Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 16, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 16, 1841 Page 2
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DEATH OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Wo discharge tho most painful duty that has yet devolved upon tis in public journal iiti in announcing to our roadors tho unwel come and unlookrd for intelligence! of tho death ofGE.vr.nAi. IIahmson. Tlio particu lars of this heavy and ttftlicting dispensation will bo found annexed. The President died full of years uuil honors, in tho, scrvico of the llepublic tho parting words will forev er hallow his memory in tho hoarls of tho American Pcoplo. From the New York American. Dn.vra or the president ok the UNITED STATES. OilentUnt Itrris hunetanlumfata, ncqvt ultra Estc sinent. The hoped and the fiars of tho list few dnp. con cerning the health of the President of tho J'"'1 Slates, ate resolved hy the inexorable hand of Death. He sank quietly to rest on Sunday morning, at half past twelve o'clock. Tor lum perhaps no expression of regret should ho uttered, for after an houorablcand ustfid career, snitched, in ndvaneed life, from the re tirement in which he had contentedly lived, to be borne onward and upward by the swellingtidcof pop ular opinion, to the most exalted station in the Re public, he has found in ii a glorious sepulchre. , , Raised to a pinacle which the loftiest ambition might envy, ho appeared but to show how worthy he was of the confidence which had placed him there, how little ambitious of power for the sake of power, how tamest to administer the Ooerninciit of thefree people uii national principles and for great national ends, w hm by a sudden and inscrutahledispcnsation of Providence, he is withdraw n from thet-ceiicforcvcr. T i.s 11 n jt the o-ctsiiii fir eulogy ; and as to a sketch of the life and srrviccsofthedistinguishcdnian whose death we mount, wo are yet too recent from Ihe fierce contest in which every act and sentiment of h' wis freely scanned, to render such a notice no. ccsarv, Thc'intclligencoof the Piesident's death, albeit not wholly unanticipated, fell with n terrible vvtight upon our .'0111111111111)'. After iccnvcringfinin the first shock each enquired ot itic other what was to be its ell'ecl on our public affair. Weaio without any precedent of the sort in our briaf history no one ever hiving died bcfoio in the Picsidential office. Tho prui ision of the Conslit'itinn is plain enough, that the Vice President succeeds and will dis.'lnrjje the duties ol Prisidmt for the tcsidue of the term. Mr. Tv la was, it is undirstood, sent for on Satur day list, and will, thcrefoie, soon bo at Washington. Ills nssJntptioiis of the duties will, we suppose, bs tnaJs ov known by proclamations in which, also, it may be prcs Plied, some mtiui'itions will be given of the visws which will goui n the acting President in tn a discharge of tlie high turn responsible duties thus tinr.vueetetlFv ailil nainlullv east lllion him. On this iDiul, ilcetid as he was m c ninion with the d'liis d Pivsueut, by tint vast popular movement wniti, m I Ui .1 l.usi lilt ujijiiva-rJii mm ehiiii i n,n of misuvcinincnt.aiiiieil quitens much at acconiphsli !ng ee.laiu specific obji eta of public policy, asat put down tlie evil policy pursuit! bv the party in lOAcr :vi take it for granted Mr. Tvlcr is abundant ly disposed to promote those objects in every pioper way.aad t.nt, Ihcrcloie, alllioiigheiiiicrwis'ja source of L'lief and deep re gret the de.ith of lien, llariisou will not alter, or check, oi lender hesitating or doubt fat, the march of lug measures to reli.-vc thecouutry from embarrassment, and re-tore to wonted pruspcn tv. Toe nccuhar circumstances under which Mr. Tyler, will come into the Executive Chair, and the nape already uoiialliss ailopteu by the (.ubniit iindii the direction ol itcn.'riil Harrison, ot those measures whi:lut was intended to recoiiimond at the Extra So s.O'i -will tnipos. upon that gentleman, a it "cms to us, a sntol obligation to follow the system marked even though in some details it s lut'dd not whollv i")inrJ with Ins own preconceived views. We do not k-.ow triTst there is, or is likely to be, any such dif ference, but men if it were so, the iu&ti notions, solo speaK, under wli.eli the po.t will be taKm by Jlr. 1 yler, will, we may safily trust, be deemed by hull b.ndng and imperative Wc conclude thin at tide with a stateni-nt of the Constitutional and legal provisions, which rcgu'nte the succession. Part 5, of Sjc. I, of Art. II, of tho Constitution reads llr.s : G. In i a ,i of the removal of the President from of fice, or nf hii death, resignation, or inability to dis charge tho powers and duties of said offie-e, tlie same t.nll devolve on the vice President; and tint Con gress nny by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of the Pics.dcnt and Vice President, declaring what ciflicir shall then nets as i resiucni, ami sucn onicci suau aei accord ingly, until the disability be removed, or a ('resident hall be elected. Congress did, accordingly, on 1st March, 192, enact law providing, in ease of a vacancy in the office ol both President and ice President, the commgen cr with which alone, it eould intulWe, that the Pre. 'dent of the Senate nro Umjure, ami if there was no i'rcsidcnt pro itm. ekcied, thin me spgaKcr ol tne House of Representatives should act as President. until ihe d stability be removed, or a niw election. And tho Secretary of State, in the event of such va cancies, is to notify tho Executive of each Stale of the fjet, and also to give public notice that cleeto'S will b-app vi.ited in each State to elect a President and Vice President, unless the regular time for s 'cli lection li: within so shortapciiod as to tender it unnecessary, .Mr. Tyler, therefore, becomes at once the Presi dent of the United States until -1th March, 15)5 fulfilling the term for which Gcnoial Harrison was elected. Tne Exptcss furnishes the annexed detail of the last moments of the President : Correspondence of the Express. PiiEsiuss-t'a Hoi'sc. Washington. Saturday, 1 o'clock, P. M. Dr. Alexander, of Itvitunore has just visited thePresl lent sch.mihcr,and ji' aii.tniices him littler, giving all bin friends reason to iiipe. Tlie good news spreads all over the city with joyful alaelity. i! o'clock. The favorable symptoms continue. 3 o'ebek. The symptoms arc becoming alarming, a dianh'xa is thieatencd. 3 J o'clock. The alarm of Ron. IPs friends is very er.-Ht.-.tbpsvniritonis irruw worse, and his case be- rnmcs more dangerous than ever. Tho medical men begin to doubt, if. not to despair, and to speak in a nian nei and tone, tint hardlveiveushope. 4 o'clock. The news' of increased danger flies over the city, and nil are inquiring, and in addictions. 6 o'clock. '1 he Prf-idcnt wnndirn, and is at times o.iite nsensible. All his symptoms ate worse. His family hanging in anxictv over his be Iside, Ins cians watching cvi'ry motion. Ills diarrbnia glows wois and eaves hardly a hope, to rapidly itocs it rirOHtrntf, bU MrenrMh. C o'clock. The member" of the Cabinet have just been summoned to the President's, Mr. Granger juet gave the alarm to his associates. Mis symptoms me worst- His nhvMcians bivu him UP. Tlie dieadful rtport fillsall wflh consternation. The danger of lo- i ig the good and Venerable man now breaks lully up on 1 1 ,i 1 1 . in ,,VlneV Renorts from the sick clnmber for the last four hours have all been worse. The pulse beats feebler and feeiikr every minute. His flesh Ins bc pi.trt nml i-laninivl Durimf this time. General llarri'on has spoken his last words, nficr which he ffl into a slate ol mseiisiniiuv. maiumierui innc. Hr. Woiihington at his bedside, he said, and U is pre umcd he was addressinj; iov. i yierj ik:iiii Wisll VOI TO L'NDI'.nSTAND Til F", Till c'l'IUXCIPUS OK 'illi: 0Oi:it.N.MKNT. 1 WISH TIir.M CAltRIf:!) Ol.T-I ASK .NOTII- 1NG MORI."' Tim i ihe dying injunction t.f the troo.1 old man tn.i V, Dr.Worlh'ington iay, in a s'rong nmeol voice. All the meiiil rri)f the Cabinet, ex' i'nt Mr. Il.idccr, hive been in a b.iml it near the PrcideiltN sick r. '1 tu'ir i,iriu aie. oh'oor.f faulyiU'nri'Ked 1 v this iiiehiieholy event, but ihey are preparing for the inotirufjl dutv that devolves upon lU'in. It oVIock The President et linger-. The While n....... h,. I i-fri iliroii'-eiJ 1 v citiens ot al cla1 i..