Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 16, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 16, 1841 Page 2
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mm ipibibi WHIG STATU TICKET. rou covr.uNOR, CHAKLES PAINE. ton i.inuT. WAITSTILL GOVEKNOll, R. ItANNEY. ron TitnAstMtr.it, JOHN SI' AULDIXC. MR. CUSIIING'S SPEECH. Ezratt from the Speech nj Mn. Cusiiino, on the McLcod case, delivered in the House of Jieprcsentalivcs on the '25th of June. There is another remarkable tinner which apprarson llu very siirlaeie of the speech of tfi seiilleiunii from I' iinsj-lvatiia. The po.nl Iro.u which he slain, and a! which ho rloseo, the idea vs Inch ho airnin and a!,aui i esi'iila to tho mind I", ill U ill ibis ilc-i;ilch alu eon I im.'d the svels ol w.ir helsvo.n llio United ."slates ami (1, it Ilritam. Nosv, I, for our, tle-pie'e-alo a vs.y bo tvi"jii I In United Si ilci ami Kngland. Ilul in deprc cjliulhs I dochlioas I have done b. -fore, tlia 1vsmu.iI cavil" willi r.iiglilul to the Ihotmiullh divi-ion ol a bur. nil nnv iim-fiiion nf thf!ii thlflor honor of the IJ. fctaio-i. And 1 would do so not onlv beCJiisc she is mil" iUiilti.'litfir nil Ilul ri.n M llrl t mil V ht'Caift silt' liaS colonics tMiilerniinous sitli our country, but for the vers' mat u that she is are it, strong and pout rail, on. I tho worthier to be Hie aiilajon.sl ol thcu. Mate Ami t.ir 111. isn lenaons 1 would meet her with spirit, and zeal, and feelilii;s, sshich beeo.Iie the descendants ot the in not tlie lievolution. Wh.it 1 look around me to enquire from what qtiar tir ihca remarks come, cillitigiiiqucstion the patriot, ism -mil spnit of the foiricn policy of the picseiit Ad' iiniiHiratioti. 1 am iiitomihcl to ic-e tint they pro ccedfionia fiicnd of tho last Ad.uinstratration, anJan mnn-inr-llt lllp nri sjlll. sir. Iiiirersoll was here un lersiojd to in innto -lonie duKonsion Irom the latter nrtof the propos'ilioti. .Mr. C'lishiiiir eo-iliniied. Well, the nresc-it Admin traiioiulosei ve-s the support of cvei y I'ood man in the co.nitiy. Mat, at any rale, the remarks came Hum a frwuJ of tlielat Ailmiiii-lration. Yea I it is a fnend of tlio last V Imimsliaiiou wh ) imputes to the praesmit a wnil ot ilue spun toward (ireat lirnam, nmii-riii-fia.'s what he tauntingly calls llio cohii (i'cvs.jt of a now fjreisn secretary i-ntc-riiis into ollice, uuli'e (I bchosethe e;eiilloiiiaii said) all hispredeees us, with nil tho ads' ullage of mevious ttaiimur in iJinlouiacy Addunon thesi'iiointi I base t-otnelhiiii to say to the friends of the last Adiiiiiiisti.ation, and (whether the two thing- be l.leiitie-jl or nut) the niuuuers ol in Dioentoi!)OMtion. Was th lasl AdiiiinUtrilion d Ntinijiii-hcd for Us 7.- -i I in th's pailicular lliine; ? D.d il prosecute with mint the claim of the United Slates against Great Hiiiam. for remr.iii.m nn ncn.mt of the destruction of the. Caroline I Did it not, on 'he contrary, ullosv that claim to slumber for tin oe years ? And for aught that appMis, .Mr. Van lliiren sv'oul I hasu al'owed it to idutnber 1 1 tin end ' f lime, if the inciJcnt.il question nvolvcdin .Mcl,cod's ariest had not ansen and by cmerting I'liitland lino the cl.amiant parly thus cotiipdliii',' linn to icsunie the dn-ussion of the rase fit tin Caroline. Nay, more, the ccntlcmin from Pennsylvania has entertained us Willi what 'eems to bn seiy c.apt o.is coinmeuts on t he at tn d essai of .Mr. Webster in til nlo nacs-. lie is mute mi Mikcn in sisiii" that Mr Wcbsie'ris the tirl secretary of stale, by many, sslm hit nn nrrviniii ibrilimiittin I'V-opiH'tli'i.. Toas Iiolh lug of oihets, sshat diplomatii: tr.auiiii,' was posses-cil by the firs' secretary of state under Ooneial Jackson! Aim wiien tiieuint cman mini I'dinvisama is con m leiuiL' the first LMeatiie-.'otratiouof .Mr. Webster.how d ict- he lnmicn to f rict thy famous, or ralher una nious, first yrcat negotiation undertaken by "Mr. Van II in en I And is it not an act ol" mere nndncss, oil the pari of the fric.ids of Air. Van I'urcii lo compel us to compare the Isso I Here is a despatch bcfire us ad- dres-.eil in a coutroveisv between tho United .Srnes ml Great linl.am, couiamm one of the ablest viudi cations of the honor and mteynty of the U. Stales that ever ss-as written. .Mr. Vim llurcu liesan, olo, with thenu 'stion between ns and Gnat l!ri'.ain. And lit what spirit J that of a patiiil, a man of honor, nud an American I Is nat that despatch on ihe con trary, a monument of i.-nominy m the history of ihe United St ites I Instead of inaialainini the interests nf this co mtry, d d not .Mr. Van lliucn, on llt.it occa ii')ii utterly sacrifice them I Did he not dictate, in I'm dep itch, a dispos tion of ihe cre.it q.iestion of til col my Ira !e betwe mi ihe United St itcsand Great ISritain, which, from lliat time tn tins, has pr.ivid mast dtsistrous in itsefiecls on lbePouinierei.il and nasi?. itinp iuteresis of the United .Stites I And per nieioui as w.asthn o ject of the despatch, was not the pir.t of it mfimtilv ss-orsu J In svhi"h, lor the first t i i n party quai ids of the I'eoplool ihe 1'iiiled Staus werecarrieil inloioreiniiairiii in which a prceeilum Adm,nitratiou was uophedly reproaelud for the ial with svhic'i it had defended our nitrrcsts :n which it wispr.K'hi. ued that the H2W Administration starte I inio llio world with a SL-t puipo-o of concession tow ards lirilain lit svhich the honor of Ihe United Slates was laU prostrate at the foot of the Hnttsh tluont, and the proud naiiie of America, lo sustain which our falliers had cirrtc 1 on a first and a secon I war, as sse may have to do a lliiid lint dory which the arni" of our' enemy could not reach, ssa", in this truckl'iiif: ikspatch, laid low for the first, and, 1 trust in God, th'' list lima, before tin-lion of I'.nnland. Nor was that despatch a folrary act it was the true mdev of llio purposes wln-h, un ler the in-pirs-t". m of Mr. Van llureu, characterieil the policy of the last Administration toward Gieat lliitain. Tor n loiv series of years, prior to 18'J'J, my colleague, (Mr. Adam?,) either as Secretary of Stale or a I're tt lent, had conducted ihe lineiL'n ueoliations of thi" (iovtrnment. lie ssas not the man lo sacrifice our intensts. "S'o lisht of ihe United .S'l.itcs was ever imtjaired or tost in Ins hands. I! it the moment he was driven from power, a clinnire came over Ihe foreign policy of tho country. That claim of tho Uniiul States to ail equal recprociiy ssith I'ualar.d and her colonics, which lie had Irenitously maintained, war nbandoned at once. The title nf the United Stales to th" possession of the vat re;ion watt nil by the river Colombia, svhith ho had defended, waslrfl to itsfatc, on I f ir the isvilvo vears that rnsad under the last Administration not a th--paleh or n word ssas nddres. fie 1 IVnuland on ihe subject. Mr. Ada'tis had bcin nurs'iint,' the riithts of the Uniteil '"tales, also, on the lone; line of disputed ' oundary, fiom the "Vt-eb h rapids, ai the foot of hako Snpt li ir, north antl svi st to tho Ilonky mo'inlains. Hut that q ieliori also.Mr, Van liurcn and Ins parly allosved to yo losletpfor ti n veir, mini they were driven lo lake it up by n reso lution sshich I oH'.red in ihis Hon"". An I Ihe'n, ssorst of all, the scries of blunders and ennet S":ons made d iriun the In-t f.sclvo vears in ihe riuesli' n of ihe Nottlieasli'rn