Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 16, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 16, 1840 Page 2
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One president laUcrm an economical adminis tration n sound currency a protecting tarlfl' low salaries and I'nfl prices for labor, and the products of labor. r o n rntsiDEKT. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON. fob vice rnr.smtXTi JOHN TYLER, Of Virginia. "In all ages and all countries, it tins boon ohsorved, that the cultivators of lho soil m o thoic who nro least willing to part with their rights, and submit themselves In tho will of a master. Wm. II. lI.nnit,ox. " Tht people nf 1'u United Slates May they ever remember, that, toprcsci ve their liberties, they must do tlieir own voting and their own fiahtinj;. Haurikon. "TlIK BLKSSINA Or THOUSANDS or woir.s Ann iumikcn, liBbccEiirnoMTitr: scalc-ino knife oi-tiik BDTIII.ES3 K.W.Vfin OK TUB WILDnnNKSS, AND rnoMTlin till jioiib savaoi: froctoii, rest on HARRISON r ills gallant An.MV." .S'l'mon Snyder's ATtssagc Ilie Pennsylvania Legislature,! Icccmbcr lO.'i, 1 313. ron electors, hox. ramum. r. crafts, ; ., . , HON. K.ltA Mnr.CH. $ Atlarf;t. 1st dist. WILLIAM HF.NRY, 2d dist. JOHN CONANT, Sd dist. ABXF.R H. W. THNNr.Y, 4th dist. WILI.UM P. HIUGGS, sihdist. jostcpii ri:i:i, LUCilSLATUKI? OF VNSS.HOXT. iMo.Nirr.ucB, Oct. 8. 1310. Sr.xATr.. The Senate, pin burnt to law. convened in l!io .Senate Chamber, at tun o'clock A.M., and was called lo older by I lis Hon. the Lieut. Governor ; wncu me mourners UC1113 called, were ipiallilieil and look their seats. On motion of Mr. Wooster, tho rules of la t session were adopted till others mirht be provided. The following gentlemen were then, nn tho nomina tion of tho President, appointed an Canvassing Com mittee on the part of tho Senate, vi.. Messrs. Towns ley, Miner, Claik, Gilson, Cliipman, Morse, F..iton of Hemis, Waterman, Adams, Hates, Howe, Raton of Washington, who were chosen. Mr. Marsh offered a joint resolution for tho publi cation of GOO copies of a Directory for the uso of the members, and officers of the two houses, which was adopted. Mr. Miner offered a resolution for furnishing the members and officers of the Senate with one daily and one weekly newspaper of this village, which after sundry proposals of amendment, and sjme discussion was adopted, in sub-shin-v, an introduced. Mr. Adams moved that the rules in lelation to the eommittceon l.i!s,b.s ihsptms'l with, nnd that ilia committee in iiuestioii bo appointed bv the chair. Carried. On m nion of Mr. Miner, tin Senate appointed 4 clock this afternoon to m-ut the othr House in joint Assembly, to hear tho report of ihu Canvassing Com mittee. The following Senators, on motion of Mr. Katon of F. wers by ballot, as a Committee of Rules, vi. : Messrs. Miner, Town-doy and Wooster. Messrs. OiNnti and Fletcher were appointed a Committee on Hills. Mr. Vooter offered a resolution instructing the Ju diciary Committej to inquire into the expediency of a law; 10 prohibit the sale of Rank charters to citizens without this Sinln. Laid on the table. HorsK. At 10 o'clock, A. M. the members elect of the Houso assembled in lho Hall, were culled to order by the Secretary of State, C. I,. Krnipp, Ksc. and, after the administration of the required oath, the House proceeded to the election of Spsakor, for tho year ensuing, with the following result : Carlos Coolidge of Windsor, K4 Levi R. Vilas, of Chelsea, S3 Newell Kinsman, of llarrc, 1 O. P. Chandler, of Woodstoek, 2 Wank, 1 Whole No of votes, 221 Majority for .Mr. C'nolidgo, 107 Whereupon the lion. CARLOS COOf.F.lHii: was declared elected, received lho oath of office, and ad dressed the House in a brief and pertinent speech, in which, alluding to the fact, that in con.Tipiencc of the recent revision of the st.-.iiiles, there would be com paratively little business of general importance to be transacted, he invoked the House, without respect to nattv divisions, to rnti r imon tin- duties nf ihr- sssi,-in with a determination 10 perform them as speedily as the public interest would allow. The House was then directed to the election of Clerk pro tempore, when IV-nand F. Merrill, Hsij. of jiinmpeurr, wn unanimously (-lectin. un motion 01 .vir. Jiaxter, of liurlmginn, a message was ordered to be sent to inform lho Senate of the organization of the Hons:' 1 and Mr. Baxter was ap pointed to perform this service. On motion of .Mr. Smith, of Putney, a similar mes sage was ordered to be, sent to his I'.xrcllency the novcrnor; anu -nr. smith was appointed to perform mis service. On motion of Mr. HonVes. it was rcsnlved iW when the House adjourn, it adjourn to meet r.t half pasi i, v. ill. On motion of Mr. Fullain, the Rules of the Housi for the last session were adorned for the limn beim. On motion of Mr. Chandler of Woodstock, "the House proceeded to lho election of Clerk for the year ensuing, wun wc louowing result: F. F. Merrill, of Montpolier, 173 O. II. Smith, " 5.1 Whereupon F. F. MKRRII.L,,. was dcjlarod, elected and was swotn. On motion of Cleveland, the House proceeded to election of Assistant Cleik for the year ensuing, ns lonows ; Peter T. Washburn of I.mllow, 172 C. G. Kastman of Woodstock, 50 When PUTUR T. WASHiiUR.V, Ksrj., was elect ed and sworn. Ite.mliitiim. Hy Mr Fisk, providing for chaplains, 1110 cieri'viiian in .uouipruer 10 ollicnte in rotation from the Senate, (iin:' Fiidav next :i o'clock. 1. St for county conventions, and Saturday next, 10 A. M. for joint assembly to complete enmity appointments, which was concurred in : bv Mr. Hndi'rs for inim assembly Saturday next 3 P. M. In elect judges of the uprumu couri, w iiuai passui; iroiu 1 lie ."Senate, ore nig to enjiien ui a uireciory, wiiicn was concurred III ; alsofor a joint assembly at ! o'clock P. M. this 1 1 , to receive the report of the canvassing committee, which was concurred in. On nmtion of Mr Hodges, the Ho'ise proceeded to me eicnurjii in i.iigroxsiiigi itrit, osionows : Oid Hillings of Woodstock, 172 I.. L. I.amb of MoiitpcluT, 51 When Oel ltillm"s, ICsu. was elected sworn. The Sargcitiit-at'AriiiM sunt in a nomination for the following nflicirs, wlueli was confirmed : f .11111.111 Rublee, 2 Win. T. Uuriiham, Officers of tho House, ' 'buries Dewev, J I'.dwin T. Ilridgcs, Messenger. Sliubad U. Flint, un nomination uy tlie Spealier, tiie following prr rous were appointed on tiiu canvassing coniiiiiltce on the part ol iliollouso : litnnlnstan County Mcibis. Raker, Ha.lings, inpniu. Windham Messrs. llridgman, Smith of London uerrv, I'renen. ir'i(tr Messrs. Chandler, Adam, Prentiss. Jtut'.anU Messrs. Spinmie, Hyde, liuekinaster. Addison Messrs. Swift, llascoinh, Stow. Orange Messrs. 1 lebard, Colby, Vilas. Chillendrn Mt-srs. Roynton, Lnmlun, Jones. irtifrnroii Messrs. Iliivlies, I'litnnm. iIl-hhm Caltdunia Jlcssrs. Chandler, Ocitison,HullofGro ton. Franklin Messrs. Foster, Hubbard, Thorp. I.nmnille Messrs. Smilie, Fisk of nden, llailey. Orleans Messrs. Hard, Allen, Hovcy. Hsscr Messrs. Hihbnrd, Ames, Meriill. Grand Isle Mcinrs. Huzeii, Adams, Revnolds. House adjourned ArrEiiNOON. Sen-ate. The Senate convened pursuant toad Mr. Adams offen d to joint resolution fixing on 3o' clock, P. M. of Fridav mm for nnruinnimr mum nificers by county convciiiioiis and 10 o'clock A. M of Saturday next fur a loint niwmblv to nnnnim snd officer j adopted. (This was introduced mid adopted at lho morning i-ession.) On the rennurnilation of R. H. Prentiss, Seri-ennt m iirius, uio iiiiioumj. iiimcrs were nniiomtcd, viz Henry Null, Doorkeeper, Solon Howes. Assistant do. The President of lho Seii-iletben received tho oat' of ollrn nnd n'lilrus'il Hi" 'jeiiatorsm a brief speech wncii inn neuaio nojoiiriidi. Hoi'se, Mr. Cleveland introduced a resolution fo furnishing thn incmbeisof I'm Houro with onedailv paper 1 Sir. Warner ofXow Haven moved to nihl 'one weekly paper,' which wasagreed to. On tho passu; m tnc roiuiion, .nr. nniiuo uetuiinilen tlioayesaiii ueveei nves 13(5. noes 41, Ptlitintt, if-c Tim roinnnslranees of Win. .Mnr'in ajnlil't Urn rieriinn ot Horace llollistcr of.Marslififld mk! of Wui. . illK njiunst mo Uwtion of l;llekii Allon of Watcrbury, wcro referred to the commltlM of Ulectionsi' tho petition of Kbonozor, Huntington nnd ntliors wn referred to a select committee of three, Tho Scnato bnving come in, the joint assembly re ceived tho report of the canvassing committee 1 Whole number of votes Silas H. Jcnison, Paul Dillingham, jr. Scattering, Jcnisoii'a majority over Dillingham, ! or Lieut. Governor, David M. Camp, Kdward D. Harbor, Scattering, Camp's majority over Ilarber, For Treasurer, Henry F. Janes, Daniel Until wilt, Scattering, Janes' iiiaioritv over Raldwin. 