Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 21, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 21, 1840 Page 2
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getting ready to pay pension!;. Ilo ne ver would put it in the power of tlin Se cretary of tlio Treasury to allow ono man a salary of tun thousand dollars, and ano ther of five, and another of two, just at Ins sovereign pleasure, livery hody knew that if tliL'.se men put their money in any hank, with a certainty that it would not ho called for for four or live mouths to come, they could get 4 or 5 per cent, in terest on it. Mil. Ckakj inado some remarks, at tho conclusion after which he proposed an amendment, (handed to him lor that pur pose hy Mr. 11. Gaim.ani),) providing that no money appropriated should ho placed in tho hands of pension agents more than one month before the lime for the said pensions. To this amendment Mr. UNmutwoon proposed mi amendment, providing for an allowance to the pension agents of a certain per contain on the money disbur sed by them, butlimitingthe total amount to be received for such services by each of said agents in one year to Si ,"()() ; and prohibiting any agent from using or loan ing the public money entrusted to his hands, under penalty of imprisonment for not less than one nor more than live years. Tho debate was continued by Messrs. Stanlv, Bhattv, Si:hi:ant, Umi:u woon, W. Thompson, Limit, Hum., Cimris, Junks;, of Virginia, and Wiiitu of Ken. Mr. Wadoy Thompson rose mid said that there wus ono great errur put vading tliu country, in I In: estimation formed of those who wero at this tunc administering tho nfl'tirs of tho iintum. It had been thought that t liny wanted boldness. Never had there been a grater mistake. It required boldness or' the highest, nliarncler, coudicluririfj tti'e prmcipl.js upon which this Administration put itself before the cotiaiiy to come here in the fact of I lie world, und endeavor trill furl her to impose on the credulity of the country, by oft'ertng n proposition directly at war with all the principles I hey had proceed upon the leading measure ol the Administration. What was ihe proposition now made ? lie appealed to book; gentlemen to some of his colleagues, whom he saw in their beats, and who, he knew, were sincere in their opinions as. to the siib.Treasury, and he would nk them whether they could reconcile their opinions on I hat subject with the vote which they were now colled upon to give ? For popular rlVect, ond he believed mainly, if not exclusively, for popular effect, without raising; tin eye lo the reat interests of ihe country, and habitual war has been carried on against the banking 'instiiiinou-i of the country. And what was Ihe condition of things in relation to the pension fund at this lime? Bonks were not appointed agents. None but individuals were appointed. Dot who urc those individual? ? For the mo.-t part officers, presidents or cashiers, of banks, und receiving and discharging the trust, no one doubts, not lor their own, but fur Ihe benefit of the banks. Why appoint t firm ? Was it that tho benent n.inhi mure o. iFllliflfellie ed ? Did any body believe it ? Hero was one of those tricks which had so much cliornclenzed the practice of Ibis Adminis tration, and by which they accomplished their favorite objects without responsibility . In the first place, Ihe public money was deposited in the banks and what more? Why, the next branch of the subject was that over which an qual clamor had been raised What right had ihe banks or indi viduuls to the use of tho public money .' All hind that there was no Mich right, unless Ihe Government could thereby save money or make a better contract for keeping and disbursing its funds. And yet, in the face of this, the public money had been and was deposited with individuals, it is true, instead ol banks the profits, however, muring to ihe banks, yet without Riving to the Public that security which the banks would furnish. If the money was deposited in bunks, the whole stock of I he banks was hypothecated ns security. But how was it on the other hand? Could as sufficient security be prncor e I trout an individual who was needy enough to accept this agency ? Or, in any event, could a security be procured equal to Ihe hypothecation of the whole stuck of the backs ? Yet, still the cry was the public money is not to bo used. Oh ! no who bad the right to use it ? No one neither u bunk nor on individual ; and yot it was openly avowed here, and by one of the party of