Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 27, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 27, 1840 Page 2
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FIFTEEN DAYS LATER PROM ENG LAND. lies In S iflfl ft rtcnlli of t.wl Holland; outrage on a Xcv York .acl.ct ship. Ac. The rloatncr Caledonia nrrived at lloston on the 10th instant, .linking the passage in some tiling los.i than fifteen day?, notwithstanding the extreme roughness of the weather. France, always excitable, seems now in a more extraordinary excitement than over, an .nhmnimr state even from which the world have litiio linnn nml miipli to fear. Tho Thiers ministry, alter accumulating all the inflammable materials of France in loud cries of, and prcpara tinn for war, seem to have been turned ofT, when thov were about to apply tho torch, by the pow erful hand of Louis Plnllippc. A new ministry, with a war renouncd martial (Sotilt) and a learn cd but yet practical philosopher, (Guizot,) have taken tho place of the old but it is very doubt ful, unsupported bvtlie Press, as it is, with tho prejudices of the nation against it, too, whether it can ride the whirlwind and rule tho s'orm. The eminent genius of that 'Napoleon of Pence,' Louis Philinne. alone leads us to hope. Fortu nately Mehemet Ali's affairs are all going badly. The Emir IJcclur is on his way to England, the Chri.-tiaus of Lebanon arc in n rm-. -'lie British occupy lleyrout, and are fortifying Seyde, presenting no inviting love for French ambition to embark in a crusade for the Pacha of Egypt, against all the other powers of Europe. AH these things look to peace. The great danger, however, to the peace of tho world, is tho uneasy condition of the French people. Mril'hijp has stirred up all tho warlike frenzy of, thatamtiitiqus and high spirited people, and ho.gncs outof power, the seeming victim of British policy, while the Koult-Guizot ministry come in as the friends of peace the friends of concord a.vl amity with their hated neigh bors overtho English channel. Hence the now ministry 'in denounced by the Parisian press as the enemies of their country, and tho well-earned culogiums the British press have passed upon the learning and wisdom of M. Guizot are re presented but as the culogimns of an enemy upon one of their own men, and this, toy, not withstanding that Marshall Hoult is in the same category, about whose ears British bullets have so often whistled, that he should hardly be sus pected of being corrupted by British gold. But we may hope for pence and better rela tions between Frsmco and England by the very change of ministry. As long as M. Thiers was at the head of Foreign Afiaiir, ho was so com mitted in h,s violent and revolutionary measures, that it was not only ditlieult for him to retreat, but quite impossible for the British government to approach luni with conciliatory measures. A chmjic of ministry, with M. Guizot at the head of Foreign AlTiirs, introduces a new man to the British Cabinet, who has nothing to take back, and whom the British Cabinet can approach in more conciliatory language. To us this side of the ocean, whoarcbut lookers on, though deeply interested in this European agitation, the causes that may embroil France and England, are whollv inexplicable. What is it to be fought for ! What is to be gained! There h no principle at issue ! The presses talk of "incivilities" and "honor." France ex claims " perfidious England, and England threat ens Fram e with "another drubbing," if she don't mind and this is all we can sec as causes for war. It surely matters not to Franco whether Mehemet Ali has Syria or not, and France couid not bo dri''ii into a war on Mohornet. Mi's behalf, but for the "incivility," the "point of honor," there is r.o doubt she will light to the death ; and yet we thirs side of tho water can see no " inci vility" nor "point of honor" invoked. John O.uiucy Adams, in his lecture last night incidentally alluded to a topic, which may be lie cause iff the uneasiness we see in France tho frequent attempts at assassination, the in rurrcclior.s, riots, &c. so often suppressed. Louis Phillippe, he argued, had no right to the French throne. lie was not born to it, nor was he chosen to it, nor did his uvvord win it. His dynasty must end with himself, bo continued It could not be a throne hereditary. Pcrhap it is this deep conviction of the French people, that settles so often, and so often unsettles minis rv. They sit uucusv, under executive authority. Tho government they are under, perhaps they foe', is not theirs by "divine right nor any other right Pt all. Of course, where such opinions extensively prevail, changes must bo constat!', excitements prolonged and danger ous, tumults frequent, and restraints severe, what now endangers Franco and the peace o Europe. We, however, have great faith in Louis Phillippe, whether his dynasty be hereditary or but for himself. For ten years past, he has done wonders, lie deserves the respect of the world for his prudence and skill, if not their adiuira tion; and when Franco loses him, she will be lucky if she does not fare worte. A'. 1. Exp, FRANCE. RricsATioN or Tim Minitrt. This event took place on the 'JJud of October not utmxpctedly except as to time ; it w as looke for, but not before the meeting of Chamber The immediate cause is said to have been a difference ni' opinion between the king and M. Thiers, in relation to the speech from the throne. Tho particulars arc thus given by tho corres pondent of tho Times: On Thursday mght a Cabinet Council was held nt St. Cloud, uiidir the presidency of the King, to con eider the P-rms of tncspci eh with which u was pro posed thai hn nnjosty should open thy session ol the Chambers. Tho passage in il which relet red to the crisis that ha been produced liv thu treaty of thu l.'ith of July was cotichrd in tonus of hostility, defiance, and even of ininice. On tins thu King observed, that it would ba highly inexpedient to itiiriiduco into the dis coiirsacx iressiuns calculated to ult.:r thu pacific char ncter which the Eistern question hid within ti few ihys assumed. M. Thiers persisted in Ins view of the nl, r ml, !ii Iiiil'. with much uniinitiun. tint it wis na-essiry Franco should nsscrt litr independence an I niiintain her rank in tho world. Thu King agreed with him in that sentiment, but .1 .in, J iif.niiinhn. that ' tho proposed mode of do. cliringit wis objectionable nnd dangerous. Passing ti mother paragraph oi nis spsn-n, in which uireo' ..,r. H...U niniln in E rvnt nod Melioniet A I. Ad nurril Itiussin, ininUt r of iinriue, nbjuetid thnt 'it ir. I. in. I l.'r.nnco to tin iiriiiiteirmni of thu gov- rnincnt nfEjypt m thu family of Melicmc Ah for evr t ih'it u ih ly over lenrd of hurohlirv chi in to ! . .1. nrMivriimi,nt by anv subject of the Porto: I'm s-it'i ihfl n perished the officii,' ipc Th ' nrTUMii'iiis were r, incurred in by the Knit;, am position introduced In it, for a vote sanctioning a farther addition of some 100,000 men to tho ar my i this the King objected too, as almost cquiv alont to a declaration of war, and tho minister persisted. TURKEY AND EGYPT. The latest intelligence from the neat of oper ations was by telegraph at Paris on the 1st in stant from Toulon the 31st of October. Bey- rout had been taken possession of by the allies; the Emir Bcschir had abandoned tho cause of Muhomit Ali and surrendered to the English. He arrived at Malta on the 2?th. on board the English steamer (Jylops, with fifteen members of his famiy and a suite of one hundred and fif teen persons, on his way to England. The following despatch from Lord Palmcrston to Lord Ponsonby shows that wo wore right in supposing that tho deposition of the Pacha by the