Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 3, 1840, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 3, 1840 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CiESAR BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME BY II. B. STACY. MARY STUAIIT." Tins is tho title of a new play lately produced in London with remarkable suc cesswritten by Mr. Hayncs. The fol lowing notice of it is copied from an Eng lish paper " If wc admired this great drama, for great it is, in the acting, wo have admired it even more in tho peru sal. Mr. Hayncs may now take his place among tho first dramatists of this country. Mary Stuart has just been printed and dedicated to Macready, Wherein tho author says, among other things that he is indebted to tho actor for tho position lie holds as an author. This Is rating his intellectual faculties at much too low a point. Mr. Hayncs is a poet of high eminence; hiswritten play proves It, and although Macready did him justice In the performance, he could not elevate him a single degree. Wo have extracted tho following gems from their setting, but they possess such lustre in themselves as renders foil needless : Natiokal Discontent Mailland, Throughout the track I've measured in mv iourncv, discontent Was every where." The storm-clou I fills the sky. From every pulpit, loud anathemas Are thundered at the Queen ; her enmity To the true worship shakes the crown upon Her head j nor is her love of foreigners forgotten, nor her deadly hatred of The banished lords : in short, some diro explosion Is ripening fast : we must direct it, or Be swepf away by 't. Itizzo's Music Catharine Oh ! had you heard him, too ! You would have said he was of Orpheus sprung, Or taught his art by syrens, or had traced The mermaid's pla'int nt sea, and caught it on His harp, from the wild wave ; or, bolder still, Had mounted to the spheric harmonic, And where the rolling planets hymn to heaven Touch the rapt choir. Cesar's weakness and strength. Motion. Caisar was addicted to fainting fits When he made Koine his footstool: lint remember 3Iis strength was in himself : his weakness was A thing of earth; he spurned it as alien, And standing on the summit of the age, Looked down upon infirmity ! .Elizabeth's Despotism. Queen. T is strange, metlnnks, she lias not yet protested Against 1110 unucciwti rising 01 me sun ; The (lowing oflhe tides; the mad career Of the wind, and other insubordinate acts Which unsubmissive nature practices 1 Yet le' her look to her own crown, or rather To that she calls her own, and say if right Were done between, us, wiio should reign in ling' land? Mercy. Ruthven. What is mercy ? Is 't not Forgiveness? And what is forgiveness but Heiiiission of the penalty of crime 1 If we must keep our mercy for the guilt!es, We might as well give alms to rich nbtindance, Kireto the tropic's arid booni, frost To the baked pole, and rain drops to the deep 1 The fault you hint at is in merev's self, That spreads her wing nl.ovo the head of guilt, And saves it for repentance. Dead Examples. Queen. You would not have the dead Govern the living. If the dead could necti Out of Iheirgrave,-, they would not know this world To be the world they used to tread upon : Why should they rule it, then? Death knows no cnange, Ilut life is full of changes, like the sky With many weathers ; and our planet rolls Amongst a thousand scattered influences, Al! turning upon change. Power of Music Queen. It was not falsehood That bade the poet fancy stones to move, For there's a spirit in creation, A mind in matter, captivate to song : The very comet in his random sphere, Obeys his voice, and smooths bristling fires, To listen while the golden planets "sing ; The smallest clod of earth does in its fair Proportion to the wheeling worlds above, Sustain the universal harmony, And follow nature in her heavenlv round ! T was therefore truth, not falsehood.told how tree: And stones could move,when itium'c tried her skili Aim tlius tne poet's (nought isjustiliodl Kutiiven's Ciiaracaer. Rizso. The spirit of rebuke (Swept thunder from his lips; nay, triumph'd o'er The rhcuins that bent his frame ; us if to show What minds can do with matter, and the lire Of genius with the shell in which it burns. REPLY OF MR. DAVIS, TO MR. BUCHANAN. On the 3d day of March, Mr. Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, entered into an argu ment, in the Senate of the United States, to prove that his views and opinions were misrepresented in a speech of Mr. Davis of Massachusetts, dolivcrcd on tho 23d of January last in reply to Mr. B. on the Sub-Treasury'bill. Tho following is tho reply of Mr. Davis to tho charge of misrepresentation : Mr. President: The morning following the remarks made by the Senator from Pennsylvania (Mr. lluchanan) upon my printed speech in renlv to a speech of his, 1 asked permission of the Senate to re-state my observations in reply, as 1 had reason to believe some of them had been misap nrehended. and to add some further remark, n I had then hod an opportunity to run over the speeches', and should endeavor thus to place the whole matter on a footing that could not Lemisap nrehended. Tlie Senate being then anxious to proceed in tho unfinished business of the day, signified its wish that I should embrace another opportunity, and I nowteizo the earliest moment which has presented itself to discharge that duty : This, 1 am aware, is a subject thai ought not to occunv time in this place, and mv mioWv is that I did not introduce H, and claim only the right of vindicating my-olf Agaium uiu cxiruuruinary suiiemums ui me mau ler from Pennsylvania. In order to a full undersinndin? of the relation which events connected with this subject have wun each other, 1 shall recall to miudtlie occur rcneo aslhcvhannened. A few days before 1 repliod to the member from timsyivania, i mane some remarks upon several rr.w. u luicroi wjircu Mxmeu. to connect theiu selves with the discussion, and the Senator from Mississippi (.Mr. wnlker) ami tne senator trom enusvlvnnin renlied. 1 then rejoined that 1 un derstood from what had been said, that opinion had been advanced that it would bo beneiieiat to the country to reduce the value of properly and that 1 might in the eoitr-o of thedel u c, make known my view? upon ihesihjcct,ifu suitable opportunity occurred. To this no response was made. Soon after, the Senator from Mississippi (Mr. Walker) delivers his spec::h. 'I he Senator from Pennsyl vania followed him, and wn followed by the other Senator from Mississippi, (Mr Henderson,) who spoku at huge in reply to him upon the topic of wages. 1 lie Senator irom inuiana siit. annul) next took the floor, and spoke also briefly to tho nine point. Mr. McrricK, oi Maryland, succeeded liin, and went much into the subject of the redue mn nru'nrriw.j. in reiilv (o the Senator from Penn- svlvniiin. ns I understood him. readme the tables o'fwnge-', to illustrate what tho laborer received where the cost of production was least. The Se nator from Kentucky, (Mr. Crittenden,) some lays alter, wnue anoiuer topic was unucr uiseus ion. replied to the remarks of the member from Pennsylvania on the same topic. To none of thec pceclics, or tlic comments in me (icnaiors, iihi i icar anv nbieciion orrenlv. Ihoiigh I thcimht they understood the speech to which they made answer mucit as i did. When the Senator from Maryland c!ocd Ins re marks, the days was far spent, but the Senate having manifested a determination to tnke the final question, by refusing to adjourn, late as it was, 1 rose and assured the Senate that, while I felt it to boa duty 1 could not omit to reply to some of the arguments in which doctrines were advanced rt lat- ing to great and momentous interests among those I represented, vet 1 should limit myself to a reply, only. 1 think it was well understood to what my attention was chicily directed, and 1 thus gnvo distinct notice to all who felt any interest in what 1 might ay, ol my spceiiic.oiijcet. 1 (lien proceeded, in the preenceof the member from Pennsylvania, who sits near where 1 stood, and commented upon his arguments a large portion of the time I was speaking. He best knows whether he was m his seat all the time, but 1 saw him there much of it, and have reason to believe hown there, or ncarlhere, the whole of it. lie did not interrupt me in tne progress oi my remarks to correct any statement of his arguments nor did he suggest that I misapprehended them or his sentiment, nor did he make any reply, though lie had ample opportunity to do it when i took my seat. My remarks were upon his speech as deliv ered here, and as I comprehended it from that de livery, l spoke ot Ins arguments as i understood them, being aided by some rough minutes noted down as ho was speaking. This occurred on tho 23d of January, and, in about a fortnight my speech was published, having been tlius delayed iy mo sickness of the reporter. His appeared a little earlier. The speech 1 delivered is the same in every essential and material particular as mat in print. The words cannot, 1 know, be en tirely the same, but all elo is. The arguments throughout are identical ; ami, :ur. i resident, as you were an attentive listener, as well as many others siliiiia here now. I anneal to vou and them it any variation lias been detected, to maKc it known. The member from Pennsylvania has not ventured to suggest any. Thee are facts about which there cannot and will not be any controversy And here 1 repeat that I spoke of the speech de livered in this place as it fell from his lips, and could speak of nothing el-e, for it had not been published. I spoke of it as 1 understood it in the delivery, gathering his sentiments and reasoning from him as he proceeded. Mv comprehension of his views was the only guide 1 could liave. Ju my reply 1 s'poUe Ol It in hi pro.i'iuso, in your, and in that of the Senate and the public making everv statement, every argument, as clear and distinct