r- t I mm ikbou FOREIGN. Tho steam ship Acadia, which left Liverpool on the 4th December, arrived at Boston, on tlio Ulst. She brings intelligence of the safe deliv ery of tho Queen of England, of a daughter, on the 21st of November. Also of tho capture of the celebrated St. Jean D'Acre, after a bombard ment of three hours, which however, would not have oxncllcd the L'arrison. probably, had it not been for a tremendous explosion of one of the magazines. It appears scarcely doubtful, moreover, that tho Pacha of Egypt has found himself under the necessity of yielding to the requirements of the allied powers. The accounts to this effect arc positive ; and indued it is difficult to conceive, under existing circumstances, of his adopting any other course. There is no later intelligence from China. The blockade, of Canton has been officially pro mulgated in Europe. The treaty between Groat Britain and Texas was signed by Lord l'almerston and Gen. Ham ilton, on the 101 It of November. The remains of iNapoleon had arrived in Trance, but had not been landed at the latest ad vices. Ollicial intelligence of the Ukiug St. Jean D'Acre was received at tho Foreign office on the JlOth nf November. Tho fleet appeared before the 2d. The bombardment commenced on the ad ; and during the night of that day, the gov. ernor and garrison quitted the town, which was taken possession of the next morning. The despatch says : riiiriiiir the bombardment, the principal nrStt- azino and the whole agonal was blown up. Bv tho explosion, two entire regiments, formed in position on the ramparts, worn annihilated, and every living creature within the area of 00,000 niuaic yards', ceased to exist the loss of life b -iug variously c.tiinated at from 1200 to 2000 persons. Those who may be inclined to doubt the lighting qualities of the Egyptian troops might acquire a lesson from the example of their endurance, if they rould but contemplate thn devasta'nm and scene of horror, bv which this once formidable fortress is enshrouded. From the Court Circular. BIRTH OF A PRINCESS ROYAL Her Map-sty was taken unwell at an early hour on S.iturday morning, Nov. 21, and the inemcai gentlemen vvoto in consequence sum motion to the liiirningliam l'aiacc. Her Majesty was safely delivered of a princess at ten minute.-, before two o'clock, P. M. Their Royal Highnesses, Prince Albert and the Duch ess of Kent, wore in the room at the the time together with Sir James Clark, Dr. Kocock, Dr, 1'orguson, ami .Mr. Ulagden, the medical attend ants on her .Maiostv. The infant princess hav ing been brought into the room wheie the Mm ifctors and great nllimrs of state were assembled, their lordhip? took their depaiture from the palace directly attcrwaid. The nobility and gentry thronged to the pal ace in the course of the evening to make their dutiful inquiries after the Mate of her Majesty and infant princci-s. Throughout the day and evening her Majesty and the intant princess wore going on favorably. Tho intelligence of her Majesty's safe ac couchement ami the birth of a princess, spread like wild lire throughout the metropolis, and the crowd, which for an hour or two before had as sembled round tho palace, was soon augmented by the numbers who came running from all directions to ascertain the fact. American waters, was nnd Is regarded by nil parties in this country nsnn outrage utterly without justificn- lion, i no nriiisu etovcrnnieni, on ma oincr nnnu, so far from Inking this view of the matter, nctunlly confcircd thchonor of knighthood on Col. McNnb, who coinninndcd the militia, lavished a deal of prniso upon Capt, Drew nnd his band for their success in their piratical expedition (and thus fnr persist in re fusion the reparation demanded bv our Government for this grievous wrong In 1839 the Grnnd Jury of iMignrn county tuiind true puis lor mimicr unit arson against the persons who composed the expedition in question. Mct.rod is, wo believe, the first person arretted under this indictment. His imnrisnmuciit nnd an- iiroiieu im n .11 nave- L-xciieu n noon ueni ui nx-i itv in Canada, nnd Sir Ocorgo Arthur has, as we learn from tlie British Colonist, ""taken the proper steps to pro cure rttlrtu." If, as Mcl.cod states, ho was several miles distant from Schlosscr nt tho time of tho des truction of the Caroline, and can establish this alibi, lie win nave nothing to apprehend, nut on mo con trnry, if the fact of his presence nnd participation at the bjirningijf Caroline, and murder of soiqo Individ- ualsjjf hcrercwdSijd be established, it is difficult to imagine wnai le-un-si oir vjuuiue tuuiui c..w.,-i, though not difficult to predict what ho is likely to obtain. FIIOZKN TO DEATH. PiiiLAnsirniA. Dec. 22. It is seldom that we have' occasion to notice on exnmple of such unmitigated misery in all its details ns has liecn liroiigiu to iigot within the last few days in Southwnrk. The cir cumstances arc as follows: On I.riday last a man by the name of Jams called on Mr. Murray, one of tho Guardians of the Poor for thcelistriel oi souinworK, nnu asKcu nun lurnn inner for Medical attendance of his daughter, who, he said was very sick and he thought would die. The order was granted, and the physician attended the palient. On his return to Mr. Murray lie iclated that hf had hi-en taken tn nn unfinished house- in Sixth street, near to Cntmrinc street the roof of the house was on, ami noors laid, nut mere were nciiner, uoors nor windows he wa takrn to a room, tho vvindows of which had been boarded up and covered in the in side wiili newspapers, a rude door was hung, and the whole place presented the appearance or me most ainect misery mere was no lire on ine nrariu, nnu in a corner on a pile of shavings lay the form of a vntinr? pit ol nineteen vears. nil e. wan ami emaciated. sinking from verwant into nn uiitunelygrnvo, n little covering (all that was lo be had in the house) vvns spread upon her s in another part of tho room lay the corns nfa line I nv who had nerished from the rriavving toolli ol utilise, vviuie two oilier eiiiiurcn sat siuvering with tin cold and perishing w ilh want. 1 he rather vvns in the room in a beastly stale of intoxication. Inline diati-ly on its being Known, the neighbors hastened to render every assistance lire was pro. cured, a tnatniss placed under the tmiottnnntc rirl and warm clothes nnd vietua's brought, but all in vain. She had gone pisi recover), and ct aKcd to live nn Sunday afternoon. The little hov nnd his unfortunate sisiir were buried vesli-nlay, and the two other children placed under the enre of the Guardians of the poor. Jarvisis represented nsbcing a fusl rate mechanic in his trade nfa mason : he is said to be a drunken sot. and totnllv lost toeviry thing like n con piousness of tlieenornniy ol the crime or vv lucli lie has Iieen the cause. Much pi .use is duMo Mr. Mum v. a ntl several l.ndirsnnd Gentlemen of tho neighborhood, for their philanthropic cndrnvorH to relieve the suflcringsof the wretciieu lanniy. (. ou. of murder, as boldly conceived, nnd as delibor ately executed as any furnished by tho annals of crime. Tho escape of tho girl alone preven ted the run execution ot the plan, u sue nan fallen, all explanation of the mystery would IIJ1VU OCCIl IllipoSSlOie. 