Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 20, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 20, 1840 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

ron prhcidewt, WM. HENRY HARRISON vicb rnr.sinRNT. JOHN TYLER. Jojct Qcinct Adami, iliirim: th; four year nl hit Administration, paid 50,000,000 of ilio Na tional IVlit. Maiiti.s Vav Illlnr.V, in tho flr-t threoyoar' nf hit Administration, 1in- Mpiandcri'd a .Surplus Iiu venue of 810 000,000, aivl a'.1tc.l the Country with a Deln of mure than ."510,000,000. The expoii-c of the Government, ilnrimr tho four year' ofJuliti Q tinoy Adam' Atliiiiiiit ration was le,s than i?50,000,000. The expense of the Cinvornment, during the firt three years of MAtiTiN Van lltinr.s's Admi nistration,' amounted to more than 390,000,000 Albany Evening Journal. YOUNG MEN'S CONVENTION. Washington Cou.ntv. Thursday lat was u irlorioti day : the heavens nailed, and o did the Democrat io Whig. Willi the exception of the road, half tit for Weighing and Inlffor waziron-. all things were f.ivorahle, and mu-'t noMy did the Young men of Washing ton county ruMy. During the morning they came )n from the Notliern and Mas eru towns in good number-. At half pa-t e!ccn a grand procession, embracing about two hundred delegates' in wag irons and sleigh--, entered Market Street from Northlleld and vicinity, lead by the Moutpelier Hand, and with two flags gaily Moating to the breeze, bearing the-e moltos : " ProtcctIo.v to Laiiuii No SUI)-TltEASt)n,T. " " WILLIAM IIKNUV HAltltlSON. Tun Lor. Cad in and Hami ('idkr Candidate." This procesion passed through Miirket, Main and Slate Streets, to tho Pavilion, where another, and still larger procession, from the Western towns, Wnterlmry, Duxliury, Moretown, At idle ex, iSic. entered 'through State Street, enlivened by the spirit-string peals offmartial music. This p'rnceM'oti muni ere.l about ,r,00 delegates, in vn rous conveyances from six horse to single team-, and bore feveral handsome Hags, with significant motto., Mich a "HARRISON AND RKKORM. " "WILLIAM IIKNRY HARRISON. Loo Cacin' and Haiid Cidcr Candidate. " ONK PIM'SIDKVI'IAL TKRM. "SOIIKR SI-roND THOUGHT. " "YOU CANT STOP THAT BALL." "THK YOUNG MKN ARK COMING." " 'KRMONTKVKR TRUK. " Thee nloiulid processions of them-elvcs form ed i he highest compliment to the zeal, patriotism, and spirit of our fnend' from Waierhnry, North field and vicinity, they have not done 'this thing by Imlccs, and "we have all eontidencu that they will do eipially as perllvt a work in Scptembe'r nun iNovemoer. meo iiroci-.ioni were greeted hy die crowd-ofou,,, at the public hou-es ami ill lilt! slreels rilli iirnliiimn.I nml lipnrK- i.ln.i.rs nnn wiui tne entiiusia-tu: cheering, the muic, i the long proces.sions', and the Has and mottos, the f'ene was one of the most imposing we ever wit- no-cl. ' The Convention immeliaielv assembled in the ' ,nrJi-n& hers, ly at least half, adjourned to the Uriel. Miiircii, the large-t pulJlie lunliling in town. This was crowded, on the lloor and in tho gallarie, and probably would not accommodate, at one lime, by sonic hundreds, the niiml er of person in town' tor the purpose of attending the Conven- 1 if ill. Here. Iii'j-etlier vvilli ullier Imnm.r. ..nc r. large flag, prepared by the Whigs-of .Moutpelier. Il bore a splendid American i'.'agle, with these motto' an the one side: "WM. HKNRY HARRISON." " lie is honest, he in ctipubte, he is faithful to the Constitution." And on the reverse : "HARRISON AND REFORM. " " One Presidential Term only. " The same " hand writing " was on the inner walls of the house. Col. Paine presided, and upon taking the. chair and again upon the vote of thanks, responded in brief, neat, and appropriate speeches. The itn iiiene assembly was ilrt addressed by Hon. Win. P. Ilriggs and Vm. Uphani, J-Nq., who. in their discus-ions ol the history ol the p.tt and the poli cy of the iire.cnt administrations, well maintained their rcpiiintiou as being among the must able and eloquent orators of ihe state. Judge Ilriggs was el republicans, and inliis i'llusiralion of the dif-, -' without a pnrallcl ill the annals of feronce in tho kinds of democracy exhibited by our National Legislature. While the re the rcspe.