Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 30, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 30, 1841 Page 2
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(PHIIB DPD&118! nf till- i fre licit, StlM ' ARRIVAL OF THE GREAT WESTERN. Nr.w YotiK, Apr-Fiji. Tito Groat West ern, Captain Iloskins, brings us news four d,iy.s t.itcr. It does not appear to be of spe rm! importance. At the time of tlio sailing of tlio Great Western, tin President, which lind tlien been out twenty-nine days, had not arrived. The general opinion was that she had gone into Fayal for coal, which would detain her one week at least. Tim packet ship North America had reach ed Liverpool with the latest news from this country. The only comment we find relat ing to it, is the following: "The news relative to Mr. M'Lcod, nnd the pros reel of Ins liberation, rnnnot I c considered snli?fnc tory. The repor's re garding his ien10v.1l from Lock port to Albany nr altogether uatrue; lluto is now little douht but that his trial will take place at Lock port. Thu Attorney General has setoirto Lockport, tj r.s to b present at the Inn'. "Ilcispmvidcu with an authenticated ropy of the dispxtches from our own government, find upon the ground of our nvnwnlnrtliedcatiuctinn of the Caroline, ho will rcqnet Mr. M'l.c.'d's release. Tlio Attorney O'neral nf the sine of New York, ln been sent to Washington with nn explicit and decided answer as 10 whit w II In-done 1 ;.' tint state." In 1 1 if House of Commons, nn the 7th "Hint, Mr. Hume rose to move for a copy cnrri'spoiHlencc! Iiclwcen tnc location I'uiteil Slates in London, and the trv of State for the Foreign Dcpart 'i ri'l.ition to the destruction of tlio mat C trnline. L ir.l P.ilmerston requested him in respect to the state of the house and the excited foel in.'s prevailing on the subject, to postpone a discussion which might have a tendency to prevent the aff tir being brought to that ami cable termination which both Governments drsird. Mr. Humo consented to pnspone the mo tion till after the recess, which took place on the 7th and will continue In the 20lh, for the Easter festivities. The Count Do Survilliors, Joseph Dona pat tc, has been alarmingly ill. No clue has been obtained as to the) rob brryof Windsor Castle. ''"ho Great Western nrrived off Sandy Hook List evening, but was not enabled to come up to the city until this afternoon. Nothing has been done in Parliament of nny great interest. The Poor Law amend- mrnt bill, and the bill for tho prevention of crime in Ireland, were tho principal topics of discussion. From China there had been no moro re cent information. Tut: N'aw Tnr.ATV. Affairs if the East, Tim treaty or convention initiated (paraphc) on the 15th tilt., by the representatives of thf! five groat European powers and the Ara 1 us-idor of th" Porte contains; A preamble f considerable length, sta ting an I recognizing tho rights of the Otto mm Porto as nn independent power in her relations with the other European nations. Artirlcs 1 and2, which stipulate tho clos .iig of the Dardanelles against all foreign ships of war, without distinction j Article 3, Hiich consists of nn invitation to all friendly Powers, not parties to the treaty, to accede to it ; and Article 4, which relates merely tothn ex cht ifof the ratifications within given time. above are tho entire contents of this important convention. rial degree. A committee of the House of Commons to whom the subject was referred, have, ns we learn ftomthc Courier and l-'iiquhcr, strongly disapproved of the principle of protection. It is said to bss a the circle of commercial exchanges, and to dlvnt enpital ami inDor irom natural to artificial, nn! less proinauic source. It is also recconimcndcd that the t'ulics on colonial poduce, such for instance, as sugar, collie and umber, ne greatly reduced innil mat tnc corn inwsuc materially changed. AWFUL AND SUBLIME. Extract of a teller in the A'eif York Hrangelest, from e'er. Titiu Conn, dated Ilila, (Sandtcich ' Islands) July 17, 1910. "While nbscnt nt a general mcetinf, a terrific vol canic eruption took place at Puna, one part of my nnrlsh. and nbout '2Q miles from our station. For about two weeks a large part of Pun-, n district of about SO miles long, w as so enveloped in smoke, as to hide' the luminaries of heaven, by day and hy night) winlenll F.nstcrn Hawaii, which was not covered with smoke, was rendered lighter than a full moon could tmko it in a cloudless sky. The volcano burst out some 20 miles in the interior, and'sprcading into the river from one to three miles wide, and ofgreat doblh, rolled down ils molten Hood to the sen, when, leaping n precipice of 50 or 100 feet, it poureil a vast cataracr of tire into the ocean, with vivid glare, and fearful detonations, throwing up im mense rock" to a great hcinht. and filling the air with ashes, cinders and sprnv, for the distance of 10 miles ntonir the coast. Tbrnn hills of several hundred fctt elevation wcro formed in the sea, the water of the ocean was heated for twcnlv miles along tho coast. and multitudes of fish werckhled. Several villi, es wcro ilestroyeu, an 1 many plantations, besides a Mist tract of wilil land, submerged in the b irning llooJ; but no lives were lost. The people fled and esccp.vl. The molten sTeam flowed two or tliicc weeks, and then ceased : all is now epict again. From the Detroit Advertiser. PRODUCF. OF Hit FAD STUFFS IN THF. UMTF.I) STATES. We have received the returns of the l'roiiucls or tile United Stales, compiled Irom tile returns of the Marshals for taking the Census in June Ins;, with the exception of two States and two Terri tories. The nggreunteis astonishiimlv large, nnd will be viewed wilh gratification. It exhibits the growing wealth, of our country. There are no returns from North Carolina, Ken tucky, Florida and Wisconsin. RECAriTl'LATtO. 6fl,0a,017 Other gtain ll!l,7i(i,Pi 1 Potatoes llK,l39!iai Bushels 5S8,3',Vi.74l Estimate for Kentueky.N. Carolina &cL,rjUO,0(X) Bushels 65P, 126,7 14 J3rOvcr 35 bnshi Is of bread stuns for every inhab itant in thf United Stales. Of the various kinds of Grain, we find the following : Bushels. Wheat C(!,0y,D17 Coin J57,5'52,2IO Itye IT.fiW.KW HuckwheM l'i,;.J0.02'J Itirley :),?ll.l,!r)7 Potatoes 10.', l.'!),P2(i Ox's 0I,!GV'C3 For Kemuckv, N. Carolina, Wis consin Teri.tnry, &c. say 70,000,000 Vi3, t2.,,741 During the long discussion in r.nnlnnd on th- sub ject of the Corn Law, ihe neeessxry quantity of grain required to find an individuil with, has been closely inve-sligateil, and It is estimated, that the avciage consumption, including young and old, is about nvn bushels to a pcison, including all kinds of gT.nn. Admitting this estimate to be correct, md putting the population of the United Spites at 1 T.Of'O.t'CO we have a surplus of 3'J bushels to an inhabitant. Per haps one half of the corn, most of the win at and buckwheat, and three einrtrre of the rye is used for nreui i aim the remainder oi incrveamta large pirt of the corn is mimifictured into' whiskey, or used in fattening polk. Wededuct thebarley fir the brew ers, and the nuts f.r Mm-k, although in the western eountiesof F.ngland, barley is used for bread, and in Scotland, oat-nival is m gem ral use, anil we hint Hit rcsourccsof the United Sntej w.ll str.nd nsfollows: IJu.