60,117 33.435 22,637 45 10,79t) 33,3Cr 22,470 34 10,696 33,445 22,55 ( . 20 10,891 The vote of the town of Harro was not returned! it was as follows: for Governor, Jcnison 170, Dilling ham -in. Tho Speaker announced the following committees 1 On Hales Messrs. Swift, Chandler, of Woodstock Vilas. On F.ltcU on s Messrs. Ful am. llaxter of liuttins- ton, Smith nf Putney, 'Penney, Cleveland of Coventry .Mattocks, Jones of Richmond. Adjourned. 1' RIDAV, uct. y. A. AI. Senate The journals of yesterday were read. On motion of Air Miner theScnatc proceeded to tho election of the following officers! l)c Witt O. Clarlt, Soe'y.oftlic Scnato, Ruel W. Smith, Chaplain. On motion of Sir. I.ston of Franklin, tho Scnato then proceeded 10 tho election or the Stanuinc Com mittecs. agreeably to lho rules of the Senate, which resulted in uio choice 01 the lolowing gentlemen: On Finance-Messrs. Adams, Norton, Fletcher. On Judiciary Messrs. Short, Wooster. On Claims Messrs. Clark, Wheclock. Duller. On Ivluealion Messrs. Katon of Franklin Co, Short, Dana. On Agriculture Messrs. Foster, Harvey, Chip' man. On Manufactures Messrs. Waterman, Palmer, Gil' son. On a Elections Messrs. Bates, Morse, Eaton of wasntnpton uo. On Military Affairs Messrs Crawford, Clark, Be nds. On Roads and Canals Messrs. Rotlom, Whcatley, Mussel 1, On Ranks Messrs. Townsley, Swift, Marsh. On Land Taxes Messrs. Marsh. Dean. Howe. A communication was received from the Governor announcitiL' the ntininiment of Geo. II. Manser. Ksn as Snerctarv of Civil and Military Affairs for the veal ensuing and that the annual executive message would he transmitted to-morrow at ill o clock, A. M. A resolution from the House flxmcon Fridav after noon for nominating county officers and Sst-rday forenoon for confirming them, was taken up, and on motion of Mr. Foster, who thou;? lit the resolution involved too much haste in the busincis, laid 011 the tab e Mr. Miner then offered n resolution to rescind tho re"o;n" resolution and for fixiiiu on Tuesday nnd c.liies.lay lor tir purposes o the lormer resolution, ass:"iun!r the contested e ecliona of Washington nuiitv, tho result ol which might change the party senilcncy m said county, as o reason lor its motion .Mr. miller opposed the motion 1 said tho nomina lions would be suspended in Washington county till 111c cuiiicmi (i ciccuoiis anouiu oc i ce acu.niui necou iu hcrefore sec no reason whv count v nnnointments limiiii ne tnus arrested. .Air. Miner rejoined, and Messrs Townslev. Woos tcr, and Short supported the resolution. Messrs. .Marsh anil Urawford opposed the resola- tion. Mr. I .aton of W ashtneton co. also snoke auainst the resolution, staiuin that the nominations or his county w-ere to be suspended by comninn consent o pariifu 1111 me uimhucu eieciions siioiuo oe seiueu when on motion of Mr. Short, the resolution was laid on the table. Adj. Hoi'sn Praver bv Rev. Mr. Hardy Select committee on petition of Klnnocr Huniinc- ton and others, .Messrs. llehard, Uutts, I enncy. i(esulutwnary Mr. Ailanis 01 ftionlh Hero, in ti noting committee of elections to inquire whether nv mem hers ol lie House hold olhces tinder the li S. Government adopted : bv Mr. Smilie that the tandmir committees ol the House should be compo sed partly of farmers and mechanics after some re marks tiy iiics'-rs. 1 handier ni MoattocK,and amine it was a'ilopt"d, 133 to CI ; by Mr. Warner of New naven, lnsirusinigjiiuiciniy cumniuiec 10 inquire inio the cxpcilien-y of abolishint: capital punishment, a- lonled : bv Mr. Hnen. remiititii' n call of the roll and each member lo rise in his place and state his occupa tion inio on inc lame; oy .nr. iiooges, rcquesiing inc rrasurcr to mrnish arlclailed stalementor monev paid out the past year for military drills and courts martial, adopted. I ho chmr arier consideration or the resolution this morning adopted in reference to the standing commit- ees, took occasion to remark that, taken in conncc ion with the standing rules of the House, it would tie extremely embarrassing if not impossible to carry it intolpractice; and on motion of Mr. Sanborn, after remarks hy .Messrs. hanliom, finnlic, hprague, Wash burn, Heard and Harncs of Addison, the vote adopting the resolution was reconsidered, and the resolution on motion of Mr. Warner of IS'cwhavcn, was dismissed, 103 to .-:). Petitions referred. Of Dan It. Rocue and others. o com. on Roads and canals ; of Harvey Curtis and il others of Rrandon. nravinir a repeal of nil lieensr aws relative to ardent spirits, to select committee of seven. Adj. AFTERNOON. SENATE. Mr. Foster called 11,1 a joint resolution which had leen previously introduced hy Jlr. Wooster. for the appointment of a commit tee of three from each House o report rules, and the same was passed. .Mr. Wooster called up the resolution ottered bv him yesteiday, prohibitory of the sale of Hank char ter, and explained his object in offering it, which was o prevent a reconcile?, u it could he done, or such ransfursas is said to have been made to citizens of IN. York, by the owners of F.ssox Rank. The rcsolu- ton was passed. Ad. llousn. The apeaker laid bcroro the House a com munication from tho Governor, announcing the ap pointment of Geo. R. Manser as h s Secretary, and that at 10 o'clock to morrow, he would transmit his annual message which was read. Herniation. Rv Mr. Warner of IV fixinclOo clock Wednesday next torn joint arsomhly to elect Secre tary ot Mate; laid on tne lalile. Hills. Ilv Mr. Fiillam, m addition to the act relat ing to proceedings in chaneerv, referred judiciary com mittee; by Mr. Hodges, dischargim: jail bond of Fran cis Fuller' rcferied to committecof W ays and Means; bv Mr. Cutis, crantinc to David II. Sunnier the lit Jleans. J'etitions. Of Haren M. Morrison, referred to gen. eral committee; of F.. T. Learned and others, to same committee ; of W m. Hawkins and others to committee on Military affairs; ofll. W. Fuller and others to land tax committee: or Ahel Drury to coin mittee of claims ; of Sylvatuis Ripley, to committee 01 claims. Mr. Swift from the committer, reported Rules for th e present session, which were adopted. The Sneaker appointed the follow'inu committee on the petition 01 Harvey Curtis and others: Messrs. Warner of New Haven. Hazcn. Closson. Tenner, Mattocks, Davis, Sanborn. Adj. Satlrdav, Oct. 10, A. M. Senate. Mr. Adams offered a resolution for the appointment of a committee on the part of the Sen ate to canvass the votes for members of Congress; passed. un motion 01 .Mr. wooster, tnc aenate procecicd to the election of an assistant secretary ; 1st Oat. 3d. 3d, F.dward A. Stausbcrry 14 15 17 Nntlnn S. Hill 13 13 10 ChailesReed 2 3 2 Soon the t urd ballot Mr. Stanberrv was declared ileeted, and was immediately qualified. sir. Ulark ottered 11 resolution lor a joint assembly Monday next, 3 1. 111. to elect a reporter of decisions of Supreme Court : laid on the table. In accordimeei with u pluvious resolution or the Sen ile, tho chair appointed the following commit ters : On joint rules Messrs. Miner, Townsley and Wooster. To canvass votes for members of Congress 1st dial. Mr Miner. 2d. Mr Clark. 3d. Mr Palmer. 4lb. Mr Adams. 5th. Mr Harvey. The annual executive message was received, read, and on motion of Mr. Foster 300 copies were ordered to be primed, Mr. Miner, from tho commiitee, reported rules for the present session, which wcie adopted. A resouliition from lho house, for a joint assembly Tuesday next 3 11. 