Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 14, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 14, 1841 Page 2
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From tlio IJoslon Daily Advertiser, May 7. ARRIVAL OF THE BRITTANIA. TWr.I.VE DAVS LA TEIl moil ENGLAND. Wo stopped tlio press yesterday morning, to nnnonnco in a hasty postscript tlie arrival of tlio Britannia, Captain Clcland, at two o'clock. We had tlien obtained but a few of tlio latest papers, and were consequently unable to give any tiling of a summary of the news. Tlio Britannia brought 31 pas sengers from Liverpool to Uostoti, and 57 others to Halifax, with 9 from Halifax to Huston. She niailo tho passage from Hali fax in US hours. The steamer President was still a missing vessel, and no intelligence had been received from her. News bad been received from Kay tt I to March 2Sth, from Jamaica to the 127th, and from St. Michaels to April 2. Hopes were entertained that she might have gone to Bermuda. Tli ii most important news is furnished by the ovrrland Mail from China and India, the substance of which is given below. Commodore Napier arrived at Liverpool, from Egypt in the steamer Oriental, on Sunday, tho 18th, and was received on the following day by the Aldermou and Burgc.v fes, who presented him an address. On the same day a dinner was given in honor of him, nt which he sat down with seven hund red gentlemen. ' The steamer Caledonia, arrived at Liver pool on tho morning of the loth ult., in 14 days from Boston. The Cotton Market at Liverpool on tho 17th and lSlh was dull, and sales small, at a decline of 1-Sd. Tho news from tho United States by the Caledonia, was considered favorable in re gard to the prospect of a continuance o'f peace. She carried out tho news of tho ar rival of the British Queen at Halifax. Tho King of Belgium, after being n month in making an arrangement of a new ministry, has accepted the resignation of the late ministers, and the new ministers took tho oaths on the 14th. An eagcily contested and animated row ing match between tho Universities of Ox ford and Cambridge, took place, on tho Thames on the 14th in presence of a great number of spectators. The Cantabs were tho winners by a minute and five seconds. The contest lasted 33 1 -2 minute.'. There has been an important reduction in tho rate of postage in some of the German States, as follows : On the (ith of this month the British pos tngo on letters passing between the United Kingdom and Haml urgh, and Lubeck was reduced from Is. Cd. on letters posted in London, and from Is. 8d. on letters posted in the country, to an uniform rate of (id. The Hamburgh Post Office has also reduced its rate on British letters from about 4d. to 2d. so that upon London letters there has been a positive reduction of Is. 2d. and on country letters of Is. 4d. as respects Ham burgh correspondence. Tho Chinese furts at the Beetle which were attacked and captured by th" Hritisb fleet, January 7, were the two outer Forts colled Chueiipce, and Ty-kok-too. A brave resistance was made by the Chinese, and they lost from oOO to 700 men killed. The British lost 3 men killed and 2fi wounded. Preparations were making on the morning of tlio Stb to attack the principal forts of Anunghoy, and Wangtong, into the latter of which a few shells had been thrown, when a signal was made from the Admiral's ship, to desist from further operation'. This order was given in consequence of a request from the Chinese Admiral, brought by an old woman in a tanker boat. The British pro ceeded to destroy the captured forts, throw ing the guns into the sea, and to bury tho dead bodies. The negotiations were renew ed, which led to the arrangements which are stated in another place. As soon as these wero closed, the British flag was removed from the captured forts, and the Chinese was substituted. OVBBI.AND MAIL IT.IlM INDIA AM) THE LEVANT. China. I'romhetl I'caec with the Cilcstials. Wo have at length the pleasure to announce the probable adjustment ol our long-pcwling is nuto with the Cluue-'u. Our advices from Chi' hp, extend to the iiath oT January last, when a Treaty was concluded betwen Captain Kllint, nnd tiro Chinese l'leiiipotentieries, to tho effect that an Indemnity be yielded by them, amount ing to six millions ot utillars', (or aliout a million and a quarter in British coinage) payable in civ years by annual instalments of a million of do!- lars. that the Island of Hong Kong, (situated in lat.SJ 13" North, and long. Il l - 15' Bast,) be ceded to us, that the trade of Canton bo opened within thirty days attor the Chinese new year, and that the utlicul relations between the two (lovernineiite be hereafter established upon a footing of invariable equality. sault on Chumpec we sustained a loss of three killed and 23 wounded, while that of tlio Chi nese amounted to between COO and 700. Our ship:) and crews escaped unhurt although under the muzzles of 35 guns. Tho Junks were also attacked by the steamers, which were unable to follow them closolv in consenuence of the shal lowness of the channel, with the exception of the 'Nemesis' towing twelve armed boats from Her Maicstv sFliins t ie iirst rocket from tins vessel set lire to tlio powder magazine of one of the junks IB others were blown un by tlioir own crews, and the remainder took refuge in the inner waters. ATTACK ON WANTO NO PREPARA TIONS FOR TUB BOMBARDMENT OF ANUNGHOY SUSPENSION OF HOSTILITIES. On tho following morning the 'Blenheim' at tacked the batteries of Wantong, and was pre paring to fire into the principal fort of Anung hoy, when the Chinese, finding that further re sistance was utterly useless, cried 'peccavi.' Their commander-in-chief made a communica tion to Captain Elliot, who thereupon desisted from further hostilities. Tho Cliincso assoit that the ofler to treat came from Elliot himself. OUTLINES OK Till". TREATY. This suspension occurred on the 8th, and it was not till twelve days aftcrwards,(on tho 'JOth) that tho following formil announcement of the terms wo have already noticed was issued in a circular by the British Plenipotentiary, Captain Elliot, to Her Majesty's siibjcrts in China, as the grounds of preliminary