Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 12, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 12, 1840 Page 2
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FHE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS One prcslelrntlnl term an economical adminis tration a sonnet currency n piotcctlnt; tariff low salaries nnd full prlrcs for lalior, and (he products of labor, ron rnesiocsT, WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON. ron v i c i! r n r. s 1 n i: V t. JOHN TYLBR, Of Virginia. " In all ages and nil counlries, it lias been observed, that the cultivators of (ho roil arc those who arc least willing to part with their rights, and submit themselves to the will of a master. Wm. II. 1I.miiiis.ov. " The people of the United Mores May they ever remember, thai, to preserve their liberties, ihcy must do their own voting and their own fighting. HAnniso.s. "Tub r.i.r.sfiNCs op TiioesAKns ov woMr.rt and niiuinr.N, nr.ct r,i rno.M Tin: scammno knh'B or tiir iiUTiw.r.i.h3 savaob or tub wttur.HNiipp, and rnoi tup. TILL StOIlK RAVAOi: ?ttOCTOR, tll'ST O.N HAltKI.SOX Avn ills UU.LANT aiimv." .Viiiiod Snyder's M:Mige to the 1'cniisylraiiitt l.egislalure,lJceembtr ICth, 1SI3. "T1IK PHOSP13CT BEFOltE WS.' Tho Inquiry is frequently addressed to us, botli at lionio and from a distance, for our opinion in regard to tlio probable result of tlio issue about to bo tried by tlio People of tlio United States between Martin Van IJuroii and William Henry Harrison. Wo beg leave to refer all such inquiries to tlio subjoined lottcr. It was written, not for tlio public eye, or for public effect, but in the sincerity and freedom of privato correspon dence, and by a man wboso extensive sour ces of information, and whoso caro in sifting and comparing facts and probabilities, com bined witli bis clear judgment and known candor, impart to bis opinions a value and weight superior to those of any other citizen within our knowledge. The justice of this tribute will bo admitted by all who know tho writer, when they perceive the name to bo that of tho distinguished Senator of New York, Nathaniel I Tallmadge. Tlio letter lit st appeared in tho llichmond Whig, and addressed to a gentleman of that city. The editor remarks, "Tlio author will bo recog nised without the publication of bis name," and adds, "It was written with no expecta tion of its meeting the public eye." Since, however, it has met tho public eye, Mr. T. has given his consent to its appearance with his name affixed, and no nanio could give to such a statement higher claims to respect and credence. Xat. Int. Washington, Slav 21, IP 10. My Dr.An Sin : Your letler of tho 'Jdtti instant was duly received. It is suiprismg to mo thai ltitehio's lirngu'ing in tlio tlicliiuoiiil J.oiiirer about ivew t ork should L'iveour friends one moment's uneasiness. It is Ins vocation, and it is tho habit of the Federal I.o cofoco parly to brag tho louder tlio nunc thev arc beaten. .Since their overthrow in Connecticut, Rhode Island, Viigimn. nud in eel lain local elections in Pennsylvania, their prospects have brightened wond erfully ! 't hey are looking up, because they are un mcir tiaci.si i uniicisniiiu men game pcricctly. nicy iuiuw iney ("iiinoi nimccneicccui light 111 oilier amies unless they can persuade iheir friends that .Mr. Van liuieii can iccovcr IS'ew York. Without it, he has not the remotest chniico of success. As to his pros pects in New York, 1 haveiio hesitation in giving you my candid opinion, that ho will bo benten by a much larger majority than that of the last two years. I have the best sources of information. I have an ex tensive correspondence all over ihe State, and, from my peculiar position, am enabled to judge with much accuracy of our elections. For the last two years, I have predicted the result with an accuracy almost equal to the official canvass and I now say to you that Gen. Harrison's majority, in myjuducnient, will not be less than rinr.BN TiiorsAsn. Wo hope to swell il much beyond that. I have not heard ofn singlo man that has gone over to the Administration since the last election. Hut I know and have heard of hundreds and hundreds, in chllercnt counties, who have abandoned it since that time-, and arc now co operating with il'ir olil Detimcraim Itepnbliean friends in putting down Mr. Van liurcn's old Feder al doctrine. Amoiii'sl ibis number, are men of tho highest standing and influence in their repectivc counties. What possible ground, then, is there for Mr. Rit chie or any oilier man to claim New Yoik for ibis Federal Administration? It is picposleioiis. What claims do they present to the People, from which they expect to derive more favor than for the last three years J The confidence of the People has been more and more impaired during that period ; the mer cantile, the iiianufnctmiim, and ihe mechanic inter ests of the eouutiy have heretofore felt the deleterious influence of ihe measures of (he Administration. Now, that influence has reached the farming interests and you mav rely upon it, none of those interests will tanu.lv submit to nave their uooiK their manu factures, their labor, nnd the products of the soil, as well as their lands, reduced one-half or two-thirds in value, in order to enjoy the hle-Mtigs of the hard money of Cuba, or of any other despotism, whose example the President has recommended for our imi tation. No, sir, the free laborers of this country will never consent to have the price of their labor reduced to ihevsanie level with the peasants of Germany or the I'dfc of Russia j nor will the tillers of the toil eon eni that the products of their farms t-hall be re duced in price so Iowa not to pay the cost of produc tion ; nor will ihe farmer consent that the lands 'ball be reduced two-thirds in value that where they have purchased a farm, fur example, for $15,000 in cash, and niortgamd it for s.',UO0, that it shall bo sold from under them for tho amount of the mortgage, n,I ll,,ir M-ivna nn,l flnlli-m, ,r.l i,l f ,lr auoni inc ceremonies aim surroiinu mm- i without shelter and without bread. Such are tlio le Cosiuiitiiiicutioii. To the iron. C. J'TVan Ness. Sin- In the Burlington Sentinel of the 29th tilt. 1 find an address delivered by you on tho :20th, before tho convention at Wood stock, in which you endeavor to show that the party who support the present adminis tration of tho general government are the democratic parly, and that irs opponents are the federal party, and that each parly main tains its distinctive character, as in the days of Jefferson and Hamilton ; and you ad dress yourself to the farmers and mechanics, (fho bono and muscle of tho country, as you are pleased to call them,) and endeavor to excito their prejudice against merchants, (shopkeepers, brokers, &c, of whom, you say, the whig parly is almost entirely com posed. Now sir, I am a democrat, have always uecn a democrat I am a working man, and have always been a working man ; and I am acting with tho whig part)' in op position to the administration, because I con sider its measures anti-republican. And hero 1 will observe, that in forming my opinion of any men or class of men, I look to their acts, and not their professions and further, that 1 hold republicanism and democracy to be one and the same thing. Aim now, sir, I will ask you to explain how certain acts of the govojiimcnt can bo republican. Is it repuplican tor tho 1'resttlent to anticipate the bo vetoed by him ? Is it republican IP rlirllt nf nntWtnil tn nn Anincirnn in respectful language ? Is it Kgsidcnt of tho U. States to inm for n l'rnsiilnnt ol thn IJ. States of ihe Presidential election, 1 have taken to iret tho most accurate Information. I nave not only consulted members of Congress, but 1 have had n very extensive correspondence throughout tno Union, My sourc's of information may bo implicitly relied on and 1 say to you, with tho utmost sinceri ty, that, in my judgment. General Harrison will bo elected by a more triumphant majority than aeiicrul Jackson received in his palmiest days. In writing to you is a friend, I have not only no motive, but no disposition, to niislcnd or exaggerate. 