FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY IB, 1041. POLITICAL ASPECTS. Washwoton, 30th Dec. 1840. By a report of the Secretary of the Treasury, under date of the 23d December, it appears that in the beginning of August appropriations were suspended, amounting to about $1,700,000 ; and that on or about the 8th of November ttie Sec rotary of the Treasury notified the President " that the temporary postponement of certain " appropriations made by you on the 4th of Au "gust last, under two acts of Congress passed " in July preceding, can now be terminated with "safety to tiio public credit." This recommen dation was approved by the President. It does not appear, however, that any expenditures havo subsequently been made in consequence of such recommendation and approval ; and it is believed that none have been made, but that this is an other attempt to mystify the money aflairs of the country, and to hide from vulgar gaze the em barrassed, if not bankrupt condition of the Treasury. One million seven hundred thous and dollars of the appropriations were suspended. In November a flourish is made that the Trcas u ry is now able to meet the demands on it, and tint those suspensions are no longer necessary. Two months having elapsed since they "termin ated ;" the question is, what proportion of these appropriations has since been paid 1 It is be lieved, not a dollar, certainly not one tenth. It is a manoeuvre to hoodwink the people. More than three weeks of the session have elapsed, and nothing has occurred that distinctly points to any fixed and settled policy on the "part of the administration and its friends. So far, however, as a judgment can be .formed, from the indications that are given, the conclusion is irre eistiblc, that tlio 4th of March will present an exhausted Treasury, with claims upon the Government for millions of dollars, and no pro vision made to meet the exigency. The admin, ittration and their supporters in Congress are like all other Bankrupts they shrink from an investigation of their aflairs, and live from day to day by unworthy and disreputable expedients anxiously looking for the hour when their as sets shall bo surrendered to their Assignees. The second act ot mo tamo larco mat was played last session is now to be played. Then, as now, we were told officially, that there was moncv enough in the Treasury, and that no further issue of notes would bz wanting. Mark the language of Mr. Wright on the lGth January, tho Sub-Treasury Bill being under considera tion. "The Bill" said Mr. Wright, "as it was "now, would come into operation on tho first of "July next; on the 13th of Juno next the last " Treasury note, issued on the authority of Con- "gross, for the last two cessions would become "redeemable, so that Mr. Wright was not "aware that when the bill would come into "operation, one dollar of Government paper " would be a floating," and yet, since that period tho amount of Treasury notes in circulation has been increased, and is now much more than it was at that time. At the commencement of the present, as at the last session, Congress were told in the open ing message, that they must not make any ap propriations but such as are in the estimates. Only a few days after the Message was delivered an application was made for one hundred and fifty thousand dollars not in the estimate, to pay the pensioners, the fund of more than a million of dollars being exhausted by an improper con struction of tho law, and ruinous speculation in worthless slocks. With a deficit of fifteen or twenty millions of dollars, (that is our present situation) what is to bo done ! How are tho demands upon the Treasury to be met! Mr. Calhoun, in his popularity-hunting wisdom, proposes to meet them by giving away all the public land. But how are they to bo met practically .' There arc luxuries, such as silks and wines, that are duty free. From these articles several millions of revenue might be annually raised. They are luxuries, and the rich or extravagant would prin cipally pay the duty. But Mr. Calhoun, while he is in favor of giving away the public lands, ho is opposed to levying a duty on silks, or rather he was during tho last session. The question came up incidentally. Mr. Clay said, in regard to silk itself, look at the facts. For seven years past, the annual amount of it brought into this country has been 12,500,000 dollar?, and one year it rose to i!0,. 000,000 ; and this 13,500,000 is for an article which if any thing is for the adornment and luxury of man, silk is that article. And if I was not absolutely powerless ; if my friends and myself had any power in the direc tion of this Government, I would to-morrow impose a duty equal to the maximum, which tho compromise act admits j that is, twenty per cent on this import of 10,."00,000 dollars in silk. Mr. Calhoun said, I differ in toto from tho Senator from Kentucky. Sir, the old condemned system is ruinous in every branch and especially to the manufacturing, agricultu ral and commercial interests. The distress which he ascribes to the importation of silk, comes from other causes, &c. &c. To return to tho question How are the de mands upon the Government to be met ! Will tho party in power, during their reign, make the necessary arrangements to raise tho ways and means to meet those demands! Without circumlocution, I roply they will nut. What then is to be done! From tho present aspect of affairs, the plighted faith of the Government must be disregarded and sacrificed, or, TllEitn MUST BE AN F. XT It A SESSION OF CONGRESS. Ill the language of Mr. Webster, we must have what merchants term a rest. We mu6t open new books. An extra session must le held, to repeal the Sub-Treasury law. To provide a safe deposi ii.rv for the public money. To ascertain the amount of legal claims that this administration Icavos unsatisfied. To create a stock for them. To find tho Treasury Notes that may remain in circulation. To raise a revenue equal to tho expenditures of tho Government, by taxing lux uries, such as silks, wines, &c. In short to lay before the people, bb far as practicable, a true and honest statement of their concerns, and thon to make the necessary provision against adding to the debt in which an improvident and incom ni.t(.nt administration have involved the country. This is what tho people require, at the hands of the party coming into power, and tlie presump tion is, they will not be disappointed. have just obtained tho knowledge of a singu lar and important fact, which illustrates, in a striking manner, tho unprincipled, mercenary, and grasping spirit of the party now In power, and to which I desiro to call public attention. "ine evil uiai men uv. ittce auci miviii 11 ..mi i . l -. .1 - l : ...... nr,n. . t : . t ri tL.a V) W.C Virtti u.iibHii nu wile ll - - 1 1 . L. - 1.....-.?.. . 