Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 13, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 13, 1840 Page 2
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POU PRESIDENT, VM, HENRY HARRISON VICC PRKSItlUNT. JOHN TYLER. Communication. A statement is now going tliu rounds of those papers which souk to bolster up the roputntion of tbo present unworthy incum bent of the Presidency, by vilifying Gen. Harrison. As it bus already appeared in tbo organ of tbo olVico-boldors in tbis town, which weekly diffuses its nnwholc somo doctrines, under tbo appellation of the Burlington Sentinel, it may bo worth while to correct it. And, by-thc-way, 1 can do no better than apply tbo words which head aa artido of nearly three columns in length, and a' depth unfathom able, " be nut deceived," to the present case. The statement is that one " Moses " Dawson, Esq. of Cincinnati, tho biog " rapher of (Von. Harrison and Ins warm " personal fiiend, lias published a letter, "setting forth his reasons why bo cannot "support the redoubtable hero of Tiiipc- " canoe." I ran give one " reason" for tins Mawsou s opposition to Gon. Ham son, bettor than any suggested by himself or ny tiie aumiiustration papers, tor him. lie is the proprietor of the Cincinnati I' Advertiser" supported wholly by print ing for tho national administration, and which, without such aid from tho govern ment, could not exist a. single day. Mr. Dawson having several years ago written a life of Gen. Harrison, in which credit was given to tho subject of it, for talents and public services, lias been much an noyed of late because that memoir has been quoted as fail-testimony in Harrison's favor. In order to retain bis pension from Mr. Van Burcn, the biographer now finds it expedient to counteract the effect of his own eulogiiun upon the Whig can didate for tho Presidency. Hence the letter in question and this is tbo true translation. Tho people should be on their guard against such bare-faced asser tions, and 1 would say to them, to quote the expression a second time, " be not deceived." Piiilo-Veiutas. HERE AN OPPONENT. Tho Tory papers pretend to give no credit to the accounts with which they are meet ing in every direction of the movements of the people. Rut all are not so blind. The following candid acknowledgment is of unquestionable authenticity, having from 'the Charleston Courier, a paper i,J been prepared by the British Secretary -'favor of Van Duron. Does that paper1 .f Stnl,, 7 ',ccoimts "'Y0'1 fi vu ... , , 'l i nous British Consuls, and printed by or- nppear to think that the enthusiastic zeal der of Parliament, which is stimulating the whole Whig party Wages in France Calais common from New Brunswick to the Oregon is I '"sT? ? P da,y wUhc ?oard ,nd a 11 without dwelling ; Boulogne, 5 d, per day " manufactured to order " do. do.: Nantos, 8d, per day without board Wc deem it right to make our readers' a,nd vltl,out dvVell,n2- Tho food in some aware that contrary to our original cx ! tr;cta "cons.s.g in rye bread, soup made ,,., ., , t i ol millet, cakes made of Indian corn, now pectat on, tho prospects of Gen. H.r- anj nien somc pat provisions nnd veget. msoN lor tho ncxU'rcsiiloncy are nnprov- nblcs. rarely, if ever, butcher's meat." In ingand brightening. Division and schism 1 others, "wheaten bread, toup made with no longer distract and paralizo the Whigs, vegetables, and a little grease or Inrd twice hut they arc united in solid phalanx, from i n ay. potatoes or other vegetables, but one end of the Union to the other, and , seldom butcher's meat." moving heaven and earth by vigorous, Sweden.- " The daily wages of a concentrated and enthusiastic efforts, t( 'ff,llcd !!2r.lc!,,,!,irl81 arc 7d.or 8d.; while .,,.,..,.., . i, .i ...' 11 i the unskilled obtain no more than 3d. or accomplish tho overt . row ol the present 4d, nnd board themselves. Agriculturists administration and the triumph of their , t,e Southern provinces live upon fait favorite candidate. The financial follies fi-h and potatoes; in the Northern provui of the administration (much to our regret,) ecu porridge and ryo bread form their give Gen. II. an advantage of position, I food." which bis friends are makin'r the most of Bavabia "Laborer are paid at the and which calls for tho most active conn. I ter exertions on the part of tho powers that bo, to whom notwithstanding their lmancial sins, wo yet cling with the fond ncss of old affection, and a gratitude . without board, live upon rve bread, pota founded on their noble and gallant standi toes, and milk." Agricultural laborers for the rights of tho integrity of tbo Con-' have less. stitutiou and the peace of thu Union." The following just praise upon Gen. Harrison, is taken from the Richmond Enquirer of 18 W : "Tim nrr.f.,!.,, r,C V., i. 11 . , " ""'") '"'i, only t ho most important, but