1 givo my es timate below, on which I place tho most implicit re liance, and belicvo tho result will fully justify it. Haaiusom. Massachusetts, ... Vermont Connecticut, Rhode Island, ..... New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Nurtlia Carolina,... Georgia Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois,... Indiana... , Ohio Michigan Harrison,. ...11 ... 7 ... S ... I ...12 ... H ...no ... :t ...10 ..15 ..ii .. 5 ..13 ,..ir ... 5 ... 9 ...21 .. 3 7219 Van Hub en. New Hampshire,., South Carolina,.... Arkansas, DOI'OTCI'L. Maine, Mississippi Alabama, Missouri, V. Uuren and doubtful, 40 Tlio whole number or electoral votes is rjl neces sary to a choice M9. You will perceive, then, that Harrison will have 100 votes beyond tho number re quisite to elect him. I have given Mr. Van Uuren New Hnmpshirc, which 1 know will be n matter of complaint with our friends there; for they have de termined to make battle in a way to shako even the granite hills. Perhaps I ought to make a similar apol ogy in regard to Arkansas. 1 have also given him South Carolina, which will go forhini, unless by De cember, when the vote is to be east, .Mr. Calhoun shall think the interesls of the country require it to bo given to a third man as hcrctoforel Of the 2.") doubtful vole, I think Harrison's chance dccidedlv the best for a majority of them, and if the tide of public sentiment continues to set as strongly as it has done, Mr. Van Uuren, by November next, will scarcely have a State ho can call bis own.. 1 look fui-uard to Ihe above result with the most perfect conlldcnce, nnd with the most pleasing antici pations. What a ribuke will it bo of tho attempted usurpation of all ihe powers of this Government) and the practical subversion of its fundamental principles! What atiiuinphant restoration of the nowcis of Con gress, when ficcdoiu of thoimht nnd ofaction shall bo once more vouchsafed to tho Representatives of the People and of the States! Fxcuse ihe haste with which I have written, under the pressure of numerous engagements, nnd believe me very truly yours. i. r. r.Lii.u.uur, republicanism, it is not Jefl'ersonian rc- .Miuiiitiiiuu ui o imu. uicsui w nuu tiuoui ivliih. mlri;i vnrintr tn intrneltiro mpne- thal will destroy all that is lovely in our giliinalc clj'ecls of the doctrines now maintained by im aiuiimisiraiioii, ec which us irienus anil suppor ters are every where urging upon they country ; and which will be established bevond the hope of redemp tion, if Mr. Van 1'urcn shall bo re-elected. Of hi rc-clcclion there i not the faintest prospect. In regard to New York I speak without the least hesitation, and witli the mo'-t entire confidence In has no possible hope of nieces there. Why should behave I The changes have been constantly against him for the last three years, and none in his favor. At Ihe ctra session in 181)7 I predicted his overthrow in tint State. At tho November election of that year ennui Jlr in ;,,ciiiit,niic W ln T -it 1.- I,.,,.,, ue wa swepi nwav as uy a Hurricane. u tno nexi wo to do with tho opinions of Alexander J Hamilton, or tho Hartford Convention 1 or with the pressure of 1822 and 1S2-1. I de- j '1'. that tho whbr nnrtv nrn nnilinivnriii" to in inciiiles rif Hamilton, or I Kit of 1S40. The nmsnnt rler:itirriiifnt of business was foreseen by every man at all conversant with our institutions, as tho ne cessary consequence of tho measures of the general government; therefore I hold tho government responsible. We have nothing to fear from the opinions of Mr. Hamilton or tho Hartford Convention. Our danger lies in a very different direction. It is from men who profess a great regard for tho people, in order to promote their own advancement, who arc endeavoring to raiso a political whirlwind, that they may ride upon tho storm who endeavor to array one portion of our country against the other, to create animosities between different classes of citi zens, so that they may divert public atten tion from themselves. Sir, with all yourtal- ents, (libit 1 admit tnein to no great,) witfi all )miX professions ol democracy, (and they arc-Wwy,) you are not a democrat, for a republican's love of country embraces every class of citizens and every inch of territory : nnd if ho is promoted to office by his fellow citizens, bo considers himself their servant find not their master ; and if they prefer an other to himst If, ho is satisfied to mingle with his fellow citizens, and endeavors to promote tho peace and prosperity of bis coun try. It seems strange to me, sir, that a man professing as you do, so much lovo for tho people, lias never been known to act with tho people and for them, except when your own personal interest was to bo promoted. A Wohki.no Man. Jlurtingtan, June 1810. taving I hat there were iu.uuu voters who dm not come to the poll, but would bo out for him at the next election. Well, sir, in 1833 these 40,000 came out, and 'J.i.UOU m addition, nnd ho was beaten by more than 1U.UUU maj. lloagnin cono.ed hislncnd lor this unexpected defeat bv savin'' that in the net campaign he would take ihe field in person. He did so : he traversed the whole State, on a mere dec- tioneeiini' tour, mid with the exception of tho city ofjij LOG CABINS. The following preamble and resolutions were adopted at a log-cabin raising in Alba ny on the 28th of May. When, in the constant clianircs of tlio princi pled and objects of political parties in a Repub lican tornt ol Kovcriiinciij, nccoincs necessary to adopt appellations which shall designate those ol contrariatitopinions, it is appropriate that the name fixed upon should not be arbitrary, but on the contrary should embody as far as possible the spirit which influences their respective sup porters that there should be some means ol con veying to the minds of the people in a single phrase the most striking points of dissimilarity, and ivo a guidance to the. judgments of those who are affected by prejudice. We see that from the earliest period ofourpolitjc.il existence parties have had unities', chosen from this prin ciple and accordingly we have heard of the Federals, Republicans, Jcffirsonians and other pnities in olden timet--, and of the Loco l'ocos, Conservatives and Log fjamn lims, m these la ter day. All of these names have imported a peculiar signification, applicable to some char acteristicol" tho parly it designated, either de rived from some point in it s history, or shadowing forth some principles in its code of belief. With those parties which are extinct we need not con cern ourselves at present of the fitness or un fitness of their names, we need not now judge but nassiiia' them bv. let us admire the peculiar aptness of the apj citations given by common con sent to the parties which now distract the National Council and divide its numerous con- tituoncv. And first the " Loco.lh:o" nartv: What a tearful inflainmahlc.destructivc designa tion, and iiow typical and distinguishing of the party winch recognizes it ! The material liow dit-cordnnt ; its objoct how ruinous! It brings to mind none but the most terrible ideas, and calls up fuarful associations. The fiery fur nace with hhadrack, Alcshack anil Abednegn flits across the vision, and John Roger's stake of torment dances in prospective before