Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 13, 1840, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 13, 1840 Page 1
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pin NOT THE C li O It Y O F C Ai S A It It If T THE W ELF AUG OF K O M U . BY H. B. STACY. FRIDAY, MARCH 13, 1840. VOL. XIII No. 664 a i Aiti,i:. The Doo anu Cat ok Martin and llAtinY. Tlicro was once n farmer with n tinmcroua f.imily. that liml h cit iismictl M ahtin. TliU vvn9 n little ply creature, iilwuva purring nhoiit the lap of tin: ladies, mid rubbing in ofi fur ii;utnl the tcf9 of llio childicti. Anil then it vvnuld look up in llio fnce til" ii peifon with rneli tin lii!ilnuating Ftniil;, I lint most people wcio inclined to lliink that War (in was ii tnigly p leiis.iut cal. 'I'll o Hirincr mid hi wife were stupicious of the r.rcutnie, fur tlinngli lie worn nn nir of tmuc.ny, us if butler would nut inch in Ids mouib, In; seemed :i little Ion pirtenlioin of his honeMy. Willi ilio rhildien, however, Mntlin whs ;i deceded fuvmiic, for children nro upl to put faith, in pretences, illl experience leached lliem belter. The furmer had nlio it dog named IlAtinv ; he whs of Western biced, very fugacious, lint very faithful. He was also ii fuvurtlc of the family, tho' being kept out of doors, they did not fceni lo tnke much notice of hint. On occasions he liml done the most iinpnriunl leivlees. Uucn n bund of lii illfli thieves came around the, mid would have set in on dm und killed the inhahilaniq tint llnrry flew at ihpir ihroats.Hiid ilroie llinn off. Then nguin some 1 ml i .in s threatened, the fanner mid Ram him ii deal of it oubtu killing hi sheep and cuttle, mid limning hit cornfield. Hut Hurry was always on the alcil, und finally the In. (liaiis feaied him mi much, that they made peace with the farmer mid never u (milled him more, I5e idctill this, Unity was so disinterested ; A poor bone, just enough to satisfy his hunaer was nil he nuked, ( pleisnre seemed to ho In doing some Rood tiling for the farmer and Ilia family. Well, it happened at length, that poms strange defalcations wcio discoveied in the larder of lite fanner. Large piece of meat, and whiile links of sausages, dishes of cream, and oilier thing were missing. It came to he so bad that the farmer, who had ninny had a ladder full of things, was leally put lo it lo get a meal of victual. The thing at length became ularming, nnd it was thought necn-snry to investigate the mallei'. Al sin in i lie cat, who had access to the larder, hi order to keep out literals and the mice, was taken in there one day but he looked as innocent us a lamb. Theie win a something about hi. air and manner which sppnied to say, he knew nothing niuic than was in bo expected. At any rale, he was not in blame fur them. So mulling could be r,ot out of him. Well, the thing went on from time lo lime, in ibis way, nnd llio farmer's laider grew leaner. I''inillv, he dcoi mined not lo lake Martin's wuid for it, but in look iniii it hiimell be seen, but so that he had ii full view of die larder, lie InoU'd nlliiiound for M'llli! time, but ill length a iat came peeping mil nfii liule, and uppni.ii bed Mania, who leceived him inn'i giueinii'ly, I'hen canie nunllici iind auollier, and finally then! ueie at lean a dozen rale, of the bigge-t aud worst hind. Thn .Marliu leaped upon 11 -helf, ivheie litem was a nay a kind ofa JjubTiea-inv full nfsain.iges. lie seized three or four links m hi" inoiiih, und jniupiug duwn the nils fell upon lliem and nle lliem viecdily. Whil" the nils weie thus feasiiiiR M.iiini went to a di-li of cream and helped hinuelf ! Seeing all this, the fanner "euily opened the outside door and calling Ilariv. pointed lo I he lar der and said !-iii.lo ! slii-hnv ! Many d.hed into ihe iiikUi of die cabinet, and cleared out nil in a recond. The rai -lank into I heir holes, nnd Mar tin leaped out of the window. 1'irun ibis period, M;n I in ceased lo be irimed whh walrbiiig the larder, and llairv became Its keeper. After tint lime, not a sausage in slu e of meal wtis missing : noil the firmer nnd hi family concluded thai it tons very important to hare tin honest savant to wattit over the larder ! ".Mm tin," sanl i lie o'il nan, "is a pietty t-orft purring cat. and pieleuded to be our friend ; but he has pinvd tubeaslv, selfish, treaclieiniH eiealiue, thai i heals Iin fi ieniU & aesnciulfs with their eneinies, m aid linn in his iniquity, lluw iimili safer is u ulu-uvi 10 trust doers ofgood rather lliaii pie'endeis iiulv ! Hairy lias done us good service, and Mai tin o.ilv gave us promises: we are pel haps justly punii-ln-d fm trust, ing the former raiher than the latter." JJedliam Patriot. From die Vennnni Kepiiblican. Mr. Er.uttKDGK, Sir I see by a late pnper from Washington, dial