boundary it hasint taken one-half of that lime to rato up the qucs'iou, by discussion in Congress an lolhcr'vise, fiom ihe point of depteusion ID svhi h It had been sunk tlurini" the other half of it by ihe iuipol rv and improvidence nf the 'lien dmi ins'ratiou j which had loo much lodo svilh petty parly warfare lo ijivoilii niteution to lusher ami more na tio'inl interests. And I miahl rcfir to oth r creat q'teitions vlu?h inaik, in the same ss-ay, the spirit of ron tssi m tosvaius i',ngiint in nil 1111115s, ssnieii p a-sndi d lliefireitrn policy of ilie.it Adiniiestr.aiion ' the fib nils of which come, at Icnjtli. to ba s-ci7.11! ssilli n sna'-m of patriotism in this mattir just sslteii they b'.'ft.n to be an Opposition. And n sv lot me address 1 single consideration tn I tin member" nf the Opposition, whether fri"n 'e or int of ihe lust Adminisiralion, m refeirnce to the t tkiv tactics they seeui iiipof.l to pursue nn the o i"stiun penilintj between ihe V. Slat s nnd (ircat linlnin It is iuipa"sible not lo observo the course tins tbini? is about lo take. Whether wc read tl.enesv- patvrs of thoO mosiiion, or observe the diseu"Hon in fJonrrrcBs. it is alike nnnarent that tle'varo undertak- iapt to "tinmlate a war-fcelimr in llio United States, in tho hone nf thus iniuiinr Ihe nrt eut Ai ministration I am aware that the-e (.lists ihinii'dinut the Unit'tl Slaus, nt the present time, a vis ul jealouy of tin-all. fiiToachinL', the rapacious, and the mercenary spirit r.rthi firtmn policy of l.nalatid. I am not uucoii- rious Unit ilie idea is daily gumma cronnd of an ap nroachinj ncccs"ilynn the part of the U. S.. to with stand tho ncirressive conduct of Kusdandnl ihe liaard of the not improbable event of ultimate war j nnd I do not reL'ret tha' ihe tieonle nf ihe II. S are thus sbri- lint in relation to ihe nets of the only I'mnpcnn Power in c intact willi the II K lint I do nios' ileedy rejicl l.i lo tint party spirit is seekmn to pons, ss ni if, for minster purposes, ni Ihcpatnoiie fiibntrof iherouu irs-; and I as' tn iheOniiosilion, that if thev think la make anv tliinif of this, in a party point of siesv, thev will find Ibenisdves deplorably mistaken. Geiitlemrn of the Opposition I sill you uniltrluke. bv s'leeehrs here, itnoeachini? tho patriotism of the Administration in its inauniri nietit of our n bilious with I'mland, to stimulate nnd madden tho People of the V, S. into a war fever nunin'l 1'm.d ind ? I h-iv to von. do this if voiidare! Do it at vour nerd l or in 'Ahose control are the issues of ssar nnd pence! In yours or in ours 1 Is it not wo, who, if we hold ill one nann ino ouvo nrn'ieii 01 pence, vet irrnsp HI tne ilber the lliii'id 'rboll of war, lobe hurled by us a rrainst the enemies nf euir rnnnlrv. vsbe-nsneve-r the tim"f irnction s'mll nrrivo I. it not ihe, (Josernment ofthel'. S. bi'li, I kn ibnnld Ilomau Anihns".ador, may nt its ssi'l shake foitb from iis robes the lempei't of war, or dilfuss ihroiiL'h llio land tho trnnoud in. Alienees of pence? You innv, if vnu choose, drive the country into a vnr, nnd tho moment vnu do so, render ibis Admimsliannn permanent nnd all nosser- f,il. and rnnvrr' yourselves into n wretthetl, humble, insi "lifienut taction, instead of rnntinuine to I e a mntitnlional Onnosilion. Von wenild be. in such an fvent. forced livihe necessities of the case von would beiniDelled, lis' vour own patriotism, lo support the pos'ernment of youf conn try, and by such n co 'rse of opposition von would do more than lis' nil oilier causes r.i obmel to s'rrnthfii an. I consolidate the nrescnt hnin'-tianon. nnd lo fix it 111 the favor ond euppoit of lb" P op'e of the V, S. Hun:? di-'iosril of theac ineide-ntnl q'tcsfjuns, I prnnom nex' 10 rn,iiH iup ine'iis o nr ronimversy nr. H.... S',.i . 0n ...nt .., VB't.i J1 iiv-i v, ti. r ... n . iu tun 11 i u.ii ed but a few minuto.s of the hour of adjournment, on 1113 motion, tlio llouso adjourned. Friday, Jfs-E 25, 1811. Tbeltnnsn resnmintrilin consideration of the reso- lutiou of Sir. Floyd, in continuance of tlio debato of yesiertiay, Jitr. uusinng saiu i , In the hasty remarks on tins enbjoct, which I sub mitted to tho Houso vcslerday, 1 comincntcd on tho general spirit of the speech of the fen (Ionian from I'cnnsylsniiia, (Mr. Iimeraoll,) ami on sundry Hid den nl topics intrntlucul into tlio speecu ni inai (jen llcnian. 1 resicssed also the foieiKii policy of Mr. Van liurcn, inorecspeci.ally in relation to ureal nn- lam, btKinuuif; with tlio notorious instructions oi .nr. van llurtn to .Mr. Mcl.nne, Ins first (rent net as &e- crelarv of Mate, and Irnciut' tho subtccl tlosvn tn tlie close of bis adiuints'ration as President of tho United States. I endeavoro I also lo exhibit to the llouso the puty consequences to tho piesent Opposition of nn attempt, on their part, to stimulate tho svar feeling of tlio ivopleol tlio united stales, nml siioss-eti Hint nny such alleiupt co dd not but operate cvtntnally to con solidate the posver of tho present Administration, in svhose. ban Is tho issiio of svar or peace must, of ne cessity rest. I now propose to discuss the merits of the question before the llouso. When 1 llius speak of the merits, I do not mean tho merits of the cast of Alexander .Mel.cotl, hut tlie merits of tho discussion iiciuhmr. and of the concerted attack on the Inreicn policy of tlio Administration unili't taken bv tho Opposition in both Houses nf Con uress. 1 shall nsoltl to-day, as I did yesterday, tho points tlebaleil in 'ho Senate. It would liciilieior int: lo rcirpue Ihe particular things sshich have hern dis cussed there so fully, ablv, and triumphantly by eminent senators. To do so ssoulJ bo "To (.'ild refined gold, to paint thoj.ly, Ol add a perfume to tlio viol 't." " Nor do I stand here nosv to innk: apologies for the foreign Department of tho American Government, or inertly to lUrcnd tho acts ol the hcrctary oi oinie. Mv ni'uiiose. on llm eounnnrv. isloaltacklhecour.se of the Opposition ill this niatler, anl to shosv that, if not the ol'je-t, jet the lentlency aim enn oi intir course is to substitute for llio true hsuo between the United States and Great llulain, ninlscrmc; to play into the hands of I'.nrjl.and : to force the Government of ibd U. States, if thev mav. to abandon tho iinpreg- u.al.lu fortiessof rirhl, and tndrivc the country to the edge of a precipice, over which, if the nation should fall, it would, like the n btl nngf I" in Milton, he hurl ed down, nsitss-ere, irom the neasen oi its present loft v position into tho botlomless abyss of error and disa'stir. This, I say, is ihe tendency and inevitable r- siilt of the argument of the opposition, as 1 will im dertalio to demonstrate. Thetiuestimi involved in llio ease nf Mcl.tod is a se condary and incidental one incidental lo tjie main question oi the att.acK on the iaroimo. to appreciate the true position of the United Slates in the whole mailer, thcrefoie, it is necessary logo back to the oiiL'inal fact. What sv.as that fact? Insurrection and civil war ex isted in the l'riii"h Province of Upper Canada, con terminous with the tfiritorv of llio United States. Tint insurrection had its root in causes which nppenl iil incsWtlhly to the sympathies of the People of the Unite I Slates, lo their resolulionnry recollections, nnd to their innate love of liberty.. It was a question of colonial inde.iendance, of republican