-hcls. Wheat Cti,OSJ.947 Buckwheat (1,930.029 Potatoes I02,19a.n2fl Corn l-HOOO (VO Kye IJ.500,000 For Kentucky, N. r'srnhna.Wis cons.n Tertitory, Sec. ssy 30,000,000 to partake of foreign bread ttufls, and America then conns ill competition wilh grain from Hamliurer, Na ples, Dantzic, and Odessa. This leads us to say & woru in rcdpcci to me contr laws or enclasp, which hear heavier upon the products of the mighty West, than is generally tinderstood. That the farmer may nnderstand the prices of flour in F.nglaud, when ho reads the quotations from Knglish papers, we ghc ilie inuie oi eiunes em inv iiincie', jiauuaic;u uy iiiu prices of sacks and quaricrs of wheat. He can then makeliisown calculation in Ftrrlingnioney,(a shilling being 22 cents,) whether it will pay the Eastern mer' chant for the shipment to F.uropc, and thus lie can determine the prospect of fore ign exports, and conse quenllyknow the rise or fall in the New York matket TAOLG Or DUTIES. A sack of tlour weighs 210 pounds, a barrel of American flour IPG lbs.; thus a barrel of flour isteren tenths ot a sack b) weight. When he sees in the price current as follows : Duties on A sack of flour, Amer. Flour. AlTOscaua a barrel at 4Ds Oil fis 7d At 63s 47s 5d 10s Old At 66s 46s 3d 12s Md At 61 41s !)d 13s 7id At liVs 43s Till At 60 42s Od At 5Ss 40s 5d At 5Gs 3!)s Bd At 54s 37s 9d At !)2h 36s 6d At BOs 3,is Od The 1 1st intellinence from Knrrland. (Imir was sel ling nt 66s a sack, whieh makes n duty of S2.70 per harrel on American flour, which amounts to a prohi bition, so much so that orders were received by the Nt-t arrival to stop purchases at over 41,30 in 'New York i and fioni the 1st to the-IOth of last nionth.but 6.R92 barrels were exported, which was taken at four dollars and fifty cenls. Notwithstanding the policy of F.ngland has been for year-, to prntcct her agricultural industry, no countervailing protection has been adopted b Ihe Uni ted Siatcs i but on the contrary, duties upon British goods are every year lessening, and many of them arc freenf duty. The producers nf the West nreobli seel topav a bonus to Fug. for the tirivdcire of trade. If Great Britain would receive the bread stuH? of our country, on the payment of the same duties which we piy on her manufactures, then the farmer would have no just causu for complaint. The important ihe United Slates, since 1700 to IS JO, have excee ded the exports S703, 159,035 In the same time there has been but 7 )cars, that vvc have expor ted more than wehave imported which was Sl,031,203 S74 1,527,130 Seven hundred and forty-one millions, five hundred and twenty-seven thousand, four hundred and thirty dollnr.s!! which has been paid to foieign nations in gold and silver over our exports, for articles which could have been mai ifictured in this country, and, within the last fix ye .rs, near three hundred millions of this bilaire. has accrued against us, to say nothing of tho' hundied millions of slate slocks which has bee" Id m l.uropcwilhin thepast five years, io I "1?. the to'al amount of agricultural moduc ti s if all descriptions, with the exception of cotton, port ' a all parts ef the world, amounted to onlv Sii,0l?,0iT). and the same vear mlks tu the amount of over S2.'i,0001000 were admitted to our ports free of But we find we are deviating from our snbicct.which was to ascertain, as near as we can. the amount of bread slullj now m the country : Bushel. Goncto Canada 1,527,425 To foreign countries, 1S40 4,0il7,7l0 U-ed bv manufnetmers 100 000 Shipped from New York, since Jan 1.5110.000 " from other ports, say 500,000 Atlow for the West Indies and Mexi co, which wcusiilly supply.. 1,000,000 I CANA V) A. Hr.MirT or Tttr. Canadian Elections. Iteturus have boon received from all the boroughs and parishes in Canada, and it is f iiintl that the recent election for members of the Provincial House of Assembly have resulted in the choice of thirty-six tories, who will support the government in all ils measures, eight conservatives, who will give the executive n partial sttppoil, and forty nn- tu'ini.mikts. or liberals. Nino si'nts will lie. Lake. contested, via : Bentihnrnois, Three Rivers, Vaudreuil, Uouvillo, Y jj k 2J Riding, Len ox, St. Maurice, AdJington, Montreal coun ty, and Clnmhly. Tho members returned for these place are chiefly supporters of the Governni'jut. The unsuccessful members retired from tho contest on account of vio lence at the polls. Atlas. Mnr.TiNO or the I.toisnTi'iir or Canada. In i'L- more than ammiili hence, the Legislature under i a re-union ct, will imet "for thodespatch of bun ness," 'iould no circiim-lane- intervene io occasion !K bci'ig uim prorogue d. We observe that some of i ' v ivi 'iiporories nrc troubling thein-ilv'cs about isi , iid me. md doing ill they can to perpet c t- p-eju I'.ces, amnios, ties and divisions 'nlutanis uf tin l'lovinct. This mav be i .,' it t'u" who ' live by the Governincut," at 'i f the community. There will, however bi-vcy little division among the people emiuve, in this part of ttie- I'rovine-n at i!i,".ionsto be agiiatedare no longer con ti v p ii ticulnr c ass on the subject, or to any 1 1' nl iion of I he country. The' common nghw 'ini' ' -sis of all are concerned, and the consiitui ills h iv ifii 'i ntlv e'xprcsseil ihemselveson the subp'ct. T'irt I i il idiiiinistration.vvboe measures lnveas-ail- e 1 t'lese ii,'his an I mttreels, has not obtained more t'nn ei'v sinporlers, (outof forty-two) really elect i" I. confornnb v to the wishes eif thnr constituents. Therearefn members indeed rcturnes) by the act of the I'vecutivc, hy disfranchising the maiorily uf voters and living Ihe places o elections according to Ps ills cretion t or by violence, driving its opponents from tile hustings. ( .mmic l.orresuHHenl, Qccbec, Aran. 21. We hardly think that there is nnv combination between our ''Kestionsible Govern ment," the anti-protccivo gentlemen in r.nglnnd, and tho wenther, but they nil teem to he in operation to r-ndcr the condition of tho I'nited Provinces uf Can ndi, ns tinforliiuaic as possible. We mentioned on Monday ihe December snow-florm of Sunday last It snowed again on Monday night, and this morning A'iril 21st. there was another north easterly snow r i.