amis aromas WHIG STATU TICKET. TOR OOVCRSORi CHARLES PAINE. TOR LIEUT. OlIVERNOR, WAITSTILL R. RANNEY. Ton TREASURER, JOHN SPAULDING. ror. SENATORS CHITTENDEN COUNTV. THADDEUS R. FLETCHER, DAVID FRENCH. ri 1 i " sssssssss ARE YOU READY t In about tlirco weeks the Freemen of Ver mont will bo called upon to choosn their State officers and members of llio Legisla ture Arc the whigs ready to do their duty? Aro they united in their several towns on a candidate forRcpresontative ? InunioH, only, there is strength. We presume that thcro is not a whig in tho State who does not feel proud of the po litical distinction which Vermont is entitled to, contrasted with her sister States. All arc aware that no other State in the Union has maintained the'sanio steadfast opposition to tho Executive usurpation and misrule which characterised the administration of the Government the last twelve years : 'Among tho fiitliloss, faithful only she!' She cannot now falter. Her course is on ward encouraged as sho in, by tho recent Approbation, of her principles by nineteen out of twenty-six States, and tho hope of carrying out a thorough reform in tho Gov ernment. Under theso considerations, and in view of the bright and cheering prospect before us, will not Vermont be found to bo true, tirm in tho ooon faith, defying, "purningback and scorning every trick and device of the encmv to make her bow tho Vnno to tho Baal of Loco Focoisni? The obligation undcrwhtch cverv freeman lives in this Republican Government to main tain a constant and jealous supervision over tho conduct of those to whom power is cn trusted, should never bo forgotten or disrc yarded. Tho chief security for the main tenancc of our democratic institutions is to bo found in the unceasing whatchfulness of the people. If, by an overweening confi dence in particular principles or tho strength of a party which supports them, or an un worthy indifference to public affairs, the people are induced to forego the exercise of the right of suffrage, the first stop is taken towards the overthrow of tho institutions which have been established at so great an expense ot mood anu treasure, tint, wo trust we mistake the spirit of tho Whigs the trun democracy of Vermont, when wo indulge in such misgivings. All must be sen sible of tho importance of tho cntiro whig force being out at the approaching election Our opponents chuckle over tho division and dissension which has pervaded among a por tion of tho whig ranks. They expect to train much bv it. It will he a shame to us if wo do not blast this unworthy expectation Yl P. MUST ACT IN CONCERT, II' WK WOULD act with crncir.xcY ami witu siccksk Our candidates for Stato officers are men worthy of the confidcnco and thu support of tho lugs. In their election by our whole strength we shall witness the renewed triumpl of our principles, which will be hailed will joy by the friends of reform throughout the Union and encourage them to stand pirm and united in tho defenco of our country dearest interests. Messenger. Poor Ciuiuxs Taine. Mrs case 19 pit table in the extreme. He can't bo Governor, The Vermont Patriot has made the awful discovery that ho has been to college, where his manners havo been affected with gentili ty. Besides his revolutionary fathor, like Washington tinder whom ho fought, and his brothers, are tinctured with something of tho samo offensive ingredient. What n favored ige of improvement wo live in, when these old fashioned accomplishments aro found not only unnesct.'ssary but hateful ! Hurry skur- ry politicians, whoso cletir perceptions have never been obscured by study, or enlightened by experience, are all the go. If it should turn out that a candidate rites good Eng lish, makes a handsome bow, or cracks a bott! of champaign with a good rrace, Hea vens and earth ! how must (he people be frightened for fear he will turn aristocrat, rim tho ftdto in debt, and lord over the lef vdature so as to filch from the Ireasurv more than seven hundred and fifty dollars Hilary "to deck his superb hulls with elegant en "grarings and costly statuary, and span his "delicate fingers with gems and precious "stones." How d.iro loco-focoism insult the under standings of tho enlightened people of Ver mont with such nonsense 1 They treat them as if their intellects were as degraded as the serfs of Jtttssia. ORLEANS COUNTV CONVENTION. Wn learn (wo have not seen tho proceed ings (that there was a goodly number of the sterling Whigs of Orleans County at the Con vention at Irasbtirg, and that a good spirit was manifested. IRA II. ALLEN, of Iras burg, was nominated for Senator for tho County a nomination which, we lelievc, meets a hearty response from tho democracy of that growing and prosperous Countv. Air Allen is an experienced legislator and is familiar with tho wants of the County. Orleans is 5'aio wiui every wing voter out and safu only when all aro out. Remember September 1839, ye noblo Whigs of Oileans! You slept then and tho locofocos rode over vou rough shod will you suffer it again? Caledonian. HOME MANUFACTURES. We would refer our readers to an article on our first page, headed "Tree Trade," in which tho writer remarks, that "tho present yearly consumption of manufactured articles in tho United States, is valued at $300,000, 000." Destroy our homo nmnufueturos, and jtureimc of foreign nations to that amount, and to what means of payment can wo rc sort I Except cotton, which thoy must have scarco an article (tho produco of our coun try) is admitted into European markots with out heavy Imposts, which rodticos the valuo to a tncro pittanco or amounts to n prohibi tion. Soon our gold and silver will lio ab sorbed, every means of remittance exhausted, and the country, like Spain and Portugal, re duced to an empty carCRJc, upon which oven the vultures of British avarico, would disdain longer to fasten. Instead of being thus stripped to onrich foreign capitalists and manufacturers, and every year finding ourselves bankrupted by forty millions of dollars, had wo not better manufacture theso $300,000,000, ourselves. With workshops at home, in this vast amount of articles which wo should otherwiso buy abroad, would bo fabricated, the farmer would have a profitable market for tho raw material, and every species of agricultural produce, all classes of industry, full employ ment and full pay, and our wholo country will once moro resumo her onward course to wealth and greatness, from which for twelve- years wo havo been driven by tho mad ex pcrunents of mercenary rulers. But says our locofoco