Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 10, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 10, 1840 Page 2
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V HI D A T. M O U N I N 0, A P It I I, 10 POIl l'lll'.slDSNT, VM. HENRY HARRISON VICE TIIKSIDENT. JOHN TYLER. When a man is reduced to poverty by a career of vice, folly and extravagance, he stands as a just object for the finger of scorn to point at. But when a man is poor who lnts passed through employments and trusts where there were strongtempta tions to enrich himself by speculating with the facilities given to him as an officer and not.common to other, his poverty is his greatest recommendation. It proves his honesty to bo like the pure metal seven times refined. General Harrison is now n poor man yet he has passed a lifetime in the service of his country protecting its territory, recovering its lost dominion, fighting ils battles, defending its character and supporting its institutions. During his eventful career, he has had, for a time, almost dictatorial power, he has had the control of vast sums of public money he has had countless opportunities of pos sessing himself of valuable parts of the public domain, and if so disposed might now have been the richest man in Ame rica. He was, however, an honest .man, nnd could not revel in ill gotten gains. Would one suppose that any in this land could be found so cold hearted as to reproach such a veteran servant, on ac count of his poverty 1 Strange as it may seem, there have been found in the circle of Mr. Van Buren's friends some weak enough to attempt tho disparagement of xhc People's candidate by saying that a "log caiiin and HAiiD croun" were as much as he wanted or deserved. A re proach to have lived in a log cabin! ! Fisher Ames once raised his eloquent voice and prayed that its sound might reach every log cabin beyond the moun tains. This intended insult to Harrison has already reached every log hut in the land and their hardy and virtuous tenants are coming forth to stand by the man who perilled life and comfort and all'that man holds dear to keep the scalping knife and tomahawk from these despised dwellings. A log cabin ! say you ! Why ye grace less and soul-less witlings, did you not know that these log cabins have been the nurseries of the real intellectual giants of tho land 1 Did it not occur to your stupid fancies that the log cabins have been the hives from whence have issued tho vast multitude that now make the Western country the preponderating in fluence in the political power of the United States, and the most favorite region of the habitable globe 1 Go to the halls of Congress and ask the most prominent and eloquent debaters there, if they know any thing of log cabins, and the Inajority of them will tell you that they were born in one. Mr. Van Buren, it is true, knows nothing about them. He probably never was inside of a log cabin in his life, and has a most silken and undemocratic hor ror of such rough afl'airs. We have now before us a very amus ing caricature in which Mr. Van Buren is represented as seated in his carriage nnd driving post-haste on the road to Kin derhook; his driver cracking his whip and un English lacquey standing behind tho coach. General Harrison is represented in front of a log cabin, surrounded with ploughs, hoes, rakes and other implements of a fanner, and near him a barrel, labe led, u hard cider." In one hand there is an old musket with tho word " Tippt canoe" on the breech, and with the other hand ho is holding a mug of cider to tho editor of the Globe and a reporter for the same, who it seems have conic out as spies to the North Bend in order to find some calumnious matter for their paper. Tho likeness of Van Buren is good that of tho editor of the Globe is first rate. Mr. Van Buren is represented as mak ing the following speech to his driver : " Upon mv life I it N old Tip. himself! (drive, ilcmw, John.) What an old vaoVJIti h'l must l.r j nftcr all the chance he hnshad to make a fortune to live in an old loir lint, nml content himself with tilliiiif tlm LTciiinil ! lt him look at me. who never smelt powder, nor seta squadron in tnc new, nor ever caw an Indian except at Washington, anil vet roll in wca.th, and live in splendor ! dine; with Kings j make my tons princes j enrich my friends j punish my enemies : and Inngh in my sleeve at the "dear'l'eoplc" whom I gull." General Harrison, unsuspicious of what sort of gentry arc coming to liis cabin, thus addresses, with true western hospita lity, the editor of the Globe and his com panion : Gentlemen, yon scent fatigued, and under fomo distress of iiiiikI. If von will accept the hospitality il n Wcslnrn Fnrme'r. and lo not i1e.nic a Log Caln'n, nnda mug of Hard Cider, yon nro heartily welcome. It is the best cnlerlninmcnt my poverty imbUi inn In n'li'r. 1ml 11 is tendered With a good will, nnd in the frank snirit of a nlain, hard-handed llncl;-wood-iii:in. who has cut down Mime tree, and shot down Mime Indians