-m. nud severe drift. The fnovv in the roimlrv now lies in heaps, covi'ring tho fences in many places ami no part of tho fields bate. We- wonder at the pnrwvcranee of the crows' these migratory Inif's hiv been hi in flock", for near a tuontli.witti hiiui ly anything to pick up h i, ami mil they do not emigrate to the 'far west.' We are sure if people hern lisd frpnl facility of irrial locomotion, many would lie diposei to avail themselves of it. Serious apprehensions begin Io bcfe lt of the t-carci-ty of fodder for the canle in several pnrts of the coun try. Indei'd, in some parts of the District of Mon treal, where .lllfv cnlcnhteil nn nn enrher rpi-orl to pasture, the cattle ure actually sutli-ring for vviint of For theli't half century there lias not been so ma ny cnues, on-operating ot the simo lime, to render dispiriting ihe prospects of ("anndn. It ,n, linwever, ovjrcomo maiiv'dilliculiif s. We inii.t Im.n to nc eoinmod'i o'l's dves to circumstanees lvond our control ioiiI tlttrn In thefrugnlnnd prov . n 1 1 1 I 1 1 s and in of lif.i which nrc to those eireum HjU'ts 1 rr Jiff ("ri form," pome call it,) all that we can ; never losinjr our temper nor hope. Si ER3R10KC. Aeste 22 Mr. Kenrick, of Barns- m, isiheifi" i th pure D'irliim lined, (fnilii a nr ei! ! I. .or.), vbi ''i, a I l iubt months old. in'rlcd fo telfn n''i"ji o ' i l.'ilf round the middle live f'Cttlevee inehc in I ., naif from polo of the head to t'n, root " Ihe t .c fi'ct ten inebes. Uushels 3CC,0:0-S02 Over 22 bushels to an inhabitant ! In viewini? the amount cf bread stuffs raised, tin farmer can draw his own conclusions, by the forego to tbeiirolial'ihtv of a li-c of nnces. or con jecture as to a still further decline. Unless tliere is a great demand lor it abroad, uclear the latter. At present, we sec nothing to encourage more than on usual exportation. In making a cileulati n, it must lis recollected that there are about 1.000.000 of tiee'ide in the We-t Indies and .South America who now receive their flour from us, and have .'or limy yeais. Our i porn to i ij countries, amount to near SCO 000 barrels an- In. and the cotton iiianiifjieturesof our country cimyume 100.00,1 barre s for Uro oh. etc. I iics past year a i.svv liadchas been c.irried on with ihe Cauadas. Wo have taken pirns to nscorlian the amount, ns near as we can, as the Western Trade wilh tho Urit ish provinces has commenced within a year or two past. P.iishils. 1,000 bids, from Detroit, cquil to "0,(100 I!iihels i f wheat from St. Joseph. ...15,000 70,M i bbl. from flev i Innd.cepnl to. .35 1,'J7 1 ltuslo'ls of wheat from Cleveland. ...P9ti,5'0 From (Iraud Iliver, Ohio 11,000 40,00 bids, of Flour from Roches ter, .ew Vork 00,000 Uushels 427,125 .Vo return- from UutTalo and other ports on the Wheat raised.... " exported.. ll,0r,,131 ...Gfi,0?9,fll7 ...11,035,175 Whcit Oilier kind of bread stnll's.. .51.!l!t,?02 237,773,720 Most of this went to F.ngland, ns after u once got into the Provinces it passed lor Col nial wheat and entered the ports of Great liritiin fieeof duty. ExrottTs or flock and wheat fkom 1700 to 1840. Uuthcta of Woe at exported iverage price of When in L av. i Value of Barrels o jpriccofiFlour es F.our ex" i' lour porii'ii in eacu lav. prices yearali in I'lula Phila.J delphn. ported. 17P0 171)1 1702 1793 1701 17!). 17'Jii 171)7 179 ;)o 1H0 IfOl no: 101 105 l-nij 11)7 IfOs 1F0U III 1U 1812 1813 1S11 115 BIG 1R17 IRIS 1319 1320 1521 1S22 lfi23 1P2I 1925 1320 1127 1829 1S29 lt.30 1831 1832 1933 1934. 1B3.' 1830 1837 1839 1939 1610 T.1F PrsT-F.CTIVE Svhtsm in Pbeat Ubitian Th re is some prolnbdity tlmt tho protective syttcru of Oresil llntan wdlsoonbe ruoif.e-d iua ury malt 1, 121,15'' l,01r, i'J r.O,57 b9s,797 11 1,27 i 3l,2.'d 15,055 15.021 10,050 20,853 2.!9,929 2-0,2-11 031, 115 127,0il 1S,0J1 Sfi,7Pl 77ll,Sl 1 87,350 393 PS9 3i5,921 21(i,KJ3 51,832 235,535 17,031 02,321 !W,'07 19'1,P03 82,005 22.137 25,821 4,119 4,272 20.371 17,990 45.1CG 22,182 P,9Cni 4,007 45,289 401,910 89,301 32,421 30,9 1 97,7li2 2.002 17,30 0,201 2 It 9 17 10 50 6 72 11 70 3 312,703,522 AlVvwinrrlO bushels to each inhabitant, which is double the average in Furnpe, and w e have n surplus of 172,000,000 bushels. Fiom which we conclude, that mil, s there is an increased demand from abroul piesentntie'csof bread stolTs ill not advancn duriiiL' the pres.-nt season, whatever change nviy follow the ingathering of the ensuing crop. Tur. MoitMONs. Tho Corner Stone of a great Mormon Temple, (that is to be) at .Vim oo, Illinois, was laid on the Gib instant, in presence of seven or eight thousand per sons and the Military Le'gion, consisting of six hundred and fifty men. Tho Warsaw (Illinois,) World, says : "Mr. Rigdou offi ciated at tho laying of the chief cornerstone and addressed tho assembly in a very energetic manner, in a speech of about an hour's lungth. On the whole, the exercises passed off with the utmost orde'r, without ac cident, or the slightest disturbance. Gener al Rennet commanded the Legion, under the Prophet, and acquitted himself in a tru ly officer-like manner." range bis machine to give him another charge, when Dr. I), again exclaimed, Mm i ho Is alive ! ho sighs I ho breathes 1" And, true enough, ho did sigh ; he gave a long gasp, at the same time raising-"nml gently waiving his right hand. His righs contitlued for a couple of minute?, when they ceased entirely. His whole frame seemed to bo somewhat agitated; ins cbobt heaved J his logs trembled, and he occa. tionally raised his right arm. TIicbo cfl'ectn wore suppnscu to tie cuiseei uytne poweriiit in lluencc of the galvanic fluid upon the nerves. None of tlieso movements wcro yet supposed attributable to the action of life. It was consi. dcrcd that the animating principle of nature had lctt lus tratnc, ami count never tie again restored. Why not 1 Arc not people who have been longer deprived of life than bo had been, often timer 'estored ! Then why may lid not be rcsusciatcd J were questions that scorned to engage the minds of all. In the very height of anxiety and suspense, Dr. IJ. announceil that lie could feel feeble pulsations. A piece of broken looking glass was immediately hold uetorc ins nostrils, which was instantly covered with a cluttd. "He breathes 1" ho breathes J" was the unanimous shout. All was the most intense an. .iclv for some seconds, when the motion of Ins chest, as in the act of respiration, became vi Bible. "His pulse," said Dr. 1). "docs now cor. tainly beat) lo!" ho at the same instant ex claimed, "ho opens his eyes 1" And horrible, ludccd, were those eyes to look upon ! He rolled them wildly in their sockets, occasionally closing them, and giving most ter rible scowls-, in about live minutes Ins breath ing became tolerably frequent probably ho would give one breath when a healthy man would give four. His breathings, however, ra pidlv increased, in frequency and strength. Dr. I), began to speak to him, but he gave no indi cations that he heard a word, lie looked upon the scene around him, with the most deathly indifference, seemingly alive to nothing. A pin was tried upon his foot. Ho moved his foot, though not very suddenly, and resented the act with a horrible frown, but