Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 3, 1841, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 3, 1841 Page 2
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lift' (hi Communication. Huntington, August 20, 18-11. To John Tyler, President of thc United Stales. Sin, As ono of ttio sovereign people of this great nation, 1 nililress you ; and for tiiis 1 ruako no npoligy, but simply to say, that whoro ono is elevated to oflico, no mailer how liigli, or honorable- llio station, no mai ler tliougli ho bo surrounded villi tbe pa geantry of the old world, and hold convcrsu with tho representatives of the crowned heads of Europo, his official ucls, become, as It were, public property, and aro liable to be, nnd ought to be, scrutinized mid canvas seel with groat freedom and independence, though with respect. You, sir, act by a do lcgatod authority, as ono of tho servants of tho people, and to them you aro, and must be ultimately accountable. Though, sir, 1 ehall speak with great plainness, yet do not Conclude, I underrato tho dignity of your station, tho urbanity of your manners, tho integrity of your character ; or tho capacity of your intellect. No, sir, 1 am a friend ; ono who contributed what in him lay, tn elovato you to tho second office in tho gif of tho people. But, sir, permit mo to say thatlhavo boon disappointed and grieved, In your applying tho veto power, in arrosting tho most doliberato log'bhttion of Congress ; (ha funeral knell, to (ho bill, providing for (ho establishment of a national bank ; and I roust speak out. My lidolity to you, and rospect for myself, and tho institutions of my country, rcrpiiro it. If the reasons, which you giro, in your veto messago, aro insuf ficient to justify tho exorcijo of such a tre mendous powor ; their insflicicncy should be cxposod. In all charity, I will oxamino thorn. You bogin, by saying in substance, that tho powor of Congress to create a nation al bank has been a fcrcd question from the origin of our government, and that our country has been, and till is deeply agitated with this unsettled question. Your opinion, you add, has been uniformly against tho ex crcisoofthis power; which has been pro claimed upon all proper occasions. This is mado tho plank, upon which you rest your veta message. That men of equally high in tollectual endowments, and justly esteemed for their virtue, and patriotism havo enter tained, thooroctically, different opinions, in regard to tho exercise of this power is fully admitted ; nnd it would ill become mo, to say that such results, wero not equally from tno sincerity oi tiioir convictions. As you, sir, waive tho discussion of tho question up on its original merits ; I shall spend no time in inquiring ; which was tho better opinion Mr. Dallas, Secretary of tho Treasury, oven in 1814, in his communication of a general plan of a national bank to Congress, inqui red, whether it could be deemed a violation of tho right of private opinion "to consider tho constitutionality, of a national bank us a question forever settled and at rest." Tho question, for vou, sir, is this : has not the Constitution received, a legislative, prac tical and judicial exposition, in this parti cular, which should not at tho present day de disturbed. Is thero no respect, due, lo deliberate and reiterated precedents! Have you not, sir, cxlnuitcu a pertinacity in op posing your individual opinion to legislative nnd judicial precedent's, that ill becomes the chief magistrate of this great nation How does this matter stand I Let usexamine Are you not wrong, in treating this us an unsettled question, upon which to engraft .ii obnoxious veto ? You know that in 1791 tho first national bank was chartered. The nuslitutionuiity of the measure was mucl discussed among the people, in tho Houso iif Representatives, and the Sena'ic chain brr. Tho bill received the aprobution of a majority of both houses. Tho question was I illy discussed in tho Cabinet ; mid after s'm most mature consideration it received the .v.iiaturo of Washington. Hero then, sir, -u have a precedent, within two years after lii organization of the government, undo i!iu Federal Constitution, made upon the n'ost solemn consideration, upon that then iirw and interesting question. In 1809 I mistake not, sir, Mr. Gallatin, Sccietniv 'f tho Treasury, made a report to the So i .ilo iu favour of the renewal of tho charter i the niitional hank '; but as Congress rose r in same day, there was no action on it. memorial from the stockholders of the bank had been presented to the House of Reprc ji'ntativcs, and in January, 1810, a report u, is made of a resolution declaring that it w,is proper to provide for the continuance o the Dank of tho United States. A hill was reported to the House for tho renewal of tli barter; and after some days debate, upon u question of indefinite postponement, uliicl is an indirect mode of rejection, tho vole was moro than two to ono against it. Th bill however received no further actiun tba Mission. It is apparent that there was no then a majority in tho house opposed to national bank upon constitutional ground In 1811, a new hill reported to the house was disposed of by an indefinite postpone ment by u majority of ono vote. In the Senate upon another lull reported to that body for the same object, thero was a tio vote ;t nnd it va lost by tho casting vote of ut tno vice-president in tliu negative ; and thus tbe charter of the first bank expired on the 4th March, 1811. It is well understood, sir, in tho Congressional history of that day, that thero was not in the Seuato a majority at that time opposed to the renewal of tho charter upon constitutional grounds. In the house somo denied tho constitutional power of Congress ; others admitted tho power, but were opposed to foreigners owning stock ; and to continuing tho controiil of tho institu tion in the hands of tho political oppnsers of tho administration ; whilo others gavo the preferenco to tho State Hanks ; not railing iu qiiestio'i tho power of Conpress, TIipi all nmted in iirfuiu.tr, a renewal of the char ier Who, that is acquainted with human nature, can doubt tho fact, that tho circum stance, that tho applicants for tho extension of iho charter, Wero opposed in politics, to those who wero called upon to grant tho fa vor, had much inlluenco in producing a re sult ? Resides, tho inlluenco of tho stato hanks, was brought to bear on this question ; and the hireling press of tho day, had teem ed with tho most rancorous