in his time, and knows, a little, how a redcoat looks behind." The following conversation, to one side, passed between Blair and his com panion Reporter -"1 say, Blair, what n fool this old Grnnnv miit he' He never suspects us to beSpic; Lei's accept his invitation. We may spy out something lor the paper. Our readers, you know. will iu.nllmi.nntf ll,inr ' jJMir VVe can say we found him drinking rum ; ilmt will knnk 'him im wilh the Tempe rance men ; ami writing Aljoiuion i nin, , uiai rums him at the South. Lay it on, don't spare Iving. Throw Hind enough, and some win sua. Remember, our all is at slnKc." The artist has thrown great spirit into his performance, and admirably uses up those who sneer at the Log Cabin can didate. A SCENE AT THE LOG CABIN. Extract of a letter from a Indyof Roehcter, now at Cincinnati, daled March 7. 1S10. Iam in hnMcto tell von how delightfully we n.is.-ed ve.tcrdav. and in what a novel manner. There was a coiiimilleotlcputed to present to Gen Ttnrri.nn n live Ensile, caught near Fort Meigs They were to go in steamboats and return the same day and all the ladies of Cincinnati were invited to ioin tho excursion. After a delightful sail down La belle reviere of twenty mile-, we arrived in Iront oflhe venerable mansion of our future Prcfidcnt; when the ladies were lcuiieMeu to marcn m me rear 01 uiu mm lary, ami form in front of the house which w did" in tier feet militant otdcr. We walked some distance Irotn the shore, each with a gentleman, over the roughest roads you can imagine. After forming in square, Gen. Harrison" came from his "Log Cabin" nnd stood in our midst, to receive the Eagle, the emblem of liberty and victory, caught on one of his own I a ttle fields. His address was truly eloquent s( fresh from his heart. as every word plainly indi enii'd and with so much indenendenco of manner, that it was indeed very affecting. Not only what hesaid, but his appearance : somilduud iicnevo' lent : the old and Minnie residence: the huso tree: the hushed multitude; all contributed to maU' it deeply impressive. Indeed, to see him actually called Irom Ins home m thotorest, where ne uweii in such (iiiietness nnd peace, to receive the plaudit of tho people as their candidate for the Presidency, seemed to me one of the most glorious, cnoblinp scenes that could be conceived of and republican institutions never stood higher in my humble esti mation, than at that moment. He remarked that lie had never sought to change his position r.LonicD i.v nciNG an American Farmer and had expected to have lived and died on the borders of the Ohio. He complimented the Indies very playfully, especially the one who presented him wild some nowers. One gentleman took along from the city a bar rel ol had cider, which caused many a hearty laugh. Indeed, it was a merry time. The house is large, and the logs covered an painted white, with a pretty lawn, large trees the bouse. It is very nlain. but neat. We b three steamboats lashed together, and a charmin bn ml of music. '.Vou cannot imagine the enthusiasm manifested on .'.he oceaion. The landing for a long distance was covered with people. Men, and even women nn r 11 i ren. were waving 1 ass. and crying aloud II .ixwr:i for the Hero ol Tiimccnnou !' Must it not ha vc 1 ecu a proud day to the veteran who had sp.mt his 1 e-t days in' the service of his country 1 Hist '.spirit of gladness, 1 should think, could never rie higher. It was a glorious day for the Whigs : and after taking a circle around the town, we landed char med with our hrst exeurtion on the western wate r.-. Otttgo Papet. MoniLK, March 23. Sim, tancous Combustion ! Dreadful E) .plosion !! Unutterable Agony ! Nearly one-third of this community in mourning .'!! ! Win Jii the heart is overburthened, seeks r.eliof by pouring its tale of sadness into tin i enr of sympathizuiK friends. Listen! The greatest and most impor tant Whig gun that has been fired since the nom matin oi Uiu 1 ippccanoc, "tl log cabin and bard cider candidate," went oil this ckty in Mobile. It is suppose the ignilio n was caused by spontaneous combustion in the hearts ol the pcopl Tli3 destru ctivc effects of this sad affair ate beyond all precedent in "these dig gings." Our charter election has just closed. Wc had to elect a mayor, eight council men, and eight alderman in all seventeen ; a nd" of those seventeen, the Whigs have lelectcd fifteen, to wit: the mayor, the ei.ghf common council men, and six of the .aldermen ! Hale's (Whig) majority, for mayor, over Hogan, (Loco Foco,) about tw o hundred, and the entire Whig council ticket is elected by a ma jority of about two to one. Last year the Loco F oco .mayor was elected by a majority of threu hundred and fifty-three and the Loco Fccos elected five of the eight aldermen, a:d all the common coun cil! What a change is here! It is a sample of our whole state, and wc will send you tho cntir o piece, as the mer chants say, "in order," next fall. The planters and gentlemen from tho country, many of whom