a frown containing idticss. His a tinn soon began to take a more energetic character. He began again to feel of bis neck, and work bis body, as though in the severest agony. Young 1,., a medical student of Dr. S., approached him, and taking bold of bis arm and shoulder, White rose upon bis feet, took two steps, being thus supported, and seated himself in an arm chair. On seating himself, be gave a slight groan, his muscles seemed to relax, and he appeared somewhat overcome with the exertion bo had made. A bottle of hartshorn was immediately applied to his nose, which revived him much ; but his lite seemed to be that of a man much intoxicated. He seemed, upon one occasion, to try to give utterance to some feeling, but, from an unknown cause an imped. mont, probihly by an accumtt. lation in the throat occasioned by tho execution, lie va" tillable to give utterance to a word. Wo arc sat it lied that lie made an effort of this kind, for immediately on the cvertion ho gave a sor rowful slnkc of the head, winch slonilied.if we rightly ucderstood the language, that be meant something which he could not express. His system was critically exomined, and though he was pronounced to ho perfectly alive, it was announced hy Dr. D. that be could not live but a few minutes, for congestion of the brain, whicbhad not yet happened, was rapidly taking place. Kvery method was adopted tocqualizc tho circulation of the blood, and save the patient from the terrible cotHeq'iences of so sad a catastro phe, but in vain. The blood vessels of the head were enormously distended, and bis eyes ap peared to be balls of clotted blood. His system was immediately thrown into direful spasms, and ho died in a few minutes in the most excrutiat. ing agonies. AMIUMCAN PRISONERS AT VAN DIEMAN'S LAND. Wltilo tlio public sympathy lias been de manded forMcLcod, is it not due to human ity that tho American prisoners, engaged in tho Canada incursions in tho 1838, and now suflcring imprisonment at Van Dieman's Land, should not he altogether overlooked! In most cases, those wcro young men, of re putahlo families farmers residing on tho frontier counties who, misled by tho feeling then abroad, were induced to invade tho ter ritory of a nation with whom wo wcro at peace. It is not claimed that they worn wrongfully convicted. But ns no possible good Can be attained by their farther punish ment as they have already suffered as much ns tho public good, or tho claims of national justice, can ho supposed to require it is to Do hoped mat tlio liritisli government win allow them to return to their families and friends. Our government mrty not claim their discharge and perhaps it may think it oltght not to interfere but wo see no im propriety on their part in calling tho atten tion of the British authorities to this subject and inviting them to an act of clemency that would redound far more to their credit than disadvnntngei In another column will he found a list of the prisoners sent from Upper Canada. Argus. IMPORTANT DISCOVERY. The following .is translated from a recent number of tho Gazette Acs Deux Monies of Paris : "Some days ago Baron Dupotet presented to tho Academy of Medicine a Deaf Mute, ten years of age, whose speech and bearing he bad restored by a magnetic process. The Academy immediately appointed a commission to inquire into the truth of a fact which threatens to over turn all previous notions of science. Their re port is looked for anxiously. "Since that time the Baron submitted to his process a deaf mute of the ago of five years. A certificate of a member of the Academy of Me dicine proves tint the child was both deaf and dumb from its birth. The miraculous process of the Baron was evident, for at the end of three sittings tho child beard and repeated every word pronounced in its presence. We have seen this ourselves. "Assurances have boon given us, which we dare not doubt, that the Baron has cured nineteen persons similarly afflicted." EVERY THING OUGHT TO BE WELL DONE. A good many capital things are told of the late William Gray a distinguished merchant of Boston, lie was familiarly known by the name of "Billy Grav." He loft at his death a large estate, and used to say that the chief source of his worldly success, was his motto, "v hat is worth doing at all, is worth doing well. On one occasion, be bad reason to find fault with a mechanic for some slovenly job. The mechanic recollected Mr. Gray when bo was in a very humble condition, so he bore the rebuke with impatience. "I tell you what" said be, "Billy ray, 1 than t stand such jaw from you. Why I recollect when you was nothing but a drum mer in a regiment. "And so 1 was, replied Mr. Grav, "so I was drummer but did'nt I drum u-cll eh ! didn't I drum veil ! 1 55 SU 1 5 25 5 !'0 G 90 10 GO 721,023 G19.G51 821,101 1,074 l.i'.l til'i 010 lir,7.369 2 i,191 '12 50 B15,6JJ i t! 91 507,553 , S 20 519,205 9 GO G5JU52 i 9 8 1,102,441 1 10 40 1,150,213 1,311,853 6 1 0,00 i 777,51 1 782,721 1.219,919 2u.t,513 810,217 793,4 )1 1,115,012 1 1, Hi, 192 I,III,'.IU 191,271 802,739 729,051 1,179,193 1,157,97 750.000 G5 10 1 1,177,030 ol S l,UXi,li:i 73 11 43 3 51 9 62 0 Gfi G 50 11 50 9

827,805 750,702 JUliJU' 813,900 857.S20 803,190 PC0,809 837,385 1,227,43! l,F0ti.52G PGI.919 955,708 835,352 779,393 505,100 318,719 44H,UiI 910,101 813,512 0 90 G 73 8 23 9 70 7 39 7 17 5 GO 0 91 9 37 9 95 9 83 8 92 8 GO 8 71 9 78 11 GO 9 90 7 11 4 72 4 73 G 53 0 82 5 G2 5 10 4 G'. 5 2.. 5 GO 0 33 4 m 5 G7 5 72 5 03 5 17 5 69 7 99 9 37 7 79 3,2 Jl,- 4,323,1 0,310 370 5,8)7, t'iO 7,290,111 9,001,955 1,591,190 4,053,975 5,010,099 G,13'),0'J2 11,405,417 7,978,111 8,323,771 0,000,305 7,511,870 5,7l3,fs5 8.9ill,202 I, 50i,0'r, 5,'i 17,500 7,431,203 14,377,809 II, 189.520 ll,147,GO l,0'i2,lr,r, 7,511,150 7,130,133 I7,231,3-.1 11,530,G02 5,3)0,192 5,555,000 5,013,218 5,417,351 5,100,703 5,001,971 4,150 ) 3,"- ,53 l-',2-!l l.'-iO.Ven v;ou,Gi7i ..923.0011 10,213 019 4,947,337 5,330,971 4,318,770 4,582,848 4,033,115 2,930,397 3 191,171 1,070,512 WONDERFUL RESUSCITATION OF AN EXECUTED MURDERER. It was briefly mentioned in the Sun, a few days since, that John White, convicted of the murder of Messrs. Gvvatkin it Glenn, onbej.ird a llat boat, on the Ohio river, w as executed at Louisville, Ly. on the 6th ins!., a little after G o'clock in the morning. The Judge, in senten ring him adjudged his execution to take place, at any time within the hour of 0 A. M., and the sliorili; without unking the fact notorious, chose the earliest moment, so as to prevent the im mense crowd which would have been in atten. datire from witnessing it. But few persons were then.'fore present. He died hard tho rope not "plying" well, occasioned the knot to slip up ovi'-,i s i-hin, instead ol being under his ear. I lli. neck was not broken by the fall. Previous In Ins death ho wrote a letter to his father, in winch he stated that he was present when the unfortunate men were murdered, that ho did not participate in the act, but was compelled to begins own life from two riinn who murdered them. He names the men as Charles Short and Jerry , suiiiaiiio not given, lie was cut Thus it will be sci n that our exports have diminish, nl yearly from 1790 to Ihis time, with I ho e xecpiiou of ihe years when Kuropu has been nt war. In 179) we'crporleil equal loli,623,770 bushels of wheal, ami in 1333, only 2,240,709, although wc produced tivo tunes ns much ns wc'dni in 1790. 