Air. Smith, from Ver mont, gave nut ice that on the following day he should ask lean: lo In ing in a bill taking off the dmv now paid upon salt. I am of opinion ibis Mibject is not senerally nndci stood, nor am I cer tain I fully understand it niiself. I wish lion ever to stale llio facts n 1 believe lliem lo be, and leave, it lo the belter iufuiiurd m emrect mistakes if I should muko nnv. Salt (if I lecolloc.t light) now pays a duty of 10 cents, mi every fifl -six pounds, amounting piohubly nearly forty per cent, on die original cost of the article. This enormous duly falls principally upon the grazing sections of the country, and effects most deeply ihe Gieen Moun lain Slate, The amount drawn Irani us by this duly I have no mean of a-eertaiiiiu, but should think it was over thirty thousand dullai per year. This Finn is principally paid by the ai mers und is a heavy lax upon tin; produce. At the adjustment of the furiffthc duty upon salt was continued on the gioiind that it would ufTiud pioieciion lo our vvesiein salt und encourage the manufacture of that article, but in Hits it has en tirely failed. The principal pan of the salt manufactures at the West finds its way to inaikci ihruusih llio wes tern canal. The Slate of Nevv.Ytnl; owns exten sive salt springs, fiom which thai Slain deiives no inconsii'cinble revenue. In older to ni-iain in market the still manufactured ai t lie spiing belong ing to the Stale, their legislation have laid upnii rait manufactured el-euliete a heavy canal duly This increases the sale of salt made at I ho public works aud adds lo the revenue of the Stale from thai ipianer while the levenue is also increased by the high tolls paid upnii all oilier salt passing through the canal, Tlie rcult is that thu ptnp of Veimonl who support their Slate Government by direct taxation have to pay an additional iax upon salt of thirty or forty Hinu-and dollars a year in order to enable the Kmpite Slate lo suppon her government without taxing her citizens. If um risht in the facts a inure uujii.t and infamous sys tem of Slate loonopole never exisied, and vet tins sveteni has continued for yeais and ihn aiiention of Cnnmess not once called to the subjeei. tin I i I Air. Smith gave notice hn should ask leave to bring in a bill, &rt., I hope every one who reads thin article will endeater to obtiin roneci iufonna lion in this matter foi I have long been of opinion that if the penplu would be a little less excited by Ihe political looleiies cf day and attend a liule nioie to ihe substatiii.l inteiests of t lie, rmmirv Ihoush it might not -,e profitable to the no it would be highly bcnefiti,, m the many,--ou STUl'IIKN S. li'UOWN. ' From the Franklin .Messenger. Mit. Wiimxo, 3Iv attontion lm railed to ii letter oftlio lion. Stephen S. JJrown, recently pnljlislicd in tlio 'Ver mont Republican,' on tlio subject of stilt duties, canal tolls, vfcc, which 1 will thank you to publish in thu 'Franklin Messenger, together with this communi cation, as I may otherwise bo liablo to tho charge of misrepresenting the state ments contained in that letter. Mr. Brown considers the duties on salt as oxtremely onerous, and oppressive to the peoplo of Vermont ; and though ho admits that ho is not certain that ho fully understands tlm subject, vet ho proceeds lo tax the credulity of the people, by ma- kingstrongstatcmcntsof what he professes to believe, when ho has easy access to correct information, as to the most impor tant facts in relation to tho subject. At this, T confess, 1 was a little surprised, and concluded ho must have somo molivo other than that of enlightening tho people. Tho duty ho says, if'ho recollects right, is 10 cents per bushel of .rG pounds, and probably amounts to 40 per cut on the original cost, which ho believes amounts to over $30,000 a year; and that owing to tho unjust and infamous sysiem of monopoly oftlio state of Now York, inclu ding canal tolls, the people of Vermont pay an additional tax of HO or $40,000 a year; and then proceeds to say, 'And yet ""the this system has continued for years, nnd the attention of Congress nut uncr, culled to the stilijcct, until Mr. fiiiiitli gave notice that ho should ask loavu to introduce a bill," tfce. Now I cannot be lieve that Mr IJiwn is so ignorant, as to suppose that Mr Smith's Hill to repeal tho duty on salt will destroy or in any way effect this 'odious monopoly' of the 'Empire State,' or that Congress has any power to reduce tho canal tolls. Tho people of New York enjoy their monopoly which their salt springs give, by a higher charter than that of any human legislature, and I do not think that even Mr Brown will insist on the right of repealing it; and that ho will admit that however infa mous tWs sysiem of monopoly is, that the