Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 25, 1840, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 25, 1840 Page 2
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THE SPY IN WASHINGTON. Washington, Dec. 12. The message is before you. It is a tamo document. Hut it is in unison, in that particular, with tho feelings of the party. A more subdued et of men you novor have seen. A small band, whon they arrived, were moroso and surly, but on hearing tho echo of the palace, their lone and manner wore suddenly changed. This, by men of experience, was to bo anticipated. Those, generally, who arc most haughty and overbear ing when they possess power, are most plianf and most humble in adversity. The Loco Foco party may now bo considered as disbanded. They appear thus to view thoir own situation. If Mr. Van Huron had been re-elected, such a system of intolerance and proscription would have pervaded tho country, as no man over im agincd, none would have been permitted to hold office but such as could have produced testi monials, not only of fealty, but of works per formed. Many of tho friends of the administration give evidence of willingness to submit to tho will of the people, while some to hide their mortification and disappointment relate anec dotos in regard to themselves. Albert Smith, of Maine, is among the number. Ho published an explanatory letter, stating the causes of his defeat, and among other things said, that tho blacks refused to vote for him. On his arrival here ho was mot by one of his parly, who road his explanation, and who said to him "Why " Smith, iynu teas so odious, and so little respected "nl home, that eicn the negroes shrunk from " voting for you, how could you expect white men to " do it r Tliero arc many good jokes ami pleasant things that occur dailv between individuals of tho different parties. Some days since, a gen tleman met Mr. Woodbury, and remarked, that there had been a severe snowstorm. To which ho replied in the affirmative. "Isuvnose," said the gentleman, " this reminds you of Xcw I lamp, ihirc." " Yes sir," said the Secretary, some what embarrassed "this and other things." Until after my arrival in this city I did not believe that Mr. Van Huron expected to suc ceed. I am convinced that ho did not anticipate defeat until tho result of the election in New York was known. Indeed, it is said that ho has declared, that he was deceived by every man of his party, as to his real situation, except by Mr. Wrigiit and Mr. Butler. A few days before tiio New York election a Rev. gentleman of this city, was dining at the President's. In tho course of the conversation lie asked Mr. Van Huron what ho heard on tho iubject of the election ! " Sir," said ho taking up a wine glass, " have no more doubt of my flection than that I hold this glass in my hand." I could fill pages with details and anecdotes of this character, but it is unnecessary. A few may serve to amuse. Matter of a more grave nature will engage my attention. We are tri umphant. We have made professions. How arc tiiey to be redeemed 1 What policy arc we going to pursue! How commence it! and when 1 These questions shall be honestly and correctly answered. Wasjiinoton, Dec. 1-1. It appears now to be perfectly understood, among the friends of Mr. Webster, that ho must accept the office of Secretary of State. I have conversed with some of tho most devoted of his friends and have propounded the auoition "will he accept!" The reply in every instance, has been, "certainly." Of Mr. Webster's own feelings and wishes, I know nothing. But I have been now too long in the political world not to understand what a Statesman's friends may do with him on such an occasion. If he has any hesitation about accepting, it will bo overcome. I no longer entertain a doubt. Daniel Webster of Massachusetts, will be Secretary of Stale after the lh of March, 13 H. Thomas Ewing of Ohio, as with one voice, is designated for tho station of Postmaster General. I regret to learn, however, that there are doubts as to his acceptance. He has extensive concerns in private life which may render it necessary, in his opinion, to decline the otlico. This would bo a national lose. His commanding talents and great sagacity would be invaluable in coun cil, while his business habits and iron constitu tion qualifies him in a peculiar manner to bring order out of chaos, and to restore the department once more to regularity and system. Mr Ewing will he Postmaster General if he will accept the ttation. John Crittenden, of Kentucky, all eyes arc placed upon. His legal acquirements aro of tho first order. If his forensic eloquence is to be judged by his speeches in the Senate of tho Uni ted States, I take leavo to introduce as a witness, that ho is surpassed by few, Senator Allen, of Ohio that Hon. gentleman is a competent judge. Experience teaches, Mr. Crittenden has been looked to as a member of the Cabinet. Ho is known to have said, however, ho would ac cept no Mat ion but that of Attorney Cieneral. That Mr. Crittenden will hi appointed Attorney General, in my opinion, is beyond all doubt, Mr. Clay has this day offered a proposition in tho jScnato to repeal tho cuib. Treasury Hill. This presents a fair and proper opportunity to test tho sincerity of some of those men who pro fess a belief in tho right of instruction. The sub-Treasury Hill was the great measure of tho administration. It wasoppo.icd in all its stages by tho Whig party. So far as its friends could present it in that shape it was presented as "an tagonistical" to a Ihnk of the United States. The people wore told that they must havo an "Independent Treasury" or a Hank. Thequcs tion, in all its moods and tenses was submitted to them, and thoy wore triumphantly called upon to choose for themselves. At the elections throughout the country, every locofoco brawler, a very minion of power, when argument and rea- son failed him, would belch forth Hank party ! JJanK party ! Hank party ! To tho people, the mon in powor havo appeal ed, and tho pcoplo nave rendered a verdict against them. Thoy have decided that tho sub Treasury bill shall be repealed. Tho vote stands . it e to ana or i!31 to 00. Will their representatives obey tho voico of their constitu tnts! If ever there was a caso in which tho eendemnation of a measure by tho people, was dear and distinct, this is that case. CONGRESS. Moniiav. DftC. M. SesATt. Mr. Webster presented a petition from Massachusetts, asking tho llshing bounty in cute ola hin wrecked vessel. Mr., Clay of Ky, presented a memorial in favor of an ainicauio settlement oi international Uillicultics in lead of tliu usual inodn. Mr. Wright ofN. . presented a memorial from New York in favor of u uniform law of Hunkruptcy. RLfeuul to I i the ('Omiiuttca on tlio Judiciary. Mr. . Clay. ofKy, presented a resolution, declaring ilia bill entitled uu Act for the collection. imr.i. thai Keeping .and ilisliiirscmcnt of tliu public money, ought to bo repoiilud. Mr. Clay, alter submitting his rcio liition, K-iidliu vhoiild not call for tho coiisiite.ratidiwjf tho icjolulion at tho present tunc. It wouJiftocnlled tip to-inoriow and lake precedence of olfyiuwnoes, jfffit J iW' ejw-cfc". Kja' Mr. Clay also offerred nn important resolution, in refcrcneo to tlio Public I.nnds, calling for information ns to tho amount sold for the last twelve years. Tho resolution was laid on llio tnblo and ordered to bo prin ted. Mr. Clay accompanied the resolution with some, remark on tlie Importance of tho subject. Mr. Wright moved that so much of tho President's Message ns relates to finance bo referred to tliu Finance Committee. Air. Webster said if it was no inconvcnicnco to tho Senator from New York, he hoped the motion might he over for n day or two. Tlio message of tliu Presi dent was nu important one, and it might bo necessa ry for those who held opinions in opposition