us ; there is no mercy, coinjiats'on, or virtue of any sort in the name ; and it is a true index of tho party. It lights un only to consume, and was made enly to consume, and was made only for objects of destruction ; but and it is it's only virtue it bears with it the elements ol its own ruin. These views of its nature and tendency gave rise to the next the " Conservative" parly, and tho name imports all that is wanting in the oth er. In the place of fear it inspires confidence for terror, it gives hope tor destruction, it promises salvation. It is a pillar of cloud which will bo a safe guide to an oppressed people and lead to the restoration of their long suspended libcity and prcspcrity. This, toe, explains the partv it belongs to. Rut : the " Ly' Cabin" party, what does that name signify ! It speaks of all that is humble, and virtuous, and worthy, and democratic. In tho eloiiiiqul,litiiMint'n rSi FORE1G N. The Steam Ship Unicorn, from Liverpool, on the ICtli May, arrived at Boston, Wednes day afternoon at fivo o'clock. Tho arrival was celebrated with great rejoicings, and an entertainment was to bo given yesterday by tho city authorities nnd tho merchants, in honor of the successful commencement of tho enterprise. Tho news is not of great im portance. Cotton Imd l-8d, but with brisk sales. Lord William Russell, a nobleman, living in Loudon, was murdered in his bed, by some unknown person. Tho news from Turkey is hostile. Ibrahim Pncha is said to have received positive orders from his father to march upon Constantinople. Tho five powers, it is said, have called upon the Porto to surrender to Mchcmct Ali tho hereditary sovereignty of Egypt and Syria, with tlio ex ception of tlio districts of Taurus and Aduna. The Neapolitan difficulties hare been settled by the surrender of the sulphur monopoly. The Sultan of Turkey is in daily expectation of five additions to his family from as many of his wives. There is nothing of interest in relation to tho North Eastern Boundary. Tho accounts from India represent great preparations making for tic expedition against China. Tho 7th of May was named as the day for tho general muster. Nortii-E.istcrn Boundaui'. This cptcs- tion is not yet disposed of. On the 7th of May Lord John ltussell made an explana tion in the House of Commons, which wo subjoin : I have some doubt how far it is cmsistrnt with duty to answer the question wliicl. the honorable gentleman has just put to mo i but no doubt tlcre is considerable anxiety upon the subject, and as nepers upon the sull ied have been published in the Unfed State. I think it would be desirable logivei gcrcral outline of the state in which the question at present stands between ine unueii states ana uus country relative to tno Maine boundary. The house will recollect I stated there were two very ciisiinct niesionsi tno one was tho general question of tho bouidiry, arising out of the treaty of 1781 and tho trcmlof Ghent : and the other was with respect to tho Mcrprctation of our agreement for the Rake of tircaninn jurisdiction and possession unuisiurofii uy uie iwonarucs, inaue ill uio course of the spring of 183!). With respect to tho former pa't of the subject, a tarv lor f oreiirn allairs. in the mine ot the uovcrn meat, last year, nnd the reply to that was a counter proposition of a totally different mturu bcinc mndobv the uovcrnincnt ot tno united Hiatcs. At the same time commissioners were appeared by the Govern ment of Great llritnin. who had strveved the dimmed country, nnd had arrived in this country in January last. Their report was received only a few days ago i it contains innltcr of very considerable importance, and is now under the consideration of the covcrnmcnt. nnd on answer will be immediately returned to tlio last proposition made by the Government of the United btntc, informing them how fur wc can tall m with the proposition they last made. This is the only answer I can nive at present upon that branch of the subicct. Witt rcsncct to the nucs- tion relating to the provisional agreement of last year, it is unfortunate that it is almost entirely upon it that recent difficulties have arisen. Tho ngrccnicnt pro posed by tien. ScottJ'ond nijrced to by the Governor of Maine, was, that treat llritnin should hold the val- -. .1 I New Vork, the result in tho I.em.iLttur.V ",u .r.er majority naainMjtii;ni ifiTfn ihe year b ns almost fvcry coifiestcTreouuiy ihe popular v sifowcd a before. In almost fvery lUiricstcITcouuty the popular vote nunint him was increased. There wa no fallimr oIK but from local causes, any where, except in the old West ern district, which is so immensely strong that there was no necessity of uiving a full vole but at a general election. That "old district will give Harrison fifteen thousand majority. Tho late charter election in thoVity of N. Y. has sat iMicd bolhfriends nnd foe that under the registry law Ilarriton will carry the city in the fall by a decisive vote. You inut recollect, too, that last year we had everything to discourage and dishearten our friends. Many gave up nil for lost after they heard lliu disas trous accounts from Tennessee and Indiana. Hut there were some indomitable spirits, that never doubt or falter in a good cause. They rallied, and soon convinced the people that New Yoik could sustain herself, and wa not to bo influenced by any news abroad, however "inpropitioiis. At this time, every man of the opposition is confident of success. It is not nn ovcr-eonfidenco that beire ts inaction ; it i a confidence which invigorates and inspire, and which impels to greater exertion. It i a confidence, in sboi t, which will justify ihe expectations of our friends, and disappoint the hopes of our enemies. After nil wo have done in New Voik for the last three years, under ihe most unfavorable auspices, it is not a lilllo mortifying to us now, with all our bright prospects beforo us, that a single friend abroad should for one moment permit n doubt of our trimiipaut suc cess ie the fall to cross his mind. .Vrir Yuri; is .'"' us certain fur Harrison as that the time nf dectiun mines round. And if my old friend Ritchie, who goes forwirii, nud nit principles, would like In venture a still ot clotues on tho inue, 1 should lie pleased to nc- oinmodalo mm : or if ho does not eliooso to venture on New York, 1 will take il on the Union s or if, ns llardti it i invs, ho will be ''better accommodated, I will Inko a suit on ench. A democratic Henubbcnn Slate Convention will soon bo called nt tho old head-quarters at Syracuse, It Will ba held about the first of October. There will boa Conservative! rally on that occasion, Mich ns hns not liccn Known lieloroin (he Mate, l he real iciuo crncy will be ibeie, to take ihe most ellectnal mcas' nres at'iiinstlbo federal usurpations of Mr. Van liuieii .New i nrkne heresto hero t IJemocratic itenuiilican principle, and will not bedrivcu into the ultra'ltlc rulism of this Administration. Prom the days of Geo. Clinton to the present nine, sue nns resisted the en croachments of I'xeculivu power and the usurpations ot tlio I'cdciai tioverniiieni. fine win conimue to resit t hem, whether urged upon her bv Martin Van uuren or i noma iiiieme. n is no reason, nccause these licntleincii have nbmidoncd iheir principles and turned FideitilUts, thai the Denioernlie Hepubheans of New Vork or of Virginia should follow nVir cx ample. In New York Ihev will ntlhero to their old principles, nnd will assemble in Convention nt Syra whig editcir.""i,rfe Log-'Cuiin is a symbol of nothing that Van Burcuism knows, or feels, or can appreciate It tells of virtues that dwells in obscurity ol the hopes ol the iiuinoic ol the privations of the poor of toil and danger of