Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 31, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 31, 1840 Page 2
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Otic Icrm-nn economical adminis tration n sound currency a piolcelltic; (arlI' low salaries -and full prices for labor, uml the products of labor. ron p n k s t n r. n t. WILLIAM HENRY HAllRISON. ron v i o r. rnr.siDCST. JOHN TYLSIt, Of Virginia. " In all ages anil all countries, it lint been observed, thnt the cultivators of the Roil arc those who arc least willing to part with their rights, nnd submit themselves o the will of a master. W m. 11. IlAnnisON. " The people nf the L'nilcit Slates May they ever remember, that, toprcserve their liberties, they must do their own voting and their own fighting. llAnnisos "The ni.r.stsns or tiiocsanps or woMr.x avb ntLDr.r.N, nr.seer.prnOMTun kcammmi knii'b orTiin X'TIILERd SAVAOf. Of TUB WILIIRIINMH, ASil fnOM Tilt! Til.t. Monr. kavaoe rnocTon, on IIAHR1SON aud ins OAU.ANT armv." Simon Snyder's iLnie to the I'enntylrania iiCvtslaturc,Ueccmlier 10Vi, 1913. ron electors, noN. samuki. c. crafts, HON. UZR.V MKliCII. 1st dist. WILLIAM HKNMtV, 3.1 din. AHXI-.R 11. W. Tl'.NNIlV, 4th dist. WILLI VM P. I'.UIUt'S, 5th dist. josp.pii kkki), Mtarg. VOll GOVERNOR, SILAS H. JEN I SON. roil I.ISLT. GOVEKNOIl, D A VIDM.C A M I' . ron THEASCIIER, HENRY F. JANES. ron senators ron cmrrcsnex cocnty. JONEl'll I7IABSJI, TIIADElrt Ii. ! l.tTMIIIK. FOil CONCMKSS, HON. AUGUSTUS YOUNG, To Tint Fnnr.MBN or the roemii CoNaitcsMOKAi District or Vermont ; The priiod designated by the Invvs of nur States, for tho choice of a person lo represent vou in the pop ular branch of the national legislature is" fast npproaeh lng: and in view thereof, we havo asiumlilid us a convention of the people, tos, loot an individual to be recommended to your support at the en-suing elec tion. Under these ciiciim -dances we di em it inap propriate to set forth in this manner a conti.-e exposi tion of the principles we advocate, and which we desire to cany out by the election nf our candidate. The events of the last congressional tleeti ju in this district nro fresh in the mcmoi v of all, and wo need only advert to tliein to convince' vou that the will and wishes of the district, as rcpeatidlv and unitbrmlv de clared on former occasions nro gro-.)!y anil palpably misrepresented by the person now nominally repre senting you in congress. Tho candidate now offered for your suffrages, is one very way qualified by talent, experience and unwa vering devotion to democratic principle, and the in terest of tho people of tho district, fur tho high and rasnonsibl.) station to which wo would call him; and hoi ms also signified his acceptance of tho nomination; o that the friends of whig principles need not dread a recurrence of tho unforeseen disaster which prevented thorn at tho last election from securing their rightful " representation. Tho grounds of our opposition to tho reigning dy twsty of tlio Union are briefly these : Tlioy havo established as the law of tho land, tho odious and oft rejected subttcasury schomo for the disposition of the public money, giving to the federal executivo the unlimited contiol (through his creatures) of the nation's treasure; iiittltipl yinir, to an alarming and dangerous extent the power rind patronage of that already overshadow-in;: influence, by tho partiality which may be prnctNed under its operation towards subservient and unscrupulous partizans, and render ing the public money unsafe by reason of the impossi bility of obtain!!)!; responsible bonds to the amount required, and the probability rendered akin to a cer tainty by tho past practice of the admin straiion, that "men nf straw," will bo accepted as ample security for political partizans, incapuntible, save as regard's their fealty lo thepaity. These cjnsiderntions, added to the fact that the sys tem has been in practical operation since 1 337, during which time sixty four out of sixty seven " receivers'' of public, nionev havo proved defaulters in amounts varyinp from 31,030 to 3l,onn,000, render it a project which in practieo Ins aheady proved unsound, how ever plausible it may bo in theory. liut thi3 is not all. It has been made tho instru ment of tho most shameless corruption on the part of thanxe ulivo and his ngenls. Defaulters havo him siilfercd to abscond with the public moncv, unmolest ed by tho arm of the law. Men deeply indebted to tlicgovcrnmerit havo been left to thoenjoyinciit of their fortunes stol-ii from the jiublic chest, and have even been retained in office under Mich circumstances, upon tho ccititicats of partisans of the administration, that "their family connections were influential, and that tho causa of ilemocracj (meaning of the powers that bo") would Hiiffi-rhv the removal." Tbu bonds nfmn.t of those men have proved worthies. Tho property of runiu hi iui;mi na ueuii nu.iLiicii on ueuau ot tite gov ernment lo save, ,md vet Inrce esmn s nearly or nuiiu sufficient to liquidate their dues to the government have been clandestinely sild under tlr ismnier to by-bidders, for a trifle, and reverted to the aciauiicr. Thesoaro some of the fruits of this anti-republican firoicct, and feeing them, whnt care tho nentiln bow plausible the hirelinns of its imthor mav strivn in inld the. pill for their threats J Hut these are not tho half 01 its evil consequences. 1 li-s.i corruptions iifl.ct the great inasol mo people only remotely compared with the evils brought homo by its opeiation to their own doors. Lei us ask you, fellow eitieni, is tho country prosperous? is trado fiomishing do iinniif,ie'tuicr prosper I is the farmer paid for his toil f is money plenty, and do all classes of tho community receive the samo reward for their industry and skill which onco crowned their dibits for subsistence J Vou cannot but answer, No ! Then un ask you further, who has had tin management of affairs for (he hist thrco years? Not certainly tho whigs; though tho friends of thoadiuiuistration would fain shulllo off tlm responsibility upon them ; thy havo been in a minor itv in both brunches. i'n. It is the admiuistralioti of Martin Van liuren, and there let the blamo rest, if blamo thero bo. He tells us thnt tho system hnbeon in operation for three years, nnd wo see and feel it to bo true.. Hut bo tells us at tho samo time that the nystcni is to make us happy, prosperous and flourish' ing. Wo ask him and we ask you, w here arc its boast, d fruits of prosperity I If not devi loped in three years of unobstructed operation, what have wc to hope from it in tho future 7 Instead o,rgrovvingbelter, things have grown wor", nnd so we may reasonably expect to tco"them, under tliis lmauitous and ruinous nlan. They tell us, too, that one of tho favnrito cfT cts of ui bciiuiiiii, mini ivuiuii hut an leiim o much gnoi . is tho IIF.DUCTION OF WAOKS . nn.l r,r !. ces or rnorr.RTV ! They tell us uaecs are too high nd property too, and bid us imitnte tho ulorions cur- rcnev ami condition of despotic Spain, Cuba, Austria nnd France, nnd even point us lodiyradol, buii'dued, heathen (ihiin, as fit models for a republican curren cy 1 What say you, laborers, mechanics, furnifrs, merchants and mnnu'iictiires of Vermont? What fay you who havo bouuht farms nnd partly but not wholly paid for them t do you approve of a system which not only aims to bring down tho price of your property n thnt vou not on V Ioo what vou havo nnid. Imt i,v! c.hsneo become actually indebted for llio r(st? Sur h are. inn uniieniniuei'iii eis oi a inn wiiicn n party t'rcM ilnnt. bncked bv party maintities. hns passed for i.m tv aggrandizement. And let it not bo forunttcn that John Smith voted forthisbill of abominations. II nil thny been rightly represented, tho firemen of the fourth district, would not havo been so humiliated ns to lend a helping hand to their enslavers. Wn are further opposed to theparv in power, beeauso being ticil hand foot at the feet of southern interests, they already profess hostility to a protective tarifl' which wo consider vitally ncccsvnrv for the (iieourngement of the indn-try of tho iiiantifaetiiriiijr states and for curing a jinf reward to nirtlurn labor, Wo b 'lievo that the north have nothing tho'cfore, lo expect from iarlin Van liuren or his coadjutors in the vvay ofcu rouriur incut or support to n piotoelivo larilfi and wn therefore, repudiate them ns unworthy tho confidence or nipport of northern freemen. Wo are further opposed to tho present dominant par ty, because it came into poweron promises of retrench ment and reform, hut hns in shnmo'cs.s and open vio. latinn of those promises been, as lis own ollicial tc cords have repeatedly shown, tho niont prollii.'iile, corrupt and cxtrnvngant administration that has held tin) reins of state since tho formation nf our govern ment. It canto into power In 1W, with an iiicreas. ui st revanuo, beyond tho previous wants of tho public xpenpiturfH, with ninn millions of surplus revenue, HiicL it unjustly gnd feloniously withheld from the Hates in violation of tho law directing its dcposito with them, and with all these nsseta to begin upon, it is now bunkrupt, end in debt sixteen millions I It tins spent nearly