arc now in the city, swell the tide of our rejoicing, and assure us that they will do tl'ieir part next fall. They do not oxpresti the shadow of a doubt of tho total regeneration of the state ayo, of Alabama ! ti'ic most benighted of the Loco Foco and party-ridden state in the Union not excepting even Isaac Hill's vineyard. Count upon us with as much certainty as the records of tho past. Alabama is deserting idols. Huzza for the hero of Tippecano ! his name is a tower of strength to tho patriot and every true lover of his country ! TV FINE "INCIDENT. Tho Madisonianof Saturday contains a very .spirited skotch of a great meeting of , ihn electors held at Staunton, Virginia, on I information on the subject as they possessed, and i lltc3 of tho whole State casting aside, by the 23d inst. The polhlcal dhowlon the usual shackles of was commenced by a Mr. William l ay- file of the Department. General Scott is the only 1 party, for tho purposes of selecting one, lor, brother-in-law to Titos. II. Benton, officer yet heard from! and a cony of his report is , wno without regard to his party opinions, This trentloman addressed the meeting by universal consent, for two hours, and exhausted all the stale tinders put in circulation by a party press against tho character and conduct of WILLIAM lll'.NItY HARRISON. General Baldwin, the Whig elector for the District, eplictl to Mr. Taylor in a most triumph ant manner. During Ins speech, and while "commenting upon the chargo of 10 want of courage and good conduct of Gen. Harrison, alter vindicating him most successfully upon the testimony of Cro ghan nnd others, his eyes happened to est upon an old veteran, who had neon in Wayne's army in '93, '94, und '95, and who is a man of irreproachable con duct. The old soldier was attracted by the discussion, and stood, a most attentive listener, in tho midst of the crowd When the General espied him, ho threw down tho book from which lie was read ntr. and exclaimed, "away with your boocs, i sec a living wunciss amongsi you an old soldier and an honest man! Stand forth, John Wise! What say iious Was ucncral Jiarrison a brave soldier?" Tho effect was electrical every eye was bent on the honest old German soldier lor a moment it seemed as if the respiration of every man in the house was suspended, that the response might bo distinctly heard. L he old man was evidently taken by surprise. For an nstant ho paused his eye seemed to kindle, and his chest to dilate, as ho res ponded in the most emphatic manner, '.'Is brave as ever was : 1 he Dutch icccnt seemed to give additional force to the words, ami no one, who was not an eye witness of the scene, and of all the accompanying circumstances, can lorm an idea of the effect produced. Hundreds of eyes were suffused with tears of manly sympathy with the old soldier, and his reply was received with one universal burst of applause." Alb. D. Adv. CONGRESS. The Joint Resolution for the adjournment of Congress on the 18th May, was called up, and Mr. Lumpkin expressed a hope that the senate would vote upon it. His owa opinion on the subject, was unchanged. Mr. l'restion remarked taat tho Chairman of the Committee of Foreign ReJalions being absent, he would undertake to say tkat in the present con dition of our foreign relations, Congress could not adjourn. Mr. rnorvell suggested that Ins bill providing for the meeting of Congress to meet on the second Monday of November next, and theioint resolution for adjournment, should be icferrcd to the Com mittee on the Judiciary. ilr IJnclianan, having come into the eliamticr and said his experience had taught htm that little business could be done until a day was lixed for adjournment. As to this question of the North Kastern Boundary, winch had been spoken ot. the President had iniornied us that the British Govern ment last July ollercd a Convention for its adjust- nent. I his was not satisfactory m its terms, and a counter project was offered by our Government. He was very glad to learn from the communication oflhe British Minister, which was read in this bodv on Thursdav last, though he did not like the temper displayed in that paper, that an answer might be shortlv expected. When the expected answer to our counter project is received, we shall see day light on tins question, we shall then be informed whether the British Government accedes to the proposition, and is disposed to settle il amicably, or whether she refuse and in that event we shall know what we have to do. He was not willidg to vote for fixing, the 18th day of May as the day of adjournment, but he thought that in all human probability the renlv of the British Government would be received before the first of June. Should that answer be unpropilioiis, which Heaven forbid, we can postpone it until such measures can be passed as we may deem nece sarv for the protection ofthe country. Mr. Benton was averse to acting on the meas. lire at all, and particularly when he considered the nre-ent posture of our alfair with Eagland. No