perseverance and patient endurance of hospi tality, and charily, and frugality it is the em blem ot rights that the vain and insolent aris tocracy of federal office-holders have lost sight of, or crushed and trampled on. It is an em blem of tho simplicity that should characterize .an Institutions, and which the People Tlio I.ocofocos talk much of the true Jeflersoninn doctrine. Here i a sample of ii, which wo commend to tlnir especial intention: " Wo aronn ineiuir'uig people, Nays Mr. .TilTersonA nnd if tho peopluaroleft to themselves, to the e.erciso vl tlniir uwn-uutuiissed judgments, uiey win generally will reclifvittho next. Hut let n pack of svcop nuns nnd demagogues loose mixing them, becking offices nud places, nuu nuio nines in leii uiey win yi wrong est of such men to keep them to, that iciniiiy keep fhfir offices and places, have nlwnys thought it wrong that men holding public stnlions should inter i..,., In iimmlnr elelions. for ihcv nre undoubtcdlv n. (crested, and of remise inttrttttd judges, and for this reason 1 gnvo rariy noncu io i-uun uunyia iia wereun' .i... mir I'lintrol tbal nn Interference with popular elec t '.' .. ..I... .1 1...V unln ifin,lrHu.aflflW-n Ill OII1CC. cuse to resist tho I'eileriil ngeressioiisfas our falherH assembled, in the limn of tho Revolution, to resist tho Slnmp Act nnd tlio Tea Tax, I beg, therefore, you will dismiss nil niiiirebensionsnbout New Vork, nnd sel down her M voles ns Ihocnpilalon which Hnrison will commence business; nud thai I think is n pretty fair beginning for n "log-cabin and hard-cider" candi date, I have devoted myself, for Ihe last three years to Ihe reform of uus Adiiunislrnlion 1 luce culisteii for the war, nnd von mnv rest nssured ihnl I shall not stop till the final bailie in November is fought nnd won. That accomplished, ami Harrison Heeled, I shall feel that our country is safe, our free institutions restored lo their original purity, nnd Hint wo inn y once more enter upon n irain of uninterrupted nrosperitv. And I shall niso feel dial 1 can sny, with much greater luvfjiuriy iiiiiii iiir. iiiii iiiiirn s.i ii nn iiiiouirr m ii- "ion, 'It is glory enough lo have served under such n chief." I have written a much longer Idler ihnn I intended when I commenced but, having said this much, 1 win odd u lmlo more, by way of giving my cslinmi Republican Institutions, and which the People have determined to bring back to the adminis tration of their affairs." There fare Resohid, That wo glory in tho title of "the Loo Cabin party? and nro proud of its representative the gallant and patriotic Hero of North JJend. Resolved, That after the cxamplo set by our brethren throughout tlio whole length and breadth of the land, wo will proceed with all convenient despatch to raise a Log Cabin'm this city as an emblem and typo of our cause and our candidate, to be tlio rallying point for con cert of action ; the bead quarters of " Harrison and Reform" during the coining contest, and to stand altorwanls, wo fervently trust, tho hum bio but glorious monument ot the People's tri umph. Resohed, that the new born Irmverancc anxi oty of Iho Loco-l'oco presses is wholly uncalled lor, and coming as it uoos lrom the party who " Ixcpei barrel ij porter tn lammunij llall, and who but a few years since lapped potations stronger than hard cider lrom trenches du around hickory poles, looks much like straining at a gnat and swallowing a rauiel Resohed, That we need no enthusiasm, and seek no spirit to animate us in the support of tlio llAKDi. ii)i;u candidate hut what springs lrom the name itself, its associations, nud the truth and righteousness of our cause Playing 'Possum. Tho'Sl Augustine (Florida'! I Icrald gives the following account of the affair at Fort King: "dipt. Haines, commanding that post, prepared a shell with a shirt over it, in such a manner that any nlteiiipl lii remove the garment wonld cxiilodo the shell, 'i ins no placed at a distance from tlio post. In a little while I ho shell was heard to explode, anil Cant. Haines repaired lo llin spot, when he discovered Indian signs, n pony truck and somo blood. So plea sed was ho nt tho buccess nf the experiment that ho .,.i.i,i ,.,iiii, i niun, miiiuiiiiy prepare!, rovercei wnn a blanket, nntl reiiretl. It exploded, nnd on going to tho spot, it was discovered (hat the Indians bad tied un uiiossum lo it, and ils exertions to esi'nno had ex ploded the she II. The Indians had stationed them selves, and as Uiey camoup, fired upon tlio troop. Killing oiio scrgcniii nuu one private, wounding Cnpt Humes mummy, eiini uireo privnies. hiror.TANT I. him. Dr.cisioN, In Iho Supremo Court nt Si. Louis, a decision was given on the '.Mill nil. which is considered of great importance. The mam ground contested wns, whether n debtor, in milking nn assignment for the benefit of his creditors has a right to stipuiato that they shall receive the dividend'whieh the assigiiincnt will iiinko in full sat isfaction of their clnims, nnd that the eltblor shall bo released on the payment of that. The rourt, lifter inn nrginncni nnu review ni nuinoriiicH. gnvo nn CX' tended decision, declaring thnt stinulatton for a rt Iraicqf a debtor contained in an eusignmtHt, makes it 'ruth ' ley of Upper St. John, anil Maine that of tho Aroos took, without it being conceded that the right was in ithcr. Unfortunately tho agreement did not stato the exact position in which the jurisdiction of either partv wa to remain. That agreement was offered bv Gen. Scott on the 21 st March, it was agreed to by Sir .i. tiarvcv on the no Atarcli, nnc hv iho uovcrnmcnt of Maine on tho 25th . It aftcrwird appeared, hte in the autumn, that the persons belonging lo this civil )iossc of Maim, hadadvnnced hit) the valley of Upper where the Fish Hiver falls into iho St. John, called the Mouth or Confluence of St. John and tho Fish River. Tim party which had advanced into the valley of Upper St. John, consisted of onlv 20 or 30 individuals. armed w it 1 1 guns and a field piece, w Inch they lircid oil" in omen ui iimmg possession, in conscqiiincu oi these proceedings there wcro remonstrances made by Mr. Fox to the Government of the, U. States, and it not appearing that tbcro wia lilietyto be any cfiectunl check put to those proceedings, the Governor of tho I'rit'Hi North American Provinces, in connexion with the commander of the forces, lias advanced two com

panies of infantry to a place certninly within the dis puted boundary. In the representation made on the part of the United States, there certainly must have been some oversight on the part of tho Governor of Maine in his communications to the secretary of stato for the U. States, in not advening to that point, but merely referring to another part of the agreement, in which it wa staled that they had done nothing to disturb the Madawaska settlement. They confined the limits of llin Madawaska settle ment within n very restricted boundary, while we con lenil that it extends to the I ish Itiver. (Hear.) However, according to the last accounts received from that country, it docs not appear that .Maine enlcrtains any intention of going beyond what she has lullierto done. I have been given to understand that such i the opinion entertained on this subject by those on the spot, and I believe that it is nlso the opinion of the Gov. oi Aew llrunswicit uiai nui uvo paruesuriu n. main in their present pos'uion.jiuiJa'iheruT, I will not say no possiMiiiy,'imf ccrtmtily no probability, of any colisioiii "taking place between the adverse parties. (JiVear. benrA ucli being tne siaie oi auairs, it appeared io me to be niv duty lo write to the governor of Ilritish America and to the commander of tho forces in that country, lo slate my