Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 31, 1840, Page 3

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 31, 1840 Page 3
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In Sknath, Jan. 1G. By Mr. CLAY, ol Kentucky! From numerous citizens engaged extensively in tho manufacture of mum, paying nu in crenso of duty on fort'iff ti sugars. Also a memorial uf n cnrimiittco of the American SilU fcJncioty, ntkiiifi tlio patron age of Congress in Iho publication & gra tuitous circulutiuii of thu journal of stud 60cioty. In presenting this memorial, Mr. Ci.ay sold, while I inn up I will remark thnt, in my opinion, ihero is hnnlly n product inn hi which this country is engaged which is more unporlnril to bo duly attended loot this lima than that of bilk. As an n r i culturol proilncl it in appropriate to nil pnrls of thu country. And nmnng (he causes which occasioned thu unexampled btntu of distress from which no portion of Ihi-i wido country is exempt, which has increased, is increasing, and J with to God 1 could tee any hope of Us end- nt lent nmonglho foreign causes of thin remarka ble Kl.ito of distress, is unquestionably that of purchasing mi much nhroad, if we would remove the causes of distress; nntl this rciuark is applicable to our own produc Hons in every form of agriculture, as well as of lubrication. Anil, in regard to silk itself, look at the facts. For seven years part, the annual amount of it brought into Ibis country lias been $10 500 000, and onu year it ros-o lo $20,000,000; nod this gl2 500,000 is fo"r nrticlu winch if any thing is for the adornment and luxury of man, tills is that niticle. Sir, no country con long withstand, for which the annual imports exceeil tlio ex ports by some $40 000 000 or g50.000.000 And, if I was not absolutely powerless, if my friends and myself hnd any power in the direction of this Government. 1 would to-morrow impose n duty equal to the innximum which thu compromise net ad mits, that is CO per cent, on this import of JI2 500 000 in silk. 1 would lay this du ty on silk ; and with u view, in part, to prevent a dangerous, excess of revenue, I would distribute the nnnuul prococds'ol thu sales of thu public lauds to the Stale ns the r own property, to which they arc already cut ii led ; and let this fund assist them to liquidate lliu'.r debts, and to foster 1 hose great interests which are justly dear to them, so tor as there is now freedom from debt. I would impose this duty on silk and on other luxuries and if the lands nre not necessary to the support of this Government, 1 would distribute tho pro cecils of tho lands among the States who nre entitled lo them. !ut we, ur ut lonst I am nol in the condition to do what 1 have suggested, and therefore I cannot do other wise than to nsk that litis memorial be referred to the Committee on Mauufac tures, mid printed. Mr. CALHOUN said: I rieo to make no oppn-iiiou to the million, but to make a few remarks connected with those topics which ore now of chief importance ; and 1 linpo thu' not much more of this session will pass before wo shall go deeply into lhat subject. The country is now nt n point at which it has become of fur more inierei I hao ever. Sir. I (lifter ?'n loin from the Senator (mm Kentucky as to the causes of distress and, il I am not mistaken, thev nrc tho very opposite of what have been assigned foir, I lie old condemned system is ruinous in every brooch, and especially to the inuu. ufacturiug, agricultural, and cominercia interests. Thu disire-s which ho useribus to the importation ol sill; comes from oih cr causes. Wo ship our credit, and bring in goods. I would hove the very reverse of what the Senator has indicated uslho true policy, uml i hopo for an early oppor portuntty of pointing nut that policv, and that nt an early day we thall look deep into 'the subject. Mr. CLAY. This is a little unusual, to engage in u discussion on this subject thus before the tune. Sir, hovel proposed or suggested a revival of tho tariff further thou the compromise allows ? Not in the slightest degree. I merely proposed a du ty on silk, a-an article ol luxury, entirely consistent with the compromise. Sir what was n thnt I proposed? Il wus simply that tho maximum duty of the coiiiprnnnsu--thnt is, 20 per cent, - should bu imposed on silk, which is in no way incompatible with the compromise. And how con thi-j injure the manufoc lures of cotton, bhip building or uuy thing else ; which are now neurly prostrated? The woollen niaiiufucturor m the North is almost entirely