Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 25, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 25, 1841 Page 2
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fined to tlio PiitJccU epoclally surffaitod In the I House, (for It was moro than half ompty.) and .. . . J ...... t-i l I- I ..!il. .tI I. t .1! !- It rrcsiuenis message, unless congress Biiauua- i wiih mis rciimm uisuhbb TWKNTV-SBVKNT1I CONGRESS. house or iuiiuTesbntatives. Washi aarw, Thursday, June 10, 18 11. In tlio Senate to-day, memorials for a Mank ruitt Law were presented by Mr. Evaks, Pren tiss and YouNtJ ; also 1y Air . Buchanan, for duties on Wines and Silks, and by Mr. Hotts, from the Leyislaturo of Massachusetts, for a distribution ol tho proceeds of tho sales of Pub lic Lands. Distribution. Mr. Cr.AV, of Ky., according to previous no lice, introduced a llill for tho Distribution of the proceeds of tlio sales of the Public Lands, which receded its lirst reading and was laid over till to-morrow. Mr. Henderson introduced a bill to establish a uniform system of Bankruptcy, which was road twice, referred to tho Judiciary Committee, nnd ordered to bo printed, after a debate of some length as to tho propriety of action on this sub jeclatthe present Bcssion. Mr. Rtvns introduced a resolution, previously noticed, to refer to tlio Comtnittco on Foreign Affairs the parts of tho President's Mcssago re lativc to that subject. Hero a very interesting debate touk place in relation to tho McLcod caso in2which Messrs. Buchanan and Rives partici-Dated. Mr, Buchanan opposed tho courso of our Government towards tlio British in relation to this case, particularly tho. lata eorrcspondonco of Mr. Webster with Mr Fur, and also Mr. Webster's instructions to tho Attorney General to attend his trial, &c. To tins' Mr. Hives re filled in his accustomed eloquent and able man tier, defending tho course pursued as worthy of a frco nation, m magnanimity, justice, and desire (honorable peace with all nations of tho earth. There has, as yet, been no action on tlio resolu tion. A great speech is expected from Mf. Choalo to-morrow on tho pamo subject. In tho House, to-day, on motion of Mr. FltLt. Mour., Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Mean, it was resolved, that tho Report of the Secretary of tho 7 rcasurv bo referred to that Committee, except that part rolatinir to a fiscal agent, on which a bclcct committeo hadbcoo ap-1 pointed. Mr. Houir.s of S. C. presented a memorial of inhabitants of Charleston, recommending an appropriation of ono years' salary to the family of the late President, William Henri Harri son. 1 ho Speaker laid before the House tho tes timony of the contested cloction of Mr. Banks of Pa.: Referred to tho Committee on Elections. Also, an account nf tho Treasurorof the United StatCF, of tho contingent expenditures for tho service of tho Post Offico Department, for the year ending .Inly 4, 1810 which was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Vlie 'motion to reconsider tho voto on tho amendment dropping the 21st rule of last Con gress was then taken up, and Mr. Ingersoli. ro numcdfrom yesterday his remarks, and entered into an claborato " examination of th9 Subject, in opposition to the agitation of the sub ject of Abolition at present, and showing that tho tendency of the measures of Abolitionists is to separate tho Union, Ho was followed at soino length by Mr. Marshal!, of Ky., in op position to tho reconsideration. The question was then taken, and the House, by Yeas 110, Nays 110, refused to reconsider the voto. Mr. Wise then called tin the motion to re consider the voto adopting the rules of the last House, except tho tilst. on which he gavo no tice that ho intonded to speak, but gave way, and inc iiotise, at o o clock adjourned. arous. Washington Juno 11, 1811. President Tyler has instructed Mr. Ewintr to report a plan of a Fiscal Agent when called upon, which shall not conflict with tho consti tutiun. The President's plan you have had an nislingof the details ho leavee to hi Secre- t .iy and to Congress. 'ho President cave his first dijilomatra din ner on '.Tuesday. Most of the Foreign Minis ters were present, and amongst tho Senators (hero were Messrs. II. Clay and Rivet. Messrs. Webster and 7'allmadge havo dined togetner, aim an pretended discord In that quar ter is "harmony not understood." Gales &, Scaton were elected Printers to tho House to-day by tho following voto : Gales & Scaton 1111 ; Blair & Rives 73; Peter Force Thomas Allen is agreed Upon by tho Whig Senators in caucus to bo Printer to tho Senate. 7'iio rate nf compensation is reduced in both Mouses L'U per cent, below tlio prices lixed bv the resolution of 1511). Vliis, I hope, is but the beginning of Retrenchment. Let tho same rate of reduction bo carried through ell the branches of the service. 7'lie Senate to-day had again under conside ration tho motion of Mr. Rives to refer to tho Committeo on Foreign Affairs that part of tho Prosidcnt'b Message on that subject. Mr. Clioato spoke about an hour nnd a half, defending the course taken by Mr. Webstor in his correspondence with.lfr. Fox, and replying in a masterly manner to .1r. Buchanan's remarks yesterday. He evinces talent worthy the suc cessor of Webster. Messrs. Calhoun and Henderson haw also spoken on this subject to-day. In the House, Mr. Hunt of N. Y. gave no tice of a bill 'to repeal tho act to postpono the fourth instalment of deposito with tho States,' and farther providing for the deposito of said instalment. 7'iie business before the House heintr on the motion to reconsider the vote by which tho rules of last House were adopted, except tho 'Jlat. A7r. Wise addressed tho House, entering into tiio general bubject of Abolition. Ho de precated tho course pursued by his Northern urctlircn ot inc wing party, in pressing the sub ject ot Abolition, to the exclusion of the im portant national bnsiiie.:i fur which tbey had been com cued, and gave notice of his intention to opposo to tho last their measures on thiB sub ject. He had scarcely commenced his argument when he was seized with a sudden fainting, and ouligcu lo Jcavo the Hall. 7 ho motion was then put over till to-morrow, to enable him to conclude. Waterston moved a reconsideration of tho re solution to elect Printer, with a view of offering a resolution to appoint a Select Committeo on the (subject of printing, and on separating the printing irom political presses. J Ins tailed by a vote of Yeas Ti, Nave 122. 