to tho President to express them, before it was referred. If it met with tho wishes of tho Ch.iirmain of tho Com mittee of Finance, hu hoped the subject would bo post poned until Wednesday next. Mr. Wright was opposed to the suggestion of Mr. Weli9ter. Tlio tinio had come when it was necessary to ruler tho message of the President to its appropriate committees, ami he did nut feel at liberty to postpone the tinio of rrfereneo oven to Wednesday, lie there fore could not withdraw his motion, but tho .Senator from Massachusetts, if tlio .Senate thought best might niovo tho postponement of Ips motion. Mr. Webster since Mr. Wright dec'ined to, willi tlraw, moved tho postponement of tho motion on Wednesday. The President of tho Senate put the rpicstinn upon postponoincnt. Tlio division or opinion was so close that a count was necessary. , Tho votu was 20 for posponenicnt, to 19 in opposition. Other parts of tho Menage were then referred to appropriate committees without opposition. The An mini Report of the Secretary of tho Treasury was re ferred In tlio Committed of Pittance. Mr. Itunton of Mo. introduced n new Pre-emption bill, and brought it forward with a short speech m re ference to log cabins, coon skins, the far west, demo cracy, federalism, &c. The Senator siid that the tune linn come wiien some permanent pre-emption system wns necessary. The actual President was in favor of such a system, and it was presumed the Pre sident elect wa also in favor of pre-emption. As the session was a short one. Mr. Kenton said it was no time for courtesy in regard to business. lie should therefore move that the ipiestion upon a second mul ing bo tnken by vcas and najs. The bill wn read, and the vcas and nays ordered, when. Mr. Ittibbard moved the nottioncmonl of the ones- tion until to morrow. Ho wished for time to examine the details of tin' bill, and moved its postponement and printing. The motion to postpone was carried. Mr. Haggles uf Me. introduced a resolution calling for a ronv of the correspondence between the Govern ment of (Treat Hritiin and the Government of the United Slates, upon the subject of the North lvistem Houiidary, if not incompaiiblo with tho public in teres Is. The resolution was read but, Mr. llticlianan objected to its ndontioii. Mr. Prentiss from the Committee on Claim, re ported n largo number of tho bills which were favor ably beforo the Senate at tho last session of Congroi-. Also nn impormnt bill proposing the establishment of a Commission for the examination and settlement of claims. The Hev. Mr. Cookmnn, of Alexandria after the business of the day, wns upon the first ballot elected Chaplain to the senate. IIocse. The standing Commit tecs were announced to the House aoon ns the journal was read, lhey aro for the most ist part ns they were at the last scioh The following are tho Chairmen : of fon cress. On Elections Mr. I(iv or va. On Coiumcr Mr. Curtis of N. V. On Post Oll'iees Mr. .McKay of X. C. On the District of Columbia Mr. Johnson of Md. On tins Judiciary Mr. Sergeant of Pa. On Manufactures Mr. Adams of Mass. On Agriculture Mr. Dennis of Md. On Indian All'iirs-Mr. Hell of Tenn. On Military All'iirs-Mr. Thompson of S. C. On Militia Mr. Kcim of Pi. On Naval All'iirs -Mr. Tho'insofMil. On Forreign AIIYirs Mr. Pickens of S. C. On Territories Mr. Pope of Ky. On Mileage Mr. Williams of Conn. On Wavsand Moans Mr. Jones of Va. On Uoa'ils and Canals Mr. Ogle of Pa. On Invalid Pensioners Mr. Williams of Ky, On Public Lands Mr. .Morrow of Ohio. The Journal of Thins lav was amended in repaid to the printing of the President's Mcssigc and , the ac conipanjing documents. S-vcial name" having been omitted on a record of the y-as and nays they were inserted. Mr. l'cttiken of P,i. opposed the motion. There were some few remarks in consequence, from Mr. Winthrnp, of Mass. Mr. Cilahiu of Mass. and Mr. William nl Tenn. The consideration of the subject ImI to nu amend ment of tho order of Iho House, in reference to the number of copies of tho Message and Reports for the use of the members. Instead of IS. 000 copies of ac companying reports, with tho Message, nnd 5,000 copies without, 10 000 with and -1,000 without arc now ordered something less than the iMial number. Mr. Hriggs, of submitted the motion for the re duced number. Tho d-atli of Mr. Am 1toii, late n member of Congress from the Slate of Kentucky, who died nt bis residence during the teress, was announced by Mr. Thompson, his successor. Tho death of .Mr. Itnmsay, of Pennsylvania, laton member of the present Congress and member elect of the next who committed suicide at Ilaltimore was announced bv hi colleague, Mr. Lrct. Tho Hnue ordered tho usual testimonials of respect, and ad journed. Ti-B-uAV, Dec 15., The ball of contention and debate was opened in the Senate to-day, in lino stylo. Mr. f'lny led ofi' in a very spirited and cll'ectivc' speech, developing the policy of the next administration, so fur, at least, ns rencal of the subtreasurv law is concerned. His resolution, declaring that the law ought to be. repealed. and instructing the Finance committee to report n bill lor that purpose, came up in order. "Mr. President," said Mr. Clay, "it is no part ot my purpose to go over the ground that has been so thoroughly contented heretofore. As soon would I nrimo with tho c.onvieled felon, standing on the gal lows with tho rope round his neck, and the cart ready to drive o.'l- -of the justice of the law tinder which he had been condemned n with the parly now pros trated by the might of the people, on the merits of their schemes ot policy. 1 he people hnve sponcn on this quesiion. They have willed tho repeal of this law. Thoy have commanded its repeal. Senators from nineteen stales aro imperatively instructed to vote fur its repeal." He spoKe lor alioul hall nn hour, l he gallery was crowded with ladies and gentlemen, nnd the floor of tho Sena'o was tilled with members of the other house. Mr. Clay said he hnd hoped ih it the President in his message would have exhibited a magnanimity mat would nave necoine nun, nun announced the tact that tho tremendous majority given against him at the lato election, wns n virtual condemnation of the suh trensury, nnd recommended a conformity on thcpnrt of Congress to the will of the people. He was listen ed to with profound attention by evry body except vvui. i.eoiun, oiiiinu uiu villain iimecrucy 10 iaiK in an nudihln tone to those nro-md him, for the purpose, nsit would seem, of showing his impotent spite against a man whom lie knew to bo immeasurably his supe rior. Mr. ncht rerdud to Mr. C lav. in a speech remark able for its shrewdness, dexterity nnd good temper. Ho denied that the overthrow of Mr. Van Ituren proved that the people were averso to the sub treasu ry. I hero were other and collateral issues that had materially influenced tho result. Tin party had made no niow 1 of principles, and it might ns well bo said tint its success proved a disposition to pull down that magnificent edifice, cast aside the snlendid drnnerv. tho'nnintinu nnd other ornaments, nnd suonlv its ii'iec mi a lot; unwio, iircumira won coon sums. " l ho centiemnn troin Kentucky." said .Mr. Wr cht. "proposes to abolish tho subtreasurv: but what does no oner in ns siean t win no go hack to a connec tion wiin tno state tmnks, or will ho resort to ana tionnl hank V Mr Clay rejoined. "Sufficient for the day is the is tho evil thereof," said bo. "Let us get rid of this odious measure first, and then wo will (Ictermino what tho interests of the people require. The gentloinou r-ajs -u nine oo (iriucipies, mat our syinhols nro coon skins, and that wo live in log cabins, what sort of nn administration must that be, I willnsk tho gentleman, which hnsbeen driven outhv n nnriu wnl, no principles, clothed in coon skins, and living in log ..u.iiio uriiiieioeii oi.iy oiu uown my resolution now. '1 luv may set un their own will in nnnnniim, to the public j bnt tho sub-treasury will be repealed as soon, nftcr the lib of March, as a congress can be convened." ' Mr. Clay concluded by saying that a rigid economy, retrenchment ntuMrcform. anil a cnrtnilinrn, r til;. Hxccutive nrerogative were whnl the nnrtv nl,i.t. i..i jiisi naioeu nu- nsecimniicy wcrptn lavor ot, and what Mr. Calhoun followed. 