Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 10, 1840, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 10, 1840 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CESAR HUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY H. B. STACY. NAPOLEON AND HIS GUARD. There was a dauntless soldier onco In France, the story goes, Who by ln's skill nml bravery To fiiino nml fortune rose. Nor halted in his bright career, As afterward 'lis shown, Till from a private soldier hu Did mount the Bourbon throne. This soldiers name soon spread abroad To Kiisia's wide domain, And "o'er the everlasting Alp" Through Italy and Spain. Old Germany and l'ru-tia, ten. Ovvn'd him their "victor lord,'' When Jena saw, and Austerlitz, This soldier draw his fcword. This soldier had omo comrades too So rims the htory on Whose star-light brightness added to The glory of his sun, And when for Europe'. crowns and thrones His hero-game he play'd, They led his conquering eagles on And gave him gallant aid. Dill chiefei.1 did this soldier lovo And hold in high regard A noble band in stoiy call'd The Old Imperial Guard. And well they fought his lovo to win, This legion cf the brave, Witne-s for them far Moscow's walls And Beresina's wave. Nor these alone the scenes, wherein These bravest of the brave, This soldier's fortunes to redeem, Their life-blood freelv save Let Leipsie's fight, and WagramV, tell Their fame without a slain : Dresden's hard siege and Lodi's bridge And Dorodino's plain. And when the clouds misfortune brings Came gath'ring from afar, And dark'ning all the horizon Obscur'd this soldier's "star." T'was then this bravo old siillant Guard Bade him make mock of fear, For none should harm their soldier king While stood a grenadier. Obedient to this soldier's word, Led by heroic Ney, This fine Old Guard their promise kept Upon that fatal day When marshalling their columns stern lie made their last review, And bade his "chosen, charge for Franco" At bloody Waterloo. They eharg'd for him, their soldier-king, And on that death-strewn field, Prov'd that the old Imperial Guard Might die, but could not yield. But he is gone, this soldier. king, And gone tlie-e noble "brave," He slumbers on Helena's rock, And they, in unknown graves. ENGLAND AND RUSSIA. We notice an able article in Black wood's Magazine, on the late important British expedition into the Afghanistan territory. It is prefaced by the remark of Gibbon, that "all conquest must bo ineffectual unless it could be universal ; for if successful it only involves the bel ligerent power in additional difficulties, and a wider sphere of hostility." It was so with Rome, with Maccdon, with Bona parte, and so it always will be ; and England is destined, wo doubt not, ere long, to experience tho natural reverses over attendant on extended power. Her late passage of the Indus, the natural western boundary of India, and incursion into tho territories which divide India proper from the Russian Asiaticprovincos and Persia, (supposed to bo now in the interests of Russia) professedly to succour her allies, as certain dethroned princes hero arc termed, are but pretences to extend her Eastern dominions, and at the same time raise barriers against tho gigan tic power of Russia, who, under frivolous pretexts, is extending her influence to tho East. She has very lately sent an army to Khiva, near tho Sea of Aral, in Inde pendent Tartary, and viewing Persia's doclining power as under Russian influ ence, tho outposts of England and Russia may now bo considered as almost within hailing distance. That Russia has designs on British India, as well as to swallow up Turkoy, (almost in tho last stages of de clino) at a convenient soason, can hardly longer bo concealed. Her road must bo through tho very provinces West of the Indus, latoly invaded by tho English for ces from India. Herat is on tho Eastern border of Persia, and referred to in tho British Parliament, as having lately fallen under Russian influence. Tho oxtracts which follow, from tho articlo rcforred to, unravel tho thread of causes, and show tetter nnd mora substantial reasons for this incursion into Afghanistan, than tho Govorrimont of India is willing should meet tho public oyo: N. II. Sentinel. From Blnckwood'n Magazine for February. AFFGIIAN1STAN EXPEDITION. P0MTIC8 OP THE EAST. Having thus gotquit of tho shadow oven of British influence throughout tho wholo of Porsia, tho Russians woro not long in t following out tho now smoothed highway toward Hindostan ; tho sioge of Hornt, tho head of tho dcfilo which leads to tho Indus, was undertaken by the Petsian troops, under Russian guidunco ; and Russian emissaries and diplomacy, ever preceding their arms, had already crossed tho Himalaya snows, and were stirring up the seeds of subdued but unextinguish ed hostility in the Birman Empire, among tho Nepaulcse mountaineers, and tho dis contcd rajahs of Hindostan. There is but ono road by which any hostile army ever has, or ever can, ap proach India from tho Northward. Alex ander tho