the Administration, that I hat was the best mode of compensation for these disbursements. Give to these agents the use of I he public money, although it cannot bo done by law, that was the doctrine; and yet we were told here by gentlemen speaking in behalf of the Admininliotinn, Give this money to the agents that they may use it, instead of giving than a fixe J salary. Now, if ihe policy hero laid down was a just policy in relation to the pension fund, why wus it not just whet, applied to oil others ? Why should a douceur be given to private agents lor the disbursement of this loud, by permission to have the money for their own profit . and not be given in every other case? If this was the best mode of compensation ns applied to the pei.jion fund, wan it not so when applied to iho keeping und disbursing of all the public money ? What was tho great objection to the use of the public money? It was, that it was thereby pluced in jeopardy ; but if it was us safe when used, and us promptly forthcoming when wanted, and withal kept and disbursed without expense, what ob jection could there he? And vhul wus there about this particular fund, that it uhould be deposited in die hands ol imhvi duals, und loaned out by them ? Why W.ould this fund bo put m jeopardy, in danger of being lost, whilst all other of the public moneys is to be more seriipu Jously guarded ? If there wus one fund t hut, more than another, " hud need the guard of dragon watch with uu enchanted eye, " it wad this vi'iy fund applied us it was to the wuuls and, in many instances, lo I lie necessities of those whnguvu us nil our iflktitutiuiis' ; and jut wo arc told t fi u i ho pesl, best plan was to give it to private, that they might loan it nut. Was there ever so monstrous u proposition uecerted ns this, cniismlcruig by whom it is n-serted ? The Picsidonl of the United States linil recommended that it should he niudo felony for any sub-trenMirar, or keep er of the public money, to touch one dollar; and yet, so far from making it felony m this case, the agent was told that he must use the money, nml that this was all the compensation which ha would receive. Was there ever eucli palpable, impudent inconsistency? It was felony to touch any other moneys appropriated to pay tho public creditors, because the money wus thereby put in jeopardy, ltut not only was it not felony in regard to this the most sacred of nil the funds of the Government, but the ngents were absolutely instructed j to maku of the money. And the House had been told by a highly icspuc table gentleman of tho Administration party, (Mr. IIom.kman.) that this was tho only compensation which the agents wero to receive. With what groco could tho President of the United Slates turn out of office a pension agent, for duitig that which he was instructed to do ? Dot what lorther ? It was ecen that this motley wus deposited in the huuds of the agents months in advance of the necessity lor its payment; and now, at a tunc when the Government was literally living from hand to mouth, when it had not money to meet its ordinary expenses, these moneys were to be paid out months it. advance of the time at which they wero wanted. In other words, money wanted fcr severe present emergencies could not be got, yet money wus lo be rnised and appropriated in advance for the payment of debts not yet due. And, in the mean lime what was done Willi the money- ? It was uot even to bo locked up in the nugatory and foolish manner proposed as to other moneys, lo meet a debt due in future to provide for the expenditures of the Government but, what makes it worse Ihuu foolish and uugu. tury, it was thus to be raised, and inteiost paid upon it, that it may bo given to ngenls to be used us they might think proper, and for their own benefit. At u tune when the Government could not pay its own debts, it demanded money it. advance to be let out for private purposes und individual profit, or, what was worse, the profit of banks. Nor was this nil. How was tho money lobe got? If any ono thing was more disingenuous than another in the Message ot Ihe President of the United States, it was t lib covert calls of thu Administration for money. What had Iho President said in n recenl message ? He Mr. T. took some pleasure in the recollection that he had (lie good fortune first to make no issue with the President of the United States ns to the resources of tho Government. It hud been deined in the official organ that he, Mr. T.. whet, he had made a direct issue with the President upon this point, had only said what every one knew, that there would be a tleficicnoy in iho 'Proas, ury. This statement had been made directly in the face of that part of Ihe Message which Eoid that the resources ol the Government for the next year would meet the current expenses of the Govern ment without a resort to loans or taxes. Everybody ese , ho.'