Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 11, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 11, 1840 Page 2
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ttOEltE IPIBIB8Q Una presidential Icim-an economical adminis tration a sound currency a protecting (arlil low salaries and full prices for tabor, aud the products oflabor. for mr.siDF.NT. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON. ron vies rntBitiKJff. JOHN TYLBR, Of Virginia. In all ages and all countries, it has boon observed, bat the cultivators of the soil nre those who arc least wflling to part with their rights, nnd submit themselves u the will of a master. Wa. H. Hadmson. M The people of the United Stales May they ever wmemhor, that, to preserve their liberties, they must do their own voting ami their own fighting. Harhisoh. "Thr m.rRtNos or thousands or women akp eMILDnr.N, ttKHlVeDrROMTIIB fcCALI'INO KKll'E or TUB CTIIIJ.KS SAVAOB or TUB WILDERNESS, AND TIIOM TUB, miX MORE KAVAGE PttOCTOB, REST OM HARRISON amd ms gallant armv." Simon Snyder's Message to Ih Pennsylvania I.egistature,Dectmber 10m, 18U, FOR KLECTORK, n N. s.vMUUt. o. grafts, r HON. EZRA MBKCII. R 1st dist. WILLIAM HENRY, td dist. JOHN CONANT, Jddist. AHNF.R H. W. TENNF.T, 4th dist. WILLIAM I'. RRIGGS, 6th dist. JOSEPH REED, INDEPENDENT TREASURY I. VW. An Act to provide for the collection, safe keeping, trans f-r, and disbursement of the public revenue. lie it enacted by the Senate and House of llfpre mitatircs nf the United Statu of America, in Can' trrtsi assembled, That tliero shall bo prepared and pro vided, within the new treasury building now erecting at ttic seat ol government, suitable ana convenient rooms for the use of the Treasurer of theUriitcd States, his assistants mid clerks; anil sufficient secure firo proof vaults, an I safes, for tho keeping of public mo neys in the possession and under the immediate con trol ol tno said treasurer! winch said .rooms, vaults, and safes are hercbv constituted, and declared to be, tho Treasury of tho United States. And the said Trea surer of the United Slates shall keep all the public moneys which shall come to his hands, in the Treasu ry of the United Slates, as hereby rontitutcd, until the -ame arc drawn therefrom according to law. Sec. 2. And be itfttrlher enacted, That the mint of the United States, in cilyof Philadelphia, in the stale of Pennsylvania, and the branch mint, m the city of new Orleans, m the state oi Louisiana, and the vaults and safes thereof, respectively, shall hoplacesof depo sitc and safe keeping of the public moneys at those points respectively; and t lie treasurer nt the said mint and branch mint respectively, for the time being, shall have custody and care of all public moneys deposited within me same,anil snail periorm all tncduttes requir ed to be performed bv them, in reference to the receipt, safe keeping, transfer, and disbursement of all such moneys, according to the provisions hereinafter con tuinuJ. Sec. 3. And be it farther enacted. That there shall be prepared and provided, within the Custom House now erecting in the city of New York, in the state of New York, nnd in the city of Boston, in the state of .uassacnuseiis, suitalile anu convenient rooms tor the use of receivers general of public moneys, hereinafter uirecu-u 10 nc apnniuicu at mosc places respectively, and sufficient anu secure fireproof vaults and safes, for tho keeping of the public moneys collected and depos ited with them, respectively; and the receivers general of public money, from time to time, appointed at those points, shall have thu custody and care. of said rooms, Y.nilts and safes, respectively, and of nil the public moneys depositcdwithin the same ; and shall perform all the duties required tube performed bv them, in re ference to the receipt safe keeping, transfer and dis- Dursoment or nil such moneys, according to tho provi ions of Ibis act. Sec. 4. And be it further enartcd. That there shall be erected, prepared and provided, at tho expense of ine uiiueii omies, at ine city oi iuancsion in ine suite of South Carolina, nnd tho city of St. Louis in l he state ot Missouri, ottiecs, with suitable and convenient rooms for the uso of the receivers general of ihe pub lic money hereinafter directed to bo appointed at the places aoovu named ; and suttieient and sneure tire-, proof vaults and safes, for ihe keeping." the public money collected at thosa points respectively; and the said receivers general from time to time appointed at tboc places, shall have the custody and care of the said offices, vaults and safes, so to 6a erected, prepared and provided, and of all tho public moneys deposited within thu sime; and sh-ill perforin all the duties re quired to be performed by them, in reference to the re ceipt, lafe keeping transfer and disbursement of all such moneys, according to the provisions hereinafter contained. Sue. 5. Anil be it further enacted, That the Pres ident shall nominate, "and by and with tho advice of the Senate, appoint four officers, to be denominated ' receivers general of public money,' which said ollicers shall hold their officei for the term of four years, un less sooner removed tlic-rcfrom ; one of which shall he located in tho city of New Yoik, in the state of New York ; one other of which shall be located in the city ofltoston, in the stato of Massachusetts; one other of which shall bo located in the city of Charleston, in the state of South Carolina ; ami the remaining one of which shall bo located at the city of St. Louis, in the stato of Missouri; and all of which said officers ahall give bonds to the United States, with sureties, accordins to tho provisions hereinafter contained, for the faithful discharge of the duties of their respective offices. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted. That the Treas urer of the United States, the treasurer of the mint of the United States, the treasurers, and those acting as euch, of the various branch mints, all collectors of the customs, all surveyors of the customs acting also as couecicrs, an receivers general oi puiuio moneys, an roceivers of public money at the several land offices. and all postmasters, except as hereinafter particularly provided, bo, and the same are, hereby required to keep iafcly, without loaning or using, all the public money collected by them, or otherwise, nt any time, placed in incir puxitessiun uuu eusiuuy, uu ine same is order ci by the proper deparimen or officer ot government! to bo transferred or paid out : and when such orders! for transfer or payment are received, faithfully and promptly to msko tho samo ns directed, and to do nnd perform all other duties as fiscal agents of the govern ment which may be imposed by ibis or any other acts of Congress, or by any regulation of the treasury de partment, made in conformity to law nnd also to do and penorm an acts anu autics rcquircu ny law nr ell rcction of anvof the executive departments of the rrov' ernment. ns nccnts for payins pensions, or for makim? any other disbursements which either of the heads of tnose departments may do required by law to make, and which are of a character to be made the deposita ries hereby constituted, consistently with the other official duties imposed upon Ihein. Sec. 7. And be it further parted, That tliOTTcasii. 'reroftho Uiuieif S tTtes." tiTo t r eau rcr of tin, flint of the United States, the treasurer of the branch mint at new Orleans, and tho receivers general of public mo ncy hereinbefore directed to be appointed, shall re spectively give bonds to tho United States in such form and for such amounts, ns shall be directed by the Secretary of tho Treasury, by and with the advice and consent of tho President, with sureties to tho satis, faction of the Solicitor of tho Treasury ; and shall, from time to time renew, strengthen and increase their official bonds, ns tho Secretary of the Treasury, with tho consent of the President. may direct ; any nw in reference to any of tho official bonds of nny of the said officers to the contrary notwithstanding. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of thu Seerotrnrv of the Treasury, ntasenr. jy a day as possible, after the passago of this act, to renuirefrom the several depositaries hercbv constitu ted, and whose official bonds are not hereinbefore provided for, to execute bunds new and editable in their terms to meet tho new nnd increased duties im posed upon them respectively by ihi act, and with sureties, nnd in such sums as shall seem reasonable aiul safe to the Solicitor of the Titnuiry, and from time 10 lliliu in mpiiiti Kui-ii iniimn in nu renuwuti Him in creased in amount, and strengthened bv now sureties, to mojt nnv increasinir responsibility which may s?rov out of accumul itions'of money in tho hands of tho depositary, or out nt any oilier duty or responsibility arising Ulltwi una in iiny uiue-i inw in . (inluiM. Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That nil collect nm nnd receivers of nublio tiionnv. of every eharnelei and description, within tho District of Columbia, shall, hh frequently as ihey mav bo directed by tho Secreta ry of the Treasury or tho Postmaster General so to do, pay over to tho Treasurer of the United Mates, at the Treasury thereof, all public tnonoys so collected by them, or in llieir hands; that all such collectors nnd receivers of public moneys within the cities of Philn rl,.lnliii nnd New Orleans shall, upon the same direc tion pav over to tho Treasurer of tho minis in their respectivo cities nt tho said minis, all public moneys .,ll,fr,l l,v ibeni or in llieir hands t nnd that nil such collectors nnd receivers of public monoys within the cities of New York, llostun, Charleston, and St. i r., annll iinnn the same direction nav over to thu receivers genernl of public money in their rcspcctlvu cities at their offices respeelivf U all the public moneys collected by thern. j jbo stfcly kept uispo the toiJ secretary and postmaster General to direct ' euch payments by tho eaid collectors and receivers, ot all tho said places, at least at often as once in each wcck. ana as mucn more irequeiiiiy in bu cases, as thcy,in their discretion nitty think proper. Nets 10. And he it farther enacted. That it shall be lawful for the Secretary of tho Treasury to transfer trie moneys in iiiciianuaoiaiiyurponiiarynercuy con stituted to the Treasury of tho United States) to the mint at Philadelphia to the branch mint at New Or leans, or to the offices of cither of the receivers gene ral of the public moneys by this act directed to be ap pointed, to be there safely kept, according to the pro visions of this act ; and also to transfer moneys in the hands of any one depositary constituted by this act, to any other depositary consittitcd by tho same, at his discretion, and as the safety of the public mon eys and the convenience of the public service shall seem to him to require) which authority to transfer the moneys belonging to the post office department is also hereby conferred upon the postmaster general, so lar ns us exercise uy mm may nc consisicui wuu the provisions of existing laws ; and every depositary constituted by this act shall keep his account of the money pnid to or deposited with hun, belonging to tne post office department, separate and distinct from the account kept by him of other public moneys so paid or deposited. And for the purposo of payments on tho public account, it shall be lawful for the Treasurer of the United Stales to draw upon any of tho said depositaries as he may think most conducive to the public interest, or to tlie convenience of the public crcunors or uoin. Sue. 11. And be it further enacted, That the mon eys in the hands, csri.' or custody of anv of the deoo- sitarics constituted bv this act. snail be considered and held as deposited to the credit of the Treasurer of the United States, and shall bo at all times subject to his draft, whether made for transfer or disbursement, in the samo manner as though the said moneys were act ually in the Treasury of the United States; and each depositary shall make returns to the treasury and post office department, of all moneys received and paid by him, at such times and in such forms as shall be directed by the Secretary of thu Treasury or the rosimasicr uencrni. Sec 12. And be it further enacted. That the Sccre tary of the Treasury shall, and ha is hereby authorized to cause examinations to un mailo ot the noons, ac counts, and money on hand, of the several deposita ries constituted by this act Tor that purpose, to appoint SDccial ancnts. as occasion may rcouirV. with such compensation as ho may think reasonable, to be fixed and declared at the time of each appointment. Tho agents selected to make these examinations, shall be instructed to examine as well the books, accounts and returns of the officer, as tho money on hand, nnd the manner of its being kept, to the end that uniformity and accuracy in the accounts as well as safety to the public money may bo secured thereby. Sec. IS. And be it further enacted. That in addition to the examinations provided for in the last preceding section, annas n niriner guaru over the public mon eys, it shall bo the duty ot each naval officer and sur vcyor, as a check on the receiver general of public moneys, or collector of the customs, of their respective districts ; of each register of a land office, as a check upon the receiver of ins land office ; and of the direc tor and superintendent of each mint and branch mint when separate officers, as a check noon the Treasu rers, respectively, of the said mints, or the persons accting as such, at the close of each quarter of the year and as much oftcner as thoy shall be directed by the Secretary of the Treasury to do so, to examine the books, accounts, returns, aad money on hand, of the receivers general or the public money, collectors, re ceivers of land offices, treasurers and persons acting as such, and to make a full, accurate and faithful return to the treasury department of their condition. Sec. 11. And be it further enacted. That the said officers respectively, whose duty it is made by this act to receive, keep and disburse the public moneys as the fiscal scents of the covcrnment. inavbe sl owed nnv necessary additional expenses for clerks, fire proof cnests, or vnuiis, nr other necessary expenses ot safe keening, transferring and disbursing said moneys ; all such expenses of every character, to be first expressly authorized bv the Snoretarv of the Treasury, whose directions upon all of the above subjects, by way of regulation ami otherwise, laras nutnoricd bylaw, urn to no stneuy louowed by all the said officers ; Provi ded, That the whole number of clerks to be appointed by virtue of this section of this act, shall not exceed ten, and the aggiegate compensation of the whole number shall not exceed eight thousand dollars, nor snail the coinpcnsat-on or any one clerk, so appointed exceed eight hundred dollars per annum. Sec. 15. And be it further snncttd, That the Se cretary of the Treasury shall, with as much prompti tude as tho convenience of ihe publie business, and the safety of the Public funds will permit, withdraw ihr balances remaining with the present depositaries of me piinuc moneys, ana enntmc tliesale Keeping, trans for aud disbursement of those moneys to the deposits ries established by this act. Sec. 1G. And be it further enacted. That all mar shals, district attorneys, and others, having publie money to pay to me united States, nnd patentees, wishing to timko payments for patents to bo issued may nay all such monrvn tn ilm Tr,.nnr,T nf thi United States, at tho Treasury, to tho Treasurer of cither oiidp aunts,. m Philadelphia or .ew Orleans, to either of the roceivers general of public money, or to such other depositary constituted by this act as shall be designated by the Secretary of the Treasury in other parts of tho United States, to receive such payment ami give sucn receipt or ccrtincates oi des nosite therefor. Sec. 17. And be it further enacted. That all officers charged by this art with the safekeeping, transfer, and disbursement of the public moneys, other than those connected with tho Post Office Department, arc hereby required to keep an accurate entry of each sum recti ved. and of the kind of money in which it is made; and that if any one of the said officers, or of tnosH connected with the rout uihce Department, shall convert to his own use. in anv way whatever. or shall use, by way of investment, in any kind of property or merchandise, or snail loan, with or wiuiuui iiuercsi, any portion oi tnc public moneys in trusted to him for safekccniiiL'. disbursement, transfer. or for any other purposi, every such act shall be deemed and adjudged to be an embezzlement of so much ol the said moneys as shall be thus taken, con verted, invented, ut.vd. or loaned, which is hereby do. dared to be a felony, and any officer or agent of the United Stales, andnll person? advisingor participating in such act, bing convicted thereof before any court of tho United Slates of coinpetentjiirisdiction, shall lie Buiiienceu to imprisonment lor o term not less tnan six months, nor more than five years, and to a line equal to ine amount oi money cuinczzieu. Sec. H. And be it lurlhcr enacted. That until th rooms, offices, vaults and sifes. directed hv the first four sections of this act to be constructed and prepared mr mo use oi tne Treasurer oi tne united states, tho treasurer of the mints at Philadelphia and New Or leans, and the receivers-general ol the puhhi: money ui .te-w iorn, noston, unarieston, ana M. l.ouis, can uu constructed nuu prepared Tor use, it shall be tin duly of tho Secretary of thu