Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 27, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 27, 1840 Page 2
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long or rounded form, and covet ing tlic Leaps with earth to iho deptli of a foot or more. If these piles mo not maun so onrly us to bring plants started upon them within the reach of spring frosts, they aro very useful and may ho adopted by every fanner. If the soil is naturally dry, it will bo better to put in the spoils around their case, hut if the soil inclining to bo reten tive, they may Do piantea upon it m any place, without danger of suffering from drought. Wo have in this way grown the finest of cucumbers, melons and squash cs ; when those not so planted were an cntiro failure. Like that fermented in n common hot-bed, such manure is in the best order for spreading on the garden the next season, being fine, and free from seeds, &c. Albany Cultivator. von PRESIDENT, YVM, HENRY HARRISON VICE PRESIDENT. JOHN TYLER. The only charge that has ever been brought against the eminent military ta lonts and services of General Il.vnmsotf, is his order to Colonel r.ion.r to evac uate Lower Sandusky, under the impres sion that it was untenable, when tho re sult proved that it might lie defended. It was on this charge that his enemies at the time, sought to ruin his reputation ; but fortunately for him and for the cause of truth, this slander was then promptly met and put down, in a manner which leaves no question of its falsity. Tho facts in relation to the order to evacuate Lower Sardusky, are briefly these. When the British and their allies, tho In dians, abandoned tho seigc of Fort Meigs it was deemed an act of duty on the part of tho Commanding General, to protect the lives of the 200 men occupying Fort Stevenson, Lower Sandusky. This Fort was utterly untenable against heavy ar tillery was of no value except as a cover again Indians, and was completely com manded by tho surrounding heights. It was supposed by General Harrison, that the British would make the attack from the water side, and to render it suc cessful, land some of their heavy artillery. He consequently said in his instructions to Col. Cuoghan " Should the British " approach you in force with cannon, and you can discover them in time to effect a retreat you will do so immediately ; but ho adds u you must be aware, that to attempt a retreat in tho face of an dictated by military wisdom, and by ti duo regard 10 our own circumstance nnu iu y llio enemy. The reasons for this opinion it is evi dently Improper now to give j but we hold oursel ves ready ut a I'ntiire period, and when oilier eir eiiiinlniiccs shall have intervened, to sali-Ty every limn of it correctness- who is anxious to investi gate und wiling to receive the truth. Anil with a icady acquiescence,! eyond the mere claims of mil itary duty, we arc prepared to ol cy a general, whose measures meet our mot deliberate appro- Inlinn. mill llHTl'l that lif Ills L'OlllltrV. LewIs Cass, Drip. Uen. t'. S. A. Sti.ifft't VV I'l t H. I ;rl. 17 l(. II. C. I. Thomas l. Owincis. Col. 28 H. U. S. I. (JEontn: I'aui., Col. 17 It. U. S. I. J. C. HauTLETT, Col. Q. M O. .Tames V. Hall, Lieut. Col. Ronr.uT MonnisoK, Lieut. Col. Cr.onriE Todd, Maj. 19 It. t'. S. I. William Tnion, Mai. 28 . U. S. I. nn Ci.aham. :vt.ti. 17 i!. IT. s. I. (Conor. CuofiiiAN, Maj. 17 H. I'. S. ! 1.. UUKII.l.. illl VV ASSI-i. "ii-IM s... E. I). Wood, Maj. Engineer. " "l.mirn AMiiiiM(r. All. 27. 1813, " I liavo with much regret seen in some of the puMio print. Mich mi representation respecting my rcfieal to evacuate this post; nsnro calculated not only to injure me in the estimation of military men, hut also to excite unfavorable impressions as to the propriety ofUenerul Harrison's conduct relntivo to tin tillair. "His character ns a military man is too well established to need inv approbation or suppori ltui lii,' mihlii. .crri iiiiitlis him at least to com- mon justice. This alliur does not furnish cnuc of reproach. II public opinion has I ecu lately misled respecting his lute conduct, it will require but a moment's eooi, dispassionate rcueciion, in ni vince them of its propriety. Tin: measuiu: ni: cr.HTi.T AiiopTr.n nv iiim so PAn from INO CENSUIti:, Alii: I UK CLEAHEST PUOOF.S OK HIS KEEN PENETRATION AND AIlLE fJENEH LMIIP. 1 is true that I did not proceed immediately to rxe cule his' order to evacualo this post ; but this tlio. I edience was not. as some would wWi to believe. the result of a fixed determination to maintain the post contrary to his most positive order, as will appear from' the following detail, which is yiven to explain my conduct. "About 10 o'clock on the morning of tho 30ih ultimo, a letter from the adjutant general's office, dated Seneca Town, July 2Utli, 1813, was hainloif me by Mr. Connor ordering me to abandon this post,' burn it, nndrelreat that night to head quar ter.. On the reception of the order, 1 called a council of olliccr., in which it was determined not to abandon the place, at je't until the further pleasure of the seneral should le Known, a it was thought that an attempt to retreat in the open day, in the face of a Miperior force of the enemy, would I c more hazardous than to remain in the fori, under all its disadvantage. I therefore wrote a letter to the general, couched in such terms as i thought were calculated to ilcccivc tne enemy should it fall into his hand, which I thought more than probable, as well as to inform the general, should it 1 e so fortunate as to reach him, that I would wait lo hear from him. belore 1 should pro ceed to execute his order. This letter, contrary to my expectations, was received by the general, who not knowing what reason urged me to write in a lone so dcei-ivo, concluded very rationally that the manner of it was demonstrative of the mon positive determination