torty minions in an ustensiuiu war Willi a lew poor iliiuaus in riunuu, wnom uu auiu fcncral with n handful of troons could havu cxtcriui iiatdl in a singlo cainiaign. This war has been kept brinvinir these three teal s in order Partly to brenk tin a tefuge for tiniiiw .iy slaves in obedience to soiilherii dictation, and partly to furnish an immense engine of executive patronage by rewarding political favorites witlt tat coin tacls, sueli ns luring nsicnmooaiio carry a few troops nt $000 per day, A c. Wo are further opposed lo tho party in power, be cause Instead of adopting the standard of thu immor tal pamoi .iciiorsuii 111 appouiiuicilis hi uiiii.1-, ay iii- uiring, is no iionesi, is lie capiiiue. is no iniiiinii hi In, rMiisiiiiitimi )" it bnsniufiiriiilv ai touted that other stalidaid so dcnioriiii'ing nud corrupting to a lcptibli enn guveriniieilt, be iiiiuirjng, "is he true to thu party. is tic rtipniitu ot serving ii eiiicienny, is uu iiuuuiu (not to the constitution, but) to Mho constitution as I understand itl'" These havo been tho requisites to an appointment under the present ailininisiriition, aim inr i ns un rem nunc if. Wn nro further outlined to its lotlL'cr continuance ill office hccnUH'it is sending through the country a hordo of political missionaries, mi eitner pant or in exicciiin ey, whoso sole duty it is to belie, nbuse, insult, vilify iiinl misieiircseiit the peonlo who dare to oppose it, and by seeding taieiy to iik.iiiuv me great v nig pany in the Union will) the justly oilious anil tout; since iinan (loned federal party, and also to identify its principles with their ntinciples, to induce the people to desert that party and betake themselves to tho support of tho ultra measures oi ine riigmug iaeiion. We do nut ike to bo told by political renegades in tho nay of Martin Van Ibiren, or expecting olVico at bw limids. that we are nil black cockade federalists. nml enemies In our country nnd its institutions, bc ciiiisn wn are conscious of nt lenst as much rectitude of intention and disinterestedness of motive as the fiiul-inoilthed hirelings, who cast this insult in our teeth ; nud we therefnie oppose tho election of nn ad ministration that thus conspires to rob, deceive and insult us. These are a few of tho prominent reasons why wc arc. opposed the party in power. Time would fail to enumerate particular: of tho wrongs, tho corruptions aad abusj which this people havo siillercd at their lunds, and we look to you to aid us in vindicating our rights as American cil'vcn", against mir unfaithful ru lers. Wo believe in a prudent and impartial adminis tration of tho government in a recurrence to the rule of .Telli rson in appointment to offirc in protec tion to manufactures- in a fostering spirit on the part of erovernnient towards all branches of industry in a well regulated credit system, which "hall enable us to keep on in tho career of improvement which we have liemin, and which will iiiMiro to all tho reward of their -kill and industry in a separation of tin national treasure from the control of thu President, nnd in a fair and inipartiel regulation of national nll'iirs, so as to secure to all tiie tneuioersoi tins coiiieueraey, an eiiunl share in its hi nelit". We believe thai llto candidate whom we present for fimr ntH'mrrps will curry out those nrincitili's. The prci nt incumbent will doubtless bo re-nominated and prc-rntcd also. We call upon vou to remember that at the last election ho received liintiv whig votes from n belief induced by his double professions, that ho was a Whig ; but that since be has been forced to take idcsnt Washington, ho has been a blind follower of Martin Van liuren: that ho was olio of the ilfi men who could be found ready to disfranchise the sovereign state of Xew Jelsny, by Voting against an nmuiiliniail to a resolution ordering the committee on elrctions fb return the number of votes cast at that election, which ainendiiii nt provided for inserting the word " Iwal." Ik fore "voles," ihus voting (n order a report otill'iiitl votes for the tietion of the house : thnt he nftcrvvaids voted to admit the live Van liuren claimant impostors to S' nt-. in the house, in derogation of the rinhls of the people of Xevv Jersey : that he voted for the snbtrea s,;iy, and bason all other questions been found among the enemies" to your mteiests. lSiiiiiiiiber these things at the polls, and let a tritttn uli-il innioiitv for ihe candidate this day selected bv ileleirali s from anui'iir yourselves, prove to the world how completely and unworthily the fourth district bus been niisri presented in tlio tvventy-sixtu (, ongress S2'EECJJ Or llOTi. Y?I. J.USVIS, AT TIIE WHIG CONVENTION AT WINnsOE, JCLV I, IK-JO. Mn. l'nr.sinr.NT anh Fia r.ovv Citizens : Recently u speech has been brought under my no ti -o, putpoiting to be made by 0. 1. Van Ness, nt a van Utiren Democratic meeting liciil nt Woodstock, not Ioiil' since, which it was in v intention to have euniiuentcil upon at tlio v lug ( lonvcntion at HuiJjig ton; lint was prevented lrom attending that nufsnnj by ill health. 1 shall tbeiefoie avail nivstlf of thi occasion to olfer a few roinaiks in reply to it. Mr. Van Xcs.- commences by assuring bis bearers of his sound Republican principles, and the consistency of Itis political course. lie next attempts to prove tnal lie) van t.uren ucmocrntic party ot tne present day is tho continuation of the same party which eleva ted .Mr. Jefferson, nnd sustained his principles, and supported .Mr Madison in 1712, T.l and '11. On tlio other hand, that ttiu party which now oppose Mr Van Union, "is the remains and continuation of the old l-eileral party, founded by Alexander Hamilton," and which supported the "odious and arntocralic mea sures of the administratisn of John Adams, during the yea is 170a nnd 1711!) ;" and ho has nmdo many ass -r-tions and several quotations to prove this sweeping declaration, and further, to prove that the present ud miliislration party hive preserved, ltnrhnngcei, the principles of tho old Jellersonian Republican tmrlv. This spi eeh is a tissue of sophistry, in which no one conclusion is justified by tho pictiiises. He has as sumed much without proving any thing. There are manvass-itions without the ! shallow of truth fur their foundation : and u here facts are nuotcd, they are invn tiablv followed by false conclusions, us 1 think I shall bo able to show ill the sequel. Mr. Van Ne;s snvs hcisu lawyer. As a lawyer, h ought to know thata nun, to bo worthy of behrf, must come into court vwth eleiiu hands; that he must not not have a direct or contingent interest in the issue of tho cause. Will any one who knovys C, 1. Van Xoss, say. upon his conscience, thnt he is a vurc nnd imunr- Hal witness ; that be is actuated by an immediate or prospective motive of personal advantage ; that Ins object is tho good of Ills country, without a siuUtcr tiope ut lieuclit to liiniseil f It uuy such there m e, 1 think, in duo s.-ason, I shall be able to prove that they havo mistaken the diameter ot tho man. He wishes to have it understood that for thirty-six years ho has been a sti ady, uniform Republican' Democrat. It is true, that lienctul with tho Rrpiibhcan P.iitv of Vex inont, so long as tlu-y cotiferted upon him offtcs of nonor or cmuiiiiueni i nut so s ion as tuey witiuu.-iti them, he deserted tint party. In this desertion ho violated his good faith to the "Slate, his fidelity to the Republican jinny, and outraged the pledges that he nan veruauy given id many iiiuivmuais, nnu oilier w hich no u. in inauu in w ruing. If ever a nun owed faith to, a people C, P. Van Ne did. lo the people ol Vermont. Ho had been electee to all the minor offices of the State1. Thu neoide'i Representatives in f'ongiess had recommended him In no a t.ommissioncr tor settling thu iNnrth l.a.Mer: lioiiudnrv. under the treaty of CShcnt : to bo the (.'ol lector of (customs at HiirliiiL'ton; tho .State Lecisla turc had elected him to l t hief Justice ot the State, nnd the people had elected him for Ciuvernor: niicl men claimed tlio olliee ot Senator ol tho United .Stat s. At this tune, sevcn-eiL'liths of tho tieop o of mo state wcio trie warm supporters ol the adminis tration of John (iuiney Adams, hut it was understood that when .Mr. Vim "Sess ictitrnud from Xcw Voik, in 1721, ho wan disposed to advocate the pretensions oi Mr uiawtoiii, anil tlic Itepulihcan party ol the stale wi ro disinclined to elect him to the .Senate of thu t'tuti-d Slates, To overcome their .scruples as to his fidelity, he was compelled verbally to pledge himself to n taiililul support oi .Mr. Adams ailiiunistrntion and lo several lie travo written pledges to this ellect 11 .tlr. Van Aes. dares to deny this, at least one ol Ins written pledges shall bo published. Thu intrigue for hii election to the Senato in October, lS'-i", began as enrly as .May, of tho snino year; nnd so succospfid had'he and a few of his pcrsunil friends been, that at tlio uu iingol mo Legislature!! was generally Poliew-i ho would be (beted. Hut thanks be to (!ov. (ialush nnd a few of the oldest Republicans of tho Stale, who r.uevv Hun bolter than tlio younger members. Horatio neymour was necieu ny a snrui majority, nun i;. r