111. to elect commissioners of the deaf, dumb, and olind, wa concurred in; al-o reso lution for the election of Judges Supremo court was so amended as to fix Tuesday next 10 a. m. for this purpose, and concurred in., Mr. Clsrk then offered a resolution fixing lho same lime to elect reporter of the 'eiimons 01 me supreme court, wiueii wnn ns-i, Mr. Foster introduced a hill authorizing a general system of banking, which was referred to tho com. on banks. Adj, to Monday. Hoi'sr. Prayer oy Rev. Mr. Kellogg. Tho Sp-nkcr appointed Ma, us. Swift, Chandler of W. nml Vilas on lho joint com. of rules. Petitions referred. Of Paul Cliamplin and others tocomuiilleoon licenses ; of H. Bather, lo commit tee of claims; of Sully Smiles, nnd others, and T. I; Sewell and others, to 'omniittco on rnadaand canals; of John W. Merrill, lo general committee; of Isaac Pennoek and of JnnirN Williard and A. H. linker, and others of ('. N. Plulp i find others, nf John H. Preniiks nnd others, to fremrul committees of Jacob r.erlnn and of Joiah Tobey and others, to judiciary com, of Normnu Claik, and others, to committee on licences 1 of F.I011 b'v arts and others, to judiciary com mittee! account of Geo. A. Allen, to committee of claims, Milt referred. Hy Mr. Heard, relating, to n geo logical snrvoy of lho State, to select committee of one from rnrh conn v 1 bv .Mr. Chandler of W, reviving net taxing lands in Ornnby, to enmmltteo on land taxest by Mr. Hazcn, to pay John Hurlbuit, to com inilUc 011 military tiflbirs by Mr, Ruylk's, to pay Iro Carpenter, to committee of claims by Mr. Chandler of YV. in amendment of the act incorporat- mg "inusur iuuiusi r lie ftiisurwico uu. io gsii ersl committee The resolution fixing Wednesday next, 10 A. M. for a joint assembly to cloct Secretary of Slate, was nasscu. Mr. Manser. Sccrctnry to the Governor, transmit ted the annual message, which was rcidt and on motion of Mr. Hodges, 500 copies were, ordered to be printed. un motion oi in. wnrncr of IV. so much or tho Governor's message as relates to common schools, was referred to the committee on education. The committee of elections asked leave to ait during the session of the House, which was gran led. Tho Senate camo in, and the joint assembly made tho following appointments i J$ex bounty. Spencm, Usistant Justices. Grcenlcaf Webb, Guildhall, Sheriff. David Hibbard 3d. High llaliff. David Hibbard, Jr. States Attorney, Royal Cutler, Judge of Probate, Timothy Fairchild. John Dodrre. Horace Hub bard, jail commissioners. nuuanii bounty. tjllat&c, Assistant Justice. Solomon Foot, State's Attorney, Ira Parsons, Rutland, Sheriff; Abncr Mead, High Itailifi; Almon Warner. Judne of Probate, district of Fair- haven, Win. Hail, , " Rutland, Robert l'icrnoint. Ambrose L. TJrown. Luther Da nicls, jail commissioners. it tneinam county. Henry Whcclock, ) . .;.,, i.,:.. Win. R. Shaficrl Assistant Justices, Gates Porry, Jr. Rockingham, Sheriff, Asa Dutton, High Bailiff, Alexander S. Campbell. State's Attorney. Ellery Albec, Judge of Probate for the District of Marshal Milter, Judge of Probate for the District ot niariuoro,' A. C. Robinson, Walter Eacer. Ueni. Ormsbee, jau commissioners. uiaiton euniy. aiVi;(H0llCy' (Assistant Ju, Adnah Smith, Middlcbtiry, Sheriff, Oiias Sevmonr. State's Altorncv. Justices, Samuel Swift, Judge of Probate for the District of Addison. Harvey Munsill, Judge of Probate for the District otiNew Haven. Joel Dolitilc, Dorasius Wooster, Ira Allen, eom missioncrs for the jail nl Midillcburv. John Picrpoint, F.lliot Shcrrill, Hosca Willard, commissioners ror the jail at Vcrgcnncs. Chittenden County. Francis Wilson, ) .:.. . t . . Kdmund Wellington, Awatant Justice, Geo. A. Allen, llurlington, Sheriff, Horaee Ferris, High Railiff, Geo. K. Piatt, State's Altorncy, Charlns Russell, Juduc of Probate. I. P. Richardson, H. R. Stacy, John K. Gray, jnu i-uiniiii9Muncrn. Lamoillt County. N?TlT& j Assistant Justice, Martin Armstrong, Cambridge, Sheriff, Joshua Lnee, High Railiff, H. P. Smith, Stale's Attorney, Daniel Dodce. Jndce of Probate. M. L. Hart, V. W. Waterman, Almond Uoardman jau comm ssioncr. The joint assembly adjourned to Wednesday morn mgncxi. The several subieets succested bv the Governor' message were referred to the appropriate committees, The Speaker announced the standing committees as follows : Ways and means Messrs Hodges, Clcaveland of -.. 11. i 11 Military affairs Messrs. Smith of Londonderry, Cheney, Kendall, Carpenter, nf Orange, Mattocks. Judiciary committee Messrs. Fullam, Closson Chandler of Woodstock, Hebard, Vilas. Committee of claims Messrs ltaxtcr of Rurlington, Cults, Cham!' jr ofl'cacham, Warner of Newhaven Ilavlies. Rnds and Canals Messrs Ilascom Porter of Hart ford, Colby, Sprague, Cutler. Un Hanks .Messrs awilt, Kinsman, Smith of Put ncv, Simonds, Ruckinastcr. Insclv.ncy Messrs Tenncy, Corsc,LovcIand,San' born. Morgan. Manufactures Messrs. Higley, Raker, Coleman, T..-.,.,,,,i I(,ii;,i..q ' Com. of AgticuUurc Hubbard of Franklin, Foster of Swantou, Reaman, I.andon, Cole. Land tax com. Messrs Hibbard, Buffam, Adams 01 iJavciidisti, itawiey, .uorriii. To make im erand list Morse. Graves Wells. Hen rv. Youim Rimmy, Slack, Rcnton. Smith of Rridnor t'm.r. nm..... VUlk "Tl....f....l WT !. .nipuiLi vi uiuic, ...wni.1 w, milium, vinrucrUI Jericho, apKir Dennett, fierce, Hall of Ryegatc, iiuainiaui ut. .,Mii.L.rjr, iinecieroi .MOnigOmCry, Newton of St. Albans, Railcy, IS'oyes, Baxter of liar Ion, While, Hubbard of Guildhall, Ames of S. Hero, wadswortn. General com. Fisk of Watcrville, lloynton, Week or uenmngton, i.ager, rrentiss, Hyde, rarkcr, G more, Putnam of Middlesex, Deuison, Kinsley, Alii of Irasburch, De Forrest. Ladd. On F.ilueation Heard, Onion, Sabin, Bridgman Paul, of Middletnwn. Distri'ulinc com. Park, Harris, Bryant, Dodge, ii.imerui .i iiiiiii;, iium, niiui ui iiouun, noyci Uirrctow. Hamilton. Luce, Paice. Schoff Ladd. Mr. Kinsman asked to be excused from the coin millce 011 banks Granted. On motion of Sir. Chandler of W., Resolved that the house now proeced to elect a committee on its part, to count tho votes for members of Congress, and the committee was appointed as follows ; First district Morse, Houghton, Hillings. Second district Hodges, liuekinaster, Harncs. Third district Hvbard, Sanborn Lillic. Fourth district Baxter, I.andon, Smilie. Fifth district Chandler, Baylies, Hibbard. AFTERNOON. Hovse. IJillt referred. Ry Mr. Sprague, giving further time to complete a road, referred to committee ; by Mr. Adams of South Hero, altering judicial circuits to judiciary committee; by Mr. Baylies, to pay Harry Richardson, to committee of claims. Hesolutiuns. Ry Mr. Sprague, referring so much of the Governor's message as relates to jurisdiction of justices, lo the general committee; adopted. By Mr. Holt, instructing military committee to inquire into the expediency of lessening the number of the militia, and paying them for services in military drills; adopted. Ry Mr. Hazcn, as to altering term of Supremo Court in Chittenden county; adopted. Petitions HeJ erred. Of J. N Sargeant, to land tax committer ; of Daniel Steams and others, to com mittee on banks; of VV. Adams and others, relative to mobs, &c. to general committee; of the same against reception of temperance petitions, committee on licen ses; of the siine for a new listing law, to general com mittee. Mr. IN'oyes of Hydepark asked leave of absence after Monday morningfnext granted. Tho Speaker appointed Mr. Morgan on the com mittee on banks, in place of Mr Kinsman, discharged, Monpav, Oct. 12, A. M. Senate. Prsvcr by the Chaplain. On motion of Mr. Miner, the committee to canvass congressional votes had leave to sit during the session of the Senate. Hcsolutiont. By Mr Palmer, instructing the judi ciary committee to inquire into the expediency of a law making town grand jurors informing officers of the counties where tbry reside; by Mr. Dana, instructing that committee to inquircinlo the expediency of certain additional provisions in the law, relating to the trustee process; by Mr. Wooster, instructing the same com mittee lo inquire into the expediency of a law taking awav the preference of first attaching creditors of the stock of manufacturing companies"5y Mr Butler, instructing the samo to enquire into the expediency of a taw altering ihe lime of holding town meetiui's from March lo November; by Mr Morse, instructing the committee on education to enquire into the expediency of a law to divide the interest accruing on the sehoul fund, among thcaccadcmicsof this Slate, and another by Mr Bates, to inquire into the expediency of dividing such interest among common schools; by Mr. F.atou of Franklin, referrill" so much of the Governor' mc. saccas relates to a L'eolomcal surrcv. to ilmmmmincn on agriculture; by Mr. Boitum, refering so much of inc mcssago as relates to the Kow Jersey Election to aselcct committee of three who were appointed Uy the ehair.i and made to consist of Messrs. Bottom, Miner and Katon of Washington Co. all of which were passed. Hills. BvMr Butler, to prevent fraudulent nttnrh ments, enotlisr tovxtend lliejurisdiction of constables; both read twice and referred to the Jiulieinrv Cim By Mr. Crawford, for the survey of the line between in:miiiiKiuii aim m iuiiiuiiii CUUIHIVS rCICrCQ 10 MCSSIS. Crawforil and Swift. Petitions, Of,. Bass and others, referred to Mes srs Wooster and Chapman of Phmeai Whito and oincrs ; rcierrcii to i;om, on Ivluealion. House. I royer by Ilev. Mr Clark. On Bills Messrs. Thompson, Preston. On Geographical Survey of thn .State Messrs. Beard, Swifl, Houghton,, Thompson, Higley, Safford, icuiicy, ii.ixicr in iiuiiiuiuii, .inncs 01 ivaiisneni Mattockc. Newton. Fisk of F.dcn. Hibbard. Revdolds. Petitions referred. Of Isaac