Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 9, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 9, 1841 Page 2
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ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA. The Royal Mail Steamship Btitannia, Capt. Clolantl, arrived in Boston at 7 o'clock Saturday morning, in thirteen and a half days from Liverpool, wlicnco she sailed on the afternoon of llio 19th June. The Parliamentary question was brought to a crisis. The House of Commons had decided, after the great debate, on tho motion that ministers do not possess the confidence of the House, by a majority of one against ministers, and in consequence a dissolution of Parliament was resolved on, without furth er delay than for tho despatch of tho neces sary business. There was no authentic communication of tho precise day of tho dis solution, but it was understood that it would take place on or near June 22. The new elections were to take place immediately. The date of the return of the writs was not fixed, but it is expected that by the middle or end of August tho new Parliament will assemble- Of the probable result there arc of courso different and contradictory opinions. Both parties keep up the show of great con fidence. The prospect however is, that tho conservatives will prevail. This is in fact admitted by many who belong to the liberal party, and they even agree that to bo defeat ed by a small majority will bo better than to come in by a small majority ; as an)' minis try, coming in under present circumstances, with a feeble majority of the House, must be short lived, and their claims will bo bet ter, in an appeal to the people after an un successful attempt of a Troy Administration than at present. Tho present election will turn chiefly on tho question of the Corn laws, on which the presents ministers will lose ground in most of the English counties which remain faithlul to them, and there is little prospect of gain in the cities and boroughs. The electioneering is begun in every part of tho kingdom. A considerable number of the present members retire. Had the late vote been decided by a small majority in favor of ministers, it would not have prevent ed the dissolution, but it would have post poned it, perhaps for some months, and the debate on tho Corn laws would have been brought on. But in consequence of the de cision of tho House, this course was aban doned. The Anterwcrp Precurscur of Juno 10, avers that not only an alliance between Wil liam II., King of the Netherlands, is in con templation, but the marriage of tho Prince de Joinvillc is as good ns decided. It has been reported that Madame Minn, the widow of the celebrated Gen. Minn, is to bo entrusted with tho education of Queen Isabella of Spain. She arrived at Madrid June 3. A French paper says that Madame Mina resided a long time at Boyonne, but after the death of her husband returned to Corunna, her native place, where sho lived in close retirement. She speaks French, English, and two or three other foreign lan guages with peculiar purity. Immediately on her arrival at Madrid sho was visited by the Duchess do la Victoria. A German paper states on the authority of a letter from Constantinople, that Count Damas has cccn appointed by the Shah of Persia to be Graff Sudan, or Marshal of the Empire, with a salary of 1500 tomans, (.1800,) with a palace assigned for his resi dence. Ho is described in the firman as the greatest man among Christians. It is stated that Prindo Georfie of Cum berland, the Crown Prince of Hanover, has irrecoverably lost the sight of both his eyes. The taking of tho census throughout Great Britain by virtue of a late act of Parliament, was begun on tho 7th of June. Reports al ready published showed a great increase of population in the last ten years, particularly i) the manufacturing districts. About 1000 troops were to bo sent from England direct to China, and nearly the same number to India ; several vessels had been chartered for the purpose. There was no later news from China, and none is to be expected for somo time. Tho official des patches by tho late overland mail are publish ed, in which wo shall perhaps find some de tails which have not yet been laid before our readers. TWENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. Wasiiivuton, June 23, 1811. In Senate, Mr. Wright presented memorials from New York city for a Bankrupt Law ; also, from New York and Utica,rcmonstratingagainst it. The bill to revivo the charters of the Banks of tho District of Columbia, was taken up for a unru reading, (it was erroneously stated yes. terday that, it passed.) Mr. Morehcad moved to re-connnit the bill, with instructions to btrike out the amendment yesterday adopted, prolubitinir tho Banks from receiving or paying out the paper of suspended Banks. This was debated at some length, and the bill recommitted. Mr. Clay's bill to charter tho Fiscal Bank of the United States was reached at a late hour, but no action was taken, and the senate adjour. nod. Thus it will claim attention to-morrow, and no doubt from tho iiitcrestin'' theme of debate for some time. If the Senate agree and pass a in iur it udiiK, ii must oi necessity ho discussed for a long timo before it will receive tho con currence of the House a body whore prompt and speedy action is impossible. The repeal of tho Sub-Treasury will bo attended with long debate, preliminary to the establishment of another liscal agent on Us rums. The House Havo to-day been occupied in the reception of resolutions, many of which, being resolutions of inquiry and giving rise to debate, wero laid over. On motion of Mr. Adams, bo much of tho President's Message as relates to tho Foroign Slavo 'Trade was relorred to the Committee on foreign Allaire, "with instructions In renort euch measures as the highest considerations of public honor and the strongest promptings of iiuui.uiiij it'juiii;, iur uiu suppression ol llio trade." Mr. Floyd offered a resolution which was laid over ono day, rcfiucstinir tho l'residnni in communicatototho House whether any officer of tho Army siuco tho Oth March last, had hnnti directed to visit New-York, for any purpose con. nccted with tho imprisonment or trial of Alex. ander M'Lcod j and if so, for copies of instruc tion to, and report from 6uch officers. Mr. Randolph some days since presented tho memorial of a citizen ot Now.Jorsey on the manufactured' iron, and tho operation of the '1 arm on mat intcres', and moved to present it This motion w ns debated at somo length to-day by Messrs. Adams, Pickens, Rhott, Fornancc and others merging to a general discussion ol the subject of tho Tariff. 