nnd scurrilous obuso towards every member of congress, who oven dared to oxprcss an opinion, favor able to a renewal. Jhihcry and corruption, wero the hacltincd epithets of a slanderous and gain-saying press. But, thank God, tho excitement passed away ; and men began to return to their' right reason. In 1815, a bill for tho creation of a nation al batik, passed the Houso of Representa tives, by a voto of 120 to 37 ; and was con curred in, by tho Sonato. This bill as wo all know was vetoed by President Madison, tho Prido of Virginia, not on constitutional grounds ; but on account of tho details of tho bill. Though Madison had been a cham pion in tho opposition, ho had tho magna nimity to surrender iiis individual opinion ; and in his veto message ho waived all objec tion to tho bill on the grounds of its t ncon stilutionality ; tho question in his view being fully settled. At the opening of Congress, in 1810, Madison, in his message, brought tho subject of a national.baiik to tho consid eration of Congress. Tho measure was rc- commondod by tho Secretary of tho Trea sury ; and tho bill establMiing a national bank passed both Houses of Congress without much opposition on tho ground of constitu- ional scruples; and rocoivod the signature f tho President. In 1819, in tho caso of M ' Cullali v. Maryland, 4 Whcaton's Rep., is question camo before tho Supremo Court f the United States. Though tho court could then scarcely consider it an open ques tion, entirely unprejudiced by an exposition f the constitution, established, as they say, pon great consideration, by Legislative Vets; and though Chief-Justice Marshall says " it would require no ordinary share of intrepidity lo assert, thai a measure adopted under the circumstances attending the pas sage, of this law (that is the law of 181(3 was a bold and plain usurpation, to which the Constitution, "arc no countenance i " Yet they proceeded to examine tho question upon principle; and were unanimously of opi nion that tho law was constitutional. If, you will re-examine the opinion as pro nounced by Ch. J. Marshall with care, and as one, open to conviction, is it too muc to expect that you will hesitate, as to tho correctness of your opinions upon this im portant question. In Osborn v. Hank of tho United States, 9 Whcaton's Hep., tho decision of the Court in M ' Culloli v, Mary land was reviewed and confirmed. After al this accumulation of precedent, Gen. Jack son it is true, in lbU, says " tho constitu tionality as well as tho cipedhncy, of the law creating tho bank of 1S1G is well qucs tioned by a largo portion of our fellow citi zens." Hut Congress did not drink down, these suggestions In responding to them they wero satisfied as to the constitutionality r .i. .... ui mo measure in savin1': "it had re peatedly received the sanction of Congress." In ibM, the renewal of the charter of 181G with somo modifications received tho sane. tion of the Senate and Houso of Represen tatives ; but tho rcfo of tho President. In this most extraordinary paper, thero are as sumptions not supported by facts; and in deed bo says : " an argument can bo based on precedent against a bank, and ho can not assent to the conclusion that tho question is settled by precedent adding " mere pre cedent is a dangerous source of nuthoritv.' f I r. . i in mis veio message, uon. dacKson says " Congress decided against a bank in 1815 ;' and as he is then discussing the constitution ality of the measure, and tho forco oi pre ccaems, mo remarn can nave no point unless ho means on constitutional grounds, Put how is the fact f A bill actually passed both Houses of Conercss cstablishinp a bank; but was vetoed by Madison ; not on constitutional grounds, but upon objections to the details of the bill. In his vela mes sage ; lie says, " in Ins judgment the con stitutional question is precluded by repeated recognitions ot tho power." In 1831, Mr, Madison in his letter to Chas. J. Ingcisoll now before tho public is explicit on this sub ject. " Precedents, expounding tho consti tution," ho says, " should guide and over rule individual opinions, and in conformity with the views hero taken of tho respect due to deliberate nnd reiterated precedents, it was, that the Hank of the United States, though on the original question held to be un constitutional, received tho Executive sig nature in 1810." Though in 1811 there was a majority of ono in tho Houso in fa vor of an indefmito postponement of tho bill ; yet this included all those, who were opposed to the bill from whatever cause. The bill which originated in the Senate ; and which was lost by the casting vote of llits president ot that body was by him, it is true, put on constitutional grounds. Hut Mr. Madison, who must bo presumed to know, in his letter to Mr. Ingcrsoll, rays : " on thcidmple question of constitutionality ; there was a decided majority in favor of it, in tho Sonato." Gen. Smith was a member of the Senate in J811 and in 1812. While Gen. Jackson's vito message was under de bate in tho Senate, Mr. Smith declared " that in 1811, ho voted against tho bank ; but not upon constitutional grounds; and ho had no doubt such was tho case with others." If in addition to all this ; we con. sider, that the powers granted under tho two charters havo been carried into oxecu lion for a period of 42 years ; and that in ono instance thero was a positive ramifica tion of the first charter, in a new stato ; and there has been a very general acquiescence by all tho local authorities ; it can not, but oxcite-surprie, that wo should bo told by a President of tlic c Wicd States in 1811, that this onco agitating question, teas stdl unsettled. Hy forco of what precedents? Who, I nsk in tho name or my country, has unsettled tho Legislative and practical ex positions of tho Constitution! Who has overturned tho Supremo Court, tho consti tutional organ, for putting this question or ever at rati Con. Jackson, who knew no law, but that offeree, and his own will, and who gloried in expounding tho constitution, " m he understood it," it is true, had tho intrepidity in 1333, to assert that this was then an unsettled question. Though ho was backed up, in his obstinato determination, " to crush tho monster," by a liircling'prcss, which poured out its venom and scurrility without stint or measure, and by a set of timc-sorving, twadlleing politicians ; whoso only merit consisted in their strength of lungs to ro-itorato the sound ; " down with tho bank," still tho sobor sense of the nation, knew that this mighty uproar was for politi cal effect. Though tho popularity of Gen. Jackson was such, for the timo being, as to onnblo him to rido, rough shod ovor legisla tive and practical precedents ! and set at defiance the solemn adjudications of tho Sit prcmo Court, as idle chaff ; yet blessed bo God, tho charm has been broken, and the people havo again been restored to their mind. Y'ou, sir, was elected to the ofiico of Vice-rrcsident of this nation by an unprece dented majority of the people, who had been ground down to tho dust by the cipcrimen- FROM WASHINGTON. j Mr. Culbbort ppoke against the bill, as calcu-1 On its final passage, tho yeas and nays were " I t'.ttnr tn fnrm rt n A 1 1 1 ( nn 1 a r fttl M nt t I nM tint ltrPtI I t fit n fftit flltfl llinm UTfrt frt ftm 1.111 . Wo hflVO to tcnott lO-tlftVRnmn imnnrtnnt ntlvnnnrq I !. J!