Dakin, to committee on licenses ; ofW. T. Webb, to judiciary committee; of Win. Billings, to committee on manufactures: of Isaac Pollard, lo comuiitlco nf claims; account of II. S. Morse, to committee nf claims. Hills referral. Ilv Mr. Smilie. for rlialrihtilinti nf the school fund to the several towns, lo committee of ways and means ; by .Mr. Hazcn, in addition to thn 14th section of lho justieo act, to tho judiciary committee; by Mr. M'Gally, altering namo of George Harper, to general committee; ny nir. tJarpcnter, providing coin pensaijon for je turning votes for senators lo general Hcsolutiont. Ilv Mr. Smilie. rcnueatitif iIia 1',.. urer In report the indebtedness of the banks. If nnu in lho Statei by Mr. Sprague, as lo tho cxpr liepcvof npnropiiniiugiiieHcuooiiunum inu state debt; by Air, Vilas instructing judiciary committee to inquire as to the expediency of compelling debtors to disclose and surrender property, not UaUlo to attachment lor mc payment o uiar uonwi Uiiileover(Uiy adoi led, Mr. Hebard naked leave for the committee to can-' vaas congressional votes, to ait during the session of me mouso granted, Mr. Bullock of Guilford obtained leavo of absence after Wednesday morning. Adj, AFTERNOON. Sen atf. Communications from tho officers of tho Methodist and Congregational societies of this village, inviting senators io seats ill ineir respective meeting houses, on days of public worship, wero received and rcau. The committee nn finniirc wero discharged from consideration of the petition of John M. Potter, for remuneration for military services rendered at the ex- ecmiuii ui iintcs, anil MIU pennon was reierrcti tu committee on claims. Hesolutlons. Bv Mr. It niter, instructing the judi ciary committee to inquire into the expediency of a law to pay constables for returning tne votes tor elec tors 01 rrcsuient and Vice President 01 tuc in a.) ny Air. uans, rcicrrmg sundry subjects or the uovcr nor's message not already referred, to tho appropri ata standinc committees severally adopted. Ad- loomed. house, icenoris or uommmtts. ui committee on roads and canals, the lull cxtondtng time to com plcto Goshen turnpike., Mr. Vilas moved an amend' tcr, which was agreed to, and the bill ordered to a third rcadinc. mem. civiim itituro en siaiurcs control over tne cnar Hcsolalions. Rv Mr. Swifl. instruction committee of ways, and means to inquire into tho expediency of appropriating too income oi inu sviumi iiuiu 10 ncauc lilies, ixc. lor inu instruction 111 icuuueis ui uuiiimuit schools adopted; from tho Senate for a joint assem bly to elect reporter of decisionsof tho Supreme Court, concurred in; by Mr. Holt, as lo distribution of inte rest of surplus money, one nan ny districts and one halfby the scholar rejected. By Mr. Buckmaster, referring that part of tho message relating to New Jer sey to select committee of five, with instructions to report the facts to the House; supported by Messrs. liuekinaster and vnas, opposed uy .air. awnt, and laid on the table. Petitions if-c. rtftrrtd. Of selectmen of Ucadshoro' to land lax committee; of Phineas White, and others to committee on roads and canals; of commissioners of Poultney bank, to committee on banks; of Julius Hoyt and others to committee on licenses; account of F.noch Pomcrny and Simeon Herrick, to committee of claims; of A. P. Hurlburt and others to general committee; of Directors and stockholders of Caledo nia bank, of Rutland nnd of bank of Vcrgcnncs, to committee on banks; of John Spalding, to committee of claims; account of Solomon Butler, to committee on military affairs. 7i introduced. Rv Mr. Swift, establishing boun dary line between Salisbury and Leicester, referred to i.'.. l. ..:-. o i',.. i... m. i.-ii pay the militia callcdout Feb. 23, 1833, on application of Gen. Wool of the U. S. Army, referred to commit tee on military affairs i bv Mr. Mattocks, to incorpo rate Philips' academy, referred to committee on educa tion; by .Mr. Ki.x, repealing act abolishing imprison ment for debt, referred to iudiciarv committee: bv Mr. Baylies to pay Uufus Campbell, referred to committee ol claims. Tuesday, Oct. 13. Senate. Prayer by the Chaplain. Mr. Miner for the committee on Joint Rules report ed the rules of last session without alteration which were adopted. Dills. By Mr. Clark for alteration of the militia laws: read twice and rclerred to com. on Military Af fairs. Ry Mr. Norton constituting a new system of listing, on tnc principle ol assessing all properly accor ding to tlictruo value : read twice and rcrerrcd to com on Manufactures. Bv Mr Butler, to abolish the nuti' ishmcnt of crimes by death ; read twice and referred to Messrs. waterman, nutter and liates. Ilesolulions. Bv Mr Dean, instruetini? committee on Roads and Canals to inquire into the expediency of n law requiring nonce to lowns bclore indictment oi their Uoads, that such roads may be repaired and pro ccediii'is stayed: adopted. A communication was received from the Governor, transmitting conies of the report of the Bank Commit tee and of the Auditor's abstract, together with the foreign documents alluded to in his annual message, when, by a resolution of Mr. Adams, the document relative to tho action of the House of Representatives of the United States on the N. Jersey election, and the subject generally, was referred, after some discus sion between Messrs. Rullcr, Miner, Dana and Ad ams, to the select committee already raised on the subject. The cony of the rcnortof Bank Commissioners was referred to the com. on Ranks, and that of the Auditor's alis tract to the com. on I- mance. House. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Harding. m Reports of Committees. By land tax committee, bill rovivimi act laxin" Granbv. and it was ordered to a third reading; by committee on roads mid canals bill granung waviu ii. aunincr me ngni o: a mi oriuge, ordered to a third readinir: bv ceneral committee. asking to be discharged from the inquiry relative to tnc jurisuicuon oi justices oi tnc peace supporteu u Mr. Fisk of W. opposed b v Mr. Spracuc. and refused by the same, that it is inexpedient to legislate on the listing law at the present secsion, on the petition (of w. Adams) and tho subject was laid on the table; by the same against any further law against mobs ami plunderers in the night time, and the petitioner, (W, Adams.) bad leave to withdraw his nctition : by com of elections, a report on the memorial of Win. W. Wells of Watcrbnry, claiming a seat, giving a state ment of facts, nnd concluding with a resolution, de claring that F.liakim Allen, the returned member from Watcrbnry, was not legally elected a member of Ibis House: nnd that Win. W. Wells was leaallv elected a member of this Hous: and is entitled to a scat. Mr. Kinsman moved that the report he laid on the table and be made the order of the day, for tomorrow morning agreed to. Resolutions. By Mr. Adams of South Hero, in struciing the judiciary committee to inquire into the constitutionality of the militia law of 1337 and 1330 bv Mr. Pierce of Calais. alterin!T the law relative t exhibitions so os to transfer the fines to county trcas urics: by Mr Bailv of F.lmorcas to expediency of ie. viving law relative to surveyor general and county surveyors severally adopted. By Mr. Carpenter, for ajoint assembly Thursday morning next, to elect Auditor of the Treasury department. Bv Mr Warner. of N. instructing committee on education to inquire into the expediency of providing against imposition upon school districts by incompetent teachers; by the same, as to the expediency of altering the present sys tem of taxation ; by Mr. Foot, instructing comniittco oi military nnairs to report mo amount ot money nrnwn irom me treasury tnc past year lor military services severally anopten. Hills. By Mr. Porter, to nav C. Goodrich, refer red to committee of ehims ; by Mr. Hebard, bill to seine account oi i.enncus r.gcrlon, as superintended of Slate House, laid on the table. By Mr. Beard, re, vmiig aci taxing troy, io land lax committee: hy Mr. Hazcn, lopay town nf Alburgb, to comniittco on military atl.urs; by .Mr. Kinsman to pay Robert Pier point and others, to judiciary committee. Petitions referred. Of Flias Aldrich, to members irom j;.ssex county, ui l-.than Hlodgctt, to land tax committee; ofS. F. Stevims, against capital punish ments, to judiciary committee; also against slavery miu me iao iinoe, io uiu same column ice. r.ngrnssctl bills, in addition to act incorporalin Goshen Turnpike company nasscd. The Senate camo in, and the joint assembly made the following appointments: CHARLF.SK. WILLIAMS, Chief Justice of the Supremo Court. STF.PHF.N ROYCE, 1 