Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 14, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 14, 1840 Page 2
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One presidential term -an oronomlrnl adminis tration a sound currency n protecting l.trlll' low salaries-ami lull pi-Ires for labor, and the products of labor ron rmsitiRKT. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON. ron vice r n r. s i ii is n t. JOHN TYLBR, Of Virginia. " In all ages and nil countries, it has liccn observed, lint tho cultivators of tlte noil aio those who arc least willing tn part witii their rights, and submit lltemsolvos ii tlio will ufa master. Vv i. H. IIaiimson. " The veovle nf the United Slates Ulny tlicy ever roiunnbcr, thnt, topresorvu their liberties, they must do Ihwrown voting and their own fightm;'. Hauiiibo.s. "Tun blessimos or thousands or women and emt.unr.:., r.r.";ct(i:iiri;()MTiir. pcalpino knick oi-tiii: AUiiaras kavacie opthb wn.HKHir.sfl, and kiiom tiii: Krtt.L mohb bavaor rnocToii, nisr on HARRISON AMI 1113 GALLANT ARMV." Simon Snyder's McSHtgC to Vie Pennsylvania IscyMulure,l)cccmher 10, IBM. ron rare-reins, HON. SAMUEL (1. CRAFTS. HON. EZRA MEECIl. At large. 1st .list. WILLI M HENRY, 2d (list. JOHN CONANT, 3ddit. AHNER II. W. TENNEY, 4th diM. WILLIAM P. HRIGGS, 5lh (list. JOSEPH REED, FOR GOVERNOR, SILAS H. JENISON. 'OR 1.IKCT. CIOVKUNOR, D A V 1 D M . C A M P . TOR TRBAHUUfR, HENRY F. JANES. FOR CONGRESS, HON. AUGUSTUS YOUNG. roR ecNATOiiii run cntTTKNUBs cocxrr. THAI) Dlil! .4 U. I'i.KXVUKn. HON. AUGUSTUS YOUNG. 1'otiib Frkbmb: or Tin. rooHTii Conuhh-'hiosai. district : The contlermm who Itan Icon recently nominate fits candidate On rcprcseul.itivu to dmgreai from the, fninlh disliiet i. in.rlnm. ho well known to th people ih.it thuuis no necessity of saying much in reL'.inl to Ins riunlilif-ntiult-t. Ho lighten unanimous ly nominated and recommended for your suH'ragcs by thclaigcst iiml nm.il ru.pi'cl.iule convention ill llicdia Iriot on nnv similar occasion a convention not coin Dosed of otlieo-liolders and iillice-scokcrs, mid thiir deluded followers ; but a convention consisting almost entirely of indilslitousand intelligent farmers), Iho real bono nnd iimsclo of tlio nomnninitv. Thcalacnlv With which the people turned out at tlii-t Imiy season to attend mat convention, ami ine grciu unaiumiiy, hnrmonv, and good feeling which characterized their tiroccccdincs. is a pretty suro indication tnal tnov De liovo the.v aro rrrosslv misrepresented bv tlio present incumbent, and that they deeply feel thy necosscsity of putting in tin place a man moro honest, moro wormy nun more eapnoio oi rcspicssaiiiujj iiiein in uiu nauou nt lrrriw1;i tiin;. Tho lion. Aor.ubTi's Youso is native of Vermont, end, if not born in this Congressional district, has spent the greater part of his lifo in it. Liko ma ny of tho worthies and statesmen of our land, ho in herited littln or no property from his ancestors, nnd consequently, was Hi at an early ngo to seek Iii3 own fortune and' form his own character in thn now and wild region of country. Ho devoted his early life to tho study and profession of law, and in that raparity has acquired a high standing among tho most distin guished lawyers of thu Stale. For industry of re search and honesty of purpose, it is behoved, none stand above him. Though not infallible in his opinion of what thn law k or rather of what the courts might etccido it to be, ho iia, piolnbly, led fewer people into error by misjudging than almost any other one who ha3beennn often consulted. His character for pro bity, legal acumen, and sound judgment, soon ne nmrcd for him a popularity in the vicinity wherehc il welt, which lesultcd in hid diction for a h'urccssioii of years In thu oiliroofn preventative to tlio legi.-li-turonf the Slate. In tint eapcity he soon became a conspicuoin iuciiiIm r. not in usel'Sfa, idle and niitalinj; (IchMe: but in steadily atlrndin to tlio business for which ho was sent thuin in hisenduavorn to l.yml tie for the f;o"d of the people, anil not lor Miu-ler and Hellish olij'i i.. Wlien the sen ito wai or"ani.ral ae tsordin" to' ihe iccciu am"iidiie ills of thoOoii3titnlioii lie was'.-idei h d by tliopcoplo to n present the county of Oilcans m that branch of Iho h ,'idaliirc. In all tlio siluali-n.i in which he Iris served iho public ho luw (jver provi I luin-Hf a mm of must Mnel integrity, flesii-ni" ihe ari i an 1 inliipni..! on which the demo f!OQiio dei"iids for the attainment of h'n obj' els, and r.teodily adhurni); to those fuiulanu ntal princiilc.! of tnor.ihiy, juticn and paliiolism, which dibtiiiauish the virtuous and eiiliuhtiii' d .slalcsman, from thu olue- huiousaud tiniu-seivin? poliliehn. Thu prariico of law not buing exactly wnti o to Mr. oiiny s coiimi. lulional turn of mind, ho has of lato years neatlv abandoned the profession, and h is enr;a;jed in other tnirsuita moro coimcnial to lus feelings. Ai;rieiiltiuo Iish occupied much of hU ntlenlion for some lunepiisl nnd ho is practically acquainted with nil tho ItUMtirsi f.nd Iftbors which nppirtain to that callmi;. Ho Ins e?ntly become interested in lite imniifictnroof iron in tho noith ptttt of Orleans county, and Ins bien in trxitolViy nn oTtonsivo comii iny with iheatjency and wriPriniRiidaiior of the whole concern. In thai ca pacity ho has ureatly excitid himy.lf to render the IUIS1U033 piolitaiilo to tlio company, as will a:. .uli.-i r vient to I do settlement and inmrovritipnt of tint nart of tlio .State. In this pursuit ho finds it dilllcult to furmount the olistai len which tho micconilucl or tin fulimmstraiioii has tlitowu around him. Hut ho pa. l,,i,l,. ,l,.r ll,n Iwm., n ,.,nn..n ..r I.,. lfrswillbriuKnlmuta chani-u of measures tliat will enable Iho mamif.iclurcr, iho firmer and tho mechanic to go on fiueeoi. fully with their several kinds of bust Mi. Young is lhorou;;ldy repnblicnn in nil lit 4 hah Tls, v'rw.sand inoib'S of Ihmkllig. -I'Vw jieojiln have n gicuter aversion than ho In those institutions and forms of government which P ml to create or cneour ngo dilli renl and lineiiu il grades among tho people, OeTiceudcd ft inn humble but rr.peclablnpirpulagp, and educated aiuuiig the hardy yeomanry of tho Giecn IMounlains, ho is einpli ilically ono of thu people., nnd aspires to no distinction winch will oleviito him hbovo them. lie ha? ever been a cairiid and consis tent politician, never changing nix principles and opin lonJor the saUo of nirie'n or popularity. Though viewing ii radically right that Iho majority shonlil ;overn, vet lie has never parried his democracy so far nn lo behevn tho majority cannot err. Ho was a sup porter of the ndniiiiislralions of JetT ison, of Madison of Monioc, nnd of Adams, hi eauso he believed they wero administering the government according to tho thn principles of thn constitiuion, mid wero pursuing thoso measures which would tend to promote tho prospeiity nnd glory of tho countiy. Hut tho plain icptihlioan principle in which ho wa-iducaied, and winch nie 11 part of lib very nature, fotbado Iiim In yi'dd any support or onunlcmicu to the arbitrary and unconstitutional arts of General Jackson. Tlm sanin tenpons. hI&o ineliicfil him to withhold his support from Ihe latter. To thn present incumbent of tlio presidnntisl ofrire, Mr Young is also oppowM, be rnusn that fnne lionsry has avowed his determination 10 lollow in tlio lootvicps 01 ms predecessor, nnu itmf far hns acted fully uji to tho letter and spirit of his dc rlnrntinn. In iirvnitfl life. Mr. Vnunir is nn nminblo nnd oblig ing neighbor, and a warm nnd elcvpte el fricnel to all innse wno nipirn 10, nun nm deserving m, inn uii ini hin. It is not known that he hns any per.onal rno init.s. Upright nnd candid in nil hi dealings be hss umi wnai rnrciy 1.1ns 10 mo 101 01 pouuemns 10 pns ssss -the good fortutioof gnining