'ho Loco-Focos aro ready to seize on any opportunity for discussion and delay of business, 'lie Whigs, mostof them, judiciously and lion orably refrain from this. There are sonic, how ever, 'impracticablcF,' who follow oil tho Ixico lead. Mr. Arnold of Tennessee, in opposing the taking upof uniinportantand incidental business alluded to the courso which he regretted was taken by Messrs. Adams and Wise in bringing up at this Session exciting topics, instead of rel evant business. He was sorry to say that there were ngitatora and incendiaries on that floor, from tho North and South. He wanted a test question, to know who was going with the Whigs, and whoro the majority was, in the House : and who belonged to the opposition, as there was an Opposition proper, and improper. When they had been two weeks engaged un successfully in attempting to organize the Houso ho had prepared a resoluiion, which he intended to offer, for the adjournment of the IIouso ; but a ray of light broke in upon tho darkness and he desisted. Ho now thought the sooner they ad journcd, the bettor, without they proceeded im mediately to business. The desire of tho Whigs, among whom are Messrs. Filmore, J. C. Clark, Bolts and others, to prevent unnecessary delay in tho prosecution of business, will bo readily perceived by the People, and demonstrates who are desirous of transacting their business. . Annus. Washington, Thursday, .Tiino'JU In the House to day, Mr. Fillmore. Chairman of tho committee of Ways and Moans, reported from that Committee a bill outhorizing a loan of twelve millions of dollars for the rofief of tho Treasury, redeemable at any time after the 1st of January, A. D. 1S50. Which was referred to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union and ordered printed. '"he resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Cushing, directing the Secietary to communi cate In the House, at the commencement of tho next Session of Congress, the progress which has been made in the survey of the coast of the United States the amount of money expended since the commencement of the Survey tho number of persons employed and the salaries the probable length of time and amount of money required to complete it, with suggestions whe ther a better mode might not be adopted, was after a debate by Messrs. Cushing, Everett, Holmes and others, adopted. Mr. William Cost Johnson, from the com mittee on Public Lands, reported a bill 'to ap propriate the proceeds of the sales of tho pub lic lands, and granting pre-emption rights,' which was referred to the committee of the whole on the state of tho Union, and ordered printed. The resolution of Mr. Winthrop, offered ves terday, was adopted, directing the Committee on the Library ol' Congress to take measures to procure two or more copies of all Reports or Documents on Commercial, Judicial and other subjects of interest that may bo published by the British Parliament, or other Governments. The resolution yesterday offered by Mr. Roosevelt, wax taken up, directing the commit tee on the Judiciary to inquire into tho consti tutionality and expediency of the passage of a Uniform Bankrupt Law, applicable to'tnonied corporations, and whether it would nut he most efficient in restoring and regulating the Cur rency, and preventing the suspension of specie payments by the Banks, and keeping them within proper limits. Mr. Roosevelt, in a few brief and pertinent remarks anvocaicii mo res jiutioii. Mr. Barnaul imputed, as tho caiHoofhis col league s offering the resolution,- his desire of making a speech, and now that this was "ratilii..! he hoped his colleague would withdraw the res olution, as it was needless, the subject already being before the Committee. Ho concluded by moving to lay this resolution on the tabic (which lie, however, subsequently withdrew.) After some further remarks by Messrs. Bar nard and Roosevelt, which assumed a personal character, the resolution was adopted. The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Floyd requesting tho President to communicate to tho House whether any officer of tho United States has, since tho '1th of .March last, been directed to visit the State of New-York for any purpose connected with tho imprisonment or trial of Alexander McLcod, and if so, requesting him to communicate copies of instructions to, and reports from, such officer?, was taken up. Mr. Floyd briefly advueatcd the resolution, giving a short history of the case. Air. Ingersoll entered at length into the history from the insurrection of tho Canadian Patriots and tho circumstances connected .vith tho burning of tho Caroline, tho arre.-t of Alc Leod, and in which the caso now stands. 11c attacked tho courso taken by Mr. Webster in ins correspondence Willi -Mr l'ov, condemning it in every particular, as calculated, from the mistakes into which ho had failon, to plunge the country into a disastrous war a bare pos sibility still remaining that the House, by prop er action, might prevent it. lie was followed by Messrs. Cushing and Alford of Geo. in an able defence of the course of .Mr. Webster the latter gentleman defend ing lum paiticularly on tho ground of States, rights that he had preserved). nviotato and pro tected the sovereignty of the State of New York. No action was taken on this. The cause assigned for the debate during tho day was that no business was before the House mo ioan inn rcporieu uus morning having been sent to bo printed. This mav bo exnoc ted to be taken up to-morrow, and will furnish ample business, for a short time, at least. In the Senate, the resolution, offered some uavs sinco by Mr. Buchanan, calling for infer. malion Irom thorresident for a list of removals from offices, and the causes of which, &c taken up. Air. Uiichanan addressed tho Senate at some length in support of