the most I difficult station in the Government. It1 requires a rare combination of talents.! Jlo must bo an experienced man ; hide fatigablo, brilliant and prompt in his con victions ; decisive in thu execution of bis orders. The one whom 1 have named (General Harrison)coines as near to this character us any I can think of." (tTho editor of tbo Nashua Tele graph has a file of the New Hampshire Patriot from 1S1J to 1815. C7TIIE PETTICOAT STORYcg mil hill's vmtsio.v. Wo commence our extracts (says the Telegraph) by giving Gov. Hill's own account of tbo incidunt in which has origi nated the ridiculous petticoat story, which Gon. Harrison's opponents have so tor tured, as to heap upon him the disgrace which so justly belongs to the British General Proctor. In the New Hamp shire Patriot of July L0, 1813, Isaac Hill, editor is tho following: "At a council with chiefs of tho Dela ware, Sbawouoe, Wyandot and Seneca tribes of Indians at Franklington, some of whom liavo manifested symptoms of hostility, Gen. Harrison, in a speech, al luded to tbo agreement made by Proctor to deliver him up to tho Indians to be murdered, in case Fort Meigs was taken; and promised in case he (Harrison) was .successful, that be would deliver Proc tor into their hands on condition that they should do him no other barm than to put a petticoat on him 'for (said be) none but a coward or a squaw would kill it prisoner.' " In tbo Patriot of November 2$, in tbo sanio year, wo find tbo following high eulogy upon Gen. Harrison : "What man lives, whose whole heart and soul is not British, that cannot sin cerely rejoice in tbo late victories of Perry and Harrison !" In tho Patriot of Jan. 7, 18j'J, we find tho following paragraph touching tho letter of Gen. Harrison to Congress, after the glorious battle of Tippecanoe : " To every American who feels for his country tho perusal of that Letter will produce pride and pleasure." FROM DELAWARE. Extract of a letter to tho Editor, da ted Newcastle, February 11). "Never, I beseech you, dear sir, express a doubt in regard to tbo account little Delaware will give of herself at tho next election. At the last, she was willing, for roasons well known, to stand aloof from the con test. The enemy triumphed. At tho next, wo shall come forward in the strength of men the old Delaware Regi ment will bo in the field Van Biironism will scarcely have a foothold. Remem ber what I now say : Delaware will give Harrison and Tyler (550 majority. 1 have watched tbo course of events for ,somo yours, and never have seen so ma ny political changes take place m so short a period, as I have witnessed since tbo Ilarrisburg nominations." Jradisonian. (t?3 There is one thing which should not bo forgotten in estimating the results of tho hard money schemes of this gov ernment. It is this, that under this sys tem a poor man has no chance to get rich; a poor man must remain poor. Tho great distinction between our own country and the countries of Europe, the differ ence between a country where there is a mixed currency, and one where the cur rency is exclusively metallic, has been that, in the former, the avenues to wealth arc open to all, while, in the hard money countries, the man born rich, remains rich ; the man born poor, remains poor. WAGES OF LABOR IN HARD MONEY COUNTRIES. Mr. Merrick, in a recent speech in the Senate upon the Sub-Treasury, has giv en a table showing the rates of wages in several countries in Europe. As an at tempt is now making to reduce tho pri ces of American labor, it will be inter esting to see what remuneration the la borers of Europe receive. The table ralc.r B(J Por dav in lhc country" with out board Belgium. "A skilled artizan may earn in summer Is. 2d to if: 5d.: in winter from t Dll 111 Is. Oil nnsL-illo.l I, nil' no .nilMl Germany. Dantzig laborers 4 3.4d to 7d por day without board: Mulhburg, 7d. per day do.-, Holaein 7d. per day without board. Netherlands South Holland labo rers 3d to ld. per day without board: mi niwi:ri. ail. per imy mi.; v usi r mnuera, 0G. to 104s. per year wnh board, Italy Triesio laborers 12d per day without board, do. Cd. per day with board; Is'ria, d. to iOd. per dny without board; do. 4d. to 5d. per dav with board . Lorn hardy, 4d. lo Cd. per day do,; Genoa, 5d. in fid, per day do. and without lodgings ; Tuscony, Cd. por day without either. Saxony. '-In 1037 a man employed in bis own loom working very diligently from Monday morning to Saturday night, from 5 o'clock in the morning until dusk, and even ut times with a lamp, his wife as. sisting him in finishing and taking him the work, could not possibly earn more limn 20 groschen about CO cents per woek. Nor could one who had three children aged 12 years and upwards oil working at tho loom as well as himsolf with Ins wife employed doing up the work, earn in tbo wholo moro than $1 weekly:" Navigation