1 IIU iiuubu mm uuuwa of the slain would havo been consumed togother, and tho murderer would have possessed in se curity the poor reward of his atrocities, beyond the fear of detection. Tho same mail also brings us tho account of another murder, committed under the inttuonce of jealousy. From the Virginia Star. Doc. 10. A murder of the most atrocious character was committed in the county of Dinvviddic, on Sunday morning last, by Jeremiah Conway , on the person of Edward Lewis, a young man only 18 years nf age, who at the timo when the mur der wait committed, resided with Cnnvvav's fam- ily. It appears that Lewis had dressed him- sell with the intention ot going to church, and was in tho act of stonpins out of tho portico, having his back turned towards Conway's door, when Conway advanced within a few steps of him, having a gun heavily charged with buck shot, and tirctl, when Lewis tell, having receiv ed the cntiro contents of tho gun in tho nock and luck part of tho head. The only supposablo cause assigned for the perpetration ofthisdrcad- tul act, was jealousy on the part ot Uonvvay. after the deed was committed, Conway made nncilbrt to escape, and when questioned in re lation to the murder, positively declared that ho ktcw nothing about it. He has been romtnitcd tujail to await his trial. AWFUL EXPLOSION. Bennincton, Dec. 22. Tho children of Mr. Alanson Downs of this town during the absence of their mother on Friday last, in playing "hang ing as thev call it, slipped a cord around the nock of a little sister, about two years old, which they hung up; the children discovering the child strangling, became affrighted, and ran to tho neighbors for help, but on the arrival of the neighbor, the little sufferer was dead. Oaz. Hut is this nil 1 Is this all 1 1 run inclined to think that, in ono respect nt least, ills not all. Tho Trea sury, I think, has not duly distinguished, in rcfcrcnco to one important branch of its administration, be tween Treasury fundsi proper nnd a trust fund, set npart by treaty stipulation, to be invested for tho be- ncm oi ccrinin inumii inucs. i say mo i rcasury nns taken, ns belonging to the Government, that which properly Belongs to a irusi iiinu wtncii tne uovcrn incut engaged to invest in permanent stocks for the benefit of certain lndiin tiibes. This makes it ne cessary, Mr. W. said, to look a little into these trust funds. He referred to uiblic documents to show that these trust funds had men invested in different state stocks, upon somo of which purchases considerable premiums nan occn pan. These trust lumts, accoru- 1 . .. . r .1 ( . r . I rrl ing in inc niiueiueiiiui me occreiary 01 met i rensurv, had been mixed up in nicotint with the general funds of tho Treasury, instenl of being invested, according to tho intent of treaty stipulations, in permanent stock to bo held perpetually for the use of the Indians. Thofnct appears to bo that, instead of keeping a separ ate account of these truit fund , the amount purchased has been carried to thegencrnl credit of tho Treasury accounts, and tho cost of stocks for their investment has been charged on ihe other side. As a matter of account and book-l.ceing this might be thought cor rect, or it might not but Mr. W. said ho thought it would hnve been belt'r to keep a separate account for funds thus held in tust. as every nrivatn individual does, who i in Vo a trustee for the interests others. II the lacts wcro as tie had gathered rrom the report submitted toCongrfss, hero were three or four hun dred thousan I dollan for the. trust fund nut invested, and win -h remain yd to bcinvcsted for tho benefit or these Indian tribes. As to the rates nt which the sloe' shad been piinhased, Mr. V. said he found that certain Alaiiama stoats had been tiougiit nt various and remarkable rat's of premiums. Thcsoi were slated with some particularity by Mr. W .but in this hasty sketch, the rcfortcr cannot undertake to givo them, but will, if praiticable, prepare a nolo of them for another day. We have treaties w.th a number of tribe ratified vvithin ato yeaisfsnUMr. WA by which we stipula ted to invest tin? proceeds of their land in stocks of a permanent kind beirini? interest. We are indebted. therefore, to these Iidians, in the whole amount we ngreed to pay for thise Innds, which have been trans fcrcd tons, survival, put in market, and large por tions, of which, I sippose, have ere thisbcen disposed of. SVe nromissedto invest the nroeeeds for their be nefit which lias not been done. Instead of asking for money wherewith lo nnrchnse thec stocks, the Treasury has been contented to aU for the amount of much greater "relinquishment," if thalis the term to be applied to it. nnd within a year nnd n half more an other nnd the last of these reductions! Do we not sec. then, from tho present existence of a large debt, nnd from this further reduction of duties (that is, if nothing shall bo done to chango tho law ns it now slnnds) that a case is presented which will call for the deliberation nnd wisdom of Congress, and that somo effort will be required to relieve the country 1 nut hero is no recommendation ei nu on inc sub ject of revenue. No increase is rccommded of die duties on articles of luxury suchns wines nnd silks, nnr unv ntlinr wnv nimrrpAtpd nf nrnvidinfffor the dis charge of the existing debt. Tho result of the whole is, that the experience of tho President has shown tliat the revenue of the country is not equal to its ex penditure that tho Government is spending seven millions a year beyond its income , and that wo are in the process of runing right into the jaws of debt ( nnd yet there is not one practical rcccommendation ns to the reduction ofthe debt, or its cxtimrnishment but the Message contents itself with general and ardent reccounnendationsnot to create n debt. I know not what will havo to be done to meet tho deficiency of the next quarter, I supposo this re commendation to issue Treasury notes will bo follow ed. I should, invsetf. hnve nreatlv nrefered a lax on French wines and silks. It is obvious that if this or sonic hinghko it is not done, the tuna approaches, and is not far off when provisions will havo to be mado by nnoilierlJoncrf ss. I havo thus stated my views of this portion of the Message. I think it leads what may render an Kxtrn session necessary n result l greauy aeprecaie on many accounts, especially on account of thogreat ex penditure with which it will unavoidably be attended. I hope, therefore, tint those who now have the power in their hands will make such reasonable and adenuale provision lor too pniiiic exigency as may render me occurrence of an extra session avoidable. Mr. W right rose and observed that it wnslus duty to nnswer the rcmarcs of tho honorable Senator who bad iusl taken his seit. The Senator had referred to but ono point on whieh Mr. W. was not in possession of tho requisite doe nentary authority j if it wcro the pleaureof the Scnatt ho could wish the further con sideration of the reso.ulion postponed j but if not, he would now pro ecd. The postponement vnsordered by general consent i When, Mr. Calhour. moving adjournment, Tlio Senate adjourned. Two ciin.nr.EN nriiNT to nrArit. During the lire in Methodist Alley, on Friday night, we regret to say two children were burnt to death. One was aged about six years, the other nine months. Tlie mother had not sufficient pros enceof mind to tell where they were, otherwise they might have been saved, as the room in winch they slept was repcatedlyentcred after the lire commenced. Host. Past. The unseemly custom of having the groat officers of state and the cabinet ministers in the Queen's chamber, durit.g "thegroaning," arises from the suspicion that the son born to James II, after his ascension to tho throne, was not his Quean's child, but had been introduced to her bed in a warming pan. This child in after life was known as the Pretender. To avoid the chance of any future imposition of this kind, the council ordained that there must be irreproach able witnesses at all futuic royal births. When the children of George the third were born, the privy councillors ware actually in the room with Queen Charlotte, and some ,r t liem stood at the font ofthe bed, coolly looking on. By 11 o'clock in the forenoon, the privy coun- ciliors and cabinet ministers (such of them as were in town) had arrived. From time to time, one of the medical attendants formally announ ced that all was going on most favorably. Ex actly at ten minutes before two, Mrs. Lilly brought in a fat, strong child, wrapped in flannel. It was then placed on th table, and an official examination rnado as to its sex. Lord Mel bourne gravely stated that it was a female. The child was brought in that tho proper ofli. cers might be able to identify it a thing im possible, as one young child is as much like an. other as aro two peas out of ono pod. Indeed, the indelicacy of having a room full of men, within hearing, and almost in sight of the female thus suffering, appears very absurd, and should be abolished. IiOsikin', Dec. 2. The greatest excitement prevailed in Buckingham palace shortly after 12 o'clock last night, in consequence of a stranger being discovered under th? sofa in her Majesly'i, dressing room. The police were instantly cal led in, and immediately secured the daring in truder, who turned uut to be the identical boy who was discovered in the palaco about two cars since. His name is Edward Jones. He in 17 years of age, and the son of a poor tailor in jjeruy-Mrect, vve.