1 ,1. emphatically true of this administration. But, not content with leaving to tho country a logacy of debt, of dilapidated finance, of disordered cur- rency, of universal confusion in public affairs, and of political demoralization, the present dy nasty is aiming, with rapacity which nothing can satiate, to seize in advance on the power and the patronage, which of constitutional right belongs to Gen. Harrison. Under the Constitution of the United States by long settled construction, public officers hold their places at the will of the Executive. In addition to this thcro is an act of Congress, of not very remote date, which provides that tho commissions of a large class of public officers shall expire by their own limitation, at tho end of four years. So that in tho case of these offi- cors,though the President should have abstained from tho exercise of his constitutional power of removal, yet the officer goes out of office at the expiration of the four years, and ho must bo re appointed, in order to hold his place, precisely as if he were a new man. I will not stop now to develope tho secret history, curious as it is, winch belongs to tho origin of this law, sum- cicnt to say that such is the law. I his law applies to the District Marshals of the United States j and the commission of J. L. Sibly, Marshal of tho District of Massachusetts, conferred under, and controlled by it, expires on tho 3d day of March 1911, simultaneously with tlio expiration of the authority of Mr. Van Au ral, as President of the United States. Of course Mr. Sibley, as I hardly need say, is a devout partizan of the present administration. Mr. an Buren has now sent to tho Senate a message rc-nominating Mr. Sibley to bo Mar-, shal of the District of Massachusetts, from and ajtcrthe'M day of March, 1811. But who is President oftho United Stntcsromnno'iTf'rrTic 3d day of March next ! Mr. Van Buren ! No, Gen. Harrison. And thus, by this nomination Mr. Van Buren arrogates to himself the power to fill by anticipation, vacancies which are not to occur until his administration is at an end. If in December, 1810, Mr Van Buren may fill a vacancy which is to be on tho 4th of March 1811, he may, with equal right, fill tho vacancy for a commission which is to expire on the 4th of April, 1811. Yes, on the 4th of April, 1842. Where is the principle to stop, if admitted at all ! No where short of three years, and three hun dred and sixty-four days. If Mr. Van Huron can appoint for one day of Gen. Harrison's term of office, he may for the whole of it. I denounce this as an act of unconstitutional abuse and usurpation of power in the particular case. I go further. I denounce it as being a feeler, put forth to see how the thing will work to be followed by the wholesale acts oftho same' sort, provided the Senate can be brought to sanction, and tho public sense of the people of the United estates to tolerate tins one. I have reason to believe that this is but a part of a scheme of intrigue, contemplated by the spoils-loving partizans of the administration Certain holders of lucrative offices, under tho Treasury Department, or elsewhere, it is said, think of resigning in favor of others of their fel low partizans, so that, when Gen. Harrison comes in, these last may plead, that as newly appoint ed men, they hae had no participation in the political misdeeds of their predecessors. But I predict, they will find themselves disappointed if they lay this flattering unction to their souls. To procure an appointment by means of such intrigue as this, and with such purposes, would be, in itself, ample cause of removal ; and such men would well deserve to bo the first on whom tho indignation of a wronged and roused people should tall. This anticipatory nomination of J. I,. Siblcv, to bo Marshal of .Massachusetts, reminds mu of the opening1 scene in the drama oftho truly lov ing Jackson-Van Huron dynasty, of which scene this is the perfect counterpart. In December 1823, twelve years ago, this very month, Mr. Adams stood in tho same rela tion to tho incoming administration of Gen. Jack son, that Mr. Van Huron now stands in with reference to that of Gen. Harrison. Vacancies had then occurred in the natural course of things, in several offices, for which Mr. Adams proceed ed to make nomination, as he was in duty bound to do. Among the rest, ho nominated John J. Crittenden of Kentucky, one of tho best and wisest men of the country then, as now, to be a Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States, for an existing vacancy, which the pub- lie service required to be filled, previous to the regular annual term of the Court in January. But a majority of the Senate of that day was composed of opponents of the outgoing and menus oi me incoming administration : and thev determined to seize upon the public power three months in advance. Accordingly they met in party caucus, as Mr. (no Judge) McKinhij avowed, and resolved to put off, or otherwise get rid of all Mr. Adam's nominations ; and upon tins resolution they prted m the case of .Mr. Crittenden, whom they indirectly rejected, after a long and animated debate, in which debate tlio spoils system had its commencement, and was established as the policy of the new admin, istration. Other cases were determined the samo way. Indeed, I believe they departed from it in but one case, that of a gentleman of high qualifications to bo sure, for the office he received, and of unquestionable integrity (for all Mr. Adams' appointments were in purpose pure ones) but who escaped the doom which befel Mr. Crittenden, though for other reasons, I believe independent of the question of merits and which reauons, I think, if so disposed I could assign. Thus you perceive that the endeavor of the party now in power, to lengthen out its authority in 1810 by nominations in advance, for vacan. cics to occur under General Harrison, is the exact counterpart of its plan to antedate its au. thority in 1828, by refusing to fill vacancies which occured under Mr Adams. Unhappily the same party counsels rule in the Senate now as then. It remains to be een, whether those nrcnent Senators, friends of Mr. Van Buren, holding seats from States friendly to Gen. Harrison, wi? prostitute their character and abuse their hi"hi functions, for the sake of rewarding sorno of Mr. van JJurcn-N importunate partizans. I hono ami trust they will not. I am sure if they do, they and their party will not fail to receive rnn,1in punishment fur the act, at the hands of tho peo ple oftho United States. It i i for eUch practices and principles, that tho party in power havo been struck to tho earth ; and the more of such imngB iney uo, mo more perpetual and irrevo. cable will their doom be of reprobation be. The Spy in Washington. - UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN. The correspondence between tho British Minister and tho American Secretary of State ... t ... 1 .. 1 iii run-rum u w mc uurning oi me Caroline contained in this day's piper, is one of the most important which has taken place in years, bo. ivreen thf two cmmtriM. Of ittelf, prharw, if would not lead to any ultimate difficulty, but when added to tho many other open questions tho lofty Feathcrstonaugh pretensions of Eng land upon tha disputed territory in Maine tho interference with our China trado by tho block ade of the porta of Canton their claims in ref erence to the northwestern boundary, and tho present unequal condition oftho colonial trade, it may como to a gradual estrangement between the two countries, thu end of which is not dis tinctly seen. Tho position assumed by Mr Fox, and his demand for tho delivery of McLcod, would seem to be justified in his view oftho case, and on his principles of action, while, on tho other hand, the position of Mr. Forsyth, and tho arguments he assumes, aro founded on such principles as can never bo given up by this country. The case of the Caroline differs in some essential respects from tho attack made upon Prcscott, or tho conflagration of the Sir Robert Peel both from this side. In neither of those two later cases were the perpetrators authorised or sanctioned by tho Amorican gov ernment state or general. They were disavow ed and left to tho mercy of tho laws of the coun try in which they were caught. The perpetra tors in tho burning of tho Caroline, were in the pay of tho British government the act is now sanctioned and avowed by tho British functionary. This constitutes a great and essential difference in the two cases. How would tho British gov ernment have replied to a demand made upon them by the American government for tho deliv ery of the invaders of Prcscott 1 Would they not have considered it an insult of tho highest quality ! Is their demand for McLcod of a dif. f .. . , . ... lereni cnaracier i wo no not conceive it is. Yet this demand is made and this very demand the nation will consider a gross outrage upon tho national feelings and tho national rights, now perpetrated by Mr. Fox, a functionary of a foreign government. A. l . Herald. Mr. Fox to Mr. Forsyth. Washington. Dec. 13, 1310. Sia : I am informed by his Excellency the Lieut enant Governor of the Province of Upper Canada, that ST. Al.AK.l STI 1 !