thocbiccninudcon fldenceof Ins pohlicnl opponents. .Such is tlm man whom a very numerous conven lion of thoprrqilo have pieced in nomination for tho iniportantoirico of representative to Congress. Let not our political adversaries nny longer enquire who is Ani;nila.i Yonf. If any nro so niifnrtunato as not to hnvn beard of him, or do not know his qualifications for thnofliee. let them sk his townsmen nnd fellow ritizenwaf Or'eins I'ountv. nnd Ihcv will bo satisfied thnt tho foregoing sketch is no cxngeraled account nf his eiiahtiPolions, Let iho whias, then, promptly nltend tho polls on the first Tuesday of Siptcmber, nnd vote for Acoob tub Yoereo, and liisrlwiioii is just im certain, ns that the nrrn'iit liiemnbcnl disrei'arded Iho wishes nnd in fractions nf bw ponii'tue.iits; when ho veiled for tho passage of the Sub Treasury bill. AMrnie cs M Ft. "JARVIS rs. TUB PATRIOT. Calumny rrulcJ, For electioneering pur pore, the ir. -vjicraot tho Sentinel have put forth a now edition of tlio calumny firet origina ted hy Horace MHe, of tlio Montpollcr Patriot, in which Mr. Jarvis of Wcathorofiolil, n member of tlio Into convention for c.onsidorino; the pro- K.;jil ninuiidincnlH to tho coiiNtitiltion, wan ropicsontod as uayinif in tlio course of hia ro- tnarka beforo that body, that " the rich man's mo ney wan a fair iff'sd to the iwr mini's blood." This malicious iiurvcrnion of Mr. Jarvia' ecnti- incntM wiih such :i manifest otttrno;e uiMin truth, and seemed ho evidently to bo put forth in tho spirit of malignant, detraction that wo supiwsod its rufutatioit unnecessary. Tlio fact of its ap pearing in the Patriot, would bo regarded, wo imagined, ns conclusive evidence of its falsehood. No other Jackron paper in tho state was perceiv ed to givo any credit to the slander, and wo thought it would soon pass into oblivion with Sluolo'n other silly nttetiipts at coming original libels. Hut his worthy ro-workor in that business, tho ex-IJ.colleiit editor of tho Sentinel has now given the infamous (ale a place in the appropri ate columns of his paper, in tho hope that tho poison may find its way into the minds of Iho cilizens of this county just at the eve of election, when it cannot bo sca.-onably contradicted. That portion of Mr. Jarvis' speech in which the olFetirfive remark is pretended lobe found wo will hereafter lay before our readers. It carries with it a full confutation of the calumny. In the mean time we invite tho attention of tho public to the subjoined testimony which cllbctually nails it to Iho counter. These gentlemen fully vindi cate Mr. Jarvis. They were eye and ear wit- nerses of the transaction and aro well known to tho citizens of this county. Tho testimony of the editor of tho Windsor Republican who was also present is equally conclusive. Thn certifies, that I was present nt the fitntc house in Molitpelier, nt Ihe limu the coiivi nlion nut at that place, in Juno last, foi tlm purpose oftakintr into eon sidrialion cei iam propn.-.ul amendments to thu Con stitution of this Slate tint 1 heard Mr. Jarvis' speech on that subject, mid in u ply to some arguments of tho member from Mount Holly, Mr. Jarvu said, "heen " tircly agreed with that peiillcman, that theinestima "ble rudil orsiilline ought to bu equally enjoyed by " thu po n as well ns tho iich,--in a tune of war, tho "poor eoiitiibute, their toils and their blood, in di fence "of their country, which certainly mint bo considered "an ample equivalent to the ioonii'd contribution", " furnished by thn wealthy for its support and defence. " Hut nltlintii'h ho tltonnht they ouylit toposses equal ' rights with tho wealthy, yet they ought not to possess " greater rights and immunities." I am well satisfii d that I cannot bu mistaken a-i to tho purport of the re marks made by Mr. Jarvis, as I eonsideicd Iho senti ment truly bin ral and republican, nnd m accordance with my own long aeltlid opinions on that subject. VVM. A. GRlfcSWOLD. Jhtilington, August 2G, 18S3. We hereby certify that wo wero membfr.i of iho ( !oiiV(.ntion assembled at Monlpdi'T in June last, and heard llin speech of .Mr. Jarvis above alluded to. nnd consider the tibore as a true ami correct statement of Iho sentiments ndvancid by Mr. J.irvn on that occa sion. L. It. PL VIT, N. NI'.WKLL, Uuitinghn, An:ii.UZ 1R23. C. IIROWNKLL. Tlio last Montpelier Patriot conlains. amon numer ous olhi r lalsdi'iodi, one so baiefaccd in scarcely lo requite a syllable by way of refutation, thu nrscilioii lint Mr. Jin vis, of Wculherslield, "diclari.il on the floor of tho house, in di.bate, lupoii the propo-ud amendments of the couMitutioii tliat the iidi man' minty irai a fair nfllcl for the iuar vntn's bloml." Tli" above quoruioii wo know lo bo i minimis, and loalieiou'lv no, in liieseiHo in wlui Ii il is srivon in Iho Patriot. Wo weie. present, and hcaid distinctly iho remarl'.s of Mr. Jarvis, from which thh "sentiment," as the Patriot ihtor is pleased to call it, was man iiactarrj. Mr. Jarvis, wo well recollect, uttereil lio such sentiment. Ilo had just exhibited a state ment in figures, showing the great inequality of rep resentation in our leirislature, lakui" either Homilnlion or properly ns tho ba'is. In making his deductions from his statement ho contended, that population should be made the baiis of repre-ent'itioii, without any reOmnco to properly that in tho important bu.Vi nesa nf legislation, tho poor man's vote diould have equal weight with the rich niau'sj for thn reason that, under ihu operation of our laws, it is gencially tlio iioor man who fought tho battle?, and difciulcd tho liberties of our country, while Iho rich man's money maintained him in thu field. In Ibis view of the sub ject, Mr. J. remarked, Ihe rich man's money was put against iho poor man's blood ; and it was right, there fore, thai the. poor man's voto should bo equal to iho rich man's. Wo venture to say thern is not an honttl poor linn liviiif, who has the happiness of being ;ier sonalhj acquainted with Mr. Jarvis, who would put his hand upon lii.slie nt nnd say, thnl he believes him callable of utletiiii; th" birbarous sentiment attributed lo him by the editor of the Patriot.- Windsor Ucpah titan. From Hit Mmtpelicr M'llihmaa. Mn. Waltov, -A friend of miiio havinr; mit nio n Vermont Patriot and St.ito Ga.eltuof the 7th July, in which mv name has been brought before tho public connected with two nnsieproi'titatinir, in both of which the titilh isgroisly pervcitod, I llimk il a duly 1 owe Ihe public ,ind niysi If, lo give a pi lin statement of the facts, to show' a plain tale can put them down." The f i r.-t asierlion i-i, that I openiv dedartd in ihu houso in debate, "tint tho rich man's money was a fiiroll'sct for the poor man's blood." In nply to soiiiii remarks of a member nbout iho equal rrprejf il lation of the poor, I said, "that I eiiiirdy agreed with that gentleman, that the inestimable null t nf Milli.ige ought Inbu as equally eiioyed by ihu poor as ihe rich. In a limn ol wai the poor run tribute their mil and l In ir blood in their connlryaciuse, which certainly must bo iqnivab ut to the monicil contributions furnished by thu wealthy, for its support anddefoueo." It must bo allowed by every fiieud of candour, that Iho above arliclo in tho Piunot i a most barefaced and impudent perversion of trulh. How that nn editor wdio sets iho least valuo on his reputation for vcrncity, should ven ture to pervert tlio smsoof thn Kpeech which was de livered ui tho prescuon of nearly HOO people including the members of tlio convention and visiters, is lo mo porfecllv inexplicable. I)o"s liotlunk that tho loss of thegood opinion of the people of iho state where ho is located is of so littlu value that it is not bo weighed as a feather agaiuM prndueing an rllicl abroad bv such a alnmdess falsehood '? Th" probable solution of tho question is, knowing the cause which ho supports is l" rfcelly desperate in Ibis State. Mich are penned in tho hopo that they will obtain credit in olher parts where li is not known, tint lie is satislicil they will not obtain at homo. Ilul unholy must bo the cause that can only bo supported by such unprincipled means! W.M. C. JARVIS. II ealhcrsficld, Jabj 10, 1S23. GKNKIIAL HARRISON'S DF.MOCRACY. "Hut iho generous fu lings nf thonlil hero aro host portrayed when wo recito hi nets. You recnleet his patting with tno lili re'gime nt that loiight at Tiniw ii"o When shout takiii" In leave of tho soldiers ho told them that "if ever thev came his wnv. 1 to v would always find a plate and knifunud foik at his table; nml I assure you, yon will never luel tho string to iho latch of my door pulled in." And many poor war worn soldiers nave, sme-e that day, tound Hlu llcr, I, raiment mm a lu ari v welcome at tins liospilotue mansion.