Treasury to procure suita bio rooms for offices for those ollicers at their rcspec me locations, nnn t- contract lor suen use or vault and safes as may bu renuired forlhe safeWninir of tin public moneys in the charge and custody of those offi cers respectively, the expense to be paid by the United States. Ssc. 19. And he it further enacted, That from and aiier tne iiiirieeiiin uayoi June, winch will be in tin year one thousand eight hundred and forty, the reso unions oi congress oi ine thirtieth day or April, in trv year ,mc thimMI,a humlrcii ami 8ixtccn s'0 fnr aH x authorizes iho receipt in payment of duties, taxes sales of public lands, debts, and sums of money, ac be collected and paid in the notrs of specie paying banks shall be so modified as that one fourth part of all such duties, taxes, sales of publie lands, debts, and sums eruuui ui uue-uuiiui: nuviiuie 10 tne umicu Ataiii. ir oi money accruing or becoming duo to the United States, shall be collected in tho legal currency of the uiiiie-u maii-n; uuu irum ami niier too iiurtccnill nay of June, which will be in tho voar one thousand eiirbt hundred and forty-one, one other fourth, part of nil such duties, taxes, sales of public lands, debts, nnd sums of money, shall be so collected ; nnd that from and after the thirtieth day of June, which will be in the year ono thousand eight hundred and fnitv-two. nnn oilier luurtll part Ol nil sucn uuncs, inne. saien oi pun delimits, drills, and sums f if money, shall be so col IluiXU -ah'1 '"nl lr"m a'm B,Itr ,nB mirtietn uny oi Juno, which wii.,o m ino year one mousanu eigut hundred and fortv-thrcc, tliVcmajninguart of the said duties, taxes, snles of public lanusj-dfufs anu sums of money, shall be also collected in tht'fcal currency nt Hi,- t'n iffi .stntrK s ami irorn anu aiu " mentioned day, all sums accruing, or becoming nov.l.U in ihn United Slates, for duties, taxes, sales of public lands, or other debts, and also nil sums due for postnges, or otherwise, to the Uenernl i'ost uiuce Department, shall nc paiu m gom nnn uiira uniy. Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, Thatfromand after the thirtieth day "of June, which will be in tho year one thousand eight hunurefl anu lorty-tnrce, every officer or ngeut engaged in making disbursements on nccount oi tne unpen mmi-p, m w mo u ui Oft'ice, shall make nil payments in gold and silver com only j and anv receiving or iiimiuimiik mm-ci, ui agent, who shall neglect, cvmic, or viinmu tne-piuvi-sions of this and the last prt-neding section of this act, shall, by the Secretary of iho Treasury, bo immediate ly reported tu the President of the United Stales, with thu facts of such neglect, evasion, or violation, and also to Concress. if in sussinn. nnd if not in ses sion, nt tho commencement of its session next after the vioiuiion inucs place. Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, ex plmni'Dof funds shall be made bv nnv disbursing offl cers, nr agents of thu Government, of nny grade or ,lfiininination whatsoever or connected with nnv branch of tho public service, other Ihnn an. exchange for gold nnd silver s anil every sucn tusuursing oinccr. when Iho means lor His uiguuraiiiciiB nro lurmsnei! In him in currency legally receivable undor.the provi ..innunf lliia nel. alinll lliallll llis llllVlllOnlB 111 0 CUT rency sorurnwhod, or wnen tnosu means aru lutinsiieu to lllllt HI limits, snail CUUSO inuse'iuuiio iu nu inwui1 i,.,i n, i uir iiia nf navmcnt ami nroneriv naiaaecor ding to the Inw, nnd shall make his payments in the iirri-iixu unTi.iivnil for iho drafts furnished, unless. for gold and silver at par, and so as to fucilitnto his payments, or Oinorwiso ncrainiuioumu mu muuu e-r-vim nnd nrmnnta the rirrutiition ef a metallic currcii cy : Aud it shall ho nnd is hereby made, the duty o the hind of the proper department immediately to sua nptnl frniii dun anv disbtirsins officer who shall vio Into the provisions of this section, and fot th with to re k...,...riLnlMi nnmt In ,V,n TrtMH cm accompanying the same, and withia tho know ledge of the said Secretary, to the end that such officer, or agent, may be promptly removed from office, or restorca to ms trust anu mo periormanco oi ms uuncs, as to the President may seem just and proper. Sac. 22. Andbi it further enacted, That it shall not bo lawful for the Secretary of tho Treasury to make or continuo in force, any genernl order, which shall create any difference in tho diflercnt branches of re venue, as to the funds or medium of payment,- in which debtsor dues accruing to the United States may ocnaia. , , Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That it shall be tho duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to issue and publish regulations to enforce tho speedy prcsenla- iiunoi nil uovermiicninrmts inr nnvmcniui me uiaeu where paynble,.and to prcsccibc the time, according to the distances of the depositaries from the scat of Government, within which all drafts upon them, res- I'leiiTtiy, mini, ue inencme-u lur inyiiie-ni , ", default of such presentation, to direct any other mode and place or payment which he may deem proper out all those regulations nnd directions, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of tho Treasury to guard, as far as may be. nsainst those drafts bcinc used or thrown into circulation, as a paper currency or medium of exenatge. ar.c. z. Ana be u further enacted. That tnc rccci vcrs-gencral of public money directed by this act to be appointed, shall receive, respectively, the follow ing salaries, per annum, to be paid quarter-yearly, ut thcTrcasurvnf thnUnited States, to wit: thu receiver general of public money at New York shall be paid a a salary ot lour thousand dollars per annum i mo re- ceiver-gencrai oi public money nt iiosiou huuii uc paiu a salary of two thousand tivc nunuroa uonars per an num) the receiver-general of public money at Char leston shall be naid a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars per annum and tho receiver-general oi piiDiic money at si. l.ouis snnu ue paiu n sniarv oi two thousond five hundred dollars per annum ; the Treasurer of thu Mint at Philadelphia shall, in addi tion to his present salary receive five hundred dollars, mutually lor the performance oi tnc uuncs unposeu uy this act ) the Treasurer of the Itranch Mint at New Orleans shall also receive one thousand dollars, an nually, for the additional duties created bv this act. and these salaries, respectively, shall be in full for the services of the respective officers, nor shall cither of them bo permitted to charge or receive any commis sion, pay, or perquisite, for any official service, of any character or uescripuon wnnisonvcr; ana ine ma king ot any such charge, or the receipt ol any sucn compensation, is hereby declared to be a misdemeanor, for which the officer convicted thereof before any Court of the United States of competent jurisdiction, shall be subtect to punishment bv fine or imprison ment, or both at the discretion of the court before which the offence shall be tried. Sec. 25. And be it further enacted. That the Treasurer of iho United States be, and he is hereby authorized to receive at the Treasury, and at such other points as he may designate, payment in advance tor public lands, tne navmcnts so made, in an cases. to be evidenced by thu receipt of the said Treasurer of receivable for public lands, at any public or private tne un ueti otaies. wnicn receipts bo given, snau uc saicot muis, in tnc samo manner as tnc currency nu thnrizi.