-iipo candidates for the' Prcsi;lcncy.-1 C0uClioll 0f all the facts connected with ..11.-SSI5. uii.irie.s uviii.ui nini .tin or Jiovi luuoweu; the latter has been, until recently, a supporter of J uiu a iiiuiusirauoii. lie spoi;e nrieuy, nun eio oucutlv, in behalf ol the manufacturing interest. mid particularly of the laborers connected with 1II1IIUI.II.IIIII-S, wiiiis,; wage-, no sum, nan uireany Icon greatly reduced through the operation of the measure oj'lho federal government. Mr. James Green of Waierhnry, repre-ented the farmer' on this occasion, and proved him-elf a strong and ef fective auvocate ; and father Hcrrick of Randolph, soldier under Washington, and who underwent the horrors of the Jersey Prison Ship, clo-ed the addresses by a fervent appeal to the assembled iniillilnde, as tlicy value I their country and its Lit erty, to go lor the Hero of Tipecanoe. The Windsor county Young .Men' convention rnml ere.l from 1200 io 1500, and some of our Wool-lock friend-, who were here on Thursdiy, uiJiiii'toil that ours tar exceedc.l t'lat. We feel oiirM-lvos to bo within bound-', when we say, that the Convention niim' ered from KII'TKKN "Ut'N DRKDto TWO THOUSAND; and was, there fire, the largest Convention ever assembled in X'ermont. Washington county locol'oco ridden u.s she has been inu-l I car the palm in tin'-. The Young Men of the Democratic Whig party have nobly won tin disiinction, and we venture tho pledge, in their behalf, that they will not rc-t, until they have gained another and more glorious that of routing the enemy in their tronget hold in Vermont. The number assembled, the rvpeat ed bursts d applause with which they greeted the tpeakcr-, the enthusiasm and eonfide'uco of glori ous victory exhibited in every contenance, and the hearty' cheers which they gave for Hauuison on the adoption of the resolution, aro all indica tion which may l relied on, that the " Harrison fire" i hete. It 'ill bum, until il purine the county of los'ofecoimn, Montpelier Watchman. A SIGN. One of the most remarkable signs of the times that have fallen under our observa tion, is tho completo rout of the Jjocofo- cos m tho town ol Lynn, Mans, dislm guislied for its shoo manufactures, and till of late for its Locofocoism. Tho rogular Locofoco majority there for several years litis varied Irom two to livo hundred. J. lie Boston Atlas gives tho following tablet.- of the state of parties there since 1834 : Wilis:.-. Locofocos. IBS! 335 805 1830 IvM 708 183S fid 7 710 183:) 035 815 Last fall, the whole number of votes was 1,500, and the Locofoco majority was 190. On Monday hist tho number of votes thrown at tliu town election, was 1,514, and the Wiiki M.vjohitv on the vote for selectmen ; was 108 a change ofuOO voles 111 less than six mouths ! We understand that a good deal of nneainc. has existed among tbo workmen employed ly the United State at tho armory at Sprinf.cUI. Mown. 1 ehiifett.. It M-ents that n newly dcvii-ed pattern tor nutslieis n.u een lately adopted i.y ttie war Department, which requites much more lalorlo finish tho arm., and u nonllownnco is ina.le for .i . 1 . i . . the extra wor!.. Airaint this the workmen r moitstrate, as iinjnst to them, it having iiccomi rily the o.ioct to reduce their compensation from out! quarter tn one-lhlid. And what is quite ex traordinary, the salaries, of the overseers of t lies work have, at thoj-nmu lime, hoeii mcrea-cd J-o-vcrnl hnndiod dollar-each. It is Mated that the. lianNhip of this unantTomcnt is Mich, that very gunernl uncaM'nos prevail.. to Mich an extent indceil, that some ot the work men have quit their employment. South Carolina. Tliorc is an exci ted personal contest for Governor now in progress in .South Carolina, which we hear spoken of as likely to change or modify tho political altitude of tho Slate. The Birth-Day of Gen. Harrison was coloUratotl with great spirit tit i eo- Illinois. Several soldiers who served i liim nt H iliiior aiinc. I'ol't Mell'S mid with him at Tippecanoe, Fort Meigs mid the Thames, participated m the festivities and each in succession bore enthusiastic