- ion. Ogle s speieli. PRKfiim-.-NT VAN HURON'S DEMOCRACY. "In the summer of 181 1, wo wero an apprentice ill innniiire ni 1 no iivn.x, n nevvf-iia mt pruned ai 111 1111 ai' i Hollow, liy lhiuins Oliltteuden l-av. Among tliuvilhuo pnliticiana wan a iournoviiian sbormnker. of tho iiauiei of Hrown, who had woiked at Kiiidir liejok long liiongh loimbulo nhigh eslimalion of .Alar- tm V.111 Hurcn, who was, in his estimation, the beau ideal of republicanism nnd elnepicnce. Hrown talked so much and so warmly of Ins Kinderhook friend, thai wo came to regard mm with equal admiration. Tho printing nll'ico mid tho shoemaker's shop wero in tho svno building. Ono nflcrnonn whilo silling by niirnru lo, who was 'waxing iiiscnn, to 111s inexpress ible delight, ho espieil Van Uurtn among the Hansen- gvrsl I In was in cstacics. The strap nnd lap stonu wero thrown nside, nnu nnving porlormcil his nlilu lions, the warm heartcel shoemaker bnstcncil tei iho stage huinn (kept by John Adams,) to interchange gructings willi his Iriend. we, anxious io see a repuh lie:an whom wn bad been tnught to admire, walked rcspcciiullv nlony on llir. onno-nlo siuo 01 1110 stre'cl. Mr. van liure 11 was strutting wltn n pcacock'H nir nml nlumnaoon tbeniavn. Hrown niiproacheel Mr. Vnn Huron engetly, took his baud nnd gavn it n hearty shnkn beforo hi; disenvcrcel thai tho great man bail forgotten him I 'Why, Sir, my nnnin is Hrown. I nm your old nssoeiulo and friend. We havo passed elnvs nnd nights ogelh"r. Youeannnt hnvn forfeit. Icumel' lluthe mei forgotlen bun nnd sfler a few embarrnssed inquiries nnei ariuicwl replies tlio repuls cil fried walked 011, pnuieii nun inoriuien to seo ..Veeni. ret mill icfi n play thu vratttcal nristocrnt.. Tho poor' jinirnoymnn shoomaker spoke nn more of 'Muri'ui Van Hurcn,' and in a few days afterwards packed up lus 'kit, nnu with a wounncu spiru trumped out of the village.1 Alb. J'.ce. Jour. From the Cincinnati Republican. THO: HARRISON HANNF.R. Under tho abovo caption we sometime since pul lin'icd no neetntmt of tho PCCfSHon of SIXTY Huiimiinnat Cadiz on tlir llh July, bended bv Levi Miillerncer. On tho 22d 111st. vvc noticed under tho head of carrcltd, thn certificate of 2i Van Hurrn men in tho Cadiz Sentinel, pronouncing iho stnicment untrue, nml supposing wo nuu ik.ii itcstivw, lelt the tnottvr wjtn tho correction. The Hamilton Intelligencer furniabm the following certificate which shows our statement substantially true. We commend its perusal to thoso who have ta ken the occasion of thu publication of the other ccrti cato to heap abusive t pilhetn upon inc. Cadiz, Ohio, July 10,1810. Mr. Win. C. IloittlhiDcar Sir, Yours of tho lit li, instant, asking information in relation to the truth of nil arlielu in tho Cincinnati Gazette, stating "that ono of tho committee of nrrangotnents of, tho Vnn Huron celebration of the 4th instant at Cadiz displayed a banner inscribed, "Strike my nainofrom the Nottingham list," and mado a short address call ing on others to leave the party nnd go with him to thu Whig parly when he wa followed by sixty for mer Van Hurcn men, is nt band. The statement is substantially, though not literally true. The facts aro these. Levi Mnlcrnce, tho bearer of tho banner nlhtdeel lo, was appointed by tliei Van Huron County Convention, a member of Ihu vigilance committee for Nottingham township; but not a mem ber of the committee of arrnngcincnls as stated above. It is truo that ho, with n beautiful banner inscribed thereon "Strike my name from tho Nottingham list," joined on this occasion tho Whig processions from Nott'nighnm, Minefield, Freeport and Washington Townships, at the place appointed for tho several del egations to form a junction provious In marching into Cadiz. Ho thcro unfurled his banner nnd called upon all thoso present, who hko'himsclf had heretofore sup ported Van llureii, but now have determined to voto for Harrison, to como out nnd rally under his banner. Sixtv-snven former Van Hurcn men responded to his pall, nnd marched in procession through the town. i ncy wcionu ironi most) lour lownsiupsm mc bouui western enroi r nf Hie count V nnd 1 believe nil of them were supporters of the Loco administration up to tho last ucnitier election, it nir. ornuy oiner mail doubts thn truth of tbeso statements wo can furnish the names. These aro but a part of tho changes of tins county., Tho other processions were itcaucu ny liko eomjianies, though I am not nwaro of their exact numbers: thev wero not rendered as conspicuous ns Mntemi'ii's company, from thn fact that thcyhad not provided' lhemelves with a banner by which they could no designated Verv respoclfu v yours- J. R. K. RROTIIF.RSON, Wo tho undersignnl, know tho nbovd statements to i io sulisiaunaiiv tritu and corrrci. W, .linrluMl Thomas I'ighnm, W. Welch, R. K. Ijarciopt, Win. Sharp, J. Lyle, lato Van Huron James Ren, John W. Scott, Jnmes Stewart, Democrat. J. Scott, lalo Vnn Hurcn, S. Woods, John S Lacery. FACTS FOR Till! FKOFLG. UXPENDITURKS OF THU GOVKRNMI.NT FROM ltllt) TO IHIO. I'Vom Ofticiat Dncumclits. I'AVMBNT Of Till". I'l'DLlC DBI1T. Hy Washington, in B years, 8:!,092,95G 9: Average each vcar $1,511,(119 (il Hy Adams in 4, Av'erage, Hy Jelleison in 9, Average, Hy Madison in 9, Average. Hy Munroo in 8, Average, Hy J. (I. AilnniK, m U, Avernge, Hy Jackson in 9, Avernge, Hy Vnn llurorh 19,957,962 09 4,739. 190 G7 ('r,,IS5,393 53 83,423,912 78 IU.428,1117 85 101,30X5,111 22 12,070,703 PO 45,301,533 43 ll,325,rS3 31) 81,193,333 00 UU2 1,792 25 00,000,000 00 rtECArLTULATlOX or HXPENOITCnKS. Tntnlin Washington's wlmihiHtration, SI5,892,199 55 itveragueac 1 year. 91.93(5.521 82 Vital in Adam's, 21,120,351 lfi A vcrage, 'olid III Jell'erson'sj 6.302.597 79 41,300,733 03 Averngy, tal iii'MndisonV, Average'1. 14 1,0s 1,939 83 18,0i,iil7 13 rolal in ilonrouV, 101, 10 ), 100 59 A vet age, ital in'.!. U. Adam'n, Average. 13,0j7J25 07 50,501,911 31 l2.li25.17U 53 Vital irr.lackson's, 1 15,792,735 00 Avenue. 1.221,091 83 olal in V. Huron's 3 first years, III, 10ti,'JGJ 00 Avernge, ykarly i:xpi:ndituri:.s. From Mardri, 1789 la Dcamber 31, 1790, are inehv ait tn liUl.J exclusivr oi- hie pcdhc ur.nT. Under Washington, 1791, 1792, $1,919,589 52 l.R57,90J 63 1793, 1791, 1795, 1790, 1797, 179 1799, 1500, 101, 1B02, 1 80 i, 1801, 1805, 1800, 1307, 180s, 1?09, 1810, 1311, 1312, 1313, 1311, 1815, 1310, 1317, 131, 1819, 1820, 1R2I, 1322, 1823, 1321, 1 3 '5, 1820, 1327, 132?, 1329, I3.J0, 1331, 1332, 1332, 1831, 1835, 1830, 1827, 132 1839, 1,710,570 20 3.500,510 0, 4,350,(553 01 2,532,930 40 2,931,590 90 Under AliAMrf i.U2(,2;i 0,431,100 7 7,111,209 97 Undir Jefit.hso.v, 4,181,609 90 4,737,079 91 4,002,321 2 4,152,353 91 0,357,231 0: 6,030,209 3d 4,931,572 39 0,501,333 8! Under.MApiKON, 7,111,G72 U 5,311,032 2 5,592,001 80 17.S29.193 2032,391 9 ;ll, 1 27,(i3!i 20,953.571 00 23,373,132 5 Under Mi'Nnon, 15,151,009 1 13,F0s,fi74 78 l(i,300,273 1 1 13,131,530 57 10,723,179 07 9,827,513 5 9,331,153 59 15,350,131 7 Under J. a. Apa.mi', 11,490,159 91 13,002,310 2 12,053,090 (i: 13,290,011 45 Undef J.vi issoy, 12,000,100 00 13,229,533 00 13,301,007 00 10,510,383 00 52,713,750 00 13, 12 j, II 17,51 1,950 00 30,803,101 00 39,101,715 00 Under I'an llaren, 10,127,213 00 31,815,000 00 VBAtl. 