-d bv law to be received in payment for the pub lie lands; Provided hairerer, That the receipts given by tho Trcasurcr of the United States, pursuant to the authority conferred in this cctton, shall not be nego tiable or transferable, by delivery or assignment, or in anv other manner whatsoever, but shall, in nil ca ses, be presented in payments for lands bv or rcr the person to whom Inercccipt was given, as shown upon its face. Sec. 28. jlnrfoe it further enacted. That for the purchase of sites, and for the construction ofthcofficcs oi ine receivers-general ot ptiouc money, uy mis act directed to be eroded at Charleston. South Carolina. and at St. l.ouis Missouri, there shall be, and hereby rs appropriated, tube paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of ten thousand dollars, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, who is hereby re quired to adopt plans for the said otnecs, and tho vault and safes connected therewith, and to cause the same to be constructed nnd prepared for use with as little delay as shall be consistent with the public interests, and tho convenient location anu security oi tne buil dings to be erected ; Provided however, That if tho Secretary of the Treasury shall find upon inquiry and examination, that suitable rooms for the use of the re ceiver-general nt Charleston, can be obtained in the custom house now owned by the United states at that place, and secure vaults and safes can be constructed in that building for the safe keeping of tho public mo ney, then he shall cause such rooms to be prepared and fitted up, and such vaults and safes to be con structed in the custom bouse at Charleston, and no independent olhcc shall be there erected. Sr.c. 27. And be it further enacted. Thnt. for the payment of the expenses authorized by this act, other than those hereinbefore provided for, a sufficient sum of money be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to PR pain out oi any money in ine ire-usury nui inner wis appropriated. Sbc. 23. And be it further enacted, That all acts or parts of acts which cotno in conflict with the provisions ol this act bo, and trio same are nereny repealed. K. iil. J ., Speaker of the House of epresentatires. RICHARD M. JOHNSON. Vice President of the United States, and President of the Senate. ArraoviD, July 4th, 1340. M. VAN RUREN. OTIS. WEBSTER'S SPEECH. This Scb-Tkkasubv Hill. The New-York Ameri can of Wednesday contains the Speech of Mr. Web stcr, recently delivered at Snralogn. From that por tion of it which relates to the provisions of the Sub- Treasury bill, and to its effects upon thu labor and in dustry of the country, wc take the following What does this bill do 7 It declares that there shall be certain vaults, nnd safes, nnd rooms. But it has not been for want ol adequate vaults, and sates, and rooms, that we have lost our money, but owing to th hands to which wc have trusted the keys. It is ii the character of the ofiiecrH and not in the strenctli of bars and vaults, that we must look for the security of tho public treasure. What would be thought iu in private life, if some rich merchant, J. J. Astor for uutance, should determine no longer to trust nis mon ey with banks, and bank directors, who, nevertheless, I,'.... . in,..,..! n-ilh Mm in the credit and slnbility of the currency, and should hnilil hiiiiHrlf certain safes and vaults, and havinc nlaci d bis treasures therein, should of some forty or fifty hungry individuals, who might apply for theoflicc oi treasurer, give tno Rey iu uuu wnu wuum nuiiv the cheapest. You migni not, remaps, pronounce him insane, but vou would certainly say. he acted ve ry unlike J. J. Astor. Now what is true of private affairs is especially true of pubhn atlairs, and what would be absurd in an individual is not icss in a govern ment. What is doing in Uoston, where I belong' ihprii .trn hanks there, respectable snccio pavinc trust worthy banks, managed by prudent and.discrcet men and yet the treasure of tho country is withdrawn from the keeping of those institutions, with a capital paid in of two millions of dollars, and locked up in safes nnd vaults, and ono of the President's political friends from another State is sent for to coino and keep tho key. There is in his case no president to watch the cashier, no cashier to watch the teller, and no direemrs to overlook and control all but the whole responsibility is vested in one man. Do you believe that, if, under mien circummnnccs, tnc uuue-u amies, following the example of individuals, were to offer to receive private tunds in ueposue in sucn a saie, anu allow interest on them, they would be entrusted with any 7 There are no securities under this new system of keeping the public moneys that we had not before, while many that did exist, in the personal character, high trusts, and divcrsisified interests of tho officers and directors ot nanus arc removed, .uoreovcr, in number nf receiving and disbiirsine officers is in creased, and in proportion is the danger to the public treasure mcrsascd. The next provision is, that money once received in tn tl.n Trnnuitrv i nftt til lie. loniH-! Oil! I 1111(1 if till. law is to bo tne law of mo land, this provision is not to be complained of, for dnnuerous indeed would bo the temptation, and pernicious the consequences, if these treasurers were in nc icit at uuerty to loan out to fa vorite and party associates, tho money drawn from i- v', r .1.: : . i.:.i. erto has always been opposed to this policy of lock ine up the moneys of the people when and while it is not requited for the public service. Until this time inc liuwiu uupumicrt, luwc puvaiu ue-iuui;a, m;iw mui by tne banks in which they were placed, as some com pensation for the trouble of safe-keeping and . in fur- Goncrnl Jaeksou formed the league of the Depositc Stato Ranks, they wero especially directed by Mr. Tnney, then Secretary of tho Treasury, to use tho public runds in discounts tor the accommodation of. the business of the country. And why should mis not do mi ino prrsineni now says, ui ne money is kept in hanks it will bu used by them in discounts, and they win derive bcneiit therefrom. What then 7 Is it a sufficient reason for depriving thu community of a beneficial measure, becnuso thu banks that carry itout will also measurably derive somo benefit from it. Tho question is, will tho public be benefited 1 and if this bo answered affirmatively. it is no bar to say mat tnc nauKs win no tno. Tho government is not to play the pirt of the dog in tho manger. Tho doctrine is allogcihcr pernicious, opposed to our experience, anu to me nauiia and bust nsss oi um iiaiiun. rrl. nn.t nrnui.inn a lli.l nm,iv nrr .1),,. 1011 .11 dues to the government shall ho paid in gold and sil- vnri ami imwmrr ciiuriiiijiia i,r liiiuriuiia hum provi sion, it is to bcronceded that the government can, if they choose, enforce it. They have the power, nnd as good citizens, wo must submit. Hut such a practice will bo inconvenient. I will sav oppressive How are those who occupy three-fourths of the surfaeo of tho Uiulctl oiates tu comply wuu mis provision i tiere, innmmrrcial neighborhoods nnd laree cities, the dif ficulty will be less ; but where is tho man who is to .k nu Unds in the Western Slutcs to pet specio how transport it 7 The banks around him pays none he nnnn fur bis labor ! and vet oppressive as all this is, I admit that the government have tho right to pass I Hut what are wc promised ns Jlio equivalent inr nil I this Inconveitienco nnd oppression 1 Why, that the such a law, mat wnue u ih a mw, n must u, t i, 1 "rn, win my u uiiuu in opieiu, ;.T7 rV receives witn one nnnn, it will out with th other -and a met!!; chcuhtwn will be established.. I undertake to say that no greater fallacy than this was. ever uttered) the thing is impos- siuic, una mr mis piam reason, i nouttcB wmcii gov ernment collects como from individuals, each pays for himself. Hut it is far otherwise with thodisburscmcnts of government. They do not go down to individuals, and, seeking out the workmen and tho laborers, pay to each his dues. Government pays in large sums to large contractors; and to these they pay gold and silver. nut no me com ana stiver rcacn tnosc wnom tue con tractor employs 7 On the contrary, the contractors deal as they sec fit with those whom they employ or wnom tncy nurcnasc. The Army ana tne navy arc fed and clothed by contract , the materials for your sumptuous Custom-house, your fortifications, for the Cumberland Road, and for other public works, arc all suppiica uy contract, barge contractors noes, to Washington, and receive their tons of gold nnd silver) but do they carry it with them to Maine, Mississippi, Michigan, or wncrever their residence and vocation may be! No not n dollar i hntsellinnitfor depreciat ed paper, the contractor swells his previous profits by 11113 ouueu premium, anu pays oil tnosc ne owes iu ue predated bank notes. This is not an imaginary case sneak of what is tn nrnnf. A contractor came to Washincton last winter, nnd received a draft of 8180.