testimony to his bravery, skill and rare nobleness of soul and kindness of heart. The Oration was delivered by Hon. J. W. Gazlay, formerly a Member of Congress from the Cincinnati District, J Ohio. Iho Peoria Register, liitliurlo . iji;muU) litis lAJinu uul iui i mi i lauiia HARRISON IN THE WEST. We arts permitted to make the follow ing cheering extract from a letter dated Tnr.Mo.vr, Illinois, Feb. 1:2th, to a gentleman of this city : " We have had a grand celebration of HARRISON'S BIRTH-DAY. J. L. James, Esq. presided, and made an ad mirable speech ; and lots of speeches were made and sentiments given. We were honored with the presence of EIGHT SOLDIERS WHO FOUGHT UN DER HARRISON ; and each of them came forward and bore testimony to bis patriotism, courage and generosity of soul. At Peoria they had a tremendous time. I will send you a paper next week, giving the account. This State will go for Harrison by 5001) MAJORITY at least. The changes that are going on are almost incredible. You never saw such enthusiasm. THE OLD SETTLERS GO IN FOR HIM TO A MAN. Had any other candidate been nominated, the State would have gone 5000 the other lviir. Ittrlintiii it 1 :iid lit' nnr hnniviiicr - . . j V)J,m lor tue vjuv 11 cnu. .uuiosi an inij ORIGINAL J ACKSON men (with us) . ,. . r,, v ' are going lor Harrison. Cheering news comes to US bv every mail from Ohio. wil1 sweeP EVEKY THING West, except Missouri. CONGRESS. The Sub-Treasury Bill was called up in the House, on the 11th inst.,rcfered to the committee of Ways and Means, and ordered to be printed. THE NEW-JERSEY QUESTION. Yesterday's mail brouodit us this ex. pected intelligence of the admission of the Van Buren Pretenders to their .seats the llousoof Representatives. This de cision, subsersivo as it is ol every prin ciple and precedent, was to have been expected from a body which for tame servility to Executive dictation for wan- i ; ton trilling witli the People's interests lor riotous, disorderly and disgracetul conduct is, and will, we trust, long re- . . . . ... .. . . . . , tills question IS still ll'cslun the minds of our readers, let us recapitulate the sue- I WninSionf March 0, is 10. accommodations proviucu tor tlio use cessivo .steps taken by the Federal1 By the directions of the President, the Majesty s troops when on a march trainbands in the disfranchisement and undersigned, Secretary of State of the ' tliat -'ollt,; 5 a"d was with a view to degradation of the suvercign State of New United States, communicates to Mr. Fox, correct misapprehensions which appeared Jersey. Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plen- to oxist upon these points, and thus to do At'tho opening of the present session ipotentiary of Great "Britain, the enclosed away with ono needless occasion of dis two sets of clamiants for tho roprcsonta-1 copy of a report made to the Governor of Pto, that the undersigned conveyed to tion of New Jersey presented themselves the Slate of Maine, bv the agent, com- the United States Government the infor to the lower House of Congress. The missioned on the part" of the authorities mation contained in his note of the 2Gth Whigs held the usual certificates of elec tion, and claimed moreover to have re ceived ti majority of the legal votes. The Loco-l-ocos interposed a similar claim, though lacking the same evidence, in be half of tbeirright. Heretofore it has been the invariable rule to admit the member or members holding the certificates, the urimn fnrio ..viilnnc. nf i,l,.rti,m n 1 in IniKn. mid t inn. I l .m- u-,.rn ml., er clainiiint, the subject was referred to the appropriate committee or nvest ca - 11011, uiiu wiis eyeiuiiiiuy pas' by the House. Thus, however llliirlit lid tlio iilinstion lintu'onn rival claimants, tho interests of their con - stittients were carofttlly protected, and their right to bo represented by one or the other candidate recognized and admitted at once. But in tho New Jersey case the friends of the Federal Administration de - parted from this salutary principle, and declared that neither 'set of claimants should take their seats, but that the whole subject should bu referred at once lo tho cmi'imittnn nil nloeliii.i. Tl .