opinion (hat it would bo exceed ingly desirable, it any aniiiiguity existed in the instru ment agreed upon by the governor of New Ilruns wkk and the governor of Maine, in ordct to avoid any chance of collision between the adverse partiesj that the exact geographical position at present occupied by rach parly should bo distinctly ascertained, and made the tuundntion ot a iivsu agreement. t.ov. Thomp son coincided with me in opinion on this point, nnd m obedience lo my wishes, sent to the American govern ment io inane siieu u prupusui, mining, w mcii is n matter of great importance, nnd of which I entirely approve, a proposition that commissioners should be appointed cm each siilo to see that such agreement should be fairly carried into eflcct. Mich is nn outline oi tne state oi annus at present between Iho two counlries no doubt it implies that dillercnces of an unpleasant nature Have occurred be tween ihe two countries on this nuestion of the boun dary j nnd when I ennsielcr how much both countries nre interested in the preservation of peace iho great rcsponsiDiiiiy uiai win no incurrcu uy whichever country may unnecessarily have recourse lo hotililies, I trust that pence will not be interrupted, but that the wludo will end in n formal and amicable settlement of all existing eliflerences. Uanapa. Lord John missel said, that, looking to tho precedents having any analogy to the bill for the government of Canada, it appeared that no precedents bearing exactly upon the point in question, were in existences but looking to the analogy of those e'ases, in whiclMliey most nearly resembled it, ho was of opin ion that it was necessary to obtain the vote of a com mittee of tho wholo house on the subject, boforo the house could agree to the clause relating to the civil list and to the appropriation of revenue for forming civil list, under those circumstances, bo would move that tho house resolvo itself into a coiumitteo on Monday night, (17ll0 for the piiruoso of considering iho clause oi uie inn relating io uie charge oi tno civil govern mem oi upper nnu lower uaiiaua. agreed lo. Tun nuM.UNs op Nai'oli:on. The French The credit which wo now ask of the Chamber has for its object the removal of the remains of the emperor lo tno invniiiies, tne limcrai ceremony and the ercclion ol n tomb, Wo do not doubt, gentlemen, that the Cham ber will respond to those roval wishes which wo have just announced, Henceforth, France, nnd France alone, win possess nu ihnl remains or iVnpolcou. His tomb, like Ins glory, will belong only to Ins country. Thohinnnrchy of 1830 is, incflect, the only legitimate heir of all thoso remembrances of which Franco is proud to bonst. It undoubtedly belonged to that mon archy, which was tho first that rnlliednll her strength and coticilinicd nil ihe wishes ol the French revolution, lo raise nnd honor Iho statuo and tomb of n poptilnr hero) for tbcro is one thing, and only one, which bears mi ruiiifmiison won moi y ims is iioerey, Tho reading of this speech was followed by loud tokens of annrnbalion, Several denudes, werosensiblv afl'cclcd. M. ICiiminniiel do Ins Cases burst into tears. From the (London) United Service Journal. The Military I'sfnlilUlimcnt and Discipline of i in; iiiiicsc. The interest excited bv recent events ni Cnninn may render some account of ihe character, organiza tion, estimated force, nnd elisciplino of tho Chinese nrmy nccepinblo to our readers. The difficulty, not to say impossibility, in more modern limes, of pro curing authentic information on tho subject, induces us the more readily to avail ourselves of iho details furnished by the enlightened and indefatigable zeal of those, who lowards the close of the last century, were enabled, by the opportunity of then existing eircuin stnnccs, to penetrnto into the interior of a country that has been closed, as a sealed book, to the research and enterprise of the nineteenth century. When wo i.unrtui'1 ;nu jiiiDLiiMiii iiisuieiuiauon io enango oi nny kind, which is tho characteristic and avowed principle of the Chinese government, wo need scarcely hesitate to concludo that the lapse of comparatively n few years has wrought but lit t Io alteration in tho stale of things as they existed nt tho period to which we hnvo alluded. The events of a cenlurv or so ofn neriod of time, which, with the wavering and unsettled institutions ol the rest or the world, might suffice, and basin many instances sufficed to change the en tire face, political nnd social, of states nnd kingdoms could vurv but slighllv. if indeed nt all, the orronec- ments, nnd habits of a nation, Which, as is the ease with China, boasts of the immutability of ils institu tions, reckoning its dynasties by thousands of years as do others by centuries. ino supreme control ot the entire (Jliineso nrmy is vested under the I'.inncror. in the fivo sovereign courts of mandnrins-nt-arnis (Ui-tptun) viz. 1st. Jlcou-foii, or of the rcar-guaril; 2d. Tsou-fou, or left wingj 3d. eou-jau, or right wing; lth. lchong-ioti, or line-ot-battlei fiih. Tsicn-fou, or avant-guard. In these courts of the military mandarins there nrn to each a president, and two assessois, who urc all of them of the first nnd second degree of the fust order, and for the most part puisant nobles, who have the comtnnnd of ihe state-officers and soldiers of the stale-officers and soldiers of the palace-guard. These five classes compose the supreme tribunal called Yong-khinirfou i and its President, or chief, is one of tho most powerful nobles in the empire, in asmuch ns his niithorilv extends generally over all officers and soldiers, whether of the Court or of the provinces. l no mandarin commanuer-in-ciiiei on tno part ot theKmpcror, in the two provinces of Quang-ton and general of the royal or imperial dues on salt, and of winch he renders an account to the Jiuupou, or l;ornp tiollerof Pekin, Ilehas for bis guard, and at his dis position, 5,000 of the troops, with a brigadier, four co lonels, five lieutenant colonels, ten captaiiisrnnd twen ty lieulcnans. I us ordinary residence is at tlio city of Trhna-quing, distant twenty leagues from Quang-ton whither he repairs in cases of importance. The second great officer is the Vou-yucn or vicc-roy of the province, bcling nt the tamo lime lieutenant general of police, nud receiver-genernl of customs, ns well maratinio ns in inland. His guard is 3,000 men with n brigadier, two colonels, three lieutenant colonels, six captains, and twelve lieutenants. His residence is at Huang-ton. All candidates for rank or promolion in the nrmy have previously in undergo a strict and searching exa mination before tho Ifio-yucn, or president-absolute of the examinations, which are held twice in three years at Quang-ton, and in each city of the first orilcr in the provinces. For the degrees of diemit v in the science of anus ( Oic Winn the examining inaefarin is to exercise his func tions with the gieatcst rigour and severity towards Iho candidate, without rcspiet for persons, and with no choice save in favor of merit. Ho is even forbidden to advnntngo of it t otherwise they aro uiinblo to continue on attack fpr nny length of lime, or to bear up long ngainst one, especially if made in order, and with vi gour. Tho Kmperor himself (Cam-lfy, a great fa vourite by tho way, with tho missionaries,) gave this short character of them t They arc good soldiers trhin opposed to bad ones, but bad trhen oppostd lo good ones i" an eulogium with which, wo presume, tho faithful wnrriorH of his Ctlestinl Majesty were, as in duty bound, considerably flattered. The rations of troops in garrison, consist of mcaf, fish, rice, penr, and slrnw. aecoiding to every one's rank, nnd wliicyli nro served out lo