71ie usual resolution to supply the Members with the daily papers during the Session, passed. Mr. Sergeant offered a resolution confining me anion ol an tho .Maiming Committees, ex cept the Committee on Elections, Ways and iiruans, and Mileage, to tho subject of the Pre Fident's Mcssago, and of a General Bankrupt Law, postponing memorials, cVc on other tub jeets, to the next regular session. Motions wore madu to amend this, by except ing also tho Committee on tho District of Co lumbia and on Claims. No action was taken. Argus. Washington, Juno 12. 1811. Hon. W. W. Payne of Ala., a new Member, took his scat. Mr. Wise being still ill, the further consider ation of his motion to reconsider tho Rules was again postponed Mr. Graham of N. C. asked leave to intro. duce a bill to repeal the Sub-Treasury; Refused as needless a bill to that effect having already come down from the Senate. Mr. Sergeant of Pa. asked the consideration of a Resolution confining the future action o; tho Houso at this Scasion to certain great ineas- urcs specilied. 7 he motion was defeated : Nay BO: Yeas 122 (not two-thirds.1 A considerable number of petitions was now received : some from private claimnnta . on f rAlolition, which was laid on the table bv ' .j to ..2 : come in favor of a General Bank. rupt Ji.v : these wero referred to tho Judiciary Ccr f, with instructions to inquire into tho ess Hi ficy ct rerortui;: a bill at this hcssion. 7'Iieso initructluiia wore carried by a vote of V.i t0 fail. The Committee on tho Rules mado a Report, accompanied by Resolutions prescribing that tho i"iL.nee oi tno profeni version hwmm be con cido to includo the discussion of a General 1 uatiKrupt i no ucsotutions luruicr pres cribe that all potitions, memorials, &.c. not re lating to these subjects bo laid on tho tablo on presentation, and no action had thereon at tho present Session. After an irrngular and pro traded debate, thoso Resolutions wero i-Assed : Yeas 100 ; Nays CO. Adjourned. In tho Scjiate, a numbor of potitions for a Bankrupt Law wcro received, and referred to tho Judiciary Committee. Various resolutions of inquiry wore moved by Opposition Senators. At length Air. Clay's resolution prescribing that any subject which may bo under discussion when tho Senate adjourns for the night shall bo taken up directly after reading tho journal tho next morning was taken up. Messrs Benton, Young, Buchanan, etc. objoctcd to this as for cing business, cutting off resolutions of inquiry, &c. -Mr. Clay finally cousontcd to modify it so as to allow one hour every morning lo petitions, resolution?, &c. 7Tio resolution was then agreed to. Mr. Clay's bill providing for a Distribution or tho Proceeds of tlio Public Lands was road a BOcond limo and referred,, Mr. Merrick reported a hill to re-chartcf tho Banks in the District of Columbia. 7'heSenato then el jcted Rev. Septimus Aus tin Chaplain and adjourned. Washington, Monday, Juno 11. For the spaco of nearly six hours, Mr. Wlso addressed tho Houso on tho motion of Mr. For nanco, to reconsider tho vote adopting tho rules of the last House, and appointing a committee of revision thereon. Ilia entiro speech was di rected to the subicct of Abolition. Most of it was familiar to me and to many others acquaint ed with the history of tho last three Congress es. And I do not know of any process by which I can extract from it any thing of especial in terest or importance. After ho had concluded a spoech wlrich somo well iudiriiiL' srcntlcmcn becan to think would never bo brought to a close, the Previous Ques tion was applied ; and, andor its operation, the rote trtjj re-ctms'tderci by yoas 100, nays 101. The effect of this proceeding' is to throw ns back again precisely where we were on Monday the thirlv firs! ihiu nf Mm. Ones again wo are cast upon the doubtiui and incliicicm provisions of the Parliamentary Law, which means one thing or another, or nothing at all, as a dissat isfied and turbulent set of men may cliooso to tnako it. In other words jw are in a stato of an archy as complete as was over experienced in the days of the Now Jersey controversy. It is no use todismnse tho lact lor so u is. The aggregate voto on tho reconsideration was 210, shewing a list of thirty-two absentees somo of them were ranked among our best friends, and ought to have been in their scats. The reconsideration brought the House back lo tho original resolution providing tor tho ad option ot tho rules ot tho last l louse, and tor mo appointment of a committee to revise and report uponthcin. in liou ol this resolution, tno ioi lowing substltuto was moved by Mr. Rayncr, a momber from North Carolina : Resolvod, That the standing rules and order of tho last House of Representatives, be adop. ted as the rules and orders of this Houso for tin) 27th Congress : provided that this Houso will not consider any subjects at the present tscssion, except such as arc embraced in tho President's Message : and that all petitions and memorials on all other subjects receivable under the rules and orders above-mentioned, shall be laid on the tablo without reference or consideration. And this is the first question under consider ation to-morrow morning. Connected with this, and at the very root of It, lies a still graver question, whether by the vote of rc-considcration tibovo mentioned, all the appointments of all the standing and select com miltcos, vitiated and annulled. The point was raised this evening by Mr. Botts, a member from Virginia, who informed the Speaker that he had been notified to attend, rm a member of it, a meeting of tlio Committee of ways and Means, to-morrow, and who wished to know whether, under the new stato of things, the ex istence of that Committee had not ceased. Tho speaker declined lo meet tho interroga tory, on the ground that it was not put in tho or der of time, but wiid that when it was so, he would decido it- Ho must decido it to-morrow, unless a combined and vigorous effort on the part of tho Whigs should strip tho Houso of its present shameful nnd disorganized character, nnd put it in a