man desired peace more ardently than he did, and peace with all the world ; but experience had proved that the best means ol ensuring peace was to be prepared for war. He thought that the sur plus which had 1 cen given to the States, and the money that had been squandered without looking to a proper national defence, had emboldened a certain foreign nation to push us to a point. He alluded to a resolution introduced by a Senator, calling on the Departments fur any information in their possession in relation to the military works that had tjceu commenced on our ivortlicrn and Northeastern boundary, which had not yet been responded to it was due at least to the occasion to wait for that before they acted precipitately on the subject of adjournment. It was a well ascer tained fact that extensive preparations were going on along the whole line of our frontier from Lake Superior to l'assamaquody Bay. Not only were the British erecting permanent fortifications, but were constructing held work winch implied ap proaching operations, and under the law of nation we had a right to demand their object. Look to the mo'ith of Columbia Itiveralso! Not only there hut in the Bermudas, warlike preparations were I cing made. Look, also, to the Bahamas, and the increased communication between Knslaiul and Hallux to the concentration of troops m the Provinces-, which gave note as clearlv as anv thing could do of a settled purpo-e to drive us to extremity. The mi-erable system of dividing the revenue among the State., should bo scouted from the piiuiic councils- dm armor ol delence wa what the nation should wear, and that nation tha refused to defend itself, invited aggression. He would not countenance auv measure, lookiu an adjournment, so long as the question with Kug- lanu wore its present aspect. After some remurks from Messrs. Linn andTnll madge, in which were pointed out many other siiiyccis ueuianumg ine niienuon oi congress ni this session, and all of which would be hazarded by tin e-uiy uujuiii uiueiti, uiu juini ucsoiuuuu was laid on the table yeas aj, nays 17. Military and Naval Preparations on Our Northern Frontier. Tho Chair submitted tho following from the President of the United Stales: To the Senate: 1 communicate to the Senate, in compliance with their resolution of the 12lh instant, a report from the Secretary of War, conlnining informa tion on the subject of that resolution. M. VAN BUltEN. Washington, 28th March, 1840. War Department, March 27, 1840. Sir: The resolution of the Senate of the 12th instant "That the President ofthe United States be requested to communicate to the Senate, if, in his judgment, compatible with the public interest, nny information which may be in the possession of the Government, or which can bo conveniently obtained, ofthe military and naval preparations of i uiu nrnisu amuuniies un ine miriucru Ironiier oi tho United States, from Lake Superior to the At lantic ocean ; designating the permanent from the temporary and field works, and particularly noting those which nro within the clnimcd limits of tho United States ;" having been referred by you to this Department, it was immediately referred to Major General Scott, and other ofRccrs who have been stationed on the frontier reftrrixl to, for such I I -'tinon 9th instant. As soon us the other officers who have been called upon, are heard from, nnd the examination of the files of the department is com. pleted, nny farther information, which tuny be thin acquired, win no immediately laid heiore you. very rcspectiiuiy, Your most obedient servant, j. it. poiNSKrr. To the President op the United States. Head Quarters Kastern DiwstoN. Mizal.cthtown. IS. J. March 23. 1810. Sin: I have received from your office copies of two resolutions, pas-cd, respective. y, the 12th nml Dili instant, one by Hie Senate, nmltlio other iiytne House of llepresentatives j and I am asked for "any information on the subject of both, or either ot the resolutions, that may he in myj possesion." In repect ui the naval iorce recently maJntanied upon the American lnkes by Great Ilntain, I have WSoTlSi Solution STtWoSX S Keprcentatives (oftheOlh insrant) was directly j referred to me, I now confine mysctf to the Senate's resolution, respecting "military I omit naval preparations of the British authorities on the Northern frontiers of tho United States, from Lake Superior to the Atlantic ocean, distinguishing the permanent from thu temporary and field works, and particularly noting tliose winch are within the claimed limits ofthe United Slates." 1 will here remark, that however well my du ties have made me acquainted with the greater

