Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 3, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 3, 1840 Page 2
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FRIDAY MOIINIMO, APRIL 3. TOllY EDITOR AT JOHNSON. A to living n Democrat, wo nmt mo-t solemn ly protest uguiiist thoupplication of on vilely aba. thinnblc a iiiinio to ns. We don't oven look liku duo J wo never m our waking moments spoke like one, mid wo never dreamt like one. Heaven t'orlji'd that wo ever tdionld. Wo inu-i remind llic Free 1'in-n man, if he is u man of feeling, tliat blazing' H too trnt: mi adjunct of ti democrat.' The path of democracy has always 1 ecu traced in blazes iSi lilood. His own ooniiiry tolls with nil intermitting hut howling voice, tfiat the coat of nrnis of tlio '' is tlio toreli and liowie knife. Ho that limit car.', let liim hear. Wo I eg him to retract what ho has said) wo can havo no hope, that jurloi which perjuru theni-elves, to nve n murderer, will eonvH'l for a lilel however disgra ceful." J. D Oilman. Oilman pleads baby. He says, that, although he published, in his own name, what wo attributed to him, yet ho is not responsible, because ho Wits ntoved there unto by the Devil, Mr. Ferres, and other royal peers, lie stood before the world, to be syre, as tho ostensible editor of the Standard, fighting the battles of royalty in his own name, and claiming tho reward which ho got in "1'ritish gold" but, forsooth, he was only a man of straw I tho mere conduit pipe through which the ultra Tories of Canada might pour their abuse upon our republican institutions! Most noble vocation, most fitting em ployment, for one who avows his utter detestation of the " vilely abominable" name of a "democrat"! But, most lame nnd impotent defence, for a champion of democracy. Admit all he now says to lie true, and what docs it prove 1 why, that ho was a very contemptible fellow in Canada, and, if possible, would make himself more so, here a man pretending to edit a paper, but without caste, or abil ity to write even a paragraph, and there fore under the necessity of saying just what other people put into his mouth. Poor fellow! How cruel, to insinuate tliat.tJ ever said any thing! But, qticrc If this was his condition in Canada, is he nny better oft here 1 is not the old promp ter at his elbow 1 the same spirit that moved him to "implore Heaven that he might never look, speak, or dream like a democrat?" Our word for it, tho very same ; and what is more, that prayer was heard and answered. He will never be mistaken for a democrat on this side of 45 But let us hear a little of his history. During the three fir-t year of my residence in Caninla. 1 wn foreman of the office from which the Mi-iiikoni Standard was i-siied ; lmt 1 had no connection with, or control over, tlio Jviitona! iio jiartinont of that paper, or inlerc.-t in the cstablish incnt whatever. Hut at the commencement of tho 4th Vol. I Lccamo connected with it-' pecuniary interests, hut not with its' editorial column, anil bad not tho remarks which Stacy has quoted, & others which I could not countenance, made their appearance in the Standard, 1 should never have Assumed the editorial diilio-' of that pnpur. But a short time previous to my leaving the province, a number o( articles were 'handed in, hy tho editor, fur publication, which I de dined admitting, come epiontly Mn. Fcitnt:s, withdrew from the paper. According to this, it seems that he went to Canada as a journeyman, and had three years to make up his mind whether he was a democrat or a tory, and finally, with great deliberation embarked as a partner in a Tory newspaper, and ulti mately became sole proprietor and editor. It is needless to say, that under Oilman's management, tho Standard was one of tho most ultra loyal papers in all Canada Tho extract at the head of this article is a fair sample of its spirit and character; and what is more, it is in perfect accordance with tho language and deportment of Gil- man himself, when lust we saw him ; for he was then bragging of his deed's of valor in tho Queen's service against the Pat riot's, and declared more than onco in our presence, with great emphasis, that " he would shoot damn a Yankee sym pathizer xoha might cross the line, as readily as he would a mad dog, and that he should glory in the deed." From till this, it will bo perceived that his conver sion to toryism was no spasmodic opera tion, but an enlightened, gradual, deepen ing work of traco in tlio heart; and what ho says in tho " tr,v !, ridontly comes from the heart. He was doubtless sincere in it, and we presume has not changed hi sontimcnts in tho least. Nor shall we over quarrel with him for this. If a man chooses to bo a Tory, so bo it. That is his privilege. But, wo repeat, when such a "miscreant" presumes to pass himself oil as a democrat, and wantonly