- 000 on a specic-payinr bank in New-York. This ho siiiu ni iu ner cent, premium, ana witn tno nvnus pur chased wild-cat moncv. with whieh ha nnid the nro duccr, the farmer, the laborer. This is the operation of specie payments. It mves to the rovcrnincnt hard money, to the rich contractor hardmonoy, but to the producer and laborer it gives paper, ond bad paper on- ijr . uuu jfL-i nun nysiciu IS recouinienucu ns i-auueiuuy iitvunii); me iwur uitin, ratner man me ncu, nun cre dit is claimed for this administration as the poor man's friends. I.ct us look n liitln mm p. nearly at this Hint- , ' . ,'. , """'"i in irum, it uues lavor. uiiu iuo tno ricn in tiiiscountry ( There ts very nine ncreuun ry wealth among us and larcc capitals nre not nu merous. Hut some there are. nevertheless, who live on thcintcrcstof their money.and these certainly do not sutler by this new doctrine for their revenues are ren dered more valuable, while the objects of living are re- uuecu in vaiue. i ncro is the money-lender, too, wno ouiie'ia uui uy um vuuction 01 prices an annum uuu. Who else arc the rich in this country 7 Why, the hol ders of office. He who has a fixed salary, of from 2.'00 to $5000, finds prices falling; but docs his salary fall 7 On tho contrary, three fourths of that salary will now purchase more than the whole of it would purchase before; and, he therefore, is not dissatisfied wuu una new inw. There is. too. another class of our fellow-citizens. wealthy men, who have prospored, when nobody else prospers. I mean the owners of shiping. What is the reason 7 . Give me a reason. Tho shipping of tho country carries on the foreign and domestic trade the larger vessels being chiefly in the foreign trade. Now why have thoso been scccessful. I will answer by an example. I livo on the seacoast of New-England, and one of mv nearest neighbors is the lamest ship owner, probably, in the United States. During the past year he has made what might suffice for two or three fortunes, and how has ho made it 7 He sends his ships to Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, to take freights of cotton. This- staple, whatever tho price noroan, cannot nc suiicred to rot at home, and there fore it is shipped. Mv friend tells his caotain fonrn- mum um biiiu in ii,iiem;i mi iiisi.iuce-, wucre ne ouys Hour and stores in the depreciated currency of that region, and pays for thcin by a bill on Hoston, which he sells at 43 per cent, premium. Here at once, as will be sicn, he gets his provisions for half price. He delivers his freight in Europe, and gets paid for it in good money. The disordered currency of the coun try to which he belongs, does not follow and afflict him abroad. He get s his freight in good money, pla ces it in the hands of his owners' s banker, who again draws nt a premium for it. Tho ship-owner, th maKcs money, wnen an others are suitering, became he can escape from the influence of the bad laices and currency of his oicn country. Now, I will contrast

the story with that of another of my neighbors, not rich. He is a New-England mechanic, hard-working sober and intelligent a tool-maker by trade, who wieius nis own sieugc Hammer, ms particular busi ness is tho making of augers for tho South and South west. He has for years employed many hands, and been the support thereby of many families around him himself, meanwhile, moderately prosperous until ineau uvu iiuiea e-uiuu uu. i e-uny, uuwever, lor some years, he has been going backwards not less indus triousnot less fruenl he has vet found, that how ever apparently good the prices he might recciveat the south auu southwest lor ms tools, tho cost or con verting those funds into funds current in New-England was ruinous. He has persevered, however, always hoping for some change for the better, and contracting gradually the. circle of his workmen, until at length, the little earnings of the past wasted, and tho condi tion of the currency becoming worse and worse, he is reduced to bankruptcy : and the twenty families that he had supported are beggared by no fault of their own. What was his difficulty 7 HecouW not escape from the evils of bad laws and bad currency nt home ; and while his rich neighbor, who could, and did, is made richer by these very causes, he, the honest and indus trious mechanic, is crushed to the earth ; and yet wc arc told this is a system for promoting the interests of the poor. This leads me naturally to the great subject oj American labor, which has hardly been considered or discussed as carefully ns it deserves. What is Ameri can labor? It is best described by saying, it it not European labor. Nine-tenths of the whole labor of this country is performed by those who cultivnto the Innd they or their fathers own, or who in their work shops employ some little capital of their own, nnd mix it up with their labor. Where does this exist elsewhere 7 Look nt the different departments of in dustry, whether agricultural, manufacturing or me chanical, and you will find that in all, the laborers mix up somo little capital with the work of their hands. The laborer .of the United States is the United States strike out the laborers of tho United States, inclu ding therein nil who in some way or other bclonc to the industrous and working classes, and you reduce the population of the United States from sixteen mil lions to one million. The American laborer is expect ed to have n comfortable home, decent, though frugal living, to clothe and educate his children, to qualify them lo take part, as all arecallod to do, in tho politi cal affairs and government of their country. Can this be said of any European laborer? Does'hc take any share in the governmen t of this country, or feci it an obligation to educate his children 7 There nine tenths of the laborers have no interest in the soil they cultivate, nor in the fabrics they produce: no hone under any circumstances of rising themselves, or of raising their children above tho conditiod or a day la borer at wages, and only know the government under which they live, by the sense of its oppressions, which they have no voice in mitigating. To compare such a state of labor with the labor of this country, or to reason irom that to ours, is prepos terous. And yet the doctrine now is, not of individ uals only but of the Administration, that the wages of American labor must bo brought down to tho level of those of Europe. I have said this is not the doctrine of a few individ uals, aud on that head I think injustice has been done to a Senator from Pennsylvania, who has been made to hear a large share of the responsibility of suggesting such a policy. If I mistake not, the same idea is thrown out in the President's message of , and in the Treasury Report. Hear what Mr. Woodbury say Should the States not speedily suspend more of their undertakings which are unproductive, but, by new loans, or otherwise, find means to employ armies of laborers, in consuming, rather than raising crops, and should prices thus continue in many cases to bo unnaturally inflated, as they have been of late years, in the face of a contracting currency, the effect of ii on our finances would be still more to lessen exports, nnd consequently, the prosperity and revenue of our foreign trade." He is for turning off from tho public works these "armies of laborer?' who consume without producing crops, and thus bring down prices, both of crops and labor. Diminish the mouths that consume, and mul tiply the arms that produce, and you have the Treasu ry prescription for mitigating distress and raising pri ces! How would that operate in this great State? You have, perhaps, some 1 5,0Qtsnen employed on your bublic works works of the kind that the Secretary calls"unproductive" and even with such a demand ns thev must produce for provisions, prices oro very low.. Tho Secretary's remedy is to set them to rnisc provisions themselves, nnd thus augment the supply while they diminish the demand. In this way, the wages oflabor nro to be produced, as well as the prices of agricultural productions. But this is not all. I .?ri 'm my naim mi extract uoin a speecu in ine House of Representatives, of a gentleman from New Hampshire, Mr. Burke, a zealous supporter of the ad ministration, who maintains that other things being reduced in proportion, you may reduce the wages of labor, without evil consequences. And where docs ho seek his example? In the Mcditcrancan. He fixes himself upon Corsica and Sardinia. Hut what is the Cnrsican laborer, that he should be the model upon which American inuur is to no lormcu i Does lie know any thing himself Has he any education, or docs he give any to his children? Has he a home, n freehold, nnd the comforts of n life around him I ino. with a crust or bread and n handful of olives, his daily wnnts nre satisfied. And yet from such a state if society tho iaborcr of New-England, iho la- inner ui um uuneu states, is to no taught submission to low wages. . Tho extract before mo states that the wages of Corsica nre, "b or a malo laborer, 24 cents a day. Aud thu female do 11 do do." And tho honnrablo centlemnn armies, that, nwinn to tho greater cheapness of other articles, this is rela. ifvcly ns much ns the American laborer gets, and ho illustrates tho fact by this bill of clothing for a Corsicnn luuuri-r t Jacket lasting 24 months, 8 francs. Cap Waistcoat Pantaloons Shirt Inir of Shoes no n uo i uo do do do do do do do do do do da do 29 francs. Now what say you, my friends what will the far mer or Now-V ork, ofPcnnsvlvamn. and New Enir. Innd SaV. tO the idea nf wnlklllir on innrlnv In rlinr.