part ofthe line in question, I have paid but slight nttcntionto the forts and barracks creeled by the British authorities near the bonier of Maine, above Frcderickton, in New Brunswick, or m Upper Canada, above Cornwall, being of the fixed opinion, which need not here be developed, that all such structures would bo of little or nomililnry value to either ofthe parties in the event of a new war between theUnited Stales and Great' Britain. I was last summer at the foot of Lake Superior and neither saw nor heard of any British fort or barrack on the St. Mary's river, the outlet of that lake. Between Lakes Huron and Erie the British have three sets of barracks: one nt Windsor, op posite to Detroit; one at Sandwich, a little lower down ; and the third at Maiden, eighteen miles from the first; all built of sawed logs, strengthened by block-houses, loopholes, &c. Maiden has been a military post, with slight defence-. These have been recently strengthened. The works nt Sand wich and Windsor have, also, 1 think, been erected within the last six or eight months. Near the mouth ofthe Niagara the British have two small forts George and Mossisanga. Both existed during the last war. "1 he latter may be termed a permanent woru. Slight oarracus nave 1 cen erected within the last two years on the same side, near the Falls and at Chippewa, with breast works at the latter place ; but nothing, I believe, above tho works first named, on the Niagara, which can be termed n fort. Since the commencement of recent troubles in thu Cauadas, and (consequent there upon) within our limits, Fort William Henry at Kingston and Fort Wellington, opposite to "Ogdensblirg, (old works,) have both been strengthened, within themselves, besides thu addition of dependencies. These forts may 1 e called permanent. Un the S. Lawrence, helow I'rcscott, and con fronting our territory, 1 know of no other military post. Twelve miles above, at Brockville, there may lie temporary harracus and hrcastworus. l know that of late, Brockville has been a military station. In the system of defences on the approaches to Montreal, the hie aux Noix, a few miles below our line, and in the out let of lake Champlain, stands at the head. This island contains within itself a system of permanent works of great strength. On them the British Government has, from time to time, since the peace of 1S15, ex pended much skill and labor. Odletown near our line, on the Western side of Lalfe Champlain, has been "a station for a body of Canadian militia for two years, to guard the nefgh- hnrdtKNl lrnni relugt1 inromiinrics Irnin our tiue. I think that barracks have l.een erected there for the accommodation of those troops, and also at a station, with the like object near Alburgh, in Ver mont. It is believed that there are no important British forts, or extensive British barracks, on our bor ders from Vermont to Maine. In respect to such structures on the disputed ter ritory, Governor Fairfield's published letters con tain fuller information than has reached me t lire ugh any other channel. 1 have heard of no new mili tary preparations by the British authorities on the St. Croix or I'assamaquoddy Bay. Among such preparations', perhaps 1 ought not to omit the fact that Great Britain, besides nume rous corps of well organized and well instructed militia, has at this lime, within her North Ameri can provinces, more than 20,000 of her best regu lar troops. The whole of lhoe forces might I e irought to the verge oi our territory m a tew ciays. I' wo thirds of that regular force has arrived out since the spring of 1838. 1 remain, sir, with great respect, Your most obedient servant, WINFIELI) SCOTT, Brig Gen. R. Jones, Adj't Gen. U. S. A. THE BOUNDARY QUESTION "It will be remembered that the former administration, without so much as con suiting with the State Government of Maine, ceded tlio possession ol the terri tory claimed by the British Government to that power. This was distinctly as seted by Sir John Harvey in his letter of the 12th of Feb. 1839 Gov. Fairfield, however, refused to acknowledge the right ofthe General Government to make such a concession of the territory, without tho consent of Maine, and a controversy on this intermcdilitc point seemed inevitable at that time, which was a little more than a year since. In this posture of affairs it was very evident that there was great danger that the issue would bo changed to appoint wholly intermediate to the main question of boundary, and unimportant in itself, and that the latter would bo lost sight of in an angry discussion concerning tho temporary occupancy of the territory. Wc called attention to tho fact that, as matters then stood, there was an opening for a controversy relative to tho valley of the St. Johns Kivcr. 