as 1 was able to do. No objection was made to anv tiling I said. What more could I do 1 What other assurance could I have of my correctness, or oltlie acquiescence ot Hie member Irom Pennsyl vania in it 1 None whatever, unless the manu script report had been submitted to his revision and correction. I could have no reason to believe that it was possible forme, under such circumstances to mistake or misapprehend him. 1 had, on the conntrary, u strong reason lor Lelieving, as we ever have in debate, that 1 was right ; for it is the custom in this body to correct debaters on the spot by explanation a rule of deliberative bodies, nnd to thejutice of which no one yields a more cheer ful obedience than I do, for 1 am willing that mem bers sbojld expound their own views. Under thec circumstances the speech went to the Public, and I shall leave that Public to determine with what justice a charge of misrepresentation can be sus tained, or if there can be the slightest ground fo complaint. Yol.sir, 0 weeks after all thfr.this speech and mine having, in tho mean time, been widely circulated and icad, the Senator came into the Senate, and, without the slightest previous intimation, direct or indirect to me, ot ins purpose or dis-atislaction, rose and declared here his astonishment at the manner in which he was represented in my reply: and tins lie did m terms naMi and discourteous thought he might have pursued a course nine more suitable to correct a niisiinderstnndiiiir.if there was one, and that was his only view. The lapse ot time and tne circumstances give to tins move ment an extraordinary character, and mark n do iiciency in uiui uucui urn wuiuu sniumus iiiu uuer cour-e ot tne memncrs oi tne senate, i see notniiis in my course in the slightest degree disrespectful to the member nothing bordering upon injustice, or Irom which it is possible to inter the existence ot motive to wrong him: and (here was none, llu sir, lie has chosen his time and place. Ho came here, and not to me, for redress, and hcrci he has made his appeal. If it could be his purpo-u to come upon me by surprise, ne succeeded ; lor no one could have less anticipate any complaint, If it could be his purpose to conceal his gricls, and make his attack so suddenly that I might bo found with tho subject dismissed from mv mind, with neither his nor my speech by me, nor any thing to refresli my memory, or to enable me to compare facts, he accomplished his purpose, and had the full benelit of it ; for I was indebted to iho volun tary kindness of a friend for the copy of his speech handed to me at the moment, from which I read some of his remarks. Such is the course chosen by the member. Here he has made his nppeal, and hero nnd in the country let the question as to his motives bo judged of, and whether 1 can bo justly chargeable with the slightest injustice tow ards him. Aficr many comment", when called upon so to do, the Senator pointed out two paragraphs in my speech to which he took exception. His remarks were so dill'iuc upon wages, labor, and other topics, that I was not able to ascertain with satisfactory precision of what lie did complain, nor am I ublo now to comprtmd it so distinctly as 1 could wih. I will ask him if he has any objection to that part ofmy reply relative to tho causes of distress m tho country I Wo seemed to I o agreed that it was owing to tho derangement of tho currency ; but, in the cause of this dernngeinent, we didbrcd. If he has any, I wish him to stnte it now, as I can reply more undcrstnndingly if better informed. ITho Senator declined answering. I commented upon die remarks of (he Senator upon bonking in the Unilcd States upon excessive issues of paper upon tho nmount of circulating medium upon credits upon speculation upon excessive imports, and upon tho increased cost of production and tho ralo of wages, snid to bo pro. duced by banking. 1 understood tho Senator to dwell upon all those matters in his speech to speak of them as evils calling for correction. It thero bo anything objectionable m my remarks, 1 should Ihs better pleased to have it distinctly pointed out now. In Ihecourseof his observations (he other day in support of his complaint, hu used this expression : "All J can say is. (hatl used no such arguments." 1 regret that lie declines specifying his objections, because 1 was then, and nm now, nt a loss to understand what precise arguments he alluded to in that declaration, FRIDAY, APRIL 3, 1840. 