abuses our fellow citizens, wo shall not fail to inform tho public what manner of spirit ho is of. But furthermore, ho says "This " not tho first time this Stacy has attacked mo personally, and imputed to me lan " guago which I never uttered." This is untrue. Wo havo imputed nothing to him. Wo havo simply copied his own language, uttered in his own name, prob ably put in typo with his own fingers, and publighod to the world as expressing his own sentiments. If tliis is personal, thou liavc wo attacked him ; otherwise not. And, if a man discredits his own declaim tions, made under such circumstances, from the hclplessnes and weakness of in pray when is ho to bo believed? But fancy, by slow degrees and painful slops really, tho fellow must bo ambitious of ( to tho full attainment of mental and physi being written down an nss, or ho would , cal maturity, furnishes constant ovitlcnco not thus attempt to screen himself under! of tho wisdom and goodness of tho creator, tho plea of imbecility. That's n mean bird that fouls its own nest. - It will bo seen that ho admits being a tory, but denies bearing arms, out of the village ! As it regards my I cinff a tory, I will hardy re mark, that I did not embrace the faith altogether, ns that creed embrace tho whicf principle. And itsto my "hearing- arms" out of the village in which i resiuou, a is uucriy misc. Who said ho did bear arms out of tho village 1 Wo intimated nothing of the kind. Indeed, from what wo know of him, we should presume he would not ; for surely, an editor who dare not face his own paragraphs, and who has not manhood enough to defend his avowed sentiments, would not bo very apt to put himself in harm's way. Ho might blus ter about a village a little, threaten to "shoot sympathisers," and pray God that he might never resemble a democrat ; but his valor would never last him into the country. One stern glance from a dem crat would annihilate him ; and wo opine that by tho time ho has convinced tho good peoplo of Vermont that tho term "democrat" is a "vilely abominable" ap pellation, there will be hardly more than a grease spot left of him, even in " the i village." In conclusion, Gilman intimates that we aro not handsome, and odors to prove us a liar. lie will excuse us. When wo get a certificate of character, wo want it from a credible source. A fellow who discredits his own statements, and stulti fies himself by a plea of imbecility, would not bo popular as a certifier in these parts. Wo can therefore entertain no question of veracity with him. But, he exclaims "that lantern-jawed Stacy!" The democracy havo not, that we arc aware, ever boasted much of their good looks ; and, as this sprig of royalty insists that he bears no resemblance to them whatever, it is but fair to infer that he is a beauty. As ho describes himself, he must bo : "As to being a democrat, we "solemnly protest against the application " of so vilely abominable a name to us. " We don't even look like one ; wo never " in our waking moments spoke like one, " and we never dreamt like one. Heav en forbid that we over should." Tho royal lineaments must be very striking in such a man ; and he may rest assured that he will never bo mistaken for one of the common herd. DISPUTED TERRITORY. We publish to-day some further cor respondence between Messrs. Forsyth and ox, from which it would seem that there is some danger of collision upon an inci dental question. " So lar, every act ol the British Government indicates a, de termination ultimately to assert tlieir claim to the disputed territory. On the other hand, it is probably as well known to that Government as to ours, that we cannot surrender it. The only object of negotiation, therefore is to gain time. This object might have been accomplished by the arrantromcnts entered into between Scott and Sir John IIakim:y, if tho Brit ish would quietly waive tho question of occupancy. But they will not. They tie constantly making military demon strations in that quarter. These move ments produce belligerent feelings on our side of tho line. There is no danger of War as the deliberate result of negotia tion ; but there is danger that tho Govern ment may be forced to " try conclusions" by an out break of hostilities between tho State of Maine and tho British troops posted along the boundary line." A company of U. S. troops, from Pittsburgh, passed through hero on Wed nesday, bound for Maine. Two others will follow shortly. NATIONAL ASPECTS. Wo copy from tho Rutland Herald a Washington lottor, which we prcsumo is from tho pen of Sonator Phelps. It worthy of consideration, coining as it does from a strong minded, clear sighted, man ono who litis hut recently gone to Wash ington, without strong political prejudi cos, and who is capablo of giving us facts and first impressions. It is just tho im pression that every honest man