-,rf!lv iiinuirinc nficr the Proii'eiil' health. He in...;,.ii l,. feul lo in.leeJ. and no one now indulge: i.. All nreiia rations nre marine a for a man a'rc.idydiad. I.bc eoiiolations rf religion hair nil Inn'lnn a linhihlrroJ. He h If en c.ilin, and ,n,r, no fear f ile.ith. The nhvician are iui ,.kinic tat ri'ini'be- their "UII devitf, I lit with nn i ...),,,, ..I, cfFiiv f.ivi'rnl lc result. ii .- ii'-lo';'.. leu. II. has jiift bresMii-1 luslal n fwilho it a tr 'ggle. He has I ml lu-eunh c lor , a id ''.c lat worU he snoke w're In I)r Vr 'i u,.on. M l-l initio is and ileeply nlRii-to-I fri-n - e etc a: arum I in- iiiauiicr. vviui it., .....!. ilioltrd. I i.Vir. '" A. J I 'I ho meni! er cf thf Cal inet r.f- , r - erf rmiii', .l''ir la t "" .-nl 'I "'"'' to tlii'ilenr I'm. i.leni.arti nreiianni; a le'ler lo the nf l'rnri niimein'.' thf fact oiri'ially. 'I l.e Ucr . . li..,,nriii,,.ni. I' lmi her l eb'ter. I.1. ...ill, ii. nnd he will reach .Mr. Tyler I Monday not.ii. who will I e hero by Wednesday or Th.irsdiiy n' ln:c-t. . nvTi'irn nv VIRGINIA. IS NOW PRKS MVri' illlsi: I'MIH) STATKS IIV THK CONS-H'l ITION. eimjile, emplntic, mak thii afllictlnir btravmnt known to the country, by this declaration, under our hands. lis died at the President 9 House, in tins city this fourth day of April, Anno Domini 1811, at thirty minutes before ono o'clock in the mor-ni.ig-. The Peon o of 1 he Un led Statep, over- whelmed, like ourselves, by an evsttt so unex pected and eo melancholy, will derive consul ation from knowing that his death was calm and resiirned, as his life lias been patriotic, use ful and distinguished ; and that the last utterance of liij lipn expressed a fervant desire for the perpetuity oi me onsiuuuoii, aim mu hubi-i-vation ol its true principles. In death as in life, the liappines ol his country was uppermost in liin tlintmhts. DA NIK L WHHSTHR. Secretsry of State. 'VllOMASEWING.Sec'ryofthe reasury. JOHN HEM, Secretary of War. J. J. GUI 7'7'KNDKN, Attorney General. lMlANCIS GRANGER, Tost Master Gen. report or' tTIe physicians. Wasihnoton, April 4th, 1911. Dear sir: In comnlianrc with the renuest mado to us bv voursell'and the other contloinen of tlie Cabiiiot, the attending and consulting Physicians drawn up the abstract ot a re port on the President's case, which I herewith transmit to yon. Very respectfully, your obedient servent, THO. Mil. I. Hll, Attending Physician. To tho Hon. I). Webster, Secretary of State. On Siturd.iv. March 27. 1811, President Harrison, after Beveral days' previous indisposit ion, was hoized with chill and other symptoms of tuvcr. The next day Pneumonia, with con. gestion of the liver and derangement of the stomach and bowels, was ascertained in exist. The n"e and debility of the patient, with the immediate prostration, forbade a resort to gen eral blood-letting. Topical depletion, blister ing, and appropriate internal remedies', subdued, in a great measure, the disease of the lungs and liver, but the stomach and inlcsiincs did not regain a healthy condition. Finally, on tlie yd of April, at 3 o'clock, P. M., profuse diarrhoea came on, under which lie sank, at thirty minutes to I o'clock, on tho morning of the louith. I he Idsi ivords uttered by tho President, as heard by Dr. Wortliington, were these : "Sir, I wish you to understand the true principles ot thu Government wish them carried out. 1 ask tiothiitu' mire." THO. MIM.EU, M. D Attending Physician. FRED. MA V, M. D. N. W. WORTIIINGTON, M. D. J. C. HAU, M. D. ASH'l'O.N ALEXANDER, M. D Consulting Physiciau OFFICIAL. Wau Department, ) Wasiiimiiun, April Ti, 1841. J It is with feelings of the deepest sorrow tint the Secretary of War announces to the Army, the death of tho President of the Uni ted Staler. William Heniiy Hakkison is no more. His long and f.iithlul services in many subordinate but important stations, his recent elevation to tho highest in honor and power, and thu brief term allotted to him in the enjoy, incut of it, are circumstances of themselves which must awaken the liveliest sympathy in every bosom ; but these are only personal con siderations. The dispensation is heaviest and most alllicting on public grounds. Tins calamity has befallen tho country at a period of general anxiety for its present and some ijiprelicnsioii for ils future condition at a lime when ;t is most desirable that all its high cilices should be filled and all its high trusts adminis tered in harmony, wisdom, and vigor. The generosity of character of the deceased, the con spicuous honesty of Ins principles and purposes, together with the skill and firmness with which lie maintained them in all situations, had won for him the affection and confidence of his roun trynten ; but at the moment whon, by llietr voice ho was railed to a station in the discharge of the powers and duties of which the most bene ficial results might justly have been anticipated from his great e.xpermce, his sound judgmeiit,the high estimation in which he was held bv the People, and his unniioMiotted devotion to the Constitution and to tlie Uuio.., it has pleased an all wie but mysterious Providenco to remove eim suddenly from that and every other earthly employment. lule the ofii'crs and sold.ers of the Army are in the general grief tt Inch thcioconsiler- itions so naturally and irrciis'.ably inspire, they ivill doubt!e.-s be penetrated with increased sensibility, and feel a deeper concern in testify- mg, in tlie manner appropriate totlicm, the tull measure of a nation's gratitude for the eminent services of the dcnaitcd patriot, and in rendeiinn just and adecpiale honors tolus memory, because nc was iiunscll a soldier, ami an approved one; receivincr his earliest lestons in a camp, and, hen in riper yc.irr, called to tho command of armies, illustrating the pioU ssioti of anus by Ins personal qualities', anil contributing largely, by us surcetf , lo tlie stor k ol lus country s trlory. It is to tie regretted that the suddenness ol the emergency has made it nerei-sarv to announce this sid event in the absence of the Vice Prcsi dent from the scat of Government: hut the greatest confidence is felt that he will cordially approve the sentiments expressed, and that lie will, in due time, give Jirections for such other marks of respect not prescribed br the extstui: regulations of the Armv as mav bo demanded by the occasion. ovred wilb Its soltmn pall, seattd in that deep re pott which nothing shall break but the Archangel's trump. It lay on a bier in the East ltoom, (an oc cupation how different from its wont I) and ladies were admitted all theluorning, who heaped upon tho coffin olleringsof the most beautiful flowers. The northern porlico of the Mansion was hung with long banners of black, extending from column to column. The iron gates of the cnilosure in front were closed, save when the carriages of the Foreign Ministers, Members of the Cabinet, the attending Physicians, tho Clergy, and some other piivileged persons, were admitted, preparatory to their taking tho places as signed thorn inthe Funeral Procession. The military portion of it, constituting the Funeral I'.scort, began to form in line on the New Yotk avenue, immediately north of Ihe President's House, and a most noble and imposing appearance it priscntcd. Without undertaking to give the cxactorderor all the details of the military part of the procession, it must suffice u for the present to state that of volunteers, besides the Light Infantry, Nationol lllues, and Co Iuinliia Artillery of this city, and the 8 madron of Po tomac Drngoons from Georgetown, there were pre sent the Kagle Arlillcrisu, Unlaw Infantry, Invinci bles, Independent Greys, National Guards, Maryland Cadets, and Military Association, of Baltimore, the Annapolis Greys, Troiii the city of Annapolis, and a part of the New York Ililleuien and Washington lllues from York, Pennsylvania. Thin there was a battalion of Unite) Slates Marines, and a division of United States Light Artillery, commanded by Capt. Rincoold, from Fort Mellcnry. Hut one of the most impressive portions of the military part of the procession consisted of the dismounted ond mounted officers of the Army, Navy Militia, and Volunteers. Seldom has there been exhibited within a spaco so li mited so many distinguished military