.'.w, Iipiiit. , JV mr" ilts reputation would deny it. But Mr- T. was willing to attribute t he error to unintentional inaccuracy, but the Globe tells us that it is otherwise. He Mr. T. had Paid on a former occasion that he knew they would bo cnmitig here before long, cap it. hand, asking for money; und they would come sooner than wis expected. And on what pretext have ihey come ? Why. of unexpected judicial decis ions ogainst tho Government. Were not those decisions known ? Or. in any event, might Ihey not have been unticipatcd ? And now thry wero told that it would be necessary lo raise more money. How ? Not by an increase of taxes, says the President not by an increase of iho loriff. which is the only means now by which money can be raised. No ; that would not do. The tariff regions are to be humbug ged by a show of increDsc, whilst tile Southern section is to bo amused by oppo sition io it. The same gome was to be played as was now going on in regard to tho Cumberland road. Tho President's friends in the West say that he is in favor of tho road; the South is told that he i opposed to all such works on constitutional grounds. The tariff was not to be raised still money must bo had some other meansl must be resorted to, says the President. What other meuiis were there, but to bor. row money upon interest, which they would not do. or lo resort lo the expedient of the poor spendthrift, who gives his note when ho has spent his money ; und whilst, with the recklessness and iinmoruhty of all spendthrifts, they havo no expectation of being able to meet their notes und no pro vision made, but must give other notes lo pay those which wore outstanding ; for the sum total of the firiaucml abilities of our American Ncckar is lo give his note, The matter, then, stood thus. The President wanted money, which was only to be got by borrowing, or by issuing Treasury notes, in cither of which allerna. ttves interest mint be paid. If wo had the muncy, it would bo wrong thus to appro prialo it beforo Iho occasion occurs for which it is required, with a view to its being luaned out by individuals for indi vidual profit. But it is infinitely worse. What is ihe proposition ? Why was the House asked to act on this bill with such indecent haute ? Wero they not setting uside the ordinary business of the country in order t hut they might make provision' for the payment ofu debt that was uot duo, hy paying interest on ihe very money rnisod for Iho purpose ? What would be thought in private life of nn individual who thus conducted his atiuirs ? There were 30 or 40 agents for tho dis bursement of tho pension food. The amount proposed to bo ruised is three mil lions. Tho average timu which will he required is six months, giving to these ugetils nearly nit.ely thousand nmuugst them. Why, sir, it would ho just Ihe same thing to givo them tins 90,000 will., out the complex process of borrowing it lo give lo them that thry muy loan it out ugiiiu. If ho Mr. T.) was not greatly in error on ull these points, and, if he wus, let it be b'huwn, tin struck him a ono ol tho boldest propositions he had yot had or.e.mion to notido. Mr. UiM.ti wished to inqniro of the Chairman of the Committee of Ways mid Means whether the Treasury Department hud any information which was in bis Mr. Junks' possession, os to tho present ability ot these pension agents to pay the funds hitherto deposited with them, or whether applications hud been inado frora any quarter for indulgence or litne ? Mr. Junks said that ho was not aware that tho Secretary lof tho Treasury had any such information in his possession. Mr. 11km,. Then I understand that these agents have perfect ability to pay out ull the funds now in their hands. Mr. Jonks. If any person is not able to pay out the funds placed in his hand;, it is a fact which is not within my knovvl. edge. Mr. Ctm-ris hoped the Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Metins would consent to lay this bill aside without taking the question, in order that the House might be placed in possession of information which, judging Iro.n the course of Ins ro marks, the Chairman was not now able to give. Mr. C. desired the gentleman