in tho the country would receive, could ho bo at Washington a short time, and sco things as they are. Communication. LUSUS NATUILE! Whilo the gradual progress of men it is interesting ana instructive to oliscrvo hoso occasional aim singular uepartuies from tho groat lawof Nature, which evince in language not to bo misunderstood, the omnipotence of that being who maketh us of what fashion ho will. Instances of both menial and physical precocity, have been frequent, and various in nature and degree, but they have never failed to elicit tho wonder and admiration both of the learned and unlearned. Of physical precocity, wo now present to the public an extraordinary specimen, in tho person of IIvman BAitnr.n, son of Mr. Denslow Barber, of Richmond, Chittenden County, Vermont. This boy was born on 17th day of May 183G, and is consequently, now, nearly four years of age. He is four feet in height, and woll proportioned, weigh ing 90 pounds, and exhibiting the linea ments and appearance of a boy of 1G, His tendencies to infantile manhood, or precocious puberty, havo developed them selves from his very cradle, to what is now the opening bud of actual manhood. Although wo havo never travelled in tho abstruse regions of physiological sci ence, yet we must say that in taxing our memory upon the general and particular history of our race, we can recollect no instance or description that comes up to this extraordinary child Let us reflect for a moment upon a boy not yet four years old, with a voice more heavy and dense in volume than that of most men of full age, with whis kered cheeks -and chin, rivalling in length and luxuriance of curl, the beau-ideal of a modern dandy, and with muscular force and power of action, beyond that of the Hindoo in his noon of life. We understand it is tho intention of the boy's friends to exhibit him to the public to tho philosophers and the men of science in the principal places of tho land which wo hope may prompt the learned and wise to send before the world their various dissertations upon the causes which aro producing this unique and extraordinary specimen of humanity. Good News from Pennsylvania. Our information from the elections held in Pennsylvania, for borough and township officers, is very favorable to the cause of Hakrison and Rnromi. At and near Philadelphia, tho Whigs carried every thing before them. Their gain has been tremendous. The old Northern Liberties is completely recov ered from the shock of last Fall, and, in stead ot a majority ot UUU votes against us, gave on Friday a majority of upwards of 500 in favor of the Whig candidates From Franklin county we hear that the Whigs carried the election by increased majorities, not only in Chainbcrsburg, but in other Districts. A hitter from that county, dated on Saturday last, says : " You may set down Franklin county for " 750 majority for Oi.n Tit certain " There seems to bo a settled determina "tiontoousttlic Spoilers, and lain certain " that nothing can stay tho current that "has set in so strong against them." The Harrisburgh Telegraph and In telligencer speaks in the following terms of the indications afforded by the recent local elections in the Key-Stone State : HAKRISON AND DKMOCItAUV. Tho result of the borough nnd township elections in iliey have been il lioin, uheicver ihcy Imv been made n political tutt, have greatly exceeded our nviiH f.iuguiim pxpcr.iaiiniu. In Cumberland cuiiniy, the friends of Harrison ennied every Ijurntili e'xcppi Curlifle J nnd llieic they divided I lie ollices. 1 lie V milieu liuve denied lmt one locofoco justice in the five boroughs of the county. In iiinuiueramirg, where me pre? cut Legui.uure diwilel 1 lie hoioii"ii into two wards in such n ma" ii cc ns llinv mppixed would feciiro ono half of the officers, iliey wrro ruined in every waid. III VoiK,llie Il.irrifnn ilcni'icrals succeeded uy nn average iniijoriiy of 140, being a handsome in. ncase. In the r.ily of I'hi'iidelphiii, die Harrison men carried every ward hin one. Tli ipimiIi in ilia different lowm-hipj in this nnd tlio adjoining counties ia crjually encouraging to the Hun isnu cause. In Philadelphia (county) wn have been equally sncrenlul. In ihe Noriliein Liberties ilio Harrison majority is about five hundred, T'lieve things show that great changes nrfi Roinj; on with ilio people Pennsylvania is certain for Hanison by ,n huge majority. At the township election in Gorman- town, tho wholo Harrison ticket was car ried by a triumphant majority, about 140 tho largest majority, indeed, that per haps has over been given for any candi date before. The Van Buronites mado every exertion to insure success. The township being divided into wards, was suniiosed ureal ly to favor them. The I result, however, proved that they had made premature calculations, and that the peoplo of tho township, heartily sick