JACOB, ? Assistant Justices. ISAAC F. RF.DF1F.LD I'Die election of fourth assistant justiee was deferred to Thursday morning next.) WM. WF.STON, Ksq. of Rurlington, Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court. Wm. Weston 1815, Daniel P. Thompson 50, scat tering 7. The Senate withdrew, and the House proceeded in the business. Sundry reports worn received from the governor by message, and referred. The contract of the committee to revise the statutes, for printing the same, was read, from which it appears that the statutes were to be sold ot tho folio wiiip prices : Linen paper, Sheep binding 83 00 Paper like 1 Ol It vol. Vt. Reports, sheep 2 50 Third quality papor, sheep 2 00 Fourth quality do. do. half bound, , , 1 50 It was also provided that at the expiration of two years, tho publisher should bu allowed to add 3 per cent, interest to the price. GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. Fellow citizens of the Senate and elite of Represent tatires; A);ain it becomes my duty to address you upon our public concerns. Our official duties arc various and responsible ; and wo shall best subserve tho object of our appointment, nnd most elleetually promote the prosperity of our country, hy an honest, faithful and wise discharge of them. All legislation having in view the virtue and permanent happiness of the people, will ultimately result in tho common welfare. Under our lispjiy form of government, the rights of uio iiuniuicst eitizen arc as sacrcuiy secured ns inoso of tho most highly, favored: and every act which shall unnecessarily, limit or abridge Ihoso rights, is a posi rive contravention of tho letter of our constitution, nnd indirect violation of tho ppirit of our civil institutions, To encourage the practice of virtue, lo prevent the com mission of crime, to fomer the interests of education to promote tho industry nnd improvement of the country, and to protect lho personal liberty nnd rights of our citizens, arc among our lojiiimate ami proper duties as legislators. In popular governments, law depentU for its effica cy, mainly upon lho convictions of tho itenplo of its necessity and expedlenoy. Without public opinion in its favor, legislat ve eimclment becomes n dead letter upon nur stntulo bonk, and ia not onlydisregaided of nsen, nn; in somo measure weakens the torco or salu tary and ivecc..sary laws, and consequently lessens the rcsncct paid to them. Wo ought therefore, to pause anil cxaiuino with great caution, before adopting pro positions for altering tho principles or details of laws, which have, received a judicial construction, nnd with whoso prov isions hr people have become familiar. The very careful ruvision of our laws, at the last session of the general assembly, hroupht under exam Illation most of the important provisions of our stat ute aw, Tin lias nccjctly lopu, offmred, since its promulgation, to test the operation of tho various mod ifications and amendments therein introduced, and the necessity of an imtnediato alteration will doubt less be obvious and plain before you will bo called upon to maite it. Our revenue, derived almost entirely from a direct tax fit tho people, presents a constant admonition to iruii iiuv ano economy in expenditure, and s no u u icau to Ircqucnt inquiry into the operation of our system of mAiiuiiii. i ma system is nnscu innimy on iiicuini; i and it is due to those who defray the expenses of gov ernment, that all productive propel ty, and profitable pursuits, should bear their relative proportion of the public burdens. From frequent application to me for tho remission of small lines, imposed by the county courts, ror assault and battery, nnd other breaches of thu peace. 1 have been led to tho inquiry whether an alteration in thu law on that subject mignt not savo considerable sums to the state, without woakenintr the claims of iuslicc or lessening public security. Judging of tho character of tho otlcncc, by tho amount of fines imposed, tho presumption is strong that respondents in some cases have been bound over to the county court by justices of the peace, moro on account of the inability of the offender to pay a fine and costs, where tho town in which tho offence was committed might have had an interest, than bv reason of the enormity of the offence. Ina majority of cases, presented for the exercise of executive clemency, tho lino has been live or ten dol lars, with costs varviiur from fiftenn to sixty. Nor is tho payment of enormous bills of cost, tho whole, charge .to tho state. Respondents, in cases of this character, being usually irrcsponsiblo and unable to procure unit, are consequently connncd in jau, anu the state charged with their support as state prison ers. Un conviction, a sentence to nav a fine of a few dollars and costs of prosecution, operates as severely as a sentence or perpetual imprisonment, to thu ol- fender, nnd n petpetual charge on the state for his support, unless relieved by executive interference. If no outer alteration should he deemed expedient, it womii ocitcr nceoru wun tnc iimnauc spiru oi our provide that the sentence in such cases, should bo in the alternative, cither fine, or imprisonment for a limited tunc, when the linen not paid. , Hut I would respectfully suggest, as worthy ot inquiry; whether a remedy mmlit not be found, bv nrovidinc, that, on conviction ofjecrtain inferior ollenccs nnd misdemea nors, tho fine should be paid into the town treasury, and whether it imuhtnot bo cxnedient to cnlarco the jurisdiction ol justices of the pence ror their trial. Hy a salutary provision in the constitution, of the United States, any person committing crimo in one stato and escaping into another, shall,, on demand of tho executive of the state having jurisdiction of the case, bo removed there for trial. This provision should be carried into cllect in good faith, borne or the slates have made the act of nrocurinn iroods under false pretence, nn indictable offence. Caes arc be lieved to have occurred whore men, smarting under tho loss of property have been led to make oath to facts, at nn ex parte hearing, which fully justified the commencement ot a public prosecution tor crime, where the real object was evidently to effect a com promise with a debtor orcxtort money from his friends in satisfaction ofn precarious debt. The exclusive warrant when obtained, is used not to brine a public offender to justice, but for individual benefit. The evil complained ol mislit perhaps he prevented, were it made an indictable offence to compromise with, nnd permit to go nt large, nny person arrested on an ex ecutive warrant, issued at the request of the Gover nor oi tne state, where me crime is charged to have been commuted. The condition of our common schools and semina ries of learning, is always deserving your careful at tention. In my last annual message, I urged the ap plication of the income of the slate school fund to purposes of education, and beg leave to refer to the ingestions mere ninuc. We are nraciicallv an agricultural people. To the successful prosecution of this pursuit, are our citizens principally indebted, for the necessaries, and many of the itixuiics, oi civthzcJ lite, .though an interest oi such vast importance to the prosperity of the State, it has heretofore recived but little encouragement from the action of the government. Great improvements have been made, within the last half century, in this important branch of industry, owing, mainly, to the suecesslul application ol science m the developemcnt of the properties of our various soils, and consequent adaptation of the same to the different products of ag riculture. This is a matter, interesting, not only to the philosopher in his inquiries into cause and effect, but also furnishes an object of intense interest to the legislator nnd political economist. I leel justihcd in again urging upon the favorable consideration of the General Assembly, tin propriety of a geological sur- vnv of the state. .Much va uab e inloriuation on tins subject may be found embodied in the reports made to three last sessions oi the Legislature. The difficulties which have beset tho business Iran actions of the country since 1330. arc by a lame nia jority of thepcnple of this State, considered as having grown out ot the improvident measures ot me general Government. Many of our most enlightened and sa gacious statesmen clearly foresaw and predicted the result : a majority of tho community, notwithstanding, deceived by the plausible reasoning and specious prom ises nl interested Ann riesmmntr men. nnd nv tne appa rent prosperity and success with which most kinds of business were then