-iminstor. H e understand he was strictly questioned as to his niodo of oh. tabling admission into the palace, but that ho prevaricated in his answers'. Ilis fatiier was then sent for, and he stated that ho was of onin inn that his unfortunate son was not in his right mind. Altera short investigation the council directed that the police should take tho prisoner to Buckingham palaa;,ashe promised todeseribo to them the uiodij by which lie effected his ex- traordm.iry cniraiice, and which, under tho cir. r umstances, might have had a inot dre.idfiil effect on her majesty, who, we are iufi rmed, had been m the room whuro the lad was d.bcovered only a lew hours neiore. When the prisoner was discovered in the palaco nearly two vears since, he was prosecuted and tried at the West minster setsions, on an indictment, charging lu.n with secioting himself for the purpo.-o of committing a lulni'V, un that occasion, lie was defended by Mr. Prnudurgast, and acquitted. Since then we hear that ho has been in tho em nloy of Kendall, chemist, in the Broadway, in Westminster, and that there has been no fault found with his general character. Ho is very short lor Jus age, but lias an old and surly look His dress was of theuieancst'ilcscription, and ho is altogether an ill looumg lad. Marcus L. Stanly, about 21) vears of age, of a gentlemanly appearance and manners, and very fashionably dressed, and who is stated to ho the brother ol Mr. Stanley, tho member of Con gress from North Carolina, was placed at tho bar oeicre jir. ixwg, tne presiding ollic.cr, char, ged with stealing two sovereigns and two shil. lings, lie was tully committed to take his trial at tho Westminster sessions next week. IMPRISONMENT OF Mcl.EOD. Our readers have probnhly noticed the arrest t I.ockport of n Mr. McI.kod, on the charge of having participant in the burning of the 6teainboat Caroline nd the murder of ona or two of her crew in the winter of '37, '33. His trial willi e place before the Court of Oyci and Terminer in Niagara county next month. Outoflh'n arrest and trill there is likely to growoneoi meuiusirciioua uucinons mai nan yet sprung up ucinici, ,i.vi',hiiii ana urcai nruain It, cwpII known that the midnight attack mada bv anvnf Rritiih iroonaunon ihe dcfsnel Km., Derolin. lyirg along-side the whrf at f hlor, in This morning, between 0 and 7 o'clock, a most terrific explosion took place by the bursting of the steam honor m the paper null ol .Mr. tiahrinl .Mnoie, situated in the upper part nf the district nf Koiinihtnu, between Edward and I.yilia Ms and School and Win. sis., which demolished and laid in one ma" of ruins, the on'ire building, wliicliv a-- partly brick and partly frame, two or throe stone" h.gh. The accident is attributed to the tilling up of the feeding pipe with a hard deposite, which prevented the witer from flow ing into the boiler. At the time of tho explo sion, the stciin engineer, Euwh (iarsido, and John (Jran'., itm-ii'iio engineer, wore in tho building, preparing lor the day's work, by at tempting to get mi the sli-'mi, both of whom were dreadluMy scalded and otherwise injured by the falling ol th" building upon anil around thrill. .Mr. (mint had ono or bo'.li ol his legs broken; his ituHion i considered dangerous. Mr. Moore himself was hurt by a large piece of the building falling upon his liead while stand ing in the yard supposed to have fractiiied his skull. The bo.ler, which was situated in the basement of the building, was forced upward, and changing its diret'on, passed through the back wall ot an adjoining two story brick house, a distance of about 10 or oO leot (Voir, its position in the factory. The boiler foired its way somo ten feet into the bedroom of this house, knocking away a staircase and scattering large fragments of boardf and brick upon a bed, from which three children had just arisen, who very fortunately escaped serious injury and perlnps death. At the time, there were hut two Innds in tho build ing, the number usually emp'oyed being about twenty. One of the workmen was hut a few yards from the building the moment it full in ruins before linn. The concussion vv as tremen dous, shattering all the houses in the immediate vicinity, and felt for a great distance around the neighborhood. Mr. Moore was an industrious inap and will leel the loss severely, which can not he lo-s than ten thousand dollar, lie is confined to his bed from the injuries received. CONGRESS. DEBATE IN Till! U. S. SENATE. Wednesday, December 1G, 1810. The motion submitted by Mr. Wright on Monday lait, proios.ngto refer so much of the President's Message as nlates to tho Finances to tho Committee un Finance, coining up for consideration M r. Webster rose an d addressed the Senate nearly as tollovvs i Mr. President: It has not been without great rclue tiiuc that I have risen to offer any remarks on the Mkssago of the President, especially at this early pe riod ol the session. 1 have no wish to witness a pro longed and angry and exciting discussion on the to nics it Contains. The Messl.rn t-,. nviinlv. ,lnvnrr..l lo an elaborate and plausible defence ofthe course of uii'i-Aisiins; .toiiniiisiruiion nn me nuance ami cur rency nf the countrv ; it dwells on the subjects winch haie becn so longdiscussi d among us, on banksand banking, on the excess of commerce and speculation, on the State dibts, and the dangers arising from lliem on the Sub-Treasury, as it has been called, or the liuli'penileiilTieasiiry, ns others have denominated It. 1 propose now to deal with none of these points ; so f.ir as iliey may be supposed to aflccl the merits or character of the Administration, they have, as I un dersiand it, bi-cn passed upon by the country ; and I have no disposition to reargue any of them. Nor do I wish to enter upon an inquiry as to what, in these I nnltfrs, n sunimm-il to havohcen nnnroved or disan. prov Jil by the People of the United Suites, li nn. penrs, however, thus far, to bo the disposition of the ii.ii,.. u ... uimijjt mi; siuiiillUlirilllUU Ol I1C UOVCm- incut. All I purpose at this time to do is, to present some remarks on the subject nf the finances, speak ing on thepresent slate of things only, without recur rim; to the past, or speculating as to the future. Vet i sun pose mai some nrnner loreensi. somn , hsnosii n lo piovidefor what is before us. mturallv mites itself up ill a greater or less degree with all inquiries of this In this view. I shall submit a r,.. thonMnsimnn ,i, .iuis;ir.