stopped, and thut of iron if self is among the most languishing. How can thu duly on this luxury affect either the inaiinliictures or agriculture of Iho country ? it will benefit them ; for il will directly aid the iiiniiiifnciiiro of silk, and if row silk is produced Willi success, it be comes a fit object for importation, uud it may aid greatly in removing thut ruiuutis vxeves in the balance of trade, which will crush us all, unlets the People cun rise to their own relief. And the Stale debls? Sir, I should like to know by whui rigiil the subieot of btote debt is so frequently dragged into this Senate, and the Stales aro here eluded nud censured us if under our supervision. Who gives us jurisdiction over them ? liy what authority have wo tho right to say to Pennsylvania or lllinois.or any other Stulu you ore extravagant j you have gut into debt; and we will leave you to gel out as you can? Whence is this right? Who modu it the duty of ihu Federal Govern ment lo give lectures to the Stales on gel ting intu debt ? Hut thobo debts have been contracted, und, as the Senulor from S. Carolina says, onu effect of it bus been lo enlarge our imports, because thu means arising from tho Slntc bonds has been thrown into the channel of commerce. JJut it will ho no longer so, or that very means will now become nu obstruction to commerce. Uut lliosu debts exist, nud, as men of honor and honesty, ihoso who own thorn must pay them ; and 1 trust no man hero will bo so desliitiKi of honor uud probity 3B lo say they ought not to bu mud. They hnvo been contracted, und our Stales Jiavo received the benefit ; and I trust and believo thut not a Slate of this Un ion will be Bo lost to honor and good fa 1 1 It as nol to pay such debts. Thu debts exist, mid in the worst forms, becauso the loruigner is "gainst ub, not as a whole, but as divided JJlo parts, us scparulu members of this Confederacy, on whom tliuro U foreign ling the urgumonto urged against this Guv. eminent scheme, during the previous stugua of that bill. Ho contended flint military operations ngninst tho Florida Indians wuro necessary; and this bill provided for nothing efficient of that kind. He also remarked, that if the Ailminis t ration would bring forward an efficient measure, hu would go most heartily for il. This bill, ho predicted, would fail to become a law. Thu friends of Flotilla in the other liouoo would be roused, and never allow it lo puss that body; they would in sist upon some other mode of operation. Mr l'rrstou dwelt al sumo length, on these views. The question on tho parage of the bill was carried in tho nfiirmotivu. Ayes 24. iiuvs 15. Thu Sub-Trctuury Rill was then taken up, and after having been read, section by section, Mr Cloy roso und made u speech against thu bill, which for argument nnd eloquence, hu has seldom surpassed, nnd which unchained to the last thu attention of his largo audience. I present lo you an imperfect and curso- I debt, and conequuntly foreign influence. And what it lo bo done? Tlio States I l. , , I nll,l,i,f in ..ithnr branch of Congress. But we know the existence of these debts, and tho distress which prevails in thrsn different cnminii nities ; nnd wc know that taxation will he necessary. Some of the Stales, right or wrong, have contracted debts lo nn extent which the People cannot bear : and if we ore not deslltulo of till those feelings which ought to belong to n parent Government, and which, nn such, wo should cherish, we ought deeply to bympnlizc with all theo sufferings. Wei!, and what suggestion did I tnnkc? Was it to aesuinu these debts ? No sir, no sir. Hut we arc in possession of an important fund, which, of right belongs to the States. The Slates huvu no power ol imposing duties on imports for (ho pur pose of relieving themselves. And what was my Miggcstion ? Thu debts exist' und must bo paid, principal and interest ; and my suggesiion was, that wo should give up what belongs In ihu State, or, at least, do what we can for them, by impos ing duties on articles purely of luxurjvmd give the States their own properly, the proceeds of the public lands, winch would of itself be sufficient lo pay the interest on n debt of $100. 000,000. and I believe tho whole amount of the State debts is not much more than 4100,000,000 Hut I have been drawn into nu exhibition of, , i... ... , ,,..,, ,. 