of tho destructive measures of the admin istration, and their blighting effeccts upon every branch of business, aro determined no longer to lend their support to their flic aggregate vote was about 750 the largest that over was known at a spring election. From thu St. Louis Hiilletin, March 12. "Tun cnY is stjix, Tiir.r comi: I" Wo were highly gratified, yesterday, when our esteemed friend, tho Inte Secretary of tho Si. Louis I)etm- cratio Association, camo into our office nnd joined the Tippecanoe Club. When mich men leave, the administration, it Uovidcnt that thcro N something rotten in Denmark. The people are so tired of pre sent mi-rule, that it would not much surprise u to see tho honorohle President of tho Association follow suit. We shall then have their President, Secretary and State Printer ! HAND CIDKU IN NORTHAMPTON. From the Springfield Gazette. A Postscript of a letter from Northampton says : Our election has just cloed, and tho Whig can didates nro nil elected on tho first ballot. Highest Whig vole 353 Tory vote, M l ti.; ono Last fall Everett had 332, Morton 215 Whig gain 02 I Well done Northampton. Van Huiikn's Resolution against Tin: Last War. In 1812, Martin Van Burcn offered tho following resolution against tho lato war, at a meeting in the town of Hudson, New York, at the very time General Harrison was preparing to battle with the enemies of his country, and those enemies were impressing our seamen robbing our merchantmen and insulting our Hag ! ''Resolved, That the war i.t impolitic nnd din trou.', and to employ ihe miliin in nn offensive war is iincoiiitilutional lit' This resolution ho enforced with speech, a copy of which we hope to be able to obtain in a few days and to spread before our readers. In this speech he denounced Madison and tho Democratic party in the most violent manner, stigma tised them as the emissaries of France, applauded the purpose of the Hartford Convention, and praised England as "the bulwark of our religion." N. Y. Star. Indiana will give Harrison nnd Tyler the tare etl majority, in proportion to l he number of votes enst, of any oilier Stale in ihe Union. What Slale will take up the gntintlei ! Whnt tny you, Mnisa chusettH, Vermont. New York. I'eiiiuvlvnnin. Ken, lucky, Ohio? Ayorno? Let the prize be lliat of being called "The Whig State" until ihe Presidential election in 1844. Indiana Journal. Done. Give us your hand, Mr. Jour nal ; and we will pledge you in a "mug of hard cider" that Vermont gives the largest Harrison majority, in proportion to tho number of votes cast, of any state in this Union. Murk it. Covcrtcss. In the Senate, on Thursday, a mes sage from tho President was received, with addi tional correspondence upon tho subject of the dis-- puted territory in Maine which will he found in another part ofthi? paper. It elicited strong ex pressions from several Senators, among whom were Mr. Webster, his colleague Mr. Uavi, and Mr. Willianw, of Maine. Tho general purport of their remarks was that the question had now as sumed a form that would admit of no more delay ; that tho claim of tho United Slates must Lo enfor ced or abandoned. Now and more irritating points of controversy aro perpetually springing up to embarrass the negotiations. Wed.s-ksdav, Maroh 25. The proceeding's in open session were of no pub lic interest, tho only matters worth noting being tlio presentation of joint resolutions from the Le gislature of MielnVan, in favor of n, general bank rupt law, and tho introduction of a bill by Mr. Norvcll, appointing the time of tho next meeting of Congress, namely, tho 2nd Tucday of No vember. Tin- iirocecdi nirs of the House will be found de tailed in tho following horn the National Intelli gencer of Thuridav : Our reader will find, in the preceding columns, some account of the most extraordinary -ittiiiHr that ever tool; place of tho House in Hepi u-cntati-vi... nr ncrlmiis ot uliv oilier Lesilatiu! hodv since tho Creation. It began at the regular hour of meeting at IB o clocic on I ue.-uay, ami eoniiuueti, without intermission all that day, and throughout the night lollowing, up to 5 o'clock last evenm eomiirisinir tlio snaee oftwenty-niuo hours. The subject was the bill for an issue of Treasury notes, nnM tlio struggle appears to nave neen i.e tweentliu Whigs, who desired to be heard iipim il, and the friends of the Administration, who iWired to forcethc bill out of the committee of the whole, sons to lirmgit wiiniii mo control oiino previom question, by which the debate might bo stopped; nml tlm hill nut on Us nas-snsc. All partio were probably thoroughly wearieJ of the contest neioro u ciiuuu, uui ui. i nigs appeared to have got the bel of it, for the House at last adjourned, after so long a contest, without taking tho bill out of tho committee- of the whole with the understanding, however, on all hands (we hear) that tho bill is to iiotinaiiy aeteil upon to-Uay a3ArkTicture. The letter from which we mako tho following extract, is from a distitiL'tiislicd citizen now tit Washington, of a recent date. Tho writer is no visionary char acter, and no political fanatic. Ho is ono who looks upon things as they arc, and usually calls thorn by tlieir right names We aro indebted both tho writor and his friend here, for tho privilege ofgivingtho extract to our readers, though wo "ready roL'rct that a state of things should oxist that should require such a mortifying and ami degrading exposition.