arrangements be tween tho Imperial Commissioner, Kcshen, (he of tho 'Dreaded Hour,' as the name implies,) and himself, the basis of a peace : 1. The cession of the Island and Harbor of I long Kong to tho British crown. All just charges and duties to the empire upon the com merce carried on there to be paid as if the trade were conducted at Whampoa. l!. An indemnity to tlio British Government, of (1,000,000 dollars, 1,000,000 payable at once--and the icniaiuder in equal annual instalments', ending m is lu. 3. Direct otlicial intercourse between the countries upon an ciiual ftotinr. L Tho tradu of tho port of Canton to bo onened within ton davs after tho Chinese now ' year, anu to no carried on at wiiainpoa till lur ther arrangements at the new settlement. Do tail remain matter of ncirociation. To those abstracts were added tho follow ing remarks : Tho Plenipotentiary seizes the earliest occa sion to declare that Her Majesty's covcrnmcut has sought for no privilege in China exclusively for the advantage of British ships and merchants and he is only performing his duly in offering '.ho piolo Uioti of the British Hag to the subjects, citizens, ami slops ot loroigu powers that may resort to Her .Maiesty s possessions, Pending Her Majesty's further pleasure there will be no port or other charges to the British government fat linn;; l joiir.j The Plenipotentiary now permits himself to make a lew general ozonations, Tlio oblivion of past and redressed injuries will follow naturally from the right feeling of the Q' eon's subjects : Indeed it should bo re incinbcred that no extent of modification rcsul ting only from political intervention can be elli cacioiisin the steady improvement of ourcondi tain, unless it bo systematically seconded bv conciliatory treatment of the pcople,md becom ing delcrciicc lor tiie institutions ami govern ment of the country, upon thu Hire hold ol vvlncl we are about to be established. The Plenipotentiary can only presume to ad vert vcrv briellv to tlio zeal and wisdom of the commander of the expedition to China; and to that raie union of ardor, patience, and torbcar ance, which has di.-tingui.-heJ tho officers am forces of all points of occupation and operation lie is well assured tlie lir tisli c immunity wil sympathise rordiallv vvith him in these; senti incuts o! lasting respect lor his bxccllcncy and the whole force, which he is ashamed to express in such inadequate language He cannot conclude without declaring, that next, to these causes the pracful adjustment ol difficulties must ho ascribed to the scrupulous good laith ol tlie very eminent person with whom nrgociatioi s are still pending. Kefhen! Her Majesty's Plenipotentiary considers it in cumbent upon himself to loso no time in assu FRANCE. The ministry aro determined to have a full debate on the eastern question, and to explain lully to the country tlio progress nnd state ol the negotiations, previous to the decisions respecting the credits. M. Guizot said on Friday, in the Chamber of Deputies, in reply to tho Due do Valcry, "that the negotiation is going on. Its object was to put an end to tho difficult situa tion in which France and Europe had been placed by the 15th of July treaty. If the object uo attained it will have two results j first to re store Franco to her proper position, without as- sociating her in acts with which she had not concurred ; and, secondly, to consolidate gener al peace, without affecting in the slighest man ner the honor and interest of France. The King's government was following up this nego tiation with all tho care and attention of which it was capable, and it assumed beforehand all tho responsibility thereof. But tho more impor tance it attached to it tho more was its duty to say nothing which could compromise tho nego tiations now pending. wo desire mat nicy may be successful, but if wo were to enter into the present discussion of them they would be compromised. As we could not say every thing, we could not make liso ol every vvca ion oi tic fence. Wo do not shrink from a debate ; we only adjourn tho moment. If before the end of t io session we are au c to uiscuss inu anair, .is we hope, wo shall have no difficulty whatever in answoriiiL' all uoints." Fortho first time since 1830, the soldiers of the garrison of Paris wore brought to church, to ho present at the religious service on Good Friday. On Monday and Tuesday the debates in the Chambers wore keen and warm, but M. Guizot and his colleagues persisted in refusing to en danger the success of the existing negotiations by discussion on their origin and tendency. M. Thiers took an opportunity of drawing from the Finance Minister a confession that his depart ment was not in a state to excite cither despair or alarm, and that it was not true that the pre vious ministry bad lowered the nuances ot the country to tho extent of a milliard. He then accounted for the cxtia expenditure during pe riod of his ministry, by observ ing that 7'lic French cannot exist without being car ried away bv ono passion or another. In 1632 and le33 politics were tho possion of the djy. This having died away, a passion for public work took its place ; and the consequence was, u.'U millions of francs were voted for public works forthwith. In the midst of this, the war depart ment and the military force of tho country was neglected, so that when the military passion was awakened and became the order of the day, there wa everything to replace, and rebuild, whilst the works commenced could not be aban doned in a moment SPA IX Tho Ilescncv Question was still the PimrossinK topic ol disciisMon n't hivorablc to the simile Keircncv. and it was reported tint, nnmciliatcly niter tlie solution oi this important question, tlie Uortes would cimcr do prorogued or unsolved. Tlie chamber of Denudes has nffinnid the. lecalily of (lutcn Cluisiiana's resignation by a vote of I'JS) to 1. The budect for the present year exhibits n deficiency of 521. 107.7;.! rcnls(2.'