Sultan would not be enforced by the allied powers : My Lord Mcr Majesty's government having taken into consideration mo net uy wiucn inc. aiiiinn depriv ed Mehemet Ali of the l'nchnic of Kevin, the bear' ilia's of that act upon tho present stnlo of pending questions, and the course which it may be expedient to i:iku upon, u mhvu iimiii'iiiiic repri sciu wives 01 .lUSIlia Russia, Prussia at their court, to submit to their res- pcctie governments that undoubtedly there is much force in tho reasons which according to your excel lency's reports, induced the Sultan to take this slip : and that while, on the one hand this measure in no degree prevents the Sultan from reinstating Mehemet All, 11 lie should speedily malic his suotinss on to ins sovereign; on the other band it may operate as a powerful instrument ofmornl coercion upon .Miheinct AH, by matting htm aware mat, 11 tlic contest between nun nuu nis sovereign suouiu nc prolonged, n me is sue o that contest should be unfivoinblo to him, be might lose every thing bv his too obstinnto resistance. That in this view, and m order to make the recent exercise of tue Sovereign autlioritv nt the Sultan usc ful towards effecting an early and satisfactory settle ment of nending uucstions, it is thoopinionnf her Ma jetty's Government tint it would be expedient that the representatives of the four (lowers at Constanti nople should bo instructed to proceed to the Turkish Minister, and state to him that their respective Gov eminent, in nnrsunnce of tile stinulnliohs of the 7lh artioleof the separata act annexed to the treaty of 15th .Inly, beg stronglv to recommend to the Sultan that, if Mehemet All should at an early period make Ins submission to the Sultan, and choiilil agree to restore the Turkish lice', nnd to withdraw his troops fioni Sy rn, from Adana, Candin and the Holy Cities, theSu'l t in should not only reinstate Mehemet Ali as Pacha of K"Tt, but should also give him an hereditary tenure Hint pacnn.ic, according to mo ronuiiiuiis specilieil the treatv of -Till v. ami liable, of course, to forfeit ure by any infrnctio'n ot lboe conditions on the part .M-liemct .Mi, or nissueeess-ois. Her Majesty's Government lime reason to bone that tliis sui'L'cstion will mcf t the concurrence of thu Gov ernni'Mits of Austria, l'ruia and RttaYia, and your xce encv vi I accordingly taUe the steps pomteil out this di-ipateh, asoon as vonr colleagues shall have reel ived eorresponditiL' instructions. II the liiiltan sliould consent to act upon tins novice ndercd to him bv his four allies, it would be expedi- nt that he should take immediate stein for innkine his mncinns intentions in this rcsnccl known to Me hemet Ali, and your Kxeelloivy nnd ltobeit Stonford shiulil afi'ord the Turkish Gnvrrnmcut every facility Inch they may require for tins purpose. 1 Have, etc. (Sbncd) PAl.Mi:ttSTO. I.onilon. Oct. 15. o hisl'xeellency Lard Ponnnby, nt Constantinople. A Cairo letter of the 2d of Oct. in the Seiinnhore. states that the vice-consuls of the four powers resident n that city had been ordered by the ninhorili"S to tauc lown their fhas and leivo the' country in three days. This thev ha 1 nt first refused to do, on account of not having Ind orders from the consuls, bui in the en i they submitted. Not only In J tho English hotels at Cairo and Sue7. been closed, but orders had been giv en tint no travellers sliould he allowed to goto tlic hltcr city , sj that tin 1 1 lii roule was virtually clos ed bv a'i ord'-r ot tliu I-.gyplinn authoniies. .lo-it ol the nnghsli fs.niih at Cairo were quitting the place. All the regiments from fie tlrijnz weto moving into .owcr hgypt; and a levy ot camels was inamng. Orders had been iriven to fortify several points on the Ilcd Sea, and ammunition in considerable quanti ties had been issued from the ni senals for that purpose. An A exam nan letter in tic iiid coiilrni nets the state ment that the I'svptian government had ordered the Regent lias been for Homo years privately mar ried to Munoz, a soldier of the guard, have no doubt exercised great influence in causing her abdication. The Queen arrived at Port Vondres on board a Spanish ship, escorted by a French nnd an English frigate. M. Matliicu do la Rcdortc, the French ambassador, had left Valencia, having been acreditcd to tlic Queen Regent only. The English Ambassador remained, his credentials having been to Queen Isabella. Tho Capitolc states, that although Ixuis Philippe had expect ed Queen Christina in Paris, and had fitted up the palace of the Elyscc Bourbon for her reccp- tion which had been formerly occupied by her sister, the Duchess of Berry, she had dotermin. cd to embark from Marseilles to join her husband Munoz, who had preceded her to Italy sometime since. The Junta of Madrid had dissolved it?elf, leaving the government to tho undisputed pos session of the new recency. I ho Cortes was summoned for the eighteenth of March. Hircelotn papers of the 23lh of October announce the dcalh of the celebrated canon Trislany, who was called the Merino of Catalonia. Tristany's career was full nf romance and adventure. Having r,f sa l to follow the retreat of Cabrera into France, ho remained cartying on a guerrilla warfare in tho mount litis. t,irr,.,l niirlii nml ilnv. for months, bv various dc i.rlininiiianrilin Oueeii's trootis. be tiianaced, with extraordinary activity, to elude pursuit till October lllili. when lie was overtaken about a league from Coidom, on the river Cardencr, between Manresa and Solsonn, and leu unuern snower oi nans, nam ing to the last. A priest who was with Tiistany was a man of herenlein proportions, nnd very bigoted. He wasn devoted Carhst, and his fidelity to (because, in the midst of the irrcatest privations and difficulties, was su rr'.s ng. He hel I at one time the chi ( com mand in Catalonia, but was more adapted to lead small gueiilla expeditious. GREAT BRITAIN. John Ilolman, an under graduate of Cam bridge University, killed himself with lauda- iitim, in consequence of failing to pass his ex amination. He was studying lor the ministry. The Queen was still at Windsor on the 4:h hist., but very anxious for her removal to Buck ingham palace, where the preparations were go ing on as fast as possible. Captain Reynolds-, court martialled by his colonel, the Earl of Cardigan, has been cashiered. The sentence of the court, being approved by the Queen, was promulgated in general orders on the ti'.Hh of October. It made a great sen sation and called forth severe and indignant comments from the newspapers. The gi and jury ha ing found a true bill against tli.- Earl of Cardigan, for his felony in fightin duel with Capt. Tuckett, his lordship will bo capitally tried by the house of lords. .J.uiong the deaths we notice the names of Lord Holland, Admiral Fleming, the recently appointed Governor of Greenwich hospital Major Jenkins, of the 11th huzzars, and Mr. Sparkes, banker of Guilford. The packet ship South America, from New York for Liverpool, was fired upon on the i!d instant, just as she was entering the channel, by an English yacht, full of men. The yact proved to be a revenue cruiser, and the conduct of her officer in command is severely censured by the Liverpool papers. his appearance drew forth bursts of ipplausc. At first it was quite difficult tohenr what ho had to say, but lie so drew the nttcntion or the audience, and hushed it into perfect silence, that his lowest notes were beard nil U'xll. nrent where rnnrli.rnil indistinct bv tho bll9- bl, .,,riiis voire. Tlinllrnnf the VOIIHIf man tlioucll was in his manner. 