'I bad hoped said he, that on this agitating topic I would be permited to wait nndisluibed until (Jen. Harrison was inaugurated, nnd tho whole line of policy developed. Tho excitement which has so long agitated tlio country ought to be a la ved s the pcoplo wnnt repose. If General Harrison snau nrimtnistcr tho government in good faith, on tho r r '. i, ""w" W,P centienian from hentuck v lfliesiallciiforcnrrlrinrhiiK.nt J,.i, ...i .1 "i for it it mnelineeded-irhcsliallinciilcHtenndprnctlce economy, for that too is in.ich needed -if 1,0 sUll , ...Vi i '.i '. "G principled oi tho constitution, look .iVi u.n. 'm,m """'-V0"- nnd recommend an .; u, ,u inwcrni mo i;xcnil vc, I w mi lls administration n cheerful nndhoarlvV, , " . ndinmistr.nion a cheerful and hearty support J it .'Si. in.v., from Genera Hni risoi. himself than fro,,, ,h0 honorable scnamr." Ho then nnsscd nbinb ei.ln ' . " u,"..L',n,ur- and concluded r.s followKo' J. ' """i 'J believo Hint ll.eestablislunent of n iiMtoM Tai national bank, Miiniiciipiinioiou or iuu minions, is ns niueb tin. crcnt,iotiofnsover(i;;n powtr, ns tho election of n President for life." I wo orlliree Nmnll mo,. ..!. II.. I I 1.1 and Allen, followed on the' Van iluren side, nnd iho rrJnM- J0"r" W'1'0111 ,akln ,hc "JUCbtion 'ho waMMnlLctoi' nol),lUncss "(n"y N'Ho importance it :5!T',l,Pll',', l'ih"f limiting tho tet m of ,ervice of U. !. Judges was read. It provides for restricting ilia .m coro'sevcnvears-anil.of tho judge S Vow iiiuumvii, iiinso wpo have served twentv vcflfs. eVvcd.eTfrrvl0nRBrof'erviSe l whyoTO Jor fcrf tfTr! TrD ' an'1 lh,0,e wl, hn" oc- A resolution was ndontcd. calling on tho Post master General to furnish an account of nil tho cur tailments made in the uiml contracts, etc. Dr. Duncan introduced his bill to amend tho na turalization laws, and considerable debate arose as to itsrcfcrcnce. It wns decided to refer it to the commit tee on tho Judiciary. A resolution was then adopted, that willcauso some annoyance in tho Treasury Department, and make Mr. Woodbury look blue enough beforo its requisitions aro complied with. Its purport was to inquire of the secretary oi tlio Trcnsury, what tools and Implements used in the construction of the nuhlic works had been told, at lehat price, ami under what authority. , WEONKSOAV, UcC.,10, Tina dav has been nnnronriatcd to tho reccDtion of petitions and resolutions in tlio House, and, ns usual on such occasions, Mr. Adams presented n vast num ber of memorials on the subject of Abolition, which of course met their usual fnto under tho standing rule of tiicioiiss. Notwithstanding lus pertinacity on this sill Sect, it would bo a great mistake to call tho vene rable ex-President nn Abolitionist. On tho contrary, I believe there aro few more strongly opposed to the tirinciiile of immediate cinanciiiatinii thnn himself. It ts the right of petition nlonc that ho is determined to up hold, nun tor mat right lie would mount tlio scniioiu or bravo the faggot ns fearlessly as the most renowned martyr of religious persecution. Hu succeeded in ob taining tho rciercnco or a petition for tho recognition of Hayti to tho committee on foreign nll'.iirs. iho suiiject orso much importance to tho pcopie ot tho ten miles square tho reehartcr of the District Hanks was brought up by Mr. W. C. Johnson in Iho shape of petition, which wns duly referred. Mr. Tillinghnst, ofHhodo Island, ollorcd n resolu tion inquiring in a minute nnd particular manner how far tho provisionsof tho sub-treasury bill had been car ried into effect. Mr. Vanderpoel, of Now York, opposed this reso lution. Ho said that his friend from Ithodo Island was cutting out woik for the Treasury Department which would occupy tho whole session ; that tlte re solution was too searching and particular i that ho believed its, object was more to grntifv Ynnkcc curi osity and inquisitiveness, than to tiled any good : nnd that he believed that when tho question of repeal caniuupj .Mr. Tillinghnt's vote would not bo chang ed by any answer tho Secretary of the Treasury might make. Mr. Vanderpoel evidently winced under the thought of the searching nature of the interrogatories proposed In be propounded by the straightforward member from Hhode Island. Mr. Tillinghast defended Ins resolution with very good temper. , Ho acknowledged tint it was search ing and inquisitive more so, pcrhnps thnn might bo agreeable to the ft fends of the scheme; but not more so than tlio occasion required. Then up rose the bar-room bully of Cincinnati, the sober anil discreet Duncan. He said nothing to the purpose, however, merely maintaining that the cur rency quo-Miou inn, oui ocen uio issue ociorc. me peo ple at the late election. To this Mr. Morgan, of New York, replied, by assuring him that it hail not only with the nconlo at large, but mora narticubirlv with the citizens ol tho uiriciminci utstrul ni uino, wncro on (hat issue thev had rejected liiml the Doctor! and elected Mr. Pendleton in his placv, To this the Doc tor replied, very red in tlio lace, "I deny it, tor s 1 deny U." A motion was then made for tlio vcas and navs, but a quorum not appearing to be present, a call of the Houso was ordered, but overruled by a motion to miiouni. In the Senate n number of bills, petitions and tno mnrials, chiefly of ii local character, were presented The appropriation bill from tho House, was then ta ken up and passed. Tho following arc the separate appropriations : For mileageand pav of members 8250,000 For payment of officers. &.c 25,000 J'or stationary and incidental expenses 100,000 Tor payment of Messengers who bring on tlio Electoral vote 8137.000 The order of the day was then taken up, which was Mr. Wright's motion, made on Monday last, for tho reference ot the pai t ot the President s message ma tin:! io linance, to tho Finance Committee. This motion having been set down for this day, of course toon precedence ot .nr. Clay s resolution lor tho repeal of l lie Sub-Treasury. On this subject Mr. Webster had the floor, nnd mule a very excellent and valuable speech of about nn hour s duration, lie conhncd hunscll to the Presi dent's olnervations about 'a national bank and a na lion-il debt.' anil commented on tho nhsurditv of the .attempt t-ifisteii on the friends of Harrison the nppro- iiri'.nn oi advocating tno latter, no said that lie count ii. il but feel a degree of surprise that so much that looked like indignation on this subject, should be ex pressed bv the head of an administration which had been the first since I he formation of the government to coiiimoncoa na'ional debt. Ho animadverted on the isue of treasury notes: on the urcat amount' millions per annum by which the expenses of tho govcrnm-int had exceeded its income for the last four years. Ho then wont into an admirable statistical detail of tho financial affairs of the nation, which will render mi speech, when puhlislied, (as it soon will be) exceedingly vaiuaiue lor reierrencc. After Air. Wob-tcr had concluded his remarks, Mr, Wrleh' secured thu flooi for to-morrow. Mr. TSIImndire olll-rcd a Joint Resolution for an amendment of the Constitution sons to limit the cli- of tho Prc-ulent of the U. Slates to one term meaning, no doubt, a term of four, six, or more or less years, as the amies might Ihur. best. Though Iho Constitution does not render tlio Pre i lent i iiellioiblc. it was alwnvs a matter of some ooiiiit neiiicr a ro-eieciiou was coninanoie wuu inc objects of the Constitution. Gen. Washington was reluctlantly iersiindcd