to be able to stato distinctly whether there were foods enough m tho hands of the pen sion ngenls to meet the demands. Mr. Jo.Ni'.s said it seemed to him that the information sought by tho gjntlouian from New York Mr Curtis) wus already io the possession of evcty gentleman. There was a statement before 'he com. mittee showing tho amount of moneys ap propriated for the several objects of the bill ut the last session of Congress. There was also a sta'ement showing tho unex pended amounts under each head, und it clearly appeared that, for three classes of pensioners provided for in the third section, there was not enough by onu or two hun dred thousand dollars, This information was derived from the Commissioner of Pensions. Mr. Cuiitis. Then ho gives mo the information which is contained in this bill which is Mr. JrNKs. No : there is tho informa tion contained in the estimates accompany ing the bill. Mr Cuiitis. And no other, This book holding up the estimates showed t lint there wus no present necessity for an op propriulion of more than two or three hundred thousand dollars : and tho bill proposed to appropriate about thrcu mil lions. Mr. C. well remembered tho course of this bill last year, and he well remembered t he remarks made by one of his colleagues. When the bill came in two years ago. the then Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, Mr, Camiikeleno. at a late hour, proposed tint it should be token up out of its order, as it bad been on tho pre sent occasion and ihat it should bo forth with passed; because, aa ho said, there was no money to pay tho prior soldiers. Tho Revolutionary soldiers and officers, he said, were daily demanding payment, and l hero was nothing to givo them. Hie Mr. C.'s attention had at that lime been drawn lo the subject, tud he had felt hound to call the notice of that to the stute of the documents Irom the War Department, which had the control of this fond. 1 c"- J ' J ucu" UOIO iu allege, as tho result of his exumtnution, that there was, at that tune, the sum of two millions of dollars in tho hands of pen sion agents. This statement was roundly denied by ihe gentleman Mr C amduki.eno in the way so peculiar to himself. It was denied also by a very respectable gentle man from Baltimore, who, on the very next day, came hero and stated that he had made a personal examination into the facts at ihe VVar Department and at the Pension Office. He then admitted that there was proof that nearly two mill.ions of dollars were in the hands of pension agents, and he then proceeded lo say that it was the practice of t lie War Department to put the agents in possession of funds from four to six months in advance of the time of dis burseinent ; and ho justified it, us gentle men have justified it to-day, on the ground that it was proper, by way of compensation for the services rendered. The then chair man of the Committee of Ways and Means produced and had read several letters from pension agentu ; und he Mr. C remen. bercd that several of them wero letters calling upon the Secretary of War for remittances of funus to their hands , and several of them went so far as to say that ihey .would not hold the office unless more money was placed in their hands by way of compensation. Ono of these agents, residing in tho Stato of Vermont, said that he understood there was a bill pending beforo Congress providing for tho compen sation of pension agents, and that, if no more salary was given than that which was contemplated, which was fifteen hundred or two thousand dollars a year, it wus not worth while lo keep the office. Thut par ticular agent failed the next week. The Government instituted suit against him, und Mr. C. wus happy to say, either had or would receive tho money. The Govern ment had not been so lortunato it. relation to a pension agent at Boston. Persons had sought tho offices of pension agents on the ground that they could do Iho business as the United Stoics Bank, und that they were willing to do it on the same terms. This was the commencement of these agon etc in ihe United States. It had been urged hero that they would do it on the sumo terms as the United States Bank that Ihey wuntcd nothing. He Mr. C would hold them lo their burgain until some provision should bo inado by law in regard lo thosu agencies. If tho Govern ment was under the necessity of issuing notes on interest, he was for saving that interest us much as possible. Mr. White, of Kentucky, did not wish to emburra-s the chairman of the Coin tnittoiit Wuys