Great, Timotir, Gcngis Khan, Nadir-Shah, havo all penetrated Hindo stan by the snmo route That road has, for three thousand years, been tho beaten and well-known track by which the mer cantile communication has been kept up between tho plains of the Ganges and the steppes of Upper Asia. Herat stands at the head of this defile. Its population, which amounts to ono hundred thousand souls, and wealth which renders it by far the most important city in tho heart of Asia, have been entirely formed of the caravan trade, which, from time immemo rial, has passed through its walls, going and returning from Persia to Hindostan. When Napoleon, in conjunction with the Emperor Paul, projected tho invasion of our Indian possessions by a joint army of French infantry and Russian Cossacks, the route marked out was Astrakan, As trabad, Herat, Candahar, the Bolan pass, and the Indus, to Delhi. There never can be any other road over-land to India ; for the East of it, inaccessible snowy ranges of mountains preclude tho possibil ity of an army getting through ; while to the West, parched and impassible deserts afford obstacles still more formidable, which the returning soldiers of Alexander overcame only with the loss of half their numbers. It is quite clear, therefore, that Herat is tho vital point of communi cation between Russia and Hindostan; and that whoever is in possession of it, either actually or by the intervention of a subsidiary or allied force, need never dis quiet himself about apprehensions that an enemy will penetrate through the long and difficult defile which lead in its rear to Hindostan. Since our empire in India had waxed so powcriul as to attract the envy of the Asiatic tramontane nation, it becamo, therefore, a matter of ncccssiti to main tain our influence among tho nations who hold tho keys ot this pass. Afghanistan was to India what Piedmont has long been to Italy ; even a second Hannibal or Na poleon might bo stopped in its long moun tain passes and interminable barren hills. If, indeed, the politics of India could be confined only to its native powers, it might be wise to consider the Indus and the Hi malaya as our frontier, and to disregard entirely thetlistant hostility or complica ted diplomacy of the Northern Asiatic states. But as long as India, like Italy, possesses the fatal gift of beauty; as long as its harvests are coveted by Northern sterility, and its riches by barbarian pov erty, so long must the ruler of the land preserve with jealous care the entrance into ito its bosom, and sit with frowning majesty at the entrance of tho pass by which "the blue-eyed myriads of the Bal tic coast" may find a way into its fabled plains. In a military point of view, the expedi tion to Afghanistan is ono of the most memorable events in modern time. For the first time since the days of Alexander the Great, a civilized army has penetra ted the mighty barriers of deserts and mountains which separate Persia from Hindostan ; and the prodigy has been ex hibited to an astonished world of a rcmoto island in the European seas pushing for" ward its mighty arms into the heart of Asia, and carrying its victorious standards into the strong-holds of Mahometan faith and tho cradle of tho Mogul Empire. Neither tho intricate streams of the Pun jab, nor the rapid How of tho Indus, nor tho waterless mountains of Aflghanistan, nor tho far-famed bastions of Ghuznee, havo been ablo to arrest our course. For tho first time in tho history of the world, the tide of conquest has flowed up from Hindostan into Central Asia; tho Eu ropean race has asserted its wonted supe riority over the Asiatic; reversing tho inarch of Timotir and Alexander, the sable battalions of tho Ganges havo appeared as conquerors on the frontiers of Persia, and on the confines oi tho steppes of Sam arcand. So marvellous and unprecedent ed tin event is indeed fitted to awaken tho contemplation of every thoughtful mind. It speaks volumes as to tho mighty step made by tho human raco in tho last fivo hundred years, and indicates tho vast agency and unbounded effects of that free spirit, of which Britain is tho ccntro, which has thus, for a soason at least, in verted tho heretofore ordor of nature, mado tho natives of Hindostan, appear as victors in tho country of Gongis Khan, and brought the standards of civilized Europe, though in tho inverse order, into tho footstops of tho phalanx of Alexander. Though such, however, havo been tho marvels of tho British expedition to Con trol Asia, yet it is not to bo disguised that it was attended by at least equal perils ; and nover, perhaps, since the British stan dard appeared upon tho plains of Ilindo staii, was their empire, in such danger ns FRIDAY, APRIIL 10, 1840. during the dependence of this glorious hut hazardous expedition. It was, literally speaking, to our Indian empire what the expedition to Moscow was to the Europe an dominion of Napoleon. Hitherto, in deed, tho result has been different, nnd wo devoutly hopo that, in that respect, tho dissimilarity will