-li at the head of his family, in his jacket two years old What will I ho vounu man sav. when, his work ended ho desiies to visit tho families of his neighbors, to tho om pair of pantaloons, not quite two years old indeed, hut, as thu farmers say of a colt, coming two next grass, and wructi ror ngntacn luonws naveoonc you man's scrvico 7 Awav with it all awav with this plan for humbling and degrading the free, intelligent, well educated, ana wan paid labor ot the united atatcs to tho level of the almost brute labor of Europe. From an editorial article in the Washington Globe of tno dum oept. ioji. WHAT IS HE AT 7 Senator Lcich has written a letter for publication. which has been ushered forth in the Richmond Whig, wuu a view oi explaining the awiul alternatives" or supporting an unconstitutional Hank or something more unconstitutional presented to Virginia by one of his speeches in the senate. If any one, on reading it, can come to any other conclusion than that thisdigni- wry uiieuua uiuiiiuiuiy tu vuiuior inerc-estaDiisnmeui of the Bank of tho United States, organized essentially as it now is, as a depository of the public moneys, and for no othcrplacc or substitute whatever, his pcrccp- uuiib aiuuiiieieiu irom ours, mr. i.cign uoes muccu y i "In mv opinion the framers of the constitution had no thought of any Hank agency whatever, state or federal, cither for facilitating the operation of tho Treasury, or for resulatintr the currency 1 and that to administer tho government in tho true spirit of the cuiiatnuiiun, anu accoruinir to tne intentions oi lis founders tho Treasury ought to be divorced from all connexion with banks, state or federal." . What then i .Why the. public moneys from the timo of their receipt to the time of their disbursement. amounting, as they often do, to ten or twelve millions oi donars, must remain in tnc hands of indivipuals appointed bv the President and bemoveaole At uts will!. And this comes from a man, who has leagued with scores of others to denounce tho Presi dent as a usurper and contemner of the constitution and laws, because he claimed from the executive the custodyof tho public money in a much more limited sense i nc has now claimed mat it should be retain- ed ill the actual keenine of executive nfTieirs. but nnl that it must be at their credit and within their control, under such restrictions as congress may impose, in some bank or banks, or other nlace of dcnositc. But Mr. Leigh thinks that according to the true spirit of the eonstitution, it ought to bu kept in their pockets, chests or vaults, where they can approach it every day, and use it without the checks of warrants, drawn, countersigned, registered and recorded, and passing through many hands without which not a dollar can now be touched by any public officer not even by tho President himself I We do not ogrco with Mr Leigh in the opinion that it was the intention of the constitu tion to (cave with the executive the most dangerous control over the public money. If we did, not having the flexible political conscience of the wise senator, wc should be obliged to insist that on this subject, also, tho constitution should bo restored to its original meaning, and the unauthorized constructions which have been grafted upon it, lopped off. But Mr. Leigh feels himself under no such necessity. Thus docs he excuse himself for his abandoning his reading of the constitution on this point, viz : "At tho same time I have no expectation that this principle will ever be acted on to itfull extent. The friend s of Ihe stato bank, tho friends of a national bank, and the supporters of the executive claims to power, will nil combine against it, and the nation, most prob ably. will never agree, that the immense sums yearly paid in for revenue, shall between thctimeof collection, and the time of disbursement, be wholly unemployed and unproductive." If Mr. Leigh has reference to the friends of Presi dent Jackson, when ho speaks of "the supporters of the executive claims to power," he may be assured, that they will to a man, bo united against any such monstrous accumulation of power over the public money which such a plan would throw into the hands of the executive. And we venture to allege, that had such a suggestion como from Gen. Jackson, it, I l,r.v Wn mnir ,hr,i,ml, lh DM flnmininn with the reiterated falsehoods about the proclamation and the protest, as conclusive proof, of all the asnira lions which nave occn cnarceu to ine iiero ot uncansi "See (thoy would say) howhe wishes to put the public tizans, instead of keeping it in depositc in Banks, where it cannot be drawn for other than public vur- poses, without certain detection." In such a case wc should leel that the people had yet cause or alarm, and ousht to civc their most watchful attention to such an ellort to enlarge executive power, and put in its hands the means ol corruption ! etc. etc. xc. NASHVILLE CONVENTION. Nashville, Aug. 15, 1610. Dear Sir: We reached herein safety, after n fa tiguing journey over heavy roads, made so by late rains. From Louisville to Nashville every thing is political; there is great enthusiasm along the whole road in favor of Harrison. Even on "salt river found many hard cider boys ready to transport the spoilers to its head waters. Kentucky is proud of her recent victory, and well snemay be. We saw a Iog Cabin built on the top of a tree, wrth its cider barrels, latch string, &c. Great changes are taking place- even post masters arc coming over. One at whoso door the stage stopped, enquired if Mr. Clay would be aiong, saying, "i nave none that man great injustice, and wish to take him bv tho band and tell him so." This has been. a proud day for Mr. Clay--one of uiu nuuue-ai en i i inc. 1113 emry into tne niy tnis niternoon was truly macninccnt. Aict a mile or more from town by several military cotnpnnirn, and citizons on horseback and in carriages, in all about 1500, ho entered amidst the sound of martial music, the roar or cannon, the ringing or bells and the shouts of ma nv thousands. At the Mayor's house this effcrnoon n most beau tiful (lag, with a good likeness of Gen. Harrison on one side, and a log cabin, being built, on the other, was presented to me Harrison uuards ot the city, by ( vounirlndv. Shu nddresscd the eomnanv in a man ner highly creditable to herself and the ladies she rep. About senset, the GREAT OHIO BaCL arrived in a steamboat. An immense crowd nocked to the wharf to receive the present. It isnn object of creat curiosity and much anxiety had been expressed to see it. The city is already crowded with strangers. Large delegations nro here irom Louisiana, Mississippi, Ala bama. Illinois. Missouri. Indiana. Kentucky. East Tennessee, &c. By Monday morning the adjoining counties will pour in their thousands. What a change is here! Ten years ngoi was hardly safe to name Clay, Harrison or Webster, except in terms of abuse. Now, at the hour of midnight, I hear the sound of the drum, the cannon and tne loud and repeated hurra tor Old Tip, and for Clay ; nothing is thought or heard of the "second section. The Alabama Delegation says the Whigs have a majority of 600 in that state on tho popular vote, and luaiurity ui six iu uic Legislature. Mr. Clav staid at the snrines last nicht. He en quired of Dr. McNairy what Felix Grundy was about? "Travelling through East Tennessee, defend ing tho Administration," was the reply. "Ah, (says Mr. Clay) Felix is at his old business defending criminals, SINGULAR AND SURPRISING CIRCUMSTAN CES About two weeks ago a vnune man, named Geo. F, Kinney, residing in Ballard Place, died very suddenly with what was termed by some the Asiatic Cholera. As he belonged to one of tho independent companies ho was buried with military honors. There was some suspicion, however, as to the real cause of his death. and the body was disinterred, and examined bv sev eral distinguished physicians. A large quantity of corrosive poison (.arsenic; was tounu in ms stomacn, and there could be no doubt that his death was pro duced irom that cause, nero tnc matter rests ror the present. Mr. Kinney was married some few years ngo, to the widow of the late Rev. Enoch W. Freeman of Lowell. She had previously been divorced from her first husband. It will be recollected by many who read this, that her mnrriago. to Mr. Freeman caused a great deal of discontent in the society over which he was pastor, and was the occasion of perhaps no littlo scandal. It will also be recollected that Mr. Freeman was taken suddenly ill on Sunday, just as he entered his pulpit, and died in much the same man ner with Mr Kinney. His dcuth, too, was attributed to the cholera, but we believe no examination of the stomach was made. Theso circumstances have cnuscd no little talk in this city, and well they may. We, of course, draw no inference from the fads we havo Btatcd, except to repeat that they aro of a suspi cious character, and demand further investigation." We learn that the remains of Rev. Mr. Freeman have been exhumed, and the circumstances nre of a nature to confirm the suspicion Hint no uieu byjpison. i nc cat analysis. It is said that Mrs. Kinney has abscon ded. She is represented as possessing grcnt personal nitracuons, nnn intelligence, uui nas never been re