1700, the wheat prown in (treat Drilain, was only 11,000 bushels, nnd barley 27 000. In 1830, wheat over 100,e00,000, nnd barley 37,000. r'otwithstnndinsihi'imir',nie increase of produc tion of prion, owinj; to the oj ession of the corn laws to lliL'iioor. Ibi in is more sullen:. fir the want eif bread in (Ireat llritain and Ireland, than in any oth er part of I'.ure pp. The importation of wheat into F.nglrnd from her provinces, it- free of duly, tbnl fiom tin l'liiled States is si'biect to her com Ijws. nnd wlu i sreiiv and staivrttioii stares them in the fnce, and the price of iljtuii icucue- u e'tTiaifi pe'iin, hk bjwws. bar snu'cis down, alter hanging about ." minutes, and bis body given over to the dot'tors lor purposes of experiment. The Louisville City Gazette gives the following interesting account of the astonish. ing and extraordinary result ol the experiments by which the unfortunate man was restored to Hie A. 1. Men. The poles of a powerful Galvanic pile, which hail linen prepared lor the occasion, wcto imtne diately applied to him, and to the unutterable joy nl all present, with the most pcrlcct success, On the first application of the fluid to his body; which was vet warm and trembling, a universal tremor seemed to pass over bis frame, and fancy. if fancy you ran, the surprise, the astonishment ol all, when ot suuuen tie arose upon lus bench to a silling posture, anu vviin great eagerness and impatience raised his baud to bis neck. trying to grasp the r in bis fingers and tear it from his thmit ! lie li.-st snatched at it with great r- ,es-s, as iiiongn the rope was yet aroif neck, and then continued sonic tiio. u - ing at the seam with bis lingers, as th i , wis something that adhered to his .-at, fit. i.' linn great nrieasine-rt. Hut this symptom was soon forgotten, for almost the next moment ho arose upon his feet, raised bis arms level with bis breast, and opening bis blooel shot eyes, gave furtb from his mouth a most terrific screech, after which bis chest worked ns if in respiration, in a very violent manner. Lverv one at this minute was as mute as death, every breath was for a moment suspended, when Dr. l. exclaimed, "by heavens-, ho s alive! Too great was the excitement, too tnteiiso and absor. bing was the interest and wonder, enjoyed and felt by all, to allow time or attention lor a reu v to the remark. Every eye was rivetted upon the agitated and shaking corpse. The operator continued to let upon it a full ipiantuni of the galvanic Hum, till the action upon the nerve becoming so power fill that it made a tremendous nound, leaning bv a sort ot an imported plunge into a corner of tlx; room, elite- -tging itself entirely from tho wires which communicated the galvanism. All uuuiodiatoly drew -around the body. For a moir.ei.t a.ter its fall, iuceiiiod perfectly mo. tionlcss and dead. Dr. li. nnnrjached and tak. ing hold of his arm, announced that bo thought he leu a wight, wougii single heat of thepuUe, i iiV (jaivanK-. operator wa just gou.tonr APPALLING SURGICAL OPERATION An "eye witness" furnishes the Richmond Whig vvitb the following account of a surgical operation performed in that City on tho l lthinst. The subject was a negro woman 23 years of a,"e, afflicted with ostco-sarcotua, extending from l!m e-liin to the articulation of the lower jaw with the temporal hone. The nero bad been sent fiimi N. Carolina to receive whatever benefit thi resource of surgery protivsed her J and after consultation, Dr. Warner determined to remove half ol the lower jaw, witii the diseased mass at tached thereto. The patient was placed in the sitting 'mst tire and secured by strong bands to the chair the bead being supported by an as sistant. The operation commenced by removc- ingthe two left incisor teeth. An incision was then made from the left angle of the mouth to a point about half an inch in front of the left car, so as to command the left articulation of the jaw. second incision was carried perpendicularly from the termination of this an inch below the angle of the jaw a incision along the cen ter of the lower lip, extending downwards upon tho neck an inch below the jaw. All the parts enclosed in these incisions were dissected oil' and turned dim n upon the neck, exposing the en tire hall ol the lower jaw withttieuiscaseil mass. J he jaw was separated bv the use of llcv s saw- in a line a little to the left of the centre of the chin. By a rapid dissection, the lower jaw was separated from its attachments within the mouth. Hits was followed by cutting the insertion ot the temporal muscle to the coronoid process, and the disarticulation of its attachment to the left temporal bone. The remaining steps of the operation consisted in dissecting out the eliscas. cd 1 Ane, and tying the bleeding vessels. No one but a spectator can imagine the appalling iiorrors of this operation, with the frightful expo. sure of the cavity of the mouth which resulted the cavity of the throat, the whole extent ot the tongue, the hideous row of tooth in the upper jaw, all being brought into view The removal ot the diseased jaw occupied about twenty min utes, and would have been accomplished in a much shorter time, tint lor the constant struggles of the patient. J be parts were then snugly re placed, and the patient put to beJ, and, 1 am happy to state, is now (on the sixth day after the operation) doing remarkably well, with the flat. tering prospect ol rcrovciv. Injustice to tho operator, I cannot withhold mv testimony to his firmness and self-pusses-ion j for while every spectator was horror-stncKen at the magnitude and seventy ot the operation, his countenance was calm exhibiting a proper union of confidence, letermmatiou, and benevolence. BETROTHED vs. MOTHER. A singular and painful litigation has recently been in progress at Boston ; one which to all kindly hearts must cause regret, although none can fail to sympathise with the feeling in which it originated. 