- , Ino i-rcuifn; . nut i ueein it necessary to preface what I shall say wiih some few preliminary remarks. And, first, I will say a word or two on the question whethtr or no' anuiifounded or erroneous iinnreiisiori i coiuiiuiiiii-ncii 10 me reupie uy mai document. In this point of view I notice what the President savs in the Pth page. He there represents it as the great distinctive principle the grand difference in the characters of our public men that of one clas of them it has been the constant object to create and lo imint-iin a public debt, and with another, to pre vent and to discharge it. Thi I consider ns an un founded imputation on those who have conducted the Government of this country. The President says lie Ins "deemed his biief suin'inory of our liscal affairs necessary totho due performance of a dutv specially enjoined upon him by the Constitution." It will serve, alo, to illustrate more fully the principles by men nc ins neeu lmiiiicii in rtierence lo two contest- I'he other two men vveie soon dug Iron, the I "a EKS rums, and may possibly recover, although the ' their conse-iiiences than anv that have nrisrn nmlnr nature and extent of their injuries make it ex tremely doubtful. It is certainly a miracle that in such a terrible disaster, no lives were lost. Phila. Gaz. MOST ATiiOCIOUS MUUDER. A most shocking case of deliberate murder of five persons, committed, it would seem, for the sole purpose of preventing the discovery of a contemplated robbery, is related in the Ports. mouth, Virginia, Times, Dec. 1(1. We learn that a series of most atrocious mur- ilers was perpetrated bv a miscreant in South- amptnn county, on Monday night. An aged Quaker of the' name of Scott, residing not for Jerusalem, his sister, who was also aged, a little girl about nine years old, a negro woman and her chili), were successively butchered to fur thcr the design of robbery, "entertained by Ibc lestroyer. Six persons wcro on the premises at thn time, and but one escaped. This was a young negio girl. She relates that a man resi ding in the neighborhood, visited the house a little alter sun set and spout the evening by the fire side of -Mr. Scott, in conversation with the family. As ho was about to leave he asked Mr. S. to wall; with linn to the gite.as ho had a word to Hay to him in private. To this the unfortu- nate man consented. The girl saw no more of him. A violent struggle was next heard in the kitchen. The murderer, armed with short heavy dogwood pebtle, had seized the negro woman and was boating out her brains, when the aged sister ol Mr. Scott, attracted by tho noise, appeared, and bogged aim to dest. Irruvornhlv limit Ilium his design, he instantly despatched the poor nero, aim seizing ine oiu lauy, lelled her to the floor with a blow of the pestle. A negro hov, about nine years old was then killed in the san'io manner, lie next proceeded in search of the little white girl, and the young negross. The latter made her escape unobserved. Tho other child was not so fortunate. She was caught and murdered as summarily as the rest, Noi-seoiiig the negro girl, and resolved to have no clue left to his fearful secret, the mon ster made a careful search in the rooms, turn- ing over tho beds, and scanning every corner narrowly. Convinced that one of tho family had escaped, ho seems to havo gone oil' without con. ruminating the robbery. Tho girl lied imrncdi ately to the nearest neighbors, and commuuica. ted what had occurred in her sight and hearing. They repaired to the premises, forthwith, and found the melancholly consummation of her story. The murderer had fled, and tho house was burning slowly. Tho fire was extinguish cd before it had defaced tho bodies, or" done much injury to tho building. In tho morning, among tho spectators of tho night's bloody fruit, was the individual spoken of by tho girl as tho actor in the scone. Ho gave an instant contra diction to her story, and referred to tho absence of blood from hh clothing, as proof of his inno cence, lie also denied having been on the premises for a fortnight. Traces of blood how. ever, it baid, were found among his whiskers, and he was detained until fcarch was made at his house. This resulted in tho discovery of a suit of his clothing excessively besmeared with blood. He was forthwith apprehended, Mr. Scott was an old and estoomed resident of the county, and was reputed to he wealthy rh hopo of securing hit money led to a echome our system of government : ha "alludes ton national debt and a .National Hank." About n N'jiinnil Itnnl, 1 have nolhinir nt nresent to an. but cinllv announced to US that it hns been n irn.,1 p.,n. u-1,1 ii iiii.siion in inccimmry whether there shall or shall not be a national debt ! Now, I submit it lo the Senate whether there has ever existed in the country any parly, ntanvtime, which avowed itself in favor of a national eltbr. vei'st. as a thior, dr.!!,!.. i lva lue history of the past debls contracted by the Gov eminent lav the least foundation for any such an as- riiu,n i im-iirsi national ueDt we Have had was the loan negotiated in Holland bv John Adams. None I presume, ever doubled the policy of such a loan in the then circumstances of the country. Then there csmcinceicui contracted, for the pay of the Revolu nonary army, bythoContinenl.il Congress, orralh er ny lie country though that Congress. Next were the debts incurred during the war by the Stales for the purpose of carrvin.r on iIu-,f ii;.;., ..... made for discharging these de bts ns the cost of our iie uuium ; can any Doily oliject to a debt hko thisl "i "ie same euarncier were tin, loans made bv (iov einnienl to carry on the late war with Oreat llritain ,1,1-u mi- umi iini national neuts we nave ever contracte-d, and I cannot but think it sintiillirl v nn. fortunate that what looks so much like an imputation ontho e who aulhnri7ed these loans shuuld come from the head of an Administration uhieli. en fnr I know;, is thtjlrtl that has irer commenced a national ueui in a umc nj projunnti peace. And now to proceed to the ddual state of the fi nances. The Message, though it does not call the ohlica lions ofthe Government a national debt, but, on the contrary, speaks in the stroiifrest lei ins niminsi n n. lionaldibt, yet ndmils that there are Treasury notes outstanding, and bearing interest, to the amount of lour ami a uau minions! and I sec, connected with this, other important nnd leading truths, very neces sary to be considered by those who would look out oeioreiianii mat tney may provide for ruluro revenue Of these, tho first in importance is. that the exnen diluresof the Government during tho term of the , . .... ..............rniion nave greauy exceeded its in come. 1 shall not now nrguo the question whether iiiv.-cuiiriiiiiiuresuave ncen reasonable or unreason able, necessary or unnecessary. I nm Inoltinirai ilw facts in a financial view mire-lv and I say ilini nn, e Tporiencc of the action of Congress during the last four years has been, that the public expenditures has nn.ra,t(1iWic income at me rale or seven mil. Lions or poilahs ies an.nc.m. This" is easily de liionatrateJ. Atthei oinmcnceincntofthe first year r f this Pre sidential term, in January, 1SJ7, there was in the Treasury a balnn e of six millions of dollars, which was reserved trnm distribution by what has usually iiiiii i.niiu me- ueposii ,ci. rue intention of Wi I'ress was lo n sfn. fW .;ilUr.u ....I.. . l.... " ---...w. .v ...v ll.llll.MI-. ijiiij , uiii, ,ri vi.ii- seqiience of an uncertainty which attended the mode oi riicctingiiiis result, the Secretary, in his ealcula lions, w ishing to be, nt lea t, on the safe side, it turn ed out that the sum nctuallv reserved wn i mil lions. Here, then, was this amount in the Treasury on me isi oi January. iKi7. llvcnls occurred du. rilie lliat VCar Whieh tnrlni,1 rV,nnra In mJ Cv the Deposiiu Art so ns to bring back ngain into the iki-omiiii; iuuiiii nisniimcm oi ino sum lo ue lie posited with the States, which amounted lo nine mil lions. I find, further, from ihe communications of ine secretary or the Treasury now submitted to the Senate, that, of the stock of tho United States in tho Rank of the Unite I States for which bonds had been given to the Treasury bv tho Hank of the United Mates or Pennsylvania, which bonds are now paid. there have bee n reci-ived eMit millions. Now. sir. tries arc nil items of a pre-existing fun 1, some of winch have accrued since January, 1837. To these I may ndd tho outstanding Treasury notes running on interest, (four nndahaif millions)) and the whole forms an aggregate of tircnty-seren and a ha(f millions of dollars of surplus, in addition to tho tuimi, itt-iiiic, nitii iibvc uecn cxpenucil ill mrre and a haffm four years excepting, of course, whit may remain in tho Treasury at the end of thai term. Here, then, has tho Government been ex pending money nt the rate of nearly eight inilliom per innum beyond its income. What state of tliingi I that T Suppose it hould go on. Does not every man nt tnat we nave a van atut immediately oe roie us.