und Means or this com mittee. All ho wished was a plain stato inent of facts, If ho understood the chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, the pre sent bill provided for tho payments coming due on the 4th of March und ulso on Ihe 4th of September and the only necessity which existed for this speedy uction was, tleit probably one or two of tho pension funds might bo deficient, whilst in others there wus u lurge surplus ; so thut there wus no necessity for immediate action, but J'oi the fact thut there might uu a deficien cy in ono or two of tho funds. Now, he would ask (be chairman of the Committee of Ways and Moans whether there was not a general law providing for the transfer ol any unexpended balances in one of the funds to meet any deficiency which might exist in another ? Mr. Jones said thcro was a goneral law vesting iu tho President of tho United States the power to transfer appropriations under certain heads enumerated in tl.o law to certain other heads therein enumerated. His Mr. J.'s recollection did not enable him nt this time to say whether this time to say whether this luw was applicable to the pension fund or not. His recollection rather inclined the other wuy : but he would not soy so positively. Tho law could soon bo referred to. Mr. White, of Kentucky. If wo now havo two million dollars of this pension fund, being five hundred thousand dollars more than is required (or present purposes, why should thcro bo action upon the bill at this time ? Why increase tho fund ? If we have a general law providing for the trans, fer of unexpended balances from ono head of appropriation to another, why bring the bill thus prematurely up ? I ask the com mitteo to rise until inquiry can bo made. If there is no nccejsity for tho immediate appropriation of this money, I hope no man is ready to put Ins hand into the Treasury for it. 1 move that the commit tee rise. And, that motion having been agreed to, the Committee rose and reported progress. FR1DAYMOKNI.NG, FEBRUARY 21. THE PENSION FUND. Head tho late proceedings in Congress on this subject. The President sent a message to Congress the other day stat ing that the Treasury was unexpectedly empty, and that some immediate measure must bo taken to "raise the wind." On the same day, an administration member got up in the House, and witha long-drawn sanctimonious face, reminded the Speak er that in a few days the "Old Soldiers," would be clamoring for their stipends, and unless an immediate appropriation was made they would be sent away empty. It was moved to suspend all other busi ness, and appropriate three millions, in stanter. An inquiry was made, however, as to tho amount of money already in the hands of pension agents, and it turns out titat there is enough, into a fraction,'? cover the next lion instalments! And yet congress is asked to appropriate 8, 000,000 of borrowed money, a year in advance. And for what? Why, for the j benefit of the pension agents for the benefit of 41 Sub-Treasurers, such for instance, as Augustine Clark ! nothing more nor less than distributing three millions of the people's mono' as a re ward to partisans and at a time too when there is more than two millions of treasusury notes out, and the President again at the door of Congress proclaiming the treasury bankrupt ! But read tho whole proceeding as detailed under our Congressional head. "THE RESPONSIBILITY" When the present dominant party came into power, the expenses of the Govern ment were thirteen millions. Within three years from that time the expendi tures reached twenty millions, and for several years it has exceeded THIRTY. Who is responsible for this enormous and prodigal expenditure? the administra tion, with its overwhelming majorities in both branches of Congress, and its veto power in tho hands of tho executive ? or the opposition, which, by the way, lias never been able to carry but a siuglo im portant measure, and that to wrench from the cormorant grasp of the administration twenty millions of tho people's money for distribution among the States? Lot com mon sense answer the question who is responsible. But tho Sentinel, with a keenness of perception which is certain ly uncommon, has made the discovery that the opposition which, by the way, the Sentinel has more than once declared to be too week and insigiiificont to make the poiltical contest interesting ! is re sponsible fertile whole. Hoar thesage That party are uteri. ally bawling about e travugancc, when any onu who will take thu troublo to refer