people of Vermont are not obliged to pay tolls on the canal, if they prefer to trans port their salt, as they would do if no canal existed ! I shall therefore take it for granted that Mr Brown docs not ask tho people of Vermont to believe that Mr Smith will bo able to relieve them of any thing mote than the SH0,()00, which they pay in duties ; and if Mr Brown had merely attempted to laud Mr. Smith, without doing so at the expense of others, by trying to cast odium on them, for neg lect of duty, ho would have been left to settle this oppressive business, with the present administration of tho general gov ernment whose devoted adherent he professes to be, and whoso business it is to present this subject to Congress, if indeed it is as oppressive to the peoplo of Vermont, as he pretends without any notice from me. I am not disposed to doubt what Mr. Brown says .respecting tho notice given by Mr. Smith, or to detract one particle ot credit duo hitn for it, but I must stiy the subject is not (juile so new its Mr. Brown pretends; many (to use a modern phrase) have tried to make "political ca pital" out of it. It has been the unceas ing song of Col. Benton for years, and is one of his popularity seeking hobbies, lie has spent it great portion of tlio last and present session of Congress upon it. But independent of what Col. Benton has done, and Mr. Smitij is going to do, there is no one article mentioned in the tariff, which for many years past hits excited more discussion in Congress orendangorod the protective policy more than this same article salt, not only in the adjustment of tariff laws but on other occasions. Many will remember (if Mr. Brown does not,) that for many years prior to the Hist day of Dec. 1830, salt paid a duty o('.j cents per bushel of ofilbs., and that by many this heavy duty was considered necessary in order lo protect and sustain the extensive manufactories of this indis pensable article, not only on tho sea coast but in the interior of the Country, and the manufacture of this article was deem ed the more important, as in time of war, foreign supply was cut off, ond there is not an intelligent man in the community who does not know that it is impossible to sustain the tariff policy without a com promise among tho various sectional in terests of the country. Tho sugar of Jjouisana, the Cotton bagging and other manufactures of hemp of Kentucky, tho iron of Pennsylvania and other States, the salt of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Now-York und other States, claim pro tection, as well its the wool and other productions of Vermont ; and it would hardly bo deemed patriotic or proper for Vermont to claim protection of her in terests, while sho denied this protection to others. In the adjustment of tho tariff of 1828, an attempt was made to reduce the duty on salt, which very much endangered the passage of the bill, and days were spent in the discussion of this single item. Many members whose States were in terested in the manufacture, refused to vote for the bill in case of the reduction, yet tho delegation from this Statu, be lieving the duty loo high unanimously sustained the reduction, but thu antitarilf members ol the South, though the duty was mom oppressive to the South than tho North, vet believing that to retain the high duty would bo the most likely means oi oeieaiiugtlie Dill, joined with those of tho North who were desirous of protecting tins particular branch of manufacture, and thus a reduction was prevented ; but the bill was passed. In JSHO, llio anti tariff members oftlio South, having been thus defeated in their obieci in.m uil. ling to join those from tho North who were in favor of reduction, and a bill was passed reducing t, duty to l.r. cents for onoyear from tho HI si Dec, I SHO, and to xu cents ancr the end of that year, and this hill received tho support of all the members from Vermont ; aud again in 1832 tho subject of this duty was before Congress, and tho duty of 10 cents re tained, and Mr. Brown says is continued to the present day, and amounts to 40 per cent on the original cost of thu nrticle. Now does, or does not Mr. Brown know that by tho famous act called " Compro mise act," passed in 1833, (about which much complaint has been made against Mr. Clay for breaking down the tarilf po licy) tho excess of all duties over 20 per cent, was gradually reduced, so that in 1812 this excess will bo wholly abolished? If then 10 cents pore bushel, amounts to 40 per cent on tho cost, the duty in 1842 will bo but 5 cents. And now I must bo permitted to say, that any attempt at this time to repeal the small duty on stilt, (though doubtless not so intended by Mr. Smith) is a measure of hostility to the tariff policy ; there is however very little danger from