them daily, besides Iheir constant pay, which they regularly receive. In Pcrkin, the military inngnzines of reserve nro kept constantly stored with rice sufficient for three years consumption. This rice, il appears, will keep a great while if it be well fanned nnd mixed ( nnd though it is neither in appearance nor stato computable to new rice, yet it is much mora wholesome nnd nourishing. The few additional details respecting the numbers nnd discipline of the Chinese nrmy furnished by more modern travellers would had to tho conclusion that thn Chineso army at the present day consists of about 1,000,000 infantry, nnd 300,000 cavalry, n statement pretty nearly agreeing with that brought to 1'uropc by tho gentleman who accompanied the first F.nglish Kuibnssy to China under Lord Macartney, These numbers arc inclusivu of tho Tartar banners. From Ihcobscrvation made by the embassy in their travels through the empire, there seemed nothing improbable in the calculation of tho infantry, but they observed few cavahy. Tho pay of tho Chinese mot soldier amounts to about 2 l-2d. Fnglish money nnd n meas ure of rice per day, though some of them have double pay. The pay ofn horse soldier is double that ofn soldier the Kmperor furnishes a horso j and the horse lnnn rcceivcs two measures of small beans for ils daily subsistence. Tho arrears of tho nrmy are punctually paid tip every thrco months. A liorscmnn's nrms consist of n helmet, a cutlass, lance, and sabre the foot soldier i armed with a pike and sabre sonic, indeed, have fusees, or fire-locks, of a rude and in dillerent construction, whilst others have bows and arrows. All these arms nro carefully inspected nt every review, and if found in the least rusted, or in bad condition, the inattentive soldier is instantly pu nished ifn Chinese with thirty or forty blows with a slick j if a Tartar, with as many lashts. As to the naval force of the Chinese, it would appear from the most modem accounts that it has undergone no change whatever during the last 200 years. A late writer has declared that a single llritish man-of-war Would suffice to deslloy tho intiro navnl force of China. ScnnouNnisa tub bst.mv. In the destruction of Indians the other day during a scout by Capt. Holmes, nn instance ol coolness and uravrry occurrcu, c.xiuii iting the material of our own service, and the indomi table courage of the Indinn. Cnpt. Holmes had se creted a portion of his company in such n place as it was probable the enemy would jiass, nnd proceeded onward with the rest of his command, in order to hunt llicin up. The ambushed party had not Inm long in their hiding place, when a few Indians were seen ap proaching, unconscious of their near proximity to the while man. On ntaring more closely, tho anxiety of a recriui oeutg mo"i mieiise, no wuo wiui uuuv-unj restrained from breaking upon the enemy and proba bly defeating the great object in view. At I bis time, it deer siirnnir from lis covert, and passing Wit 11 1 a lew feet of his gun, the temptation was too great, and the recruit fired. Alarmed by the report, the enemy ran, nnd the sergeant, with his command, mounted their horses and gave pursuit. I lie sergeant soon nvcrioeju a largo athletic Indian, and dismounting, deliberately levelled his gun nnd pulled the trigger. Tho gun mis sed fire. The red skin now levelled his rifle, and lo ! tin? llint refused to do its dtitv. Das nil" IU3 musket to the earth, the sergeant sprang to grapple the ene my, but was knocked down by the clubbed end of his rifle- Rising, 'lie used thebroechof his gun with good cflect, but was repeatedly felled by the crentcr strmmtli of bis foe. Victory now angmg in doubtful posture, he managed, while'his brad was receiving a SIICCCSSIOII Ol IIIOWS, 10 IIX Ills miyonei, nnu iiiuuu .1 charge upon the herculean Seminole. Doubt was at nnend: tho warrior tc-ok to his heels and sought a tree. There, dodpins a direct thrust of the instrument, he mannc'cd to hold iheanger of the sergeant nt bay, until the balance ot'the command came up who, dis posed to sec a fair fight, formed a circle round the com batants. All hope vas now cut oil", and with n desne pcrato valor he fought, until the sergeant thrusting his bayonet through hiin, left him dead at his feet. spenlt w ith any person whatever so long as he holds tho appointment of examining mandarin j certain death is the consequence of the lia-t niah crsation in his office. Tliee.xamination consists, in the first place, in seeing whether or not the candidates arc perfect in the management of their horse i whether thev can gallop at ful speed without being thrown; uo the bow when sitting steadily and firmly in tho saddle ; as nlso at full gallop, in either case hilling their mark. In the second place, they are examined ns to whether they nre capable of making a short nnd simple speech of address, but well-conceived nnd to the point, and without committing a blunder, on such matter as may be proposed to thcin, relating to military science. In 1723, iho Chinese Knipcror had a otnndini; ui my of uii wards of G00.000 regulnr troop. The writer of the letter, fiom which wc have extracted the foregoing particulars, assures the gallant and princely person age to whom it is addressed, namely Prince F.ugeno of Savoy, that his Serene Highness, at the head of 10,000 or 30,000 dragon, would neverthcrless be able to conquer the whole kingdom of China, and he nelds, in so saying ho does not imagine that he is paying him a very high compliment. Itcforc the conquest of Chi na, by the Tartars in 1G 13, it was a standing jest, according to d'Hcibelot and other authorilies, with the Western Tartars lo affirm in derision of the Chi nese, that the neighing of a Tartar horse was sufficient to put the whole of the Chinese cavalry to the rout, and from the same authority wc gather" that even I ho Chinese-Tartar cavalry of his time had dwindled pretty much to the same condition. The Chinese themselves seem to have admitted the truth of the charge, but to have met the inculpation of cowardice by affirming that the iieiglnngand snorting of the Tjjri'ir ., jfr-liorso is naturally so frightful in its sjiiu'a, as to strike a pa nic and terror into.nlU'-iscs of a dillerent breed. V It I D A V M O K nTn a, J U N K 12, 13 10. papers arc alivo with congratulations upon tho proposition of tho ministry to collect tho ashes of the great captain, and duposito them beneath a fitting monument in tho Invalidcs. It may well be imagined that tho speech of tho minister of tho interior announcing this intention, was hailed in tho chamber of dep uties with the liveliest acclamations. It was to this effect : Gentlemen i The King has commanded his royal highness, tho Priui'o ilc Joynvilli', In proceed with his frigate tu the islnud of St. Helena, to obtain the Inst inorlul remains nf the Kmperor Napoleon. Wo now ask you to grant us die means of receiving them on Iho soil of France, with dignity worthy nf his nnine, The government anxious to accomplish n national du ty, luldrcsscd itself to England, unci requested tho sur render of that precious deposit which forluno had played in their hands. Tho wish had hardly been ex pressed when it was complied with. These nru the wordsof our inngiiaiiiiuous allien! "Her majesty's I'overniiienl bones 1 lid 1 the iironmtitudo with which the answer is given will be considered in Franco ns n proof oi us wish to erase the last trace oi inoso nauunai ani mosities, which, iluring Iho bfo nf tho emperor, armed Franco ngainst l'ugland. Jltr Ilriiunie majesty's go vernment wishes to belicvo tlmt if nny remains of such a sentiment still exist, they w ill bo buried in the tomb while Iho last remains of Napoleon shall bo deposi ted." Fiighind