Van .Vest defeated. Soon after, this mire Itenubliran this runsh'ent patriot, discovered that John Uuinc.v Adams' ndmimstrntinn was wrong; llmisoveneighths of tho peoplo of Vermont, who supported 11, Were likewise vvioiig, and that Andrew Jackson nnd his support! rs were the only true Democratic party i nnd in- I.S-.III-U ii in iiiiiiianiory proclamation against ine u PUIiuen 1 party, l or t us v.o latum nt Ins n ei ncs llldivultials, nnd lie.achery In Ibn Stsle. m w-ns fin illv lewnrilnl with nn embassy lo Spain, wjlh mi outfit of nine inousanii iioiiurs, ami n salary ol iiuio thoiisiind oouaisa year, ior live or nix years boiiio liny sixty thoiisiind dollais. for his want of iowl f-iiib the people of Vermont, who by the various favors they had conferred on him, had given him tbecoiipeniience he possessed. Jim it serins ibntall ibooiriceH w-bieb he Imd previously held, nnd this largo palronago (muted to i him by our modern Democratic Adimnis irntion, will not satisfy his cormorant nppetite. lie nns come nnionest us mmin. lo cniiven t m firren Mouiiiniii J-'itrniers lo tho Van Hureii faiihi for vvlueli, if successful, ho is to hnvo number embassy, or sonio other equally lucrative employment. All must allow, that tins isn proper man lo ndvoenle tho causo of inoikri) Demncrney ! lint ho tells us ihnl modern Di'inocrnev is Jell'ersoniiin Democracy. I was a Jcf ferHonian Republican, but cannot recognize a singlo point : of reseiiiblnnce between ilm Democmey oI'Mar t it i an Uiirrn and 'i'liomas Jollernnti. .Mr.Mell'erwm prn"ticed what be preached. Hi, curiailed all tho su pei Ihious olliees, bolh at homo nnd abroad bu wns economical of the people's money) bo lessened tho publi" expenses fothndo the publie officers, under ponnllv of being disclmrccil from their offices, in In. tcrfero in tho frocdom of election ; ho did not turn out of office meritorious men, becnuso ihey ontert'i'med political opinions dillercnt finm his own ho did not employ hireling pnrtizniiH lo run nhout tho country, io deliver speeches, ndyncaling 1 lis ro-clcctinn, Ho believed, that if hW administration was wise, prudent and rcononiicnl, nnd prnmoicd the welfare nf tho peo ple, bo should seenro iho good will and support of tho people, He further believed, that no misrepresenta tion through thopiosK, oreunnipiily devised deception or falsehood, uttered by travelling orntors, under pnv or oxpcclation of pay from his administration, could make a sagacious people believe that ho wis not hlnmeablc for measures that had proved highly des tructive' to their interests, in lilsnppoiiltmcnt toottlec the question wns, Is Ho nonest, cnpniite, nnu laitiuui to tlie Constitution 1 It wns a lending principle with him, thnt enchbrnnehoftho Government should act independently of tho other) that is, that the Executive should not inteifcre with, or attempt to control tho nction of the House of Representatives, or tho Senate, or the Judiciary. Another principle vvas.that the public money was tlic money ot tne people, nnu ougni to no kept under the control of tho peoplo's Kepresentativest as tho Secretary of tho Treasury was inado subordin ate to the peoplo's Hcprescntalivcs, nnd not to the President. These vvero the doctrines nnd pinctices of Jcllorson. Contrnst them with tho Jackson and vnn liuren Democracy. Reform in public offices wni promised to Ihoncoplo-t tho practice has been to turn out honest, cniiafdi', faithful men, and put in brawling liarlizans. Their number hns been greatly increased, nnd tlieir salniies advanced about fifteen Per cent, tell per cent, of which hns been deducted us a lunu lor electioneering purposes. Retrenchment of public cxncnditiiro was promised i hut instead of retrenchment, thu public expenditures have increased fioni thirteen to thirty-seven millions) and nnunrlcr. Mr. Van Ness and his party try to i'tt liil of this bv n Jesuitical distinction between "or dinary nnd extraordinary expenses." I say tho whole c.xticiulitnreof J. (It. Adams' administration. bolh ordi nary and extraordinary, for the four ye ars that ho was President, was loss than thirteen millions ti year, tho National debt excepted. I further say, thnt from thu first year of Jackson's ndiniutslriiiion, tlic profligate wnslo of the public money gradually increased, until 13i7. it ninnnnted to thirty seven millijiis and a Hur ler, and in 1833 to thirty-four millions, also exclusive ol tne iviuoiiai ueiii; nun tlio pco ue win uoiu ems administration nccounlublc for this profuse expendi ture. They had largo majorities in liolli Houses ol Congress in their favor, nnd had not those expendi tures accorded with the parly object of those majori ties, thev could nnd they vvo'uld have prevented them. Hut had'they reduced tliosc expenditures within the stiict standard of economy which marked tho admin istration of Mr. Jefferson, or even within the expenses of the trtriirtipnnl administration, as they loudly as serted it lo lie, ol Joint u. Adams, nicy would not have hud millions to squander away upon foreign em bassies, leg bail sub-treasurers, run-away nud frau dulent land agents, Florida war and oilier contractors, and the hundred other ways in which tho people's money ins neon squandered, io pay ior partisan ser vices. The people, too, were told by JacKson, that it was dangerous lo their liberties, to lunu members of ongress appointed to any office m tho gift of the icsnlelit during tho term for which thev were elected ml for two years thereafter ! nnd vet within tlm iu-n titst years of Jackson's administration, lie appointed more members of Congress to office) than all his pre decessors nut together, had done! Jackson, in bis inaugural, declared it to be his imberative duly to pro- vi lli uiu; iMiiiniiiije iuilllllj 111 coniUCl Willi l ho lieedom of elections ; nud yet wo see Post masters Maishals, Collectors, and tlieir subordinates, Land Agents, Mail eouti.actots, and a whole host of other recipients of the, publi- money, interfering in town, county, state, and federal elections. Instead of each department oi tup Government moving in its consti tutional sphere, it is notorious that Jaeks-on and Van Huron have entirely controlled tho decisions of both branches of Congress, upon all political and party questions, and that Jnckson attempted to interfere with nnd control tho decisions of tho Federal Judiciary. The Federal Constitution declares, that this compact was lormcd py tins peoplo to promote the.r welfare, and this was the doclrincand practicoof the Jefi'erson inn school, liut Martin Vnn Huron replies to a peti tion oi uio people ior reuei, mat "ine people expect loo much finm the ftovcrnment." Wc read that in nncioit days, when the peoplo asked their rulers for bread they "gave thcin stones. I have now contrasted tho sincere profession nnd honest practices of Mr. Jelfcrson's ndminisiintion vvitli tne hollow tiroljss.ons imd corrupt nnd despotic practices ol tho past and present administrations. If lair prolession and lout practices are an evidence of Democracy, tlieio cnu ho nodoulit thnt the administra tions of Jnckson and Van liuren nro the most Demo cratic thnt this or any other country ever saw. As a member of the old Republican party, I spurn theim- putatlon vvitli scorn, tlial t ne prac ices oi the past and present adiiiinistiations an; applicable to thoso of i nomas Jilieisoii nniuamcs .itailison. 'I hey were honest men, and their measures wcie guided by what thev sincerely believed would promote tho welfare of the people and tho good of their country ; nnd not withstanding the embarrassments which our com- mcri'c expeneuceil by an J.tirupcnn war of nn uncom monly vindictive character: by onlirs of Council. and iierlin nnd Milan decrees, in addition to a direct war on our part with emu of thoso belligerents, grovy ingoiit of impressments of our seamen and unlawful sei.urcs of our vessels, vet the prosperity of our coun- iry was es'-euiiauy anvniiccu unuer pom ol mosc nd- iiiuiiiuiuiiiins. ujui.i-ii imr s IU.-1UUU (.'ICH. uoivvil l standing those nttmcroje drawbacks to our prosperity with our situation iiuir. when wc have had no foreiirn nggresbion, no embargo, no, no war witn a toreign nation to retard our advancement u wealth; and whatdo wo witness ? A deranged cur rcnev. trade suspended, even that which is tho most important oi nil to tlic country, tho trado butween ono section of the. Union and the other, nut a stop to; ow ing to the want of currency of uniform value throiiL'h- out tho country; one halt of our enterprising, netive merchants in a state of bankruptcy; our manufactories suspended; agricultural productions fallen nearly one half, and in very limited demand at nny price; our mechanics without profitable employment, nnd tho wnges ot i.