position to proceed to business. Their opiononts-, 1 have remarked before, boast openly of their intention losow discord amongst them, and triumph in their partial, though too obvious success. The Whigs knrw this they cannot fail to know it, because it is matter of notoriety : and yet, too straniro to say, either from fear or siipinonoss, they suffer themselves- On concluding, ho offered a resolution differ ing somewhat from tho one prcscntod by him yesterday. It proposed to adopt for tho tempo rary Government of tho House, all tho rules of tho last House, subject lo tho futuro action of a Committeo to bo appointed : and then went on to affirm tho election of Offices and tho appoint ment of Committees. This was to meet tho contingency oftheso elections and appointments being anuulcd by tho re-consideration of the voto by which tho rules of tho last House woro adopted, if it should bo decided that such a vi tiation had taken place. This proposition was rejected by yeas UU, ayes luo. Immediately upon this voto being announced, Mr. Rayncr ottered another resolution providing simply, that the rules of tho last Houso should be adopted as tho rules of this, until otherwise ordered, and that a committeo of nino members bo appointed to receive, and report on the same. This resolution, by yeas 101, nays 07, was also rojectcd. Tlio House, thin leu uacK upon tne resoiu ion orininallv adopted, and nut tho roto on which had been re-considered to adopt all tho rules of tho last Houso except tho 21st, or that Iiich related to Abolition I'ctilions. And the picbtion being again put on adopting that rule, it was negatived, yeas luii, nays ltu. Thcro is now no proposition of any kind or description pending, and wo are to commence anew tho samo sccno of turmoil and disorder, to-morrow morning. This state of things has been brought about by tho united votes of Van Huron demo crats and southern nnd a few northern Whigs inlorsnnrscd with a few who aro NOT Willi's in any thing but professions, and who aro doing the good cause moro harm by tho false colors u ndo r which they sail, than a thousand bucIi open enemies could inflict upon it. 1 beard a ..' .i . HM -e . I., 1 oouin-western wing, oi unquuBiionauiu uimr- actor, compliment a Van Buron member from t .... -.'.i - i: ..r .!. II. ...... !.: Maine, nl U1U uujuuruuium ui mu iiuuro bum evening, upon tho additional victory which his (united as 1 havo said with others,; had this day gained over tho party, who, (looking to their ap parent majority,) arc responsible for the action of the House; & for the addditional success they had met with in defeating tho cilorts ot tho body to proceed to the transaction of business. It's unnecessary for mo to enter into a descrip tion of tlio disorderly and most riotous proceed ings which havo characterised this day. It is but tho old picture furbishod up anew. But I think it is time that the constituents of come gentlemen should turn their oyes towards them and sco whether they are not betraying tho sa cred trust which has been reposed in them. Tho question of Abolition, properly speaking, has nothing to do with the state ot things which now exists here. This is the ostensible ground of quarrel. Tho true solution of tho whole matter is to bo found in tho systematic and or ganised cilorts ol the opjiosition to split us asun der an umieriaKing wnicii would no nope less, but for the concurring efforts of men who call themselves Whigs, and whoso main end and aim at this moment is, as I believe our dismem berment. Ono thing is certain either there is not penetration to seo what is aimed at, or there is not tho courage to meet it as it should be met- FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 18-11. I STATE CONVENTION. Tho Dcmocrstia Wide Convention, for tho purpose of nominntinga ticket for Governor, Lieut. Governor nnd Treasurer, to bo presented for tho BUpportof tlio pcoplo thoensuinc September election, will beholden at AHmtptlitr, Wednesday, 30M oJunt next, com mencing at 10 o'clock, A. Si. For the purposo of so curingn general rcpn actuation nnd elii-iliup the views entertained in all sections of the Slate, the Central Coinmuto recommend that tlio Democratic Whigs of ihe several towns in the Stnlo meet on tho 17th of Juno next, and appoint fivo delegates from each town to represent them in Stato Convention, nnd an equal number of substitutes to supply the places of such delegates as may bo prevented from attendance. JlARnV IIRADLEV, Jons 1'eck, K. P. Jbwett, E. 1. Waltok, Jb., F. F. Men mix, Milton Uhown. May n, 1311. Stntl Coin. o be led with a hook through tho noso in any direction. This statement does no iniiistico to them, it is truth, and truth so manifest that a man with half an ordinary vision cannot fail to see it. 1 believe the plain matter ot the tact to c. tint a matcr-snrit is wanting among them a man of intriotic principles, sound judgment, and resolute determination, who will neither be misled by false appearances and professions on the one hand, nor cow'd down by pompous and blustering declamation on tho other I Is thero uch a man in tho House I I think thcro fs. nd some suggestions occur to me in coiiuoc- turn with this day's proceedings, to which I may have occasion to advert bcreaitef. INSKNATK. TDK Mcl.KOD A 1 'FAIR I think 1 may assure you that the Mclicod question will bo brought to a close to-morrow. The senate have neon engaged on it upwards of a week, and what good hn resulted ! None save an attempt of one party to show that the iuvornmont has crouched to hngland under menace, and of the ollior to mako it appear that she has acted in strict accoidanco with the law of nations ; and that if there has been any thing irregular aiiu iiiipruicr, n is ciuanj iraceauiu to thu last administration Mr. Benton was absolutely rabid to-day on the subject. He denied that any books were necessary In this caso that when Gen. Jack- hon was in Florida, ho read no bonks but those of common sense and nature had no recourse to the iiniEty stato towers of Grotius, Putl'un lorl and Valtel : hut he hung the Kuglislnnon lor their inierlcrcncc, and there was not a wo man or child in tho West but what received the news with pleasure. Ho rcccollccted too, the threats of politicians at tint time, who en dcavored to mako it