-A'trHf Her ald. "Tho Presidential Election is now the encrns mg subject, and whatever is done hero has direct referencu to it. Immense otcrtions aro making by the party in power to retain their siipremaev, nnd iheinlluenco which they nro enabled to wield is tremendous-. I iloimfwiicincr it can bo Willi stood. It wnsaniiiilortiinnloday lor tho peonl tho immense patronage of tho government to tear upon pariy interests, win iihiiuhk u eoiisiuuioiuii powers subcrvieiit toparty purposes. For, from that dav. the irenius of our institutions wase hauu' ill anil, if I may venture a prediction changed never to bo retrieved. There are mom Ihan 30.- 000 olliccrs appointed by tho Executive, who hold their Motion hy the tenure of parly services. Not protect ngninst those nets of encroachment and ng one of lliciit dares to hi; neutral. Tlio pres, more greMon. intry thnn nny other on tlio nml miMMiiiied. The incoiiiu of tho Globe ollleo l for one mouth, f equal to the 10 oftheStalo of Vermont. At I i-fourthsof all that issues from whole annua! income i .1 I..,.. .I.,r..,-f. the pres is mere electioneering matter, and the amount is ciiorinoti. Tho country is initndaled with it: nml, what is iiearisicucning to every iruo oi mo aroosiooi. j mm iiiejsii.iuwiuiipyiuai vni fnend of his country, the mass, great as it is, is ley in rt temporary manner only, for the purpose. nn iiniiicnso eouipouild oi iidsre ire'ciinuuiii, iti- version, and falsehood. Truth is discarded ns out of f.ihion ; and tlio parlizan editor who hesitates at a falsehood, is considered unlit for his oltice. i ho uiohe nt this moment nverv tlnnl.' nnd I'firni r tfif exert" nn inliiienco in I our extended eouutrv. Were hisin hicnco romi a ed bva regard l..r I nil I it would 1 o salutary. Hut such is its habitual falsehood, that scarcely an nrticlo can bo found in il. which is not u gross nnd wilful perversion. I assert this upon tho responsibility of no man but myself upon tho strength of no man's) veracity. t do it lrom my own ohscrvation. t have listened to tho sDceches of prominent Whigs in Congress, and have been stnrlled at the unblushing falsehood of tho representation of their Innguago and senti ments, published in tho Globe, within 21 hours. Wo know them to bo false, but thousands nnd tens of thousands of tho honest yeomanry of tho Sinte.. receive them as true. The poison is disseminated inrougiioni ino land Willi eieeiricai rnpmuy. u you would counteract it, you must visit every ham let in the country. At the sanie time, this tre mendous eiigine'docs not work alone An army of executive hirelings is engaged in every section of tho country to vouch fortho purity of tlio Globe, and endorse its fabrications. If you can find one of these hirelings about you, watch him for only iwemy-iuur nonrs, anil you win io suusucii ui ins uiiivjiy. ijiil mo prueuss uues inn m-ii--. tii subordinate iirints com' the falsehood. It distils from every Mingy sheet from Maine to Arknnns, until our political atmosphere is polluted and cor rupted. Kven Congress lends it's aid to this deleterious influence. Two-lhirds of tho mass, printed by its order at the public expenses, consists of mcro elec tioneering mailer, concocted solely for party pur poses. Tho President's Message is of this charac ter, so is the Itoport of tho Secretary of the Treas ury. Grundy's Keport upon the subject of the Slate Debts, is one of the most glaring instances on record. No morlnl supposcd'that the assump tion of the State Debts by Congress was seriously eontcmplnied by any one, or that there was any necessity for tho action of Congre-s in the matter. Hut the proceeding was got tin for the purpose of concocting an electioneering tijciiiiicni, which, in its turn, would 'erve as a text for speeches, upon any and every subject involved in the party tac tics of the day. Ofthis miserably weal; document, (Grundy's Report) which was neither intended nor expcclcd to have even the slightest bearing upon the legi-Iation or Congress, JU.UOO copies were printed by order of the Senate. Ten thousand co pies of Heiilon's Salt documents hare since Icon ordeied. This is a niece of Denton's foolery. In iusticoto him. however, I should say, he turns his loolory to account, no lnaU'os hiiiisoit conspi cuous by