Between us anil Eng land this is placed upon a footing of equal it y ; all advantages to our navigators be ing abrogated. If any interest can bear direct competition, this is tho ntio. But let us see tho result as set down by Mr. Porter. " In J821," says this writer, 'the proportion of British vessels which entered the ports of the United States was 7 1 5 per cent compared with the Amer ican tonnage employed in tho foreign trade of the United States; while, in 1P.35 that proportion was increased to 39 per cent. And this is the condition to which tho Administration proposes to reduco tbo free labor of this country; this is their plan for improving tho condition of tho laboring part of the community. This is tbo " penny u day and soven shilling for an ox " system. Well did Mr. Merrick say in his speech : "" Now sir, 1 am greatly in hopes our people will read and ponder over this table : they will there see that in Franco yearly wages for an able bodied man rango from 48 to 250 shillings, and day laborers get in that country from U to J5 pence per day ; and whenever they get as much as 5 ponce they have to find themselves. In Germany wages are still lower, and range by tho year between 52 to 100 shillings-, and day laborers receive from -1 1-2 to 7 pence per day, and find themselves in food. In south Holland farm bands got by the year from 200 to 250 shillings, and day laborers from 3 to I pence per day, and are found. And soon, sir. Whoever will take the trouble to examine tho table, which is official and authentic, will see that in all these coun tries which are held up to us- as such bright examples of hard money countries France, Germany, Netherlands, Italy, wages by the year for an able bodied, sound, healthy man, no where exceeds two hundred and fifty shillings ; and, in many instances, fall as low as 40, 50, and (50 shillings ; and the daily wages range from 3 to 0 and 12 pence, rising in one place, and only one, to 20 pence, and the laborer finding himself! What a com mentary upon the hard money policy ! What hope is hero for a man born the sou of poor parents ever to better bis con dition 1 What ray of hopo is there to sti mulate him to exertion 1 None, none 1 He who is there born a peasant. Tboso born to the plough die at the plough tail ; and all that the longest life of laborious toil can procure for them is coarso and scanty means of subsistence. Think you, sir, these people aremade happy because theirs arc hard money countries 1 Is this the prosperity boasted of when wc arc triumphantly told of the immense amounts of geld and silver held by their great ca pitalists? Is this an example worthy of our :mitation T 1 lnnk you, sir, the high blood of American freemen will submit to this? Never." FOREIGN. The great Western has arrived, having left Bristol on the 20th February. We have London and Liverpool dates of the 19th, and make what hasty extracts wc car. find of interest. As we feared, our files thus far received, go back no farther than the 23d of January, consequently we are unable to give the early proceed ings of Parliament. N. Y. Com. Adv. The Peers assembled on tho 18th to arrange tho procession for carrying the congratulatory address to the Queen on her marriage, which took place on Mon day, tho 10th of February. The Specta tor says the Queen's marriage was made an occasion of general festivity throughout tho kingdom, and the pageantry equalled tbo expectations of those admitted to wit ness it. No accident marred tho cere- moniul which took nlaco at the Chanel Royal, and of which we will publish a 1 lull account on Monday. lhc JJukc ol i Wellington, it seems, was the only mem ber of tho opposition parly invited, and accidently did not obtain his invitation in time to be present. This seems to have excited somc dissatisfaction. By late accounts from India, it seems that the Anglo-Indian government is still pushing on in its career of war and con quest. The Khan of Khelat had been attacked, bis capital stormed and captur ed, and the Khan himself slain. The British loss- was 31 killed and 108 wound ed; that of the natives very severe; both in killed and wounded. One account says nine hundred. Accounts of the recent hostilities in China had reached England. The Hampshire Telegraph states that a great naval armament is to be sent immediately from Portsmouth to take on board 1(5,000 native troops in India, to lay tho citv ol Canton under contribution, or destroy it if noYiJssarv, and then proceed northward to Pekin, and compel the Emperor to submission. In the House of Commons, February 14, Sir Robert Peel questioned Lord J. Russell as to tbo authenticity of Sir John Harvey's (ancient) memorandum, which made such a stir in our papers not long ago. Lord John said ho had not received officially a copy of it. Sir Robert asked whether anything hadoccurred rendering