1 ho suit was in replevin brought by a mother to obtain pessession of a watch and portrait formerly belonging to her dead son. The defendant was a young lady to whom the son was noirowieo, aim u was cicariv proven in.u the watch and picture bad been given to her by tho deceased just before embarking for the voyage on which be was lost. The verdict was in favor of the betrothed ; but one hardly knows whether most to rejoice with her, or grieve with the mother, at tl,,, issue of a contest for tho (.ad memorials so highly prized and so eagerly desired by them hotii. y. Com. Adtertiscr. War in nir. Wlst The Little Rock (Ark.) Gazette of llio'-Mth, states, on the authority of a gentleman from the Indian territory, that a war had commenced between the Choctaw and Kicka poo Indians. It is stated that the Kicka poos have, for a number of years, been encroach mg on tho Choctaw lands, and bad been fro eiuetitly rpiiuested tudcKist, to which they paid ' A l .!, CI...,..,,.. iiu uiiuiiiiou. ii iuw vveehs since-, inu iu. council tlcemcd it expedient to pass a law coin niandiiiL' them to leave their territory, which the Kiclnpoos refused to do, but assembled their tribe, numbering twelve liunilreu warriors, ue. leruntiedto resist tho execution of the Choctaw law. Vliey have, in addition to this sent the war li'itchet to tho numerous wild and savage tribes who inhabit tho extensive tract of coun try lying between lb" Choctaw lino and the Rocky Mountains. It is also said, that all the traders who had been ipsiding among tho I diaiir, were busily engaged in removing their geious io tuo vicinity ot l on iowwn tor pro, tectkm. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 30, 1341. I.F.TTF.RS FROM THF. MF.TROrOI.IS. No. X. New Yonic, April 21, 1511. Our spring is remarkably Urdy. At 'odd spells,' for some two months, wc have had bright gleams of sunsli.iie hcart-eheerine foretastes of summer ; but they have uniformly and right speedily been succeed ed by cold, tempestuous storms, effectually cheeV. ig all our high anticipations, and exemplifying the an cient 'saw,' which tcacheth that 'one swallow eloes not make a summer.' Thus is it in life 1 the bright high hopes of to-day, lifting the heart up with joy and ladncss, filling it with pride and vain anticipations of glory and wealth at hand, arc ovcrswvpt and dim med by the thi. lt dark clouds of to-morrow. Thus is it with nations ! evenjet the black, dismal pall of dcaih rests upon our own : it came in the day of high hopes, when our hearts were swelling with exulting pride, and unthinkingly we were looking forward to long years of undiminished glory and happiness. - The mighty shadow swept over us ; it was a presence not to be put by; it covered the highest, the greatest in the land, and tl.e whole nation wept in tears of bitter sorrow. For the last week wc have been visited with contin ual showers not those warm, delightful, refreshing out-bursts of spring which aforetime wc were wont to call April showers j 1 ut cold, chilling, never-ceasing ram, dampening every thing especially the spirits covering our slreets wilh a ilitcU black paste; winch I believe is quite p cdiar to fiotham. Our sprine business, however, is nearly opened navigation on the River is completely restored, and all the Slate Canals, by order of the Hoard of Commissioners, arc opened to-day. This will give a still greater im pulse to business, and within a week from this time tho city spring trade will be at its height. Not as much will be done as usual, though the prospect is better than it was three months ngo. Already the merchants from the country, especially the western part of this State, are coming in for their supply of goods. There is hut liltlo variation from former prices: what there is, however, is decidedly iu'favor of the purchaser. The great event of the last week ha becn the disco very of the most extensive and succe-ssful scries of forgeries ever known in this country. It sccnis that onie time during last week, Mr. Thompson, Cashier of the Dank of America, received a letter from Oco. 0. 1 1 nil. Cashier of the Commercial Hank of New- Orleans, covering half of a certificate of depositefor 823,000, and ordering the delivery of that amount of specie to Nathaniel Ilntton, I.sq. of London, when he should present the other half. Tho letter spoke of Mr. Uritton as being unacquainted in this city, and as having adopted this course for safety and identity. ThcCaslnor revom mended him strongly to Mr. T's favor. On Friday the IGth, an individual called at thu Rank and presented the other half of the ccrtifi catc. giving his name as .Nathaniel Ilntton, and re questing payment. On close examination there could be no doubt that the certificate was genuine, for it rccd in every respect wilh tho real letter icceivel previously from Mr. Hall. Cashier 1 hompson polite ly olIWcl to procure a purchaser for Mr. Dritton's certificate, and for that purpose waited with him upon Jacob Little el Co, one of the heaviest broker's houses in Wall street. Mr. Little bo-islu the cerlificale, and gave Mr. Hrition a check on the Union Dank for the amount. lie called at the Dank, and presented the check. Payment was at first refused, because he was a6lrnnger: but with the utmost coolness be called on Mr. Thompson, who, nl Ins request, nccompsmcd him to the Union Dank, and testified to bis idenlity Mr. Uritton reccivcl the $23,000 and ilisappearrel. Taken in ils connection with other transactions of the s-imc character, this is one of the most rcmarka blc and adroit feats of scnundrrllsm that has come to light for a long while. He made similar and success ful attempts on the Hanks m Louisville, Ky. Cincin einnati, O. nnd Philadelphia. In the latter place, he procured 415,000, but was soon suspected, followed nnd made to disgorges but with a most singular care lessness, or Homctlunij worse, nn the patt of the IV- lioiv, ho was then sulllrcd to go fue. The amount of his 'spoils,' so far as bee n discov cre'd, is about 851,000. Resides tins, ho made nnsucccs ful attempts on the Hanks in Boston, and Daltimore. The officers in this city are on the keen pursuit, and 1 have beard a rumor to-day, that they have e-aplnri'd an individual who is suspected, em good groum's, ei ' 'ing the villain How truo it is, I shall probally l.oaldo to find on', bu foro 1 elosj this letter. It has be'en satisfactorily as renamed thai ho did not leave Boston in the Acjdi' so that ho is undoubtedly in tho country yet. There is a great deal of speculation as tho manner in winch he was enabled to procure his certificates of deposito for it is Said by the engravers themselves that the plates on which they vvcroprinted must have been the genuine ones used by tho Hank in all its opcratii ns, nnd the filling up of tile letters is unquestionably in the hand writing of tho Hank Clerk t nl least good jiltgcs, on clo-e examination, have declare 1 it could not be otherwise. It seems quite impossible that n forger should have accomplices in the Hank nnd the most drobablc supposition is that he is himself same ev-oiliccr or former clerk in the Hank. Whoever ho may be, it is quite likely that bo will he brought to speedy justice. The whole police of the city is enga ged in active pursuit. Matters at Washington Seem to he going on steadily nnd quietly. The Heads of Departments are engaged actively in investigating