1 l.n.l .,,.1 I intended it. I merely meant to'make some tkutch M re,I,r,rks' suggestions appropriate on presenting n MR. CLAY'S SPEECH memorial. I ho Sonnlor from our.ih Car- Mr Clay said that ho felt il to bo his olitiii thought fit to express, what is not at duty, before tho final vote was taken on all extraordinary, that theru is n total dif this hill, not to make a speech, but to snv n Icronco ol opinion bcl ween us on tins sub- few truths about it. He enme to tho Senate ject. Hut he misstated me in regard to tIB morning, though suffering from indis- uiu iiirui, unu i Micimiirc iiiuiiyni u hi (iosiiioii, rosoiveu, il llio mca6uro was duty lo soy what I huvu done on that point preyed, to execute this intentiun. The and I trust this will serve with the Senate bill said he is to puss this body The as my apology, decree bus gone forth ! It is n decree of Mr. CALHOUN. I will not enter into urcencv. too. Tho little delav of week the argument, but merely say, in way of which was asked for. to nivu time for the comment on the Senator's remarks, that filling up of vacancies in llipso scuts, for his scheme in regard to the public lands is tl)c nrnvul ozonators who will be elected, one ot llio modtncations ot our assuming ms been refused .'I was goiti" to say tho State debt-; und, in my opinion, it is fCornfulhj refused bv tho decree. It has the most iinciinsiuutiuiial and ruinous that been refiHcd by llio "votes of two senators can be imagined. Hut I trust tho Sena- who do not truly represent the sentiments lor from leunofFoe (Mr Gkundv) will , their constituents, and in I he ubscence of givo us an opportunity soon lo enter fully 1 two, who, if heru. would justly and luith lino mat. suujeci-laimniog to mo i. Uuv represent thusu bcnliinents peeled report ou ftlr. lAMinu.Vs bill lor Thu bill is to pas also hj a majority ceomg me poouc lauus to me ounes in ti'uti is less than a majority of the Senate. which they are located.) Il is tune to act; y, Hr, a measure more direful tlmn nnv nud, in my opinion, wo are at the point which ever became u law in this country, wueru wo weru wueo inu ioeni.ii o oys. Is t0 tje 6m rort I) Irotl) ttiu SeiiatO liy loss tern wos adopted the most injurious sys- than a majority! Nay, sir, if the two tern thnt can bu imagined. 1 am ready to senators from Tennessee had adhered to meet that point, and to show thut the h101r bca8 with Ihu samo tenacity thai whole of that policy is reverse ot the true fi(no Runalors on tho other side hnvo uxhi- policy. luted in udhcrinir to ihcir 6ent8. and if the Mr. CLAV. Tho gentleman chooses delay which wo-, solicited had been grant- to cun mis Lino oisiriuuiun oi too louu t,u theru would liuvu been u proceeds un assumption oftbo State debts, against thu lull ! Why. sir, the proposition was made long After thce and other preliminary nber ueloru any btntu was in dent, or it any, votiuus, Mr Cay bean lo consider the only for n trifling sum : nnd tho gentleman Bill in view of its adaption lo the presnnl soys tin? is on ossumption of thu State cri-isj. What, housed is the present debts.' JSut how Un wliol grounds did condition ol our people? Sir, there is one I make my proposition ? We are in po- general, prevailing distress from onu end session of a fund belonging lo llio Slate-, of the country to thu oilier. All our great held in trust solely Idr their beneht ; und I Utaples hove declined in price und arc do snid wo ought now lo ilicinbiiio u fro- I ctiinrirr. Thu country presents the image ceous among me amies. Anu mo geniiu- 0f n body in which onu hall has been btruck man snys tins loan nssumptiunot tlie ft'ute with pulsy: for in ono half there has been debts! bir, how is il -so And whose n giispoiiBinn ot specie payments, ond of is tins properly U will go to biuies inai business operations und trudo. owe no debt ; and il thosu Slates receive Those who are ucqoaiutod with M K, they get only what tlioy aru entitled to. Clay's powers of picturesque and pathetic In respect lo the American System, I eloquence, need no assurance that in pro am ready lo engage in the discusaion on henliug a sketch of thu presunt uinbarrass that subject ; hut when 1 do so. I hope thu moots und distress, he produced it powerful oouoiuoiu nuiiuiui iruin oimiiii wiiiimiiiu imnresSIOII .1 will remember the part he look in li.10 as l0 wi-hrd to heaven that in this gloom, ine origiuaior 01 unu sysium ; uuu uiui We could sec one gleum to light us lo r I was then his humble follower on tbn prospect of happiness restoredrond prosper sunjeci anu lor yenrs anerwarus ; unu i iv returned. Uut, to Tar from improviog, believe thu country is now fifty years abend tj,e ,,rjci. f a ollr fatUpos W( go down ; oi wnai u woum nave ueen oui ;or uiui ,nid