1 1 is venernblu bnld head seemed illuminated by iho spirit within him. Where ho dwelt upon Love, tlio fairer sex, and their enchantments of society anil noinc, a ocaux oi tnc snoon or uuuuuu could not havo been more impassioned, or made his ilcvotims with warmer zeal. His heart must be as hot, a l when of the isgo of sixteen. Tho mini topics or the Address were ucvoich m n ketch of the. condition of man in the hunter's the pas- l.iml nml ibn nirtienl Inrnl atnte. The Hunters life in the fo-est nnd til cket in pursuit, of game, with no homo, no nxeu livelihood, no social reunion:,-uu in citement and all passion destruction tho only nun -...I fl,la l.iMIl,, u-nrn ,1q,t ilil with n IlinStCl 5 pen. Tho better fate of tho Shepherd, his repose and inmtii.ition. Ihe conservative nfTorls of his being the subpiL'ition or the Hull nnd tho Katn 10 mo purpose.? of liis existence with bis subsequent contemplation of the Heavens, nml Hie astrology tuni mtcrwovo uiu Hull and tho Hum with the constellations of the sky, ..orn nnl forrrottpn Wnmrn. snlil the Lecturer IS tllO Hunter's only animal i thu first of the animals nf the Shepherd, but tho iciV. nml bosom companion of the Husbandman, whose happy and wiser state, bo pro- coeoenaiierwnriis inoesciiiie. Love, woman nnd matrimony wevc next dwelt up on in poetry and poetic prose. So rapturous was llwi wtnernliln r.v-l'residpnl imoii woman, that nnv body might know bo bail ihe worthiest and best of wives, illil", UM lllll Old uiiumiui, III .i.-i 11 n i,,. liMinl him ilesennt with so inniiv venrs nf expe rience over his head upon tho comforts nnd glories of Mntrimony! A beantilul tubule he paid to iiciminn too. Ho ended his lecture with sonio remarks, the best advice his experience as bo said, enabled him to give; upon what best created happiness, social and sell, vi.i 1st. A fixed tnlicritahie Habitation. 9.1 A wedlock. 3d. A belief in, or a worship of one only Supreme being. . . We Know not when wo have neon more crnmieo How me incholv that such a mind, and so mueli learn ing are not inheritable too I tatoto the people nor to act in contravention of their wishes. He, who, being elected to serve the people, undertakes to assume powers not granted to him, and for the better security of bis personal nims, perverts his trust, or linUerlnKcs to lorliiy mmsclt ngnmsi uie power or the people, In order rather to perpetuate ins own profits than to promote tho good of the country, wi l niwnvs he i r en lean onn and n ( si'race iroui his station, The greatest number of tho people will eninv tliu frreatcsl pood aceessi li e. 1 1 s na nol ue mo nopolized ny one man, or noarocu ny a lew. i no common pursuit is happiness i the common apostle, Liberty, and tno common determination oi tuo mass, eounlitv. And of nil Ihe nrincinles nt work in a demo' cratic country, tho Inst, viz t cqmhty, is perhaps the mo9l powerliil. Many will preler despotism wiui equality in tho mass, than bbctty witlnut equality 5Iankind havo thoroiiL'hlv tried, and reieet. nil L'oV ernments but that which is most untried, vizt that 0"Tlic followinsi linos purporting to bo ad dressed to the distinguished Bcc itian it. tho head of thu Treasury Department, by his cn-partner in affliction, tho "Heaven born Atno, are c. ccedinsrly afi'ecting. Rockingbuni County, New Hampshire, had the honor of giving birth to the modern Neckcr who regulates tho financial affairs of this republic. LF.VI TO AMOS. "Dear Amos, I've pitied your children's bard case, That their slumbers werc'broken, while the whig shouts weic shockitme'ni; llul dear Kendall, 'tis over ; 20 put them to sleep, And while you sing their lullaby, I'll go to rocking'cm. Rockingham. Wc will try our hand at a reply. AMOS TO LF.VI. Dear Levi. I thank you for commiseration Is grateful to humbugs in my situation ; My children welcome their 'dry nurse with pleasure, And kiss his bald pate while they vow he's 'a treasure.' Vnn'tt find I believe, that vour new occumlion Will remind vnu nt times of vour recent hiiib station : You'll serve "pap" with a spoon, as you did with a ladle, And think of state sec-smrs while rocking the cradle. N. I!. Mind vou faithfully rock every sweet littleelf, For you know" what it is to be half rot.hnl yourself. which is most perfectly democratic. To that sort of government philosophy and humanity tend. There is progress. The democratic principle moves forward, not nacKwnrd. llencvo ence. morn lit v. nun inns- tianity, mil it nnd cncotirngo it. no unto tnem who resist it. For tho last few vcars Federalism, and ncirlv all tho onposiles of tho Heinoctntic principle, have gov erned in a filso discui'c. For awhile tho cause of Democratic nrincinles was obslriirled. but not smoth ered. Mr. Van Hnrn hid scarcely r iised li s moiut m 1937, before the stimlard wise'ected, and althoivh it has experienced ndicrsities, it is, nt Inst, think heaven, carried thrnrglt in iriuinph. as 10117 n knowledge is thoroughly diffusa I, the pcnplu will not loso sight of their truefnilb. They may bo hu nbiig ged for a moment, but tho delusion never lasts. They will bo truo to llieineslvcs, and true to llieir best Iricnds. In tho election of General Hirrison, the people will rejoice. Tliu Democratic principle is restored to its legitimate ascendancy, nnd henceforth its cause will move onward. In truth it cannot bo denied that Gen eral Ilnrrison is one of the fairest expressions of Ame rican character and American Democracy that we have ever had. Willi bis advent to power, ends n lone and tyrannical dictit lrs'iin a di titnrshipin the exclusive interest of egotism. For the sacrifice nflhe interests of the country, nnd tho betrayal of the D"in ocrntic Hep ddienn party, Mr. Van llureti is rebuked and punished. Tlicovenvhelininc condemnation with which ho goes out will be remcnibcied, as a caution, though all future times. KNOW STORM. BAt.Tntonr, Nov. 19. It commenced snow, ing with us this morning about 2 o'clock, and oiitinued very briskly till about 1 P. M., when it abated somewhat, though even now (!1 P. M.) snow falls quite fast. The weather Is warm, and the snow that had accumulated at wnriss this morning, hau been gradually diminishing, notwithstanding the supply has continued. We may say, then, wc have snow, but no rteighing! This is bad. .Snow fell in the city of Washing ton on Weilnof day to the depth of six inches. The National Intelligencer of Thursday says "Know fell in this city and vicinity to tho depth of six inches during yesterday. MAINE. Wo have, at length, the official ennvar s for F.leetors. It is ns follows : Whig lo.Ol'i, Loco -10,01, Abolition I'JI Whig innjonty lll. All tho towns in the state were returned, hut the vole of Kingsbury was not counted, for informality. Honor to thegaflant Whigs of .Maine. They have fought nobly against tremen dous o lds, and'ni spile nf the foul play of the Loco Foeo Legislature, in spite of the illegal voting in the woods, nobly hive the conquered, MASSACHUSETTS. Tho following is the official vote in this Slate for I'lesidcnt. Harrison, 72,013 Van lluren, 52,471 Majority of Ilartison over Van Iluren, 20,-1 12! Tho whole number of votes thrown in the State is boon disnoverd in Oilcans county, fioni which, with I llieir limited means, I n; capitalists in tnai sinio nru producing In gjiii'int ti.sofiiu'tnl. Iron of ihe purest i quality ins ais n.'on il.s wered ill llieinmiuiiaio icni ity, and in inexhaustible quantities. There nresevcrnl nirnace.s m oicr;nion on 1110 spot, irom which hiu northern partof Vermont, NewYotk and llieCanadas are tippled with the most beautiful castings. Tho ore in the iron mines is cmciiy on the surface ol tno cariu, requiring no sinning ot sinus Tor its attainment. 