convontion recently assembled at Montpelier, "resolved, that the true prin ciple of the federal government is to confine its nction to tho objects specifically enumer ated in the constitution, leaving industry to regulate itself." How swoel docs this doc- rine sound in the oars of southern nullifiers, and how disgraceful to become their abject thralls Hut let every honest hiclimlnded ormontcr swear eternal hostility to a doc- rinc, which tramples the dearest interests of the country in thu dust, reduces us to a com- ploto slavery to foreign monopolists, and robs tho constitution and the union of half, yea, we boldly proclaim, of all their value. People's Press. LGCOFOCO HOSTILITY TO A TARIFF. At the late meeting of locofocos in New York, the following resolution among otheis was adopted, and which we commend to the farmers and manufacturer! of this region : Ilcso'vcd, Thru wc nrotcst tarlJT became it is untuthirteed by the Constitution: because it taxes the great mass of the community. lorineornentoiaiew wealthy manufacturers ; be causeit depresses individual enterprise and promotes the spirit of monopoly ; beeausu it is deleterious to the interests of commerce: btmut, II .t.j. prortmtnt i because it Eencrate s an expansion and con ruijuvui ui-pic anon 01 me currency s b-coti6 it pro duces an extravagant expenditure inconsistent with a iruumiuiin Koveriimcnr, Because it leads to a national debt j because a fruo peoptti need no other protection than to he left alone 1 nnd li,Tin it I ded policy which mL'tit have been connenial to the dark; am., hut in no way is it in accordance with the liberal principles of the present nge. Our readers may infer from the above. what they aro to expect should the locofocos ever again acquire the ascendency in the gen eral government, tor a is evident that they will not be content with repealing char ters, out will also repeal laws enacted for tho benefit of the laboring classes, with tho baso purpose of conciliating:Southern notes, and increasing tho already swollen fortunes of a few importing merchants in the city of New York. It is unnecessary for us at the present time to enter into any defence of tho tariff ofl8'.'8 and the rich benefits which tho nco- plo of this section have derived from it. Tho wool-grower, the stock-farmer, tho grain- grower, and the agriculturist of every class, no less than the artizan, have prospered un der its influence to a degree unknown before in this country. The mechanic received high wages, and was thus enabled to con sumo more freely of the produce of the soil thus affording a home market and high pri ecs to the farmer. Thus both classes were prosperous, and as a matter of course the merchant, the lawyer, the physician and the divino, all prospered. For when the great producing classes are doing well, all other classes must inevitably do well also. But wc arc now told by a few wealthy importers, the samn probably whoso frauds upon the Custom IIouso havo filched millions from tho Treasury, that we arc to have no protrctivo tariff; that it is unconstitutional and oppressive; that it retards improvement and is congenial only to tho spirit of the dark ages. It in thus that tho Stephen Al lens, Walter Brownes, and Campbell I' Whites, rolling in wealth, talk to the hard working yeomanry deem them worthy of a reply, would it not be somewhat after this strain 1 "You say that a protective tariff is unconstitutional ; but it has been advocated and sanctioned by the very mon who framed the Constitution and who wero at least as familiar with its powers as yourselves. You say 11 reianis improvement, in rcnlv wc point to Lowell, Dover, Springfield, Pater son,Somer6W0rlh, Nashua, and a hundred other flourishing towns that have grown 111 under its protection, filled with an intelligent and enterprising people, and enriching by the fruit ol their labor the farmers for many miles around them. You say also it lead: to a ivmonai new. 1 lie best answer to that assertion is thu fart that this country has always paid offlior debts whenever a tariff has been imposed ; and always run in debt whenever it was taken off. And besides even if this had not been the case, howabsord is it to say that a measure directly calcula ted to devclopo our own resources and ren der us independent as far as possible upon foreign nations, should lead to nntional in debtcdness. When so far from that being the case, tho truth is, that a tariff seems tl only way to escape from the evils of a na tiouul debt," In conclusion, may wo he permitted to in quiroot toe editor of the Budget, whether In intends publishing the resolutions of tho lato Locofoco meeting in New York, from wlncli tho one above quoted is an extract ? If he does not wo arc afraid we shall be compelled to soil ourown columns with them, merely tor thu purpose "ot kcopmg them beforo tl people." Troy Whig. tion to admit tea and coffee duty Jrce, and exposing tho Loco-Foco manrcuvro by which this amendment was defeated. Tho New York American thus answers tho clamor of Loco-Focoism about tho hardship of this tax. Alb. Daily Adv. Tax erox Tea. The Opposition press after their party have beggared the Government, spending not only nil the revenues collected from nil sources, dur ing Mr. Van Hilton's ono term, buttons of milions of treasure previously accumulated, ana men leaving ino nation millions in debt Inside arc very pathetic about what they call the tax upon tea. The Revenue Hill does impose a duty of ono fifth of the cost on tea and on many other articles, and thus a revenuo will be obtained adequate to the necessary expenses of the uovernmcnt, ana 10 pay on the public debt contracted and left as a legacy to the "dear people," by Mr. Van Huron. Ilut the effect of this new dutv will scarcely be felt by tho purchasers and, indeed, as a matter offset, the late arrival of tho Akbar, from Canton at thisport, caused a fall in tht price nf tint more lAan. doublt the amount,as tomany sorts' oftea,oflht ntte , The mere casual variations in trade do in fact excr ciso n vastly greater effect upon prices than tho mod erate and necessary impost rcquirod for the service of tnc country. Resolved, That tho truo principle of tho Federal Oovcnnient i, to confine its action to the objects specifically enumerated in th Constitution, LkAv 1NG INDUSTRY TO REGULATE ITSELF." The above resolution was adopted by tho locofoco Convention at Montpelier, Juno 17 1841 at which wo aro told thcro were five hundred of the loading Vermont locofocsin attendance. It comes thon by authority it is the