pursued, were led. lor a season, to giro them their support. Tho people, however, are now engaged in a tearful strife to remove rrom the ad ministration of tho federal covcrnment those, who. in thedischarce of their official trusts, they believe, have wantonly disregarded the best interests of their con stituents. As the struccle progresses, the final result appears less nnd less doubtful. Tho recent elections indicate with n certainty almost unerring, that the great mass of our population, whoso only interest in government is, to have it wisely nnd frugally admin istered, are becoming convinced or tun ruinous tendon cv of some of the leadinc measures of the ndministra tion. This result is the moro to be prized, aflbrding, as it does, indubitable evidence of that honesty orpur pose nnd purity of intention, which have ever chnrac terized the great body of the American people. It can hardly be otherwise, while the interest of the great majority of each of tho political parties, into which the country is at present divided, is the same, the irrcaicst goon oi tne greatest nunincr. it lurnisncs a sure guarantee for the durability of our institution and a serious admonition to our rulers, that they will always receive a rebuke at the hands of the people, whenever they make the success of measures an object paramount to the general good The subject of the currency will, doubtless, claim a share of your attention. The hostility to banks and a paper medium, for tho transaction of the business of tne country, nas necn carried on m an uiireicuting, and in some instances, vindictive spirit. While some openly assail, and would at once abolish them, there by comnclliiiL'a resort to an exclusive specie currency, others, with n pretended conviction of their utility ami necessity, covertly attempting their destruction, by anvoeaimg measures ami principles which, u sustain ed and adopted, would ultimately effect their ruin, by taking Irom them nil their ability tor usclulncss, Among other charges, it has been sad. that the oner- stions of hanks have induced high prices. Has the farmer, thenrtizan, or the merchant, suffered m con sequence? High prices and, n ready sale are great eucounicuienis to uiuivuiuai imiusiry anil eiucrpris'j. Low prices operate to the reverse. It is allcdged that they have given a fictitious value to property. Bo it is ; under this state of things, and during their exis tence, rnmsnso indebtedness and liabilities have been incurred, in the purchase of property, in investments in manufacturing establishments and machinery, and in permanent and valuable improvements in tho con dition of thu country. Would it ba just, or humane, or honorable, for the samo goeernment. which author ized the establishment of banks, nnd gave them power to exert this influence over the business of the commu nity, by encouraging liberal discounts in aid of these enterprises, nt once to annihilate these institutions, or, what is equivalent, todisercdit their issues, and thus bring the property of tho country to what is claimed to boils real specie valin? While thus unsettling the valueof property,, nnd the relative condition of our whole population, it must bo remembered, that indebt edness cannot be reduced, but on tbeeontrary, will iie increased in the same ratio in which tho price orprop tv is reduced, and the means for payment lessened The routrol of the whole properly of the country would thus soon be placed in the hands of capitalists and money lender". I would not bo understood nsbeing an ndvoeale for an irresponsible or unsafe hanking system. But, be lieving ns I do, thnl the facilities heretofore afforded by hanks nnd the credit system, have eminently contri buted to foster and carryforward the great interests nf our country, I hold it to bo our duty, our imperative duty, as conservators ni inc ptiolie weliare, to sustain a safe and efficient banking system as the best, if not inn omy, means ni securing nun promoting inc pveu niary prosperity of our constituents. I have no hesitation in saying that banks have been chartered with too great facility, and upon improper principles, in some sections of tho Union; perhaps, to somo extcnt in this State. Much of tho prejudice, now existing against these institutions, has arisen from this Tact, nnd from their improper management, Whero banks have been established upon solid capital in places whose bona fide business transactions need. ed accommodations from that capital, and whero the slock has been properly distributed and owned by cap italists scckim.' such an investment of their mnnev. hava heard but little or no complaint. Indeed, ii is believed, that in tho most disastrous season of ihe last four years, such banks, instead of being liable to tho ceniiro so freely bestowed upon all banVs -of crippling and oppressing community have, uniform lv. Mrlinlcl mnrn nlil i.e.) nl n ,,,, r, . tnnnV,l ,.,, than would have been obtained, had thn .iatno amount oi capital been under lho control of individuals. Tho danger mid loss to community have arisen Irom granting bnW chortcrs, where Die active bnsi ncss of the country do not renuire them, nnd from hnv. them placed in operation a fictitious cnminl. by borrowers instead nf lenders, their aeeoiiitnodu. lions monopolized by directors or their friends, and embark in hazardous, not to say, despcruto specula tions. Whilo the business of lho country remains prosperous, the bills of the bank arc redemmed and obt...'i credit,: but when a reverse occurs, and money cannot bo raised from tho particular business in which lho borrowers nro engaged, the bank fails to meet its liabilities and tho bill-holders must sutler tho loss; for whenever an examination takes plaro the nitcs for loans, and tho capital stock of tho bank, arc found to bo identical. The history of one of these swind ling institutions would require hut little variation, to servo as tho history of every bank which has failed in New England. TIm U'licflts between tiro bank sod the ptopln should bo reciprocal, Tliuro would bo no apology for granting to capitalists tho privilege of usociatmg for banking purposes, wero vo not fully satisfied, that ui inu Buiiiu nine, wu wero comerrmg nn euuiu uunem upon thu community, nmong whom n bank may bo nuiuu, uj IIIIUIIIIO KICIIIIILH lor III Jl leuri.u.i- ablo rate, tosucli as take tho properly of tho neigh borhood to market and furnish it with iiitrchaiidizuin return, or to such as odd labor to tho raw material, and thus render the property of the country n more vaiuanio us wen as more marketable commodity. F.htcrlain'mg these views, should this subject come under your consideration, it might naturally bo e.xpcc- teu mat i snouiu asit lor them n candid nnd dispas sionate cxamiation. In the absenco of nil party feeling and every improper bias, the inquiry .ihotild he, does tho aetivc business of any particular section, ask ing fur the establishment of a bank, need its accom modation? Arcthcro capitalists, who will make in vestments of lho, stock 7 If the affirmative be true, still we shall have made but profitless improvement ,ef thu example of our predecessors and neighbors, if, when we adopt such salutary restrictions as will effectually secure lho pub lic from loss, we should impose such unreasonable mid excessive restraints as shall prevent that public from enjoying the benefits of the system. Copies of resolutions, passed by the Legislatures of several of our , sister Slates, upon various subjects, have been received by mo since tho adjournment of the General Assembly. In compliance with requests by which they were accompanied, they will belaid be fore you. , No subject embraced in them is of so frravc nn im port' or involves principles so alarming in their char acter, as those from the state of New Jersey. One of the sovereign stntes of the Union hns been deprived of her constitutional rights. Her Representatives, presenting the ever before undisputed nnd legal evi dence of their election, have been refused seats in Congress. Not from any failure on tho part of tho freemen to elect ; not from any fraud or neglect of the F.xccutivu of the stato to furnish the usual nnd legal evidence of the result of such election ; not through the omission of those holding that evidence to present tho samo to Congress; not in obedience to nny law or precedent, which has heretofore been considered bind ing in like cases, but in startling violation of all law and constitutional right, and a reckless disregard cf an precedent. Whatever motive may have influenced the decision of tho majority in Congress on this question, still, in a history of thu times, it will be difficult