1 ne yield of pure iron being unequalled by any other mine m the world. A'. V. Herald. Wc take tho abovo from tho New York Herald of Saturday. Col. Miller has since returned to this city, after having bis paint analyzed by tho most eminent chemist of that city, and completing his arrangements with tho extensive house of Lawrence &, Co., who aro his ngcnls for the United States. Wo understand that tho ochre has been analyzed by a celebrated English elicmi9t now in New York, and pronounced to bo tho genuine Roman ochre. I'romciicoiiragciiicnt.soficrcd, Col. Miller purposes to sad for London in February next, with the fullest confidence of competing with Franco in tho English market. The ochro has been tested by I'aton & Gilbert, of this city, on several carriages now on hand. Lamed it Coming aro tho agents for tho salo of the ochro in this city. 1 roy Hu-lqct. Col. Milter was in this place a few days since, making arrangements for vending tho article above alluded to; and wc aro happy to learn that tho most flattering anticipations as to its value, have thus far been more than realized in market. From present indications, wo are war ranted in believing that it will prove a source of!! I. 'Phis is larger p that the vote of last ycir by . . , ...1 lii.i-i. .xenriv all tlic increase is in lavorol tliellnr- 11111110110 prom to tnc proprietors-, aim great an-, ria,m ,iH(rli Vnl) lnvim, olly received 113 vantage to the stale. Should it prove to ho in- 1 moie voiesth in were Inst year given to Morton. The FRIDAY MO UN ING, NOVEMBER 27, 1310. THE MODUS OPERANDI. From the Liverpool Standard. Our reporter has bum on be a d tl e South Amcricc, and was shown one of the cabin dead-lights, of thu starboard side, which bears a deep indenture, or hole, evidently made by a ball, apparently considerably larger than a musket ball. It has perforated a piece of canvass outside of the dead-light, or shutter. The stations for travellers along the roule to Suez, erected ! slu, 01 lllc Sl "or S""3 "ri!l"s "ot Known, nut some bv the English, tobedctrovul. The English hotel nt 1 of h" " ''oar.i conjecture that the weapon wasn Cairo w.u closul, because the English ei,nid to as- Rlln; 1 he first officer of the ship suggests that amble to plot ngiitt the governinnnt i but it w.ssl.e- 1 uucn a revenue vessd j 1111 mis is nor beved that in ibis respect the authorities of Cairo hnd gone beyond their rusiiuctinns.n- I Ai.r.x4NiiniA, Oct. 7. The I'aoim left yesterday for 1 Cairo. He told Mr. Litking that hp snould not 1110- j lesttbe India miiis, but allow them to pass 011ns usual. I ho overflow ot the IN do has produced the greatest is.isters; whole villages hive le-en swept awn v. This gardens of tho lsu of Rhoda aro completely tinder water, and mined. I.;,000,000 ardeps of gram beluiiging to tile IMchi (Kept 111 imgn7.ii"",) have liven washed away. Several Europeans, wiionecnpied land, have sull'ore I severely. The Turco-Eg vidian! fleet has partly mutinied. The sailors of the ships No. 2, No. P, and No. 7, have refused to go their nuartcrv, and much flg'ntiug has taken place. Ajfa SPAIN. AnnicATioN ok tiih Queen Rf.of.nt. Intelligence of this event was received in London on the 'JOth of October. The auto graph act of abdication was bigncd on the 12th, having been preceded by a dissolution of the Cortes. The following account is given by the correspondent of the London Chronicle : "Tho Queen had made tin her mind to nuit Srmin before E-pertero nml hir new ministers anived. It is Known that she consented to their appointment When they reached Valencia, and proceeded 10 uu in terview with the Queen, they stntid to her the siiua- Hon of nlliiirsnt Madrid, the anxious nnd excited ex peetanoin of the people, and the necessity of calm in" iiicm ov it k iiiioi uiitircs or mamiesio, nomiMiig the withdrawal of the law, ns well ns tho submission to tho future Cortes for discussion of that modification of the regency for which certain parlies clamoured. tier .Majesty was averse aiiKe to nny statement 01 iiisripproiriuoii 01 uie me municipal law, or 10 nny ai lusion to to the question of the regency. She deman ded from the ministers present a note in writing of thcto their recommendations and demands. 1 Ins with some hesitation, was drawn up, it being tho wish of the ministers to merely allude to the regency nues- tiou, ami notolfeud the Queen with conditions which the Cortes might reject On receiving and perusing the note of her minitte s 1110 Uiiien-Ki gent withdrew nnd sent lor hsparu-ro, with w hom alone she had a short conference. Ksnar- tero quitted the Queen v uh a euiintenaneefu II of emo tion, brought the ministers instantly to his apartments and therei'uformed them that she had already drawn up and signed her abdication of the regency, which she determiuid to persevere in. After some consulta tion among themselves, Espnrlero and the ministers tetiirned to the Quien anil u-id their utmost elTirts to dusuido her trom the extreme a revolution. All represented to her that the t diicii ties mid disagreea bleness of the moment were not so great as she im agmed. Her remniiiediiiinunnhlydclerimii' Senor I crrcr then uhseived tint, if Queen Chris una insi-dcd on abdicating, and on retirim? to Nanl as she pioposed, she must leave tho young Queen Is abella to the guardianship of tho nation, and must ul-,0 give up the nutilic property vestid in her ns ("uecn and Regent. Christum matin no difficulties with res. ptet to Queen Isnbilln, but the demand of her resign ing her ligut over all property to came her some iiu-iuiuuii, .-iiu i-niii miu wiiuHi reiieci upon 11 nil ncl day. The next iliy, however, she was resolvedon lib- Ue-ition mid witUdiawnig lo iNnplcs at nil events; anil she h.inded tho net of abdication, which had been lendy 011 tho firs1 day, to Senor Ferrer. Tho minis ters ucceoidmgly announced the event to the nation. They themsilves are, by the constitution, invested wiui tiioiegeney till the meeting ot tlmCortcs. And tho ordonnnnces for the dissolution nnd convocation will be published immediately. I he same correspondent adds : Her Majesty's desire npprnrs to bnvo been so great to iiuit thu coun'rv. that she is said to hnvu a wish to go on hoard a small vessel in the harbour, and to sad iiniuediat(.lv. Gavirin. her banker: Itonei. 11 son in privaio secrciaryi and Acevedo, ono of thu Camarilla, nccompiny her .Majesty, with some others hi 1110 household, Tho Duchess of Vielnrin, il is un derelooil. will t:iko ehnnrnnf llin vrmn.r O, 11,n hand Infanla. Public opinion nlrtnily points out tho viilnons nnd vcncrnblc Quinlnna, so well known in thu hli rnture nnd 111 the political struggles of Spnin for fiecdoin, ns ihe future tutor of Isabella. The eonrl. government, nnd diplomatic body, il is expected, will return here Immediately after her Majesty's departure. It is obvious fioni ihominner in which she admitted ministers nun programme, nnd mhsequenlly express ..