-inor greatly reduced. All these eliccts must be traceable to some adequate cause'. Then, the question arises, what isthocauo of this disastrous stale of things? I-'yery political economist Knows iiiai a suuu currency is as essential to an ac tivi, and healthy state of business, asis the natural cir dilution of the blood to a healthy state of tho body ucr.ingc ine loruicr, aim general embarrassment tol- lows; unpcciu tlio latter, ana general disease ensues Until (ten. Jackson assumed thoiesnousibilitv. in di rect violation of law, to seize upon the public treasure and to destroy a currency of unifjrm value-, which was ine .iesi tnni nny naiioii in ine world liadariangcd tor a people, nnd which was particularly suited to lb nanus, wants, nnu condition ot our country, our march to piosoeritv was ouvvaid nnd foi word. Jnck son nnd his Administration, however, promised us a lietter currency, and ihe peopla vvero deceived into ao quiescence ny this promise, in order that the t llects of his nrbitiary act should be concealed fiom tbopiib liceyc, tho Administration cncjuragid partisan Stales to increase tlieir isanuing capital, supposing that an incicaso of thu local circulation would prove n remedy for the evils likely to result from thu want ofnn imi ifiirm eiirircncc. TJjnis tlio Hanking cifTTital of our country, from lSJ'i to lo;i7, wnsiucieased about sev enty per cent. Thu people, when left to manage their own all.iirsin their own vvay, had petitioned the Legislatures of their respective States for ns many Hanks as were required lor iho business concerns of tho community : nud as this additional capital was beyond our business wants, it must have lam unem ployed, unless it had been lent to speculators. To speculators, then, it was It nt. This false move of the Adimnistriitiou engendered the speculations of lSJl, '3") nnd 'HI. Tlio Administration became alarmed nt the probable conseqiienees, and as a corrective', issued the specie Circular. Hut this new experiment, inten ded as .a lenie-dv. increased tho I'lnbrirrrassineni. bv (iuiwing the gold and silver from our seaports, where il was required toenablo the Hanks to redeem their bills with specie, to send it to the Western States, to bo locked up by Land Agents and other Sub-trcasur-eis; and was thus withdrawn from circulation. This move of our sagacious President: nnd that profound financier Levi Woodbury, aided by tho ndvico of the Heaven-porn Amos nnu .viaiiin van liuren, hastened iho catastrophe, and compelled I ha Hanks, much against their inclination, to suspend specie payments in tho spring of 1637. The vials of wrath fiom tlio White House vvero immediately poured out upon tho devoted heads of tho Hanks: and the Globe and all the other organs immediately sworo that tho President and tho Cabinet vvero free Irom the sin, and that the llanKs nnu ilcnnerntiiy cqt their own throats, with m tent to iniure tho Administration. Tlieir partisans ev i ry where caught iqi tho cry, and in all tho notes of gamut, council It irom ear to ear. Mr. Van Nesa, like a cunning lawyer, who can JR. Itufora wo were entirely relieved from the llfects of thoso causes, the Hank of England resumed spe cie payments, after having suspended payments in sjiecio for about n quarter of a century. Hoth this suspension and tho resumption, were directed by acts of Parliament, lly the return to specie payments. thovnlitesot properly were to some extent changed in Unglnnd, and considerable embarrassment ensued J and inostot tnoiMiglisli houses were compeiieu io can upon American merchants, forttho payment ofnrrears. To prevent in future thoso embarrassments, largely oecasioncu ny over importations, a protective inriu was loudly called for, that wo might. supjdy our own wants, from our own workshops, and thus rcliovo us from our state of indebtedness to foreign nations) nud from tlio dnliger of tho vicissitudes of their trado re-acting upon our country. Tho remarks in Niles' Register and by ."Mr. Clay in tho House, vvcrointended to promote) this desirable policy and those of Mr. Webster, to show the ellect thai the sudden change from an en tile paper, to n part paper, and part metallic medium produced both in Kngland and in (Ins country. lint although the causes 1 havo enumerated were sufficient ly aggravated to produce general distress, yet I appeal to every old ninn, and to every inntt whoso recollec tion extends so far back, whether there was ono fifth part of tlio distress pervading the country generally, during that period, (lint is now universally felt through out our country. I repent, that tho9o vvero obv.uus causes, sufficient to produce distressing cflccls i and I vvillnsk what other rational causes can bo fairly as sIlmiciI. for tho present disastrous statu of things in our country, beside tltoso which I have enumerated ? From 192 1 lo '3 1 our country Brnduall v ndvaticcd in wealth, nil branches of industry being in a prosperous condition, itoiii lb.n to tyiu mo rcverso nas men tho case. Wc havo cither been nvcr-nctc I upon by tho feverish excitement of speculation, or paralyzed by the experiments of the statu eptack-doctors in pow er) Cich experiments producing n more deleterious eireet upon tne body politic than the preceding one, until thu speeiro-nitovisngo ol want stores every ono in tho face. Perhaps I have said enough to satisfy every ono of thu failney and falseness of Mr Vnn Ness' attempted exposition; hut some otheri of his remarks may bo deemed worth a passing notice. Instead of treating his question fairly and discussing it honestly, ho resorts to the subterfuge of tho part ridge when boniest is approached: sho llioa a littlo dis tant, rustles her feathers, appears to bo wounded, till sho draws tho attention of the assailant, then goes fur ther and further, until her nest is out of danger, nnd Hies off. So with Mr. Van Ness, llu llutters nhout his subject nnd fmally flics oil' toby-gone prejudices and party diirerenecs", in order to draw oil' thu public attention from tlic measures of tho present Adminis tration, and the wounds the country is now writhing under, from its pernicious policy. Hut the I ttlo magician's wand is broken; ho cannot conjure up the ghost of Hamilton, or former party an imosities, to excuse his conduct. As well might Mac beth expect to bo forgiven by the ghost of Manque, as ho to receive a pardon from tho people, for the numer ous evils ho hns brough t upon them, by his mal-admin-istratiou. Suppose ho applies to our bankrupt merchants, and tells tliein their opposition to his ruinous measures, winch have Drought poverty and starvation upon their wives anil children, s a proof that they aro "Ilumil lonian Federalists." Let him call on our Manufactu- ers, who have been mined by his vilo policy, nnd tell if mill that il thev opposo Ins re-election, they shall be denounced by that pointed vehiclo of slander, tho Cnobe, as "a continuation of the old federal party, founded by Alcxandei Hamilton." Let him nppeal to tho i-armors, tho products ol whoso induslry have been lessened one-hnlf, nnd preach to them the doc trine of implicit obedience and non-resistance to tho powers that he, lest they too uo denounced as "v eder alists of the old school." Let him call on tho Me chanics and Working Men, nnd urge ns a well-found ed ciami ior tne r sup port, tint nc nas consulted iwen- tv-twoof tho hard tiuney monarchies of I-'urope', and they have alt stated that they have treasuries in which to deposit the iiiony that they forcibly extort from the iaru earnings oi iiuir poverty stricnen suujccis; nnu irther slato that in the opinion of thoso governments, tho smallest pittianco upon which human life can sub sist is all that ought to bo allowed to the laborinc classes; as all the rest js required to maintain tho King, his mistresses, courtiers nnd minions in splen dor, to furnish ostentations palaces,) and gorgeous "J-.ast Rooms," totiedecle his table with magnihcenl ornaments, to eat from services of gold, with gold spoons and Iork, and gold handled Knives, 'llicsi nro the examples thata Democratic President rocoui mends to his Democratic followers as worthy of imitation. Messrs. Hiicliannu and Walker, two Democratic Senators in tho confidence of tho President, have al ready told the people, that tho wages of labor must he reduced to the standard ol those lianl-moncy couu- This is what is modestly calleii modern Democracy; and Mr. Van Ness is sent on n mission to the intel ligent, industrious, hard-woiking Farmers Manu facturers, Mechanics nnd working men of tho Green Mountains, lo solicit their sullrages to elect his patron Martin Van Huron, to tho Presidency of the U. Stat.'s. And what reason does he offer to induce them to commit this act of political suicidol Why that Al exander Hamilton, in 1787. in a speech, recommend ed a high-toned Federal Constitution; ergo, that all who oppose Martin Vnn Huron's election, aro Feder alists. What admirable logic! How conclusive! ! ! Now let mo try my band in chopping logic. The moon is rounu auii a green cneese is round, ergo, the moo ns a green cneese. as i uo novo jtr. van iNess does not belong to tho temperance socielv. I will out nnu a uoiuc oi itiu uesi .-menu, ti at mine is the most logical deduction) and will leave it to any Professor in any of ourCollegcs to decide tho question. Hut Mr. Van Ness savs. the Whigs of tlio present day are in favor of thu measures of Washington's administration, vb: a Hank of the United Statcs'and a funding system; und this is another sage proof that we are -a coniiniiaiion oi ine niu i-oueral party. 