-:.- I. r.ri . . .ill. .tii;..iiiui;i .uulji-uu, u liriusll sudjcci, anu laie deputy slicrill'of the Niagara district in Upper Canada, was arrested at Lewiston, in the State of New York. on the 12th of last month, on a pretended charge of murucr anu arson, naming ucen cngageu in tlio cap tore and destruction of the piratical steamboat "Caro line," in the month of December, 1937. After a tedious and vexatious examination, Mr. McLcod was commit ted for trial, and he is now imprisoned in Locknort fail. I feel it my duty to call upon theGovcrnmentofthe uniicu oiaics lotauo prompt anu cucctual steps for tlio liberation of Mr. McLcod. It is well known that tlie destruction of tho steamboat "Carolina" n n public act of persons in her Majesty's service, obeying muti oi men sujiunur uuiuuriucs. l rial act, therefore, according to the usages of nations, can only he the subject of discussion between the two national Governments; it cannot justly be made the ground of legal proceedings in tlie United Slates against the in. duiduals concerned, who were bound to obey theaU' thoritics appointed by their own Government. I may add that 1 bepeve it quite notorious that Mr, McLcod was not one of the nartv cnea?ed in the do. struction of thosteaniboat " Caroline j" and that the pretended cnarge upon which lie lias been imprisoned rests only upon the perjured testimony ol certain Ca nadian outlaws and their abettors, who.unfortunatcly for the peace of that neighborhood, are still permitted by the authorities of the State of New York to infest the Canadian frontier. Tho question, however, of whether Mr. McLcod was or was not concerned in the destruction of the "Caroline," is beside the purpose of the present com munication. That act was the public act of persons obeying the constituted authorities of her Majesty's Province. The National Government of the United Slates thought themselves called upon to remonstrate against Hi and a remonstrance which the President did accordingly address to her Majesty's Government is still, I believe, a pendins subiect of dinlomatic dm- cuss'ion between her Majesty's Goernmcm and tho United Slates Legation in London. 1 feel, therefore, justified in expecting that tho President's Government will see the justice and the necessity of causing tho irciciiiiinuKru,iiu release oi .nr. Jlci.eoa, as well as for taking such steps as may be requisite for prevent ing others of her Majesty's subjects from being per secuted or molested in the United States in a similar manner for tho future. Itappcarsthat Mr. McLcod wasarrcstcd on tho 12tl int.; that after tlienxaniination of witnesses, he was luiullv committed for trial on the 18th. and placed in confinement in tho jail of Lockport, awaiting the assize", winch will be Held therein l-euruarv next. As the case is naturally occasioning, n ereat decree of excitement and indignation within the British frontier, i earnestly iiujil uiai u may uu in yuur puwer 10 give mean cany anu sausiaciory answer lo mc present representation. I avail nivselfof this occusion to renew tovou the assurances of my distinguished consideration. II. S. I'U.V Hon. Jons Fokevtii, ccc. Mr. Forsyth to Mr. For. Depaktmenp or State, ) Washington, Dec. 2G, 1S40. S Sia : I have the honor to acknowledge, ond have la J before the President, your letter of the 13th inst., touching thcarrcst and imprisonment of Alexander McLcod, a British subject, and lalo Deputy sherifTof l... v :.. it - r. ' ' , int.- -iiiiaiu uisiuui, in uiiir vuiiauu, una cuargo Ul murder and arson, as having been engaged in the cap ture and destruction of the steamboat "Caroline," in the month of December, 1S37; in rcspest to which you stats that you feel it vour dutv to call unon tho government of tho United States to takenrompt and cncciuai steps mr mo iiucrauoii oi .nr. .nci.cnu, and to prevent others of thesubiects of her Maiestv the Queen of Great Ilritain, from being persecuted or mo lested in a similar manner for the future. This demand, with tho grounds upon which it is made, has been duly considered bv the President, with n sincere desire to give to it such a reply as will not only manifest a proper regard for the character and rights of the United States, but, at the same time tend to preserve the amicable relations which, so advanta- gousiy lor uotii, subsist between tins country and Knaland. Of the reality of this disposition, and of the uniformity with which ithasbeenevinced in tho many uci.caic anu umicuu questions wnicn nave arisen Be tween the two countries in the last few vears. no one can bo more convinved than yoursdf. It is then with iimugneu regrci mat inc rrcsiuem nnusuiniseii una ble to recognise the validity of a demand, a compliance with which vou deem so material to the preservation of tho good understanding which has been hitherto manifested between the two countries. Thj Jurisdiction of the several States which con- stitute the Union is, within its appropriate sphere, per fectly independent oftho Federal Government. The offence with which Mr. McLcod is charged, was committed within tho territory, and against the laws and citizens of the State of New York, and is one that comes clearly within the competency of her tri bunals. It does not, therefore, present an occasion where, under the Constitution and laws of tho Union, the interposition called for would be proper, or for which a warrant can bo found in the powers with which tho Federal Executive is invested. Nor would tho circumstances to which vou have referred, or the reasons you havo urged, justify the exertion of such a power, if it existed. Tho transaction out of which the question arises, presents the case of a most unjustifiable invasion, in tune of peace, of a portion of the territory of theUnited States, by a band of arm ed men from tho adjacent territory of Canada, the forcible capture by them within our own waters, and the subsequent destruction of a steamboat, tho property of a citizen of tho United States, and tho murder of one or more Americm citizens. If arrc-tcd at tho time, tho offenders might unquestionably have been brought to justice by tho judicial authorities of the State within whoso acknowledged territory these crimes were commuted ; and their subsequent volun tary entrance within that territory places them in tho same situation. Tho President is not aware of any principle of international law, or, indeed, of reason or justice, which entitles such ofiendcrs to impunity be foro the legal tribunals, when coming voluntarily within their independent and undoubted jurisdiction, because tney actcii in obedience lo ipeir superior au thoritics, or because their acts have become ihc sub iect of dinlomatic discussion between the two Gov ernments. Theso methods of rodress, the legal pro- bcluiiuii