appear that the country would bo well offif British magnanmity spared women and children. Mr. Buchanan will close tho subicct to-mor row, which already begins to pill upon the sense. Mr. Woodbury's resolution, calling for the correspondence from the owners of Slate Stock, in relation to their assumption or payment by tho General Government, was, strange to say, adopted without debate. J ho resolulionof .Mr. Sevier, calling for the names of persons supposed to bo implicated in the frauds in the West, in relation to Indian I rcaties, was laid on tho table, after a bhort de bate the vote being 2 1 to 22. Mr. Walker succeeded in having referred to the Committee on Public Lands a resolution in the shape of an amendment to Mr. Clay's Land uiii, which win nave mo ciiect to destroy that ...!.,.!., 'I'l. '.,...,:.... I 1. wtC IJIVrtOUIV. A IIC WUIllllllllUV, ll'JUVUr, Will pay no respect to it more than to receive it. night or ten memorials rt-ero presented in favor of a Bmkrupt Law, and ono from the Chamber of Commerce of your city, remonstrat ing against tho enactment of any such law. IN SENATE. Wo had tho usual number of Petition for a Bmkrupt Law, pressed upon the consideration of the Senate. They wore referred as matter of course. Tlio question is every where ask cd Does Congress mean to act upon this mo mentuous question 1 or docs it mean to remain satisfied witli tho naked cxprcsion of opinion on international law in one branch, and the ab stract right of petition in tho other. Tho pco- pic are becoming auxious deeply anxious on this matter. ThoMcIiCod nffair consumed tho day ngain Mr. Buchanan speaking in reply to the Senators who preceded him, and Mr. Clay making a brief explanation of his opinions and views Test he might be suspected of not acting with his friends on this question. lying before the letter of Mr. Webster was published, or indeed tho letter of -Mr. Fox received, ho had openly ex pressed the opinion that McLcod stood uname- iiaulo tu any law in tlio Ulnloa NtatcB thai tlio affair of tho Caroline was an act of force in short, an act of war, not declared it was true, hut as solitary, single, undeclared act of war and hence he was no more responsible than the bayonets, cannon, or nny other instrument used, lie said the pride of the nation should revolt at tho idea of punishing the petty, humblo iustru. ment, when a groat nation had avowed the act tn bo hers. As well might tlio Senator from Penn.iuakc his servant Charles amenable for an act ordered by him, (Mr. Clay,) as to maku Mc ,eod answerable lor the acts ot ins masters. Ho denied that thcro was any threat or menace intended by the British authorities. The lan guage was such as was usual in diplomacy, and was no departure irom mc same. lie said it was very strange that gentlemen, all at once, when they were out of power, should breathe this hostile spirit. He could account for it in no other way than they wcro seeking to inllaine, to agitate and excite a war spirit, to gain that by war which they had lost in peace. Mr. Buchanan denied that he had ever attemp ted to create a war-spirit that his relations were all pacific, mid appealed to the Senator from Kentucky, whether in all Inn association with tlio Senator in tho committee of foreign affairs, he had not evinced that spirit. Mr. Allen blew a war blast so loud that it rung through the Senate. He desired to under Maud whether the municinal law was to bo sus pended by tho law or nations and bandits and murderers to stalk through them unpunished, because, forsooth, England had avowed their acts. They might strangle it in the committee if they pleased, but ho would bring tlio dead body to light, He meant to inquire why Great Britain had not avowed the net until thu great Democratic party of the country was prostrate, and the money power allied to "British bankers had become triumphant. Ho wanted a clear sky and clear field for the work there was no winding in him. It was more important than all the business of the session put together, and the pcoplo would pass upon the report if made from the committee. The whole business was referred to the committee on foreign affairs, whero I trust it will sleep till the approaching bcssion. Thomas Allen, F.ditor of the Madisonian, was this day elected Printer to the Senate, having received all the votes given, the opposition Sen ators refusing to vote, on tho ground that Blair &. Rives wero the legal Printers. I his busi ness with a deduction of 20 per cent, will be more likely to prove a loss than a profit and emphatically what may be termed n'ggardly economy, not rigiu. Mr. Rives, one of tho Kditors of the Globe refused to be considered a candidate, with the restrictions imposed. The Treasury Department made rctnrns in compliance with the Resolutions inquiring the amount due from Banks, it would surprise you to learn how little of tlio public money has beei ost bv the Hanks, l-our llaiiKs only wcro re turned debtors the Commonwealth Bank of Boston, the Franklin Hank of the same mace, tho Agricultural Bank of Natchez, and the l'lantcr s JtanK oi iuitsissip i. in some insiau ccs, the amount of interest due is far beyond th nrincina). For instance, in the Franklin Bin! hn ilnbt is S3.210 20 interest, 80,070 total 87.192 00. In the Agricultural tiaim, tho debt iftiW.tMl 20 interest, S31,21Itotal,8110, 415. Tlio balance duo by tho Bank of the Uni ted States is reckoned nt 6-1,270, though the agent of that institution claims amounts lo nure than that balance. nOU'!E OK JUJPWENTATIvns. Wasuinuton, June 15, 1781. Another long and tedious day has passed over with results no more satisfactory than those of yesterdr.y. t he proceedings ol iho day com- menccr, wmia long, very long, speecn irom air, Raynor. of North Carolina. Wr bad been led to believe that ho was about to enlighten us, or say somothing new by way of d jing (something, at least, for tho public time he was consuming, and tlio uublic treasure ho v"'fB expending. In place of this, we had ono of u.., uiu.rasnmned, regular tct anti-Aooiition rpecches aiade to his constituents, not to the Ti:nni:ssee. A gentleman from Mur frncglinrouuh writes tho editors of thu Louis villn Journal that Mr. Polk will bo doubly distanced nt tho election in August, und that tho Legislature, undcoiiscqucntiy