( nii,li;,m.i I CI nnlnl ,l l.r in lelllinil nf . .1 '.. .1.7. i L I , ,s nn irleil uv u "ii'iisu i-,wi .w v . .. ,.v . .. mc muv, mm mm inn -...i - si i..l.i i b. n I.nzerrc.l and nt mid- n ren v reso veil upon this eour. r il,l,it,i ,i . .1.. If 1. rosimmd. ! Well 1 II Or I llftl PCrSOIl here tlimiell! ollwruisn fnr snmn . . , ,, ir -,i t in io for however they might, be shnken by recollect. M irsh'il Rntilt was sent for by the King, and ,;rr m it WM ccar ,0 ,ilc, ,hM ,he a now ministry was r-utckly lormou as mtiows. regency was virtually ominct very probable, iirisinuch asshedid notshow npenanl. Resides, il is rather "sharp practice" for revenue es seis to lire into ships, unless they have refustd to lie toon being summoned to do so, and are making sail to escape, and thus .iff riling stron ; ground of suspicion thai they nrccngngid in Mint tintlic. As the nntter -.tands, investigation, on the part of the jirojicr autho rities, becomes imperative-. COLLISION OF TWO STEAM VESSSLS. Copious details are given of the loss of a spL'iidid steamer, the Phoenix, a regular trader between Havre and London, boloni'ing to a French company. She was lost at sea, off Dungeness, by coming in colhssion, at about nine o'clock in tho evening, with the steamer Britannia, a powerful ship in the same trade, belonging to the General Steam Navigation Company. At the time the vcscls came in sight of each other, the Britannia was keeping her course, and she saw the Phoenix approaching and altered her helm. The Britannia at the same time altered her helm for the purpose of being clear of the Phoenix, which, however still kept com ing down upon the Britannia. As soon as tho Britannia saw there was no possibility of avoid ing the Phoenix, the engines were btopped and the order given to back astern, but before the latter operation could he effected the collision took place, the Britannia striking the Phoenix just before the paddle box on the starboard side, the weakest point ofa steam vessel, and cut her down to the water's edge. The Phoenix immediately began to fill, and tho boats of both vessels were lowered, and saved the whole of tho passengers and crew of the Phoenix, who were taken on board the Britannia. The Phoenix wont down in 535 fathom water, before the boats reached the Britannia and was irrecoverably lost. Tho parsengcrs belongirglothe Phoenix con sisted of -10 persons, and crew, engineers, bto kers, and liremen, to 'JO more, and a majority of them were below m their sleeping berths when the collision took place. The crash is described as tremendous and the water immediately began rushing into the eiif-ine room and cabins. 7'Jio affrighted passengers ran upon deck in their night clothes, and were immediately lowered into the boats. The safety of the females was first secured, and tin, male passengers followed The Phoenix was commanded by Capt. Lefort a Henchman, but with an Euirhsh crew. lossol vessel and cargo is estin ated at Jl'f)0,000. Vhe Britannia had her stem knocked away and a portion of het larboard bows stove in bv the collision. 71ie hole was stopped tin with blankets and tarpaulins by tho crews of both vesr.els, and tho exterior covered over with can vass to prevent the water pouring in. 7'ho Britannia was not deeply laden, or she would havo shared tho same fato as the Phenix, and every boul on board the two steamers would havo perished It appears, by the report of Captain Ixifort that no blamo can bo attached to him justly. Ho was .-touring nicely, to avoid somo fishing lights, when tho Britannia was descried, coming directly down upon him. He odrored thu helm man to bear away, and repeated iho order, hut tho Britannia was to tho windward of him, ami came down so rapidly that it was impossible to bring tho Phoenix out of tho way. Marshal Sault, M Guizot, M D ohat'l, M. Hitman, M, VilloTiiin, M Mirlin (luNord) A Imiril Diip'rro, M. Cunin Gildaine, Ht Tesle. Another account says that tho difference be .vvnon Iho King and M. Theirs was not upon the tone of the speech, but upon a distinct pro- President and Minister of Wnr. Fnteign Affairs. Interior. Fimuee. Public. Instruction, Justice "Marine. Commerce. Public Works, Even thn lowest classes, to whim her nrivnto nml polinenl eonduel was made known through tho press in i in-, ,iuv.iiiiuii nun hit riinrii ns it'iccn was impos sible. Ily tho constitution of IB37. tho recency do volves upon thn existing government until the Cortes are nssomblcd, nnd n new one npponiled." Most of tho leading men among tho Modcrndo pnr- iv Kiiiwi, ii wim iihhikih, rimgrnie irom opsin. HI, Mnrtinex dn In Ro n nrrived in llnvnnn.nn l, iftii. travelling under n false name, and left on tho nextdsy jor j .in-.. - "aiun iinn imuniru ouuyni rcillge that city. Tho commonti i of tho press and tho people upon the now woll known fact that the Queen On Wednesday next, the Presidential Elec tors meet in their respective states, at tho capi tol, or such other place as the legislature may have designated, and cast their votes for Presi dent and Vice President. Three certificates of the votes thus cast are then prepared, signed by the Electors, scaled, and endorsed on the outside as votes for President, &c. One of these certifi cates is then put into the hands of a special agent, appointed by tho electors, whose duty it is to deliver it in person to the President of the Senate, or in his absence the Secretary of Statt at Washington, prior to the first Wednesday in January ; another is to be forwarded to the Pres ident of tho Senate, through the Post Office ; and tho third delivered to the District Judge, of the district in which the electors assemble. On the second Wednesday in February, the Presi dent of tho Senate, in presence of the two Hous es of Congress, opens these certificates, counts the votes, and declares the result. In case no person has a majority of the whole number of electors, the ouxc proceeds iiiunediatciy to elect President, by ballot, from the three highest candidates votinir by states tho representa tion from each state ffivinjr one vote. In like manner, where there is no choice of Vice Pres ident, the Semite proceeds to an election between the twj highest candidates. But there will pro bably be no call for the intervention of either House in the present instance, except to look on and see that the thing is fairly done. The vote cast on Wednesday will elect "Old Tippecanoe, and Tyler too," by 174 majority. On the -1th of March, the President elect, ac coinpanied by his predecessor, will proceed to the Capitol, deliver bis inaugural, receive tho oath of ollice from the Chief Justice, and take possession of the White House. In the mean time, the new Senate will havo been convened by special proclamation, to aid in the formation of a new cabinet, and act upon such appoint ments and other business as shall be laid before them by iho new President. This done, that body will adjourn, aud.the new administration set itself seriously about the work before it. And thus will a great political revolution bo accomplished, without noise or violence with out tho shedding of blood, or the glitter of a single bayonet. U is indeed tho glory of our institutions-, that one President retires from and inother enters upon the duties of the office, as if without etlbrl or, as a natural effect of our republican establishment--. It is this, inoic than any thing else, that excites the astonish- ineiit of king-ridden Europeans. They wondei at the operation of the laF, without the exhibi tion of torce. FIIOM WASHINGTON. It is said tint Mr. Van Buron bears his defeat like a stoic. Tho coldness of his nature, the utter absence of nny thing like ardor or enthu siasm in his temperament, and the command of feature which he is well known to possess, en able him to present to the curious observer, a countenance in which Levator himself could rc:id nothing of what might bo passing within. Tho subjoined letter from Washington which we take from the Philadelphia North American, no doubt accurately describes the philosophical demeanor of Mr. Van Huron, under his misfor tune, as well as thedismay which pervades the ranks of his dependants. How finely do both contrast with the hearty joy of tho triumphant people W ASIIINGTON. .NOV. lb. Tlio result oftho Presidential election has produced a paioxysm of joy in this district. Numbers of our cinens had determined, in the event of Mr. Van liu reu's re-election, to quit Washington. Industry had become discouraged, and enterprise was at its Inst ,gnsp. lirnvely as tho spirit of the p onlo hnd sus tained itself against the persevering assaults of oppres sion and insult, its power of resistance had exhausted itself. To us, therefore, tho change which has