feeling, of love for liberty, nnd of the right of self-government. It was impiasiible for the people of the Uniteel Slates not In svmpalhi7e with the insurgent party in sueh a cao. To do so was no fault of theirs, but, on the contiaiy a merit. If anv disorders occnrrttlon our side of llio line, fir lliose diorders Great llritain, not the Uniled Slate", was responsible. Great Hntain was ropon nble for nil the unavoidable consequences nf her own inisgnverntnent of her own Colony, or the ngilapon sshich that mis-L'Osernincnt gave rise to on oi.r side of the line as ssell as hers; for it was the ordinary case of tss-o neighbors occupying parts of the same house, in sshich, if one tif the co-tenants sets fire to his part of the bouse, eilher by eap-leasness or by malice, it is his fault which involves the other in the common ca lamity. That indisi lual nluens uf llio United Stales i n the frontier should he disposed to aid the insurgent Canadians, was the nititraland necessary fact ; but tho Government of the Uniled S'atts exer'ed itself, and exerted itself efficiently, tn restrain its citizens, as the r.nglish Government itself has again and nga.n avowed in the strongest terms. Nay, it was ossiurr to the strict observance of neutrality, on the pan of me unitetl -talcs, nni me ),anauii9 were not, at that time, lost to Great llritain. , Tlie United Stairs, in thii respect, are above re proach, antl least of nil. can Great llritain inakcoiir conduct as'thiectof accusation. Knglnnd has at nil times permitted, antl fiequentlv'ciieour.aged, her sub jects to enlist, not nv miliviiiuai-'nniv, tint hy whole battalions, m the civil vyai of other nations, when ever it ssas, or "ho imagine, I it ssas, for her int' rest. Vo co'innotian could ei"l ill any part of the world, in lairope, Aia, Africa or America, into which s:c ditl n H thrust beri-elf ns n govi ninicnt, or allow bet subjects lo intei venii". The spirit of universal inter med lling was characteristic of her vvho'u foreign po licy. The Unilid Sta'rs. nn llio contrary, took n higher nnd n1 bier view of their duty as a government. Tl'ov ilid not allow themsi-lses lo inquire what was for their interest ; they tlid not found tin ir foreign po licy upon s-d'd. consideration ; thev did not under t ike basel v in pr. i.iiicaie in international tjuc..-ii.iir, by prtten ling lo be ti'iilral ns n Government, while their people wee let lo sons ir.d vidu.als, to oigani7o svar against a fo.-in power. They adopted, as the spirit of lb ir foieign p ilicy, ihe sninep i iciplc which animated their tIouieiie institution, viz i the asser tion and maintenance of moral right, as tho only true guide for the conduct of nations as well .as men. For the safeguard nf their own honor ns a nation, for the love nf the eternal principles of righ', the U. .Slates have, by a long system of logi-latum, established a public p 'licy of nriitiahtv, national and individual in their forpign relation". In this wo hnve set the ex ample to the world an esample win h r.ngland her self, in her own legislation t n the subject, has be en e-'ii'iloii". in nrofessinn. at lean, to follow. And sshen the troubles in Canada broke out, the Federal Gov ernment interposed in good faith to cheekj arid, so far a po"-ible. prevent all interference therein on the part ot the people of Mio I'lt'ted Moles. Great llritain, t n ihe oilier hand, at nearly tin same period oftinie exhibited ihe-pecneleof allow insr whole regimen!" of their subieels to enlist, arm and cnuin ihc'iHilves, in her own ports, for tho pur- poie of engagin.' n" mercenaries in the civil wars of Spain and Portugal. Nay, a member of Parlitment took the command of a British legion engaged in the civil war in Spain, atlended in his place in the lions,, nf Cnm. nous in the intervals of his campaigns, antl ha be"'n knighttdby the I'.nglish Government m rccoin penso tif hi" service, ill that war. A multitude of oilier einspicuous example" might he citetl. in confir mation of which is thefatt that sshen, in tho year iJl!i, llio r.ngnsh iiovcrnment procurcu Ihe pn"S!ige ofan act to prevent ehstiin nt in the service of the Spanish colonies against Spain, tint act wns opposed by many of the most eminent men m England, nnd in pari bv the same men nosv in posver there, n- being a in parnne irom ue ancient nnu long counntuti po -icy nf Kngland, which svilhnnt nny ndm.ttcd bn.ach of its neuirnlily, had, furnished supplies, munitions of svar, and men for one paity or the other, in half tlie is ii wars oi r.unq-e. I repeat, theulore, that in general matter of the tioubb s in Cans In, Ihu conduct nf ibo Uniteel r'tates sv.as altogether above reproach, nt least so far ns it regarded Gnat llritain. -'id it was under these rir cumslan''! s, nnd notwithstanding the htghuiindi-d, neutral policy ni llio L nneti stales, tn.at the nttatK on tho i ninline loon place1. Ann mere-lore, unless there svas souielhing in ihe particular circumstanei sof the e-ase of the Caroline, lo take it out of the pencral principles nf national right, tint altatk wns svholly iiujustiliaLle, and confers on the I'. Mates an indis'- puiatile claim on tirtat llritain tor rwrcss. Was there anything tn those circumstance lo con stitute such an e xeepiion 7 Tip re it hut one solitary ground upon whi-h any such pretence of exception can bo put, or in any of the bnoi-s cu interuaiional law is put and that is, absolute nece""itv. There was no sucn nceessuy in me; case, it .uc.Mirj ucs.rea tn destroy the Caroline, n", in tho absurd and ridie. moils langingeoi inc t-.ng isn iioverniiinit, n pirat ical vessel, he could hnve done so when she crossed over to tho Knglish side and wns in the act of trans porting persons or munitions nf vvnr, if she did so, to .Navy lnlaml, tint he made the attack on her as f-he lav n-a ealdv moored to I he wharf at Sc do ser. He had not even llio excuse of mteiing ihe territory of the l'. s. in the hot pursuit ol a vessel caught in the (ii i iui tiuiiisi ... ..ii j ji-i iiijui iuuc in ins i iui i-i nine in, in invasion ni sue teiniory oi mo u, s svas cossaru ly, thieMike, wanton, gratuitous and unjustifiable. Doing this in pursuance of the orders of his Govern in e nt. or doing it of his ow n bend, nnd ihe act has inn subsequently been ns-iimcd nnd Justified by his Gov ernment, what he did cotifiiiuie-d nn act of war against the U. s. I say an net of war ; for there mav hean act ot war vviinout thcirexisling any Hale of continuous or declaied warfare. And the Govern men! of tho U. Males, in claiming reparation of Great llritain iiiiniidiali ly nflerwards inado that claim on tliegiounit tin r what had been done.if avow. til or nsiiiiid by Ihe liri'i-li (lovcrniuenl, ccnsiuu irn an act oi war, as i sunn snosv ncreniter hv Hie production of thotlespalch on Ihol subjcci, address euiiy.Mr. Mcvcnson to l.nnt Pnlmerslnn. And I assume, as the premises of nil thai I sh.allhaie to snv i:i,iii 4. i mug iue case ol .ile-l.ion mar. m llio nre-cisi mailer or the Caroline, the U. S', possess such n clear and manifest right of n dress ngnin.t (irent lliilain, inrijiibiiiu invasion ot me territory of tlio 1J. S., that nine conirovetsy should cnil in vvnr, the U. S. may A.l..nll ni...i nl . r. l.n :..l ever mischief may come, if by the coiupo they are pursuing, they fotce the United States from tho dig nity and Majesty of tho position wo now occupy