this ciinliuual declension would result system, we should be now in the state we were before the Revolution, when there was no paper, nnd no currency, except tobacco and other articles of trade were used as a medium. I shall then bu ready lo show that domestic causes produced ill greater oorlion of the distret in which the country U involved: but of foreign cau not from ward of mirkcls. or from inability el these staples to market On this point, Mr Cay dwelt Willi great minute ness und effect. Ho had never known such n seusiin of distress as thai jusl put, or that which yet lies buforo us. Every pa't of our country is now bleeding; nnd the only man who regards it with iincnu ses tho main one has been 1 hut wo produce uern, is he who might do most to remedy looiuuo ni nome, unu seuu ior too mucn M. fcVj, 'j'IL. () hy s-1 c ia u ol the White abroad; and I believe thu imports are en- Housr. is the only man who cnnieint'lates inrgeu not merely ny me wain oi uuiy un us ide scene of ruin uml misery, without luxuries, uui inu nsi in ireu uruu.us i- sympathy, withoui. feeling, without uuv more than a moiety of tho whole imports emotions but those connccred with his owii ot the country. interests, or those of his nartisons. Mr. GRUNDY expressed the hopo that jjr (jnv (,.. rL.,,rroli ... ,1,.. nalis.,s t,r this subject would nol be worn out betoro nns b,. 0r t li id tr, iid prumineiil among tni! appropriuie tiuie. I nu ouieci uom- m ,,,, , !iri .i... ,... i r t ,p , M. I. .11 ... ,..i . , '. . . - ioon;o on mr. OAi,miUi n mil ni lies, UIUI lllut series Ol measures IM'amat thu public lands would make n report on t,L. finances, tho commerce, and all llio bu- Hint bill in u short tune, when all I nose siucss inturusto of iho eountru. wJimli rk subjects would bu brought fairly and fully ed the cnurso of iho last adiuinistrotioii.and before ihu Senate, so Uiui any gunlleoiau continued to bu the policy ut the dominant wuiiio il u v i: uu opporiooiiy 10 uiu ii'finui parly courso of presenting his bentiments upon tll'Mll. The memorial was now referred From this review ho turned to ask what remedy for ihese evils was proposed by inosu invested wiib the powers ot Govern ........ i mi, i. .i ..i. Wabiiinotow, Jan. 20. ftUO. , ' M u '. u . ' Ho examinei II firsl. n iu rinnds renrn The Senate Cliambor was filled in every gent it. What is it? Does il Ihu itsked pari ut nn early hour to day. While I proposu any reiiel Jjoes it hold out any writo, the Lidics' gallery presents a re , U"U3 11 tendur any con , , .. .. , """" v.iuiiuri to an ii ipri'ssuu peopiu iubly brilliant assemblage ot youth und N0) lf b(l u b (1JlCl nmi'h ma i i,uuiy ur una ill. iisbuiiiuuu ui "iiui unu ro( nt, It Is b imply beauty fair forms uud bcuiiung laces. A people bticciu in naunent of dues to more captivating circh could hardly be Government, nud to pay out spoeie to all exhibited by any city in ihe world. The " ' ' lT T V'"' " Men's gallery is equally crowded ;-while lwMt H cumbersnmu muelnnurv. it ore on t lie Hour about half the members of the tends lo bold out nothing moru. Hiiiim nmrmminvinir f.verv nriviloecd scat. i '"s remedy eoutiuiiud Mr Clay doe 1 I n- ..... ..,, , ... , 10 i. ...I -- .... and almoa every inch ol standinj room, to a II t lie u n s o u d c u r r e n c i u i ii t It u d i ffli i ii t It is rumored that Mr Clay will spuau on btute: and indeed does nol propose to do iho sub-Treasury. Whisper such n report, any thing lor them. All its preparations und it ilius on the wings of ihe wind, und "J"1, l,r,,v,!il0llrt ltnccivers Geunrnl, r..rll,u,ll, n.,...., n,l ci.i,,,,.,, ... . "UU Ull nn ,iu I u J II Ull U 1 1 a i'""uv - .uj, " nre soieiy oesigned to uccoiunlish the our evcrv part of the Chumbor is besieged by pom of receiving am paying in snecio. Ihu numberless admirers of his eloquonco. nut n not only imu to do uuy good to There was some feeling of disappoint- J uZ' ul meiit, when iho bill for Ihu Armed Occupu' ntloinpl to afford lo ihu country a bound Uunol Florida was first colled up; hut. thut u"" rilual currencv. ieu lectures onu homilie I 1,1 in.insnrn f, .ni ,1... 