1'er haps Mr. Van Ness knows that the modern Demo crats havo a mortal aversion to the payment of tlieir honest debts ) and that the payment ol the debts con tracted in our Revolutionary War, may bo deemed n political heresy by that patty. Hut honest men do not tiuuic so. The Hank of tho United States.too. isanothe rberet ieal measure in tho opinion of tho madern Democrats. Who passed the law creuliiiu that liankf It was nnss cd m 171)1 by in ij jritioa in both branches of Congress when a largo majority oi memhers in both branches were either Revolutionary patriots, or bad been mum. hers who framed tho Constitution; men of us much ta cut. ot as nuro patriotism and honesty ns cy.-r Un. nilied n legislative body; and that law was nppioved by tho Father of his Country, Georgk Wasiiinoton Such men denounced by C. P. Van Ness! Why, it is imu iien "iiict .iriiuio, mier ins ireuenery anil deser tion, ill a circular letter, denouncing out Revolutionary v lugs, as knaves and rebels! ! Tho members of tho fnt Congress, with Washington at tlieir head,believed a National Haul; both constitutional and e.xpeelijnl; mid cci tniu it is, that gient publicgood flowed from that measure. vv ho recommended the charter of the second Hank in messages of 1813 nnd'IGI James Mapison, an able statesman, and as honest a man ns ever broke tho bread of life. And who supported the measure tu Congress? J. C. Calhoun, tho lamented Lownders, Henry Chy, nnd nil the other Republicans in Congress of tho Jellersonian school; nnd vet this turn black into while, attempts to evndo tho truo epics tion, by quoting sundry parngrnpsfroii) Niles' Regis ter, .Mr. Clay's, and Mr .Mr. Webster's speeches ii order to prove that the present deep-seated distress in our country, has been experienced before, and there fore that this Atninistration is not responsible for tho present, nitu.wr. vnn .ess neon acquainted with trade, currency, finances, or practical political comm. my, as well us ho knows how, by nrlful sophistry, to uiiivo wrong appear rigni, ivwuuninnuiii lieen honest in his intentions, ho would have drawn a vcrv i iHercnt conclusion from his own premises. It is true, thero was considerable embarrassment felt in our country, from HIS to 1821; and to men atall acquainted with the laws of trade, tlio causes vvero very obvious. In tho first place, in 1P15 lliero was a general pcaco inrnticiioui mo L.nrisiian worm, niitr a sanguinary nn.l ileuti-iieliL'ii wn r nf luvnl i ..1?.....;., . general cause of great eiubarrasnient in iho cummer cinl world. The peneo found F.uropo without foreign supplies, nun inu prcmiiua long wnrs nail dcslroyei niu commercial iiiarino oi Italy, npiiui, I'lnnce, Hoi land, nud tho Hanso towns. Our enlernrisiinr mer chants profited by ibis slate of things, nnd inado largo Bhininenls from Ihn ITnilnil SVnloo fr,.. ,1... I'-.,. .l West Indies to coiitiuciltiiil I'.urone. Dnrimr 1HIR nm '10 thoso shipments aflbrded a fair profit ; Inn in 1B17 when wn negan io encounter the competition of tl Kiirnnrnn nations in their own boiintus. nor inn proved less ndvnntitgeons: and in 1819. when tlm r.u. roneini nations hnd rc-niiMiiizod their commerced marine, wo sustained very benvy losses, lly tho most ncoiirnlncnlcnbitinns of thu soundest merchants in our l-'uropenii trade during thai ye-ar, wn lost thir ty percent, of thu capital employed. This caused citinnrritssmciii iiiinnin, uur nn rcimiiis, nnu re-iietei upon tho whole productive nidus rv ol our country, Another causo which largely contributed lo inerenso our emimrinsomcntstinil lo reduce puces nt home. nun uiu it H ill 111 IIIU UIIIIIIIII llllllCH III IOIO, Oil l kinds of inaiiufacliireH except lhusnnf cmion. wide on tho ono bund, broke down our woolen and all oth cr manufacturing establishments, exer-m ibntn f cnt ton i and on llto oilier hand threw tlio door wido open lo immense importations fiom Hnglnud, nivl oilier foreign countries, of nil tho unprofccYcd articles, This lei I immense nainnecs against us, nun to l-hitnpe, tlint gronlly aggravated tho coiiuncricinl dfficultie s, which find been occasional, by the losses stislnlnril bv our navigation interests, in the latter pin of 1817 and which was to bo enforced only during tho continuance of hostilities, compared with flint, of raising a military force or 200,000 men, 100,000 of which number aie to kept constantly organized and embodied. This 100, 000 nro to bo officered, to bo pniil, to bo clothed and to bo provisioned by tho President) and aro to ho subro dinatu to hi? will and subject to his orders) and for disobedience, aro to bo subject to the pains nnd penal lies nf in-irlinl I nu.'. No other officers will bo select ed tlinn such as aro known to be his warm and decided partisans, nnd who hnve been thoroughly taught tho doctrine of implicit obedicltco and non-resistance to his will, unco pass tho law and organize incui, nnu it will then bo discovered, thnt us cihens of tho Uni ted Slates, Ihey hnvo a right to voto for President and Vice President wherever tlioy may tic, and n law will bo Passed to thiseU'ecti and also to voto for slato offi cers in tho statu from which thev vvero drafted, Now lot us seetho effect. Vermont has n majority of f000 against tlic Administration. Just anterior to tlio Pres idential election, tho public scrvico will require that 7.rnn of tbosn troons should bu sent into this state. They will vote at tho election for Floctors, agteeably to tho orders ot their olhccrs, anil cast f, mm votes in favor of tho Presidential incumbent, which will over balance by200, Iho majority of tho freemen against hinii and thus secure the electoral voto of the state to tho incumbent. New York may have 13000 against tho President, but the Public services will rcfuiro that 2 )000 nf these troops shall bo stnlioned there) mid thus tho electoral voto of that statu will likewise bo secured for him. This process will also be extended to Penn sylvania, to Ohio, and any other statu that is deemed necessary to cirry, to secure the President's re-election! nud thus the incumbent will secure his ro-clcctinn so long as ho chooses, and by the samo means appoint his successor. I know that these men aro to bo called thennhlia; but a crafty lymnt will secure bis end by the same in siduntis movements and stealthy steps, thata eat poun ces iimn her nrey. M'his ree.nniiiieiidation of Air. Vail Huren and Mr. Poinsett, to place under tho President's control 200,000 men, is ono of thu most bold, daring j ..v,.r niili.rml in In 1 1 if. hrnitlS flf (TllflV despot) and certainly would not discredit tho cold blooded cnnninir of nn Octavius Cmsar or tho kingly craft of a Louis tho eleventh of France Onco passsach a law, and tho liberties of this country arc at an end, unless regained by a bloody civil vyar. Ju lius: Ca!.s,ar said. Give mo money, nnd I will obtain soldiers; give me soldiers, and I will obtain money. Ho had soldiers, ho marched to Rome, ho sei.edtho public treasuries, and from that day ho and his sue- 1 1.1 .1... T If 1... AT.Vn., 11,,,.,,. ccssors linen uiu iviniiiiii i-.iniiiii;. i.ii ...ii .....s.i Ij iir.r'nrr tlirmmli rtiinnress Ins ''Indenendetit Treas ury, WHICH will give llllll nil! ruuinii in inu iunii., purse. In addition to which, givo him tho control of 200,000 men, and ho will bo in this country, what Honaparto was in hraiicc, a master umess some Waterloo defeat should restore to us our liberties. Mr. Van Ness seems to think this Independent Treasury avory innocent scheme, a mere measure for ,ni,i bst.l eider, nntticont Oetierfll. &c. cic., were deemed by tho moderate men ot their own party, too 1. . I tV. I ... ,.1.1 llnti-i.t t, WISH gross a)i insult io uo oueieu iu un "m -and staloMtiandiko Governor nnd Legislator, and n bravo find skilful General, nnd that thu wholu West nnd thu country at targe," " fence; their party papers, and Mr. Vnn iNcis among them, hnvo wheeled lo the tight about face, and de clare that Gen. Harrison "was born of high and rich parentage," "lias nlvvnys been nnd now is n ninn of largo property, nnd lives in largo house, nnd that lie is much richer than Mr. Van Huren." It is true that lienjamin Harrison, the father of William IL Harri son, was a man ofiroperly ) ho was a member of the old Congress from Virginia, nnd signed tlio Delnra tion of Independence, stood sido by side with Thomas Jillerson, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, and the other Whigs in that body, when they pledget their lives, tlieir fortunes, nud tlieir sacred honor, m de fence of tho liberties of their countryi nnd throughout ,. I i;c. il,,. cnn. William 11. Harrison, has dis played the salllO unyielding uevoiion in uuiliicu ui uiu rights altll lltiertlCSOI Ills country mm nin ii-iww .mi-"' liut it is not true that General Harrison is ns rich ns at.,.,;,, v..., itnrnn ins tiriiirinn pro ncriv nc ug i s farm ut tho North Bend, on which ho lives, nnd la- bora with m own hands. His house is a niam, res ..,.i.,l,ln iu sinrv u-imilcii bouse, painted white. Mr, Van liuren, on uio reverse, nas uio repuiuuo being worth hnlf ninillion of dollars. He hns been thirty-six years in public life. Mr. Van Ness says "his parentage was poor, nnd lie began poor., His law business, undoubtedly, has not been sufficient to pay his expenses'. Henceit must appear that ho has tarnished his private garners iioiiiiii.iiiuy num mu public