interest only holding the United Slates debtors to the Indians, whereby n debt lo nil intents nnd purposes, to the whole amount cf this trust fund, is created, nnu it is to tic milled to the amount nrdeht due liv the tov ernment. I do not say it mut bo paid to-day. or to moirow, but it is an outstanding debt; the Govern ment is under an undischarged treaty obligation to raise mo money, and with it to ouy stocii lor me oo- nelit oi me inuians. After pointing out some discrepancies in the Trea sury reports, in regard lo these investments, Mr. W. went nn to the consideration of other outstanding de mands upon the Trea nry. That there are other debts in nn unliquidated state which must soon be pro-vide-d for, (said he) no one doubts i debts for pifblic works, debts for tho war in Florida, claims of indem nity fir Indian spoliations; and if half of what we hear be true, the amount of these collective obligations cannot but be large. Here, then, I understand there is a heavy debt hangin? over the country, consisting of various itenis some for borrowed money, some to meet Indian treaties, and others to pay claims and accounts not yet liquidated allof which must be provided for nnd taken into consideration in any fair estimate of the ways and means. I agree with all that is said in the Message as to the great iirpolicy, in time of peace, of commencing n public dcbl j but it seems to mo rather extraordinary and inappropriate in the President to admonish others against sued a measure, with all these facts immedi ately before him. .None doubt, in point of principle or expediency, as to the creation of a public debt, whether in the form of slock or of Treasury notes bearing interest nnd re newable! or, if there he any difference in point nf ex pediency, none at least can entertain any great doubt which of the two forms is best. Treasury notes arc certainly not the cheaper ofthe two. Now, we find ihe existence of this public debt as early as the existence or the present Aiiminisira ion itself. It began at tho called session in September, 1817. From the due of the first Treasury note bill, in September, 1337, there has been no moment in ...i,;i. ,i.n n. .,.nni , not in debt for borrowed money. The Secretary snys it is no- expected that the Treasury notes now out can be paid ofl earlier than in March, BI2. In whatever soft weirds he chooses to invest the matter, the sum and substance is this : that there must be a new issue of Treasury notes before the Government can bo freed rrom em i.... ........ uui I iiasiiien I. . ., . .1 I must confess that it seems to me that the scope and tendency ofthe remarks in the Message do po to produce an e rroneous impression. Here are a scries of very strong sentiments against a public debt against bevinning a public debt-and all said in face of a debt already begun existing now, and under such circumstances as create the fear lliat it w il turn out to I.- - ...., u, nrwv Wo know tlint these various oiitstnndin" charges cannot, or at least, will not, be broii-dit together and presented in one aggregate sum for some months income. Is it intended by tlusdoc- Hmrnl ... ,..r isi pul'lie opinion, so n, wne-n u mum annear. that there is a piiblicdebt, to give it n date pos terior to the 1th of .March next? I hope not. 1 do not impute such a design. So far, however, as I am concerned, I shall take special good care to prevent nnv such result. I shall certainly recommend that there he a new sc. ot noons opened ; mai mere ne what merchants call "a rest. mat what iscouecico prior to 1341, and hat is expended prior to IS 1 1, stand against each otlic-i so that, if there shall appear a balance in favor ol this Administration, it may be sta ted; and if thcrcsilt shall be that the Administration is I, ft ii, ill- hi. li-iil.it debt annear. and let it be denom inated "the debt of 1341," which it will be the duty of Jimgress to provide for. ... . , 1.. ... ...Lo. nani.Ms the Messnec is calcu laled to create quilt an erroneous impression. In the in page the 1'rcMlent speai-s on mc muju - Troasury notes inns mitigated a tone as possible, and tills US, tirst, tliat it 11113 Slliail amount aim ijih- iq -n,i,nnGn. fani. i nsare not vci line-. i sup pose we all knew nial ; and then he ndds that they are "less by tweniy-threo millions than the United States have on dejosite with the Stales." I ask the Senate, and I wuld, if I could, as me rrrsmei u, u-liotlior Iwiiifniisioreeommend to Congress to with draw thedeposites now in the hand- of the : States to .i:. i.... u:.. ,tQi irD.u,ri notes 7 Do the nd- uri mil ji- nils un "ii ,i j . - . ,. ministration look to these iieposucs w iiium " wliiM, ,n .wimrrn nnv of the debts of Treasury ( n...i ... ...Uiln nf anrli a measure. WhV then, were these two things connected! There is nothing in the fact that the amount of Treasury no es I.. I I? L mlllmna lllStl the nillOUIlt l C- is ie-s uy iwt-iiiy-iiiso iiiin.. - , posited with thestrtes, unless he means to recommend tlmt lb., latter mm.- shall be looked to as a means ot ip inrmn.r i m firmer. Hoes lie mean iu .,. ..,... r. .i.. ...........tl.rrp nrn ess i hall twenty ,r... ..4. .. urn l?,l lll'll ihns nlaceil in iuxta ,''''' , TrP.a's,,rv treats the m,siuoi i . ne ?i-tii.. , -. .' r ... matter m much niesame way. no . -- :. :.i. .L.C........I fn, U in the Treasury jiu-iivs wan ine; ... .- .onk al ns renort. in Staling niu i""" . reasurv. he ineationsthe23 millions on i deppsitc wit n iI,a sii.i.s Wleiirnn lm the nurooseol such a unu- mentl When a Secretary of the Treasur y presenls to the world a statement ofthe means of his Dcpan niem .itiiniitivruillv sunnosed lliat bis statement is r.i;,..i , .. I,., ...ii.cr nnsis in ihe Treasury, or is 1 1, a. Ihe likely lo accrue under the operation of existing la control of the Treasury than an y other money m the country. He knows hill well mai nn nci y" V is as necessary to his disposal ol any pari m mi n. !,,,. nf dniin at the custom. no, ..3 . , .,.m..i " I... ,t..n, .sites nouse. tiic Treasury can nu inuiou u.lil, ,v, ,.,. ,!.. ., -,!, lnv direct tax. What can be tho piirnose-lhc fair purpose of presenting f..J.i.'. .unir.n-B.. ... i.-Iipii ttiev Hrc not 111 auui- it-, iiiiiiis III llic iimuin ----y . the Treasury 7 Or what can lie mo i ur -tuii. -ri.r,.rrlnir i rn.l n f, mesns of navinent, when n cannot he touched, unless the President means to re commend to Congress to rccal the denosilcs made Hi," S VT,ua..o the deposiu s are no more mcaiii in the Treasury than if they belonged to nnother nation. The day, I hope, . -V.. , j--:-.i :. nn ... ulintl see win come 1 nave long nesireu n m..i -s ...... -- .,i-... r..... i. :..i.. ..l.n tlmrenortsofour fiscal i'1'iiuidi.ii'iiiiiii, omnu, --! - , . . . .. officers will deal less in pueses al l he future, nnd use less forms nnd phrases, wincn, i win noi ' signed lo mislead or to mystify, but the result of which :. .:.i.i -.i .n .m-.itri. ih nation. 13 iu iiii-iu,i.ii... - ,. , .., 1 sain inai uiougii me uuiiv".- . ' -r clearlyintiinateslha.vvemi.s. rc-jr lo ,n 'e . ssuf t reasury lotes, yei iuu irauii : -- , wish m avoid tho necessity cither of increasing the du ties, or of issuing new Treasury notes ho "' source reauy ....... ,,; 1,1.i1 lions Pelow even ms un f.nu.i....y. hko what he told us last year : and yet when we ill I reduce our appropriations within even his own csli- mati-s, still tho Treasury is in - . One other remark is su-gestcd by what the I resi dent sat s to us on the fith page of his Mcssngc. He tells uslhat il is possible to avoul the "creation of n permanent debt by the General Government, and then goes on to observe, "Hut, to accomplish so de sirable nn object, two things nro indispensable: first, that the action of tho Fedcra Government be kept ...;.!.: .i.- i .i. n-n-nnlipd l.v its founders." iOW, I did suppose that this duty of keeping the notion of tho l-encrni uorfrnniroi n m V'v ' . ir -Ti i, stitulion was absolute ; and thai it was not nfiVc ed by times, circumstances, or condition, l.ut was nlvva)s peremptory and mandatory. What is the inference lobe drawn from tho President's language! If tho m :.-...,.. ..a.. tni,i Lnnn w.thin the cnnsti- 1 IC.lBlll V I" CUM 'l , , w. . union , and what if it is full 7 Are vou to break its hounds 7 To transcend tho Constiiulion 7 I ha t at ways thought we should neither bo tempted to lint by i..