1'resident Having announceu that ihu hill currency- hard money, &c ; und we have buying been read ihreo times, was now on thu illustriounxainplnn of Cuba.nnd Snam. its final passage, Mr Preston, ol S. C. rose uml "llierliard uiniiuy eouuiries. i i. I,;, ,...., .,.;,., .. , presunteu uy tlio ' l'resident lo llio Sen 'Vur r u,,u "d bylheExucu.ivo und the S0.....0, luijuuje.veuvoa uauuiti uiu uiu, recapiiulo- 10 tue num, and through it to their parti- sans, in all parts of the Union. Hut our rulers have dona nothing worthy of prac tical statesmen. They have not cotimder ed tho wants and Iho sufferings of Ihe na tion; nnd undertaken, us they ought lo havi; ilniie, practical cures for Ilic evils, Mr Ci.ay hero gave n severe rebuke lo those who have made Ihe Senate chamber 11 hall of professorship lo lecture nnd lo ceiisuro Ihu Stales for their proceeding!! in regard to 1 he currency. Ho demanded lo know how men who nre eternally pre tending ami boasting to be t he solo nilvo cnlesainl supporters of Statu Rights prin ciples, could stand up her", nud hut I their (leniinciiiiions, day alter day, nt Ihe Sov ereign Stntes of this Union, oil aucoinil of the course winch they huvu thought or may think fit to pursue ? After dwelling 011 this point for nome lime, he decinred thai Ihe Government could not get rid of the Hanking svsteiu. It is here fixed as tho rock embedded in Ihe mutiiitaiiis which divided the different parts of the Union; nud, therefore, il would become n practical statesman to look nt the actual slate of things', nnd in his opinion, Government mui legislate with reference to n Hanking System, wlmso continnancu is inevitable, and can nol be prevented by ull the speeches, nnd messages) in this Chumbor or out of this Chamber. Mr Clay referred incidentally to tho cs tubiuhmunt of n Nntionnl Bnnk. Hu did nol intend to proposo such it t a institution, but lie believed it essential to Iho proper administration of the finances of this conn try ; and hoped, that when the people's voice was heard culling unequivocally for it, as ho believed it soon would, that voice would be obeyed. One of 1 ho 'most striking and impressive parts of his speech, was that in which he noticed the extraordinary arguments in be half of the Hill urged by some of the Ad ministration Seuniors ; and principally by Mr Buchanan, on Friday, last, founded 011 the newly discovered maxim of safety nud increased happiness to the people of this cointry from bringing down the wa ges of labor. For 1lHifirsit1me.il was then bo dly announced thai one object of the mcnsiiru, and onu of lis principal re

commemlations u.tknlil will enublu the capitalist engaged in manufactures ut nny description, lo contend advantageously with foreigners lor supplying thu mar markets of the world, by reducing the wages of the luboring men in his employ ment" The great boas', of Jackson was that his men-ures were calculated to prevent the rich from becoming richer, and thu poor from becoming poorer. Our new doctors have rever-ed (his policy entirely ; and bnhllv proclaim iheir plans nnd their do termination to be to make tho poor poorer for '.he purpose of making Iho rich richer. Truly did Mr C. declare that this way of reasoning irnvu in the Hill in n strong light, it character more inlamous l tin n uuy 111 which il had yet been presented. He denied Ihe principle that thu reduction of wages was an indication of prosperity. On the contrary, it. was a permanent high rate of woges which gave I hat indication. So also, or, a kindred subject, n permanent high rate ot interest not u tonipiirury, ot nuu tuiiting rale of interest but a permanent one, shows the prosperity of n country, this view was illustrated with singular felicity, copiousness uud power. 1 11 concluded with thu declaration that thai ounlry is most fln'riMiing where the pun ces of labor aru highest. lo cooocciioii witli this branch of thu object. Mr. Clay relerred.by way of illus ration, 10 u remark of the celebralei ditor of the Edinburgh Review, Fronci .leiVrey now Lord Jeffrey who visited this country many yeurs ago, und on lenv it, said " I his is ihe Heaven ol theioor iiinn but the Hell of the rich!" Wnh ull it t extravagunce, llio observation show ed thai the illustrious Reviewer hud been truck Willi ono of thu greatest marks und ivulences of a prospurous population, the hi"h rate ol wages, rind the consequent uililii inn tho Hour man obtained In the comforts which hu could nol procure in any oilier loud the sun shines upon. It is irom this tiuic ol ease und happiue-s so diffuionl from thu condition of the woiking moil of tho rest of ihu wold that I hit? pestiferous bill proposes lo strike down tho freo, hardy, indu-trious, und enterpri sing luborer of America. It proposes lo reduce them to no equality with tlio half fed, hnlj elolhed, impoverished, nnd tided ucated laborers, of most of ihu nations of insular and coiltiueulul Eompe. Sir, (said Mr. Cloy, throwing down the copy of the bill