avowed doctrino of tho locofoco par ty tho doctrine of Nathan Smilie "LET INDUSTRY TAKE CARE OF IT SELF." The same doctrine lias been avow ed by the same party in Maine, New Hamp shire and South Carolina. It is now pro claimed from North to South, from East to West, by the locofocos. What say tho in dustrious citizens of Vermont to such a doc trine 1 What say ye men with your flocks pon a thousand hills 1 Do you not want protection i What say the laborers whoso ay wages depend upon the prosperity of those around them? Shut out as our pro ducts aro from other Nations by a Tariff, all wo open our doors to the whole world nd recieve their goods free, and support our government by a direct tax in gold and ilvcr 1 Caledonian. The Dutv on Tka.Wc published an article yesterday in explanation of tho vote ot the House of Representatives on the m TAX ON TEAS. Nothing can exceed tho shuffling of the Locos to make political capital out of every step taken by the present Whig congress to reform abuses and adopt new measures.' Throughout the columns of their papers, in lit state, appears the watchword "Tax on Tea, Coffee and Sugar," repeated in their usual gasconading stylo, as a fetch upon tho Whigs. The last enormously extravagant administration, besides the ordinary income, pent thirty one millions which they found in the Treasury, and havo left us in debt six teen millions. To meet this the present in come of the government is wholly inadequate. The revenuo bill was accordingly passed, laying a tax generally upon all articles be- ore duty free. The majority of the Whigs made an effort to exempt tea, coffee and su- r, which they deemed articles of indispen sable necessity. But the wholo locofoco party united against them, and by a trick for ced taxation upon these articles into the bill; nd now with a brazen effrontry, they are endeavoring to cheat tho people into the be lief that the whigs have done it. Tho following account of tho proceeding, which wilt doubtless be fouud correct, will expose their base imposture : 'I here is one feature in which the bill was particu rlv obiectiounblc to mosiof the whigs viz. the tax on tea and coffee. The whiij menibcrii hi-ld a caucus on this subject, at which a large majority determined that ten ami conec snouiu 11c exempt iroin taxation. Accordingly, when the bill was under consideration in committee of the whole, Mr. Lawrence of Pa., a prominent whig member, moved to amend the bill by adding tea and coffee to tho list of free articles. Be fore the qucBtion could be taken, Mr. Clillbrd of Maine a leading locotoco, immediately moved to amend the aincnuincntoi Air. uawrenco uy adding to tea and coflce, "sugar, molasses and salt." The whole loco toco nartv then united in voline ror the amendment to thu amendment, and in conjunction viih such of the ultra and anti-tariff whigs as wished teaandcoffee 10 be taxed, carried the amendment. The whigs were thusplaccd 111 a very avtKward predicament, from which they attempted in vain to extricate themselves. Mr. WinthioT) of Boston called for a division of tho question on the amendment as amended, so as to pre sent 1110 question separate iy,uui ine cnair vory prompt ly decided that the voteof tho committee having join ed them together, the chair could not nut them as- sunder. The whigs were thus compelled either to vote for the entire proposition, or to vote the whole down t therefore they rejected it entirely. And thus It cuines to pass mat hy a dexterous manoeuvre 01 the locos, tea and coffee aro to bo tuxod. Vet in the face of these facta, 1 should not be surprised if the locos had the hardihood to attempt to raise an outcry ncaini! the whigs for taxing articles which entered into the consumption of the poor ! I hope you will keep theso tacts prominently oetorc the public, an l lot the. people see tho measures which are to be rc- soriCKi 10, 10 mime political rapuai. Tlir. UEST ANECDOTE EVKR TOI.D. Tho following story, hy Hogg, is the best thins on record': " lis a good sign of a dog when his face "rows liko his mastor's. It's a proof bo's aye glowcrin' up in his master's ecu, to discover what he's thinking on and then, without the word or w ave of command, to be all to execute the wull o' his silent thticht' whether it be to woar sheop, or run down doer. Hector got so liko mo afore ho deed, that I remember that when I was owre lazy to gang to the kirk I used to send lum to take my place in the pew; and tho minister kent nao difference Indeed lie once asked me next day what tbocht o'thc sermon ; for he saw mo wonderfu! attentive aiming a rather sleepy congregation Hector and ine tried ano anithcr sic a look and I was feared Mr Panton would observt: it, hut he was a simple primitive unsuspcrtion iiuld man, a very nathaniel without euilo, and he jcalouscd ncathink, tho both Hector and 1M . I!. 1.1 1 rt I mo was iiko 10 spin; anu tueuog, aucr i.uigu in in his sleeve for mairthan a hundred yard could stand it no lunger but was obliged to Ioup awa owre a hedge in si potatoo field pretending to havo scented patridges. From the tluflalo Com. Adv. and Journal. MOST APPALLING CALAMITY 1 Destruction of the Steamboat Eric by fire, and the loss of one h ntlrcd and seventy lives. Little did wo think Yesterday, in Pennine a brief paragraph in commendation of the Eric, that, to day, we should be called upon to re cord tho destruction of that boat, together with a loss of life unequalled on our own or almost any other watern The Erie left tho dock at 10 minutes past 4, P. M.Joadcd with merchan dize destined for Chicago, and, as nearly as now can bo ascertained, about 200 persons, In cluding passengers and crew on board. Tho boat had been thoroughly overhauled, and al though the wind was blowing fresh, every thing promised a pleasant and prosperous voy age. Nothing occured to mar tins prospect till about 8, when the boat was offSilver Creek about 8 miles from tho shore and 33 miles from this city, when a slight explosion was heard, and immediately, instantaneously almost, the whole vessel was enveloped in flame. Capt. Titus, who was on tho upper deck at the time, rushed, to the ladies' cabin to obtain the life preserver?, of which there wcro from 90 to 100 on board, but so rapid had been tho progress of tho flames, bo found it impossible to enter the cabin Ho returned to tho upper deck, on his way giving orders to the Engineer to stop the engine, the wind and the headway of the boat increasing the fierceness of the flamos and driving them aft. 