Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 27, 1840, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 27, 1840 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CSAR BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY, MARCH 27, 1840. VOL,. XIII Vo.6GO HIGHTS OP WOMEN. DT M19 SAHAII D01.E, MASS. Wonmn should lie allowed to Mnml in timbered desk, uiul in iliu hall of i science, nnd advocate the cau.-o of intelligence, of humanity, and ol reli gion.' Amasa Walkcii. Woman 1 resume thy rights I Hid oddly man revere T Step boldly up to nobler height., And fill n wider sphere ! Secluded, mute, no Icngcr dwelt, Thv 'talents' huried quite ; Escape from cii'-tom's cruel (pell, And send abroad thy light 1 Thv province wide as man's extend, The 'friend of woman' f-ay ; Hut from such advocate and friend., 'Spare u ! oh, pare !' we pray ! To these, indeed, no narrow bound Has God or man assigned ; Duties within thy Ho.MiTaru found, Worthy the noblet mind. Who that ha marked that quiet spot, And, markimr, pondered well, Would ask for thee a happier lot, Than where thy loved ones dwell 1 T is thin-i the path" for infant feet In lines of love to trace, And deep impress tholeounsels sweet, Which years shall War ell'ace. T is thine to soothe, and thine to cheer, Ere yet from life withdrawn, The evening hour-' of thoe most dear, Who watched thy early dawn. And who, when the cold world annoys, Can luiidi a brother's sigh, lk-guile his woes, enhance hi joy, Like some fond ilcr nigh t Uut if on thee no duty falls, As siste.-, daughter, wife Still enter not the noisy halls Of fierce debate and strife, Thine i the right, be thine the choice, To plead with modest pen j But think not with the boisterous voice To sway the minds of men. Nor let that high and holier place We consecrate to pravcr, E'er witness the unblushing face Of woman speaking there ! Mercy and wN'dom sweetly blend In the lehen divine, Which bid the prie-t God's altar tend, Excluding aid of thine. Ne'er as man's rival seek to shine, His laurels to divide, Till thou can'st cheerfully resign Protection at his side. Still, still fulfil the glorious plan, So full of love to thee. Which gives the commonwealth to man, Home's empire thine to be ! SHELLEY'S OPINION OF DANTE. " Dante was the iirt Keligious Reformer ; and Luther surpassed him rather in r.idene.s nnd acri iiwny, than in the buldnes of his censure, of pa pal usurpation. Dante was the first awnkner of entranced Europe; he created a language, in itself music and persuasion, out of a elas of inharmo nious barbarim.-. He was the congregator of tho-c great spirit who presided over resurrection of learning; the Lucifer of that storry flock which in the thirteenth century thonc forth iom Republican Italy, a$ftom a heaven, into the darkness of the benighted world His very words are instinct with spirit ; each is as a spark, a burning stem of incxtingui.-hal le thought ; and many yet lie covered in the ashes of their birth, and pregnant with lightning which has yet found no conductor. All high poetry N infinite; it is at the first acorn, which contained all oaks potentially. Veil afier veil may be undrawn, and the inmost naked beauty ofthr meaning never ex posed. A great poem i a fountain tor ever over flowing with the waters of widom and delight ; .and after one person and one age is exhausted of all its divmc influence which their peculiar rela xations enable them to share, another nnd yet another succeed, anil new relations arc ever de veloped, the source of unforeseen and unconceived delight." . THE THREE BRIDES. " Do you see," said the sexton "those three hillocks yonder, side by side? There sleep the three brides whoso history I am about to relate. Look there, sir, on yonder hill, you may observe a little iso lated house, with a straggling fence in front, a few stunted npplo-trccs on the ascent behind it. It is sadly out of repair now, and the garden is all overgrown with weeds and brambles, and the wholo place has a desolato appearance. If the wind were high now, you might hear tho old crazv shutters flapping against the sides, and the wind tearing tho gray shingles off the roof. Many years ago, thero lived m tliat house an old man and his son, who cultivated the few acres of land winch be long to it. The father was a self-taught man, deeply versed in tho mysteries of scienco and, as he could tell tho name of every flower that blossomed in the wood and grew in tho garden, and used to sit up late of nights at his books, or reading the mystic story of tho heavens, men thought ho was crazed or bewitched, and avoi( led him, and even hated him, as tho ignorant ever shun tho gifted and enlightened. A few thero wore, and among others tho minister and lawyer and physician of tho place, who showed some willingness to afford him countenance ; but they soon dropped his acquaintance, for they found tho oiu man somowwu iusuyuu im mu- roso, and moreover, their vanity was wounded by discovering the extent of his knowledge. To tho minister ho would quote tho Fnthnrs and tho Scriptures in tho original tongue, and showed himself well armed with hn weanons of nolomical contro versy. He astonished tho