it, nnu lie ffttfj the multitude. Thus it is that tho government lends its aid, in sustaining and patronizing this powerful engine of inichiel. And tho wage ol iniquity are not small. The thirty niece? of silver, for which Judas sold himself, would l u spurned by Hlair's shoe-black, Tlial'satvanized cowse,' as he was termed bv an honorable member, rolls in luxury. With an income ofnerhaiis S100.000 a year, his dinners and evening parties aro not surpassed, in splendor and profusion, bv those of even tho Chief Magis trate of our nation, or the representative of the richest and most powerful nation upon earth. Such is the reward for prostituting the pros to the worst purposes. This dclcterioiw'influencc of that powerful! engine will prove too strong for our institutions, and will make us, under the guise of a tree conttuution, in reality tno slaves oi a tac tion ; nnd should it be turned in that direction, as there is too .mich reason to apprehend it will be, it will prostrate the religion and tlio laws, as it lias already well nigh prostrated its political irectiont ! How can this evil bo remedied? Yon need not look to your rulers for a remedy thoo to whom you have committed tho guardianship of your in terests. Those interests nro now made subservient to the interests of tho parly j and this great engine ot miscliiel, n venal and corrupt press, it. too ne cessary to their purpose to be, by them, either purified or demolished. win you looic to i-oiigre.s-, t uongre-s itseit needs regulating. Your Senate, of which you are justly proud, has been humbled liy the arm of ex ecutive power, i no inemners oi mat body, in tended to bo the most independent and leaflet body in the world, arc now daily instructed to yield obedience t executive diclalor, past, present uul to come to support the policy of the admi nistration, disclosed and to be disclosed. Tho venerable Judge While, than whom a purer man lives not, was hurled from his seat for daring to follow the diciates of his own judgment and conscience. And in either Iloue, tho inemlcr who fallers in hi- allegiance to tho parly, is de nounced, vililied, degraded, -aerified The example- of Iti'ves and Tallmadge, indicate too clo-ely what i- to bo ihe fate of the recreant partizaii. There arc few men who have nerve enough to break the shackle-. Ihe repre-entalive, therefore, who in his conscience condemn- tho corruption of tlio times, is yet Iiurrried on by the force and tho terror of parly discipline, and compelled to unite in I elraying.aiid deceiving lu- eon-utueiits. Tho remedy, then, is with tho people, and with them alone, tint they are deceived and mi-led. Here is the solution of a mystery. Tho nunc, countable suece-s of 'the parly,' ha- to mo I ecu an inexplicable my-'ery. lint the solution ot that mystery is found iii the' immcii-e power of the ad ministration, in iis cx'cusivo and pervading pa tronage, and its ccnlrol over a prostituted pre-s. The only hope i- in undeceiving the people. Hut in attempting tin'-, you oiicounicr tin- tre mendous inlliicnce, which 1 havontleinptod to des cribe. Tlio experiment, thank God, is about to bo tried ; with what succ ess, time will di-elose Hut the Whigs in tin's ellbrl, have entered upon no tri lling contest. If they succeed it will bo only bv mi ell'ort commensurate to tho task. If ibis gigantic power is to bo overthrown, it can be done only by an explo-ioii, which shall shake this nation with the power of an earthquake. Onward then to the tusk, and God speed the right I" U. S. SKNATK, Thursday, March 20. The Chair submitted tho following message from tlio President of tlio United States : To the Senate of the United Slate.-: I transmit to tho Senate herewith, comes of olll- eial note.- which have pa-scd between tlio Secreta ry of State and the lli itish Minister, since my hist me-sage, on tno subject ot tno re-oitition- ot the 17th ot January. M. VAIS UUKiiiV. wasiungion, sum marcn, imu. Mb. Fox to Mr. Foii.sttii. Washington, March 12, IS 10. The undersigned, her Hrittanie Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, has been instructed bv his Government to make the following communication lo the Secretary of State of the United States, in reference to the boundary negotiation, nnd the atKiirs of tho disputed territory. Her Majesty's Government have had under tlieir consideration tho official note addressed to tho un dersigned by the Secretary of State of tho United Slates, on the 2-lth of last December, in reply lo a noie irom ine iitiuers igneu ui tnu.i ui iuveiuter preceding, in which the undersigned protested, in the naino of his Government, again-tilio extensive system ot aggression pursued by the peoplo ot tlio Stale of Mnino within the disputed territory, to' the prejudice of the rights of Great llritain, and in territory within which thu operations of the civil manifest violation of tho provisional agreements pos-o of Mnino wero to lo circumscribed. The entered into between the authorities of tho two task of preserving the tnnler recently cut, and of countries at tho beginning of the last year. j preventing farther depredations within the disputed Her Maje-ty's Government have alo had their, territory, was assigned to the state of Maine after nltention directed to the public lue.