'lie Engineer replied that in consequence of the flames he could not reach the engine. TTie steersman was instantly directed to put the helm hard a starboard The vessel swung slowly round, heading to the shore, and tho boats there were three on board wero then ordered to be low- ered. Two of tho boats were lowered, but in consequence or the heavy sea on, and the head way of the vessel, they both swamped as soon as they touched water. We will not attemnt to describe the awful and appaling situation of trie passengers, some were lrantic with fear and horror, others plunged headlong madly into the water, others again seized upon any thing buoyant upon which they could lay hand?. '1 Jie small boat forward had been lowered. It was alongside the wheel, with three or four persons in in, when the captain tumped in and the boat immediately dropped astern filled with water. A lady floated by with a life preserver on. She cried for help. There was no safety in the boat. The captain threw her the only oar in the boat. She caught the oar and was saved. It was Mrs. Lynde of Milwaukie, and sho was the only lady Baved. In this condition the boat a mass of fierce fire, and tho nasscn gersand crew endeavoring to save themselves by swimming or supporting themselves by whatever they could reach they were found by the Clinton at about 10, r. m The Clinton left here in the morning, but in consequence of the wind had put in to Dunkirk. Sho laid there till nearly sunset, at which time she ran out, and had proceeded as far as Barcelona, when just at twilight, the fire of the Eric wbb discovered some 20 miles astern. Tho Clinton immediately put '-out and ached the burning wreck about 10. It was a fearful eight. All the upper works of the rie had been burned away. The Engine was stan diner, but the hull was amass of dull, red flame. The passengers and crew were floating around, screaming in their agony and shrieking for help. The boats of the Clinton were instantly low ered and manned, and every person that could be Been or heard was picked up, and every pos sible relict aitorued. 1 lie lsidy, a little boat lyiiicr at Dunkirk, went out of the harbor as soon as possible, after the discovery of the fire, and arrived soon after the Clinton, h was not thought by the survivors that she saved any. uy 1 1. m. an was biiii except me dead crack ling of the fire. Not a solitary individual could be seen or heard on the wild waste of waters. line was then made fast to the remains of the Erie's rudder, and an effort mado to tow the hapless hull ashore. About this time the Chau- taunue came up and lent her assistance. The I , I - . I I. . , . , . e nun ui uiu r.ne was loweu willlin auoui lour miles of the shore, when it sank in eleven fathoms water. Uy this time it was davlirrht. The lines were cast off. The Clinton headed fortius port which she reached about 0 o'clock. Of those who are saved, several aro badly burn ed, but none are dangerously injured so far as wc have heard. Origin of the Fire. Among the nassen gcrs on board were six painters in tho employ of Mr.W. G. Miller of this city, who were go ing to brie to paint the steamboat Madison. 1 hey had with them detni-iohns filled with spir its of turpentine and varnish, which unknown to Captain Titus, were placed on the boiler deck directlv over the boilcrc One of the fire men, who was saved, says he had occasion to go on the deck, and seeing the demijohns, re- moved them. Ihcy were replaced, but by whom is not known. Immediately previous to the bursting forth of thoflames, as several on board have assured un, a Flight explosion waB heard. The demijohns had probably burst with the heat, and their inflammable contents, tak ing fire instantly, communicated tn every part ot ine Doat, winch Having been freelily varniBh cd caught as if it had been gunpowder. Not a paper nor an article of any kind was saved. Of course it is impossible to give a complete list of those un board. Of cabin pas sengers capt. 1 itus thinks there were between thirty and torty, of whom 10 or 12 were ladies, Hi the steerage, were about 140 passengers : nearly all f whom were Swiss and German emigrants. They were mostly in families, with the usual proportion of men, women and did dren. The heart bleeds at the thought. It is a singular coincidence that the Erie was burned at almost identically the same epot where the irathington was burned in June, 1838. Captain Brown, who commanded the Washington at that time, happened to be on board the Clinton, and was very active in saving the survivors of the Erie. Wc annex a list of the lost and saved so far as wc have been able to ascertain : LOST. Minch was recently from Europe, and left his family in thin city. Ho was on his way to tho west to Hccuru lands for ultimate settlement. This lint cotmiriHCS tho names of 87 persons ! as it Is customary to paHH children at half-price, the wholo number iiithM hut must havo reach. ed ono hundred hoiiIh. Only four poro'iim nf thu whole, including Hurler ami three ninura wiiosu names wo could not luarn, wutu BdVod, HAVIlK, Wo aro indebted In Mr. (llUon, clerk of the Dc Witt Clinton, for Hih following lll "t pur- sons saved by that boat ;-- Jcromo M Undo, wlnt.lnmi, baldly burned, Jomcs Loverly, do Ilirnni Do (Iran, pasu ugi r, Dennis M' lliide, 1st main. Theodoro Scars, painter. J. II. Hi. SuIiii, pnsnengrr In (Jhlrntjii, C. I loci', passeiiijer, Inidly huniiul. William Wadflwurth, oneof llin hninl, Kile. Alfred O. Wilkinnn, Knit Cuclid, Ohm. William IIilKhrn, '.'ml lunte. Luther II. Hcnrln, lircmsii. TI101.J. Taim, Piltsford, N, V Kdgnr Clements, 1st Kuifiiutr John Wimlifl, Hiilhilu. Son of George Ileech, Cleveland. Harrison Forrester, llaibor Creek, I'a. Thomas (luiiilin, Midillelichl, Mans. Three tier mull passengers, badly hurried. Robert Robinson, colored man, bnrhiii. Jonsun, du do, 3d cook. Riles Williams, Chicago, dpt. Titu, captain of the boat. Mrs. l.ynde, Milwaukie. Christian Durler, Holmes Co., Ohio. Rice, Hydraulics, Hullalo, badly burned. Wo are indebted to Pomoroy's ExprcsH for tho Huflalo Commercial Advertiser of Wednes day evening, from which wo learn that. The Clinton, as soon as she could discharge her cargo yesterday morning, returned to the scene of the disaster, to pick up whatever could be found. She found no bodies, nor any thing scarcely to repay the search. The water was covered for miles with cinders and frag mcnts of the wreck, more or less charred, and that was all. The number of German emigrants Rhippcd bv Parsons & Co., are now htatcd to be 1.10. Mr. Willett Weeks, of Brooklyn, reported as lost, was not on board. The following persons composing tho crew, &c. may be also added to those lost Mr. Miltemore and wife, dentist, of Chicago. Von Ockermnn, a German tinner, late in the cm' ploy of Mr Hubbard, who was on a visit to his 1110 thcr, near F.rie. Wit. Shermon and daughter, Hamburgh, Erioco. Air. NclthroDe. n Dunudi pcntlcmnn. Henrr Freeman, on his wav to Milwaukie. clerk in a drug store formerly of Jamestown, Chautaurjuc county. Ansel Rickcr, young man, farmer, formerly of Ham burr. Kria co. John Harrinston late of White's Corners. Erie co.. emercu as nreman on tnc day stie icit port. tiutner uuer, wnoeiman. William Cheats, waiter, colored. Wm. Winters do do