lawyer with his nrofound acouaintanco with uirisprti donco ; and the physician was surprised at tho extent of his medical knowledge So they all deserted him, nnd the minister from whom the old man differed in some trifling points of doctrine, spoko very slightingly of him ; and by and by all looked upon tho self-educated farmer with eyes of aversion. But ho little cared for that, for derived his consolation from loftier resources, and in the ttntracked paths of science found a pleasttro as in the pathless woods ! He instructed his son in all his lore the languages, litera ture, history, philosophy, science, wcro unfolded one by one, to the enthusiastic son of the solitary. Years rolled away the old man died. lie died when a storm convulsed the faco of nature, when the wind howled around his shattered dwel ling and the lightning played above the roof ; and though he went to heaven in faith and purity, tho vulgar thought and said that the Evil One had claimed his own in the thunder and commotion of the elements. I cannot paint to you the grief of the son at his bereavement. Ho was for a time as one distracted The minister camo and muttered a few cold and hollow phrases in his ear, and a few neighbors, impelled by curiosity to see the interior of tho old man's dwelling, came to the funeral. With a proud and lofty look the son stood above the dust and the dead, in the midst of the band of hypocritical mourners, with a pang at his heart, but a serenity on his brow. He thanked his friends for their kindness, acknowledged their courtesy, and then strode away from the grave to bury his grief in the privacy of his deserted dwell ing. "He found, at first, the solitude of the mansion almost insupportable, and fic paced the echoing floors from morning till night, in all the agony of wo and des olation, vainly imploring heaven for re lief. It came to hiin first in the guise of poetic inspiration. He wrote with a wonderful case and power. Pago after page came from his prolific pen, almost without an effort ; and there was a time when he dreamed (vain fool !) of immortality. Some of his productions came before the world. They were praised and circulated, and inquiries were set on foot in tho hope of discovering the author. He, wrapped in the veil of im penetrable obscurity ,listoncd to the voice of applause, more delicious because it was obtained by stealth. From tho ob scurity of yonder lone mansion, and from this remote region, to send forth lays which astonished tho world, woo iuJouU u triumph to the visionary bard. " His thirst for fame was gratified, and ho now began to yearn for the compan ionship of some sweet being of tho other sex, to share the laurels he had won. to whisper consolation in his car in moments of despondency, and to supply tho void which the death of his old lather had oc casioned. He would picture to himself the felicity of a refined intercourse with a highly intellectual and beautiful woman and as he had chosen for his motto "what has been done may still be done" he did not despair of success. In this village lived three sisters all beautiful and iccomplished. Their names were Mary Adelaide, and Madeleine. 1 am far enough past tho age of enthusiasm, but never can I lorget the beauty ot those oung gnls. Mary was tho youngest, a air-haired, more laughing damsel never danced upon a green. Adelaide, who who was a low years older, was uaru- laired and pensive : but of the three, Ma deleine, tho eldest, possessed the most fire, stunt, cultivation and mtcllcctua- bihty. Their father was a man of taste andeducation.anu being somewhat auove ulgar prejudices, permitted tho visits ot the hero of my story. Still ho did not al together encourage tho alloction which he found springing up between Mary and the post. When, however, ho found that her aliections were engaged, ho urn not withhold Ins consent lrom her marriage, and the recluse bore to his solitary man sion tho young bride of his aliections. Oh sir, tho house assumed a new appear ance, within and without. Hoses bloom ed in tho garden, jessamines peeped through its litttces, and the Ileitis about it smiled with the effects of careful cultiva tion. Lights were seen in tho little par lor in tho evcning,and many a time would tho passenger pause by tho garden gate, to listen to strains of the sweetest music, breathed by coral voices from tho cottage. i ..i . 1 l.: ...:r.. ii mo mysterious sumum uuu ma nnu wcro neglected by their neighbors, what cared thoy 1 Their endearing and mutu al affection made their homo it little par adise. But death camo to Eden. Mary fell suddenly sick, and, after a few hour's illness, died in the arms of her husband and her sister Madeleine. This was tho student's second heavy affliction. " Days, months, rolled on, and the on ly solace of tho bereaved was to sit with the sisters of the deceased and talk of tho lost ono. To Adolaido, at length ho of fered his widowed heart. Sho camo to liis lone house tho dovo, hearing tho olivo branch of peace and consolation. Their bridal was not ono of revelry and mirth, for a recollection brooded ovor tho hour. Yot thoy lived happily, tho husband again smiled, and with a new spring, tho