1 understood him to speak particularly and strongly of the manufacturing interest, ascribing it embarrassment to the cost of production, or, in nlw.r .npt. in l.i.rl, .,.tr! inr bilmr crentes production, nnd the cost of production depends doctrine contained in tho printed speech. It is be upon that of labor, livery laborer knows that, ns fore tho world, and let them sec whether I havo m.nnml tirlnoinlc. ihu cost of production cannot lie diminished, except by lowering wage, and that wages and production go up nnd down to- geihcr. I understand him to iinpulo our want of success to the great cost oi production, uuuionrgue ii wusuui my purpose, un mu ursi pau. uu m that wq should succeed in obtaining possession of leges that, in a general summary which 1 make, our own markets, nnd be successful competitors for the markets of tho world, if tho currency could bc so reduceJ ns to bring down the cost of pro- doction to the standard of prices throughout tho world. I understood him that this was the corree- tive and the remedy for the manufacturers at least, thought this n near approach lo hard money lone: nnd Imw far it is consistent with hisdecla- itions of friend'iiip to a mixed currency, others can judge ns well as 1 can. as me oenator mn uvuuuuu iu ivuiiy. mm s am left to proceed by such lights ns 1 have, 1 liall now read some pnrls of the printed speech of ic senator, and leave otners to. uuge uowiar nicy sustain the view 1 took of his urguinenls. Here Mr. I), read sevetal passages from the speech, showing the general current of argument upon banks, hanking, nnd excessive issues oi pa per j also, relating to credits, speculation, S:c. which it is unnecessary to repeat. Sir, I cannot detain the Senate by reading furth er, andl liavodrawn attention to these paragraphs to show, what I am sure the member win not ques tion, that he treated of banking as it exists in the United States as highly objectionable, and bring ing upon the public evils wich uemanueu a re modv. I pass to another nart of the printed speech. which 1 deem more material, us it relats (o (hoso matters which induced mo elueiiy to reply to him i he senator said : " Sir. I solemnly believe that if wc could but reduce tins xnjtalea paper bubble to any thing un reasonable dimensions. New England woulu be come the most prosperous manufacturing country that the sun ever shone upon, vv ny cannot we ma nufacture goods, nnd especially cotton goods, which will go into successful competition with British manufactures in foreign markets? Have we not the industry 1 Have we not the machinery ? And, above an, arc not our sum, energy, and enterprise, proverbal throughout the world 1 Land is also cheaper hero than in any other country on the "ace of the earth. We possess everv advantage which Providence can bestow upon us for the ma- nuiacture ol cotton; but they nre all counterba lanced bv the folly of man. The raw material costs us lois than it does thu English, because this is an article the price of which depends upon foreign markets, and is not regulated by our own injlated currency. We. therefore, save the freight of the cotton across the Atlantic, and that of the manu factured article on its return here. What is the reason that, with all these advantages', and with the protective duties, which our laws all'ord to the domcstiu luanutacturcr oi cotton, we cannot obtain exclusive possession of the home market, and sue ccsslullv contend lor the markets oi the world ( " It is simply because wo manufacture at the nominal prices of our own inflated currency. and are compelled lo sen at tne real prices oj oilier nations. Heuuce our nominal to the real standard of prices throughout the vorld, and you cover our country with blessing, and benefits. 1 wish to Heaven 1 could speak in a voice loud enough to be heard throughout New England : bo- cause, if the attention of the manufacturers could once be directed to the subject, their own intelli gence and native sagaciiv would leach them how iiijuriouoiy tiiy uic ujictta by our bloated bant ing and credit system, and would enable them to avplu the proper corrective. " what is the reason that our manufactures havo been able to sustain any sort of competition, even in the home market, with thovo of British origin 1 It is because England herself is. to a rreat extent. o na...r innnw .'mintr,. .Iiniml, ,'., ,1,!.. not to becnmnnml with our own' Prn.n v.m-v! cuiisc. nrices 111 i'.nir and are ImiWi InVlier ilinn they are upon the continent. The expense of liv ing is mere uoubie what it costs lnrrauee. Hence, all the JMiglisii who desire lo nurse their lortunes by living cheaply, emigrate from thor own country to France, or some o:her portion of the comment. 1 he comparative low prices ol r ranee nnd uer many have aiiorded such a stimulus to their manu fdcturos that they are now rapidly extending them elves, and would obtain possession, in no small ree, even ol the r.nglish home market, il it were not for their protecting duties. Whilst British manufactures are now languishing, thoe of the continent are springing into a healthy and vigorous existence, it was out tne other day that I saw an extrac( from an English paper, which slated that whilst the cutlery manufactured in Germany was equal in quality with the British, it was so reduced in price that the latter would have to abandon the manulactiiro altogether." What do we gather from this 1 What is tho obstacle to the success oflhe manufacturer, in the opinion oflhe Senator 1 What