u, uiiuiiuiin, iiuu mu ujuuu.muiiui incir Gov ernment for satisfaction, are independent of each other, and may bo separately and simultaneously pursued, i uu nvuwuwjr jiisuiicaiion oi mo outrage by tho British authorities might bo a crround of cum. plaint with the Government of the United States dis tinct from the violation of the territory and laws of the Mate orjscw urK. Hio application of the Gov ernment of tho Union to that of Great Britain, for tho rcuress oi an nuuiun.eu uuira&'aui 1110 peace, uignity, and rights of tho United States, cannot depmo the State of New Vork of her undoubted right of vindi cating, through tho exercise of her judicial power, the property and lives of her citizens. Vou havn very properly regarded the alleged absence o( Mr. McLcod iroin trio scene oi iiiuuuuiH-c m uiu nine u was com mitted, as not material to the decision of tho present question. Thalia matter to bo decided by legal evi dence) and the sinecro desire of the President is, that it may be satisfactorily established. If the destruction of the Caroline was a public act of persons in her Maie-ty's service, obeying theordcrs of their superior authorities, this fact has not been t before communica ted to the Government of the United States by a per son authorized to make the admission I and it will be for the court which has taken cognizance of the oflcii re with which Mr. McLcod i charpfd, to decide upon it) validity when legally established before it. mo ricsiacnt aeoms tnis to do a proper occasion to remind the Government of her Britannic Majesty that the case of the "Caroline." has been long since brought to tho attention of her Majesty's principal Secretary of State for Foreign Aflairs. who tin to this day, has not communicated its decision thereupon. ii is nopea mai me uovornmcni oi ncr majesty win nerccivo tho importance of no longer lea vine tho Gov ernment oftho United States uninformed of its views and intentions upon a subject which has naturally produced much exasperation, and which has led to surh gravo consequences. I avail myself of this occasion to renew to you the assuranco of my distinguished consideration. JUtilN I'UIISI ill. II. S, Fox, Esq. etc. &c. &c. Mr. Fox to Mr. Forsyth. Washington, Dec. 29, 1840. Sin 1 have the honor tn acknowledge tho reccint of your letter of the 2(llli inst. in which, in reply to a ictier wmcn i nnu addressed to you on tno utn, you acquaint mo that the President is not prepared to com ply with my demand for tho liberation of Mr, Alex ander McLcod, of Upper Canada, now imprisoned ot Lockport, in tho Statc of New York, on a pretended charge of murder and arson, as having been engaged in the destruction of iho piratical steamboat "Caroline" on the 29lh December. 1S37. i icarn witn deep regret tnat sucn is tnc decision ot the President of the United States, for I cannot but foresco tho very grave and serious consequences that must ensue it, besides tno injury already lnllicted upon Mr. McLcod, of a vexatious and unjust imprisonment any further harm should be dono to him in tho pro gress of this extraordinary proceeding. i nave lost no limn in torwaraing to ncr majesty s Government in England the correspondence that has taken place, and 1 shall wait tho further orders of her Majesty's Government wiih respect to tho important question wnicn tnat correspondence involves. lint I feel it to bo my duty not to close this commu nication without hkewiso testifying my vast regret and surprize at the expressions which I find repeated in your letter with reference to the destruciion of the steamboat Caroline. I had confidently hoped that the first erroneous impression of tho character of that event, imposed upon the mind of the United States Government by partial and exaggerated representa tions, would long since have been effaced by a more strict apd accurate examination of the facts. Such an investigation must even yet, I am witling to be lieve, lead tho United States Government to the samo conviction with which her Majesty's authorities on the spot were impressed, that the act was ono in the strictest senso of self-defence, rendered absolutely necessary by the circumstances of the occasion, for tho safety and protection of her Majesty's subjects, and justified by the saino principles which, upon similar and well-known occasions, have governed tho conduct of illustrious officers of theUnited States. The steamboat Caroline was a hostile vessel engag ed in piratical war against her Majesty's people, hired from her owners for that purpose, and known to be so beyond the possibility of doubt. The place where tho vessel was destroyed was no minally, it is true, within the territory of a friend ly Power, but the fricndlv Power had been deprived. through overbearing piratical violence, of tho use of us proper aiunoriiy over mat portion oi territory. The authorities of New York had not even been able to prevent the artillery oftho State from bein? carried off publicly, at mid-day, to be used as instruments of war against ncr .Majesty s subjects. It was under such circumstances, which it is to be hoped will never recur, that tho vessel was attacked by a party of her Majesty's people, captured, and destroyed. A remonstrance against tho act in question has been addressed by tho United States to Her Majesty's Government in England. 1 am not authorized to pro nounce tho decision of Her Majesty's Government upon that remonstrance, but I have felt myself hound to record, in the meantime, tho above opinion, in or der to protest in tho most solemn manner asrainst the spirited and loval conduct of a nartv of Her Maiestv's officers and people being qualified, throuch an unfor tunate misapprehension, as I believe, of the facts, with the appellation of outrage or of murder. I avail myself of this occasion to renew to you the assurance of my distinguished consideration. II. S. FOX. Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Fox. Department or State, ? Washington, December 31, 1310. J Sir I have tho honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of tho 29th instant, in reply to mine of tho 2Gth, on the subject of tho arrest and detention of Alax. McLcod, asone of iheof the perpetrators of the outrage committed in New Yorl when the steamboat Caroline was seized and burnt. Full evidence of that outrage has been presented to her Majesty's Govern ment with a demand for redress, and of course no discussion of the circumstances, here, can be either useful or proper, nor can I suppose it to be your desire to invite it. I take leave of the subject with this single remark, that the opinion so strongly expressed by you on Ihe facts and principles involved in the de mand for reparation on her Majesty's Government bv theUnited States would hardly havo been hazard ed had you been possessed of tho carefully collected testimony which has been presented to your Govern ment in support of the demand. Iavail myself iho ocnIon lo renew lo you the as surance of distinguished consideration. JOHN FORSYTH. The trial of McLeod, indicted by tho Grand Jury of Niagara county for being concerned in the burning of the Caroline, comes on for trial, at Lockport, next month. Ho refused tn give bail and is now in prison. This trial will not only be of great importance to the people on both sides oftho border, but it will call forth the attention of tho whole nation. On its decision the most important results may depend, affecting tho peace of tho two countries. If the arrogant pretensions of Mr. Fox aro sustained by the British government, wo do not see how a quarrel can be avoided. THE CAROLINE. This question is