necessary a communication from tho go vernment to tho House, on the subject of the boundary question. Lord John said he had no information to communicate. TUKEY AND EGYPT. Contantinoi'lu, Jan. 27. Tho great news of the day is the treaty of quadruple alliance between Russia, England, Austria, and Prussia, who have come to an un derstanding to guarantee the integrity of tho Ottoman empire. Tho Porto has received official advice of tho conclusion of this alliance. The news brought to M. do Boutenieffby tbosteamor from Odessa must have been of great importance, in asmuch as the garrison of tho last named city was called out by tho Governor to break tho ico to enable the steamer to leave the port. Semaphore. CANADA. Lord J. Russell, on tho 11th February in reply to Mr. Packington, said ho ex pected a draft of a bill for the union of tho two Canadas, from tho Governor Gon. of Canada, in tho coursn of this month, as it was to leave New York on tho 1st of February. Assoon as tho government had considered tho hill, ho should submit it to the house. Tho noblo lord further stated that ho had given orders that re turns in rofcrenco to the number of rcli- gious denominations in Canada, should J be laid on the table. Tho noble lord! added that ho was not a ware that Sir G. Arthur had resigned his office of governor of Upper Canada. MARRIAGE OF THE QUEEN. Her Majesty, Victoria, was married lo Prince Albert on Monday, February 12lh, at noon, in the Chapel Royal at St. Jainf. The details of tins interesting event fill several columns of the largest of tho Loudon prints. It was uelcbrntcd by festi vals and rtjnicwgs in every part of tho kingdom ; thu procession in London wc the largest which Inn been known since the nuptials of the Princess Charlotte of Wales, the crowd being so great that it was with difficulty the entire force ofthn police could keep open the way fur the passage of the royal couple. Tho train departed from Buckingham Palace- about 12 o'clock. Tho Prince was dressed in tho uniform of a British Field Marshal, and wore no othi'r decoration than the insignia of the Order of tho Garter viz, tho collar, with tho George appended, ret in precious stones, the star of the order set in diamond, and lhc Garter itself, embroidered in diamonds, round his knee. Ho was supported on one side by his father, tho Duko of Saxo Co burg Gotha, and on the other by his brother. Her Majesty's procession was very ex tended, consisting of eighty distinguished individuals, besides pursuivants, hern Ids, Serjeants at arms, ushers. &c. &c. innum crablc. Lord Melbourne carried the sword

of state. Her Majesty came next, looking anxious and excited. She was parlcrrven than usual Mer dres was a rich while satin trimmed with orange-flower blossoms. On her head she wore a wreath of the same blossoms, over which, but not so as to conceal her face, a beautiful veil of Hooilon lace was thrown. Her bridesmaids and trainbearcrs were similarly atiired, save that they had no veils. Hor Majesty wore the collar of the Garter, but no other diamonds or jewels. Her attendants were arrayed wilh similar simplicity ; and ladies more beautiful never graced pa In re. hall, or country green. As Her Majesty approached the clupcl. the national am hem was performed by the instrumental band. Her Majesty walked up lhc aisle, without noticing or bowing to any of lhc peers. On reaching the haut pas Her Majesty knelt on her footstool, and having performed her private devotions sat down in her chair of slate. After the lapse of a few seconds her Majesty roseond advanced with the Prince to the communion table, where the Arch bishop of Canterbury immediately com menced reading Iho service, the Bishop of London repeating the responses. The Archbishop of Canterbury having asked "Who giveth this woman to be married to this man ?" His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex who occupied a seat on the left of Her Majesty, advanced, and taking Her Ma jesty's hand, said "I do." The Archbishop ot Canterbury then laid hold of Her Ma jesty's hand, and pressing it in that of Prince Albert's, proceeded with the cere mony. ' The service having concluded, I ho se veral members of the Royal Family paid their congra ulotlins, nnd lhc Duke of Sussex, alter having shaked Her Mnjssty 10 have little ceremony, but cordiality in it, by thu hand in a manner which appeared afiectionatcly kissed ber cheek. After all had passed, with the exception of I he Royal bride and bridegroom, Her Mniesiv slepped hastily across lo the niher I side of the altar, where lhc Queen Dow- agar was standing, and kissed her. Alter this the train returned lo the royu I castle at Windsor. ENGLAND AND CHINA. The intelligence received by the ship Talbot, which arrived on Monday night from Canton, whence she sailed on the Gth of November, shows that England is de termined, right or wrong to persevere towards China. We hove therefore given our reasons for believing her in the wrong, and we arc confirmed in our opinion by the nature of the intelligence. Tho report, which was received here by way of Havre, and published somo time since, that the English and Portuguese had been driven from Macao, after a fi"ht in which twenty lives wero lost, turns out to be untrue The English loft Macao ' without any disturbance, and in consc- quenco of a threat from I ho Chinese (o cut off the supply of provisions unless they did leeve. The Portuguese remained. It appears, however, by information ob tained from Captain Slorcr, of the Talbot, that a most murderous affray had taken place. 