to a re-election, and thus, tho precedent was established. General Harrison's ex aninlo will establish, as a nroner construction of the Constitution, the principle of ineligibility for a second term, just as fairly ns would the proposed change in the words or tho constitution itsell. GRX. WADDV THOMPSON The Fredericksburgh Arena gives the following par ticulars of the accident which lately befel Mr. Thonip son, while on his journey to Washington, and his ro inatkalilc escape : Tlio snow or slcct having stopped the locomotive within a mile or two South i f Petersburg, tho pas sensors got out and proccedecd on foot to town. Gen Thiimiison roll into the rear and, with his cloak wrap m d round his head nnd absorbed in thought, was noi uwaro of tho approach of tho train, which got under way alter the passengers ich it, aim overiooi; mm in a di.en cut of the road, which accounts for bis being nn the track. Tho baggage car was in front of the cmone. which nrcventu no nicer irom sec n him in the road. Gen. Thompson was knocked sen Hilci-sby Iho shock, and fell longitudinally between the rails, and. most remarkable to state, precisely in the only spot, on the uliule length nf the road, where one of the transverse sleepers had been remnrtd. The absence of Ibis sleeper enabled him to fall his whole lrngth upon thu ground, and, nt course, to increase, s far as nossible. tho snaco bet woi n him and tho en gine. Had ho fallen across mm of tho sleepers or on either rail he must havo been killed. His head fi ll so closj to tho rail, that the flange of the wheel passing over it, pressed it into tho mud. Had the gi-oiind b.-'cn frozen tho head would have been crushed. The blow which prostrated, fortunately s unned him so lar as to uepnvo nun oi volition, eiso migui nc, in lii.s ellbrts to escape, have been brought into contact with some parts ol tno lucomouvo or train. tien. Thompson, wo arc happy to stale, though much bruised and with his fnco disfigured, sustained no serious injury and was rapidly recovering, on Wed nesday, when wo saw him on his way to tako his scat in the'Houso of Representatives. LATKR PROM KIJROl'E. The dates are from Paris of 11th, London and Liverpool llth. The important matter is, that the King of the French is maintained m ins paciuc policy uy me Chambers, while tho operations against thu I'.L'Viititiu Mohemet seem every where success ful Acre, tho lust poat, being on the point of surrendering. At Ileyrout, traaquility was re stored, and business measurably resumed. No disturbances followed the progress or speech of the King of tho Pronch, on meeting tho Chonibors. The news is decidedly in favor of continued peace. The Chamber of Deputies have looted all tho Ministerial candidates, for Presidency and Vice Presidency, by large ma jorities. The intelligence from China is not later than wo havo direct. From India it is both later and disastrous. The Mooning Post of l'Jtii gives this summary : From India tho intelligence is disastrous nnd gloomy in the extreme, and tho miserable results of tho proinaturo withdrawal of our troops from Scinde and AlVghanistan aro now being reaped. In fhe interval Jhat had elapsed since tho depar ture of the previous mail from llumhay accounts had boon received tliero of tho llritish arms hav ing sustained more reverses, and of tho loss of a greater number of officers and mon than during tho whole of tho Cabuul campaign. Kholat, tho stronghold, which General Wil'. shiro captured in such gallant style, has boon retaken; tho whole of Upper Hcindo was in a state of insurrection, mul every day intelligence if fresh disasters was received at IJombay. HODV OF NAPOLF.ON. Tho ship Cnhiinot, Ciiptuiu Shruvc, which nrnved nt this port vebtenbiv from Canton, left St. Helena Oct. 'il. Op tho 18lli tho ceremony of oxiimaiion of .1,,. .m.ln.J,.. I ,.h (..I.I. ...n.l ., ,.,,! Tho body,wiiich on his death w as eiiibahued by French chemists, wns found in n state of couipluto preset vu tion, the features being preserved. It will bo remem bered lhat Napoleon died May .5, 1821. ,,Thn body was conveyed on board tho Hello 1'oule, wbiclK with the Fav'ourilu, sailed for Franco on tho 19th. Tlicsa ships sailed from Trwo Julv7, nnd arrived nt St. iMfunOet e J UUGE GASTON OF NORTH CARO LINA. Among tlio grout nnd gootl men of tills Republic tow stuntl so prc-ontinnnt as tlio Hon. William Gaston, ono of tlio Judge;. of tho Supremo Court of North Ciirolinti. When tho Wliigs of tlio old North Stnto wcro casting about for two U. S. Senators to succeed Messrs Drown nnd Strango, tlio nanio of Juuon Gaston suggested itself nt once. A request was accordingly addressed to litni that lie would consent to bo put in nomination fortius honorable office. In an swer to this request Judge Gaston wroto tlio following beautiful letter: NcwDEnx, October 31, 1810. Drab Sin i I had tho pleasure to receive on Tues day last yourfiicndly nnd very nllcctionato letter of tho 2lst uist. It is impossible lliall should not fid, and deeply, the earnest tone in which you urge upon me the request tutu i should permit myscii io no pin in nomination for ihe, appointment of a Senator in Cmnrrcss. As a manifestation of vour attachment, andoftho esteem and conlidcncoof the great body of the Whigs ot rsoith tiarohnn, in whoso hchnit you write, 1 beg both you and thorn to bo assured that 1 prizo it highly. 1 confess, too, that, nlthiugh my mind was fully made up beforo I received your letter, and althoii'di I had nrevionslv made known this de termination to other friends who had addressed mo on the subject, I foul embarrassment and pain in being obliged to say to you that I must decline.! compliance won your wi.sncs. i am npprcnensivo icsi iny ran duct should nnnear moroso and uneourteous lest I should subject myself 'to the imputation of insensibility io K id less or oi nouiorcnco io I o nuouc weinire. Sutler mo to say that cither of these conclusions would bo unjust. With nil my exertions to tunic down feeling to tho standard of reason, I find my heart yet throbbing at any indication of tho favorable opinion of my fellow citizens; and that heart will have wholly ceased to bent beforo, I ccasoto take an interest in tho happiness of this glorious Union, and especially ot our part ot it the good old ixortti state. Alter so ong a retirement trout tlio turmoils ol nolit ical life, to re-enter upon them nt my years would irouatiiy he tosacrinco my napnincM, and as l nppro icnd. without obtaining Iho onlv enuivalent that can be nd'ered for such n sacrifice, tho consciousness of lullilhug duty. 'I ho situation which I now holdlroni tho kindness of my fellow-citiens has become per fectly agreeable to me. I find that it suits my health keens tit v intellectual nowers in action without over inirucning tncni, ami gives mo leisure and reiisn tor domestic eniovineiits and mv agricultural nnrsuits. It is n kind of intermediate estate between tho bustle of temporal nnd thocalm of eternal existence, so con genial to tho contemplative character of age. It ob tains for tno what the wise soldier of Charles V., when ho resigned hi commission declared necessary: " Almuullcmnoris intcrcssc debet citnm mortem cue." Besides, I believe that tho faithful performance of tho duties ot my present ollice is ns important to tlio puti lie welfare as anv services which it would bo in mv power to render in the political station to which you invito inc. To give a wholesome exposition of the laws, to settle the fluctuations arid reconcile thosccm ingly conflicting analogies of judicial decisions, to ad- immsier jusiiec in uio uisi resori wun a sicauy nana and an upright purpose, appear to me among the high est of civil functions. And so long ns God spares mo health nnd understanding to perform these faithfully how can I better servemv country? Now, my good friend, have tho kindness not onlv to allow the just weight duo to thec