men ) tlie sight of whose well known figures led back our thoughts lo many a bloody field and many an iiuanguiued sea, on which the national honor has been well and nobly maintained. The civie part of the Procession was not less strik ing than the mi'ilary. It embraced the municipal of ficers of the District, the Clergy ol all denominations, tho Judiciary, the L.xcculivc officers of the Govern ment, including the President ol the United Slates and the Heads of Department-, the cx-mcmbcrsof the late Cabinet now in the city, the Comptrollers, Auditors, and Commtsioncrs. Tieasurer, Register, &c. with a numerous column of clctks in the several department. Suih members of both Houses of Congress ns are m tho city also attended, and F.x President Adams in his place. Nixt followed Officers and Soldiers who had served under Gen. lLvnniso.N in the hie war. Another division of the Procession consisted of public Socieliis and Associations, pre ceded by iheir burners, and wearing their respective badges among whom we notice I ihe Society of Odd Fellows, very ri.hlv attired, the Washington Catholic Temperance Association, with their whitobannerdis plvinglhc Cross which is the symbol of their faith, Tviicrrranhical Society, several Shools and Lvccuins, and. to close all. the 'different Fire Companies of the District, in their showy and picturi'souc uniforms of cloaks, hats, and accoutrements, anu wiiu appro. nrinlo nnaiirn. The music wns excellent i soveral fine bands pliy. incr mournful aus. eiving place, from time to tunc, to tho mullled drums of the military, beating slow mnrrlieB. lljl tho object of chief interest, and one which as it pacsed, huslieil every other sound, and caused many a tear to lull, was T1IK FUNERAL CAR containim: tho body of the deciasid President. It was of laige dimensions, in form an oblong platform, on wliieh was a raised dai, the whole covend with black vilvct. From the cornice of the platform fella b nek velvet curtain outside of the wheels to within a few inches of the ground. From tho corner of the car a black crape festoon was formed on all sides, looped in the renire hy a luneral wreath, uu ine coi fin lav the Sword of Justice and the Sword of Stale, surmounted bv the scroll of the Constitution, bound together by a funeral wreath formal of the yew and nip, evnress. incunr wasurawn nv s x wimc nnrses, bavin" at the head of each a colored groom, dressed in white tnrlmn and sash, anil supported nv paii- beircrs in black. 1 he etlect was very tine, inecon. irnt of ibia slowlv-movinf? bodv of white and black. so opposite to the strong colors of the military around it. struck the eve even from the nreatest distance, and gave a chilling' warning beforehand tint the corpse vv us iirawiug nigu. The entile Procession oceunied two full miles in length, and was marshalled on its way by officers on nnrseoac . carrviog wiiiic oaiunh vviui iu.i.iv nio.vii 'l hi. utmost on cr nrrvai cd inomnoui : ami. cons - il..rini ,hn rre c.-fat concoursi! nf pci nlc collected. the since preserved during the whole course of tho march was very impressive. llefore the bo'dy was removed from tho Prendmtial Mansion, religious services were conducted in pre sence of tliel'atsmnsT of the United States and F.x I'residi nt Ad ims. the nienib' rs of the late and present Cabinets, the Foreign Ministers, and Ihe morning house ho d,bv the He. Mr. llAwimr. 1 he itevcrcnd ., 1 I'.,:-.. - -.I. ...... .1.- gentleman iiceiincu iuukjuk '". wu"," j"mi mv w easi(in..bnt. iiointin" to a bible and Episcopal nravcr book which lav npo'i the table, stated that thev bad icn purchased hT tncoeccnseu rrcsiucnt iinmcoiate nfti.r his nrrivsl in the city, and had been in daily us,, by him since then : that the late President had lUnlnrtA ,rt l,im tMr. MAwir personally bi9 full be lief in the truth or the tjnrisiian iitngion, ann ms purpos,., hsdnotdsease intervened to prevent it. to hnve united himself to the Church on the succeeding Sabbath. ... , . , On the firing of the signal gun ni me nppoimcu ik. t'r.,!ui,in. hav inir received into its lanks ,i. i!-..nA.f.l i-ir i, I tbn Trn'oily Mourners who fol lowed the remains of their pdaiivc to the tomb, moved The. following declaration. andt mch ng, is tho official annunciation to the nit ., oi tho bereavement u uas susidinuu ; Cm- or Wasai.nt.tox, April 1, 1811. An ill-w e Providence having suddenly re. m0d fn... this life. WILLIAM UKNUV II RRISON, late President of the Umted Siatef. we have thought it our duly, in the re ctis of Congress, tnd in thu absenco of the Vu PtfcfrUhiaai from the i'St of Govoriuwhl, to GENERAL ORDER. Naw DirAr.TMF.MT, April .'), IS 1 1 The Department announces to tho officers Navy and Marine Corps the death of William Hf.nky llAiutisoN, late President of the L'nitcd States, which occurcd at the Executive Mansion, in the city of W asliington, on the morning of the It li ms!., and directs that uniting with their ffllovy.citizens in tho manifestation of their res pect for the exalted character and eminent pub lie tervircs oi tlie deceased, and ol their sense ot the bereavement the country has sustained by this alllicting dthpenratioii ol Providence, they wear tun usual Dattge ol mourning lor six months, i lie IJenartincnt lurther directs that funeral honors bo paid lum at cacn of tlie navy yards and on board each of the public vessels' in rour mission, oy tiring twcnty-six minute-guns com ineiicinsat 12 o'clock Al. on the day after the receipt of this order, and by wearing their Hags at iian-masi ior one wecK J. D. SIMMS, Acting Secretary nf thf .Vary. From the National Intelligencer, of Thursday, 8lh THK FUNERAL CEREMONIES. ' Wednesday havine been set anart for the solcnini tics of the late Piir.MDKNT, some anxiety was felt, in the curly part of the morning, as to the weather, for the sky was overcast, and fears were entertained lest it should come on to rain : but as the day advanced these apprehensions wire dissipated, and. thouoh it cantinued rather cool, this did but favor Ihe march of the troops and ol the other numerous collections of persons wno lormcu portions or the Funeral Pro cession. At sunrise, the sound of cannon from tha, several military stations m the vicinity of the city heralded the melancholy occasion which was to assemble the citizens of tlie istnct ninl Us neiglihoiliood, and nil mite guns were fired during the morning. In entiro consonance with thoseiiiournful sounds was the aspect ,. ,i, ...i,m f;,,. I....U ,k..,ii;, . i,. i,. niton, i no niiuuiugs on caeu SKieoi iiiecmirciengin oi tne rennsyivama avenue, wiiu scarcely nn ex cetition. and mnov houscson the conductions strct-ts. were hang with festoons and streamers of black, not only about the signs and entrances, but in many cases front all the upper stories. Almost every private dwelling had crape upon the knocker and bill-handlo in us uoor, ami maityoi ine very nuiiihicsi anoucs hung out some spontaneous signal of the general sor row. Tho stores, and places of business, even such ns arc loo ireipienuy seen open on ino riabhatli, wero nllelosed. Every tlitngof business seemed tobaveb,s.n forgotten, nnd all minds to be occupied Willi the pu nosoof the day. The railroad cars atmroactihi2 the citv were crow ded to excess, although the trains were doubled, and a large portion of the passengers stood up, from lie rcssiiy, the entire way from llallimoro liiiher. The steimhoals broiic lit crowdsof nconlu from Alexandria and tho individualsent'-iing the city from.the adjacent country on liorsch.vk and in vdiielis of every de scription seemed to be more numerous than even on the occasion of the lute Inauguration. The great point of attraction was the President s wans.on Toward that all steps, all thonrdits. wrro tending, T)irc h)' lbs Ikipf, cwi'I in its JVrrdfti bfir', aid of office from th lips of the Cbeif Justice of the Un ited States, and reverently kissed the sacred book of God, in whose tiamo he swotc to be true to the consti tution and tne people. Then went up tne last long noill oi ine migiiiy inrong procuuming mat ino vork of the neonlein a nriat civd and bloodless revo lution wns accoiiiplijlied, it remaining only for their servants to execute their behests. That moment was one of awful solemnity and grandeur. Put how true tne line oi uowier! "uou moves in n mysterious way t ' One short month, and tho nation