the nfi'.iirs entrusted to their care, and preparing for the F.xtrn Session. Much speculation is afloat as to the course which President Tvler will pursue wilh regard to the establishment of a Nntionnl Rank. The general opinion seems to be that he will await and abides tho action of Congress in the matter. All over the country there seem to ho indications of a general deirefor the establishment of such an institution as will regulate our exchanges and furnish n currency ns sound, uniform and reliable ns the otto We had twelve years ago. A meeting of the Chamber or Commerce was held in this City a few days since, lit which a memorial to Congress was drawn tip foraNalioriil Hank, and n committee ap pointed to obtain signatures. Of course among all our business men thcie is a strong feeling in favor of such an institution. The time is fast passing away when the mere name of a National Hank will frighten goodly citizens from their propriety. It has been used for a long while past by the destructive parlv as a bugbear, the bare mention of which was ulTi cient lo conjure up horrid Phflnlon.s of Rritish op pression, and all the sorts of 'Gorgons, Hydras, nnd Chimeras dire.' Wc received Foreign News up to tliC'ltli instant by the Columbia emWcdncsday last ond to-day the Great Western, arrived, bringing London dates up to the 8th in-l. The intelligence is of no great ini portancc. The greatest alarm prevails in that city on accountof the non-arrivnl of the steamer President. She left this fjity on the 10th ult. and has consequent ly been out 23 days. Insurance on her in London, winch at first was casdv efliclcd at 5 per cent, had risen as high as 30. The Inost probable explanation of h;r delay is the conjecture that she has put into some port for coal. Many there are of opinion that she hud cnroutcrcdnnicebcri. The tode of feeling wilh regard to the difficulties with this country, sccnis to be decidedly pacific. 'Ihe Columbia brought no intelligence of nny farther de bates in Parliament on tho subject, but in the papers brought by the Great Western I observe a few re marks of Lord Palmcrston made in the House of Commons on the Cth inst. They amount to very little, however. In speaking on a motion made by Mr. Hume calling for correspondence, &t. he said that "he did not see the expediency of bringing for " ward this epicst'ion at the present moment, (hear.) "He trusted that there existed, on the part both of "the Government of tlio linitcd Slates and that nf " this country, nn anxious desire to bring this matter " to nn amicable and satisfactory termination. "(Hear hear) These matters had excited a strong "feeling both on this side of the Atlantic and on the "oilier, and whilst these matters were the subject of "communication between the two Government', any "thing like a discussion of their details could only " tend to delay, perhap. to defeat the object, not on'y "of his honorable friend (lite maker of ihe motion,) " but of the Knglish government and the government "of the United States. (Hear Hear.) He hoped " therefore that his hon. friend would postpone Irs " notice." Mr. Hume, in reply, sa.d that "no person was 'more anxious to see relations of fuendsh p maintain "eJ between this country and the United States. He " was opposed to war of any kind, but war with the "United States would be most unnatural war.- "(HearHear.) After had been stated by the " noble Lord, he had no objection to poKpone his notice." Toe Courier I rancais nt April ath, savs that ihre is little doubt that M. Guizot hnso 'ercl the me'ia lion of France to terminate the dilTcrcnccs between the United States and Great Hr'usm There is not, however, much (.'round for believing the report, at leat so far s we can see. VIRGINIA ELECTION. The election returns from the Old Domi nion, which wo received hy tho mail of yes terday ,ttro few it inconclusive of tho result. They arc, notwithstanding, most auspicious, so far as they go. Jon.v M. IJotts, (Admi nistration) is undoubtedly re-elected in tho Richmond District, hy n largo majority. In tho Frederick District tho chances nrc in fa vor of the election of IJAr.To.v, (Administra tion) over Lucas, the present Tory incum bent, hy a decisive majority. In tho Le gislature, thus far, we have probably gained one member and lost none. In Henrico county, where the Whigs wcro divided, and where, in consequence, great apprehensions were entertained of tho lo of a member of the Mouse, tho Richmond Enquirer concedes the re-election of Shcr wtn McR.-ic, the old member, by a majority of ISO voles over both tho Tory and the ir regular Administration candidal'.'. Last No vember the majority for Harrison in tho County was hut 47. RHODE ISLAND FOREVER. By a law of the Election was held en Wednesday, the 22el of Aptil, 1911, for mem bers of Congress and S:ate Officers, and have najnrily in every county. The details of this election are told in a few ivords : SlEstntr.s or Congbcss. 1339. 1811. C sv! StI rt 2 .5 Providence Co. 1033 New-sport Co. 391 Kent Co. CO llrisiol Co. 301 Washington Co. -101 1005 335 to 2H0 103 141 30 3 45 I7D7 E00 533 325 534 Q 1C0 1 513 45C 100 &ot MAV DAY. To-morrow is May-Day ; but alas ! bow shall we celebrate it ! where will the girls got the flowers to bind their brows and, crown the May- Day Queen ! Not a solitary wild flower to the best of our knowledge and belief has yet its appearance ; and alteouob wc are groetcd with the son" of birds, and cheered with a glorious sunshine yet the croaker, who was wont aforetime to make niffht vocal with his gibberish, now sits upon a log, chatters his teeth, and calls that music, we suppose ! Butjncver mind girlb turn out range the fields make the woods riiic attain with mcriment : and if the primrose and the violet do not spring up at the bidding, our word for it, you will re turn with a fresher bloom upon the check, vital organs refreshed and invigorated, and hearts bet ter attuned to the melody of nature. "I value every custom (says Irving) that tends to infuse j that vicinity. It also states that there poetical feeling into the people, and to sweeten i now six cotton factories in operation in that and soften the rudeness of rustic mannprs. with. t,t,-n nn,t, 1 1 .leiu it ien i 2212 2105 215 1010 3035 Six towns to bo heard from, viz. Warwick, Coventry, West Greenwich, Jamestown, Little Compton, r.ntl new Shorebain. Samuel W. Kt.vr; is elected Governor, and BvnoN Dimos L'otit. Governor. The retur.i states that the Whig Candidates received ti'3o'2. and the Loco Foro Candidal" 0-! Tho Legis lature will be governed by Whigs. Connecticut and Rhode Island have spoken. We hear next from Virginia, and confess, that in many divi sions of the Wings tliere, and multiplicity of candidates, our chances are not many. Tho election tool; place on Thursday last. Tun Gloue on Kcmovals from Or net:. The Washington Globe which has been ever since the beginning of