.'i0.0Cl0stotlui!.0or about one. fourth of the entire revenue of tho country, dticm ChrUitnna'sallnwancc had not been paid at all, and onlyouc-third of tlio sum assigned to her daughter. POUTUG.U,. I.inos Senlmr Mnnoel Gonalvci do Miranda. Portiuruce Minister of .Marine, died nt Lisbon on the Sill inn. Mis successor had not been iianud: but llnroii Itonill'iii wa- ordered to take charge of tho Port folio Dii the lt of .Ipril. Wp are informed by the papers thai the Hank, tlie l.'nnfianca Company, and the capitalists of Lisbon, have jointly refused to enter intoany transaction with the irovcinincnt. Tho advices received represent money matters in a very cnibarrusscd slate. STTi:ULAND. Private letters fiom Heme of the fith int. unto, that notwithstanding the recent decision of the Fed eral Piet, the Arc,ovian Government wan proceeding ay activity as ever with the spoliation of the convents of thecanton. Tho Catholic population, on thcother hand, einboldeuid by ihcadmusionof thiir rights by iho li-jisl.uure, were preparing, with the aid of thiir allies, to enforce the execution of iho decree. Tho Conservative party at Lucerne wero pr pared to sup por the Catholics uf Arptui by force ol anna. The repieselitatives of Au'liii, Kussi-i, and r.utjlnnd bnd tnken a Mrnng part in iirjriiifi the Diet to oppoo tht proceedings of iho.Ugau overnnicnl. PRUSSIA. Ilr.nuy. Tlie Council of State is engaged on iho new iit-ntil code, which is to be comnltttd nv the end of iho year. At present the new enactment for the take of its poetry, a spirited little thing of Proctor's, which wo do not recollect to have met with before : "Soldiers fight to iho ttmo of national ballads and martial verso ; why may not tho forest woodman have his verses echoing to the blows of the axe, or each nrtizan have his stock of poetry, suited to the expression ot ins cratt. I ho spirit ol Marry Uornwall s 'Weaver's Song' might he extended to all the trades, for there is not one which has not a hidden beauty under the garb of every day utility. Nothing just or honarublc is below the poets art to make more beautiful. A weaver's is an unprofitable profession for the poet at first sight ; it suggests to the general reader of newspapers only thoughts of sedentary toil, parliametary reports of suf fering und starvation, and calls up the idea of a dwarfed man cnged in a wooden frame and working sixteen hours in a day throwing the shuttle : but we may suppose the weaver in an improved condition of his trade, such as may be easily attained, having his share of poetical pleasure in the occupation. Ver ily, Barry Cornwall ought then to be patron saint of tho craft. Having said so much of them, for the renders pleasure und satisfac tion wo quote the verses : Weave, brothers weave 1 Swiftly throw I no suuiue ntuwnri tlie loom, Anil show us how brightly your flowers grow, That linva beauty, but no perfume 1 Come, show us the roso with its hundrod dvca, Tho lily, thathalh no spot ; The violel, deft) at your own true love's eyes, Anda little forget-me-not I Sine, sinir, llrothcrs 1 weave nnd sing !! 'Tiseooil b th to sinp nnd weave: 'Tis belter to vvoikllinn hveidle1 'Tis better to sing than grieve. Wcnv-e, brothers, wevc 1 weave and bid The colors of sunset glow ! Let grace in each gliding thread bo bid I L' t beauty about yo blow ! Lei your skein bo long and your silk bo fine, And your hands both firm nnd sure, And Time nor chance shall your work untwine; Hut all, like a truth, endure I So, sing, brothers, 4c. Weave, brothers, w cave I Toil is ours i Hut toil is tho lot of men : One gathers the fruit, one gathers the (lowers, One sowetb the seed again ! There is not a creature, from Kngland's king, To the peasant that delves the soil. Thnt knows half the pleasures the seasons bring, II lie nave mil Ins share or tod! So, sing, brothers, &c. The Larohst Ship In Titr. Would. The Mammoth, building by tho Great Western Ship Company nt Bristol, will ex ceed 3,000 tons, (about COO more than any other ship in existence.) The saving of room by her being buill of iron, will admit of Iter carrying coals for both outward and homo voyages, si matter of much importance, from the inferior quality of American coal. Her engines aro of 1,000 horse-power. She will be enabled to carry an unusual quantity of canvass and is expected to make tlio pas sage of the Atlantic in ten days. Liv. Adv. U. S. Steam Fhioatb Mississtrrt. This noblo vessel was launched at the Phi ladelphia navy yard on Wednesday morn ing. She took the water beautifully, in tho presence of a vast concourse of people who had assembled to withnessfaerrcoiif'. Com modores Barron and Stuvvart, Col. Hum phreys, the chief naval constructor, Mr. Hart, the naval constructor from Brooklyn, a largo number of naval officers and hun dreds of ladies were present. The Missis sippi is very nearly of the same length as the Pennsylvania lino of battle ship, and measures as a double decker 1788 tons as a single decker 1915; and by the same rule as that adopted in the measurement of the President, 12280. Tho engines of the fri gate aro of about COO borso power. She is pierced for twenty-six guns, but will pro bably, only carry eighteen, viz. two I'a'u hans, one hundred pounders, nnd sixteen regular guns, sixty-four pundcrs. Tlio I'aix- hans arc to be on swivels. The Mississippi is well provided with boats, having no less than nine among tho rest a life boat. Her complement of men will be about two hundred. and died in poverty, friendless and comfort less in life, their graves have been dug by the charity ol strangers, and future generations have rendered tardy justico by building thu tombs of thoso their fathers persecuted by neglect and cruel reproach. Uo Tocquevlllu's Democracy in America has also just been brought out, in two splen did octavo volumes. Tho contents of the load sucond volume have never before been pub lished in this country. This is universally received as the ablest nnd most candid work that has yet been written in America. Thu subject is treated in ti tone of earnestness and with n sincere desire to discern the true character and the legitimate operations of a system uf government : this is quite different from tho ruling motives of most of those who havo come to thh country and go borne to write an account of their journey and vexa tions ; A base grovelling desire to minister to tho national jealousies of those for whom