1790, I POO, IrtIO, n.'O, 18 JO, rori'LVTin. 3,929,827 5,305,925 7,239,31 1 9,038,133 12,650,117 AVEFAelK rOI'ULATIOX. III Washington's ndiniuistration, In Adams' .... In Jcllorson'?, - In M.idu.uu's .... Ill Mniuncs's, - In J. (i. Adams' In Jackson's .... In Van Union's 3 years, 4,205,01 5,029,69'.) 0.099.22 7,759,070 '.Vi2s,l3l 11,503,093 13,785,1 15,757,021 Avcr.Aor. tax on kacii prssos rr.n vear. In vvalungton s administration, - - SO 17 In Adams' .... In JcU'erson's In Madison's, In Me in roc's, ... In J. (I. Adams' - 2 32 - 1 3(1 1 09 In Jackson s, I 3 In Van Huron's 3 first years, 2 ;iu rV'It is supposed that ihero nro in tho United .Slates nbout 2,000,000 oca voters! nnd nkiii'r ibis ns Ihe number, tho nmoiint which each would havo lo pay on an average) dining the. four years of Jonj Q. -l'"inn ii'iiiiiitiawiiii.fit, ni I uu V7'F y Ulllllllliy . Illlll for tho last four years that tho present party have had unquallifioel control, tho nmoiint thnt each voter would havo 10 pay on the sumo basis would bu SIT 77 annually ! COMMODORE ELLIOT. Wo give below (although we havo provious ly stated the result of tho court martial) an cpit 111110 of the official report of tho chargos and specifications upon which Cominodoro Elliot has boon found guilty and sentenced, as wo find it in tho American Sentinel. Tho report Is merely divested of its formalitios ; its languago and substance aro preserved. The court martial found Cominodoro F.lliott piiiliv of an oppressive) and cruel order for tho removal of passed iniiNiipman, Charles u. Iiarlon Ironi 1 1 it: tJ. S sum uo is 11 on 10 me u. ecueionor, nnark. eon Irnry to tho express objections and remonstrance of tno iiect surgeon air. nonon ncuig men severely wounded in bis right leg; his removal coiiscuiicntlv enusing him excruciating pain, nnd endangering not oniy ni'-i icg oui nm uiu. The chargo ineliulca some nnrticulnrs wbicb nn provo that commodore Elliott persisted in t in enlfircn. mrnt of tho order for Mr. Marlon's rcmovnl nfirr Iho fullest riprcscnlntion of Iho consequences, nml tlio reptnicd rciunusirsnccB oi neiii, iioertiiu unit J)oct lloyil-tno coiiimoeinre saying, in reply to nn obici: lion of thn hitler, who thought Mr. Hnrton would 1 all probability lo-o his leg-" I dont care, sir, smd mm inn 01 uiu mnp luiiiicuinu i , hcuii mm 10 tne KlinrK." mr. iiarion was ni mis nine suing in a col on thu half deck, tlio ball Im "ir heenjutt extracted, nnu tno wnunu dressed nun Pllnungcl. The court found the commodore guilty of accepting certain niece of tilntn from n tinrtof the crew of tho I Constitution, which was paid tor out of money duo them from tho United States, mid afterwards cans to bo added to (he ono niece, three other Pieces. making in nil, two lumens, u pitcher nnd winter, the balance duo for which ho agreed to pay himself; and then, having inscribed on each piece, ''Presented ns mark oi respect, to commodore J. i'. f.uioit, ot mo . H. Now. bv tho crew nf iho Constitution." ho caused them to bu exhibited in the cabin of said ship. Ho subsequently desired Iicut. Oscar Uullus to make known lo tho crew that tho amount subscribed had fallen short of tho cost of iho plate, nnd to get a sutiscription, tinner way to mako nn mo iicticien ey, which lieut. Uullus declined. Tho commodore nficrwards employed his socretnryi Thomas Wells, to raise somo moro money from tho crew lo mako un the cost ol tho plate, and by this means nineteen of tho crow wero induced to subscribo sixty nino dollars, winch was nctuaiiy received from Iho purser, nnu np- tirnfirinffvt for thn linitti.tni nf lltn lilntn. The court found tho commodore guilty of shipping on boad tho frignto Constitution, nt Malion, twenty two animals which ho had boimht. consisting of jacks, jennies, marcs and colts, nnd placing thcrli in tho stalls on tno guii-(ic.cn, tints niiccting tnu comiori oi mo crew ni mcir mcais nnu niuer iierioos. nieriennu wuii tho usual messing and slccnintr n aces of a part of tho crow, and encumbering the giuis, so that fourteen of them, being seven on each side1, could bo only run in and out. and could hnvn been fireel hut once, and nei ther Iraincel nor exercised ; by which Iho clticie-ncy 01 mc snip wns inaienaiiy impaired, nnu rendered line mini to sustain iho luinnrnf ibn linn in an etncrgenev, sacrificing tboinlcrests nf ibn shin. Iho crow, and the service to bis own individual anil private interests. no also employed eight men, benign part 01 mo snip s crew, in taking care of tho nnimals. excusing them from watch and quarters, and used or caused to bo used, boards, planks, nnils, canvass and junk, belong ing to the Unitcel States, in making stalls, slings, bags nun mailing mr mc accommodation 01 inunuumiis. Tho court tound thu cominodoro guilty ol causing to bo Hogged, with tho cat-of-nino-tnils, tlirco seamen under his command, to iho nmoiint of twenty-four lushes, in violnlion of tho act of Congress which per mits tho indicium of onlv twelve. Howas also found guilty ef expending largo portions of the stores of tho nip nv appropriating tliosaiuu to Ins private use. lie :nuscd the sloop of war, John Adams, Silas II. String tain, commander, then in tho suuadron. under thu command of tho necuscd. to receive on board an Ara bian horsoand a jack bedoiiging to him, tho said Klli eitt, to accommodate which nnimals, thu two forward guns ot the sloop were put helow, thereby weakening mo iore'0 nnu omeaeiiey 01 tho sloop. 1 no court loiiiui 1110 commodore guilty 01 having inplovcd sundry of tho officers and crew, when tho shin had reached Hampton Roads, in disembarking nnd cimvoyiiig tlio animals nbovo mentioned to the shore, in consequence of which, many of iho crow so employed became intoxicated, nnd brought liquor on board, which was distributed among tho rest of the crew, whereby many became drunk nnd noisy, disor derly and mutinous, insulting, abusing, threatening and defying their nlliceis, carrying off prisoners from tno enargo 01 1110 sentry, Dealing tho master at nrms, nnd chasing lo ihu quarter deck one Thomas F.nnis, and behaving in an outrageous manner tho commo dore being then and thereon board s nnd tho next day sending lieut. ISoormn to call up thoso men whose nines nnu expires!, ann 10 say en mem, ns somo 0.1.IUS family wero on board, bo could not como up himself, but was pleased with their gcnernl conduct while on tho cruiso. nnd that their contract wns now at nn end. nnd they could goon shore; thus directly countenan cing the disgrace ful proceedings of the preceding day, in a manner unbecoming an officer holding so high a ram, in 1110 navy 01 1110 uiu en rttaics. This ombraces the amount of tho charges of which inn necuscd wn3 louiiel guilty hy tho court. 