James Read do do Robert .Smith, head cook do Henry Vosburgh, 'ii do do David Mills, 3d do do Israel Vosburg, porter do wm. &parKs. d do do Doctor Hackett, Thompsonian physician of Lock port, icoiorco.j To the list of those whoso names have been published as lost, we add the following from the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser. That paper, we regret to say, states that the number on board, when the hne left Buffalo, exceeded two hundred. The Lost We have to add the following tn ine use or niosc on Doaru me rrie : &ilas K. Green, fireman, of Eric, Pa. He left the iieamooai .Missouri on ncr wav un. nnr went nhon.,1 uie r.nu, men lining out. Olivier Nadeau, of Montreal, a Canadian French man, bound to Dubuque, where he hai a brother oced about 19. Has friends in Montreal. reter vaugharl. wife and three children, of Ruflalo nun -ii ointr cnuuren at trie, i-a. Khza I'ackcnham, cabin maid. Kev. William Morris, an Evangelist. Miss Griffin, in comnsnv of Mr. Griffin, ol New uik, umure-memioneu. John Allen, ina engineer. Caroenter. owner of a race-horse, which wna un noaru. Maria Jones, an abandoned female. Monc or the lost. Mr. Jones, of trip steam boat-hotel, ays fivo or six pen-ons left his house Monday afternoon, and iook passapc on tno h.rie. Two of thu men, apparently 50 or GO years ol ace. were travelling in lumpany. One of them, a tall man from Ontario Co.. had with him a checked blnnUrtnr coverlet, a valise and umbrella. Tho two were going to uacinc, w. I ., and thence about 10 miles into iho interior of that territory. The tall man left an old hat, made by Leonard, of New Jersey. The shorter man wore a grey coat. Erom the Savannah Georgian of the 7th. GlOEIOI-s Nkws rnOM Fl.oninA Cn-n-rnn-rhn'M vhulc band in. Close o" the Florida It'ar. Uy the tT 3 u...v.A. 1 n-..l- :..-J I ucuuiai itiyiur, nrnveu nere vi-iier-ay, wc have the gratdvinrr lntellinenco from Florida that the war for the ninety-ninth time may now bo con-idercd as at an end. Wild Cat's wriole band, men, women, children and negroes, 170 in all, have come in at lampa, and W more Indians ol another band were on their way, and wcte expected at Tnin pa in two days. A gentleman who came in the General Taylor say that he docs not think another rille will be fired by the enemy. wnen oo-a-coo-ence siamuy came in, uoi. worm told him he might go on shore from the schooner where he was confined and fee them. He refused to ro, saying that though he was anxious too see his family, he would not permit them to see him in irons. The colonel finally consented to let him go on shore wunout nis macules, and alter a warm greeting with his family, he dined with the colonel, and then re- turueu on noaru the schooner. As soon as his irons were replaced he told Col. Worth that he bad but one request more to make, and that was to allow him and his people to go Webt as soon as possible ! Tiff! TnMdlnnrn tltvrin nt. l.'it. Tlii Mnl.iln Journal says i Whilo Mr. J, M, Cooper was prone- ciitinu mo rcinavul ofMcGrcw's Shoals, nfltr borinii to the debth uf27S feet, his aurjer suddenly dropped lid entirely disappeared. In Iho space of some sev ral moments a deep hollow sound was lieanl. restin. rs vin. ii. nmiin anacmni, hchrnectadv Sears, Philip Uarhrr, Henry Weaver, William ins, -hvartj. Peter Finney, painters, Ituflalo, e employ of m. (I. Miller. A MATiir.M.vncMN. "O dear!" blub bcrcd out an urchin who had just been suf fering from llio application of tho birch " O my ! they tell me about forty rods ma. king a furlong, but I can tell a biggor story than that. Let 'cm get scch a plagy lickin as I've had, and tlioy'll find out that ONE KOD MAKES AM ACilUn. ii Good. Tho ladies out west have re solved to marry no man who docs not take a newspaper! and furthermore, thoy won't allow a man to look at them who owes the printer for more than ono year's subscrip tion. Arbivaloi- Missionaries Rev. John Tracy and wife, and Miss Drown, of the American Mission at Singapore, arrived at Philadelphia in the ship Wash iiigton, on tjunday last. Two Mm r.f the Rev. Dr. Scudder, of Madras, came out under their care. Thu return of thce Missionaries wna rtnducd n.-eary by the failure of health. W. C. Camp, Harriihurgh, Pa. Willed Weeks, Hrooklyn. .lohn C. lVol, New York city. E. e. Cobb, Ann Arbor, Mich. Otto Torp, N. Y., wife and three vluMrtn. Lloyd Gclston, Erie, clerk. Mr. Jolcs, steward ol the boat. Mrs Giles Williams, Chicago. Charles J. l.ynde, Milwauk ie. Watts S. Lynde, Homer, N. V. Mrs Wm. If. Smith and child, Schenectady. A. . Thoni; in the emnl Miss A. Miller, Ilutiuto, sister of W. G. Miller J D. Woodward, N. V. William Gnflin, Mi, I). S. Sloan, Geneva. F. Stow, Canada. William Sackct, Mich. Mra Spencer and two children. Mrs Dow. Mrs Robinson, Iiallstnn Spa, N. V. Miss Robinson, do. Misi Kinir. do. Mr. Moore, lady and two children, from Vatcs co Uiu. in,; tu .lining;. in, Orin Green, Rushville. Yates m. Rooine Mutton, from near Fort Ploln Charles S. Mather, Mount Clemens, Mich., has Lilt of Swiss Passengers, shipped by Mesrs, i . i.. rarsons ct Co. Pinnies. Numbers. Geo, Zugqlcr and faimly, r, John Flanp, do "J Martin '.ulnen, do Geo. Rctteuircr, do Geo. Christian, do Geo. Neigold, do M. Reibold, do (ico. Steimnan, do Peter K ling, do L. Gilliug, do Peter Schmidt, John Nctzcll, Peter Schneider end family, J. Newminger, do S. Sehaplcr, do It. Filhin;, du .Mr. Obeim, J. Kortcn, C. Dnrler, .Mr. Lithhold and family, C. Deitclurick do C. Wilbur, do C. Palmer, do J. Garirhum, do J. Mulligan, i!t C. Kellcrman, C. Mined iiB friend, 3 5 7i :i 3 1 I i f I 2 1 1 1 M G ft fi 'J I i Destination Akron, o, do do do do do do do do do do do Cleviland, do do do do Dovrr.O, do do do do Misilli n, O do do f hicrrr i. do Canandaioca, Aug. 5. A di-covcry has been mado in this nart of the country which has excited no little curiosity. A sturdy oak, one of the primeval settlers, bad