the resolution, opposing the courso pursued by the present Administration in regard to removals, and contrasting it with what he doomed tho liberal courso of the late Administration. The resolution was laid over without action. the morning hour having arrived, and tho Sen ate proceeded to the consideration of the bill reported by Air. Clay, for tho establishment of a l'iscal JlanK. Air. Clay spoke for about an hour, in an able argument in support ol this measure. Air. Calhoun lias the flVor to-morrow. l no oiu lor the relief ot Airs. Harrison was takf.n up and debated by various Senators to a me hour. Ar.ous. Friday, Juno '). In tho Senate, Air. Berrien of Ga. from the Judiciary Committee, roported the bill estab lishing a Uniform System of Bankruptcy, with one amendment. Several petitions praying the enactment, ot sucn a i.iw wero received. Air. Woodbury moved a call upon the Sccro tarv of the Treasury for an account of all ad vanccsmado to distributing offices since Alarch 4th. The bill to create a Fiscal Bank of tho Uni ted States now came up in order. Air. Calhoun who was to open m opposition, made a lew re marks tending to show tiiat public opinion in .vorli uarolma was averse to a mini, despite the results of the recent Elections, Ho was answered by Messrs. Manguin and Graham.-m- I' ...1 0 ...I. w. 1 V.lll-U. Mr. Bonteuinow called for tho third reading of tho bill for tho rohef of .Mrs. Harrison. Tho passage ol the bill was opposed by Messrs. Pie rce of N. Hampshire. Young of 111. Sovior ofArlt. Benton of Mo. King of Ala. Wrh'ht of rounds of Constitutionality and justice, tiller of N.J. and .Smith of Ind. renlicil. bhowing that Messrs. Wright and King had voted lor owls involving tho samo principle ; tho firbt in behalf of tho family of Stephen Haigbt, Sergeant-at-Anns of the Senate, who died last session. Mr. Pierce took ground against all Pensions whatever. Finally tho vote was taken and tho bill passed as follows : Avr.s Mossrs. Archer, Barrow, Bales, Bay. ard, Berrien, Uuchunan, Choate, Clay of Ky-, Clayton, Dixon, Kvans. Graham. Huntington, Manguin, Merrick, Miller, Morehoad, Phelps, I'orter, i-rentiss, rrcsion, Hives, biinmons, Smith of Ind. Southard, Talluudgc, Walker, White, Woodbridgo 18. Noes Messrs. Allen, Benton, Calhoun, Clay of Alabama, Fulton, King, Linn, Alclloborte, Nicholson, Pierce, Sovior, Smith of Conn, Stur geon, Tappan, Williams, Woodbury, Wright, Young IS. On motion of Air. Alangum, tho Senate now resumed tho consideration of tho Bank bill. Mr. BucliMian gave notice that tho opponents of tho bill would offer no amendments until its friends had fixed it to suit them. Air. Huntington of Conn, moved to strike out tho provision restricting the issuesof tho Bank to bills of Ten Dollars and over. Air. Clay had no objection. The motion was negatived. FYcas il Whig; Nays 20 Opposition and Mcsrs. Bayard, Choate, Clayton Graham, Hen dcrson, and Rives 20. Tho bill was then laid ov( r, and the Senate resolved to unite with the IIouso to-morrow in paying the last honors to the Remains of Gen. Harrison, appointed a committee for that purpose, and adjourned over to Monday. In the House on motion of Mr. Adams, it was resolved, that to-morrow bo devoted to paying the last tribute of respect to the remains of tho late President, and that the House with that view, will hold no session on that day Air. Floyd's resolution of enquiry into the action of the yixecutivo on the AIcLood caso was taken up, and Mr. Cushing of .Mass, made a brilliant and convincing defence of tho course of Mr. Webster. Mr. Wise spoke brief but with great clearness, and force on the same side. Mr. Tillinghast of R. I. rose on tho same side ; but gave way to a motion that, as the morning hour had elapsed, the House do pass to the orders of the day which prevailed. Tho hill to Distribute among the States -"'of tho Union the Proceeds of Public Lands,- and to grant preemption Rights to actual settlors.oh the same, was taken up and ilfr. W. Cost John son Fpoke for an hour with groat power and co gency in favor of its passage. Becoming pliys ically exhausted, he gave way without conclu ding, and the House resumed the .WcLcod discussion. Mr. Tillinghast showed that a proper reading of tho passage in Vutcl's Law of I.I..1. l.-.l i ... i i,uuuus ine:ii n.iei ueeu ipioecu against jiir. il obstor sustains his position. ilfr. Holmes of V. G. argued that Congress ought to lot this inattoralonc until the negotia tion? on the subject wero terminated. Mr, Gordon of N. Y. contended that tho Exe cutive had done wrong in interfering in the mat ter of .UcLcod at all. If the case should bo carried up to the U. S. Court, and tho Presi dent should request tho Attorney General to discharge ,wei,oou without a trial, great indi"- mty and wrong would be done to the state of Ncv- ork. Mr. lrise moved that the whole subject do lie on the table which, after some conversation was negatived : Yeas . 11, Nays 105. Air. Hunt ofi.. then tool: the floor but the hour of adjournment having nearly arrived, ho gave wav to a motion to continue the present order (meet ing at ton and adjourning al !)) on another week which prevailed j and the IIouso adjourned over to Monday. ir.isniNfiTo.v, -lbinhy, 28, IS II. In tho IIouso of Representatives, lion. Hun. ry Black, Representative elect fioni tho District of Pennsylvania of the late Charles Ogle, ap pcared and was qualified. Mr. Dawsun of Georgia, Chairman of tho Committee on tho .lfilitia, ptiuouuccd to the House the death of Major General Alexander Macomb, tho distinguished loader in the glorious o.uuo a, tBU,iigii in ino nsi war, aim otter- ed resolutions expressive of their deep regret battle at I'lattsburgh in the last war. and oflbr- .ii mis event, aim mat, tno .Ncmtc coucurriii", I thoy would attend the Funeral of General .1ac oinbat 10 o'clock to-day ; and also appointing a Committee of three Momhnri In nnL-n arraii'im. inonts with such Committee of tho .S'enatoas might be appointed, to make arraii"eninnts for the attendance of the two Houses at the Funeral. I lie resolutions were unanimously adopted, ami Messrs. John Miller of Missouri, lVillinm O. Butler of Kentucky, and Aron Ward of N. York were appointed on the partuf the House to con stitute