todioley his orders under any circumstances I was therefore sus pended from the command of the fort, and ordered lo head-quarters. Hut cm explaining to the gene ral my reason lor not executing lus order, ami my object in ning the stylo I had done, he was so perfectly snti-(led with the explanation, that I was immediately reinstated in the command. "It will be recollected that the order above allud ed to, wasi written on the night previous to my receiving it had it 1 ecu delivered to me, as it was intended, that night, 1 should have ol eyed it without hesitation ; its not reaching me in lime was the only reason which induced me to consult my officers on the propriety of waiting the gene ral's furl her orders. "It has leen stated; also, that upon my repre sentations of my ability to maintain I lie post, ihe general altered hi determination to al andon it.' 1 hi is incorrect. No such representation were ever made. And the last order I received from the irencral was precisely the as that first given, viz : 'That if I discovered'lhe approach of a large Bri tish force by water, (presuming that they would l.n'na- heavy .illlfliri.) time ui ellti-t n ir- treat, I was to do so; but if I could not retreat lordly tyrant will promulgate the decree of his' will, from the scat whero n Washington and a Jellcrson dispensed ino oiesmg oi n iree ami uui Government. I believe it, therefore, to be the du ty ofn Representative to conciliate, by every pos sible mean, the meinl ers of our great political Irtimiy, and always to near in mmu mat ns 11..:.... ,i:...,..J I... ,. lr,'i ,,1 minimi mil- cession and forbearance, so only can it be preserv ed. "WM. II. HARRISON." " BOYS DO YOU HEAR THAT !" Twenty-six years ago last Atitumn,',(snid a gen tleman to us the oilier day,) I was a boy tending school in n log cabin, with no other windows man the light afforded through Hie space ol two logs-, uy Iho removal of a piece of the third, with greasy bits of paper pasted on as substitutes for glass. This cabin, dedicated to learning, wa situated in the outskirts of a now populous town in Pennsyl vania. No Slnlo m the Union lurnishod more, or better soldiers for the defence and protection of the Northern frontier of Ohio, during the late war, than did l'cutisyl 'ania : notn few of her sons were in the army surrendered by Hull, besides nuinl ers of her brave followers were massacred and scalp ed at WiNCHESTP.n's and Duplet's defeat', still the after call of Oenehal lUnnisoN for more soldiers, was answered by large numbers of Pouiisvlvanins including several from our village. The departure of nice Irave fellows' from their families and friends was then viewed a a voluntary sacrifice of life for Iho defence of their country,and the "fare well, God bless ye," was uttered in n tone and fi.i.'.intf ilmi snub- dei'ii into the hearts of tlie by standers, and which will- never be cH'aced from my memory. In those 'days our mails were few and uncertain, and ii was on'lv by the occasionally passing of a sick or disabled soldier returning home, that we i.suid ivoui our army. I line hung heavily, und a deep gloom overspread our country the lnt ncw.s was, a "a battle is-soon expected between the American Army under General Harrison and the British and Indians ilndcr the blood thirsty Proctor and Teeniipeh." Days and weeks passed bv. and vet nothing was heard from our army. Our citizens cager'y hailed all stranger from the West, with the anxious eiiiiinry of " any news from General Harrison;" and inch was the delay, iliinlii nnd niH'crlaintv. that it was trcnernllr fear ed, and by many 1 cficved, that Harrison and his army had, like those before him, been defeated and 'massacred. While I was sitting (saidout in formant) nt the Ion? low window of our school house, and our Irish schoolmaster was buy in repeating our A I) C to the, smaller urchins, I siid- dcntly heard the sound of a horn. 1 looked lorili and saw desccndiii!r the lull, half a mile distant the mail boy on his horo at full speed ; at the foot ofthe. lull he cros-oTrti 1 ridge, and the rapid clatter of the iron hoof resounded throughout our cabin. Raising the hill near us, his horse at fiill speed and reeking with sweat, he again sounded his shrill horn, and when opposite our log Acade my, be called out, "Harrison has whipped the ariiiiit ana Indiums I" Our Irish tutor, with asirue an American heart as ever beat in a son ol hi in, sprang from his eat as though he had been shoi, his eves flashing fire screaming out "Hots do tou HEAn that!!!" cau-ihthi hat, darted out the door, and followed the mail hoy at the top of hi speed j the scholar: were not a second 1 chind him, the larger one tnkimr the lead and shouting "Huzza for llnrn- son," nnd the smaller one runninii after hollowin and screaming with friirlil. The people of our vil lusre hearing the confusion and seeing the mail bov and liore al full run followed by the sclioolmasttr nt the top of lus i.pccd and ilus whole shool scream ing, shouting and running, knew not what to inane ol it. l lie mechanic, left his shop, the mer cnant ins store, and the women stretched their necks out of the windows, while conlernaiion nnd dimay was depicted ui every countenance iiiu 1 1 1 it 1 1 iimvuig ai me oincc, ine carrier rose in hi stirrups, and exclaimed, nt the same time whirling hi hat in the air. "Huzza for Harrison ho has whipped the llrilish and Indian" "boys I it ieal duties which abolition is destined to per do yon hear that j" a universal shout of joy bur-t i form. I am aware. Mr, Speaker, that, in ihusavowm forth, bonfires were kindled'in tho street, and our village illuminated nt night. In those day. 1 heard no one say that Harrison was a coward, or a granny," but law hear many tan " God bless Gen. Harrison." U, S. Gazette. " Indian force, ivoukl be in vain, wliilu " against such an enemy your garrison I with safety, to defend