which ho had held in Ins hand I pass Irom this ineouru, nut 1 Hope the country will not soon pass from H; I t r 11-t tho people will coniiu'uo to consider and discuss 11; and when Ihe day ol rec ii 11 1 11 ir eniiics, uml 1 sincerely believe it will he the -lth day March, lll tl, lliey will not forgot thci one main object of lhi lettdiu!' measure avowed here was to givo to the !ioor man only so much for Ins labor I us would enable him to procure a bore subsistence, no 1 bnl Ihe rich might have In-, goodb produced nl so cheap u ratu us lo permit him to compnlo udvaulugeoiisly with the foreign iiiuuulaciururb 111 thu mutkets of Europe ! Mr. Clay alluded lo the remarks of the President 111 his Message, on the control exercised over I ho liiiiincuil concerns and business oftbo country by thu Hank of England' He shurod enmulululy, hu said, 111 thu ilissuiisfaction which the President manifested nl this display of power exerted doctrines of the Administration in relation to Ihe United Stales Hank, and the Statu Hanks; ond in speaking of this Aduunist ra tion lie reminded the country that thonnmo Mniiarchs wore on iho throne for thu Inst eleven years'. Charles Hie second, nl'iur (hnrles (he first, Martin Van Hnreii niter Andrew Jacicoii. He spoke of the war against (hu Nntionnl Institution, nnd the toriiH of high eulogiiim with which they then be-prtiieed anil be-puffed the Statu institution. Having succeeded 111 destroy ing lliem, they now begin to ileiiouucu and declaim ngninst the Hritish Monstur. Thu principal cuuso of the power uxortrd by the Hunk of England over thu financial nfiiiirs of the country was, as lie had stated before, thnt wo have been btiyingwo much and makinu too little. If wo wish to got rid of this foreign jower, let us not run so much 111 debt lit them. Onu of his principal objects of wishing lo eslnblish on efficient system of protection for our man. uluctiircs, was lo break down this foreign control' NORTH EASTERN BOUNDARY. Thu following purugruph is token from the Montreal Heruld. We give it for what it is worth, only remarking by tho way, thai it would be very stratigo if Iho report uf Messrs. Fentlicrstotiatigh and Mudgo were not in fuvoroflhu Brilish claim, As for the United Stoics, she will never consent to yield tho territory in dispute. "In the Quebec Mercury of Thursday wo find the following memorandum issued by Ins excnllcncy, Sir John Harvey, thu jteut. Governor of the Province of New Hrnnswick. We do nol know iho motives which induced Ins Excellency in issue it. but it may possibly bo in consequence of information hu has received from Ihu Im perial government that in the event of Messrs, Feutherstoriough and Mudgu's re. port of l heir survey of iho disputed lorrito ry agreeing with the position already main tnined by Great Britain, the whole ener gies ot the empire will bo culled into ac Won to enforce our possession of it, even nt the cost of n war with the United State-1. Although these gentlemen huve nol ul- lowed thu particulars of their report to transpire, it is moru than probable that its details are 111 possession of Sir John Har vey, and thai they arc in our favor In case ot'a general war, the recommenda tions ol Sir John nre extremely judicious, uud we understand they wore acted upon with iho most beiioucial resii'ls during Ihe war of 1812 nod Ihu subsequent years : Mk.moiiamium I uu) desirous of impressing upon the inhabitants of the frontier districts of this province, that 111 the event of hoMilnes with the United States, thu most prudent course to bu pur sued (on either sidu. lor the measure to be ttuctual must be reciprocal) would in my opinion, he that of btrici neutrality. L"t tho borderers remember thai tie connected with (he war, if wo should unhappily be compelled 10 engage in one, no national oh ject can possibly be advanced by any dis play on their pari ut hostile leelings to wards each oilier they might U is true, mutually subject each other to constant alarms, great calamities, suffering and ills Iross but their utmost efforts. 