1 1. seems that an adjustment of difficulties had been effected, by which the English t-hips were to be allowed to proceed to Canton upon certain conditions, for the purpose of carrying on their trade. Many of these conditions were most un satisfactory to the British certain bonds were (o be signed, certain declarations to be made, ships to be searched, and cargoes confhcaled In case any opium was found on board. They were, however, induced to agree to the conditions for tho purpose of renewing their trade again. Two merchant ships consequently, sailed up to Whampoo, accompanied, however, by Captain Elliott and two vessels of war. A misunderstanding then arosn in conso qiiniico of tho Chinese demanding the sur render for trial before their own courts, of tho British sailor who wbb charged with having murdered a Chinese somo time be fore. This captain Elliott refused and immediately soiled in the sloop of war Vogue to stop all other British vessels from coming up and keep them out of the reach of tho Chinese. He thon sent a letter ashoro lo the Cumshi, which was returned unopened. Shortly afterwards the Chineso war junks, to the number of 300. came around tho sloop of war, on board of which Capt. Elliott was, and he concluding that they intended to attack him, sent word to them, that if i he v did not go off in thiriy minutes ho would fire into them. Tho thiriy minutes expired, and tho war junki ro inained itnmovohlo. Tho sloup of war then opened hor fire upon them, sunk two of Iho war junks, blew up two other, and it is believed killed five hundred Chinese, The Chinese roado no rcsieiance, did not even fire a single gun, but at last made off as fast as they could. Capt. Elliott, it is added, intended lo blockado tho port of Canton immediately with what force he had, and more was doily expected. This information won obtained by Copt. Slorcr, bolh from Englmh and Amurican captains, who were eye witnesses of the scene, and may doubtless be relied upon as entirely correct. Tho conclusion is therefore inevitable that England has now crossed tho Rubicon, and however unholy tlio content in which she has engaged, in tends to fight it through, relying upon hor own power nnd tho weakness of her odver sary for success, instead' of tho juatico nf linr cause. The Americans still remain on good terms wilh tho Chinese, nnd ore driving a very profitable business with them. It will be likely lo suffer severely, however, in case of o blockade ond the open hostilities which now seem inevitable. Tho proceedings of (ynptain l'jlliott appear to us little better than downright murder. Tho destruction of five hundred people by whom no nttack had been made, and no resistance offered, certainly looks cold blooded and inexcus able. This is a poor way to teach Chris tianity to the heathen. Washington. March 4th. Tho Chnirman of the Committee on Elections announced his readiness to moke o Report to day under lhc Resolution of the House odopied on Friday lost. That Resolution inlrucU the committee to report forthwith" the :'legal" votes or number ol voles. J he Resolution requires an im possibility, and the Committee feel more governed by the word forthwith than by legal" voles. The Keport was not re ccivcd to day. Washington, March 5th. The dark and disgraceful act so long in contemplation in the House is almost con summated, and the deed wn to have been done I presume before (he light of morning should have made its opppearance. The subject come before the House at C o'clock this evening, upon a call for a Report from the Committee on Elections. Mr Campbell was ready to report under tho Resolution of the House instructing the Committee to Report "lorlhwith" who had the greatest number of legal votes. The Report after many interruptions was read to the Houo. It gives no opinion as to which party has the greatest number of lawful voles, but 6lales locts connected wilh the election familiar to all who have made themselves acquainted with tho Congressional Elec tion in New Jersey. It states t lint counting legal and illegal votes (he Van Buren men are entitled to seats, ond that throwing out the towns where tho election