said Committee. A Message was received that the .Senate had concurred in the above resolutions, and that .Messrs. Moicheael and Pierce won annointed tho Committee on tho part of tint body. t lioth Houses adjourned at about half past ten vi".i iivj wmui uusuivss oulllg inillSHCieU. The funeral took place at ten. 7'he nrocos- sion was largo and consisted of several .Military Companies : Tho Washington Guards, tho United states Marines, a lino company of U. iS. Flying Artillery from Fort Henry, with other companies. the body was convoyed on a hearse.' drawn by four gray horses, after which caun the rela tives of the deceased, and officers of the Army and Navy, in carriages ; then tho President and and tho Secretaries of Stat?, Navy and 7'icas tiry, the Attorney General ; thou 'the members of tho two Houses of Congress, and many others in carriages iiiownolo forming a procession about three-quarters of a mile in length. The body was placed in the vault, where General Macomb himself had so late seen deposited the remains of the lamented Harrison he having acted as oneof the officers of that day and, throe rounds of musketry by the United States I -Varinos bavins been discharged, tho scene was dosed. lNotiiing having ueen done bv cither liotisc - ..... . . .. - for the last three days, they will undoubtedly proceed with expedition to their business, which 1 is now lairiy before them, being the Distnbu tion and Preemption bill before the House, aud tho U. S. Bank lull before tho Seinte. It is said that the Whigs, not intending to be un reasonably delayed in tho discussion, to com ply with the wishes and demands of their con. stituents, in tho hasty accomplishment of the necessary uusmess. Annus. Washington-, 7'uosday, Juno ti9. In tho House to-day Mr. Adams presented a plan from Mr. Hamilton, of Now-York, to organ iso and establish an exchequer of issues, as a l'iscal Agent ol the people ol the Uinlod Slate". He moved that it bo laid on the table, which was carried : and also, hemovod its printing, which motion was negatived. Mr. Calhoun, from the Committco on tho Na- vv, reported "a bill to provide for the payment 01 iNavy I'ensi'ins, w hich was twice road and relorred to tho Committco ol tho Whole on the Stato of tho Ihiiou, and ordered to be printed. Seoral petitions were received for a Gener al Bankrupt Law. Tho 1 louse again ro.;oved itself into a Com mittoo of the Whole 011 tho state of tho Union. on the distribution am! preemption bill. Mr. William Cost Johnson resumed his re marks and ably advocated the bill for about three hours. Ho was followed by Mr. Clillbrd in op position to the bill, who spoke to tho hour of ad journment. In the sonato several petitions wero olfercd against a bankrupt Law. The morning was occupied by Mr. AIcRobcrts 011 tho resolution oftered some i!ayn since by Air. lfuchaiiau relative to removals from oihce. The Fiscal Bank bill was takou up, and oc- cupied tho time of tho Senate the remainder of the day. various amendments wero cnnsiuer cd, among which 0110 providing that the increase oftho capitol to the extent of t.venty million by the Government should not taKo place till, after tho expiration of ten years, was adopted. Tho Senate sat tili iJ o'clock, and thou went into ISxccutivo hcssion. Akgus. 'J'liuitstuv, July 1. In tho Senate tho debate on the bill to in. corporate the subscribers to thu Fiscal Bank of the U. S. was resumed. The debate on a mo lion of Mr. Rives to amend the hill sons to maku ths assent of tho States necessary to tho estab lishment of branches ' within their jurisdiction, cutitiuued until the hour of adjournment. The amendment was supported liy tho mover aud Mr. Probtun, and opposed by Mr. Clay. In tho Houso tho discussion on tho distribll tion bill was proceeded with, but no question was taken. On Saturday Mr. Rives amendment to the flank bill was debuted in the Senate, and tho distribution bill in the House, but no question taken on either. FRIDAY MORNING, JUI-Y9, 1811. FOR GOVERNOR, CHARLES PAINE, or NoiiTiinni.n. TOR MRUT. GOVl'.RNOR, WAITSTILL R. RANNEY, Of WINDHAM. FOR TRKASU11ER, JOHN SPATJLDING, OF MONTIT.MUtt. STATE CONVENTION. Agreeably to llio call of the Stato Com mittee, tho Whigs of Vermont assembled in Convention at Montpelior, Juno 30, 1841. llio Convention was called to order by Harry Bradley, Esq., Chairman of tho State Committee, and organized by the ap pointment of ERylSTUS FAIRBANKS, Esq. President pro icm., and Joseph Po land, secretary vro tent. By request of tho President, Rev. Mr. Sceloy offered prayer. On motion, a committee of ono from each county was appointed to nominate officers for this Convention, consisting of the following named gentlemen : Mr. Sergeant of Bennington County, Mr. Billings of Windham, Mr. Pratt of Windsor, Mr. Strong of Rutland, Mr. Hcbnrd of Orange, Mr. Scllick of Addison, Mr. Allen of Chittenden, Mr. Wells of Washington, Mr. Worlhington of Orleans, Mr. Curtis of r ranklin, Air. Chandler of Caledonia, Mr. Lyndo of Lamoille, Mr. Graves of Essex. On motion, the Chair appointed Timothy Follct, E. P. Walton, jr., Geo. T. Hodges, Goo. B. Chandler and E. II. Billings a com mittee on resolutions. Mr. Burchard introduced tho following resolutions, which wero discussed and adopted : Resolved, That a committee consisting of as many members as llio counties represented in this Conven tion aro entitled to havo .Senators m tho Legislature, .... .i1.1Ii.miiil:u uiuuei'-y.