-i-- ...i .1- i 1 . ...1.11. : ui ' niolZ M bring ruin upon both, by stripping the Thu House tfien again went Into committee great measures for which they wero assembled. Tho stales of their independence, and reducing tho of the whole. laud distribution bill finally passed tho Sonato nn general govcrmcnt to bo the mere tax collector sTATlfn or Washington. Thursday, by a vote of 23 to 23. Tho Scnatchas of tho states. Ilo asked whence so monstrous The bill makes provision for erecting tho sta- nn !.ln. r.f llplititllin.t nw! It 1 ft fl . Iln I fltn ff VVfl ell I M i r n ill flirt mltllirl. if tl.n fr,..! nil tin III II bUI III311IUUMUII u llliaibwi a.uihium iiiii:iiiiiiuii III IIW IUHIIIU. Jt iiiij yull inndo sumo amendments, winch will require tho con- Ho S wa not I d',1 n' ' " 1. ?, W TL would toll. It was batched in the brain of the tol, and for other, expense,, incidental lo the their nsicnt to tlieso nmendmcnts. The House of lnost mexorablr lartjjde that ovor lived a gen. same, amounting in all to yu.wOO. Heprtscntaiivcs on Thursday, pased n bill approjiria- tlemnn from iScw Jersey who, finding an Mt. Gilmer introduced and urged the pas tinii tho necessary sum for iiayiiiR tho debts of tho enormous surplus in tho Treasury, sounlit to sairc of tho bill. ct Uiiico Department. Ii wns hardly to bo sup- ,'ot rid of it by distribution. On motion or Mr. Fillmore, the sum of S00OO , "I 5i. ?i Au.4V.?''V"l "?clM'y 5"u'lf'''1 Hut how had that proposition boon received 1 was stricken out and 88,(i00 inserted. ly oppoicdi and its final passage is nn ndvanco to" niJ 'l ""d favor wil'' l'10 American pooplo ? Afr. Graham then moved to amend the bill so wards tho completion of the business of ihesosion. Not at alb It made no impression on the conn- as to alter the location of the statue in tho ro- ln regard to other innitns, we have no information try. Tho next was from an ingenious gentleman tunda - from Maryland, Tint no great statesman, Virgil Mr, w hith ia ?atifactory. The nueition on tho nomina Ir. Holmes was opposed to the amendment 10119 111 UlO henato Was Undecided, mill 0llo not Mn ... f.n .Wrnil In dmlrilillln thn Stlrnlllq ns It uv.t.1,1 rnimlin xvmmnlrv nf llm rnllllirl.1. I ....... .u: r-t . .i Z ' ' " " ' V a, LV iT0 1110 fund tor nurnosu of education : a beautiful and III.M-,Uii. ttmivii I..VIIII in iliuuijii Uj u, ,,, .11 . 1 . I.. . I .'11 Tho courso which will ho pursued in relation to the philanthropic view no aumiuou, out buii oiiu bank cannot l c positively predicted. It is perhaps at war with tho principles of tho constitution.- pos-ihlo that tho Kcnatn may not think it Important 'I'his proposition, thotmh more attractive, was the amendments wero acrcod to, Mr. Adams was in favor of Iho amendment Tho aniondinent was then adopted The bill was then reported to tho House, and '''a. ,i,.0..s.V.,,j: furi1,cr Pl .,ho Ircsf.nt s.c,ssi0" ,3 still received with as tittle favor ns that of tho lueru n 111111:11 iuuoi lor UOUll W lcllicr 110 PIOCK 1 , 1 . t IC'll .nj no h would bo token up at present, under tho bill which arch.tarifiito, Dickcrson. In 18J1 and 32 it has passed the House, if it were to becomo a law. was taken under the patronage of the nonator Should it pass tho Senate, thero U stron2 reason to from Kentucky CMr. Clav.) In all prior cases believo that it would bo vetoed by tho President. there was a creat surplus in tbe Treasury, but Tlii.frt la I1111.I1 ctiftfiil'ltmn in Inl1. 1 . . , & . . i. . -i "" ii now t m t nntr was 1 1 ercnt : i here was no sur After which it was finally passed. iutu uiu uousc aiijourneu. Thursday. August. 2-1 Mr. Hriscs offered a resolution to take tho Post-Office bill from the consideration of tho S rW.P"I,!'yy lh0.,fcW, WW "'"Jr.!...,. !... n .In'llMonnv. nml w that a timo to Committee this dav at IV! o'clock, when amend onimici, in case oi niioiner veto. It 13 asuuieeiol i" , " , . ; , ,,, .i! . ... i ir i i n i . , deep interest, but ono which it seems premature to Heck to throw away a branch of revenue for menta ponding and ottered Ehall be voted on in s moved lo lav the resolution llejccted, yeas nays 00. tin, and destructive measures of the Fed eral Govcrmcnt, and who became clamorous for a change. They sighed to return to the good old beaten paths, of thoir forefathers ; and their sighs were borno upon every breeze. A voice, which could not bo read by all men ; had gone forth demanding tho restoration of a sonud, uniform, national currency, released from tho guardianship of the political empiricks of the last twelve years ; who took licr when in health, and fully grown, but have doctored her, even unto death. This voice has been re-echoed from tho Capitol to the Hulls of tho White- House. Why, ah why, havo you closed tho door, turned a deaf car, and refused the instructions of that voice? What, though you havo differed from the instructions of this voice, in your youth, and in vour man hood, in tho Legislature of your native State, in the Houso of Representatives, and tho Senate chamber of tlio United States, in popular assemblies, and if you please, upon the stump 7 Do you not believe in tho doctrine of instruction? Havo vou not heatd tho mighty voico of the people, pro I. .... .1 .1 .7 7 i i . tiniiiiiiiy up una aown utc wnoic land : "our will be done." Not so, with the illustrious Madison. His private opinion, yielded to precedent. Had you, sir, moro pertinacity and pride ol opinion, and less magnanimity than he 1 Had you no respect fur tho opinion of your predecessors ? Nono for deliberate and solemn precedent? Are you wedded to that miserable doctrine, that you must con strue tho constitution, " as you