to consider it apart from the fact, that the matter wasprcmiiturely, and for the time being, scttleil, during the pendency of a favorite, executive and partisan measure; a mea sure, which all parlies admit, is to exercise an impor tant and controlling, if not destructive, influence on the uursuits nnd prosperity of the country. This invasion of tho constitutional rights of a State is the more dangerous, from the fact, that it was per petrated by a body, over whom the injured party can lave no control, and bclore whom it can ncitncr mane nown its wrongs nor seek redress, except by suffer ance. From the nracticc. in regard to contested elections. which has prevailed from the foundation of the gov ernment until the last session of Congress, little dan could be apprehended. For there is no occasion to lear that any permanent wrong, eiuicr puniic or pri vate, can grow out of any fraudulent or unlawful act of the stale authorities, in ca-es of this character, as the actors, by our frequent elections are so ofolten brought before a tribunal, from which there is no ap peal, nnd whose reproof few would bo willing to en counter. Our ptcscnt form of government has more to fear from iinducassuinDtionof power by the sever al branches of the General Government, than from any other source. It behooves the Mates, therclore, ns they prize our liberties, to regard with watchful vigilance every approach to the usurpation and exer cise of power not delegated by the constitution. I lirough the politeness or tho Trustee ol the " cr mont Asylum for the Insane," a copy of their fourth annual report has been placed in my bands. A asting debt ol gratitude is duo lo tne Piiiianinrojiie ndivicliial. whose liberal bcuiiest laid tnc foundation for this humane institution. Tho numerous applica tions for admission show tiie wisdom of the legisla ture making the appropriations whieh enabled the trustees to onen their asylum with the least possiut delay. .Munv ol tne patients nave been already restored lo reason, to their families and to usefiilnts, and they will ever have occasion lo revere the memory and liberality ol their benelactor. as will as the enlightened policy which opened ibis comfortable retreat. Sound policy and humanity a'ike requiie that the establishment be enlarged, whenever its present accommodations snail be found insullicient to meet the wants ot the whole of this unfortunate class nf our fellow men. The report of the Superintendent cf the Stato Pri son, and the report of the committee, appointed by tho last Ucneral Assembly to make a contract in be half of thestatefor the labor of the convicts, have been furnished me, and will be laid before you at an early day. It will be perceived that the committee failed to nccomp'tsn the object ol their appointment, i tic su perintendent, on ine expiration oi me contract wun .nr. iiuiiuarii in marcn last, lounn nimscii iiuc.v pectcdly obliged to make immediate provision fo: the support and employment of the convicts. This was done, and ilia report shows, that for about six montns, cnomg nn tnc urst nay ni uctooer insiani mere nas oeen nn actual income to tne state ot dw.i. Ol', after paying all oxncnus on account of the prison including the sum ol 5.)0s,;H lor repairs, neaiiy an ol which vcro for improvements of a permanent char acter. This result, Haltering as il is to Superiuten dent, certainly appears to exhibit the practicability of having tho allairs ol the prison managed by its mime diatu officers, without incurring pecuniary loss. 1 the legislature should he satiahed that the presen prosperous condition of its allairs can be maintained it, would certainly appear more consonant with the uigiiny oi i nc state, io Keep ine mangemcnt oi its prison concerns under the immediate control of the officers of this institution, than to pursue the pol icy ol larming it out by contract, as proposed by the law of last session. The subject of improvement in the prison buildings, has been repeatedly brought to the notice ol the legislature by the superintendent and since this institution must probably remain as an appendage to our criminal jurisprudence, so long crime s found among us, any additional buildings, i repairs upon those already erected, if within the boun ot necessity ami frugality, could hardly Le regarded as a waste ol lunds. The report of the moral condition of the prisoners i alike gratifying to humanity, and honorable to thos: who have tho immediate charge of the institution. The annual reports of the several state officers, which arcrequired by law, to he made to ine, will be laid be fore you as early as possible. Any oilier subjects, which it may bb necessary to communicate to you, aurmg toe present session, win no picscnieu in specia message. ... That distinguished feature in democratic govern mcnls, rotation in office, has always been esteemed one of the most efficient .safe-guards of the purity of our tree institution!. Having, long entertained the opinion, that the public have a right to command the services of its citizens, in any station which they may be considered necessary or useful, and that private convenience should always give place to the public wi'l, I have never permitted my personal preferences toiuterfero with what seimed tho public voice. Per mit me, however, on this occasion, to say to you, and through you, tomy fellow eitrens, cenernlly, that my lesires and wishes nre. that tbev will select some oth er person to fill the place in which I now am, after the present political year. Our ficciiient elections afTord opportunity for an ex pression of the estimate, placed by the people, upon the. services of their public servants. I cannot sufficiently express the profound senfe of obligation felt towards my fellow citizens, for their having so repeatedly elected me to the responsible sta tion of Chief .Magistrate of the State. And the recent flallering manner in which they have been pleased to express, anew, their approbation of my humble efforts in their service, has greatly increased mv obligations; for no circumstance can bo moio gratifying, than to meet this unequivocal evidence of the public confi dence. In conclusion, fellow citizens, I cheerfully tender to you my assistance, in whatever you may advance, destined lo promoto the general welfare: and may that .LMiaurv Beino, without whose aid all our ef forts nro vain, so assist us, that we shall ever possess the consciousness of having faithfully discharged our duty. S. II. J UNISON. Executive Department, Oct. 10, 16-50. From tho Hartford Courant. SENTENCE OF JOHN BURKE. John Burke, the Irishman who was tried last week before the Supreme Court, for tho murder of his wife, and found guilty, was brought into court yesterday morning to receive his sentence. Ii was delivered by Judge SuraM.VN, in a feeling nml impressive manner, as follows. The prisoner, we understand, appeared entirely unconcerned ns io his fntc ) John Besur. : Vou have been con, Kited of the mur der of your wife. The high ciimo was aggravated by Ihe near relation which you sustained to the unhappy victim of your cruelty. I'pon your trial you did not deny that you perpetrated the horrid ilt cd. The only exeuso timed in vour bebnlr. I.v ill- M,. , signedd by lho Court for vour defence, wan, thai she .., sum , juu mini itaiuKit'ii pruvoenuon as ought to nuiiyate the ciimo of murder in that of manslaughter. our declarations, however, before nnd after vou took her life, as well as the circumstances which" nccom panted the act, were all evincive of n deliberate pre-de-teinunation. Itvvasdouo openly nnd considerately nt mid-day, Vou were not under lho inlluencoof in toxicating liquors-an influence which sometimes soothes lho conscience, although it nggrav tiles the guill. With one hand you lit Id her head, and with the oilier plunged your knife into her lliioal. Vou drew lho dcodlv weapon deliberately, from side to sulo ami laid open tho great blood-ves.