-iies irom mo several coun ties or .Senatorial districts tu be denominated the Nominating Committee whoso duty it shall bo to report for llio consideration of Ibis Coin-union suitable candidates to bo put in nomination for State O.liccrs. Resolved, That immediately on tho adjournment of tho Contention, lliu members from llio several (''unties or J-cnatunil districts meet in county or (lis (net convention, and elect from their several bodies, n number of members of the nomin-iting committee, eijuil to tho number of .SVniturs to which each is entitled in tho Legislature; and that tho committee so selected assemble as sonn as may bo thereafter, at a place to be designated by tho President of this Con vention, and to bo announced from llm (Jl vious to tho adjournment, and n tend to "the business of their appointment. mismcss The nomiiiaiin" committco reported tho followinj t of oilk't'is : For President, ERAST1JS FAIRBANKS, Esq. For Vice Piesidents, Lt.o.NAiti) Sauchant, Jobcimi Maivh, O.ias St:vMotm, Austin Burchard. For Secretaries, Josnrii Pot.ANi), C. Eaton. Which report was accepted by the Con vention, and the nominations unanimously confirmed. On motion, the chair appointed Gen. S. B. Flint, Marshal, and Eraslus Hubbard and E. II. Billings, Deputy Marshals of tho convention. On motion, adjourned, till 2 o'clock, P. iM. 2 o'clock, P. M. Convention met pursuant to adjournment. The committee on resolutions reported the following, which were discussed and several ly adopted : Rcsohed, That wo regard the expression of the voice of the American people, 111 the lato Presidential election as nn unequivocal and nutlmritatie demand fur a thorough reform, ami n rigid retrem hmciit of all un necessary expenses, in the various branches of tho (ioernient. Resolved. That WO nmirovc the nrej-rnt nrlmin. isiralion so far as p. has recognized the duties imposed upon it by tho people, and promptly commenced the (treat work e f reform by prohibhngits own officers !'rom mtericring in elections, nnd removing incuin- hentsguilty ol such mterlcrimic': by requiring a strict ueuuuiua.i i iv uu oiu iiuri 01 i uus-u eo lnerien u-in I u ,,1,1,1.., n.,..,, ,.,, i,vi.,;,, ,i, ;i i. ground of economy, and not of 1 favoritism to political '"ends ; by iustiiuung mcasuies for llio discovery ami piimhmcutel lrauds upon the revenue, and 111 the War and Navy Departments; by instituliii" inuuirics where and ho w far tho number and pay of officers may bo diniiuMied, and by recommending measures iiiiciiueu 10 uoruo various urancnes ol puuic ser it-e aud lo advance tho public l'ooJ. Rcsohcu, That wu insist upon perseverance in nil sucn nieauies, us auteo oy solum policy aim bv tho will oftho peuiile1. Whereas, tho net of July f. IS 10. commonly called thu sub-treasury act, was nnti-renullicau in its imi;iimii:i iiujiit-u in uiu llieuue lliu nopuinr will, l: hiulilv injurious in its tendency 10 dernmie thulm smess of llio country nnd reduce tho value of labor to l-.ureipean standards, and has now been directly and mostenmhaticallv condemned bv tlielVoiiles Resolved, That wo highly approve of ihe I ill to re peal tho sub-treasury act ; that, the public good und tho people's voice reiuming Congress ulleily to cat out this abomination, 110110 bin tho blinel or me vvi'ful ly penerso devotees of a false democracy can object 10 me' sacruice. W hereas, cheap, safe and efficient measures arc needed for tho ce lleclion, luvpingnnd disbursing of 1110 puuiio revenue j and whereas, ns candid men 01 all parlies concede', a sound currency ol uniform value throughout the vvholo country is indispensable lor 1110 regular, saiuuiiuuci-essiui transaction oi nn Iiili-ines-. ; und vvhereis llio i pericneo of tho p-iM has ino-d fully proved that a National Bank is aele. quale', and Ihe only means uieuuaie. lo secure these important cndi. and lias re-peateHhy received tho direct npprou'iiton or the indirect sanction ol all nuinimstrations, irom Washington lo Jackson, and of ull branches of tho Oeiicrnl Government, the senate, tho Houso and thu Judiciary- Resolved, That wo elcem llio establishment of a INalioual Ha me to bo "necessarv ami nroiicr." accord ing lo tho terms of tho Constitution) and consider Congress required, bolh by duly and policy, must cnincslly tu endeavor to deviso .1 funk, with powers edeqintc to tlia necessities of thocise, and with such iiuriai us ua simu ouvi'iio Ihe coilsuiuuonai objec tions of tho most sciupulous, ccludo it from uuduo i:ccculivocontrol ninlfioui political inlluence. and in all ways securo tho safely of tho public and the hbcr ties of the people'. Whereas tho public domain, by being acquired by tho blood and treasure of the old .thirteen by tho plighted faith of Congress in 1760, nnel by the tpc cilic condition of tho ileeils of cession, continued bv tho Lonsiitution-is tho common property of tho stales, as such, aud was committed lo tho feelernl Government us to a trustee, directly nnd imiierati. vely bound to dispose of it for tho common benefit of llio several stales, Resolve!, Thnt wo npprovo tho bill of Henry Cl-iy, to distribinonniong tho several slnles tho pro ceeds of lliu public lauds for n sn.'i'ilii'il neriod. mi. I regard ilte paR'ago ns essential tosetllo the rights of tno sinus, which nave heeu of lalo years disregarded and denied, nnel ns e-nlculnled lo benefit all tho states liy giving ilieui a mini which is uf tight their own. Whereas tho raising of revenue, by imposing duties upon lureign prouueis, iiiih necn commended Uy the cxpenciicii of tho nation from iho beginning, as the lease uiiiumouuiu , u moucs oi taxation i nnd whereas n proper discrimination between urliclca of necessity und luxury, nnd between such ns eloaiiel do not conllict in our own uutkets wills denusiic products, has always proved most salutary in tn cournging tho Laborer of the country and in g'uiii" Protection lo Agriculture) and Manufacture, " Resolved, That vvenpprovo the proposition of tho Secrctnry of Iho Treasury lo rniso llio necessary re venue! liy imposing additional duties on foreign pro (Inctsj nnd llmt wo do most heartily concur in the -ciintiicJit of President Tvltr's hsl message, in favor of discriniinatiiirjduiics nnd protection tothoMnnu-' laciurcs 01 1110 country. ,Nereae 1110 (.unsuiunon oi ino umicu mates ex pressly forbidi Concrcss from abridging tho right of tho people to petition llio government lor redress of grievances aright which is inherent rind illimi table in every living soul within tho jurisdiction of tho government, Resolved. That worrernril nnv and cvrrv notion nf Conifrcss. other thnn tnrnce.ivnnnd cous.dcr notitions nnd to adopt or itjcct tho prayer thereof, niviolalivo of tho Constitution nnd nn infrinKcincnt of tho rights and lilicrlicsof tho people. kcsoivcu, 1 hat tno elealli of William henry HARBISON, illlhoinillstofllinrnreannil dillirs of the. Presidential offlcc, is a great national calamity, nnel a dispensation of Providence, nppealiug to us in tho strongest manner to acknowledge nnd improvo this heavy chastening of tho God of Nnlions to us pe culiarly heavy, ns tho character of tho illustrious Harrison, nsaltrro, n Stntcman and a Patriot, was by us prc-cininriilly prized. Resolved, That in llio address nnd message of President Tiler wo find reason to rcioico thnt tho K. ccutivo otTico has fallen into tho hnnds of an ablojwiso. prudem siatesmnn, ami nnununni encouragement lor confidence that ho will faithfully tnrry out tho prin ciples nnd measures which wero demanded by the pcoplo in the Into Presidential election. Tho Committee appointed to report a list of candidates for State Officers, reported tiio following : For Governor, Col. 