underlain! it. 1 " When you succeeded to tho l'resid ency ; were you not bound to carry out tlio views of tlio people ; as General Harrison would have dono, or resign? Do you be lieve you would have boon elevated to your present station, bad the people been appriz ed of the course, you would havo taken but on this one important measure ? Have you not, in refusing to yield your individual opinion of the forco of precedent, under the siauow pretence, that tlio question was unsettled, done dishonor to your name? And docs tills act deserve, and do you not expect itjwill receive tho anathemas of an insulted and indignant people? It is true, sir, you arc, as you say, sworn " to preserve, pro toct and defend," tho constitution. Bu how? As you understand it? Tho question is, what is tho constitution iu this imrticu lar? Prircdcnts, are tho highest evidence of which tho subject is susceptible ; and these are to be adhered to ; unless upon tho most cogent reason, and upon tho mos clever manifestation of word. Else " the country, ' as it lias been,' will continue to bo deeply agitated ; " and wo left in a per plexing uncertainty. Tho doctrine of" stare. decisis " is not to ho trodden under foot even by the politician, with impunity. Had you approved tlio bill, sir, you would hav retained " all claim to respect of honor able men ; nnd nil confidence on the part of the people." How it could havo been de trimental " to your self respect," or cvin ced a disregard t6 moral and religious obli gallon," is more than people can under stand, llion, sir, thoiiL'h vou wero riclit in your views in regard to tlio effect of the compromise article, as it is termed ; and tha it does in fact assert tho power to ho in Con gross to establish offices of discount in Stato, not only without its assent, but against its dissent; still this is no reason fo a veto, on constitutional grounds. So, di tho charters of 1791 and 181C. Tho poo pic, sir, hate, tho rcro power. That the voice, clearly, solemnly, and deliberately ex pressed, should be trodden in' tho dust, by ono man, savours too much of tho despotism ol the old world. 1 trust, you will revolv this subject, again in your own mind ; that you will sco that you havo erred an dono tho people injustice." To err, we know is human, to forgive, divine." Let your iloctriuo licncelortii oo : " stare decisis,' and may you honor tho glorious light of tho Fathers of the Constitution, and that yon may live, " in the respect of ull honorable men, in tho confidence of tho people, will self-respect, paying all regard to moral and religious obligations," is tho prayer of your humblo servant, and tho People. VOX POPULI. discuss at present, especially at this distance fiom purposes of distribution, when the deficit would silence, the scene of action. One thing however, is deserving liava to be mado up from tho customs by a tax Mr. L. Andrews of remark, that whilo a dissolution i of tlio cabinet is on t,c people J Ho called on Senator on tho table. Ite IwS'thrdcnnd ti.o'en '.ho ' F voted away the public do- The resolution , confidence of tho Whin party, and there aro violent mam for any such purpose. ted yeas Vi, nays atcrrations between certain indiviilim!. ami tlin tmrtv Mr. Mr.ltoborts said in other matters there 1 hu louse thoi in Congress, the party nt large, out of Congress, was something like precedent, until they came whole Mr. Everett in tlio Chair. mi mesis grcn sica uness am coolness, in ailliermg o the nresont h . which had nol kenoss n hoa- l'OST orncE PUPAUTMENT. 1 ie,1'r!nc,,r k:?,w "c". i0"n"' b",,of ,h,cI'?r,'- vcnoroVrth. It was commenced Ion-' since. Mr. Bolts rose to make explanation, wbicl; Icon alarmed at tho appearance of dissension among and acryrcd friend.-', and increased strength might bo looked for after the remarks of the somo of tho actjvu nun at Washington. Ii should every day it had accumulated like a snow ball gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. dishing.) b remembered lhatitis not President Tyler, nnd tho until 'there was now a nowor to carry through He and that gentleman differed ; but ho did not W hig Members of Congress, who consiituto the a nleaiire which tlio fathers of the constitution, mean to allow his measure?, or tho manner of I! "V 'ver dreamed of. Was there, be asked, any expressing ,. opinions to bo impugned on this presented bv men who can agree in carrvingout their distinctive power in the constitution to appro- lloor ; and as the gentleman bad challenged him iews, on all matters rssuntial to tho public welfare, printa tho money derived from iho lands to one to an argument on what ho thought proper to ill still pcre ere m their charts to carry into cfiect object, while they devoted that derived from say yesteruay, lie acceptoJ it, tint not now ; he lo ohiwts for which thev have been fur twelve vcars -,,,..., . ( i If ii,n,n I, u,nnl,l would. Iinwnvnr. innpl liim u linn thn ooennd tn. j IUOlWIlia lUIIIIUkllt.1. t lilt.. V. ll"3 IIU JIIUU..I " 1 ..v.. ...w.UHw..u,- conicnuing. ,., .. .n,imnn tn si,m,. j. 'ii,n Senators to was introduced on this floor. Ho then went ACTION I COf'ltP!q from tho new stales had the power to defeat on to defend his opinion, as published in a . this bill, and ho warned them if they did not do private letter, which ho would not havo pub The news of the action of Congress on tho it. tlinn tlm r.lmnrn would 1m ironn forever, and lishod himself : but which he was ready to main uipr iuiuiLim. mm iniii- iiiicrusimg measures thoy would lose all tho advantages ot their po- win now u was mauo puuuc, iiii.ii iiinu iiuuiiuy iidBbL-u ur are ceriainiv r tinii. about passing, diffuses every whore a general Mr. Hives spoke briefly in favor of tlio bill joy, in tho pleasing consequences of which at it was not until it had boon found thero was least CVOIl the opponents Of the Administration irr.ndn.it inn nn mm kIiIo .and r.nnaion on the other, was exne ed from Co era for nnrlmninrr tho lartakc. thnt Virmniri lirnl t.it;mi tlin nlnrm. nnd whnn it I 1. ..i .. rll i ... Wo arc enabled, to our groat delimit, to con- 7 J : ' .1 , , T,t .li.tri. ua"K "olus ul " ,u"" 5UUlu,u n,m sccreung tinue tho annunciation of glad tidinss to the kminn. iTn thnmrbt tim nmnnt bill n thousand them in his cravat, will appreciate the point people, l ie land distribution arid general pre- times better calculated to do justice to the o'd of the following hit, from tho Richmond "'"i1""" jsiui".ijf iia.