to the journals of Congress will find iuconlcstiblu proof that, as a party, tho federalists havo always voted for tho ex travagant expenditure of tho public monuy. Not a. singlo for tho last twelve years can ho pointed out, which favored an extrava gant Expenditure of public mo. toy, a largo majority of tho federal members in Congress did not bupport by their votes. And yot these men havu Iho effrontery to uccuso the Democratic party of criminal ex, and denounce them for thu vury impropriations for which ihoy thonuolvis voted ! The argument then stands thus : the administration by its prolliguto course in creases tho "expenses of (lie government to thirty millions. The President says lo Congress that this sum is absolutely ne cessary to keep tho wheels in motion. A portion of the "insignificant" opposition, on tho supposition that tho President has stated tho necessities of tho govennent correctly, vote for tho appropriations, and therefore the Whigs are responsible for the measures of tho Administration ! Sago conclusion ! My neighbor falls in to the pit ; I help him out and therefore tun responsible for his being there ! But supposing this " insignificant minority" vote against the appropriation : then they are a " factious opposition, who would stop the wheels of government, to gratify partizan malignity." This is tho argu ment by which the Sentinel would prove that tho Whigs are responsible for the enormous oxpedditures of the present Ad ministration. IS tit now for the facts. The President iu his last message glorifies himself on the score of economy, for having brought his estimates down to twenty-six millions. And how ? By omitting in tho estimate ten millions, to meet some of the most important measures recommended in the message ! A motion was made the other day to appropriate half a million for I tho Cumberland lloitd. Tliu question arose, whether this was included in the estimate. No ono could answer. It was moved to iuquiro of tho President whether this appropriation was recommended, or not. This motion was sustained by tho whigs, and uniformly opposed by tho ad ministration members. Why oppose tin inquiry of this kind ? The question is answered by a member of the lower House, in thu following significant re marks; to which we invito the reader's special attention. Mr. It. said ha would now turn to' the npiilleiriin. from IiuImim (.Air. Wick,) intro duced iid lo himself, and tako up thi! is sue in Iu llio iimenuoiisne.-n of lh course which lliu pict'em AilinliiUliaiioii pur.-tied in ill is mailer. Ho ulad ihe llou.-e had .((Tordeil liiin an oppoilu lily to ineel He dt.sired anx iously lo (ix, if hi) could, I lie iitienliuu ol every member uflliu lluu.-e, und nf every fair man iniliu country, upon the manner iu which the I'lCdidcnt hud gone into lliu approaching canvas. Sir said Mr. IS. that pan of the Me.-'inge which relates to lliu expenditure is piepaieil .villi lliu fckillofa veteran politician. It has pone lo ihe country far in advance of ihe estimate- It luw liccu eagerly eeized upon by parii-an.-: You find it in staring capitals in every village newspaper of the Administration. It contains a round n.-rerlion, brief .mil portable such us any one can cutcli up ut tho Cross UuaiU und readily carry home from mill or maikel. Ho sais that the expendiluies of 1830, will not in all probability, exceed twenty-sis mib lions, or six viitliuns tess than it was lau i-ar. Willi u deieruiinaiidii, so far as depends upon me, to couliniiR ihis leductiiin, I have iliiected I lie. estimates for 1S-10 t lie suhjected io the severest scrutiny, und lo Im limiieil iu iho nb.-olnie rnpiiic ineill" "'t"Oio Dublin ,., . ice. 'Ilieywii. lie liiiiiiil less than the expenditures of 1S39 by over Jive millions of doll, ns." Now, Mr. Speaker, will any candid person deny Ihat this is calculated lo make a (also impression upon ihe countiy .' What is dm inference, drawn by any plain man 1 Doubtless dial ihe I'lcsideiit has been nnxiuii'ly engaged, day und uigln, iu a severe and labmious sciuliny ioin abuses : that iho pioning. knife has never been out of his hand ; he has encountered leartessly, und witnont regard lo friend or fue, the odium und stubborn resistance which retrenchment must nlwuys provoke ; and that he lias Inoiight down the expeudiiuio at u rule so rapid that, if the Pcopln but rt -elect him, it may possibly disappear altogether. Who will say ihe ciedit thus claimed in the nnxielips of an electioneering campaign is ju-lly due hetlhe friends ofihe Administration