1 110 report then concludes as to lows : Tho finding and sentence of tho court has been ap proved by tho secretary of the navy ; but so much of tho scute nco as suspends the pay nnd emoluments of .iiiunniiuiu r.moii inr 1110 nrsi two yr.irs ni ms sus pension from duly, has been remitted by tho I'rcsielent of thu Unitcel Slate s, ns will nnnenr bv tho followiii" paper, bearing his signature, unit annexed to thu re cord. " Although tho offences of which commodore Jeso O. O'lliotl has been convicted, aro of n gravo and seri ous cbaracitr, elce ply affecting the interests of thu ser vice, sun, me rri'siiiciii, on 11 careiui ponsincrnunn en th" casn, perceives "iniunls which in bis opinion, dimi nish their weight and justify a mitigation of punish- mem. " It appears from the record of the procccelings of the court, that passed midshipman Partem lefi his ship, not only in violation of an e;.prcs3 order of hia com manding officer, but for a nurnoso which it was un doubtedly thotluty of tho commander of a squadron ro discourage ami prevent tiy every exertion ot his lawful authority ; and that, after being wounded, in stead of returning to iho vesse l to which ho belonged. he directed himself lo betaken onboard the ship of tun commander ni tno squaeiron, whoso pointed ortlcr ho had elisobcycd. "It also appears that, in various instances wdiich occurred previous to iho cruiso of the squadron under commodore F.lliotl in tho Mediterranean, thscominan elcrs of ships nnd squadions had, in pursunnco of in structions ol tho iavy department, brought to tho U. Stnlcs nnimals of vnrious kinds, without being ques tioned or punsurnl by the department. Tlio olience of commodnro Kllmi, in this caseappcars, therefore, to have consisted in taking on board the Constitution so great a number of animals ns to intcfero with tho nc commodalion of iho men, embarrass tho excrciso of the. guns, and impair her force and efficiency as a ves sel of war. " In consideration of these circumstances, the Pres ident has thought proper to ri'init that portion of the sentence of thu court, which involves the forfeiture of pay during Ihe first two years of commodore p.lhnlt 3 suspension. (Signed) M. VAN HURKN." THE FULFILMENT OF PROPHECY. In 183-1, when Mr. Van Huron was grasp ing for tlio Presidency, tho London Chroni cle, n high Tory paper, put forth tlio follow ing prediction in relation to designs which have just been carried into effect! Mr. Van Hurcn, while playing Minister in England, contrived to make himself under stood, lie did, ns tho London Chronicle in timated, induce C.vi.iioun, McDurm:, Ban ciiorr, IiuiiwNs(., Leuuktt, and other men of talent to prepare the public mind for measures which, unless arrested, arc sure to change our form of Government. Hut here cornea the London prophecy : From the St. James' Chronicle of 2d Sept. 1831. Tho peoiilo of F.ngland may now learn a lesson on Re-pub icimism from its most brilliant specimen, tho government of the United Stales. It has proved 11 splendid tnilure. an liurin, wl;o lenmeel ninny use ful tactics in this 'uuutry,in'e7 bring the democrats round to a rational extern of monarcliist aljedicwe. Democracy is tho best nnd must powerful lover in the world, it iircsicd iiidiciousl y. Monarchies have been unset bv it. van Huron is said to lio n non-talented man, but ho knows human nature: lie Knows Ins countrymen ton. nne! hu hns laid Iho finest train that ever was conceiv ed. In has iircraded an Hie immilur old President lo set an crainplei) uliMlitltMii and inilrpenitcnce uliuh vcrhaiis no oilur man in Iiml rounli i inula hare at tempted. Ho will imitate mildly and cautiously; but harma tUcsuvirt of the democraco. ho will undoubt edly succeed 111 bringing Iho whole Union under the stray oj a Jew cnlightcna! awl rultiualcil minus which nro in fact the sourco of stability iiml order ill every country. Tae iieoitlcmnnol rnrernthcmsclres, nny more than a public school e-an govern ilsdf without tho siipcrin- itiideiico ni 11 master, it must no merely an inccss nut round of clamor nnd contention. Wn havo now moro hope for America than ever wo had since her Iccluralion ot inikpendcni'e. Air. .il.vnriN van lio i:i:n hns Mieoceihd in running down a National Hank which wns iho most formiahlo obstacle to Kxccurivo control, and has collected in his hands tho reins of a pond team 1;' stale institutitmi iclmh will draw lo cevteriinu hear mm iipwnriis iiko 1110 siccus 01 re nsus. Tho Republic of tho United Slntes like that of Yen ice, will heroin!) nn oilman hy, but il will be unless wo nru mistaken, a mnrei enduring one. It will lint liko Venice pce'oiuo 11 splendid nun ol pni.iees, lorn hns arlcrnl springs of e'omniercial pro-penty, which not 1 1 ing call paralyze, mid which do not dcin'iid upon tho ensealed stomachs nf huropo torn henllliliil aelion. For fifty years or morn it will bu a clcvi'r oliaarrlm nnu men, 1110, pcopio will wisely ami cnccriiuiy e em- sent to us nccormng a limited monareny. mr. Van Heiir.v. ire helicre, has a son or two, and he in nrofc ably establish a sound and useful dynasty for that continent. Should ladoiikbs eat meat? Mr. Representative Williams, tho Loco member of Congress from Hristol District, in bis speech in favor of low wncos and hard money, uses tho following langungo respecting tho rrrnch laborer. "It is true, sir, that agrcalor portion of tho laborers of France, aro deprived of thu tiso of animal roon; but does it follow thai, ns a whole, then are the worse afft No, sir so fir from il, I havo thu authority of an nngiisu Millennial!, who speaks ironi observation Miiuiibimi'iu cA.uiiiuaiion 01 1110 sutneci, mat tne nn. VI'.IIBIS IS Till! CASK." If Senator Huehnnan nnd Mr. Williams ran nor. piiadu tho mechanics and laborers that they would bo better oil by bung "deprived of animal food," and fed on soup mnigronuil garlics, which would enable Ihcm 10 work mr inorich at a less pi ice, then wo havo mis taken the spirit ami inirlliiren"irniir Calvin LMsOll. Illldcr linu .m.ntn,..-. .I.inlrln.. ' io n typo of vyhnt our sturdy yeomanry would bo made1, if ' 1 ' "Miry pi ucini's 01 mc rones were carrieel into full piled.--Verily, tho time's of 'haranli have comcuack ogam, when tho lean Mine oi thu Govern incut nru to swallow up thofat kine. Mr. Vnn Hurcn seems to bo much of thn opinion nf J,,rk Mihfair, "Cnrol for tho limbs, thethe.ws, tho Mature, the big nsseniblnneoofn iiiaul" says Jack. "Givo mo this hah fuceJ fellow, Shadow, give mo this man 1 he presents no mark totheencrnvi tbofoemnn mav with as great iiim level nt the edge of a pen-knife. O givo me the spare men, and spare mo tho great ones i ' Atlas. TWKNY-ONH DAYS LATF.lt FROM F.UROPIJ. Nbw Yontr, Aug. 9, Tho Great Western steam packet which Bailed from Itrislol em tho afternoon of thu '25th lilt., was tele graphed at 8 o'clock Ibis motning, and was nt her berth in a couple of hours after. She has, consequently nindu tho pnssagc in fourteen days and a half. It wilt bo seen that all kinds of trade continue in tho same depressed stato ns at our last dates, and that thcro is a prospect of a general falling oil' in tho crops, em .account of a long npell or cold, rainy weather. Money, however, is plenty, nnd could bo had nt low rules of interest. Colonel Thornton, who went to London for tho purpose of negotiating 11 loan for tho stnto of Illinois, of one million of dollars, met with no difficulty in im mediately succeeding in tho object of bis mission, and has returned in tho Great Wcs t 'rn. Father Malhew, tho great Toiniictanco Reformer, is gaining thousands of hew converts nve;ry elay, Tho fees paid by thoso who subscribe to thu pledge, are, 0110 shilling sterling for n medal, six pence to n clerk, sixpence for a Mag, and ono penny per week to a pa rish Driest for tho masses thnt nro said over. Prof. F.spy has been delivering his lectures on the theory of storms nt Liverpool, but, if wo may judge from tho naners. bo met with n noor reception. On tho 16th tilt, tho Lord Chancellor introduced tho Regency Mill into the House of Lords. Hv explained that tho object of it wns lo provide for tho possible contingency nf the succession of ti minor lo the Crown. It is proposed that bis Royal Highness Prince Albert shall bo solo Regent, with only three restrictions on tho exercise of the royal prerogatives. These are, thnt tho lloval assent shall not bo uiveti to nnv Act for al tering the succession to Iho throne 1 for interfering with tho uniformity of doctrine nnd discipline nt pre sent existing in the Kstablishcd Church : or for dimi nishing tho legal privileges of tho Church of Scotland. Lord SlanleVs Irish Registration Hill has been postponed till tho next session of Parliament. Mr. Kcllcy's Punishment of Death Hill, which has called forth considerable