'CHARLES PAINE. For Lieut. Governor, Hon. WAITSTILL R. RANNEY. For Treasurer, Hon. SOHN SPALDING. Which report was accepted, and tho no minations confirmed by the Convention. Tho following resolution was then unani mously adopted : Resolved, That wo recommend the stato ticket formed by tins Convention, to the sup port of the people, in full confidence that the persons nominated will seek a wise, econo mical and propitious administration of the state government, and, so far as in them lies, see thnt our fovorcd and happy common wealth shall receive no detriment. On motion, voted, That the stato com mittce bo requested to prepare an address to the Freemen of Vermont, somo time pre vious to the ensuing election. Voted, That the thanks of this Conven tion be tendered to the President forlhenble and impartial manner in which lie has dis charged the duties of his office on this oc casion. Voted, That the thanks of this meeting be tendered to the proprietors of the Brick Church for the use of tho house for this Con vontion. Voied, That tiic proceedings of this meet. ing be signed tiy the ofliccrs of the Conven lion, and published in the Whig papers of the State. Voted, that this convention adjourn with out daj'. ERA ST US FAIRBANKS, President LiHONAIll) hAHOCANT, Josr.i'ti Marsh, Ozias Suymouk, Vice Presidents Austin BunciiAitD, ( Josnrii Poland, q . iSYLVESTmi C. EATON, I ""' Correspondence of the l-'rcc l'l ess. Nnw York, Juno 2G, 18 11 The past week, liku its moro illustrious predecessor, in tho city, has been one of un enlivened tedium and dulucss. Beneath the sweltering heat of a violent sun our citizens as well as their business, seems to droop, and lose all activity. In certain portions of tho city however it is quite different. The same sun that debilitates the nno class, "-anus into llfo another : and you may see in our most filthy thoroughfares, hundreds of miserable wretches of all ages, sexes and complexions crawling up from the cellars in which they have been immured to bask like reptiles in tuo summer sun. I can never look into these dens of wretchedness and guilt with out shuddering at the depravation to which human beings may bo reduced. Many, and indeed the most of these iniserablo creatures have been plunged into their present condi tion iti consequence of their own imprudence and abandonment of uprightness : some them are persons, who seem to have been cast down from plenty and comfort by the power of circumstances, over which they could have but litilo control. At any rate all of them aro now in the very depths of pov erty and suffering : and it can hardly be no cessary or excusable to inquire the causes that brought them there before stretchin forth the hand ol relief. It strikes a stran ger who comes into our city for thu first time and looks upon this wide and terriblu wretch cdncss, as singular that tho city authorities do not take some measures for their relief and for the good of tho city. Many of them unable in their degraded condition, to pro cure an honest livelihhod, give themselves up to theft and all manner of wickedness. Families of children are regularly trained by their wretched parents to beg and stealand aro sent all over the city every day to pick up as they best can sustenance for the day that is to follow. Drunkenness m its most beastly shapevice in its thousand forms, grow up with fearful rapidity in these re treats of wretchedness. There are of this class of people apiong our cili.ctis more than twenty thousand enough to curse our city with destructive crime and to overflow tho whole laud with pestilential wickedness. I have heard a plan mentioned, which I think may be ultimately adopted, for remo- these persons from our midst, nnd placing them whore thoy may have somo hope of re gaining a competence nnd becoming at least comfortable and respected. It is, to purchase at the expense of tho city a largo farm on tho Island or wherever else may be thought expedient to place it under the control of suitable persons and to furnish ull in the city who wish for it, with employment, and thu substantial comforts of a home. By suita ble exertions, thousands who now live in idle ness, might be-induced to labor on such a farm and receive enough to support themselves respectably, and to provide for the education of their children. With good economy and skill in thu supervision, such an establish ment could easily bo niado to support itself, nnd those connected with it, ns thoy became sober and qualified to do so, couliljeasily go out und give placo to others. One great nnd most desirahlu end would be thus secured, namely tho cue and education oftho poor children of the city. e have about thirty thousand who nttond no schools nt nil : moro than half these aro growing up in tho most deplorable ignorance, reckless of truth nnd ilcccncy, spending thoir time in thievim about tho wharfs and public storehouses a pest to the city, mid only preparing to be come the enemies and victims of tho law in stead of its upholders. Hut although there is so great an nniount of misery and wretchedness iiniotig us, on looking ut England and beholding in the midst of that great nation hundreds dying of starvation thousands und tens of thousands in un abyss of wretchedness infinitely lower than any that has yet been reached among us wo cannot help exulting nt the contrast thus presented. Our institutions do not whol ly overlook tho mass, however far short they ay como of satisfying all their necessities. They aro not ground to the earth to support useless but splendid establishments, nor do their tears and blood water the tree of proud but illusive glory. In one of my late let ters- I gave you some statistics of want and poverty as they exist in sections'of Great Britain, taken from u speech in Parliament of the Hon. M. Villiers. I might extend the gloomy records to any extent, but it is needless. I have met in the London Times somo details of sufTering arising from the wretched Factory System, of Great Britain ; sketches of suffering which makes the blood chill with horror. I observe that somo of them nave been copied by somo of our city papers, but they are nonu the worse lor that, and may yet bo new to many ot your readers. 