turn lo a single instunce in which retrenchment has Iwen brought about by Mr Van Uuren. What office lias he abolished what cleik even dispensed with what foreign minister field lo his post, to us to save otilfit what uLtise, in short of uny kind cor rected'? It is noun ions, anil i-o Ihe estimates show that this boasted leiluclion is found iu lliu aban donment of miliiury operations in Florida, which under imbecility and mismanagement, had swelled up to u trlglilfnl eh nge. If ihe necessity fur ihat expenditure had ce.i-ed, the merit of economy he longed not lo the Tic-idem ; but if, in li ion n t llie approach id" ihe canvass, the war had been iugloiionsly nbnnd.Micd, or if the waste nf pub. lie properly wus to uko a new ami disguised form not so readily esiimaied in nionev, then theie ought io be u deepei M-ntimenl of indignation than might have been duecitd at a uictc empty elec tioneering flourish. Hut It remained in point out tho mot ntiful paragraph of the Message. Afier glorifying him self about thu ipdnclion. and promising gieul things, " so far as depends upon wc," ho thus gives n olew to his partisans, and piepates the public mind lo look with odium upon Confess : "These are cirrumstnnces impose the ne cessity of rigid econoinv.and ireuirn its prompt und constant exeicisu. With tub Legislatuiik rest the power and duty of so ndjusling the public expenditure as io proinulu this end. I5y the pro. visions ot'ilio Conation loo It Monty in conseoiicnee of impropriations made by luw that money can be drawn from iho Tieusury. No instance has oct urrcd since the establishment of lite Governmeni, iu which the Executive, though a component part of the legislative power, lias interposed an objection to an appropriation billon lliu sole ground of its extravagance. His duty, in this lespect.has been consiileieil l iit.KILr.KI) by leipjesiing iuih appropriations only us tho public service may bo teasonubly expected lo require." Can any man, not wilfully blind, fail to sco thu purpose aril drift of tho anxious und elaborate cootrnst bat ween iho Presi dent and tho Legislature? Every dollar not dcinnndcd by the estimates is denoun ced buforehund ns a lavish expenditure Tho President hud rejected it from tho es timated because twl Mich "as tho public porvico may bo expected to require" Lot Congress reinstate it at their peril. Thu materials for denunciation ure furnished. The President btutes tl.o amount of Iu estimates ; the newspapers, published by authority, will yivu tho ultimate umouut of appropriation at iho cud of iho session Tho difjercuco is fuiind by ae'uuplo rulo of arithmetic. Thut difference, tho People uro led to believe. s iho prica (hey pav for our complex lorm of Government. A despotism would sDvo it- It is thu uuhap py power nf Congress lo iatermeddhi vvuli upprnpriutions thut causes a prutl'iilc wusto. And how idle, sir, as i ho Presi dent well know, will it bo lo tnlk lo tlie People uboui Executive control over Hit' purse, it their tiiiuds can be pro-occupied with a belief that this very fact will buvr them from an annual tax of aeven millions of dollars It was humilintinrx to an American to nolo Iho miserable stratngoun which hail beet, resortril to in order to keep up iho dt'liiHion. Aside from this matter of tho Cumberland road, how was it as to thu hill for the nrmrd occupation of Florida?' It was propocd, by that measure, lo jfivcj away three million two hundred thousand nemsi of ihe choicest lands, to bo selected at will by sillier. This land had been bought from Spain in 1019, by money paid out of tl.o public Treasury. It was pro por-ed, nls-o. to api'tid an itnmcnso sum ut cash upon these settlers. Hut not a dollar appeared in tliu estimates. Yet it wan proclaimed as an Administration measure. Tho gratitude nf tho South was claimed for it accordingly. The Commanding General in Florida had been denounced on the floor of tl.o Senate, by tho author of that bill, for presuming express an unfavorable opinion of a project eanclioneil by the Administration. The result wai thut, after uusworing a local parly pur pose in one (uurter, it would subserve, m other rjuarter, tl.o great general purposu of deception indicated by tho Message. Atiain.aslo the udditional military forco for Florida. The President aska for ono thousand men. Yet he had kept th is item out of the estimates! A Whirr member of the committee on Military Affairs Mr. Thompson consents to bo visible in re porting a bill. My honorable friend, whoso disposition involves n lofty