-sago transmit- her military force should havo been withdrawn ted by tho Governor of Maino to the Legislature of from it J and it was to be accomplished by a civil the State, on tho 3d of January of the present year. , pose, armed or unarmed, which was to eoniinuo Upon a consideration of tho statements contained m the territory, and to operate in every part of it in tneso two oiftoial dociiiuenis, her Majesty's go-' where it agency might bo require. I to protect tho wrnment rugret lo find thnt thu principal acts of timber already cut, and prevent larther depreda encronehment which wero denounced and com-, (tons, without any limitation whatever, or any plained of on thu part of Great Hriliun, so far I restrictions, except such as might bo construed in from being either disproved, or discontinued, or sat- ' to an attempt to disturb by arms tho Province oj isfactorily explained by tho authorities, of tlio state1 New Hrunswiek in her possession of the Mada- oi .name, are, on the contrary, pcrs-isiou in nnu liubliclv avowed Her Majesty's government have consequently instructed the uudcisigucd onco iiicru formally to Jicr MnjuMys Bovernmeiu claim nnd expect from the irood faith of the irovcrnnient nfilm tin!. ted Ptate., that the peoplo of Mainii slmll rcplara thciindve.i in the n'tuatioir in which they stood before tlio nurcements of InM year were signed ; that they shall therefore retire from tlm valley ol thoSi. John, nnd eonfiuo theiii.e ve.s to the valley s nauui uiiwh, n "-i" Y " " I "i"" that they shall not eoiHruct fortilicaliotis, nor make roads or permanent settlement", Until this bo done by tho peoplo of the Slate of of Mnine, and so long as that peoplo shall persist in tho pro-out syslcm of aggression, her Majesty' military nrrantrcincriH w may l,o required lor tho protection ol her Majctys rights. And her Ma jesty's Uovcrninen deem it right to declnro that if the result ol tho nnpistilinijio proceedings oi tno Mnto of Mnino should ho collision between her Majesty's troops nnd tho people of that slate, tho responsibility ol nil tlio consequences Hint may en sue therefrom, be they what they may, will ret Willi tho people and Government of tho U. Strttcj. Tho undersigned has 1 cell instructed to add to this communication, that her Mnpj.ty's Govern ment nro only waiting for the detailed report of tho llritili commissioners recently employed to survey tho disputed territory, which report, it wtus believed, would l,e completed nnd delivered to her Majesty's Government by the end of the pre-cnt month, in order to transmit to tho Government of the United Stales a reply to their last proposal upon the sub ject of the boundary neioliation. The iinilersiaiieii avails mm-eu ot 11111 occasion; to renew to tho Sccreiaiv of Slato of the United Slates tho assurance of his) distinguished conider- anon. . swa lion. John ronvrTit, &e. Mn. Fon'TTitTo Mn. Fox. DEPARTMENT OF HTATE, Washington, March 25, 1810. ) Tho undersigned. Secretary of State of I he United Slates, acknowledges to have received Mr. Fox's communication oi tno I3tii in-t.( in reference to the boundary negotiation nnd theall'airs of the dis puted territory. The information given in the clo sing part of it, that a reply to the fat proposition: of tho United Stales upon the subject of the boun dary may bo expcclcd in a short time, is highly gratuying to tno rresweni, who lias, However, given directions to tho undersigned in making this acknowledgment, to accompany it with the expres sion oi ins profound regret mat air. tox s note is in no other respect satisfaciory. Alter ihe arrangements which, in t ho beginnmir of last year, were entered into on the part of tho two goVcmmenls with regard to the occupation of the disputed territory, the President had indulged tlio hope that tho cause- of irritation which had grown out ol this branch of the subject could have I ecu removed. Kelying on the disposition of Maine to co-operate with the Federal Government in all that could Icadtoa pacific adjustment of the irincipal question, the i resident lelt coiihucnt that lis determination to maintain order and peace on. tho border would lo fully earned out. Ho looked upon all apprehensions "of designs by the people of Maine to take possession of tho territory, as without adequate foundation; deeming it improba- o that on the eve oi an amicable aditistment ol the nuc-tion, any portion of the American people would, without cau-e, and