in this matter, antl compel us to rilinnuish our own triumphant issue, to adopt lint which Kngland would fain present to us, forher advantage- and our disgrace, lint ibis is not all. Tho uueslinn of the Caroline is not tho only one pending between F.ngland and the United States. There are- many oihcrs t in all sshich ns in that of the Caroline, the United States ate the aggricveel and complainant pnrly, and on any of sshich thcUnitcd States might, if'occasion required, and no otho: means of rcdies existed, justifiably en terupon svar with Great lliitain. In the first pi ice, wo have tho old and long pend ing questions of boundary Hot merely that of the Nurthcas em boundary, but of two-thiids of the long lino of frontier, extending fiom the mouth of the Pas satna pipddy bay, across the continent, to the shores of the Pacific ocean i t.ie largest part of which is still wholly, unsettled, and upon tho lino of which Great Britain is continually committing nets of gross ni,iTrra"i.1tl ml ihe nehts of tho United S ntcs. For ah the-so wrongs the day of judgment and redress must eonioi and in these great boundary eiuestioni Kngland might ssell jump at the chance of interposing 1 lit; cn-e of Mcl.ood, anil complain against ua for wrought that matter, llritain ssould willingly inter pose this ca e between us ami our claims on her, if we have tho folly to do so. I appeal to tho members from tho Mti'c of Maine 1 appeal In those Irom the great Northwest, whether, they will suffer thcnisclvcs lo be drawn into n position so false ns this t and whether they oiecoultiit tofollow ill tho lead of the geiilleuien from Pennsylvania in this mailer, ond to become Ihoinslrumcntof Groat llritain in the sacri fice of llio rights of all the frontier States. In thesecontl place, go to the sea, and you find that in the vast carcar uf ambition and conquest in whiojJiJ'hglaiid is hurrying along lo some gieat hut inqiyrcdanls consummation, she 's perpetually there, aluf; committing aggressions on tho rights of the United Stales. Among these, are acts Of ihe aravcsl and iiiosl threatening description I'do" not allude to heienndthcrcncaseofblockade, operating inturious lt upon our commerce. "I,do flot.sptak mt rely of the innovation upon tlte'.lavfJoFn&tions which Kngland is endeavoring lo force upon us, at tho expense of our Southern .S'lales. in tho reiteiotcd cases of our shin- wrecked slaves unlnsvfull taken from their masters by lliilish officers in the West Indies, nesv instances of which havo occurred within tho last year. Ilul 1 allude more particularly to the long series of insolent acts of scar, b and seizure of our vessels perpetrated by Knglish cruisers on the coast uf Africa. Are gen tlemen aware that these acts In vca'ieady, within two years, I ceil so fearfully, multiplied that set represen tations of twenty-four injured parlies to the notice of the Department of State ( And they constitute cases of wilful inj ry and public aggression, second only to those old acts of search which vvero among the primary causes of the last war with Great llritain. For lion, suhscq enllyto tho Congress of Vienna, tho Knglish Government cnterred into negotiation with the great powers of Kurope and America, for the purposcof adopting concerted means of putting an end to tlio African slave trade, she proposed to us nn arrangement for a reciprocal light of search on the coast of Africa. The object was a noble nnd a gener ous one the termination of tho slave trade. We were ns anxious nsslie to extinguish tint trade, as we have evinces! hyour legislation upon the sub ject. Hut our Government said to that of Kngland, and said rightly : Wo can not and we will not trust you in ibis matter; your conduct at sea in the, wars of mo i' lencn uevomiion was so mil oi aggression anu ustiipalion tint svo decline to entertain nny proposi tion for placing in tho hands of your cruisers n posver so delicate and dangerous ns that of searching our vessel", though for ever so good a purpose. And upon that precise point the negotiations were broken o Hand ceased. And the recent acts of search nnd seizure are not only viol itionsof the immunity of our flag, under Ihu law of nations, but they aro aggravated bv ihe consideration that tiiey are the exercise of a right which Kngland requested us to concede to her by treaty, nnd which wc positively refused to ton ce'de. And il is important to observe that these out rages have betm committed under authority of ail act of Pailianr'iit, passcil lS'i'.l, agninst tho remonstrance anil protest of men the most pre-eminent, such ns the Dukeuf Wi llinglon, who warned I'uiliaiiit-ul that the act, if pissed, would inevitably and almost instantly hiing the Knglish Government into coll'sion with the United Slates, upon a point where the Uniled Stales were motofn!l, sensitive and prompt for war : that r.ngland would bo liable to ns for every detention of mil veels ; nnd that, if there was one point mnre lo he nvo tied than another, it was the detention and vis nation of vessels belong'ng to the Lmlcd Slate! unon n these maritime oticslions t ic United Mates have stored up against Kng'and a great body of w rongs, amply sufficient to call for and to justify the interposition ol tho public force of the Union. Here also, svo have the right on our s'tle. Ilele, also our position is nn iinpregnahl" cue, so long as wo choose to st mil on it. Ami again, I appeal to cverv member of this House not to allow himself to bo blinded by parly spiutor m sled by party associations, into at lossmz a false isue upon the case of McLcod lo take Ihe place of these, the true ones in any possible war bctwi en us and Great Un tain.1 When the shock comes as come it wt II mav, let ii" lnk. cf,n. ilmr tn nd.liii.ii lo tti Mioii!i and the spirit enlisted on our side of the struggle, we may also have the right, remember ing thnt "Thrice is he armed who hath his quarrel just." Mr. llucliannan will orcn his thunder to-morrow, against tlio general principles of tlio bill, and for the remainder of tlio week we may an ticipate attack upon attack. 7'lic committee on naval affaire was discharg ed from tlie further consideration of tlio corres pondence in relation to the return of the Medi terranean squadron. Tlie committee intimate that Mr. Htcvcnson did not transcend his duty, and to havo done less would have been sheer de linquency. The return of the Urandywino was connected with some painful and melancholy cir cumstances over which the Secretary of tho Nasy has exercised proper supervisory discro. tion. The circumstances connected with this unhappy alTt-iraro already known to you, and I think it deeply to bo regretted that the letter of Capt. liulton Bliould have found its way to the' public eyo. July, 6. In the .Senate, the Distribution bill, from the House, waB twice read and referred. Mr. Linn occupied the mornitifj hour in fool, ieh talk about removals from ollice, and then the Hank bill came up in course. Mr. Walker submitted an amendment, requir ing a report to Cong-ross, on 1st January, on every year, of all notes discounted, antl hills of exchange purchased and sold, at every office of tiiFCouiuanu uoposiic, together Willi the names of all d rawcrs, endorsers, etc. Mr. King agreed in the value of giving the utmost publicity to all the transactions of the Hank, and thought the object would be better at tained by weetily