tlio united States Senators, win uu uiurouginy v nig, A Valuaiilf. Ehtaiilishment. The Boston Atlas was sold to its present pro prietors after die death of Mr. Haughton . rt.w. . I r.t 1-1... lor tliesum oi j,'jini, inclusive oi mo ueut due the concern. LETTERS FROM THE METROPOLIS, No. xv. NY.w Yoiik, June 19, 1811. Tho nttontlon of tho wholo country is so intent I v fixed upon thu proceedings of Con gress, that 1 supposo very littlo else will bo of interest to your renders. The action of tho Scnuto though not closely confined to tho financial nfl'tirs of tho country us might in many Recounts bo desirable, has Jot furnished high gratification to thoso who desire prompt despatch in public business instead of intor iiiinablo and pointless speeches. Tho ridi culous iittempt of Mr. Secretary Woodbury to disprove tho statements ol Mr. living's lucid Report is in perfect accordanco with tho conduct of that relchrated functionary while at the head of tho Treasury depart .t. ... .i ...... .. . niciii. ins nssuruou mat "at the timo tlio present Administration camo into power thu government was free from debt" must striku every ono asa great jokoj Levi is a stupen dous wag ! His speech was most effectually demolished by Mr. Evans, of Maine. An in teresting debate was had on tho McLcod case all of which you will of courso have (ecu re ported in tho Washington papers. Thu House is at length organized after having disorganized itself and blundered on through sixteen days without accomplishing nny thing lit nil in tlio way of business Nothing hut energy, strict attention to the business of the Special Session nnd a prompt veto upon long windy, aimless speeches, from whatever quarter they may'come,is now wan ted tu carry tho financial measures deinniulod by thu country lo their final enactment, und thus sustain the Administration and its poll cy ugainst all the claims of Loco I'ocoistn und Jacobinical faction. The Resolution of tho Houso grunting $23, 000, to tho Family of Gen. Harrison, will most certainly incut thu wishes of the people of all parties throughout tho country. Mr. Gilmer opposed thu hill, contending that Congress had no right to grant this sum us u gift : if the hill could bu demanded so us to muku it n compensation, ho would support it. This is a fuir specimen of Virginia 'abstraction. The foreign news ly tho Acadia, you will of courso havo received by way ot'Himon. It is evident that the Tories in England aro getting tho worst of the bargain in their nt- tumpt to drive thu Ministry from tlioir scats. ir Robert Peel's resolution was got under ehato and there was evidently no very vc- leiuunt desire on thu part of its advocates to truss it tun decision. If thu Ministers dis solve Parliament mid go to the People on to question ut issue, us it is nearly buttled ley will, the Whigs havu every prospect of igh success. 1 ho cry of 'Cheap Bread' is one calculated tu be popular among u star ing people, und ihero is a fuir prospect that iu selfish, grasping, crushing policy of tho Tories will receive tin efficient rcbtiko. O Council is working with nil his might and tho cry of 'Repeal and Ilcforin,' is yet most po- ent throughout Ireland. Loid John litis- sell will of courso bo elected in London, but not without a tcrriblu struggle. Nearly all liopo of the safety of tho resi dent is now abandoned iu England. Thoso who had relatives on board have gone into mourning and 1 observe that a day has been appointed nt Lloyd's for tho settlement of the insurance. The news from China is cer- aiuly of grunt importance. Negotiations tavo proved fruitless, thu Emperor has or dered Kcsheii into irousforhis liurkliugto the barbarians, und n resort to arms has been had Tho British have taken the Boniu forts and no also iu possesion of the Factory at Canton What will coniu of a remains to be seen Nothing of special interest has occurred in the city, either in thu political or business cir cles. As is usual thousands uf our citi.ens are leaving the crowded metropolis for the cooler aii'l moro liealthlulabodes in the coun try, and of thoso who 'tic left I prcsumi) few remain from inclination. Business is o cuursu declining us the warm season advan ces. An unusual, amount of building seems to Im going on. Especially in Broadway and Pearl Streets, thu oldest and most decay ed structures havo been torn down and thci places will soon be supplied by others muru worthy thosu princely streets. Another number ofUronson's Quarterly Review has just mado its appearance. The leading article is upon Social LviUjknt t . I. . ..11. I ....1 (liuir iteuictues, a topic which uas cng.ijjuu the attention of the philanthropic UAurmers from time immemorial. The writer says that ho has succeeded in awakening the pub lie attention to his doctrines, and now pro cecds to their discussion. That is wellthougl of! So it scorns that in all his previous di ntribes against tho rich nnd his scnslcss in vings about human lights, tyranny of soci ety, and abominations in general, ho was on ly endeavoring lo catch thu car of thu public and since lie has now succeeded in rousing to some degree of lifu that huge nnd insensate monster, he will now proceed to talk to him The remainder of his article is nearly a dc tailed exposition of tho evils that nt present exist in society, with many moreover, which spring from his own imagination. But ho suggests no definite remedy, but leaves the whole subject quite as dark and intricate and twfco os ropulsivc, us it was before, Thcro aro several nhlo articles In this number and two extended roviews of President Tyler's Inaugural Address nnd first Message Tlio opinions contained in thoso documents aro of courso condemned without qtinlfication. Much as it deplored I think it evident that tho number of those who coincido with tho opinions of Brownsou is daily increasing. In this city thcro is no mean amount of talent nnd cthusiasm enlisted in their advocacy, and however it way bo overlooked their influ enco is not to bo despised. Thoro is a grow ing restlessness, n discontent, a wish for some radical change in tho structure of society, fust ripening into strength and which threatens to effect befuro it dies, no small amount of mis chief. No matter how littlu may bo out wardly visihlo of its iuflucuco ; it still