(',.... ,..,.S ous evil of this course was to overthrow a precedent nereteioro mvnrianly adher-' on the lanu and on tne water, are not 111 ed to tlio second, to deprive tho State harmony with tho assurance the only ob of Now Jersoy (for more than three juct is tbo preservation of a few uiiiinpor inonths, as it proved,) of live-sixthsof the . taut buildings and store houses for the representation guaranteed to her by Con-'temporary protection of the number of slitution and Laws of the United States. ! troops her Majesty's ordinary service can Hero then was tho first great wrong. require to pass 011 tho road front Now It was to have been oxpected, after the I Brunswick to Canada, biibjeet had been committed to the Coin-1 Tho undersigned will abstain from any mittiio on Elections, that the House would remarks upon these contradictory state- uot again have interfered in the business' until tho Committee had expressed a, readiness to report. The result, however, proved that any expectations founded upon right or justice were little like to be realized from the conduct of u reckless Mriit m '!..!, , ftnl. tint fVimmif inn Pay majority. Alter tllO Committee Had mndo considerable progress in tlioir investigation, It Wits found that tho prmci . , ,., ,,. ,, ,,;,Url. ,.,1,,.,1 i, P"1 objection to the evidence ittltlticed II I. l .1... 1 -I-!. . . .1... behalf of the several claimants, was that the testimony had all been taken cz parte. To obviate this difficulty and by mutual agreement, tho Whig and Van Huron claimanls returned to New Jersey, divi ded tho State into five Districts, assigned one Whig and ono Van Huron man to each district, and thus in good faith and with an undoubted desire to obtain all tho facts bearing upon the question, they pro ceeded to n scrutiny of tho polls. Here then was an opportunity for having all lite evidence in regard to this election fairly taken and fully spread beforo the Com mittee, tho House and tho People. Hut 'such a scrutiny was the last thing desired , tll(J y B , mn jorjtv. Xliuv knew hM f,lf,ir ,.. frieKjs Ilatl 11()t rocuivc(l ..e .1... I...-..I 1 i'..r..t a majeriiy oi mu legui vuius, nu loiinui that tho Peopleof the Union would know this fact too, if the Investigation were al lowed to proceed, they determined to ar rest the proceedings of the Committee and Claimants, and to accomplish by force what their candidates had failed to effect n, fmmi Accordingly, a resolution was brUptiy pas5Udt tlircclfu tlic Conuiiittcc to report forthwith to the House the names of the five members, who, in their opi nion, received a majority of the lawful votes. And although this resolution was accompanied by a proviso declaring that it should not be so construed as to prevent or delay the action of the committee in taking testimony or deciding the case rroN its Mintirs although it was per fectly well known that the several claim ants were then busy in taking testimony to be submitted to the committee altho' il wiis universally conceded that the case could not bo decided upon its merits un til this testimony was obtained a major ity of the committee reported in favor of the Yiin Huron Pretenders and a majority of the House, before this report had been printed before it had even been read by some of tho members and after refusing to receive the report of the minority confirmed the decision of the committee and consummated this atrocious outrage. There is nothing in the history of this country which betrays so desperate and reckless a a spirit as this last worst act of the Van Huron Nullihcrs. I lie Ameri' can annalsdo not contain a crime ofdeep er dye than now stands recorded on the pages of our Congressional history as having been committed by the friends of indeed, true, should such a point be con the present Federal Administration. jsidered worth discussing, that the under In defiance of all precedent in viola- signed might have used a more teckni tion of evcrv principle ofjustice incon- cally correct expression in his note of the tempt of every rule of Parliamentary ac- 2Gth of January, if be had stated the de tion in mockery of the provisions which