was illegally conducted and illegal votes thrown, the commissioned mcmberB have the majority, Alter discussing the word " lawful" at length, and the word "forthwith." for the purpose of showing that the Committee were governed by tho latter instruction of the House, and after stating at still greater length the number of votes cast and for whom cast, with the facts that the tcsli mony has not yet been spread before the Committee, which the commissioned mem bers design to place there, tho Committee conclude that as the claimants have the grpolest number of votes, th'ey aro entitled lo thoir seals. They eny, however, Ihnt no lung iii this Resolution is intended to prevent the commissioned members from presenting their claims before the Commit tee. Mr. Pelriken. after an hour had been consumed in the discussion of points of or der, introduced a Resolution which con templated tho introduction of the five Van Buren members forthwith! The Resolution was, that they were entitled to t hoi r scats, and should be sworn in by the Speaker upon presenting themfclvesat the Bar It wan eight o'clock when Mr. Pet riken made this extraordinary move. The Report of the Committee on Elections had not been ordered to be printed and but a small number of members had heard it read by tho Clerk. Mr Fillmore, of New York had submitted a motion' proposing n re commitment to the Committee on Elec tions, with instructions to await tho re ceipt of testimony from New Jersey, where both parlies now are taking testimony. By some Loco Foco movement, Mr Fillmore's amendment was thrift out, and he, by a party vote, was not allowed, though ono ol'lho Committee on Elections, to sav one word in extenuation or defence. Time passed rapidly, and an adjournment was moved and lost, and the motion was re newed nnd again lost. As far ns one could understand the party movement, the deed was to be done, and done before the adjournment. Tho outrage, however, by some of the Van Buren men, was consid ered ton glaring to be committed with such indecent haste, and some of lhc Southern Van Burcn men refused to aid in such a midnight work others became frightened, and at nine o'clock an adjournment was carried. I had supposed, when I com menced my letter, that somewhere about tho hour of twelve, iho resolution of Mr. Pelriken would have been adopted, and tho House have consummated ono of the greatest outrages ever known in the histo ry of (he Government. But though that is to be done, it is not yet accomplished. The Locofocossay that William Henry Harrison cannot bo a man of ability be camo ho hae. held so many important offices and-is still poor. In their opinion, for a man to have an opportunity to get rich out of tho government, and not do it, is an cvidonco of want of ability. Hon esty and patriotism are quite out of tho question in their view. The New Jeriev Outrage. -Tho Committee on Elections, in tho Houio of Representatives, acting under instructions, have reported in favor of tho Van Buren claimants, while it is virtually confessed that the Whig Members received a major ity of the ttgal votes. This oulrago was committed while the Whig Mcmburs were in New Jersey, un der Iho direction of tho Committee taking testimony showing that their opponents wero not entitled to the seats. A proscribed and injured Slate will put this matter right when her Freemen get nn opportunity of consulting the Bal. iovuoe8. .itoony Journal, THE AMERICAN SYSTEM, OR TIIE WHOLE MATTER IN A NOT SHELL. Extract jrom the Atidrc of Gtn. Ilarri inn to the Hamilton tounty (OAt'o,) Jlgrx-9 cultural Society. "Among tho objects to be accomplished by the establishment of such societies as your's, gentlemen, ono not the least impor tant, is tho influence they may exert to procuro the enactment of laws which may advance, or the repeal of IIiobo which may bo considered prejudicial to the intererla of agriculture There aro two subjects com ing under Ibis description which may pos sibly require the interference of tho socie ty. ThercliB no peron who hos turned hia attention to (he situation of tho western country, lliaifdoes not know how much the prosperity of the agricultural and mechan ical interests of thid section nf it depends nn the trade lo the Mississippi. We may multiply our means of communication with the eastern ports, as much as we may by means of canals and rail roads; still from thia part of I ho Ohio, and below ut, for many of our articles, wc must mainly de pend nn the states of the lower Mississippi. This market will be a good or o bad one, in proportion to their wants or their ability lo purchase. Their wants will be in pro. portion lo the increase of their population : and their ability to purchase will depend opon the success of their agricultural pur suits. It is obviou-, therefore, that we hove a deep interest in whatever concerns their