the pot to the last ext.e- " would be safe, however great the nuin " tcr." When it was reported at Head Quarters that the British had crossed tho lake in force to Lower Sandusky, a Council of War, consisting of Cass, Mc Arthur, Ball.Wood, Paul, Ilukill, Holmes and Graham, decided that Col. Cnoon.VN ohould bo ordered to retreat without fur- "A day or two before the enemy appeared before Fort Meigs, the general had reconnoitered the sur rounding ground, nnd being informal that the hill on the opposite side of Sandusky completely com manded the fort, I ollered to undertake, with the troop under my command to remove it to that side. The general, upon reflection, thought it 1 ct not to attempt, a he Lelicved that if the ene my again appeared on this side of the lake, it would be before the work could be finished. "Ill uc!es.s iodisgiu'se the fact, that tins fort is commanded by the points of high ground around it : a single stroke ol the eye made this clear to thcr delay. The order was despatched I "1e. 'J'f ti t.'"l(! J.1''1 ?ci. 10 "i1""'"1-' tllL J 1 neighborhood, with a view of discovering the re- to him at niuht, but the messenger who i kuive strength and weakness ofthe place. . i ,. i i "It would be insincere to say that I am not flat- boro it missed Ins way, and did not reach teredby the many handsome thing. which have Snndnskv until thr. fnrt vn siirmiinili'd been said aloiit the defence which was made by the oanuusKy until tne lort was suriounutu tr00K mlt,r t.onmiamI . ,,, tsrcna ,,au- hy Indians, and retreat impossible. Then ,li'- " Inch are I etowed upon me at the expense ... J: General Harrison. It was that the bravo Uraghan deter- "I have at all times enjoyed his confidence so far tnmr.,1 in ,1.fnn,l it tn tl.n Inst nvlmmifv n mY ronK "e nr,"' . m? '? "' l,m! " J i and in conveying this determination to The following extract from the speech of the sacrificing principles, and failing to do nreui.cly Hon. William Sladb, iirthe House of Reprcscn-' .g,,, nsj,,..., Tluy wra not l0 understand tative- defines the position of an enlightened that a good eauc may bo injured a well by over 1 I proper occasions received Ins marked attention. 1 have lelt the warmest attachment for him a a man. and mv confidence in bun n an able com. Head Quarters, used lancruacre intention- . mander remain un-haken. I feel every assurance ,, i. i i"i . i I that he will at all times' do me ample justice : and ally of a bragadocia character, m order to ll0ii,jng could cive me more pain than to see hi mislead tho British in tho event of his let- 4',,L;ni'Ve!zli ")0n ix't'.aln". ,0 ''S'-'1,.?"1 ,l"-'i'; , unfriendly leclmgs and acrimonious dislike and icr tailing into tiicir nanus, r or tins let ter ho was suspended, but immediately on making tho proper explanation, was rein stated, escorted to his command by a squadron of horse, and there, with the sanction and approbation of General Harrison, made his gallant defence of tho fort. If it had been possible to retreat after the order to that effect had been re ceived, it would have been promptly obeyed. In conclusion, it is only ncces to republish the following documents. "Lowen Seneca Town, Aug. 19, 1813. as long us he continues (as in my humble opinion lie has hitherto none) to inakeltie wisest nrrange. mcnts and most judicious disposition which the force bunder his command will justify, I shall not hesitate to unilu with thuarmy in bestowing upen him that confidence which he so richly merits. aim which nas on no occasion Leon withheld. " lour mend. " George CnoniiAN, Maj. Wth Infantry, "ommanaing Lower Sandusky." "Tho undersigned, being tho general, field, and tau"othcer., with that portion ol the norlli-wes-lern army under the immediate command of Gen. Ilarri-on, have observed with regret and surprise that charge, as improper in tho form as in tho substance, have been made against the conduct of General Harrison, during the recent investment of Lower Sandusky. At anothes tiuic, and under ordinary circumstances, wesnouiu ucciii it impro per and uumilitnry thus publicly to give an opin ion respecting the movements of the army. Hut public confidence in the commanding general is essential to the success of thecoiiipaigu,nnd cause lessly to withdraw or to withhold thai confidence is more than individual injustice i it becomes a erion injury to thi service A part of the force cf which the American Army consists, will derive its greatest strength and elficacy from a confidence in the commanding general, and from those moral causes which accompany and give energy to pub lie opinion. A very erroneous idea respecting the number of troops then at the disposal of tbe-'cn... ral, has doubtless been the primary cause of those unfortunate and unfounded impressions'. In that respect we have fortunately experienced a vcrvfii- vorunie cniiuge. ijiii wo rcier tne puuuc to tho AN APPLE OF GOLD. Tho unqualified abuse that is daily heaped upon tho "Pi:ori.n's Candidate,' by a party press that owes its existence only to the pamperings of a corrupt and wicked government, cannot but bo view ed with scorn and abhorrence. Abuse, it is true, is tho only weapon that is left to the enemies of Gen. Harrison, but it is j pointless and imbecile. The following noblo and eloquent sentiments expressed by the " Puoh.k's Candidate" is an " apple of gold," and contains moro pure and unadultcratcrated patriotism, than a volume of tho sayings of Martin Van Bu run. Thoy occur at tho close of a coin tho slave rslatlon Is tolc investigated. Thequei- lion uy what authority are men made slave i is to be considered, not put aside for the next gene ration to consider. Men who hold lnve , anil men who advocate the right to hold them, and men who refuse to hear testimony ngaiiist holding them, are to be made to feel that they aro acting under responsibilities to the God of the slave to Him who has made