assuming an importance which it was evidently not tho des ign of the administration to givo it: and circumstances have now placed it before the world in a light that it has got to be met. Our government has shown the outrage to have been ono of hinli- handed atrocity, and a most flagrant violation of the rights of individuals and the nation's honor. To this representation, tho British gov eminent has deigned no roply! but now, after tho lapse of three years, when one of the indi vidual perpetrators is arrested, Mr. Fox comes forward, avows the act as authorized by his gov crnment, and demands the release of Mr. Mc Leod ! This insolent demand we are happy to say, is met by Mr. Forsyth in a becoming spirit ; and we aro also happy to perceive that ono com mon feeling seems to pervade tho nation on this subject. Tho southern papers, in particular, treat it as an insult that slrouldbo atoned for at all hazards. But while wo approve the temper of the secretary's letter, which wo publish to. day, we cannot but marvel at tho almost total indifference the administration has heretofore manifested to the studied and contcmpious silence of the British Government. "The Caroline was destroyed in 18.17, and in obedience to ono general burst of indignation throughout the country, the President directed Mr. Stevenson, our -Minister in London, to demand of the British Ministry immediate rcpa. ration. Tlio demand was accordingly made, but treated with the most studied neglect and contempt. A second demand in the summer of '39 met with tho same contemptuous treatment; and in July, 1839, eighteen months after tho outrago upon the Caroline, and fifteen months after the first demand for explanation and satis faction, Mr. Stevsn&on felt it incumbent upon him to call the attention of Mr. Forsvth to this contemptuous disregard of his demand, which ho did in the following words : Mr. Steeenson to Mr. Fortyth Extract. Legation or the United States, fc London, July 2, 1839. I regret to say that no answer has yet been given to my note in tho casooftho "Caroline." I hae not deemed it proper, under tho circunibtances, to press bu.'jw. "hiiuiii iui im-r instructions irom your no partition!. If 11 is tho wiih of tho Government that I should do so, I pray lo be. informed of it, and the de gree uf urgency that I am to adopt. And what did Mr. Forsvtii do in consequence of this call on tho part of Mr. Stevenson for further instructions on tho subject? Did he, as it was his duty to do, promptly direct him to re now the demand nnd tVmj upon an early answer as duo aliko to tho nature of tho outrage and respect for this Government! Far from it. He adopted no such course he felt not indignant at tho studied neglect with which our demand was treated, or if he did, ho was quite willing to sub mit to Mich coutemptuout; treatment from the British Ministry rather than tako a course, which, while it defended tho insulted honor of tho country, might possibly hazard tho re-oloction of Mr. Van BuREtr, by giving offenco at tho South. Ho accordingly roplicd to Mr. Steven son as follows : Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Stttenioh Extract. Department or state, ) Washington, Uth Sept. 1839. J With rcferenco to the closing paragraph of your communication to tho Department, dated tho 2d of July last, No. 74. it is proper to inform you that no nfrilc(ion are at present required for again bring, inn forward the question of tlio "Caroline." I havo had frequent conversations with Mr. Fox in regard lo this subject one of very recent date and from its tone, tho President expects tho British Government will answer your application in the case without much further delay. And here the matter was permitted to rest. The administration, in obedience to public sen timent had made a demand for reparation in the casooftho "Caroline," and that demand was treated with indignity and contempt by tho Bri tish Government j and yet Mr. Van Bueen's administration dared not, or at least did not, and what is more, absolutely refused to permit our Minister in London to insist upon an answer to such demand 1 And now after three years has elapsed since tho perpotration of the outrage complained of, during tho wholo of which period our demand has boon treated with con temptuous silence, behold Mr. Forsyth is made to learn incidentally, though a letter from British Minister at Washington, that the British Government never for a moment entertained the idea of making any explanation, or of granting any reparation for tho outrage committed on tho Caroline ! ! MILITARY MOVEMENTS. The Montreal Transcript of the 2nd inst., says, "An important Militia General Order has appeared in Upper Canada, and has given rise to a variety of conjectures. It is supposed to be connected with the detention, imprisonmen, and trial of Mr. McLcod, by the American authori ties." We also learn that a portion of tho regular force has been ordered from tho lower to the upper Province, and that new companies of vol unteers are organizing at Montreal. CONGRESS. In the two houses of Congress the most interesting subjects of discussion since our last, havo been the pre-emption bill in the Senate, and the McLcod cor respondence in the House. On tho pre-emption bill, Mr. Clay of Kentucky spoke on Wednesday with much ability and eloquen ce. He gave a history of the pre-emption system, maintaining that it took its rise in peculiar circum stances, and should bo cautiously acted upon. He said that the revenue from public lands had been nra- dually diminishing for several years ; and that the pre sent bill would defeat tho expectation of drawing a larger revenue, by diminishing the price, because it exceeded a credit of two or three years to the pre emption. , Mr. Clay said that the law was professedly advo cated to benefit the pool ; but denied that the pool throughout the contry would receive any benefit from it. Ho enquired also where the authority was found to distribute charity and pass elemojynary acts. He said the whob system of pre emption and reduction was nothing but a system of land tiaps to catch the people in the new states, but tho more traps were set, the fewer would be caught. The most amusing part of bis speech was tint in which he appealed to the friends of the bill not to force their measures upon the new administration. He his icportcd in the Journal of Commerce to have said : That on the very close of a dismissed ministry, measures vitally and permanently affecting the public policy should not be passed, and carried through on party grounds. If I were in the predicament of these gentlemen, said Mr. Clay, I would institute no new measure, I would barely keep the government in motion for the brier period of my ollicial existence. It would be well recollected that after Mr. Adams was expelled from power a general laugh here in terrupted Mr. Clavl 1 mean when Mr A,li,o ., defeated as a candidate for re-election, the Senate re fused to pass on any of his nominations for four months before the expiration of his term. Ho did not ask that this should not bo done, lint h .mm. cd gentlemen that they had pursued this constitutional privilege of appointment toofar. They were makin" appointments in every direction, and, if General IIar nson was the man ho took him to be, he would not suffer his administration to be tlius lopped ovtr. Ho meant to be President, and to have suitable men in all the executive offices. If, when he came into the presidency, he should find among tho incumbents any honest and capable men, who had not been en gaged as partizans, and who had not interfered in elections, (he feared that ho should find few such,) these, Mr. Clay hoped he would spare as solitary mo numents of tho mercy, justice and patriotic principles of the whig administration. Mondav, Jan.