roses again blossomed in their garden. But it seemed as if a fatality pursued this singular man. When the rose withered and tho leaf fell, in the mellow autumn of tho year, Adelaide, too, sickened and died, like her younger sister, in tho arms of her husband and of Madeleine. Perhaps you will think it strange, young man, that, after all, tho wretched survivor stood again at tho altar. But ho was a mysterious being, whoso ways wcro inscrutable, who, thirsting for domestic bliss, was doomed ever to seek and never to find it. His third brido was Made leine. I well remember her. She was a beauty, in the true sense of the word. It may seem strange to you to hear tho the praise of beauty from such lips as mine ; but I cannot avoid expatiating up on hers. Sho might have sat upon a throne, and tho most loyal subjoct, tho proudest peer, would have sworn tho blood within her veins had descended from a hundred kings. She was a proud creature, with a tall, commanding form, and raven tress, that floated, dark and cloud-like, over her shoulders. She was a singularly gifted woman, and possessed of rare inspiration. She loved the wid ower tor his power and his fame, and she wedded him. They were married in that church. It was on a summer after noon I recollect it well. During the ceremony, the blackest cloud I ever saw, overspread the heavens like a pall, and, at the moment when the third bride pro nounced her vow, a clap of thunder shook the building to the centre. All the fe males shrieked, but the bride herself made the response with a steady voice, and her eyes glittered with wild-fire as she gazed upon her bridegroom. Ho remarked a kind of incoherence in her expressions as they rode homeward, which surprised him at tho time. Arrived at his house she sunk upon the threshold : but this was the timidity of a maiden. When they were alone ho clasped her hand it was as cold as ice ! He looked into her face "Madeleine," said he, " what means this 'I your cheeks arc as pale as your wedding gown!" The bride uttered a frantic shriek. "My wedding gown !" exclaimed she ; "no, no this this is my sister's shroud ! The hour for confession has arrived. It is God that impels me to speak. To win you I have lost my soul ! Yes yes I am a murderess! She smiled upon me in the joyous affection of her young heart but 1 gave her the fatal drug ! Adelaide twined her white arms about my neck, but I administered the poison ! Take me tu your arms : 1 have lost my soul for you and mine must you be !" "Sho spread her long, white arms, and stood like a maniac before him," said the sexton, rising, in the excitement of the moment, and assuming the attitude he described ; "and then," continued he, in a hollow voice, "at that moment came the thunder and the flash, and the guilty wo man fell dead on the floor!" The coun tenance of the narrator expressed all tho horror that he felt. "And the brieegroom," asked I ; "tho husband of tho destroyer and the victims what became of him V "Jfc stands before you!" was the thrilling answer. "What should a Fanner be 1" An important query this, and one that deserves to uc wen pouuercd. Wo an swer it thus : A Farmer should be Industrious. In no department of life, without industry, can any thing valuable or important be achieved. 1 hero is such a thing as at: idle farmer, " true it is, and u pity 'tis tistruc; but an idle, successful tanner, is something tho world has not yot seen No where is persevering industry more indispensable than on the farm, nnd no where is well directed labor better re warded. When wo say tho farmer should bo industrious, we do not mean he should be a slave. Thero is, among some far mors, perhaps a majority at tho present time, a feverish anxiety to become 'rich, a disposition to go ahead which renders rest impossible, and hardly allows time to eat or sleep such men arc subject to a task-master of the most imperious chantc tor, undone from which thoy should make no delay in freeing themselves. 11 farmer can have, and he who manages lus allairs well, will always havo, his hour: of relaxation hours to spend with his friends, and hours to dovoto to the impro vement of his mind. Tho way to ensuro this, is always to bo beforehand with tho labor of tho fsrm, and never allow himself to bo crowded. More work should never bo laid out than is compatible with this rule : and tho work that is required to bo dono to-day should never bo deferred till to morrow. Tho dilferenco in the ease with which labor is porformcd, when dono in tho right time, or whon wo aro driven to it by urgent necessity, is so great, that attention to this point alono would, in pennorming a given amount o labor, mako a most material addition to tho farmer's hours of rest and improve mont. A Farmer should be Economical. Let tho farmer labor as hard as ho may let him deny his soul and body every re quired good ; let him abridge his hours o sloop, and toil from "morn till dowy ovo," without rest, or relaxation ; it will amount to but little, unless his affuirs aro in other respects managed with economy. By economy, we do not mean that closeness or littleness stinginess if you please, which some arc pleased to call economy, hut