it, for there is just about its much prospect of tho adoption of such a measure, without a general revision of tlm tariff, as there is of filling the pockets of nil the peoplo with gold, and no more. But let us examine some of the state ments of Mr. Brown a little further. He says he believes the duties paid by tho people of Vermont on salt, to be at "least $30,000 ; though he says lie has not thu means of ascertaining tlie exact amount, admit that he has not, yet I think he has tho means of ascertaining that his statement, k exceedingly erroneous, nnd I should like to know upon what data he has based his statement; he surely would not haz ard it without some calculation founded on correct data. Every one must see that his estimate would give every man woman and child in Vermont, a bushel of importer! salt, and leave an excess of nearly 20,000 bushels, calculating tho number of peoplo by the last census, which may have increased sufficient to swallow up this excess ! But it is compu ted by intelligent men, that taking the whole population of Vermont, not more than one bushel of salt, is consumed to every three persons; this, even admitting that every bushel consumed was imported, and paid a duty of 10 cents, would re duce his estimate two-thirds ; and if, as he alleges, that this duty of 10 cents amounts to 40 per cent on the cost, then his estimate is still further greatly reduced; and in 1S42 will be reduced one half, by tbo operation of tho Compromise act.- But will Mr. Brown assert that otto half or even one fourth of the salt consumed in Vermont is imported salt? It is be lieved by some that not one sixth is im ported. But suppose it to bo one fourth, (and the exact amount I admit cannot bo ascertained) every man must see how vastly short of Mr. Brown's estimate (which he has volunteered) this tax falls. The west side of the mountain is supplied principally from salt manufactercd in N. York, and the oast side to a great extent by that which is manufactured on the sea coast. But Mr Brown may say that owing to our contiguity to Canada the duty falls more oppressively on tho peo plo of this section. Well, if the object is to legislate for Mr Smith's District so bo it. I havo no objection, though the fact that we havo the "benefit of the Can ada market should not bo one of com plaint. 1 think however there is a great mistake as to the quantity of salt imported from Canada. The most of the salt con sumed in this section of the State, not withstanding the 'odious monopoly' of the 'Empire State,' is brought through tho Chainplain Canal and the Lake. The means of ascertaining thu exact amount imported from Canada, can be obtained, though 1 have not those moans at hand. But 1 find tho average amount of duties on all articles imported into Vermont of every description, for the live years pre ceding the reduction of duties in 1830 to bo yearly SG.G01 48, and for the five suc ceeding years, to be 88,158 H3 ; (a .sum hardly sufficient to pay tho oxpenso of collecting) and from this some opinion may bo formed oftlio amount of duly on the single article of salt. It is a fact worthy of notice, to those who suppose that tho salt consumed in Vermont is to a great extent imported from Canada, that m the last year ending 1st of January 1839 thero was "1(5,475 bushels more of domestic salt (manufac tured in tho United States) exported into tho British American Colonics, than was imported into tho United States from thoso Colonies. The amount imported, through much larger than the year before was 00227 bushels, and when it is re membered that those portions of tho United States bordering on Chainplain, tho St. Lawrence, and western Lakes, as well as on Lower Canada and New Brunswick, are supplied to a considera ble extent from this source it can not bo believed that more than one eighth of tho quantity was imported into this Slate, which would pay in duties about $1,100 ! Considering the duty on salt, merely as a source of revenue, Vermont is a gainer rather than a looser by it. She consumes much less of imported salt ac cording to her population, than her duo '' On ihe Mill just, iMr, Calhoun m.ued in llie Senate that under ihe Coinptombe act tlie pirsenl duty on Salt was but fi cenis, und that in 18J2, it would tie but 2 cents : and though I will not vouch for hid accuracy, ho is piobubly coircit, proportion. The greatest amount of im ported salt is consumed at tho South, South West and West, and in tho Fisheries. In view of all these facts (1 will ask) have thu peoplo of Vermont, as much cause of complaint and alarm, as Mr. Brown intimates 1 and are they willing to put to hazard the protective policy, by urging tho repeal of this small duty on salt? and if so, is the communication of Mr. Brown, intended toaflect