prevents him from obtaining exclusive possession of our market, and sharing those oi the world in the sale ot his pro ductions? it is the injlated paver bubble : it is "because we manufacture at the nominal prices of our own iniiated currency, and are compelled to sell at the real prices of oilier nations." S'icli, in his view, is the caue of our embarrassments and failure in success. Now, sir, what is the remedy proposed by the Senator 1 "Reduce (says be) our nominal to the real standard of price's through out the world, and you cover our country with blessings and benefits." We are to take exclusive possession of our own market, and enter thoe of the world successfully and by what process Mv reducing the cost of our goods "lo thu standard of prices throughout the world;" by bringing wages down as low' as those who manufacture cheapest : for by no oiher process can we enter the markets of the world in successful competition. The Sena tor shows us ihat England is carrying on an un ssiiccesslul comnetidon. in the manufacture of cut- IcrVj with Germany, because of tho paper money

of lvnglniid. Germany, he alleges, is a hard money country, and the cost of production or wages is lower, ami she iheretore munuiactures cheaper. Now, sir, what is the standard of prices through out the world 1 It must be a standard which will enable us lo sell ns low as others to produce ns low a uio nation that produces lowest, or wc can not get the exclusive possession of our own market. and enter the markets oi tuo world in successtu competition. Wo must go down to the wages of ! ranee, Germany, and other countries that produce lower than our laborers, or thoso of England. If 1 can understand language, the paper bubble is to lie reduced till this result is reached. Tho Senator says he is for a mixed currency, but goes for the reduciion ol it till it brings prices to this standard. Of what consequence is it, Mr President, whether it shall bo mixed or unmixed, hard money, or hard money and paper, if ihe reduciion is to iro on till thisellect of coming down to tho standard of prices throughout the world is produced 1 None what ever; and yet so confident is the Senator in tho soundness of Ins policy that he exhorts tho man ufacturers to tako tno correciivo into their own hands, and to bring this result about j nnd yet he complains of me as representing him as loo much ofa hard monejbtnan. I supposed in all this the Senator looked rtnllv to hardinonev: but whether ho did or not is of little consequence, as tho ellect on labor nnd business would b,u iho same. I was led to this conclusion, for I thought ho would not wish to lie understood as viewing one currency ns most useful to tho manufacturers and another to thu country. If there be confusion in tho mailer, I am not nnsweraoie lorthat, lor i replied to such opin ions as were advanced. 1( uppcarcd (o me the evil complained of was (he expansion of iho currency, nnd the remedy proposed a reduction lo this stan dard of price throughout iho world. I know tho Senator has spoke much of his friendship for labor ers; but it is his practical views of policy, his means to 1 employed to secure prosperity, that I ciuunneu. 1 did not consider tho part of his speech from which ne lias read, and considers tne louininiion oi unjut remark elsewhere, as an important or material portion of his reasoning. Such is (he brought the member nearer to being a friend of hard money than he brings himself. llut tho Senator pointed out two paragraphs in my reply which ho says do him injustice. If so, (not of his exclusive views, us tho paragraph shows,) i un mile to him nn opinion that tne suu- Treasury will have a greater influence over banks and banking, and reduce the currency beyond what he ever thought or has contended it would do, notwithstanding I expressly stale, in another Iimvc, wnsui i sii;uu ui nun iuuue, nun uu ucemrus. liniscll the friend of well-regulated bnnks nnd a mixed currency. Un this point, 1 shall only say it is the lust on which I could have anticipated com plaint, alter nil the reasoning ot the Senator to prove the exydiency of reducing the currency, because of the evils of banking. Ilut the elect of the bill is a matter that never entered my mind as of nuy moment. It was not iho measure of inlluence which it would have that I discussed, or thought important, as l nlluded to it only in a summary way. it was the opinions and doctrines advanced in iho argument, the general scope of policy advo cated by the member, upon which 1 commented, mm lu wiucu rcpiicu. i couiu uoi iiiisuiiiicrsiuuu in in in expressing the opinion that the bill would have its inlluence as n corrective, and I urn in different what degree of inlluence is or may bo ascribed to it. The Senator laid hold of another isolated para graph of my reply at the thirteenth page, and sup poses that 1 meant to assert that he and his friend contended that the bill would reduce the value ot properly and wages one half. 1 assured