1 his is precisely now tho question that has arisen, and which might long since liavo been pre vented, had tho prcsont Administration scon fit to have given heed to the wishes of Maine, astothobestmodo of a speedy and final adiustment of tho question. If the settlement of the Boundary Question had been entrusted to Danhil Wr.nsTEit, in compliance with the expressed wishes of Maine, it would, nv this timu, iiavl 1IEKN SATISFACTORILY LAID AT UEST I'OU- r.VKit. It will not soon bo forgotten that a request was made to the Administration by tho present Van Buren Gov. ofMaino by tho Maino delegation in Congress witli a single exception, and by a largo majo rity of the Maine Legislature, that Mr. Webster should bo sont to EiiL'land on a special embassy to settle tho question of tho North Kastern boundary. The sin gular und gratifying spectuclo was cxhi to bo the best able to conduct tho nego tiution to advantage. With the view of secondintt the wishes of Maine in this mat ter, Congress made an appropriation of eighteen thousand dollars to delray the necessary expenses of a special embassy to England. Tho whole country, with an unexampled unanimity, and one every way complimentary to Mr. Webster, look ed upon him as tho only individual who should bo entrusted with the management of this difficult and delicate negociation. The question at once arose willi many, at the time when this request was prefer red tn WnsliiiifTtnn bv Miiinn. Iinw will Sis recommendation be received by the President ? And many were of opinion Mr. Van Huron would find it impossible utterly to disregard so solemn a rccom mendation, so distinctly and unequivocal ly given. But wc never allowed ourselves to bo deceived or to be amused with the unfounded hope that Martin Van Buren could so far lose sight of party prejudices as thus to honor apolitical opponent. Wc did not, it is true, believe he would have the hardihood openly to defy tho express wishes of Maine, tbatMr. Webster should be tho special Minister to Great Britain, by appointing another ; but wc never ceased to bo convinced, that the President would evade his unpleasant duty by ne glecting to make any appointment what ever. The whole responsibility of having ne glected the interests of Maine rests upon Van Buren alone. The State of Maine made a formal request for a special em bassy they even went so far as to signify the person whom they wished to be em ployed to plead their cause. Congress signified its consent by a liberal appro priation. President Van Buren had no wish to bring the controversy to a close. Nor has he now, as is evident from the attempt the government is making to put out of sight the main question, by changing the issue. The President then desired, and he still desires, to have this long vexed question kept open, with the bopo of making it available as political capital. It matters not a straw to him how much the interests of Maine shall suffer, pro vided he only succeeds in climbing again into office by means of the boundary (jucs- tion, or any other means whatever. LATER FROM ENGLAND. The packet slim Montreal, Capt, GRimN, ar rived yesterday from London, bringing papers to the 6lh ult. being four days later than our former accounts. The state of monetary affairs in London was, wc think, on thewhele and in one respect cer tainly more favorable. All anxiety in rciard to an excessive drain of specie, had ceased in con sequence of the foreign exchanges having reach ed par. This circumstance is pregnant with more important consequences than are generally attri buted to it ; indeed the existence of a ditlorcnt stale of tilings was the harbinger nnd companion of the depression which has pervaded all descriptions of commercial business in Lnglanu lor some time past. In the House of Commons Sir R. Peel, enquir ed of the Secretary for the Colonies whether there would beany objection to lay on the table the pa pers relating to the negotiations that had taken place upon llie subject of the boundary question 1 Extracts from these papers, he said, 'which had appeared in ihu prints of other countries, afforded at present all the information that was to be ob tained upon the subject, and unless the public ser vice would be greatly prejudiced by layintr the pa pers on the tabic it would lu much more iliirnificil II me i-ouuiry huu iiui il-u iu vuiitti uuui iuii-jgi newspapers the purport of the official correspon dence that had taken place. Lord J. Russni.L said, that the publication in t he newspapers had taken place inconsequence ofthe rresiuent oi ine unueu omies unving inougni in to submit the correspondence to Congress. He (Lord J. Russein ihoimht his noble friend the Se cretary for the I-oreign Department would have no objection to lav the papers upon the table, but at the same time he did not thinK the question was at present in such a state that it could proper Iv be discussed in the house, inasmuch as the cor respondence was still goinsron, nnd the instruc tions which had been issued were still matters ot discussion between the two governments. There can be no longer any doubt ofthe deter, initiation of the IiritMi Government to attack China. Lord Melhoimine, on being questioned as to whether the East India Company were expec ted to bear any proportion of thecxpenscs of the war, replied, the company were not, thus leavin no doubt that a war was intended. I he papers in relation to this subject had not been laid before Parliament. Louis PniLLirrn has succeeded in form in new Cabinet at the head of which is Mr. Thier. The prevailing opinion seems to I e that he will command a majority in theChamlerof