1 select the following from a long cataloguo of similar cases brought to light and first niude public in tho minutes of evidence taken by a Britisli Committee up pointed to impure into the working nnd evils ol the 1-actory system No. 1." Marshall, lives nt I.o-ds worked aj Mnrshall s 1-actory. Am seventeen years old. . .iiuei iieau. .-isier .eoei sen lllll wuai vvc COIIIu 10 support mother. Have cried many un hour in llm factory. Could scarcely get homo sometimes hail to uo -iraiicu home, i have an iron on 7)iy l igii (e, and my knee is contracted. Worked m irrent nam and misery. Sister carried me up to bed many a tmio. -the surgeon says it is with long standing at the mill, nnd that tho marrotc is quite ilrUd n;, and win never ooioniieu again. fvo. 2. ".Steuben Hums staled. I have worked Marshall's l'aclory. The work produce deformity. It lames tho children. The work exacted from tho chil dren is nil thai can possibly bo done. It cannot bo dono without resorting to iloirging. It is nn ofllnce tor any one to speak to another. Tho water used for hot spinniiiL' is ht-ated to 110 or P'O denes. Tim children have almost continually to pTungo their nanus aim ariiism mat water. 1 ho heatot the rooms and tho steam almo-t mnccrato their bodies, nnd their clothes are steamed and wet. If they fall sick, they aro turned adrift directly without wages without provision. If n girl complain of ill-usage, sho is eli charged immediately. The present system is ruimn: mo rising generation, it is sacrificing the children lor n paltry consideration V io. J. "samuri fjovvno. I was ten yunrs old when I began to work at Mr. Marshall's null at Shrewsbury. vo hegau al five in tho morning am worked till eight at milit. Thoenirino neverstonned except forty minutr- at dinner time. Tho children wero Kept awake ly a Plow or a hox. V cry consider able severity wi used in that mill. I was stranocd most severely, till I could not bear to sit upon a chair wiiiioiu Having pillows j ami i was forced lo be upon my face m bed at ono time, and through that I .it. I vvass.truppi el on my legs, nnd then I wis put upon a man's back nnd strapped, nnd then I was snapped and buckled Willi two Mraps to an iron pillar and llougcd. Alter that tho overlookir look n puce of low- nun evvisico u in ino Hiape oi a com ami put it m my inouin. anu ucu it Demuu inylieadj ho thu genus, vxo wero thus Peaten. Wo were never al lovvxeltosit down, l oung women wen well ns young men. No. -1. The overlooker examined say, ho walks round tho room wnha s irk m Ins hand, and if a child fall drowsy over Ins work, lie to iclies that child on iho shoulder, und conducts it to nn iron cist"rn which is filled Willi water. He limn takes iho child, (heed less of so,) by the legs and dips it over heaii in llio cisiern and ."ends it tu its work. In that dripping uuiiui nun me ciiuti moors ior ino remainoer Of ur uay. lhati-, iho putiislimtnt Iur drowsiness ! "We havo a vast miir.her of cripples. Somo aro cripples Irom Insng their limbs many from standm. too long. It first begins with a nam in the nnklo :- alter that they will nsk tho overlooker to let them Mt down but they must not. They then begin to bo weak ill tho knee then knock-hue. el nllsr thai their ftel turn out they become splay-fi.oted, and their ankles swell as big sis my n,is, l know many ueioi ineei in uiu way uecriocel. iliere can lie no doubt that tins extreme niisery is produced by the great excess of population for the provided means of subsis tencc, by the excessive corruption among the laboring classes for employment, Icadin c . . , , ui euiirso to tuo extreme) uepiessioii ol wa ges and to the surrender of the laborer body and soul into tho hands of avaricious heartless capitalists. How different is the condition ol our own laboring people of those who work in our own factories! At Lowell for instance, which is most frequent ly referred to because it is the most extensive manufacturing town in the country, und theio no such cruelties occur : the means of com fort and leisure for mental cultivation ate provided and a Periodical is published, made up wholly of contributions by the factory girls which would do no discredit to any La dies' Boarding School in the land. Nay, 1 verily believe not one in a score of our fash ionable Female Academies could produce monthly so creditable a collection of literary articles us is brought together by these daily laborers. Still it cannot be denied that some degree of this superiority is attributable to our comparatively thin population to the abundant production of the country to sup ply all out' want, ami to the slight competi tion among the laboring classes. The " Incidents of Travel,'' which I wrote you a fortnight since, were in press, was published yesteiday, and I was iufoimed to-djy at 10 o'clock by one of the Messrs. Harpers that more than two thousand copies had already been sold. The books were called for faster than they could bo bound. It is published in splendid style, in two large octavo volumes of ATM pages letter press each, nnd is embellished by nearly one hun dred excellent stjcl and wood engravings. Its contents ate of a most interesting charac ter. Tho description of the majestic and mysterious ruins discovered in various parts of Central America, evidently tho work of a people highly civilized, acquainted with the arts and skilled in all tho accomplish ments of social life, but who have long siuco gone to foigetfulness, is highly entertaining and must strike every mind with wonder and delight. Tho author of this work, John L. Ste phens, F.sq. is well known as tho author ot " Incidents of