been felled, for the purpose of beinir converted into tdnn- iinmir, vuring me process ol sawing, a numusroi incisions were discovered which nad evidently been made with sonic sham instrument nf iron or steel. and these cuts were found to I e 400 grains from the outer hark, each grain being the growth of one year. .iccorumg io inis ioca, ims couniry musi nnve oeen traversed 400 years aeo, bv men accustomed to the use of iron and Bteel instruments, but whether of uicirown mauuiaciuruig or not, must at present re main a mystery. Discoveries like that mentioned above.aro not unfrequcnt. This country was doubtbess discovered and traversed moro than four hundred years prior to the voyages of Colum bus, by the Northmen, from Greenland, Iceland, etc. There seems but little doubt, moreover, that the Spaniards penetrated to the Onondaga lake, over-land, from Florida, in the dayes of Fernando do Soto might they nothave committed the assault upon tho treo' referred to by tho writer of thu Can andaigua letter I A Diamond pound in Indiana. The Cincinnati Daily Gazette contains a descript ion of a diamond found about 10ft. below the surface of tho ground, by a laborer engaged in excavating at dam No. 4, on the Wabash. Tho articlo is over the signature of I'rof. Locke, of the Ohio Medical College, and tho diamond is thus described: " The stono is spheroidal in figure, shaded not unlike a small bean, being a little less than half an inrh in length, one-third in widili, and ono fifth in thickness, having twenty fourconvox facets Its weight is lti.740 grains, or very bling thunder from tho chasm below, audal tho same ilium, Kuimij-i luiuiiiuni me snau thus inailo n, clear rniiHiiaront. olcai-inous substance nr linuiil l,;, i. joiIh up very similar to tho effervescence of n boiline nit mid which owinir to iiinainsgishneas of the cur- in, una ((raiiuany oiiiiiicii itmn over Ihn whole sur (n id Ihn river. A 'inailtitv has been collealrd. ami ijimi npiilieniuiii of file, it is found In burn equal to lie iiurLsi mi tin on, To gratify rminaily and to mako further tests, fire as Iiu.iihi,IiiiI In tho oil on the water, and the ihule Kiiifacunfihn nvrr la lio-Wburiuni, tiiiitliuii a uiim of 11109I biuiill,iilappenrnuei-,aheut sit inches lil'jh, and has aliL.d volli nded about half wav down in Fori lliuildurl , the lehVclioii of which upon tin: una.jll al liljlll ;li.ti MM a InnM siiIjIiiihi upeeiselv, hi surpasiiiiif in jrundi ur and beauty of the upper Hue Uiu aiiiuru Iaim tills, From ih Now Yorker WAY-HI DM IN'OTKH. HuauNoioN, Vt. August 0, 181L Must wnurnv Mnnoit : Thmuinhlv melt of thu hiMt,tliu odcileiiient and I must confess the flbor of tin, great city during the beacon when hi! doir-blar Mi!!. I h.ivn omliL niitl fount! rohuf in Might, I,, wilder when life is chilled, mi uvory green Hung has Ibid from the earth lOlori! thu bruath of Hlonim. infill rlmonH In lowd together to bring ilir huaiis n.-arer to ar.li other, ami thus to eocano the ilihol:ition that reigns without. Ilut in ilm glorioua num. mor lime, when all-eiiiuracnig, lifo-awakeiiiriLr Matiiro liai hpro.nl her iiKinlle of beauty over all thu earth, it in no time for man li cower into iih closet, to shut Iiih eyes to pleasant scenes, nr to stop Iuh cam to the delightful nouuds that every where iro on like an all. harmonious lymn, to Iho minimi, lihtoniiig heavens above. lis houl crows not with a healthful life while it thus shrinks from Nature's nourishing light ; toil and earnest cllurte, which aro the condition and the food of life, unrelieved wear out the icart and destroy its best and highest energies. Of the thousands who leave your citv every season tor mo iicaitu anu quiet ol country rcsi. deuce, I am surprised that so many bhould utot at Saratoga. Unless ono mingles in all the fes tivities and fashionable amubctnenls of that noted place, it is exceeding dull and tiresome ; and if you do take part in them you are plunged at once into excitement as constant and intense as that from which you seek relief. For mv own part, alter stopping an hour or two for dinner and to taste tho mineral waters, I turned tny l..l. .... .1 U I !! ... ' uaun ufiuii uiu uji.i auu cuuii lounu lliyuoil 111 OI10 of the most beautiful and delightful spots in this western world. I' or a week or two of quiet and retired enjoyment I know of no better place man jjakc ueohge. lis waters, pure ss crystal, mouiiHi uusiaiucu ueauiy ueneaui me snaue ol tno brave, o erhansins lulls: scenes of unsur passed interest m our country s history crowd upon the mind at the sight of its shores, and no heart can dwell upon its borders or share in the manifold enjoyments which it proffcrf, without being cleansed of its selfish impurities and en- urging m the depth of its most sacred treasures beneath the intluenccs which every where sur round it. The upper end of the lake is much the more pleasant : the scenery is bolder and more imposing, ano mo laKc use t is wider, its islands greener, and its whole aspect far more .1-1- l..r..l .t i .' , uuiigiitiui man ai a tower point, calclvvc vvmcu is al the head, as ol courte vou know. a little village which derives all its importance from tho beauty of its situation. A larco and well conducted Hotel receives the wanderer, pleasure-boats are always at his service, fine fish of all kinds, sporting beneath tho clear waters court the attention of every pportsman inn bcautiliil uavf, "reeii islet?, and most dc lightful groves oner their choice pleasures to every lover ot Aaiure and ot ue. 1 tried my hand one day at gunninrf. I could never trace mv ancestry so far hack a Nimrnd and judging from the slight family resemblance .vhich can be discovered, I am inclined to think that I have not the honor to class that celebrated cockney sportsman atnons? mv remote nrntreni tors. If I am one of his descendants he certainly has no reason to be nroud of histiforrenerate son ; I am morally certain that 1 was never destined to follow his profession. I think that iuiiuui iiui. ui Henri musi oc ine liescttini; sin winch will ever prevent mv becominrr an adcot in the art ot destruction. Whotlmr u he this nr something else, certain it ia tlmi l tuuia uc.ci persuade myself to take the life of an innocent squirrel, although I have tried it, I presume, a hundred tunes. 