Deputies. There was no further news from Alsiers in Pari, hut wc find some details ofthe callani de fence ofthe redoubt of Mazogran by a handful of rruncn soldiers (between l'JU and uu men,) against an Arab force of not twenty times their own number, as at first stood, but who were lit erallylOOto 1. Although repulsed' the Arabs fought with great courage. An emeute had taken place at Madrid on the first meeting ofthe recently elected Cortes, but had hccii speedily siippresseu. i tie yueen's lorces nan taken from the Carlists a strong fortified place nt aegura in Arragon. From the East theio is yet nothing decisive, Hut by a singular coincidence on the day we re ceived intelligence irom nsnington, oi ine pass age of the Treasury Note Dill, we also learn from Constantinople, that at a Grand Council held cn theCth of Fclrunry, Redslud Pasha proposed to issue Turkish Treasury Notes or Assignats, of from fifty to one thousand piastres each, to meet the pressing demands on the Government. This was resisted by the Kislar Asa (chief of the Eunuchs) andAli F.lfendi, Governor of the Mint, who ac cused Hcdschid Pasha of wishing to deliver over the empire to the Giaours. Eventually tho pro position of Red schid Pasha was agreed to, but only by a small majority. BRITISH POLICY IN THE EAST. With the full range before us ofthe British Ma gazines and Journals brought by the Great West ern, wo have chosen as our principle extract this week tho graphic and powerful article of the last Black wood on 'The War in Airganistan.' An nbler or (if read nrighl) more instructive essay has sel dom appeared in nny periodical. It will of course he understood that with the po litical affinities or general bearings of that essay, wo hnve no manner of sympathy. Its supercilious contempt of and rankling bitterness ngnints the cause of popular government nro not more repu gnant to our own views and feeling than its cool nnd callous justification ofthe bloodshed, conquest, rapine, and tyranny so long and systematically nerpeiraioi uu a giganuc sc.ue, a euiupiiuy in British merchants, with the connivance, encour agement nnd support of tho British Government over tuu muiiciiiive nun miiunuiiiiie millions ui abject India. Hut we did not see fit to mutilate this article, to cxnunsre from our reprint what ia oh. jeetionable. It would have been difficult to do thi.l effectually without weakening and rendering it in coherent. Ilcside, the moral lesson, to every KMur kuiisiiuiicu mm , 131uu.11 sirengincnocl and rendered impressive by the glosses of sophistry and dnzzling diction with which the apologist of carnage and despotism would seek to conrcal it. ror instance, themnxtmot uibtion with which ho opens is one of undoubted soundness. There can be no solid peace to a conqueror but in the aban donment of his conquests. ; no security in their possession but in constantly extending them. But this is only another form oflhe hackneyed Irath that one crime leads naturally almost inevitably to a second, and that to a third, and so on., ft is an nxiom even more forcibly illustrated in tho fortunes of Macbeth than in those of Konaparte lint to say that the latter was impelled to his bloody and ruthless career, or that the BritisK in India are to theirs, isjut as moral and sensible as lo sav the man detected in Iiouse-break ing is com pelled to shoot the discoverer. The earnestness with which the writer treats of the grasping designs and unscrupulous act of Russia might lea. source ofthe ludicrous if it were not made to cover and excuse conduct most nlrocious. Great Hritain choo-cs to suspect that Russin looks with a covetous eye on her foully won Indian possessions, and she therefore tram ples recklessly on the IILerlics and rights of count less millions who know and care nothing of either in order to secure her unjust sway I She crushes into bondage whole nations that nave never given her the least cause of complaint, for fear that a rival may at some future time subject them to her sceptre, or take advantage of their feebleness to nsail her possessions ! She is so apprehensive of hostile demonstrations from the Czar that she srivos him ample, nnd admitted provocation for them, and sends her troops half wny to his frontier in avowed defiance ! And this is what passes with the world for forecast and profound statesmanship ! Among the many just and forcible temarlnof" the writer in Blackwood, there are none more truly so than Ins admission ol the iniquity and op- piussiuii ui uiiusii iiMiiL-y iuwuiu imnu ill ivuuillg- its productions with heavy duties in her homo market, and forcing her own manufactures upon her helpless colony under duties merely nominal. This is the precise line of policy which Great Bri tain steadily pursues, not alone with her colonies, but with nations that never were or have ceased to be such our own, for instance. If she could awe or cajole other nntions into acquiescence in or submission to this policy, she would hardly covet the trouble and responsibility