all of one biood, and who has connected rights and duties with this relation of lirothcihord. Here is the foundation work of abolition. It i n great work. It should be well begun. A spirit of Kindness and goodwill should strongly charac terize every step in the progress of it, nnd stand out in strong contrast with tho harshness and se verity ol ordinary party contests. io whip ot corpions should ho wielded much a mere is m laverv to excile the feelings but truth should have, in her advocate, n spirit and temper cor responding with her kind und beneficent olliccs, and her pure and nature. And patience. too, must nave its peiiect worx. mo rougu nnu fallow ground is not lo 1 c broken up, and pood eed planted, m a day. INor can it l.u expected to tiring up and I ear fruit in tt day. There aro dilfi- cultics to be encountered, peculiar to o:ir own conn rv: not diihcuities to discourage, nut to in spire caution, prudence, llrmiiess, nnd n steady hold upon the great principles which lie at the foundation ofthe cau-e. Customary political ex- pcuciiis me cxiuuienis 01 a corrupting smie m loliucs must Le avoided and there must l.e ex- libitcd a singleness and purity of purpose, which hull commend the cause and Us advocates to pub lic confidence. Abolition must not be suspected of a deign to obtain power tor the snku ol powcr.- us advocate must nave no amuuion out tne nm bilion of doing good. A man who is aspiring I ollicc as hi chief good, has yet to learn the first leson in the school of nholition. Tin-work of abolition is but Vegnnin this coun try. Tho cause is in it. infancy. It cannot start up in a day to manhood, a Minerva sprang forth, full armed, from the brain of Jupiter. Truth " will prevail," II it can hae the aid ol time, it never yet achieved a victory without it j certainly not the victory of reforming a community. it is thus that the great won; is to i,o carried forward to its consummation; thus that the stream of benevolence are to le thrown into n right di rection, and a sound heallhful public sentiment formed on the subject of slavery a sentiment elevated by high intelligence, and'piirilied by the pervading inllucnce of christian principle. No thing can exert a more hcalllitul inlliieuceon the public mind and heart than the agitation of the question ol nliollliou, under the guidance ot these principles. It will purify the fountains of national thought nnd feeling, carry us back to the belter day of the republic, cherish in us their noble, self sacrilicing spirit, and elevate us on to tne uroau platform wheron our fathers were gathered when they declared, in the lace ot earth and heaven that all men arc created canal. You will thus pcrcene, sir, that I place moral abolition in 1 1 1 Iron!, and that 1 would have politi cal abolition move in the rear. This will not, 1 know, suit the impatience of many very excellent men, who think that abolition will not thu ad vance with the desirable rapidity. Hut it will, in my opinion advance more surely to a safe result. 'I do not sny that abolition i, even now, to be iiueriy cxciuucu iioui nieiieiii 01 political ucuun It will, of necessilv. bv degrees, enter it. It can- not I ct kept out. Of the circumstances which will justify such notion, nbolitionists, in (he various section ofthe country, will of course judge, from consideration which 'cannot control in deciding the question of bringing out an abolition candidate for tlie presidency. Aliolilion has not strength to bear such a contest. Its infancy must not le rocl cd in the whirlwind of a presidential election. When, and n fut as the public sentiment shall have become purified and elevated by the discu sion of human rights and obligations, necessarily ctnneeled with the progress ol abolition, tner will I e raised tin. bv a natural, unforced proccs: as vegetation springs forth under the genial inllu ence of rain and s'unshiiip, men fitted for the po it t This it tho question to le decided. If tho power now actually exercised by the ex ecutive had been embodied in an article headed " The President shall have power," and proposed to thu convention ol '87,usa part of tho constitu tion, who believes that it would have obtained a single vote hi thnt body 1 Or if it had been pro posed by the lint emigre as nn amendment to the constitution, would it have received a single t.nln In 1 lnnb. .Ml,. Ill llli UlliOll? NobodV Will .rnMlti.... In bin. Mini II u'nniu. AIIU VUl. liuw Ml" very same question is involved in the question 'f il ',ilinn wl i it'll in COlllllllllll' 111 (lUWUl nil "'I .yw.. .. - iiifi. nnu si I ii ng. lie corru iiiun a " usurpation lo gain lor them the popular sanction, and thus give them, lo all practical purposes, the force middled of constitutional law. It suits the purposes of some, however, to rep resent the great question now in contest n one oi

1 mere dollars and cent," banks nnd currency ale or unsafe, keening of the Public money. ; nnd in that light to bo altogether unworthy of a coin-mi-isim wiibibn nticstion of human rights invol ved in the entisu of abolition. Now, sir, though as a mere question of currency, it is a question ol importance, in its vast and complicated bearing upon some of the higest interests of the people, MR. SLADE'S SPEECH. inv determination in relation to the presidency, sulMcct myself to the censure ol sacrificing mv principle of lit erlv. This is the language whicl lias already 1 een applied lo me for the vole I gave tor you a pre-wuig uiiiccr m nn uuuy , i. expect it will 1 e repeated in reference to my pre- what seems to me a very plain distinction, 1 etween statesman and true patriot-: MY position'' defined. Mr. Speaker, I have finished what I intended to ay on the subject before the house, liefore tak- mr i,. I,,.,,.,.,.,.- I ...... I .,;. !,,!,,.., ... ((permit me to follow tlie" example of others, by " denning my position." llefore themcetin I publicly the nominee be ofthe doing a by the opposite. 