then so iovfull Is whelmed in wo. From the Philadelphia Gazette. Tub Ruler ts! A nation has been smitten, a republic has been sadden ed by the fiat of n Power, to which none can give resistance, and tlio swaying ol a sccplro which nono can disown. Death, who in tlio beautiful and expressive language of the Latin poet, knocks with equal paco at the doors of cottages, and twiners of Kings, has received the late President into his icy arms his freezing kiss has emancipated a noble nnd benignant spirit nnd that which but yesterday was the slmm: ol pure nnd pat riotic aspirations of warm love of country, nd hopes lor its happiness and honor, is now hut pnlid and deserted dust, from which thu life of life has fled forever! It is a picture of solemnity ,of awe, and admonition; it teach es us the evanescence of human hopes, the futility ol sublunary wishes ami tells us, loudly, and with awful emphasis how worse than vain ato the calculations on the length of years and honors with which the eminent are so often invested. Thu King of shadows loves a shining mark, and nmiinst such ob jects l ow often do his quickest and most fa tal arrows hurtle! What we love, what wo venerate, what we press to our bosoms, and wear on our hearts how they bow to the mandate ol 'pass yo away v Our fathers, where are they 1 and the prophets, do they livo forever? No language can describe tho sorrowful consternation, the prolound regret, which will pervade tlio Union, as tho intelligcnc of thedeath ol its lute President spreads far nnd wide. It will pass through the vast west like tho sound of a mighty Oak, falling in tlio stillness of thu forest ; the steamers, ns they plough along our mighty rivers, will hear with them tho emblems ol moumig and nn universal sadness like the cloud that heralds forth tho imminent tempests, will spread it self over the whole mass of tho nation, from the dark strcims of Maine to the waters of Mexico. Dentil has sought out and smit ten a lofty victim ; there is sackcloth in the high places, ard wailing through the land "Kot g'ittering line along P. nnsylvanii avenue, under the fire of minute guns near tbePrcsidenl's House, repealed at the City ir, mi itm hem ot t he column arriving op uosiio to n, and at the Capitol on us reaching the vve-tirn gato of the enclosure. Ilavingrcacucn me v apmn cjipiaru, ,..LUlnr.r, Ilia- Snlllll S!lU' of it. tlie PrOCCSS'.UIl Bib vnceoTover the plains eastward till it reached the spice in front of the Congressional liurving Oround. Here the Car halted, while the line was lormcu iiy tne Military as they arrived, and then pasi't slowly on, bcinc saluted as it passed with colors lowered, ll'i imniiE nrn.,ii,ni. arms, nm t ie oi ircr-a niuuiij u u military form. Having reached llteprincipal entrance the Car was again halted ; the coffin was taken down nni nlirfil on the shoulders of the hearers: theClerirv advanced, and tne iiev. .nr. iiawikv, rei-mirj nc olernn funeral service oi tne i-.piscopai i.iiurgy, tne Wn.inn nrlvaneeil down the principal avenue of Ihe Cemetery until it n ached the receiving vault, where a space had been ki pt open by sentries under arms, and where a hollow stpiare being formed, the coffin was lowered into the vault. A ngnal i cing given io the troops outside, the natiatinn oi i.ignt .irimcry, WhO were p'at'l (1 on nil niljuillll, runm-n, iii.-u . ...1,,, a ...v, id, was immediately followed bv tho se veral military bodies in line, who coinmencid firing from the left to the rieht, and continued the salute till it had thrice gone up the whole line. The Procession then resumed ns mnrcn, aim re iinr.l i, v tl,n Bme route to the citv. where tho troopi w ere dismissed, and the c:ti7ens retired to their several abodes. Hy fivco'clocK, nothing remained nuicmpiy streets and the cmbleinsof inourningupon the houses, .,.,t il.o ell rlerner rrlnom. which oppressed the gen. erttl mind with renew ed power after all was over, and the sense of the public bereavement aionc was icn to fill the thoughts. A Washington letter of the 1th gives the following, as the exciting cause of the Prcsi dent'B death, Vrt,, nr. fnlli' tvnr that he broueht to his lug! station all the habits of li. suuts and simplicity innv ii.n wtnnl, him on his farm at tort: , I n ... nlnln ., . I h. ,!. I,i, Itentl 1115 (IICI "lis um.iya I',",,,, " " m. nlsnt hours nuite unknown to this city. It was l,iu eiwt,n iluritur the short period of his prf sidency, ..n tA .1... ,.,.rinfr nf Iiih nttnrk. to rise about half-past four o'clocCand take a Uroll through the market, along thebsriks of the I'otnmae, as soon as . i. inn nmn i n Ixtil IO tllbll ll'l Sll II .,,MIl,lllll .... ....... - -- -- T objects. On Saturday the Ui in ultimo, lie toon ins iHiialearly stroll through the maikits, chaltid fain thaily with all he met, and made enquires of the farmers and pouiierers in rcmuuu iu mt i" ' ,i..;r r,r.,,i .!.. e. A driiihn rain wos falling . i.. n.wl i,n ..vtrnrlmi hi walk around the pub. iicgroun'ds until nearly eight o'clock. During this period betook a severe cold, and on Ins return to the house, confiding in his good health, did not take any precaution against the chilling sensations lie men ex perienced. At 12 o'clock he was attacked with a c.'nH which continued for many hours nnd termina ted in the fatal vliurisy unacr vvnicn ne no rnpiuiy i. rft,n-,u.a nn tirenkinr un of his constitution no sinking from premature old age but his death may be fairly attriuuicu io ms ncgien m uinirtii, arising from his uniform frtidon from disease. Of guards it pompous mail arrayed. Iiastion, onnoatc I wall, or mouna, Or palisade i Or covered trench, secure and deep. All these cannot one victim keep, 01 death! from thee, When thou Jost battle in thy wroth, And thy spong shafts pursue their path, Unerringly." VIEWS or THE NEW PRESIDENT. Some gentleman of Charleston, S. C. belonging to the Loco I'uco pirly, oddrestcd a letter of inquiry, in December last, D the Ho. Jons Tvleb, in view of the possbility Ihtt he might be called to fill the Chief Magistracy of tie Republic. Mr. Tyler answered the inquiry in a Liter of some length, of which tho following is tic concluding portion. The Loco Focos were exceedingly annoyed by it. 1 unhrsitatinclv declare it as my firm conviction that William Ilcnrv Harrison is Qualified to guard and promote the liberties of his country, because he is ine stem nnu mm. timing nuvuuaiuui jkiiiui.,, jiiiiis. anil thcuncomprising opponent of the hold and d: annc assumptions of powers which ha ve of late years been cioimca ana cxcrciseu uy me enici "n.-uu,t ,,iul;,s Irate of this union ; because he regards the public offi cos of the country as creatrd for the benefit nnd ad vantaee ol the neon c. and noi lor ine ponucai auvnii age of the President, and in that spirit, utterly denies mu ngiit, ii,c tn,v ot the I'rcsidnn, i" lemovc fmni niTien one "who is honest, eanable nnd faithful to tho constitution." tomakewav ior another, whose rl.ief recommendation if, to lc fot,tl in bis bcinc noisy and clamorous demagogic and partizan he cause lie would carry with linn into tho adininistrn t on the principles ot Jillerson, and would reouire o tlie officeholders to abstain from interfering in the elections, and to bestow a close attention lo their duties, in place of the active partisanship which is now everywhere cxnioiie oecause ne is commitieu, by his principles, to reccominind and to urge upon Cnnnresv the adoption of such measures as will ul timate in ine commuting ine custooy oi tne i-uuiio monevs toother hands than the Prisidcnt's, so as etTeetnalv tn separate the nurse from the sword be cause he'is in favor of economy in the public cxpendi tures. m onnosi ion to mat vviisiciu course oi c.v travanance w tic h uas caused t no run e expcnuiiures to inrreaseinten vears. from $13,000,000, exclusive of the payment of the public debt, to near -540,000,000 annually Because lie iv ine sworn enemy to corrup tion, anil Ihe lover of virtue because in his flection and by his example, will be established and secured that greatest of all reforms, without which, the eflbrt at reformation is hopeless, h : the limning for nil future time, the I'rcMduitial termot service to a sin gle t, rm of fuur yearsand because he is an lionet man, .1 reptliilican 111 priui-ip e ; nitu u paium in pini: tice. I might findoihcr reasons in the history