rf governing them. But shall the United Slates ever remain in her toils 1 One of the latest and most flagrant instances of British aggression in the East, is found in her pre sent belligerent attitude toward China. A more unjustifiable warfare was probably never waged upon any scattered and feeble band of sax-ages on our own continent, for years uritish subjects have persisted, with the notorious connivance of their authorities in violating the express, impera tive laws of China, bv introducing vast quantities of that most baneful drug, Opium, into that coun try. The Government has remonstrated, implored, threatened all to no purpose: the import became greater with each successive year, ine morals, health, and prosperity of the Chinese all suffered most deplorably, and the evil elects were con stantly increasing. At length, the iiovernment lecauie aroused to its duty, and, after full and fair notice, proceeded to eizc upon a'l the smuggled Opium in their only foreign port and destroy it. This clearly just and strictly defensible act is made the pretext of war ! A british fleet is to he sent to Canton to lay the town in ashes and slaughter some tens of thousands of helpless and unoffending people, while ten times ns many will le doomed to a lingering death by famine in consequence of the war. And tin's, of course, will I e held up to the world as a zealous defence of BriiMi National interests-, and vindication of National Honor. What might be done with the money wast ed in War. Give me tlie money that has been spent in war, and I will purchase every foot of land upon the globe. 1 will clothe every man, woman and child in an attire that kings and queens would be proud of; 1 will build a school house on cvery hill side and in every valley over the whole hab itable earth j 1 will supiily that school-housft-with a competent teach ; 1 will build an academy in every low n, and endow it ; a college in every stnte, and fill it wilh able professors ; I will crown every hill with a church consecrated to the pro mulgation of the gospel of peace: 1 will support in its pulpit an able teacher of righteeusness, so that on every Sablath morning the chime on ono hill should answer to the chime on another, around the earth's broad circumference;. and the voice of prayer, and the song of praise should ascend Iik an universal holocaust to Heaven Sttbbini. Death or the Rev. Mr. Plvnket. As tha Rev. Patrick Plunkct, of the Catholic Church, Juliet, Will Co., was returning from a visit to tho sick on the canal on Friday night last, during a severe snow storm, hi hor.-'e stumbled and he was pitched against a stump so hard as to knock out ins brains. He was about 40 years of age. Mr. Plunkct has been a resident of this State about 18 months. Chicago Democtat. JCp" The Maryland Bank bill has passed tho Legislature of that Slate, and fixes the resump tion of specie payments on Jan. 15th of next year, or ten days after the Philadelphia and Virginia Banks resume, if they du so sooner. Tampering with the Indians. The Wash ington Globe says that the statement of a Detroit paper, that letters had 1 cen intercepted passing between the British authorities in Upper Canada to rai-e the frontier tribes of Indians, is not con tinued. It originated in the circumstance of the American Indians having been invited to tho Briu'sh territories to receive presents. Bloodhounds. We saw a gentleman this morning direct from Florida, who wit nessed the first experiments with the bloodhounds, which answered admirably. They started four Indians from a ham mock, in a very short time, and ono camo in and gave himself up the whole four were made prisoners without any injury having been done by the dogs. Col. Twiggs and Lieut. Darling were about to set off for Micanopy, and the hounds were to follow. They arc sent into the everglades and hammocks in which tho Indians conceal themselves, who are com polled to run, and they soon find them selves in the open plain and are captured Tho howl of the dogs gives notico of their success, and those on the borders of tho hammocks watch for the egress of tho savages, and they are caught. Evening Star. War Docs let Loose. The Seminoles are at hand, and have let loose a host of rattle snakes in our vicinity : several have been killed in tho heart of our city, within a day or two past. Will the abolitionists niul Northern fanatics now say that the blood-hounds should not be put in requisi tion against thu savages 7 Wo suppose that the Tallahasso editor did not intend to have this rattle-snako story believed ; but if he did, and believes it himself, ho must have a large devclopo ment of faith in his cranial system.. The St. Augustine Advocate of March 24, states that the Rev. Mr, McRea, of tho Meihodist Episcopal Church, was killed by the Indians tho week beforo, whilo riding his circuit, and within threo miles of Micanopy. Col. Twiggs left Garcy's Ferry on the 19th, with 275 regulars, a largo body of volunteers, and 11 ofthe hounds, for the Ocklawaha.