which is infallibly connected with meanness, and isono of tho most effectual preventives of all improvement, and the surest precursor of utter degradation that can be found in a man, and of all other things, is most out of place in a farmer. The great secret of economy, is knowing what is useful and necessary, and what not ; of knowing when to expend and when to withhold expenses ; in keeping our out-goes clearly within our income, and never purchasing what wo can our selves produce, or which a correspon ding amount of our own labor will not procure : and in having every thing in doors and out in its proper place, nothing wasted or destroyed, but a general super vising care directed to every thing con nected with our business at all seasons of tho year. It is miserable economy to undertake to labor without the proper tools ; to undertake to see how cheaply we can summer or winter our animals ; or to see with how little knowledge and and intelligence, or the means of obtain ing cither, wo can contrive to plod along through life. A Farmer shoitld be free from Debt. If the fanner wishes to bind a millstone round his neck, to sink him beyond tho possibility of hope orrescuc to keep him constantly restless, and struggling for stib sistauce if not fur existence, let him keep in debt ; if he would be able to call what io has his own, and breathe the air ol a freeman, let him religiously eschew debts. We would almost go so far as to say that nothing excepting the purchase of land, can justify a farmer in contracting a debt; ind before ho sells lumsclt for more land, he will do well to inquire whether ho has capital to work it profitably, or whether what he now has, Is brought to the proper degree of fertility. We arc confident that if nn;n were to pay ready money lor a thousand things they fancy they need, and can obtain on credit, they would not bo purchased. The habit of contracting, debts hits a direct tendency to induce needless risks, and bad domestic econo nvy. Two-thirds of the law suits that wise, and winch are productive ol so much expense and ill will, spring from this single cause. But whatever circumstan ces else may occur to render debt neces sary, indebtedness to bunks is what should never happen to a tanner, and he should never be seen within the doors of one of those institutions. They were never in tended for the farmer , and, necessary and beneficial as they may be for the pur pose ot exchanges and trade, the man whose business and transactions aro as those of the farmer should be, can never with safety allow his name to be used too fannhary within their walls. A Farmer should be Intelligent. It is an old and true maxim, that " igno rance of the law excuseth no man," and ignorance on any topic necessary to a proper prosecution of his business, or to his proper standing nnd influence in the community, cannot now be plead by the fanner, without indirectly confessing to a great and inexcusable neglect of means within the reach of every one. Know ledge, no less than money, is power ; and its accumulation in the hands ot any class is a sure proof of oventual ascendancy ; and this fact should stimulate farmers to uso every exertion to become its posses sors. Universal education is the glory of our land ; the true foundation ol our na tional greatness, and, in connection with sound morals, is its surest preservative. Shoots, books, newspapers, and journals of all kinds, havo a wide circulation, and at a rate that places them in tho hands of all who choose to think and investigate. Error cannot escape under tho guise or plea of antiquity ; and tho stake and tho pillory aro not required to combat it in a land where reason is tree to expose its au surdities, or plead tho causo of truth. By this funeral diffusion of the means ot knowledge no class has boon more bono fitted than tho farmer, and none can havo a deeper interest in its continued incrcaso ; and none should more' freely and fully avail themselves of the means tho laws have so liberally placed within their reach. A Farmer should be Moral. It has been said that " an undovout astronomer is mad." and an immoral, profligate far mer is an equally, decisive instance of mental aberration. Iho ownor ot tho soil ; the producer and the possessor of .1... n.,r C il.n -nimli-v's wnnllli iic IIIU Ilium ium Ul inu vui. ...... - defence in war, and its conservator in poaco, tho farmer has every reason to uphold a system not only right in itself but productive of prosperity and pcrmanonco, and frown down and repudiate every thing that 1ms a contrary tendency. There is no surer index to tho general happiness of a neoplo. and stability and excellence o thoir institutions, than tho tono of morals tltut oxists among them. If tho stnndard is high, privato right is respected, tho law is paramount, and property is saio if tho standard is low, power makes right forco is law. insubordination prevails porsons and property aro insocurc, tho tomnlcs of iustico become tho foutains of bribory and corruption, prosporily passes away, and society resolves jnto its origma elements. There is always in every coun try a mass of persons, idlo and profligate, who herd together