-l. Senate. Several bills were read in Committee of the wholo and ordered to be engrossed. The special order was then taken up, being the bill to establish a permanent prospective pre-emption sys tem in favor of settlers on the public lands, and after having been debated by Messrs. Clay of Alabama, Benton, Prentiss, Mangum, Clay of Ky. and others, was passed over informally. IIocse. The members of congrcsa having pretty fail ly got through tho holidays, and the New Year's congratulations, the bouse of representatives assem bled in goodly numbers this morning at the usual hour of meeting. A number of communications from departments were submitted to the house by tho speaker, generally of little consequence. Among them was an answer from tho war department to Mr. ProlTil's call for in formation, as to the suspension of operations on the Cumberland road, and the public works on the great Lakes, and the sale of the public tools and implements used on those works. No order was taken on the subject, except to print the communication. Reports from committees were called for and re ceived. There was none of any consequence, except a bill from tho navy committee, remoddeling the navy pension fund, which has accidentally become a sub ject of absorbing interest. When that subject was be fore the committco during the last week, scarcity a member seemed to know any thing of the nature of the acts passed within the last four or five years, lay ing additional charges on this fundj now it is a fact, that the committee on naval affairs, sensible that tho operation of the act of the 3d of .March, 1837, would drain and ruin the fund, have had a bill before the house for two years, modifying that act hut their cals were unheeded j but now, when concress aro called upon to appropriate upwards of 8150,000 to pay pensions which tlieir laws had nlaced nnon it. thw could find out that all had been wrongs and instead of modilying me act, nothing would answer but lis total repeal. Thus exemplifying the old savin", that when- ever you touch a man's pocket, you touch him in his most sensible point. Mr. Adams also came forth with his report from his speviai cuiiimiuec, respecting tnc aiicgea laisuication in the printing of the Amistad document of the last session. It all amounted to nothing. Tho poor proof leauvi wu.i mu Bipu goal. Mr. Barnard then commenced Ihe speech on tho nr.onces lor tnc last inree or lour years, which ho had been daily deprived of making for two weeks, by somo trick or legerdemain. Ho had not more than cot well under wav when the hour allotted for rrsn. unions expired, and he w-as arrested under the rules lor Ilic purpose ot reading a messago which came in from Iho President just before he took Ihe floor, and for iho reading of which be refused to give way. tt?We invite attention to the letter of tlio "Spy in Washington," published in an other column, in reference lo tlio attempt of tho President lo usurp tho appointing power which rightfully belongs to his suc cessor in tho case of tho District Marshal of Massachusetts. Nor is this the only case, if wn aro correctly informed, in which an at tempt will ho mado to stretch Executive pre rogative. Thcro is strong reason to believe that tho closing days of Van Buren domina tion will witness a repctlon of tho disgrace ful scenes of 1801. Should this ho so, it will now, as then, consign tho actors to tho per petual execrations of the people, and avail tlio parlies nothing j for most assuredly no such trickery as this will for one moment be tokvatod by the people, or their president. LATER FROM ENGLAND The packet ship Enolanp, Capt. Waite, arrived yesterday evening from Liverpool, whenco she sailed on tho 9th ultimo, and hasbrougbt us Liverpool papers of that day and London files to tho evening of the preceding day. Wo beg Capt. Waite to accept our achrtowlcgments of his kindness In furnishing us with the latest papers. 4The intelligence wo havo received by this vessel is highly interesting. In the first place, the debates in tho French Chamber of Deputies on the Ministerial Address, in reply to the speech of the King, at the commencement of the session, has been adopted by a largo majority thus securing tho predominant of tho peace party in the councils of tho nation. In tho next place, tho adhesion of Mehemet Ali to the terms proposed to him by the allied powers, has removed all apprehensions of a terious collision aris ing out oftho Eastern questional the present moment. Yet it cannot be concealed, that feelings appear to havo been excited in France, by tho course pursued by tho other great European powers in this matter, which threaten the general peaco at no very distant day. Accounts of a later date have reached England, of thonrocecdinns oftho Knrdish forces invadinp China. They havo mado themselvesmaslcrs of the island of onusan, without meeting any resistance worthy of a name, nnd have then directed their strength to the blockade of othcrimportant points, and perhaps to an attempt on Pekin itself. It would also seem that the possession of Canton is contemplated by them, or at least the destruction of the forts at the Boque. What may bo iho eventual success of their measures, time alone can determine tit is however, very clear, that the Chinese ore totally unalle to meet their assailants in open warfare. The Enzlish Journals containa vast mass of Intel- gencefrom their Indian Empire, generally of a favor- uuio cnaracier. Lnosi -uonamined, thetormer sov ereign of AfTL'hanistnn. lias nnA iho infnrmMinii readied London a dav after our Corresnondent wrote been defeated, wounded, and fled from the scene of action. In Commercial matters, there is certainly ono very favorable symptom, and that is, the cessation of all demand on England for coin or bullion. A'. Y. Cour. Tho freshet of last week appears to have ox. tended south and east as far as we have intelli gence. Tho destruction of bridges &c. at tho south has been great, and the loss of property in horses, cattle, sheep, hay, &c, very considera ble. The dam across tho Croton river, erected by the city of New York, at an expense of some three hundred thousand dollars, has been swept away, and considerable other damage done to tho works. Rutland and Addison counties, we are told, have sustained considerable losses in sheep and hay. Wo are not aware that any se rious losses have occurred in this region, owing to the circumstance, probably, that the ico was not very strong, and broke up and moved off in advance oftho full flood. The packet ship Gar rick went ashore twenty miles below Now York, during the storm on Thursday. Passengers and crow saved, but the vessel and cargo lost. MoNTrEUKR.Jan. 11. Our village was visited on Thursday night, by another flood of ice. Wo havo seldom, if over, seen the water so high j and the way the ico was broken up, jumbled, clogged and piled up in tho North Branch was quite astonishing to our small folks and such as had never seen the like before. About 3 o'clock, A. M. (Friday,) the ice sw ept down the Onion, carrying out tho floom of the Grist mill, on Berlin side, anu doing some other slight damage) nnd now (half past three, P. M.) a large quantity re mains in the N. Branch, which is moving out by Cicce-mcal. The apprehensions for the loss of our ridges are measurably quieted. The damage at present isof no great account. We hear of a bridge or two above, on the Onion, swept away. Half pa't