considerations, but to lay them licroro others (whose personal partiality niav not like yours bo so strong as to acuuiescoreadilv in a conclusion adverse to their wishes) in such terms as may secure for them a fair hearing. And particu larly I beg of you to say to vour fellow-mcnibcrs from the west, whom you represent ns peculiarly nnxious to give mo this proof of the regard in which I am there held, that no office which it is in the power of the state to confer can call forth mv grateful acknowledge ments more fully or more warmly than the assurance they have thus rendered, and in which I wholly con fide, that "their 1'copic esteem and love me. Truly nnd affectionately vours, WILLIAM GASTON, John Gaxv Bynum, Esq. THE MURDER AT NEW BRUNSWICK, There is no longer any mystery as to the fate of Mr. Abraham Suydam, of New Brunswick lie has been inhumanly murdered. His body- has been discovered, buried in a cellar belong ing to a house carpenter, named Peter Robin son. We copy the following from the Newark Daily Advertiser : "IVtcr A. Robinson unexpectedly enllod upon Mr. jueoi) i-.dinunus, a ueaier in lumucr, n whom ho wns indebted, to nay his account. Tb agreeable surprise at this voluntary payment, when lenstcxpectcd, was converted into suspicion, when Robinson mentioned, in connection with nn inciden tal remark concerning the mioterious disappearance of Mr. Suydam, that ho bad paid him nil nddiug, "thank fortune, I nm out of his clutches." Ho said be had paid olfa mortgage Mr. S. held on his nroner ty, but did not dnrc to tnko it to tho clerk's office to be cancelled, fur fear ho should be suspected of being the murderer. This remark, together with tho pay ment of money which could not haie been expected troin the man s circumstances, excited the most pain ful suspicions, which Mr. F.dniunds first communi cated to his wife: and after reflection, on Monday morning, ho called upon the Mayor, Judge Vail, and related the circumstances. After a conference with a small number of friends, careful inquiries wcro made during the morning, which resulted in nsrvrlnining that Robinson's bond and mortgage for 7S0 dollars, held by Mr. Suydam, were missmg, and that Mr. S. had also withdrawn a note of some seventy or eighty dollars, from thn casl ior of tho bank, on the day before that in whieh he disappeared, as ho said to settle with Robinson. Those, with other circumstances, such as tho descrip tion of the money paid to Mr. Kdnumds materially increased thu suspicion, and it was, finally determin ed to havo him arrested and examined. During the afternoon, therefore, the Mayor called npon Robin son with nn officer and communicated to him the suspicion, and proposed that ho should go with him before a magistrate for examination, which ho readily consented to, remarking that ho had not scon Mr. Suydam in six weeks. Tho examination was conducted before Judge Con over. It appeared that Robinson purchased the lot upon which he built n house, of Mr. S., tho mort gage on which he swore he bad paid off some five or six Mccks before. Ho readily consented to produce j .;,), j,jm t'0 tho house, wherothoy found a number of tho papers, mid lor that purpose the omcers returned citizens who had been making a search during the progress of thecxainination. Robinson took out tho papers, nnd it wns then proposed to him that the cellar tloor, which it was ascertained had been laid during a night, after Mr. S. was first missed, should be re moved. Robinson protested earnestly, saying, if they did, the houso would fnll down. Ho was, however, taken back to the magistrate, and the gentlemen to whom the search had been confided, raised the floor, and discovered indications of loose carlh about the dimensions of a grave, which led ihcni to open iho ground. About a foot under the surface, a dead cat was found supposed to hnve been placed tliero tone count for any smell that might afterwards arise and about four feet below the surface, the body was found in full clothing, lying on its face where it must havo lain since the 3d instant. After having secured the body, a party went up to ' ,,, nrnin;,n,i ,i,n, ,i,,,ik- i,,i urt.n Hob tlio oiuco wncro ine examination was in progress, inson heard the announcement without tho slightest apparent emotion. All tho eiidcuces of dent which Mr. S. In Id ngninst Robinson were produced ns hav ing been paid, with the signatures torn off. A policy of insurance which Itobinson had transferred to .Mr. S. during the interinl in which ho bad sworn ho had not seen him, had also been discovered. Robinson's brother, who, it is said assisted in laying ho floor, was immediately arrested, mid when he entered the. olllco tho officers were searching Peter A., who, seeing his brother, and supposing ho had come in voluntoiily to his aid, remarked to him, "you need n't coinu beret I am not nllYaid I am innocent." Nothing farther was elicited by tho examination, and tho brothers were duly committed. Itobinson's wife goes out to work as a cook &a, and has also been committed. Among other circumstances of suspicion, a valuable lady's gold watch was found in tho prisoner's pos session, which hu said ho bought in New York some monthsago, and which he had offered to sell within n few days for 830. A set of silver spoons wcro subse quently found in his trunk, bearing iho namo of II. Kvans, clock and watch maker, of this city, as ma ker. Mr. K. has been called upon, nnd stales that a man, answering to the description given of Mr. Rob inson culled alhis shop a lew days since, with a very valuable double ense, patent lever gold watch, with a massive chain, which lie wished to exchange for n less valuable watch and sundry other articles. This was Mr. Suydain's watch, and tho lady's watch found in Robinson's possession is tho one leccived from .Mr. Kvans in cxclnngo, together with tho spoons found in his trunk. Ho also ordered another set of spoons to bo mat li nt u-iiti il,,. iniiiniH. (as ho alleged, of a sister lately mariicd,) "P. A. R-" hut which nro in fact tho initials of his own name. Ho told Mr. K. that his namo was Urown or llrnwer, which ho did not distinctly under stand. Wluloin tho shop, ho bought a gold hoy, an ,,.,., ,l in havo nlontv of money, and said ho bought ihopalent lever at auction in Now York, six months ago, tor oiuv. Robinson, as may bo inferred from the circumstan ces is a very ordinary man, SO or 40 yenrs ofage, nnd wo understand, known in New Ilrunswick only as a carpenter. His wifo'wns out when ho was arrested. Wo understand that ho continued nn to this morning to deny nny knowledge, of the murder, and, that ho u perfectly sullen and 'unperturbed Mr S ivditn was President of the Farmor mo- chanic's Bank, and n leading member of tho Dutch lit formed Church, nnd n man of property and influ ence. Ho has Idt a wifo with a young family to de plore tho terrible bereavement. A coroner s inquest was neiu tasi evening, which -.illrd ma vctdiet of murder. It is behoved at Now Brunswick that the murderers .'I inad'i nrriiiii'e.iients tocnlran another Individual, Hiid to murder lino as thoy had done tho unfortunate Mr. Suydam. Tho caso alluded to is that of Mr. Cheeseinan, a mason, to whom Robinson was indebt ed, nnd who was requested to call at Robinson' a house on tho same day but w.13 prevented from calling at UIU !llIOIOIUl UOIC. L 1113 IIMIllllll I Jl U Cliy 1 IH'I Id I ! (lie fact that another hole was found in the cellar simi lar to tho gravo which contained tho remains of Mr suvdnm. One of tho brothers of Mr. Robinson gavo evidence that when on his wnv to church on thanksgiving day, ho called at his brother Peter's house, and was refused admittance. Peter told him that ho was engaged and could not admit bint. It is the oninion of thn nhvsieinn that from the ap pearance of the head, Mr. Suydam suflered much heloro he expired. '1 hrco Plows wore prohahly given. The skull wns split