statements from each lsoard through the newspapers. An annual statement would be so voluminous that nobody would look into it. Mr. Clay opposed the amendments, not from any objection to tlio widest publicity, but be cntise such detailed statements would iicccfr sarily be immensely voluminous, burdensome to tho Bank, and only beneficial to the printers sv no iingiii get uiejtiu. .Mr. Benton, Mr. Calhoun ami other.', talked the usual quantity of demagogvism about the mysteries of Banks, their concealments, dread of publicity, &c, and urged the adoption of Mr. Walker's amendment, which however, was re jected, ii3 to '-.". e as .Messrs. Allen, Benton. Buchanan. Calhoun, Clay of Ala., Cullibort, Fulton, Hen derson, King, Linn, Molloberts, Mouton, Nich. olson. Pierce. Sevier, Smith of Conn., Sturgeon, i appan, waiucr, Williams, Woodbury, Wright, Young SKI. Nays Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bay ard, Berrien, Choate, Clay of Ky Clayton, Dix on, Evans, Graham, Huntington, Mingiim, Mil ler, More head, Plielpp, Porter, Prentiss, Pres ton, Simmons, Smith ot' Indiana, Southard, 7'allinadge, White, Woodbridgc -!". Mr, Walker then offered an amendment, to the effect that any ten or mnre ktockholders should have the right to examine into the ac couiit:,&c. of private individual's. Adopted. Yeas .Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, of Ala., Cutlibort, Fulton, King, Linn, .1rUoberts, .Vouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Porter, Pacntiss, Sevier, Smith, of Con., Stur geon, 7'apnan, Walker, Williams, Woodburv, Wright, Young U 1. Nays Messrs Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bay ard, Berrien, Choate, Clay, of Ky., Clayton, Dixon, Evans, Graham, Huntington, Maiiguin, .Wilier, Morchcfd, Phelps. Preston. Sinilh ol intliaiia, Southard, 7'allinadge, White, Wood bridge 'SI Mr. Benton then i.oved an amendment to the following effect, to come in at the end of the seventeenth fundamental rule; "J hat tho board of directors and exchange committees shall keep suitable bonks, in which aro to ue entered all notes and bills offered to be sold or purchased, the name of drasvors and on lnri-ers, the amount of time to run. and wheth- er the tamo was discounted or purchased, or re lusi'ti tne same to he open daily during hours of hiisines, and bubject to the inspection of the

public." And on this amendment .Vr. B. demanded the yeas and nays, which are as follows leas .Messrs. Allen. Benton. Buchanan. l.allioun, Clay of Ala.. Cutlibort, Fulton, K'"tr. i.iiiii, .icnuueris, Mouton, lMcliolson, 1'iercc, Sevier, Smith of Conn, Sturgeon, Tappan, alker, ilhains, Woodbury, Wright, Young FRIDAY MORNING, JUI.Y1C, 1B41. TWENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. HOU.SH OF 11 E PR E .S'ENTATI V E S. Tuesday; mgiit, July (I, 1811. After a tedious and roasting hot session of thirteen liourF, the bill to distribute the proceeds of the publics land", passed this House by a vote of one hundred and sixteen, against one hundred and eight. It Was forced though in such a hur ry, and amidst so much confusion and uproar, tiiat one-half uf those who voted upon it did not ki.osv procisaly what they were voting on. But, as I said, the bill passed. Thiii, f.oihaps, may be as much as your read ers will care to know. But that they may base some knowledge of the process by which this result has been brought about, I will statu that the chairman of the telect committee on the rules Mr. Cilhoun, in'roduced a report Ill's Morning providing lor the discharge ot the com mitlee nf the whole from the consideration of any hill which might bo referred to that commit tee, after acting, without debate, upon all amendments that might ho offered. This tiropos tion led to many intricate ones- lions of order, and to various motioie, all tend ing to evade dne-ct act on on the Report of the committer, and with which it is utele-s for me to trouble you. 7'he conclusion of the whole nutter was, that the Report was adopted. Mr, .Vj.'iiily followed up the vote (which htood yeas 117. nave Wt) with a resolution that the debato should lie closed at 7 o'clock this evening, and that the committee should then p'occcdti vote on any amendments which m ght uc tillered 7 'he result 1 have given you. Many amend incuts were offered which ilis impossible to touch intol t,i ily without publishing the Hill inform here were none however, atlecting its vital nrinriplet-. The passage of the Bill, so far as tho House is concerned, is piaretl tievonu peraiiiouturc by a motion (submitted tiy one ol us mends, lest it should fall into other hand-)to rc-coiisidcrtlie final vote which motion was put down without a division. IN .SENATE. The Fiscal Bank bill received the coup Je grace fiomitfe friends-, and is now ready fur the Haltering litnm m iiiv ijii -upiiiuii. k;iiaiie:u ivi .. i . -r ii. in . i i s.iy tlie arne'iiuuiuiii en .sir. ivivcs, on vviiicn such a worm oi en-queiice lias oeen mvisiieu about .S'tate rights and strict construction, re ceived only ten sotes. The Opposition, with the exception of Mr. Walker, voted against it to a man, and nenre tne majority waB so trium phant that Mr. Clay must have been highly gra tilled at the result. 7 ho amendment was cvi- Inntlv intended to catcli the minority, but it failed most signally. Mr. Bayard's amendment found cvpii less lavor, having received hut il votes. Tho vote on llio amendment to the amendment stood, teas Messrs. Archer, Bayard, Evans, liranam, lientler.son, jsiorehcad, l'li-ntiss. Southard, II lute 0, Navs .Hi, On Mr. Rives proposition the vote was, leas ..Meters. Barrow, Bates, Choate, Merrick, I'bnlns. Prentiss, rrostou, Rivet-, Walker, Williams 10, Na) JW. So that Ihe bill il" il pass, will go as it came fiom tho hands of the L eimillltiee, or m jl-hm iiui uMsumiauy vuriuu. Mr. 11 lute, ol Hid., nvulo a spirited speed .aoaiiist the amendment ol ilr. Rives. Nays .Uessrs. Archer. Barrow. Bates. B.av. ard, Berrien, Choate, Clay of Ky., Clayton, Dix on, Kvans, Graham, Huntington, Mangum, Mil- ier, .siorciioaii, riielps, I'orter, Prcutiis, I'reston Simmons-, Smith of la;, Southard, 7'allmadtre lute, W otdbndrc ti). Mr. Walker moved that the veas and navs be taken on all discounts by the Board of Directors, this was so modified as that tho yeas and nays should be taken sihcncier any Director ditben- tcu irom a discount, ami then adopted. nn amendment bv Mr. ilenton was ation et forbidding any of the proceedings of the Bank from being kept secret from the Government Directors : and requiring that thev shall havo full and fieo participation in whatever business was transacted. The word "bullion" was on motion of Mr. Ben ton, sincKcn oui, so as 10 confine tlie issues or payments of the Bank to gold and silver coin and its own notes. Vr. Clay, of Alabama, in order to guard against the renewal of notes beyond 180 days, proposed anamendmcnt rendering any contract for renewal void. Mr. Berrien said the Senator could not effect his object in that way. By the phraseology, the contract fur renewal only would be void. Mr. Clay, of Alabama, said ho would bn glad if the Senator would make any modification. .1r. Berrien, smiling not I. The amendment was rejected. Tlie bill was then laid aside : and after a long Executive bes sion,the Senate adjourned. In the House or REriir.sENTATiv'fcs Mr.Proffjt askon leave to introduce a resolution