1 am quite hcrce enough at the outset, and never hate the slightest qualm in aiming the murderous weapon ; but when I come to fire ' ay, there's the rub,' my heart miscivcs me and nine times out ot ten, like tho guilty Macbeth, I cannot look upon tho deed I am about to perpetrate, so 1 shut my eyes and fire away; ol course no great loss of life results. During my stroll about Lake George I cs-picd a squirrel on the topmost bough of a decayed oak. 1 knew that 1 was "hunting," and lelt the lull responsibility of my position ; so I determined to shoot lum. uut, unlike your frond the 'till noian,' who writes such capital Prairie Sketches, 1 bore In in no malice ; 1 had never distinctly made the proposition that he should allow mo to eat him, and even if I had done so, and met with a prompt, uuequivocal refusal, I could not, in conscience, blame him, for I felt conttrained to believe that, under like circumstances, I should do the same. But I resolved to kill him : so 1 leveled my rifle, took deliberate aim, look ed calmly, though with a trembling fear that I should do him hurt, upon my victim, and fired away. A limb some three teet from where he sat cave simis of wo, tho squirrel leaped un- harmed, and, with a shrill, gladsome chirrup that made my heart bound with joy within me, to another tree, and I went trudging homeward with a Inhi conscience and a lighter stomach. 'To prevent misapprehension I may as well re mark.' that it is no lack of skill which prevents mv doins moro execution in my hunting tours, but, as I remarked before, pure tenderness of heart, for you must know that 1 never yet tailed to hit whatever I aimed at. The old Forts at the head of Lake George, which were erected during the French War in 1755, have nearly been demolished. Fort William Henry, by far the most celebrated of them, was destroyed bv Montcalm one of the greatest Generals and noblest men tlut ev er set foot unon the Western Continent ; and now presents nothing out rune neaps ot earin to in.irK its limit. A portion of the vvallsof FortGeorge, where Gen. Uurirovne kept lua military stores during a portion of his sojourn in this section of thu rnuntrv. btill remain, vdoui mreo nines South of the I.ako, in the midst of a pine grove, its waters dark, sluggish, and hall covered will, lily leaves, is Bloody l'ouil once made red witl iho blood of those who fall in battle upon its bor ders. A neat little steamboat goes daily through r.akn Gtorre. midins in among its many islands, and awakening, among the silent hills, the echo of its wheels. You pass a thousand beau- tiful si"hts and many scones ot historic interest. a, 'Plunntlnrotra rums of tho old fortifications are thickly tpread around, and the heart beats ,;.i. ,,Mi,-kArandaliiulier fcclimras the words and deeds there spoken and acted como across I soon found myself on boon! ono of the fa mnus Lako Chaiuplain steamers, widely known as the most beautiful, elegant and commodious boats upon the American waters. The briglit H,.i. lont nc.v ulorv to the classy waters, ver dant fields, and thick, rich woods made the shores most enticingly beautitul, ami the misu clad mountains in the distance on either baud ga'-e an horizon of wide and dazzling splendor. In no part of the country havo I ever been tho nearly 13 grains and three-fotirihs, and its bcenery on .Lake Champlam surpassed. The specific Gravity 0.544 At one of its sharp 'shores of the Hudson are bolder, and. m many I i ' w , I readilv. and scratches 1 P'aces, marked by more sublmic and rugged " , r. i r. .i."i..-: .,.,.i...,i...,.i i matures : uut nero nuari trvsiui. Z , , evidence of its having been found as nbovo described, and reciting the proofs of its being n diamond, tho I'rofessor says ; As it istlio first and probably only diamond yet found, native in the U. States, we hopo the national institution at Washington will procure it for the national cabinet already conimcncod at the seat of Covcrnment." The laborer who found it sold it for a trifle, as n " brilliant white stono," to Mr, Iticlurd Vcrbryck, of Cincinnuti, thu wholo riier is ono of iniiniinhlf! beautv. The Lake, in one nlaco nar row and bounded by rocky shores, soon snrcads out with a wido expanse, its waves chasing each other among beautiful green islands and into narrow bays and its waters dancing in glas. sy beauty as it rejoicing from their very heart ill the sunbeams which seems to sock the cool quiet of their untroubldd depths. Hero the bhore ribCB bold and towers toward tho Heavens with a rough, unsmiling brow, and the blasted iiri.nul in sullen silence, muto victims of tho fury they havo dared ; hero it fcciiis to groves and ovcr-woody hillocks, until, upon tho summit at a little distance, tho trees bloom and fields look rich In tho glow of the Summer Hun ! then it sweeps with a bold course around a pro joctin Point, and is almost lost to tho eye in tho thick shrubbery which clusters at its edeo. Green islands rising high abovo the surface tfro thickly scattered through the Lake, and looking to the north the river is most rich and onchan tingly beautiful. 1 think that I have nover seen a nl.ic, mnm ileliirhtfullv situated than this, from wbiel, I date. The Lako is hero tho widest, tho Bay in deep and more regularly curved than any I havo fieun ciscvviiero ; tho view directly across is uoiinuon ny ino lofty mountains of New. York, rising one behind the other as if striving which m i lovlcr '''Uhest heaven-ward, and to tho North and South nothing bat the richest and most beautiful hconcry meets the eye. I had always thought the view from the Battery in your city llio liricnt I had over scon i but it is lame and uninteresting compared with this. 7'liu village, although pleasant, is by no means an neat and elegant as it should be. Compared with Geneva, Canandaigua, and some of the other villages in Western Now-York, it has a very untidy and inelegent aspect. Not a street a paved, no pains at all are taken with the pub. lie groundf, and there is a rrcncral annearanen ofiii-gloct and careless indifference about the village I hardly know how to account for this, for the citi.ons do not lack taste : there is a gieat amount of wealth among them, and in all matters when this wealth is to be increased, there is no deficiency in public spirit and en terpriso. The finest buildings in the place arc those erected and for sonic time occunind bv Bullion Hoi'KINS. who adorned and furnishm! them with Btirpab.sing elegance and taste : they arc now occupied as a Female Seminary. Tho Hi to of the University is tniir.1i tlm most run. hiiciious and beautiful in the place. The build. us, which are plain, aro situated at tho sum mit of thu elevation on winch tho town is built, and command the prospect of the whole sur rounding country. Kabtward rise the highest, peaks of the Green