is right, gentlemen; this noble rcsii lulion will strengthen the bonds which uniio us, nnd will contribute to cll'aoc our pn nful recollections of the past. The period has arrived when tho two nniions should only hnv the remembrance of their glory. Ihe Chinese general divide their troops through all the towns nnd provincial districts. That of Huang ton contains ten cities of the first order, nine of the second, nnd seventy-four of the third, butnsin lliesp places of the third order there are some that are mixed up with those of the first mid second, only seventy four walled towns are counted in the province, ineacL of which according to its extent and importance!! su'- ficienl garnison is distributed to maintain thcpeoplem subjection. The number of families in this one province aid it must be borne in mind that this is only one and amongst the least, of fifteen is, according le the most recent returns (1723) of the population of China, 133,300. That of the men, wilbout reckoniig the women or children under twenty years of age, is 1,978,000. Thu whole population of Cliina, is.'slimat ed by our authority at about the same peiod was 10,129,7fl0fi;inilies; and without reckoning lie princes of ihe blood, the minivers of state, the lobles, the officers, as well as of police as the military, ho Idolizes or priests, uio etmucus, women and ciiinrcii ii:o number ofinalo inhabitants of the class of thu common people, above the age of Iwenlv-ono year, is comput ed ut SS.OIG.FOO, exclusive! of:i prodigois number of peoplotliat live habitually m vessels anernlts, so uiai the water appears as thickly peopled asdio earth. The Portuguese, when, in 1317, they peietrated for the fust time into China, nthonished nt tlo vast extent of its population, gravely asseverated in tho accounts they sent to Kuropc, that the Chinese women usually bore twelve children at one birth. This enormous population however, far from adding blrenglh to the country in times of nyusion, would ap pear to have but conduced tu its speedier riibjection by a fierce and determined enemy ; a circumstance that reminds us of tho terrible repartee attributul to Atdla, the scourge of the west, who, whin adinoiishcd as to tho dense population of tho countries he wns about to attack, replied, "That ihe sickle gatheied more abun dantly inn thickly sown field, than ill u thin o: barren one." We have before seen that the Chinese cavalry i not over remarkable for ils steadiness in a charge. Nor is even that of the Tartars according to the best testi mony, including that of d'Herbilnt anil Halanil enti tled to a very much greater culogiuni on the score ot discipline. As Ctcsar describe iho first onset of the Giiids, so is iho first charge of tho Tartar cavalry, characterised by its fierceness and impetuosity i but the slightest check, or failure of sudden or complete success is sufficient to convert thonllack into us sud den a rout and confusion, from which all attempts to rally them is hopeless. As regards the general government of 'ho army, although tho supreme control is, we have seen, vested inonenarlicular court, of which the mandailiK com posing it uru constituted sole judges, yet can no mailer uf importance bo carried into eflcct wilbout the joint ,,,! ,,,,,, ,,.,1 rniwMirr.Mif,, ibn oilier cotirtsiil'the ,M,,inr,. nr nu w'n slinnlil lenl it. elf all branches (if tllO executive. Thus, in the instancoof war, the number of iheir troops, the quality of their officers, tliomarch ot llie armies, eve. nro provided lor ny moi'mim wi but the money to pay iheiu must uenau iiwu mo coin!. . .... , MM. nl nrinpfnln nflbn f! i nPtH 11(1 III' IS (0 KCf up, in tune ol peace us well as wnr, great and welt : p- ..I. .,.) nr,ni, ill nnllT. lint mill' III lllHIltalll CI lilt tinei respect from their neighbors, but also to blille, or rntlicr prevent, auv elisluilmncci which mav happen at homo. Heretofore, n million of soldiers were ei.t to i.iii.nl their iTcnt w all : ii less number limn that, iitao, to garrison their frontiers and great towns would have been too nuio ; now they think it enough to Keep ri risons m their most important towns. Hesules these standing forces there nre 15.000 or 20.000 men in inch province, under iluu'oiiiinniid of privnio officers j bui they navo niso soldiers io Keep tueir jsianus, csptiwi ly iiiiyiiian nnu i-urmosa. t Tho soldiers are tolerably graceful in apponmncVl nndprcity well disciplined, for the Tartarn haioatr most dcgi'iierabul into Chinese, and the Chinese ooitt. 1111111', ns they always were, son, rllepunaic, cui'iiiiot of labor, anil better at making a handsome figure n muster or in n march, than nt behaving iheiimclvc Gallantly in action. Tho Tartars begin with he at am briskness, nnd if they can make their cncniirf gjl grouuu in uio "rguinmg, men uiey cm mate 1 uir OU It SHEET. Vmj have the plccsure of appearing before our patrons to-day, with an enlarged sheet, somewhat improved in its mechanical appear ance. This enlargement will more than double the amount of rending matter, while the use of a smaller type, will materially reduce the s'pasa occupied by our advertisements. Tho Free Press is new the largest paper in the state, and among thr largest country papers in the Union. This enlargement and new dress in volves an ejpense that would be by no means lightly felt in more prosperous times, but which is rendered doubly onerous at present, from the dilliculty of realizing the small sums now due us. Wc have, however, ventured upon the en terprise, under the belief that we shall still be cbesred in our course by a continuance, of the liberal patronage we have JiXfirJiT)fe Tejejeived,- z..Jc..U udr humble eflbrts to merit an increase may not be in vain. In the mean time, we presume our old patrons, who maybe in arrears, will appreciate the importance of a prompt liepji- dation of the sums now duo us, while wc shall rely with confidence upon the aid of our political friends in extending the circulation of tho I'rcss. Our circulation is now near twelve hundred, and this purely voluntary ; for wc have never sought a subscriber, or a cent of patronage. We do not wish to disguise the fact, however, that a few hundred paying subecribor would bo very thankfully received. Nor do we think it asking too much of our Whig friends, when wo invite them to aid in the circulation of our .-sheet ; for there never was a time when tbcro was more necessity for an antidote to the political poison, which, through the agency of govern ment patronage, is infusing itself into every vein and artery of the body politic. As to our political course let the past bo the guaranty for the future. The Free 1'rcs.