1 regard Ihe question ot anti-slavery, in its principles ami i curings, the greatest ti nest ion that agitates the world, Hill I cannot forge!, for the history of all reform admonishes, me, that time i essential to success the great contest which lrecdom i waging again ' oppression. The principles on which this cause rests arc (jut the means various. II l were and i slaveholder, 1 would not withhold justice from my siavc inr nn nour. i couia noi. n me laws pro from emancipating them, I would, inn noble Alabamian. who spent almost hi last dollar to gel hi slaves to Indiana, leave the The decided ground I have taken on the subject 1 """-' ? iru 'i ami juspce ; of slavery may have led some to doubt whether 1 S'1? o tncin emcacy are van should not abandon my political associate.-, oniir : withhold my support from their candidate for the "'.!JVC", r 1 presidency. I lake this occasion to say that no- , '.' ine thing can lo farther from my intention than tin', , ,, -ly expressed my determination to support I f,atu ''P1'1 10 blm' nH' '', such l!m',Sl mice of that convention, whoever he might nnd cruel ennetmen, and seek one where tl e whig candidates then Wore the country. 1 I'P? ' J,MC0 wo1' 1 u ll,,r"7 10 ,!!T'' FRIDAY MORNING, MUCH, 20; And I nm happy to say that a selection has I een i ! "' . " L'1 " "'v, ' , made of one who, to his firm support of genuine Jdstice savs-now. Hut taking measures to induce democratic whig principle, adds personal 'y neighbor vyho does not see the matter a I do qualities which very much endear him to me, and 10 l'? J",S,IT' 1 miy not be able to make it the greatly heighten the claim which his political worli of n,a' or. 11 "lomll ,0l'.a 'uar- ,H,V!'0V9- principles give him to my confidence and s,,p. '-"nts are not suiij.rt o voiiiions ; ami wuiie, m ' ' ' my own case, considerations of expediency, as it If I nm asked what are Gen. Harrison's present " i usually inidcr-toiAl, are .about to 1 e dis,cga.-.l-yiews on the subject of abolition, my reply V, Hint , f ,liu oll,L'r,1 nm '"J1 onl' at l.,Ur' ' Lu! n'a' I do not know. I do know, however, that they Vd 1,H,'ni1 to exercise the wisdom cannot be worse than iho'e of his competitor'; 'that wells wi th prudence, so that may more and I am willing to assume, for the nrcent our-, M'eedil ami c.Ieetunily gam my brother. pose, that they are no hotter with, however. 1 thus speak in reference, primarily to the cfibrls this dillerence, touching hi own course, that ho of the north to persuade the south lo undertake, in would not, as I trust, embody m hi first ollicial ' earnest, the work of emancipation ; which ellorts, act, a pledge, in advance, that lie would exercise1 it should never lo forgotten, constitute the great thu veto power, either upon this or upon any oth-1 work of northern abolition. Hut what I have er specific subject. I think he will have the do-, said involves a principle bearing on the question cency to wail lor the proper occasion, and then ol political action, i nave iieuru it maininined Hint honestly and intelligcntly'dcliberatc upon the ex-' it wa as wrong to vote, in nny case, for a slave crci'sc tif the power, in nny case that may be prtf-1 holder as lo hold slaves. There might le triilh seated to him. If 1 werun soulherii man, 1 would in this, jn n case in which my vote, withheld from spurn any proffer of nid'to sustain slavery, made him and given lo an opponent of slavery, might, for mere political elect, anil in flagrant disregard without ntlecting some other great and vital inter- ol sound principle, n well as cl the proprieties ot est, have ti decidedly lavoranie iniiuence on the the high station of chief magistrate of the conn- j cause of abolition. And this l precisely ihetpies- vi't ilic niinsiinn of power, of a practical change of the constitution by encroachment and popular ncqnioscenee, I regard u of incomparably more minor inner. A ni so t oes Hie at iiiuisiriuiuii. rur ail thu rash experiment which have struck, as with a paralysis, the industry and prosperity of the country, have been iintieriai.en aim persevered i lor the sakeot power tor ine sane oi uumg, in llwt. iiisi wlmi I line., nssertcd has really been done changing, practically, the government and t be constitution (it Ihe country. liV coiiceniraimg all power in the hands of oiie man. And such, ir, is now the great purpose oi tne uiiiiiiiiiiiiuuii n it persevering e.I'orts to carry the so often re jected siib-treasurv scheme, bvnn exertion of ex ecutive influence, equal to any WHICH nu ever signalized Ihe moat corrupt pcrious oi uriusn History. There nrc. I know, nbolitionists who arc deeply convinced ol the existing abuses and corruption but who, nevertheless, say thai it is vain to attempt a reform bv exertions to overcome the administra tion ; that the only way to accomplish it i to abandon the present opposition, ami reiy on tun ma o triumph o aholi ion to puriiy an too panics and restore the constitution. Tin's, sir, seems to me very much like abandoning all commonly ap proved remedies for a disease, and giving up the patient to die, in reliance upon a rosionuiou tu health by a resurrection from the dead. It betray aiiuuer mcnsinmy io ine rem encci in .-.muuim-ing the usurpation of which I have spoken, by ie-clectiiig to the presidency their chief autlioi an elect which involves not omy u pracuc.ii change ol the constitution the hnal miscnici oi which nobody can calculate but such a wide dif fusion ofthe leaven ol corruption, and such a con- sn illation o l ie power which ha lnirounceu it us to place the country well nigh beyond the reach ol teincdy. where i the wing anoiuionisi who is willing to give iqi and leave this leaven lu net, and this power to gain strength, in the hope of ultimately saving the country by abolition 1 1 navo gicui cuiuiiiciice in ine jnu ii in -""u s abolition principle, bill I cannot be so blind as not to see that corruption may, in the unpreceden ted activity of it leavening' process, reach the very remedy which is relied on to ellect il cure. 1'liave llm given, summarily, mv views of the question and the cri-i. And now, sir, I am not, at the moment ol such a cri.