continue. But in both cases the danger was tho same. It was tho moving forward a large forco so far from its resources and the base of its ope rations, which in both cases constituted the danger. If any serious check had been sustained by our troops in that dis tant enterprise ; if Runjeet Sing had proved openly treacherous, and assailed our rear and cut off our supplies when tho bulk of our forco was far advanced in tho Aflghanistan defiles; if tho Bolan pass had been defended with a courage equal to its physical strength ; if the powder bags which blew open tho gates of Ghuz nco had missed fire, or tho courage of those who bore them had quailed under the extraordinary perils of their mission, the fate of tho expedition would in till probability have been changed, and a disaster as great as tho cutting off of Cras sus and his legions in Mesopotamia, would havo resounded like a clap of thunder through the whole of Asia. Few, if tiny, of tho bravo men who had penetrated into Aflghanistan would ever have returned ; the Burmese and the Nopattlesc would have immediately appeared in arms ; the Mahratlaand Pindareo horse would have re-assembled round their predatory stan dards; and, while the British empire in Hindostan rocked to its foundation, an Aflghanistan army, directed by Russian officers, and swelled by the predatory tribes of Central Asia, would have poured down, thirsting for plunder and panting for blood, on tho devoted plains of Hin dostan. Subsequent events havo already reveal ed, in the clearest manner, tho imminent danger in which the English empire in the East was placed at the period of the Aflghanistan expedition. So low had the reputation of the Brittsh name sunk in tho East, that even tho Chinese, the most unwarlike and least precipitate of the Asiatic empires, had ventured to offer a signal injury to tho British interests and insult to the British name ; and so miser ably deficient were Government in any previous preparation for tho danger, that it was only twelve months after tho insult wits unbred that ships of war could bo fit ted out in the British harbors to attempt to seek for redress. It is now ascertained that a vast conspiracy had been long on foot in the Indian peninsula to overturn our power; in the strong-holds of some of the lesser rejahs southern part of the peninsula, enormous military stores havo been found accumulated ; and not a doubt can remain that, if any serious disaster had happened to our army in Central Asia, not only would tho Burmese and Nopauleso havo instantly commenced hos tilities, buta formidable insurrection would have broken out among the semi-independent rajahs, in the very vitals of our power. ! It is no longer possible to disguise that the sphere of hostility and diplomatic exer tion has been immensely extended by our success in Aflghanistan. Hitherto the politics of India have formed, as it were, a little world to themselves ; a dark range of intervening mountains or arid deserts, were supposed to separate Hindostan from Central Asia; and however might be disquieted at home by tho progress of Russian or French ambition, no serious fears were ever entertained that either would bo able to accomplish tho Quixotic exploit of passing the western range of the Himalaya mountains. Now, however, this veil has been rent as under this moun tain screen has been penetrated. The Russian power in Persia, and the British in India, now stand face to face ; tho ad vanced posts of both have touched Herat; the high-road from St. Petersburg to Calcutta has been laid open by British hands. Tho advanced position wo havo gained must now bo maintained ; if wo retire, even from tributary or allied states the charm of our invincibility is gone ; tho day when the god Terminus recoils before a foreign enemy, is the beginning of a rapid decline. Wo do not bring for ward this consideration in order to blame tho expedition ; but to show into what a contest, and with what a power, it has necessarily brought us. Afghanistan is tho outpost of Russia ; Dost Mohammed, now exiled from his throne, was a vassal of tho Cznr; and now must wo contend for tho ompiroof tho East, not with tho Rajahs of India, but tho Muscovito bat talions. Tho reality of these anticipations nsto tho increased amount of tho danger of a collision with Russia, which has arisou from tho great approximation of our out posts to theirs, which tho Aflghanistan expedition has occasioned, is apparont. Already Russia has taken tho alarm, and tho expedition against Khiva shows that shohasnot loss tho inclination, than she has tho power, of amply providing for herself against what sho dooms tho impen ding danger. No ono can for a moment supposo that tho expedition is really in tnnded to chastise tho rebellious Khan. Thirty thousand mon, and rt largo train ofnrtillery, aro not sent agninst gn ob scure chieftain in Tartary, who a few re giments of Cossacks would soon reduce to obedience. A glance at the map will at onco show what was tho real object in