crib. It is said that he holds a lino landed es tate in oncoi ino western counties in rai iun, iliinlt Dsu-nitm but bv what "ciook'd" vvnvsho entile into possession of thnt property, I will not sny. With his pnvnto hie. i nave notning to uo i wait ms io nn .u sins, something) tlio blast of the sirocco not being moro withering to the suriounumg lounge, mini ins measures havebcen to Iho industry of bis country. Another prooi otieren oy .ir. v .in nis"i ii . Whigs nru "a continuation of tho old Jretlcral party, paid partisan has the impudence to deal out bisilenon ciations broad-cast ngainst those men, and who now .approve oi that measure Hut ."Mr. Van Ness says tltat Mr. Jefferson was on posed to thu first Hank: in coiifenucnco of which a schism ensueilth.1t induced him to retireinto private life. This betrays gross ''iioranco of tho history of tho timesjor nn intenhoiinl perversion of tlio truth. I ho act creating tho first Hank was passed the 25th Febll'irv. I7!)l. and it is certain Mr. Jefferson did not retire from tho cabinet, till the latter jiort of" 17P5 or tho early part of I70li; so that whatever his opinions vvero in regard to that measure, it was not iho e.atiso ol his resigning his ollireasho continued to bo Sec rotary of Stalo for nearly fivo yenrs thereafter. It is also equally true, that after Mr. Jellerson was inaugit mte'd.Presiilenl on the -lib March 160I. tho nubile rev. enuo wns coiilinued to bo deposited in ilm I'liiinl .7i.ut.-i mum nun un iii.ineoes ior me eight v ears no continued motlicc; nud tho other leading financial measures ot Washington s Administration vvero chcr isheil unit fostered throughout his Administration, Mr. Van Ness savs that hu has made a defence of 31 r. an liuren s Administration. For my own part 1 havo seen no attempt at defence. I havo seen much abusive slang against thu Whigs and a labored effort to itidenlify them vvitli tho high toned opinions of AI. exaiuler Hamilton, and the obnoxious measures of tlio elder Admits Administration, I will not nttempta parallel between Fomeoftbn acts oi rre9idents .laeieson and Van llnrcu nnd ibei partisans in Congress, with thoso of nny nreceilin Administration, for tevrrnl of those acts, liavo been o'i" so atrociuus a character ns not lo ndnut of nny parral lei in our political history. To some 1 havo iilludiil Others I will now mention. Thu enormous stretch ol tho veto power, tho expenditure of tho public inon ey without tho authority of tho law; the sending inin isiers abroad to remain but a few days with an outfit salary aim expenses mine, ninoim nig In S ''.' so ). ns i reward for pat lisiui services: employment nl'nuhlienil'i cers throughout the union ns partisan ngents in all elections; ilm declaration in tho Senate In nf the confidential Iriends of Mr. Van Huren, that "tho spoils belonged to Iho victors;" iho expulsion of members of Congress elected according lo the Constitution nud tho laws of their state, from their scuts; the refusal to al low flvo members to Inko Ihcir seats in Congress who bud their legal crttificates, nnd in their Mend voting in fivo who vvero not legally elected and repealing a stand ma rule of tho Houso of Representatives (which had been adopted at thu first Congress) in order togivelho majority a moro despotic control over tlio proceedings of llto Houso. ' " , Another measure nftha Administration party which imperatively requires tho most decided reprobation of tho pcople, is, tbonltcnint to defraud llioold Stales of their vast propel ty in iho Public Lands, bv trans ferring them tho now Slates, obviously proffered as n bribe for their support of Martin Van Huron's re eloehon, "Air. Vnn Ness talks about tho high toned measures of tho elder Adams' administration. Tho most nb. noxious measure of thnt Administration wa the law for raising an army of -10,000 men, during tho con. tiniiance of tho hostilities which then existed between this con itry and I'nrncei nnd it wns considered ns grunting to the Projidcnl a dangerous power nnd ex citing eonidcblen1.irm in thn minds of ninny lion st patriots. Dot what was tlio dsnycr of i Imt law, tho safetyof the public money i but in 1931 when first broached, Jlr. Ritchie of the. Richmond Fnquirer, de nounced it. as a power, in the hands of tho President, dangerous to our liberties) and so said tho Globe, with t in addition that tt would a ore tho means of the pub lic monies being robbed by a hundred hands where then only one could reach it. Kven Gen. Jackson declared thai trusting uio purso nnu ine sworn to tne Kxccutivc, would bo granting a power which, if ini tironcrlv used, might prove dangerous to tho liberties of our country. The first Congress, principally com posed oi our ivevuiiiiiniitiiy i;uuois, wutu su jyutoiis ui the piimic purse, nnu cons.ucrcii uic purse nnu tno sword in tho samo hands so dangerous to our liberties that they refused to pass a law giving to tho President thocontrolot tho Treasury. Tho department oi state, of War. and of tho Navv. vvero made F.xccutivo de partments, directly under tho control of thn President and subjected lo bis orders : bo being bv tho Consti tutioii in;iuu vimiiiri;niL-i-iii,ijini;i ui uiu niiiiy .un navv, and our foreign negotiations nnd relations heim confided to his charge Hut tho Treasury was (da ccd under tha exclusive control of Congress, all re ports from that department, being niado to, nnd its regulations being directly by, that body. For tho truth of this, examine the laws organizing iho depart incuts. To day. however tho nuro modern Democrats de clare, that our Revolutionary fathers were over can lions, and that placing the purse and the sword m the I'resulent s hands, isporlectly sale, proper, and waso, If the peoplo trust th"in, thev will rue tho eonscqitcn tos, if power is continued in Van Huron's hands. Ir Van Ness. too. thinks that this power placed in th hands of tho immaculate Van liuren, will bo not only safe, but salutary, lie has already luxuriated upon Treasury pay, under the clear sKyunn amidst inenno vintnt'cs oi own ii. 11 1111 ins mug. nam ii.iiiio n nin- come as round as a Dutch Imrgn-master's ; but in gaining the rotundityof his paternal ancestors, he has not regained the honest, Irani?, straight lorward eha meter of a Dutchman. Mr. Van Ness undertakes to vouch for th? uniform Republicanism and political consistency of Martin Van liuren : but it happens that in Vermont tho wit ness has lost all credit for sound Republicanism, or political consistency. Doubtless in 1S nine freemen of Vermont out of ten would have pronounced him faithless tolus pledges nnd to tho old Republican party, vvesna t uereioro want amoren u nineacuauie witness than he is, to clear Mr. Van Huron's character from the imputation of gros tergiversation. I hnevv but littleof Mr. Van Huren before 1312, for ho was not till that time much known out of his State but I do know, that m 1912 do v itt Clinton was sup nortcei bv the Federal parly in New-York for Prcsa dent in onnositiou to 3Ir. Madison. I further know that Alartm vnn isurcn co-operated with tne i-ciicrni party in promoting his election ; and I also knovv.that a very large portion ot tno itepuuiican party support ed there-election of Mr. Madison, as did the whole Remit) bean party throughout tho United States. Kvcrv new success of our arms made the war morn popular: nud Mr. Van Huren, with eat-liko watchful- perceiving mat ine current oi puune opinion was setting in lavor oi tno war, ucserteu uo nut mnion, paddled his canoo into that cm rent, and floated with it. Whin the Hudson and Hriu canal was projected by Mr. Clinton, 31r. an liuren pronounced ita wild impracticniilc scneme, wmcu was going to involve, un state in an inextricable debt, and coiuteoiislv denoun ced the shemeas "the visionary big ditch." The State sustained .Mr. Clinton s views, and niter the canal nan progressed, so far ns to place it beyond doubt that would succeed, the scales fell fiom Mr. Van liuren' eves, nnd he became its warm supporter, and again th prolcssed Iriciul oi .ur. e.nnion. ism no sooner nan lio nnd his friends got the ascendancy in the Legisla ture, than Do Witt Clinton was unceremoniously dis missed from the principal direction of the canal. This net of gross injustice roused the indigna'ion of the pen n o. and 3Ir. Clinton was elected Itovernor ot tin Slate, by a largo majority. It is understood that nf- lerhis election .Mr. Van Huron suit a mutual friend nronose a reconciliation nnd concert of nction ; which Mr. Clinton replied, that he had been twice cheated by Mr. Van liiuen, and that ho would tali care not to bo a thitd time In 1821, .Mr. Van Huren was in favor of Mr. Craw ford for tho Presidency, and hittcilv opposed to (Sen oral Jackson. The Argus, then under the control of himself and his friends, denounced Gen. Jackson ns despot, unqualified by education, by temper and bis nanus, ior ine rrcsiuency ; aim turn uu nan uu jiim ciplcs and fchngs m common with tho ucmocrnti party. After tho election of Jlr. Adams, ho remained on the fence until ls20, when became out tar Jackson. tltat wiicn the resolution for n vote of thanks was introduced into our House of .Wcmbly for the victory achieved by Gcnernl Harrison, over (lie Lngh-h un der