lead they wrote and a strong disposition to treat with contempt every tiling they saw here, seem to have dictated thu substance nnd the manner of their productions. The work of Do Tocqueville, although in many respects liivi!lil( llrm1jna m;ijoritv, and most ofthr Teetotalum in IncLvsn. At n meeting held late ly in Cork, nt winch the Rev. Theobald Mnthcw was present, it vvns stated by one of the speakers, that "llicv bnd eight Roman Catholic Prelates enrolled. and 700 of the Catholic Clergy. (Cheers.) Tho late tour bnd produced 1,141, 000 which ndded to iho for mer general returns nainelv',3,500,000-left the totnl 1,617,000. (Tremendous cheers.) Ves, four millions sit Hundred and loriy-seven ihousnnd ol tho pop ulation of Ireland were nl that moment sound und determined tcclotalers ! (Cheers.) ring the commercial community that he will use i nr,....,,,,,,,, 0f dn llin" is under discussion. The no his best effort vvith Her Majoatv's government initios aro much severe than hitherto, duelling being treated ns murder, nnd threnlincd with tho same pen MYSTERIOUS DISAPPEARANCE. We learn from the Baltimore Sun that a young gentleman of that city, named Guorgo F. Downing, had been for some time paying special attentions to an amiable lady of bis acquaintance, until finally an honorable pro position for marriage was made and accept ed. 1 lie uav tor the wedding was aniioiiited. md it was to have taken place on Tuesday murning early, previous to a departure for tiie east. The company had been invited, the licence obtained, and a clergyman, the Rev. Mr. Mori is, was to perform the cere mony, and everything was in readiness, but the bridegroom camo not. The groomsman proceeded to his boarding-house, and found him absent the wedding garments were there undisturbed, but in one of his pockets as found a letter addressed to a relativo, the contents of which, it is stated, wero to the libel, tb.it before it, the letter, was opened, he would uo in eternity : clearly intimating design to destroy himself. Other than this nothing has been heard from him, although tho most diligent search has been made. to secuie an early and entire advance ol their claims for indemnity. The opium dealers. And, mindful of tho interest of parties in In dia, he will not fail respectfully to move the lit. Honorable the Governor General of India to second these purposes as far as may seem just to his lordship. (Signed) CHARLES ELLIOT. Her Majesty's Plenipotentiary. ATTACK OF THE BOGUE FORTS CAPTURE OF CIIUMPEE ANT) TO. KOKTOW BLOWING UP OF THE CHINESE FLEET. These concessions have not, however, been acquired without much " talkee" and some do I'reo of bloodshed. It appears that iu conse quence uf the wonted wavering and procrastina tion of the Imperial Commissioner, the outposts of the llogue forts were attacked on the ninth of January by a force of 700 sepoys, iiOO Euro pean bildicrs, and -100 seamen anil marines, commanded by Major Pratt, of II.M.'s With This force landed near the memorable fort of f 'humpee, whilst llcr -Majesty s. snips calliope, 'Lame,' and 'Hyacinth' opened a rannonailu on i n. l.n,t.,ri. onil tlm stnmnors 'WiiipsIk' lis iimut ucuiv., .. --- ,,! Khippii' threw shells into the upper tower, These vigorous measures (would that such had mnrkpd our course throughout) followed by a brisk fire of musketry, speedily drove tho Chi nese from theirgiins, and in two hours 'the me tcor Hag of England' floated triumphant over the celestial fort of Chumpcc. A little to the FOtithuard of this citadel, another called Tykok tow, suffered a similar hie from a squadron un der tho command of Captain Herbert of thu 'Sainarang,' suppoited by the 'Druid,' '-Modesto' and 'Columbine.' In this affair the Chinese of. fcrcd stouter resistance, having promptly retur nod the lire of their foes, and made an attempt to repulse a pirtvof seamen who landed Intake possession of tho fort hut tho hearts uf oak proved to tough to ho so easily 'taken aback,' and Tvkoktovv also confessed submission to the British ensign. The first lieutenant of the 'Sa imrang,' was wounded in this encounter, but no cl or cssua'ity oc nrred on our side -in the aic THE EAST The Paris con espoudont of tlie Loudon Morning Post states, on tho authority uf a letter from Vienna of tho 11th in.xt., that the Eastern question may bo regarded as settled, for that Rescind Pacha, who had been only the creature of Lord Pansonby, has been dismissed through the united efforts of the Russian and Austrian ambassadors, and has been replaced by Rifnat Boy, who was form erly ambassador at Vienna, and who, since that period, has been in close connection with Prince Mettcrnich. At Rifaat Bey's first conference with Baron Sturmer, the new minister for foreign affairs solemnly promised that within a few days the Porte would pub lish a new hatli scheriff, with the modifica tions urged by Austria, namely, the direct succession to the pachalic of Egvpt. Thk news is said to have produced a great sen sation in the diplomatic circles at Paris, not only because of tbedefeat of Lord Ponsonby, and his probable recall, but on account of the complete full of the system of icfurms into which Rescind Pacha had embarked. Flic abdication ofMeheniet Ali in favor of Ibrahim Pacini is looked upon as n probable event. Opr.ss.v, March 31. It seems to ba the intention nf Russia to cm ploy tins year a verv considerable force against the Circassian mountaineers. The division of infantry stationed at Taganrog, (belonging to the Oth corps ot thu army) is already gone to iicorgia. i no inn division, stationed on the other side of the Dniester, has also received orders to Lo in readiness to march, having been olready raised to its full complement. Tho Pith division remains for the present in Bessarabia, but iH recruiting with great activity, and seems only to wait till it is complete. The troops in Georgia are it is truo.greatly reduced by typhus and other epidemic disorders; but the s'ix divis. iii3 consisting of 73,000 men which are advan. cing, union Willi mo iroops in ucorgia, may certainly operate very decidedly on theofi'ensive unless hindered by want of provisions, which is iiiucli lelt m these provinces', cliiclly in ( quenco of the severe winter." Advices from Constantinople of tho lilli allies, but the punishment was never inflicted. The law, too, made un improper uillerencu between nob lenif n and eui7eus. Un thu -iitii AInrcli, Schiller s William led was nerforroed at Berlin, for iho Iirst time, after n nrobi hitlonoftuentv-two vtars duration. The public took tlifgrcnto-t interest iu IhUcvcnt. An immense crowd pressed for admission from the curliest hour. RUSSIA. The Paris Mmitcur publishes nn ukase of tlio Rus sian I'overnmcnl, providing that in conmlcration of Iho failure ol the last crop in ino interior provinces oi tlm empire, the fiee importation of com into nil the Baltic seaports granted by an til.aso of tho 21st of Jinx-, J 3 10, was lo bo t-ntciitlcd lurougiioul tnu year IHll. 1 1 seems lobe the intention of Russia to employ this vi-.