this object? or will it havo tho effect to do it 'with his motives I have nothing to do further than they concern myself, BENJ. SWIFT. St. Albans, Feb. 29, 1840. Fiom the (iiniieellcul Cournnt. l.iio!;ii 1kIvmii a liHltovcr cV an JCx-Scnafor, (A'iles.) Laborer. Good morning Mr Senator. Senator. Good morning, Mr Wilson; how do ynu do to-day 1 How are your wife and children how do they stand this hard winter and howdoes thu good cause of tho party get on in your town? Laborer. Pretty well, Sir, though times are rather hard, money scarce, and labor is not as woM paid for as it used to bo; still, wo haven't turned Whigs yet, and don't mean to. Senator. That's right stick to tho party to the last, and we will, in the end, have a hard money currency. Tho sub Treasury will make us all rich. It will give lo every man as much moircy as hu wants, and that, too, of the right kind the real shiners. Laborer. But I have read in thu speeches of Mr Buchanan and Mr Walk er that the sub-Treasury will diminish thu price of labor. Having id ways looked upon you as tho " Dr. Franklin ef New England," and knowing that yoi havo recently been to Boston to talk to the folks of Massachusetts, I come down to-day to ask you how the sub-Treasury will help the laboring man, when it reduces the price of labor? Senator. Oh ! you can't always ex actly tell how a thing works for every individual, and yet it is easy to see how it works for the benefit of the whole. Laborer. 1 bought a house last year of my neighbor Wheaton ; I paid him 8300 in cash, and gave him a mortgage for 300, to be paid at tho rate of 8100 a year. Now, this 1 could easily save, with utiles at 81, o) a day and in live years the house would be paid for. But if wages are reduced to 75 cents it day, or even to a dollar, it will just take all that I can earn to support my family and my house, with till that I have paid on it, will, at the end of live years, go back to Mr Wheaton. How, then, am 1 to be benefitted ? Senator. This a kind oi' natural con st turncr. of a general rule. No general rule works well in every case. You shouldn't have gone in debt you'd no business to go on thu credit system it is a wicked system. Laborer. But how could 1 get a house without it ? 1 had 8300, and in five years could easily have earnt tho rest, and lived in the house all the time. Senator. No matter it is one of tho principles of the pari)' to have no credit: no real good Loco has a bit of credit ; and you must go it, or you are not true to your party. Laborer. But you have not told mo how I am to bo bent-fitted by having tho price of labor reduced. Senator. Why you belong to our party don't you .Laborer. Yes. Senator. Well, it is for the benefit of the party, and therefore it is for your benefit. Laborer. This is not quite clear lo me, aud 1 am not sarlin that it is quite right. But, sincoyou have been to Bos ton to lerter, 1 suppose it must be true. Senator. 1 don't sou myself exactly how its gocn to work ; but I have great confidence in Buchanan and Walker ; they say it's all right and it's now be come it party measure, and therefore it must bo for tlie good of the People. Laborer. Will the pay of the mem bers of Congress be diminished? If you are made Governor next spring, will you get less wages than Governor Ellsworth gets? Will the wagas oftlio Postmaster bu reduced? Senator. The officers will all get as much as they do now, which may bu worth atnllo more if every thing else is reduced one-half. This is an incidental benefit, and couldn't well bo otherwise. Laborer. Then thu ollice-holders will all be benefitted by tho sub-Treasury bill, will they, sir? Senator. Yes a kind of incidental benefit, which we tlo not well see how to avoid. Laborer. And tho laborers, Mr. Sen ator . Senator. Yes, the laborers will get a kind of general benefit, which it is not very easy to explain but still, they will know it when it comes. Laborer. You don't suppose, Mr Senator, that tho benefit which the olficers aru to receive from tho sub-Treasury bill is any reason why thoy aroallin its favor, do you? Senator. Oh, no ! by no moans. Tlioy uro in its favor because it is for the good of the party. They don't want uny thing from it for themselves. Laborer. I wish 1 could lie a little sarlin about this reducing the price of la bor being such a good thing. Senator. You must rely a little on yourparly-thoy will do everything right. Laborer. Yes, 1 know ihat : but now in our town, neighbor Leavenworth's fac tory is stepped, aud all his hands are dis charged. I used to get good wages, and inonoy was plenty but now labor is down nobody has any employ ment,andl cannot get a sixpence. Senator. 