free trade, but takes good care not to practice 11)1011 it. What we want is a homo market, and our industry will ling without it. Agriculture is emphatically the great in terest, but in order to become prosperous it must have encouragement. Sustain the manufacturers, and agriculture nour ishes of course. Yoke the two together, and commerce drives her trade with rail road speed. Agriculture, manufactures, and commerce have a natural connexion ; they live or die together. Like the tripod from which tho princess of Apollo deliv ered her oracles, touch one of the legs and the princess falls ; or like tho three fold coid of scripture, cut ono of the strans and the cord is broken. The doctrine of the administration is that individual en terprise hum not bo controlled. Wo say so too ; but individual enterprise must bo encouraged and sustained. All other governments do it, and ours can do it. Measures nitty bo so devised that every interest may bo protected, and all act harmoniously together. It has been so in times gone by, and it may bo so again. It will be so when tho people feel the ne cessity of it, and until they do, we must wait and hope. 1 have never despaired of tho republic, and 1 have never seen the time when there was greater cause of anxiety. Nothing is so unconquorablo as obstinacy, and the followers of the administration seem to have a plentiful supply. During (ion. Jackson's timo there was something to an'nnato ; he had bold points of character ; but no man over discovered any thing to interest or to excite in Martin Van Buren. Sunux.