markablofor cultivating the moral sentiments. The wnoio aitair, which has caused no mile excitement in diis city, will doubtless bo strictly investigated. Bos- tan 'lmts. The late Mb. Kinney. A Coroner's innucst has liecn held, for iho last few days, by order of Mr. Par- l,.. n;. i... .. .. ,i. i..i.. r t. t-: uitiiui-i ntiuiuujr, iiiuii me" uuu y ui jii fVllllie'.V, which last evening brought in a verdict that his death was occasioned by poison. Arsenic, m somo form, was found iu his stomach, whieh was separated and reduced to its metallic state. A letter was received from an apothecary, by Mr. Parker, which induced him to havo tho body examined. We also leain that tno neari nnn n nnruciu ui uiu outruns ui tno late ituv. Mr. Freeman of Lowell, tho second husband of Mrs. Kinney, who, it will be recollected, died very suddenly, aro also undergoing medical analysis, by a skilful physician of this city. Democrat. Mr. Kinney wns a nntivo of Platnficld, in this state, son of Rov. Justus Kinney. Return op Mns. Kinnev. Mr. Constable Clapp returned from Thetford, Vt. last evening, with Mrs. Kinney. He found her at that place, with the friends of tho late Mr. K. Mr. C. states that she was perfect- ly willing to return to Boston, without any process of law, ami icarnon irom ner menus, mat kho nau mane preparauons to return, anu wouiu nave leu i neuoru for Hoston, in a day or two, had no one been sent af ter her VYanrcriPi. Monday, Sept. 1. CiiAnaB op Mchpeb, Hannah Kinney was yester day (Monday) brought into the Police. Court arraigned on the charge of murder. Mr. P. Riley oppeared as her counsel, nnd iho Attorney Oeneral attended for tho Commonwcollh. Tho consideration of the case was postponed till jMonuny ue. uuu m iu imh,uuuio irisoner was onimittea wiinoui nau. i no ou- perior Court meets to-day, at Springfield, for the trial of Elita Norton, en a chargoof murder by poisoning with wscuic lilHtoil Atlas, Sept, 2. The Hon. Mr. Grundy, was to address the cit izens of Murfretsborough, Tennessee, on the 520th. Some of them addressed a note to him, proposing such an arrangement, as would cnablo tho people to hear both tides of the question, to which he made, the following reply. Gentlemen i I have received your note of this day and return the following as my answer. I have been invited to address the people of Rutherford county on this day and shall do so about 12 1-2 oclock. I shall not detain the nconlc more than 3 1-2 that the time specified in your note. as my limit will not more than have arrived. My private business requires me to leave for Nashville this evening, so that as far as I am concerned, any. ono may address tho people who may chose to remain. I am Gentlemen, Very Respectfully, Your ob't servant, FELIX GRUNDY. To Messrs. Const. Hardeman, H. Norman, J. F. f ictcncr, t. u. mack, Ii. w. Former. The reply of Mr. Grundy, it will be seen, was a re fusal toeiitcrintonnvrfurnm'nn. Mr. Peyton happen ed to be there. Accordingly ns soon as Mr. G. had concluded his remarks, he started. "I hope," said Mr Peyton, "Mr. Grundy will stay and hear me." Mr. G. kept moving, Mr. Peyton raising his voice "I hope Mr. Grundy will not be like the lame Captain. The lame Captain went out to fight Indians, and coming upon them unexpectedly. 'Hoys,' said he, 'there they are they aro very numerous my opinion is they'll whip us but said he, fight hard retreat in good order as I'm a little lame, I'll go now and away he went. . Here a shout went up that rent the air ond shook the hills. Mr. Pcvton. after cxnressina the hone that the. other Van Burcn men present would not follow-ttic example of their lame captain, proceeded to address the audience, who remained until sundown, in a speech replete with sound nrgumcnt, impassioned eloquence, ricn numor ana uiung sarcasm, uur correspondent writes us that Mr. Grundv has nreatlv failed in spir its, eloquence and effectiveness ns a stump speaker. The ancient "Felix" trembled at the eloquence of a speaker who stood before linn. Uur modern Kelix cut without waiting to hear. Beach's Mill at PonT BvnoN. A disastrous oc currence took place at Port Bvron. on Tuesday night 25th. The south wall of the large Stone Homing Mill, built a Tew years since by Messrs. J. H. &, V. S. Bench, nnd constitution one of thelarccst establish ments of the kind in the State, gnve way, and was prccipnaicu into inc airenui. auu uiiuiiiug uu Mini side was nbontSO feet hiirh. and over 100 feet lone It had been discovered that the water-wheel shaft was in some way untrue, and several workmen had for a day or two been engaged remedying the evil; but had very luckily withdrawn a short time beforo the acci dent occurred. The wheel-house where they had been at work was destroyed. About 2,000 bushels of wheat were lost. Whole damaee estimated at from $15,000 to 20,000, besides thedamage to business which cannot fail to be very great. Auburn Journal. FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 11, 1840. ELECTION THE RESULT. We present our readers to-day ,with very near the accurate result of the late election. We have returns from all but seven towns, and al lowing these to stand the same as last year, Gov ernor Jenison's majority is 10,550. Legislature. The House will this yearnum ber 235 members of which, the locofocos hav elected 55 and the Whigs 180. The Senate is composed of 30 members, 28 of whom are whigs, and 2 locofocos. In Washington county alone, has tho locofoco Senate ticket prevailed and there by a very reduced majority. Lamoille does not elect a Senator till after the new ap poriioiiinciit. Congress. Vermont will have a clean whig delegation in Congress after tho 4th of March next. In the 1st District Hall is re-elected, by 2500. Slade's majority in the 2d, is 3500. Everett is again returned from the 3d by more than 2000. In the 4th John Smith is instnic tedhy a majority of near fifteen hundred, to giv place to Augustus Young ; and John Mat tocks, a staunch whig, takes the place of Gen Fletcher in the 5th. Thus is the plague-spot of Locofocoism wiped out, in Vermont. MAINE ELECTION. The election in the State of Maine for Gov ernor and members of CotigreKP, takes place on the I4th inst. Edward Kent, the former Chief Magistrate, is tho Whig Candidate, and John Fairfield, the present incumbent, is the loco foco candidate for Governor. Farificld was elected last year, by 8000 majority, and it is al most too much to suppose that the Whigs can succeed in the State election, yet wc should not bo surprised if such an event should happen, for if the Whigs have gained 11,000 in North Caro lina, 10,000 in Virginia, as many in Vermont and also in every place where an election has been held, why may not the same revolution be effected in Maine! Should Fairfield not be c lected by over 2000 majority the State will be sure for Harrison in November. THE NEXT MOVE. It is a matter well understood, that one year ago the Spanibh mission was promised to Mr. Van Ness, on condition that he should carry the State for Van Buren. He has made the attempt and utterly failed. Not a man has he persuaded to embrace locofocoism, while thousands hav spurned his impertinent interference, and flock ed around the standard of Old Tip. Mr. Van Ness now gives up the idea of getting a major ity of the people to vo vote for Mr. Van Buren. The next move will be to prevent their voting for Harrison. To this end, he will now direct his attention to the abolition question, in the vain hope of dividing the whigs on the third party. The Sentinel will shortly be out out on this sub ject. But it will avail nothing. The people of Vermont understand the whole matter, and will ing as they might be to aid Mr. Van Ness in get ting out of the state again, they can never be persuaded to promote, directly, or indirectly, the the elevation of a man to the presidency who auddcluusly vetoed In advance all legislation on tho subject of slavery, and insolently spurned the petitions of the people from tho halls of Congress. It will bo a little amusing to hear the followers of such a leader appealing to ab. olilionsis. HKAR WHAT THE NEIGHBORS The following paragraph from the Albany Daily Advertiser, will servo as a sample of what wo might copy from almost every whig paper that reaches us. Brilliant as our triumph most assuredly is, it is fully appreciated abroad, and the mountain Stato gots all tbe glory eho could ask. VERMONT LF.ADS THF. VAN I We have heard of many brillitmt victories and over whelming defeats in different sections of the Union within the last two or three years, but we look in vain for either precedent or parallel to the signal triumph of ihe Whias, nnd iho utter discomfiture of tho loco Focos in llio Into election in the Green Mountain Slnte. Tho Van Burcn men in Vermont have been rowed a great ways farther up Snlt River than they ever dreamed it to ue navigable. The Whig candidates for Stato officers are elected by from to TEN TO TWELVE THOUSAND MAJORITY I In Iho Sen- the whigs have Twe.NTV-riaitT members nnd Loco-i-o cos two 1 1 In the House there nrooN iivNnsuB ano seventv-i ite Whigs to nrrvnvE ifo;".' r And we have carried every Congressional susir cim the State! Ill That our renders may npprcciato lie i?:.Y?...i.tV iliis- triumph, wo will barely stato tint ilrM'nr nnr mnioriiv for Governor was 2300 oir inninrity in tho senate six in the house eight, and of tho five members of Congress wo had but three. tVo beg old Ornessr to take notice that WiNnboa Coiw tb tends 24 Whig representatives to tho Legislature and not a solitary Loco koco. and J3rn given a Whig majority of thirty-fir huudred. "Enough md."