without object, jeopard the suece-s of the negotiation nnd endanger thu peace of the country. A troublesome, irritating, and comparatively iinimportanl, because .subordin ate, subject, being thus disposed of, the President hoped that the parties would be left free at once to discns and finally adjust the principal question. In tin- he ha- been disappointed. While the pro ceedings of her Mnjety'. government at home have lieeu attended withunlooked for delays, it- atten tion has been diverted from the great subject in controversy by repeated complaints, imputing ton. portion of tho people of the United Slates designs to violate the engagements of tlieir Government designs which have never been entertained, and designs which .Mr. Fox knows, would receive no countenance from this government. it is to le regretted that at tin's late hour so much misapprehension still exi-ts on the side side of the Hriti'sh Government, a- to the object and obvious meaning of tlic exi-ting arrangements respecting the disputed territory. Tlio ill success which ap pears to havo attended the elforts made by the undersigned to convey, through Mr. Fox, to her Maje-ty's Government, more correct impressions respecting them, calls for a recurrence to the sub ject ; and a brief review of the correspondence which nas grown out oi it, may tenu to remove tno erroiieou- views which prevail a- to the manner in which the terms of the arrangements referred to have been observed. As Mr. Fox had no authority to make any agree ment respecting tlio exercise "of jurisdiction over tho disputed territory, that between him aad the undersigned, of tho"27th of February, 1S39. had for its object some provisional arrangement for the restoration and pie-ervation of peace in tho territory. To accompli-h this object, it provided that her Majeir'. oilieers should not seek to expel bv military force, the armed party which had been cut by Maine into tho district bordering on the lie-took river ; and that, on tlio other hand, the Government of Maine would voluntarily, and with out needless delay, withdraw levtmd 'the bounds of the disputed territory any armed force then with in them, llcsides tlii-i the arrangement had other objects the dispersion of notorious tiespassers, and the protection of public properly from depre dation. In case fiitmo necessity should arise for thi-", theoperation was io lo conducted by concert lointly or separately, according to agreement between the Govern! i lent-' of Maine and New Ilriiii-wick. In this last mentioned re-pcet, the agreement looked to -onto farther arrangement between Maino and Few llrun-wick. Through tlio agency of Gen. Scott, ono was agreed to, on tho 231 and 2jlh of March following, by which Sir John Harvey bound himself not to seek without renewed instructions to that oiled from lnS Government, to take military possc-sion of tho Territory, or to repel from it by military force tho armed civil pos.-c, or the troops of Maine. On the part of Maine, it was ngreed by her Governor that no attempt should be inado w'ilhoiit renewed instruction-from the Legislature, to di-iurb by amis tho province of New Hrunswiek: in tho po-csioii of the Mndawa-kn settlements, or inlenupt the n-itul communications between that and the upper provinces. As to possession and jurisdiction, they yerc to remain unchanged each party holding, in fact, posscs.-ion of pait of the disputed Territory, but each denying the right of thu other to do so". With that understanding, Maino was, without unnecessary delay, to with draw, her military force, leading only, under a latyd agent, a. small civil pose, armed or unarmed to protect the timber lecently cut, and lo prevent farther depredations. In the complaints of infractions of thengrecmcntss of tho state of Maine, nddrossed to the undersigned, Mr. Fox has assumed two positions, which aro not authorized by the terms of those agreements : 1-t, admitting tlio right of Maine to "maintain a civil possum thodi-'puted territory for tho purposes stated in the agreement, ho doe so with the res triction that the action of the posse was fo be con (ined within certain limits ; and 2d, by making1 the advance of the Maine pos-o into the valley of the Upper St. John the ground of his coinplnintof encroachment upon tho Madawaska settlement, he a-siimes to extend tho limits of that settlement bevond thoe it occupied at tho lato agreement. The United Stales cannot acquiesce in either of these position. in the first place, nothing is found in thengrcc- meat subscribed to by Governor Fnirheld and Sir John Harvev. delining nnv imits in the disnnleil wuskii scttieiueiii, uruucrrupi tno usual comma mentions between tho Provinces. It i-' thus in thn exercise of a legitimatu right, and in tho eonei eneious discharge oi un obligation imposed upon

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