view. Khiva is situated on tho Oxus, and tho Oxus flows from tho north-west from tho mountains which take their riso from the northern boundary of Cabool. Its stream is navigablo to tho foot of tho Af ghanistan mountains, and from the point where water communication ceases, it is a passage of only five or six days to the valley of Cabool. If, therefore, the Rus sians onco establish themselves at Cabool they will have no difficulty in reaching tho possessions of Shah Shoojah ; and their establishment will go far to outweigh the influence established by the British, by tho Aflghanistan expedition, among the AlVganistan tribes. Already, if re cent accounts can bo relied on, this efl'ect has become apparent. Dost Mohammed, expelled from his kingdom, has found support among tho Tartar tribes; backed by their support, ho has already reap peared over tho hills, and regained part of his dominions, and thetroops, on their return to Aflghanistan, have already re ceived orders to halt. Let us hope that it is not our case, as it was in the case of the French at Moscow, that when they thought the campaign over, it was only going to commence. Regarding, then, our success in Aff ganistan as having accelerated by several years the approach of this groat contest, it becomes the British nation well to con sider what preparations they have mado at home to maintain it. POULTRY MANAGEMENT. We give the following letter to our readers with great pleasure. The author is the diMingiiMied temperance agent, who has sown the seeds of vir tue and sobriety broadcast over Maachusetts, of which the harvest is already abundant. God bless him 1 We understand that ho stated in ono ol his lecture., that he taught his children to consider him as the haiuUjmen man in the world. Don't let him insist upon our signing that creed without some qualification ; because wo think we have in the course of a pretty extensive acquaintance, seen one or two men quite ns hand-.ouio. Hut then if "hand,onie is as handsome does," we mut admit that ho docs a great many things very hand somely, nnd a great many very handsome things. Witness this essay upon poultry manage ment. Though he has a great deal to say about egg, he very properly says nothing about egg iiOBit or mulled wine. Tlie.se are ungntcioti-) abu ses of these excellent gifts, against which he elo quently protests'. H. c. To the Editor of ihe New England Farmer: Duar Sin At your request I furnish for your paper a few remarks on tho sub ject of chickens. 1. Never allow more than twelve hens to one rooster : a smaller number, say eight, would perhaps be better. 2. Never allow tho roosters to go toge ther : they are very jealous, and'alwavs pugnaciously interfering with each other's rights. The strongest lead away tho hens : tho consequence is, the eggs are fewer and do not hatch well. Hence the universal complaint that a larger number of hens arc not as profitable, in propor tion, as a smaller number. 3. Chickens require a good deal of vaio to souen iiieir iooii, aim gravel to grind it. They also require animal food. In winter they often cannot get water, nor gravel, nor insects or worms. They are well fed, it nitty be, with grain, yet do not lay. Supply their natural wants. Givo them water, gravel and animal food, such as fat meat, liver, or indeed any kind ol iresh meat. Keep them warm, not permitting them to become chilled, and they will lay as well in the winter as during any other season. '1. Do not permit your hens to set at dillerent times, or rather only a few at a time. This causes broods of different ages, and tho younger are usually injured or deprived of a fair quota of food by tho older. When your hens manifest a dis position to set, lot them remain on chalk eggs until as many as you intended to set are ready. Then place fifteen eggs un der each hen. Select your ejrgs by hold ing them up to the light. Those which have bluish, watery specks in them had best be rejected. They do not hatch as well, nor aro their chicks as healthy as tho eggs that have no blemish. 5. When tho young aro hatching donot interrupt tho lion. When hatched, feed them with Indian meal, with a large pro portion of pounded egg shells. Hons that set "out," as it is called, generally havo healthy chickens. I often havo examined their nests, and soldom found any remains of tho shells in them. The little ones eat them up. I have found that egg shells greatly advance their growth and health. Cu If all tho little chickens could bo taken from tho hen and kept in a room warmed by a stovo, I am satisfied from experiments, that thoy would do much better than to bo with tho hen. 7. Never allow tho young chickens to got wot, nor to becorna cold. Sco that thoy aro supplied with ground worms (fishing worms. Thoy will repay you for this trouble. 8. Thrco times a year, at least, groaso tho head, throat, nnd under the wings of your chickens. A very small proportion of precipitate ndded to tho lard is of ser vice. You will nover havo your hens troubled, with lico if you follow thin rulo and keep tho hon-houso clean. 