-uu uiu ouiiiue, oy ami now states than either tho measure oi ces- y,; IT lin.l net I in wnn.lnM ...n.... 1 , I .1 II e C ., I. I "'n' win.., m un itiiii unuc, sion proposeu ny me cenaior irom oouui war- rtATriK Snakes. Two men, Egbert Oalm-ha and Hue ben Davis, residing iu the town of Dresden, on thoeaH sidoof I.ako (Jeome, recently killed in three i ,t'd nn (lift mil lI.Ia t,f lp..nm... Tn....i .1. , -uo; rl'll V I UIIUU .UUUIIMI1II I, III town of llolton, in tlincountv. tltrtn hnmlrrd nn four rattle mikfs. They wero confined to rneli. and uninhabited place. Somo of iho reptiles wire of an enormous si7c, carrying from n lo twenty rat. lies. They wcroLiMr J for their oil nnd grease, which is said to be very valuible. Wo will turn out Warn n ou itv ngn-nut tn' viori'l fir rj't'a snaiics (.'m ' ' t allowed tho complete establishment of our principles and our measures. Wo meet with tlio satno party nt ovcry pass striving with might and main" to prevent the Democracy from carrying out "the true principles of OocemiHcn," in obedionco to tlio dying in junction of tho beloved Harmson. Tlio call comes to us again with equal forco to speak' in behalf of tho country. Our opponents then, aro our opponents now enraged by defeat, they are again rallied by their old leaders, and are 'seeking to bring upon the country a repetition of the meas ures which have produced so much misery, embarrassment and confusion in all branches of business and among all classes oj our citizens. Wtttos or Vermont ! now, this vnnr MOMENT, 13 THE llMETO AROUSH AND mE- f.Mti! ron the Combat ! If we fold our arms in inglorious caso, and wait until the strong man binds us, we aro gone the I'liilistines will indeed bo upon us, and tlio Delilah seduction of sloth and in difference will bo our ruin. Arouse then.- Whigs of Vermont, one moro effort for your principles and your country ; establish your ascendancy now, and wo trust you will after wards be permitted to rest on your arms. Tho Whig banner, is flying all ovor the land. Noblo Tennessee has como up to the rescue, and has elected tho Whig candidate for Gov ernor over Polk the favorite and popular candidate of the opposition. Kentucky still maintains her proud preeminence. Illinois sustains herself well. Tho West beckons us on in the career of Victory ; let Vermont send back a welcome echo, and tho hardy Green Mountain Stato respond with a strong voto to the young and vigorous West. Those who rcccolect the fact that Benton :9 votes to i!i previously passed the House of Repreeonta- olina, or tlio pre-emption and "railuation of tho . ." Mr Honton repeated that tho Hank rtujiana had lives; but having been amended in the Senate, Senator from Missouri. If this bill should pas?, hissed. H was by intimidation that these bank Ibv a Provision to EUsnond its nneration whnn i 1,1 u.i i .1-:,. i. ,i, myrmidons wanted to carry their measures, lie il scire thorn as ho would throttle tho Monster it- i . , . 11 . I I ilK v'Jl,,,i o.ijr luwjr lulu ui-.ii uii, ii iu ii. i'j .iiv- i .Qiil, duties arc laid on importations beyond 20 per attempt to cede tho lands atone fell swoop by EClr f w uiiuiuu tuiiiuj, ii nan )unu;u uacK lomu the Senator Irom South uarolina, or to havo uuusu iur ib acuou upon inai amendment, them wasted by a svstcm of graduation and respecting the passage of tho land lull we pre-emption. lave but ono regret, and that is. that Mr. Pres. Mr Wim, hni.i tw if ti.n hill ia naunrl. ton could not, in view of tho opinion of his own thc laws would bo nullified, and that settlers state on the subject, vote in favor of it. Wo re- vil0 had gone on land in advance of survovs grot it, uocauso hit voto would have added so wouid bo comncllodto violate the law in defence inch weight tn the preponderance in its favor, i,n;r n. ii,to. l.v-ery other Whig voted in favor of the bill, Mr. enton mado a long insolent speech which is therefore emphatically a whig measure against the bill charging it as a fraud upon the tU0r Air. llOIltOll had Clldcd Ills speech ,,nw Ktntns. Afr. Tt.saiil it n stneh.inhliinir filobc. TO THOMAS HTJMIWO KENTON. Kso. Dear Thomas, it fecmo, spito of many n hint, Vou'ro determined tho ".liinsi:r"to slay j To provo that your lluinlmg is still iu the mint, And will have yet its victory's day. Hut Tom, nil your war upon Flanks and l'ank-rncn, Your fucs say results from a grudge: Some College remcmbranccoflhings happened then, AIM your reasons arc nothing limjmige l They say, in thoo day, (you extravagant dog I) Vour cmral, Tom, was stiffened with notes, sir i Aye, Uank notes ! belonging tn some stupid log. Oerhcad, taken by you from his coat, sir I That, for this little trick you were 'truck from tho list, lint your mum on tho hour stiu doit', sir Ami hence, at Uank-mcn you keep shaking your fist As l'rolessors shook you oy tuu throat, sir : If vou will make a war on Hank notes and Dank-men With nourishes in such profusion which (bo did, by the way, with a solemn ap- bill, and that although gentlemen protended to peal to President rylor to veto the bill) Mr. FCout the idea of "assumption" yet this was a .Smith, of Indiana, Chairman of the Committee bill for the pavmont of ttatc debts. Ho main- on 1 ublic Lands who has indefatigably watched tainod that there had been a conspiracy to sink .ui. I..UUU iurinuuiii,uuriii-r us wuoio progress, the stato stocks, by brokers and hankers and .ai,uuniisfiBiiiunuiiy, Hum ins anAiuus ami wore they to sit thero to legislate lor the lor laudable desire to terminate the debate, and tunes of speculators! In lTOltho certificates is. como to a final voto upon the hill. PUcd to the officers and soldiers of the rovolu- l mis the debate, was happily closed. tion had been decried bv harpies, who told thc ''or your own sake, dear '1 nomas, I beg you will then I nu iiousu oi ue prusoiiiauvcs still L'OOS n i vntnrans hnv won ( never n-nt. am t un" """"o" "u -"" uuu-wu. ahead with good will and unprecedented vior from the frovoriniient. and then boliL'lit u'n those Tn vniir "Inst mi itnnr Turn. If u-na nnlnnbtv iin. ui pui wuou. i nu uiu uiiruiriiiuii; money ior cortllicatcs at a tithe ol llieir value, and realized Vou ii Dccn squeezing itit ntcn ot your boitlo; tlio rouei oi uio I'osiouico uoparuncnt us yes- 'JO shillini's in the pound from tho "ovcrnment ; ur, you no er tor a moment uau nintcn, i ween, terday finally passed and sent to the Scnato for the same plan had boon carried on" in relation Any tluns ,ljout ,:,lnknot" aml lhr ot"e ' eoiicurii;m.