-ir n verv formidable force niaiii'-t tho Circassian mountaineers. Siv. divisions, conoistina ol 72,000 men. are lo be a i cd to the troops already 1 1 t.eorcia TheSt. Petersburg journals slalelhat the quantity of L-old obtained dnrini'last year, by private coinpa- :.. C1. -n.l il..T.,.mnrai.rilin L'lrnia nmi.mit. IJ1C-, III .3H.fl I.I mm lilu cu v. iviih lo upwards ot 8,W0lls. net. pr.usiA. The latest intilli.'cnce from Persia, dated Teheran, Pel), ltlh. conveys tlio impjrtnnt information, "that ihi. il.nVrmcrs ctistinir bit ween Persia and Great tin lain had betn satisfactorily arranged, the bchnh of Persia havinj d dared Inmsi II ready to cede the tor- HISS Ol VturiUII 1.11.1:11 ij 111. n....j.- u, mi- i.i. It wasconsequently e.pi cted that the l!iitisheiubas-y would return toTelieran lorinwitn. March stalo thatlho Ottoman llect returned tu that capital on the 10th, and had resumed its former station aloii' the European bank of tho Busphorus, A conlercnco had been hold a few days bofoie, at Tcupia, iu the palace of Iird Ponsonby, for the purpose of e.vainiiiL' the reply of tho Porte to the last demands of Mehcuiet Ali i when tho Ambassadors came to the resolution of supporting tho claim of IVln, and notified to the Divan, that if the Sultan did not grant them his Highness should nut expect any further in- terlerenco on tiie part 01 tlio r our rowers. J lie Porto would, it was oJipectcd, accede to the wishes of the Ambassadors. By the French steamer Mentor, despatches from Constantinople to tho 33th of .March had been received. Councils and Divans were held daily to decide the fate of Mchcmct Ah. A trinquil termination to the dircuss'ons wa ex. peeled. C A N A I) A . On the 29ih of April, the ship Vcre arrived at Que In c fiom Poulc, ami the noil day the bartpie (treat Britain from London. The captains of those vessels repoitlhat they nut largo calamities of ice on the Banks, nnd never saw iho u ill so full of ice. MoNiiiKAL. May 7. Mitclu II, the forcer, has been arrested, and is now safely lodin.il in jail. There is no doubt but that bo will bo lmvcu up to Iho U. S. Cloy. erniiinit, should Ilio pioper rcuuisinou oe uiaue. 7 V ii cor. Momrv M vnnnr. The Bank of Montreal isdraw ill? on .NVvy urk nl 1 5 per cent pruui'mii, and shaves IToner Canada bank notes at '3 per vc.Htliiantnti thus m.ikini; a difference of I J per cent in favour of the institutions south ol lo. yo. Itrivv Damages.- Cant. Harris. of llie'JIlb Rent, Ins obtained a verdict of damages for ft 10,000, against Mr. V.. I). Uavid. Major in the .Montreal Volunteer Cavalry, for eloping with tlio vvilo of tlio planum. Tim i luri'u of the Jud'-e. dale, was stronulv nir.dnst tlw diji'iiiiaui uo painami circumsuim-is nuvoi heiii!' proved, I. apt. Harris Peinuan nllt'Ctionnic nils l.nmi A letter left bv Mrs. Harris thcivenini; pre- v ous to her ilopcinent, was read, written in tcrmsol nil',.i'iiiiii rciirdiui: tlie man from whoso roof sho was running away vviih her seducer. As lhisisacao vvhielus noP nous, 1 nave uiougiii proper to say nits much. 7b W'c received New Voik dates up to Tuesday even W. jlel.eoil liau arnveu mere mm was imnj; ui urn; of"lbo first hotels ill thu City: he was I he realist lion of Iho day. A pretty suujeci lor war between twoof the greatest nations oi me worm. yo. Wn livirn bv "I.e Canadien." that Mr. Jean Lull covin, Assistant Civil Secretary, has been notified lhal bis services arc no longir required ny the tiov criunint i and that bo is to rccoiv o jL' 100 ss au indeni uliv for tho loss of his situation. imt. Montreal, Miy 1st.-Tiie Noiitii Westers. The n.Li nr l,,.ii v !,ri,.riil.' of Canoes will start this day from t.schino for the North West, vv hen it is expected His KxcelleiicyllicCSiivernor (Jeneral will visit Sir (icorijo Simpson nnd tho Compoiiy's postal I.nclunc. On Tuesday Sir (ioorgoand iho entire party will com. ineneo Ihcir lorn; journey to mo rej-ious oi ine nu Irudirs. Lords Mulgrnve and Calidon accompany the expedition ns far as Bed River Settlement, distant 2,001) miles', tlio inducement to ihesa young noblemen hem" thesporl of Bulbilo liuntintf. Sir (ieorp) Simp son intends logolo iho inoiilh of tho Columbia ltivir and embark on tho Pacific Ocean for Culiforiiianiid Iho Saudvvhich Islands, returning to tho Kiissiui Posts northward of the Oregon Territory, nnd thence tale an arctic lonle to Kamsclialkn, crossing Sibena to St. Petersburg)!, and touching by the way at some Chinese settlement. It isevpected that llinadventi. rous journey will consume, two yaars of tune in Its performance Irani Knglnnd, and cover tl,000 nultsof groand. (Cuuritr.j Wo copy the following passage, pailly for the wkc of it prose, ami partly lor tho LATEST FROM FLORIDA. The Charleston Patriot publishes the fol lowing extract from a letter dated Tampa, April 12: "Cosa-Tustcnuirr'co has iust started out after IIr- Icck-TusttnuL'nie. lie says if he cannot brinz him in, tho game is up. The la-1 of this month will test it. Coa-coo-chec is also to rerort Progress ahmii ih.