is mis chievous iu unsettling thu mind, in destroy ing tho feeling ofrevcrcuco for all truth, and inspiring a contempt of all law, and for cvo ry opinion which rests on nny thing clso than the individual's own rash and misguided judg ment. Mr Brownsou was onco a Univer salis! minister, in this city, but was finally ejected from that denomination for tho ex treme lutitudo of his creed, nnd his slight re gard for the Scriptures and general forms of christian worship. Ho has sines cditod pa pers both in this city nnd Boston, all aiming ut the spread of his doctrines, and tho 'ref ormation of Society.' f lis labors do not seem greatly tu havo benfitted Socioty as yot whether it is Society's fault or his own might be a matter of no littlo differunco of opinion botween tho two. A Lifu of Swedenborg lias just been Is sued hero by ono of the minsters of New Je rusalem Church. During tho past while wo had quito a protracted series of Discour ses on tho doctrines of this denomination they excited no little interest and woro atten ded by crowded audiences. So readily is any thing new soiznd upon by the peoplu of tho city. 111! CONGRESS. Tho Insano rejoicings of tho Loco Focoa at the state of confusion in the Houso of Repre sentatives havo at length brought tho Whigs in that body lo their sober reuses, 'i'ho disgust ing scenes of Monday and Tuesday wcro too much for even some of the disorganizes. They saw, that so far from helping their own cause, they wcro only playing into tlio bands of the enemy, and afibrding great consolation to tho in famous Globe, which snccringly compared tho Whigs in Congress to a bundle of rockets, all ignited and flying off in different directions. This was too much, and Wedncsdey they camo together resolved to do their duty. It will bo seen by a referenco to tho Congressional pro- cccdings in another column, that on that day the House effected a reorganization by the blrong ate of ayes 110, noes 100. It will be scon that every Loco Foco from this State voted in the negative It is also worthy of remark that Messrs. Adams and Wiso voted together, mid also in tho negative. They wero not satisfied with their previous efforts at agitation, but de sired still further to embarrass tho action of their political friends. The remark of Mr., of Ky, was no less true than severe ; that "if the constituents of both theso gentlemen had luH. lli.m ftt liomo, tlio Hnnco rpollld lnnfl Ririrn havo been progressing with tho business of tho country." How favorably, in contrast with tho acts uf these two Representatives, appears the course of .Vessm Stanley, Botts, Stuart, Nibbet and others of the south, and .Vessrs. Cushing, .Vorgan, Briggs and others of the north. They doubtless have the interests of their immediate constituents as much at heart as the others, but thanks totheir enlightened patriotism, they do not sulfur their personal or bectional prejudices to interfere in the discharge of their duty to the whole country. Now that an organization has been effected, we hopo to see a better spirit pre vail than has yet been manifested, and an undi vided attention to the interests of tho people, who have sent tliein there U) legislate for their benefit. Alb Journal. On Thursday the House actually proceeded to business. Several resolutions were adopted entrusting to committees the charge of inquiry into the means of a more economical adminis tration of tho public affairs. Thu Houso went into committee on the bill for the relief of the lato President, but no vote was taken before the adjournment. It will be bccutlialau ill-placed attack was mado upon tho name of tho deceased Pacsidcnt, by Sir. Dean of Ohio, which is char acterized ou all hands ns Mmsuo and contemptible. The Senato have held two Executive Sessions probably to consider tlio President's noiiiina- tions. One or two aro said to havo been con firmed, but nothing of interest in this quarter has as yet transpired. THK LOCOFOCO STATE CONVENTION. Iloldcn In this villago on Thursday last, numbered from 250 to BOO persons, princi pally from this county all tho over,,savo Bennington, wcro represented. D. P.Noycs of LamoilloCo. prosided.assisted by seven Vico I'rcsiuontsj i. U. liastmau und Dana Winslow, Secretaries. Previous to thu appointment of n committeo to nominate a stato ticket. Mr. Dillingham declined run ning for Governor, and Mr. E. D. Harbor ... , . . r f .... -.... 4 uccimeu running lur uiuui. umcmur. stato ticket was formed as follows ! For Governor, NATHAN SMIL1E. For Lt. Governor, E. D. BAHBEIt. For Treasurer, DANIEL BALWliN. E. D. Barber read a scries of resolutions, partly his own and partly borrowed from tho locofoco legislalurcof Now Hampshire, which wcro adopted. Theso resolutions wcro In favor of 1 10 sub-trcasurv ! ntrainst uenostio banks and a Aatiotial Bank, and declaring that a futuro Congress ought to repeal uuy act which may bo passed chartering a National Bank ; against funding tho National Dubt of ill millions which tho lata administration en tailed upon tho country ; ngainst paying thu fourth instalment of tho surplus revenue to tho status, and also ngainst giving tho states their sharo of tho proceeds of tho public lands ; nnu against protecting domestic in dustry (indirectly expressed, by saying that industry can tako enro of itself.) Resolu tions wcro also adopted declaring tho late elections to ho tho result of delusion on thu part of tho people, fwhat a compliment to tho pcoplo !j that notwithstanding tho lato disasters tho locos would go ahead in future, and that Mr. Van Buren, for his courso be fore and sinco his defeat, is worthy of thu admiration of the locofoco convention o Vermont. Messrs. Dillin-'linm nnd Barber mado speeches, particularly abusing Daniel Webs ter and denouncing a National Bank ; and particularly amusing us by recalling to mind thu fact that both oftheso orators wcro once, nnd not very long ago, strongly in fuvor of Huldlu's Bank, and ardent admirers oi uanici Webster. Other matter In relation to this convention was prepared, which our limits will not ad mit ; und wo Icavo tho subject with a singlo remark: in presenting a ticket, headed with a loco of tho Destructive stamp, nnd in boldly adhering to the sub-treasury on thu ono hand, notwithstanding tho verdict of the Peoplo against