him the other day, and now do it again, that such is not my meaning, nor uoes u seem to me 10 i.einojusi or fair construction oflhe language. The language is this: "I do not impute this power to the bill, but it is enough for me that its lricnds do." What power ? He alleges the power to reduce wages and property one half. 1 say tho power to reduce wages and property, and to improve our relations lo foreign trade, without assigning any particular proportion of reduction. The Senator draws the pro portion from a hypothetical case stated by me in illustration of the general proposition under consideration, that a reduciion of wages would le beneficial to the laborer. This I coml.atled and m the hypothesis assumed a case in which wa were supposed lo oo reduced one hall. Having gouelhrtugh with this, which appears on the liico of it to be, what it is, hypothetical, and not founded on propositions intended to be imputed to anv one as used in argument. I return bv a new paragraph to the bill, audusc the language I have read, not intending to rcter to the hypothesis, or the proportion of reduction in it, but to the general proportion under consideration. He therefore gives a meaning to my remarks never designed or thought of bv me until 1 beard his construction He does not read the speech as 1 understand it, and meant it should be understood. This explanation is tho same 1 gave the other day. and is what the Senator called a disclaimer. It is u disclaimer of nothing but his construction of my language and meaning, ii that is what lie meant by a disclaim er, I am content with it, but I wish to be rightly understood, it you take the paragraphs alone which the Senator read, it may lie understood as he represents ; but (hat is not tho inference as it appears to me from the whole text. Hut (he senator went further, and read trom my .speech the next sentence, which is, ' What re pousu will the farmers, inech iiiics. and nianufac lurcrs maketosucha flagitious proposition 1" and SCIAIIIt; II1U worn llilgUlOUS, (1SCU 111 HO SCUSI olleiisively, riot having the remotest personal np plication to him, but applied to the general propo sition to reduce wages, Aic. and not lo the hvno thesis or any thing contained in it, inquiics of the Senate It flagitious representation ol his remarks? I wi di '" " wm-iuu m un iiuvms inti uage he meant to reflect on ine personally 7 (Mr. 1). paused a moment, and the Senator not making uu answer,) lie aimed, n he did. then 1 hur hacl the imputation whiththe scorn and contempt Ian uiuigu su uiiuieriicvi n uu unprovoked deserves, and suspend further remarks till I hear (ho meiiiLer. WINTER AND SPRING. I1Y HANNAH V. GOULD. " Adieu," Father Winter said, lo (lie world when about to quit it; With his old white wig half o.l his head, As if never made (o lil it. " Adieu ! 1 am going to ihe rocks and caves, lo leave ail hero behind me ; Or perhaps I shall sink in ihe northern waves, so deep mat none can hud inel" "Good luck ! good luck to your hoary locks," said lliegny young spring advancing, "Go, take your 'nap 'mid the caves and rocks, While 1 o'er the earth am dancing. "There is not a spot where your foot has (rod, i oil hard, old crusty lellow, Nora single lull nor h -inzlo sod, But 1 have got to mellow. "And I shall spread them o'er wilh grass, lhat will look so Iresh and cheering, None will regret that they let you pass Far out of sight and hearing. " The fountains that you lock up so tight, When I shall give ilicm a sunning, Will sparkle and play in my gladdening light, And the brooks will set a running. " I'll speak in the ground to the hidden root, Where you have kept it sleeping ; And bid it send up tho tender shoot, And set tho wild vino creeping. "The tough that you caked all o'er with ice, Till 't was chilling to behold them, I shall stick them all round wilh buds so nice, My breath alone can unfold ihem. "And when the tree is in blossoms dressed, The bird, wilh her songs so men y, Will come on il limb to build her heat, By the sign oflhe future cherry. "The air and the earth by their joyfulness, Shall show iho good I am doing : And the skies beam down with the smiles to bless The course lhat I'm pursuing !" Said Winter, then, " I would havo you learn, By me, my gay new comer, To push oil, too, when it comes your turn, And yield your place to Summer." VANDERHACKEN'S DREAM. Frank Vandcrhackon wasono of thoso discontented mortals, who uro eternally endeavoring to wear out tho patienco of our goou oiu lauy, uamo t onuno, wun his complaints. Ilis crops never crew to his liking; tho season was always too wot or too dry ; too warm or too cold, l iio prico of grain was always too low, and that of groceries always too hiqh, for the filain reason that ho sold tho former and uid to hny tho latter hecauso Madam and tho young ladies loved to sot off a smart tca-tahlo ; and Frank hiinsolf was no very decided enemy to good living. But things went wrong, and ho was not a happy man, His neighhors used to call him a castlc- huilding sort of a genius, and said all his troubles arose from his dreaming himself very great man every night, and waking p plain Farmer Frank in tho morning. But, however this might have been, his affairs became, in time, somewhat derang ed, in consequence ot his inattention to business, which grew out of his perpetual repining. A heavy heart never drives business on spiritedly, and misfortunes sometimes conic in earnest to thoso who ako so much pains to persuade them selves they are unfortunate. 