of his past life a life devoted to the service of his countiy but I have fully answered your enquirie-. Having responded fully and freely to your inquiries, I am, gentlemen, your most obedient servant, juti.v i i tr.u. derinitructions from tin Canadian authorities) the second circumstance was, that thu Legislature ol Ihe JlillU Ul .11111110 11,111 'USSIU IIIU 1U1IU,, 1IIU I V9Ulllll"H3 . " That tho Oovernnr bo iiiithorind to take Immidiate measures lo reinovo the troops of tho Queen of Great Britain, now quartered on the territory called disputed by the llrilish Government, but by the treaty of 1783, by the resolutions of both Houses of CorigriS', pas sed in 183R. ond by repented resolves of tho Legisla ture of Maine, clearly nnd unequivocally a part of the rightful soil of this State. Resolved. That the re sources of this State be, and they hereby ore, placed at the disposal of the Governor, nnd thu specific sum of SlOO.OOObe ond the saino is hereby appropriated out of any money in tho treasury, for tho purpose of cnrrying said nsolutions mtocllecl. lie t-iir. . u llricnA did not know what degree of authenticity be longed to these resolutions t but if they were aulhen tic, it seemed to him that they aiiiounttd to nothing short of n declaration of wnr against this country. He was, probably, more averse to war than any oth er individual in the house, and he thought a war with the United States to be particularly deprecated, since it must necessarily possess something of a fratricidal character. If, howivcr, war did take tiliee, Great Jlritam would havo the consolation of knowing that it was not one of her seeking. She could not, how ever, maintain her rank ns the greatest nation of the world, it sue allowed hers-ll to he msnilcd, and she would not be. entitled to claim the allecianee of her colonial subjects if she ilid not extend lo them ade quate protection. He had seen, on the part of the noble Secretary for Foreign Alfairs, a great display of vigor to support Ihe policy of Great llritain in a cas.c of n more doubtful character, and he trusted that the nooic ioro wouiu maicate an intention to Display, on the present occasion, some noriiott of the visor he had shown in connection with the nfi'airs of tho Eist. The movements nf the noble lord were so secret that it was sometimes impossible for tin1 house to ascertain Ihe direction in which be was proceeding j but ho (.Mr S. O'llrictO felt it his dutv. as an individual member of Parhiinetit, to say that he should think llrilish in terests ucmr secured hy a strong licet nil the iSortlt American harbors, and a powerful army along tho line of the llrilish Atneiican boundary. Ho left it to the government to say whether Ihe present estimates were upon n sutiicicnl scale to enable llieni to adopt the course to which he had rtfirred t but thev would be wanting in their duty to the country if they did not comedown to Parliament forodequate means to meet nny emergency j nnd he was sure that the house would support them in nny nicasu cs nccess try for the main tenance oi me uonor ami character ot ureal liruoin in every part of the world. Mr. Ewartsaid that it was one thing to be n.'mcd before it was nece-sary, and another to bo aimed nt the proper time ; and, for himsilf, ho did not see the necessity now of anticinatinn hostilities fencers.! He thought nnd believed that thu mass ot the people ot the United States wcreinlavor of peace j ihe majori ty of the pcoplo there knew too w ill the general inter ests of the worlo to wish to see peace distuibed by any unhappy collision with this country. When we werounopposed to any enemy we should not be too anxious to vaunt of our power. lie the present unhappy causes for discord would pass on" Wlllioui an V III consequences ; uuil no nil tnai it uicy uiu, 11 wouiu nuioiuy uu in uucuiuaiicc vvnii tuu wish esbut with the interests of both countries fchccr-.l -Mr. in me nnpeu mat ino non e lord no secretary for Forcien Affairs would be able to slate something that world remove any prejudice that might he created by the specrh of the honorable member for Limerick no, no. He was satisfied tint theic was nothing in tne present transactions to can ior imnieuiatu iiiieiu-r-ence. They did not know that nny thing had taken nlacein these provinces except what was authorized by the civil law, and it was too soon tor tluslionorabie member to appeal to war till ho had seen whether these trnnsacticns had been in accordance widi the law of the country m which they had taken place. Sir James Graham in a debate on the Navy Esti mates said he wished for some explanation as to one item in this vote. When ho had the honor to preside at the Admualty this country wasforlunatcly at peace and the best relations subsisted betwern us nnd ihe United Stntes j nnd nt that lime it was determined, af ter great deliberation, to abandon all attempt to dis pute the superiority on the Lakes of Canada. lint he saw bv the present vote that there was a sum of .20. 000 entered for the building and nurchaseof steam vessels in Canada. He would ask, therefore, for what purpose tliis purchase was In be made, and whether there was nnv chance to he made in that no icy. which he had described, of dchhtrntclv nbandonine all attempts at contesting tlie superiority taken on the bancs I Sir Robert Peel- Hut he trustcel, that wherever and whatever might be the nressure of voumr and ardent spirits on trovern- nicnts, to which the noble lord had referred, that all such governments would lnow that they owed a par .nun lilt uuil w iil;ii ly 1 enjjuiiriunuj lu men iiniiiii), and that this felling would t liable them lo withstand that pressure hear. Europe would be chargeable in tlioevennf nnsteritv. with freat. with unaccountable folly.if its great powers were to go to war heardiear. i hat interest, wnai ooject, was mere mat caueo tor war hear, hear! It appeared to lum that, if wc wi re to be involved in war. it would bo on grounds which never could be finally settled; for it would be merely lo decide the mere and and absurd question which was the strongest a question having nothing to do with ih. t1 ,.reinesi nnd true ot nations 1 he nr. hear. He never recollected a period at which there existed less ground for hostilities between nations than the present moment iicur, near) i nun no tervi-m k linneil there wns a power of nubile opinion in I'.u rope baseil upon the material interests of nations. upon the rights ni industry, upon uic progress or civ ilization, upon the advance of refincim m he did hop that there was a power of puhli opinion in Europe strong enough to control governments and lorcc now the reckless and testlcss spirits who sought toinvolv their country ill war fehcfrsl. Vet w bile he said tin' let bun say this too, that did tho material interests of this country clearly compel us logo to wnr, men would foreign powers sec an entire oblivion among us of in ternal dissensions, and nil would unite in thcone great national obiect, cheirs. lie could allorel to counsel peace, becau-e, were the interests, the honor, the es tentiil welfare of the country involved ill war. hi could forget the counsel ho had given for peace, nnd dared, they would not have heard of a vote which nan not been asked in loriner years. Lord JohnRussell.rtssurcd the honorable gentleman mat tne voie was not in consequence of nny nnncipa ISO miles in At twelvn nVliiel: lin rorn,t.i .t . ted disturbance, or to put down any internal dislur-' ..r .!. (.ni.;h, ., j iV ',,, , 0 members bailee. ihnt in nht m nn n f!nni. t.,,i r,.. ,nr . 