tachment in question to consist of from guard the purity of the elective franchise, ono to two companies, instead of stating and of the rules' which protect the rights 't ' consist of one company, of the minority, they have conceived and Bt - detachment of her Majesty's .uicces..fiilly carried out n scliomo of palm- troops has been stationed at the lake Te ing ofTupon the Union live Compression- miscouta, from timo to time ever smco tho af Pretenders. They have in this wick- "'inter of 1837 and 1S3S, when the ne ed tlced outraged the People of New cessity itrose from marching reinforce- Jersev, insulted the Sovereignty of the the Suites, violated the provisions of the Constitution and trilled with the interests of the Union. Alb. Dai. Advertiser. I ' Vrtltmil r- t csril r Tt T ltrttTs'ts . ts 1 r I ijiiii-iac5 l ji,iu uuuixuAiii. The following correspondence between ' (lift Spr0;, rv nf "sit-to n.wl iw, n;.i, ... 1 i miiiisiui , ... iu.ui.1.1 .w .-.uiu......

Question, was communicated to Congress on Tuesday last Mn. Fons'vT.t to Mn. Fox. DKLAirrMKXT OF STATIC. of that State, to ascertain tho nreciso character and extent of the occupation of imrts oftb,. disntited territory by troons of her Brittaimic Majesty, "and of the buildings and other public works con- structed for their use and accommodation. By that report, and the three deposi- turns which the undersigned inlorinally cn.iimiinirotnd lo Mr. Kov a few dilVS s urn. in iv nnrcn vn t hat there must )e some extraordinary misapprehension on or investiga-1 his part of the facts in relation to the oc- troops wlule on tliuir marcli, and lor tliu passed upon ' cupation by British troops of portions of SIllu lodgement ol .tlio stores, is 110 new over doubtful tho disputed territory. The statements act on the part oi lier Majesty's authori een the two . contained in theso documents, and that ties. I ho buildings 111 question have 1 Ins parte! the acts 111 relation to the oc- ' given by iMr. Fox, in his note of tlio 20th of January last, exhibited a striking dis- creiiancy as to the number ot troops now , in the territory, as compared with those who were in it when tho arrangement be- Won Governor Fairfield and Lieutenant 1 Governor Harvey was agreed upon ; and also as to tho present and former state of , the buildings there. Tho extensivo ac- I coinmodations prepared and praparing, at ' ,.l-l nl ,,t n.tu- rKt:.tim.u ll,n u-nrks , finished, and in the course of construction, monts, until Mr. Fox, shall have had au opportunity to obtain tho means of fully explaining them. How essential it is that this should be promptly done, and that the stops necessary to a faithful ohser- vance on tho part of her Majesty's colo nial authorities of tho existing agreements between the two Governments should ho immediately taken, Mr. Fox cannot fully understand. The undersigned avails himself of tho occasion to renew to Mr. Fox assurances of high consideration. JOHN FORSYTH. Mn. Fox to Mn. FonsvTii. Washington, March, 7, 1840. Tho undersigned, her Uritannic Ma jesty Envoy Extraordinary and Minister I'lonipolcntiary has the honor to acknowl edge tho receipt of tho official note of yesterday's dale, addressed to him by Mr. Forsyth, Secretary of State of the United States, to which is annexed the copy of a report irom Mr. Benjamin Witrgin, an agent employed by thc'Stato of Maine to visit tho British military post at Lake Temiscouta ; and in which re ference is made to other papers upon the same subject, which were informally communicated to tho undersigned by Mr. Forsyth a few days before ; and the at tention of tho undersigned upon which the information contained in the said papers is considered to be materially at variance with that which was conveyed to the Uni ted State Government by,tho undersigned in his official notes of the 2Gtli of last January. The undersigned had already been made acquainted, bv tho Lieutenant Gov ernor of New Brunswick, with the cir cumstances of Mr. Wiggin s visit to the military post at Lake Temiscouta, where the oflicer in command very properly furnished to Mr. Wiggin the requisite in formation upon all matters connected with the British