in cities, and who, having nothing to lose, arc always ready for every innovation, or every distur bance .that threatens convulsion and over turn, as in the general scramble they may obtain plunder and power. It was this fact that induced tho illustrious Jefferson to pronounce great cities "sores on tho body politic ;"and tho murdcrs,mobs, and riots that prevail in them, aro only so ma ny proof of the great deficiency of moral feeling existing. Tho observation of every intelligent man in the country has convin ced him that if the democratic republican institutions of our country are destined to pass away, it will bo in the flood of im morality and prolligacy engendered by lawless ignorance ; and tho patriot and tho statesman instinctively turn to the plains, the hills, and the mountains, of our broad and glorious land, as tho abode of tho principles, and the men, who, tinder Providence, are our safe-guard and our hope. The farmers havo always been found the firmest supporters of ordor and and law, and if they havo ever been found arrayed against either, it has been because ignorance fitted them to become tools 'of the unprincipled an tho designing. If ever vice and immorality triumph in our and ; il ever our civil and social institu tions aro subverted ; if ever our political ibcrties are destroyed ; the farmers ol the country, such men as fought at Bunker Hill and Bennington, Plattsburgand New Urlcans, will be lound the men to defend them to the last, and die in the last ditch n preventing their overthrow. THE GARDEN HOT-BEDS. . Within a few vears, since horticulture has begun to take its proper place, not only as a science but as a part of the bu siness of every farmer, (although it is yet very far lrom being lully appreciated,) hot-beds have been introduced as tho best means, not only of furnishing a sup ply of early vegetables for the table, but also of starting such as it is desirable to lavo planted out as early as is consistent with safety from our late spring frosts. Of this classs are cabbages, tomatoes, and indeed if well managed, and not brought forward so early as to require planting out before the temperature of the earth and air is fit tor tho purpose, almost every veget able usually grown in the garden. Inde pendent of the value that may be attach ed to hot-beds as forwarding vegetables for tho table, tho manure used for the bed when mixed with the earth that is always put upon it, forms an excellent and thoroughly rotted manure or compost lor the garden, free lrom weeds and in sects, the seeds and eggs of which have been destroyed by the process of fermen tation and heating, the mass is obliged to undergo. It will be remembered that wo are not now writing for the scientific gardener or horticulturist, but for tho far mer; and in describing a hot-bed it must bo one, both in its cost and construction, within the reach of limited skill and mean. We, therefore, gladly avail ourselves of the following descriptions furnished by a friend, ol one erected by lumsclt, and which we know answered every end ex pected lrom such constructions. ' Mr.ssus. Enrrons. The sizo of tho hot-bed must of course be determined by the number and sizo of the sash to be used in covering it, or by the quantity of early vegetables which it is desirable to grow in it. It may bo made with three or five sashes, and of any desired width ; but as a general rule it should not bo wider than, will admit ol easily reaching the mid dle of the bed from the sides when the sash is removed. I made mo ono last year of three sashes which answered au excellent purpose, and which in some respects dilfered from any I havo else where seen. The expense, exclusive of tho sash, was a mere tnlle, and J think every farmer who constructs one, should it succeed as well as did mine, will, tho first year of its use, feel himself well re warded for his pains. Tho glass that I used was tho common seven by nine, and tho sash, from outside to outside, was 4 A feet hv 3 feet. Thero aro no cross bars"to the sash, as in window sash, but tho glass is laid in tho sash hip ping on each other about half an inch in tho manner of shingles, that the rain may run over their sloping surlaco readily. Tho bars of thb sash should bo made at least ono and a half inch, and if throo inches thoy will bo nono tho worse, as a ineatcr length and of course capacity will bo given tho bed, at a slight addition of expense. iy mawing iny sasu wmui hi.wi common, I thus gained nearly two feet in length of hot-bed, a space sufficient to prow lcttuco or radishes enough for a small family, and tho sash is besides stronger and better every way. Tho sash receiv ed six panes of glass in longth. My hot-bed rccoptaclo or frame, I niado as follows : 1 constructed a box of boards, three feet high in front or tho side facing tho south, and threo feet ton inches on tho back or northern sides. Pieces ot scant ling, placed in tho corners, served to nail tho boards upon, and flat stones or blocks were placed under tho corners for it to rest on. uti tuo top 01 tins uox iom nr row strips of boards, about eight feet n length, were nailed ono at each end, ami the other two at equal distances for