-j, iu-uuiui uu inn uwier uuis. to stato fctocUs Hy tho slock-JODUers ol iA3nuon Kor thc idea at once, Tom, came vividly fraudit, 7'hore arc only three or four bills, and those nnd New York, who were now frcckinrr tonush With the scene of vnnr throat en crani al subordinate importance, now lo bo acted upon this bill thron-di ConTcss. Th moment, indeed, Tom, when throttled and caught nyiuo l louse oi Representatives. Ho said the llliigs threatened PrcsidcntTy- iii"-i')". 7'ho Postmaster General, who seems to havo lor with expulsion, but bo could tell him that if near Thomas, farewell lake mv parting advice been selected as tho target for arrows shot ho did notst'ii this bill ho would do sustained .Siamese not tho.-e word", "thraatt" and 'Wei' trom the longest bows ol the opposition organs, by tho glorious democracy which is worth all has reason tube abundantly gratified with the the rest this would support him scrupulously vote in tho Hons; of itopresontatives yesterday throughout his term. He (Mr. II.) would t-av upon the bill making an appropriation to relievo to him in his place, "bo just and fear not," and that Department from tho disgraceful condition you will brinij to your aid "tbe support of the in which it was left by the late administration, unpurcbasablo vcomanry of America." .Mr. I!. UllO hlllldreii and tWCIlty-FOieil votes to fortv- then moved to recommit the bill with instruc- eight is a majority sufficient to console him for tions to striko out tho "bamboo-slimr part," and JfRnsOMJTION ofthoVanBurcn State Con vcntiuu of Vermont in June last. Jlesoltcd, That the true principle of the Federal Government is, to confine its action tn tlmnhiceia mm. ideally enumerated in tho Constitution. I.f.'AVINTl INDUSTRY TO KKGUI.ATK ITSELF." Tho samo Convention which nnminniift Vml, Smilie for Goicmor passed tho above resolution. It is then his creed and it is nothing moro or less than rco Trndo doctrine, nicaninr? to admit in nnr rnnntrv tho nroducts of other countries for n mm nnmlnfil duty, hcn they ask 200, 100, "5 and 50 per cent, up on ihcproducts of our own country when recieved iy incm. ii means lo piace tlio laborer of thistnicr- nrising nation m conmetition with forci'-n nauncr l.i. bor, nnd of courso puts us on the samo footing with mem. bhall wo vote for a man or with a parly that tains uch doctrine 7 No no it would mr,-.. us nation ofltsclorv it would narnlvze tha V industry and crush our industrious citizens to tho earth. It is tho iloctriuo which tho monopolists of England aro striving lo establish iu this country, and theyareclicoring on the Van l.urcn party to securo its establishment by all tlio means in their power. UUILUUIttUl. WHO IS NATHAN SMILIE 7 Ho is just such a man as should never lie ftnvor. nor of an agricultural State. Hostile to a protective) Tariir, which i- the guardian of a farmer's interest, nu in tuiiM;iiuciiuy ui&i CIICIUV, aim W0UH1 tirtnij tho American l-'anner and Laborer into a direct com petition with the tenantry and half fed laborers of Eu rope, iiavingspt-nwiisiiieasa merchant, he u not, of course, overladen with sympathy for those who earn uieir urcau uytnc sweat ot tlitir brows. Hois opposed to Hanks and well lie maybe. Tlcing rich and aboundingin money, could hepull down the banks, bo would be able to get 2." per cent interest of the borrower, as rich men were wont to do beforo banks wire instituted. Ho has a mortal hatred to these institutions which loan money at fi per cert, but no fear of the old 25 per cent system when rich dons like himself could grind the facLs nf ihn nnnr li, n shadow. While in iho legislature, ho was famous for nothing except making motions, and suggestions, generally so wild, absurd and ridiculous, that his own partv often (.routed them, and somo times laughed at and couteu tntir auiuor. io. pice, If vou do, then your foes with their Repartee's will iruat you mucn rougher man OIIOATS. volumes of vulgar abuse. In the , to insert tho old fashioned, honest, sterling pre emption pnnciplo of the other bill. This motion was voted down, 19 to 22. And the bill was then passed. IIOUSK OV KKPllKSKNTATIVES. Air. 1.. W. Andrews said ho had hoard no argument yet on thcucstion before tho IIuu-sc. It was a fact that the Government owed money, and no honest man, bo ho Whig, Abstractionist Wednesday. Anu. 23. 19 11. ho Senate to-day, Mr. Sturgeon presented a petition oftho citizens ol" Pittsburg, for an exemption from duty of articles which enter into tho manufac ture of glass. Laid on the table. Mr. Calhoun presented the proceedings nnd reso lutions of a meeting of Petersburg, Va against a Protective Tarill'iind a National Hank, and approving tlin V til nf ill i. I'ric:,f!rn I . 71 tan n miner 1 li j.i .l.nii.iri and cxpicssing the lmpoof tho veto of tho bill for this or Loco Foco, would refuse to pay theso con. purpose, it pvsiu. L.a;u on tno table, ami ordered tractors. to bo printed. Mr. Wattorston said that ho rose to meet a , I" .1.. '?:"r;lp rt?.01"110" "-'r; char-o that bad boon made, that the Democrats Congress on the 30th inst. ' Tho motion was nega- on this lloor had no confidence in John Tyler, tivul veas ID, nayslt. Ho said that ho had always had confidence in The f)isiribuiion and Pre-emption bill was taken up him, and in 153(1 bad voted for him for the Vicc- ahd debated during tho day by Mcrs. Woodbury, Presidency, and bad not, during the late heated cur' rri' T;Pipa,n Q,Vl,Jnlhl'r-.'" "rppsii'oii. political campaign, uttered one word against his and by Alcssrs. Archer nnd Woodhndgo in its tup- 1 .... , 1 ., ' i , , ,, port. Mr. Culhtert expressed a desiro to speak, nnd I'""",'-" " "a""-"-r- 1JU ".' -"""i" lor this purpose, with tho understanding that the considered -Ur. 1 yler a strong stales rights Do- question he taken on the bill to-morrow, the benato mocrat. lie was proceeding when aiijuuriicu. In the House, the bill making appropriation? for tho rehtf of the Post Oilico Department, was debated during thc day, and besides thc merits of tho question much miscellaneous nnd polinc.il matter was intro duced. Messrs. Icenrnd, LillltTit.ld, Hopkins and Gordon opposed, and Jlcs3.s. Uriggs and Arnold ad vocated the bill. Mr. A. referred tn, and condemned tho Veto of tho President, accusing him of treachery lo his parly, and nllianco with tho Loco-Kocos. There could not bo found better htull'for a Loco Foco, "than tho base miserable wretch" hi thn other end of tlio Avenue. He wns then called loonier by various iiiciulnr, and tho Chairman decided it out of order to nsu so ihsres- pccltul terms in relation to the Clri.t JMagiMrate. Mr, trnte, on its Mr. A. appealed from the decision of tho Chair, ihat from any sums which tho Post Oilico Department he wns out ot order ; lie however withdrew it, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEM11ER, 3, 18-11 WHIG STATU TICKET. ron oovEnxon, CHARLES PATNE. Tori LIKUT. GOVERNOR, WAITS TILL R. ItANNKY. FOK TKEASUnr.H, JOHN SI' A UL DING. TOR SENATORS CHITTENDEN COl'NTV. TIIADDEUS H. FLETCHER, DAVID FRENCH. FOR SENATOR GRAND IM.R COUNT?