station, which ho appeared desirous to inquire about. The alleged points of variance, after deducting what is lancifiil and conjectural in the reports now produced, and after comparing what is the stated in contra diction to other roports bclore produced from the same quarters, do not appearto tho undersigned to be by any means so material as tbev seem to have been con sidered by the Government of the United States. The British military detachment stationed at Lake Temiscouta, which the agents employed by the State of Maine had, in the first instance, with singular exaggeration, represented as amounting to two regiments, is now discovered by the same parties to amount to 175 men, which, instead of two regiments, is some thing less than two companies. It is, monts by that route from New Brunswicl to Canada ; any it will be remembered tl,!lt " temporary right of using that route lor tl10 sainu purpose, was expressly re- served to Great Britain in the provisional agreement entered in to at the beioiiining . O Q ot last year. Jt is" 't therefore true that the station i"g a military force at tho lake Tonus couta is a new measure on the part of her majesty's authorities. Neither is it true that that measure has been adopted for other purposes than to maintain the secu- I'' f tl'o customary line of con.nuu.ica- 1,0 "' 1111,1 ,0 I'1."1 tllL' bm d,?S' ?t0rCS 01 .lanuary. Willi regard again to the construction of barracks and other buildings, and the preserving them in an efficient state of 1'L,P;iir !llld defence, a similar degree of L'"unillu im.iJ.1iM,'iis,-nsiun .M.,iUiirs sun to prevail in the minds ol the American 1 llO CteCtlOll Ot tllOSC UlllldlllgS Wltlllll " P"niiiii 01 uiu iiiMiiicu lurritory now referred to for the shelter of her Majesty's UUT H"IU u" ",u,l"i '" " .-- co"'so ot construction from a I'onod antecedent to tlio provision agree- 11191 j)L,u' ,llu maintained and occupied along tho line "1 'well, with a view to the samo objects !ll,ov spocficd, lor which small dctach- jnonts ot troops also reierrcd to, are in Ilko manner there stationed, 1 1- undersigned will not refrain from llcr0 remarking upon 0110 point of com- ' PliriSOll exhibited 111 tllO preSOIlt COIltrO- vursy. il is iiuniiui.-u oy mn (jiiiuu States authorities that the armed bands stalioned by the Government of Maine in tho neighborhood of the Aroostook river, have fortified those stations with artillery; and it is now objected as matter of com plaint against the British authorities, with referenco to the buildings at Lako Te miscouata, not that thoso buildings are furnished with artillery, but only that they aro defended by palisades capable of resisting artillery. It would bo difficult to adduce stronger evidence of tho act, on tho 0110 side being thoso of aggressions and on tho other of defence. The fact, shortly, is, and this is the essential point of the argument, that her less; but Rome more" and to this nom Majesty's authorities have not as yet nl- j inutj01, au w poo,0 say( anien. And tered thoirstato ofproparatioii,orstrcngth-1 . . . . . , ened their military means within the "dis- nmv ,()t 1,3 '"'l,,ir(!' wI,al S!,-v 1,10 r,vaI pitted territory, with a view to settle the question of tho boundary, although tho attitude assumed by the htato ot JMtimu with reference to that question, would bo a clear justification of such measures ; and it is much to be npprchended that the adoption ofstich measures will sooner or later oecome indispensable, il lie people of Maine bo not compelled to desist from the exsensive system of armed aggression which they aro continuinir lo carry on in others parts of tho same disputed terri- William Henry Harrison, for Daniel t0TI,e undersigned avails himself of tills ' " lVeb' Wnjtcld Scott. Not occasion to renew tho Secretary of State wc mivo ,,GL'n contending for princi of tho United States the assurance of his "pics. Not men, but principles, arc our distinguished consideration. rules of action. Look not then to Har- U' S .I'0X , " lisburgli but to tho White House not BRITISH POSSESSIONS IN INDTA " t0 tllc nomination, but to the mountain The existing troubles with China may, or may not, leatl