-FHAln. TMiiiin, nnr di-tprrnd bv an imply one from Inking such i course as the exigencies of the country might require. Th.m is nlsn un imnnrtrnt omission in the Messipe, to which I would call the notice of Ihe Senate, and thn country. Tho President sayi tho rcvenuo has fallen ofTtwo ind i half millions of elollars under two bien nial reductions of the ntiof duties it the cu-tom-houwsundcrtbelsw of 1333. He it so. Hut do we rot ill know thitthira is before us, within i yor, Wasiiisotos, Dec. 17, 1310. The President's Message has been the theme again under discussion in the Sctmic Chamber, and tho In terest of the subject and ability of tie combatants, as usual, brought a good number rt attendants. Mr. Wright had prepared himself will an hour's speech in reply as ingenious a one as ho c tild make, nnd hav ing as little to do with the stronf points in Mr. Web ster's shecch as it could have, and bo considered a discus ion of tho same subject The chairman of committee offinance regarded tie President's repu tation as he always has done, )y the way, and a more zealous defender no man evir had as his own, nd jumped at every allusion dengatory to the princi ples of the President, a- though eifence or protection were a matter of hfeor death, here was, however, much frankness in some of the rniarks of the Sena tor. nnd more. I think, than cou'J have been drawn from any of his political associate. He acknowledged firs', that the President, dunnj his four years ad ministration, had expended nnia more than his in come, and would not, he said, dciy any of the facts nsserfiil bv the Senator from Massachusetts in re- rrnnl in the excess of this cxpendturc. It is admitted, therefore, nnd by the chairman id the commiiice oi ' . . . . . . ., n : I . .1... finance the right hand man o- mo i-rcsiueiu mm Mr Vnn fliiren has expended infy-sren millions Jirt hundred thousand efofars, Beyond the receipts of .1, nnrammnnt. .anil t ns. 11 less man ine iuui vears makiniriip his official tsim of service. There was yet another thiugh n reluctant ack nowledgment bv the Senator from New York, and that vvns the fact, so strikinglyhcld up by Mr We bster that this Administration wa ihe only one in the history of theGovernment vvhi-h had, in a time ot profound peace, created a Satimal Debt 1 Mr Wright, to be sure, found nn excuse for nis- the barren one of fated necessity rnthcr than tie obvious one of un pardonable extravagance andrross ni'sinanagctii'mt Thefactof adeht, an-1 a heavyibbt, and a u-: ' for which this d-nm rt-at. in wvir s-jor.s,', he d In deny. Howioiddhe' And yt: how few ilieic live, been, or are, of thr supports if the AJin.nisiratnii, who have admitted so much. Mr Wright niso made a manlf acknowledgment of the defeat the President had met with in the recent contest. He regarded it, as cv:ry fair man must, as thorough and overwhelming b?yond all precedent, while tlio triumph of the fiiendsof General Harrison had been ns complete and ns successful a victo ry as was ever known. There was no qualifica tion to this acknowledgment of defeat upon the one hand, and triumph on the other no charges of fraud," nnd "cheat," nn.1 "yiro i.yiin." - 1Iot-.1 soever, editorially or otherwise, may find its wny into the globe, and say "yea," and "nay," to what by the many little politicians who take their cue from that mendacious print. I have given you nil of Mr Wright a acknowledg ments. The rest ol llicspcccnwas mnue upoi njioio gies, subterfuges, and evasive answers to plain ques tions. The Secretary came in, with the President, forn share of protection, and the wisdom and skill of both President and Secretary had been cstablishc-i, beyond question, in the mind of the Senator. To all that Mr. Webster said in regard to the Indian I rust Fund-thc Winnebago fund of32,G;0,000, Mr. Wright made no allusion. The less important part of his re marks, touching the Chickasaw fund, were com mented upon at some length, and for the reason that the Administration was less vulnerable here, than in its management and representations of fact in regard to the other fund The tariff was alluded toby the Senator from rvcw York also, but not in the spirit, or in reference to the maltor alluded to by Mr. Webster, who discussed the message, not as a question political, but as one purely financial in its operations. Mr. Wright seemed to unnose that Mr. Webster had complained because the President had not settled the bone of contention connected with the Tariff ques-ion. That he regarded as a delicate question, which the President had very wisely, after his signal defiat, left with his successors Mr. Wright promised, in conclusion, that so far as he he could, he would aid in leaving the finances of the country in a condition which would make the call of an exlra session of Congress unnecessary, .Mr. Webster responded bncfl and pertinently to the rcnlvof Mr. Wright. The Senator, he said, had avoided nnd abandoned the material question present ed by him, t .uching the Winnebago fund of 82,530,000 which had been invested in stock purcnaseu at n pre- iiiium, and now below par. The important part of his argument had reference to this, nnd he complained that the President nnd Secretary oi tne i rcasury their picture the finances of the country as they were . . .. i .1 .r mrf ns thev nrob v were to ue had saiu nomine oi these habilitiesof the Treasury. The fund was a debt which was to be provided for. In regard to the Tariff Compromise, so soon to ex pire, Mr. Webster said that the Senator had altogether misunderstood mm. it was not aucncaie question with him whether there should be a tax upon cot'y wines nnd silks, n he had remarked before. He only thought that the President, ns a financial question, should have prepared the country for the diminished revenuegrovving out of the neSr approach or ihe termi nation of that Act. I repeat, said Mr. Webster, the Question of taxing wines and silks, is very far from being n delicate one with me so far from it, that were we in power, and it were possible for the Senate to oricinate a Ilcrcnue Act, the fitst thing which I would do, would be to bring forward a bill taxing wines and silks There were allusions made to the Message, both by Mr. Webster and Mr. Wright, but no material point were discusse-d. Tho discussion closed with a re ference of the President's Message to the committee of finance. Thcrspw, Dec. 17. Cu.-r Thn rncidntinn snhmitteil bv Mr. Wright on Monday last, to refer so much of the President's tcssage as rt-iaies 10 ine niiaiieei ui i iui the committee on Finance, which had been postponed on the motion ol .Mr. vv roster, coining mi mi consm crntion Mr. Wright spoke in reply to Sir. Webster, i.nniLi nn the financial nart of tho Message. Mr. Webster made a br cf rejoinder t after which the ref. erence wns made nem. con. and then tho Senate ad journed to Monday next. .... Horse Mr. Hunt of .Nevv-Yoik moved n resnlu lion corresponding to that ottered in the Senate by Mr Tallmadpe. unpnrnni' nu nnwiiuiiie-ni in ine rousu in ono term 1 1 tho year 1811, which was rcd twice and rcfetrcel to a committal ofthe whole, nnd ordered to bo printed. Mr. Davis of Kentucky gave notice that ho would at tho next silting, introduco a bill to limit the salaries of the District Attornics, Marshals, &c Mr. Wm.Cost Johnson, whoso desk had been shattered to nieces by tho fall of tho Clialidalier, moved that the House nd Imtrn tn Mnmlnv next t which was nirier-il to. nnd the proper officers were directed lo cnusu the remains of !. ' 1 I-,!-- 1.