-AlJ. Daily Adv. From the Richmond Whijr ALL'S WELL. Our information from the, Western part of Virginia is gratifyidg snd .encouraging iu all . respects. Gentlemen from various counties who have had opportunities of personal obser. vation, assuro us that the changes In favor of Harrison and Tyler havo been numerous, and aro daily augmenting. Tho enthusiasm of tho Peoplo is unabated, and is not likely to be rc pressed in tho smallest degree between this time and tho period of election. In tho South Western region of tho State, embracing the upper part of tho Valley and what is commonly called Littlo Tennessee, it is deemed a mode rate calculation, by sagacious men, that thcro have been tiro thousand changes against tho pollers since the election of 1830. Indeed, tho candid Van Duren men give it up. A few of tho brawlers maintain a show of confidence, but not a dollar will they risk on their opinions. The game is ended, they show it in all their actions. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN 1 Wc observe that the Breakwater Agent has advertised for sale on tho 20th inst. all tho tools, timber, and other materials on hand, used in the construction of the Breakwater at this place. This work it will be recollected is not yet quite half completed, and ono of the piers already down, is in a very precarious condition, and liable to be seriously injured by tho next breaking up of tho ice. Then why this virtual abandonment of tho work at this particular juncture 1 Why sacrifice the property of tho government by a forced sale of tools and materi als which will shortly be required again to pros, ecute the work, and which for any other purposo arc comparatively valueless! They are not perishable articles, and the expense of storage would amount to nothing. Then why, wo re peat, why force a sale of them now 1 Congress said the work should be completed as fast as tho means of tho government wouldjallow. Ha Mr. Van Buren vetoed this improvement, and decided that it is to go no farther ! It would seem so. Moreover, there has recently been an election in this state, and it may be that this measure is designed as an act of retaliation for the contumacious conduct of the whigs of Bur lington. The government, we are aware, is "hard up" for funds ; but it strikes us as rather a small measure of "finance" to sacrifice proper ty of this description merely for tho bake of tho money! It may be, however, that Mr. Van Burcn has made up his mind that he shall no longer be steward, and therefore has commenced "closing up." In this view of the subject we aro inclined to be charitable ; though, up here in Vermont, he would be called but an unprofitable agent, who should find it necessary to sell ofT tho farming utensils at half price to pay tho hands. COL, JOHNSON. Whatever we may think of this individdal po litically, wc cannot withhold our admiration of his high-minded honorable course in reference to General Harrison. No consideration will ever tempt him to say one word in disparagement of his gallant old Commander. On the other hand he has uniformly borne the most honosablc tes timony. On a recent occasion however, he wa "reported" in a speech at Chilicothc, to have ex pressed himself in, equivocal terms, as to Gen. Harrison's bravery at the battle of the Thames. Tho Col.'s attention having been drawn to this fact, ho came promptly forward with the follow, ing manly disavowal. Manshelp, Aug. 19, 1310. My dear sir Your ft vor has been received, in which you observe that by my reported speech, an inference may be drawn that'l am not only in doubt as regards the courage of Gen. Harrison, but that I had but little respect for him as a commanding General. I am happy to have Ibis op portunity ol informing you, that during my service with Gen. Harrison, 1 had no caute to doubt bis cour age, but to consider him a brave man, and I hnvo al ways expressed myself to that effect ; nor have I ever disapproved or censured any of his measures, as com manding General, in the pursuit of Proctor, or in tho battle of the Thames. Kvery thing I saw met my entire npprtbalion, and I have never spoken of it in any other terms. In speaking of the battle of the Thames, anc the part acted by my regiment, I did not intend to increase the merit of that regiment, or to di minish the merit claimed by others ; much less did I intend to hmly that General Harrison, or Gov. Shel by, oranycfliccr attached totheaimy nvoidul dut or danger. Each had his part to net, and I should feel myself n-uch degraded to suppose thnt they did not perform their duty fearless of danger, nor havel tver doubted thai these gallant oflicers were precisely where duty called them. I rcaxct that in such a battlo where our country was victorious, that there should be a controversy nbout the merit due to the nelors in thnt battle. I claim nothing above the most humble soldier, who performed his duty on that occasion, nor shall any earthly consideration ever induce me know ingly to do injustice to the commanding officer, Gov ernor Shelby, or nny olher officer in that army. I have thus confined myself to general remarks, not knowing in what particular fact injustice is supposed to have been done to Gen. Harnton. I should bo glad to know what particular issue is made as to tho facts stated in the reported speech, respecting which I had no agency. I shall feel no difficulty to stale facts ns fnr ns in y own personal knowledge extends, nnd what I understood from others, and not to cen sure or criminate, but to stale the truth ns far ns I know or believe the facts. I expect to be in jour city on Sunday, the 23d, on my way home, and I shall be happy to see you. RH.' M. JOHNSON. Maj. Tito. D. Carneai. DEMOCRACY OF VAN BUREN. It appears that the "Buckeye Blacksmith" has been showing up the opinions of Martin Van, Burcn on tho subject of universal suffrage, as declared by him in the Convention for revising the Constitution of the State of New York in the year 1821. Van Buren is no friend of tho people. Whenever and wherever ho 1ms been able to trample on their rights, and cheat them out of their privileges, he has always done so and it is only because ho has skulked and avoided discovery in his tricks and chicanery, that he has not been cried down by the voice of public indignation long ago. Ho wheedled r.j..ioclf into the confidence and favor of Gen Jackson, by his servile complacency and winning auure-Bs, mm uius tnnue to pass current a- mong the people as tho leader and represen- ,i,ii-n nf tl.o rrrnil ilnmr-i, r,nw.. i.- n racy moans the best mode of disfimchisin" the dcopIc. bv dcDrivinc then nf tho rnn:.. r V.m, and, ruling thw by RoWWr -", Z'. mics of officeholders, men is Martin Van Buren a Democrat, and not otherwise. Read nd non der ! Extracts from the Debates of the Conveit;on of tho State of New York, on the "Elective chise," page 277. "Mr. Van Buren felt himself called upon make a few remarks in reply to the gentleman from Deleware, (Gen. Root,) Ho odscrved it was evident, and indeed tonic gentlemen did not feel disposed to disguise it, that tho amend ment proposed by tho gentleman from Dole, ware, contemplated nothing short of universal suffrage. Air. Van Huron did not believe (fiat there wore twenty members of that committee who, wero tho baro naked question of univer' sal Huffi-ago put to them would vote in its fa. vor. '" Vo had already reached tho verge of uni. venal huUtage. Tliero wn but one step b0. ,u.m a,u Ljuiiiicinon prepared to tako that ,i Pe ir nn! "lning this invaluable rieht He, Mr. an Buren, was willing to go as far as any other man in tho extension of rational lib. cry, but he could not consent to undervalue this precious privilege so far as to confer it with an indiscriminating hand upon evrcy one, black or white, who would be kind enough to condescend io accept it," ' "Rational liborty," indeed ! Mr. Van n. would confino tho right of sufi'riure. tho irinu.. privilego of the freeman, and the chnnn ,iniv...i 'r :;... ! . . ..wu.,e01 ui n.- iiioui.uiiu.iD, io a cnosen few, This j, democracy with a vengoanc. J of , of Vtllll UMSlsei' "i n pi'm 'i