discussion nflcr having been slight! v amended, was to come up Tor a third reading on the 27th ult. Tlio Canada Government bill has met with strong opposition from tho Duko of Wellington, who gave cigiiieen reasons wuy nu couin 1101 suppore 11. vvc uonot mul any nirtiicr news iromtJiima From tho St. Louis Mullctin of July 21. NonTiir.nn Passaob LAtr.NTAnLBSe'iciiiK op ont. tub Digcovp.rkrs. It will bo seen by reference to tho Hritish papers, that tho North passage so long sought after hy adventurous navigators has at length been dise:ovcrcel by two young men belonging to the Hudson Hay company. It is not our intention lo en ter into a detailed report of tho memorable voyage, but, but merely to mention tho melancholy fato of ono 01 uiu uiscovercrs. It appears that on their return to York Naciory tho principal depot of tho Hudson's Hay Company they both set out for F.ngland, eager togrnsp tho rich revvard which tlio Hritish Government never fails to lavish upon all her citizens who contribute anything toward extending her wide-spread domains or ti) perpetuating her well earned fame. On tho arrival of tho two young men at Lake Winne-pcck.they disagreed about thu route which should bo pursued and thcro separated. Mr. Simpson, accompanied by Mr. Hire!, Mr. Legroa, and twenty or thirty of the colonists, struck across for St. Peters, intending to push on to New York, tin the Lakes, and thence sail to Liver pool. Mr. Dacy, his comticcr, willi another party, set out for tho Canadas. About tho 20th of Juno Mr. .Simpson and his party had reached Turtle river, where they encamped for tho night. Ho had from Ihe begining of the journey, cx Inbite'il occasional symptoms of menial hallucination, caused, as tho parly supposi-d, by the dread of being outstripped by his competitor in their long raco for London. On tho evening abovo mentioned, hu had continued to push on mild a latu hour at niulil. ami even then his feverish stntoof excitement deprived him 01 nouns mucin or rose. hen thev slopped, mid while m the act of cainiiin Mr. Simpson turned suddenly round, and shot Mr. llird through the heart ; anil hcloro the astounded larty could lly from the presence of tho mailman, he lischarged the oilier barrel and mortally wounded Mr. Loltos. It appears that tho party hall separated: and when ho cominitt,d thu murder on his compan ions, there were only two more present ono of them a son of Legrns who immediately (led a short dis tance. 1 ho ilying father earnestly unplor.xl Simp-'ou to permit his son to return nnd cinlirnue him before he should elie which ho ngrceel to, and beckoned them back, saying there was nothing lo fiar. yn their return, aimpson nccusoei i.egros of con spiring with Bird, nnd asked him whether it was not tneir intention to assassinate him that night; the dy ing man said it was, but on being into irogntcel n sec ond time, he denie'el having nny intention or design of such a deed, and shortly alter expired. Kimpscn then orderexl tho two men to bridle their horses, nnd pre pare to return with him to the settlement, but no sooner wero they mounted, than they dashed nil' in quest of thn main body, and overtook them about 18 miles ahead. 1 hey all returned 111 the morning, and when they had reached within 200 yeards of tho camp thev had a idhnpso of Simpson at the door of bis lent. and immediately aflcrwnrd heard a report of a gun ; suiiosuig mai no was eieeermintn 10 carry out me work of destruction which ho had begun, they at tempted to intimidate him bv firinc three volleys 111 tho direction of the camp, nnd then approached it cautious ly, vvnon they came up, they tound their cominan fer weltering in his blood, nnd on closer examination found that ho had literally blown bis head to pieces! 1.'...:.. .1 :i.i ....1 .......1.1:....: ! .,. . i-uin mu .nu, iiitrtii'M. 11 ... injiinu view, wcru me three bodies committed lo ll-.c same crave bv their poinpanions, who then pursued their loutc with feel ings more easily e-onceived than described. The pari v arrived nt St. Peters about the first of July, 111 possession nf the important papers, and other propeny iiciougiug 10 uiu iii-iaicn nunpson. Thoso particulars we learn from Mr. Win. A. Aitkin. a trader from Lake Superior. Mr. Aitkin farther slates that tho whole mailer is involved ut mystery, which time only can clear up. Tho unfoi lunate Simpson was a native of Scotland and a nephew of iho present Governor of tho 11.11. Co. Ho was about twenty-eight years eif age1, pos sessed of fino talents un amiable disposition mid tho universal esteem of thoso who know him. The following is n very fair version of the President's decision in relation to tho finding of tho court martial in the case of commodore F.liott. MARTIN'S LETTER TO JESSE. Translated for the Courier if Enquirer. Although the navy you've disgraced, Its interests t.ct at nought, Tho rules of houoi havu cllaced, And in low tricks been cutight ; Still llhc President perceive, Hy nrls I've practised long, That I can mnke all men bclicvo Thai you have not elono wrong. And out of evil good shnll come, Whate'r your peers may say. Four years you're free thu woild tJ roam, Hut you shall havo full pay. If yon 'II serve me, I 'II serve you, My willing tools I'll gild j This rule has always led 1110 through, And did my fortunes build. I'll wink vvhciin'r my friends apply Unto their private uso The public purse and properly, And shield themfioui abuse. They may enjoy a taste for jacks, And dim our glorious stars, Display their valorem the backs Of our defenceless tars. And then that lazy idle set. The lieutenants and 'inids,' Your acts to lliom I dont regret, Their uselcssness forbids. Go nnd tho gorgeous plain display ; 'Tvvas begged from seamen poor, Who e-arncd it toiling night and day, Amid ihu occau'b roar. Lo! ho who raised the " figuro bead" Is woithy of the spoils; Repose now on your laurel bed, And rest from all your toils. Gbn. Oolk'b .Spp.kcii. Wo nro publishing largo quantities of Gen. Ogle's .Speech in pamphlet form. It is a most interesting and valuable, document. I ho oxtrnvngance, luxury, voluptuousness of those who livo on iho people's money, is hero exposed to public view. Such exhibitions of reeking, rotten prolligncy in the squander of tho public, money, never before as tonished tho American People. Who among us supposed that wo were paving an hundred elollars to nilorn Iho President's table with "daily roscsl" Who supposcel that tho People were saddled with the) expenses 01 moving 'Mr John Van Huron's bod-room," bailing iho curtains in thn "Ma jor's room," making tho "sheets" and "homing tho towels" of his Republican Mniestvl Who supposed that wo wero paying four nnd livo dollars a yard for "Royal Wilton" "Imperial Saxony" nnd "Sublime Ottoman " carpets nnd rugs, insioan nt purchasing rarpeis, ns require'ii ny law, 01 American inanuiac 1 111 0 1 Alba 11 y Jirtn inr; Jou mat. In the good old county nf Mecklenburg a few days since, a 7.calous nut not well Informcil partisan haran gued an assemblage of voters. Ilo spoko with much triumph of tlio miUtary achievements, of General Jack son, and beginning with Henry Clay, ho went on to iibk where wrro sundry prominent politicians about tne 111110 mc iieticrai was lipnuug uiu mi ui fVrlcnns. IfiMtiMtiilrd Daniel Webster ill lus iniciics. "Ah," says be, "When tlio hold nnd fearless patriot, Anilrew Jnckson. was in that clorinus battle, perilling his lifo for his country's hboiiy, what was Daniel Webster 1 Ah what was be ? Why fellow citizens he was wuy offin Uoston making spelling books lRUh mond Conip, A HMALL TIPPECANOE MELODV Ti'Nn-"7Vie Mellow Ihm." Oh, now Vnn Huron sadly notca The portents or the times, And feels as one about lo reap Thu punishment of crimes, He finds the days he has lo rule Arc dwindled to a span; A few short hours and then 'twill bo, "Good byu to Matty Van." To Matty