- .nn.n..n,l .....I n.... nml me cnnnumicr w uu luuiunu unu nuw uesno uuu chairs to be procured. Tho acnato Old not su lo-uny. Mondav, Dec. 21. Mr. Piny nf Alabama, from the Committee on nub- Hi- Isnils rpnnried without nmcndmcnt tho lull intro- .l..nil l.u Mr Itnntnn fur establishing? n permanent Rrc-rmption system which tnai person uesigiuu u u- is Log Cabin Pill. It was read and ordered tu be printed nnd made the order of tho lay for Monday nn, i ,ir. i ricriiL nrpsriiipn n itpin nil limn inii,i;i- ous citizens of New-York praying for tho passage of n uniform system i f llanlcrunlcv. which was referred to the committee nn the Judiciary. Mr. Wrightfrom the Committee on Finance reported a lull for the re duction and graduation of the price of public lands, with an amendment, which, with the bill wns ordered lo be printed. Mr.Calhoimgavcnot ce that he would to-morrow introduce a bill providing for tlio cession of tho public lands nf the United States for, certain purposes t and under certain conditions therein men tioned. Mr. Tappan moved to take up the bill for continuing the corporate existence of the Uanks of the District of Columbia, which was agreed to, and the Senator from Ohio offered some amendments which were ordered to be printed. On motion of Mr. Tappan a joint resolution to limit the term of service of tho Judges of the supreme Court nf the U. Slates, was mado the order of the day for the first Monday in January. On Motion of Mr. licnton the Senate held a short F.xc-utive session, nnd soon nficr ndjourned. HocsB The consideration nf tho Ingcrsoll nnd Naylor case was resumed, nnd the Clerk nccording lo oruers irnm mo iioiiscj ninue nis report, uv ul clared tint bchadpaul themoney in question, incom pliance widi the directions of tho com. of Accounts. Mr. Holts then moved tho following resolution Itesolrtd, That the Committee of nccounlsbe instruc ted to rcnort to this Hnuso bv what authority thev instructed the Clerk of this House to pay the sum of 811211 to Charles .1. Ingsrsoll ns compensation lor witnesses, Ac. examined in the contested election be tween Charles J. Ingcrsoll and Charles Naylor, nnd nt what time and on whoso nnnlicalion it was ordered and paid. Mr. Medill submitted a resolu'ion making he enquiry more extensive. Mr. Holts then mnuiuiii ,14 rr-Sftllttinn. flllrt tlm n.A..lA..a nm.linn l.ninn P-lllf-i! for, the resolution ns modified, was finnlly adopted without n division. The speaker wns about to pro- cecd to call on the committees ror reports wncn a suc cessful motion was made to adjourn. i rr.snAY, ivee.-. ii. o......Tii l.lll AsinMisb aboard ofCommis. sioncrs to'hear nnd determine claims ngainst the V. States has ben again brought up in inc Bennies ami postponed to a day certain. The number of claimants on the files of the two houses has been ascertained to bo ten thousand. Of these, the largest in amount is the claim nf American citizens lor spoliations ,,,- u 1300. Next in nmnnnt nro the "millionnry and claims," ns the Globe calls them. The ew England Mississippi Land Company lias n large emu", ".i- which n bill was lalelv. and for the twentieth time, reported. Th claims' for Indian depredations ate nu merous nnd large in amount, particnlv those arising in Florida. Wo must hnve a Court of Claims inde pndnnt nf Congress, or delay and deny justice to all llicso sunors. ... , . , i i Horsr. The resolution heretofore introduced by Mr. Rariden instructing the comniiltcoon public lands to inquire into the expediency ot reporting a inn 10 appropriale'8300,000 annually from the proceeds of the sales of the public lands, to the continuation and completion of the Cumberland Uoad, and to distribute the remainder of the proceeds among the several Slntcs, nccording to the principles of Mr. Clay's land bill, camcup. Mr. Hii' bard of Alabama, moved to lay the resolution on tho table, which wa- agreed lo, ayes I0i, noe-sSl. The seat contested by Mr. Naylor and Mr. Ingcrsoll of Pa. is filled bv Mr. Naylor as the sitting member, ubject to the ultimate decision of the llon'e. The commillecof elec ions made a if p rt n the case two or three days before the close of the Inst session, but it was not acted upon. This report according to Mr. Filmo'e's statement, declares that there is not nfl'c'ent evidence nf Mr. Naylor's flec tion, tint Mr. Incersoll is not elected, and tha there fore, the sent oiicht to be vacated, and the election sent back to the peop'e. There was more debate to day as to th pr rer lime for receiving the report. Mr. S'avlor was ready to mci it at nnv rime ; bu' it was postponed till after thebn'idas, fn order to afford the members time lo look , To the voluminous evidence in the rase. Ofeours", how ever, nn one will take tho trouble to look into the report, nnil the ens-, will he lecioed, II deeiiieei nt nil, ncrnrning io inc rpimuu Inch each member may have linen on inc s-uueci. vv r.nvnsnAV, uec. 41. In the Senate thebills to prevent the counterfeiting offjrrign coins, or uttering such counterfeits, were passed to a third reading. A bill to regulate tln-emol-umcnts of pursers in the Navy was debated and made special order. In ibn House. Mr. Adams s bill to nrevent frauds on the revenue was debated at some length and sent lo tlie comniiltcoon manufactures. Indian and Navy nppropnation bills were reporien. Sesatk Mr. Uuggles repot led a bill to protect the lives of passengers 111 hleam noais. .11er r. gren .,,...,i.Kr ..ri.llls bad been introduced. Mr. liuiton of fered one, imposing a tax on bank notes and oiln-i paper money circulated in the United Stales and Ter ritories. Mr. Huntington objected to its reception, as expressly forbidden by that clause ofthe Constitution which prescribes that all lulls for raising revenue mui originate in tlie House. Mr. H. raising the question nf consideration, Mr. Pierce of II. moveilto lay that question on llin table. Lost: Yeas IS ; Nays 22. Mr Ilentnn said his object had been partially ac complished by bringing lite subject before the country, and lie would withdraw his motion for leave to intro duce tho lull. After a spirited debate on his right thus to withdraw Mr. U. waived thefirst, and asked leave, a? a mailer of courtesy, to withdraw it. Granted ; and tho Senate adjourne-d lo Monday. In the House, niter a great niimner ot reports nan ,nnn wnnii'ml nnd lillls in I mihir-p(l Mr. TteVnold Of III. called up a memorial from tho Legislature of Illi nois, praying a reduction in the price of Public Lands. A spirited and interesting debate ensued between Mr. Reynolds, in advocacy ofthe action sought ; Mr. Pick ensof S. C. in favor of ceding the Public Lands 10 the States m which they lie on ronmtions; ami .nr. . Cost Johnson in favor of distributing the proceeds of their sales ninong nil the States. No question was taken. The House adjourned over to Monday. these circumstance.'', the tobacco planters of th'w country propose to retaliate, by imposing duties1 on French silks, wines, etc.; and wo hope they win succeed, not because wo think the Europe an Oovcrnnicnts aro very consur.iblo for impos. ing a heavy tax on such a vile weed as tobacco, but because silk is a luxury, bramly is worse than tobacco, and wine no better ; the two last certainly entitled to no favor i and' also because wo think well of encouraging tho making of silk. Wo aro not sure, however, that our Govern ment is cntirly free from treaty obligations in this matter. If tlio abrogation of the duty was a part of the bargain by which wo obtained tho indemnity, our hands will bo tied, and this in demnity, for which so much credit was given to Ijoii Jackson, when in fact it was all owing to the downfall of the Bourbons, will turn out little bettor than the famous colonial trade arrange ment, in which, instead of obtaining a "boon," we got badly cheated. GKN. ARMSTRONG. This individual has recently published a his. tory of the last war. Tho work seems to have been prompted by a burning desire to abuse Gen. Harrison; and hence, it abounds in malignant spleen and vituperation towards that distinguish, cd individual. Armstrong was Secretary of War under Madison, and so managed as to in. cur tho hatred cf nearly all the officers of the army, and finally had to resign his place, at the request of Mr. Madison, who would otherwise have dunisscd him in disgrace. How he came to be selected vv e know not, unless it was be cause ho was an officer in the Revolutionary war. He is the reputed author the Newburg Letters, which wcro addressed to the officers of tho army at the close of the Revolution, advis ing thorn not to lay down thoir arms, unless they wcro paid, but to retain the military power over the country and government themselves. But for tho noble effort.) of