Proctor, nnd the Indians under Teeomseh, at the battle of tho Thames, ono hundred and eight i enern lists voted ngninst it, nnd thnt now, seventy four pf those Federalists, nro in fnvor of ucn. llnrrison s -lection to tho Presidency. Auivl should nave come n directly oppositecoiuiusion. i nc oiu iicpuuiicau party were in favor ot uoneinl llnrrison, nnu were desirous ol liestowmgon mm tne punuc maims m uiu Slate, for his highly important services. Tho fair in ferenrn from this fact. is. that those who support liltll now, area continuation of tho old Republican party of 1313 ) and Jlr. Van iNCSs seems lo no aware mat mis s Iho case, for though lie has ncen very particuiarin inerifviiiT the number of tho Federalists who at that tune voted eigm'ns Cen. Harrison, nnd arc now in his favor, lie is extremely careful, not to state the number of tho Republicans who then advocated a vote of thanks, have continued to appreciate his merits, and note support his election to tho Picsideney. From my knowledge of the old Republican party, ot vvnien I was a member, I aver, that nine out of ten of those who supported Jlr. Jlndison s Administration, now advocate the election of William Ileury Harison to the Presidency. This act of tho majority, and tho pro clamation af Gov. Chittenden, (now a modern De mocrat dvcel in tho wool) recalling the volunteers from defending our frontier against Hntish invasion, over turned m 191 1 the Federal power in this state, and the Republican party gained the nseendnncy ; and this Ninfn has uniformly neen ltenuui can irom mat tinvto this. It is very probable, that many of the Federa lists, who ih a moment of party heat opposed tho vote nf than ts in is i to lien. Harrison, miring twenty seven years' cool reflection, have become sensible of the injustice nnu impropriety ui mm net , uuu nw nu nest men they mean to rcn.air, in 1810, tlm wrong they did to the causo and io ms services in 131 j. Jlr. Van Ness is shocked at the attempt nf the Whii's "10 operate tinon the people hv tho exhibition ol Log (J.ibins," eve eve eve. 1 o anorii 111111 .a eruuii of comfort, in the way of precedent, I will just men tion that "hickory poles were very lasiiioiianie among bis new friends, 'in 1!27 and 152?. If this does not satisfy him, I will give lum the benefit of a Revolu tionary nneciioieor two, ior 111s ruiiwiiniioii. iiinnu 1772 tlio Hritish composed the song of nttkee doodle, in derision of the Americans. Tho whigs adopted it ns m National song, and ill the battl s of Lexin"ton nml Hunker's Hill, we taught them to dance to their own music. At tho commencement of the battle of Jlottmouth, the Hritish, in derision, struck up ) rnkrc doodle; soon as Washington forced them to retreat. be ordered our music to strike up 1 nnkce doodle and nur bravo artnv pursncti mem 111 quien siqi to mis tone. Tho Administration rones 01 ibiu, under tne specious name of Democrat", in derision, denominated General Harnson the Log I'.auin and hard ckici can iliilitn. Tlm Willis minuted it as their emblem nnd battle-cry; and under this banner and war-cry, the people are now cnasing iiom me uciu iiuisepiiinurruis of the Public treasure, 'and destroyers of our National industry The next prominent part that ho plays, was in that masterly e-oiirt intrigue, in which Jlr. Katou and Pre siilent jnckson. on the one side, and Mrs. Calhoun anelJ. C. Calhoun, on the other, were pitied ngainst each other and made to piny very prominent, tint not very enviable parts : nnd vv hich broke up tho unit Ca binet, and brought nhout tho deadly rupture between Jackson and Calhoun. This pitvious specimen of Van Huron's talents for com t l'tt jme, secured for him tlio fiicndsbip of Jackson, and the devp scaled bntred of Calhoun. Hut when, in 18H7. the little Jtu- gician and the arch Nullifier, by a new coalition, could perpetrate tho greatest mischief against the best inte testsof their country, they heenmo extremely loving friends, nnd have since Harmoniously acted ingcine Itnth nf them nf inordinate ambition, but dcstilllto that noblo ambition which makes the public good tho nol ir star lo miiilo their political course : both unscru pulous as to tlio means, provided it affords a probable chance of gaining tlieir ends ; both so extremely sed fish, nnd inordinately eijotislicul. that thev havo not the least conception 'that any measure can benefit tho people, which thwarts their interested views or pre conceived opinions : tho traits nf diflereiice ntc, that Van Huren trusts moro to duplicity, craft and cuu nitiL'. and litaeiising unon the sordid passions of man kind by bribety nud corruption, for bis success; situ Culhoun expeeis to carry his- points by his subtle, me taphysical reasoning, and by his refined and ingen tiioits sophistry ; but Calhoun ns often deceives him self ns ho deceives others 1 Vnn Huren generally de ceives others, but is sometimes deceived himself. confiding peoplo never placed power in the hands of two moro dangerous or pernii ,ous men. Surelv Iho General Harrison of whom Mr, Ness Kiie.aks. vibii (inined tho bntllo nf thn Thames, nnd lo whom the Ri publicans 111 our Legislature of 181'.) proposed a vote of thanks for thnt important vic tory, is not iho same William Henry Harrison, which Iho "Hamilton idlerol ' wings are now supporting for President of tho United States! Has Jlr. "v anNcss for onco in tho way, told iho truth, or is thero somo mislnkn about it ? All Jlr. Van Ness Loco foco De mocratic brethren swear that the Whig candidate William II, Harrison, is a coward, a petticoat Gene1 nil. wns never in n battle. lieu Ins nmhitinn doei not reach beyond n Log Cabin, n barrel of hnrd cider, nud n salary of S2.01I0 n year ; nay, tho New York I'.viiiing Post bus declared that lie would bo conhiit With tho rast oil clothes and boots nud shoes of tin people of that city. Thoso vulgnrilics aro disgust mgcnoiigh when issued through tho publie press. it is Ilium haling to the honest undo ol 1111 American bear speeches of so vile a character, in ho Hall of tho lieprcsenintivcsoi nn eniigiuencti people, llinsool Crnry, of Michigan, nnd Duncan, of Ohio, would nave uecn appropriate, nan nicy neen delivered 111 ti iTroL'ishoti. to nu niidicncn ofblnckiriinriln i nml n.arti rulnrlv so, if their rostrum hnd been n fish. stall in liillingsynte, nnd their auditors tho fish-woiucii nnu niiiiies vvnomiiniut tho purlieus 01 11m hhui nut iiha n sturdy onk amidst tho tcmiyoi, " uuscaiueii ny the mnsts 01 ninucr mm ni calumny which havooocn nuinsi ""'"- tho hireling Administration pack of blood-hounds, Cn lhre contradictory stories be reenncijed? Vi 1 tuuing Hint the lies nrot ioiu nuvm "mn'"" "lishtnont, to "PROMOTE TUB GBNEltAJ, " WKIjFAUB." and when wo reflect that thi. welfare, is inseparably connected witli tlio diffu. sion of knowledge, wo ennnot but ho struck witli ASTONISHMENT, that tlio frcncral jovoruineiit with hucIi ample inoaann as itpoii sOsscf, should so long; hnvc delayed to lend it "direct nud ijjlckknl aid lo Ihe general purposes " of education I In this era of peace and iticrcas. "in"; attention to tlio internal condition of tho "country, tuny wo not bo permitted to hope that "tlio present administration will not Hiifl'or to go " unfathered mo rich a harvest if CiLOHY, a " would spring from tlic adoption of measures, by "which all the states would he enabled, without "pressure to their inhabitant?, to impart to cv " cry useful extent, the estimable blessings of "education." h h h h h h ti From this it appears that "so monstrous and alarming a doctrine" has before been "broached" by a democratic governor in Vermont. In 1825 Mr. Van Ness appeared to bo very clear that tltis phrase, "to promote tlic general welfare' mo nt something it was then one of the promi nent features of tlio constitution, and tho Gover nor was perfectly "astonished" thatthc adminis tration should "suffer to go ungathcrcd so rich a harvest of G'TjOR Y," as would spring from tho exercise of a power, tlic bare mention of which now makes the poor man "csick at heart," and excites only his "pity and contempt" for "tha author !" In IS-5, it was the duly of the govern ment to appropriate money to educate people, because it would promote the "general welfare;"' and, of course, there was equal "glory" in pro tecting tlio industry of tlic nation, furnishing a sound currency adapted to the business of tho country, and constructing works of improvement in which the whuk people have a common inter est, for those, too, "promote the general welfare," equally with education. Tlic authority to do tho one, implies tho obligation to do tlic other ; and Mr. Van Ness manifestly designed in that expo sition to cover tlie whole ground now occupied by the address. And vol, witli brazen impu dence, ho now tells us that those are "monstrous and alarming doctrines," and wijli a recklessness equalled only by tlic desperation of his cause, turns and villifics the peoplo for adopting iiis own exposition of the constitution ! Was Mr. Van Ness correct in I8U0 ! If so, lie is corrupt and wicked now. Was ho 111 error then ? He will excuse us for not pinning our faith upon his slcev 0 nou: Tor surely a man who has no moro regard for consistency than lie manifests, can never be a safe guide for any lion;st man to follow. In conclusion, Mr. Harbor asks, " Can any " thing he more certain, then, than that tlic party " which puts forth such unconstitutional doctrines " doctrines which cover tlie whole ground as. " sumcd by Hamilton and his coadjutors is gov ' crwd and controlled by fderalhls nf the school "of "J3!" Wc refer liini to Governor Van Ness, as lie is tlie author and promulgator of tho doctrine in cpicstion. and was supported in it at tlic time by the present locofoco party generally. That party now embraces a large portion of tho old federal parly, and from Ihe fact that Mr. Van Ness has latterly cltisiered around him such men as Martin Chittenden, .Stephen Haight, Guy Catlin, N. IJ. I las well, et idgc emms, it is but fair to infer that he was then, as now, measura bly " governed and controlled by federalists of the school of '!)