- same lime. If ho backs out, a new operation will commence. So stands thead'airsj nnd no pcr-nn cno ten mini mo nine arrives, i only liellcvc thin when I see them. The editor was informed by a passenger who came in the steamer Gaston from thu south, that though the Indians have shown no hostile demonstrations, they aro still iu the country, and prepared for mischief, so disposed. Their fires can be seen at va rious points, and under circumstances which leave no doubt that tbev arc kindled for mis chief. I-'outcne Tr.itiMi. Witchcraft which first flour. ishcd for u tune in salcm met so severe a reverse m thai town nt lust, that the business has dec hned ever since in .Massachusetts : and the people hc-tacouaiut ed with tho subject havo given it as ibeiropiuion that the commouvvcaltii would never ho visited inrain by tho "faniilliar spirits." It was a mistake. They have come again and chosen Boston ibis time as n more limbic location. OneMadaiuo Ado n hoadvorlisis in one of iho papers of that favored city, that sho has 'opened tin office," nt the Lafnjetle Hotel, where sho tuny be privatilyconsulted at any hour of the day touching tho occult mysteries of iheiippir and lower worms. Mic says vvitu tlie Irankne-s that Peconics lar thai she dont pretend to bo a fortune-tiller, or witch: but she will, ni verlhiiss. tell ibo ladiis and genlleiunii who liny "favor her with ihiw palronago tnai sue win let tnim Know lo a dead cirlamty all thai has trans: ired in the past and inform them with jiit as much accuracy of what is to come. She will even tell them vviietiar they arc married or not, nnd whether ilsry are nappy or otherwise it they happen lo bo married. This vvill be all imporlnnt, wo should think to some nt least of the community. Madame Huoipue says sue uom inienu io stay lontr in uostoa an announcement which ought lo hurry all the. bus bands in that celebrated city in making applications, The editors being specially invited lo consult Madame privately onii gratintousiy, win ot course oc tarly ui lllo lieiu. . J. i-wuiMr, Tun Land Pinvcv at Wiiitk Lku Michigan. A good deal was said in the pub lie papers at tho time of tho occurrence, of a most atrocious act of robbery and wanton mischief perpotrated early in November last upon the farm of Mr. Phineas Davis, (who resides at Detroit,) situated in the lownshq of White Lake, noar Pontine. Tho dam age done was near $3000. Cattle and hog were slaughtered and stolen by do7.ens,gana ics stripped, and mischief of all descriptions consummated, l lie perpetrators ot nic ot- fenco (thirteen in nnniLer) have recently been tried and found guilty, and vvill be con sinned to the State rrison. 1 heir names are David Parker, Jessu Chapman, Dun can McCall, George Milholland, James Mil holhind, George V. Burrows, Benjamin Soules, .Samuel Bennett, Nicholas Bennett Ltiniau Bennett, David W. Bennett, Abel Buck, James Formnn. Disi'b.nkation oc Pbovidence. The Nashua Tdo graph savs that a Mrs. ltinlcv. of Londonderry. .V II., was some weeks since safely delivered of live chit- ilrtn at a birth, and that they aro all doing well ! The same woman had three ntonelurlh live v cars ngo, all oi vvoom arc auve ami m gooa couumon. I'RIDAV MORNING, MAY II, 1341. THE NATIONAL FAST. selves of the moral and political lepers who,for years, have bowed them down, and parnl y.ed nil their patriotic exertions. They nro ridoftheso now a deliverance which de mands at their hands devout thnnksgiving. The majority is composed of pure Whigs men who are lugs from reason nnd convic tion, and a whole soulcd devotion to Why; principle none of your Loco Focus in dis guise none of your affected purists, who, in tho excess of their fastidiousness, back their friends by aiding their rnnmics nonu of weak faith ami frail morals, who can fiu cajoled and tampered with nnd wheedfed by the Ritchie junto. Wo have good and trutr iiicn nil, who love Whig principles and tlioir Whig brethren, and who will go to tlio death for both. The good effects of Mich a whig majority will be visible nr.t winter in u har mony of feeling, a practicability of purpose, und a vigor of execution, which havo never before distinguished the Whigs of Virginia. It has been for the want of such a parly tu this which has almost made hope sink in tho bosom of many ardent patriot'. Year after year, by indefatigable exertions the Whigs its n nlnsontiv is much loss lirnfounu tlmn ! as generrally been concccded, is yet valu able as the work of an ingenuous strong mind ed foreigner. The defects iu our government, both in its thorny and working are pointed out ith clear-sighted discrimination, and with much more fieedom than an American wri ter would like lo use. Many valuable les sons to our citizens may bo learned from this work, and its popularity is a cheering to ken that its influence will eventually be felt. Sundry other literary and scientific works have been recently published which my lim its forbid my mentioning particulaily. Our Artists, too, are laboring with no lit tle earnestness and sucess in their respective departments. Several very fine portraits of our late President havo been brought out here, excellent as works of art, and said to be accurate likenesses of tlie venerable deceits- ' ed. A young sculptor named Bracket!, has just opened for exhibition a work on which ho has been cii"ii!Ted for sontu time, and i licit is not yet wholly finished. It repre sents the nrchiiutrel Michael, binding SA- l'AN, the idea being taken from the well known passage in the Revelations. It is quite successfully eiiibodii.-il, and the group evinces a high order of genius. There are many defects in the execution however, clearly showing the necessity of unwearied exertion in older to reach a high degree of success in any calling. The Apollo Association is to be opened next week for examination, and it is said to con tain a greater number of excellent works than usual. The society has recently pub lished a very superior Mtiel engraving inten ded fur erattiituous distribution to its mem bers. It represents iho famous passive in American History, Gen. Marion, in his swamp Encaniqino'it, inviting a British Of ficer to dinner. The Association is laboring zealously and with good success lo advance the fine Arts iu this country. Membership is acquired by paying So yeaily. C.viTios. The pul lie arc hereby cautioned against ine uecepiion nnu treachery oi n scounorcim nunisn i .. i ii.. i.:- w:.wi-,. s.