it, and rejecting, on tlio oilier hand, not only all other fiscal measures, but also tho Protcctivo Policy and tho rights of tho States to tho Public Lands, thu twu points of the utmost importanco to tlio Peoplo of Vermont, tho locofocos havo presented a fair field, and it will bo tlio fault ot tlio Whigs if they do not again meet tho oncniy with a total overthrow. Dunkkr Him. Monument. Wo learn from the Huston Mercantile Journal that eight layers of stono havo been added to the Bunk er Hill Monument this season each hyer being two feet eight inches in thickness, mak ing u n additional height of twenty-ono feet four inches. '1 ho monument is now, con sequently, upwards of one hnndrcd feet in height, and it is rapidly increasing in nltitude. Wo onco feared that none of the present ge neration would livo to seo this monument completed. We no lunger enter tain such fears. Indeed, it is not risking much tu pre diet, that the "lop stone" will ho laid, on or buforo the seventeenth of June, 1612. Troy Whig. From Fi.oiupa. We learn from the Sa vannah Georgian that Col. Worth has re voked all passports mid suspended all pca coable ncgociations nnd ordered nil Indians to be soized. Capt. Fulton is ordered to bu relieved a Fort Mellon. Col. Worth has gono to Fori King, forthe purposo of seizin llalleck Tustcnugge, but llallcck was off the day befuro the Col. arrived. Pnrties were out nftcr him. Lieut. Inge, of E. Troop, stationed nt Trader's Buy, had his shoulder dislocated and one of his arms brok en by being thrown from his horse. Gen. Scott. Wo aro gratified to learn, says the Newark Daily Advertiser of yester day, ns wo arc suru our readers will he, that Maj. Gen. Scott has again returned to his residence ut Elizabethtnwn after an absence of somo months in the public service ; from which wo trust ho may bo penrihd to enjoy at least a brief respite. EIGHT DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Boston, Juno 17. Tho bteam ship Co- lumbiu, Capt. Judkins, was telegraphed nt n quarter befuro G o'clock yesterday niter- noon, and arrived at tlio wharf in Last Bos ton nt a quarter before 0, having madu her passage from Liverpool, by way of Il.ilif.tx, iu 12 days tin J in hours, litis is thu sboit est passago which has yet been madu from England to thu Unitod Status, by any of thu steam ships. The Calumbia met tho Acadia going out, off tho Graves, South of Naliant, und ex changed salutes with her. Tho C. left Ha lifax past 10 on Tuesday, und mado tho pas sago from that placo in 2" hours. She brought 51 passongers from Liverpool, of whom 25 landed at Halifax, where she took on board ten more. Among the passengers in thu Columbia tiro the Rev. Mr. Slow, and Hon. Mr. Gurnuy, of this city. The debates in Parliament hud not been brought to any important result. The mo tion of which notice was given by Sir Robert Peel, was introduced by him on tho 27th, and supported in a very ablu speech. The debalu un the motion was continued tu a late hour, and was continued und adjourned on several subsequent days, und tho question upon it had not been taken ut thu latest dato. Important news from China by tho over land mail from India, had been received by Telegraph through Franco from Marseilles. Tho mail itself bail not arrived. Tlio fol lowing announcement contains thu substance of tho news received. IMPORTANT FROM CHINA. In anlicipttion of the Onrland Mail. Tho Morning Post of tho 1st contains tho following brief but important announce ment : "The arrival of thu overland India mail at Marseilles on tlio iiOili tilt, has brought im portant news from China. Thu Bombay dates aro tlio 1st ofMuy. On Fob. 25th tlio Boguu forts wore taken by the British, ho marched on Canton, The Emperor will not yield. Reinforcements had been sunt from Calcutta." From Ihe Times. Accounts havo been received of tho re commencement of hostilities in China. Our troops look possession of tho forts of Bogno on tho 25th of February, and of thu I'itctory ot Uanton. 1 ho hinpeior, nev ertheless, expressed his determiiiaiiun not lo submit. Kcskin had been disgraced and sent in irons to Pekin. Sir George Bremer nriived on tho 22d of April at Calcutta to confer with the Governor General. Reinforcements were to proceed to China loitliuitli. Tho non-arrival rf tho Britannia began to excito uneasiness nt Liverpool. Sho was considered duo on May tlO. It was conjee turcd that she might havo been delayed n few days at Boston for tho purpose of car rying out definite news on the McLcod nf fair. It will bo recollected that she was de tained nt Halifax, from Tuesday tho ISth to Saturday tho 29th, nnd could not uriive nt Liverpool before Juno Dili or lOih. News from Now York to the 11th had been re ceived by the packet ship Koscoc. This ship carried out the news of iho arrival of the Britannia hero on the (ith, and nlso news of the transfer of tho ensu of McLcod to New York, Tho announcement of recommencement of hostilities iu Chiim produced somo littlo stagnation in tho English funds, but no sen sible change of price. Tho news gave somo lifu tu tho speculations in Tea. The Duchess of Kent, with her son nnd daughter, the Prince and Princess of Loin- Ingon, woro on a tisit to tho continent, and arrived nt Brussels by thu rail road from Ustuud. News had boon rocoived from Constant',. noplo to May 7, from Smyrna to tho 90,, and from Alexandria to the (Ith. Thu affairs of Egypt, and tho arrangement with Mohcmet Ah wore far from settlud. This chief had refused to nccodo to tho conditions that wero offered to him. Tho European consuls had in consequence not returned to Egypt, and had received orders nt Constantinople to postpone their return. MEETINO 01'' THK CANADIAN' PARLIAMENT. o are indebted to thu Oswcuo Com. Herald fornn extra containing tho piocnod ings on tho opening of thu Parliament of Ca nada. Tho election of tho Speaker shows that tho Reformers hold a maioritv in thu f Ilouso of Assembly. Austin Cuvillicr, of Huntingdon, was eluded Spcakor without a division. His Excello ncy tho Guvcrnor-Qonuiul opened thu first Parliament of tho Provinco of Canada, in a spooch from which wo mako fow extracts. In relation to McLood, the Governor holds tlio following Innguago : A subject uf Her Majesty, tin Inhabitant of this Provinco, has huun forcibly