01 1,10 ' n"iol present ill Washington. ni,o easy transport of troops already there) and with re-1 crotary of tho Navy being still absti,,t .s . gard to Lake Ontario, he thought that if there should , ,1CV remained in consnll.Mmn nnarW tu n' .. unioriunatiiy uc, wnai no nau no reason to suppose 1 .... . . . ' '""irs. UI3IUI iijiiiu ,,i ine, iiivuuiy relations soosisilllg .....v... ,i ,a uuuotaiuuu, i;iiuncrilj- 1ecnthiscountrytindtheUnitcd Slatis1heshoiddl3atr3factorytoall parties. .Mr. Tvlcr told i!,i bo prepared to say that wo ought not to have a , , . , ' , , ' any bctw not bo prepared lore-con the l.ukc. Sir James Graham said that the opinion of the best authorities, when hcwasnttlicAdiniraliy. was that in case of wnr, thede-fctico of Upper Canada must lest rather on the nllections of the people, and on the mil itary, rathe rithan on our naval fortes. iiir.u, wood said that the change iook place nolo io policy described bv the right honorable gentleman twjor three years ng,du ing thclimeof theinsurrec tiun in Canada! nndit was necessary, not for tho pur pose of asserting our naval supremacy, but for trans porting troops, nteaniboats were, thereiorc, used on the Lakes Ontario and Erie, without intending any ihanifc in the general policy of rntruslitir' the defence of the colony to the military, but as an auxiliary to that force. Honorable members would recollect an triuption into Canada nt the upper part of Lake Lne tne troops were nt the junction ot the two lakes, an lliero was a difficulty in obtaining transports for them i ccauscincrc wcic no stoimhoats, except those nc oliging to the Americans, nnd thev were, so much en gaged in the ordinary traffic, that tlicbirc of n steam er for a year and a half or two years exceeded tho ori ginal cost of the vessel. air wo i.acy i.vans said that it wo most inconve nient for honorable members to state in that houso what the government might have decided as to a par ticular line of defiticc in any part of our possession in case of any future war. "Thomas lliero istoo much bustle hero i" "Where, Pal" "1 menu there is too much noiso you must top it." "Is noise a bustle, rat 1 "Yes child.; "Golly gracious! then sister Sally does wear the biggest noiie you oversaw, I'u." Lctfimotia blar. I'he New York Commercial Advertiser al- ludcs to the death of the President in the fol lowing beautiful and touching strain. "To ourselves, the scenes of the past month seen but a protracted dream-opening in a bright and glo riotts v ision on thc-lth of March, and ending in gloom at the close of one short month, junono nioniii ago yesterday we eavv the good old man moving in tri umph through the streets of the capital, attended by a throng of countless thousands, making the arches of heaven Wring with their shouts of gladness. We marked his own deportment-grave and solemn, as thouh deeply Impressed with ihohigli tlutits tlivol vingupon him by the new relation m which he w-as to stand to ihepioplc. He was neither lifted up by his exaltation, nor depressed as though tho charge was loo great for him, but, his carriage i was altogeih cr that of an unostentatious and plain republican he should be governed in tlio auminisiraiion 01 i ne concerns of good old man ate, the Reprcscntativ Innd-tosay nothing of ihe ministers of foreign povv ers gazing intently upon such a popular pageant r.s Iheold world cannot exhibit. Having read his de clarat in in a full, clear voice, tho noblejand patriotic sentimsnts bf which met the ardent re f-potise of thoui srrl, )re tbp with adT o!wnuy ieeved the oath FOREIGN. UNITE!) STATES & ORE AT BRITAIN. London, March 9. Tho Westchester arrived at Liverpool on Sunday night with dates to the 10th nnd journals containing (ho report to tho Ilottso of Representatives of tlio United States in tho case of Mr McLcod. Tho document, during yesterday, was the cause of groat ox cilcment in London, whero for several hours no sounds could ho heard in any direction but those of "war," "McLeod" "insulted honor " and the rest of tho jargon, for tho use of which wo ourselves havo so recently be on laughing at the good pcoplo of France. Tho funds fell about ono half per cent upon the arrival of this report, hut there wns more coolness prevailing in tho latter part of the day and this morning thu fever has almost altogether disappeared soino parties think ing, with Lord Mountcaslicl in tho House of Lords, that the report is too violent to be genuiuc others, that its acknowledged par ty spirit was not sufficiently taken into con sideration yesterday and all agree, that there is yet a reasonable chance of a pacific termination of.'he difficulties through tlio now I'rcsidcnt and cabinet of the United States. It is useless to spcculato on coming events, which must ho governed by circumstances now impossible to be foreseen, and there fore I purpose to pass from political to mon etary, and mercantile affairs trusting very confidently that tho now government of tho United Stntes will cam for itself tho glory of preserving tho real honor of its own country and yet avoid that war, which the unreasoning millions of both nations, at thi moment apparently would rush into nnd "know not what they do" HOUSE OlFcOMMONS. On the question that the House go into a Commit o'clock. Mr. Webster travelled 47 hours. members of tlio Cabinet thai ho regarded them as holding the same relation to him as they did to tho late President. Tho Cabinet will therefore continue, as it was organized by Gen. Harrison j and tlio course of the Administration will run as if the dispensation over which tlio country mourns had not occurred. '1 hi first office of the Government lias.only passed from the hands of one Whig into those of another ; and how much soever wo may lament the recent sad and calamitous visitation, there is not tho k..i.i,. i ......i.....:.. i:.,' j uu uu iui ejiiunaiuii us eel lis uuji.t- d ! cal consequences. .Since the arrival of Mr. Hl'NG'Ell APPEASED WITHOUT FOOD. A gentleman who has recently returned from i Kansas, informs us that lie overheard the following conversation at a tavern: "Holloa, boy!" "Holloa yourself." "Can I get breakfast hero 1" "I don't reckon as how you can." "Why V "Father's away mother's drunk thu baby's got the dysentery, and 1 don't care a d n." FRIDAY MORNING, AI'RII. 16, 1S41. PRESIDENT TYLER'S INAUGURAL statesman, carrying upon, his countenance the iin press of patriotism, integrity nnd benevolence. Wc 1.;... 1 front 1 s steed, indhliiiul forth up- on the portico of the national capital, there to pro claim in Ihe car of the peoj le the nriueiplcs by vvliieh 1 V h - ' l.i; fVlmW ktnnrl tha. OI tms vasv l'""''" ,"V" r a"" t,.r SnnkU. , u,l,ia.. .1.. I'.,! surrounded nv in" n im- .am-, -, -a, .....v.. ,,, tl ,u sentotivts of tho people, Ihe chivalry o 1 be nfirn-d. naw and much of the beauty or the , Mr. S. O linen ook the opportunity of adverting lo ' " .".at ... . . . r r.M'.,i, n,. I tint utato of thf. a Kj.iii.r,. i ira-m lt,itni .l the state of the relations betvvicn Ureal lliitain and the United States. Two circumstances were alleoed in the public papers which seemed to him to deserve notice. The fust was, that a true bill had been found against Colonel Mcl.eed, on a chart,- of murder and own, in tne courFe 01 tne jiscriar." d tne cuWi un atandin:. hv the ancient fame ami reputation of this great people, lend hisvoiiefor war, ill order to prove to the world, which we could easily prove, that our ancient military fume stood now as high as ever it did cheers. lie felt convinced that England, Scotland and Ire and too. floud cries of 'lnar'l notw ilh-tand- itiL' tha imputations he had heard on that country- he felt convinced that the three great divisions of the United Kingdom would all he ready to prove to the world that their prowess was not diminished s to sup port the national interest", and vindicate the national honor. So much for the general principles on which he was ready to support the proposed vole, and 1 which he was bound to say he would have supported larger vote, if her Majesty's government had propo sea tt. Sir Henry Hardvnee 011 thcArmv estimates the house look to the state of things in North America. He would notuseany harsh expression on this subject he would not lor a moment wish to init iate tho languacc which had been so iniudiciouslv ut tered in Congress hear, hear the more especially when he saw ihe able, the minlv, and straightforw ard manner in which oar minister, Mr. l-'ui, fulfilled his duty there hear. Hut let the committee look to the stale Ol tilings in .vurtn avmcrica, ami nicy vvuuiu , hardly', say that there is any prospect of a possibility of reducing our m'ditiry force in that direction. Lord John Russell Hisown observation, from looking at the state of the world, and the establishments which were propo sed in other countries, was, that long duration ot peacs was ihe precise cause w Inch made people esti mate too lightly the great, the incalculable evil ol war hcar,hcar. It was those who had lived in a time of war men liKe me ngiit nouoraoic oarouct opposite, and others inferior to him in command, who had seen the miseries nnd evils of war it was those men who especially valued the blessings of peace, and who were the most anxious to avoid war, whether in Eu rope or in America hear. hear. ) Itwas the youuggen cratinu of men, who had grown up without seeing tho evils of war, who were about to sugni the niessingsot peace, and to be eager to seize on every occasion of quirre-1 that offered itself, apprehending no that as an evil which they had not experienced theiiisclvcshear, hcarj. 