-..i l-ll'l, ,.l,U lUilS HIS IlillllO II1I1MB , UlU-'Ut .JUUK, alias (inius Soule. Hccamn lo this town nbout four years ago, from the Stnteof -Maine ; called himsilf a single man, ','1 years of age, and by his lying and flat, teryhevvon the alfcctiuns of my daughter, ami mar ried her, they wero married in August, 18JS; und lived together until this spring, when fact appeared to prove his iniquity. lie has one wife anil one child now living iu NI cm I villi', Slate of Maine. He ran away (leaving his first vvifoat.Moutvillo) to another part of tho State, and was there published to another, when a messenger passing thnt way ho was detected. Said Soulo is about ten years older than be represented, is 5 feet 7 inches iu height, near sighted, has rather a singular look about iho eyes, stniiuuers tiimi' when excited, pretends to be a clothier by trade ; he left hero the jlh of April Hint., for par Is unknown. Aaron Lamb, Urigwatcr, Vt., April 20th 1611. In this appointment. President Tyler has an ticipatcd, we believe, the fervent wishes of the religious community. The day, we hope, will be universally and devoutly observed. Never, perhaps since the organization of our present form of government, has an occasion offered so favorable for pressing home upon the conscience of this whole nation its moral and religious res ponsibilities ; tho national family, in an unex peeled how, bereft of its head, the shock and disappointment of which event is felt from one end of the land to tho other. And shall the people of Cod be slow to learn righteousness under this afflictive dispensation -or to improv e the occasion for the advance mout of religion and our country's good ! The moral and spiritual codition of this nation need most urgently needs all tho advantage that can bo derived from this monitory Providence Let the men of (md, then, take their stations at this time : lot the appointed heralds of his truth promptly improve the eipportunity, to pour les sons of inspired wi.-dom into the heart and con science of tho nation, before tho fountains of human sympathy now opened for their access shall be dried up again Let the public and in dividual sins of which we aro guilty, bo faith fully exposed and penitently deplored. Let the nation be solemnly warned by the Watchmen of ion, that divine judgments aro in prospect, which a righteous Clod will he sure to visit upon us if, as a nation, we continue to cast oil' his law. Let the truth be every where proclaimed, clear as the meridian sunbeams, thnt righteous, nest iilmie exulteth a nation. Let the moral power uf the pulpit be every whore put furth on the occasion, in one simultaneous effort, to res cue the nation from its fatal tendencies to im press on the community a sense of religious res ponsibility and dependence on Clod and to urge men to seek, in humble earnest prayer, for the interposition of the Almighty to defend our country against the most formidable enemies that ever assailed us, "the powers of darkness W'atchmm of the Vall'. l'irrcsponteiice of Hie I'rce Press. Nkw YonK, May, 1811. Our Book Murket continues to be brisk ; among the excellent republications of the past week is'D. Israeli's Miscellanies of Lit erature. It lias been long knuvvn to the English public, and has found its way into some of the private nnd public libraries of tliis country : but 1 believe this is the first American Edition that has ever been pub lished. It is embraced in three volumes, nud is one of tho most interesting und instructive works of the season. Thoso parts of it es pecially, entilld the 'Tho travels of Authors' and the 'Cal.unitesof Authors' possess a mol ancbolly interest. The baino base grovelling passions the same mean petty jealousies, which rage with little control among the mas of ordinary men, and ecm toh.tvu embittered their lives and to have cast a shade of dark- VIltfilMA. The IK-logHion from Virginia in the net 'ingress, will tbc dividid politically: 10 Whig", 10 I'ederal Locos, andMr. Hunter, vvhocann.it strielty bo c'as smI withillher. The Wlims gained thm- Oitncls, Kauivv ha, Augusta and I'redri k and lost oms Huckingham. Tney If.st tins 1 ist by soiiim ten or 15 volts, and lailtd lo inin the Halifax I), strict by SI, Thus the loco-obtain. d two irrmbirs of l ongress by n un jonly of Ii s than ."0. They wete not le."s lucky in tho'state eliclion1-; they carried s.mio Ii or -i coun'lies by a hss majotttv lhan'liO. Tiiey mud on UcklNh ground. In the I.'-gi-laturc the Wlnjs have a majority ol two in inch bisuch, lo wit 17 to 13 in the 'vnatr, Ci to Cli in the Hons". fruits of their Inborn bate i.rrP "J.'ir.i ( ashes on the lips by the folly of some and the treaiheiy of others. There were always some black sheep in the (luck, whom Tory ingenuity could circumvent and mislead somewbo would hold divided counsels with their friends, and seemed unconscious of or indifieient to the moral delinquency of fol lowing the guidance of their enemies. Of all such wc are delivered, thanks to tlio Giver of all Good." Connecticut The legislature of Con necticut is now in session at Hartford. Tho messagu of Gov. Ellsworth is a brief and comprehensive document, exhibiting a highly prosperous condition iu the financial affairs of tlie state. Gov. Ellsworth urges the ne cessity of a Protective Tariff, and expressrs himself in favor of a single term for tho Presidency of the United States. In regard to the concerns of his own State, Gov. Ells wot th remarks that after two hundred years of legislation its statutes arc all comprised in ! u single volume ; that its annual expenses 1 do not exceed $80,000, one-third of which is raised from the avails of stock which fell to ! Connecticut on closing the accounts of tho American Revolution. The State owes nothing ; possesses u school fund e f morn than two millions of dullars, well invested and yiel ding annually the sum of SI 13,000, or one dollar nnd thirty-five cents to etery child between the ago of four and sivteen. "The banks under a like sup rvision, nru in the main safely and judiciously conducted, and after a careful and thorough scrutiny by thu Bank Commissioners, recently closed, arc ascertained, an I am informed, without exception, to he solvent and safe. Tho State Prison, with '20o prisoners at this time is