Travel in Arabia, Petraea," a work which was published somo few years since &. which had un unbounded popularity. As a writer, Mr. Stephens possesses no vory piominent merits. His sty lo is tieither elegant nor dignified indeed, it is often nurk- ed by awkwardness and incorrectness : nor tiro his remarks at all profound or pliilosopli icnl. But his stylo of writing is easy, flow ing, and not unploasing : he tells his story as if ho wore narrating it at the fire-side, and this is just the style for a writer of travels. The subject of his fust book, too, was such as to ensure it a favorable reception. It treats of the names with which ull cars were liimdiar. Another reason of its success mav bo found in the visit of .1. S. Buckingham to ns country, who was at the time of the ap pearance of tho work nt the height of his glory in this city. Ho jrow tremendous crowds by his lectures, and took occasion to peak in high terms of Mr. Stcnhon's brink which of course led nil his hearers to Imv nnel read it. From that small volume, ni m iwitu nil Stephens cleared somo 69,000. His latest work the one just published, will undoubt- dly put into his pockets at least 810,000 more. Y ho says that the pursuit of litera ture is not a thriving profession ? And yet another man of ton times the ability and scholarship to which Mr. Stephens makes pretence.imght spend years in writing a book upon subjects of infinitely greater impor tance to the world than this, and not sell a dozen copies I The engravings for this work havo been prepared from drawings by Mr. ivatiiorwood, of panoramic celebrity. . VERMONT. TIIE CONVENTION. The official proceedings in our columns to day give the results of the deliberations of the convention ; some circumstances, inter esting lo the public, and not properly belon giugto the official record, we will endeavor to state. In point ofnumbors. this flnm-. tion was as respectable as any the ever me morable mass meetings of 1S-10 excepted ; ami every county in the Stato save Grand Isle was represented. The formation of a new ticket was of i self sufficiently infnort- ant to command a full Convention, and could not fail, in so numerous a body, todcvelopo various opinions as to policy, and preferen ces as to men. Such opinions and preferen ces were developed, and were entertained with a warmth which men.who are conscious both of strength aud good intentions aro apt to indulge ; those wero harmonized, however in convention ; and we do not doubt that prudent and patriotic councils will lead to unanimity of action in tho great body oftho lugs ol the State. The Committc to nominate a stato ticket was composed of twentv-liine members, (Grand Isle being unrepresented) elected by the delegates, according to senatorial districts each district being entitled to a committee equal to its number of Senators. We learn that in the committee thus constituted, Col. ruino received 15, Charles K. Williams C, Jacob Collnnmr 5, nnd Human Allen (of Burlington) li votes, on the first ballot ; that the committee earnestly endeavored to unite in perfect unanimity upon some candidate, and did ft nally by a unanimous vote, recconi mend the ticket as it now stands, and which was adopted by the Convention with two or three dissenting vi ices. Col. I'uine is not, nor ever has been an ambitious seeker of office: ho has always given the beat of his services to the Whig cause, wherever needed and has ever been us content to servo in the ranks as in the more difficult and lesponsihlo stations lo which he has been called by his political friends. In an emergency, with no pros pect of his own election, and when it was a sacrifice of his personal wishes to what was believed lo be the public good, he permitted himself to be presented as a candidate for the gubernatorial office, and received a hand some vote I'l-oiu tho electors. More recent ly, he was delegated to the National Coven tiou at Ilarrisburgh ; and without detracting at all fivm his colleagues wo may permitted lo say, that to him belongs a very great share, of credit for the decisions of that Convention, resulting in the most memorable and glorious political revolution which has ever occurred since the adoption of tho Constitution. If ardent, undeviaiing devotion to Whig prin ciplestalents of order a thorough know ledge of political measures und political men, undoubted integrity und complete identify, both from his political principles and his own individual interest:, with the great massof the pcoplo of Vermont com mend a man to their support, then is Col. Faine commended byall tjiese. It is a fact wo arc told and a singular one, if true that no native horn citizen of Veimont has ever been electedto the otiicc of Govenor. Col. Paino is a native oftho Stale. Mr. llanney is well known to the people as Senator for some years from tho county of Windham. Ho was a useful and highly re spected Senator, and wo doubt not will preside over the Senate with credit to that body and to himself. For treasurer, the name of John Spaul ding is presented : a citizen of this, town, and and personally known tu most, if not all, our readers, as a man possessing the unquestion able integrity and the business habits pecu liarly required in a treasurer of ihe State. As to other matters, we refer our readers to the resolutions adopted, with the single re mark, tint tho one on the subject of u Na tional Bank was tho subject of particular dis cussion, pro and con. and was adopted on a full vote, with great unanimity. Watchman. Mail Kinim:nii:s. At the Into term of llio U. S. Circuit Court at Canandaguij, seve ral convictions for robbing tho mail took place. Georgo Wright, a stage driver, was sent to the Stato I'lisem for robbing tho mail at Lo Boy ; Levi Vcaloy, for a like ol fencu committed at Newark Way no Co. John 1). Wright, an accomplice ofVealev' was convicted but not sentenced. Henry C. Gilbert, lato Assistant Postmaster at Gaines', Orleans Co., was indicted for robbing tho' mail of a letter package w hilo passing throim, his ollice, but his trial was postponed until the next June term of the Court. Ho was adinit'.ed to bail in SL!,()00 for himself, and three sureties in SyKV) each,

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