to a long and costly war; but it is certain that Russia looks earnestly at every difficulty which may break out in the East as opening a prospect for un dermining the British power in India. The war now prosecuting against Circas sia, and the assemblage of a formidable Russian squadron in the Black Sen, all tend to the furtherance of the great object which Russia has so much at heart. In deed it may be said and it is a sinirular fact that war only exists in tho East, and great events may grow out of the troubles 111 India, Egypt and 1 ttrkey Tho power of England in India is too i formidable to be easily endangered. It is a most remarkable increase of power, tnftiiniwo nml fnrriliirei mutts curium i(r up, it may be said, from u mere commer- i cial company. We hear the glory of England frequently spoken of, but the little island is a very small portion of that glory the gigantic power is in India. The British Empire in the East Indies now includes 0110 hundred millions of peo ple, and extends over 1,250,000 square ...:i c.ti i: . i. 1 ill's, wi llu u i luius, iiuiu iiiu aiiuita uii : the mountains of the Gaut and IIi.11n.e- ' laya, to the burning sands of Hindoostaii, and twelve hundred miles of the naviga- bio rivers Indus, Junga, Sutledge, Ganges tiliu iji iiiiiuiiuifllil, tt Jin 1111 i;u villus w,,,,- .. . ' , , ta, wolli j , IJcnares, l.iUcno, l oona, ltiatlras, and Bombay. They hold the Great Mogul and all tho reigning princes as their captives, and can bring into the field an armv full as large as Russia. Europe " 1 ..ii.:,wl ..r,.i .u-in.i cannot, by a combined efloi t, dislodge England from her vast possessions in the East Indies: and as to the Chinese war, . , . '1 . . 1 . :n it is evident that il it is protracted, it wil be merely to sea liglils witli tlie iuiiks ana coasters. FRIDAY MOI1NI.N G, M ARC II, 20. MR. DAVIS'S SPEECH. This able document will recommend itself to the consideration of every indi vidual who takes an interest in the one great question now beforo the American people " shall the wages of labor be reduced in this country lo the hard mon ey pauper standard of the old world ?" Let every true republican every 111:111 who earns his bread by the sweat of his brow, ponder well this question. CLAY, SCOTT, AND HARRISON. It has been a mortifying circumstance and not more mortifying than disas trous to the best interests of the country that, with an actual majority of the people with them, the whigs have, from' time to time, suffered themselves to be defeated, from mere want of concert. They liavn always had numerical strength, but have suffered themselves to bo divided on local questions, and thus cut up in dc- tail, when, united, nothing could have resisted them. And even when the liar- risburgh Convention met, how few among 1 us, in view of the past, could look with) confidence to the future. There was Ci.ay, with his old and long tried friends, linked to his cause, as with hooks of steel, and pointing to a catalogue of public services; Hauuison, with an army of old soldiers clinging to his cause, and backed by the almost entire population of the new states, proclaiming, 11 this is tho' man whom wo delight to honor ;" and lastly, Scott, with his warm-hearted, ar dent, youthful friends inspired with all the enthusiasm of a first love, and an ob ject every way worthy their affections. How wero these conflicting claims to be I disposed of, in reference to personal and , ', .. . , mi .1 local considerations 1 hoy could not bo so adjusted ; did tbo convention ! attempt it. That august assemblage looked not to men, but to measures. Thoy wero witnesses of tho distress that afllicted tho country, and of the determin ation of the peoplo to rid themselves of the men who had brought theso calamities upon us. It was for them to select tho instrument for its accomplishment. Thoy did so, The choice fell upon Hauuison not, that the convention "loved Ca.'sar candidates? what says Mr. Clay? what says (Jen. Scott? " Talk not of sacrifice," said Mr Ci.av. " What is a public, man worth to tho " country- in what does ho show his pat- " riotism if ho is not always ready to sac- u ri,ico ,,5,,, ,f . . cotl,.trv? Tlf!r(. " has been no sacrifice. Wo have not " I'cen contending for lfcnrn Clay, for " of corruption which it is designed to " overthrow not to the man who has "been nominated, but to tho Goths and "Vandsdsat the Capitol. WILLIAM "HENRY HARRISON and JOHN "TYLER arc medicine which will cure " us of the sacrifice, if sacrifice there be, 'but thcro is none. Go home, then, " gentlemen of tbo Convention, remem " boring what you have seen here." Mr j Clay's Speech at Washington. Such was the first noble response of Mr Clay, and in accordance with this. WJH l,0 CVery pulsation of his heart till t,,u d of , . J """VI Clay took occasion at Richmond to pass a most splendid eulogium upon Gen. Har rison characterizing him as " an accom " plisbcd scholar, an incorruptible patriot, " a sagacious statesman, and an honest " man." Nor is Gen. Scott less prompt or , . , . , . . I,Ciirt 111 ll,s resl,onsc to tho nomination. His occupation and peculiar duties prc- elude the idea of his becoming an activo 1)artizan . ilt it win i)e seen by the fol 1 In iv inn nttnr. tlint in fill V npfimnorns in ' 0 ' - 1 the nomination, and pledges for it, his cordial support. 1 jtjy jtar ,,:! ,atcn to congratulate you ami vonr pntnotic associate, on the choice of a Wilis canilulale for the nrcsnlcncy of tlio United who hM h.ivi. m'v mtvcr;fl,r hi. mvcVtk . and 1 am highly llattcictl at huvinir receive.) inthu ''onvcntionra' Ions as the.e wa a rea-onahlo hope of carrvins mc, n very re-pcctable nninher , ()f for ilU fm, ditfiitiisl.ij .0sition hefow 1 my countrymen. Vrom what States other than New York, New Jersey anil Vermont, if nny, that support wai received, 1 am not yet informed ; hut my grati tude to each i' as irrent as if it iaruality had re Milli;d 111 my nomination. flavin? formed 110 expectation of 1 ecominp tho nominee i.f tlio convention, nor definite vih for the presidency itself, I am without mortification to express c,r to conceal ; and only regret that a short aleiu e 10 the South will delay the gratifi cation 1 hall ever feel in testifying my thnnkn in per-on to ihi delcL'alc who, with their con.ti tucnts', have .o liiirh'y honorel inc. l'lca-i add to your many Idudnos-c-' that of inakiriv known iny i'ntiine'nt-: to micIi of tho-o friend as you may chance to find your.-ell with in. leturning to your linmc, and IJehevo me, my dear Sir with the highest esteem, Your most ol edicnt erv''. (StaneJ) WINI'J.1.1) SaiTl". This letter was addressed to Mr Henry, one of the delegates from this state to Harrisbiirgh, and was by him laid before tho Arlington f'onven.ion, a few days since. It speaks the language of a patriot, and will gain to tho gallant General new friends in this quarter. Thus it will be seen, then, that all tho elements of opposition are united ; tho friends of all the candidates, and the rival candidates themselves, cordially support the nomination ; every whig press in tho uni0n supports it ; the people sustain it, and will triumphantly carry it through, Bo then of good cheer. The bow of , promise again spans the political horizon, i and a brighter day will yet dawn upon tho ' country. SCOTT AND HARRISON. QrGen. Scott is a military man, and of course familar with the character and public services of Gen. Harrison. If tho hitter was indeed the " cowardly, imbe cile granny," that tbo loco focos represent him, would Winficld Scott congratulato the country upon his nomination, and pledge his efforts for his election to tho Presidency Let common senso answer. Scott is himself a bravo man, who haa " seen some service," and as such, can appreciate Gen. Harrison's character. " I hasten to cangratulatc, you," says tho Hero of Bidge water, " on the choice of !t tvln,r ,s-,wl;,l.,. C,,.. !. Protwl,.,,. . ,r, . " of the United States (Gen.. Harrison,) (4 , , .. . , f 1 We ask, can any man wno ever saw, or heard of, the "Niagara Frontier,'" have a better endorsement ? GOV.. EVERETT. Tho letter of DmvAiin Evr.uurr to. tho Coiomittco of the Whig Convention appointed to give him notice of his ro nomiuatiou for tho gubernatorial chair of Massachusetts, appears in ( tho Boston papers of Wednesday, In this letter