four, P. M. The long agony is over. The Branch is clear and all is safe. It was a grand, a sublime spectacle to see the mass sweep down on its passage to the Lake. Patriot. McnDEn. The Nashville Banner states that a foul murder was committed on the 1 4th ult., near Hender sonvillc, Sumner county, Tenn., on the bodv of Mr. Lindsay, a respectable clergyman of the Methodist Church of near thirty years standing, and 55 years old. He was shot to obtain tho monev ho had abuut him, S300, as is supposed, by a man by the name of vjarrou, anu tnrown inio tno uumueriand river, where the body was found on the 20ih by dragging with a net. Carroll is a citizen of Missouri, but, for the last six months has been in Tennessee, and wherever he is known, is rather celebrated for his espertness, with his rirle. He has not been seen since and a handsome reward was offered for his apprehension. A man by Ihe name of Johnson, a supposed accom- puce, nas ucen tasen up. Return of Mr. Sievesson. We learn from the our Minister at the Court of St. James, has rcqucstid to be recalled, and may leave London on his return about ihe first of March. Mr. Ritchie compliments him with a flattering obituary in anticipation of official decease. Cour. f- 7vni7. his Mr. Boepe.v (Whig) has been elected to Congress in the district of Massachusetts, recently represented by Mr. Williams, (Loco Foco.) Mr. Bobdek's majority was "29. Marriratndl In Brownington, on the Cih inst., by the Rev. Mr. Twilight, Mr. William L. Strong, of this town, to Miss J.P. Meriiill, of the former place. In Montpelier, Sunday evening, 3d inst. at the chap el, by Rev Mr Harding, Mr John Geer to Miss Lucia Carpenter. In Broo'.field, by Rev Mr Wild, .Mr Benj P Young of Roxbury to Miss Mary A Nichols of B In Berlin, on the 1st instant, by Rev. A Hazen, Mr. Joshua II Clark of Williamstown, to Miss Polly A. Stewart, daughterof Capt. John Stewart. In Montpelier, 4lh inst, Lauretta W., daughter o' Lyman Brings, IZsq. agsd 2 years and 9 months. In Orange, Dec 30, widow Lucy Hancock, aged G9. Printers in Mass. and Ohio are requested, etc. In Newport, Nov C, Harvey Clement Batchelder aged 14 years Dec 22, Augustus N Batchelder, aged 19 years and 7 inonihs. They fell asV-ep in Christ. In this town on the 25th ult. Alexander Walker, aged 39 years. NOTICF.. Tho Board of Commissioners for the instruction oftho Deaf and Dumb and the Blind, will convene at the Pavilion House in Montpelier, on Thursday, the lBth day of February next, for the pur pose of designating beneficiaries who are to receive aid from the state of Vermont, and for the transac tion of any other business appertaining to the legal duties of the board. County Clerks and the civil authority of towns arc referred totitleSih.chop. 19th, of the Revised Statutes, touching their respective duties on this subject. L. SARGF..VNT, 3 -,,;. Jan. 4,1811. JOHN COLBY, C"Z 1IF..NRY STOWKL, ) on(: P. S. Publishers of newspapers in tho state of Vermont will confer a favor on the unfortunate by giving the above notice a place in their respective jour nals. Cabinet Shop on Catlln's I.ane. DEAR SIR: Permit me to inform you and others in vour vicinity that I am siill engaged in the CABLN'KT BUSINESS, and that needing custom, any thing in my line may bo bought of me on as pood terms as any where in this market. I am now from various causes making work cheaper than I ever did bcforei and all paying customers whether old or new I shall bo happy to seo at the New Shop, where no pains will be spared to give satisfaction. Lumber and Produce ree'd as usual and a little cash, (if there is any left in the country,) will be found to do wonders a few rods cast of Church-st. D. K. PANGBORN. Burlington, January II, 1841. NOTICE. All notes nnd accounts due the subscri ber, must bo paid by the first day of February next, or they will be found in the hands of an attorney. WM. B. MUNSON. WHAl'lMNG PAPER. 300 reams assort ed qualities and sizes for salo for Rags, country produce, or goods by Jan. 14. C. GOODRICH. Merchants supplied with paper and books for Rags. CLOAK FOUND. Picked up in the street, a few days since, n Scotch Plaid Cloak, which the owner can obtain by applying at this office. Jan. 1 1. GJLASS WARE. Plain and cut Tumblers, cut I Wines and Champagne Glasses, plain and cut Lemonade Glasses, Plain nnd cut whip Glasses, com mon and cut Lamps, etc. cheap by N. Lovely &. Co. Jan. II. lINE BROAD CLOTHS and C.VSSIMERF.S. X Tho subscribers would solicit tho nltention of all who are in want of any very fino Cloths or Cossi lucres as they havo n good assortment of almost every shadeand color w hich will be sold verv cheap for cash Jan. 14, 1S41. hy N. LOVELY and Co. BROW .N Sheetings, very cheap by the picca or yard, at LOVELY and Co's cheap store. "-Also, a choice assortment of Notes and Accounts adapted tn the present season, which not withstanding have ln-en on handsome lime, arc not tho less desirable, and aro offered ot private sale until the first of February next purchasers will ee the "tune is short.'1 Burlington, January 14, 1841, MR. STACY, Dear Sir Reading an article in a late paper of yours, sotting forth tho utility of frequent and regular advertising, with vour own illus trations in connexion, has "brought u over to the filth," We shall try the experiment. Trulv your, II M OIDDINGS A- Co. T7NQLISH POWDER. Piconi &. W.IV.. i-J Burton's celebrated rifle powder, in tors, by II. M. OIDDINGS & Co. LOOKING GLASSES, mahogany framed, at th lowest prices, by II . M. OIDDINGS & Co. rOR S ALE, About ten tons of Hay, of good quality 12 Jan. 1811. uuu fu nuuu itjiiuiuuii. jiupir 10 Hid ICKOK i & CATL1N. AXES. Simmons' Cast Steel Axes, for tale b II. M. OIDDINGS. & Co. OIDDINGS, & Co. ' 2i.nnn.nnn not.. 4 flMIERE has never been a medicine diicoerd - which has acquired and sustained the reputation for the same length of time, as Morrison's Pills, mad at Iho British Collcgoof Health, London. We ara selling some thousands of boxes yearly in Vermont, and it takes some millions to sunnfv ihs ITmlerl Sii The genuine article can be obtained in this town only anno variety otorc, anu an sola in ine state are turn ed PANGBORN BH1NSMAID. State Agents. HARD WARE.-Butchcr's heavy Files. Ihbol son's do. and rasps. Hand saw Files. Butts. Screws, Norfolk Latches, hand and pannel Sawa, cast steel Wood Saws ; knives and forks, bone ana buck handles; Tea Servers, Sad Irons, Shovels and tongs, wool cards, horse cards, ougcrs, trace chains, manure forks, Ames' shovels, etc. by 11. !, UlUDliNUS, Be Co. rpiIOSE troubled with coughs or colds, will do wen to con on 1 inu. a. rEUK 4. Co. Apothecaries. SILVER Levers, of superior workmanship, mado to our order and we warrant them to give satis faction. Also good Levers which we purchased in New York and Boston, of fine quality, at lower nrictf. PANGBORN & BRINSMAID, Watch Repairers. GOLD WATCHES. We wishing good fine finishe invite those whn ar ished I.nvprq nr I .nina ,. examine somo beautiful ones, which aro accutate tim keepers, at the Variety Store. We sell watches of coon quality as low as they are sold in Boston or N. York. PANGBORN & BRINSMAID. WATCH and Clock Cleaning and Repairing. Watches and clocks cleaned and repaired in tha same style as usual. Persons sending their watches, should send word if ihcv ston. how nfien nH in .!... position. This will sometimes enable them to get tha watcli returned regulated, sooner than if they neglect to do so. PANGBORN & BRINSMAID. Watch Repairers. -.T,,."ur,1"s," Vlte Society. ? 