longitudinally, from tho crown to tno occiput. Tho funeral was attended yesterday afternoon by a verv largu number of the inhabitants of Now Bruns wick and its vicinity. An nmiroiiriato address was delivered en tho occasion by the llev. Dr. Howe. From tho Broom County N. Y. Republican. HOUSE OF MOURNING &OP BLOOD Tilt LIVES OF TWO ClttUmEN TAKEN BY TIIEtn MOTHER. Seldom has it fallen to our lot to record so shocking an occurrence as tho following: Cornelius. Alerscrcait, bsn. Loroncr, on Alon day last, was called to hold an inquest over tho bodies ol two children, (lattp;iitera of iMr. lid uiond II, and Satnantha Locke, of tho town of Union, in this county. It appeared in evidence before the jury summoned on this melancholy occasion, that early on Saturday morning last Air Locke, nnd ins two sons arose, and went to tho barn to attend to their ordinary out door business. Mrs. Locko also arose, passed into the room where a niece of hers, who was sick, and her little daughter slept, asked her niecr now sue rcsicn, ami men iook inc cuiio irom the bed, under the pretence that her niece might remain undisturbed the remainder of the morning-. She then took the child up stairs to.thc bed occupied by tho other child, (tho eldest five, and the youngest two years of age,) and got into tlio bed herself. About this time, one of the sons returned from the barn for some corn, and went up stairs for that purpose. His mother urged him to hasten down with it, which he did Mr. Locke, in a few minutes also came in, and inquired whore his mother was. Ho replied 'up stairs, playing with tlio children." Mr. L. immediately went up, where a sight as appalling as ever wes witnessed by mortal eyes met his view. Thn three lay in tho bed, with their throats cut from car to car, weltering in their blood ! The children were quite dead, and their mother struggling as if in the agonies of death ! Mrs. Locke, during the last winter and spring, and at times on former occasions had been in sane. Everything which a kind husband could do, had been done by Mr. L. to alleviate her dis ease of mind, and with this view he took her on a long journey the past summer, and returned with her, ns he honed, fully restored to health. No particular symptoms of her malady had been discovered, save occasionally a wild amicarancc of the eye, until tho commission of the fatal deed Airs. Locke still survives, and Doct. Burr, who was immediately called, thinks she may possibly recover. The razor was found in her hand, and it took tho united strength of two individuals to force it from the maniac's grasp. She has par tially recovered her senses, expresses her re gret, and hopes that she may recover so as to "suffer the penalty of the law." The jury rendered a verdict, "That Ruth S. Locke and Mary T. Locke, children of the said Edmund II. and Satnantha Locke, came to their sudden deaths on the morning of the 12th day of December instant, by the hand of their tnoth" cr, by her cutting their throats witli a razor, while the said mother was in a state of insanity." The funeral of the children took placo on Monday, and their remains were followed to their last resting placo by a large concourse of sympathizing friends. 'The feelings of the boart. broken father, and surviving children can neither be imagined or described, nor can they receive any consolation, except from an liighur than an earthly source, that will in the least as suage their deeply seated sorrows. MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT. We learn from Springfield, Mass., that a mel ancholy accident occurred on the Western Ra '.- ml in that town on Friday night about 9 o'c cU. The ice upon the rails rendered it im possible to chock the spued of the freight train, the descent being CO feet to the mile, and to prevent tho cars from running into the Connec ticut river, the engineer turned off to enter the depot. The velocity of '.ho train was so great that it passed comple'ely through one of the car houses into the other, where four mon employed about the premises, wore unfortunately crushed to death between the locomotive attached to the cars, and another which was standing in the en gine houscj HEAVY DAMAGES. A Mr. Samuel Jones, of Stockbridgc, Mass,, has obtained n verdict of S2000 for damages for injuries sustained while a passenger on board of tho steam boat Do Wilt Clinton, of which Robert Dunlap, Ksq. is owner. It appears that the plninnfl' took passage at Hudson for West Point, where bo arriied bctweeii one and two o'clock at night, and was sent ashore in n small boat. The boat, on reaching the landing, was hauled in by the stern line, which was made fast round a brace, but tho bowline was not fastened. As the pas sengers were getting out, plaintiff stood with onofoot on tlio seat, and was by a violent jerk thrown suddenly two or llueo feet into deep and cold water, and must havo drowned had he not grasped the stern rope, which in some measure broke his full. Ono of tho hands seized him by the ankles and held him until the other hands came-, when ho was rescued. Ity the position in which be was held, his head must have been under water. Ho was not very seriously injured but was in imminent danger. The night was dark, it was cold, the lantern was knocked overboard, ami ho was obliged to gp a considerable distanco to tho mess hall of the Cadets, where he was hospitably received. , Tho plaintiff contended, and so the jury must havo believed, that thejerk of the boat was made by the tow line, which was attached 1 oth to tho steamboat and tho small boat. After a very able argument, tho jury deliberated upon the merits of the case, and re turned a verdict for S'-'OOO, thus showing that they rightly and justly appreciate tho obligations of own ers of steamboats to tako a proper care of their pas sengers. ATROCIOUS. Tho Detroit Advertiser of tho2tit!i ult. gives an nc count of a most atrocious outrage, which took placo at the town of Highland, Oakland county, Michigan, where a Mr. Phiucas L. Davis had the whole of the lino stock on his farm killed, destroyed, or taken away. Ho had succeeded in making his farm ono of the best stocked in the country, by proeuring the best and most expensive breeds of animals. It nppenrs that on Sunday morning, of last week, beforo day light, twenty-live men, armed with knives nud other missiles, e-amo to tho farm in waggons, and, without any ceremony, proceeded to tho barns and out housi's, and killed about twenty bogs, drove oil' twenty or thirty others, four fine horses, one doublu wa-.'on nnd harness, ono bull, twenty-threo sheen, sit hundred bushels of oats, threo hundred bushels of com, be sides scvcralhnrrows. nloughsnud other farming uten sils; and ripped open several fine breeding sows of tho Iterksluro breed, destroying between sixty and eighty pigs. Mr. Davis, immediately, on hearing of his misfortune, took nctivo measures to arrest tho per petrators, and in a short limo succeeded in arresting nineteen of them, and great hones were entertained ofbriiiging to justice tho remainder of tlio gang. It is said that ibis outrago could not have occurred but for tho peculiar character of Ihe shcrill' of tho county, who is bclicicd to bo an arrant scamp. During tho investigation into tho outrage, ho made appraisers of two of tho robbers! and in another instance, took one of thu thieves ns bail for the safu return of ono of tlio horses ho had stolen, The shcrill'has sinco ran away. ' Tsr - - ANOTiir.n MrxANOioiv Scinnr.. Wo hnvo to per from a truly painful duty in recording tho sudden de cease of Mr. William II. Jellird, n promising and highly respectable young merchant, a member of tho firm ot Hums, Hays it Co. of ihii city. .Mr. Jcll'crd wosanntivoof Maine, about 30 years of age. Ho had for sotno months pnsl resided nt Iho Mansion Houso wht'to his death occiired. Ho had been for several days confined to his room by illness, and wn occasionlly delirious. About threo o'clock on Sunday morning he rose from his bed, and, unobserved by tho nurse, who was at tho lima in thn room, took from u drawer n tnsor, with which he inflicted n gash ncro-s his lluoitl. 