Van, To Matty Matty Vnn, To Matty Van, To Matty Matty Van. At cvo when by tho glittering lamp Ho cons tho papers o'er, And counts his losses south and west, Ho votes it quite a boros 'Tis then in mournful (ones bo says, "1 nm an iindono iiinni A few short hours, mid old 'twill be, Good by to Matty Van." To Matty Van, To Matty Matty Von, To Matty Van, T Mnlli Mnllv Vnn. New York. July 29th. You.vo Tip. FRIDAY MOnNING, AUGUST 11, 1810. THE PROTECTING POLICY. lie must indeed bo but carclcsa observer of the (signs of the times, who has not perceived a growing and settled hostility, on the part of the administration, to tho protective system. This hostility first manifested in hpyocritical profes sioiis of friendship for a "judicious" tariff. They were in favor of a tariff; but it must bo "equal" that is, a mere revenue, tariff, which, from the very nature of thing!!, can aflbrd no adcepiatc protection. The sub-treasury was next proposed as a substitute ; and with this tub to amuse the whale, the whole administration battery is open ed upon "that most unequal and iniquitous sys tem, a high tariff." Mr. Van Iluren congratu latcs his partisans that " the young .Sampson of Democracy has scattered tho high protective tariff system to the four iriiuh if heaven" Mr. Calhoun "rejoices that the system of prnlecticc tariffs, bo pre-eminent in mischief is about to expire, and gasping its last breath" the Globe proclaims a "settled opposition to the tari(P' the Burlington Sentinel lauds the sub-trcasury, "be cause it will lay tho axe at the root of that most uncepial and iniquilious system of a high tariff" and Mr Van Ness in his 4th of July speech proclaimed unequivocal opposition to all legisla tive protection to American industry. The sub trcassury, he contended, by destroying com mcrcc, and reducing prices, would alford inci dental protection enough to manufactures ! This language you now find in the mouth of ev ery office-holder in tho country, ami those of the administration leaders who cannot approve, arc yet too far committed to party.to raise even a pro test against this palpable attempt to sacrifice the interests of tho north. To show the reader tliat we do not speak without the boool;, we give our authorities, which, it seems to us, must be conclusive, to every candid mind. The follow- ing is from the Globe of the 7th Feb. last, The South opposed Nullification, and in this tho ij oho sunnorled the tsotith. Hut did not tho Ke dor of tho Globe direct the whole) power of his press to Drcak down the l.MliUI TUUS TARIFF which pro voked the remedy proposed by South Carolina'.' a wrong which would have JUJslIFlhl) tho most extrcmo remedy, if there hod been no other redress. Iteforc thu l.ditor ol thu Itiouolctt Kentucky, ho he n- cd to organize an opposition to Mr. Clav's sordid scheme of electioneering, couched on his American system, and by a preamble and resolutions, in w hich tho TARIFF WAS DENOUNCED, written and presented by himself to n public ine'eting held nt the sent of Government, contributed something to aroun the OPPOSITION of the democracy of thu Stnto to a measure, for which Mr. Clav'k inllucuco had there ponimanilcd a sort or universal acquicse-eiice. On es- tahlishing Ihu uloho at v aslungton, its Ivhlor nnilct- vatcd tho Telegraph IN A SETTLED OPPOSITION TO THE TARIFF. Hut ho advocated riduction and repeal, not Nullification. Upon this point, in regard 10 1111s sniicci. 110 spin irom .vir. ualiiocn and hi friends. It led ton family quarrel among Statu Right': 111011 ; nnd, like all family feuds, it was the bitterc.-t while it endured, and was nccumpanicd willi tho most intemperate expression of excited feelings. Happily, however, tho heat passed off in a war of epithets, of which we nan our tun snare, ami something more We can JOIN THE NULLIFIERS CORDIALLY in bringing up for public judgment the cold-blooded and selfi.-h authors of iho CRIMINAL MEASURI which robbeel the South, and endangered the peace and prosperity ot the union ; nnd do not regret thnt tiievnavc 0110011, among 1110 nrst. 10 make an exam ple of tho Editor of the National Intelligence r, who has been, from tho beginning, a prominent agent in every plot to make the weaker section o tlio Union a prey to the stronger. It vvas the deliverance of the proclamation from the strained force which Mr. Webster's and his organs endeavored to imparl, that prevented the catastrophe which tho AUTHORS OF THE TARIFF were willing should fall upon the country ral her than thai their FAVORITE system should SINK silently under tho STROKE OF Li:GlSLAT10N.-(r7o4f, Fib. This is unequivocal nnd coming as does from the official organ, might be taken as conclusive as to the designs of tho adiiiiiiinistraton. But vvc have the declarations of the President him self. In reply to an invitation to attend a barba cue in Kentucky, on the 11th inst. ho informs the committee that ho had just signed the sub treasury bill, and after gloryifying that measure in a suitable strain, he alludes to the tariff in the following brief but significant paragrapl "The Sampson of Democracy hurst tho cords which woto already pound around its limns, and m l uc elec tion of Mr. Jefferson vindicated its principles, its firm ncss and its power. A web moro artfulhi I'outrivoil. composed ol a HIGH PROTECTIVE TARIFF, a system of internal improvements, nnd a National Hank, was then twined around thu sleeping giant, in thovnin hope of subjecting him forever to thu dominion mid will of tlio ambitious and grasping few, and vou have seen how he has SCATTERED THE WHOLE TO THE WINDS when routed by tho warning voiceof tho honest and intrepid Jackson. Martin I'an Hurcn, July 1. Mr. Calhoun vvas also invited to attend a fes tival at White Sulphur Springs, on tho Kith, and in his lottcr of tho 27th Juno, published in the Globe he comes out in a still louder .strain of ex ultation : " Hut this is not all that has been done. Much still remains 10 bo added ; among them, I rcioioo instate1, that thu syttcm of PROTECTIVE TARIFFS, so prc-cniineiit in niUchief, IS AHOUT TO EXPIItE; yes, that system which has done so much to elivulo nml district the country, LS GASPING, 1 TRUST, ITS LAST HKEATII ; and with it, tho eonnccled nnd kindred system of lavylefs expenditures on innu merable objects not authorized by tho constitution. Revive tho protective tariff and rear up anew the miscalled Aiiifn'can system, with nil its wasteful and unconstitutional expenditures, discord, revolution, and tho loss of liberty will certainly follow. There is noesenpo for us but by rtrriuir our'conne, going completely through with tho work of reform, and then Inking afresh start, such ns the patriots of '93 would take were they now alivo and at the helm." J. C. Calhoun, June 27. And now, in humble imitation of its illustri- ous leader, hear tho Burlington Sentinel. That paper of tho 21th July, in an articlo devoted to the Subtroasury enumerates (ho following among other blessings that aro to flow from it : It will overthrow the whole splendid but most cor rupt system of extravagant expenditures by tlio Gen ernl Government for uiiconstiiutional obn-cis. kimwn ns tho "Internal Improvement" svstoni HKCAIISF. it will lay the axe at Ihe root nf that most unequal and iniquitous syitem of a "HIGH TARIFF," by setting un) wiiuiu cimiiiiiiimy zi .uunaiy ni work to keep down tho revenue to tho actual wants of tho Government, nil- nunibterod upon tlio most economical scale. Tho mass of tho people have ever been against high taxes nnu largocApemiiiures. limine business community, the manufacturers, the contractor's on public works, that whom great class who nro constantly looking for nn opportunity to makesomcthincr, who from their being iMiigu-gated m masses and theit supei wr activity always exercise a much greater mllueiiiv ilmn ibm m which they aro numerically entitled, hnve occupied