1 bus were allairs situated,whcn Frank, who from being discontented with his own situation, had become envious of that of every one else, after a long walk over his arm, at this time loaded with tho promise of a rich harvest, returned homo, and throwing himself on a sofa, fell iuto a profound sleep. Directly, a tall, noblo looking figure, wrapped up in a large cloak, stood by his side and accosted him with, " Lome, l rank, my name is Fortune, go with me. I have long heard thy complaints, and purpose holding a lair to-day, by attend ing which thou may'st possibly better thy hard lot." Ho rose immediately, and putting on lis hat, accompanied his mysterious guide. rrescntly he lound himself in an exten sive plain, crowded with a vast number ot men, belonging to all the diftercnt pro fessions in the country. "Here, said r ortune, pointing to the great assemblage, " are many thousands of good men, either of whom will change situations and property with you, even handed, at my command. ou may, therefore, make your choice." Frank thanked his good friend ; his eyes sparkled with pleasure, as the crowd began to pass, one after another, before I him ; and he could hardly contain his joy, as lus eyes rested on the portly lorm oti rich neighbor ot his, who was one ol the first to approach him, and whose long purse he had often bitterly envied him. " That is the man, if you please," said Frank. At the hack of his compagnion, old Mortgage stood by his side, and very complacently began to deliver up his deeds, and obligations ; and having done so, Frank was about to run home with tho glad news, and get ready to put the old man in possession of the farm. But Mortgage lifted up his gouty log, and Fortune called : "Stay, Frank, this goes with the rest the bargain is, situation for situation, and thegouty foot goes with neighbor Mortgage's estate." Frank was thunder-struck. Ho stared a minute, and then threwdown the bundle of papers, as a man would drop a hot dumpling " I would not havo his gout," said he, "for all the dale." Ihe next personago that arrested Frank's attention, wasa wealthy shipping merchant of tho city. He was again in raptures, and bent on the exchange. The merchant began to deliver inventories of his property, and among the rest, those of the cargoes ol five vessels at sea. These last constituted a mam part of the clacr estate : and r rank never knew the anxiety that follows the possession of such pro perty, till now. lie remembered the great storm but a few days before ; and that he heard of the wreck of some vessels on the shore. He hesitated ; he trembled he turned to go : but ho felt he should be forever unhappy ; and he once more de clarcd himself dissatisfied ; and that as yet he had not found one whose situation was better than Ins own. Then a dashing young fellow, who owned by iar tho largest, and most ele gant farm in all Aunaiulale, presented himself, and Frank was sure of being suited. He had oltcn whished for John fine horses and thought to be a farmer after that sort would bo worth living for. But when the young buck came to deliver up the titlo deed, a bond and mortgage, will inleres upaid, for half a dozen years was enclosed in it ; cnoueh to swallow two-thirds of the estate, and horses and curricle in the bargain. Frankdrew back "io, no," said ho, "tho Dairy is clear o debt, and don't slip through my fingers in this way. Thus it turned out with somo hundred more who wore presented as candidates lor a chango ot situation with trunk though thoso woro taken promiscuously Irom among the rich and poor larmers merchants, mechanics, protessional mon &c. Somo wero encumbered with debts others with diseases that belonged to their necessary modo ot lite. bonio had ono trouble ; somo another difficulty ; and Frank, to tho end, was thoroughly con vinced ho would never bo ablo to better his situation, on the whole, by anoxchango and expressed to his kind guide his perfect satisfaction with lus own condition. " Tako, then, homo with you," said Fortnno, "this ; None are perfuctly hap py m this world : lew comparatively so In overy situation thero aro difficulties to bo encountered ; und ho is tho happiest man, who determines to be contented witl what ho has, instead of troubling his head about what ho has not. You can see but tho outside of others ; you know nothing ofthosecrot troubles which perplex their bosoms. Try to bo happy ; and you wil VOL. XIII--N0.66T bo ns happy ns your