11 ust be as u drop of water 111 tin; determination of the great national questions ut issue, which muil bn decided elsewhere by Ihe naval and military resources of llio great powers engaged 111 the conflict. And let llio in habitants of this province rupusu with enn fideuce iiinui thu protection uf ihu parent Stale, which is alike ublo and willing to throw her powerful sheild over all who huve o just claim lo her pruteciiuti und do Icnce.' " lit a u it i 1: i) In 1I11 town, 011 MuiiiI.iv I'vcniug l.nl, by Ret. J. K. Cniivriso, ('.int. llllU.U Si. WlllfK, lo Mis CvNriiiA W. Sawykh. In ,M ilion, nu ilic 1 lilt iii. I. hv H. O. Webucr l't., Air, lli'iny iSliitni.ird of Gcuigia, lo Mias Siii'ii.i liiowti of 1 hi- liiritif-r plscn. In Cli.o liiiiu, on tin l''ih iiul, liy llio Kvv, O. I'lindla of bliitlhioits, Vl. .Mr Am M titer of Hop. kiuimi .Si. LuMtnrn cdintiy N. Y. To Mij l.nn.i Ann ff.u viu of llio former pl.icc. (hi tlniml.iy f''iihi! I Ik; 2.'M iml., ul Si. funis Clnucli, liy llio Uijjltt lii'Wrt'ml liifliop Iliipkhm, Clt!irlr. I'. Allen, lu Alalia A. Sawjer, bulb of liiirlinloii. In Iauii'. Mirh. on the .list Dee. D.iviil Itnr- noil. l'-t, 10 .Miss l,oiila Morion, formerly of V HIIJIOII. i) i r. n In iiliclliiiine, on the 221 hut. Trashi Sliel. (Inn. lined 5 1 i:.u.-. In Uoli'lii'flur, on llm liOlli mat, iWU, tnnay Duncan' wil'i; of Albi'il K. Duncan, WRITING. Til. PERSON finds it necessary to attend 11 class 111 the nficrnnon a well 11 h evening, to nccoinodnlo all who wish lo profit by his instructions in Pen. Suship. )u and nftcr Monday next ho will attend clnssos ut Ins Writing Room, at 2 and 7 o'clock P. M. Tkii.mj. for 10 lessons, including elation, cry 1 ,50. January 2D. THE partnership heretofore existing bo tween Gideon Lalhrop und Henry W. I'otwiu is dissolved, and thu subscriber is duly authorized to settle all claims fur and against tho partnership. The partnership lately exist ing between Lalhrop, I'otwni and Wait, in also dissolved, ami all the goods and slock of the firm have been sold and delivered to Meurs I'VIAYQ & W.&XT for the benefit of llieuiscivcs and oilier ercdilore of the firm. The subscriber indulges a hopu that by a prompt siilo of llio goods, Messrs Mayo an J Wail will bu enabled not only lo pay and in- dcinnif'y themselves, hut have u largo dividend for other ciedilors. The subscriber purpoaea lo remain iu town until tho business of the firm is closed, and will be ready lo lend all Ihu aid iu hi.-, power to settle tho accounts and pay lo every cieditor his utmost duo. Thoso who oice tlio concern will sco thu absolute necessity of speedy payment. GIDEON LATH HOP. Butlinglon, Jan. 30, lii-10. rjnilE subscribers have entered into copart. A nership under thu name und title of MAYO & WAIT for Ihe transaction of tho gcuoral Dry Goods business, and hnvo purchased the slock of tho late linn of Lalhrop, l'olwiu & Walt, and will continue ihu business ul iho old stand, corner of Church and College streets, and also at Winoosl;i Village. Thuyhavuou hand a large assortment of GOOUS, which they aru prepared lo sell uncommonly cheap for cash or approved credit at wholesale or retail. Country Merchants wishing lo repleui-h their stock of goods during thu winter, can have an opportunity of doing so al this establishment 011 tcrma more favourable than is usually afford them so near home. All thoso wishing to buy will do well to cull and sec; I'n wu ussuro them thai IVO Will give 13 1! i: T BUIOAINS. Burlington, Jan. SO. IIE.VIIY MAYO, JOSEPH WAIT. Lovi: and Suicidk. Our readers will recollect that wo published nu account of u suicide commuted by n Mr Kirby, in Balti. mure, some days biuco, iu consequence of iho refusal of tho mother of thu young lady to whom hu was engaged to bu married, lu give her consent to the nuptials. The Ual. timoro Posl gives the following inulaiichnly account of the condition ut the vouug ladv: "She demanded lo nee the corpse, and reliised lo bohuvu that her lover was dead ; thu would not listen lu llio solace of those uround her, and nl length under the hope thai her mind would bu nppea-ed, her de sire was reluctniitly complied with-, yester day she wus conveyed to (hu hoiisu, and led in thu apartment where the deceased object ol her maiden love, lay iu thu cold embrace ofuu unnatural death. A scene ensued which the pen cannot describe the poor girl chnig to llio cold remains, und called by every endearing epithet her loved one to return she clamored lor the lile trial was gone, in tones and language "Inch n duv belore would have borne him to "ih high top gulluni of Ins joy." Alas! it availed not now, ihe cold brow was stern and inuiionloob ; iho lips arched nut with their wonted smile; and ihu glassy eye hud retreated to ihe chamber ut Us long repo-e He was dead. The cold conviction stolo upon her heart, und thu dutrncled brain wenried itself with unavailing woo. It was at leuglh found necessary to removu her bv lorce, nud she was horuu Imtue in u inosl distressing stole ot Insensibility. U. S. UincuiT Cuuiit. Adjournal Ses rinllE subscriber would acknowledge .L with grutnude the assistance nfiorded htm nl the late fire, nud the cure taken of the goods ; uud the only way 111 which hu can repay it will bo in giving hi-i best help lo olh -r- in thu .