the caroi congress, ami 1110 demands of iho people havo necu siowiy compiled, wuii, Jijrlwgton bcnimei, Juiy i. Nor is tins all. Wo aro informed by a per wn who was present at the Locofoco convention at Williston a few weeks since, that a strong tariff resolution was introduced, road twice, and adopted ; but, mark ye, reader, that resolution was suppressed in tho official proceedings pub lished in the Sentinel I What docs this mean I Why was tho resolution adopted I Why was it suppressed 1 The answer is obvious. It was adopted becauso it was in accordance with tho views of a vast majority of tho cf;'ie of thin county ; and suppressed, becauso it was at war with tho principles and measures of the admin istration ! The ofiicc-holders ewre not send it to their masters at Washington. What sort of protection can the industry of the north expect at such hands 1 How long will an intelligent com munity submit to eo gross and flagitious an im position ! indeed, so deep is tno leonng against a protective policy, that it is charged upon tho Whig Candidate that lie is in favour of tho protectivo system hy tho Extra-Globe, and undeserving thoreforo of Southern support. Tho Editor of that rabid paper quotes thu followiiigcxtract, including a resolution, from tho journal of the Senate of Ohio, in which vvc find it italicized us follows : "Air. Harrison morel the adoption nf tiro resolu tions, instructing oar members in Congress to pro cure Ihe. passage qf taiccs modifying the TAlllFF on imported articles, and for the encouragement of domestic manuf ailures and internal improrcmi.ncb ; which icerc read, and ordered to tic on the tabic." December 1 1, 1819. ''Thu Senate then took up tho report of the Committee of tho Wholo upon the reso lutions repealing tho tariff on imported articles, and relative to internal improvements and domestic ma nufactures ; which report vvas amended and agreed to; and em motion to agree to tho following resolution, to wit : "Pcsnlrcd by the General Assembly of the Stale of Ohio, That, In their opinion, tlio present pecuniary embarrassments of the country are, in n great degree, caused hy want of encouragement and protection Pi eloincstic manufactures, mul that good policy requires that such modifications of the tariff, on imported arti cles, bo immediately made!, ns will stop that inunda tion of foreign Merchnmliso which has destroyed or suspended thu operations of the greater part of tho ma nufacturing establishments of tho United States ; which motion to agrco to said resolution vvas uiiani moii'ily decided in thu affirmative. "The yeas and nays having been required, thoso members who wero present, and voted in ihenfDrnm live, were " Messrs. Haldwin, Hrown, Campbell, Fithinn,. Foot, Furnas, HARRISON, Hooker," &c. Additional extracts from tho journal of tho Ohio Senato arc given in the Globe, to show the zenl Gen. Harrison spent in behalf of a protectivo tariff, and for which tlio editor of the Globe complains bitterly, as tho follovr- ing paragraph will show : "In theso propositions of Harri?om i containe-l tho germ of all tho infection of that sordid American, System, which had well nigh proved fatal to Ameri can institutions. The perpetuity of a national debt, monopoly in its most odious form, in privileges to tho richer class, by increaMngtho poverty of iho poorer legislative corruption in tho log-rolling system nnd combinations, to carry out schemes to apprupriato money to their peculiar objects, at thu expense of tho wuiKir seeuons ui uie imou me depraving pouuy 01 distributing surpluses upon ihe national improve menta at the expense of iho Constitution nnd State jurisdic tion ; nnd the fountain of nil the iniquity, in n tarill stripping tho people of their earnings by the Govern ment wants, hut to e-orrupt great clas-es to support it in ils tyrannies, is thu creed embodied in these ILa niso.v resolution1." This is plain language. It can not and will not be misunderstood hy tho North, and the People at tho North will, forever, hold a man, in abhoranco who neglects their inte rests, and, instead of providing for tho whole, country, merely assists tho Southern part of the Union. Such language may injure Gen, Harrison in the estimation of tho Southern Plantors and their "human property," but it does not detract ono jot or tittle from his proud fame in New-England. FOURTH D 1STRICT. Tho Locofoco convention met at Cambridge on the 1th inst. and re-nominated John Smith as a candidate for Congress. Several resolutions but no adelrces were adopted. Tlio resolu tions endorse Mr. Van Huron, Col. Johnson, and John Smith declare friendship for the tarifi, and insist upon "avowals." Mr. Van Ncss, an usual, made a speech ; but vvas quite brief, less spirited than on former occasions, and, wo pre Biime, omitted to abuse Gen. Harrison fur not giving "pledges." Mr. V. N. desired to have been the candidate himself, it is said ; and tho f.ict that ho could now get only a dozen votes in a convention that heretofore nominated his bag. gage, was rather an unkind indication, and doubtless damped his ardor. But this is nothing that concerns us. Inasmuch as nothing is said in the proceed ings about an address on this occasion, it is to bo presumed that the party will adopt the old ad dress of lr?:(I, at which time this same John Smith and this same C. P. Van Ncss were riial candidates. And, for tho purjioso of directing the attention of the democratic portion of the loco feico party to this document, we epiote an extract or two together with the running comments of the Sentinel, upon Mr. Smith's political charac ter, generally. Alluding to this gentleman, the adelress says " He is a man of fair character in private life. " but of the old federal party the opponent "and EI.VILER of .Irflhson and Madison "tho STRUNUOUS OPPOSKR of the lat " war, and found exerting all his inlltienco to " thwart the government in tho pio.-ccution of it "and if wo may judge from his past political " course, he has not discarded the principles by " which he was then governed." Democratic Address, Aug. 1531. This is the testimony of a democratic conven tion, composed of the leading men from all parts of the district men familiar, it is to bo presum ed, with Mr. Smith's character and early histo ry. But to this, the Franklin Journal domurrcil, whereupon the Sentinel of the next week added the following cloudier: "John Smith was opposcel to tho last war, has " always Uvn a rankfuleralisl, anil if lie did not " live to opjKise the election and administration "of Thomas Jellerson, he has rendered himself " equally culpable with those who did, by a zeal " ous opposition throughout his whale political "career, to Jolloroonian principles. Will tho " writer or tho editor of the Journal deny this " Why has the writer (in tho Franklin Journal) "with such jcsuitical finesse, passed over tho "chargo of federalism made upon Mr. Smith in "tho address! Docs ho think that the demo, "cratic freemen will bo deceived by this puerilo 'nttcinptat whitewashing his former political " character, and by it be drawn into his support ! " Was ho not the zealous coadjutor of the Hon. " Benjamin Swift during iho last war ! And do "the leading partizans of Mr. Smith consieler " men who deemed it unbecoming a moral and "religious people to rojoico at our victories, "1)011 democrats !" Sentinel, Au& -", ISlU. Such was tho Fignificant inquiry of the Sontf. liolin littlo dreaming that it would bo called upon to prove that this emo "revilor of Jollbrson, ono who ilconio.l it unbecoming a moral and religious people to icjoico at our vie lories," was indeed a "good democrat." But thin Faith 'ho record. And did tho Sentinel nml tlio democratic address speak Iho (ruth in isyi! If eo, tnon is wio protnem soiveo, nuu .r . il..t rtnvi mnn trim fnlntYrvvntOfl

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