-. WILLIAM L. SOWLES. .Mr. I.. W. Andrews called him to order. The Speaker decided that ho was in order, He then went on to the expiration of the time When the committee proceeded to act on tho amendment. Tho first was the amendment to strike out the last clause of tlio amendment otlored by the gentleman from noes, the Cbai Thc question then came up on the amendment August , IS 11, to nominate a candidato for of the ireiitlemaii from irsinia, which is in Iho e , , , r,.ii.;,r .,,t., i ,.rnL ,n Senator for said County i'rotWtc.-That tbe moncv hereby appropriated Tho convention was called to order by GRAND ISLE COUNTY WHIG CONVENTION. Delegates from tho several Towns in the County of Grand Isle to tho number of near : ui euu aiiieuuiiiuiie umu uu u . , ,,i i,,iii-i. mi Virginia. l.ost, 7o ayes, 75 b- one hundred assembled at jhc Court ir voting in the nagativo. Homo in North Hero, on tho 25th day of . A. snid he had not spoken of thc Chief Magis- shall bo accounted for by tho Post Oilico I lep-irtiiiciit Qarv WhitnoV Esq. and organised by nil e, hut of a wretch i if Jlr. Tyler's friends insisted hereafter, when the condition of its funds shall per- J 1 . . its application to him, they could thus coustruo it. mil ; to bo refunded into the Treasury, or deducted pointing Albert C. UUtlcr r.sq. Chairman . x i in-.. i.t. nt l r:ii r r.i t l.A-inr..-A1.n. I ,l. 'iv....e.,r.. I alUI JOCI iVIICll, -iie. I'll nu ui .aie: uii iiia iivikiuiuit naiu jiuiu iiuu iiiu iivcui,, i ( Mr. Campbell then moved to amend hvstrik- iMott introduccU tlio louowing resolution ingout 107,7(30, and substituting 9:117,000. w,ic, passed unanimously. .". . ......... .. 'Resolved. That this convention adhcro to the nrin 1 llO amendment Ol Mr. Kay to Strike OUt .HI ;1 nrrntntmn in office, and in selectmen candi. after the enacting clause, and substitute what I date for Senator will bo governed accordingly" bo sent to tho chair ycsterdiy, was then taken, 'rle convention then proceeded to ballot "" . i! i .. . . i.i Tho committoo then roso and ronortcd the Ior u cauuiumu, mm uu euuiuuii; u,. Lol. William li. sowics ol AiDurgn, was PreMdent towards thi whirr nanv was tho basest i"-' 'i"""'" almost uiianimousty elected a canuiuaio ior nnclMlcst treachery, am ho won d show that when ""7" SJnrntnr for tlio countv nf Grand Isle. ii,n urioinihi.'rtoJnTir,.! i.iti ,..n.nn,i ii Wni,i,i T ho main duostiou was t hen ordered to bo senator, tor me county oi vir.inu isn-. come. put, which was on tho amendment adopted in Voted that tho Procccdincs of tliis con ed by the Chairman and blislicd and tho convention Mr. Ingcrsoll renewed tho nnncal. insisting that the President had no more privileges on this Hour than any other citien. Ho withdrew his appeal, nnd Mr. A. concluded, in thc same strain, his remarks. Mr. Stanley severely criticised the speech of Mr. Arnold, cxpres.-ing his confidence in tho President, in tho harmony of the Cabinet nnd Wig party. Mr. Holts referred to his letter published in tlio Madisnniaua few dava since. Hu contended that tho Whig party wns not responsible for that, but he bill to the houso with an amendment. alone, niiu tic now repeated mai Ul0 conmict ot tno jjr 1!ri , ,s movCil tho previous micstion. nr. rro ni rrpiieei to .nr. hianicy, ami compium- committeo. Un this question the yeas and nays ,..,; i, -;,, iil that bo had bci n abused bv the Whig papers: par- LL, .,.i ,i' '...! ... ni mention, U0 Sign iieula.ly ,n New Vurknoperi i bo should not wtmdm Tn , Clerk, and pu irom nis grounu, out eioneM lo uc lounu in 1110 i yitr&mz, ' ., , , , ,. , raiikn. lil ho bill was then ordered to bo engrossed, adtourncd. Sir. Dawson of Ga. in hi. admirable manner, here mtiruoscd to 'throw oil on tlio waters of strife.' Ho would not denounce thoso who might ddkr w ith him in opinion, or exclude Ihem from llio party. He was a parly man. but would not bo tied hand and foot, and did not wish others to be. He hoped his friends woulu continue tho same spirit of forhcaranco in minor points that had pervaded their ranks m their gloiious and successful uruggle, by which they had gained that honor, and still 'preserve union with dullrcnee.' Mr. 1). i-t nstraight-forwnrd business and worthy man, and hiscxamplo mutated by other Whigs, m Btcad of stopping to 'fall out by Iho way,' they would, by concert of action, unitoin conformity w-ith the call of tlio people, in porfecting tho business of lh Session, uuu unliving it soon 10 a close. Mr. Marshall snoke at eomo length on tho Yeto, residua's course-, Ac, and expressing a belief thc 1 that this 'C'ornoratioii' lull would not bo vetoed. Mr. Wise replied, taking opposite grounds to Mr. SI., and Ireatingof vnrious matterm ot excitement, &c. furtun to iho bill under consideration. Tho Hoiibc then adj. U'asiungton, August 20. THE LAND DILL PASSED. Tbe land bill has at length pasted tho senate by a voto of 23 to S3 Mr. Preston voting against it. If ever a measuro was bternly rcsis. ted, this was j and up to tho very last hour did 'ie p'iii anion s.-ck to iletea' it by aitep'o'o a "Oils, hrcD'-i n"d detiui " '"-"?. and was read a third time. Tho question was then taken on tho final pas. sago of the bill, by yeas and nays, and resulted as toiiows : yeas IV7, nays -13. Tho Iloiisothen resolved itself into commit tee of the whole. ruNERAi. nxrr.Nscs of ocn. harrison. I ho bill authorism;: tho Secretary ot atate to tn...... nri, e,miliir,,i ? d pay tho accounts incurred in tho fu. ' ' A L PERT C. DUTLER, CA'n. Joel Allu.v, Clerk. VOTES. A supply on band nt this office. Will tho whigs of tho cotintiy sco that tho several audit and nav noral obserjuies of Ooneral Harrison, any sum not c.v.ccodinir 0.033. Mr. llotts said that fomo of tho charges rend ered wero vorv extravagant, and that the bill did not authorise the payment of theso bills, but to audit and adjust them, and pay what was as certaiueii lo no customary VERMONT EXPECTS EVERY MAN TO DO HIS DUTY. Noxt Tuesday comes tho timo for tlio De mocracy of Vermont to speak in favor of Freo Principles. Noblv, onoyoarngo, did