-i, when the true friends of popular right are buckling on their ar mor for a death struggle with corruption, to lay down my arms and retreat from the battle-field. I am not, when the Unile is urawn io sever imi monster which ha-, for ten years, been winding it-clt around the country, now to give up, and -ay let blm wind hk last fold, and crush the last bone. .No, sir: no. 1 shall help to light out this oattie, if Ilea ven spares me. A... I il. mm nrrviml whom wc may rally ? the man who-e name shall I e to ii a strong'towei the man who is to lead us to victory. There is, thank Heaven, such a man. His name i wafted to us on the winds that sweep the Alleghanio, and come 1 ack in tlcuidering echoes from the Atlantic shores. The We-t, the Kast, the North, the South, unile to proclaim William Hr.Nnv IIaiuuson, as nir. man. Aiidtthn is William Hkmsy lUnuuoN? Sir, he in iIir nnble son of .1 noble iie, wl.nse name Miiiida nrxi in thai f Thomas Jpfiersiui nn tlie Do i......s.... r imicl.-...Uiit'(. A nuin who Im tlinwn lli il icceiied ihe in.'lruoiiono t.ffucli .i t.nlier nol in v.iiu : a iiiHii wh'i drriv in, with U fuel bie.ilh i lie pine inspiration of tleioluiiciiMry I'lin cipleii, nnd hn has iluomli a lunu and eniincnily on ful life, cxhib'ued ihose principles in ihe well pi npiiiiitnird ileve lopnienls nf a Patriot and a Man. Yea, tir, a Mhii ! Noi a shiewd, running, plul ling, srhfinins, selfi'li. Iieariler politician, but a Miin a inu wiih a heart : heart ih big a a world a uiipr.iciiscd in guile, or in any guile n lirarl hne warm inia.iliuin weie never rhrrkeil by ihe rhill ol felfifhiieis a bean open, kind, seiie'rnii', iiiicnrtnpirtl mid iiicorrupii. hie. Sir, llli ia no fincv fkeirh. It is a ober truth, wriin-n nneveiy page nf ll.irrison'ii hisiory iIip h'Hiorv of a Fnldicr, a pchtiliir, a iiatcsman, a pliil.inlhro'pit nnd nntloNElT MAN. I)u jou Hsk wbeihcr he tinilernniids the crisis, and israp.ihle nf "ivuij; lo his prinriples and ef. foru a direction fiiiied to it ! Yes. sir, preeifcly. His vignroiii mind h.ia murk, wiih ronutikHblr ili.'ciiuiiu.iiiun, upon ihe true points of reform de manded hv ihe crisis for which lit has been mis. ed up. I Ipnr liiin. In a letter of I he 2d of IV reinber, 1S33, to the Hon. ilarmar Denny, of I'emijlviinhi he sa)S : "Among the principles proper to bo adopted by any Kseruiive sinciiuly desiious to lesinre Ihe Ailininisiriiiion to its tn iiinal puriiy, I deem ihe follow lo be of pitmiiiirnt iinporiauce : "I. To confine his icrvice lo a single term. "11. To disclaim ;i!l rislit of coniiol over the public irenmre, wiih i he excrpiion ofiurh pari of it as may be nppropii.ucd by law io cany on i lie piiblit! fPiviro , and to ba appplird iicciely ns i he law in ly direct, anil drawn fioin I lie Trea sury ;rcenbl) lo lie long eilabliehed furiiia of that Dppnnnipnl. "111. That he should never attempt to indiifnce die elrcn'uiM, pilher by ihe Prople or Slale Le. islalures ; nor suffer the federal oflicers, under his ronirol. to lake auv oilier p in in llieni ihan by giving ilieir own, vlicn lliey jioesesa the right of uling. "IV. Thai, in the cxerciie of the veto power, he should liinil iiis leji clion of bills lo, ht, Such us are, in his opinion, iiiironeliuiltorai ; -ii. oiiru "WHITE SLA.VERY." Wo woro not aware, at tlio time of penning our article last week, in vindica of Gen. Harrison's vote in the Ohio Leg islature in 1821, tliat lie had ever been caltctl out on this subject. Hut such is the fact. It seems that he was nssailod for it, at the time, und came out with a public explanation in one of the Cincin nati papers, which wo copy below. Moro reccntlp, ho has written a letter in answer to some inquiries on this subject, from Richmond, Virginia, in which, we observe ho takes substantially the ground assumed by us. He says "As the law stood, thoy " were liable under the sentence to con " finemcnt in the common jail, where of " fenders of various degrees of profligacy " of different ages, sex and color, wcro " crowded together. Under such circtim " stances, it is obvious that the bad must " become worse, whilst reformation could " hardly be expected in respect to any. " The youthful offender, it might be hoped, " would be reclaimed under the operation " of the proposed system ; but there was " great reason topar his still greater cor " ruption amid the contagion of a common " receptacle of vice. Besides, the pro " posed amendments of tho law pre-sup-" posed that the delinquent was in con " finemcnt for the non-payment of a fine " and costs of prosecution (the payment " of which was a part of the sentence,) it " seemed, therefore, humane, in respect " to the offender, to relieve him from con- " finemcnt, which deprived him of tho " means of discharging the penalty, and " to place him in a situation in which ho " might work out his deliverance, even at " the loss for a time of his personal ' liberty." But the following communication, it will be seen was published in 1821, when probably Gen. II. little dreamed of ever being a candidate for the Presidency, and when he could have no other motive than that of having simple justice done to tho best of motives. trv. I should never deem the interest I desired to lion which presented it'clt to me on the ate c ec protect, tafe in such hand.. lion of speaker, and which present itself now, in in supporting,' uen. Harrison, l place ahontion reference to ino election oi rrcsidcnt nnd vice entirely out of the tpiesiion. Not that I do not President. How i nholition lo I eleuelitcil by my regard