9. Never allow your chickons to bo without food. I havo often boon asked what is the best food to make lions lay ? I have made several and repeated expe riments to decide this question. The re sult is, givo your hens and rooster, (who by the way requires' its much, nay nioro attention than tho hens,) water, gravel, and animal food, nnd they will lay as well on one kind of food as on another. Pota toes, corn, wheat, rye, oats, buckwheat, barley, and any thing that they will eat, will do. Boiled food is cheapest and best for hens, especially if kept up all the year, as they should be. I have followed tho above rules ever since I owned chick ens. Wo have always had more eggs than was required for use ; and our chick ens have nover had any epidemic among them. With the exception of moulting season, that is when they shed their feathers, with judicious management, hens will lay for '260 days in the year. 10. Hons lay well and do well for four years. How much longer thoy would continue fruitful I know not. 11. There is a great difference in hens. Somo breeds lay every day, until they empty the ovary. Others twice in thrco days. Others only everyothor day. The Creole breed are the best layers I have seen, except a breed at Judge Burr's, in New Jersey, called Booby chickens. They lay every day. Eggs large ; chick ens strong, largo and of quick growth. Hens set well. 12. Never frighten nor chaso your chickens, unless thoy get into your gard en. In that caso I have found that the crack of a whip more effectually deterred them than any thing else, from venturing into forbidden ground. I do not know why it is, but they seem more afraid of tho smack ot the whip than any one would suppose who has never tried it. If these remarks arc not deemed suffi cient, any other in addition will bo cheer fully mado when required, by Yours, respectful! v, THOMAS P". HUNT, Wyoming, Penn. The Drunkard's Friend. VltVlT 'JTISIGES. To Tin: Editor or tiic Cultivator: Dear Sir, I was much pleased with some observations made in your remarks on a communication from Col. Leland in your number of 18th January becauso they correspond with my own experience in regard to tho treatment of fruit trees, I havo been a constant reader of the Culti tor for tho last six months, and am glad to see that you do not encourage the specu lations of visionary theorists, to the dis appointment and injury of practical far mers. I think that writers on agriculture had hotter adopt tho course pursued by most medical writers of tho present day by rejecting all vague theories and drawing all inferences from undisputed facts. If a writer gives his instructions from a the ory built on supposition he leads us into practical errors, and in consequonco we " labor in vain and spend our time for that which profiteth no)." But to the subject of pruning apple trees some are in favor of removing a largo portion of the tree with an idea that the remaining branches will prove more productive, but I very much doubt the wisdom of such a course : The balance between the roots and branches ought to hu as nearly equal as possible; if the roots predominate over the top the sap, in lar ger quantities than necessary, is forced into the remaining brandies and produces exuberant suckers, and also stagnates in tho stumps of tho amputod limbs and is followed by an oxtensivc rottenness and premature decay of the trees. On the other hand if tho branches aro in too great proportion for tho root, then there is adofiency of circulating sap and the tree is unproductive and loses its for mer thrifty nppearanco and shows marks of decay by its- dying branches. I lived in the neighborhood of a wealthy farmer who in his early years planted a largo orchard of apple trees, spared no pains nor expense to have them manured and properly taken care of while growing ; and when arrived to a good size and large enough to bear ho was influenced by Un popular theory of tlto day to commence pruning their fine tops, thinning out the branches, cutting off largo limbs, whitc washiug&c.,for liftconyearsor more to (he present time. And now, a largo propor tion of them havo thoappearanco of decay having nover produced but little fruit,and on the whole the orchard has been very unproductive, and has not requited him for his labor and oxpenso, and if wo aro allowed to trace oflbcts from causes, I should concludo tho failure, in a great incasuro, was owing to tho sovero prim ings the trees underwent from timoto time. And further I havo noticed tho oflbcts of pruning or rather sawing ofl' largo limbs from my own trees. In the yoar 181!) I pruned a trco which had been neglected, tho top had hecomo largo and matted together ; it was nigh my buildings ; I cut ofl' several largo limb which interfered with my gateway, and formed as handsomo a top its I was aide to from such a tree. Tho trco was young and thrifty and had produced a handsomo crop of apples tho year doforo tho prun ing, hut instead of producing apples as I VOL,. JXIII No, 6-88 expected, the trco was barren seven