been wrought, is a souieu of unbounded gratitude and uni versal joy. Mr. Van Iluren, in his defeat, assumes a philosophical demeanor, which his friends appear but little disposed to imitate. He was stepping out of church when an officious retail' r of nLWs of his own party, gave him the information which withered his hopes. "The news today, sir, gives tho Whins ten thousand majority in New Vork and a sunll matoritv in Pennsylvania." Not a muscle of Mr. Van lliiren's countenance changed, but drily answering "Then lieu. Harrison is your next ''resident, lie made his usual bow nnd turned iibiuptly from his informant. His feelings, like his polities, rire of the non-committal school, lint throimh the ranks of ollice holders terror is swiepmg with the ferocilyof a pestilence. Whoever has the loeofoco spot upon him, rctiards him self ns a victim marked and doomed. There are those in office who have more, much more to dre-id than Ihe mere loss ol the loaves and fishes of ollice. Let the task of investigation commence, and there will be liselosures u Inch will starlle the moral sense of the people, nnd induce tinny who c intrihuted to fistenon us the misrule of Ihe last twelve venrs, deeply io Iv menl lli-ir own credulity, hneciilntons on the bun- jcotof the next Cabinet arc nlloit. but thev arc men speculations. Air. hniinr, nf Ohio, is spoken of as the proiiahle succeSKor ol .Mr. .vies, who, hy ill way, walus nhout our streets with the air anil atti tude of n criminal on Iho eve of his execution. Mr Webster and Mr. Clay will b" ofl'-red pliees in'-1" ei'iinet or foreign e,nbi-i,-s. It s supposed thnt tin President licet will not eomeon b fire l-ebruary. trinsically worth nno half, or even one fourth the oric.e that hasa'ready been obtained for it in mar- tot, it will indeed furnish a very comfortable arti cle of remittance with which to fill and return the flour barrels of our sister Now York. Messrs. J.&.J. II. Peck &. Co., have beennppoin tjd agents at this place, and extensive prcpara. tions aro making to bring the article into market. Mr. Miller, tho proprietor, is an active enterpri sing mm ; and, regarding as wo do, with espe cial interest every endeavor to dovelopo the na tive resources of the state, wc cannot but wish him all success. JOHN QUINCV ADAMS. This vcnernblo and extraordinary man spoko to iho irw votK Lyceum ncnriy nn iiour nnu a hnirtnsteve nintr, from a written address principally upon Society its history, progres, nnd purposes. Acrentcrowd. immense indeed, considering thn grent inclemency of the wcniher, wcro present, who listener!, throughout unwearied cvenbv thedrvnrss of the subject, nnd tin faeblenessof Ihe Sneaker, not intellectual feebleness, fur from it even, but the physical feebleness of voice and manner, tho natural result ofa body that litno affects whilo the mind in as strong ns ever, and more richly endowed ol course, Mr. AdwM wm rwcoTcd with ctwt sulkopiMrm, nnd THE DEMOCRATIC RESTORATION. We commend the subjoined article, from the Washington Madisonian, to tho careful porsual and cons. deration of our readers. Whin Oicii. llnniMm assumes the robes of tin Pre sidential oilier, tin) country und ihe w r'd may u-ly upon it, Unit Democratic w il ho in thu ascendant in every branch nnd dep.iiiineiil of tho liovernient, Thu peoploof ibis country havecightor nine limes emu lation v rehidud l-ederiilism, its men. its measures, us principles, its tendencies, and us as sociations. They liavu now reunited ll again. It is not thu ueliius ol tins Government, or ol its people. The Stales will ho supported in all iho riultls npper mining to them ns soereigu and independent powers. Tliu Constitution will bo preserved inviolable, und be strictly construed, according lo us letter, in nil cases in w hich rights or duties under it nru called in quisiiou. Tho I'xccidivc, tho Judiciary, and the Legislature, will bo maintained m their suvi.-rnl spheres ns co.exis tent and independent brunches. Government will be ndniimsteied for tho good of the country, distiibuliug Us blessings, like the news of heaven, equally upon the rich nud the poor, nud not he preserved or applied lo the exclusive and selfish purposes of n party. There shall bean equnlily of political rights, and no exclusive monopolies of political privilcscs. It shall not r st with the government lo say to nny man, 'be ye rich' or 'bo yo poor' but it sbnll say to all, with- out discriiuinnlion, pirtnko freely oftho blessings of which thu God of liberty spreads before mankind and participate, equally in tho mllueiico and protection of ucpuhiicnn institutions, ijovcrnmcni in this country wns not instituted for a fninilv or for n lob. or for anv sort of evil it is nn establishment of laws, for the common safely, common protection, nnd gcnernl wrllnro. 11 wnsnot iicsignco ns a moctimo to perse cute, but to bless. It wnsintended not exclusively lo benefit those who ndminiftcr itK but for the cqunl benefit nf nil who made it, who abide under it, nnd support it, The neonln were its authors: thev nre its real Gov ernors. Tboso w ho aro elected lo perform the details of office are not masters, but servants, They aro lo obey, rtrvj carry out lite wm oi mi pfojn, not io hkv MR. CALHOUN. A New York correspondent of the Boston :tlas, holds the following language in reference to this gentleman : "I perceive in a South Carolina paper, that Mr. Calhoun has it in contemplation to retire from the Senate. At this I am not surprised. A more disappointed man is not to be found in the United States. I should regret, however, his leaving the Senate. lie ought not to bo separated from his friend Benton, until their accounts were settled, 'i his Benton intended to do last session ; but the prosperity of the party foabade an outbreaking between these dignitaries, and therefore their griefs were sup pressed. That is no longer necessary. 7'ho party can no longer bo injured by the squabbles of these demagogues-. It is prostrate. It is do funct. Mr. Benton last winter made a threat, which he may now execute. Speaking of Mr Calhoun, he said to a friend, in his best style of malignity "Sir, will jmherizc him before the session clntcs." PROSPECTS OF BUSINESS. It is already clearly discernablo that the cer tainty of a change administration has alluded favorably the business of the country. This is perfectly natural and was to have been expect ed. Long before General Harrison and the new Congress can adopt any measures whatever, the benefit of his election and the election ofa Congress agreeing with him generally in politi cal tcutiinent, will be felt all over the country' The reason is that confidence will bo revived. Men will feel, and indeed do feel, that power i about departing from scheming, selfish hands, into the hands of an administration really and honestly friendly to the people, and seeking only tho public good. Men of business have been heretofoic titiiid, alarmed, afraid of their own government. They now feel a new conscious ness of safely. Every man of properly realizes that his properly is more valuable, hvery in dustrious man feels that Ins employment and profitable occupation for the futiiro is more cer tain ; and every laboring man of intelligence, who is not blindly wedded to a party, rejoices in the overthrow of a government, whoj-o policy it was to dimmish tho wages of labor. 