it us a subject of very great importance j withdrawing from the great contest now about to and, indeed, as I have shown, u subject of ureal I o decided I etween power and popular right, and political iinporiauce. Dm it is noi, and cannot giving my vote for Mr. Scattering, or not voting be the great practical question for Ihe decision of nt a'l 1 the country at the npprouching presidential dec- Mr. Speaker, though feeling deeply on this sub lion. The public mind I not prepared to have nn ject of slavery, and ardently desiring it abolition, abolition president. I cannot act in obedience' 1 do not stand here exclusively devoted to ihat to iiiiiiu impulse, nun miisi see Hint some goon is interest. There aro oiuer great interest to Pent niuuication addressed to tho Editor ofthe Cincinnatti Inquisitor, in September, 1822: " I believe ihat upon tlie preservation of the Union of the Slnlo depends the existence of our civil nml rfirioiis MlinrtiVs- nml llmt ilm ccncral'n ollicial report to the Secretary of Wnr, of which binds it together is not n parcel of word Major UoghanN Hiiccessfiil deience of Lower I written upon paper or parchment but the brother- oauuii.i... ... in..! mii w .uuiii cii xiuiL-uieui oi iy love and rcgnru which me citizens ol ihe sev- our whole deposable force j and he who believes , cral States possess for each other. Dc-troy thi, that with nucha force, and under the circuinstan. 1 nnd tl l,rmuir,il ftil.i-ii. m.,,V!, ,.,. ;.,) !. wnicn men oceurreu, iieneini jinrrion ought io have ndvnnced njion ihe enemy, mint bo Jell to uorrect his opinion in iheschool of experience. " Un u review oi ine course ho adopted, wunrc bollishcd by our aiicestoru cniinblen into ruin. i-rum us iiisjiiiuiuii pans no icmpie oi urcriy will again Ihi reanO. Discord and wars will sneered to peace ami harmony barbarism will ngaiu ov iJts.iU.lly of tb opinion, thnt it whn tuch n wusersprcad ihelund; or, what id scarcely Ulter,sj(iie to be obtained. What possible gotxl can come to abolition, or to any other interest, by now bring ing this question into tho presidential election 7 I have never been able to see an v. J cannot now see any. On thu contrary, it seems to me thoj cause ot nholition would ho greatly injured uy it. Abolition i eminently, a moral und religious en terprise. It owes it. existence tn Christianity. It triumphs have been emphatically tho triumphs of christian principles. Emancipation would not, in truth, lie safo without their ooncrvntive inllu cnce. That nilluenco i now eminently conspicu ous in producing the auspicious results of eman cipation witnessed in iJiu West Indies. The first step, then, in ihe great reform must be in tho church. Little progress can I o made in en lightening nnd purifying public untiment on this question, while iho chur.'h" the pillar mid ground oftruth" remains insensillc to the power of truth. Here is n great, nnd I nm sorry to sny, a difficult work to bo performed, Thu darkness which has loni: htiiis over tho American church, nn the sub ject of slavery, has 'been like tho darkness of f.gypt. it must po Dispelled as jt has been in Great Ilritain. Tho obliu'ations of ilm rbrisiinn religion must be seen nnd fell as obligations which know no distinction of color. Tliecliurch must no longer nsk, with unfeeling indillcreiice " wno is my neighbor.'" Ami then the moral forling of the whole com iniiniiy istolc nviokencd. 'IV true nnturo of tended to in thi nation besides that of abolition ; nnd I should be fabe to the trust reposed in ine, were 1 to thrust them aside as unworthy of regard; especially in the critical crisis through which they are now passing. And what is this crisis 1 It is the point of ex tremity in n great struggle which has 1 een going on forten years a struggle involving some of the most essential principle of ilia constitution. It is now to be decided whether tho people are to be permitted the (recuse of their intelligent, uncon trolled stillrnge to make tho congress and the President, and thus govern' themselves, or whether the President shall use tho vatt patronage of thu government to corrupt its officer, deceive the people, mnko both branches ofcongrc, strength en his nhuscd power, und perpetuate it in the hands of hi chosen successor: whether, in fact, we are to have a government of executive inllucnce or a government of laws a constitutional Gov ernment of three branches, or an unconstitutional government of one; n question, m short, between executive power, on ono tide, nnd lilerty and the constitution on the other. Such is tho question. Hy a long course of in sidious usurpation has the constitution been prac tically changed. Shall the change bo ratified and confirmed by tho populnr voice 1 thus involving tho country in the mischief the change itself, and tho pernicious roiucquenccs; of a popular sanction of the iiurpntion and corruption which produced LFTITER TO CINCINNATI EDITOR, ISS1. Sin : In your paper ofthe 5lh inst., 1 observed a most violent attar.'c upon eleven oilier member. ofthe late Senate and myself for a supposed vote given nt the last sc-sion, for the pa.sairo of a law lo "sell debtort, in certain caei." If such had been our conduct, 1 acknowledge that we should not only deserve the censure which the writer ha Icstowed upon us, but the execration of every honest man in soeietv. An act of that kind; is not only oppo-ed to the principle ofitticc and humanity, but would lea palpable violation ofthe Constitution of the State, which every legislator is sworn to support ; and sanctioned by a Hoipe of Representative. and twelve Senators, it would in dicate a state of depravity which would fill every . patriotic bosom with the most alarming anticipa tions. But the fact i, that no such proposition was ever made in the legislature, or even thought of. The act to which the writer alludes, has no more relation to the collection