its exis tence, the fierce and unrelenting promoter of proscription for opinion's sake, has kept up a continual whine, since the u oik of reform, was commenced by the new Administration and is exceedingly indignant because all tho office-holders under Van Burcn, are not re tained in their place. We say, all. Be cause it is notorious that very few removals have yet been made hy the General Govern ment, and that hundreds of the most activo pirlis.ins of the late administration are )et retained in offices of high trust and profit. How contemptible, therefore, is this child ish whimpering of tho Globe, and how utter ly inconsistent with the lair savage and in discriminate wait.iro v-lncli it waged against all who dared to differ from it in opinion. With rrg'ard to removals from t.flice, tho truth is, that they have been fir less than they ought to be. In the Departments at Washington, none of material consequence, witlt the exception of the chief officers, have as et been made ; and the forty thousand Postmasters, and other oflice-holdcis, thro' out tho Union, how few arc there who have yet been disturbed. We do not doubt, how ever, President Tvler will make thor ough work with all those who have abused their influence! for party purposes, before tho expiration of the jear. 7'riijy Whig. M.i'r.ri-iins in Nonrn Carolina. Cotton manufactories ate rapidly springing up at the South. Tim Favctte Observer says, that within a short time, two new cot ton factories have gone into operation in out destroying their sitnplicitv. the decline of this happy simplicity that the de cline of the custom may be traced ; and the rural dance on the green, and the homely May-eby pageant have gradually disappeared, in propor tion as the common people have become ev. pensive and artificial in their pleasures, and Inn Knowing for simple enjoyment." But, To him who bath an ear for melody, Who loves earth's natural music, where no Imp Of curious make by msn's device is framed lo measure sounds by arbitrary laws How manifold the ininistrilsj- that swells From her voiced instruments he walk- abroad And nature is attuned to harmony. i.iriu causui ncr music wncn uic morning start Wclcome'd the stranger to tin galaxy j Hut h-ith an utterance', thoush inaudible To him whose rar is wedded lo the wire. Ami to the viol s smooth voluptuou. tn'ls. The stream that I li round the untrodden destrt flows. Impregnates with ils cadence- the air; The first white snow drop, and the last brow n Oowe r That leans its withered cheek on winter's breast, lioiu cioijucnt converse with Hie changing year. Formerly great account was made of the day in the old world Kings and Queens participat ing in its festivities and the fair reader will find a chapter on our last page giving some idea of the character of its observance. Some at tempts have been made of late years by men of taste and learning in England to rally back the popular feeling to this standard of primitive sim plicity ; but the time seems to have gone by, for there as bore, the finer feelings of our nature have become chilled by habits of gain and traffic. The country apes the manners and amusements of the town, and little is heard of May-day at present, except Irom the lamentations of those who sigh for its return, from the brick walls of the city. Liu nii, in" i k.t jo nun c'5. IOU nnmi. Indeed it is to 417 nersons. and .i r initol f cton (inn I ' ...... w. ,,uj,u,py, Mail Contracts. We learn that tho mail contracts under tho new administration havo been made twenty per cent, chc.mcr than the old contracts. Mr. Gransor will probably save enough this year from the re venues of the P. O. Department to pay off the enormous debt contracted by Amoi Kendall. . V. ....... ........... ..... . v ... w.u,. ,,, nW,,', I . v Inch sailed thuelay after be iccvivfd the money Imc, and depflrture, aro tb samo as last year CctTjvAir FiovvF-RS. A beautiful weman never Ic-oks so beautiful as when, with her cheeks flushing with cvJrcise, nnd her eyes sparkling cheerfulness, with her "cape bonnet'' on, and a hoe or a dibble in her hand, 6he is busily engaged in i:erklng in her garden. It is a healthy employment, and ex- hi) ils, besides, evidence of refinement and taste. To those who are disposed to treat our e pinion with contempt, wc wou'd recommend a perusal of the following extract from an exchange paper ; "What is the use of flowers!" evclaims a thrift' lionekceper,mcnnvvhi!e busily polishing her fire ironi. What is the use of bright fire-irons, say wr m renlv 1 or of anyfirc-ironsat all? Could not you mLL fire on two: stones, that would keep you rpule a. warm 7 What's the use of handsonie table cloths and bed spreads 1 One might cat on a board, and sleep under a bulla b skin, nnd not rcallv starv c cither. W hen vou see a house standing all aleme, bare of shrub or flower, except perhaps some volunteer bunches of thistle nnd pig-werd, what do von infer nf itsinniatesi And when you have passed' even aloe cabin, where the sweet i,n. r r.r.r,.u.. . fi around the eloor, while v cds of morning glories and cf s -arlet beans, shaded the windows Vou not immr elntcly think of the dwcllcis there, (is neat, ciccrlul and agre eable J This is more rpevhlly tl.e cac m regard to the poor. The credit of the rich ninn's grounds may belong to hi- gardener, but ihc- who can keep 110 garde ncr, and whose simple flower ear elen springsout of moments stolen from necessary Is hor, possesses a gemuneand cordial lovcof the beau tiful, to render even a humble dwelling tofragrontand fair.'' THE (New) HANK OF MONTPELIER Ispreparcd to go into operation assoon as the Hank f'otnmifsioncr mikes the examination re quired by the ltd section of the gonernl Ruikin"" Act. Thomas Reed President tGcnrgo Howes Cashier. Business will be demo at the Banking House of the old bank. 11 ulchmnn MONTPELIER TEMPERANCE HOPSF This establishment, which has armmcd hirt rank ; among the lintels of Vermont, and vvb-'i Ins l eon constantly gaming in the public fvor for the last tbri'o years, has recently bce ren ted by Mrs. .allbrd, late of the Union i'loUFe ; and we take pleasure in saying that, frrm r" an. nearaticns. tho friomlc nf 'i1., 1.1. l ordurand will render the public efficient and j still to have a ijtiift and well regulated houcof accuptablo service. Tho hours of arrival 1 (,'lltcrt","!!10nt ln ur viPagr Wi trust that 1 .11m. aiiitr.i u-ui ,-., -., . . . . .... mi, i--ioe-e-i .villi an amino 1 hnro of public patronage. I'cv cf ,fi-w. LAKE CUAMPLUN. Thenavigition is now open. Tho Fcrrv Boat came out on Monday, hut did not sue cced in reaching Plattsbureh till Tuesday. The Jturlington and Whitehall came out of the harbor on Tuesday, and made: their first trip from Whitehall nnd St. Johns on Wednesday. This is tho latest navigation we havo had lor nnny years, and tho delay has been of serious inconvenience; to somo bran ches of business. But tlu boats nro in finn