neighbors." Frank awakened from his sleep just a? Fortune had finished this speech ; and has ever since been u changed man. There is not at this day a more merry fel low in all Annandalc. MURDER OF A WHOLE FAMILY. Fi'.anki'ort, Ky. March 17. A letter Irom a gentleman in Grcensbtirg, to a citi7.en of this place, of the date of March the 8th, states that there has just been disclosed and brought to light, ono of the most shocking murders ever com mitted in a christian land. The facts, us he states them, arc, that in July, 18U8, there lived in Green county, about 7 miles South West of Greensburg, a woman by the name of Lucinda White. Sho and her two sons, one about 15 or 16 years old the other between 13 and H, and her daughter-in-law, (whose husband lives in the Southern States,) with u child 18 or 20 months old, were all living together. In July, 1838, intending to move South to their relations, a man by the name of Carrington Simpson, volunteered and undertook to remove them. On a certain night, the younger Mrs. White, her child and the elder Mrs. White's younger boy, were packed on horses, and after they had gone not more than a mile, they wen; knocked in the head and killed, and bu ried in an old out house, in a hole about two feet deep. On the next morning, tho elder boy was sent off under some pretext and did not return for a week. On tho next night after the first murder, the old woman was killed at her own house, and put into the same hole ; and the elder boy returningin about a week after, was killed and buried in she same place : making in a,ftvc human beings. Suspicions have been alloat for some months; and crew stronger and stronger, until the 27th of rebruary, when Simpson was arrested and carried before an examining court, and sent on for further trial. Somo GO or 70 men turned out to hunt for tho bones of the murdered, which they found late on t riday evening. On yesterday, the coroner, held an inquest over tho skeletons. On last night I went to tho prison, in companv with several others, and Simpson confessed that he had helped to kill them. Ho said that two men by the name of (the names are written in the letter, but omitted by us,) had aided mm. He said the cause ol killinc them was thoir money and property. I don't think the whole of their money and prop erty was worth one hundred dollars, and the most ot it was in clothing and bed clothes. The two persons implicated bv Simpson, have been arrested, and will bo examined to-morrow. No other evidence than that of Simpson's, has yet transpired against them. Simpson's family, G or 8 iu number, have all been arrested, and will be examined to morrow. The abovo is the substance, and nearly the language of the letter; and it certainly details a. deed of blood without parallel in Ameri can history. It would seem to us if tho facts are all as stated, that it is tho work of a maniac. DISTRESSING FIRES. On Saturday night Mr John Austin, who resides about three miles northeast of the village of Yonkers, New York, re tired to rest with his largo family of chil dren. Soon after midnight tho hotiso was discovered to bo in flames by one of the daughters sleeping below stairs. 01' seven children sleeping up stairs, six of them perished ; one of whom, a young man, about 19, after succeeding by the aid of his elder brother in bursting his way through the flames, resolved, against the entreaties of his brother, to return to the rescue of his younger brothers and sisters in the upper rooms. He perished in tho attempt. Ilis half-consumed body was found in tho morning lying beside those of three smaller sisters and two brothers. Such was the rapidity of tho flames, that all effort on the part of tho parent, to save his children, was rendered unavailing and hopeless. The sou that escaped from the upper story was severe ly but not dangerously burned. Tho dwelling of Mr. Levi Stephens, near the village of Almond, New-York, caught fire in the night of the 20th. Mr. and Mrs Stephens, with three children, wero from home. Six of the younger children wero at homo with Mr. Wygant, tho village school-master, who was board ing with Mr Stephens. When Mr. Wygant awoke, tho interior of tho houso was most on lire, and it was with much dilliculty that he succeeded in rescuing a son of about sixteen, who was confined by lameness, a daughter aged about fourteen, and two sons, oi the ages often and seven years, who lodged in tho second story one of whom leaped from tho head of tho burning stairs, through tho flames, whilst tho other rati down tho stairs, through firo and flauio, and fell, exhausted. But tho most melancholy part of the story re mains to I o told. In the bed from which tho lad of ten years old escaped, lodged two other lilllo sons, of tho ago of nino and five years. On tho alarm being given tho oldest awoke and appeared, in tho flames, nt tho head of thu stairs, with tho two lads mentioned above, and might havo taken his chanco of escape with them, IC?1. fourth page,