1 tell you, neighbor, you must havo confidence. It is a' good tiling to have labor down. I can now biro i man to work in my garden next summer for eight dollars a month, instead of six teen, by which 1 shall make a clean sav ing of fifty dollars. Laborer. But will that bo a benefit to the laboring man or to you ? Senator. It will bo a kind of inci dental benefit to me, and a kind of nat ural consequence. to;him. Laborer. I cannot exactly see, Mr. Senator, how labor is benefitted by hav ing wages reduced one half. Some of our neighbors havo a notion that the office-holders are in favor of it because their salaries will then be worth more than thoy are now. Senator. It is curtain that thu thing will work so. But, then, it is only a kind of incidental benefit. Laborer. But don't you think thoy really mean to benefit themselves at the expense of the laboring classes ? Senator. Oh, no! ! They are a high minded race of men, who would not do any thing for themselves. Laborer. But they always stick migh ty close to their offices. Senator, Yes but they go for their principles and their parly. Laborer. Their principles and their party, you must confess, always lie along the same road with their own interests. Senator. They may be, but it is mere ly incidental. Laborcr. It may bo so, Mr. Senator, but still I can't exactly see why all tho incidental bcnrits$,umd go to the office holders, and all tho natural consequences as you call them, should operate to de press labor and discourage industry. Good morning, Mr Senator, when 1 have time 1 will call and converse further with yon. Ni:w Yoitic, March 2. Your reporter's account of the "dar ing robbery"' committed in my house on Friday evening last dilforod so essentially in all its relations from the facts, as they occurred, that 1 am induced to lay lliem before you as they actually happened und if the public should derive any interest or profitable lesson from the narration, I shall be happy in having obliged them. At about Inlf-past 12 o'clock I was awakened from sleep, in the conviction that some living movement was in my bed-room, and near my bed. Every muscle was put at rest, and the eyes and ears only in eager inquiry for the object. Tho blood tit first rushed so rapidly by my ears into tlie brain, that both sight and sound were deceptive ; but as the circu lation grew calm both senses improved, and I finally saw, as in a mist of thick darkness, the figure of a man exactly be fore my face, and within reach of my hand. My first thoughts wen; employed in devi sing moans of escape, and I resorted to the strategem of elevating the bed clothes on my feet and hands, till 1 could toss them over his head like a net. This done, 1 seizetl my cane and left the room with out oven closing the door after mo and niitdo the best of my way downstairs, and wtis much surprised to find my exit de feated by a guard placed inside the front door, which led to the street. Wishing to avoid collision with this man, I contin ued down the next stairway to the baso ment,and here 1 found another guard post ed behind this door. Hero inv means of escape being entirely cut oil", my cow ardice failed me as being no longer avail able, and well knowing that those men had too much sagacity to leave mo able to sound the alarm on their retreat, tins courage that came wtis not the courage of a brave man, but courage resulting from desperate circumstances, and I poised 1113" weapon with deadly am at the only object that prevented my escape. The weapon is a single spear of steel about five inches long, set in thu foot ofa cane, and when m common usu is covered by a silver ferrule screwed over it. It looked so exactly like a cane that tho man was impaled on its point before ho was aware of its rhaiactor, and yet he fought with such desperation pinioned as ho was that I felt my fears returning upon me ; but ho grew weaker and my courage re newed. About this time a man came down the stairs behind, and throwing his light transiently upon us, discovered our position, anil closed it again. I changed my position and placed my back against tho wall, to defend myself against my new assailant. He approached us in the daik, and when passing 1 sent a blow at random that felled him in tho corner of the hall noxt his companion still standing. I availed myself of tho opportunity to retreat into my ofiku adjoining the hall, with tho hope of escaping through tho window on to tho side walk. I had scar ly crossed tho threshhold of thu door whun 1 received a blow behind the ear mill on thu neck that staggered mo about twelve feet into a large office chair, which fell over, and I with it. By tho time I regained my feet, I felt the grasp ofa hand on my shoulder ; wo closed, and L got what wrertlers call thu under-bold, but it availed nu little ; I. was thrown witli great force upon tho (loor, und my anta gonist on top of me. I