interest. Their prosperity must be our prosperity ; their adversity must inevit ably bring a correspondent depression upon us. One of the principle articles, (perhaps the most important,) of the produce of Lou isiana, is sugar. Its cultivation lo any considerable extent, it posterior to I he cession of the country to iho United Slates. Under the fostering care of our govern mcnt, which afforded it a protecting duty, it has been greatly extended, producing advantages to the country as well as to the planters. Among the former is tho abstraction of a large amount of labor, from the cultivation of other articles which had been produced to an amount beyond the demand. In this way the southern slates, particularly the cultivators of cotton, were gtcatly bonefitted. While the western states reaped I he advanloge of an increased demand for almost every article of their agricultural and manufacturing products, and a dimunition in the price of sugar, in the Inst twenty years, of at least three hun dred per cent. Before a sugar manufactory can be put in operation, an immense amount of iron work, machinery and castings, as well as wagons, carls, drays, &c. must be procured. These aro purchased at Pittsburgh, Cincin. nati, or Louisville. Horses, oxen and a, supply of provisions must be obtained ; and these arc purchased of (he western farmer. Sparingly and economically at first, but al ways increasing as (he cultivation and' manufacture progresses. If the enterprise is successful, where aro the surplus gains of the planter expended ' Who is there in this part of the country so ignorant as not to know, that a large portion of I hem comes into the pockets of lhc farmers ond manu facturers of the upper western dales? As his means increase, thu sugar planter makes a more ample provision for the support of his family and laborers ; the comforts of (he negro are increased, by (he allowance of a larger portion of better food. By'theso additions to the expenses nf the planter, the western farmer and mechanic are bene fitted. When enabled lo obtain belter the planter is no longer contented with the homely furniture of hi first nsioblishment. Orders ore given for more costly and ele gant articles. And on what places are the orders given? Not on London or Liver pool, or even on New York or Philadelphia; but to somc city on the Ohio. And this is one. not by any means the least, of the vents for those splendid articles which are poured out in such quantities from the shops our Wards, Porters, Lohmans, Skinners, McAlp'ins. Lees, James, and hundreds of others. The trade uf the lower M ississippi, is peculiarly beneficial to the farmers on 1 1 1 e Ohio and its navigable tributaries. From their situation, hundreds, I may say thousands, arc enabled lo dispose of their products in that distant, but convenient market, without the intermediate solo lo a merchant, or the employment of a factor or carrier. They manage the whole matter of transportation ond sale themselves ;. effecting the latter immediately to the con sumer upon his plantation, or to the ex porter at New Orleans. There is not one that has engaged in this business, that does not know, that it is frequently tho want of the means of purchasing, which prevents the planter from buying a whole boat load of provisions rather than a small portion of one: and that if he would take sugar and molasses from the planter, in ex change for his own commodities, he could sell the latter at a higher price, and obtain tho former at n chaupur rata than by cash sales. This fact was staled lo me a few days ago by an intelligent farmer of my neighborhood, who has for many years been engaged in that trade; and shews that the planter finds grent difficulty in dis posing of his crops, even at the most reduc. ed prices, and that he is willing to reduce them still lower to obtain the produce of our soil. If the facts have stated are truo and the deduction) I have driwn from them are cnrrcct.it would appear rery extraordinary that any southern or western man should have supported the proposition lo remove the protecting duty, and place iho sugar planter ol Louisiana precisely on a footing with those of Cuba, in which island all the products of the United States aro subject to a most onerous duty, which, in relation to some pf thciK, alone, amounts lo prohi bition. Apart from the impolicy of taking off the protecting duly, the measure to the people of Louisiana, would bo full of in justice. Their cultivation of sugar was commenced under the protection of the duty, and there was nolhing that could have indicated any chango in Ihe policy which dictated it. Protecting dulies are given in every instance whero they aro ne cessary to the staples of the other states ; to the lubacco of Virginia and Maryland, tho hemp of Kentucky, the wool of Ohio, and why not tho sugar of Louisiana ?