11 was mis, mat, niie-i .jji.ii.ui ii.iet,iii,iuv it more difficult to preserve peace than was the case when the misery ot war hid been a more recent a matter of personal experience hear, hear. It was owing to this that we saw m a neighboring country an immense increase of military establishments 1 that wc saw nn item el 1.: minions sit lung voted tor military and naval works j and that wo saw, even in the Senate of the United States, n kind of language 1...1.1 l.;M. l.n tl.nmrhf was hardly fittinrr in men. peaking on so scriou, so vilal a tuhject as the peace of nations hear, hear. ,r iioi.n ivrl said When he read the accounts from the l'nitcd States when he looked at theposilon of affairs with respect to the apprehension and intention of Mr. Mcl.eod when he he ard from the noble lord that the destruction nf (lift litrailinn bnd been avowed by the right honora ble "cntleman lint orders had been sent on for the liberation and protection of .Mr. Mcl.eod-and when he considered what had since occurred with regard to ,1,,, a,ntla,ninn. be could not hiitfcci that the sc things afforded! matter for the gravest consideration. He ,-n,,l,l ,ii ra.r, r in rvnressiiins w hich Had fallen from members of Congre's. Ho was disposed to speak of that great country with Ihe most sincere respect, out, eonsfstcnlly with that feeling he must say ho did not think it would be for tho true policy of this country tit !inn-lifwr nnv m iilenient of the present difficulty nnv iinlimt concessions. He lliopetl they would never forect tho claims which ihe inhabitants of the North American provinces had upon tho moth er country 1 nnd vv lido he most sincerely deprecated n war witlmny country ami especially that one vv Inch Was Ulltt ll to US oy ino lies i um-iim ue-M-i-ui lltlil common language yet, if tho interests of England rciiinrcd resistance to wrong, an ms desires and aspt mtt.ins fnr nraee woultl vanish bcIoTO the tletcriiiina, tion to stand by his country, and lo insist that justice slmulil be ilottnl loud checrs.l Mr. Mooro O I'erinll rt plied, that no change was intended 111 the policy describe-d by the tight lion, rirnbln i.eiitleniati. Tho Sieauicr's were not armed Steamers, but they wero provided with the vtcwof more easily transporting Ihe troops on ine lanes. Mr. Hiimebid thought that peace had bffn restored In Canatlii and that now.vntn incuniou iiaj peenaa Wc have the pleasure of laying this docu ment before our readers. It is brief, but c.xpli cit replete with the soundest democratic prin ciples, and worthy the reputation and tho posi tion of the man upon whom devolves the duty of carrying out the reform so gloriously begun by Gen. Harrison. I'rcsidcnt Tyler recommends a repeal of the Sub-Treasury, a regulation of tlie Currency, a rigid economy in the public expenditures, that the Army and Navy be fos tered, and the public defences generally increa sed, lie is opposed to the Treasury Note sys tcin, as also to a permanent debt ; hut evidently in favor an increased revenue tariff to meet cur rent expenses and pay up arrearages. On the subject of the currency he is very explicit. The duty of the government to secure a sound currency, adapted to the wants of country, is d dtinctly recognized ; and while he pledges his sanction to "any constitutional measure origin- .lemg in ooll!;resF, calcinated 10 secure 1111s end, he also informs us that in "deciding upon " the adaptation of such measures to the end "proposed, as well as conformity to tlie consti " tution, he shall resort to the 1'alhers of the " great republican school for advice and instruc " tion, to be drawn from their sago views of gov "eminent, and the light rf their acr glorious EXAMrLC." This is all we want. The evil under which we now groan hive undeniably resulted from shutting our eves to the lights of experience, and disregarding the "glouou- tx ample" of Washington and .Madison, and the concurrent testimony of a large majority of the Republican Tathers. President Tyler fol low out the policy here shadowed forth the people will rally around his administration peace and prosperity shall again return to our borders and imperishable renown rest upon tho man who is not too wise in his own conceit to receive instruction from the Fathers eif the Republic. But why should we detain the reader froin the document itself, which is too clear and explicit to admit of illustration. consequences. Tyler, wo learn that the public anxiety as to hif future course ha? been much relieved. Ho wishes to change nothing, approves of all that Ins been done, and, seeks cliielly to carry out the measures of Gen. Harrison, and the will of the people that elected liiin. The National In telligencer of Wednesday morning, contains the) following semi-official authorised statement of the substance of the interview betwoen Mr. Tyler and tlio Cabinet. THE NEW PRESIDENT. By llio extraordinary despatch und in (ending tho Official intelligence to tho Vice President, at William sburg, nnd snti'lar despatch by lum in repairing to tho seat of Government, John Tvlcr, now President of tho United States, arrived in this city yesterday morn ing at 5 o'clock, ond took lodgings at lirown'a Hotel. at 12 o'clock, all the heads of Departments, except the Secretary of the Navy, (who has not yet returned to llio city from Ins visit 'to ins family.) waited upon him to pay him thiir official nnd personal respects. They were receivcil with all the politeness and kind ness vvich characterise tho new President. He signi fies his deep feeling of the public calamity sustained by tlie death of President Harrison, nnd expressed Ins profound senibdy to the heavy responsibilities so suddenly devolved upon himself. He spoke of tho present state of tilings with great concern and serious nes?, and made known his wishes that the several Ileadsof Departmentswould continue to fill theplaces which they now respectively occupy, and ins confi dence that they would allord all Ihe aid in their power to enable hitu to carry on the administration 01 ino Government successfully. The President then tDok and subscribed llio follow ing oath of office : I do solemnly swear tint I will faithfully executo the office of President ot the United States, end will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and de fend the Constitution of the United States. April C. 1SU. JOHN TYI.ER. DismiiT or CoLi'Mni.v, ) City ami County of Wns'iiitcton. i ' 1, William Craneh, Chief Judreof the Circuit Court of the Histnct of Columbia, certify that the obovo named John Tyler pirsonally appeared before me this day, and although he deems himself mtahficd to per form ihe duties and exercise the powers and ofiice of President on the death of Willnm Ilenry Harrison, late President of the United Slates, without any other oath tlnn tint which he has taken as Wi President, yet, as doubts mav nrtse, and for greater caution, took and subscribed the foregoing oath before me. April 0, 1811. W. CRANCII. IJ'Asottr paper went to press last week be fore news of tlie President's deatlt was receiv ed, wc republish today what then appeared un der our postscript head, together with an account obsequies, and other matters con neclcd therewith. We refer to our New York letter for an account of the magnificent ceremo nies in that city. I'vcry where, throughout the country, the news has been received with the most lively demonstrations of heart-fult regret. For the time being, party lines have been ob literated, and men of all parties have united in commemorative ceremonials, alike indicative of decpand sincere feeling for a national bereave ment, and honorable to the better feelings of our nature. At a large meeting of the citizens of Burling ton, convened at the Court House 011 I ridav to consider what action was called for by tho decease of the President a committee of fifteen persons was appointed to take tho subject in charge