instruct ing the Committee on currency to report the Sub-Treasury bill, as soon as possible, and not to connect it with any bill now before the Com mittee, or that herealtcr might come before it, for tlie establishment of a fiscal agent. Objec tion being made the resolution was not receiv ed. Mr. Hunt of New York occupied tho morning hour on the .UcLeod question, and in vindication of the despatch of the Secretary of State when at the regular time the committee took up the loan bill. Mr. Pickens vehemently opposed it, but ho had not got half through his speech, when he was admonished that the hour to which each speaker is limited, had expired. He re- uioustraled agait'st lliis regulation as the most abominablo that tyranny has ever invented antl ii was only alter being repeatedly aumonisiied by the chair, I hat he took his seat. i he debate was continued by Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Rhotl, and Mr. Feaseudon, until tho hourol Ijournmcnt. Ho re confidently apiicnl to inn i,,,i nl nf mnn nml nf I tiiiilin tod tho idea of going over to anv cltenic ........nc nml nl ilia. !..., I .., . , I I .. l.l.t..ll ,.1 . .... j,.-, ,.,, nlm overtuies nil, It r became u was luan-u uiu mn mmm nui recuivu our vindication in re-spee t of w haltvir ral-imiiv nnd niootiMicu iiugiii luHiie. iiur posmon in ibis mailer it weuonoi nupiuiy aiiiimauiy atmndou il, is a strong, imshake'nlile and i n i pi t-i'liii l.ln one. And II is in tins point mat I ntueot to the course nf the gentleman from I'ennsvlvnnio, I doubt notibc l.nglisli liovernmciit woniu lie very glad, for ibo cre.at and true issue in tno e-.aso of llio t nrnline. to fiilisiiiuiti Hie petty and Ihe tnlse ono or Mel .cod; for llin t issue in whirh tho ii'dement and svinna- ihicsof ibewholi' world wou'd beon one side, lo raiso un a new one, where lliat pidvmrnt anil those svnv nathlCS would nf ntrimilu l.n i.n llio siibi nf Klip. laild. ylld I rllSrifl. (mnri ,1... .rnnll.nnn frrklll Pomi. cylvanin 1 accuse him. ond ihoso who act wilh him I arraign them before the I'coplo of the United Mates- I hold them resronsibla to ihe country, for allowinB tJitnisolves tobeconao ihe blind instruments nf r.nt-land, iiraint the mlrrests and honor of the novernnient and I'coplo. of Ihe 17. .States. I hold iiivm to an present and future rtponiWlity for what- tbn sanction of the Piesident. "ll'hat (said Mr V 1 is iito he apiireneniieii mat an uiurrr elect- ed by n great and triumphant majority as that ol ibo l hi" tiart v. shall reiuse ins sanction to tins measure, alter it has been feo Miiemuiy aiijuuic Hind livibo onlv triiu expositor of the Consti . i .... . " i .1..:. , 'I'l il-A...i.. UlllOll! Will HUUarU UUIl I I III') ncm iiicium act on their high respontibililies, and Miuuld not look to routine encioh. Mr. Dickson, of Rhode Island, .vrui scarcely less energetic in his expressions in favor of tho nrii'inal hill. 71io ideaof giving up their views, which all admitted to be right, was something like an architect, who after having made a mojol fl,i linildiiifrand securvd his tools was to give up that which ho knew to be good to toj.c that which lie Knew to w ui uuuir.im iuc APPOINTMENTS BY 7'HE PRESIDENT, Hy and icilh the mhice ami consent of the Senate. Elisha M. Huntington, Commissioner of the General Land Office of tho United States, Philip R Feudal), Attorney of tho United States for the District of Columbia. Postmasteks. Solomon Van Rensselaer, Albany, N. Y. James Reeves, Geneva, N. Y. W illiaui Mevens, JNcsvark. IV. J. Joseini m Moore, Indianapolis, la. Samtiol 11. Jenkt, Nantucket, Mass. Asher Roblnns, Newport, I. w m. H. Harrison Tavlor. Cincinnati. O. Benjamin W. Cause. 7'allahassec, Fa. Jno. 0, .Wilier, Columbus, O. .onas .1. Wheeler, Can andaigna, N. Y. Geo. ll'm, Gordon, Boston, Al ass. James II. Cohtirn, Maysville, ivy. KeelandTynor, Macon, Ga.Sylvanns II. Lyman 1'nrilaud, Me. Gcorgo Hall, llrooKlyn, i. t. Thomas 1- mley, Baltimore, Md. David Agncw Wheeling, Va. Jacob Alricks, Wilmington, Del. Charles Troxcll, Readii g, Penn. Chas. Martin Clnllicolhe, O. Caleb Footc, Salem, .Uass, Henry B, Starr, Burlington, Vt. H'ill iam Collins, Stcubenville, O, Addley II. Gldd den, Columbia, S. C. John Wall, Winchester Vo. James II. Turner, New London, Conu. Samuel Cook in, Portsmouth, N. H. Gen. Scott has assumsMhe command bestow ed upon him by his late appointment of Major ('moral, nnd has appointed at his aids First Jjmitcnat 1). K, Altlein, 4lh Infuntn-, am! E. D Kjx6,3d ArlilUry, Corrcspomlciicc of the l'rce lrcss. New Yop.k, July 9, 1841. Tlio celebration of our Nation's liirtli-tlay went off in the Metropolis with about the usual amount of confusion, rioting nnd drunkenness. On all such public occasions, but especially on tliis Anniversary, our city is onoimnionso Bubo! : hardly a square foot is unoccupied every corner is monopolized by apple stands, and the Park is completely surrounded by liquor booths, and covered by the congregated children old and young- of tho citv. From morning till night, there is a ceaseless sound of guns nnd powder cx plosions : if you venture into the streets, es pecially at evening, you are sure to havo ti bursting firu-cracker seek acquaintance will your face, to be chased by a furious 'fiery serpent,' or to find yourself 'blown up' in somo one of tho thousand ways which (Jo- tliamiiisli wisdom has dcvisedato coinmcmo rate tlio National Jubilee. Most of our citi zens, those who can do so conveniently, scok in the quiet of the surrounding country a refugo from the annoying sights and sounds : all the steam and other boats make excur sions to Slalen Island, to tho Elysian fields, to West Point, or some other of the many delightful resorts in our immediate neighbor hood : and a thousand ways are devised to escape tlie city's tumult. From the country on the oilier hand, thousands rush to tlio Me tropolis to celebrate the day, so that, to no slight extent, an exchange of inhabitants is Heeled. For my own part, as a happy chance gave mo leisure and most delightful company, 1 thought that 1 could do no better than pay a visit to the cool, sad shades of Greenwood Cemetery a spot destined ere many years are gone to bo one of the loveliest, must de lightful resort wiihin the sound of this gieat city's heavy heart-beat. We turned our backs upou the city and rolled toward this home of the dead. A winding road, leading through pleasant groves, down shaded valleys and up gcnt.c hills, conducts you through the rounds and as yi u are whirled rapidly along you might at times, iancy yoursell riding over the billowy sea, so numerous and gentle aru (ho undulations. Sometimes in fullowing the marked out paths, you pass along high precipices, upon whose steep sides brambles and bi tishwoood grow among fissured rocks : then you plunge into deep dark dulls, where in a coolness that is almost sepulchral dwell;, and the shades lie thick and heavy upon the damp clay soil. Swiftly you rise again from this place of gloom into tlie bright golden uiilight,and feel your heart swell within you at this new entrance into tlie world of light and warmth. There are many of theso ele- vations, commanding sviJe and different views variously sublime and impressive. From thu liluliii-i j'n,, ii.l,.i il, u'lii"' nf the far Atlantic, the whole harbor and city of New- York, tlie noble river and a wide expanse of circumjacent country. In the midst of (his rural spot sleep (he waters of a sylvan lake in sombre shadows looking upward to ihu bright Heaven, like tho woild-troul led soul front its dark and uneasy dwelling-place Here in future years will the mourner resori to find sympathy in the unspeaking trees which lean, in attitudes of wo to (he quiet lake, or from the sighs and 'soul-like sounds' called forth hy the melancholy breeze. When the dead shall i est beneath ils sod and white columns glaring from among the trees shall mark the spot where the undreaming sleepers lie, tlio wanderer through its shades will stand upon holy ground : lie will speak in whispers, and a brooding awe will over. shadow his soul. As yet the grounds arc new and but slightly improved. 