ignorance of eucl. artifices, is thus mado to play into the bunds of tho ducetvers. The President, gels credit with tho South ; he gels all tl.o patronage ; and we tthull have this pieca of Whig extravagance to encounter next fall! The subject of light-homes was ono of deep interest. Tho reputation of tho country, the interests of commerce, and tho clmrns of humanity, wero nliko involved. Every ono must havo been surprised at i tie omission in the estimates. Mr. li. hud tiecerluined thut, nt'ter keeping out this item from tliu estimates, which were gut on to sustain the President's, boust, tho Fifth Auditor had been sent to the Committee on Commerce with urgent entreaties lo report in favor of hixht-housen to no umouut exceeding two hundred ond seventy-five thon-and dollars, and that various other points were anxiously indi euled. Mr. B said that he sickened at eucb ex hihitious. Can it bo that, un intelligent and generous people will be thus duped ? Will they he tlie victims of a pitiful con spiracy to foster discontent at their own free institutions ? The Irank and manly spirit, of ihe West, he knew, would revoit Iron, the spectacle. Suppose the president of a board of commissioners to expend tho public money should attempt to get a falsa reputation for himself, and to decry Ins as sociates by hinting Ihat he was opposed to certain expenditures, but was overruled; that ho could uot control the majority. &c. ; and it appeared, afterwards, that ho hud silly countenanced that very expendi ture : would not u storm of indignation arise? Could such a man ever pretend to show himself us a candidate ? What wan the difference, in morals, between jjaininj; re ni t ii i ion by luleo pretences, und gaming; money by fulso pretences? Sir, it is not a mere matter or" personal feeling or calculation to resist such at tempts. Something is due to the station we occupy. We must not bring it need lessly into odiom. The question is higher than mere parly. For tvo months wo have been circulating this message, at tliu public expense, lur und wide- It contains what we see may do a vital injury to the representative principle, ll is matter of grave reflection whether, if we take, no ac tive measure to disabuse the public mind, it yet become us to peril great and perma nent interests by falling quietly into iho trnp that is laid for us. We hold this high office in trust for the Peopb-, and it must nut, in our hands, ho tarnished or betrayed. There was coiisumate dexterity in the way the President had put this matter in the Message. If tho bill passed, he must, on his theory of duty, give it his signature. Those who profited by its passage would nol care to scan very closely tho reasons which invested it with legislative sanc tions ; wbtli in quarters where the bill was odious Congress would bo held res ponsible uot only for its own sins, but for the painlul restraint imposed upon Ihe ten der conscience of tho President ! Mr. B. said ho did not know whether explanation would ever overtake imposture that had got so long u start. It hud been sr. id thut Falsehood would travel from Maine to Georgia wlnlso Truth was putting on his boots, lie trusted, however, lo tho intelligence of the People ; and lie be lieved that before long every farmer would nail ihesu deceptive professions about economy against the ho did a hawk or other bird of prey, which, after long hov ering in iho clouds over the poultry, at length made a btoop within nllu distance ! Wiuu MurriNr, is Washington. Tho Wbigs and Conservatives of lliu District of Columbia wero to hold a, mooting last Saturday, with a view to organi.o themselves, to product) concert of action, and givo their aid to thu cause of the Opposition in the approaching Presidential election. "STOlTIlAT BALL !" Multitudes who wero but recently sup porters of Van Huron, tiro coming out lor Harrison and reform in tho free States. The people havo been promised reform, better times, ami " a better cur rency" for years promises which they now have no hopo of over seeing fullfillcd, under tho existing reign, and they aro es pousing tho cause of Harrison. Thou sands aro leaving tho ranks of tho oppres sors. Kven in our own Stato changes daily como to our knowledge. Men, who wero but yesterday among tliu foremost in the ranks of tliu V. B. party aro now tho warmest advocates of tho Hero of the war of LShi. Keep thu hall rolling better times aro iu storo for tiio ou I pressed people of this country. Cale- (Ionian.

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