The committeo then rose, and reported tho tlmv msnnml in ih mil. nml nut to rout 1,1 Tho bill wasOien amended so as to make tho thc llarl' " rallied under tho banner of propor accounting officer of tho Treasury audit, Van Huron, and aided to placo tho aflairs of and nay such sums as might bo found jutt, when Stato and tho Nation in tho hands of men, Mr. Underwood entered bis protest afmhiat , , ... ..., . . . tho principle of the bill, of paymir tho funeral w,,om ,hoy cxPcct m 1,1,0 ,,mo 10 carr out oxpenses of men who die in otlice. certain principles and measures vitally es- Altcr a lew remarks from Ucssrs. l'opo and scntial to tho well being of tho greatest num llotts, tho prewous quention was moved and , , r.i n c. V siista.ued, add tbe bill was ordered to be cn bcrof ,llu l,uol,,u of tho L Statcs' ,tscl uiid read a ' ,rd tiir.e, ami p eucJ. The tn( wu :ccured, Iwt fme has not A I'EW WORDS TO THE -WHIGS OP VHUMONT. The election i3 at hand, and sudor from us a bit of exhortation. A stato convention of the Whig party was called m the uual form j it was open to all who choso to cumc ; when a.-scmblcd, care was taken to allow-every member freely to give his voice in the selection of eandidales j the delegates appointed their own committees, as organs of ihcir will; by theso committees ihe regular whig ticket wo" nominated, anci mo nominaunn was connrmca ny tno uonven- tion. ic cvori you to sutam mat ticket, ctlcctually and to do it nTcctuallti, it mun be done hv the nm- tnl rncrrriVsofnll. Tho candjlatcs arc men of integ rity and inlents, such as to guarantee that they will ba fiuihful and eflicicnt servants of iho State i they are men mil mis is noi n mere question as to men. altitsiirt onii J'rinir!cs are involved : measures nnd principles dear to the people of Vermont, ns they aro essential to me prosperity oi mo state ana oi me na tion i and antagonist measures and principles, with social and political revolution- and rum iu their train. To ihcso let us call your attention, and by these let ni induce you to eflicicnt action. In comphanco with the will of tho people, as ex pressed in tho election of Gen. Harrison, Congress has already provided fur the pavmcntof thc national Debt, repealed the thrice-condemned Suutre-asury, paed a general bankrupt law, and entered upon tha work of retrenchment nnd reform. A bill devising a modo of collecting and disbursing the revenue and rep ulatmg thc currency of the country, and a bill for tn vidmg tho proceeds of public binds among the stitcs nnd establishing an equitable pre-emption svstciii, are yet pending, wuh the prospect of a happy" termina tion at the present session. The great question tho ono of paramount interest to Vcrmcnt and to the Union viz. tho Revision of the Tariff, is to be met in Congress ere another election occurs in Ycrmont. To all these measures of relief and Reform already passed to those yet pending, and to the whole Tar iff system, tho locofoco party in Ycrmont and in tha Union, bin o wnged, nnd are waging a sweeping, un scrupulous, and unyielding opposition. They- refuss acquiescence to the will of the people j thev persist in their nolioy of agitation and of iinsctthngfjong estab lished principles of government policy which for the last 12 years has resulted iu prostrating the busi ness of the country, rf. bankrupting not only thou sands of its citizens but the government itself ; ihey threaten to repeal the measures which tho Whigs of the country shall adopt, and to repeal them, in some instances, in defianco of every principle of honor and good faith i and for thesu whig measures they nronoso to substitute tho verv schemes which hsr just been e-ondemncd by the most decisive expression ui uio ponmar win wnicu nas ever neen made. Among theso substitutes are, tho Subtrensury for a bank, nnd Direct Taxation for tho TarilD This is ihcir chosen ground : on this ground they suppott their candidates, and oppose yenrs. The last election was ono of commanding intercsf, and we arc prono to rest easy under the delusion that Men were settled all great questions for at least four years. We speak what wc mean by that word delusion. The Pri sidenev was settled j but as to that the will of tho people has been overruled by tho Prov idenco of God. Various questions of policy were settled by the erdict of the people then ; but that verdict, be it remembered, will now be treated as rt. versed, if it is not re-allirmtd in tho sucicssive tlee lions. Wo ought lo regard the contest note ns but a renewal of the ever memoriablo ono of 1810. Th present crisis is, verily, ono of peculiar importance. Il is rendered so by tho fact thai in it is involved a question which never beforo has been directly put to tho people tho question of Protection or -Vo I'rotte Uon, to Domestic industry. Tho lato Whig Stats Convention fully adoptcdlhe doctrine of Protection j iho locofoco state convention as fully adopted the antagonist doctrine of .Yo 1'roteclion. Such is the position of these two parties in Vermont, and it wis voluntarily assumed by each. Lei us bear in mind that tins is to tio trie at souung question in the next session of Cougrcss, ami throughout the country ; possibly nay, probably, tho very question which w ill decide tho next Presidency. Its final decition' whether it como sooner or later, decides thc desiinv of the nation, for it is a question of hfo or dcalh with Domestic Industry emphatically so, wuh Frt Labor. In this, Vermont has every thing nt staka t more, comparatively, than any other state, for the is moro exclusively nn agricultural state than any other. Wo entreat Iho Whigs, then to regard the present contest in itsutro light, ns most directly nnd intimate, ly connected wuh the fuluro welfare of the people. Lei tho Whig ticket now lull, when such is the ptl pablp Usue. and you give joy and add slrenpth to the worst enemies ot Yciniont nnd ofihofiee laborer of the country joy in Great llntain great joy mfouih ('nrohim -strength to tho enemies of protection in both branches of Congress. The Whigs of ermon t Ml in electing llieir ticket I the Vlng of Wrmont sutler Ciilhoun lo proclaim lo the Ornate and PicVf ns to Ihollou-e, that Vermont, with the qurtlioii rro. tcetion .h Noproteelion-Tanir vs. Direct Taxation ihrr-llv before her gave a verdict for the de-fen-i a I Tho Mppncunm seems monstrous, pfrlxpn ; but n may ne wihrless be a scriousV. ia the hop. renin f whr ifwcc" opwecs the fir .

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