detained in tlio neighboring States, charged with a pretended crime. No timo was lost by the Executive of this Provinco in remonstrating against this proceeding, und provision was mado for insuring to tho individual tho means of defence, pending tho further action of Her Majesty's Government. Tlio Queen's Representative at Washington has since been instructed to demand his release. Of the result of that demand I am not yet ap prised, but I havu tho Queen's commands to assure her faithful subjects in Canada of Her Jlajcsiy s Juctl determination lo protect tchm toith the tchole tecight of her power. -lifter rofornng to somo proposed reforms in tho Post Oflico Department, tho Gover. nor informs tho Parliament that amongst matters of doop importanco which demand their attention, "is tho adoption of measuros for developing tho resources of tho Province, by welt considered und uxtunsivn public works." Tho financial condition of tlio Provinco forbidding its engaging iu these works, thu Governor says hu has authority from tho homu Government to stato, that tho Imperial Parliament will afford assistanco to thu amount uf ono million and a half sterling. Wo add tho two following paragraphs on thu subject of a "local solfgovorninent," and "education." It appears hiiihly desirable that tho prin ciples of local splf-governiiicnt,uhich already prevail to sonic extent throughout that part of tho Provinco which was formerly Upper Canada, should rccuivo a mure extended ati- dicatiun there, and that tho peoplu should excrcisoa greater dogrco of power ovor their utlairs. I Invo directed a measure upon this subject, to be submitted to you, and I stdicil your earnest attention to tho estahlisnicnt of such a lorm ot local scll-govciiimoiit fur those Districts of tho Provinco which nn unproidcd with it, as may in-stiro satisfac tion to thu people, whilo it preserves invio late tho picroalivo of tho Crown, and main, tain the administration of justicw pure from tarty and popular pxcitrmoiit. A duo provision for the education of thu peoplu is ono of tho first duties of tlio Stato, and in this province especially, thu want of it is grievously felt. The establishment of an efficient system, by which the blessings of inslniction mav bo placed within thu reach of all, is a work of difficulty but its over whelming importance demands that it should bu undertaken. Tiir. iwd of a 'iRANsnitnsson. I'.irlvinthcnnnuiiL'df tlu liih. ihi Mirk-luro, a m iti with .kimiIv cump.cinn nbuul thu dot, 11 nuhcsm Infill -nip:ircul!v -j cr '.'0 years uf aire, who Monticil nt Mmus Inn ami ih hrennfa-t for himself mul oats t'r Ins horsi'. lln si'ik',1 that Ins (inancis wire in n pour cnmliiiun, nmi Ml- uiiUMiini in. uiLr HULL' i ur k smiiiitL'i would i iv ins D.ii. t pun lu-muii'.u'uetl in Ihu nmrinathr, ins lica1-! , n- ,-tnlili il. the slmum r .v:it rl.m ,. t.. brcaU!;ut. Ills ciirlv rule thu iiMimrnnri. of lua clotiios, inJicamn; tln't he had nulc without u nnlilU. ami tno out kuiuil' with nno stirrup, and ihe rcnh s inicnhV llinnni.TS of tllp'-f r ri ml. n ,1 Inn. en jii'i ofeu-picion in thr eves of the landlord. Lpon p-nm In? lull, tho stranger proceeded to tlio ham fur Ins h'ir.-r, uluru ho w.i unewu-e'tcdlv nitl :Uld nCL'UStld llV. Air. Slnni'. Illrniili. s I r i ft' . i . . told Inm that ho know tho hur.-o,and Unit ho ?ii-iu-u-il hu had nut conic into nos-M mn of him horn stly ami wastnuhr tho acre il i-f detuning him mud tho liu'h of Iho matter couf I he nst'crlaiiicl. Aller n- nunstrahng awhile, the suspected stranr'ir comma) :o slip nut of Iho backdoor id the ham. and r.m alum, on tlm bank of the ruer, hupum tn secure an esrnne fruiu theawkard quandary into which ho found him self placed. Mc was soon pursued by tlio iluriir, and frwrat other, and aller a chaso of a hundred rods the fiicr- ... I.. ...l ...... ....... . I.. I I.. llll.- UU'- lllV riiiillll nun lilllll, HUpCll IU SWini tn the opposite hank and ilm. hallle pursuit. I'.ul when he had named the middle of ihe river, lie unn iibwrvcil to sink, and before any assistance e-ould ho rendered by tlio faliyucd putsucis, he had eiuik to rife no mure I 'I he body of the unfortunate man was rescued from tho water, but lifu wa extinct. On namuiim; lin clothes, nulhini; ci uld be dn-cou'rod by winch any clue to ln name nr resilience could he had, ctcrplinj a due bill of the lullow im; tenor and description : "Due A. Claik, or bearer, three dollar? and twenty fto cents, fur vuluu rccciu-d. (. staled,, T. V. .MILI.nit- Penrl Creek, May 17,1811." There was about his pcron, s'omo eounlcrfnt mo ney, principally 10'son the Kxchan.'O Hank, Hartford, Ct.,.V Woo Istook, Villi's on tholSank of I.ons, N. V., 10' of llritthton, llacs., and 3's Onicdi l'.iiik, tTliea--ainmiiiuniil all to $lO.'i. Thus ended the career of tlu iml'oriuna'e yuuni: man. It was as certained that the horse belimpeil to a Mr linker of Dunham, and was stolen as Mr A'tone had fusprcteil. This whole transaction for nn account of which we nre indebted to a correspondent tit I'ttLshite- m another proof ihat tho 'way of the tiansgres-sor Ji hard.' 7 'mnUin Mctttnctr. Wcscldotn have occasion to record a moro affecting illustration of tho uncertainty of lilb than tho following : jlAi:r.iEn-.t Wood.-took, llrock District, on the l'.Mh tilt., dy tho Itcv. W. I.mdon, William Urtitch, Ksrj., to S.trab, third daughter of John Hatch, l'sq.,.l P. Tho happy conplo afterwards droc off to Villalichl, their plarcof residence. Died At his residence at Villaficld, near Woodstock, on the Jllst tilt., of scarlet the full hope of a blessed resurrection, William llurtcb, Kq., aged '-"-J years, II months- nnd 15 A's-'.at the residence of her father in Wood stock, to which sho had been rcmoted fiom Vill aliold, but two days before, on the -1th instjtit, of tho samo disease, Sarah, youthful w idow of the above, in the happy exercise of the same glorious failh, aged 'J- years-, 11 months, and 1 1 days. Minister to Knui.and. The Philadel phia Inquirer says "We nro informed by n gentleman who arrived last night from Wash ington, that tho mission to tho Court of St. James, is said to havo been accepted by tiro lion. John Sergeant." Tho remains of General Harrison shortly ho removed to North Hcnd.

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