of "debts" than it has to the discovery of longitude. It wa an act the "punishment of ollenccs" against the stale; and that part of which ha so deeply wounded tho feeling of your correspondent, wa pased by tho Hone Representatives and voted for bylhelwelvo Senators, under the impression ihat it was the most mild and humane mode of dealing with tho ollcndcrs for who-e ca0s it was intended. It waj adopted by the House of Representatives as a part of the general system of the criminal law, which was then undergoing a complete revision and amendment ; tho necessity of this is evinced by the following facts: For several veils past it has become apparent that the penitentiary system was becoming more and more burdensome at every session ; a large appropriation was called for to meet the ihe excess of expenditure above the re ceipts of the establishment. In the commence ment ofthe se-sion of ISiO, the deficit amounted to near 820,000. This growing evil required the immediate inter position of sd'ne vigorous legislative measure. Two were recommended a leing likely to produco the e;lcct : first, placing the institution under better management ; secondly, lessening the number of convicts who were sentenced for short period, and whoso labor was found to be most unproductive. In pursuance of the latter principle, thefts, to the amount of 50 dollars or upward, were subjected to punishment in the penitentiary, instead of 810 which wa the former minimum sum ; this was easily done. Hut the great difficulty remained to determine what should I e the punishment of those numerous larcenies 1 clow the sum of 50. By some, whipping was proposed ; by others, punish ment by hard labor in the comity jail; and by others it wa thought 1 et to make'them labor on the hijhwav.. To ull thec there appeared insu perable objections; line nnd imprisonment were I.....1 o-.., ... n.i ll.i rinlil. nf llm Si:ilfM (IT . . . . , , . , , . : .perub e objections ; line and imprisonment were uid.vuhiah ; 3d. Such f iinolv.uB drrp m err . , J nio lc,n Jlhe ,,0 40 of iq)re'.emnlvt.s as ,ho may, m his opinion, irquue more mature del bcr- on, ' n,enilVe am as w wcU i;110wn,'these, nlion. or reference In the ill of the I eople, lo be VL,x'atj011., p.ifcnn-s were generally perpetrated by ajrrilaiiied at ihe succeeding e'rctinns. .. ,0 ' or,i,..;s vagabond, in soeietv. it wai "V. I hat he tliould never surfer Hie mtluence ofi n.,i(,i ,)., ...i,.... ,i..; ..nnlil not nnv the rtn ami his office lo be used fui puipoies of a piuely party clumpier. "VI. That, in removals fiom office of those who lui'd their npp'iimmciiis during the ple.iiure nf die Exennive, the hum ol such removal ehuiild be stiilfd if iripiemcil lo the Senile, al the time the noiniipilion of a surceMor ii made. Ami h..i. Imi nm If. isi in iinnorlancc, "VII. That l.e should not sulfer tlio Execiitivr eoitt which were always n part ot the sentence and puni-hnient, their service, should le sold out to any peron who would pay iheir line aud cost for them. This was the clause that was passed, as I believe, by a unanimous vote ofthe House, und stricken out in the Senate, in opposition to tho twelve who have I ecu denounced. A little further trouble in examining the Journals would havo shown your correspondent that this was considered depariinenl of the Gueinmi'iil lo becomn t he sotiico , ns a substitute for whipping, which was lost by n of legislation but liao l ho whole business of . single vote in the Senate, and in the House by a niukin bias fur ilia Union lo the department to small majority aficr being once passed. which ihe Coiieliiuiion his cxchu'nely nisigned it, until ihey prrfecinl shape where nnd where iiloiie.lhe opinions ofthe executive may ue heard Such is the man ! And iucIi a man the roiinlry wauls hi ihis crhia, io rcscuo it from me hand of misrule and rorrupiiou. General Hani. ton in emphatically One ofthe People. He coin" at their c, lo mlniumicr their Rnernnieiil for their benefit ! He comes with a hold on their nf feciion and rnnfidenco r.nely enjoje l by nny public innnn confidence which tho hisinrv of his life Miows he will never iibiue a confidence which will enable him lo do nn amount of good dial lew untemncn, in iho short spare of four years. h ever been able to accomplish. Mr. Spe.iker, I will not ay that it would "sufficient glory lo serve under inch a chief," lor thai is a language becom ing no freeman lo me ; but I will say that it would he a glorious piivilege In witness such a reform as the noble veteran isdenined to nccomplbh : and to breathe ihe besliliful and inilgorating atmosphere of his pute, upiighi. imp.Hlial, and just Auminis traticn. I think, Mr. Editor. I have said enoueh to show that this obnoxious law would not have applied to "unfortunate debtors of sixty-four years," but to infamout offenders who depredate upon ihe prop erty of their fellow citizens, and who, by the consti tution oflhuSlale, as well a the principle of exist ing laws, were subject to involuntary scrvitnife. I must cones I had no very sanguine expecta tions of a beneficial ellect from the measure, a it would apply to convicts who had obtained the ago of maturity ; but I had supposed that a woman, or n youth, who, convicted of nn ollence, remained in 'jail for the payment ofthe fine nnd costs impos ed, might with creat ndvantugo bo transferred to the residence of some decent, virtuous private fam ily, whoso precept and example would gently lead them back to the paths of rectitude. I would appeal to the candor of your correspon dent to say whether, if there were an individual confined under Ihe circumstances I have mentioned, for whoso fate he was interested, he would not gladly tee him trnnsferod from the filthy inciosuro of n jail, nnd the still more filthy inhabitants, to the comfortable mansion of some virtuous citien who-e admonitions would chock hu vicious pro- I