1 lie prop erty is now held in trust hy certain individuals and the nroccedsof sales of lots, are lo bo appropriated to the adornment of thu grounds1 When the condition of the Company's funds will allow, it is proposed to build upon the highest point of kind a plain monument to the memory of the undying Washington. Tho most marked feature of our celebra tion was the display of the Temperance So cieties. Thev formed a procession number ing some two thousand, marched through tho principal streets with music nnd appropriate banners, and listened to an oration at the Tabernacle, from Hon. B. F. Butler. O. A. Brownson, editor of the Boston Quarterly Review, also delivered an address at Wash ington Hall. Tho military were out and made a fino display, although their number was less than usual on similar occasions- The troops were reviewed in the Battery by his excellency, Governor Seward, and nfter- waids by the Mayor and Common Council in llio Park. In the evening all the public gardens wore filled to suffocation, with people anxious to attend tho various performances, and to wit ness tho fire-works, of which there was a brilliant display. Before they were fairly over however, a tciriblo thunder-storm came up which grandly and effectually ended the proceedings of the day. Thousands had gone out unpreparod for tho rain, no cabs or other conveyances wcro to bo had, and those who, through excessive faligtio from tlio previous exertions of the day, had staid at home wcro most to he envied, ol tins num ber, unlbrtunaloly 1 was not one. The day passed off wilh but few accidents anil with somewhat less drunkennes than i usual. The Citv Hall took firo in thu roof from tho fire-works,but was only slightly in iurud. I believe no lives wcro lost during tho day. Tho turn which matters havo takon Congress, is on many accounts especially gratifying. In the House, particularly, signs may bo discerned ofan intention to enter with right good will upon tho business of tho countrv. 'Tho passage of the Land Distri bution Bill in spite of the votes of tho op J position and of the Virginia abstractionists must bo regarded as one of the great meas ures of the Session, and goes for to console ono for tho many days wasted in worso than idlo bickerings and foolish disputations. Il is an act of justico to tho Western States, who havo a rightful ownership in tho Public Domain. It will bo of great and essential benefit to those of thorn which arc deeply in debt and will aid all in prosecuting more rig orously and L'fl'irirntly the great plans of in ternal imnrovemcnt already marked out. i - . i . t . . . ti The rejection of Mr Hives' Amendment ' -'"siico owr.N. to tho Bill reported hy Mr. Clay, for the es tablishment of n National Bank is generally received as a favorablo indication for the chartering of such an institution. It is to he feared however, that it is not a well advised movement : it would seem to ho tho best policy ori llio part of Mr. Clay and his friends to accent tins -'compromise. It is a matter perfectly settled that the People of tho Uni ted States and all their interests loudly de mand the establishment of a National Insti tution which shall regulate our exchanges, equalize and render stable the currency, nnd act as a Fiscal Agent for ihe General Gov ernment. Now without tho Presidential sanction the country can never have a Bank of this kind : it is very generally understood that, should Mr. Clay's prjpet, giving to tho Bank tlio power to establish branches when ever it please, with or without the consent of the several stales, pass liolh Houses of Con irrcss, it will be vetoed by President Tyler, Would it not be expedient then to accept such a Bank as wc can have, provided it promise at all to remedy existing evils, and wait patiently in hope for a better ? 'The Future,' which has been laboring with Herculean might for some few weeks lo re-organizo society, overturn all the world's opinions and practice, and place man in a new Paradise, has become The Past. It has ceased from its labors, and its works have followed it. The utmost exertions ol its fiiends could only muster a subscription list of some 200, including those who would take it gratis : and under theso circumstan ces it was thought best to discontinue its pub lication. This h a strangely perverse world which will not consent to bo re-or- unsed and cleaned of all impurities at so cheap a rule, lint so it lias always ueeii. There is a great proportion of its inhabitants o ate not inclined to receive the philan thropic professions of thosu who would throw tn tlio earih the fair fabric ol society as it has been built up by successive generation and substitute in ils plate an unsightly edifice of their own device. There are undoubted ly evils existing in the world and in the frame work of our social institutions : but no one of common sense expects that they are to be remedied bv a siipjlo operation of some quack's scalpel. The exhibitions of Fanny Ellslcr have closed for tlio season : her present engage ment has been only moderately successful. And it is highly creditublu to our citizens that she has been received with bui a small portion of that eclat which attended her nn poarano! on the stage somo years ago. The Park has been filled on every occasion: but no extravagant price has been paid for tickets as formerly, nor has any extravagant admiration been manifested. There are al ways enough in our city who frequent the McLIiOD HELD TO TlltAL. Our attentive correspondent "Vermont," furnishes us the following highly important intelligence from Utica. Baku's IIothi,, Utica, Monday, July 12. Tho decision of tlio Supreme Court in tho case of McLi:on was rendered in this city to-day. His application for n discharge on Habeas Corpus wns rtjitsed, and lie teas remanded for trial on the indictment for Murder. The opinion of tho Court wns read md tho other Judges, Ni:i,soNnnd Bumnan, concurred entirely in it. It wns quite long and drawn up with no little ability. Thu fuels alleged hy McLcod on his trial, viz. that he was absent at tho time the mur der of Durfee was committed, &c. were sot nsido as available only on his trial before a Jury : on habeas corpus they are not availa ble; oven as nn argument for admitting thy prisoner to bail, much less for granting him what he asks, an unconditional discharge. As to the plea made by his counsel that tho mutter of right belongs only to thu forum of nations, inasmuch as the act was commit ted during the existence of international hostilities, llin Court declared that, so far from Great Britain and llio United States being al that lime at