7'hat these feelings aro common and general, every one may satisfy himself who will go among tho merchants, the mechanics, the ship owners, and the industrious classes of tho community. Every where, ho will meet with happy counte nances and cheerful 'dotations-, and all the evidences of now assiiranco and prosperity. Wo behove indeed, that many oftho nioro con siderate friends of tho present administration join, themselves, in this general sentiment, and partako in tho improved hopes of tho business community. Alias. whole number of scatlerinir votes is 1G-1. ILLINOIS. Wc hive been at s viijpiins to "ccoucilc theconflic tingieiurns fioni this Stuo. The following it the complexion of ihe returns thus fir i 1st Disiriei, 11 counties, Van Buron majority, 8"1 2d District, complete, " " C35 3d I)ittictall but two counties, IIarrion ma jority, 301.1 Total, 301 - l'.IG The majority in tho abovr counties is 2399. Theix routines not heard from in the first district cave '21S2 Loco mnjnritj in Mirust. The two in the third cave a Whig majority of 2.51. If these counties vote ns they did then, the majority in the Slate will be 433. This i eloe runmiii;, nnd the Stnle will remnin in uncer tainty until tho official votei" (Iceland. LOL'ISIANV. The returns official and unofficial, from nil ihe par ishes in this State exeint Natchitoches, Washita, Cliiborric, Union, and Caddo, show a Hartion mi nority of 37 )0 bemir a Wlnsj gain since ihe July flee- lion of 17"0. The parishes to be heard from, it is sup posed, willrcdvcc this majority from aO to ICO votes. I NORTH CAROLINA. Forty-two counties heard from give Harrison a ma I jonty oi 1 0.71 1, showing a Wlrg gun since the election of Governor in August of 3929. There are yet 2Gcoun 1 ties to be heard fi out. The Raleiuli Register stales l that the majority for Ilamson will be about 12,000. The Li-cislanire convened at Raleigh nn ihe lGth I instant. Two United Stitcs Scualorsnie to bo elce ! cd in ihe idacc of Messrs. lirown and Slrance. resinn ed last spring. The election of the Senators w ill, pro bably, take place inrly in the session. Kx-Senator Mansion will probably be one, nnd Gov. Swain, Judge 1'adt'i.r, W. I!. Shrphnni, and other distinguish ed gentlemen aro also spnken of. MISSISSIPPI. The New Orleans Ileeof the 11th has returns from 30 counties, which give a Harmon majority of 3341. The Hec add "The remainder of the "state is Vart liurrn, but cannot overcome the present majority." Tlic New Orleans Hull' tin of the 11th inst. says A letter of GnlhiUi, Miss., of the G i It inst., informs 21 counties bid si nt m qflcial return', and no doubt was entertained tint the State had chosen Harrison tores, and houses, burnt many buildings, and by a majority of ';uriO. ii is un ier: un inru a 'nnior i ni.;er oi nils ots'.e exprrr-cd his intentions, hi fore the election, of resign iiiirliis seat in the Tinted Stales Se-jale, in the event of ins State triune hir vote for rtn. Ilnrrison. We have no doubt ihnl ho will consider hitusJf instructed to redeem this pledge. Tr.NNF.SSF.K. The returns from all the counties giv Harrison a majority of 12,303. GT.ORGIA. Officii! re urns from SI counties, give n majority of 913-1 for Harrison. Resolutions have been introduced into tli Lecisls. ture ofCi-orcin, now in -cion, intruunr tbeirScnn t rsi'i Congress from thsl Slate to votefor a rcptalof the Sub-Ticatin y act, or rtsign. AL W'.AMA. The Alibimi papers have a report ihit Dixon H. Hsll Ins been dieted I.". S. Senator in place of the Hon W. It. i:in-.. Moil, ui.mb.nien .lore candidates, ,,! r-: i the Whi" united on .Vr. Nnll. Mr. s i si-i'e S nitor from 'unu'-n nnd f'oosn, and is s-'id to be a ury liiodcate Vnn l'urni man. N'oi'iiug furt'ier respecting the election of PieskUn tinl electors. INDICTMENT OF MRS. KINNF.V. Rosto.s-. Nov. 21. Yesterday lorcnoon. thu Grand .fury presented, in tho Supreme Judicial Court, .lodge Pctnvm presiding, nn indictment against Mrs. Han nah Kinnev, charging her with killing her lato hus band, Georgo T. Kinney, by administering poison to Ii un, in a cup of herb tea. Sho pleaded "not guilty" inn calm and distinct voice. Joseph Ilaringlon, l-.sq. appeared to bo her adviser, but when asked if sho had my counsel present or engaged, she replied that sho had not. Ills honor then asked her if the Court should asign counsel for her, and she requested that it might be delayed until sh" had time for considera tion. W hen asked, w hen she should bo ready for trial, he promptly replied" 'I'lie sooner the brtter!'' His honor nsvvered, that he was not prepared to fi- upon any day for trial, but assured her that it should be taken up as soon ns the busm-M of the Court would admit. She was then remanded to jail. I'ost. ARREST. Wc arc informed that the Montreal police made a descent upon Missisquoi Rav, a few daws since and arrested a gang of 27 desperadoes, who had for a lonrr tune infested that roirion. '"hoy had made a regular business of breaking committed some robberies upon the highway. 7'ho leaders had long been suspected ; hut such was their influence and tho numbers enlisted under them, that they had literally frowned down all attempts to ferret them out, and vit-ited with summary chastisement every individual who presumed to call thorn in que;;. ion. By a well concerted plan, however, their whole camp was explored, a 1 t the pcrsms cotn'osing tlio assocnt.oii oi. ,, i.l ;i: tho mo. mint the lie' wis s,.i 1, 0.1 them much !o .lie joy ol that neighborhood. il-wcived ,..,,.,..1 1... GOVF.RNOR MORTON. One of the nnst remarkable iiiPn"c.sof liiibilion" which modern tinu-s nlFird. in U. . .1 . f i 1 1' , i.ioJi 1 .j 1 t ii i's, 1 . ;, i-1 is 1 Judge of ilu Sii, i.e 11 j " 1 1 i-ilvv )l oi.UOJ, he hu In ij 'i 1 ... 1 i. .) 1: 1 1. .-1 !i' 111 1 for lo.r te-'ii y 1. s 1 1 1 ,v ,s '1.. a candidate lor tuo lyluel m lgisi a -v n M is-M.-iiosi-tis nnd bir thirteen years 111 sh -ees-i i-i wis he -is reg.ihrly de feated. Last year, 111 eoiii,qiK,nre of a temporary scnism 111 uu mug piny, no uereeiletl 111 olitainnig the object nt which he hid so long grasned. and suc ceeded by n nnjoritv of a isoi.r. vote. The Whigs brought out John Davis as their candidate this yiar, and the result is, tint ho his beaten Mon-roN by a' ma jority of about 19,000. Morton retires to private life, having lost Ins judgeship and much of the reputation which ho heretofore enjoyed. 'red. Ar. "THF. OLD THREE STRINGED FIDDLE." A correspondent of the Enquirer writes from New York on tho 7th instant, that "11 islost." Upon this Mr. Ritchie flaps his wings and crows : "All is not lost wehavesaved our honor wo have saved Virginia, wo have sive.l theeitadd. wo have saved tho llag of tho Republican party." Mr. Ritchio's exultation at having saved Virginia by some two or three hundred votes, reminds us of nn anecdote we h ive heard ofa half-witted Inother of Mr. VGon. H irusoii has carried by a sirong msjoritr Mr. I'm Karen's own Slate Colonel Johntun's own Sine, nnd General. I ckson's own Stite, lcnvini ns crumbs of comfort to Mr Iluren, fit's ftia'e, Ken ton's Slate, Calhoun's State. Greater positive or greater negative glory has not bcui acquired by one man since tiie days of the immortal W. aslungion! Cinriumid' tepnblitan. 5-VGenPral IIiirrion will conic into power with both liram-hes of Conrress m bis favor, a popular nm jority of the votoof probably 200.000 and the Lrsisla t ure 'of nine tcui, perhaps of twenty-one of the Slutts in his favour. John I) wis and James IU-ciianan. Worcrster County (Mess.) v hi re Mr. Davis resides, hss given G moral Hamsun a majority of 4."00. Lancaster count v, (I'a ) when- Mr. IHiibn'tian risidis, has given. Ceil. Harrison a majority of -!'"00. YANKEE TRICK. During the Revolutionary war two brothers, from nno ni il,.. i.i -tprti noris. were rnmmnnders of nnva- JeH'erson. Mr. Jeferson, we havo been told, had his 1 ,, r. ,1,,,,. ,.n,,P1l tmrether. and eininrnilv successful. iiuii-u uuiui man) jt.ii! uni. iiu ii.m iiiiuj; iii doing great damage to tno enemy ami maiung money him nt the time a simple eccentric brother, who owned an old tiddle with three sliings, to whicli he was very much attached. As soon as the tiro was discovered, all hands went to work to save the furniture, except this brother. lie ran in, secured his old fiddle, and sworo that "the home anil erery thin; the min'it burn antlbed He hail saved his fiddle, which was ill he cared for. So it was with Mr. Ritchie. He Ins saved Virginia, and it is worth about as much to mm 111 the present contest, ns was the old three string ed fiddle. Charlottesville. Adcovutc. DEATH OF PROFESSOR DAVIS. j The Richmond Whig of Tuesday last announces I tho Me aneholy act of the deith of this estemitl gen- lleiuan, the able and accomplished l'roies-or of I.iw 1 of the University of Virginia The Whig siysllo ( Inn on .sutiirdiy morning list lioni a wnumi mitiCt- d bv a nistol Vhoi 011 1 icTliiirs !iv mg t previous. 