venr. till the voin.dsof tho saw were healed,, since which it has yielded a bountiful crop once in two years. .1 have now no doubt but Host three crops of apples for my se vere pruning. I find unolher neighbor who3o theory and practice were tho re verse of tho ono mentioned above; he raised largo quantities of apples, and wjh noted for having one of the be.t orchard in tho neighborhood, but ho would never .suffer his men to cut off a live branch from his trees ; on the whole I concluded it i v the better way to shape tho tops of our fruit trees when they arc small, and when they arrive to a hearing state, bo verv careful about removing large limbs utiles-, they aro dead and then tho sooner tin: better. I as much believe a man is bene fited in walking by amputating every so--cond too, as 1 believe in removing largo living branches from a full grown appln tree to make it more productive ; but a!'., have not tho same faith, the same theory' or tho same practice in regard to farming any nioro than they havo in religion, and therefore different opinions will prevail so long as all do not possess similar cerebral organs. For eight or ton years past I havo been unfortunate in my early grafted trees ; they have grown well the first season and some of them have lived a number ofyears and then have been killed by hard winters and you would do me, aiid'l presume the public, a benefit by informing us tho best way of preserving others through tho cold winters of N. E. climate. In the winter of 1S32 my trcos grafted with the Baldwin scions were every on" destroyed, some of them had begun to bear, since that time 1 have had very few which have survived two winters. Sir, you are at liberty to mako what use you please of this communication, per haps its merited destination will be into the fire. COLONUS. Wilmington, Mass. March 5, 1840. POTATOES IJIIXBISG. Last yoar the question was partially discussed in our paper, whether different: kinds of potatoes, planted near each other, would mir. Wo then hesitated, but several farmers assured us afterwards that they would not mix. A friend in Framinghain, who has n thousand good qualities quite as many as the tree-corn, or thu Kohun potato as much a wit as a philosopher one who trims nursery trees as well as cattle un lawfully in the highway ono who is ever ready to correct his own faults, as well as those of his neighbors one who oftcii talks seriously, when there is nothing to make a jest of this man gives us the reason why different kinds of potatoes, planted in tho same hill, will not mis together. He says wo plant tho roots only, and not the seeds therefore there is no mean'; of intermarriage of the plants the pollen of the flowers not affecting tho roots, but affecting only the seed balls. We concur with our friend on thu point. If he will, on second though:, agree with us that there aro two kinds oi" Monopolies useful ones, and injurious ones, wo will not farther discuss tho sub ject at present. India?? Aniicdoti:. The following specimen of Indian wit related to mo a few evenings since, is too good to bo lost. One of the Indians who "formerly inha bited the shares ofRobbins' pond" in this country, being out upon a hunting excur sion, chanced to pass tho house of Mr W , who was engaged in feeding a large flock of turkies nearthe house. Sam, the Indian, feeling very thirsty, went up to Mr. W. and asked forsome'eider, who told him to go into the house and his wife would draw him u mug lull. Sam, in going to the house, muttered to himself but loud enough for Mr. W. to hear, 'how 1 should like to havo ono shot at thein." Mr. W. who was fond of a joke, took the gun which Sam had left at tho door and drew the shot from it. 'Well, Sam,' said Mr. W. 'you said you should like to havo a shot at my turkeys, what will you give mo for a shot V 'Sam after some hesitation agreed to givo a dollar. Every thing being ready Sam levelled his guii and fired ; and as might be expected, the turkies were more frightoned than hurt. Sam stood muto with "astonishment, and flinging his gun across his shoulder, said 'Sam nover made such a shot as that bo foro,' and walked oil'. It was about two weeks from tho timo Sam mado his unlucky shot that ho again called on Mr. W. for more cider ; who thinking to put another joko upon him, sent him into the house for his cider ami again drew his shot from his gun which was left besido tho door. On Sam's ro turn he was asked by Mr. W. what ho would givo for another shot at his turkies. A bargain was mado and Sam was to giro another dollar for a shot provided Mr. W. would call them together. Sam fired and killed six besides wounding eight or ton moro. If Sam's astonishment was great at his first unforttinato shot, Mr. W. was not less now when ho behold tho havoc, mado, as ho supposed, with nothing but powder. It seems that Sain had mistrus ted tho reason of tho first had shot, al though ho had betrayed no signs of supi cion at tho timo, and had loadod his gun with two charges of shot, knowing that ono would bo drawn out.