war, both nations wero exerting themselves to tho utmost to avoid such a turn of ihe frontier excitement as might eventually lead to war. This question was verry fully examined by tho learned Judge, and English authorities wcro cited to sustain this view of the case. The destruc tion of the Caroline was an act of mora arbitrary usurpation, antl it is impossible, even by diplomatic ingenuity to mako it le gitimate war. It is said of tho case at bar, that McLood i release lias been demanded by the liritisli Government, and that this was incompatible with a judicial proceeding against him. With reference to this the Court took substantially the same ground as is so ablv defended by Damiii, WiiiisTCit ill in his great letter in reply to Mr. Fox : that this demand is mada upon the executive power, which hy our constitution as hy every other, is an organ ized department entirely distinct from tha judicial, to which all trial of crimes is expli citly left. The Court expressed their firm belief that McLood would have no cause to complain that he has suffered wrong al tho hands ofan American jury. Thu case will now be tried on the origi nal indictment bv a ini v. The venire was lid at Lockport, but it is most likely that it will be changed to some place less exposed to impioiier influences. McLcod takes it ill very coolly and appears quite unconcer ned. Ho is now writing nt tils' same table at which I am scribbling this hastv scrawl. The Sheriff allows him considerable liberty, is much indeed as is consistent with his safe ty, lie was at dinner with the Attorney General and sipped his champaign with tho air of a man quite at ease. In his personal nppcdri'iico ho is large, thick lliougl: nut tall, with a broad homely, tliuugh nut unmanly countenance. Ho is verv polite and affable, pay ing no attention lo the thousand gazes that dog his steps, but answering ail proper questions with great sociability. I return immediately to the Motiopulis, whence you will soon again hear from vour faithful VEUMONT. theatre, to fill any building, and ihcse would gjjQi-p .-piCIIES, GENTLEMEN. as soon muster in lull slrengtn to see any ex traordinary raree show as to seo Fanny dance. An attempt was made on tho fifth, to sell tickets at auction, as has been done at the South where Ellsler has danced : great nrenaralious were made to prevent a rush i i and expectations of immense sums were on tertaiued. The hour arrived, and but a sin gle person made his appearance to bid for tickets ! The fact is, a largo portion of our citizens arc heartily ashamed of the reception with which this notoriously infamous woman was greeted on her first arrival in our couu irv. Tim sense of shame is not wholly dead among us, and a wretched outcast from vir innim snrli.isj is li.irdlv rucosiiizcd as a fit 1 " ""V - tbject for public honors. Quito a sensation lias been occasioned in this city by a controversy between Bishop Hughes, of tho Catholic Church, and others, The llouso of Representatives, on Wed nesday, gave anottti'r proof of ils determina tion to devote itseif henceforth to the busi ness of the Extra Session. Mr. Warren, of Geo. having introduced on Tuesday an r niciidmcnt to tho r.iles of tho House, provi ding that no member should speak more than one hour on any ono question, moved a sus pension of the rules on Wednesdaay morn ing with a view of calling up this amendment. The House, by a vote of two to one, agreed to suspend, and Mr. Warren, remarking that his resolution was one which i eslncteel mem bers from too much talking, and should not therefore, be much talked about, moved the previous question on its adoption. Tho Iluuse sustained the call for the previous question, directed the main question to bo put, and adopted tho rule proposed by Mr. Warren, bv tho decisive vote of Yeas 117 .i i . . ? ., ii .i.i:.. c.,i.n Fin., I . on mo suniect oi iue i hhiis. unmm t0 iavs io. sucn a resolution passed uy a The Bishop has made some powerful argu- m;,jljr;(v 0f thirty, may operate favorably up- mcnts in favor of (he equitable ciistrimmon on St;lf-L.sti;em of (hose members who of (his niouev, so that the children of the mvc JL,L, accustomed to bestow their tedi- Catholic population may share ill its bencttt, ullsr!sS upon the House, in speeches mcai- and yet violate none of tlio religious prmci- llrj( )v (,,..s i,,s,t.iul 0f hours. The necces- ples of their parents. He has been met ably by Mr. Ketchuni, one of our best lawyers, and, zealously, it not will) sound argument hv llnv. I)r. Brown ee. 1 he Dr. is a very delei mined and somewhat officious contro versialisi, and generally manages lo have a voice in every quarrel that is set atloat es pccially, if (hero bo any opportunity for dis playing his zeal against Catholicism, (onv would think that his share in the Maria Monk humbugTOry would render him cautious in this matter.) Ho delivered a lecturo on Thursday evening in reply to Bishop lluglios who is more than a match lor Ur. mown leo in his best estate i ihero was considerable disturbance manifested by a portion of Ins ,l!i.ni-i. .md sonic of tho zealous Irish Catholics were in favor of arguing willi shil lelahs : but they wcro finally quieted, and tho Dr. declared his intention of continuing his discourse on Friday evening. The lime came and a great crowd gathered about the door considerable rowdyism was exhibited, and tho ufl'air ended, by the appearance of a card upon tho door-post slating that the " lecluro would bo postponed lo another time and plico ll is understood, that the decision of the en nf McLood will bo ciren by tho fcu nrniiin Court, at Utica. on Monday next. 1 shall bo there at that time, and w ill endeavor -url,coof,SloNT Hallo. Mr. Cngine man can't you ftc-p your s,candVoa; a minute or two 1" " Mop the boat ! w hat for 1" "Wile wants to look ot your boil fr.'bho'a afraid of ituburfctinjj." sity lor this regulation appears to have arisen in part from a want ofsttictness inenforcing an adliurene'o to older ill confining speakers to tho question under debate ; and in part from the practice of members pursuing their own investigations, composing speeches foi future use, and writing their letters in their seats, without much regard to the mem her who has possession of (he lloor. But (ho effec( cannot fail to be most salutary. "Less talk, and a little more cider," gentle men if you please. FROM FLORIDA. A Florida correspondent of tho Savannah Repulican gives a good account of (ho active measures taken by Col. Worth to end this heretofore interminable war. Although tho rainy season lias commen ced, orders have been issued for a general move of tho troops from all the principal posts in East Florida, to take place about tho L'lth. An expedition of boats proceeds up the Ochl.iwaha. Thu .'Id Infantry, from Forts Holmes, Russell, and King, make a simultaneous move to the head waters of tho Ochlawaha under command of Col. Riley, Lieut. Col. Clarke mores from Tamp i with ihu 8th Infantry, mounted, under Lieut. Lin coln, and a detachment of tho same under Lieut. Hitine, march from Fort King to Foit Dade, tliflico down the Wiliuacoocnto 10 Fort Cooper. An expediton of boats oper ates in the Charlehopka. The expedition will require some twenty day's time, during which a region inhabited by Ilnlleck Tuste nuggco and his braves will ho thoroughly cx-

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