and make tho necessary arrangements of which due notice will be cien. I N T I . I ,L1 G Fa N C Fa FROM WASHINGTON Hon. John Tvlek arrived in Washington, on fith inst. accompanied by his two eons, and Fletcher Wobstcr, Fasq., who had been de spatched by the Cabinet to communicate to him otTicial intelligence of the death of President ll.vnnisoN, It will be seen bv the extract be- low, from the National Intelligencer, that he since took the oath as President of tho United States, and has assumed the name. The ex press which carried tho Vice President, now President, Tyler, to Washington, moved with great rapidity. Mr. Fletcher Webster loft Sun day morning, 5 A. M., reached Richmond at fl I'. M., chartered the steamboat "Old Dominion," to lake him to Jamestown, which starting at 10 P. M. Sunday night, brought him thcro at 5 A. M. Monday, whence, nt 7 o'clock, reached by horse Tvler and his family reside. He was found read PRESIDENT TYLER'S ADDRESS. To the People if the l'nitcd Stiites. rELt.ow-CiTijF.vs! llefore my arrival atthe Sea of Government the painful communication was made to you by the o licers presiding over the several De partments of ihedccplv regretted denth of William IIeniiv llAanisos-, late President of the U. Slates. Upon bun you had conferred your suffrages for the first office 111 your gift, and had selected him as your chosen instrument in eoircct and reform all such er rors and abuses as had maivfesttd themselves from lime to timem the practical operation of the Govern ment. While slandingat thcthrt.sholdof this great work, ho has, by tho dispensation of an all-wise Providence, been removed from amongst us, and by the provisions of the Constitution thecflbtts lobe di- rsa-tcat tr tho nrrnm ilili I nrn t nf tills eittallv imroT- tant task, have devolved upon myself. This same occurrence has subjected the wisdom and suffic.cncy ol our institutions to a new- test. Tor ihe first tune m our history the person elected to tlie ice rrisidency ol the United States, by the happening of a contingency provided for in the Con stitution, has had devolved upon lum the Presidential office. 'Ihe spirit of faction, which is directly op posed to the spirit of a lolly patriotism, may find in this occasion for asuilts t'-pon my admimstrrtion. And in succeeding, under cireum'stanccs so sudden and unexpected, and to responsibilities so greatly aug mented, to tlieadnuni.strn'ion of public nllairs, 1' shall placem the intelligence and patriotism of the Pcoplo my only sure reliance My earnest praver shall be constantly addiesstd to the all-wise and all-powerful lleing w ho mado me, and hv whose dispensation I cm called to t lie high office of President of this Confeder acy, tindcr.-tindinglv to carry out the principles of mat t-iiniiiuii',ii wiiieii i nave sworn "to protect, preserve, and defend." The usual opportunity which is otTordcd to a Chief Magistrate upon his induction lo office of presenting to his countrvnit-n an exposition of the policy which would guide his adiiiinisiialioit, ill the form of an Inaugural Andress, not having, under the peculiar circumstance w Inch hav brought me to thcdischarge of the high dutiesof Pretident of the United States, Ici-n nll'oidcd to me', a brief exposition of the princi ples which will govern me 111 ihe gcneial course of my administration of public affairs would seem to be due as well to myself as to joh. In regard to foreign nations, tncgroiind evoiK 01 my policy win tie justico on our part to all, submitting to injustice from none. Whdel shall sedulously culm He the relations of pesca and amity with one and nil, it will be my most im perative duty to sec that the honor of the country shall sustain no blemish. With a view to this, the con dition of our military defences will become a matter of anxious solicitude. The Army, which has in oilier days covered its-elf with renown, nntl the Navy, not inappropriately termed the nul l arm of the public defence, which has a light of glory over the American standard in nil the waters of" the earth, should he rendeicd replete with cXciincy. In view of the fact, well avouched by' history, that the tendency of all human institutions is to conctn Irate power m tho hands of a single man, and that their ultiniatetlow nfall has proceeded fn 111 this cause, ldteni it of the most essential importance that a com plete separation should take place between the sword and tin pin sc. No matter w here or how the public moneys hall l-e deposited, so long as the President can eort the power of appointing and removintr, at his pleasure, the agents selected for thetr custody, the Commander iiiC'h'cf of the Army and Navy is in fact the TreasJrcr. A permanent and radical change should therefore be decreed. The patronage inciden tal to the Presidential office, already grear, is con stantly tncfeasing. Such increase is "destined to keep pace with the growth of our population, until without a figure of speech, an army of office-holders may bo spread over the land. The unrestraint power exer ted by a selfishly ambitious man, tn ouler culler to perpetuate hisauthority or to hand it over to some fa- vonteas his successor, may lead to the employment of all the means within his control to accomplish hi obiect. The right to remove from office, while subjected to no just restraint, is inevitably destined to produce a spirit of crouching servility with the official corps, which, in order to uphold the hand which feeds them, would lead to direct nnd active interference in the elec tiousjboth State and Federal, thereby subjecting tho course of Stale legislation to the dictation of ihe Chief Executive Officer, and making the will of that officer absolute and supreme. 1 will, at a proper time invoke the action ot Congress upon this subject, and shall readily acquiesce in ihe adoption of all proper mtas urcs which are calculated to arrest these ivils so full of danger in their tendency. I will tcmove no incum bent from office who has faithfully and honestly ac quitted himself of the duties of his office, except in such cases where such officer has been gi illy of an active parurinship.or by secret means -the less man. ly, and therefore tho more objectionable -has given his official infinencc to the purposes of party, thereby bringing thcratronage of the Government m conflict wiiu uic trecdom ot election1. .Numerous removals nny become necessary under litis rule. These will be initio by ine through no acerbity- of feeling, hive hid no cause to cherish or indulge unkind feel ings towards any, but my conduct will be regulated by a profound sense of what isdticto the country and its institutions , nor shall I nejlcet lo apply the same un bending rule to thorc of my appointment. Freedom of opinion will be tolerated, the full enjoyment cf tho right ot saurage w-111 110 maintained a ine uirin-rigni ric.111 citizen, mil I say emphatically to nt .-vrri' 11 the oltu'ial corps, "thus tar and no lartncr. 1 have ,U.tIi lite lonrrcr unon litis subiect. because removals lin I frnni ollico arc likely often to arise, and I would have Wilhamsbtirgh, where M r. ! ' Zwl'l Z',, ' unJct5l:,"J rnnnple of the. In all public expenditures the most rigid economy ing, and not tpiilo t.npre, arcelj for the news, as f ouhl - one oT its results a nub I, a ,tali, tti lima nf neat-e lift Rltilnt sll- nn-iirta-.t A a letter from Richmond from a 1'hysirian, an-1 wisoand patriotic constituency will mver object to tha nouncinjTthat a man of tho a"0 of ficn. Harrison 1 imposition of necessary bmdens for useful ends and ,, . . ,", , , .,. . . . ,, true wisdom dictates the icsort to su'h mean, in or- could not survive an attack of lbs bilious pled- ,i, rt0 suppl, deficiencies in tho revenue, rather than risy, had in some decree prepared him to expert to those doubtful expedients, which ultmiating in a . t a,. 1 , . in vi..b nn Mm, ' l'ublto tlcbt, s crv o.' JU embarrass lb' re soi.rres of the it. Mr. 7ylcr was ready at 10 o clock on Aloti-, j.ountrj, (o ,cs n () nfct any dav to leave home, and atfi P. .If. ho lelt Rich. ; emergen-y winch may arise. Ml dneenres sSiuld be - . . . ' -v.l . -ri... .Vonl.t ha. il.reel r,rf the cars and the mail navingoeen nctatn. - -t;, di.eretiop him. He readied Washington at ft tnthnVhurs "g f r,i a nm-1 f' c"ptiI'! mond, cd for

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