kept my arms clasped firmly around him, and pressed In 111 closely to my chest and face, that I might prevent him fron striking or using his knife, if ho had one. In a moment lie said " I am stablod," and tho warm blood poured so pro.'usely into my face, that I tunic' risule my mouth and nose to freo my bn ailiint;. He grew weak at once, and I turned him off from mo, and half rising, with 0110 knee, on the lioor, I received a blow on the pit of thu stomach that deprived ino of all farther apprehension and cons ciousness, and when 1 awoke I. found myself solus, and in a cold perspiration, with 110 other suffering but sickness and vomiting. Vomiting seemed to restore my circulation, and I became warm, and in a short time 1 was able to get in tho 2d story, and ring for the servants, who slept five stories above the affray. They furnished me with warm water and dry night clothes, and I went to bed less ex hausted than agitated, and slept but litlle. When daylight shonu in upon the battle floor, it presented tt terrific scene. Tho hall, from the front door to the office door a distance of 15 feet, was covered with blood, and in many places so thick and clotted as to cover the floor cloth. Tho oflicu chairs were overthrown, papers scattered about and bespattered with blood. A bout 20 square feet ofthc carpet was red, and about 7 square feet was soaked in blood. Out on the steps to tho sidu walk it was traced in streams, and on the opposite Greene street corner it was renewed, and from there, in tho centre of Greene street it was traced to Fourth street, and again in Greene, near Houston, the position of a man sitting marked in blood. I have received no very serious injury. The stab in the arm has wounded but slightly the tendon of the biceps muscle, and as a precautionary measure, I hang it in a ribbon to keep it from motion and prevent inflainniaiiou. The stab in tho side was slopped by a rib. Tho heart is under obligation to this rib for protection, knd to God for placing it there, Tho blow received on my neck causes most pain, and fatigues it in carrying the head. My nervousness and agitation was cured by nine hours ofgood sleep. 1 have every reason to believe that there were four men in the house; that but 0110 followed me into the basement ; that the man guarding the upper front door, suspecting what was going on below, abandoned his post and lied ; that tho man in the office was in it subordinate ca pacity of carrier of booty, as he took no part in tho alfray till I retreated there on 1113 way to the window ; and that he was unprovided with lights or weapons, as ho used none ; that the knife found in tho blood where he lay was dropped by his companion, when the mistake was disco vered, in llio utterance of his friend, " I am stabbed ;" and that I am indebted to this circumstance for the blow which ended the alfrav, hitKid of the knife. Tlure as it romarku''o agreement among them in llio concealment of lights and voices. The last light that I yaw was the light thrown upon us in thu affray at the basement door, when the man first came down stairs, the light of my anta gonist being already extinguished in thu scuttle. There was no voice heard, ex cept the one 1 have alluded to, "I am stabbed" and my own preservation is owing to tho observance of their rule, "perfect silence," as in their way tho man was stubbed by his friend. If they had a light left them to ascertain my far ther ability for resistance, a single glanco would have satisfied them that it was all over. My night dress when dry, would stand alone from thu stiffening of blood, and my face and grey hairs were of tho same color. My fainting continued till I was released by vomiling. The crimu of ho:ie breaking and rob bing has been so common that every re flecting man 1ms thought of it, and thought of what ho should tlo in such an event. " I had marked out my course with great coolness and precision, never doubting till 1 was put iipo.i tho trial that I hail courage enough, and 10 spare, to meet all emergencies. But this experience, nnd the amount of all my experience in life, satisfies mo that a man cannot anticipate what ho will do, or how he will act, in any given circumstances that have not tried him, and when ho thinks ho is acting for himself, and in his own might, ho forgets the eye that sees for him, the ear that hears for him, and the arm that sustains and guides him, and that that guidance and protection is as important to him in thosiin-shiiie as in llio storms and tempests of life, anil if it bo for ono moment with drawn from him, bo would bo equally taken by surpriso whether that storm or the tempest, or that sun-shino only, wai present. I am truly your friend. F. VANDE.KBURGH.

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