found to nnswerevery purpose which its early advocate anticipated, and has become not only a suitable receptacle for ufiendei, but a source of inumio to thu State, having for tlie last year yielded a stun exceeding ,000." TI e militia of the State are a well organized body of 40,000 men. Governor EINw'orth roeeommi'ii Is an extension of thu Uw abolishing impiisoniniMit for debt, tu nun-residents. TEXAS. New Orleans papers of tho 2'th ult. con tain latc-ativices from Galveston and Hous ton. The idea of Mexican invasion had again passed away, and, saving an occa sional skirmish with some Indians, the whole republic was in peace nud quiet. An extra session of Congress was expect ed to be held in June, for tho disposal of the monies obtained by Gcnoral Hamilton in . ucss over the bright lustro of their splendid Europe tho ptocccds of the Tcvtn loan. genius. Mmy of them loo lived in garicts, In rcfoicnio to this result tho Richmond Whig holds the following language. "Tho Whigs have '.von the victory in tlie State, almost without an effort, on their part, and in the face of the most active exertions on the part of their adversaries. In very few counties were they thotirougbly organ ized, and no where did they turn out in full force. Wearied with the protracted struggle, which led to the national triumph last fall; and reposing upon the moral force of tint great victory, and still moru upon the profes sions of indifference every where expressed by the Locos, they lust many decided Whig counties, ami failed to carry others, which they might have easily done. A bare majo rity of 40 would be, obtained after a pitched battle, in winch the lull strength of both par ties was brought into action. It settles the question of Whig ascendency in the State more conclusively than any event of the last four years. We know now what the whigs can do by putting forth all their ener gies, when they have done so niueb without a struggle. They can maintain all the ground they have, ami can easily re-capture tho Whig counties upon which the feds have poached and "Hannibal like carry tlie war into Africa.'and invade the very hearth-stones of the enemy. What tack can tlie Locos now take what loop hole is left them for retreat 1 On what can they rally I By their factious opposition to anni!niinistration,wliich had done nothing obnoxious to censure, they have lost the little reputation they had for n.iirintlsm. and fair and liberal Jcalintr. Bv I the calamitous fruits oftwelve years misrule, tbev can lav no claim to lie again vvith the Government. Will they rally on tho tariff That they havo tried in vain. On tlie Distribution of tho proceeds of the sales of the Public lands I Thoy have runs all the changes upon that. On a national Bank I They h ive put this in issuo lor years and every time, iliey arc worse beaten than before. And, mui cover, befoio they can again muster their scattered forces.u Monster of sumo hundred millions may created. Their condition is desperate. With Satan Kentuckv. Election. The follow in-; Whigs are elected to Congress : Philip Tri plet, Joseph Under" nud, John Kinraid, John Pope, J.uni's C. Shrigg, John White, Thom as F. Marshall, Garret Davis, ami ono loco focn, William O. Butler, re-elected by about JjO majority. In the Gth distiict there is n close con test between Willis Green, the lute Wh ig member, and Mr, Holm, (also Whig we be lieve.) Hardin County gives Helm 1 10S majority, and Meade County 1 lo ; total 1, 22:i . Green's majority iu the other coun ties, it was thought would more than balance the above. In tin: 11th district, Montgom ery and Bath counties, give Mason ma jority. From some of the other counties, the returns are favorable to Andrews, (W.) the late member. Solar as is yet ascertained, there is no change from last venr. McLt.OD. We understand that it has been agreed between Mr. Fox and the Government of the United States that no farther opposition shall he made by the former to the trml of McLcod. That nial is to go on, under tho jurisdiction of New York, without interfe rence either by the British Minister or tho national Government. If acquitted, as is most probable, McLeod will bo discharged, of course, and tho matter thus be disposed of. If convicted, the national Government will then take the necessary steps to afford him that measure of justice anil protection which all tho circumstances of tlie case mav require. THE BOUNDARY QUESTION. If our private advices from Washington do not mislead us and this they have never yet done a decision of sonic importance has been conic to there, in reference to the boun- . I .1 . ... i ., entrusted qesuon. o learn tnai a convention has been signed on the part of Great Britain and the United States, which provides for the appointment of six commissioners, three for each party to thu dispute. Theso six if they can agree, are to give a final decision on the question. If they cannot agree, thev are to appoint threo others and a decision by the majority of tlie nino is to be conclusive. Such wo understand to be tho arrangement agreed upon. Sumo of the details may bo incorrectly stated, but we have everv reason I i.. i,..i:. I.., ,i... if... iu MuuiMu inn, inu uui-itu mri, oi a couven- when he first awoke in liell, they may ex-. claim : "infinite despair !' In thu lowest ) tloilnMij oiaiifd, s ill prove authentic. depth, there is a lower deep still threatening '' ' ' 1 . ' to devour them. But thu prostration ol" T'lrt'cN-.r-.-Tbc Madisoniauq.vis iho nrwerti Loco Focoism, and a Whig majority in both branches of the Legislature, neheived under such discouraging circumstances, do not con stitute tho most gratifying portion ol the Whig triumph. The crow ning mercy is, that the W lugs h'Tve ihoroiKhlv puiecd thtm. iisfor IP 10, compiled from the rrcoiiN at Washinc ton. The population of Xevy Voik is, !t;ic.; Pennsylvania 1.7.M O.-'-Uhio l,510,4n7- Vim- na 1, JTI,59i. No oilier Slate eveeedsa milium, Tbs to tal population of iho l'liion txeteds I? 100, ",7V Maior Donrlsau sayi that so fir from f! n Ja'U ton's !' wiiii" hank apt by c 'Jir n; forb n oi arty one flu h ! t'isthv ro vie - n . hit ' ire 'I '

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