'Tho mirso seized his hand and took from him tlio razor, nnd screnmod for help. Mr. J. prom led her if he would not maka noio he would benuicl. The inirso then ran to tho door and alarmed the occupants of tho house, and taking odvantago of her momentary no-sence, ho seized another ra.or ami completed tho work of death by severing with ono blow tho main arteries and wind pipe. Ho fell on the floor and almost in-lniilly expired. The coroner held an inquest on the hod y, and thu jury returned a verdict of suicide. N. Y, PiATTfinunaii, Dec. 12. A man by thn nanio of Michael Kabcy was found lying on tho side walk in this village in tho evening of Thursday last, in a state of stupefaction. Ho was immediately tetnoved to his resi'li neo nnd was found to bo dead. A jury was cal led by Cha's S. Jloocrs, Coroner, nnd from tho testi mony brought beforo them, it appeared that at about datk ho had eaten a hearty menl, after which he drank liquor and beer to excess, which produced vomiting nnd strnngulntinn. Tho verdict of, tho jury was that "ho came to his death by intoxication, and tho effects produced thereby." Ho was n tnilor by trnde, about :13 years of age, and has left a wifo and two children in destitute circumstances. llepublican. Sctctnr.. David Underbill, Ksq. Postmnster nt Amherst, N. II,, nnd for many years postmaster of Hillsborough county, put an end to his cxistenco by cutting his throat on I-'ridn7 morning last. HUTTING CASK. On Thursday afternoon nn examination of testimony wasmadoina suit to recover ono hundred dollars, staked on the result of tho Presdenlial P.lectoral ticket in rcntisylvatua,, and yesterday the magistrate, T. II Pelt, Ksq. gave his decision in tlio caso. Wo suppress names and qivc the facts, thus ! A. bet H. 8100 that Pennsylvania would givo her electoral voto to Har rison, and Iho money was staked in C's hands. Du ring n period of doubt on tho subject, D. gives 11. a wagon for tho bet and takes ll's nlncc, so that if Van Huren gets tho State, D. gets 8100 for his wagon. Il turned out, however, that Oen. Harrison recived tho voto of Pennsylvania, Whereupon D. brings suit against C. the stakeholder for -9100. Put C, recognises only A. nnd H. in the transaction, nnd refuses to pay nip money in any one hut A. The magistrate non- uucu uio piauiiui. tan. A.m. "A Ci'niNDnn. There is In Jackson count v. Ohio, a loco-foco by tho nnmoof Snooksr who resisted nil tho light and influence tho friends of Harrison could use to induce htm to voto nt'ainst Van Iluren. Heiicrsist- ed in his do crmination to go tho whole for MnJtin, andnt the rlo -tioii carefully took out a paper Irom his pocket I ook and handed it to tho judges with a flourish, saying aloud to thu Whigs, "there goesn grinder for you." When tho votes wcro counted out, the n-imbcr of tickets was just one loss than iho num ber of voters, and in tho box was found a receipt in favor of Snooks, of nine dollars for three grindstones! The old fe'lnw will never hear the last of his grinder for Van Iluren. Colum. Confcd. FRIDAY MORNING, DECKMI1ER 25, 1810. CONGRKSS. Tho business of Congress, it will be observed is beginning to move, and the session will un doubtcdly bean interesting one. Already have several resolutions been introduced into the Senate by that sterling republican, Henry Clay, which cannot fail to draw out the talent of both parties, and upon tho ultimate disposal of which, important results depend. We allude to the repeal of the Sub-Treasury law, and the subject of the l'ubJtc Lands. Mr. Webster has already taken up the report of the Secretary of tho Treasury, and exposed numerous of the falla cies by which it is attempted to conceal the true condition of the finances of the nation. He confined himself to tho President's observations about 'a national bank and a national debt,' and commented on the absurdity of the attempt to fasten on the friends of Harrison the opprobium of advocating the latter. He said that he could not but feel a degree of surprise, that so much that looked like indignation on this subject should bo expressed by the head of an administration which had been the first since the formation of the government to commence a national debt. He animadverted on the issue of treasury notes; on the great amount seven millions per annum by which the expenses of the government had exceeded its income for the last four years. He then went into an admirable statistical detail of tho financial atTairs of the nation, showing that for the last four or five years the expenses of the government had exceeded its legitimate means, by seven or eight millions. A resolution in tho House, calling for infor mation as to the number of officers appointed, tho contracts made and the expenses incurred under tho subtreasurv, was resisted by the ad ministration members, but finally prevailed. A call has also been made for information, as to " what tools and implements used in the con struction of tho public works, had been sold, "at what price, and under what authority." It is Mated that 8300,000 of this property has been sold for less than 30,000. The Whigs in both branches appear to be in fine spirits bold, active, and united ; while tho administration forces manifest the very reverse. Already have they been thwarted in several im portant party movements, and it is very evident that Messrs. Calhoun and Benton entertain any thing but kind feelings for one another. It is hardly to be supposed that the whigs will he able to carry any important measure, through the Senate, as at present constituted ; hut it is more than probable that they will Juve a ma jority in the House, before tho session is over, since the locos havo lost one member from In dianna, and will probably lose two more from Virginnia and Georgia; Messrs Hollotnan and Colquitt having both resigned, on the grounds that a majority of their constituents were against them. The locofoco nnjority in tho House last year was only four.inclusiveofthc usurpers from New Jersey. Whether those fivo members will brazen it out throfigh the session in defi anceof the will of the majority of tho electors of tho Mate they wit's-reprcscnt, remains to be seen. OGDENSBURGH RAIL ROAD. Wo aro happy to perceive that our friends across the Lake aro again moving in this matter. A convention from the counties of St. Lawrence, Franklin, Clinton and F.sse.v, was held at Malone, on Tuesday, for the purpose of "adopting meas ures to secure provision by the Legislature at its approaching session for the construction of tho road from Ogdonsburgh to Lake Champlain." We aro not, of course, in possesion of the pro ceedings of this convention ; but we shall look to its deliberations with much interest, and hail with joy ovory favorable symptom in relation to this important work. This is a connecting link in tlio great chain of improvement with which NeYork is encircling herself. It would open an 'Wportant section of comparatively new country to our enterprising New England emi grantsdivert a largo amount of trade from Montreal and Quebec and becomo the thor- ougniaro ot travol irom Boston west. Nor would it bo of less importance in a national point of view; for Gen. Scott has assured us that ho considers its construction of vital impor- , tanco to thos-ccurity of our long lino of northern i frontier. This road has already been surveyed, under orders from tho Legislature of New York, by Edwin F. Johnson, Esq. who found tho distanco to bo l','() miles, nnd estimated tho cost at $1,151,805. Two routes aro in contemplation. Tho ono commences at Pittsburgh, passes thro' Chatcauguay, Malono and Poltsdam, to Ogdcns burgh, nnd is called tho northern