tin? sashes to lie or slide upon. These piece, had the same anglo of inclination as tliu top of the box, and projecting back somo four feet, tho ends rested on scantling well sot in tho ground, thus suppoitin" tho sash when thrown back, as will bo sometimes necessary to avoid too groat heat, or to air and water the plants. I had so often seen the glass of hot-bods shivered, when tho sash was merely laid on without proper security, that I adopted this course which has proved entirely suc cessful. To mako a place for this sasti to slide, on the top of tho fust nnrrow board I nailed another, a trifle thicker than tho sash, but still narrower than the first board ; and on tins, tun uf iim wUdi ,,r tho under piece, was placed a thin board, thus making a slide for the sash, but from which it could not be removed except at the upper or lower extremity. On tho upper sides of each sash, at each end, I screwed a piece of leather doubled into a loop which greatly facilitated sliding, or removing them when necessary. When completed, the box was about ten feet in length by five feet in width. For making a hot-bed, horse stable manure is generally preferred, as it fer ments more equally than any other, and of course retains its heating properties longer. uincr stauio manure will do, however, when horse manure cannot conveniently be had. In making the bed, care must be taken to pack the manure as equally ii every part as possible, as, il thrown in arolosslv, it will ferment and snttln qually, cracking tho earth, and in a great ucgroe aestroymg ttie value ot the bed. It is customarv. after nilintr thn mrmnrrv , -: i o let it remain somn ilnvs liofnrn tlm earth is put upon it ; it is supposed that urns a quicKcr lermentalion is produced ; I. however, nut in manure and rnvf.rf.rl it nth rich warden mould tlm c;inif Aav. which was about the foiiitnmith nf Mnrrl, When put in, the manure and earth was witnm eight or ten inches ol the top of the box ; the depth of earth put in might average ten inches. The mass however settled so considerably before fermenta tion ceased, that I shall this year leavo less space between the earth ami tho glass, since it is well known that the less this space tho greater the heat produced by the sun, and experience has proved that the settling of the earth in this case will usually be sullicient to prevent any con tact between the nlants and tl irlnco which they ought nut to reach. In eight uuys alter maiiing my bed, 1 planted itwith such seeds as I wishoil Cm- early use, or for transplanting; but except the tomatoes and cabbages, I gaiueu nothing uy starting my plants, in tended for removal, so soon, since the melons, cucumbers, peppers, &c. grew so fast, and became so large, that when tho proper season for transplanting came, removal was fatal to most of them. In planting a hot-bed with such things as are to be removed, it is a good plan to take pieces of clean turf, somo four or five inches square, and putting" these in the bed the grass side down, place tho seeds on them and cover with fine mould to the depth of ono and a half or two in ches. The roots of the young plant spread in the turf which partially decays, and if carefully removed, and in season, tho plant will feel but little injury from the process. Much of the profit to be derived from a hot-bed is depending on having the seeds when planted so arranged, that the succes sive crops shall not "interfere with ono another, or those intended for removal with those that remain. Thus, where there is but a single hot-bed, the plants permanently grown in them are usually lettuces, radishes, and cucumbers. It takes but a few stalks of tho cucumber to fill a hot bed, when tho vines begin to run, and theso if planted in separate places will not in the least interfere with tho first crops of lettuce or radishes, and these but little, if the space is well man aged, with tho plants intended for removal. Last year I used half of my bed for start ing some cuttings of the multicuulis ; to make way for which I removed part of a luxuriant growth of radishes ; yet on this limited space I grew two crops of tho finest lettue, a largo supply of radishes, and after tho transplanting 'of the mulli caulis, by allowing the cucumbers to spread, I had not only cucumbers in plen ty early, but tho vines continued to pro duce those of good quality till latoin tho season. To those who are fond of seeing early vegetables on their tables, u bed ol' this description is indispensable ; and after a long deprivation of fresh articles of this kind, heads of lotttico as largo as small cabbages, and radishes an inch in diame ter, aro not apt to be looked upon with displeasure by any ono, bo ho farmer or otherwise. Where sash cannot conveniently bo had, frames covered with oiled paper aro said to havo been used with success ; but tho glass is ovidenlly far preferable, and if carefully used and liuuscd when not want ed in tho frame, sash will last many years. Thoro is also another way in which the. heating properties of mantiro may bo made available ; and that is by piling quantities of it in the garden, either in a

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