1 Tho Whig gives ihe fallowing a -cjiint of theeircum- I stances Hint lul to this melancholy catastrophe : 'Thursday night was the anniversary of a riot which ocou'red a few years since nt the College, and which has been regulirly observej by some act of disobedience lo the College legulatioiis, among those who cherish tho recollection of the scene, or who sympathise in the factious spirit of the rioters. About nine o'clock there was inii'di disorder 111 the hvvn, and especial 'dignity was ollcred the Profissor by noises near his door; ho went out to suppress the di-tur-Iniices, nnd came up to two or thieo mdividiiils who were masked. Ho reached forward to iniso ihe mask of one of them, vvh -n ho tctreatcd, and following him up received from liliua pistol shot which look ellict fatal it has turned out to hoi but nt the lime it was not considered mortal. The ball entered pist below ihe navel nnd is sml to have pis-ed around the abdomen down lolhollesbv part of the thiidi, whence u was evtr-icled. Tho Professor lingered 111 great ngony until Saturday morning about 8 o'clock when he was relieved by death. Tho tragic event has robbed so. eiety ot an ornament, ami our principal uieinry insit union ofa profound scholar and jurist, who his done much to raise it to its present ilevnted position." Tho Whig states that two students have been ar rested nnd weio examined Saturday, and the examina tion was to have continued on Monday. One of ihcin had absconded but returned and gave himself up. Post OrncRs, There aro more than 12,000 Pot Offices in the United Stales. Ily the law-of the land the mutual compensation is not toevceed SJ.OOO. In only 3!) olllees, does the regular commission or per 1 ,.. West Pi nnard, nnd was In be drawn t eentagoollowed to Post .Misters nniount to that sum. ,,' i,.. ,,.,,'nf .1,,, lincst cattle ihe Wist of E Of these, seven only nre in tho New England States j V "H !" siv in New York- four 111 Pennsylvania', two 111 .Mi- eoul" P""1 r..rr , for themselves. One evening befng m the latitude of the shoals of Nantucket, out many miles to the ward of them, they cspud a large'Riitish vessel, hav ing ihe appearance of a merchantman, and made towards hir : but to thier asioni-hnicnt, found her to ben frigate in disguise. A very higWirt C7P prcvnilinr, they hauled oll'in (hlllrent directions. One only couid be pursued, and the frigate gau cd rapidly upon him. Finding be could not run away, the commanding officer had reeoutsc to stiatngetn, On a rudden he hauled down eviry sail, nnd nil bunds were employed in setting le les, ns if shoving bis vissel off a bank. The people 011 board the frigate amazed at the nip posed danger they had run, nml 10 save themselves from being grounded, immediately clawed ofl'nnd lift the more knowing Vnnkce "10 make himself scnire," as soon ns mght render-d it piudrnt for him to hoist sad in a sia two himdiid fathoms deep. Tun I'ssr.x Reoistkii sayslhnt some of the articles iisedbv the Hon. Levcretl SnltonMnll, on iheorcsicn of the illuniiintion in .Viletn the other evening, in hon or of Harris ill's election, were manufactured expressly for the celtbrntion of the surrender nf llurcoyne in 1777. Were they preseived by Mr SallonstsJPs grand father ? A Wiiitt. Man Sold. A white man was recently sold to the highest bidder in South Carolina, according to the liws of thai state. It was in a case nf hntnr dy, and be was not able to enter into rcrogni7anrc for the support of the child. His wife bid him off, for one dollar, nnd it was thought sho had made but a poor bargain at that. O. K. Siimeof the ladies who are O-fullii Ken eeittd have decided that O. K. means only kissing nothing Use in ihe world. Cenernl Jackson said " I leave this great people prosperous ami hnppy." Mr. Vnn Ruien, on the 4th of March, may not have them "prosperous," bin ho will leave them exceedingly "happy." .Vic York Signal. The first stone of the Thaim s Timtiell. on the Wnp ping s de of the river wis laid on the 27lh ult. when Mr. llrtiml, the engineer, made a short speech, He observed, lint they might soon expect lo open n door for the shield on the south side, nnd thnt ibey could 1 alread) hear the knocks, as it wcie, anhe ('oor. 1 A "royal cheese," the product!' of seven hundred and fifty cows, to be 10 victoria, lias ueen ngland MINERALS IN VERMONT. Mr. II. W Miller has brought to ibis city a quantity of Roman ochre, fiom a milium Moretown, washing ton county, Vermont, This nuno was discoverd 111 19J9. Il is loiuid, hy an efficient nnd severe experiment, to possess in a high degree thu desirable requisites for forming tho most durnblo nnd beantilul paint, contain ing a great preponderance of sdex over nliimine, and rcsciiibling very nearly iho Roman ochre, supposed long since to have become extinct., .It is Ihpugnt by tboso best (icquninted with its quiihues, and the uses lo which 11 may bo applied, to bonn inval able discovery, nnd nddsnnother to the cnt.ilouge of valuable nunerals produced from tho mountains of eriiiniit. .Mr. .Mil. ler, the discoverer, is n incmbcr of tho Vermont bat, nnda gentlenianof scientific tnstr and attainments, within two oi thrw ycara neb vein of cprf-r or bat rylnnd; two in District of Columbia; three m Virgiiv in t ttireeiniieorgia', two 111 Alabama j three in utmn nnd one m each of tho Stales of North Carolina, I.oii isnna, Tennessee, Kentucky, Michigan, Indiana, and Missouii. In 60 Post Offices, the compensation rnng es from $1000 toJ.'OOO. A very lirge number of 'Post Mnsters receive a compensation ranging from 5C0 to 31000. Lcckv Escai'i:. On Friday last, a salute of ono hundred guns wns fired from tho Tcnzcr. of Eastport, Mo., then lying at tho foot of Monro street, in honor of the Whig triumph in New Jersey and Maine. A gentleman who had been nssisting, was sitting nn the combings of thn hatchway, with three cartridge un. der him. on thn first sten ilps.-nndini'. nnd ono in his hand, tho four exploded instanily, having cnught fire ntjon (lri5 thu present year, will exceed fiom a spnrk froni n brand vvluch vvns used tiislendof, inn n,, . , .1 : INOIUCASi: OF OUlt POPULATION. Tho number nf persons who arrived injh's country from foriegn porls in lS.'W, was 7G, 000. 'Of these, 70,')0I) wore foreigners J-1,000 from Croat nnd Ireland ; 19, 000 from (Ji-ininny, nud 7,000 from France. Of tho number, -17,090 nrrived nt Now York, 10,000 at New Oi loans, (3,000 nt Hullinioio, 3,000 nt Philadelphia, and !i,0S0 ;u Boslon. 14!1 wcro rlcrpymen, nnd 154 nliys,i chins. The number which will be added lo ourpop- a heated iron. The g'entlcmnn was enveloped' m a 100,000. Tho emigration to litis country cloud of smoke, but rsnpeil entirely unhurt, having in tho next ton venrs will amount each year only bis haujind clothes singed. j ,0 unilier sufficient to constitute 0 stuU. Sir " fivl out," s tli powder esid to iht built' NUfl.

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