-cls from lho heart. Shoiusiantly fell, and in n few moments her spirit (led. Whilo taking her life, you turned nwny your face, unable to look upon the appalling spectacle. In fiirihrr execution of tho design which you hadnnnotm ced somo day or two before, of taking her life and vour own, you fled lo the nver n- I nttcmpted suicide. When life- was almost extinct, you er- rescued, mid Willi much difficulty restored to sensonnd conscious ness. Vouroppjnranceot tho bar of your final Judge (o which you were lashly hastening, was thus delay ed. Against your own will, opportunity was given yau in reflect and soak forcivoocas, God uranl II may not bo m vtuu I Tho sconces through which you havo passed in this Court are solemn utid impressive. Your case lit iitiuergono patient aim impartial examination of rami utul pent jury, alio er a full investigation, flmr mve unitedly pronounced you guilty. The facts, as uiy pr n the t inscioseii in tne testimony, coum leave ivhiouui in any impartial mind. on wero seen to do fK- act. Your nrin was seized by n female who wnt Dti sciit, but bv a hand loo feeble to avert thu fatal strode. Numbora soon saw the awful wound, tiio flowing blood and the lifeless bod V. In numerous conversations sincs,you have voluntarily admitted tlieniuriier. Vou have never spoken of it with or regret disapprobation iillcmtitcd to excuse it as the result of excitement upon sudden provocation. On tho contrary, you have declared un der like circumstances yon would do it again. My motive in presenting considerations, ia not to wound your feelings, but that you limy fetl that n pardon is hopeless, and be there I y excited to im prove the short remaining period of your life in seeking repentance towards God nnd faith in the Loid Jesus Christ, Great as your crimes arc, they art not asgreat as the price paid for your redemption. Hopeless a your prospects in this nie arc, you may still, through: God's grace, be nblo to attain tho hope of a better life.. Hut any hope is delusive until you feel your own guilt, and, cetiso to approve the awful deed by which your life is forfeited. I cannot hid yi it a final ndicu, and proceed to the dreadful sentence which it is my painful duty to pronounce, without urging you, by every con sideration that can in influence your heart, to turn to Godto consider his infinite compassion for the peni tent,and his inexorable justice towards those who con tinue insensiblu of the guilt of violating his sacred pre cepts. Without repentance, the loss of this life, which you have incurred, momentous ns it is, is a trifle in comparison with tho woes which follow il. By re pentance nnd God's pardoning grace, purchased hy the Saviour's blood, your prospects of future happi ness may yet mitigate the t;!oom of your solitary pri son, and tustain your tpirit under the agonies of tr painful death. In the name and by the authority of the State of Conncetieiit, this Court doth now pronounce tho sen tence of the law : Vou arc remanded to I lie gaol from which you er taken, thereto bekipt in close confinement till the third Tuesday of .Innencxt. On that day, between ilu hours cf ten and two o'clock, within the gaol of somo enclosed yard, nwny from public observation, you are sentenced to be hanVcd by the neck, between the hea veils and thoearth, until vou are dead and may God have mercy on your soul! TIIE C0NVEN"ribi7N RICHMOND. Wc liavo in the Richmond Whig of Wodnei dDV, upiritcd accounts of their doings of tho great Virginia Convention. Mr. Wubster'at pooch lias been reported for the Whig by two- competent stenographers. Governor Harbour was President. .Mr. I.cigh submitted the ad dress. "Never before," exclaims ths RiehmontB Whig, "have wo seen rucli an assemblage whether respect be had to the number th appearance, the respectability or the inlelligcnce There were not less than l.",000, and many accustomed to esti'.ia'.iL; the numbers of multi tudes put ilifin at not less than 20,000. Tli cream of tin; Old Dotninii a was assembled. No language can convey any idea of the thrilling excitement the rapturous enjoyment cf tne occa sion. Never was so rnanv hannv tieonle found together within the limitj of this State. The- whole city was all life ami animation. All wero contented, and delighted, all were amply accotn modated with crcaturc-roinforU,a!l were thrilled by tho intellectual treat spread before them, and all had their patriotic enthusiasm ztill fur ther inflamod for tlie gre-il struggle at hand. The day will h'j a memorable epoch in the lives of all who were present." .V. V. American, From the Richmond Whig. Tito President introduced to the Convention, our distinguished guest, the illustrious Senator from the Old llsy State. The welcome, loud and long continued from 15,000 Virginians, told him nt once, that he was nt home. Uf the man ner in which he responded to tho hearty wel come, the reader can judge for hiimelf, "by the fai;hful report of the speech in another column. All we have to say, is, thai the i'ltintricus fame of the orator, in the opinion of the thoueanda who heard liitn, was fully sustained. 1 Io proved himself every thing that had been expected and When Mr. Webiier concluded, the Conven tion adjourned till four o'clock. During tho evening, various little ?quads of UCCO each, wore addrcsi-edby Mr. William S. Archer, Mr. John Hill, Mr. John Campbell, and again by Mr. Webster, towards sundown, in one of thorn mighty bursts of elorpicifo lo which lie alone can give birth. Alter i.ighl the speaking was continued until 1'2 o'clock, at the capital, by Messrs. Holts, Snovvilen of Alexandria, Skinner, of Ualtimore, and Duncan of I,a.,and at the Log. Cabin by Messrs. 1!. W. Leigh, anil Cutler, of Uuckitigham. The delight of the audience) throughout thesro various srpecches, was mani fested hy frequent and rapturous applause. Yesterday, at 10 o'clock, Mr. Itivcs addressed the Convention in a speech of some four hour the number but little, if any diminished from the day preceding. One of the most btriking features iu thin vast astciublage has Leon that of deep, intense ami unflagging interest of tho whole. At midnight, when ihe last speaker con cluded, a universal ny arce tor more epeaking. Until last evening, in all our intercourse with the delegates from every quarter, we heard no man make mention once ut going home. That such a place as sweet heme existed, appeared to have passed from their memories altogether so wholly absorbed were they all by the thril ling scenes around them. During last evening, Mr. Humes of Abingdon, and Gov. Harbour addressed the Convention. Tho interest continued unabated throughout. At night, the Log Cabin and the Capital b'quar resounded with bursts of eloquence again, which are still delighting vast multitudes as our paper goes to prc.-s. Mr. Webster, at the earnest solicitation of his-fellow-citizens, made his appearance within tho 'Og.s now the most lamotts temple of liberty in the land the theatre of the most brilliant. oratorical displays of the age, and spoke for two hours, in a strain as he only can speak. The. leinger he Flays here, the deeper interest he ex-, cites both on his own account, and on account of the old Day State, which stood shoulder to shoulder to old Virginia in lho times that triee, men's souls. We have no time nor space to. characterize the speech of last ni;lit. Enough, that jt was worthy of Daniel Webster. We regret that our limits would not permit us to give a fuller and detailed account, which, we havo prepared, of the interesting incident of this joyous occasion. It will be forthcoming tomorrow. In the meantime wo can say with, perfect candor, that if we had a doubt of the vots. of Virginia, this vast outpouring of tho pcople and the cheering intelligence, which they bring from every quarter, would havo dissipated it entirely. If the Had dav of November is a rainy day, we shall heat .Mr. Van Huron at least 15 000 in tho State (the rank and file of party only want a good excuse to their leaders to star from the polls.) Hm whether there be rain oV sunshine, we have them, bv at least 7.000, vi no mistake I Extract of a letter from Henry Clay to a gen tlcman in N. York : Asitr.A.vp, 2nd Sept. 15-fO. " I still adhere to the opinion expressed by me, eevoral months ago, that Mr. Van Uurca, will not receive lho votes of more than six state in tho Union, Everything that has since oc. cuvrcd, every ole-ction that ha? since taken place, tends to confirm it. Of thoso six states, Maine, nml Alabama aro two, and he can no longer count with confidence upoa either of them is, November. Our information derived from the southern part of Ohio, coiucides with yours from the. northern, that General Ilarnsnn will receivs iu vote hy an overwhelming majority. Wc rely upon tho vole of New Vork. Vemrs truly, H. CLAY. You can't iomk ir. I'mler thin head, that spirited little papor, the Democratic I'rere, tells the following capital story : A loco foeo oflico holder in this citv latelf called ut em an hottest Irishman who resides in tho sixth i .ir'. with the rmujest that ho would subscriber'"' ar for ' tirposo of erecting n "hickory tree. ' Jly jr?," said the Insh-v man. "do Vo' want mo to bnv a lekn. In h scourged with lint out of"hoiir.o you ()' saving villain," TJio ollico-holdcr did not watt lor a eusvuu u;, i

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