--, as its title imports, is emphatically free. It is the organ of no man, or set of men ; and, while wc control it, will ever remain so. It is now thirteen years since wc became connected with it, and in the retrospect of that period, our con- cience accpiits us of an honest discharge of our duty. ' Wo are by birth, education and habit, a republican ; and like tho poor man's inheritance our early impressions seem likely to go with us through life. Wo can theroforo pledge tho public that the Free 1'rcss, so long as we control it, will bo the fearless advocate of those great principles of equality that lio at tlio foundation of our republican institutions, and that wo shall support such men and such measures as shall in our estimation secure their ascendancy, and best promote the public good. Wo shall endeavor to niako tho Free Tress an intercstiiifr visitant at the lire-side, to elevate its character, and see that it exerts a wholcsonio moral inllucnce. THE STATE CONVENTION. From overy quarter, wo hear of cxtonslvei preparations for attending tho convention at thin place on tho 20th. Two hundred wnmroiu ft is said, will start from Uradford. in a body nine thousand aro expected to assemble at Water bury, and move in procession, whilo wo aro no tified to expect a cavalcade of several hundred young men on horsc-back, from Franklin coun. ty. Arrangements havo been made with the Hteain-boats to carry nil who may wish to avail themselves of that modo of conveyance, for half price j and wo hazard nothing in saying that they will bo literally loaded down. Wn um Wi given to understand that wo shall be- honored by the attendance of a considerable number of "sympathisers" from without the state. The more the merrier. Wc should not bo surnrisr..! ui see a "jam" such as Burlington never witnessed. And hero let us remind our towns men that they have an important, though, wo aro well assured, not unwilling, duty to perform. A very largo number of persons must be accom modated with food and lodging so large, that, for the time being, every whig house in town, must he considered a hotel. And then suppos ing there should still bo some thousands unpro vided for ! Thcrc'd the Park, has got a gooef fence around it there's a glorious sky above it and if the gates arc kept shut, a good whig need not catch cold. Old Tip has had many a worse night's lodging than that. But wc will borrow no trouble, hot us do our best to ac commodate our friends, and they will pardon tlio rest to good intentions. HARRISON'S LETTER TO BOLIVAK. Wo woulel direct the rcadcr'rt attention to this able document on the our page. Let any fair man give it a candid perusal, and then deny to Gen. Harrison, if he can, the possession of talents of a high order. As a specimen of com. position, it is remarkable for its beautiful sim plicity. Clear, comprehensive, and vigorous without effort, it betrays a mind cvidontlystored with the lore of ancient and modern times deeply imbued with tho principles of republi canism, and glowing with a just conception of what constitutes tho character of that truly great man. These arc not tho cbaracteristica of a feeble, narrow mind ; if they were, tho friends of Air. Van Burcn might perhaps point us to some paper of his that would bear com parison with the ono in question. Can they ? Wo challenge them. Tlio remark has often been made, and the document to which we now invite the reader's attention, will bear it out, that, in tho style of Inn composition, the mode of reasoning, and tlio elevated tone of moral sentiment which pervades General Harrison' writings, ho boars a nearer resemblance te Washington than any other man now upon tho stage. RUTLAND COUNTY. There was a great gathering of the people at Castlcton on Monday, to make county nomi nations. A majority of all the voters in the county wore present in person, to pledge their individ ual and collective aid to the people's candidato and cause. The utmost good feeling prevailed ; and what gave additional interest to tho occa sion, was the circumstance, that Mr. Wheeler, (for several years a locofoco candidato for re presentative in Castleton,) came out and made a public renunciation of Van Burcnism, and pledged himself to Old Tip. "They may call " mo a turn-coat, or whatever else they please," said he, "but my judgment tells mo that this " people cannot prosper under the policy and "measures of this administration, and I will no', " dare not, disregard the dictates of my con " science. I believe Gen. Harrison honest, "capable, faithful to the Constitution, and a true friend to his country. He shall have my cor " dial support." Rutland County will render u ;:ood account of herself. TERMS OF THE FREE PRESS. Tho enlargement of our sheet involves the necessity of an alteration in tho price. Here after, wc shall chargo village subscribers) and those who tako it singly, by mail, I?!). Compa nies of ten or more, who tako it at tho office, or pay for tho transportation, S'-J. Tho two dollar class embraces all who now rccci'.o it at i r0. APOLOGY. The imnicnso labor of rearranging our estab lishment, and a disappointment in somo of our help, has put it out of our power to bestow a inoinont's time upon our editorial columns; and oven tho mechanical part is not so perfect as wo could wish ; but this wo will rectify hereafter. Thoso columns shall yet ho epiickoncd by tho spirit-stirring inllucnccs of new Ivpc, a broad sheet, and a glorious cause, "Down with the wages of labor," r-ays the administrator. "Down with the administration !" say the laborers. HIS COMPANIONS IN ARMS. If Gen. Harrison is so feeble and inefficient a man as the Tory presses juv.nejjv ojieleavorittcj-. I'-CrTroprescnt Tiim to be, how happens it that nearly all his old soldiers and fellow officers aru coming to the rescue of his reputation against their cowardly assaults ! Gen. Scott and Gen. Gaines have already publicly declared their high respect for his character, civil and military, and pledged him their support. Gen. Cass, al though holding office under Mr. Van Burcn, in said to have done the same. Col. Croghan has called on him personally, to congratulate him on his prospects. In fact we do not know an officer of any distinction in the army, and especially not ono who served under Harrison, or a soldier either, who is opposed to his election. The. Tippecanoe Clubs of the city of New Orlcang celebrated the Victory of Fort -Meigs on tho 5th. Gen. Gaines attended and gave the fol. lowing capital Whig toast : Uy Ocneeal Gaines. A perfect Union of principle) principles such as animated the h'athers of the Rev olution principles such as marked the character of George Washington tho first nnd only Potriot of .Vnierica, who was indeed the President of the United Slates, nnd never the President of a Party. Ueliev iiv; Win. Henry Harrison will follow in the footsteps ot George Washington, I desire that he may be tiicj President of these United States. There is nothing in which tho administration Ins experienced greater ditlicults-, than in bring ing the officers of tho army and navy to that stato of party subserviency which is required of all who are immediatcjy dependant upon tho fovcrinnent. High-minded, frank and honor able men, they have generally refused to pros titute their official station to the base uses of ilemagoguoisiii. TIPPECANOE CLUB. At an adjourned meeting of tho Tippecanoe club, of Burlington, held at tho Court Houec, on the evening of Juno 1, 13-10, Lyman Cum- inings, Esep from tho coninunittce previously ap' pointed to prepare articles of association, report ed the following, which were unanimously adopt cd as tho preamble and constitution of the club. Whereas, the leading measures of the present administration, especially those which relate to tlio financial allairs of the country, tend greatly to increase the power and patronage of tho Exe cutive, already too great in a government where all power is vested in the people and their im mediate representations. The history of the world teaches us that tho tendency of all human governments is to increaso tho powor entrusted to them. This principle converted the republics of old into monarchies, If wo desire to avoid their fate and proscrvo our republican institutions in their purity, it become us to watch wilh jealousy thoso entrusted with the administration of the government, and to op pose, by all lawful means, tho very first indica tions of a desire, on their pari, to acquire addi tional strength to themselves. For theso and other reasons, we aro opposed to the rc-clcclion of Martin Van Huron as Prcsi dent of tho United Slates, for whilst ho hagniade great professions of democracy and economy, ho has done more to draw from the people lo him. self the povvcrnndiiuthoriiylhalritlyiickm'is