Mountain chain, and in no direction can tho eye rest upon aught but tho "'Ki'ii "'"I itioai uuauiiiui scenery. The exercises of tho University Commence inent were celebrated on Wednesday tho 4th. Tho discourse before the Society fot Keligious Inquiry was delivcrod on Monday evening by the Kev. John- Todd, of Philadelphia, and on Tuesday Hon. Gr.or.GE A. Simmon-s, an in fluential member ot your State Assembly, de livered an Oration before the Associated' Lite rary Societies. It was a production which, in bound, elevating views, lucid and cogent rca- soiling, aim me pure manliness ot its style, I have seldom seen surpassed His rreneral Mih. jeet was the high duty of American scholars with reference especially to Political Science. Ho explained, in a manner at once original and pro- lounu, me irue nature oi Political Economy, rejecting, or rather reconciling, the opinions maintained on the one hand hy Bsntham and others writers of the utilitarian school who refer every thing entirely to the 'greatest happiness principle,' and on 'the other, especially among the French economists, who declare that ab stract justice and morality aro the solo guides of political action, referring doctrine and courstt of conduct to the 'greatest virtue principle.' Mr. Simmons maintained that both these schoola wore wrong : that the true nature of political philosophy was to reconcile their tenets, re garding the rules of expediency as the expo nents of the higher dictates of justice and ab stract right. What is absolutely just and right, he declared, was always ultimately expedient ; and nothing is expedient that is not in accor dance with high and elevated morality. Tho general duty oi American scholars, in the first place, to make real to their own minds and of abiding influence in their own lives these prin ciples, and then to enforce them, with all tho weight their character and position Jn society may enable them to exert, upon tho public at tention, so as to give them power and vitality in all the relations of life and of Bociety, was the direct purpsse of his masterly eilbrt. The pe culiar character of our Republican Institutions, the great, infinite field for the exercise of thu highest ability and tho most profound study, aflbrded by the peculiar character of our Gov ernment, the influence of a great mind in mould ing the spirit of his age, and other most mterest- e, -." -rl.iiti uuluinlly -rcw OUl uf Ills Sutl. ject, wero briefly and moot pertinently discus. sea. i was well aware that Mr. Simmons was one of the ablest ar.d most useful members of the New-York Legislature ; but I was not pre pared for so philosophical and profoundly scholar like an Oration as this. It evinced mental uow- ers of an elevated order, and an ardent love of truth in whatever department of human life ac tion and thought are required. It is well that such men as these, men who aro not dazzled bv the vain shows of superficial life, but who look with the cyo ol calm, unselfish reason upon all questions, and who are ever ready to act an justice and the interests of their country re quire, snoum dg pinceo in our puunc councils ; tor rash, inconsiderate legislation, a zeal to b foremost in the race for populrir applause, anil the tendency toplace men of brilliant and hhovvy though superficial ability rather than those of more profound and better cultivated powers in ttio halls ot legislation, arc among the most dangerous a3 well as our most common errors. It is fortunately true, however, to a great ex. tent, as Mr. hunmons remarked in one portion of his Address, that the members of our public councils are only the instruments m framing tho laws which really originate and take their character from the'influence of the great mindi in community, no matter how silent and unseen it may be. The business of the legislator is to give "form and definite shape to the principles which thus by silent tatte their birth in the hearts of" a great people and grow up until their pow er makes itself felt and demands an outward life. After Mr. Simmons had delivered his Oration, a l'oem was pronounced by W. H. C-Hosmik, Esq. of Avon, N. Y. His sub ject was the general progress of Man toward perfection in his political and social relations, the agency of Christianity in aiding this ad vancement, and the duty of every educated man, and especially of every youthful scholar, to assist in urging onward the cause of hu manity and religion. The l'oem was well re ceived, and, although evidently written in great haste, contained several beautiful and highly poetic passages. I understand that both tho Oration and the l'oem will soon be published. The exercises of Commencement day wero attended with a good degree of interest, and were highly creditable to tho graduates, of whom there were twenty-two, as well as to the institution where they havo received their training I have attended the exercises at te. veral of the Commencements, of this Univer sity, and I think they are uniformly charac ter'ised bv more thorough intellectual culture and by less effort at mere popular display, than any other with which I am acquainted. Tho orations occupy from twelve to twenty minutes in the delivery, and are evidently pre", pared with considerable care. Though of course of various degree of merit, they near ly all evince careful and close consideration, and are written m a correct and pleasing style. At the conclusion of the exercises, tho honorary degree of M. A. was conferred upon W. H. C. Hosmer, of Avon, William B. Be nedict, Professor of Mathematics in tho U. S. Navv, and Kev. Calvin Granger, of Northfield, Vt. The degree ol li. I), was conferred on tho Rev. E. W. Gilbert, President of Ncwarir C'ollegc, and Rev. Benjamin Larabcc, of .Uid dlcbury College. The course of collegiate study at tho University is very thorough, and thoroughly adhered ti, the Faculty is able, and as eminently qualified for its duties as any in tho Union, the Libraries, though smaller than at some other institutions, have been tc. lected with the utmost care and attention, and when these and tho other advantages of tit- nation, economy, iVc. aro duly considered, ttruge'e ronl ,ho Lakc.gradually rising through am yours, few places will appear more olicihlo for socur- ingtho great purposes of intellectual and moral culture than this. 'iliere arc many things of interest in and about this place, connected with its general appearance, its scientific and business charac. ter ; but for the pre-ent I havo only time ,and opportunity to tell you how sincerely I Famoml.