18 ncrcDy R'ven lf tbo members of tha c .",ur, '"Rton Tire Society, that the annual meeting of said Society will be holden at the hotel of John Howard, on the 27th instant, at 7 o'clock, P. St. J"m 11, 131. G. B. SHAW, Clerk. HAYS; LINIMENT, For the cure of the P.let. c inform thucwho ore troubled with thisdia tressing complaint, that wo have sold a great number of bottles of this article, and that wc can refer to per sons in this town who have been cured by the use of the liniment which we sold them. It can be used with all confidence: wedonot believe it will fail to cure one case in 100. The genuine is signed " Corn stock 4- Co." We have the article directly from thtm and will sell it by the gross, dozen or single botll. Remember how it is signed, as counterfeits are abroad. Variety Store. PANGBORN & BRINSMAID. B5TPy Vmanacs nn1 Harrison Almanacs for 1311, at the Variety store. PANGBORN (f- BRINSMAID. SCROFULOUS IIU.HOR3.-The attention of that portion of the community who are afflicted with ciitaiier,u eruption, sue h as Salt Rheum, St. Anthony'.-. I ire or Krysipela, Scald head, Lepiosy, cr any of their kindred di-ea-cs, is dircctedtoan internal application which wat discovered about 12 mnntni simcby Mr. Charle. June, t,f Claremont, N. H. It i the result of a lomrco'ir-e of experiments upon hia own person, he liavine had the di-ea-e in a most ar zravattng from about 11 year-. From its wonderful e'eol- upon him-elf and secral other menilers of hia family, many in that ection of the country have lar) inliicedto inaketri.il of it nnd in nocae as yet hat it fa.lcJ ofs icces where the direction have been dh rcltnwithfidehty, and a 5ullicicnt time e!aped to know the reult. . I he medicine can le obtained of Rol crt MonJ lr it. H irlington, and with -Martin Wires Eaa. Cambridge Vt. MOFFAT'S VKGETAII1.E LIFK MKDICINEsi The-e medicine, are indebted fcr their namej, their manife-t and -cn-il le action in purifying ih pnn; and channels of life, and enduinjr them with renewed tone and vigor. In manv hundred cerlif. ca-e w' i h h3Q ken ma le pulb-, and in almost eiery - i-ciej cfdi-ea-c to which the human frame n hallo, the happy e'ects of.McrrT's Life Pills an r Piumx Bitted have leen grealfidlyand puUiilr acnjwli-d,;ej hy the pcr-ons lenefiued, and who were prev ou-ly cnaeq lainiedwiihthebeziitifullyphi- lO- dlica! PrincmV unOn Whl hthA- ST-rnmnnnn l. .1 I ...L.' 1. . L . . 1 I ntv n which 'bev ecmeqiientlv act. The 1 It fc Mr.ril INKS rrcemmend thrm.e!ve la si,m,c .1 etc.-y t.rm and de-cnplion. Their flnt crc-at n : tc c-rs ir. ra ihe coals of ihe mnurk ,n ;v I V ! l,t'lur' w-, tie rf. iinirmritie and crudities rnn. wit. -,x iv iii them; and to remove the hir-u-e. wn a c. tvt in the convolutions of tha ma. c-t mtc-t.nc. O.hcr medicin. nnli. r,mn;.!l. clean-ethe r, an-, have Mich collected inaVes hehind a- ti pruJuvena !Mak-o-tivcnes, wnh all it train vt evil-. orMiuWa diarrhira, with it imminent danger-, fhi-fact i wc'l known to all regular anatomist. v . hoexamine the human low els afier death ; and hence the prejudice of those well informed men aiaintt quack medicine or inediiiiie- prepared and heralded to-tht-nul lie l.y ijrnoranl perou-. The second effect ol thel.ile Medicine- to elran-e the kidneys and tha blajJcr, and by this mean.-, the liver and the tunc, th healihhilaciiou ol which entirely depends upon the rt gnlaniy of the urinary organ-. The blood, whici take-it- red color from the arency of the liver and the Inner-1 ifore it pae. into the' heart, Icing thus purified by them, and noun-bed by food coming from a clean -luinaih, cour-e- freely through the vein, renews every part oftho sy-tcm, and triumphantly mounts ihc lanncr ol health in the bloominir cheek. Mo:lal's Vegetal le Life Medicines"have Leen thor oughly te.ted, ami pronounced a tovercign remedy fur Dy-pepsia, Flatulency, Palpitation of the Heart, Lot 01 Appetite, Heart-burn and Head-ache, Retletne, Ill-temper, Anxiety, Languor and Melancholy, Cos-livcncs-, Uiarrhcea, Cholera, Fevers of all kind. Rheumatism, Com, Drop-its ol all kinds, Gravel, Worm-, Asihma and Consumption, Scurvy' Ulcer, Inveterate Sores, Scorbutic Eruptions and Bad Com-plexun-, Eruptive complaints, sallow, Cloudy, aad ojherib-iigrecable Complexions, Salt Rheum, ryip ela', Common Cold nnd Inthienia, and various other coiiir hints w hu h afllict the human frame. In Fata and Aglt., particularly, Ihe Life Medicines have trtn 1110-t eminently sticiestful ; so much so that in the Fen rand Ague districts, Physicians almost universally present e ihem. All lhal Mr. MoTat requires of his patients is to le particular in taking the Life Medicines strictly accor ding to ihe directions It is not a newspaper notice, or by anything thct he hun-elf maysay in their favor, that he hopes to gam credit. It i alone ly the result of a fair ir.al. MOFFAT'S MEDICAL MANUAL; designed a. a dome-tic guide lo health. This little pamphlet, editfd by Y.ll.Mo!lat,275Ilroadway,New York, has leea pull -bed for the purpose of explaining more fully Mr. Molii s theory of di-eases, and will le found highly interesting to person-seeking health. It treats upon prevalent di'case.-, and the caues thereof. Price, It cent for sale 1 y Mr Mollat's Agent geneially. . ''f " vlahle Medicines are tor sale by Rol .Moodv Dril'-n-t. ,f. fiem'ttll nr-j-nr. Iln u-km .11 -1 rrt plication for nceneic shoukl I e addressed, post paid) H irlington, Vt. Jan. 4, 1641. P Farm for For Sale. THE subscriber offers for sale a Farm one and a half miles from the Collrf on the Wmooski turnpike, containing 0, 100. 150. nr "nnnr-rpr,f .nA s. t III! III! chaser may choose. The buildings with little ex pense may be put in good condition for a tavern, and there is not a belter location for such arTestablishment between Builington and Montpehci. Terms of pay ment easy, and any enterprising industrious man with asmalUapital may own a good establishment in a few years by purchasing this property. CHAUNCEY GOODRICH. Burlington, Jan. 14, 1941. Anthony Rhodes' Estate. STATE OF VERMONT, ) The Probate Conrt for Distfict or Chittenden, ss. j the District of Chit tenden 1 To all persons interested in the estate of An ihony Rhodes, late of Richmond, in said District, deceased. Wheee, Wm. Rhodes, jr., adminia'rof the etttta of said deceased, has made application lo this Court, to extend the time limited for making payment of tha debts of said deceased, twelve months from the Sltr day of January, ,1841, and the third Monday of February next, being assigned for a hearing in tha premises, at the Eagle Hall in Williston, and it having been ordered that notice thereof be given, by publishing this decree three weeks successive)' in the Free Press, a news paper printed at Bk lington, before the time fixed for hearing. Therefe you are hereby notified, to appear before said Court,v at the time and place aforesaid, then and there, toS make objection 11 any you nave, 10 ine aia lime of payment being further extended as aforesaid. Given under my hand at Builington, this 5th dar of January, A. D. 1810. WM. WESTON, Regiatef. LAD1F-S' India Rubier blioc, Caller Boots, vralk ins Phnrf, French kid and spring Heel Slip- ins Phnrf, French kid and spring -.31, 1SI0. Ju-t reo'd I y N. LOVF. Dec, LY ACcC WORM I.OZI.MJKS. This valuable article is daily establishing mclf, as ihe lest medicine for that painful and sometimes fatal complaint in ehil die.,, the worms. At whote-ale and retail by Jan. I, IStl. TIIKO. A.I'iCK 6i Co. CM'S CAPS. W. I. SEYMOUR otTera for aal J Black and Brown Otter, Hair and fur seal and Muskrat CAPS dark and light colour) FURS for Muffand trimmings. Boas, bf st and common. Saal r,,u,. itii.vn Lamb, mack cd I'trv fr (.ol.Vr Burlmgtou Nov i, IstO.