routo. Tho highest elevation on this routo is 1277 foot above tho lovel of hike Champlain. Tho other route coinmoncssattho mouth of the An Sable, near Port Kent, and proceeds up tho valloy of that river, on tho north side, nearly to ita source ; thence crosses the highlands to the valley of Rackot river, down which it descends till It meets tho Chatcauguay, or nothoni route, two or threo miles west of Pottsdam. The highest elevation on this routo is 173!J feet i50 greater than the northern. Tho expense of the two routes is not materially different and it is matter of doubt which will finally be adopted. But that the road will ultimately be built and that at no distant day wc arc quite certain. Gov. Seward presented the subject in a strong light in his last message the legislature recognized its importance, and the faith of the state stand virtually pledged to it. Besides, there are other and weighty reasons that will secure to it an early consideration. Wc look to this project with tho moro inter est, from the fact that wc regard it as part of tlio great enterprise, that has enlisted so largely the sympaties of our own stale. This work accom plished, and a continuous rail road, as thcro shortly will be, from Boston to Concord, and it is not in the nature of things that the intermediate gap should not bo filled up. Sinco the establish, inent of the new lino of steam packets, Boston is assuming a now aspect, and stands in quite a dif ferent rolatinn to the country. Her business will bo stimulated, her ambition excited, and her sagacious capitalists will liberally ply tho means for facilitating communication with tho interior. But, whatever may be realized in this respect, wo bid our friends across tho water, God speed. PEARL STREET HOUSE. Among the many disastrous fires that occur red in this town during the lato "reign of terror," none perhaps, in a business point of view, and none certainly, so far as the general aspect of things is concerned, was more severely felt than tho destruction of the Gicen Mountain House, at the head of Pearl-strcet. It would seem hardly possible that the destruction of a single establishment in an important business section, could have wrought such a radical change ; and we have sometimes almost been led to believe that it must have been some intrinsic quality of the old " Green Monntain" that so strongly fixed our admiration for the upper part of Pearl-street. But, whether imaginary or real, so it was ; and the business of that section, as well as the pub lic generally, have had serious occasion for tho past eighteen months to regret the deficiency. That deficiency, however, we are happy to say is now supplied. Fhojtiix like, a new and beauti ful structure has risen from the ashes of the old one, and so far surpassing it in convenience and beauty as to inspire us with a suitable degree of resignation in the former dispensation. Tho new house is built of brick, upou the old site. The main building is 00 by 40 feet on the ground, with a wing of -10 feet fronting College Green. It is three stories above the basement, with an observatory upon the top, and a piazza of three stories, fronting on Pearl-strect. Tho basement is occupied for a kitchen, and other domestic purposes. On the first floor is a bar room, reading-room, and parlor, all fronting Pearl-street,with a dining-room the whole length of the building in rear. The second story lias six or seven spacious parlors, fitted up with closets, recesses for beds, and all the thousand and one necessary fixtures, designed for the ac commodation of families and pleasure parties ; while the third story affords, an indefinite number of pleasant lodging rooms. Tho arrangement strikes us as very good, and the furniture and fitting up is in excellent taste. There is nothing gaudy; hut every thing is tidy and appropriate. Tho lot next south, has recently been added to this establishment affording ample room for barns, yards, garden and other domestic purposes. Taking into view the beautiful location and the superior accommodations of this establishment, it can hardly fail of receiving a liberal support. But however this may be, it is alike creditable to the town, and to the entorprize and public spirit of tho proprietors. Mr. PiEKcn, late of Craftsbury, is the occupant. He is already favorably known to tho travelling community, and it is almost superfluous to say, that he is quite "at home" in his new location. We had the pleasure of supping; t his board tho other evening in company with our friends of the Volunteer Engine Company, and if we may take his fare on that occasion as a specimen, we shall be very much inclined to cultivate an acquain tance. P. S. By the way, we believe Mr. P. has an oyster supper this evening, and we tako the lib erty of saying that he would bo happy to cater for a large company. HUMBUG. Denton has been making a great discovery in Mis souri, and has already proclaimed it in the Globe. Ho is going to prove that foreign bankers have interfered in our elections. The proof is found in tho con espon dence of tho Hank of Missouri, with the banking houso of Frederick lluth & Co., of London. Tho Stato Hank of Missouri is a pet of ltenton, nnd un der the management of the State government. It has been tho agent of the State to sell State stocks, or in other words, to borrow money in Europe, for theuso of the State t and placed the bonds of the State in tho hands of F. lluth & Co. for sale. They have not been able to sell, and in their correspondence with John Smith, President of the Uank of Missouri, they say thcro is some hope that a change of administration of the country will inspire more confidence in tho good faith and stability of our Stato governments in tlio minds of English capitalists, and that the stocks may bo hereafter taken t but for the present they will not sell. And this is relied upon by Henton, to provo the interference of foreigners in our elections. Hut so far from proving any thing of the kind, it only proves what wo knew before, viz., that the mal administration of our government, has impaired our credit abroad just as it has at home. All that foreign capitalists look at i tho safety of their investments; they have no other interest whatever. In buying State bonds, they have no sort of security but the good faith, good credit, honor and stability of tlio Governments issuing them. These of course will bo very much af fected by a wisn or n proflipato administration of the Stato Government, nnd this is precisely what capito lists, at homo or abroad, look at when they lend their money. They havo no confidence in a State ruled by such demagogues as Henton, and will not buy its stocks. Nor can thoy look with much confidence on a party which has threatened to razo the U. S. Hank to its foundations, nnd sprinkle salt on its ruins ; n party which constantly denounces banks and capita lists, nnd whoso presses have repeatedly thrown out intimations that tho Stales largely in debt to Europe ought not to pay their debts, and never will pay them nay, that ono generation has no equitable right to imposo a debt on a succeeding generation. This doc trino has been buldly advocated, even in State Legis latures, by the Loco Foco party, in elaborate reports. These, of coutse, are quickly carried to foreign cre ditors, and they look with some anxiety to sco whether such notions of public faith oro sanctioned by tho American people. If they are, why then that is tho end of Stato credit t if they are not, then that credit may bo kept up. Thisis tho whole, lory. The people have put down Loco Foco miirulc, nnd sustained their credit. How it may be in Missouri wc shall sea hereafter. CORRECTION. Mr. Van Huron in his last msssago laments tho groat incroasq of Stato debts-, and sets forth the mischief of bc-frow'ntj m"T1v ' F"ropo

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