Washington, the ad vice of Armstrong might have been taken. This old man appears to have been concocting hii venom cv or ii ice the last war, and now he cornea out abusing almost all the officers who served in the army during that war, including Gen. Har rison and the Government itself. According tt his account, they were all a pack of knives and fools, except the discarded Secretary of War himself, whom the nation has very uniformly considered the true author of a large portion of the disasters which befel our arms in the first year or two of the war. Harrison appears to have held him in contempt, and he of course re ciprocated the feeling by a malignant jealousy and hatred, which was, however, shared by Harrison in common with most of the officers of the army. FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1511. MR. WKBSTKR'S SPEECH. We invite attention to this clear, cogent expo- sition of tho President's Message, and the mjs. tifications of Mr. Woodbury's Report. Mr. Van Buren's homily on the subject of a national debt sounds strangely enoungli in the mouth of the only administration in this country which over commenced a public debt in time of pro- found peace. And tho fact so fully established by Mr. Webster that the expenditures of the federal government for the last four years have annually exceeded the receipts more than seven millions of dollars, furnishes anotiier striking commentary on the economical professions with which the Van Huron party came into power. SILK TOBACCO PROTECTION. Our readers, wo suppose, are aw are that when we obtained what was called the French indem nity for spoliations on American commerce, one of the conditions, or at least one of the induce ments held out totho French tn pay us was tl.c repeal of all duties on French silk?, and a reduc tion of duty on wines and brandies. Without this boon 011 our part, perhaps Louis iqnllippe would not havo ventured to pay these old claims for spoliations made under Bonaparte and the French Directory, for the Bourbons Mad con stantly refused to pay them. It is now evident enough tint we ought not to permit the importation of bilk free of duty. We need tho revenue and the protection uoiii tho protection for our own silk growers, and to keep the balanco of trade from accumulating MRS. KINNEV. The trial of this unfortunate wrman for the murder of her husband, which lias been going on the past week at Boston, was brought to a close on Friday, and resulted in her triumphant acquittal. Wo have seen nothing in the testi mony upon which to found a well grounded sus picion against her; while it shows her to have been an affectionate, kind wile supporting the family by h r own industry. On the c'l.cr butid, her husband is proved to have been a drunken, worthless fellow, steeped to the lips in moral degradation who had repeatedly expressed the design of miking way with himself, and who, on on.- occasion, according to his own confession, had drugged himself with that intent. Under these circumstances, it is but reasonable to sup pose that the poison found in his stomach came there by his own instrumentality. " Mr. Dexter, counsel for the prisoner, spoke three hours and forty minutes; and was replied to by the I), strict Attorney, in a speech of five hours. When he had concluded," says the Boston I'ost, "Chief Justice Shaw asked the prisoner if she vv ished to say any thing in addition to what had been offered in her defence by her counsel. After some consultation with her, Mr. Curtis-, on her behalf, said that she felt a desire to make some remarks to the jury, but did not feel equal to the task, and on that ac count she would not avail herself of the privi lege suggested to her by the Court. At twenty live minutes past ten, the trial closed. Chief Justice Shaw delivered an impressive and full charge to tho jury distinctly favorable to the prisoner in all its bearings. It occupied two hours and twenty minutes. The case was giv en to the jury at a quarter past ten, and in three minutes thev came into court with a verdict of Not Guilty. An expression of applause from the multitude could not be suppressed. Mrs. Kinney, who had been required to stand up and hold up her hand, sank down as the verdict was pronounced. Duringthedcliveryof the charge, she partially fainted, but soon recovered that remarkable calmness, which had sustained her throughout tho trial. After the verdict, the was immediately discharged from the court house, accompanied by the officers and her friends. Outside, the crowd expressed their satisfaction at the verdict by cheers ; and thus has ended this long, arduous and exciting trial." If Mrs. Kinney is as the jury have virtually pronounced her, and as the public seem to re gard her indeed innocent, who can estimate the amount of moral suffering this fiery ordeal has cost her, or conceive with what desolation of heart she turned away from the hall of jus tice totho embraces of family and friends fully acquitted to be sure ; but yet, only to realize that her heart was withered, and her future hopes and happiness blasted forever ! Think of it, girls. Make tho case your own ; and ponder well before you marry that dissolute. drinking, gambling fellow, who aspires to be your protector. There 's nought but bitterness in that cup ; and when you have drained it to the dregs, it will be but a sorry consolation to prove that tho poison was not of your procuring- THE TRUE PHILOSOPHER'S STONF. Chambers, in his Edinburgh Journal, has an article on the philosophy of advertising, by an "Old Tradesman." His ideas on tho subject are certainly very plausible, and not unworthy the consideration of tradesmen. 'The first utility of frequent and regular advcruYa; is ibis there is at all times a larfc class of persons both in country and town, who havo no fixed places for thepurcha-e of certain necessary articles, and are ready lobe swayed and drawn 10 nny particular place, which is earnestly brought under their nonce. Indif ferent to all, they yield without hesitation to the first Then in the country, n consitteraoie num- f persons, who wish a supply 01 mem naiurany iiitinn. fixine the Presidential service four years; it lies uponlhe table.- Various, resolutions of inquiry were move-il : one by Mr. Morgan of IS Y. in reU'inn lo pnn office age ills, their pay ami service 1 two by Mr. Units of Va, one asking the authority of lh Cleik of tho Houso fur paving tac witnesses of C J, Ingcrsoll, in his contest with Mr Nnvlnr, and tin. other in reference t j Treasur-. notes. All wctc oppo ArririEt no nnd enrryinrr ntlr money to ElirOPC, This matter has been brought into notice at ' who 1 nsks present by the tobacco planters of the btates 01 communication with that address. People in Virginia and Maryland, who havo memorialized t,je country re also liable to be favorably impressed Confess mi tho subject. They complain that by tho frequent sight of iho name in the newspaper almost all tho European powers imposo encr- j The advertising party acq.iircsd,st,nc..o.iin their e)t. 1 ,,L- Holland and Belgium Wilms ihey are led, iu makii.gncho.ee, 10 prcfrj mous duties 0,1 tobacco; Holland atvl ue y Hlli bv far the most important effect ofadvrr one of nn indiiecl nature,, that ronveys J .ml nml ilnfmtrd In- the administration I' AlUAl I I 1" Houst Mr. Jones from tlie committee cf Ways and Mains, reported a bill making appropriations for the payment of revolutionary nd other pensions for there is a duty of 72 cents a pound on tobacco, and in Franc' the sale fftobace-. is monopolized by tho King.and the pnv ilego of felling it is sold to a few persons for a very large sum. Th privilege has recently been sold out, running t 1652, so that there is no nope 01 any lii.... . I . ! - I .nmr. ITr the tettr tor a mng "10 w tv""' for Undtr Ituinrr t impression that tho parly pretending or not p( lending, is anxious mr du.iucb . no i. anxious for business is unavoidably supposed to ba indusirious, attentive, civil erson, who keeps best aiticlci nt the cheapest rate, docs every ihini the neatest and tnot tradesinnn-hke manner .f genets! uscsry expedient to grnlify and if