." FRIDAY MORNINO, JULY 31, 1310. "TO PROMOTE TIIE GENERAL WEL FARE." Tlio interpretation given to this clause of the constitution by tho address of the Whig State Convention, seems greatly to have excited the patriotic forebodings of tlio locofocos. Mr. Van Ness was so much alarmed at the new doctrine, that lie took especial occasion to allude to it on tlie -1 ih, and denounced it as monstrous and ab surd "Heaven spare my country," said he, " from such interpreters of the law." The fol lowing is the extract from the address, which he read on that occasion "To promote tlie general welfare." This i. perhaps the most comprehensive clause in tho preamble which wc. nro considering, and it is by virtue of a similar expression in the article of the constitution which defines the authority of Congrcs, that that body claims nnd exercises its largest powers, The prncticil exposition of this clause appears to have heen mat ijongres'', when not olhervvt'e icstnctcd hv the law of the land, may legislate on nil subjects, in which the ichule people hive a reminun in- teRsl. This, Mr. Van Ness dcivcd, in toto. lie said that the phrase "to promote the general wel fare," was a more accidental expression, and not intended to conxry any poucr, tchateicr. In sup port of this he read some newspaper extract', quoted the southern Jiullifiers, and finally wound up by expressing his "pity and contempt for the author" of the address. Mr. Van Ness again alluded to this subject in his speech at tlio Court House, on Saturday evening, and after handling tlio address for a short time, with his usual in geniousness and regard to facts, dismissd it with the significant remark, that it "made hint sick at heart to contemplate it." Mr. Harbor was pres ent and listened to Mr. Van Ness on the -1th, and in tho last Middlehury paper, under the head of "Haiiiiltonian federalism revived," has dovoted two or three columns to this subject, in a similar ain. As this article may be considered "ofli- cial," wc quote a paragraph or two. In reference to tho above extract, he says, Wo find tho doctrine of Hamilton carried to an extent lieietntbre nlmost unknown, nnd nowersclaim- ed for tho gov eminent which, if ncipuesceil 111 nnd car- netl out hy l.ongrcss, wouiii ii'ave no ciicck upon government hut tho ever-varying views of the existing Congtess and executive, ns to what would piomntu the general icelfure of tho nation, thoso view 5 being ever liable tobeopcrutei! upon, and chang ed by sectional interests nnd combinations, ns the eir cunitlauccs and condition of tlie country varied from vear to year. So if the Constitution does not prohibit Congress from making appropriations for woiks of internal improvi ment in the states, and Congress should consider that "the ifinf people bad tirommuii interest" in appropriation'' for making rnilroads nnd digging canals through all the state's of the I'nioii, Congress would not only hivo the power to make these appropriations, but nlso the power to lay taxcb and duties lo raise the money for such purposes. So won ffrniifiind alarmine a doctrine hat itfrr been sen euisly broached, since the overthrow of the llnimllo ninii school of politics, by tho democrats of '03 and lbOOl Without attempting to nrguo tho question of construction, wc proposo to show both Mr. Van Ness and Mr. Harbor, that this is 110 tieir cxposi tion of tho constitution that this samo "man "1 srews and eianmi doctrine has boon sorious ly broached siuco the overthrow of tho Hamil ton school of politics" that too, in this ropub lican stato of Vermont, and by a man who now arrogates to himself moro "democracy" than any othor man living. Wo tlicroforo invito the render's particular attention to tlio following Uxtract from (int. linn Sess's Speech to the Lc gislature of Vermont, in 18V.T). " When wo find that tho very first clause- in " tho constitution of tho U. Status pronounces it "ono of tho PRINCIPAL object of its estnb. I PLEDGES. Mr. Van Nos- has taken especial pains to abuse Gen. Harrison for not coming forward, and giving written plo" j. 1 to every whiter snap per tint see.-, fit to annoy him with a lettei, about soma local and unimportant question. In his letter to the New York legislature, Gen. II. thus defines his position "My public life, not now a short one, i before th country. My opinions on important subjects, have been expressed Irom time to lime, as those tubjects have atii.ii, and sinco my name has been mentioned among those from vv hoiii a selection might bo mada for the olliee of President, I have in several letters to friend, fvlly and frankly avowed my sentiments. Farther than this, 1 cannot Hippo--c intelligent persons could desire me lo go. The peoplo of litis country do not rely 011 professions, promises and pledges. They know, that if a candidate is unprincipled lie will not scruple to give any pledge that may be required of lum nnd as little will he hesitate lo violate il." Har rison's letter to the .Y. York J.cL'isluturc. This doctrine, Mr. Van No?. denies. He con tends that it is comparatively immctcrial what a man's life has been ; but what will he pledgo himself to, now ! Pledges aie the test, and if he declino giving them on tlie eve of tlio elec tion, lie should in no event be trusted ! This is his position. Now let 11s measure .Mr. Van Ness by his own rule, and sec how it works in practice. In 16,'li ho was a candidate for tho U. S. Senate ; bill, strange as it may seem, tho people had doubts as to his political integrity. They could put their finger on no overt act of his, and yet they had their doubts. "The teason why, they could not tell, liut this they knew, nnd knew full well, They did not like that Doctor Ke.ll." Being themselves friendly to Mr. Adams, they were determined to elect none other than a friend of tho administration to the Senate. Ac cordingly Mr. Van Ness came forward with his pledges. He wrote to numerous individuals in different parts of tlie state, whoso inllucnco ho thought it necsssary to enlist, assuring them of his cordial friendship for Mr. Adams.and pledging in the strongest terms, his support to the admin istration. These letters are now in existence, and can be produced. In addition to this ho caino out in his message to the legislature beforo tlie election, with the following clencher, which if believed, ought to have put to rest all doubt on the subject "Our country steadily and rnnidlv nrlvnncfs in bir march to that elevation, which she appears destined to rcaeh.nud which contribute, to the higliot happiness ns well us the greatness of a nation, 'flic adminis tration of her government, has, indeed, passed from the hands of the Inst revolutionary patriot who will ever direct her course. Hut it is a source of CHICAT PKLICITY, thnt the succession hns fallen on a STATESMAN nnd a PATltlOT of the present dav, whose THANSCT.NDANT TAI.I'.NTS, exir n sivo experience, and PURITY oi-' ( UAHACTLIl furnish an UNI'AILLVO PLKDCi:, that under bu giiidiiui'c, her progress, to say the fj, will be unim paired and untarnished." I on AW Speech to Iht Legislature Oct. ISij. There was nothing equivocal about this. It was as full and explicit as language could mako it. Well, the election came on. But, O, thoso "darning doubts!" Notwithstanding Mr. Van Noss's pledges, a majority voted ngainst him, and another was elected. What then ! Why this man, literally covered over with pledger, comes out openly against the adininiMration, denies that ho ever was in reality friendly to Mr Adams, and that lie only pretended to go for him, for tlio sake of keeping on the right side of tlio people! Hear him: It is certainly Hue, that I have heretofore been in favor of Jlr, Adams, nnd ihat 1 am now opposed to Ins icelceiion. When the coniesi for the succession to Mr. .Monroe commenced, I acknowledge that I hnd some t.'itllailly 111 coining in 11 inin ni-"" .' -'ii. .mams both 011 political ami personal grounds, 'flu; pohttml objections were, that he had descried one panv nn.i joined another, and did not fully possess the Vonfi denco of cither 1 eoiistinu. nlly thni he would be con nnnally nijectcd, on the ono side, 10 imputations of insincerity m bis nposiney, and on Ihe other, to coin plaints of overcharged hostility ngninst ,10V flom whom he hod abruptly separated hiWjf. Thov of

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