-nine ur similar difficulties. The tire appears lo have taken in llio hay loll where no light of ours had buuii for two and 11 half hours, and then with two persons and a gooj glass globe lon'ern. I examined 111 v stable without auv light uf any kind us is my constant custom after mv liimily were lor Ihu most part 111 bed, nil about ihreu fourihi of uu hour buforo the firu. Tho goods were saved with but mall loss or damage considering the largo iiianiiiy of themftf different kinds. Tho averngu damage was about 9 per cent., uml lliey will be sold ul a very low price fur ready pay. All orders will executed on short notice. Culling, cleaning, and lepniriug douu as usual 111 my shop ul the head of Peurl St., or nt mv simp n few rods south ol the bridge ut the lulls un the new road. 1'. S. 1 would say for the information of some person-, Ihal my book's nod papers are all saved, and 1 uut prepaid! to seillo with nil persons oul ol town. All persons whose notes nod nccoiiuis uro due, atu re quired to pay immediately. Thusu having accounts of long standing, must consider tin-, and thclotiors and cut's already made, simicicul notice CHARLES IiENNS. Jan. 120, 1C-10. (inn. Ai uiu pieseui lerin in nns Jnilo Conkling presiding, Wji, Juiiso by u loruign itistiiuiiou;--uud hu confessed j was tried for a violation of Ihu neuuuP.iy ,- i-....: .... ., 1 1.. ..I'll...... , .,ini,, ,,, fi.ni 11 mililiirv pxnnilltlun Ins morlificutiun. tun. Ihal tho pmiplo ol (Ins country looked Willi a far deeper nnd muro ulnurbing interest for thu arrival uf a Hritish steams-hip than they did for news from Washington. And why is this, bin. because ihe American people have been taught to hopu fur nothing to look for nothing frum Iho Capitol and thu CIuv crumuiil of their own eounlry. Uut why is this power uf iho Hank of England so controlling? I lu uUribuled 11 to the war of thu (luvurumenl on the institution of thai country. Was II fho risked! over feared or conr plained of during tho existence of the National Hank of ihu U. Slates? Never uevur .'until you had run down llio 1 11 s.1 it u 1 ion von called "Iho Moilsler." nnd left us to ihu mercy of numb.'riess 111011 slers 111 every pari of thu Union Mr. Clay reviewed ihe mcueurcs und laws, in sntting on fool a military expedition ngninst the Province of Upper Canada, und sentenced to one year iinpri-onineni in tho e.oiintv mini, nnd u fine ol iDcdollurs. Jllb Daily Advertiser. Piti.i: Hvbay. Wo learn Willi pleasure frum tlio lusi number of Iho Common school Journal, thut Ihe premium of 500 offered by thu AniuriiMui lusiuuio ol Instruction for iho ' best Essay on 11 System of Educa' Hon best minuted lo Common hchools 1 our eounlry." has been awarded 10 Thomiib II. Palmer sf Putsford in this slate. Vcr. isennei lrermnnler. BOOTS & SDIOES. 3. 22. apaATT, iioot (e rSbftoc UnUcu. r BLENDE I IS his acknowledgements to iho public fur ihu liberal pairouagu hu has r received Ihu piisl year and solicits a couliuu- iiico ol llioir lavor. 1 10 lius now tor sale a large and excellent stock of Cienlleuien's calf HOOTS sewed Sc pegged, do DANCING PUMPS. Women's leather I'.OOTEES SHOES. Men's and It-v'sTIIIClC HOOTS. All kinds of OOV'5 k SHOF.S made lo order, and warranted lo hu ready when prom ised. Notwithstanding ho does nol do u credit busiuuss, ho has several small bills due him for work done 111 1830. ho assures ihosu con cerned thai small as ihcir Mils are, hu is in gruat waul of Ihu money, and hu earnestly requests them lo selllu their accounts with the .SVioe .Vrtr, IM.VKM.ITKLY. liuilinglon, January -7, 1310. rtnllE CORN CRACKER ui Hub. JL b'll'a Falls is now 111 good uidur for lni-ine--i 3w Superfine Flour lor Sale by 1 in WTONfJS & UU. STONGS&. C'U. FAfifiM FOB1 SALE. fin 11 E subscriber offers. 10 sell his exton JL bivu lurtii, situaied in Iliuesburgh, on thu stage road from Burlington in Mid- ! dlebury, consisting of neurly '100 ucres of laud, together with nil the necessary Inrnr lug uleiisiU, ihu buildings siiunted thereon, and a largo stock', C'liisisiiug of 4 ur 500 sheep, und between -10 uud 50 caitle. Said Iiirui is tun well known lo need uuy lurtlier description : it is uiubibly second id iionti 111 ihu Stale, Tun bui'diiigs ure insured, for between 3 and $ 000. PETER R. HOYNTON. Uir.ab'irgh, Jutiuurj "!), 10 10. r